CN103111005B - Integrated sterile humidifying oxygen inhalator - Google Patents

Integrated sterile humidifying oxygen inhalator Download PDF

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CN103111005B
CN103111005B CN201310060168.7A CN201310060168A CN103111005B CN 103111005 B CN103111005 B CN 103111005B CN 201310060168 A CN201310060168 A CN 201310060168A CN 103111005 B CN103111005 B CN 103111005B
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bag
suction nozzle
humidication bag
humidication
peg
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CN103111005A (en
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刘志田
刘博乾
刘博宇
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Abstract

The invention discloses an integrated sterile humidifying oxygen inhalator which comprises a flow regulator value, an oxygen flowmeter, a moisturizer bag box, a disposable moisturizer bag and an automatic pipeline connector. Before using, the disposable moisturizer bag is disposed in the moisturizer bag box, an intake nozzle of the disposable moisturizer bag is connected with the automatic pipeline connector, the oxygen flowmeter is communicated with the disposable moisturizer bag through the automatic pipeline connector, and oxygen flows by the flow regulator value, the oxygen flowmeter and the automatic pipeline connector to enter the disposable moisturizer bag for moisturizing. The whole process requires manual operation in setting of the disposable moisturizer bag only, and other procedures are automatically completed during box opening and closing. Sterile operations are achieved, moisturizer liquid in the disposable moisturizer bag is protected from pollution, patients are prevented from respiratory tract infections during oxygen inhalation, and disease treatment is aided. The integrated sterile humidifying oxygen inhalator is reasonable and compact in structure, small in size and convenient to operate.

Description

Integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of hospital ward equipment, particularly relate to use in a kind of ward to the device of oxygen humidification.
Background technology
Oxygen therapy is a kind of nursing technique the most frequently used clinically and rescue means.Oxygen humidifying liquid carries out humidifying to oxygen in process of oxygen therapy, avoids dry oxygen to the stimulation of respiratory mucosa, improves the comfort level of oxygen therapy effect and patient.The oxygen therapy apparatus of current Clinical practice, still traditional repetitive oxygen oxygen inhaler is continued to use, conventional wetting approach carries out humidifying with adding distilled water in oxygen humidification bottle, the method is non-sterile open-sky technique, there is the possibility of potential pollution, nursing staff often need add humidification fluid, but because distilled water itself does not possess sterilization and bacteriostasis, in damp warm environment, very easily make again bacterial growth breed, add apparatus sterilizing, dry, the operation that may exist in storing process is lack of standardization, very easily causes self and cross infection.Existing lot of documents report, in China's nosocomial infection case, respiratory tract infection accounts for first place.Wherein oxygen humidifying liquid and the germ contamination of oxygen therapy pipeline are the factors causing pulmonary complication very important.So the Carriage how controlling oxygen humidifying liquid and the generation reducing oxygen therapy patient nosocomial infection have become the problem that hospital infection management person and caregiver more and more pay close attention to.
The disposable Oxygen tube product occurred in the market and patented technology are classified as two classes substantially, one class is that Bottle structure adopts injection molding, humidification bottle changes into split type from original conventional integral, its product manufacturing, use cost are high, time clinical, humidification fluid needs nursing staff to annotate, and can not ensure the aseptic of humidification fluid, another kind is exactly bag film assembling structure, owing to being preinstalled with humidification fluid in bag, to seal two of a humidication bag pipeline, i.e. sealing liquid, to solve the leak of liquid of product in storage and transport process and pollution, in prior art, one end of bag pipeline adopts the pipe that fractures, the other end adopts mechanical whorl sealing liquid, will be fractureed time clinical dip tube, take off mechanical whorl sealing, its pipeline will lean on and manually be connected with former flow meter pipeline, pipeline quality of connection is unstable, for line seal leaves bad hidden danger, in addition because bag is with thin-film material, as generator tube bend folding causes outlet pipe to block in use procedure, in bag, pressure increases and causes bag to burst, although be provided with safety guard in prior art, but what adopt is add rubber protecting jacket structure at pipeline opening, in view of the factor of structure and material itself, cannot adjust safe threshold, the concordance of safe threshold can not be ensured, more do not possess its susceptiveness.
Under mounting means many employings lanyard moveable vertical of disposable humidification bottle in the market and disposable humidication bag is lifted on former flow meter, there is patient in use procedure pull Oxygen tube bottle or bag to be dragged down or tilted by bag, now humidification fluid can be overflowed by the upper outlet pipe of bag and enter oxygen catheter and flow into patient's nasal cavity and cause danger.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of use safety, the easy and simple to handle and integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus that humidifying is effective.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, technical scheme of the present invention is: integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus, comprising:
Flow control valve, comprises valve body, and described valve body is provided with the ventilation channel joint and control valve gas outlet that are connected with oxygen source, described valve body is provided with Flow-rate adjustment spool and flow regulation handle;
Oxygen flow meter, is arranged on described valve body, comprises effusion meter air inlet and effusion meter gas outlet, and described control valve gas outlet is communicated with described effusion meter air inlet; Described effusion meter gas outlet is connected with movable escape pipe, and the end of described movable escape pipe is provided with puncture connection-peg;
Humidication bag box, comprises the box body be fixedly mounted on described valve body, and described cassette upper end is hinged with the lid coordinated with described box body, is provided with lid opening device between described box body and described lid;
Disposable humidication bag, is arranged in described humidication bag box, comprises soft bag, be loaded with aseptic humidification fluid in described bag; Described bag outer surface is fixed with humidication bag suction nozzle, is provided with puncture and opens plugging sheet in described humidication bag suction nozzle; Described humidication bag suction nozzle is connected with humidication bag air inlet pipe, and described humidication bag air inlet pipe is connected to described bag inner chamber bottom; Described bag inner surface is fixed with humidication bag escape pipe, described humidication bag escape pipe is provided with self-starting to give vent to anger plugging device, described humidication bag escape pipe is connected with the disposable oxygen uptake pipeline stretched out outside described bag, and described humidication bag box is provided with the hole passed through for disposable oxygen uptake pipeline;
Be provided with suction nozzle clamping seat in described box body, between described humidication bag suction nozzle and described suction nozzle clamping seat, be provided with clamping locking device; Described box body is provided with the described puncture connection-peg of manipulation and docks with described humidication bag suction nozzle the pipeline Automatic Link Establishment opened.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, described lid opening device comprises the rotating shaft be arranged on bottom described box body, described rotating shaft is installed with latch hook and reduction torsion spring, and it is outer and be provided with opening handle that described box body is stretched out in one end of described rotating shaft; Described lid is installed with the lock corresponding with described latch hook; Described rotating shaft is also installed with opening safety bar, and the end winding support of described opening safety bar is provided with humidication bag pressing plate.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, described bag comprises the thin film anter and thin film rear panel that melting presses together, described humidication bag suction nozzle is fixed on above described thin film rear panel outer surface, the melting of described humidication bag air inlet pipe is pressed together on described thin film rear panel outer surface, described humidication bag air inlet pipe comprises the humidication bag air inlet vertical tube be connected with described humidication bag suction nozzle, described humidication bag air inlet vertical tube is connected with humidication bag air inlet transverse tube, described humidication bag air inlet transverse tube closed at both ends, described thin film rear panel is provided with the air inlet micropore group be communicated with described humidication bag air inlet transverse tube.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, described humidication bag suction nozzle comprises the suction nozzle pedestal of hollow, described suction nozzle pedestal is installed with suction nozzle body, be provided with integrated described puncture the with described suction nozzle body in the inlet channel of described suction nozzle body and open plugging sheet, in described suction nozzle pedestal, filter membrane is installed.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, described self-starting plugging device of giving vent to anger comprises the humidication bag outlet nozzle being arranged on described humidication bag escape pipe inlet end, be provided with air pressure opened plugging sheet integrated with described humidication bag outlet nozzle in the outlet passageway of described humidication bag outlet nozzle, described air pressure opened plugging sheet is wedge angle lip.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, described self-starting plugging device of giving vent to anger comprises the shutoff ball being arranged on described humidication bag escape pipe inlet end, described shutoff ball and described humidication bag escape pipe interference fit; The inner side of described lid is fixed with the driving lever described shutoff ball can extruded in described humidication bag escape pipe.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, the free end of described driving lever is provided with the humidication bag squeezing roller of the directly described humidication bag of extruding.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, described clamping locking device comprises the clamping annular groove be arranged on described humidication bag suction nozzle, described suction nozzle clamping seat is provided with ball hole, be provided with the detent ball coordinated with described clamping annular groove in described ball hole, described suction nozzle clamping seat extenal fixation is provided with ball retainer spring.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, described pipeline Automatic Link Establishment comprises the connection-peg guide pipe be arranged on described suction nozzle clamping seat, described puncture connection-peg is slidably mounted in described connection-peg guide pipe, described box body is hinged with shift fork, described puncture connection-peg rear end is fixed with connection-peg bearing pin, and the lower end fork-join of described shift fork is on described connection-peg bearing pin; Described cassette upper end is slidably fitted with push rod, described push rod is provided with push rod driving rolls towards one end of lid, the other end of described push rod is provided with back-moving spring, described push rod is provided with push rod bearing pin, the upper end fork-join of described shift fork is on described push rod bearing pin, and described lid is provided with cam that is corresponding with described push rod driving rolls and that rotate with described lid.
As the preferred technical scheme of one, described clamping locking device comprises the clamping annular groove be arranged on described humidication bag suction nozzle, described suction nozzle clamping seat is provided with ball hole, be provided with the detent ball coordinated with described clamping annular groove in described ball hole, described suction nozzle clamping seat extenal fixation is provided with ball retainer spring; Described pipeline Automatic Link Establishment comprises the connection-peg guide pipe be arranged on described suction nozzle clamping seat, described puncture connection-peg is slidably mounted in described connection-peg guide pipe, described box body is hinged with shift fork, described puncture connection-peg rear end is fixed with connection-peg bearing pin, and the lower end fork-join of described shift fork is on described connection-peg bearing pin; Described cassette upper end is slidably fitted with push rod, described push rod is provided with push rod driving rolls towards one end of lid, the other end of described push rod is provided with back-moving spring, described push rod is provided with push rod bearing pin, the upper end fork-join of described shift fork is on described push rod bearing pin, and described lid is provided with cam that is corresponding with described push rod driving rolls and that rotate with described lid; Described puncture connection-peg rear end is provided with the check lock lever limiting the motion of described ball retainer spring.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus, comprising: flow control valve, comprises valve body, described valve body is provided with the ventilation channel joint and control valve gas outlet that are connected with oxygen source, described valve body is provided with Flow-rate adjustment spool and flow regulation handle; Oxygen flow meter, is arranged on described valve body, comprises effusion meter air inlet and effusion meter gas outlet, and described control valve gas outlet is communicated with described effusion meter air inlet; Described effusion meter gas outlet is connected with movable escape pipe, and the end of described movable escape pipe is provided with puncture connection-peg; Humidication bag box, comprises the box body be fixedly mounted on described valve body, and described cassette upper end is hinged with the lid coordinated with described box body, is provided with lid opening device between described box body and described lid; Disposable humidication bag, is arranged in described humidication bag box, comprises soft bag, be loaded with aseptic humidification fluid in described bag; Described bag outer surface is fixed with humidication bag suction nozzle, is provided with puncture and opens plugging sheet in described humidication bag suction nozzle; Described humidication bag suction nozzle is connected with humidication bag air inlet pipe, and described humidication bag air inlet pipe is connected to described bag inner chamber bottom; Described bag inner surface is fixed with humidication bag escape pipe, described humidication bag escape pipe is provided with self-starting to give vent to anger plugging device, described humidication bag escape pipe is connected with the disposable oxygen uptake pipeline stretched out outside described bag, and described humidication bag box is provided with the hole passed through for disposable oxygen uptake pipeline; Be provided with suction nozzle clamping seat in described box body, between described humidication bag suction nozzle and described suction nozzle clamping seat, be provided with clamping locking device; Described box body is provided with the described puncture connection-peg of manipulation and docks with described humidication bag suction nozzle the pipeline Automatic Link Establishment opened; During use, disposable humidication bag is placed in humidication bag box, the suction nozzle of disposable humidication bag is connected with pipeline Automatic Link Establishment, oxygen flow meter is communicated with disposable humidication bag by pipeline Automatic Link Establishment, and oxygen enters into disposable humidication bag through flow control valve, oxygen flow meter and pipeline Automatic Link Establishment and carries out humidifying; In whole use procedure, for once the installation action need of property humidication bag manually completes, other operations automatically complete in the process of folding lid, achieve sterile working, avoid the humidification fluid in disposable humidication bag contaminated, patient can be avoided in oxygen uptake process to produce respiratory tract infection, for belt for curing disease is helped; The present invention is rational in infrastructure compact, takes up room little, easy to operate.
Description of the invention provides in order to example with for the purpose of describing, and is not exhaustively or limit the invention to disclosed form.Many modifications and variations are obvious for the ordinary skill in the art.Selecting and describing embodiment is in order to principle of the present invention and practical application are better described, and enables those of ordinary skill in the art understand the present invention thus design the various embodiments with various amendment being suitable for special-purpose.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The following drawings is only intended to schematically illustrate the present invention and explain, not delimit the scope of the invention.Wherein:
Fig. 1 is the explosive view of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 2 is the opening sectional view of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 3 is the closed condition sectional view of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 4 is the main TV structure figure of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 5 is the side-looking structure chart of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 6 is the backsight structure chart of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 7 is the axonometric chart of the disposable humidication bag of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 8 is the side sectional view of the disposable humidication bag of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Fig. 9 is the explosive view of the disposable humidication bag of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Figure 10 is A place enlarged drawing in Fig. 1;
Figure 11 is the outlet nozzle enlarged drawing of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Figure 12 is the puncture connection-peg end metal blade enlarged drawing of the embodiment of the present invention one;
Figure 13 is the side sectional view of the disposable humidication bag of the embodiment of the present invention two;
Figure 14 is the opening sectional view of the embodiment of the present invention two;
Figure 15 is the closed condition sectional view of the embodiment of the present invention two;
Figure 16 is that a kind of self-starting of the embodiment of the present invention two is given vent to anger plugging device structural representation;
Figure 17 is that the another kind of self-starting of the embodiment of the present invention two is given vent to anger plugging device structural representation;
In figure: 11-valve body; 12-ventilation channel joint; 13-Flow-rate adjustment spool; 14-flow regulation handle; 211-flowtube; 212-buoy; 213-outer housing; The movable escape pipe of 22-; 23-punctures connection-peg; 31-box body; 32-lid; 33-bonnet; 341-rotating shaft; 342-latch hook; 343-reduction torsion spring; 344-opening handle; 351-opening safety bar; 352-humidication bag pressing plate; 41-bag; 411-thin film anter; 412-thin film rear panel; 421-suction nozzle pedestal; 422-suction nozzle body; Plugging sheet is opened in 423-puncture; 424-filter membrane; 425-humidication bag air inlet vertical tube; 426-humidication bag air inlet transverse tube; 427-air inlet micropore; 431-humidication bag outlet nozzle; 432-air pressure opened plugging sheet; The disposable oxygen uptake pipeline of 433-; 434-humidication bag escape pipe; 435-shutoff ball; 436-driving lever; 437-humidication bag squeezing roller; 51-suction nozzle clamping seat; 511-detent ball; 512-ball retainer spring; 513-connection-peg guide pipe; 52-clamping annular groove; 531-shift fork; 532-connection-peg bearing pin; 533-push rod; 534-push rod driving rolls; 535-back-moving spring; 536-push rod bearing pin; 537-cam; 538-metal blade; 54-check lock lever; 55-sealing ring; 6-oxygen supply relief valve; 7-escape pipe fixed support.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, set forth the present invention further.In the following detailed description, the mode only by illustrating describes some one exemplary embodiment of the present invention.Undoubtedly, those of ordinary skill in the art can recognize, when without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, can revise by various different mode to described embodiment.Therefore, accompanying drawing is illustrative with being described in essence, instead of for limiting the protection domain of claim.
Embodiment one:
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus, comprising:
Flow control valve, comprise valve body 11, described valve body 11 is provided with the ventilation channel joint 12 and control valve gas outlet that are connected with oxygen source, described valve body 11 is provided with Flow-rate adjustment spool 13 and flow regulation handle 14, described regulating spool adopts aciculiform spool, by the clearance control flow between described aciculiform spool and described valve body 11;
Oxygen flow meter, is arranged on described valve body 11, comprises effusion meter air inlet and effusion meter gas outlet, and described control valve gas outlet is communicated with described effusion meter air inlet; Described effusion meter gas outlet is connected with movable escape pipe 22, and the end of described movable escape pipe 22 is provided with puncture connection-peg 23; Described oxygen flow meter comprises flowtube 211, is provided with buoy 212 in described flowtube 211, is provided with the outer housing 213 of back-off outside described flowtube 211; Described flowtube 211 air inlet is effusion meter air inlet, oxygen enters in described flowtube 211, blow buoy 212, upwards flow, the interlayer path between flowtube 211 and outer housing 213 is entered into through flowtube 211 gas outlet, and flow downward, the gas outlet of interlayer path is effusion meter gas outlet.
Humidication bag box, comprise the box body 31 be fixedly mounted on described valve body 11, described box body 31 upper end thereof has the lid 32 coordinated with described box body 31, lid 32 opening device is provided with between described box body 31 and described lid 32, described lid 32 opening device comprises the rotating shaft 341 be arranged on bottom described box body 31, described rotating shaft 341 can adopt hexagonal axis, described rotating shaft 341 is installed with latch hook 342 and reduction torsion spring 535, it is outer and be provided with opening handle 344 that described box body 31 is stretched out in one end of described rotating shaft 341, as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 6; Described lid 32 is installed with the lock (not shown) corresponding with described latch hook 342, described rotating shaft 341 is also installed with opening safety bar, the end winding support of described opening safety bar is provided with humidication bag pressing plate 352.
Disposable humidication bag, is arranged in described humidication bag box, comprises soft bag 41, and described bag 41 comprises the thin film anter 411 and thin film rear panel 412 that melting presses together, and is loaded with aseptic humidification fluid in described bag 41, as shown in Figure 7 and Figure 8, described bag 41 outer surface is fixed with humidication bag suction nozzle, and described humidication bag suction nozzle is fixed on above described thin film rear panel 412 outer surface, is provided with puncture and opens plugging sheet 423 in described humidication bag suction nozzle, described humidication bag suction nozzle is connected with humidication bag air inlet pipe, the melting of described humidication bag air inlet pipe is pressed together on described thin film rear panel 412 outer surface, described humidication bag air inlet pipe is connected to described bag 41 inner chamber bottom, particularly, as shown in Figure 9, described humidication bag suction nozzle comprises the suction nozzle pedestal 421 of hollow, described suction nozzle pedestal 421 is installed with suction nozzle body 422, be provided with integrated described puncture the with described suction nozzle body 422 in the inlet channel of described suction nozzle body 422 and open plugging sheet 423, in described suction nozzle pedestal 421, filter membrane 424 is installed.Described humidication bag air inlet pipe comprises the humidication bag air inlet vertical tube 425 be connected with described suction nozzle pedestal 421, described humidication bag air inlet vertical tube 425 is connected with humidication bag air inlet transverse tube 426, described humidication bag air inlet transverse tube 426 closed at both ends, described thin film rear panel 412 is provided with the air inlet micropore group be communicated with described humidication bag air inlet transverse tube 426, and described air inlet micropore group comprises and is arranged on some air inlet micropores 427 in thin film rear panel 412.
As shown in Figure 8 and Figure 9, described bag 41 inner surface is fixed with humidication bag escape pipe 434, described humidication bag escape pipe is provided with self-starting to give vent to anger plugging device, described self-starting plugging device of giving vent to anger comprises the humidication bag outlet nozzle 431 being arranged on described humidication bag escape pipe inlet end, air pressure opened plugging sheet 432 integrated with described humidication bag outlet nozzle 431 is provided with in the outlet passageway of described humidication bag outlet nozzle 431, as described in Figure 11, described air pressure opened plugging sheet is wedge angle lip.Form stress concentration point in the tip of described air pressure opened plugging sheet 432, be convenient to air pressure opened; Certainly, also can be provided with tear line on described air pressure opened plugging sheet 432, be convenient to air pressure opened.Described humidication bag escape pipe 434 is connected with the disposable oxygen uptake pipeline 433 stretched out outside described bag 41, and as shown in Figure 4, Figure 5 and Figure 6, described humidication bag box is provided with the hole passed through for disposable oxygen uptake pipeline 433.
Be provided with suction nozzle clamping seat 51 in described box body 31, between described humidication bag suction nozzle and described suction nozzle clamping seat 51, be provided with clamping locking device; Described clamping locking device comprises the clamping annular groove 52 be arranged on described humidication bag suction nozzle, described suction nozzle clamping seat 51 is provided with ball hole, be provided with the detent ball 511 coordinated with described clamping annular groove 52 in described ball hole, described suction nozzle clamping seat 51 extenal fixation is provided with ball retainer spring 512.
Described box body 31 is provided with the described puncture connection-peg 23 of manipulation and docks with described humidication bag suction nozzle the pipeline Automatic Link Establishment opened, as shown in Fig. 1 and Figure 10, described pipeline Automatic Link Establishment comprises the connection-peg guide pipe 513 be arranged on described suction nozzle clamping seat 51, described puncture connection-peg 23 is slidably mounted in described connection-peg guide pipe 513, described box body 31 is hinged with shift fork 531, described puncture connection-peg 23 rear end is fixed with connection-peg bearing pin 532, and the lower end fork-join of described shift fork 531 is on described connection-peg bearing pin 532; Described box body 31 upper end is slidably fitted with push rod 533, described push rod 533 is provided with push rod driving rolls 534 towards one end of lid 32, the other end of described push rod 533 is provided with back-moving spring 343, described push rod 533 is provided with push rod bearing pin 536, the upper end fork-join of described shift fork 531 is on described push rod bearing pin 536, connection-peg guide pipe 513 is provided with two guide grooves be convenient to described puncture connection-peg 23 and slided, when puncture connection-peg 23 slides, described connection-peg bearing pin 532 is positioned at described guide groove.As shown in Figures 2 and 3, described lid 32 is provided with cam 537 that is corresponding with described push rod driving rolls 534 and that rotate with described lid 32.As shown in Figure 5; in order to protect pipeline Automatic Link Establishment; be provided with bonnet 33 in the outside of pipeline Automatic Link Establishment, described bonnet 33 is fixedly connected with described box body 31, and all parts of pipeline Automatic Link Establishment is encapsulated in the airtight cavity of described bonnet 33 and described box body 31 formation.
Puncture puncture for the ease of puncture connection-peg 23 and open plugging sheet 423, metal blade 538 is provided with in the end of described puncture connection-peg 23, as shown in figure 12, the taper of described metal blade 538 one-tenth hollow outs, puncture can either be punctured rapidly and accurately and open plugging sheet 423, also can not affect the flowing of oxygen.
In order to prevent puncture connection-peg 23 from being ejected in described suction nozzle clamping seat 51 by described suction nozzle when inserting described connection-peg guide pipe 513 and puncture described puncture unlatching plugging sheet 423, be provided with the check lock lever 54 limiting described ball retainer spring 512 and move in described puncture connection-peg 23 rear end.Described puncture connection-peg 23 is provided with sealing ring 55, and after the grafting of puncture connection-peg 23 enters described connection-peg guide pipe 513, sealing ring 55 plays good sealing function, prevents oxygen from revealing from both gaps.
The flow passage of oxygen being provided with oxygen supply relief valve 6, in order to make compact conformation, described oxygen supply relief valve 6 being arranged on described valve body 11.
Lower mask body introduces operation principle:
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, ventilation channel joint 12 inserts in the oxygen supply connector of oxygen supply equipment, now oxygen enters the front end of the Flow-rate adjustment spool 13 in flow control valve, and Flow-rate adjustment spool 13 adopts needle valve core, and the tip of needle valve core and the gap length of valve body 11 determine the flow of oxygen; Open pin Flow-rate adjustment spool 13, oxygen enters to flowtube 211 lower end by Flow-rate adjustment spool 13 and the gap of valve body 11, upper end is gas outlet, flowtube 211 is transparent material, buoy 212 is provided with; buoy 212 upwards floats under the effect of oxygen stream; the outer housing 213 that in flowtube 211, back-off has transparent material to make; flowtube 211 is carved with indicating graduation; oxygen exports from flowtube 211 upper outlet; through the interlayer path between flowtube 211 and outer housing 213, enters in movable escape pipe 22 in flowtube 211.Valve body 11 is provided with oxygen supply relief valve 6, when pressure is more than 0.35M Pa ± 0.05M Pa, aerofluxus opened by oxygen supply relief valve 6, guarantees that pressure is in prescribed limit, utilize flow regulation handle 14 adjust flux control valve, by the size of the flow meter graduation indication outflow value of buoy 212 correspondence.
Box body 31 top is fixedly connected with valve body 11, and box body 31 is equipped with lid 32 above, box body 31 and lid 32 twisting is installed, with this jointed shaft for axle center realizes the closed of lid 32 and unlatching by the jointed shaft of box body 31 upper end.The lower end of box body 31 is provided with folding handle, latch hook 342 and safety, folding handle, latch hook 342 and bumper bar are assemblied on a hexagonal axis, press folding handle, rotate certain angle by hexagonal axis interlock latch hook 342 and bumper bar simultaneously, unclamp folding handle, latch hook 342 and bumper bar are returned to initial condition under the effect of reduction torsion spring 535.The both sides, lower end of lid 32 are provided with two locks, when box body 31 protecgulum closes, the lock of lid 32 acts on the guiding surface of two latch hooks 342 respectively, force latch hook 342 to produce to rotate, when sliding into the guiding surface departing from latch hook 342, lock pins by latch hook 342 under the effect of reduction torsion spring 535, bumper bar is arranged on the centre position of hexagonal axis, two bumper bars connect a humidication bag pressing plate 352, when hexagonal axis is in original angle state, humidication bag pressing plate 352 is embedded in the lower chamber of box body 31, expand when humidication bag passes into oxygen, if now press folding hands handle, because bag 41 pressure acts on humidication bag pressing plate 352, its leverage makes folding handle rotate, to avoid when bag 41 is filled with oxygen, the lid 32 that maloperation causes opens the danger of hurting sb.'s feelings and bursting with bag 41 fast, only press folding hands handle when humidication bag pressure release state, lock departs from latch hook 342, the bumper bar of oxygen supply simultaneously rotates.Due to the thin-film material that humidication bag material is soft, humidication bag pressing plate 352 forces bag 41 to be out of shape, thus completes the unlatching of lid 32, as shown in Figure 2; Lid 32 is equipped with transparent window above, or described lid 32 is designed to transparent box cover 32, for observing the liquid level situation in humidication bag.
During use, lid 32 is opened, the humidication bag suction nozzle of disposable humidication bag is inserted in valve clamping seat 51, after lid 32 is closed and box body 31 form a closed cavity, open flow control valve, oxygen enters in humidication bag, bag 41 undergoes rapid expansion forms humidifying space, because disposable humidication bag is placed in humidication bag box, the pressure that bag 41 bears all acts on humidication bag box, again because the design strength of humidication bag box can guarantee that safety carries pressure, thus solve the withstand voltage explosion problem of disposable humidication bag.
Suction nozzle clamping seat 51 is fixed on the position, middle and upper part of box body 31, suction nozzle clamping seat 51 front end and humidication bag suction nozzle are located by connecting, the location structure of humidication bag suction nozzle is made up of the detent ball 511 and retainer spring being arranged on suction nozzle clamping seat 51, detent ball 511 is arranged in suction nozzle clamping seat 51, retainer spring is surrounded by outside detent ball 511, its ball face of the initial condition of detent ball 511 is convex in the hole aperture surface of suction nozzle clamping seat 51, when humidication bag suction nozzle is inserted in valve clamping seat 51, it is mobile that humidication bag suction nozzle promotion detent ball 511 realizes radial direction (outwards), along with the insertion of humidication bag suction nozzle, when clamping annular groove 52 on humidication bag suction nozzle overlaps with the axial location of detent ball 511, detent ball 511 slips in clamping annular groove 52 under the effect of retainer spring, achieve the installation location of humidication bag suction nozzle.
The top of box body 31 is provided with push rod 533, push rod driving rolls 534 is equipped with in the front end of push rod 533, push rod driving rolls 534 and the cam 537 on lid 32 are fitted under the effect of push rod 533 and back-moving spring 343, because the center of rotation of lid 32 is biased relative to the cylindrical contacted with push rod driving rolls 534, that is when lid 32 folding, the cylindrical contacted with push rod driving rolls 534 is eccentric, cam structures relative to push rod driving rolls 534, when lid 32 closes, as shown in Figure 3, push rod driving rolls 534 is along with the cam 537 rotated is towards rear motion, compression reseting spring 343: when lid 32 is opened, as shown in Figure 5, back-moving spring 343 promotes push rod 533 and travels forward.Shift fork 531 is arranged between push rod 533 and puncture connection-peg 23, two ends are provided with elongated slot, middle part is provided with jointed shaft, the elongated slot of one end coordinates with the push rod bearing pin 536 on push rod 533, the other end coordinates with the connection-peg bearing pin 532 on puncture connection-peg 23, and puncture connection-peg 23 is provided with the check lock lever 54 that coordinates with ball retainer spring 512 and pierces through the metal blade 538 opening shutoff described in puncturing.When push rod 533 moves backward, shift fork 531 is driven to swing around bearing pin, interlock puncture connection-peg 23 achieves the reverse motions with push rod 533, along with moving forward of puncture connection-peg 23, check lock lever 54 on puncture connection-peg 23 is oppressed ball retainer spring 512 and detent ball 511 and humidication bag suction nozzle is locked, and ejects in suction nozzle clamping seat 51 in order to avoid cross senior general's humidication bag suction nozzle when the connection-peg 23 that punctures enters connection-peg guide pipe 513 because of frictional force.When puncture connection-peg 23 inserts in humidication bag suction nozzle, the sealing ring 55 on puncture connection-peg 23 plays line seal effect, and plugging sheet 423 is opened in the puncture that the metal blade 538 of its front end punctures in humidication bag suction nozzle, completes pipeline from being dynamically connected; When lid 32 is opened, push rod 533 moves forward, puncture connection-peg 23 moves backward, when lid 32 is opened completely, puncture connection-peg 23 departs from humidication bag suction nozzle and connection-peg guide pipe 513, the check lock lever 54 of puncture connection-peg 23 discharges the locking to detent ball 511, at this moment just disposable humidication bag can be taken out in suction nozzle clamping seat 51.
The bag 41 of disposable humidication bag adopts medical grade sheet film material to make the bag shaped structure of sealing through melting pressing.The aseptic humidification fluid of filling in bag, the height of liquid level is approximately 2/3 of bag 41 height.Liquid level take upper part as oxygen humidification space, and bag 41 is connected to air inlet pipeline and outlet pipe.
Air inlet pipeline is made up of humidication bag suction nozzle, humidication bag air inlet pipe and air inlet micropore 427, and humidication bag suction nozzle is the link of humidication bag and oxygen pipeline, is coordinated with suction nozzle clamping seat 51 by pipeline Automatic Link Establishment.The front end of humidication bag suction nozzle is provided with clamping annular groove 52, humidication bag suction nozzle comprises suction nozzle body 422 and suction nozzle pedestal 421, in suction nozzle body 422, melting pressing has puncture to open plugging sheet 423, leave cavity after assembling between suction nozzle body 422 and suction nozzle pedestal 421, in cavity, be provided with filter membrane 424.Humidication bag air inlet pipe is the channel-shaped of falling T-shape structure, melting is pressed together on after the side of bag 41, form the air inlet pipeline passage of sealing, vertical pipeline is oxygen channel, bag 41 side that the lateral duct of lower company is corresponding offers some micropores, and micropore offers position bottom bag 41 below liquid level.
Outlet pipe is assemblied by humidication bag escape pipe 434, humidication bag outlet nozzle 431, air pressure opened plugging sheet 432 and disposable Oxygen tube, be arranged in bag 41, the gentle unpacking jam 432 that presses off of humidication bag outlet nozzle 431 is positioned at more than the top liquid level of bag 41, as shown in figure 11, the horizontal mouth of pipe of humidication bag outlet nozzle 431 is wedge angle lip-like hatch frame, the horizontal mouth of pipe and mouth of pipe back respectively melting are pressed together on the inwall of bag 41 cephacoria and bag 41 caudacoria, play the sealing function of outlet pipe.
Owing to have employed the sealing liquid structure of the inlet, outlet pipeline of humidifying bag 41, in the storage and transport process of humidication bag, the humidification fluid in bag 41 is sealed in bag 41, avoids leakage and the pollution of humidification fluid.The top of bag 41 is provided with medicine plug, is used for dosing in humidification fluid time clinical.
After humidication bag suction nozzle is inserted into valve clamping seat 51, closed lid 32, humidication bag suction nozzle is locked by the detent ball 511 of suction nozzle clamping seat 51, pipeline is from being dynamically connected, the metal blade 538 of puncture connection-peg 23 front end punctures puncture and opens plugging sheet 423, oxygen is filtered by filter membrane 424 pairs of oxygen, oxygen after filtration enters humidification fluid by humidication bag air inlet transverse tube 426 from some micropores, gas forms some small bubbles, because bubble is small, when overflowing humidification fluid surface when bubbles of oxygen, the dynamics of explosion is little, solve the noise produced when air pocket overflows liquid level on the one hand, increasing due to bubble particles on the other hand, also can increase containing liquid particle in corresponding oxygen, add the content liquid in oxygen molecule, improve clinical result of use.Front-back melting due to air pressure opened plugging sheet 432 is pressed together on bag 41 inwall, the thickness at melting pressing position be less than humidication bag box close after front and back bulk, along with entering of oxygen in bag 41, oxygen after humidifying makes pressure in bag 41 increase, bag 41 expands gradually, at little pressure state, bag 41 and air pressure opened plugging sheet 432 are torn from the sharp corner of lip-like opening, bag 41 is individual process gradually with being separated of air pressure opened plugging sheet 432, such structural design is in order to avoid under high pressure air pressure opened plugging sheet 432 is separated suddenly with bag 41 impact caused humidication bag box.After air pressure opened plugging sheet 432 is separated, the oxygen after humidifying enters disposable oxygen uptake pipeline 433 by air pressure opened plugging sheet 432, enters into the nasal cavity of patient.
Embodiment two:
The present embodiment and embodiment one fundamental form are together, difference is: as shown in figure 13, described self-starting plugging device of giving vent to anger comprises the shutoff ball 435 being arranged on described humidication bag escape pipe 434 inlet end, described humidication bag escape pipe 434 has elasticity, described shutoff ball 435 and described humidication bag escape pipe 434 interference fit; As shown in figure 14, the inner side of described lid is fixed with the driving lever 436 described shutoff ball 435 can extruded in described humidication bag escape pipe 434, and the end of described driving lever 436 is smooth arc-shaped.
Disposable humidication bag is placed into after in humidication bag box, as shown in figure 16, in the process of closed lid 32, driving lever 436 rotates with lid 36, the circular arc-shaped end of driving lever 436 directly extrudes the end of the humidication bag escape pipe 434 in disposable humidication bag, as shown in figure 15, is extruded the end of shutoff ball 435 from humidication bag escape pipe 434, shutoff ball 435 drops in humidication bag, completes the automatic unpacking of humidication bag escape pipe 434; After lid is completely closed, driving lever 436 rotates the compressing departed from humidication bag, and humidication bag returns to initial condition.
In order to protect humidication bag; as shown in figure 17; humidication bag squeezing roller 437 can be set at the free end of described driving lever 436; humidication bag squeezing roller 437 is relied on directly to extrude the end of described humidication bag escape pipe 434; extruded the end of shutoff ball 435 from humidication bag escape pipe 434, this mode can not destroy the sealing of humidication bag.
Humidication bag escape pipe is fixedly installed on the bag inner surface of humidication bag, in order to prevent in the process of extruding humidication bag escape pipe, the bag inner surface of humidication bag escape pipe from humidication bag is pulled off, escape pipe fixed support 7 is directly provided with at the bag inner surface of humidication bag escape pipe and humidication bag, as shown in Figure 14 and Figure 15, described escape pipe fixed support 7 is near the inlet end of described humidication bag escape pipe.

Claims (10)

1. integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus, is characterized in that, comprising:
Flow control valve, comprises valve body, and described valve body is provided with the ventilation channel joint and control valve gas outlet that are connected with oxygen source, described valve body is provided with Flow-rate adjustment spool and flow regulation handle;
Oxygen flow meter, is arranged on described valve body, comprises effusion meter air inlet and effusion meter gas outlet, and described control valve gas outlet is communicated with described effusion meter air inlet; Described effusion meter gas outlet is connected with movable escape pipe, and the end of described movable escape pipe is provided with puncture connection-peg;
Humidication bag box, comprises the box body be fixedly mounted on described valve body, and described cassette upper end is hinged with the lid coordinated with described box body, is provided with lid opening device between described box body and described lid;
Disposable humidication bag, is arranged in described humidication bag box, comprises soft bag, be loaded with aseptic humidification fluid in described bag; Described bag outer surface is fixed with humidication bag suction nozzle, is provided with puncture and opens plugging sheet in described humidication bag suction nozzle; Described humidication bag suction nozzle is connected with humidication bag air inlet pipe, and described humidication bag air inlet pipe is connected to described bag inner chamber bottom; Described bag inner surface is fixed with humidication bag escape pipe, described humidication bag escape pipe is provided with self-starting to give vent to anger plugging device, described humidication bag escape pipe is connected with the disposable oxygen uptake pipeline stretched out outside described bag, and described humidication bag box is provided with the hole passed through for disposable oxygen uptake pipeline;
Be provided with suction nozzle clamping seat in described box body, between described humidication bag suction nozzle and described suction nozzle clamping seat, be provided with clamping locking device; Described box body is provided with the described puncture connection-peg of manipulation and docks with described humidication bag suction nozzle the pipeline Automatic Link Establishment opened.
2. integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described lid opening device comprises the rotating shaft be arranged on bottom described box body, described rotating shaft is installed with latch hook and reduction torsion spring, it is outer and be provided with opening handle that described box body is stretched out in one end of described rotating shaft; Described lid is installed with the lock corresponding with described latch hook; Described rotating shaft is also installed with opening safety bar, and the end winding support of described opening safety bar is provided with humidication bag pressing plate.
3. integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described bag comprises the thin film anter and thin film rear panel that melting presses together, described humidication bag suction nozzle is fixed on above described thin film rear panel outer surface, the melting of described humidication bag air inlet pipe is pressed together on described thin film rear panel outer surface, described humidication bag air inlet pipe comprises the humidication bag air inlet vertical tube be connected with described humidication bag suction nozzle, described humidication bag air inlet vertical tube is connected with humidication bag air inlet transverse tube, described humidication bag air inlet transverse tube closed at both ends, described thin film rear panel is provided with the air inlet micropore group be communicated with described humidication bag air inlet transverse tube.
4. integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described humidication bag suction nozzle comprises the suction nozzle pedestal of hollow, described suction nozzle pedestal is installed with suction nozzle body, be provided with integrated described puncture the with described suction nozzle body in the inlet channel of described suction nozzle body and open plugging sheet, in described suction nozzle pedestal, filter membrane is installed.
5. integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described self-starting plugging device of giving vent to anger comprises the humidication bag outlet nozzle being arranged on described humidication bag escape pipe inlet end, be provided with air pressure opened plugging sheet integrated with described humidication bag outlet nozzle in the outlet passageway of described humidication bag outlet nozzle, described air pressure opened plugging sheet is wedge angle lip.
6. integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described self-starting plugging device of giving vent to anger comprises the shutoff ball being arranged on described humidication bag escape pipe inlet end, described shutoff ball and described humidication bag escape pipe interference fit; The inner side of described lid is fixed with the driving lever described shutoff ball can extruded in described humidication bag escape pipe.
7. integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that: the free end of described driving lever is provided with the humidication bag squeezing roller of the directly described humidication bag of extruding.
8. integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described clamping locking device comprises the clamping annular groove be arranged on described humidication bag suction nozzle, described suction nozzle clamping seat is provided with ball hole, be provided with the detent ball coordinated with described clamping annular groove in described ball hole, described suction nozzle clamping seat extenal fixation is provided with ball retainer spring.
9. integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described pipeline Automatic Link Establishment comprises the connection-peg guide pipe be arranged on described suction nozzle clamping seat, described puncture connection-peg is slidably mounted in described connection-peg guide pipe, described box body is hinged with shift fork, described puncture connection-peg rear end is fixed with connection-peg bearing pin, and the lower end fork-join of described shift fork is on described connection-peg bearing pin; Described cassette upper end is slidably fitted with push rod, described push rod is provided with push rod driving rolls towards one end of lid, the other end of described push rod is provided with back-moving spring, described push rod is provided with push rod bearing pin, the upper end fork-join of described shift fork is on described push rod bearing pin, and described lid is provided with cam that is corresponding with described push rod driving rolls and that rotate with described lid.
10. the integrated form sterilized humidifying oxygen inhalation apparatus as described in claim as arbitrary in claim 1 to 7, it is characterized in that: described clamping locking device comprises the clamping annular groove be arranged on described humidication bag suction nozzle, described suction nozzle clamping seat is provided with ball hole, be provided with the detent ball coordinated with described clamping annular groove in described ball hole, described suction nozzle clamping seat extenal fixation is provided with ball retainer spring; Described pipeline Automatic Link Establishment comprises the connection-peg guide pipe be arranged on described suction nozzle clamping seat, described puncture connection-peg is slidably mounted in described connection-peg guide pipe, described box body is hinged with shift fork, described puncture connection-peg rear end is fixed with connection-peg bearing pin, and the lower end fork-join of described shift fork is on described connection-peg bearing pin; Described cassette upper end is slidably fitted with push rod, described push rod is provided with push rod driving rolls towards one end of lid, the other end of described push rod is provided with back-moving spring, described push rod is provided with push rod bearing pin, the upper end fork-join of described shift fork is on described push rod bearing pin, and described lid is provided with cam that is corresponding with described push rod driving rolls and that rotate with described lid; Described puncture connection-peg rear end is provided with the check lock lever limiting the motion of described ball retainer spring.
CN201310060168.7A 2013-02-06 2013-02-06 Integrated sterile humidifying oxygen inhalator Active CN103111005B (en)

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CN103263716B (en) * 2013-05-27 2015-09-23 王万玉 Oxygen inhalation apparatus, Flow-rate adjustment and metering device

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3944635A (en) * 1974-04-19 1976-03-16 Carba Limited Apparatus for humidifying a gas
CN2465729Y (en) * 2001-02-28 2001-12-19 陈振业 Oxygen humidifying device
CN201643278U (en) * 2010-02-01 2010-11-24 张红霞 Oxygen humidifying suction apparatus
CN203107908U (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-08-07 刘志田 Integrated sterile humidifying oxygen inhalator

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3944635A (en) * 1974-04-19 1976-03-16 Carba Limited Apparatus for humidifying a gas
CN2465729Y (en) * 2001-02-28 2001-12-19 陈振业 Oxygen humidifying device
CN201643278U (en) * 2010-02-01 2010-11-24 张红霞 Oxygen humidifying suction apparatus
CN203107908U (en) * 2013-02-06 2013-08-07 刘志田 Integrated sterile humidifying oxygen inhalator

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