CN103375220A - Effective lubricant processing device used for starlike engine - Google Patents

Effective lubricant processing device used for starlike engine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103375220A
CN103375220A CN2012101358274A CN201210135827A CN103375220A CN 103375220 A CN103375220 A CN 103375220A CN 2012101358274 A CN2012101358274 A CN 2012101358274A CN 201210135827 A CN201210135827 A CN 201210135827A CN 103375220 A CN103375220 A CN 103375220A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flow
chamber
crankcase
oiling agent
bent axle
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CN2012101358274A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
A·J·卡门
J·H·格里芬
D·R·海斯
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清洁能量系统股份有限公司
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Application filed by 清洁能量系统股份有限公司 filed Critical 清洁能量系统股份有限公司
Priority to CN2012101358274A priority Critical patent/CN103375220A/en
Publication of CN103375220A publication Critical patent/CN103375220A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a starlike engine lubricating device which comprises at least one lubricant supply pump, a crankshaft box, a first flowing path extending to pass at least one main rod of a rotating component, and at least one overflow port. The crankshaft box has a first inner cavity and a second inner cavity, lubricants are supplied by the lubricant supply pumps, pass the first flowing path and flow into the first inner cavity, a second flowing path passes at least one wall of the crankshaft box to extend toward the interior, and the overflow port extends to enter the first inner cavity and enables the first inner cavity and the second inner cavity to be in fluid-passable connection.

Description

The effectively lubricating agent that is used for radial engine is processed

Technical field

The disclosure relates to modified model star generating hydrodynamic lubrication system.Specifically, disclose a kind of for the modified model cooling of oiling agent in radial engine and the lubricant system that flows.

Background technique

Radial engine used in comprising the wide variety of applications of transportation already at large.Radial engine generally externally cools off with air with remote exterior lubricant storage tank and cooler.Oiling agent is generally flowing through the inner member that cooler, storage tank are also directly got back to motor in the closed circuit continuously.Radial engine generally has bent axle and the main hinge bar assembly that arranges at the center.The bar assembly comprises mobile jib and a plurality of bar that is attached on the mobile jib and concerns setting around the bent axle radial that directly is attached on the bent axle.Each bar is arranged to engage bent axle, so that in the rotation of bent axle with a plurality ofly be pinned on each bar and be located between the to-and-fro motion of the piston in a plurality of corresponding cylinders, has correspondence.In general, the tappet oil duct that oiling agent passes bent axle and non-Unitary flows in the motor, and passes crankcase and be discharged in cooler and the storage tank.

Main hinge bar assembly generally comprises the master that is located between bent axle and the mobile jib joint/main bearing.Main bearing is bearing in main hinge bar assembly on the bent axle.Above-mentioned radial engine is subject to the puzzlement of tired and wear problem.The overheated of oiling agent also is debatable, and finally can cause the too early damage of bearing and swivel assembly.

Therefore, need follow-on lubrication system, this follow-on lubrication system wants to prevent the too early damage of swivel assembly, and can maintenance cost be minimized by the time lag (TimeBetween Overhauls, TBO) that increases between each time maintenance.

Summary of the invention

The invention discloses a kind of lubrication system for internal combustion engine.This device comprises at least one oiling agent supply pump, have the first inner chamber be connected inner chamber crankcase, extend through at least one mobile jib of swivel assembly the first flow path, pass the second flow path that at least one wall of crankcase extends inward and be connected the first inner chamber and make the first inner chamber and be connected at least one flow-off that inner chamber can through-flow body ground connects.Oiling agent can be supplied from least one oiling agent supply pump, and passes the first mobile path flow in the first inner chamber.

Description of drawings

Although the example shown in claims are not limited to, the evaluation of different aspect preferably obtain by the discussion of its different examples.Referring now to accompanying drawing,, accompanying drawing is shown specifically illustrative example.Although accompanying drawing is different examples is shown, accompanying drawing is not necessarily drawn in proportion, and some component can amplify in order to better illustrate and set forth the novel aspects of example.In addition, the illustrated example of this paper is not for exhaustive or otherwise limit or be tied to shown in the accompanying drawing and the disclosed precise forms of following detailed description and configuration.Exemplary illustration of the present invention is by describing in detail with reference to following accompanying drawing.

Fig. 1 illustrates a kind of exemplary star generator unit/radial engine at the stereogram that is equipped with in the relevant engine components situation;

Fig. 2 illustrates a kind of example star motor at the stereogram of removing in cylinder head and the relevant parts situation;

Fig. 3 A illustrates a kind of example star motor tappet side of radial engine crankcase at the rear view that is equipped with in the single cylinder assembly situation;

Fig. 3 B illustrates that cylinder is attached on the crankcase at the partial view that cuts in hydraulic tappet, lubricant oils road pipeline and the crankcase tappet boss situation among Fig. 3 A;

Fig. 3 C illustrates the detail drawing of Fig. 3 B, shows relation and the layout of hydraulic tappet, crankcase tappet boss and lubricant oils road pipeline;

Fig. 4 A and 4B illustrate respectively front elevation and the rear view of the exemplary cylinder head with lubricant-return hole;

Fig. 5 illustrates a kind of exemplary push rod, and its each end is all by biopsy cavity marker devices, to express the fluid passage that extends longitudinally by push rod;

Fig. 6 A-6C illustrates the exemplary rocking arm that is located on the cylinder head, and this rocking arm comprises the lubricant passageway for direct fluid;

Fig. 7 illustrates a kind of exemplary isometric view of radial engine swivel assembly, and this assembly is located in the crankcase of cutting open, and cylinder liner (cylinder sleeves) is located on this crankcase;

Fig. 8 A illustrates the end elevation of exemplary crankshaft installed system and counterweight boat layout;

The side view that the exemplary bent axle that Fig. 8 B illustrates Fig. 8 A is cut open along the longitudinal midline that passes bent axle and lubricant paths;

Fig. 9 is illustrated in the front elevation of the exemplary swivel assembly of cutting open that consists of in the crankcase of cutting open;

Figure 10 A-10E illustrates swivel assembly and link rod and the sectional view that is connected of mobile jib and the lubricant paths detail drawing of each bar;

Figure 11 A illustrates a kind of front elevation of exemplary mobile jib;

Figure 11 B illustrates the exemplary mobile jib of Figure 11 A and the sectional view of mobile jib lubricant flow path;

Figure 12 A illustrates a kind of front elevation of exemplary link rod;

Figure 12 B illustrates the exemplary link rod of Figure 12 A and the sectional view of link rod lubricant flow path;

Figure 13 A illustrates a kind of example view of crankcase, and this crankcase is constructed to have a plurality of flow-offs, and these flow-offs are located on the inwall of crankcase, and this inwall separates crankcase intracavity and tappet inner chamber;

Figure 13 B illustrates the exemplary detail drawing of the flow-off of Figure 13 A;

Figure 14 A illustrates the partial view of the exemplary wall that crankcase intracavity and tappet inner chamber are separated and the flow-off of cutting open;

Figure 14 B illustrates the flow-off of cutting open of Figure 14 A and the exemplary detail drawing of the flow path of oiling agent from crankcase intracavity to the tappet inner chamber;

Figure 15 illustrates the overall lubrication system of example star motor;

Figure 16 illustrates exemplary flowpath and the associated components of exemplary overall lubrication system; And

Figure 17 illustrates the exemplary generator set with the star generator unit that is operably connected on generator and the relevant device.

Embodiment

Referring now to following discussion and with reference to accompanying drawing, these accompanying drawings at length show the illustrative approach of disclosed equipment and method.Although accompanying drawing is some possible approach are shown, accompanying drawing is not necessarily drawn in proportion, and some component can amplify, remove or partly cut-away, so that the better disclosed device of description and interpretation.In addition, the explanation that provides of this paper is not for exhaustive or otherwise the claim restriction or be tied to shown in the accompanying drawing and the disclosed precise forms of following detailed description and configuration.

The invention discloses a kind of lubrication system for radial engine.For clarity sake, explanation is configured as the radial engine of the generator unit with relevant generator.Yet, will be appreciated that, disclosed improved lubrication system can use in various radial engine is used, such as but not limited to: other of Fixed Wing AirVehicle, rotary-wing aircraft, automobile, motorcycle, ships and light boats and radial engine use applicatory.In addition, disclosed lubrication system can be used in various orientation and configuration, such as but not limited to: vertical position, horizontal position and other various oblique position that is suitable for radial engine.

Improved lubrication system can comprise the outside supply of modified model and oil return/recirculating system, comprises the electronics lubricating pump of the lubricant feed pipeline that has a plurality of valves and enter radial engine is to guarantee it generally is instantaneous lubricant pressure.Lubricating pump can be used for to system perfusion and pressurization so that before starting and during starts provide oiling agent for swivel assembly.Can the in check lubricant cooler bypass valve of serviceability temperature in order to when starting, raise the efficiency and generate electricity.The external recirculation part can comprise at least one dump pump, is used for removing oiling agent in order to avoid pouring into cylinder from the inner region of radial engine after shutting down.

As hereinafter discussing in detail, lubricating pump directly is connected outside supply system with internal flow path in the swivel assembly.Specifically, flow path extends through bent axle from pump.Bent axle can connect (fluidly connected in through-flow body ground, perhaps be called " connection of fluid-phase earthing ") to master connecting rod (master connecting rod), this master connecting rod can be connected on each link rod (link rods) at the first end place by internal flow path through-flow body.The two includes the internal flow path that extends longitudinally that extends to the second end from first end master connecting rod and link rod.The second end is rotatably connected to the downside of piston by wrist pin.The second end also comprises the piston sprayer nozzle, and this piston sprayer nozzle provides increase and directed flowing to the downside of piston.

Pass lubricating pump and can form other flow path, it can be connected on the flow of lubricant road pipeline (lubricant galley lines) through-flow body.Flow of lubricant road pipeline is in the inside of crankcase, and provides the supply of lower pressure oiling agent to hydraulic tappet.Hydraulic tappet can be connected on the rocking arm by hollow push rod through-flow body.The two is sent to rocking arm from hydraulic tappet to hollow push rod with linear motion and oiling agent.Rocking arm forwards oiling agent on the moving parts in the rocker box to, and this rocker box is attached on the cylinder head, and this cylinder head is held gas handling system and vent systems and spark plug, and can be attached on the cylinder liner in order to form the firing chamber.Intake and exhaust system in the cylinder head comprises suction valve and outlet valve, and this suction valve and outlet valve can be by valve shaft Sealing and oiling agent isolation.Cylinder head also comprise a plurality of lubricant-return hole in case allow used flow of lubricant to adjacent cylinder assembly, flow to oil groove or flow to crankcase and the cam of gear-box and tappet side.Crankcase can Fluid Sealing at run duration, and transmits oiling agent by oiling agent pipeline and the lubricant passageway that can be connected at least one pump through-flow body.

At the run duration of radial engine, swivel assembly comprises bent axle, master connecting rod, link rod and piston.As mentioned above, oiling agent passes these part mobiles, and can discharge or be discharged in the crankcase.Along with swivel assembly rotation, oiling agent can upwards outwards be forced to the footpath by centrifugal force, this cause oiling agent to be stirred and be inflated to reach and will be interrupted or shear to oiling agent a bit, and cause overheated.Be used for reducing and stir and an element of inflation can be little louver, or flow-off, this little louver or flow-off inwardly stretch to swivel assembly and away from the wall that crankcase inner region and cam and the tappet side of crankcase are separated.

As following further discussion, flow-off work is so that oiling agent deflection, and oiling agent can flow by the flexing axle box, and it is drawn in the tappet zone.This effect can reduce wind disturbance (windage) and the aeration of oiling agent, can obtain better operational quality and operational condition like this, and reduces heating.Deflection and eliminating can make oiling agent carry out oil return by dump pump, and the flow path that outside oil return system is used for cooling, stores or be recycled to radial engine is pulled out and drawn in to this dump pump with oiling agent from crankcase.The eliminating of oiling agent can help to reduce the volume of oiling agent required in the crankcase, and is reduced in the possibility that overflow occurs in the lower cylinder.By forming bell housing from crankcase to this crankcase or the flow path of tappet side, each flow-off forms the other path that ventilates of being used for.In addition, by being recycled into through the oiling agent of cryogenic treatment in the process continuously, oiling agent can help prevent too early damage and prolong the life-span of swivel assembly.

In addition, when radial engine was shut down, the oil return of exterior lubricant processing system partly began the oiling agent of remainder is extracted out from the both sides of crankcase.This can accomplish to eliminate any remaining oiling agent guaranteeing that oil groove is done after shutting down, simultaneous minimization or eliminate any oiling agent and transfer to possibility in the firing chamber of the minimum cylinder in position.

Forward illustrative embodiment to, Fig. 1 is a kind of stereogram of example star generator unit 100.Star generator unit 100 is structure and the piston driving type radial engine that is arranged to produce from the burning of at least a fuel the output of at least one rotary power.Radial engine 100 can comprise a plurality of cylinders 140, and these cylinders and 186 interconnection of dimeric crankcase also extend in this crankcase 186.Each cylinder can comprise apart from the about 40 ° spacing in the center of each cylinder 140.Should be understood that according to the difference of using, can use other pitch arrangement.Crankcase 186 holds internal rotating assembly 153 (seeing Fig. 2 and 7), and can provide mounting points with any relevant parts for each cylinder 140, and this will discuss hereinafter in more detail.

As shown, cylinder head 151 can comprise suction port 264 and relief opening 270.Suction port 264 can be connected on the gas air mixer 256 by at least one suction tude 274 through-flow body.Relief opening 270 can be connected on silencing apparatus or the muffler 214 (seeing Figure 17) by at least one outlet pipe 278 through-flow body.Decide according to application, can be by at least one turbosupercharger 160 and integral type interstage cooler 162 and with admission line 274 and exhaust duct 278 interconnection.Each cylinder head 151 can comprise the rocker arm cover 192 on the top surface that is fixed to cylinder head 151, in order to help to stop epiclast to enter the rocking bar district, and avoids oiling agent 120 to leak.

Forward Fig. 2-3c to, can find out that the exemplary internal rotating assembly 153 of a part extends from crankcase 186.Specifically, a plurality of pistons 156 and a plurality of link rod 170 stretch out from crankcase intracavity 190.Crankcase 186 can comprise at least one machinable boss 180.Each boss 180 can directly form in crankcase 186, and can be constructed to admit hydraulic tappet 164, each cylinder 140 at least one tappet 164.Crankcase 186 can be used any rigid material, and described material is such as but not limited to malleable/spheroidal graphite cast iron, aluminium, steel and composite material.Yet, regardless of the material and the process that are used for making crankcase 186, can form at least one integral type lubricant oils road pipeline 168 in the inside of the wall 188 of crankcase 186.In addition, can form an inlet region (not shown) in crankcase 186 interior machinings, in order to clean and check for lubricant oils road pipeline 168.This integral type oil duct pipeline 168 has been eliminated for individually casting and the critically needs of mach inner tappet ring (not shown).

Integral type oil duct pipeline 168 can provide lubrication and the hydraulic pressure from least one pump 172 to hydraulic tappet 164.Be supplied to the oiling agent 120 of lubricant oils road pipeline 168 can be maintained at about 30-80PSI (pounds/square inch) under, and the flow that has is about 6-11GPM (gallon per minute), and the bent axle 210 by can being connected to internal rotating assembly 153 (sees that oiling agent 120 that at least one pump 172 on Fig. 7-8B) can be supplied can be maintained at about in the pressure range of 90-125PSI and flow is about 6-14GPM through-flow body.Hydraulic tappet 164 is so that and minimizing wearing and tearing relevant with valve group (not shown), and providing under all working temperature range near constant valve clearance (not shown) simultaneously are provided valve group noise.However, it should be understood that substituting oil duct pipeline 168 can be set, such as but not limited to: exterior line or the internal duct of leading to crankcase 186 inner chambers 190 and not becoming one with crankcase 186.

Fig. 3 A-3C also shows the exemplary arrangement of cylinder 140 in cylinder head 151, flange-cooled cylinder barrel 152 and crankcase 186 interconnection situations.Specifically, single cylinder barrel 152 and attached cylinder head 151 can be fixed on the crankcase 186.Utilize at least one attachment arrangement, such as but not limited to bolt, screw rod or nut, each cylinder 140 is can be radially fixing around the outer surface of crankcase 186.When 152 interconnection of cylinder head 151 and cylinder barrel, the sealing system (not shown) is compressed between the two in order to eliminate any fluid contamination or loss between the joint of cylinder barrel 152 and cylinder head 151.Sealing system can with cylinder head 151 or cylinder barrel 152 at least one become one, and can be with compressible material manufacturing, described material is such as but not limited to copper, brass, aluminium, bronze or other compressible material, or through mach component.

As shown, crankcase 186 comprises the hydraulic tappet 164 of the tappet that is arranged in crankcase 186/cam side convex platform 180.Tappet 164 can be driven by the internal rotating cam (not shown) that is rotatably connected on the bent axle 210.Cam can be advanced in order to engage tappet 164 along the outer periphery of inner chamber 190, so that push rod 222 (seeing Fig. 5) is driven.Push rod 222 can be contained in the pusher tube 290, so that operationally and hydraulic tappet 164 is connected with rocking arm 224.In general, rocking arm 224 is by rocker arm cover 192 sealings that are fixed on the cylinder head 151.When operation, oiling agent 120 can utilize pump 172 and offer hydraulic tappet 164 by oil duct pipeline 168 from storage tank 276.Hydraulic tappet 164 can be connected on the push rod 222 through-flow body, and this push rod 222 offers rocking arm 224 by the passage 226 that extends longitudinally with oiling agent 120.In case oiling agent 120 arrives rocking arms 224, then it can flow back in the crankcase intracavity 190 and put down pusher tube 290 (seeing Fig. 4 A) by elementary lubricant-return hole 202.Alternatively, oiling agent 120 can by secondary lubricant-return hole 204 flow and flow to can between each cylinder head 151, connect (seeing Fig. 4 B) from the pipe (not shown) of outside installation.When radial engine 100 can be in diverse location, a plurality of return ports 202,204 can be for getting rid of oiling agent 120, to be reduced in the possibility of the rocking bar district generation overflow in the cylinder head 151 effectively.

Referring to Fig. 3 B, cylinder barrel 152 comprises skirt section 206, and when cylinder barrel 152 was attached on the crankcase 186, this skirt section 206 extended downwardly in the inner chamber 190 in the crankcase 186.This extra length that enters crankcase 186 helps to reduce the inflation of oiling agent 120 and helps oiling agent is directed in the bottom of crankcase 186.

Forward Fig. 6 A-6C to, can pass through hollow push rod 222 to rocking arm 224 supply pressures from hydraulic tappet 164.Oiling agent 120 can pass passages 228 in the rocking arm 224 and flow and can spray at spring (not shown) place.In addition, cylinder head 151 comprises use valve seal 232 in order to reduce oiling agent 120 owing to being back to the consumption that produces in the (not shown) of firing chamber along air inlet or exhaust valve spindle (not shown).

Fig. 7 illustrates the exemplary sectional view of radial engine 100.Specifically, this sectional view provides the exemplary arrangement of internal rotating assembly 153.Swivel assembly 153 can comprise bent axle 210 and master connecting rod 158, and this master connecting rod 158 has first end 230 and the second end 234; First end 230 can be rotatably connected on the bent axle 210 and be rotatably connected on the piston 156 at the second end 234 places.In addition, have first end 230 and be connected at least one of end 234 and connect link rod 170 and can be connected in the outer circumference of first end 230 on the master connecting rod 158 and at the second end 234 places and be rotatably connected on the piston 156.

As specifically illustrating in Fig. 7 and 8, bent axle 210 can be to split clip, therefore makes master connecting rod 158 can be constructed to single continuous design.Main hinge bar assembly 153 can be equipped with main bearing 238, and this main bearing 238 can be located in the first end 230 of mobile jib 158 before main hinge bar assembly slides on the crankpin 236.As mentioned above, link rod 170 can be located on the outer periphery of mobile jib 158 first ends 230, like this so that link rod 170 be constructed to and can rotate.After link rod 170 all was assemblied on the mobile jib 158, first end 230 can be bonded on the crankpin 236 by sliding type.Should be noted that crankpin 236 can comprise some component in order to improve the life-span of main bearing 238.Specifically, the surface has a kind of micro-polished surface degree of finish, and it has maximum across crankpin 236 and can allow shrink grading (maximumallowable taper) can be about 0.0025mm to 0.015mm; Maximum admissible surperficial variation can be about 0.001mm to 0.005mm in 10 ° of scopes of rotation; In the situation of the Level Change that is not more than 0.0010mm to 0.0020mm, allow maximum to be about the 7-20 salient angle and change (lobe changes); And maximum admissible total indication reading (Total IndicatedReading, T.I.R.) can be about 0.0025-0.0075.In addition, should be understood that the Rockwell hardness at crankpin 236 places should be about RC55-63, and case hardness (case hardness) is about 1-4mm, and the core Brinell hardness is about HBS280-340.In addition, the increasing diameter that comprises of crankpin 236 is about 73mm to 84mm for about 82mm to 97mm, length range on a large scale.

In case mobile jib 158 can be arranged on the crankpin 236, then bent axle surface 237 be fixed on the crankpin 236 with relevant fillet counterweight boat (bull nose counter weight boats) 250.Specifically, bent axle surface 237 can be by clamping downwards with being threadedly engaged with bolt, so as around crankpin 236 engaging surface 237.Counterweight boat 250 can loosely be attached on the bent axle surface 237 with pin and bolt system.This loose fit can make counterweight boat 250 move and keep balance during the swing harmonic wave buffer rotation of radial engine 100 parts.Counterweight boat 250 can be cylinder iron or other known materials that is used for making counterweight make.Counterweight boat 250 has been machined to the fillet configuration, and this fillet configuration comprises filleted corner (fillets) and bull nose (rounds), smooth outer surface is provided, thereby removes any sharp edge or blunt edge from counterweight boat 250.Smooth and edge sphering helps to reduce at the normal operation period of radial engine 100 any inflation or the shearing of oiling agent 120 as far as possible.The fillet configuration makes counterweight boat 250 radially move by cycle of engine and basically float by fluid along with swivel assembly 153.

For oiling agent 120 being provided for other movable part in swivel assembly 153 and the radial engine 100, bent axle 210 can be constructed to have internal lubricant passage 243.In addition, mobile jib 158 and link rod 170 also can be constructed to have corresponding lubricant passageway 253,255 in order to cooperate with the lubricant passageway 243 of bent axle 210.As specifically illustrating among Fig. 8 A, the lubricant passageway 243 of bent axle 210 can be at the shaft portion 254 that extends longitudinally by removable (removable) bent axle surface 237.Lubricant passageway 243 can extend to associated lubrication agent passage 243 in the crankpin 236 ' and with this passage 243 ' be connected.The passage 243 of bent axle can terminate in a plurality of oiling agents 120 discharge orifices 245 places on the crankpin surface 239.In addition, the lubricant passageway 253 of mobile jib 158 and link rod 170,255 can be connected on crankpin 236 oiling agents 120 discharge orifices 245 through-flow body.Should careful attention when being set to mobile jib 158 on the crankpin 236, engage main bearing 238 fully and make passage 243,253 mutual alignment in order to guarantee.

As shown in Fig. 9-12B, swivel assembly 153 can be connected to end and crankpin 230,234, each point of contact place of 236 through-flow body.Being connected with crankpin at first end 230 that this fluid at place connects can be to enter the main-inlet of mobile jib 158 and link rod 170 in order to fluid is offered the underside area of piston 156.This can find out in Figure 10 B place the best, and the joint between mobile jib 158, crankpin 236 and the link rod 170 is all by different lubricant passageway 243,245,253,255 and by can the connection of through-flow body ground here.Specifically, oiling agent 120 will enter mobile jib 158 at passage 253 places, longitudinally flow through mobile jib 158, and flow out on the downside of piston 156 at the second end 234 places.In addition, oiling agent 120 can flow and pass lubricant passageway 253 and outflow, enters the adjacency channel 255 on each link rod, in order to oiling agent 120 is offered each the second end 230 and piston 156.As mentioned above, the oiling agent 120 of inlet passage 243 can be pressurized owing to use pump 172.Oiling agent 120 adds and is sent to first end and the second end 230,234, has reduced significantly the risk of damage of bearings.Forced feed is so that oiling agent 120 can penetrate the second end 234 in the wrist pin (not shown) place on being used for piston 156 is connected to mobile jib and is connected link rod 158,170.In addition, extend longitudinally by mobile jib and link rod 158,170 and the lubricant passageway 253 that flows out at the second end 234 places, 255 outlet side or the second end 234 places can use piston sprayer 258 (Figure 10 C).Piston sprayer 258 can help to reduce the possibility of pre-burning and detonation by bizet or the top surface of cooling piston, further prolongs simultaneously the life-span of piston and ring (not shown).

At the run duration of radial engine 100, with lubricator 120 pressurizations of swivel assembly 153 are in order to prolong the life-span of radial engine 100.As mentioned above, oiling agent 120 passes the part mobile of swivel assembly 153 in order to finally eject from the downside of each piston 156.In case oiling agent 120 is emitted, then it becomes and can be forced to the footpath upwards outwards or the free fluid of impelling in whole crankcase intracavity 190.The rotating force of inner chamber 190 interior existence can prevent that oiling agent 120 from flowing at least one the floss hole (not shown) in the bottom of crankcase 186 naturally downwards.Therefore, along with swivel assembly rotation, oiling agent 120 can be stirred and be inflated reach oiling agent 120 be disconnected or shear and produce overheated a bit.An element that is used for eliminating this result is little louver or flow-off 194.

Forward particularly Figure 14 A and 14B to, wherein show exemplary flow-off 194.At least one flow-off 194 can directly form in the wall 188 of crankcase 186.When forming, flow-off 194 can be the solid continuous part of wall 188, and can be by machining process provides entrance that fluid is communicated with or the recessed portion 182 of path effect in order to form to play between two inner chambers 190,184 of crankcase 186.Flow-off 194 inwardly stretches into crankcase intracavity 190 and away from wall 188 (this wall separates cam and the tappet side inner chamber 184 of bent axle inner chamber 190 with crankcase 186) towards swivel assembly 153.Flow-off 194 work is so that oiling agent 120 deflections, and oiling agent 120 can flow in the tappet inner chamber 184 around crankcase 186, at this place's gravity oiling agent 120 can suitably be discharged downwards.This effect can reduce wind disturbance and the inflation of oiling agent 120, can obtain so better operational quality and operational condition and can reduce heating.Oiling agent 120 oil return by dump pump 320 of deflection, the flow path that is used for cooling in the exterior lubricant filtration system 318, stores or be added to radial engine 100 extracted oiling agent 120 out and is extracted into by dump pump 320 from crankcase area inner chamber 190,184.The flow path in the chamber 184 by forming from crankcase intracavity 190 to crankcase 186 tappet side, flow-off 194 is in other path that crankcase 186 interior formation supplied gas are ventilated.Oiling agent 120 remove the volume that can help to reduce oiling agent required in the crankcase 120, and be reduced in the possibility that overflow occurs in the lower cylinder.In addition, by getting back in the process through oiling agent 120 injections of cryogenic treatment continuously, oiling agent 120 can help prevent too early damage and prolong the life-span of swivel assembly.

Forward Figure 15 to, Figure 15 discloses the exemplary arrangement of exterior lubricant filtration system 318.Exterior lubricant filtration system 318 can provide the path of oiling agent 120 and store secondary (secondary) cooling that is used for exemplary radial engine 100.Exterior lubricant filtration system 318 can be the part of general lubrication system, this general lubrication system also can comprise aforesaid internal lubricant running system, and the above-mentioned oiling agent system that flows comprises oiling agent runner flow path and swivel assembly 153 flow paths.

Exterior lubricant filtration system 318 can be constructed to have lubricating pump pressure portion 320 and lubricating pump oil scavenger part 322.Exterior lubricant filtration system 318 can comprise priming pump 324, at least one in the remote full flow of installing lubricated filter 378, lubricant cooler 280 and the lubricant reservoir 276, as shown.Comprise crankshaft lubrication agent feed in raw material one-way valve 326, tappet paddy (lifter valley) one-way valve 328, oil trap 330, electronic dump pump 332 and bypass valve 334.Bypass valve 334 can be controlled temperature formula valve, in order to improve system effectiveness and can make when not in use oiling agent 120 reach quickly operating temperature, this makes it possible to again reach quickly at full capacity generating capacity.Each parts of exterior lubricant filtration system 318 can be with one group of lubricant dispense pipeline 336 combination that can be communicated with engine-driven lubricant circulates pump 172 fluids of star generator unit 100.Lubricant filter system 318 plays the extension of the internal engine lubrication system of radial engine 100, and it can comprise pressure pump 320 and dump pump 322, lubricant dispense pipeline 336 etc.Lubricant cooler 174 can comprise by means of at least one electric fan 338 of at least one manipulation in 12 volts and 24 volts of direct currents (DC) power supply and carry out active cooling.

When radial engine 100 was shut down, the oil return part 322 of exterior lubricant processing system began the oiling agent 120 of remainder is extracted out from two inner chambers 190,184 of crankcase 186.Oiling agent 120 remove the volume that can help to reduce oiling agent required in normal operation period crankcase 186 120, and be reduced in the possibility that overflow occurs before the starting in lower cylinder 140.Removing of oiling agent 120 helps as far as possible minimizing any oiling agent 120 after shutting down to transfer in the firing chamber of the minimum cylinder in position 140.In addition, as mentioned above, one-way valve 326,328 helps to eliminate oiling agent 120 and leaks and enter crankcase 186 by pump 320,332.

Figure 16 illustrates the exemplary process diagram of general lubrication system 110.General lubrication system 110 illustrate can Installed System Memory possible flow path and parts and the direct loop path of getting back to oiling agent 120 storage tanks.General lubrication system 110 can also comprise makes the operator can monitor the at that time remotely predicting formula damage monitoring device of situation of radial engine 100.Specifically, monitoring device can monitoring system in the volume of oiling agent 120 and oiling agent 120 enter and the temperature when leaving radial engine 100.Monitoring device can also be checked the viscosity, cleanliness of oiling agent 120 and at the at that time state of some elements (such as additive package (additive package), friction modifier and metal ion) of oiling agent 120 interior existence.When oiling agent 120 may need to be replaced or to regulate, these conditions can be made indication.

Forward Figure 17 to, wherein, radial engine 100 is illustrated as unit head, and this unit head is constructed in order to rotating power to be provided at least one generator 310 and operationally to unite with this generator 310.This layout only is exemplary, because radial engine 100 can be constructed to for many purposes, as mentioned above.

Specifically, Figure 17 illustrates a kind of exemplary layout with the form of generator set 302.Generator set 302 generally comprises the radial engine 100 of uniting and be directly installed on the front of generator 310 with generator 310.Generator set 302 generally comprises electric control system (not shown), fan cooled conduit 208, moment of torsion transfer unit 212, suction port 116, exterior lubricant filtration system 318 (seeing Fig. 3), fuel delivery system 322 and exhaust silencer/baffler 214.For ease of transportation, can be fixed to radial engine 100 and relevant device on the framework 240.Should be understood that radial engine 100 can be had the carriage (not shown) supporting of damping isolator (not shown) in addition by the joint between radial engine 100 and framework 240.Isolator can apparatus be useful on the redetermined rigidity hardness of the load of bearing radial engine 100 and the known materials of predetermined shock-stiffness is made.Carriage can be constructed to: except being delivered in the torque load that run duration produces by radial engine 100, also transmit normal load (such as the weight of radial engine 100).Carriage and framework 240 can be made with any known structural material, such as but not limited to: steel, aluminium, iron and composite material.

As mentioned above, Figure 17 illustrates fan cooled conduit 208.Alternatively, under some was used, owing to the applicable cases of system and in the restricted place of (footprint) possibility that takes up room, fan cooled conduit 208 may not be economical or applicable.In the restricted place of cooling duct 208 possibilities, can use alternative cooling means, such as but not limited to: use liquid cooling cylinder head and block assembly.When using liquid cooling, can utilize radiator (not shown) or interstage cooler 162 to come cooling liquid.Yet as shown, the fan of usage example/rotor (not shown) is arranged and can be illustrated in greater detail below.

Specifically, cooling duct 208 provides the source of elementary radial engine 100 cooling usefulness.Air can pass cooling duct 208 and stride across auxiliary blower or rotor and stride across a plurality of cylinder head 151 extractions.Fan/rotor can be located at front portion or the rear portion of radial engine 100 vertically, so that across also deflating around radial engine 100.Fan/rotor can be constructed to by electric motor, oil hydraulic motor or with a plurality of rotation blades of at least one driving during the internal rotating assembly 153 of radial engine 100 directly is connected.Cylinder head 151 and cylinder barrel 152 can comprise cooling fin 154, in order to increase the surface area that is used for heat radiation along with air moves and pass at least one turbosupercharger 160 interstage cooler 162 around the outer surface of radial engine 100.

With regard to the process of this paper explanation, system, method, heuristics etc., should be appreciated that, the enforcement that these processes can be carried out with illustrated step, according to the order different from order as herein described occurs although the step of these processes etc. has been said into according to certain orderly order.Should be appreciated that in addition some step can be carried out simultaneously, can add other steps, perhaps can omit some illustrated step of this paper.In other words, the explanation of this paper process is provided for illustrating some embodiment's purpose, and never should think and limit desired invention.

Therefore, should be appreciated that above-mentioned explanation is illustrative and not restrictive.Based on reading above-mentioned explanation, can produce many embodiments and application that the example that provides is provided.Scope of the present invention is not to determine according to the above description, but the gamut that replaces the equivalent way of delimiting according to claims and these claims is together determined.Expect and be expected in future evolution will occur in the technical field that this paper discusses, and disclosed system and method will be included among so following embodiment.In a word, should be appreciated that the present invention can produce modifications and variations, and limited by appended claims.

Unless what clearly expression and this paper did is opposite, otherwise the plan of used term provides their the most widely reasonable dismissal and their common meaning in claims, understands such as the person skilled in art.Especially, clearly restrictive sense is opposite unless claim is enumerated, and enumerates one or more in the represented element otherwise use singular article all should be interpreted to such as " one ", " this ", " being somebody's turn to do " etc.

Claims (20)

1. lubrication system for internal combustion engine, it comprises:
At least one oiling agent supply pump;
Crankcase, it has the first inner chamber and the second inner chamber;
The first flow path, it extends through at least one mobile jib of swivel assembly, and wherein, oiling agent passes described the first flow path and enters in described the first inner chamber from described at least one oiling agent supply pump supply;
The second flow path, its at least one wall that passes described crankcase extends internally; And
At least one flow-off, it extends into described the first inner chamber and described the first inner chamber can be connected on through-flow body ground with described the second inner chamber.
2. device as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described flow-off and described crankcase form one and also comprise for the recessed portion that oiling agent is directed into described the second inner chamber from described the first inner chamber.
3. device as claimed in claim 1, wherein, the flow that described the first flow path has and flowing pressure are higher than flow and the flowing pressure in described the second flow path.
4. device as claimed in claim 3, wherein, the flow in the first path in the 6-14GPM scope and pressure range be 90-125PSI, the flow in the second path in the 6-11GPM scope and pressure range be 30-80PSI.
5. device as claimed in claim 1, wherein, described swivel assembly comprises bent axle on the first end that is rotatably connected to described mobile jib, be rotatably connected at least one link rod on the described first end and be rotatably connected to the second end on the described mobile jib and a plurality of pistons of the second end on described at least one link rod, a plurality of pistons of described swivel assembly are constructed to be arranged in a plurality of cylinders, and described a plurality of cylinders radially outwards are attached to the first inner chamber of described crankcase.
6. device as claimed in claim 5, described device also is included in the piston sprayer that consists of in the second end.
7. device as claimed in claim 1, described device also comprises the exterior lubricant processing system, described exterior lubricant processing system and described swivel assembly be connected with the oiling agent runner at least one can be connected on through-flow body ground, described exterior lubricant processing system comprises at least one among the following person: can be connected to storage tank, at least one bypass valve, at least one priming pump, at least one dump pump and at least one one-way valve on the cooling element through-flow body.
8. device as claimed in claim 7, wherein, described at least one bypass valve is the bypass valve of controlled temperature system, described bypass valve directs into the oiling agent under predetermined temperature in the cooling element.
9. device as claimed in claim 5, wherein, described the second flow path can be connected at least one hydraulic tappet on the respective rocker arm that consists of in the cylinder head on being attached to cylinder through-flow body.
10. device as claimed in claim 5 also comprises constituting for floating ground being attached at least one fillet counterweight boat on the bent axle.
11. device as claimed in claim 1, also be included in form on the described crankcase and contiguous described crankcase in described the second inner chamber and at least one Integral hydraulic tappet boss of being processed to.
12. device as claimed in claim 5, wherein, the crankpin of described bent axle has micro-polished surface degree of finish.
13. device as claimed in claim 12, wherein, described crankpin comprises following in the two at least one: can allow shrink grading and the maximum in 10 ° of rotations in 0.001mm to 0.005mm scope can allow the surface to change across the maximum of pin in 0.0025mm to 0.015mm scope.
14. device as claimed in claim 12, wherein, the included crankpin diameter range of described crankpin is about 82mm to 97mm.
15. device as claimed in claim 12, wherein, the included crankpin length range of described crankpin is about 73mm to 84mm.
16. a radial engine lubricated system, it comprises:
The radial engine crankcase, it has the first inner chamber and the second inner chamber, and described radial engine comprises the wall that described the first inner chamber and described the second inner chamber are separated;
Swivel assembly, it is constructed to join to a plurality of holes that are located in the outcurve axle box periphery, and described outcurve axle box periphery is constructed to admit a plurality of cylinder assemblies;
Wherein, described swivel assembly comprises at least one flow path, and this at least one flow path extends through bent axle and passes the second end of at least one bar that rotatably is attached on the described bent axle and pass-out; And
At least one flow-off on described wall, this flow-off are constructed in order to described the first inner chamber can be connected to described the second inner chamber through-flow body and use so that described the first inner chamber ventilates to described the second inner chamber.
17. system as claimed in claim 16 also comprises:
Outside supplier tank;
At least one supply side one-way valve, it can be connected on the described storage tank through-flow body;
At least one priming pump, it can be connected on supply side valve and the described storage tank through-flow body;
At least one transfer pump, it can be connected in described supply side valve, described storage tank and the described priming pump at least one through-flow body;
At least one delivery line, it can be connected to described bent axle through-flow body and be connected to described transfer pump and a flow of lubricant road pipeline; And
At least one oiling agent dump pump.
18. system as claimed in claim 16, wherein said bent axle comprises crankpin, and this crankpin has the about 7-20 salient angle that is to the maximum that allows under variable height is not more than the situation of about 0.0010mm to 0.0020mm changes.
19. system as claimed in claim 17 also is included at least one the oily runner entrance that consists of in the described crankcase.
20. system as claimed in claim 16 also comprises constituting for floating ground being attached at least one fillet counterweight boat on the bent axle.
CN2012101358274A 2012-04-28 2012-04-28 Effective lubricant processing device used for starlike engine CN103375220A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1349592A (en) * 1999-03-11 2002-05-15 马普莱技术有限公司 Rotary power unit
US6729292B1 (en) * 1999-10-06 2004-05-04 Daimlerchrysler Ag Oil deflector in an oil pan for an internal combustion engine
US20040216702A1 (en) * 2001-09-14 2004-11-04 Erich Teufl Reciprocating piston engine comprising a rotative cylinder
CN102292532A (en) * 2008-12-15 2011-12-21 清洁能量系统股份有限公司 Portable energy generation systems

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1349592A (en) * 1999-03-11 2002-05-15 马普莱技术有限公司 Rotary power unit
US6729292B1 (en) * 1999-10-06 2004-05-04 Daimlerchrysler Ag Oil deflector in an oil pan for an internal combustion engine
US20040216702A1 (en) * 2001-09-14 2004-11-04 Erich Teufl Reciprocating piston engine comprising a rotative cylinder
CN102292532A (en) * 2008-12-15 2011-12-21 清洁能量系统股份有限公司 Portable energy generation systems

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