CN103394621B - One-way rotation thimble adjustable upsetter and working method thereof - Google Patents

One-way rotation thimble adjustable upsetter and working method thereof Download PDF

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CN103394621B
CN103394621B CN201310345935.9A CN201310345935A CN103394621B CN 103394621 B CN103394621 B CN 103394621B CN 201310345935 A CN201310345935 A CN 201310345935A CN 103394621 B CN103394621 B CN 103394621B
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die
pin
knock
thimble
push rod
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CN103394621A (en
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杨东佐
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杨东佐
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Abstract

The invention relates to a one-way rotation thimble adjustable upsetter and a working method of the one-way rotation thimble adjustable upsetter. The upsetter comprises a stamping die assembly, a female die assembly, a female die rotation mechanism, a material ejector mechanism and a stamping die assembly driving mechanism. The female die assembly comprises a female die fixing base, a female die base and a female die. The female die rotation mechanism drives the female die base to rotate. The material ejector mechanism comprises a thimble, a mandril, a withstanding base, an ejector rod and a material ejector driving mechanism, and a rolling contact device is arranged between the mandril and the withstanding base. The working method includes the steps of (1) enabling the thimble and the mandril to retreat together when blanks are pushed into the female die, (2) enabling the stamping die assembly driving mechanism to drive the stamping die assembly to move, (3) enabling the female die base to drive the female die and the thimble to rotate together after first upsetting is finished, (4) after rotation of the female die base is finished, enabling the material ejector driving mechanism to drive the ejector rod to move, and enabling the thimble to eject out corresponding workpieces in the ejected female die, and (5) repeating the process from the step (1) to the step (4) to conduct a next upsetting process. The one-way rotation thimble adjustable upsetter is simple in structure and long in service life.

Description

A kind of adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble and method of work
Technical field
The present invention relates to upsetter and method of work thereof.
Background technology
Traditional upsetter, punch die and die are all fixed on corresponding pedestal, the upsetting efficiency of this structure is low, charging and discharging all cumbersome.
In order to enhance productivity, the transposition developing into upsetting inter process is afterwards realized by moving back and forth of drift.This upsetter, complex structure, especially not easily realizes high speed upsetting.In order to solve the problem of high speed upsetting, the patent No. is in the patent of invention of ZL87105260.1, disclose a kind of multistation die-revolving high-speed upsetter, this invention provides the die of more than at least three on revolution die socket, slide block will fill corresponding with the die of die socket and the same number of punch die; The die of its feed entrance point is same die with the die of first time shaping position, and the die of the die of unloading position and the last shaping position of workpiece is same die.By cut material level put clamping blank to feed entrance point before, the stroke that punch die moves to the direction away from die need be greater than charge length, then blank is put be clamped to feed entrance point by being cut material level, then it is shaping blank to be poured first time upsetting in die by first time shaping punch die.When workpiece ejects, punch die need reset to the direction away from die and its movement travel need be greater than the length of workpiece.This upsetter, because the die at feed entrance point and unloading position is all for shaping, charging and discharging all need to take the workpiece upsetting shaping time on the one hand, have impact on operating efficiency; On the other hand, in order to have enough chargings and discharge space, the stroke of punch die must exceed the length of blank or workpiece, this not only greatly reduces the operating rate of upsetter, add the stroke wearing and tearing of large slide block and the motion power consumption of machine, and considerably increase volume and the cost of upsetter equipment.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, be disclose a kind of multi-stage female die returning jolting machine in the patent document of 201020124750.1 at application number, specifically disclose that multi-stage female die returning jolting machine comprises large slide block, the die assembly be fixed on large slide block, the large slider-actuated mechanism that large slide block is moved back and forth, die assembly, cut material feeding clip mechanism, workpiece ejecting mechanism, die is made to rotate the die indexing means of desired location, make the die positioner that die stops at desired location, material jacking mechanism; Die assembly comprises the die socket that only can rotate relative to support, is evenly distributed on the die of more than two or two in die socket along die circumference; More than the number of punch die two of the number of die, comprises the die of feed entrance point, the die of unloading position and shaping position and punch die die one to one; In punch die side, the die position of corresponding charging is provided with the blank propulsive mechanism advanced by blank in the die of feed entrance point, the large slide block of punch die side is provided with material feeding clip mechanism is cut in empty avoiding, the empty avoiding space of blank propulsive mechanism, corresponding unloading position are provided with discharging clearance position when workpiece is ejected.
The upsetter of said structure, more than the number of punch die two of the number due to die, therefore, charging die and discharging die and punch die misplace, and like this, the movement travel of punch die can be less than the length of blank, and also can charging when upsetting, thus solve the technical problem of traditional upsetter.
But in above-mentioned disclosed upsetter, die socket rotates, then thimble is followed and is rotated together, one end of thimble contacts with the spacing abutment of thimble, and the spacing abutment of thimble maintains static, therefore, larger frictional force can be produced between thimble and the spacing abutment of thimble, be easy to make thimble be out of shape or fracture, thus cause this upsetter to work.
Summary of the invention
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides the adjustable upsetter of a kind of single direction rotation thimble and method of work thereof.
The technical scheme solved the problems of the technologies described above is: the adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble, the die assembly driving mechanism comprising die assembly, die assembly, die rotating mechanism, material jacking mechanism and drive die assembly to move, the die that described die assembly comprises die holder, is located at the die socket in die holder and is located in die socket; Described die rotating mechanism drives die socket to rotate; Described material jacking mechanism comprises thimble, push rod, keeps out seat, knock-pin and drive the liftout drive unit that moves to die direction of knock-pin, in die socket, correspond to each die be provided with described thimble, one end of push rod extend in die socket, and one end of push rod contacts with thimble, described seat of keeping out is located in die holder, knock-pin corresponds to a wherein die and arranges, when needs liftout, knock-pin ejector pin contact overhead push rod, at push rod with keep out between seat and be provided with Structure deformation device.
The method of work of the adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble is:
(1) when blank is pushed in die, thimble and push rod together retreat, and carry out spacing by keeping out seat and withstand push rod the going-back position of thimble.
(2) then, die assembly driving mechanism drives die assembly motion, and die assembly carries out upsetting to blank.
(3) after completing a upsetting, die rotating mechanism drives die socket to rotate, and die socket drives die and thimble together to rotate, and die socket is in rotary course, and Structure deformation device is rolling friction with keeping out seat.
(4) after die socket has rotated, liftout drive unit drives pre-knock-pin and knock-pin to move to die direction, pre-knock-pin promotes the push rod corresponding with pre-knock-pin and thimble moves, and promote workpiece corresponding in die by the thimble corresponding with pre-knock-pin and outwards move, simultaneously, knock-pin promotes push rod corresponding to the die of discharging and thimble motion, and is ejected workpiece corresponding in the die of discharging by thimble.
(5) repeat above-mentioned steps (1) and carry out upsetting next time to step (4).
Said structure and method of work, owing to being provided with Structure deformation device, when die socket rotates, Structure deformation device and keeping out for rolling friction between seat, and between thimble and Structure deformation device, be also provided with push rod, thimble is not subject to direct distortion power, therefore, thimble is not easy distortion, is also not easy to fracture, the functional reliability of upsetter is good, and the life-span is long.
As specializing, described Structure deformation device comprises ball and engaging nut end cover, and engaging nut end cover has an opening, and ball is fastened on an end of push rod by engaging nut end cover, and ball exposes engaging nut end cover through opening.
The Structure deformation apparatus structure of said structure is simple, and cost is low, and utilizes engaging nut end cover holding ball, is convenient to installation and removal, is also convenient to maintenance.
As improvement, the end face of push rod is provided with the depressed part with ball engagement, makes the positioning precision of ball high.Arc groove is provided with keeping out on seat with the part of ball contact.The motion of this arc groove to ball has guide effect, to improve the kinematic accuracy of die socket, like this, can improve the life-span of upsetter on the one hand, but also can improve the quality of Workpiece shaping.
As improvement, be provided with pre-knock-pin in the corresponding position of last die being provided with the corresponding die of knock-pin, pre-knock-pin is driven by liftout drive unit, and the movement travel of knock-pin is greater than the movement travel of pre-knock-pin.In upsetting process, workpiece can be short by upsetting, and based on above-mentioned upsetting process, this structure can eject in advance to the workpiece in die, is convenient to upsetting.
As improvement, knock-pin near the end face of die be provided with can with the bulb-shaped recess portion of ball engagement.When ejecting on masthead to push rod, this bulb-shaped recess portion is corresponding with ball, knock-pin is had to the effect of location automatically, and, the contact area of ball and knock-pin can be increased, make ball be not easy to damage, can also ejecting force be increased simultaneously.
As improvement, at die assembly peripheral hardware organic frame, frame is provided with adjusting screw(rod), one end of adjusting screw(rod) with keep out seat and be threaded.By rotating adjusting screw(rod), then can regulate the position of keeping out seat, thus reach the movement travel changing thimble, to adapt to the demand of different length workpiece.
As improvement, also comprise and cut feed collet materials device, described feed collet materials device of cutting comprises drive link, drive block, cuts material seat, drive rod, cuts material bar and cutting material block; One end of drive link is articulated on die assembly driving mechanism, and the other end of drive link is articulated on drive block; Being located at of drive block slip is cut on material seat, and drive block is provided with driver slot; One end of drive rod is connected to cuts on material bar, and the other end of drive rod extend in driver slot; Cutting material block is arranged on cuts on material bar; Be provided with in cutting material block and cut material cutter, in cutting material block, be provided with one end extend into the blank knock-pin cut in material cutter, cutting material block is provided with blank knock-pin adjusting device, described blank knock-pin adjusting device comprises and is provided with externally threaded regulating sleeve, adjusting nut and billet pusher, regulating sleeve is located in cutting material block, adjusting nut is fixed in cutting material block, the external screw thread of regulating sleeve is meshed with adjusting nut, billet pusher is through regulating sleeve, wherein one end of billet pusher contacts with blank knock-pin, and the other end stretches out regulating sleeve.
Described to cut material cutter be wholecircle shape clip, and therefore, utilize material cutter of cutting of the present invention when cutting material, the end face of blank is concordant, precision is high, can make the Quality advance of workpiece.Owing to being provided with blank knock-pin, therefore, the blank cut in material cutter can be ejected and is sent in die.Owing to being provided with pusher knock-pin adjusting device, therefore, the length of blank can regulate at any time, its method regulated is: rotating regulating sleeve, then change can be followed in the position of billet pusher, and the stroke of blank knock-pin then can change, and extend into the charge length of cutting in material cutter and also can change.
As improvement, die assembly is provided with material-pulling device, described material-pulling device comprises the tooth bar sliding and be located on die assembly, is provided with pusher driving mechanism, tooth bar is connected with charging ram between tooth bar and die assembly driving mechanism.Utilize material-pulling device blank can be pushed in die. accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the adjustable upsetter stereogram of single direction rotation thimble.
Fig. 2 is the stereogram removing a visual angle after frame.
Fig. 3 is the stereogram removing another visual angle after frame.
Fig. 4 is that to remove after frame the end of with to top be the stereogram at visual angle.
Fig. 5 is the stereogram after removing frame, die holder.
Fig. 6 is the sectional view of die assembly.
Fig. 7 is the exploded view of die assembly and material jacking mechanism.
Fig. 8 is the stereogram of pay-off.
Fig. 9 is the exploded view of pay-off.
Figure 10 is the stereogram cutting feed collet materials device.
Figure 11 is the exploded view cutting feed collet materials device.
Figure 12 is A-A sectional view.
Figure 13 is the stereogram removing another structure after frame.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is further elaborated.
As shown in Figure 1, the adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble comprises frame 1, die assembly driving mechanism 2, die assembly 3, die assembly 4, die rotating mechanism 5, material jacking mechanism 6, die positioner 7, pay-off 8, cuts feed collet materials device 9 and material-pulling device 9a.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, described die assembly driving mechanism 2 comprises bent axle 21, belt pulley 22 and connecting rod 23, and bent axle 21 is arranged in frame 1 by bearing, and belt pulley 22 is arranged on bent axle 21, one end of connecting rod 23 is articulated on bent axle 21, and the other end is articulated on large slide block 32.
As shown in Figure 2, described die assembly 3 comprises die shoe 31, large slide block 32, die shoe 33 and punch die 34.Wherein, die shoe 31 is arranged in frame 1; What large slide block 32 slided is arranged on die shoe 31, and when bent axle 21 rotates, bent axle 21 drives the straight reciprocating motion of large slide block 32 by connecting rod 23; Die shoe 33 is fixed on large slide block 32; Punch die 34 is arranged on die shoe 33.In the present embodiment, the number of punch die 34 is three, i.e. the first punch die, the second punch die and the 3rd punch die.
When belt pulley 22 rotates, belt pulley 22 is with dynamic crankshaft 21 to rotate, and bent axle 21 drivening rod 23 moves, and connecting rod 23 drives large slide block 32 straight line back and forth movement, and large slide block 32 drives punch die 34 straight line back and forth movement, to realize upsetting action.
As shown in Figures 2 to 7, described die assembly 4 comprises die holder 41, die case 42, first end cap 43, second end cap 44, die socket 45 and die 46.Die holder 41 is fixed in frame 1; Die case 42 to be located in die holder 41 and relative to die holder 41 non rotating; Die socket 45 is located in die case 42; First end cap 43 is located in die 46 holder 41, and is positioned at the front portion of die case 42, travels forward for keeping out die socket 45; Second end cap 44 is located in die holder 41, and is positioned at the rear portion of die case 42, moves backward for keeping out die socket 45.Die 46 is located in die socket 45, in the present embodiment, die 46 forms by five, and be the die of the die of charging, the first die, the second die, the 3rd die and discharging respectively, between adjacent die center line and die socket 45 center line, the angle of line is 72 degree.In order to die assembly 4 can be fixed firmly, easily, between die holder 41 and frame 1, be provided with voussoir 47.
As shown in Figures 2 to 5, described die rotating mechanism 5 comprises the first power transmission shaft 51, second driving shaft 52, the 3rd power transmission shaft 53, the 4th power transmission shaft 54, the 5th power transmission shaft 55, first gear 56, second gear 57, first bevel gear 58, second bevel gear 59, third hand tap gear 510, the 4th bevel gear 511, the 5th bevel gear 512, the 6th bevel gear 513, the 7th bevel gear 514, the 8th bevel gear 515, die driven wheel 516 and is located at the driving cog 517 of the circle distribution on die socket 45.First power transmission shaft 51, second driving shaft 52, the 3rd power transmission shaft 53, the 4th power transmission shaft 54, the 5th power transmission shaft 55 are all arranged in frame 1 by bearing; Wherein, the first power transmission shaft 51 is positioned at the below of bent axle 21; Second driving shaft 52 is horizontally disposed with the outside being positioned at frame 1, and the axes normal of second driving shaft 52 and the first power transmission shaft 51; 3rd power transmission shaft 53 vertically arranges the outside being positioned at frame 1, and the 3rd power transmission shaft 53 and second driving shaft 52 axes normal; 4th power transmission shaft 54 is horizontally disposed with, and the axes normal of the 4th power transmission shaft 54 and the 3rd power transmission shaft 53; 5th power transmission shaft 55 is horizontally disposed with the below being positioned at die holder 41, and the 5th power transmission shaft 55 is vertical with the 4th power transmission shaft 54.The first described gear 56 is arranged on bent axle 21; Second gear 57 is arranged on the first power transmission shaft 51, and the first gear 56 and the second gear 57 are meshed; The first described bevel gear 58 is arranged on the first power transmission shaft 51, and the second bevel gear 59 is arranged on second driving shaft 52, and the first bevel gear 58 and the second bevel gear 59 are meshed; Described third hand tap gear 510 is arranged on the middle part of second driving shaft 52, and the 4th bevel gear 511 is arranged on the 3rd power transmission shaft 53, and third hand tap gear 510 and the 4th bevel gear 511 are meshed; The 5th described bevel gear 512 is arranged on the 3rd power transmission shaft 53, and the 6th bevel gear 513 is arranged on the 4th power transmission shaft 54, and the 5th bevel gear 512 and the 6th bevel gear 513 are meshed; The 7th described bevel gear 514 is arranged on the 4th power transmission shaft, and the 8th bevel gear 515 is arranged on the 5th power transmission shaft 55, and the 7th bevel gear 514 and the 8th bevel gear 515 are meshed.Described die driven wheel 516 is arranged on the 5th power transmission shaft 55, and die holder 41 and die case 42 are provided with escape groove 411, and die driven wheel 516 is meshed with driving cog 517 through escape groove 411.
When belt pulley 22 rotates, belt pulley 22 is with dynamic crankshaft 21 to rotate, bent axle 21 drives the first gear 56 to rotate, first gear 56 drives the second gear 57 to rotate, second gear 57 drives the first power transmission shaft 51 to rotate, first power transmission shaft 51 drives second driving shaft 52 to rotate by the first bevel gear 58 and the second bevel gear 59, second driving shaft 52 drives the 3rd power transmission shaft 53 to rotate by third hand tap gear 510 and the 4th bevel gear 511, 3rd power transmission shaft 53 drives the 4th power transmission shaft 54 to rotate by the 5th bevel gear 512 and the 6th bevel gear 513, 4th power transmission shaft 54 drives the 5th power transmission shaft 55 to rotate by the 7th bevel gear 514 and the 8th bevel gear 515, 5th power transmission shaft 55 drives die socket 45 to rotate by die driven wheel 516 and driving cog 517.In the present embodiment, once, die socket 45 rotates 72 degree to large slide block 32 back and forth movement, certainly, the angle that die socket often rotates once is determined according to the number of die 46, simultaneously, once, the anglec of rotation of die socket 45 is realized by the number of teeth and modulus ratio changing gear large slide block 32 back and forth movement.
As shown in Fig. 2,6,7, described material jacking mechanism 6 comprises thimble 61, push rod 62, keeps out seat 63, Structure deformation device 64, knock-pin 65 and drive the liftout drive unit 66 that moves to die 46 direction of knock-pin 65.In die socket 45, correspond to each die 46 be provided with described thimble 61, one end of thimble extend in die; One end of push rod 62 extend in die socket 45, and one end of push rod 62 contacts with thimble 61; Described seat 63 of keeping out is located in die holder 41, as shown in Figure 7, the inwall of die holder 41 is provided with anti-rotation groove 412, the outer wall of keeping out seat 63 is provided with the raised line 631 corresponding with anti-rotation groove 412, raised line 631 is arranged in anti-rotation groove 412, like this, can ensure to keep out seat 63 rectilinear motion, can prevent again keeping out seat 63 and rotate; Described Structure deformation device 64 comprises ball 641 and engaging nut end cover 642, engaging nut end cover 642 has an opening 6421, ball 641 is fastened on an end of push rod 62 by engaging nut end cover 642, and ball 641 exposes engaging nut end cover 642 through opening 6421; The end face of push rod 62 is provided with the depressed part coordinated with ball 641, so that better detent ball 641, being provided with arc groove keeping out the part that seat 63 contacts with ball 641, for providing movement locus when ball 641 moves, die assembly 4 being rotated more stable; Knock-pin 65 is arranged corresponding to the die of discharging, and fairlead 67 is provided with in frame 1, described knock-pin 65 is through fairlead 67, knock-pin near the end face of die be provided with can with the bulb-shaped recess portion of ball engagement, to improve positioning precision, on knock-pin 65, between fairlead 67 and the rearward end of knock-pin 65, cover has the first spring 68, when needs liftout, knock-pin 65 contacts with push rod 62 and overhead push rod, is ejected by workpiece from the die of discharging.Described liftout drive unit 66 comprises the 6th power transmission shaft 661, drive-connecting shaft 662, the 9th bevel gear 663, the tenth bevel gear 664, first cam 665, first driving fork 666 and the first roller 667; 6th power transmission shaft 661 is arranged in frame 1; Drive-connecting shaft 662 is arranged in frame 1, and is positioned at the top of the 6th power transmission shaft 661; 9th bevel gear 663 is arranged on second driving shaft 52; Tenth bevel gear 664 is arranged on the 6th power transmission shaft 661; 9th bevel gear 663 and the tenth bevel gear 664 are meshed; First cam 665 is arranged on the 6th power transmission shaft 661; First drives the middle part of fork 666 to be articulated on drive-connecting shaft 662, and the first roller 667 is articulated on the bottom of the first driving fork 666, and the first roller 667 contacts with the first cam 665; Contact with knock-pin 65 in first one end driving the upper end of fork 666 to be provided with the first adjustment screw 668, first adjustment screw 668.
When belt pulley 22 rotates, belt pulley 22 is with dynamic crankshaft 21 to rotate, bent axle 21 drives the first gear 56 to rotate, first gear 56 drives the second gear 57 to rotate, second gear 57 drives the first power transmission shaft 51 to rotate, first power transmission shaft 51 drives second driving shaft 52 to rotate by the first bevel gear 58 and the second bevel gear 59, second driving shaft 52 drives the 6th power transmission shaft 661 to rotate by the 9th bevel gear 663 and the tenth bevel gear 664, 6th power transmission shaft 661 drives the first cam 665 to rotate, the rotation of the first cam 665 impels the first driving fork 666 to swing, first drives fork 666 under the effect of the first adjustment screw 668, drive knock-pin 65 to move to die 46 direction, now, the front end of knock-pin 65 contacts with push rod 62 and overhead push rod, and promote push rod 62 and impel thimble 61 to move to die 46 direction, reach the object ejected by the workpiece in the die 46 of discharging.After workpiece is ejected, knock-pin 65 resets under the effect of the first spring 68, and thimble 61 and push rod 62 also can reset because of charging upsetting next time.In addition, the movement travel of knock-pin 65 realizes by regulating the first adjustment screw 668.
As shown in figure 13, in upsetting process, die socket 45 drives die 46 to rotate progressively upsetting workpiece, therefore, die socket 45 often rotates an angle, workpiece then in die can be short by upsetting, in order to the last die workpiece of upsetting discharging die, then be provided with pre-knock-pin 65a, pre-knock-pin 65a is located at the corresponding position place of last die of the corresponding die of knock-pin, frame 1 is provided with pre-directing cover 67a, described pre-knock-pin 65a is through pre-directing cover 67a, pre-knock-pin near the end face of die be provided with can with the bulb-shaped recess portion of ball engagement, to improve positioning precision, on pre-knock-pin 65a, between pre-directing cover 67a and the rearward end of pre-knock-pin 65a, cover has the 4th spring 68a, 6th power transmission shaft 661 is provided with and ejects cam 665a in advance, the middle part of predrive fork 666a is articulated on drive-connecting shaft 662, predrive roller 667a is articulated on the bottom of predrive fork 666a, predrive roller 667a with eject cam 665a in advance and contact, eject cam in advance and be less than the first cam, the stroke of pre-knock-pin is made to be less than the movement travel of knock-pin, preconditioning screw 668a is provided with in the upper end of predrive fork 666a, one end of preconditioning screw 668a contacts with pre-knock-pin 65a, when the pre-liftout of needs, 6th power transmission shaft 661 drives and ejects cam 665a in advance and rotate, ejecting cam 665a in advance drives predrive fork 666a to swing by predrive roller 667a, predrive fork 666a is by driving pre-knock-pin to move with adjustment screw 668a, pre-knock-pin 65a contacts with push rod 62 and overhead push rod, workpiece is ejected one stroke, so that upsetting.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 7, described die positioner 7 comprises the second cam 71, second and drives fork 72, second roller 73, positioning mandril 74, contiguous block 75, backstay 76, back-moving spring backstay 77, back-moving spring 78, second spring 79 and the second adjustment screw 710.Second cam 71 is located on the 6th power transmission shaft 661; Second drives the middle part of fork 72 to be articulated on drive-connecting shaft 662; Second roller 73 is articulated on the bottom of the second driving fork 72, and the second roller 73 contacts with the second cam 71; Positioning mandril 74 is located in frame 1, and the front end of positioning mandril 74 can contact with contiguous block 75, and the rear end of positioning mandril 74 can contact with the second adjustment screw 710; Backstay 76 is located on contiguous block 75, and when needs position die socket 45, the front end of backstay 76 extend in die socket 45 by the second end cap 44, and when die socket 45 needs to rotate, under the effect of back-moving spring 78, backstay 76 departs from die socket 45; Back-moving spring backstay 77 is located on contiguous block 75; Back-moving spring 78 is enclosed within back-moving spring backstay 77, and between contiguous block 75 and die holder 41; Second spring 79 is enclosed within positioning mandril 74, and between frame 1 and positioning mandril 74 rearward end; Second adjustment screw 710 is arranged on the upper end of the second driving fork 72.
After die socket 45 rotates an angle, 6th power transmission shaft 661 drives the second cam 71 to rotate, second cam 71 impels the second driving fork 72 to swing under the effect of the second roller 73, second drives fork 72 under the effect of the second adjustment screw 710, drive positioning mandril 74 to move to die 46 direction, positioning mandril 74 drives contiguous block 75, backstay 76, back-moving spring backstay 77 moves to die 46 direction, now, backstay 76 extend in die socket 45 through die holder 41, realize the location to die socket 45, prevent die socket 45 from rotating, also can rotate rear realization to die socket 45 to locate accurately, make the aligning accuracy of punch die 34 and die 46 high, when upsetting once completes and die socket 45 needs to rotate, positioning mandril 74 resets under the effect of the second spring 79, backstay 76 also resets under the effect of back-moving spring 78, now, backstay 76 departs from die socket 45.In addition, the movement travel of positioning mandril 74 realizes by regulating the second adjustment screw 710.
As Fig. 5,7, shown in 8 and 9, described pay-off 8 comprises material feeding seat 81, load bearing seat 82, driving wheel 83, feeding connecting rod 84, spill spin block 85, shifting block 86, the 7th power transmission shaft 87, the 8th power transmission shaft 88, the 3rd gear 89, the 4th gear 810, the 5th gear 811, directive wheel 812, drawing-inroller 813, front feeding guide pipe 814 and rear feeding guide pipe 815.Material feeding seat 81 is arranged on frame 1 rear portion, material feeding seat 81 has storage tank 8101, floating block 816 is provided with in storage tank 8101, material feeding seat 81 is positioned at above storage tank 8101 and is provided with support 817, support 817 is provided with screw rod 818 by bearing, floating block 816 is provided with nut 819, the lower end of screw rod 818 is engaged with nut 819, be connected with handwheel 820 in the upper end of screw rod 818, on screw rod 818, between floating block 816 and support 817, cover has spring 821.Load bearing seat 82 is arranged on material feeding seat 81, and is positioned at the rear portion of material feeding seat 81, and directive wheel 812 is located on load bearing seat 82, has guide effect to the transport path of blank.Driving wheel 83 is located on the 6th power transmission shaft 661.One end of feeding connecting rod 84 is articulated on the end face that is positioned at beyond driving wheel 83 pivot, and the other end of feeding connecting rod 84 is articulated on one end of spill spin block 85.The middle part of spill spin block 85 is articulated on the 7th power transmission shaft 87.Shifting block 86 is fixed on the other end of spill spin block 85, and one end of shifting block 86 is engaged with the 3rd gear 89.7th power transmission shaft 87 is arranged on material feeding seat 81.8th power transmission shaft 88 is arranged on floating block 816.3rd gear 89 is arranged on the 7th power transmission shaft 87; 4th gear 810 is located on the 7th power transmission shaft 87; 5th gear 811 is located on the 8th power transmission shaft 88; 4th gear 810 and the 5th gear 811 are meshed; Drawing-inroller 813 forms by two, and wherein a drawing-inroller 813 is arranged on the 7th power transmission shaft 87, and another drawing-inroller 813 is arranged on the 8th power transmission shaft 88, two drawing-inrollers be circumferentially provided with chute feeder, two drawing-inrollers 813 are in same vertical plane.Described front feeding guide pipe 814 is arranged in die holder 41; Rear feeding guide pipe 815 is arranged in frame 1; Front feeding guide pipe 814 and rear feeding guide pipe 815 are coaxial, and corresponding with the position of chute feeder.
When the 6th power transmission shaft 661 rotates, 6th power transmission shaft 661 drives driving wheel 83 to rotate, driving wheel 83 is rotated around the 7th power transmission shaft 87 by feeding connecting rod 84 driven rotary block 85, spill spin block 85 drives shifting block 86 to move, under the effect of shifting block 86, 3rd gear 89 rotates, 3rd gear 89 drives the 7th power transmission shaft 87 to rotate, 7th power transmission shaft 87 drive the 4th gear 810 and wherein a drawing-inroller 813 rotate, 4th gear 810 drives the 5th gear 811 to reversely rotate simultaneously, 5th gear 811 drives another drawing-inroller to rotate by the 8th power transmission shaft 88, when there being material to be sent between two drawing-inrollers 813 from directive wheel 812, drive under the rubbing action of two drawing-inrollers 813 and expect that feeding guide pipe 815 moves backward, and can continuous print by material through after feeding guide pipe 815 and front feeding guide pipe 814 deliver to cut and expect in cutter.
In the present embodiment, because the 8th power transmission shaft 88 is mounted on floating block 816, under the effect of spring 821, floating block 816 has downward power all the time, therefore, two drawing-inrollers 813 can be made tightly to contact, and improves larger frictional force, makes the good reliability of feeding.
As shown in Figure 10 to Figure 12, described feed collet materials device 9 of cutting comprises drive link 91, drive block 92, cuts material seat 93, drive rod 94, cuts material bar 95 and cutting material block 96, one end of drive link 91 is articulated on the end face outside the first gear 56 pivot, and the other end of drive link 91 is articulated on drive block 92, being located at of drive block 92 slip is cut on material seat 93, and drive block 92 is provided with driver slot 921, cutting material seat 93 is fixed in frame 1, one end of drive rod 94 is connected to cuts on material bar 95, and the other end of drive rod 94 extend in driver slot 921, cutting being located at of material bar slip cuts on material seat 93, cutting material block 96 is arranged on cuts on material bar 95, be provided with in cutting material block 96 and cut material cutter 97, in cutting material block 96, be provided with one end extend into the blank knock-pin 98 cut in material cutter 97, cutting material block 96 is provided with pusher knock-pin adjusting device, described blank knock-pin 98 adjusting device comprises and is provided with externally threaded regulating sleeve 991, adjusting nut 992 and billet pusher 993, regulating sleeve 991 is located in cutting material block 96, adjusting nut 992 is fixed in cutting material block 96, the external screw thread of regulating sleeve 991 is meshed with adjusting nut 992, billet pusher 993 is through regulating sleeve, wherein one end of billet pusher 993 contacts with blank knock-pin 98, the other end stretches out regulating sleeve 991, as rotating regulating sleeve 991, then the movement travel of billet pusher can change, to adapt to the demand of different length blank.Be provided with guide rod 910 cutting on material seat 93, be fixed with fixed head 911 away from one end of cutting material block 96 cutting material bar 95, one end of guide post 910, through fixed head 911, has guide effect to the motion of cutting material bar 95, to improve the kinematic accuracy of cutting material bar 95.Being provided with the stop screw 912 of keeping out fixed head 911 away from the side of cutting material block 96 cutting on material seat, on the one hand for limiting the movement travel of cutting material bar 95, the movement travel of cutting material bar 95 can also being regulated on the other hand.
When bent axle 21 rotates, bent axle 21 drives the first gear 56 to rotate, first gear 56 drives drive block 92 rectilinear motion under the effect of drive link 91, owing to being provided with driver slot 921 on drive block 92, then when drive block 92 moves, can drive drive rod 94 radial motion, drive rod 94 drives to cut expects that bar 95 moves, cutting material bar 95 drives cutting material block 96 to move, and cutting material block 96 drives to cut expects that cutter 97 moves; And the reset of cutting material bar 95 is realized by the driver slot 921 on drive block 92.
As shown in Figure 4, die assembly 3 is provided with material-pulling device 9a, described material-pulling device 9a comprises the tooth bar 9a1 sliding and be located on large slide block 32.Be provided with pusher driving mechanism between tooth bar 9a1 and bent axle 21, described pusher driving mechanism comprises the 3rd cam 9a2, the 3rd roller 9a3, pusher fork 9a4, pusher rotating shaft 9a5 and pusher gear 9a6; 3rd cam 9a2 is arranged on bent axle 21; 3rd roller 9a3 is articulated on an end of pusher fork 9a4; The other end of pusher fork 9a4 is fixedly connected with pusher rotating shaft 9a5; Pusher rotating shaft 9a5 is located in frame 1; Pusher gear 9a6 is located on pusher rotating shaft 9a5; Pusher gear 9a6 and tooth bar 9a1 is meshed.Tooth bar 9a1 is connected with charging ram 9a7.The 3rd spring 9a8 is provided with between frame 1 and pusher fork 9a4.
When bent axle 21 rotates, bent axle 21 drives the 3rd cam 9a2 to rotate, 3rd cam 9a2 drives pusher fork 9a4 to swing under the effect of the 3rd roller 9a3, pusher fork 9a4 drives pusher rotating shaft 9a5 to rotate, pusher rotating shaft 9a5 drives pusher gear 9a6 to rotate, pusher gear 9a6 impels tooth bar 9a1 to the motion of die 46 direction, and tooth bar 9a1 drives charging ram 9a7 motion, the material cut in material cutter 97 can be pushed in die 46.The reset of described tooth bar 9a1 is realized by the 3rd spring 9a8.
Frame 1 is provided with adjusting screw(rod) 101, one end of adjusting screw(rod) 101 with keep out seat 63 and be threaded.When rotating adjusting screw(rod) 101, keep out seat 63 rectilinear motion, the movement travel of thimble 61 is also corresponding to change, to adapt to the demand of different upsetting length.
The method of work of the adjustable upsetter of above-mentioned single direction rotation thimble is:
(1) by pay-off 8 material is sent to and cuts in material cutter 97.
(2) drive block 92 drives to cut by drive rod 94 and expects that bar 95 travels forward, cut material bar 95 in forward movement, because other material are also stayed in front feeding guide pipe 814, therefore, under the effect of shearing force, cut material cutter 97 and material is cut off, followed to cut by the blank cut off and expect that cutter 97 travels forward, when moving to the die of blank and charging to timing, cut the stop motion of material bar 95.Now, pusher gear 9a6 rotates, and impels tooth bar 9a1 straight line to move to die 46 direction, in tooth bar 9a1 motion process, charging ram 9a7 promotes billet pusher 993 and moves, and billet pusher 993 promotes the motion of blank push rod, by cutting, blank push rod expects that interior blank is pushed in the die of charging.
(3) die rotating mechanism 5 drives die socket 45 to rotate an angle, and in the present embodiment, the angle that die socket 45 rotates is 72 degree.
(4) backstay 76 of die positioner 7 extend in die socket 45, realizes the location to die socket 45.
(5) after die 46 has been located, large slide block 32 to die 46 direction motion once, drive punch die 34 realize a upsetting, now, thimble 61 resets in upsetting process, and keep out seat 63 spacing, keep out.
(6) after upsetting completes, large slide block 32 resets, now, liftout drive unit 66 impels knock-pin 65 to move to die 46 direction, now, the front end of knock-pin 65 contacts with push rod 62 and overhead push rod, and promotes push rod 62 and impel thimble 61 to the motion of die 46 direction, reaches the object ejected by the workpiece in the die of discharging.After workpiece is ejected, knock-pin 65 resets under the effect of the first spring 68, and thimble 61 and push rod 62 also can reset because of charging upsetting next time.Meanwhile, liftout drive unit drives pre-knock-pin to the motion of die direction, and pre-knock-pin promotes the push rod corresponding with pre-knock-pin and thimble moves, and promotes workpiece corresponding in die by the thimble corresponding with pre-knock-pin and outwards move, so that upsetting.
(7) after completing a upsetting process, repeat step (1) to (6), realize continuous print upsetting.
In the present invention, when rotating to prevent die socket 45, thimble 61 is bending or fracture, be then provided with push rod 62 in the rear end of thimble 61, at top board with keep out between seat 63 and be provided with Structure deformation device, said structure can make the revolving force of die socket 45 less, thus can save energy.

Claims (10)

1. the adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble, the die assembly driving mechanism comprising die assembly, die assembly, die rotating mechanism, material jacking mechanism and drive die assembly to move, the die that described die assembly comprises die holder, is located at the die socket in die holder and is located in die socket; Described die rotating mechanism drives die socket to rotate; It is characterized in that: described material jacking mechanism comprises thimble, push rod, keeps out seat, knock-pin and drive the liftout drive unit that moves to die direction of knock-pin, in die socket, correspond to each die be provided with described thimble, one end of push rod extend in die socket, and one end of push rod contacts with thimble, described seat of keeping out is located in die holder, knock-pin corresponds to a wherein die and arranges, when needs liftout, knock-pin and ejector pin contact overhead push rod, at push rod with keep out between seat and be provided with Structure deformation device.
2. the adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described Structure deformation device comprises ball and engaging nut end cover, engaging nut end cover has an opening, ball is fastened on an end of push rod by engaging nut end cover, and ball exposes engaging nut end cover through opening.
3. the adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble according to claim 2, is characterized in that: on the end face of push rod, be provided with the depressed part with ball engagement; Arc groove is provided with keeping out on seat with the part of ball contact.
4. the adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble according to claim 2, is characterized in that: knock-pin near the end face of die be provided with can with the bulb-shaped recess portion of ball engagement.
5. the adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble according to claim 1, is characterized in that: at die assembly peripheral hardware organic frame, frame is provided with adjusting screw(rod), one end of adjusting screw(rod) with keep out seat and be threaded.
6. the adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: be provided with pre-knock-pin in the corresponding position of last die being provided with the corresponding die of knock-pin, pre-knock-pin is driven by liftout drive unit, and the movement travel of knock-pin is greater than the movement travel of pre-knock-pin.
7. the adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble according to claim 1, is characterized in that: also comprise and cut feed collet materials device, and described feed collet materials device of cutting comprises drive link, drive block, cuts material seat, drive rod, cuts material bar and cutting material block; One end of drive link is articulated on die assembly driving mechanism, and the other end of drive link is articulated on drive block; Being located at of drive block slip is cut on material seat, and drive block is provided with driver slot; One end of drive rod is connected to cuts on material bar, and the other end of drive rod extend in driver slot; Cutting material block is arranged on cuts on material bar; Be provided with in cutting material block and cut material cutter, in cutting material block, be provided with one end extend into the blank knock-pin cut in material cutter, cutting material block is provided with blank knock-pin adjusting device, described blank knock-pin adjusting device comprises and is provided with externally threaded regulating sleeve, adjusting nut and billet pusher, regulating sleeve is located in cutting material block, adjusting nut is fixed in cutting material block, the external screw thread of regulating sleeve is meshed with adjusting nut, billet pusher is through regulating sleeve, wherein one end of billet pusher contacts with blank knock-pin, and the other end stretches out regulating sleeve.
8. the adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble according to claim 7, it is characterized in that: on die assembly, be provided with material-pulling device, described material-pulling device comprises the tooth bar sliding and be located on die assembly, be provided with pusher driving mechanism between tooth bar and die assembly driving mechanism, tooth bar is connected with charging ram.
9. the adjustable upsetter method of work of single direction rotation thimble, the adjustable upsetter of single direction rotation thimble comprises die assembly, die assembly, die rotating mechanism, material jacking mechanism and drives the die assembly driving mechanism of die assembly motion, the die that described die assembly comprises die holder, is located at the die socket in die holder and is located in die socket; Described die rotating mechanism drives die socket to rotate; It is characterized in that:
Described material jacking mechanism comprises thimble, push rod, keeps out seat, knock-pin and drive the liftout drive unit that moves to die direction of knock-pin, in die socket, correspond to each die be provided with described thimble, one end of push rod extend in die socket, and one end of push rod contacts with thimble, described seat of keeping out is located in die holder, knock-pin corresponds to a wherein die and arranges, when needs liftout, knock-pin and ejector pin contact overhead push rod, at push rod with keep out between seat and be provided with Structure deformation device; Be provided with pre-knock-pin in the corresponding position of last die being provided with the corresponding die of knock-pin, pre-knock-pin is driven by liftout drive unit, and the movement travel of knock-pin is greater than the movement travel of pre-knock-pin;
The method of work of the adjustable upsetter of above-mentioned single direction rotation thimble is:
(1) when blank is pushed in die, thimble and push rod together retreat, and carry out spacing by keeping out seat and withstand push rod the going-back position of thimble;
(2) then, die assembly driving mechanism drives die assembly motion, and die assembly carries out upsetting to blank;
(3) after completing a upsetting, die rotating mechanism drives die socket to rotate, and die socket drives die and thimble together to rotate, and die socket is in rotary course, and Structure deformation device is rolling friction with keeping out seat;
(4) after die socket has rotated, liftout drive unit drives pre-knock-pin and knock-pin to move to die direction, pre-knock-pin promotes the push rod corresponding with pre-knock-pin and thimble moves, and promote workpiece corresponding in die by the thimble corresponding with pre-knock-pin and outwards move, simultaneously, knock-pin promotes push rod corresponding to the die of discharging and thimble motion, and is ejected workpiece corresponding in the die of discharging by thimble;
(5) repeat above-mentioned steps (1) and carry out upsetting next time to step (4).
10. the adjustable upsetter method of work of single direction rotation thimble according to claim 9, is characterized in that: outside die assembly, be provided with pedestal, pedestal is provided with adjusting screw(rod), one end of adjusting screw(rod) with keep out seat and be threaded; When rotating adjusting screw(rod), keep out a rectilinear motion, the movement travel of thimble is also corresponding to change.
CN201310345935.9A 2013-08-09 2013-08-09 One-way rotation thimble adjustable upsetter and working method thereof Active CN103394621B (en)

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CN101722271A (en) * 2009-11-09 2010-06-09 杨东佐 Two-die three-punch upsetter and working method
CN201552277U (en) * 2009-11-25 2010-08-18 杨东佐 Upsetting machine
CN101817054A (en) * 2010-03-12 2010-09-01 杨东佐 Cavity die rotating upsetter and operating method thereof
JP4592191B2 (en) * 2001-01-17 2010-12-01 株式会社神戸製鋼所 Upsetter and flange forming method with upsetter

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1119564A (en) * 1994-05-25 1996-04-03 吉田桂一郎 Upestting forger for working wire with iso-section
JP4592191B2 (en) * 2001-01-17 2010-12-01 株式会社神戸製鋼所 Upsetter and flange forming method with upsetter
CN101722271A (en) * 2009-11-09 2010-06-09 杨东佐 Two-die three-punch upsetter and working method
CN201552277U (en) * 2009-11-25 2010-08-18 杨东佐 Upsetting machine
CN101817054A (en) * 2010-03-12 2010-09-01 杨东佐 Cavity die rotating upsetter and operating method thereof

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