CN103072489A - Electric automobile battery management system - Google Patents

Electric automobile battery management system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103072489A
CN103072489A CN 201110328380 CN201110328380A CN103072489A CN 103072489 A CN103072489 A CN 103072489A CN 201110328380 CN201110328380 CN 201110328380 CN 201110328380 A CN201110328380 A CN 201110328380A CN 103072489 A CN103072489 A CN 103072489A
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battery
module
system
management
electric
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CN 201110328380
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Chinese (zh)
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樊涛
孟庆欣
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北京基业达电气有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries

Abstract

The invention relates to the filed of a battery management system, in particular to an electric automobile battery management system, which is characterized in that the storage battery management system is formed by a host control module, a human-computer interface module, a battery pack detection module and the like, wherein the host control module is a control center adopting an ARM (Advanced RISC Machines) as a processor; the human-computer interface module is formed by a voice prompt and a liquid crystal display; and the battery pack detection module is formed by a temperature sensor, a voltage sensor, a current sensor and a storage battery detection concentrator, and transmits detection information to the host control center through a CAN (Controller Area Network) bus in real time. The electric automobile battery management system can be used for guarding and managing charging and discharging of a storage battery pack; over-charging and over-discharging; overvoltage and overcurrent; electric leakage and short circuit; and high temperature, faults and the like.

Description

电动汽车电池管理系统 Electric Vehicle Battery Management System

技术领域: FIELD:

[0001]本发明所属领域是电池管理系统,特别是一种电动汽车电池管理系统。 Those skilled in the [0001] present invention is a battery management system, in particular an electric vehicle battery management system.

背景技术: Background technique:

[0002] 电动车是以电力为动力源的交通运输工具,如电动自行车;电动三轮车等,由于这种车辆速度慢,负载轻,标配电机功率小,配备的电池模块也比较单一,通常不需要维护和管理。 [0002] Electric vehicles are powered by electric power source means of transportation, such as electric bicycles; electric tricycles, due to this slow the vehicle, the load is light, the standard motor power, with the battery module is also relatively simple, usually not the need to maintain and manage. 而电动汽车作为新能源汽车,要求电机功率大,动力强,速度快,运行时间长,这需要数个甚至数十个蓄电池组进行串并联的排列组合,来提高蓄电池的能量和存储量。 And electric vehicles as a new energy vehicles, required motor power, strong power, high speed, long operation time, which requires several or even dozens of batteries are arranged in series and parallel combinations, and to increase energy storage battery. 这就需要专用的电池管理系统,来对蓄电池的充电、放电及工作状态进行监护和管理。 This requires a dedicated battery management system to monitor and manage the charging of the battery, and the discharging operation.

发明内容: SUMMARY:

[0003] 针对电动汽车的蓄电池管理问题,本发明提出一种电动汽车电池管理系统,其特征在于,所述的电池管理系统是由:主机控制模块;人机界面模块;电池组检测模块等所组成;其中,所述的主机控制模块是采用ARM为处理器的控制中心;而人机界面模块是由语音提示及液晶显示器所组成;而所述的电池组检测模块是由温度传感器、电压传感器、电流传感器及蓄电池检测集线器所构成,并通过CAN总线实时向主机控制中心传送检测信息。 [0003] For management of the battery of an electric vehicle, an electric vehicle of the present invention provides a battery management system, wherein the battery management system is composed of: host control module; man-machine interface module; battery pack detection modules etc. ; wherein said host control module is the use of the ARM processor, the control center; the man-machine interface module is a liquid crystal display and voice prompts composed; and said battery module is detected by a temperature sensor, a voltage sensor , detecting a battery current sensor and the hub is constituted, and detecting the information transmitted in real time via the CAN bus to the host control center. 本发明的有益效果在于:所述的电动汽车蓄电池管理系统,在电动汽车停运充电或运行中,可对蓄电池组的充电、放电;以及过充、过放;过压、过流;漏电、短路;高温、故障等进行实时监护和管理,保障车辆安全行驶。 Advantageous effects of the present invention is that: the electric vehicle battery management system, an electric vehicle or outage charging operation, the rechargeable battery pack, discharge; and overcharge, over-discharge; overvoltage, overcurrent; drain, short circuit; high temperature, such as real-time monitoring and fault management, support vehicles safe driving. 本发明的主要技术特征在于:通过电池组检测模块中温度传感器、电压传感器、电流传感器及信息采集装置所采集的信息,经CAN检测总线及数据信号转换器传输到控制中心,由控制中心对所获取的信息进行处理,并通过语音提示及液晶实时显示电动汽车电池组的工作状态及安全隐患。 The main technical feature of the present invention is that: information battery pack detection module temperature sensor, a voltage sensor, a current sensor and an information acquisition device collected, transmitted to the control center via the CAN detect bus and a data signal converters, by the control center of their access to information processing, and display the working status of electric vehicle battery packs and security risks in real time via voice prompts and LCD.

附图说明: BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF:

[0004] 图1是本发明电动汽车电池管理系统的结构流程图。 [0004] FIG. 1 is a flowchart showing an electric vehicle battery management system according to the present invention.

[0005] 图2是本发明电动汽车电池管理系统的检测模块示意图。 [0005] FIG. 2 is a schematic view of the detection module of the electric vehicle battery management system of the present invention.

[0006] 图3是本发明电动汽车电池管理系统探测传感器触点示意图。 [0006] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the sensor contacts an electric vehicle according to the present invention a battery management system to detect.

具体实施方式: detailed description:

[0007] 下面结合附图和实施例对本发明作进一步的说明。 Drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be further described [0007] below in conjunction.

[0008] 图1展示了本发明电动汽车电池管理系统A的结构流程图。 [0008] FIG. 1 shows the structure of a flowchart of an electric vehicle battery management system according to the present invention is A. 在该实施例中,所述的电池管理系统A是由主系统模块B ;人机界面模块C ;CAN检测总线;电池组检测 In this embodiment, the battery management system from the main system module A is B; Human Interface Module C; CAN bus is detected; battery pack detection

模块N-1------Nn ;蓄电池检测集线器M-1------Mn所组成;而所述的电池检测集线 Module N-1 ------ Nn; detecting a battery consisting of the hub M-1 ------ Mn; and said detected set cell line

器M-1------Mn分别与电池组模块E-1------En的内部电路相连接;其中,电池组模 Is M-1 ------ Mn ------ internal circuits are connected with the En battery modules E-1; wherein the battery module

块E-1------En链接的个数,可由电动汽车电机标配的额定功率与蓄电池的容量来确 The number of blocks E-1 ------ En link capacity and battery power rating may be standard electric vehicle motor to determine

定;而在所述的主系统模块B中,设置以ARM为处理器的CPU,对来自于电池组检测模块N-1------Nn及漏电流检测模块G所检测的信息进行分类处理,并通过人机界面语音液晶 Set; in the host system module B, arranged to ARM processor CPU, the information from the battery pack detection module N-1 ------ Nn G and the drain current detection module is detected classification processing, and voice through the man-machine interface of the liquid crystal

显示模块C,对蓄电池组的工作状态进行监控或预警。 The display module C, the working status of the battery pack to monitor or alarm.

[0009] 图2示出了本发明电动汽车电池管理系统检测模块示意图。 [0009] FIG. 2 shows a battery management system of an electric vehicle according to the present invention, the detection module FIG. 在该实施例中,所述的电池检测模块是由:蓄电池检测模块N-1 ;蓄电池检测模块N-2 ;蓄电池检测模块N-3 ;蓄电池检测模块N-4 ;蓄电池检测模块N-5 ;蓄电池检测模块N-6及漏电流检测模块G所组成;其中:蓄电池检测模块N-1是由温度传感器W-1,电压传感器V-1,电流传感器1-1所组成;蓄电池检测模块N-2是由温度传感器W-2,电压传感器V-2,电流传感器1-2所组成;蓄电池检测模块N-3是由温度传感器W-3,电压传感器V-3,电流传感器1-3所组成;蓄电池检测模块N-4是由温度传感器W-4,电压传感器V-4,电流传感器1-4所组成;蓄电池检测模块N-5是由温度传感器W-5,电压传感器V-5,电流传感器1-5所组成;蓄电池检测模块N-6是由温度传感器W-6,电压传感器V-6,电流传感器1-6所组成;而所述的漏电流检测模块G是由漏电流传感器Ia所构成。 In this embodiment, the battery module is detected: detecting a battery module N-1; battery detection module N-2; battery detection module N-3; battery detection module N-4; battery detection module N-5; detecting the battery module consisting of N-6 and the drain current detection module G; wherein: the battery module is detected by the N-1 W-1, a voltage sensor V-1, the current sensor of the temperature sensors 1-1; N- battery detection module 2 is a W-2, the voltage sensor V-2, the current sensor temperature sensors 1-2; N-3 of the battery module is detected by the temperature sensor W-3, the voltage sensor V-3, the current sensor consisting of 1-3 ; N-4 of the battery module is detected by the temperature sensor W-4, the voltage sensor V-4, the current sensor consisting of 1-4; N-5 of the battery module is detected by the temperature sensor W-5, a voltage sensor V-5, the current sensor composed of 1-5; N-6 of the battery module is detected by the temperature sensor W-6, a voltage sensor V-6, a current sensor consisting of 1-6; and the leakage current detection module G is a leakage current sensors Ia posed.

[0010] 图2-3示出了本发明电动汽车电池管理系统探测传感器触点示意图。 [0010] FIG 2-3 illustrates an electric vehicle battery management system according to the present invention is a schematic diagram of a sensor detecting contact. 在该实施例中,温度传感器W-1,电压传感器V-1,电流传感器1-1的检测触点a-1,b-1, C-1 ;分别于蓄电池组模块E-1的检测集线器M-1相连接;温度传感器W-2,电压传感器V-2,电流传感器1-2的检测触点a-2,b-2,c-2 ;分别于蓄电池组模块E_2的检测集线器M_2相连接;温度传感器W-3,电压传感器V-3,电流传感器1-3的检测触点a-3,b-3,c-3 ;分别于蓄电池组模块E-3的检测集线器M-3相连接;温度传感器W-4,电压传感器V-4,电流传感器1_4的检测触点a-4,b-4,c-4 ;分别于蓄电池组模块E-4的探测集线器M-4相连接;温度传感器W-5,电压传感器V-5,电流传感器1-5的检测触点a-5,b-5, c-5 ;分别于蓄电池组模块E-5的检测集线器M-5相连接;温度传感器W-6,电压传感器V-6,电流传感器1-6的检测触点a-6,b_6,c-6 ;分别于蓄电池组模块E-6的检测集线器M-6相连接; In this embodiment, the temperature sensor W-1, a voltage sensor V-1, a current sensor for detecting the contact 1-1 a-1, b-1, C-1; respectively battery module E-1 is detected hub M-1 is connected; a temperature sensor W-2, the voltage sensor V-2, a current sensor for detecting the contact 1-2 a-2, b-2, c-2; M_2 hub respectively detecting phase battery module E_2 connection; a temperature sensor W-3, the voltage sensor V-3, a current sensor for detecting the contact 1-3 a-3, b-3, c-3; each module in the battery pack to detect E-3 M-3 with the hub connection; a temperature sensor W-4, the voltage sensor V-4, the current sensor detects the contact 1_4 a-4, b-4, c-4; respectively battery module E-4 M-4 hub probe is connected; temperature sensor W-5, a voltage sensor V-5, a current sensor for detecting the contact 1-5 a-5, b-5, c-5; each module in the battery pack to detect E-5 M-5 is connected to the hub; temperature sensor W-6, a voltage sensor V-6, a current sensor for detecting the contact 1-6 a-6, b_6, c-6; respectively battery module E-6 M-6 detected hub is connected;

[0011] 综合上述实施例,本发明的目的已经非常明确,即采用ARM微处理器控制技术,通过人机界面的交互, 对电动汽车蓄电池的工作状态进行监控和管理。 [0011] The above embodiments, an object of the present invention have very clear, i.e. using ARM microprocessor control technology, the operating state of the electric vehicle battery monitoring and management through an interactive man-machine interface. 上述实施例仅仅是实现本发明的最佳方式,所以附图和说明部分仅仅是解释性的,不应对本发明产生限制。 The above-described embodiments are only the best mode embodiment of the present invention is implemented, the drawings and description are illustrative only partially, the present invention should not be a limitation. 本发明的保护范围如权利要求所述,而且不限于上面的说明和阐述,凡是在权利要求范围内对以上实施例所作的任何修改、等同变换或变形等都属于本发明权利要求所保护的范围。 Scope of the invention as claimed in the claim, and is not limited to the above described and illustrated, any modification made to any of the above embodiments within the scope of the claims, or equivalents deformation transform scope of the claims belong to the present invention as claimed .

Claims (3)

  1. 1.一种电动汽车电池管理系统(A),其特征在于,所述的电池管理系统(A)是由主系统模块(B);人机界面模块(C);电路检测总线(CAN);电池组检测模块(N-1)——(Nn);蓄电池检测集线器(M-1)------(Mn)所组成;而所述的蓄电池检测集线器(M-1)------(Mn)分别与电池组模块(E-1)------(En)的内部电路相连接;其中,电池组模块(E-1)------(En)链接的个数,可由电动汽车电机标配的额定功率与蓄电池的容量来确定;而在所述的主系统模块(B)中,设置以(ARM)为处理器的(CPU),对来自于电池组检测模块(N-1)------(Nn)及电流检测模块(F)和漏电流检测模块(G),所测试到的信息进行分类处理,并通过语音液晶显示模块(C),对蓄电池组的工作状态进行监控或预警。 An electric vehicle battery management system (A), characterized in that the battery management system (A) comprising a main system module (B); man-machine interface module (C); circuit for detecting a bus (the CAN); the battery pack detection module (N-1) - (Nn); battery testing hub (M-1) ------ (Mn) of the composition; and said battery testing hub (M-1) --- --- (Mn), respectively ------ (En) is connected to the internal circuit of the battery module (E-1); wherein the battery module (E-1) ------ (En) the number of links, the battery capacity and power rating may be standard electric vehicle motor is determined; in said main system module (B), set to (ARM) processor of (CPU), of from the battery pack detection module (N-1) ------ (Nn) and the current detection module (F) and the leakage current detection module (G), the test information to the sorting process, and the liquid crystal display module by voice ( C), the working group to monitor the status of the battery or warning.
  2. 2.按权利要求1所述的电动汽车电池管理系统(A),其特征在于,所述的电池组检测模块是由:蓄电池检测模块(N-1);蓄电池检测模块(N-2);蓄电池检测模块(N-3);蓄电池检测模块(N-4);蓄电池检测模块(N-5);蓄电池检测模块(N-6)及漏电流检测模块(G)所组成;其中:蓄电池检测模块(N-1)是由温度传感器(W-1),电压传感器(V-1),电流传感器(1-1)所组成;蓄电池检测模块(N-2)是由温度传感器(W-2),电压传感器(V-2),电流传感器(1-2)所组成;蓄电池检测模块(N-3)是由温度传感器(W-3),电压传感器(V-3),电流传感器(1-3)所组成;蓄电池·检·测模块(N-4)是由温度传感器(W-4),电压传感器(V-4),电流传感器(1-4)所组成;蓄电池检测模块(N-5)是由温度传感器(W-5),电压传感器(V-5),电流传感器(1-5)所组成;蓄电池检测模块(N-6)是由温度传感器(W-6),电压 Electric vehicle battery management system (A) 2. according to claim 1, wherein the battery module is detected: detecting a battery module (N-1); detecting the battery module (N-2); battery detection module (N-3); battery detection module (N-4); battery detection module (N-5); battery detection module (N-6) and the drain current detection module (G) consisting of; wherein: battery testing module (N-1) is a temperature sensor (W-1), a voltage sensor (V-1), a current sensor (1-1) is composed; battery detection module (N-2) is a temperature sensor (W-2 ), a voltage sensor (V-2), a current sensor (1-2) is composed; battery detection module (N-3) is a temperature sensor (W-3), a voltage sensor (V-3), a current sensor (1 -3) composed; · detecting sensing module, batteries (N-4) is a temperature sensor (W-4), a voltage sensor (V-4), a current sensor (1-4) is composed; battery detection module (N -5) is a temperature sensor (W-5), a voltage sensor (V-5), a current sensor (1-5) is composed; battery detection module (N-6) is a temperature sensor (W-6), the voltage 感器(V-6),电流传感器(1-6)所组成; Sensor (V-6), current sensors (1-6) consisting of;
  3. 3.按权利要求1-2所述的电动汽车电池管理系统(A),其特征在于,所述的温度传感器(W-1),电压传感器(V-1),电流传感器(1-1)的检测触点(a-1),(b-1,(C-1)分别于蓄电池组模块(E-1)的检测集线器(M-1)相连接;温度传感器(W-2),电压传感器(V-2),电流传感器(1-2)的检测触点(a-2),(b-2),(c-2)分别于蓄电池组模块(E-2)的检测集线器(M-2)相连接;温度传感器(W-3),电压传感器(V-3),电流传感器(1-3)的检测触点(a-3),(b-3),(c-3)分别于蓄电池组模块(E-3)的检测集线器(M-3)相连接;温度传感器(W-4),电压传感器(V-4),电流传感器(1-4)的检测触点(a-4),(b-4),(c-4)分别于蓄电池组模块(E-4)的探测集线器(M-4)相连接;温度传感器(W-5),电压传感器(V-5),电流传感器(1-5)的检测触点(a-5),(b-5),(c-5)分别于蓄电池组模块(E-5)的检测集线器(M-5)相连 Electric vehicle battery management system (A) 3. according to claim 1-2, characterized in that said temperature sensor (W-1), a voltage sensor (V-1), a current sensor (1-1) a detection contact (a-1), (b-1, (C-1), respectively, in the battery pack module (E-1) detecting the hub (M-1) is connected; a temperature sensor (W-2), the voltage a sensor (V-2), a current sensor (1-2) for detecting the contact (a-2), (b-2), (c-2), respectively, in the battery pack module (E-2) detection of the hub (M -2) is connected; a temperature sensor (W-3), a voltage sensor (V-3), a current sensor (1-3) for detecting the contact (a-3), (b-3), (c-3) respectively, in the battery pack module (E-3) detection of the hub (M-3) is connected; a temperature sensor (W-4), a voltage sensor (V-4), a current sensor (1-4) for detecting contact (a -4), (b-4), (c-4), respectively in the battery pack module (E-4) detecting the hub (M-4) is connected; a temperature sensor (W-5), a voltage sensor (V-5 ), a current sensor (1-5) for detecting the contact (a-5), (b-5), (c-5) are connected to a battery pack module (E-5) detection of the hub (M-5) 接;温度传感器(W-6),电压传感器(V-6),电流传感器(1-6)的检测触点(a-6),(b_6),(c-6)分别于蓄电池组模块(E-6)的检测集线器(M-6)相连接;而所述的漏电流检测模块(G)是由安装在直流回路上的漏电流传感器(Ia),实时检测并采集各支路电流传感器的信息,通过(CAN)总线传输到主系统模块(B)中,并通过语音和液晶显示模块(C),实现人机界面互动和预警。 Bonding; a temperature sensor (W-6), a voltage sensor (V-6), a current sensor (1-6) for detecting the contact (a-6), (b_6), (c-6), respectively, in the battery pack module ( E-6) to detect the hub (M-6) is connected; and the leakage current detection module (G) is the leakage current sensor (Ia) is mounted on the DC link, and collect real-time detection of each branch current sensors the information transmitted through (CAN) bus to the master module (B), and a display module (C), implemented by the man-machine interface interaction and the warning voice and the liquid crystal.
CN 201110328380 2011-10-26 2011-10-26 Electric automobile battery management system CN103072489A (en)

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