CN103424316B - A kind of multi-functional pressure-shear test machine - Google Patents

A kind of multi-functional pressure-shear test machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103424316B
CN103424316B CN201310339075.8A CN201310339075A CN103424316B CN 103424316 B CN103424316 B CN 103424316B CN 201310339075 A CN201310339075 A CN 201310339075A CN 103424316 B CN103424316 B CN 103424316B
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China
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dynamic
oil cylinder
frame
piston rod
test machine
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CN201310339075.8A
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CN103424316A (en
Inventor
沈训龙
徐继欣
谢岳庆
吴宇
奚勇
袁斌
汪凡文
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Zhejiang Zhongke Instrument Co., Ltd.
Original Assignee
ANHUI TESTING CENTER FOR HIGHWAY ENGINEERING
ZHEJIANG ZHONGCHONG JINGGONG MACHINERY CO Ltd
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of multi-functional pressure-shear test machine, its column is arranged in frame; Master cylinder is immobilizated in the top of column; Main piston rod and master cylinder coordinate, and are driven by master cylinder; Top board is immobilizated in the bottom of main piston rod; Left and right sides in frame is respectively equipped with guide rail; Dynamic lower platen, cutting mechanism are located on guide rail respectively; Corner oil cylinder is installed on the side of frame; Lower loading plate is immobilizated in frame, is provided with rolling beaming roller group; Backing plate is supported in rolling beaming roller group, is provided with pressure transducer in it; Dynamic support frame is immobilizated in the side, front and back of frame, and dynamic hydraulic oil cylinder is installed on dynamic support frame; Dynamic hydraulic piston rod one end connects dynamic hydraulic oil cylinder, and the other end can connect and drive dynamic lower platen; A dynamic pickup is provided with in dynamic hydraulic piston rod.The plurality of advantages such as pressure-shear test machine of the present invention can complete the test of static pressure, dynamic pressure, shearing force and corner performance, has diverse in function, and bearing capacity is large, easy to use.

Description

A kind of multi-functional pressure-shear test machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of mechanical test equipment, be specifically related to a kind of multi-functional pressure-shear test machine, belong to testing apparatus technical field.
Background technology
Pressure-shear test machine such as the People's Republic of China (PRC) of prior art invents shown in No. 200620042299.8, and it drives crossbeam (105) when carrying out pressure test by drive motor (106), top board (103) moves downward along column (102); Simultaneously, lower platen (104) is promoted by Vertical Cylinders (111), vertical piston (112), top board (103) and lower platen (104) is made to abut and carry out static pressure test, therefore, above-mentioned pressure-shear test machine can not be tested dynamic pressure, thus causes certain application limitation.
Above-mentioned pressure-shear test machine, when carrying out shearing force testing, because the height of middle steel arm-tie (208) is certain, therefore, needs to be promoted lower platen (104) by Vertical Cylinders (111), vertical piston (112), and then adjusted the position of test specimen to be measured.So not only use trouble, and do not fix due to lower platen (104), its bearing capacity is less, and easily movable and cause test result inaccurate, can not test heavy weight test block.
Therefore, for solving the problems of the technologies described above, the necessary one that provides has structure improved multi-functional pressure-shear test machine, to overcome described defect of the prior art.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problem, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of structure simple, the multi-functional pressure-shear test machine can tested static pressure, dynamic pressure, shearing force and corner performance.
For achieving the above object, the technical scheme that the present invention takes is: a kind of multi-functional pressure-shear test machine, and it comprises frame, column, master cylinder, main piston rod, top board, dynamically lower platen, lower loading plate, backing plate, corner oil cylinder, dynamic support frame, dynamic hydraulic oil cylinder, dynamic hydraulic piston rod and cutting mechanism; Wherein, described column is vertically arranged in frame; Described master cylinder is immobilizated in the top of column; Described main piston rod and master cylinder coordinate, and are driven and oscilaltion by master cylinder; Described top board is immobilizated in the bottom of main piston rod; Left and right sides in described frame is respectively equipped with guide rail; Described dynamic lower platen, cutting mechanism are located on guide rail respectively, and can move along guide rail; Described corner oil cylinder is installed on the side of frame; Described lower loading plate is immobilizated in frame, is provided with rolling beaming roller group; Described backing plate is supported in rolling beaming roller group, is provided with pressure transducer in it; Described dynamic support frame is immobilizated in the side, front and back of frame, and dynamic hydraulic oil cylinder is installed on dynamic support frame; Described dynamic hydraulic piston rod one end connects dynamic hydraulic oil cylinder, and the other end can connect and drive dynamic lower platen; A dynamic pickup is provided with in described dynamic hydraulic piston rod.
Multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention is set to further: described cutting mechanism comprises pedestal and is installed on shear plate on pedestal, shears oil cylinder, shear sensors and hoist cylinder; Wherein, described shearing oil cylinder pushes described shear plate; Described shear sensors is arranged to be sheared on oil cylinder; Described hoist cylinder is connected to the bottom of pedestal, and pedestal can be driven to be elevated.
Multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention is set to further: be respectively equipped with a supporting mechanism in the both sides of described top board, is connected with a support motor on each supporting mechanism, and this supporting mechanism can be connected on dynamic support frame.
Multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention is set to further: the upper surface in described top board is provided with guide pin bushing, and described guide pin bushing is connected on column.
Multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention is set to further: be respectively equipped with riser guide in the both sides of described backing plate and drive the driving oil cylinder of riser guide lifting.
Multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention is set to further: the upper surface of described riser guide can rise to the upper surface of backing plate contour; And the upper surface of described backing plate and the upper surface of guide rail contour.
Multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention is set to further: be also provided with a switch base plate in the periphery of described backing plate.
Multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention is set to further: be provided with a corner push rod vertically arranged in described corner oil cylinder, and a rotary angle transmitter.
Multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention is also set to: described rolling beaming roller group of often organizing can be replaced by a long deflector roll.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
1. multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention can be tested static pressure, dynamic pressure, shearing force and corner performance, has the features such as structure is simple, diverse in function.
2. multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention adopts dynamic lower platen, thus makes sample delivery convenient.
3. multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention adopts upper and lower fixed backing plate, makes the bearing capacity of equipment large.
4. the cutting mechanism of multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention can adjust according to the height of test specimen to be measured, easy to use.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the stereographic map of multi-functional pressure-shear test machine of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the partial sectional view of positive apparent direction in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the partial sectional view of right apparent direction in Fig. 1.
Embodiment
Refer to shown in Figure of description 1 to accompanying drawing 3, the present invention is a kind of multi-functional pressure-shear test machine, and it is made up of a few part such as frame 1, column 2, master cylinder 3, main piston rod 4, top board 5, dynamically lower platen 6, lower loading plate 7, backing plate 8, corner oil cylinder 9, dynamic support frame 10, dynamic hydraulic oil cylinder 11, dynamic hydraulic piston rod 12 and cutting mechanism 13.
Wherein, described column 2 is vertically arranged in frame 1.Described dynamic support frame 10 is immobilizated in the side, front and back of frame 1.Left and right sides in described frame 1 is respectively equipped with guide rail 14, and described dynamic lower platen 6, cutting mechanism 13 are located on guide rail 14 respectively, and can move along guide rail 14;
Described master cylinder 3 is immobilizated in the top of column 2.Described main piston rod 4 and master cylinder 3 coordinate, and are driven and oscilaltion by master cylinder 3.Because master cylinder 2 is fixing, it can produce larger pressure, and the pressure stability produced.Described top board 5 is immobilizated in the bottom of main piston rod 4, and itself and main piston rod 4 link.
Described lower loading plate 7 is immobilizated on support 1, is provided with some rolling beaming roller groups 15.Described backing plate 8 is supported in rolling beaming roller group 15, and can move horizontally along rolling beaming roller 15.Pressure transducer 16 is provided with in described backing plate 8.
Described corner oil cylinder 9 is installed on the side of frame 1, which is provided with a corner push rod 17 vertically arranged, and a rotary angle transmitter 18, by the cooperation of described corner oil cylinder 9, corner push rod 17 and rotary angle transmitter 18, the corner performance test of workpiece can be completed.
Described dynamic hydraulic oil cylinder 11 is installed on dynamic support frame 10.Described dynamic hydraulic piston rod 12 one end connects dynamic hydraulic oil cylinder 11, and other end connection drive dynamic lower platen 6 when needs carry out dynamic pressure test, makes dynamic hydraulic oil cylinder 11 drive dynamic lower platen 6 to move, thus realize the test of dynamic pressure.Further, be provided with a dynamic pickup 19 in described dynamic hydraulic piston rod 12, thus the size of dynamic push pulling force can be detected.
Further, described cutting mechanism 13 comprises pedestal 25 and is installed on shear plate 20 on pedestal 25, shears oil cylinder 21, shear sensors 22 and hoist cylinder 23.Wherein, described shearing oil cylinder 21 pushes described shear plate 20, produces shearing force by described shear plate 20.Described shear sensors 22 is arranged to be sheared on oil cylinder 21, and it can record the size of shearing force.Described hoist cylinder 23 is connected to the bottom of pedestal 25, and pedestal 25 can be driven to be elevated, and then the height of adjustment shear plate 20, to adapt to the height of test specimen to be measured.
Further, be respectively equipped with a supporting mechanism 26 in the both sides of described top board 5, be connected with a support motor 27 on each supporting mechanism 26, this support motor 27 can drive supporting mechanism 26, and supporting mechanism 26 can be connected on dynamic support frame 10.Upper surface in described top board 5 is also provided with guide pin bushing 28, and described guide pin bushing 28 is connected on column 2, thus top board 5 can be guided to move straight down.
Further, the dynamic lower platen 6 that makes conveniently drives sample to be tested to move to immediately below top board 5, the driving oil cylinder 30 being respectively equipped with riser guide 29 in the both sides of described backing plate 8 and driving riser guide 29 to be elevated.The upper surface of described riser guide 29 can rise to the upper surface of backing plate 8 contour; And the upper surface of described backing plate 8 and the upper surface of guide rail 14 contour.After dynamic lower platen 6 puts in place, hoist cylinder 30 drives riser guide 29 to decline, and dynamic lower platen 6 is supported on backing plate 8.Also be provided with a switch base plate 31 in the periphery of described backing plate 8, thus make the load-bearing capacity of this pressure-shear test machine larger.
Described rolling beaming roller group 15 of often organizing can be replaced by a long deflector roll, and this long deflector roll also can make dynamic lower platen 6 move, and structure is more simple, and assembling also more for convenience.
Above embodiment is only the preferred embodiment of this creation, and not in order to limit this creation, any amendment made within all spirit in this creation and principle, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., within the protection domain that all should be included in this creation.

Claims (5)

1. a multi-functional pressure-shear test machine, is characterized in that: comprise frame, column, master cylinder, main piston rod, top board, dynamically lower platen, lower loading plate, backing plate, corner oil cylinder, dynamic support frame, dynamic hydraulic oil cylinder, dynamic hydraulic piston rod and cutting mechanism; Wherein, described column is vertically arranged in frame; Described master cylinder is immobilizated in the top of column; Described main piston rod and master cylinder coordinate, and are driven and oscilaltion by master cylinder; Described top board is immobilizated in the bottom of main piston rod; Left and right sides in described frame is respectively equipped with guide rail; Described dynamic lower platen, cutting mechanism are located on guide rail respectively, and can move along guide rail; Described corner oil cylinder is installed on the side of frame; Described lower loading plate is immobilizated in frame, is provided with some rolling beaming roller groups; Described backing plate is supported in rolling beaming roller group, is provided with pressure transducer in it; Described dynamic support frame is immobilizated in the side, front and back of frame, and dynamic hydraulic oil cylinder is installed on dynamic support frame; Described dynamic hydraulic piston rod one end connects dynamic hydraulic oil cylinder, and the other end can connect and drive dynamic lower platen; A dynamic pickup is provided with in described dynamic hydraulic piston rod; Described cutting mechanism comprises pedestal and is installed on shear plate on pedestal, shears oil cylinder, shear sensors and hoist cylinder; Wherein, described shearing oil cylinder pushes described shear plate; Described shear sensors is arranged to be sheared on oil cylinder; Described hoist cylinder is connected to the bottom of pedestal, and pedestal can be driven to be elevated; Be respectively equipped with a supporting mechanism in the both sides of described top board, be connected with a support motor on each supporting mechanism, this supporting mechanism can be connected on dynamic support frame; Upper surface in described top board is provided with guide pin bushing, and described guide pin bushing is connected on column.
2. multi-functional pressure-shear test machine as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: be respectively equipped with riser guide in the both sides of described backing plate and drive the driving oil cylinder of riser guide lifting.
3. multi-functional pressure-shear test machine as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that: the upper surface of described riser guide can rise to the upper surface of backing plate contour; And the upper surface of described backing plate and the upper surface of guide rail contour.
4. multi-functional pressure-shear test machine as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: be also provided with a switch base plate in the periphery of described backing plate.
5. multi-functional pressure-shear test machine as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: be provided with a corner push rod vertically arranged in described corner oil cylinder, and a rotary angle transmitter.
CN201310339075.8A 2013-08-06 2013-08-06 A kind of multi-functional pressure-shear test machine Active CN103424316B (en)

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CN105973713B (en) * 2016-06-28 2018-11-23 浙江理工大学 A kind of deformation of solid refuse and intensity related assays instrument
CN107288149B (en) * 2017-05-05 2019-04-23 中国建筑股份有限公司 The installation method of multifunction test system base and multifunction test system base
CN109827852B (en) * 2019-04-03 2020-12-15 河南交通职业技术学院 Compression shear test device
CN113504133A (en) * 2019-07-19 2021-10-15 三峡大学 Soil-rock interface undisturbed sample torsional shear test method
CN110954403B (en) * 2019-12-20 2022-05-03 济南中路昌试验机制造有限公司 Super-silent compression shear testing machine

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CN101750250A (en) * 2008-12-11 2010-06-23 天水红山试验机有限公司 Microcomputer controlled electro-hydraulic servo multi-functional pressure-shear test machine
CN201575958U (en) * 2009-07-07 2010-09-08 浙江辰鑫机械设备有限公司 Load-shear test machine
CN102539252A (en) * 2010-12-15 2012-07-04 天水红山试验机有限公司 Microcomputer controlled electro-hydraulic servo large multifunctional pressure shearing tester
CN202583010U (en) * 2012-05-16 2012-12-05 浙江中重精工机械有限公司 Pressing-shearing testing machine for bridge bearing
CN202994598U (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-06-12 济南天辰试验机制造有限公司 Microcomputer-controlled electro-hydraulic servo pressure shear tester
CN203443865U (en) * 2013-08-06 2014-02-19 安徽省公路工程检测中心 Multifunctional pressure shear testing machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101750250A (en) * 2008-12-11 2010-06-23 天水红山试验机有限公司 Microcomputer controlled electro-hydraulic servo multi-functional pressure-shear test machine
CN201575958U (en) * 2009-07-07 2010-09-08 浙江辰鑫机械设备有限公司 Load-shear test machine
CN102539252A (en) * 2010-12-15 2012-07-04 天水红山试验机有限公司 Microcomputer controlled electro-hydraulic servo large multifunctional pressure shearing tester
CN202583010U (en) * 2012-05-16 2012-12-05 浙江中重精工机械有限公司 Pressing-shearing testing machine for bridge bearing
CN202994598U (en) * 2012-12-31 2013-06-12 济南天辰试验机制造有限公司 Microcomputer-controlled electro-hydraulic servo pressure shear tester
CN203443865U (en) * 2013-08-06 2014-02-19 安徽省公路工程检测中心 Multifunctional pressure shear testing machine

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Effective date of registration: 20191030

Address after: 312000 village of Zhejiang city of Shaoxing province Tao Yan Zhen Jing

Patentee after: Zhejiang Zhongke Instrument Co., Ltd.

Address before: Yan Zhen Jing Kou Cun, Shaoxing County of Shaoxing City, Zhejiang province 312036 Tao

Co-patentee before: Anhui Testing Center for Highway Engineering

Patentee before: Zhejiang Zhongchong Jinggong Machinery Co., Ltd.