CN102908236B - A high-pressure oxygen chamber vacuum system - Google Patents

A high-pressure oxygen chamber vacuum system Download PDF

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CN102908236B
CN102908236B CN 201210375137 CN201210375137A CN102908236B CN 102908236 B CN102908236 B CN 102908236B CN 201210375137 CN201210375137 CN 201210375137 CN 201210375137 A CN201210375137 A CN 201210375137A CN 102908236 B CN102908236 B CN 102908236B
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connected
pressure
chamber
system
hyperbaric
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CN 201210375137
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CN102908236A (en )
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管亚东
柯文海
王震
陈修建
喻晓春
黄峰
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上海打捞局芜湖潜水装备厂
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种高压氧舱负压系统,包括高压氧舱,高压氧舱外部连接有数显电接压力表,数显电接压力表与控制中心连接,高压氧舱外部连接有连续负压系统,所述连续负压系统与控制中心连接;采用这种结构后:当高压氧舱内压力小于0.13MPa时,舱内设备带吸引终端与医院中心负压系统连通,负压值为舱内压力与医院中心负压系统负压之和,可保证此阶段舱内设备带负压吸引终端有足够的负压吸引能力,确保有效吸痰,当舱内压力大于或等于0.13MPa时,高压氧舱内负压吸引系统通过电磁阀与医院中心负压系统断开,此时高压氧舱内负压吸引终端的负压来自于舱内外眼里差。 The present invention discloses a hyperbaric chamber vacuum system, comprising an external hyperbaric chamber, hyperbaric chamber pressure gauge connected to electrical ground digital display, digital pressure gauge is electrically connected with the control center is connected to an external connection with a continuous negative hyperbaric chamber pressure system, the continuous negative pressure system is connected to the control center; with this configuration: when the hyperbaric chamber pressure of less than 0.13MPa, suction devices with a cabin central terminal and the hospital suction system in communication, the negative pressure chamber is the central vacuum system pressure and negative pressure of the hospital and, at this stage can ensure that the vacuum suction devices with a terminal compartment has sufficient suction capacity to ensure the effective suction, when the cabin pressure is greater than or equal to 0.13MPa, high pressure the oxygen chamber through the suction solenoid valve system is disconnected and the vacuum system hospital Center, suction negative pressure inside the case of the terminal from the hyperbaric oxygen chamber to the outer compartment difference eyes.

Description

一种高压氧舱负压系统 A high-pressure oxygen chamber vacuum system

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及医疗装备设施领域,更具体的说涉及一种医用高压氧舱负压控制系统技术领域。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of medical equipment and facilities, and more specifically relates to a technical field of medical hyperbaric oxygen chamber negative pressure control system.

技术背景 technical background

[0002]目前,国内多人空气加压氧舱的负压来源主要是氧舱内荷压时舱内、舱外压力差,因此在高压氧舱治疗的加压阶段初期和减压阶段末期舱内压力低于0.13MPa时,多人空气加压氧舱的负压小于30KPa,而不能有效的实施吸痰操作,会导致患者面临窒息的危险。 [0002] Currently, the source of negative air pressure oxygen chamber domestic people mainly within the cabin pressure oxygen chamber charge, EVA pressure difference, and thus the initial stage of the pressure chamber in the late stages of reduced pressure treatment hyperbaric chamber the internal pressure is less than 0.13MPa, more than the negative pressure in the air pressure is less than 30KPa oxygen chamber, and the suction operation can not be effectively implemented, will cause a choking hazard faced by the patient.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种在高压氧舱治疗的加压初期和减压末期阶段能够保证舱内压力不低于0.13MPa的一种高压氧舱负压系统。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the technical problem of providing a reduced pressure at the beginning and end stage pressurized hyperbaric oxygen chamber to ensure that the treatment cabin pressure is not lower than a high-pressure oxygen chamber of the negative pressure system 0.13MPa.

[0004] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明一种高压氧舱负压系统,包括高压氧舱,高压氧舱外部连接有数显电接压力表,数显电接压力表与控制中心连接,高压氧舱外部连接有连续负压系统,连续负压系统与控制中心连接。 [0004] To solve the above problems, the present invention is a high-pressure oxygen chamber vacuum system, comprising a hyperbaric oxygen chamber, hyperbaric oxygen chamber connected to the external digital display electrically connected to pressure gauges, digital pressure gauge is electrically connected with the control center is connected to a high pressure continuous negative pressure oxygen chamber is connected to an external system, a continuous negative pressure system is connected to the control center.

[0005] 优选的,控制中心包括PLC控制中心,PLC控制中心上连接有继电器一,继电器一上连接有继电器二,继电器一与继电器二均与数显电接压力表相连。 [0005] Preferably, the control center comprises a PLC control center, the control center is connected to the PLC a relay, a relay connected to the two relays, both relays a relay with two digital pressure gauge is connected to electrical ground.

[0006] 优选的,继电器二与连续负压系统相连。 [0006] Preferably, two relays connected to a continuous negative pressure system.

[0007] 优选的,连续负压系统包括与继电器二直接相连的电磁阀一和电磁阀二,电磁阀一和电磁阀二并联于高压氧舱上。 [0007] Preferably, the continuous negative pressure system includes a solenoid valve and a solenoid valve are directly connected with two two relay, a solenoid valve and two solenoid valves connected in parallel to the hyperbaric oxygen chamber.

[0008] 优选的,电磁阀一上设有止回阀,止回阀与外部常压状态环境相连通。 [0008] Preferably, a solenoid valve provided with a check valve communicating with the external atmospheric environment state.

[0009] 优选的,电磁阀二上连接有截止阀,截止阀与医院中心负压系统相连。 [0009] Preferably, the solenoid valve is connected to the two shut-off valve, the shut-off valve is connected to a hospital central vacuum system.

[0010] 采用上述技术方案的有益效果是:高压氧舱外部连接有数显电接压力表,能够方面医务人员随时读取高压氧舱内部压力值,数显电接压力表与控制中心连接,方便医务人员在得知高压氧舱内压力时,随时控制高压氧舱内部压力,高压氧舱外部连接有连续负压系统,连续负压系统与控制中心连接,方便医务人员通过控制中心控制连续负压系统从而控制高压氧舱内部压力,使高压氧舱内部能够进行正常的治疗及救助,控制中心包括PLC控制中心,PLC控制中心上连接有继电器一,继电器一上连接有继电器二,继电器一与继电器二均与数显电接压力表相连,可以方便医务人员通过PLC控制中心控制继电器一,继而控制继电器二,继电器二与连续负压系统相连,方便医务人员在PLC控制中心控制连续负压系统,电磁阀一和电磁阀二并联于高压氧舱上,电磁阀一 [0010] The beneficial effects of the technical solution is: hyperbaric oxygen chamber connected to the external digital display electrically connected to the pressure gauge, the medical staff can be read at any time aspects hyperbaric oxygen chamber internal pressure value, digital pressure gauge is electrically connected with the control center is connected, that facilitate medical staff when the pressure within the hyperbaric oxygen chamber, the internal pressure of the hyperbaric oxygen chamber to control at any time, the external hyperbaric oxygen chamber is connected to a continuous underpressure system, a continuous system and a control center connected to the negative pressure, conveniently medical staff by continuous negative control center the system pressure to control the internal pressure of the hyperbaric chamber, the inside of the hyperbaric oxygen chamber to ensure normal treatment and rescue control center comprises a PLC control center, the PLC is connected with a relay control center, a relay connected to the two relays, the relay with a two relays are connected with digital pressure gauge is electrically connected, through the PLC medical personnel can easily control relay a control center, which in turn controls two relays, the relay is connected to the two continuous negative pressure system, the continuous negative pressure to facilitate the control of medical personnel in the PLC system control center , a solenoid valve and two solenoid valves in parallel with the high-pressure chamber, a solenoid valve 电磁阀二可以单独工作,使得不会影响对高压氧舱内部气压的控制,电磁阀一上设有止回阀,止回阀与外部常压状态环境相连通,可以通过控制电磁阀一从而控制高压氧舱内部压力,电磁阀二上连接有截止阀,截止阀与医院中心负压系统相连,可以方便对高压氧舱加压初期或减压末期高压氧舱内部压力控制。 Two solenoid valves can be operated separately, so as not to affect the control of the internal pressure of the hyperbaric oxygen chamber, a solenoid valve provided with a check valve, the check valve connected with the external environment through the normal pressure, by controlling a solenoid valve to control hyperbaric chamber internal pressure, the shut-off valve is connected to two solenoid valves, cut-off valve is connected to the central hospital vacuum system that can easily hyperbaric chamber for pressurizing or depressurizing the initial stage hyperbaric chamber internal pressure control.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图1是本发明一种高压氧舱负压系统的结果示意图; [0011] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of the result of a negative pressure system of the hyperbaric oxygen chamber of the present invention;

[0012] 其中,1、高压氧舱,2、数显电接压力表,3、继电器一,4、PLC控制中心,5、继电器二,6、电磁阀一,7、常压状态环境,8、止回阀,9、电磁阀二,10、截止阀,11、医院中心负压系统。 [0012] wherein 1, hyperbaric chamber 2, digital pressure gauge is electrically connected, 3, a relay, 4, PLC control center 5, two relays 6, a solenoid valve, 7, a normal pressure state of the environment, 8 , check valve, 9, two solenoid valves 10, stop valve 11, the central hospital vacuum system.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0013] —种高压氧舱负压系统,包括高压氧舱1,高压氧舱I外部连接有数显电接压力表2,数显电接压力表2与控制中心连接,高压氧舱I外部连接有连续负压系统,连续负压系统控制中心连接,控制中心包括PLC控制中心4,PLC控制中心4上连接有继电器一3,继电器一3上连接有继电器二5,继电器一3与继电器二5均与数显电接压力表2相连,继电器,5与连续负压系统相连,连续负压系统包括与继电器,5直接相连的电磁阀一6和电磁阀二9,电磁阀一6和电磁阀二9并联于高压氧舱I上,电磁阀,6上设有止回阀8,止回阀8与外部常压状态环境7相连通,电磁阀,9上连接有截止阀10,截止阀10与医院中心负压系统11相连;高压氧舱I外部连接有数显电接压力表2,能够方面医务人员随时读取高压氧舱内部压力值,数显电接压力表2与控制中心连接,方便医务人员在得知高压氧 [0013] - species hyperbaric chamber vacuum system, including a hyperbaric oxygen chamber, hyperbaric chamber connected to the external digital display is electrically connected to I 2 gauge, digital pressure gauge is electrically connected with the control center 2 is connected to the external I hyperbaric chamber continuous negative pressure is connected to the system, the continuous negative pressure system connected to the control center, the control center 4 comprises a central PLC control, PLC control center 4 is connected to a relay 3, 5 are connected to two relays a relay 3, the relay 3 and relay a two 5 are electrically connected with the digital gauge 2 is connected, the relay 5 is connected to the continuous negative pressure system, the continuous negative pressure system includes a relay, a solenoid valve 5 is connected directly to a two solenoid valves 9 and 6, the solenoid valve 6 and a solenoid two parallel valves 9 to the hyperbaric chamber I, solenoid valve, a check valve 8 6, the check valve 8 and the external environment, normal pressure communicated 7, solenoid valve 10 is connected to the shut-off valve 9, shut-off valve 10 is connected to the central hospital vacuum system 11; external I hyperbaric oxygen chamber is connected electrically contact pressure gauge digital display 2, the medical staff can be read at any internal aspects hyperbaric chamber pressure, digital gauge 2 is connected to electrical ground control center , to facilitate medical personnel that HBO 内压力时,随时控制高压氧舱内部压力,高压氧舱I外部连接有连续负压系统,连续负压系统与控制中心连接,方便医务人员通过控制中心控制连续负压系统从而控制高压氧舱I内部压力,使高压氧舱I内部能够进行正常的治疗及救助,控制中心包括PLC控制中心4,PLC控制中心4上连接有继电器一3,继电器一上连接有继电器二5,继电器一3与继电器二5均与数显电接压力表2相连,可以方便医务人员通过PLC控制中心4控制继电器一3,继而控制继电器二5,继电器二5与连续负压系统相连,方便医务人员在PLC控制中心4控制连续负压系统,电磁阀一6和电磁阀二9并联于高压氧舱I上,电磁阀一6与电磁阀二9可以单独工作,使得不会影响对高压氧舱I内部气压的控制,电磁阀一6上设有止回阀8,止回阀8与外部常压状态环境7相连通,可以通过控制电磁阀一6从而控制高压氧 When the internal pressure at any time to control the internal pressure of the hyperbaric chamber, hyperbaric oxygen chamber is connected to the external I continuous underpressure system, a continuous system and a control center connected to the negative pressure, to facilitate control of medical personnel continuous negative pressure system through the control center to control the hyperbaric oxygen chamber I internal pressure, the internal I hyperbaric oxygen chamber to ensure normal treatment and rescue control center 4 comprises a central PLC control, PLC control center 4 is connected to a relay 3, a relay connecting two relays 5, the relay 3 and relay a 5 are two electrical contact with digital gauge 2 is connected to, medical personnel can easily control center 4 through the PLC controls a relay 3, 5 in turn controls two relays, the relay 5 is connected to two consecutive vacuum system to facilitate medical staff in the PLC control center 4 continuous vacuum control system, a solenoid valve 6 in parallel with the solenoid valve 9 and on the two hyperbaric chambers I, a solenoid valve 6 can be operated individually with two solenoid valves 9, so as not to affect the control of the internal pressure of the hyperbaric chamber I , a check valve 8 on the solenoid valve 6 a check valve 8 and the external environment, normal pressure communicated 7, 6 may be a hyperbaric oxygen to control by controlling the electromagnetic valve I内部压力,电磁阀二9上连接有截止阀10,截止阀10与医院中心负压系统11相连,可以方便对高压氧舱I加压初期或减压末期高压氧舱内部压力控制。 I internal pressure, the solenoid valve 9 is connected to the two valves 10, stop valve 10 is connected to the central hospital vacuum system 11 can facilitate initial pressurization I hyperbaric chamber or hyperbaric oxygen chamber internal pressure stage pressure control.

[0014] 采用这种结构后的工作原理:数显电接压力表2读取高压氧舱I内压力值,发出信号至继电器一3及继电器二5,继电器一3和继电器二5接受数显电接压力表2的信号并发生吸合,电磁阀一6和电磁阀二9接受继电器一3和继电器二5信号,分别处于开启或闭合状态,其中电磁阀一6控制高压氧舱I与高压氧舱I外部的常压状态环境7处于连通或切断状态,电磁阀二9控制高压氧舱I内部与舱外医院中心负压系统11处于连通或断开状态,止回阀8阻止电磁阀二9开启状态时外面常压状态环境7下的大气反流,截止阀10供维修时使用。 [0014] The working principle behind this structure: Digital pressure gauge connected to the I 2 read hyperbaric chamber pressure value, sends a signal to the relay 3 and relay a = 5, the relay 3 and relay a digital receiving two 5 electrical connecting gauge 2 and the signal pick-up occurs, the solenoid valve 6 and a solenoid valve 9 accepts two relay 3 and relay a signal = 5, respectively, in the open or closed state, wherein a solenoid valve 6 controls the high-pressure hyperbaric chamber I I outside normal pressure oxygen chamber 7 is in communication with the environment or the off state, the solenoid valve 9 controls the two hyperbaric chamber and the interior I Center hospital extravehicular communication or negative pressure system 11 is off state, the check valve 8 prevents two solenoid valves 7 9 ON state at the atmospheric pressure outside the reflux state of the environment, when using the shut-off valve 10 for maintenance.

[0015] 采用这种结构后的好处:在高压氧舱I加压初期或减压末期,当高压氧舱I内压力小于0.13MPa时,舱内设备带吸引终端与医院中心负压系统11连通,负压值为舱内压力与医院中心负压系统11负压之和,因而可保证此阶段舱内设备带负压吸引终端有足够的负压吸引能力,确保有效吸痰;当舱内压力大于或等于0.13MPa时,高压氧舱I内负压吸引系统通过电磁阀与医院中心负压系统11断开,此时高压氧舱I内负压吸引终端的负压来自于舱内外眼里差。 [0015] The advantage of such a structure after: I hyperbaric chamber pressurized in the initial stage or under reduced pressure, the hyperbaric oxygen chamber I when the pressure is less than 0.13MPa, suction devices with a cabin with the hospital terminal 11 central vacuum system in communication , cabin pressure and the negative value of the central hospital vacuum system 11 and the negative pressure, thus to ensure this stage compartment suction device with a suction terminal has a sufficient capacity to ensure the effective suction; when cabin pressure equal to or greater than 0.13MPa, suction within the hyperbaric oxygen chamber I through the solenoid valve system is disconnected and the central hospital vacuum system 11, when the suction hyperbaric chamber I from the negative terminal of the difference between the outer cabin eyes .

[0016] 上面结合附图对发明进行了示例性描述,显然本发明具体实现并不受上述方式的限制,只要采用了本发明的方法构思和技术方案进行的各种非实质性改进,或未经改进将发明的构思和技术方案直接应用于其它场合的,均在本发明的保护范围之内。 Binding [0016] The above reference to the invention has been exemplarily described, the present invention is embodied clearly not limited to the above embodiment, as long as the various non-substantial improvements of the present invention using the methods and concepts of the technical solution, or improved spirit and aspect of the invention is directly applicable to other occasions, it is within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

  1. 1.一种高压氧舱负压吸引系统,包括高压氧舱,其特征在于:所述的高压氧舱外部连接有数显电接压力表,所述的数显电接压力表与控制中心连接,所述的高压氧舱外部连接有连续负压系统,所述连续负压系统与控制中心连接;所述控制中心包括PLC控制中心,所述PLC控制中心上连接有继电器一,所述继电器一上连接有继电器二,所述继电器一与继电器二均与数显电接压力表相连,所述继电器二与连续负压系统连接;所述的连续负压系统包括继电器二直接相连的电磁阀一和电磁阀二,所述的电磁阀一和电磁阀二并联于高压氧舱上;所述的电磁阀一上设有止回阀,所述止回阀与外部常压状态环境相连通;所述的电磁阀二上连接截止阀,所述截止阀与医院中心负压系统相连。 A hyperbaric chamber suction system comprises a high pressure chamber, wherein: the hyperbaric oxygen chamber is connected to an external digital display electrically connected to the pressure gauge, the pressure gauge connected to the digital electrical connection with the control center , high-pressure oxygen chamber is connected to the outside of the continuous negative pressure system, the continuous negative pressure system is connected to the control center; the control center comprises a PLC control center is connected to relay a control center on the PLC, the relay a the two relays are connected, and a relay said relay are connected to two digital pressure gauge is electrically connected to the relay is connected to two continuous underpressure system; continuous negative pressure system includes a solenoid valve according to a relay is directly connected to two and two solenoid valves, a solenoid valve and a solenoid valve according to the two parallel hyperbaric oxygen chamber; said solenoid valve provided with a check valve connected with the external environment through the normal pressure; the the second connecting said solenoid valve shut-off valve, the shut-off valve and the negative pressure system is connected to the central hospital.
CN 201210375137 2012-09-29 2012-09-29 A high-pressure oxygen chamber vacuum system CN102908236B (en)

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