CN103441428A - High-efficiency safety anti-thunder system - Google Patents

High-efficiency safety anti-thunder system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103441428A
CN103441428A CN2013102151694A CN201310215169A CN103441428A CN 103441428 A CN103441428 A CN 103441428A CN 2013102151694 A CN2013102151694 A CN 2013102151694A CN 201310215169 A CN201310215169 A CN 201310215169A CN 103441428 A CN103441428 A CN 103441428A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
lightning
current
needle body
thunder
highly effective
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2013102151694A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭义秋
牛瑛山
潘晓宏
毛佳杰
刘智超
郑春健
龙经华
陈长兴
张伟杰
张军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
JIAXING YONGMING PETROCHEMICAL Co Ltd
Original Assignee
JIAXING YONGMING PETROCHEMICAL Co Ltd
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Application filed by JIAXING YONGMING PETROCHEMICAL Co Ltd filed Critical JIAXING YONGMING PETROCHEMICAL Co Ltd
Priority to CN2013102151694A priority Critical patent/CN103441428A/en
Publication of CN103441428A publication Critical patent/CN103441428A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a high-efficiency safety anti-thunder system which adopts an AR current limiting lightning rod and belongs to the field of the anti-thunder technology. The high-efficiency safety anti-thunder system comprises a direct stroke protection device and a grounding device. The direct stroke protection device is provided with an automatic monitoring system and mainly comprises the AR current limiting lightning rod which is arranged at the top end of a production device. The AR current limiting lightning rod is composed of a metal lightning arrester, a current limiting main needle body and a base. The lower end of the base is connected with the production device. The upper end of the base is connected with the current limiting main needle body which is connected with the metal lightning arrester. The metal lightning arrester is connected with the grounding device through a downlead. The high-efficiency safety anti-thunder system can prevent lightning upstream guiding of a high-rise, the amplitude and the gradient (di/dt) of lightning currents are limited, the quadratic effect caused by lightning induction is reduced, damage to the monitoring system by induced overvoltage which occurs in a power supply circuit is reduced or eliminated and the lightning through-current capability is strong. The high-efficiency safety anti-thunder system has the function of automatically recovering, and is long in service life, strong in anti-wind capability, convenient to install and free of maintenance.

Description

The highly effective and safe lightning-protection system
Technical field
The invention belongs to the shocking preventing technology field, relate to a kind of highly effective and safe lightning-protection system of the AR of employing current-limited arrester.
Background technology
It is one of " the United Nations's IDNDR " ten kinds of the most serious natural calamities of announcing that nature has millions of times lightning, Lightning Disaster every year.Updated statistics shows, the loss that thunder and lightning causes has risen to the 3rd of natural calamity.The whole world is annual because thunderbolt causes casualties, property loss is countless.According to incompletely statistics, China reaches 3000~4000 people because of the casualties of being struck by lightning and the thunderbolt negative effect causes every year, and property loss is at 5,000,000,000 yuan to 10,000,000,000 yuans, and the related scope of Lightning Disaster almost spreads all over all trades and professions.
The high speed development of modern electronic technology, one of negative effect of bringing is exactly the reduction of its anti-lightning surge capacity.The advanced electronic equipments such as the measurement that the large scale integrated circuit of take is core component, monitoring, protection, communication, computer network are widely used in the every field of electric power, aviation, national defence, communication, broadcasting and TV, finance, traffic, petrochemical industry, medical treatment and other modern life; these electronic equipment ubiquities that form with large-scale CMOS integrated component the shortcoming weak to temporary overvoltage, overcurrent tolerance; temporary overvoltage not only can cause electronic equipment to produce misoperation, also can cause larger direct economic loss and social influence widely.
For example, some production enterprises of Zhejiang are located in high minefield, beach, the production equipment maximum height reaches 80 meters, very easily suffer Lightning disservice but these corporate bosses will rely on the hardware of equipment to protect as direct lightning strike, potential and potential safety hazard that manifested is arranged, and thunderbolt very easily causes the blow-down pipe firing accident; The DCS process control systems, through the thunderstorm weather of being everlasting, is affected by the thunder and lightning strong electromagnetic automatic stopping accident occurs, or the signal interference, badly influences safety in production.
In sum, to the upgrading that undergoes technological transformation of existing lightning-protection system, the lightning-protection system of developing effective reduction Lightning disservice is everybody common expectation.
Summary of the invention
For the deficiency existed in background technology, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of highly effective and safe lightning-protection system of the AR of employing current-limited arrester.
For achieving the above object, the invention provides following technical scheme: the highly effective and safe lightning-protection system, comprise direct lightning strike protection and earthing device, the direct lightning strike protection is furnished with automatic monitored control system, the direct lightning strike protection mainly comprises the AR current-limited arrester be arranged on the production equipment top, the AR current-limited arrester is comprised of metallic receptor, current limliting master's needle body and pedestal three parts, the lower end of pedestal is connected with production equipment, the upper end of pedestal is connected with current limliting master needle body, current limliting master's needle body is connected with metallic receptor, and metallic receptor is connected with earthing device by downlead.
Above-mentioned current limliting master's needle body adopts the conductive polymer silastic material to make.
Being connected with equipotential on above-mentioned earthing device connects.
Above-mentioned equipotential connects and mainly comprises the Copper Foil band, and the square crossing of Copper Foil band is laid on the ground.
Above-mentioned automatic monitored control system mainly comprises UPS stabilized voltage power supply and low-voltage distribution cabinet, between UPS stabilized voltage power supply and low-voltage distribution cabinet, by Surge Protector, is connected.
The present invention's beneficial effect compared to existing technology:
1, the present invention adopts the initiatively method of lightning protection, namely higher blow-down pipe (discontinuity emptying arranged, contain combustible) the top of production equipment the AR current-limited arrester is set, can stop the generation of skyscraper thunder and lightning upward leader, Lightning proof blow-down pipe and cause fire incident, limit amplitude and the steepness (di/dt) of lightning current simultaneously, reduced the quadratic effect that lightning induction causes;
2, the present invention taps into the row transformation to ground connection and the equipotential connection of DCS system machine room, has effectively avoided being subject to the thunder and lightning forceful electric power to disturb the automatic stopping accident of bringing, and has improved the fail safe of producing;
3, the present invention installs power source surge protector in the DC/AC power supply source loop of automatic monitored control system, reduces or eliminates the harm that the induction overvoltage that occurs in electric power loop brings supervisory control system;
4, thunder and lightning through-current capability of the present invention is strong; Have the self-recovery function, the life-span is long; Can be equipped with thunder-and-lightning counter; Wind loading rating is strong, wind-force that can anti-45m/s; Easy for installation, non-maintaining.
The accompanying drawing explanation
The schematic diagram that Fig. 1 is direct lightning strike protection of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram that earthing device of the present invention is connected with equipotential;
The schematic diagram that Fig. 3 is automatic monitored control system of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is current limliting schematic diagram of the present invention;
The schematic diagram that Fig. 5 is the present invention's quadratic effect of being struck by lightning conventional lightning conductor conventional and producing.
Number in the figure implication: 1-production equipment; The 2-metallic receptor; 3-current limliting master needle body; The 4-pedestal; 5-Copper Foil band; The 6-UPS stabilized voltage power supply; The 7-low-voltage distribution cabinet; The 8-Surge Protector; The 9-blow-down pipe.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, to the specific embodiment of the present invention as preferred detailed description.Following examples are used for the present invention is described, but are not used for limiting the scope of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1-Figure 3, the highly effective and safe lightning-protection system, comprise direct lightning strike protection and earthing device, the direct lightning strike protection is furnished with automatic monitored control system, the direct lightning strike protection mainly comprises the AR current-limited arrester be arranged on production equipment 1 top, the AR current-limited arrester is comprised of metallic receptor 2, current limliting master's needle body 3 and pedestal 4 three parts, the lower end of pedestal 4 is connected with production equipment 1, the upper end of pedestal 4 is connected with current limliting master needle body 3, current limliting master's needle body 3 is connected with metallic receptor 2, and metallic receptor 2 is connected with earthing device by downlead.
As preferably, above-mentioned current limliting master's needle body 3 adopts the conductive polymer silastic materials to make.
As preferably, be connected with equipotential on above-mentioned earthing device and connect.
As preferably, above-mentioned equipotential connects and mainly comprises Copper Foil band 5, and 5 square crossings of Copper Foil band are laid on the ground.
It is example that DCS system machine room is take in the present invention, DCS system machine room divides two parts: a part is rack room, another part DCS control operation platform, lay Copper Foil band 5 in the square crossing of ground, whole control room, in order to prevent thunder and lightning weather, DCS is controlled and causes electrostatic interference, affect the normal production of device.
As preferably, above-mentioned automatic monitored control system mainly comprises UPS stabilized voltage power supply 6 and low-voltage distribution cabinet 7, between UPS stabilized voltage power supply 6 and low-voltage distribution cabinet 7, by Surge Protector 8, is connected.
Add Surge Protector 8 between UPS stabilized voltage power supply 6 and low-voltage distribution cabinet 7, prevent the damage that lightning overvoltage and transient overvoltage cause DC power system and power consumption equipment, protection equipment and user's safety.
The present invention adopts the method for initiatively lightning protection, namely higher the emptying of blow-down pipe 9(discontinuity is arranged, and contains combustible) the top of production equipment the AR current-limited arrester is set.
Current limliting principle of the present invention, be equivalent to one and filled electric capacitor between the thundercloud after electrifying and the earth, at thundercloud during to ground discharge, and the electric current in the time of can reducing capacitor discharge after in the capacitor discharge loop, sealing in resistance, this is many confessed.
Current-limited arrester utilizes the characteristic the seal in impedance current limliting after lightning rod that realizes being struck by lightning.As shown in Figure 4, one, due to the voltage drop U1=IR of resistance, if fight back (head-on guide) and upward leader passage the puncture voltage U of Top Resistance>| U 2-U 1|, the electrostatic potential that U2 is same point here, fighting back the generation of (head-on guide) and the propagation of upward leader can be restricted; Its two, even upward leader arrives at thundercloud, because discharging current is restricted, can not produce in moment and all strong electric discharges of thundercloud charges yet.First the lead restriction that can be subject to too resistance that further develops of other thundercloud.Therefore the lightning current be limited will flow through the AR current-limited arrester with the longer time.
As shown in Figure 5, the quadratic effect that the conventional lightning conductor that is struck by lightning conventional produces:
The thunderbolt lightning rod, needle body and near can produce very high induction overvoltage when power line and holding wire are arranged:
The current potential of each point on lightning rod (N point)
uN = IR + L 0 h di dt (1—1)
Get L0=1.67 μ H/m, h=20m, R=5 Ω, I=150kA, average gradient μ s=150kA/ μ s=15 * 1010A/s, the current potential that N is ordered:
uN=IR+L0h =150000×5+1.67×10-6×20×15×1010==5760(kV)
Needle body and downlead thereof, under the impact of high potential, have the electrostatic induction overvoltage near the circuit it
uj = uN C 12 C 12 + C 22 (1—2)
Near the opening part of metal openings ring needle body and downlead thereof has the electromagnetic induction overvoltage simultaneously
uci = M di dt = 0.2 c ( ln a + b a ) di dt (1—3)
Work as a=800m, b=0.002m, c=0.3m, during I=150kA, the electromagnetic induction overvoltage of opening part
uci = 0.2 c ( ln a + b a ) di dt
= 0.2 × 0.3 × ( ln 800 + 0.002 0.002 ) × 150 10
=0.06×(ln400000)×15
0.06×12.9×15
≈11(kV)
Visible, during the thunderbolt lightning rod, thunder and lightning flows into the earth potential be located in and raises, and the downlead surrounding space forms strong electromagnetic pulse.Near communication line lightning strike spot, signal controlling circuit, radio frequency transmission circuit can form temporary overvoltage by the mode of counterattack and electromagnetic coupled, and propagate the harm electronic equipment with the form of lightning wave road direction along the line two ends.For lightning induction, even grounding resistance is down to very low, the voltage drop that the lightning current of high amplitude produces on downlead and electromagnetism intensity are also very high; And the mode that adopts equipotential to connect can limit amplitude and the steepness of lightning current effectively, the withstand voltage level that the large electric current of high potential after making to be struck by lightning and the strong quadratic effects such as electromagnetic pulse are down to protected equipment.
In the present invention, current limliting master's needle body 3 of AR current-limited arrester adopts the conductive polymer silastic material to make, when retaining former conventional lightning conductor function, meeting the protection range designing requirement, utilize the impedance operator of conductive silicon rubber, the counterattack of up thunder and the propagation of upward leader can make the counterattack of up thunder and the propagation of upward leader be restricted; The main discharge time delays to be struck by lightning, can not produce in moment and the strong main discharge of whole thundercloud charges, thereby reduce amplitude and the steepness of lightning current, confined lightning current will be to flow through SLE dissipation array or AR current-limited arrester longer discharge time, thereby weaken the quadratic effect after thunderbolt.
Test detects and shows:
1. when thunderbolt AR current-limited arrester, lightning current increases gradually, does not go out the spike produced when phenomenon is struck by lightning to conventional conventional lightning conductor, and lightning current veries fast decay to zero.
While 2. being struck by lightning the AR lightning rod, can effectively reduce large electric current and high potential.
3. the AR current-limited arrester that is struck by lightning can weaken galvanomagnetic effect, also can reduce well the lightning protection difficulty to communication equipment and computer equipment, reduces the stroke-incidence rate of electronic equipment simultaneously.
With formula (1-1), (1-2), current limitation effect according to the AR current-limited arrester, we can not obtain using the high potential of the downlead after current-limited arrester 2 to 3 orders of magnitude that also can descend on the basis of conventional lightning conductor, reduce widely near power line lightning rod or downlead or the electrostatic induction overvoltage of holding wire.
By formula (1-3), known, after substituting conventional conventional lightning conductor with current-limited arrester, near the electromagnetic induction overvoltage at metal openings ring place lightning rod or downlead 2 to 3 orders of magnitude that also can descend, like this, can reduce the lightning protection difficulty of communication system and computer network system, reduce the probability of damage of weak current equipment.
The present invention is directed to the high voltage of thunder and lightning, large electric current, the characteristics of short time, in order to reach current limitation effect, withstand voltage level and two major parameters of discharge capacity have been considered in the design synthesis of AR current-limited arrester, guaranteed needle body in design capacity, be struck by lightning after flashover not, and there are 2 to 3 current limitation effects more than the order of magnitude.By the current limliting capacity, five kinds of ranks are arranged, scope from 100kA to 300kA, differential 50kA.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite that does not break away from the technology of the present invention principle, makes some improvement and modification and also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. highly effective and safe lightning-protection system, it is characterized in that: comprise direct lightning strike protection and earthing device, the direct lightning strike protection is furnished with automatic monitored control system, the direct lightning strike protection mainly comprises the AR current-limited arrester be arranged on the production equipment top, the AR current-limited arrester is comprised of metallic receptor, current limliting master's needle body and pedestal three parts, the lower end of pedestal is connected with production equipment, the upper end of pedestal is connected with current limliting master needle body, current limliting master's needle body is connected with metallic receptor, and metallic receptor is connected with earthing device by downlead.
2. highly effective and safe lightning-protection system according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described current limliting master's needle body adopts the conductive polymer silastic material to make.
3. highly effective and safe lightning-protection system according to claim 2, is characterized in that: be connected with equipotential on described earthing device and connect.
4. highly effective and safe lightning-protection system according to claim 3 is characterized in that: described equipotential connects and mainly comprises the Copper Foil band, and the square crossing of Copper Foil band is laid on the ground.
5. highly effective and safe lightning-protection system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described at AR current-limited arrester production equipment.
6. highly effective and safe lightning-protection system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described automatic monitored control system mainly comprises UPS stabilized voltage power supply and low-voltage distribution cabinet, between UPS stabilized voltage power supply and low-voltage distribution cabinet, by Surge Protector, is connected.
CN2013102151694A 2013-05-31 2013-05-31 High-efficiency safety anti-thunder system Pending CN103441428A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2651998Y (en) * 2003-09-26 2004-10-27 江西五和技术有限公司 Lightning arrester
JP2010016986A (en) * 2008-07-03 2010-01-21 Exsym Corp Porcelain tube unit, aerial terminal-connecting section and method for assembling porcelain tube unit
CN102956997A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-03-06 国家电网公司 Equipotential lightning protection auxiliary device for small-scale industrial control room
CN203367747U (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-12-25 嘉兴永明石化有限公司 High-efficient safe lightning protection system

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2651998Y (en) * 2003-09-26 2004-10-27 江西五和技术有限公司 Lightning arrester
JP2010016986A (en) * 2008-07-03 2010-01-21 Exsym Corp Porcelain tube unit, aerial terminal-connecting section and method for assembling porcelain tube unit
CN102956997A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-03-06 国家电网公司 Equipotential lightning protection auxiliary device for small-scale industrial control room
CN203367747U (en) * 2013-05-31 2013-12-25 嘉兴永明石化有限公司 High-efficient safe lightning protection system

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
化林平: "《电气安全技术问答》", 1 June 2006, 中国石化出版社, article "AR限流避雷针的针体结构是怎样的?", pages: 278 - -279 *

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Application publication date: 20131211