CN102957346A - Seaborne floating type solar photovoltaic power generation device - Google Patents

Seaborne floating type solar photovoltaic power generation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102957346A
CN102957346A CN2012104924550A CN201210492455A CN102957346A CN 102957346 A CN102957346 A CN 102957346A CN 2012104924550 A CN2012104924550 A CN 2012104924550A CN 201210492455 A CN201210492455 A CN 201210492455A CN 102957346 A CN102957346 A CN 102957346A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
framework
type solar
power generation
energy source
floater
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Pending
Application number
CN2012104924550A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张耀明
陆玉正
张赟
戴薇薇
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Southeast University
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Southeast University
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Publication date
Application filed by Southeast University filed Critical Southeast University
Priority to CN2012104924550A priority Critical patent/CN102957346A/en
Publication of CN102957346A publication Critical patent/CN102957346A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The invention discloses a seaborne floating type solar photovoltaic power generation device, comprising an energy source device, a floater device, a fixing device and wave screening devices, wherein the energy source device is used for providing electric power; the floater body floats on the sea and is used for providing a power generation platform for the energy source device; the fixing device is used for fixing the floater device on the sea; and the wave screening devices are distributed at the periphery of the floater device and used for resisting stormy waves. The energy source device comprises a photovoltaic battery component; the floater device comprises a closed framework (1) and a floater (2) arranged on the framework (1) and used for enabling the framework to float. The seaborne floating type solar photovoltaic power generation device realizes seaborne photovoltaic power generation, so that the land resource is effectively saved.

Description

Floating marine type solar energy photovoltaic generator
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of solar energy marine use device, particularly photovoltaic generating system, belong to the energy utilization technology field.
Background technology
Solar energy more and more is subject to people's favor as a kind of cleaning, pollution-free, the regenerative resource that is easy to get.Solar photovoltaic generation system have noiselessness, pollution-free, the construction period short, the advantage such as safe and reliable, is used widely in recent years, and is significant to alleviating energy shortage and environmental contamination reduction.
Solar energy power generating is according to photovoltaic effect, utilizes solar cell that solar energy is converted to electric energy.Solar photovoltaic generation system mainly is comprised of solar cell board component, controller and inverter, can be divided into according to the relation of system and electrical network and being incorporated into the power networks and from the net photovoltaic generating system.Although solar energy power generating has plurality of advantages, itself also has some shortcomings, and is very large etc. such as the higher and solar module floor space of disposable input cost.Along with increasing substantially of world population, the problems such as land resource shortage are day by day serious.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem: the object of the invention is to overcome the disadvantages associated of above-mentioned existing solar photovoltaic generation system, provide a kind of can be so that the device that solar photovoltaic generation system is at sea used-floating marine type solar energy photovoltaic generator.
Technical scheme: for solving the problems of the technologies described above, the invention provides a kind of floating marine type solar energy photovoltaic generator, this device comprises
Energy source device is used for providing electric power, has photovoltaic cell component to consist of;
Buoyant means floats on the sea, is used for providing the platform of generating to energy source device;
Fixture is used for buoyant means is fixed on the sea;
Keep off unrestrained arranging device, be distributed in around the buoyant means, be used for resisting stormy waves.
This device also comprises and is arranged on equally distributed lightning protection device in the photovoltaic cell component.
Wherein, buoyant means comprise sealing framework, be arranged on the framework and be used for making the floating float of framework; Fixture comprises drill rod or the anchor that is fixed in the marine site, and an end is connected with framework, the anchor line that the other end is connected with drill rod, sinker, and an end of this sinker links to each other with anchor line by rope; Lightning protection device comprises lightning rod, is distributed in the photovoltaic cell component.
Beneficial effect:
1) this device has been realized marine solar energy power generating, has effectively saved land resource.
2) this device utilizes old iron oil drum and framework to make up the marine float device, and is simple in structure, input cost is low, feasibility is high.
3) solved off-lying sea island powerup issue, such as Diaoyu Island, South China Sea Islands small island etc.
4) this device has designed the unrestrained arranging device of gear, can guarantee that generation platform is firm, avoids Lidar Equation.
5) this device is easy to move, and is conducive to electric power resource and distributes.
6) this device is designed with lightning protection device, avoids effects of lightning.
7) this device is modularized design, is conducive to improve the reliability of system and is convenient to system maintenance.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is buoyancy aid framework and fixture schematic diagram.
Have among the figure: buoyancy aid framework 1, float 2, drill rod or anchor 3, anchor line 4, sinker 5.
Fig. 2 is old iron oil drum and frame installation schematic diagram.
Have among the figure: buoyancy aid framework 1, old iron oil drum connector 6, old iron oil drum 7.
Fig. 3 a is old iron oil drum and old iron oil drum jockey schematic diagram.
Fig. 3 b is old iron oil drum and old iron oil drum jockey schematic diagram.
Have among the figure: old iron oil drum 7, tight loop 8, fastening bolt 9, connecting bolt 10.Tight loop 8 is used for connecting a kind of connector of two Geju City iron oil drums 7, uses fastening bolt 9 to be fixed in the corresponding position of old iron oil drum 7, re-uses connecting bolt 10 two Geju City iron oil drums 7 are finished firmly connection.Wherein, Fig. 3 b is the vertical view of Fig. 3 a.
Fig. 4 is the photovoltaic cell scheme of installation.
Have among the figure: the float that buoyancy aid 11, photovoltaic cell component 12, buoyancy aid are comprised of old iron oil drum unit and framework consist of.
Fig. 5 is the lightning arrester scheme of installation.
Have among the figure: buoyancy aid 11, photovoltaic cell component 12, lightning rod 13.
Fig. 6 is gear wave row cell schematics.
Have among the figure: buoyancy aid 11, gear wave stake assembly 14.
Fig. 7 is floating marine type solar energy photovoltaic generator schematic diagram.
Have among the figure: drill rod or anchor 3, anchor line 4, sinker 5, buoyancy aid 11, photovoltaic cell component 12, lightning rod 13, gear wave stake assembly 14.
The floating marine type solar energy photovoltaic generator that is formed by above each modular unit.Connection by elemental floating body is expanded, and consists of the marine power generation basic platform, sets up gear wave row around it, and part is set up photovoltaic generating system therebetween, simultaneously lightning arrester need to be installed reasonably in photovoltaic generating system.By anchor or drill rod whole system is fixed on a certain fixedly marine site again.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention will be further described.
Floating marine type solar energy photovoltaic generator provided by the invention, this device comprises
Energy source device is used for providing electric power;
Buoyant means floats on the sea, is used for providing the platform of generating to energy source device;
Fixture is used for buoyant means is fixed on the sea;
Keep off unrestrained arranging device, be distributed in around the buoyant means, be used for resisting stormy waves.
This device also comprises and is arranged on equally distributed lightning protection device in the photovoltaic cell component.
Energy source device comprises photovoltaic cell component;
Buoyant means comprise sealing framework 1, be arranged on the framework 1 and be used for making the floating float of framework 2;
Fixture comprises that the drill rod or anchor 3, one ends that are fixed in the marine site are connected with framework 1, the anchor line 4 that the other end is connected with drill rod 3, sinker 5, and an end of this sinker 5 links to each other with anchor line 4 by rope.
Lightning protection device comprises lightning rod, is distributed in the photovoltaic cell component.
Marine power generation basic platform and photovoltaic generating system.The marine power generation basic platform mainly by buoyant means, keep off unrestrained arranging device, lightning protection device and fixture and consist of.Buoyancy aid is connected to form by industry old iron oil drum commonly used, and old iron oil drum is the main body of buoyancy aid, adheres to for preventing seawater corrosion and marine growth, these old iron oil drums need to be carried out special surface treatment, such as the Zn-Al coating etc.The connected mode of old iron oil drum can be designed to 10 * 10 upright unit, and the upright cellular installation of old iron oil drum on framework, is fixed, and forms firm offshore platform unit, and scheme of installation as shown in Figure 2.Be the Strength and stability that guarantees to connect between the old iron oil drum, two tight loops are installed on the old iron oil drum, utilize fastening bolt to be fixed.Two through holes of design are used for connecting old iron oil drum on the tight loop, utilize connecting bolt can finish connection between two Geju City iron oil drums, as shown in Figure 3.
Frame structure also is designed to 10 * 10 upright unit, adopts multiple connected mode between the framework, such as bolt connection etc.The material of framework can be chosen as the materials such as steel, but needs through special anticorrosion surface treatment.Frame structure is convenient to safeguard and adjust for becoming modularized design.
Fixture is that the generating basic platform is fixed on the plane, a certain fixedly marine site, and is different according to the geology in seabed, can adopt different fixed forms, be rock such as seabottom geology, can adopt drill rod to fix, if the geology in seabed is silt, then can adopt the anchor fixation.The anchor number can determine that anchor line can adopt cable wire or iron chains etc. according to size and the trend of generation platform.Scheme of installation as shown in Figure 1, anchor line is installed on the framework.
Keep off unrestrained arranging device and be made of buoyancy aid and the stake of gear wave, the stake of gear wave is fixed on the buoyancy aid, and the number of gear wave can design according to the concrete condition of operating area.Gear wave row also is by a plurality of cell formations, be distributed in generation platform around.
Lightning protection device is installed near the photovoltaic cell component, and the specification of lightning rod need to design according to the erecting bed situation.Scheme of installation need to take into full account lightning-arrest zone during design lightning rod specification as shown in Figure 5.
Photovoltaic generating system can adopt conventional photovoltaic generating system, comprises solar-energy photo-voltaic cell group, inverter, controller etc.The installation of photovoltaic generating system can be transplanted to land photovoltaic generating system on the marine power generation basic platform with reference to the installation of land photovoltaic generating system, can reduce R ﹠ D Cost, shorten the R﹠D cycle etc.
The above only is preferred embodiments of the present invention; protection scope of the present invention is not limited with above-mentioned execution mode; as long as the equivalence that those of ordinary skills do according to disclosed content is modified or changed, all should include in the protection range of putting down in writing in claims.

Claims (4)

1. a floating marine type solar energy photovoltaic generator is characterized in that this device comprises
Energy source device is used for providing electric power;
Buoyant means floats on the sea, is used for providing the platform of generating to energy source device;
Fixture is used for buoyant means is fixed on the sea;
Keep off unrestrained arranging device, be distributed in around the buoyant means, be used for resisting stormy waves.
2. floating marine type solar energy photovoltaic generator according to claim 1 is characterized in that, this device also comprises and is arranged on equally distributed lightning protection device in the photovoltaic cell component.
3. floating marine type solar energy photovoltaic generator according to claim 1 is characterized in that,
Energy source device comprises photovoltaic cell component;
Buoyant means comprise sealing framework (1), to be arranged on framework (1) upper and be used for making the floating float of framework (2);
Fixture comprises drill rod or the anchor (3) that is fixed in the marine site, and an end is connected with framework (1), the anchor line (4) that the other end is connected with drill rod (3), sinker (5), and an end of this sinker (5) links to each other with anchor line (4) by rope.
4. floating marine type solar energy photovoltaic generator according to claim 3 is characterized in that lightning protection device comprises lightning rod, is distributed in the photovoltaic cell component.
CN2012104924550A 2012-11-27 2012-11-27 Seaborne floating type solar photovoltaic power generation device Pending CN102957346A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104924550A CN102957346A (en) 2012-11-27 2012-11-27 Seaborne floating type solar photovoltaic power generation device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012104924550A CN102957346A (en) 2012-11-27 2012-11-27 Seaborne floating type solar photovoltaic power generation device

Publications (1)

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CN102957346A true CN102957346A (en) 2013-03-06

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Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104834325A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-08-12 郭其秀 Floating solar power generation single-axis tracking system and control method thereof
CN105763144A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-07-13 彭彦 Water surface photovoltaic power generation floating support apparatus
CN106741698A (en) * 2017-01-09 2017-05-31 中国电建集团中南勘测设计研究院有限公司 It is a kind of to draw anchor system and its floating photovoltaic plant under water
CN107026601A (en) * 2017-02-18 2017-08-08 杜振义 A kind of solar panels generating rack platform being located on the water surface
CN107139734A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-09-08 上海追日电气有限公司 The electric automobile wireless charging energy-storage system that a kind of photovoltaic floating generates electricity
CN110185573A (en) * 2019-05-23 2019-08-30 武汉理工大学 A kind of marine Very large floating structure with joint power supply system
CN111752321A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-10-09 山东科技大学 Multi-power-driven movable sea-air comprehensive observation platform

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60160387A (en) * 1984-01-31 1985-08-21 Shimizu Constr Co Ltd Solar light power generator
CN101143616A (en) * 2006-08-18 2008-03-19 潘戈 Solar energy generating water special-purpose platform
CN102214928A (en) * 2010-04-12 2011-10-12 张鹏 Water photovoltaic grid-connected generating system
CN202168008U (en) * 2011-07-26 2012-03-14 杜荣熠 Modular solar photovoltaic power generation device floating on water surface
CN203039614U (en) * 2012-11-27 2013-07-03 东南大学 Offshore floating type solar photovoltaic generation device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60160387A (en) * 1984-01-31 1985-08-21 Shimizu Constr Co Ltd Solar light power generator
CN101143616A (en) * 2006-08-18 2008-03-19 潘戈 Solar energy generating water special-purpose platform
CN102214928A (en) * 2010-04-12 2011-10-12 张鹏 Water photovoltaic grid-connected generating system
CN202168008U (en) * 2011-07-26 2012-03-14 杜荣熠 Modular solar photovoltaic power generation device floating on water surface
CN203039614U (en) * 2012-11-27 2013-07-03 东南大学 Offshore floating type solar photovoltaic generation device

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104834325A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-08-12 郭其秀 Floating solar power generation single-axis tracking system and control method thereof
CN105763144A (en) * 2016-03-25 2016-07-13 彭彦 Water surface photovoltaic power generation floating support apparatus
CN106741698A (en) * 2017-01-09 2017-05-31 中国电建集团中南勘测设计研究院有限公司 It is a kind of to draw anchor system and its floating photovoltaic plant under water
CN107026601A (en) * 2017-02-18 2017-08-08 杜振义 A kind of solar panels generating rack platform being located on the water surface
CN107139734A (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-09-08 上海追日电气有限公司 The electric automobile wireless charging energy-storage system that a kind of photovoltaic floating generates electricity
CN107139734B (en) * 2017-05-25 2019-10-11 上海追日电气有限公司 A kind of electric car wireless charging energy-storage system of photovoltaic floating power generation
CN110185573A (en) * 2019-05-23 2019-08-30 武汉理工大学 A kind of marine Very large floating structure with joint power supply system
CN111752321A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-10-09 山东科技大学 Multi-power-driven movable sea-air comprehensive observation platform
CN111752321B (en) * 2020-06-29 2021-12-14 山东科技大学 Multi-power-driven movable sea-air comprehensive observation platform

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Application publication date: 20130306