CN102974762A - Vacuum evanescent die casting process - Google Patents

Vacuum evanescent die casting process Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102974762A
CN102974762A CN2012105642373A CN201210564237A CN102974762A CN 102974762 A CN102974762 A CN 102974762A CN 2012105642373 A CN2012105642373 A CN 2012105642373A CN 201210564237 A CN201210564237 A CN 201210564237A CN 102974762 A CN102974762 A CN 102974762A
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Prior art keywords
sand
bead
eps
casting
coating
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CN2012105642373A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵吉
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昌图县吉派机械铸造有限责任公司
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Priority to CN2012105642373A priority Critical patent/CN102974762A/en
Publication of CN102974762A publication Critical patent/CN102974762A/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses an evanescent die process. The evanescent die process is characterized by comprising the following steps of: selecting foaming plastic beads, manufacturing a model; enabling the beads to expand to be in a certain size through hot water pre-frothing, steam pre-frothing and vacuum pre-frothing, curing and frothing forming; clustering model composition, coating a model; vibrating and shaping; pouring and displacing; and cooling and cleaning, wherein the full mold casting ramoff is simple, a casting piece can be hoisted out when a sand box is inclined or can be directed hoisted out form the sand box, the casting piece and dried sand are naturally separated, and the separated dried sand is reused after treatment. According to the process, a die is not required to be taken out, and a parting plane and a sand core are not required, and thus the casting piece has no flash, no burrs and no pattern tapers, and the dimension error caused by core combination is reduced; and compared with the conventional sand casting method, for the evanescent die process, the 40%-50% machining time is reduced.

Description

Technique of founding casing with vacuum

Technical field

The present invention relates to the casting technique of a kind of casting technique, particularly a kind of lost foam.

Background technology

Tradition sand casting flow process, to pass through modeling, manufacturing core box, arbor preparation, sprue gate preparation, join a series of technical process such as sand preparation, core sand preparation, sandbox preparation, coating preparation, coremaking moulding, mould assembling, cast, sand removal, polishing cast gate, chipping overlap, just can go out foundry goods.This processing step more complicated because the core combination can cause error in the technique, also will be processed burr and overlap after getting core, has increased the program of mechanical treatment, and the waste product that occurs now and then, and in addition, sand removal, polishing cause the pollution of environment more.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of defective that prior art exists of can overcoming, can simplify technique, raise the efficiency the technique of founding casing with vacuum with quality.

For realizing purpose of the present invention, the technical scheme of taking is: technique of founding casing with vacuum, and its processing step is characterised in that:

(1) bubble is moulded selecting of bead

Select the expandable polystyrene resin bead, be called for short EPS, bead characteristics: translucent bead, prefoam multiple 40 ~ 60, particle diameter is 0.18 ~ 0.80 millimeter, the particle diameter of the original bead of selecting be less than or equal to foundry goods minimum wall thickness (MINI W.) 1/9 ~ 1/10;

(2) modelling

Prefoam: method has three kinds: hot water prefoam, steam pre-foaming and vacuum pre expansion;

Slaking: be placed in the feed bin of drying, ventilation through the EPS of prefoam bead, remove the moisture of surface of beads, the curing time was at 8 ~ 48 hours;

Foaming: the EPS bead of prefoam and slaking is filled in the die cavity of metal die and heats, bead is reexpanded, fill up the space between bead, and make between bead and mutually merge, form smooth surface, i.e. model;

(3) model group composite variety

To process voluntarily or the bubble moulding model of outsourcing and the combination of dead head model are bonded together, formation model bunch, this combination is carried out before coating sometimes, carries out when sometimes burying the case moulding after the coating preparation;

(4) mould coatings

Cavityless casting bubble moulding model surface need be coated with the certain thickness coating of one deck, form the casting mold inner casing, paint specially for disappearing cast mold, add water and stir in mould wash mixer, make it obtain suitable viscosity, the coating after the stirring is put into container, with the method for soaking, brush, drenching and spraying model group is applied twice, making coating layer thickness is 0.5 ~ 2mm, selected according to varying in size of foundry goods alloy species, planform and size, and coating is 40 ~ 50 ℃ of lower oven dry;

(5) vibration molding

Comprise following operation: the casting bed preparation and---place EPS model---back-up sand---sealing typing

The casting bed preparation: will be placed on the shake table with the sandbox of aspirating chamber, and chucking, bed load is put in the bottom, and casting bed thickness is more than 50 ~ 100mm, and vibration ramming, molding sand are that binder free, nothing are dosed thing, water-free dried quartz sand;

Place the EPS model: behind the jolt ramming molding sand, place the EPS model group, and training sand is fixed;

Back-up sand: add dry sand, several sand methods that add impose vibration X, Y, three directions of Z simultaneously, the time

Between be 30 ~ 60 seconds;

The sealing typing: the sandbox surface seals with plastic sheeting, will be pumped into certain vacuum in the sandbox with vavuum pump, leans on the difference of atmospheric pressure and casting mold internal pressure with sand grains " bonding " together, keeps the casting-up process and does not collapse loose;

(6) cast displacement

The EPS model general about 80 ℃ softening, decompose in the time of 420 ~ 480 ℃, catabolite has gas, liquid and solid three parts, during the cavityless casting cast, under the heat effect of liquid metals, EPS model generation pyrolytic gasification, produce a large amount of gases, constantly by the coating molding sand, outwards discharging forms certain air pressure in casting mold, model and metal gap, liquid metals constantly occupies the EPS modal position, push ahead, the replacement process of liquid metals and EPS model occurs, the final formation foundry goods of displacement;

(7) cooling cleaning

After the cooling, sandbox tilted to hang out foundry goods or directly from sandbox, hang out foundry goods all can, foundry goods and dry sand natural separation.

The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: lost foam casting is the new technology of a kind of Near net shape, precise forming, this technique need not delivery, without die joint, without core, thereby foundry goods does not have overlap, burr and pattern draft, and reduced owing to core makes up the scale error that causes, compare with traditional sand mould casting method, can reduce between 40% to 50% machining; Casting accuracy is high, can cast out by the combination of foamed plastics matrix the foundry goods of high complexity; Without the core in the conventional cast, therefore can not occur in traditional sand casting because of the inaccurate casting section thickness inequality that causes in the inaccurate or lower core position of core size; In the cleaner production molding sand without Chemical Felter, foamed plastics environmental sound under the low temperature, the old sand rate of recovery is more than 95%; Reduce investment and production cost, the weight that alleviates spray, machine-finish allowance is little, therefore, Technology of EPC meets the general trend of cast growth, and widely development prospect is arranged.

The present invention will be further described below in conjunction with embodiment.

The specific embodiment

Process using vacuum expendable pattern casting of the present invention, its step is as follows:

(1) bubble is moulded selecting of bead

The foam beads of lost foam casting special use has three kinds.

Select expandable polystyrene resin bead (being called for short EPS);

The bead characteristics: translucent bead, prefoam multiple 40 ~ 60, particle diameter is 0.18 ~ 0.80 millimeter, the particle diameter of the original bead of generally selecting be less than or equal to foundry goods minimum wall thickness (MINI W.) 1/9 ~ 1/10.

(2) modelling

1. prefoam

The EPS bead will carry out first prefoam, so that bead expand into certain size before adding mould.

The prefoam process has determined density, dimensional stability and the precision of model, is one of key link.Be applicable to the method that the EPS bead gives foaming and have three kinds: hot water prefoam, steam pre-foaming and vacuum pre expansion.The bead frothing percentage of vacuum pre expansion is high, and bead is dry, uses more.

2. slaking

Be placed on certain hour in the feed bin of drying, ventilation through the EPS of prefoam bead.In order to make bead

Extraneous pressure balance in the abscess makes bead have elasticity and swelliong power again, removes the moisture of surface of beads.Curing time was at 8 ~ 48 hours.

3. foaming

The EPS bead of prefoam and slaking is filled in the die cavity of metal die, and heating makes bead again

The space between bead is filled up in inferior expansion, and makes mutually fusion between bead, forms smooth surface, i.e. model.Must cool off before the depanning, model is cooled to below the softening temperature, after the model sclerosis setting, could depanning.The time that model drying and dimensionally stable also should be arranged after the depanning.Equipment has two kinds of the forming machines of digester (-tor) and automatic forming.

(3) model group composite variety

To process voluntarily or the bubble moulding model of outsourcing and the combination of dead head model are bonded together, formation model bunch, this combination is carried out before coating sometimes, carries out when sometimes burying the case moulding after the coating preparation.It is the indispensable procedure of evaporative pattern cavityless casting.

The binding material that uses at present: rubber latex, resin solvent and PUR and adhesive tape.

(4) mould coatings

Cavityless casting bubble moulding model surface must be coated with the certain thickness coating of one deck, forms the casting mold inner casing.Its

The effect of coating is in order to improve the strength and stiffness of EPS model, improves the anti-molding sand scouring capability of model surface, and the dimensional accuracy of foundry goods is guaranteed in the distortion of model when preventing from adding model surface breakage and vibration molding and negative pressure shaping in the sand process.The paint specially for disappearing cast mold of outsourcing adds water and stirs in mould wash mixer, make it obtain suitable viscosity.Coating after the stirring is put into container, with the method for soaking, brush, drenching and spraying model group is applied.Generally be coated with twice, making coating layer thickness is 0.5 ~ 2mm.Different selected according to foundry goods alloy species, planform and size.Coating is 40 ~ 50 ℃ of lower oven dry.

(5) vibration molding

Its operation comprises following operation: the casting bed preparation---is placed EPS model---back-up sand---sealing

Typing

1. casting bed preparation

To be placed on the shake table with the sandbox of aspirating chamber, and chucking.Certain thickness bed load is put in the bottom

(general casting bed thickness is more than 50 ~ 100mm), vibration ramming.Molding sand is that binder free, nothing are dosed thing, water-free dried quartz sand.The ferrous metal temperature is high, can select thicker sand, and aluminium alloy adopts than fine sand.Molding sand is wanted Reusability after treatment.Sandbox is the single face opening, be provided with the sandbox of aspirating chamber or exhaust tube, lifting or walking mechanism.

2. place the EPS model

After the jolt ramming, place the EPS model group according to technological requirement on it, and training sand is fixed.

3. back-up sand

Add dry sand (several sand method that adds), impose simultaneously vibration (X, Y, three directions of Z), the time

Between be generally 30 ~ 60 seconds, make molding sand be full of each position of model, and the bulk density of molding sand increased.

4. sealing typing

The sandbox surface seals with plastic sheeting, will be pumped into certain vacuum in the sandbox with vavuum pump, by atmospheric pressure

The difference of power and casting mold internal pressure is kept the casting-up process and is not collapsed loosely with sand grains " bonding " together, is referred to as " negative pressure shaping.Comparatively commonly used.

(6) cast displacement

The EPS model general about 80 ℃ softening, decompose in the time of 420 ~ 480 ℃.Catabolite has gas, liquid

Body and solid three parts.Heat decomposition temperature is different, and three's content is different.During the cavityless casting cast, under the heat effect of liquid metals, EPS model generation pyrolytic gasification, produce a large amount of gases, constantly by the coating molding sand, outwards discharging, in casting mold, model and metal gap, form certain air pressure, liquid metals constantly occupies the EPS modal position, pushes ahead, and the replacement process of liquid metals and EPS model occurs.The final result of displacement is to form foundry goods.It is---soon---slow that the pouring operation process adopts slow.And the maintenance continuous pouring, prevent the casting process cutout.Water rear casting mold vacuum and keep termination of pumping after 3 ~ 5 minutes.Pouring temperature is higher 30 ~ 50 ℃ than the temperature of sand casting.

(7) cooling cleaning

After the cooling, the cavityless casting knockout is the simplest, sandbox is tilted to hang out foundry goods or directly from sandbox, hang out foundry goods all can, foundry goods and dry sand natural separation.Isolated dry sand is reused after processing.

Claims (1)

1. technique of founding casing with vacuum, its processing step is characterised in that:
(1) bubble is moulded selecting of bead
Select the expandable polystyrene resin bead, be called for short EPS, bead characteristics: translucent bead, prefoam multiple 40 ~ 60, particle diameter is 0.18 ~ 0.80 millimeter, the particle diameter of the original bead of selecting be less than or equal to foundry goods minimum wall thickness (MINI W.) 1/9 ~ 1/10;
(2) modelling
Prefoam: method has three kinds: hot water prefoam, steam pre-foaming and vacuum pre expansion;
Slaking: be placed in the feed bin of drying, ventilation through the EPS of prefoam bead, remove the moisture of surface of beads, the curing time was at 8 ~ 48 hours;
Foaming: the EPS bead of prefoam and slaking is filled in the die cavity of metal die and heats, bead is reexpanded, fill up the space between bead, and make between bead and mutually merge, form smooth surface, i.e. model;
(3) model group composite variety
To process voluntarily or the bubble moulding model of outsourcing and the combination of dead head model are bonded together, formation model bunch, this combination is carried out before coating sometimes, carries out when sometimes burying the case moulding after the coating preparation;
(4) mould coatings
Cavityless casting bubble moulding model surface need be coated with the certain thickness coating of one deck, form the casting mold inner casing, paint specially for disappearing cast mold, add water and stir in mould wash mixer, make it obtain suitable viscosity, the coating after the stirring is put into container, with the method for soaking, brush, drenching and spraying model group is applied twice, making coating layer thickness is 0.5 ~ 2mm, selected according to varying in size of foundry goods alloy species, planform and size, and coating is 40 ~ 50 ℃ of lower oven dry;
(5) vibration molding
Comprise following operation: the casting bed preparation and---place EPS model---back-up sand---sealing typing
The casting bed preparation: will be placed on the shake table with the sandbox of aspirating chamber, and chucking, bed load is put in the bottom, and casting bed thickness is more than 50 ~ 100mm, and vibration ramming, molding sand are that binder free, nothing are dosed thing, water-free dried quartz sand;
Place the EPS model: behind the jolt ramming molding sand, place the EPS model group, and training sand is fixed;
Back-up sand: add dry sand, several sand methods that add impose vibration X, Y, three directions of Z simultaneously, the time
Between be 30 ~ 60 seconds;
The sealing typing: the sandbox surface seals with plastic sheeting, will be pumped into certain vacuum in the sandbox with vavuum pump, leans on the difference of atmospheric pressure and casting mold internal pressure with sand grains " bonding " together, keeps the casting-up process and does not collapse loose;
(6) cast displacement
The EPS model general about 80 ℃ softening, decompose in the time of 420 ~ 480 ℃, catabolite has gas, liquid and solid three parts, during the cavityless casting cast, under the heat effect of liquid metals, EPS model generation pyrolytic gasification, produce a large amount of gases, constantly by the coating molding sand, outwards discharging forms certain air pressure in casting mold, model and metal gap, liquid metals constantly occupies the EPS modal position, push ahead, the replacement process of liquid metals and EPS model occurs, the final formation foundry goods of displacement;
(7) cooling cleaning
After the cooling, sandbox tilted to hang out foundry goods or directly from sandbox, hang out foundry goods all can, foundry goods and dry sand natural separation.
CN2012105642373A 2012-12-24 2012-12-24 Vacuum evanescent die casting process CN102974762A (en)

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CN103447463A (en) * 2013-08-19 2013-12-18 山西华恩机械制造有限公司 Method for improving finished product rate of evaporated pattern casting of holes and inner cavities
CN103658531A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-03-26 铜陵市经纬流体科技有限公司 Precoated sand mold manufacturing technology process
CN104084541A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-10-08 北京工业大学 Method for manufacturing casting by virtue of suspension casting
CN104139159A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-11-12 安徽省含山县皖中减速机械有限公司 Casting process of pin wheel housing of speed reducer
CN104190868A (en) * 2014-09-25 2014-12-10 无锡康柏斯机械科技有限公司 Lost foam casting process
CN104259386A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-07 无锡康柏斯机械科技有限公司 Low alloy steel casting process
CN104384450A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-03-04 马丁·威廉·贝茨 Method for implanting tungsten carbide in specific area of mould
CN104439075A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-25 柳州市正龙机械制造有限公司 Evanescent mode casting technology
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CN103447463A (en) * 2013-08-19 2013-12-18 山西华恩机械制造有限公司 Method for improving finished product rate of evaporated pattern casting of holes and inner cavities
CN103658531A (en) * 2013-11-04 2014-03-26 铜陵市经纬流体科技有限公司 Precoated sand mold manufacturing technology process
CN104084541A (en) * 2014-07-07 2014-10-08 北京工业大学 Method for manufacturing casting by virtue of suspension casting
CN104084541B (en) * 2014-07-07 2016-04-13 北京工业大学 Suspending Cast is adopted to manufacture method for casting
CN104139159A (en) * 2014-07-25 2014-11-12 安徽省含山县皖中减速机械有限公司 Casting process of pin wheel housing of speed reducer
CN104190868A (en) * 2014-09-25 2014-12-10 无锡康柏斯机械科技有限公司 Lost foam casting process
CN104259386A (en) * 2014-09-25 2015-01-07 无锡康柏斯机械科技有限公司 Low alloy steel casting process
CN104439075A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-25 柳州市正龙机械制造有限公司 Evanescent mode casting technology
CN104493080A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-04-08 柳州市正龙机械制造有限公司 Technology for preparing model by lost foam casting
CN104384450A (en) * 2014-12-03 2015-03-04 马丁·威廉·贝茨 Method for implanting tungsten carbide in specific area of mould
CN104874733A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-09-02 柳州科尔特锻造机械有限公司 Lost foam casting process
CN104985119A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-10-21 上柴动力海安有限公司 Lost foam casting process for engine cylinder block and head
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CN104874738A (en) * 2015-06-18 2015-09-02 山西威龙铁路机车制动配件制造有限公司 Guide nut tooth lost foam casting method
CN105156769A (en) * 2015-07-14 2015-12-16 山东远大锅炉配件制造有限公司 Thermometal abrasion-resistant composite pipe
CN105202208A (en) * 2015-09-23 2015-12-30 埃镁特(天津)流体控制设备有限公司 Inorganic-machining vacuum evanescent mode valve casting technology
CN105364005A (en) * 2015-12-08 2016-03-02 中国南方电网有限责任公司超高压输电公司广州局 Process for quickly manufacturing electric power fittings based on 3D printing technology
CN105436408A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-03-30 六安万邦机械科技有限公司 Lost foam mold model forming and adhesion manufacturing method
CN105499501A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-20 六安万邦机械科技有限公司 Preparation method for expendable mold patterns
CN105499500A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-20 六安万邦机械科技有限公司 Pouring method for expendable mold patterns
CN105537520A (en) * 2016-01-19 2016-05-04 安徽涌畅铸件有限公司 Production technology for casting lost foam
CN105562600A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-05-11 常州市常协柴油机机体有限公司 White mold production process of evanescent mode
CN105665638A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-06-15 常州市常协柴油机机体有限公司 Manufacturing process for cylinder block of single cylinder diesel
CN105618680A (en) * 2016-01-22 2016-06-01 常州市常协柴油机机体有限公司 Full mold casting technique for diesel engine cylinder body
CN107570664A (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-01-12 第拖拉机股份有限公司 A kind of method that large scale disc-like ironcasting is produced using lost foam casting
CN106734879A (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-05-31 重庆理工大学 A kind of lost foam casting moulding process of waste incineration reciprocating grate bar
CN106734879B (en) * 2016-12-12 2018-12-04 重庆理工大学 A kind of lost foam casting moulding process of waste incineration reciprocating grate bar
CN107377878A (en) * 2017-08-04 2017-11-24 国网山东省电力公司临沂供电公司 A kind of evaporative pattern ammeter housing
CN107737463A (en) * 2017-10-11 2018-02-27 沧州渤洋管道集团有限公司 One kind flash distillation buffer unit
CN108262446A (en) * 2018-04-10 2018-07-10 马鞍山市麦立机械制造有限公司 A kind of production technology of the guiding frame based on cavityless casting
CN108907079A (en) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-30 江苏辰龙阀门制造有限公司 A kind of production method of evaporative pattern
CN109014050A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-18 山西山佳阀门制造有限公司 Band orifice casting method
CN109175248A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-01-11 山东浩顺机械有限公司 The casting method of balance shaft housing
CN109676089A (en) * 2019-01-24 2019-04-26 安徽省安工机械制造有限公司 A kind of production method of heavy truck track bar bracket
CN110303115A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-10-08 徐州国隆电力配件铸造有限公司 A kind of casting pattern process for the steel ball that wearability is strong
CN110315029A (en) * 2019-06-16 2019-10-11 李树春 A kind of casting technique using evaporative pattern technology
CN110976758A (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-04-10 安徽索立德铸业有限公司 Lost foam full mold casting process

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Application publication date: 20130320