CN102914241A - Taper detection method - Google Patents

Taper detection method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102914241A
CN102914241A CN2011102206310A CN201110220631A CN102914241A CN 102914241 A CN102914241 A CN 102914241A CN 2011102206310 A CN2011102206310 A CN 2011102206310A CN 201110220631 A CN201110220631 A CN 201110220631A CN 102914241 A CN102914241 A CN 102914241A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cone
conical
sleeve
axis
vestige
Prior art date
Application number
CN2011102206310A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102914241B (en
Inventor
邬建江
Original Assignee
上海电气集团上海电机厂有限公司
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Application filed by 上海电气集团上海电机厂有限公司 filed Critical 上海电气集团上海电机厂有限公司
Priority to CN201110220631.0A priority Critical patent/CN102914241B/en
Publication of CN102914241A publication Critical patent/CN102914241A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102914241B publication Critical patent/CN102914241B/en

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Abstract

The invention discloses a taper detection method. The taper detection method includes the steps of making a straight line on an outer conical surface of an outer tapered shaft along a cone generatrix of the outer conical surface by colored powder; sleeving the outer tapered shaft to an inner tapered sleeve, allowing the inner conical surface of the inner tapered sleeve to axially contact with the outer conical surface of the outer tapered shaft, and allowing for no rotation between the outer tapered shaft and the inner tapered sleeve; separating the inner tapered sleeve and the outer tapered shaft, and allowing trace of the colored power to remain on the inner conical surface of the inner tapered sleeve; and determining the conditions of conical surface contact between the outer tapered shaft and the inner tapered sleeve according to the trace remaining on the inner conical surface of the inner tapered sleeve. The inner and outer conical surfaces axially contact with each other only, the outer tapered shaft and the inner tapered sleeve dot not rotate, and accordingly exaggerated surface contact of the positions with poor surface contact due to human factors is avoided. The detection precision is higher.

Description

The method that a kind of tapering detects
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method of tapering detection of field of machining.
Background technology
Extensively use during taper fit is machined, but actual tapering surface of contact detection validation lacks effective ways.
The common method that existing tapering detects is the surface of contact inspection technique.The surface of contact inspection technique adopts outside, and axis of cone outer conical surface is coated with three red lead chalk lines, again inner sleeve cone and the outer axis of cone are socket-connected, then will the outer axis of cone with the inner sleeve cone between mutual rotation 120 degree, at last inner sleeve cone and the outer axis of cone are separated, check that inner sleeve cone internal conical surface red lead powder wiped trace, test.Rotated the inner sleeve cone when this mode defective is to check surface of contact, the poor place of surface of contact has been exaggerated because the artificial action factor causes surface of contact.
Summary of the invention
The method that provides a kind of tapering to detect is provided in order to overcome the deficiencies in the prior art.It has been got rid of cover cone weight and has caused by scratch mark illusion, makes the detection of tapering more accurate.
A kind of technical scheme that realizes above-mentioned purpose is: the method that a kind of tapering detects, it comprises the following steps:
Be coated with the line step: adopt colored powder, the element of cone along the outer conical surface of the described outer axis of cone is coated with straight line on the axis of cone outside;
The socket step: the internal conical surface of described inner sleeve cone and the outer conical surface of the described outer axis of cone are socket-connected, wherein:
In the socket step, between the internal conical surface of the outer conical surface of the described outer axis of cone and inner sleeve cone mutual rotation does not occur;
Separating step: the internal conical surface of described inner sleeve cone separate with the outer conical surface of the described outer axis of cone, stay the vestige of the element of cone direction of the internal conical surface of boring along described inner sleeve on the internal conical surface that described inner sleeve is bored;
Determining step: according to the described vestige on the internal conical surface of inner sleeve cone, judge the outer conical surface of the outer axis of cone and the situation that contacts of inner sleeve cone internal conical surface:
Described vestige on the internal conical surface of described inner sleeve cone and the outer conical surface of the described outer axis of cone (when the degree of depth of the equal in length of the straight line on 11 and described vestige color is consistent, then represent the no-float of inner sleeve cone and the outer axis of cone;
Straight line on the outer conical surface that is shorter in length than the described outer axis of cone of the above vestige of internal conical surface that described inner sleeve is bored or the degree of depth of described vestige color are inconsistent, then represent the poor fit of inner sleeve cone (2) and the outer axis of cone.
Further, between described separating step and determining step, also comprise the following steps:
Offset duplicating step: extract the vestige on the inside and outside circle conical surface of staying the inner sleeve cone with transparent gelatine printing paper;
Paste development step: the vestige stickup that transparent gelatine printing paper is extracted is replicated on the blank sheet of paper.
Further, described straight line is along the element of cone of the outer conical surface of the described outer axis of cone, is plotted to half eminence of described outer conical surface from the bottom of the outer conical surface of the described outer axis of cone.
Further, described colored powder is red lead powder.
A kind of method that detects tapering of the present invention because axial contact has only occured the inside and outside circle conical surface, and does not rotate between outer cone axial plane and the inner sleeve cone, has avoided the poor place of surface of contact to cause the generation of the exaggerative this situation of surface of contact because of the artificial action factor.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 draws the straight line synoptic diagram on the outer axis of cone outer conical surface of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is inner sleeve cone of the present invention and outer cone axle socket front position synoptic diagram;
Fig. 3 is inner sleeve cone of the present invention and the rear position view of outer cone axle socket;
Fig. 4 is the inner sleeve of the present invention cone internal conical surface synoptic diagram of leaving a trace.
Embodiment
See also Fig. 1 to Fig. 2, of the present invention in order to understand technical scheme of the present invention better, below by specific embodiment, and be described in detail by reference to the accompanying drawings:
In most preferred embodiment, the method that tapering of the present invention detects has adopted red lead powder as colored powder, draws straight line on the outer conical surface 11 of the axis of cone 1 outside.
Comprise the following steps: in the specific embodiment
Be coated with the line step: see also Fig. 1, be attached on the internal conical surface 21 of the outer conical surface 11 of the outer axis of cone 1 and inner sleeve cone 2 in order to make red lead powder, at first will be with machine oil or other liquid, wetting red lead powder; Then with through wetting red lead powder, the element of cone along the outer conical surface 11 of the described outer axis of cone 1 is drawn straight line 12 on the axis of cone 1 outside.
Socket step: see also Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, described inner sleeve cone 2 is socket-connected with the outer axis of cone 1, the internal conical surface 21 that makes described inner sleeve cone 2 axially contacts with the element of cone of the outer conical surface 11 of the outer axis of cone 1 along the described outer axis of cone 1 outer conical surface 11, in the process of socket, between the internal conical surface 21 of described inner sleeve cone 2 and the outer conical surface 11 of the outer axis of cone 1 mutual rotation does not occur.
See also Fig. 4: the internal conical surface 21 of described inner sleeve cone 2 is separated with the outer conical surface 11 of the described outer axis of cone 1, leave a trace 22 on the internal conical surface 21 of described inner sleeve cone 2;
Inner sleeve is bored near 2 upper surfaces, under the gravity factor effect, the internal conical surface 21 of inner sleeve cone 2 is good with contacting of the outer conical surface 11 of the outer axis of cone 1, so near the vestige internal conical surface 21 bottoms of inner sleeve cone 2 just truly reflects real cooperation situation between inner sleeve cone 2 and the outer axis of cone 1.
In the process that inner sleeve cone 2 and the outer axis of cone 1 are socketed, because when being in contact with one another between the internal conical surface 21 of inner sleeve cone 2 and the outer conical surface 11 of the outer axis of cone 1, because inner sleeve is bored the factor of 2 weight, red lead powder stays scratch at the internal conical surface 21 of inner sleeve cone 2 easily, cause by scratch mark illusion in order to have got rid of outer inner sleeve cone weight, so present embodiment cathetus 12 is along the element of cone of the outer conical surface 11 of the described outer axis of cone 1; Be plotted to half eminence of described outer conical surface 11 from the bottom of the described outer axis of cone 1 outer conical surface 11.
Contact between the outer internal conical surface 21 of inner sleeve cone 2 and the inside and outside circle conical surface 11 of the outer axis of cone 1 is axial contact, therefore outer internal conical surface 21 the above vestige 22 of inner sleeve cone 2 are lighter, adopt adhesive tape, the described vestige 22 of the outer conical surface 11 of energy complete extraction inner sleeve cone 12, the adhesive tape of described vestige 22 that will extract again the outer conical surface 11 of inner sleeve cone 2 sticks on the blank sheet of paper, by pasting contact condition between the diversity judgement inner sleeve cone of the color of the described vestige 22 on the blank sheet of paper and the outer axis of cone, accuracy of detection is higher so again.
The straight line 12 of pasting on the outer conical surface 11 of the described vestige 22 on the blank sheet of paper and the described outer axis of cone 1 is compared.
When the equal in length of described vestige 22 with described straight line 11, and the degree of depth of described vestige 22 colors is when being consistent, and then represents the no-float of inner sleeve cone 2 and the outer axis of cone 1;
When difference appears in the length of the described straight line 12 of being shorter in length than of described vestige 22 or described vestige 22 color depths, then represent the poor fit of inner sleeve cone 2 and the outer axis of cone 1.
Also can adopt other through wetting colored powder in the method that detects tapering, these powder are insoluble to the wetting liquid of wetting colored powder, and Brinell hardness is lower than the material of making rotor shaft.To avoid staying slide mark at the internal conical surface 21 of inner sleeve cone 2 and the outer conical surface 11 of the outer axis of cone 2.
Those of ordinary skill in the art will be appreciated that, above embodiment illustrates the present invention, and be not to be used as limitation of the invention, as long as in connotation scope of the present invention, all will drop in claims scope of the present invention variation, the modification of the above embodiment.

Claims (4)

1. the method that detects of a tapering, it comprises the following steps:
Be coated with the line step: adopt colored powder, the element of cone of the upper outer conical surface (11) along the described outer axis of cone (1) of the axis of cone (1) is coated with straight line (12) outside;
The socket step: the internal conical surface (21) of described inner sleeve cone (2) and the outer conical surface (21) of the described outer axis of cone (1) are socket-connected, wherein:
In the socket step, between the internal conical surface (21) of the outer conical surface (11) of the described outer axis of cone (1) and inner sleeve cone (2) mutual rotation does not occur;
Separating step: the internal conical surface (21) of described inner sleeve cone (2) separate with the outer conical surface (11) of the described outer axis of cone (1), and described inner sleeve is bored and is stayed the vestige (22) of element of cone direction of boring the internal conical surface (21) of (2) along described inner sleeve on the internal conical surface (21) of (2);
Determining step: according to the described vestige (22) on the internal conical surface (21) of inner sleeve cone (2), judge the outer conical surface (11) of the outer axis of cone (1) and the situation that contacts of inner sleeve cone (2) internal conical surface (21):
When the degree of depth of the equal in length of the straight line (12) on the outer conical surface (11) of the described vestige (22) on the internal conical surface (21) of described inner sleeve cone (2) and the described outer axis of cone (1) and described vestige (22) color is consistent, then represent the no-float of inner sleeve cone (2) and the outer axis of cone (1);
Straight line on the outer conical surface (11) that is shorter in length than the described outer axis of cone (1) of the above vestige of internal conical surface (21) (22) of described inner sleeve cone (2) or the degree of depth of described vestige (22) color are inconsistent, then represent the poor fit of inner sleeve cone (2) and the outer axis of cone (1).
2. the method that detects of tapering as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that also comprising the following steps: between with described separating step and determining step
Offset duplicating step: extract the vestige (22) on the inside and outside circle conical surface (21) of staying inner sleeve cone (2) with transparent gelatine printing paper;
Paste development step: vestige (22) stickup that transparent gelatine printing paper is extracted is replicated on the blank sheet of paper.
3. the method that detects of tapering as claimed in claim 1 or 2, the element of cone that it is characterized in that the outer conical surface (11) along described straight line (12) along the described outer axis of cone (1) is plotted to half eminence of described outer conical surface (11) from the bottom of the outer conical surface (21) of the described outer axis of cone (2).
4. the method for tapering detection as claimed in claim 1 or 2 is characterized in that described colored powder is red lead powder.
CN201110220631.0A 2011-08-03 2011-08-03 A kind of method that tapering detects CN102914241B (en)

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CN201110220631.0A CN102914241B (en) 2011-08-03 2011-08-03 A kind of method that tapering detects

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201110220631.0A CN102914241B (en) 2011-08-03 2011-08-03 A kind of method that tapering detects

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CN102914241A true CN102914241A (en) 2013-02-06
CN102914241B CN102914241B (en) 2015-10-21

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103968734A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-08-06 苏州博讯仪器有限公司 Detecting device
CN104567630A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-04-29 四川绵阳三力股份有限公司 Taper detection method and taper detection device
CN104764378A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-08 吴江市菀坪宝得利缝制设备机械厂 Inner oil seal groove gauge
CN106768734A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-31 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 The sealing propertytest measurer and its application method of a kind of conical surface sealing structure

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CN2101866U (en) * 1990-07-17 1992-04-15 屈殿银 Gearing engage trace testing paper
US6421929B1 (en) * 2000-12-21 2002-07-23 Command Tooling Systems Apparatus and method to measure tapered or conical parts
CN101403651A (en) * 2008-10-21 2009-04-08 安徽巨一自动化装备有限公司 Screwing clearance-regulation detection and combination bench for vehicle main reducing gear
JP2011506064A (en) * 2007-12-14 2011-03-03 ハイ テク コーティングス ゲゼルシャフト ミット ベシュレンクテル ハフツング Method for forming a polymer coating
CN102126118A (en) * 2011-03-17 2011-07-20 刘晓明 Method for processing inner holes on trimming knife of edge banding machine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2101866U (en) * 1990-07-17 1992-04-15 屈殿银 Gearing engage trace testing paper
US6421929B1 (en) * 2000-12-21 2002-07-23 Command Tooling Systems Apparatus and method to measure tapered or conical parts
JP2011506064A (en) * 2007-12-14 2011-03-03 ハイ テク コーティングス ゲゼルシャフト ミット ベシュレンクテル ハフツング Method for forming a polymer coating
CN101403651A (en) * 2008-10-21 2009-04-08 安徽巨一自动化装备有限公司 Screwing clearance-regulation detection and combination bench for vehicle main reducing gear
CN102126118A (en) * 2011-03-17 2011-07-20 刘晓明 Method for processing inner holes on trimming knife of edge banding machine

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但长丰: "齿轮啮合痕迹的简便取样法", 《机械制造》 *
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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103968734A (en) * 2014-05-26 2014-08-06 苏州博讯仪器有限公司 Detecting device
CN104567630A (en) * 2015-02-10 2015-04-29 四川绵阳三力股份有限公司 Taper detection method and taper detection device
CN104567630B (en) * 2015-02-10 2017-09-29 四川绵阳三力股份有限公司 A kind of taper detection method and device
CN104764378A (en) * 2015-04-02 2015-07-08 吴江市菀坪宝得利缝制设备机械厂 Inner oil seal groove gauge
CN106768734A (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-31 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 The sealing propertytest measurer and its application method of a kind of conical surface sealing structure
CN106768734B (en) * 2016-11-22 2019-03-05 沈阳黎明航空发动机(集团)有限责任公司 A kind of the sealing propertytest measurer and its application method of conical surface sealing structure

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