CN103105864A - Control method of double-holding single-circuit liquid level system - Google Patents

Control method of double-holding single-circuit liquid level system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103105864A
CN103105864A CN 201110384940 CN201110384940A CN103105864A CN 103105864 A CN103105864 A CN 103105864A CN 201110384940 CN201110384940 CN 201110384940 CN 201110384940 A CN201110384940 A CN 201110384940A CN 103105864 A CN103105864 A CN 103105864A
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liquid level
controller
control
lower header
control method
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CN 201110384940
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Chinese (zh)
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李星月
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN 201110384940 priority Critical patent/CN103105864A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a control method of a double-holding single-circuit liquid level system. The method comprises the steps: (a), firstly, detecting a liquid level in a lower water tank (2) by a pressure transducer (5), and transmitting a detected signal into a controller (6); (b), then outputting an regulating command to an electric regulating valve (10) by the controller (6) according to the detected signal which is sent in; and (c) regulating an opening degree by the electric regulating valve (10) according to the command output by the controller (6), and accordingly regulating height of a level of liquid entering the lower water tank (2). The control method of the double-holding single-circuit liquid level system not only has a good controlling effect, but also is low in controlling cost and good in the controlling effect, and has a high practical value.

Description

The control method of double volume single loop liquid level control system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of control method of double volume single loop liquid level control system.
Background technology
Liquid level is one of control parameter that often runs in industrial process production, required control object is carried out accurate liquid level control, and is related to the quality of product, is the major issue that ensures production effect and safety.Thereby the control of liquid level has important practical significance and application prospect widely.
Control theory has experienced classical control theory, two developing stage of modern control theory, has entered now Nonlinear Intelligent control theory developing period.The problem that solves from control theory and opinion, a lot of great, basic problems as controllability, observability, stability etc., have all been set up fairly perfect theoretical system in tradition control.Use traditional control theory and substantially can satisfy the needs in engineering and various other fields.But along with the development of industry and modern science and technology, in every field, automatic control system is also more and more higher to the requirement of control accuracy, response speed, system stability and adaptive faculty.Since the eighties in last century, the quick update of robot calculator and the high-speed development of computing technique have promoted carrying out in a deep going way of control theory research, and have entered one section new course.Along with developing rapidly of control theory, many advanced persons' control algolithm has appearred.But the various controllers take PID as principle are still basic control unit indispensable in process control.So far, pid control algorithm worldwide is used in the industrial process more than 80%, and the PID control technology has obtained good development, and the researcher has proposed many Control System Design methods and parameter adjustment is theoretical.This is because PID control has simple in structure, easy realization, controls the characteristics such as effective, and the pid algorithm principle is simple and clear, the parameter explicit physical meaning, and the theoretical analysis system is complete, by vast control engineering teacher is familiar with.
Tank level control system is the system take liquid level as controlled parameter, and its every field in industry is related to widely.In industrial processes, having a lot of places to carry out liquid level to control object controls, make liquid level remain on accurately given numerical value, as in building material industry, glass furnace liquid level stable to the serviceable life of kiln and the quality of product playing vital effect.Also have in commercial production, especially also can often run into liquid level control problem in oil, chemical industry and metallurgical production.Therefore, required control object being carried out accurate liquid level control, be related to the realization of controlling target, is the major issue that ensures production effect and safety.
Nineteen thirty-nine, Taylor Instrument Company and Foxboro Instrument Company produce the pneumatic controller that has pid control function fully.People generally believe that PID should be referred to as Based Intelligent Control, because it is based on production operation personnel's control experience.The inventor thinks by observation, and controller should resemble and go to control a skilled operator, reduces until the error that occurs in the elimination system.Control three subject matters that have that face at PID at that time: (1) seeks a kind of straightforward procedure, regulates parameters for three that can calculate the PID controller.(2) judge whether production run is controlled.(3) operation of PID controller does not rely on the mechanical organ of complicated rapid wear.Theoretical research mainly concentrates on the first two problem, nineteen forty-two, gives part and solves.Second Problem is the controllability of system.The 3rd problem is due to the develop rapidly of the industrial revolution, and the PID controller of today uses electronic component and microprocessor substantially, has given the solution of almost Perfect.
The PID controller remains most widely used industrial control unit (ICU) now as the practical the earliest controller history of existing nearly 70 years.Trace it to its cause, be because the PID controller has following principal feature: (1) PID controller is easily understood, and does not need accurate especially system model in use.(2) usability is flexible, only needs to set three parameters and gets final product.Under many circumstances, whole three unit might not be needed, one to two unit wherein can be got.(3) pid parameter is more easily adjusted, and namely pid parameter can in time be adjusted according to the dynamic perfromance of process.If the dynamic perfromance of process changes, for example may be caused by the variation of load that system dynamic characteristic changes, pid parameter just can be adjusted again.And the step input response curve is the PID control most important foundation of effect and standard.It is generally acknowledged that it is the most serious interference that step is disturbed, as long as feedback control system can return to set-point in setting time under this type of disturbs, system meets the demands substantially.
Summary of the invention
The object of the invention is to overcome the shortcoming and defect of above-mentioned prior art, a kind of control method of double volume single loop liquid level control system is provided, the control method of this double volume single loop liquid level control system not only has good control effect, and it is low to control cost, the control effect is fine, has higher practical value.
Purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions: the control method of double volume single loop liquid level control system comprises the following steps:
(a) at first, pressure unit detects the liquid level in lower header, and the signal that detects is sent in controller;
(b) then, controller is according to the detection signal of sending into, and the output regulating command is to electric control valve;
(c) electric control valve is regulated its aperture according to the instruction of controller output, and then regulates the water level height that enters lower header.
Extract water in reserve tank to lower header and upper water box by magnetic drive pump.
The double volume single loop liquid level control system that the present invention is used, mainly consisted of by reserve tank, the upper water box that is arranged on the lower header of reserve tank top and is arranged on the lower header top, interconnect between described reserve tank, lower header, upper water box, also comprise main valve, described reserve tank, lower header and upper water box all are connected with main valve by water pipe.
Be provided with pressure unit on water pipe between described lower header and main valve.
Be provided with controller on water pipe between described pressure unit and main valve, be provided with electric control valve between controller and main valve.
Be provided with magnetic drive pump on water pipe between described reserve tank and main valve.
Be provided with hand valve between described reserve tank and lower header and between lower header and upper water box.
In sum, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: not only have good control effect, and it is low to control cost, controls effect fine, have higher practical value.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but embodiments of the present invention are not limited only to this.
Embodiment:
The control method of the double volume single loop liquid level control system that the present invention relates to comprises the following steps:
(a) at first, pressure unit detects the liquid level in lower header, and the signal that detects is sent in controller;
(b) then, controller is according to the detection signal of sending into, and the output regulating command is to electric control valve;
(c) electric control valve is regulated its aperture according to the instruction of controller output, and then regulates the water level height that enters lower header.
Extract water in reserve tank to lower header and upper water box by magnetic drive pump.
The present invention system used as shown in Figure 1, mainly consisted of by reserve tank 1, the upper water box 3 that is arranged on the lower header 2 of reserve tank 1 top and is arranged on lower header 2 tops, interconnect between described reserve tank 1, lower header 2, upper water box 3, also comprise main valve 9, described reserve tank 1, lower header 2 and upper water box 3 all are connected with main valve 9 by water pipe.
Be provided with pressure unit 5 on water pipe between described lower header 2 and main valve 9.
Be provided with controller 6 on water pipe between described pressure unit 5 and main valve 9, be provided with electric control valve 10 between controller 6 and main valve 9.
Be provided with magnetic drive pump 7 on water pipe between described reserve tank 1 and main valve 9.
Be provided with hand valve 8 between described reserve tank 1 and lower header 2 and between lower header 2 and upper water box 3.
Electric control valve 10 is used for the size of the inflow of adjusting upper water box 3, and pressure unit 5 is for detection of the liquid level in lower header 2, and the output quantity of controller 6 is used for controlling the aperture of electric control valve 10.
The above is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not the present invention is done any pro forma restriction, and every foundation technical spirit of the present invention, any simple modification, equivalent variations that above embodiment is done are within all falling into protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (2)

1. the control method of double volume single loop liquid level control system, is characterized in that, comprises the following steps:
(a) at first, pressure unit (5) detects the liquid level in lower header (2), and the signal that detects is sent in controller (6);
(b) then, controller (6) is according to the detection signal of sending into, and the output regulating command is to electric control valve (10);
(c) electric control valve (10) is regulated its aperture according to the instruction of controller (6) output, and then regulates the water level height that enters lower header (2).
2. the control method of double volume single loop liquid level control system according to claim 1, is characterized in that, extracts water in reserve tank (1) to lower header (2) and upper water box (3) by magnetic drive pump (7).
CN 201110384940 2011-11-14 2011-11-14 Control method of double-holding single-circuit liquid level system Pending CN103105864A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110384940 CN103105864A (en) 2011-11-14 2011-11-14 Control method of double-holding single-circuit liquid level system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110384940 CN103105864A (en) 2011-11-14 2011-11-14 Control method of double-holding single-circuit liquid level system

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CN103105864A true CN103105864A (en) 2013-05-15

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107935188A (en) * 2017-12-09 2018-04-20 安徽星辰规划建筑设计有限公司 A kind of urban landscape wet land system of automatic controlling liquid level height

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107935188A (en) * 2017-12-09 2018-04-20 安徽星辰规划建筑设计有限公司 A kind of urban landscape wet land system of automatic controlling liquid level height
CN107935188B (en) * 2017-12-09 2020-07-28 安徽星辰规划建筑设计有限公司 Urban landscape wetland system capable of automatically controlling liquid level

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Application publication date: 20130515