CN103453657B - A kind of high-efficiency heating body adopting novel electrode - Google Patents

A kind of high-efficiency heating body adopting novel electrode Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103453657B
CN103453657B CN201310376876.1A CN201310376876A CN103453657B CN 103453657 B CN103453657 B CN 103453657B CN 201310376876 A CN201310376876 A CN 201310376876A CN 103453657 B CN103453657 B CN 103453657B
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China
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electrothermal tube
electrode
borate
formula
rare earth
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CN201310376876.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103453657A (en
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施吉承
卫正强
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施吉承
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of high-efficiency heating body adopting novel electrode, comprise two pieces, front and back fixed head and electrothermal tube, described electrothermal tube comprises quartz glass tube body, the vapour deposition of described quartz glass tube body outer wall has Electric radiant Heating Film, described Electric radiant Heating Film two ends are provided with electrode, Tandem in described electrothermal tube and two pieces, front and back fixed head forms waveform siphunculus, described siphunculus one end connects water inlet, the other end connects delivery port, the formula of described solution electrode is by silver oxide, bismuth oxide, turpentine oil, lead borate, line borate, castor oil, rare earth element forms, described electrothermal tube outside is provided with a tank, described tank is provided with the entrance flowing into cold water and the outlet of flowing out water.The electrodes degree using this formula of electrode solution for electro-thermal to make, acid-alkali-resistant degree and life-span are good, and heat utilization efficiency of the present invention is high, energy-conserving and environment-protective.

Description

A kind of high-efficiency heating body adopting novel electrode
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of high-efficiency heating body adopting novel electrode.
Technical background
The exposed electric-heating-wire-heating of traditional water heater, along with the development of electrothermal film technology, also occurs in a large number with the water heater that heating tube with electric heating film heats, heating tube with electric heating film two ends need brushing solution electrode and hyperthermia drying to make electrode.The Chinese invention patent being 90100537.1 as application number discloses a kind of ceramic mould inorganic composite materials electrode and method for making thereof on August 21st, 1991, containing graphite, silver, lead oxide, boron oxide, silica in electrode component wherein.But this formula is made solution and is coated with brush electrode, attachment degree, acid-alkali-resistant degree and life-span are good all not, the general power of instant electric water heater of heating tube with electric heating film is adopted to reach more than 6KW, while electrothermal tube heating enters pipeline inner cold water, also a large amount of heats is dispersed into outside, affect other electrical appliance work and even there is potential safety hazard, usually at electrothermal tube outer setting asbestos heat insulation layer, asbestos fibre pollutes bad border and affects user's health, and add cost and also make a large amount of heat energy run off in vain, heat utilization efficiency is low.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is just to provide that a kind of electrodes degree, acid-alkali-resistant degree and life-span are good, and heat utilization efficiency is high, the high-efficiency heating body of the employing novel electrode of energy-conserving and environment-protective.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of high-efficiency heating body adopting novel electrode, comprise two pieces, front and back fixed head and electrothermal tube, described electrothermal tube comprises quartz glass tube body, the vapour deposition of described quartz glass tube body outer wall has Electric radiant Heating Film, described Electric radiant Heating Film two ends are provided with electrode, Tandem in described electrothermal tube and two pieces, front and back fixed head forms waveform siphunculus, described siphunculus one end connects water inlet, the other end connects delivery port, the formula of described solution electrode is by silver oxide, bismuth oxide, turpentine oil, lead borate, line borate, castor oil, rare earth element forms, described electrothermal tube outside is provided with a tank, described tank is provided with the entrance flowing into cold water and the outlet of flowing out water.
Preferably, described entrance and exit is respectively equipped with check valve.Prevent hot water return.
Preferably, described tank is the loop configuration being nested in electrothermal tube outside.The heat that Absorbable rod electrothermal tube surrounding is distributed.
Preferably, described tank comprises frid and lower frid, described upper frid and lower frid bottom surface are respectively equipped with elongated slot and lower elongated slot on several, left surface is provided with interface and lower interface, described upper elongated slot and lower elongated slot penetrate space between electrothermal tube and docking mutually, and described upper interface is connected by pipeline with lower interface.Upper elongated slot and lower elongated slot better absorb the heat that heat-generating pipe distributes, and upper interface and lower interface side arrange optimization sink structure and more easily process.
Preferably, described upper elongated slot and lower elongated slot end two sides cave inward to be formed and are close to the arc surface of electrothermal tube.The further efficiency improving absorption electrothermal tube waste heat.
As preferably, in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 40 ~ 60%, bismuth oxide 3 ~ 10%, turpentine oil 15 ~ 20%, lead borate 5 ~ 10%, line borate 1 ~ 4%, castor oil 10 ~ 15%, rare earth element 1 ~ 2%.
As preferably, in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 52%, bismuth oxide 6%, turpentine oil 18%, lead borate 7%, line borate 2.5%, castor oil 13%, rare earth element 1.5%.
As preferably, in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 60%, bismuth oxide 5%, turpentine oil 15%, lead borate 5%, line borate 4%, castor oil 10%, rare earth element 1%.
As preferably, in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 40%, bismuth oxide 10%, turpentine oil 20%, lead borate 10%, line borate 3%, castor oil 15%, rare earth element 2%.
As preferably, in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 55%, bismuth oxide 8%, turpentine oil 12%, lead borate 9%, line borate 1%, castor oil 14%, rare earth element 1%.
The present invention's each component of filling a prescription mixes, and wherein each component act as:
Silver oxide,
1, silver is the good material of conductive electrode, is this formula Main Ingredients and Appearance.
2, silver as conductive terminals to quartz glass, alternative without other.
Bismuth oxide,
1, protect the electric-conductor of electronic component anti-lightning strike, there is overvoltage protection.
2, the stable of voltage characteristic can be suppressed, ensure that electronic component normally runs.
3, the raw prime number megohm of impedance is very high, can not change design circuit characteristic.
Turpentine oil makes dissolution homogeneity lubricious as after diluent grinding.
Lead borate is as drier, and electrons oxidizes silver is oxidizable by humid air, and therefore drying is beneficial to protection.
Line borate, has anti-powdering, prevents variable color, fire-retardant effect of Denging.
Castor oil, has high temperature resistant and lubricates.
Rare earth element, has and improves Electric radiant Heating Film elasticity, toughness and intensity etc.
The beneficial effect of the present invention's formula is:
A, be equipped with on quartz glass tube firmly conduction touch face be difficult to, only adopt this formula silver oxide solution to be applied to the two ends of pipe, in the stove through between high temperature 600 ~ 800 DEG C constant temperature baking 8 ~ 10 minutes, white galactic pole (binding post).
B, this galactic pole are after high-temperature baking, and attachment degree is firm, and pleasant friction does not come off, and even is also difficult to wipe off with pocket knife, tightly play, firmly, lose flashover breakdown occur through 5KV voltage 5 second test with conduction clamp after connecting.
C, acid-alkali-resistant degree are good: immerse hydrochloric acid respectively through test, sulphur is joined, in acetum 24 hours, have no that galactic pole comes off, cleavage phenomenon.
D, to using the quick-heating type electric water heater of about 5 years to dissect, checking the tactile face of galactic pole, though there is oxidation yellow black on the surface, slightly wipes still light with 1000 yards of fine sandpapers and, as newly, not subtracting at that time.
E, galactic pole can also use tin welding, and the electric heating membrane pipe being mainly used in electricity drinking-water mechanical, electrical feet washing machine etc. is connected with heating tube with electric heating film soldering with multiply soft copper silk; Firmly, conduction is good, is convenient to insulation package safe and reliable.
At electrothermal tube outer setting tank, tank flows into cold water by water inlet, the waste heat that cold water absorption electrothermal tube distributes makes water temperature raise, when the water in electrothermal tube is used, the water be preheated in tank flows into electrothermal tube and heats further, electrothermal tube power is reduced to 5-6KW by original 8-9KW, and power supply wire diameter is by original 4-6mm 2be reduced to 2.5mm 2, reduce power attenuation, extend service life, the thermal efficiency improves more than 98%.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described further:
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of electrothermal tube in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is A-A sectional view in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the first embodiment of tank in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of the second embodiment of tank in the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the specific embodiment of the present invention is elaborated.
As shown in Figure 1, the present invention includes two pieces, front and back fixed head 1 and electrothermal tube 2, described electrothermal tube 2 and the passage 1a waveform siphunculus in series in the fixed head 1 of two pieces, front and back, passage 1a is the U-shaped tubular structure be arranged in fixed head 1, its both ends open connects adjacent two electrothermal tubes 2 respectively thus electrothermal tube 2 is concatenated into the siphunculus of waveform, described siphunculus one end connects water inlet 3, the other end connects delivery port 4, delivery port 4 external pipe connects gondola water faucet, described electrothermal tube 2 outside is provided with a tank 5, described tank 5 is provided with the entrance 6 flowing into cold water and the outlet 7 of flowing out water, entrance 6 connects running water pipe, outlet 7 connects water inlet 3 by ferrule-type compression joint, described entrance 6 and outlet 7 are respectively equipped with check valve.Described electrothermal tube 2 front end is socketed the chain steel bushing 8 be connected in series by adjacent electrothermal tube 2 respectively, described chain steel bushing 8 is connected the zero line 9 of two band pins by soldering, described electrothermal tube 2 rear end is socketed sheet steel bushing 10 respectively, and described sheet steel bushing 10 is respectively by the live wire 11 of soldering connecting band pin.Front end fixed head 1 leading flank is provided with bonding jumper 12, and described bonding jumper 12 two ends connect the metal tube of water inlet 3 and delivery port 4 inside respectively by wire, and bonding jumper 12 connects ground wire 13.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, electrothermal tube 2 comprises quartz glass tube body 201, and the vapour deposition of described quartz glass tube body outer wall has Electric radiant Heating Film 202, and described Electric radiant Heating Film 202 two ends are provided with electrode 204, described Electric radiant Heating Film 202 is also coated with and is brushed with insulating barrier 203.Described electrode 204 is attached to quartz glass tube body two ends for silver oxide solution applies oven dry.The distance on described electrode distance quartz glass tube body top is 1 ~ 1.5cm.Described insulating barrier applies oven dry by epoxy resin solution and is attached in Electric radiant Heating Film.
Wherein the formula of electrode 204 solution is made up of silver oxide, bismuth oxide, turpentine oil, lead borate, line borate, castor oil, rare earth element;
The specific embodiment of electrode 204 solution formula is:
Embodiment 1, formula of electrode solution for electro-thermal film heating tube, in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 52%, bismuth oxide 6%, turpentine oil 18%, lead borate 7%, line borate 2.5%, castor oil 13%, rare earth element 1.5%.
Embodiment 2, in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 60%, bismuth oxide 5%, turpentine oil 15%, lead borate 5%, line borate 4%, castor oil 10%, rare earth element 1%.
Embodiment 3, in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 40%, bismuth oxide 10%, turpentine oil 20%, lead borate 10%, line borate 3%, castor oil 15%, rare earth element 2%.
Embodiment 4, in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 55%, bismuth oxide 8%, turpentine oil 12%, lead borate 9%, line borate 1%, castor oil 14%, rare earth element 1%.
Rare earth is exactly lanthanide series in the periodic table of chemical element, usually lanthanum, cerium, praseodymium, neodymium, promethium, samarium, europium is called LREE, and gadolinium, terbium, dysprosium, holmium, erbium, thulium, ytterbium, lutetium, yttrium are called heavy rare earth element.
As shown in Figure 4, the first embodiment of tank 5 in the present invention, described electrothermal tube 2 is parallel between the fixed head 1 of two pieces, front and back, described tank 5 is for being nested in the loop configuration of electrothermal tube 2 outside, entrance 6 and outlet 7 are arranged at the upper and lower on the left of tank 5 front end face respectively, tank 5 rear and front end is solid hermetically-sealed construction, and opening nested front and back fixed head 1 being fixed by screw respectively before and after it, tank 5 inside is cellular cavity structure.
As shown in Figure 5, the second embodiment of tank 5 in the present invention, tank 5 comprises frid 503 and lower frid 504, described upper frid 503 and lower frid 504 bottom surface are respectively equipped with elongated slot 503a and lower elongated slot 504a on several, left surface is provided with interface 503b and lower interface 504b, described upper elongated slot 503a and lower elongated slot 504a penetrates space between electrothermal tube 2 and docking mutually, described upper elongated slot 503a and lower elongated slot 504a end two sides cave inward to be formed and are close to the arc surface 504c of electrothermal tube 2, described upper interface 503b and lower interface 504b is by ferrule-type compression joint connecting pipe 505 two ends, thus upper frid 503 is communicated with lower frid 504.
When adopting the high-efficiency heating body of novel electrode to use, cold water enters tank 5 by entrance 6 and flows out from outlet 7, electrothermal tube 2 is entered through water inlet 3, after tank 5 and electrothermal tube 2 are filled cold water, because hydraulic pressure effect stops water filling, after switching on power, electrothermal tube 2 temperature rises gradually, the coolant-temperature gage being positioned at electrothermal tube 2 also raises gradually, the waste heat simultaneously distributed due to electrothermal tube 2 makes the coolant-temperature gage in tank 5 also raise gradually, and be equipped with check valve at entrance 6 and water inlet 3 place, hot water cannot flow backwards, therefore the water in electrothermal tube 2 and tank 5 is heated by continuation, when the water in electrothermal tube 2 is used, hydraulic pressure step-down in electrothermal tube 2, the water be preheated in tank 5 flows into electrothermal tube 2 and heats further, circulation like this.

Claims (7)

1. one kind adopts the high-efficiency heating body of novel electrode, comprise two pieces, front and back fixed head (1) and electrothermal tube (2), described electrothermal tube (2) comprises quartz glass tube body (201), the outer wall vapour deposition of described quartz glass tube body (201) has Electric radiant Heating Film (202), described Electric radiant Heating Film (202) two ends are provided with electrode (204), described electrothermal tube (2) and passage (1a) the waveform siphunculus in series in the fixed head (1) of two pieces, front and back, described siphunculus one end connects water inlet (3), the other end connects delivery port (4), it is characterized in that: the formula of described electrode (204) solution is by silver oxide, bismuth oxide, turpentine oil, lead borate, line borate, castor oil, rare earth element forms, described electrothermal tube (2) outside is provided with a tank (5), described tank (5) is provided with the entrance (6) flowing into cold water and the outlet (7) of flowing out water, described entrance (6) and water inlet (3) are provided with check valve, described tank (5) comprises frid (503) and lower frid (504), described upper frid (503) and lower frid (504) bottom surface are respectively equipped with elongated slot on several (503a) and lower elongated slot (504a), left surface is provided with interface (503b) and lower interface (504b), described upper elongated slot (503a) and lower elongated slot (504a) penetrate space between electrothermal tube (2) and docking mutually, described upper interface (503b) is connected by pipeline (505) with lower interface (504b).
2. the high-efficiency heating body of employing novel electrode according to claim 1, is characterized in that: the arc surface (504c) of electrothermal tube (2) is close in the formation that caves inward of described upper elongated slot (503a) and lower elongated slot (504a) end two sides.
3. the high-efficiency heating body of employing novel electrode according to claim 1, is characterized in that: in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 40 ~ 60%, bismuth oxide 3 ~ 10%, turpentine oil 15 ~ 20%, lead borate 5 ~ 10%, line borate 1 ~ 4%, castor oil 10 ~ 15%, rare earth element 1 ~ 2%.
4. the high-efficiency heating body of employing novel electrode according to claim 3, is characterized in that: in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 52%, bismuth oxide 6%, turpentine oil 18%, lead borate 7%, line borate 2.5%, castor oil 13%, rare earth element 1.5%.
5. the high-efficiency heating body of employing novel electrode according to claim 3, is characterized in that: in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 60%, bismuth oxide 5%, turpentine oil 15%, lead borate 5%, line borate 4%, castor oil 10%, rare earth element 1%.
6. the high-efficiency heating body of employing novel electrode according to claim 3, is characterized in that: in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 40%, bismuth oxide 10%, turpentine oil 20%, lead borate 10%, line borate 3%, castor oil 15%, rare earth element 2%.
7. the high-efficiency heating body of employing novel electrode according to claim 3, is characterized in that: in described formula, the percentage by weight of each component is silver oxide 55%, bismuth oxide 8%, turpentine oil 12%, lead borate 9%, line borate 1%, castor oil 14%, rare earth element 1%.
CN201310376876.1A 2013-08-27 2013-08-27 A kind of high-efficiency heating body adopting novel electrode CN103453657B (en)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2615564Y (en) * 2003-04-15 2004-05-12 邓泰均 Quick-heating electric water heater heating tube assembly
CN102131315A (en) * 2010-09-28 2011-07-20 施吉承 Formula of electrode solution for electro-thermal film heating tube
CN202024461U (en) * 2011-02-26 2011-11-02 吴光敏 Full-heating quick-heating electric water heater
CN202973487U (en) * 2012-11-22 2013-06-05 陈明初 Thermal recirculated and reused instant electrothermal film heater

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7415198B2 (en) * 2006-01-20 2008-08-19 Cheng Ping Lin Quartz heater tube

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2615564Y (en) * 2003-04-15 2004-05-12 邓泰均 Quick-heating electric water heater heating tube assembly
CN102131315A (en) * 2010-09-28 2011-07-20 施吉承 Formula of electrode solution for electro-thermal film heating tube
CN202024461U (en) * 2011-02-26 2011-11-02 吴光敏 Full-heating quick-heating electric water heater
CN202973487U (en) * 2012-11-22 2013-06-05 陈明初 Thermal recirculated and reused instant electrothermal film heater

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