CN103431810B - A kind of Seperated dust cup of whirlwind - Google Patents

A kind of Seperated dust cup of whirlwind Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103431810B
CN103431810B CN201310352505.XA CN201310352505A CN103431810B CN 103431810 B CN103431810 B CN 103431810B CN 201310352505 A CN201310352505 A CN 201310352505A CN 103431810 B CN103431810 B CN 103431810B
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cyclonic separation
dust
cup
air inlet
seperated
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CN103431810A (en
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胡海荣
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胡海荣
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of Seperated dust cup of whirlwind, comprise cup sidewall with tangential one-level air inlet, with the cyclone separator be arranged in cup, cyclone separator comprises the primary separator of upstream, the second-stage separator in downstream and the gas channel be formed between above-mentioned two separators, the cyclonic separation body that primary separator comprises tubular and the one-level dust-collecting cavity be positioned at below cyclonic separation body, the cyclonic separation core that second-stage separator comprises the multiple back tapers be arranged in cyclonic separation body top and the secondary dust-collecting cavity be positioned at below cyclonic separation core, cyclonic separation core upper end is formed with the secondary air inlet with gas channel UNICOM, be provided with in the top of cyclonic separation core and the air-flow entered from secondary air inlet is altered course into the helix tube tangent with the sidewall of cyclonic separation core.By arranging helix tube in secondary air inlet corresponding position, forcibly changing from the direction of the air-flow entered, make its all the time with the sidewall of cyclonic separation core tangentially, improve the separating effect of air and dust.

Description

A kind of Seperated dust cup of whirlwind
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of dirt cup of dust catcher, especially a kind of dirt cup of cyclone separating.
Background technology
The dirt cup filtered is critical piece in dust catcher, in order to better realize being separated of the impurity such as dust and air, the cyclone dust cup of existing dust catcher many employings secondary separation.Air containing impurity tangentially enters first order separator, do gyration from top to bottom, in turning course, bulky grain, heavier impurity are greater than air because of density, suffered centrifugal force comparatively large and lose after colliding the inwall of the first order separator inertia fall into below dust-collecting cavity and and air separation.Thinner impurity and air enter second level separator, and tiny dust loses dust-collecting cavity and the air separation that inertia falls into below after colliding the inwall of second level separator.And the air of cleaning is by being discharged in air after the filter elements such as sponge.
As application number a kind of cyclone separator disclosed in the Chinese patent application of 201010125011.4, comprise upstream cyclone and downstream cyclone assembly, downstream cyclone assembly comprises the multiple cyclones arranged parallel to each other being set to first group and second group, each cyclone in first group has the longitudinal axis of first angle that to tilt relative to the longitudinal axis of cyclone separator, and each cyclone separator in second group has the longitudinal axis of second angle that to tilt relative to the longitudinal axis of cyclone separator.Dirt cup in above-mentioned patent, in order to make downstream cyclone assembly more easily be separated tiny dust, needing the angle of cyclone being put into specific inclination, adding the difficulty of installation, and be separated the DeGrain improved.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is the problem for above-mentioned prior art, provides a kind of Seperated dust cup of whirlwind, easy for installation and good separating effect.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above adopted technical scheme: a kind of Seperated dust cup of whirlwind, comprise cup sidewall with tangential one-level air inlet, with the cyclone separator be arranged in described cup, described cyclone separator comprises the primary separator of upstream, the second-stage separator in downstream and the gas channel be formed between above-mentioned two separators, the cyclonic separation body that described primary separator comprises tubular and the one-level dust-collecting cavity be positioned at below cyclonic separation body, the cyclonic separation core that described second-stage separator comprises the multiple back tapers be arranged in cyclonic separation body top and the secondary dust-collecting cavity be positioned at below cyclonic separation core, it is characterized in that, described cyclonic separation core upper end is formed with the secondary air inlet with gas channel UNICOM, be provided with in the top of described cyclonic separation core and the air-flow entered from secondary air inlet is altered course into the helix tube tangent with the sidewall of described cyclonic separation core.
The longitudinal axis of described cyclonic separation core, in vertical, can improve the effect of separation further in conjunction with helix tube.
Be provided with a glass bottom below described cup, described cup bottom inside forms described one-level dust-collecting cavity, and be provided with dust bucket below described cyclonic separation body, described dust bucket is positioned at above glass bottom, and described dust bucket forms described secondary dust-collecting cavity.
Described dust bucket lower end is provided with the baffle plate of platform structure, between cup bottom and dust bucket, form interlayer, and the dust after preventing one-level to be separated raises up.
Be formed with longitudinal cross-rib below described baffle plate and between the bottom of cup bottom, the speed of the dust High Rotation Speed in one-level dust-collecting cavity is reduced, prevent dust from raising up for 2 times because the height of cup bottom causes.
Described cyclonic separation core is arranged in cylindrical and is arranged in fixed cylinder, the lower edge of described fixed cylinder is shelved on the upper edge of described cyclonic separation body, the lower end of described cyclonic separation core through the lower shelf be arranged in described cyclonic separation body, cyclonic separation core and cyclonic separation body relative positioning thus.
The top of described cyclonic separation body offers multiple through hole for air intake, the sidewall of described fixed cylinder offers the fresh air inlet corresponding with through hole, described through hole and fresh air inlet form described gas channel, and air-flow can enter into second-stage separator from primary separator.
Be provided with filter above described cup, the air-flow after filtering is filtered further.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that: by the air inlet corresponding position of the cyclonic separation core at back taper, helix tube is set, can the direction of air-flow that enters from this air inlet of forcibly changing, make its all the time with the sidewall of cyclonic separation core tangentially, thus improve the separating effect of air and dust; Owing to being provided with helix tube forcibly changing airflow direction, cyclonic separation core can be put with arbitrary form, install more for convenience; Between one-level dust-collecting cavity and secondary dust-collecting cavity, baffle plate is set, can by two dust-collecting cavity isolation, the dust after preventing one-level to be separated raises up; Side arranges cross-rib under the baffle, can reduce the air velocity in one-level dust-collecting cavity, prevent from again raising up.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the sectional view of dirt cup of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the decomposition texture schematic diagram of dirt cup of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
See Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, a kind of Seperated dust cup of whirlwind, comprise the cup 1 of tubular and be arranged at the dirt bowl cover (not shown) of the coupling above cup 1, filter 2 is provided with between cup 1 and dirt bowl cover, the sidewall of cup 1 is provided with the one-level air inlet 11 of tangential air intake, and dirt bowl cover is provided with air outlet.Glass bottom 5 is provided with below cup 1.
Dirt cup of the present invention is two-stage separate type, wherein, is provided with the cyclonic separation body 31 of tubular in dirt cup 1, forms with the sidewall of dirt cup 1 primary separator being positioned at upstream, and the inside of cup bottom 5 forms one-level dust-collecting cavity 32.The below of cyclonic separation body 31 arranges dust bucket 4, sealing ring 41 is provided with between cyclonic separation body 31 and dust bucket 4, dust bucket 4 is positioned at above glass bottom 5, dust bucket 4 lower end is provided with the baffle plate 51 of platform structure, between cup bottom 5 and dust bucket 4, form interlayer, the dust after preventing one-level to be separated raises up; Be formed with longitudinal cross-rib 52 below baffle plate 51 and between the bottom of cup bottom 5, the speed of the dust High Rotation Speed in one-level dust-collecting cavity 32 is reduced, prevent dust from raising up for 2 times because the height of cup bottom 5 causes.
The second-stage separator being positioned at downstream comprises the cyclonic separation core 33 of multiple back tapers on the top being arranged on cyclonic separation body 31, be arranged in cylindrical, cyclonic separation core 33 is arranged in fixed cylinder 331, and the sidewall sections of the cyclonic separation core 33 of cylindrical most peripheral is formed by the sidewall of fixed cylinder 331.The both ends open of cyclonic separation core 33, upper end is formed with secondary air inlet 336, helix tube 332 is provided with in its top, the upper end of helix tube 332 is provided with circular sealing ring 333, sealing ring 333 is fixed with cup 1, the upper end of helix tube 332, through sealing ring 333, is provided with the secondary air-out lid 335 being formed with the secondary exhaust passage 334 corresponding to helix tube 332 above sealing ring 333 and between filter 2, make helix tube 332 and next wind can enter into filter 2 by secondary exhaust passage 334.
Be provided with lower shelf 311 in cyclonic separation body 31, the lower end of cyclonic separation core 33 is passed lower shelf 311 and is positioned at the top of dust bucket 4, and dust bucket 4 forms secondary dust-collecting cavity.The lower edge of fixed cylinder 331 is shelved on the upper edge of cyclonic separation body 31, and cyclonic separation core 33 is relative with cyclonic separation body 31 fixing thus.
The top of cyclonic separation body 31 offers multiple through hole 312 for air intake, the sidewall of fixed cylinder 331 offers the fresh air inlet 337 corresponding with through hole 312, the air-flow come by primary separator enters in fixed cylinder 331 through through hole 312 and fresh air inlet 337, then enters into rotating separation core 33 from the secondary air inlet 336 of rotating separation core 33 inner.Due to the setting of helix tube 332, make the air-flow direction whencesoever that secondary air inlet 336 place enters, the direction that can both change this air-flow makes the madial wall of itself and cyclonic separation core 33 tangent, to obtain good separating effect.Thus, cyclonic separation core 33 can be put with arbitrary form, and its longitudinal axis can be vertical, also can tilt to have a certain degree, more easily install.In the present embodiment, the longitudinal axis of cyclonic separation core 33 is vertical.
Filter 2 is arranged on the top of cyclonic separation core 33, in the present embodiment, is extra large handkerchief frame, and offers perforation 21 in upper surface, so that the air-flow after filtering is by entering into dirt bowl cover.
The operation principle of dirt cup of the present invention is as follows:
High-speed air flow with dust enters in cup 1 from the one-level air inlet 11 of dirt cup along the direction that the inwall of cup 1 is tangent, helical form high speed backspin is produced in the cavity of air stream between cyclonic separation body 31 and cup 1, one-level dust-collecting cavity 32 is entered after the air stream of high speed backspin is accelerated below cyclonic separation body 31, air stream slows down rapidly due to the unexpected amplification in space in one-level dust-collecting cavity 32, thus make the thicker dust deposit in air stream to the bottom of one-level dust-collecting cavity 32, due to the setting of baffle plate 51 and cross-rib 52, can prevent dust from raising up; Air stream after tentatively filtering enters in fixed cylinder 331 from through hole 312 and fresh air inlet 337, and enter in cyclonic separation core 33 from secondary air inlet 336, due to the effect of helix tube 332, air stream is forced to change direction, thus it is tangent with cyclonic separation core 33 madial wall, and high speed backspin, the air stream of high speed backspin enters secondary dust-collecting cavity after the bottom of cyclonic separation core 33 is accelerated, air stream amplifies suddenly due to space and slows down rapidly in secondary dust-collecting cavity, thus makes the thinner dust deposit in air stream to the bottom of secondary dust-collecting cavity; Enter in filter 2 through further filtered air stream from the upper port of cyclonic separation core 33, and enter into dirt bowl cover from perforation 21 outflow after being filtered further by filtering material, and finally flow out dirt cup from the air outlet of dirt bowl cover, can see Fig. 1, its direction of arrow represents the direction of air stream.
The foregoing is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it should be pointed out that for the ordinary skill in the art, not departing under principle prerequisite of the present invention, can also make various deformation and improvement, this also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a Seperated dust cup of whirlwind, comprise the cup (1) sidewall with tangential one-level air inlet (11), with the cyclone separator be arranged in described cup (1), described cyclone separator comprises the primary separator of upstream, the second-stage separator in downstream and the gas channel be formed between above-mentioned two separators, described primary separator comprises the cyclonic separation body (31) of tubular and is positioned at the one-level dust-collecting cavity (32) of cyclonic separation body (31) below, described second-stage separator comprises the cyclonic separation core (33) of the multiple back tapers be arranged in cyclonic separation body (31) top and is positioned at the secondary dust-collecting cavity of cyclonic separation core (33) below, it is characterized in that, described cyclonic separation core (33) upper end is formed with the secondary air inlet (336) with gas channel UNICOM, be provided with in the top of described cyclonic separation core (33) and the air-flow entered from secondary air inlet (336) is altered course into the helix tube (332) tangent with the sidewall of described cyclonic separation core (33), described cyclonic separation core (33) is arranged in cylindrical and is arranged in fixed cylinder (331), the lower edge of described fixed cylinder (331) is shelved on the upper edge of described cyclonic separation body (31), and the lower end of described cyclonic separation core (33) is through the lower shelf (311) be arranged in described cyclonic separation body (31).
2. Seperated dust cup of whirlwind as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the longitudinal axis of described cyclonic separation core (33) is in vertical.
3. Seperated dust cup of whirlwind as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterized in that, described cup (1) below is provided with a glass bottom (5), described cup bottom (5) inside forms described one-level dust-collecting cavity (32), described cyclonic separation body (31) below is provided with dust bucket (4), described dust bucket (4) is positioned at a glass bottom (5) top, and described dust bucket (4) forms described secondary dust-collecting cavity.
4. Seperated dust cup of whirlwind as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, described dust bucket (4) lower end is provided with the baffle plate (51) of platform structure.
5. Seperated dust cup of whirlwind as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that, is formed with longitudinal cross-rib (52) between described baffle plate (51) below and the bottom of cup bottom (5).
6. Seperated dust cup of whirlwind as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the top of described cyclonic separation body (31) offers multiple through hole for air intake (312), the sidewall of described fixed cylinder (331) offers the fresh air inlet (337) corresponding with through hole (312), described through hole (312) and fresh air inlet (337) form described gas channel.
7. Seperated dust cup of whirlwind as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described cup (1) top is provided with filter (2).
CN201310352505.XA 2013-08-13 2013-08-13 A kind of Seperated dust cup of whirlwind Active CN103431810B (en)

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104367271A (en) * 2014-10-31 2015-02-25 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Gas-dust separating unit and dust collector
CN105796007B (en) * 2016-05-06 2018-11-09 珠海格力电器股份有限公司 Dust catcher, cup device for dust and its more circular cone whirlwind components
CN108784513B (en) * 2018-06-11 2021-07-16 江苏美的清洁电器股份有限公司 Hand-held cleaning device
CN110584533A (en) * 2019-09-05 2019-12-20 东莞福莱仕智能电子科技有限公司 Cyclone, cyclone separation device and handheld dust collector
CN112138879B (en) * 2020-09-02 2021-09-07 东莞福莱仕智能电子科技有限公司 Cyclone separation dust exhaust method

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1556683A (en) * 2001-02-24 2004-12-22 戴森有限公司 Cyclonic separating apparatus
CN2845694Y (en) * 2005-11-14 2006-12-13 苏州金莱克清洁器具有限公司 Double section dust remover of vacuum cleaner
JP2008104989A (en) * 2006-10-27 2008-05-08 Kotobuki Sangyo Kk Cyclone collector and roll crushing system using the same
CN201267443Y (en) * 2008-09-12 2009-07-08 金莱克电气股份有限公司 Cyclone separating type dust cup of vacuum cleaner
CN202619574U (en) * 2012-02-06 2012-12-26 胡海荣 Cyclone separation type dust cup of dust collector
CN202681838U (en) * 2012-07-02 2013-01-23 胡海荣 Cyclone separation dust cup of dust cleaner
CN203468514U (en) * 2013-08-13 2014-03-12 胡海荣 Cyclone separating-type dust cup

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KR101309781B1 (en) * 2007-04-24 2013-09-23 삼성전자주식회사 Multi-cyclone dust-separating apparatus of vacuum cleaner

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1556683A (en) * 2001-02-24 2004-12-22 戴森有限公司 Cyclonic separating apparatus
CN2845694Y (en) * 2005-11-14 2006-12-13 苏州金莱克清洁器具有限公司 Double section dust remover of vacuum cleaner
JP2008104989A (en) * 2006-10-27 2008-05-08 Kotobuki Sangyo Kk Cyclone collector and roll crushing system using the same
CN201267443Y (en) * 2008-09-12 2009-07-08 金莱克电气股份有限公司 Cyclone separating type dust cup of vacuum cleaner
CN202619574U (en) * 2012-02-06 2012-12-26 胡海荣 Cyclone separation type dust cup of dust collector
CN202681838U (en) * 2012-07-02 2013-01-23 胡海荣 Cyclone separation dust cup of dust cleaner
CN203468514U (en) * 2013-08-13 2014-03-12 胡海荣 Cyclone separating-type dust cup

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