CN102847929A - Chop gate and nozzle - Google Patents

Chop gate and nozzle Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102847929A
CN102847929A CN2012102324523A CN201210232452A CN102847929A CN 102847929 A CN102847929 A CN 102847929A CN 2012102324523 A CN2012102324523 A CN 2012102324523A CN 201210232452 A CN201210232452 A CN 201210232452A CN 102847929 A CN102847929 A CN 102847929A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
river
mouth
flange
guide surface
clamping
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2012102324523A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
简-吕克·雷纳德
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Vesuvius Group SA
Original Assignee
Vesuvius Group SA
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Vesuvius Group SA filed Critical Vesuvius Group SA
Publication of CN102847929A publication Critical patent/CN102847929A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Images

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D41/00Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like
    • B22D41/14Closures
    • B22D41/22Closures sliding-gate type, i.e. having a fixed plate and a movable plate in sliding contact with each other for selective registry of their openings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D41/00Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like
    • B22D41/50Pouring-nozzles
    • B22D41/502Connection arrangements; Sealing means therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D41/00Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like
    • B22D41/14Closures
    • B22D41/22Closures sliding-gate type, i.e. having a fixed plate and a movable plate in sliding contact with each other for selective registry of their openings
    • B22D41/24Closures sliding-gate type, i.e. having a fixed plate and a movable plate in sliding contact with each other for selective registry of their openings characterised by a rectilinearly movable plate
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D41/00Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like
    • B22D41/14Closures
    • B22D41/22Closures sliding-gate type, i.e. having a fixed plate and a movable plate in sliding contact with each other for selective registry of their openings
    • B22D41/28Plates therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D41/00Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like
    • B22D41/14Closures
    • B22D41/22Closures sliding-gate type, i.e. having a fixed plate and a movable plate in sliding contact with each other for selective registry of their openings
    • B22D41/28Plates therefor
    • B22D41/34Supporting, fixing or centering means therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D41/00Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like
    • B22D41/14Closures
    • B22D41/44Consumable closure means, i.e. closure means being used only once
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B22CASTING; POWDER METALLURGY
    • B22DCASTING OF METALS; CASTING OF OTHER SUBSTANCES BY THE SAME PROCESSES OR DEVICES
    • B22D41/00Casting melt-holding vessels, e.g. ladles, tundishes, cups or the like
    • B22D41/50Pouring-nozzles

Landscapes

  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Mechanical Engineering (AREA)
  • Continuous Casting (AREA)
  • Casting Support Devices, Ladles, And Melt Control Thereby (AREA)
  • Molds, Cores, And Manufacturing Methods Thereof (AREA)
  • Securing Of Glass Panes Or The Like (AREA)
  • Barrages (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention concerns a shop gate and a nozzle (1) suitable for being coupled with the bottom floor (10a) of a tundish (10), said nozzle comprising a hollow tube with an axial bore (2) extending from an inlet (2a) opening at a first end of the nozzle to an opposite outlet (2b) opening at or adjacent the second, opposite end, and comprising a flange (5) extending substantially normal to the axis of the tube and located between said first and second ends, characterized in that, the flange comprises a lower, guiding surface (5b) facing towards the second end of the tube, said guiding surface (5b) being flat and substantially normal to the tube.

Description

Cut off casting gate
Technical field
The present invention relates generally to the metal forming production lines such as continuous casting production line.Be specifically related to a kind of casting mouth of a river design, this design can be when casting process goes wrong with safety, the mode emergency sealing mouth of a river through hole that can reuse.
Background technology
In Metal Forming Process, metal bath is sent into another container from a metallurgical tank, sends into mould or instrument.Take shown in Figure 1 as example, the metal bath that leaves smelting furnace is full of first ladle (11), be sent to again tundish (10), pour into slab (slabs) crystallizer or little square billet (billets)/steel ingot (ingots) crystallizer/mould carries out moulding by the casting mouth of a river (1) from tundish at last.Metal bath in the metallurgical tank is subject to the Action of Gravity Field flow container by the nozzle assembly (1,111) of container bottom.Particularly, the bottom (10a) of tundish (10) is provided with nozzle assembly (1,100), it comprise in the refractory lining that embeds tundish bottom (10a) filling pipe end part (4a) and as Fig. 4 know the lower mouth of a river part (4b) of stretching out the tundish outside that illustrates.
In case of emergency, must seal the through hole of nozzle assembly (1), to interrupt the casting of metal bath.Some tundish is provided with the outlet replacing device.In this device, filling pipe end and the lower mouth of a river are two independently parts, and they are installed in respectively the framework both sides of outlet replacing device, mutually close contact.In case be in an emergency, the available new lower mouth of a river or blind plate are changed the old lower mouth of a river, seal the filling pipe end through hole.
As the alternative solution of outlet replacing device, can cut away the integral water gap system lower mouth of a river part (4b) of (that is, comprising all-in-one-piece filling pipe end part and lower mouth of a river part) with parting tool.Integral water gap is by being fixed on the bottom of tundish in the refractory lining that its filling pipe end is partially submerged into tundish.Integral water gap protrude from lower mouth of a river part and shearing device (100) combination outside the tundish, shearing device (100) has sliding cutter, sliding cutter has sharp blade, it leans against on the outer wall of mouth of a river segmentum laterale tubular portion and can slide through the tubular portion at the mouth of a river, and the tubular portion by driving pneumatic arm, hydraulic arm or mechanical arm with the mouth of a river cuts off.Blind plate follows blade closely to seal in theory the through hole that opens wide of remaining intact mouth of a river Upstream section.The problem of this shearing device is that notching edge must be smooth straight, just can make the tubular portion shear sectional plane close contact at blind plate and the mouth of a river.Present shearing device (100) can form the zigzag section usually, thereby is difficult to accomplish this point.Therefore, existing shearing device can stop flowing of metal bath, but does not reach perfect condition, the metal penetration thing is arranged around seal area and the mechanical device and splash.
The cutting plate that the present invention proposes the cut-out edge of the tubular portion that makes the mouth of a river and shearing device parting tool keeps the solution of close contact.The below goes on to say above-mentioned aspect of the present invention and other aspects.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is limited by appended independent claims.Dependent claims defines preferred embodiment.Particularly, the present invention relates to a kind of cut-out casting gate device, it comprises the framework that limits top, middle part and bottom, and further comprises:
(a) mouth of a river, this mouth of a river comprises hollow pipe, axial hole extends on the second end of opposite or near relative outlet from the import of mouth of a river first end, the mouth of a river also comprises flange, this flange is approximately perpendicular to tubular axis and extends, and between described first end and the second end, thereby limit from the first filling pipe end part of flange and import extension and the second time mouth of a river part that extends to outlet from flange, wherein, described flange comprises towards the upper clamping area of the first filling pipe end part and towards the lower guide surface of second time mouth of a river part, described guide surface is the plane, and roughly vertical with described pipe, the described mouth of a river is connected with framework, so that the first filling pipe end part is extended above framework upper, flange is clipped in frame mid portion by clamping tool, and second time mouth of a river part extended below the framework bottom;
(b) parting tool, described parting tool comprises cutting plate and sharp cutting blade, cutting plate has the first and second relative main surfaces, the first and second main surfaces are separated by the thickness of cutting plate, this cutting plate is slidingly mounted on frame mid portion, so that its first main sealing surface is parallel to the flange guide surface at the mouth of a river and with it contact, thereby make cutting blade can contact a side of second time mouth of a river part at the mouth of a river, and can be parallel to the driven opposite side that is transverse to second time mouth of a river part of flange guide surface; And
(c) promotion instrument, this promotion instrument can force cutting blade to pass second time mouth of a river part at the mouth of a river, thereby second time mouth of a river part at the mouth of a river the first filling pipe end from mouth of a river flange and the mouth of a river is partly scaled off, so that the first main surface of cutting plate seals the hole at the horizontal plane of flange guide surface.
Keep in order to ensure the sealing surface of parting tool and the guide surface of mouth of a river flange that good closely and the contacting of sealing device frame is provided with compaction tool, this compaction tool is flexibly pushed down parting tool, so that the parting tool sealing surface is pressed on the flange guide surface.
Cut off the casting gate device frame and be provided with clamping tool, be used for the mouth of a river is fixed on framework.In a preferred embodiment, described clamping tool is designed to apply clamping force to the flange clamping area, thereby the mouth of a river is in position on the framework receiving plane.Clamping force preferably with flange clamping area approximate vertical.In a preferred embodiment, the flange clamping area is inclined relative to horizontal, and clamping tool applies clamping force in the direction that is approximately perpendicular to described oblique clamping area.This geometry is applied to the clamping force on the described oblique clamping area so that the mouth of a river is placed in the middle the framework that cuts off the casting gate device by each side from the mouth of a river.
Different from previous integral water gap is that the mouth of a river of the present invention is clamped on the framework that cuts off the casting gate device by the flange with the mouth of a river and is connected on the framework of this cut-out casting gate device.This guarantees that the mouth of a river accurately aims at framework and at the parting tool that this framework is installed.Must be first with nozzle clip on framework, then the filling pipe end of integral water gap could be partially submerged in the liner of tundish.
In a preferred embodiment, clamping tool comprises three clamping elements, and the shape center of described three clamping elements consists of leg-of-mutton three summits, and wherein two summits lay respectively at the both sides through the diameter on the 3rd summit of axial hole cross section.This clamping element will be used in conjunction with such mouth of a river, the clamping area at this mouth of a river comprises three independently support ledge, support ledge is given prominence to and is centered on from the pipe circumference and manages circle distribution, its shape center consists of leg-of-mutton three summits, and leg-of-mutton three summits that described three summits and clamping element consist of are complementary.
In order to form neat as far as possible tangent plane when cutting off, outer mouth of a river part is preferably in the reduction groove that setting flushes with the parting tool blade between flange guide surface and the second time mouth of a river part.
The invention still further relates to a kind of tundish that comprises aforementioned cut-out casting gate device, cut off the casting gate device and be fixed in the tundish bottom, so that first filling pipe end at mouth of a river part is given prominence to and embedded the flame retardant coating liner of tundish inwall from the perforate of tundish bottom.
At last, the invention still further relates to a kind of mouth of a river of being connected with tundish bottom of being applicable to, the described mouth of a river comprises hollow pipe, its axial hole extends on the second end of opposite or near relative outlet from the import of mouth of a river first end, the mouth of a river also comprises flange, flange is approximately perpendicular to tubular axis and extends, and between described first end and the second end, thereby limit from the first filling pipe end part of flange and import extension and the second time mouth of a river part that extends to outlet from flange, wherein, flange comprises towards the upper clamping area of the first filling pipe end part and towards the lower guide surface of second time mouth of a river part, described guide surface is the plane, and be approximately perpendicular to described pipe, it is characterized in that, lower mouth of a river part comprises the reduction groove that is positioned at flange guide surface and part junction, second time mouth of a river.In one embodiment, the reduction groove can only center on the part extension of the circumference of lower mouth of a river part.Yet be the otch that is more flushed, the whole circumference that the reduction groove can roughly center on lower mouth of a river part extends.
In one embodiment, the flange clamping area tilts, so that the thickness of flange outwards reduces gradually from described pipe.The inclination angle is preferably and with respect to the horizontal plane is 30-60 °, more preferably is 45 °.In a preferred embodiment, second time mouth of a river part consists of invades the mouth of a river, and outlet by towards around opening and at least one exit window that distributes around second time mouth of a river part perisporium of contiguous the second end, be preferably two exit windows, more preferably four exit windows facing each other consist of.In an optional embodiment, the bottom second portion consists of the casting mouth of a river, and outlet axially is opened in the second end of described second time mouth of a river part.
In a preferred embodiment, mouth of a river clamping face comprises three independently support ledge, support ledge is given prominence to and is centered on from the circumference of pipe and manages circle distribution, the shape center of described three lugs consists of leg-of-mutton three summits, and wherein two summits lay respectively at the both sides of the diameter that passes the 3rd summit of axial hole cross section.
In order mechanically to strengthen mouth of a river flange, part or all of (except the guide surface) of flange face be the clad metal shell at least in part.For the above-mentioned mouth of a river that comprises three support ledge, the part that to be preferably three support ledge be metal-back.
Description of drawings
Accompanying drawing has shown various embodiment of the present invention:
Fig. 1 is typical continuous casting production line schematic diagram.
Fig. 2 is two embodiments according to the intrusion of the present invention mouth of a river.(a) and (b) be respectively the cross section of two embodiments, (c) be the perspective view at the mouth of a river shown in (a).
Fig. 3 is two embodiments according to the short casting of the present invention mouth of a river.(a) and (b) be respectively the cross section of two embodiments, (c) be the perspective view at the mouth of a river shown in (a).
Fig. 4 is the side view on the shearing device that the mouth of a river is installed in tundish is connected shown in Fig. 3 (b): (a) for before cutting off; (b) for after cutting off.
Fig. 5 is for being installed on the mouth of a river front view that cuts off on the casting gate device according to the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the parting tool that is applicable to cut-out casting gate device of the present invention.
Fig. 7 comprises three mouth of a river preferred embodiments that clamp lug.
Fig. 8 be shown in Figure 7, be clamped in according to the mouth of a river top view in the pipe installation of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the mouth of a river according to the present invention is integral water gap, wherein, single pipe consists of filling pipe end part and the lower mouth of a river part (4a, 4b) of pouring spout (4), and through hole extends to the second portion place (4b) at the mouth of a river under the formation or near outlet (2b) from the outlet (2a) of the end of the first (4a) that consists of filling pipe end.External flanges (5) separates filling pipe end part and the lower mouth of a river part (4a, 4b) at the mouth of a river, this flange extends and comprises first guide surface (5b) of export-oriented (2b) perpendicular to tubular axis, and second clamping area (5a) on opposite, the second clamping area (5a) is separated by flange thickness and the first guide surface.Flange is used for the mouth of a river is fixed on its casting position along the whole circle distribution of pipe.
Have a plurality of functions according to the mouth of a river of the present invention flange (5).The first, flange is used for by utilizing clamping tool (104) to apply clamping force and with the receiving plane of nozzle clip on the framework of the cut-out casting gate device (100) that matches to second clamping area (5a) of flange.This guarantees that the mouth of a river accurately aims at framework and slip parting tool (101).Clamping force is preferably and is substantially perpendicular to flange clamping area (5a).As shown in Figure 5, clamping tool (104) is preferably on two relative sides that are distributed in flange at least.In addition, clamping tool also can be arranged on flange four faces facing each other.In Fig. 2 (a), Fig. 3 (a) and preferred embodiment shown in Figure 5, flange clamping area (5a) is comprised of two different oblique clamping areas, and flange (5) thickness outwards reduces gradually from pipe.The inclination angle is preferably horizontal by 30-60 °, more preferably about 45 ° ± 3 °.Clamping tool (104) applies the clamping force that is substantially perpendicular to oblique clamping area (5a), and this helps to make the mouth of a river with respect to framework receiving plane (referring to Fig. 5) placed in the middle.
The second, flange the first guide surface (5b) has the function of guiding parting tool when parting tool passes pipe.This function realizes by the first surface (5b) as export-oriented (2b) of guide surface, so first surface (5b) is the plane, and with the pipe approximate vertical.
The 3rd, guide surface (5b) is guaranteed the remainder at the mouth of a river and the close contact between the parting tool, and the through hole of seal watering opening part (4a) also stops flowing of metal bath fully thus.In fact, parting tool (101) comprises and is suitable for the cutting plate that slides along the plane vertical with mouth of a river axle roughly.Described cutting plate comprises sharp blade (101c), blade has enough hardness with the path of cutting cutting plate by pipe, make cutting plate form main sealing surface (101b), sealing surface is face-to-face state with the through hole of the mouth of a river upstream portion that stays put.Parting tool in cutting-off process direct route and the close contact acting in conjunction between cutting plate (101) and flange (5) guide surface (5b), guarantee in case of emergency to interrupt reliably at any time flowing of metal bath fully by driving parting tool (101).In order to ensure the sealing surface (101b) of parting tool (101) and guide surface (5b) close contact of mouth of a river flange (5), the framework that cuts off the casting gate device is provided with compaction tool (105), its elasticity is pressed on the parting tool (101), with realize between parting tool sealing surface (101b) and the flange guide surface (5b) closely with contacting of sealing.As shown in Figure 5, compaction tool is directed in and has a certain degree, be preferably at 45 ° with horizontal plane about, to apply the power that is approximately perpendicular to two relative bevelled edge to parting tool (101).Because parting tool (101) must slide through pouring spout along a direction, sealing tool must be to two edge application of forces that are parallel to the parting tool track.Can not only guarantee good contact between sealing surface (101b) and the guide surface (5b) can also make parting tool (101) in whole cutting-off process, keep the middle position to two of parting tool (101) the relative edge application of forces with about 45 ° angle.
The 4th, the geometry of flange circumference helps to control the mouth of a river with respect to the angular orientation of its central axis.For the mouth of a river with the outlet (as shown in Figure 2) that is positioned at tubular portion wall side, the mouth of a river, this point is particularly important.In this case, the directed particular importance of outlet, this orientation can be by guarantee that the flange geometry only is complementary with the framework receiving plane on desired orientation and are controlled.The preferred geometries of flange circumference is that its symmetry axis quantity is identical with the permission number of positions of side outlet window.Particularly, if the flange circumference is quadrangle, then trapezoidally guarantee single permission position, rectangle allows the mouth of a river that two different North-south positions are arranged, and square has allowed four equivalent positions (two of North-south, two of Dong-Xi).In a word, if flange must possess the effect of auxiliary mouth of a river orientation, then the flange circumference must not be circle.
Fig. 2 is two embodiments according to the mouth of a river of the present invention.The something in common of two kinds of embodiments is that the length of the second time mouth of a river part in the mouth of a river (4b) is considerably beyond the first filling pipe end part (4a).The sidewall of two kinds of embodiments in contiguous mouth of a river part (4b) end all has four exit windows (2b).This lower mouth of a river is called invades the mouth of a river (shroud nozzle), is applicable to little square billet (billet) or bloom (bloom) continuous casting.This can prevent metal bath (" the intrusion mouth of a river ") by side outlet window (2b) from the mouth of a river ingress of air out the time.Under many circumstances, two relative side windows only are set.The orientation of each exit window is extremely important to the quality of foundry goods, can be directed by above-mentioned flange geometry control.
On the other hand, Fig. 3 is two embodiments at the casting mouth of a river, and this mouth of a river is generally short than invading the mouth of a river, and its opening (2b) is opened on the tubular axis.This casting mouth of a river is applicable to the little square billet of die casting and bloom.Embodiment shown in Fig. 2 (a) and 3 (a) and difference between the corresponding embodiment shown in Fig. 2 (b) and 3 (b) are relative with guide surface (5b) in the first two embodiment and tilt with respect to guide surface towards second clamping area (5a) of import (2a), and in latter two embodiment, the second clamping area (5a) is parallel with the first guide surface (5b).The geometry of the second clamping area (5a) depends on the design of the mouth of a river with the instrument that cuts off casting gate device (100) clamping.It is placed in the middle in device that the second clamping area (5a) that tilts more is conducive to the mouth of a river.Yet the something in common of these two kinds of embodiments is:
A) according to the present invention, guide surface (5b) is the plane, and roughly vertical with described mouth of a river tubular axis; And
B) middle water containing opening aligns with the framework that cuts off the casting gate device by clamping tool, and aligns with the tundish bottom unlike traditional design.This innovation concept so that the mouth of a river and parting tool systematically accurately aim at.
The same refractory material that all adopts of other parts at flange and the mouth of a river is with the high temperature of tolerance metal bath.Because flange (5) is subject to cutting off the clamping stress that the clamping tool (104) of casting gate device applies, flange at least in part the clad metal shell to strengthen.But guide surface (5b) can not clad metal shell (22), because in case drive parting tool, described guide surface must form closely heat-resisting the contact with cutting plate (101).If guide surface (5b) clad metal shell (22), then guide surface itself can be melted because of the contacting metal melt, thereby causes leakage.
In order to help to form the section of " neat ", the tubular portion at the mouth of a river according to the present invention must be provided with reduction groove (6) at flange guide surface (5b) and second time mouth of a river part (4b) junction.The reduction groove is preferably the whole circle distribution along pipe, shown in Fig. 2 (c) and 3 (c).The reduction groove both can be along the part of outside, the mouth of a river or the continuous groove that distributes of whole girth roughly, also can be intermittent (being interrupted) groove.
As shown in Figure 4, comprise the framework that limits the upper, middle and lower according to cut-out casting gate device of the present invention (100), clamping tool (104) can be with nozzle clip according to the present invention in framework, the first filling pipe end part (4a) at the mouth of a river is extended above framework upper, flange (5) is fixed on frame mid portion by clamping tool (104), and second time mouth of a river part at the mouth of a river extended below the framework bottom.Device (100) also comprises parting tool (101).Parting tool (101) comprises the cutting plate with first and second relative main surfaces (101a, 101b), and cutting plate thickness separates these two main surfaces, and parting tool (101) also comprises sharp cutting blade (101c).Cutting plate is slidingly mounted on frame mid portion, make the first main sealing surface (101b) parallel with the flange guide surface (5b) at the mouth of a river and with it the contact, thereby make a side of cutting blade (101c) second time mouth of a river part of contact (4b), shown in Fig. 4 (a).If there is emergency, cutting plate can be driven from the position that described permission metal bath is proceeded to cast, being parallel to flange guide surface (5b) walks to the opposite side of second time mouth of a river part (5b), thereby cut off second time mouth of a river part (4b) at the mouth of a river, shown in Fig. 4 (b).Apply thrust by compaction tool (105) to the cutting plate of parting tool, sealing contacts to help to form closely between the top seal face (101b) of parting tool and flange guide surface.Thrust is preferably the relative both sides of the cutting plate that puts on parting tool, more preferably apply (although also can adopt other angles) with about 45 ° ± 3 ° angle, even thereby in parting tool (101) motion process, cutting plate also can be placed in the middle continuously with respect to the mouth of a river.As shown in Figure 5, in the present embodiment, the necessary chamfering of two opposite side of parting tool cutting plate, the orientation of its angle and compaction tool is complementary.Obviously, compaction tool (105) should be positioned at the parting tool Shi Buhui that is activated becomes the current obstacle of parting tool.
The cutting plate material is generally cast steel, also can adopt refractory material, because in use, the main upper sealing surface (101b) of cutting plate seals the mouth of a river through hole that upstream extends from flange (5), and therefore contacts with metal bath.On the other hand, blade can be strengthened with hardened materials such as carbide.The guide surface of mouth of a river flange (5b) is to guarantee blade (101c) along the guide surface of expectation route operation, is again the sealing surface that cooperates with sealing surface (101b) coupling that seamlessly follows closely in blade (101c) downstream.Flange guide surface (5b) and sealing surface (101b) all need adopt the refractory material (that is, not clad metal shell) of exposure, in order to avoid the fusing of metal leakage thing coats the partial shell on this surface.
Fig. 6 is the embodiment that is applicable to the parting tool (101) of cut-out casting gate device of the present invention.From shown in embodiment can find out, hole (102) surrounds outside, the mouth of a river (4b) (referring to the position, the mouth of a river of dotted line sign), the downstream edge in hole consists of blade (101c), and blade (101c) in case of emergency passes through and the cut-out pipe.The sealing plate (101b) that follows the downstream part of described blade (101c) closely be set to and blade (101c) between gapless, to seal the spacious hole that cuts off pipe.This geometry has farthest reduced the metal bath leakage rate in the cutting-off process.
Cutting plate activates under the driving effect of mechanical arm, pneumatic arm or hydraulic arm (102), the casting position (referring to Fig. 4 (a)) that parting tool (101) can be flowed uninterruptedly from metal bath is pushed to sealing station, wherein, blade (101c) is driven to have moved apart from d, move to the opposite side of pouring spout, cut off the pipe parts (4b) (referring to Fig. 4 (b)) that extend in flange guide surface downstream.Main upper sealing surface (101b) and flange guide surface (5b) close contact of cutting plate interrupt flowing of metal bath by the spacious hole (2) that seals flange horizontal plane place thus.
Aforementioned cut-out casting gate device (100) is fixed in the outside of the bottom (10a) of tundish (10).Act on the flange clamping area (5a) by clamping tool, the aforementioned mouth of a river is sandwiched in the appropriate location of device (100) framework.The first filling pipe end part (4a) at the mouth of a river (1) is stretched out by the opening of tundish bottom (10a), thereby consists of filling pipe end, and this filling pipe end embeds in flame retardant coating (10b) liner of tundish inwall.Flame retardant coating can comprise the brick cup (well block) that holds part (4a) on the mouth of a river.On the other hand, second time mouth of a river part (4b) at flange (5) and the mouth of a river is positioned at the tundish outside also thereunder.The usage comparison safety of the tundish that is equipped with like this because in case of emergency can interrupt easily casting operation, and almost can stop to flow of metal bath immediately.The described mouth of a river of the application of the invention can reach above-mentioned effect, this mouth of a river comprises specific flange guide surface (5b), this flange guide surface (5b) can be along the good track straight line guiding parting tool of suitable restriction, to cut off the part at the mouth of a river along straight plane.On the other hand, the cutting plate sealing surface (101b) of parting tool (101) also plays the effect of blind plate, to seal the mouth of a river part perforate (2) of staying original position, namely from guide surface (5b) the upright part that makes progress, it is advantageous that between blade (101c) and the sealing surface (101b) very close to each other.
In preferred embodiment shown in Figure 7, the clamping area (5a) of flange (5) comprises three independently lugs (30a, 30b, 30c), be used for filling pipe end wedge jail at the pipe installation framework, three lugs are outstanding and along the pipe circle distribution from the pipe circumference." independently lug " word refers to separately, non-conterminous lug.Each agrees with lug and comprises the so-called supporting surface that extends, is used for the framework of contact pipe installation along the plane of approximate horizontal, is also referred to as supporting plane, and the so-called clamping area (5a) that cooperates with the clamping tool of pipe installation.So-called clamping area is clamped clamping system and framework and is agreed with lug towards supporting surface under the effect of clamping system.Agree with lug and be preferably all and be made of metal, and as the part of the metal-back at the mouth of a river.Supporting surface or clamping area are preferably the plane.Perhaps, supporting surface or clamping area have various shapes, for example, and skewed, convex or groove shape.
The shape center of three support ledge consists of leg-of-mutton three summits, and wherein two summits lay respectively at the both sides of the diameter that passes the 3rd summit of axial hole (2) cross section.In other words, filling pipe end comprises a vertical central fore-and-aft plane, and wherein three are agreed with lug and are the Y shape at mouth of a river outer surface and arrange, and the base portion of Y is located in this central authorities' fore-and-aft plane, and two branches of Y are located at the both sides on described plane.Second, third agrees with lug and has second, third clamping area (5a), and described second, third clamping area lays respectively at the both sides of fore-and-aft plane, and its center is 30 ° to 45° angle with respect to center, inner nozzle and fore-and-aft plane.Though inessential condition, described second, third clamping area is preferably with respect to fore-and-aft plane and is symmetrical arranged.First clamps lug comprises the first clamping area, and described clamping area passes through described fore-and-aft plane, and roughly extends about described fore-and-aft plane is symmetrical on the plane contained with respect to the angular zone of 14 °-52 ° of filling pipe end center one-tenth.
As shown in Figure 8, the above-mentioned mouth of a river that comprises three lugs can cooperate the water gap cutting device of three clamping elements (50a, 50b, 50c) that comprises of the present invention to use, the shape center of described three clamping elements consists of leg-of-mutton three summits, wherein two summits lay respectively at the diameter both sides of passing the 3rd summit of axial hole (2) cross section, and the position that the position on these three summits and the mouth of a river clamp lug (30a, 30b and 30c) is complementary.

Claims (15)

1. one kind is cut off casting gate (chop gate) device (100), and it comprises the framework that limits the upper, middle and lower, and further comprises:
(a) mouth of a river, this mouth of a river comprises hollow pipe, axial hole (2) extends on the second end of opposite or near relative outlet (2b) from the import (2a) of mouth of a river first end, the mouth of a river also comprises flange (5), this flange is approximately perpendicular to tubular axis and extends, and between described first end and the second end, thereby limit from flange and the first filling pipe end part (4a) of import (2a) extension and the second time mouth of a river part (4b) that extends to outlet (2b) from flange, wherein, described flange comprises towards the upper clamping area (5a) of the first filling pipe end part (4a) and towards the lower guide surface (5b) of second time mouth of a river part (4b), described guide surface (5b) is the plane, and roughly vertical with described pipe, the described mouth of a river is connected with framework, so that the first filling pipe end part (4a) is extended above framework upper, flange (5) is clipped in frame mid portion by clamping tool (104), and second time mouth of a river part extended below the framework bottom;
(b) parting tool (101), described parting tool comprises cutting plate and sharp cutting blade (101c), cutting plate has the first and second relative main surface (101a, 101b), the first and second main surfaces are separated by the thickness of cutting plate, this cutting plate is slidingly mounted on the framework bottom, so that its first main sealing surface (101b) is parallel to the flange guide surface (5b) at the mouth of a river and with it contact, thereby make cutting blade (101c) can contact a side of second time mouth of a river part (4b) at the mouth of a river, and can be parallel to the driven opposite side that is transverse to second time mouth of a river part (4b) of flange guide surface (5b); And
(c) promotion instrument (102), this promotion instrument can force cutting blade to pass second time mouth of a river part at the mouth of a river, thereby second time mouth of a river part at the mouth of a river the first filling pipe end part (4a) from mouth of a river flange (5) and the mouth of a river is scaled off, so that the first main surface of cutting plate seals hole (2) at the horizontal plane of flange guide surface (5b).
2. cut-out casting gate device according to claim 1, it comprises compaction tool (105), this compaction tool is flexibly pushed down parting tool (101), to form between parting tool sealing surface (101b) and flange guide surface (5b) closely and the contact of sealing.
3. cut-out casting gate device according to claim 1 and 2, it comprises clamping tool (104), is used for applying clamping force to flange clamping area (5a), thus the mouth of a river is in position on the framework receiving plane.
4. according to the described cut-out casting gate of previous claim device, it is characterized in that, described clamping tool comprises three clamping element (50a, 50b, 50c), the shape center (centroid) of described three clamping elements consists of leg-of-mutton three summits, wherein two summits lay respectively at the both sides through the diameter on the 3rd summit of axial hole (2) cross section, and wherein, mouth of a river clamping area (5a) comprises three independently support ledge (30a, 30b, 30c), support ledge is given prominence to and is centered on from the pipe circumference and manages circle distribution, its shape center consists of leg-of-mutton three summits, described three summits and clamping element (50a, 50b, leg-of-mutton three summits that 50c) consist of are complementary.
5. according to the described cut-out casting gate of aforementioned each claim device, it is characterized in that, lower mouth of a river part comprises the reduction groove (6) that is positioned at flange guide surface (5b) and second time mouth of a river part (4b) junction, and it flushes with the blade (101c) of parting tool (101).
6. each described cut-out casting gate device according to claim 3-5, it is characterized in that, the flange clamping area (5a) at the mouth of a river tilts, thereby the thickness of flange (5) is outwards reduced gradually from described pipe, the inclination angle is preferably and with respect to the horizontal plane is 30-60 °, more preferably be 45 °, and wherein, clamping tool applies the clamping force of the oblique clamping area (5a) that is approximately perpendicular to flange (5).
7. comprise the tundish (10) according to aforementioned each claim described cut-out casting gate device (100), cut-out casting gate device (100) is fixed in the outside, tundish bottom (10a), so that first filling pipe end of the mouth of a river (1) part (4a) is given prominence to and embedded flame retardant coating (10b) liner of tundish inwall from perforate of tundish bottom (10a).
8. be applicable to the mouth of a river (1) of each described cut-out casting gate device among the claim 1-7, the described mouth of a river comprises hollow pipe, its axial hole (2) extends on the second end of opposite or near relative outlet (2b) from the import (2a) of mouth of a river first end, the mouth of a river also comprises flange (5), flange is approximately perpendicular to tubular axis and extends, and between described first end and the second end, thereby limit from flange and the first filling pipe end part (4a) of import (2a) extension and the second time mouth of a river part (4b) that extends to outlet (2b) from flange, wherein, flange comprises towards the upper clamping area (5a) of the first filling pipe end part (4a) and towards the lower guide surface (5b) of second time mouth of a river part (4b), described guide surface (5b) is the plane, and be approximately perpendicular to described pipe, it is characterized in that, lower mouth of a river part comprises the reduction groove (6) that is positioned at flange guide surface (5b) and second time mouth of a river part (4b) junction.
9. the mouth of a river according to claim 8 is characterized in that, flange clamping area (5a) tilts, so that the thickness of flange (5) outwards reduces gradually from described pipe, the inclination angle is preferably and with respect to the horizontal plane is 30-60 °, more preferably is 45 °.
10. according to claim 8 or the 9 described mouths of a river, it is characterized in that, second time mouth of a river part (4b) consist of to be invaded the mouth of a river (shroud nozzle), and outlet (2b) by towards around opening and at least one exit window that distributes around second time mouth of a river part (4b) perisporium of contiguous the second end, be preferably two exit windows, more preferably four exit windows facing each other consist of.
11. according to claim 8 or the 9 described mouths of a river, it is characterized in that, second time mouth of a river part (4b) consists of the casting mouth of a river (pouring nozzle), and outlet (2b) axially is opened in the second end of described second time mouth of a river part.
12. each described mouth of a river is characterized in that according to claim 8-11, the basic whole circle distribution along lower mouth of a river part of reduction groove (6).
13. each described mouth of a river according to claim 8-12, it is characterized in that, mouth of a river clamping area (5a) comprises three independently support ledge (30a, 30b, 30c), support ledge is given prominence to and is centered on from the circumference of pipe and manages circle distribution, the shape center of described three lugs consists of leg-of-mutton three summits, and wherein two summits lay respectively at the both sides of the diameter that passes the 3rd summit of axial hole (2) cross section.
14. each described mouth of a river is characterized in that according to claim 8-13, flange (5) part is coated with metal-back (22), wherein except the guide surface (5b).
15. with the 14 described mouths of a river, it is characterized in that according to claim 13, three independently support ledge (30a, 30b, 30c) be the part of metal-back (22).
CN2012102324523A 2011-06-28 2012-06-28 Chop gate and nozzle Pending CN102847929A (en)

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
EP11171655 2011-06-28
EP11171655.1 2011-06-28

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102847929A true CN102847929A (en) 2013-01-02

Family

ID=46397151

Family Applications (2)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012102324523A Pending CN102847929A (en) 2011-06-28 2012-06-28 Chop gate and nozzle
CN2012203256228U Expired - Fee Related CN203253917U (en) 2011-06-28 2012-06-28 Pouring gate chopping device, tundish comprising device and water nozzle suitable for device

Family Applications After (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2012203256228U Expired - Fee Related CN203253917U (en) 2011-06-28 2012-06-28 Pouring gate chopping device, tundish comprising device and water nozzle suitable for device

Country Status (14)

Country Link
US (1) US20140103080A1 (en)
EP (1) EP2726235A1 (en)
JP (1) JP2014518157A (en)
KR (1) KR20140023966A (en)
CN (2) CN102847929A (en)
AR (1) AR086749A1 (en)
AU (1) AU2012278280A1 (en)
BR (1) BR112013022157A2 (en)
CA (1) CA2825676A1 (en)
CL (1) CL2013002793A1 (en)
MX (1) MX2013011193A (en)
RU (1) RU2013141491A (en)
WO (1) WO2013000566A1 (en)
ZA (1) ZA201306442B (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106450152A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-22 大同新成新材料股份有限公司 Preparation method of lithium battery high-energy-density negative electrode material composite graphite sheet

Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
AR086749A1 (en) * 2011-06-28 2014-01-22 Vesuvius Group Sa CUTTING, ARTESA AND BUZA DE COLADA GATE DEVICE
TWI647029B (en) * 2014-02-19 2019-01-11 比利時商維蘇威集團股份有限公司 Ladle shroud for casting metal, kit of parts for coupling assembly for coupling said ladle shroud to a ladle, metal casting installation and coupling process
CN104399961B (en) * 2014-11-28 2016-05-04 湖北新叶液压机械股份有限公司 A kind of pouring molten steel device
EP3332891A1 (en) 2016-12-12 2018-06-13 ABB Schweiz AG An assembly for a metal-making process

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002331339A (en) * 2001-05-08 2002-11-19 Nkk Corp Device for forcibly closing tundish nozzle
WO2004014583A1 (en) * 2002-08-12 2004-02-19 Hayes Lemmerz International, Inc. Quick-change lock assembly for casting machine fill tubes
US20050155992A1 (en) * 2004-01-21 2005-07-21 Klingensmith Marshall A. Compliant fill tube assembly, fill tube therefor and method of use
DE102004008382A1 (en) * 2004-02-20 2005-09-08 Refratechnik Holding Gmbh Metal-encased replacement nozzle used in closure system of steel casting ladle, comprises refractory of specified composition surrounded by cast iron jacket
KR20070103144A (en) * 2006-04-18 2007-10-23 주식회사 포스코 Apparatus for blocking outflow of melting steel
KR20100001293A (en) * 2008-06-26 2010-01-06 현대제철 주식회사 Apparatus for emergent cutting of tundish nozzle
CN102189233A (en) * 2010-03-19 2011-09-21 维苏维尤斯集团有限公司 Inner nozzle for transferring molten metal contained in a vessel, system for clamping said nozzle and casting device
CN203253917U (en) * 2011-06-28 2013-10-30 维苏威集团有限公司 Pouring gate chopping device, tundish comprising device and water nozzle suitable for device

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR100431611B1 (en) * 1999-08-31 2004-05-17 주식회사 포스코 Blocking apparatus of non-solidifying molten steel in tundish

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2002331339A (en) * 2001-05-08 2002-11-19 Nkk Corp Device for forcibly closing tundish nozzle
WO2004014583A1 (en) * 2002-08-12 2004-02-19 Hayes Lemmerz International, Inc. Quick-change lock assembly for casting machine fill tubes
US20050155992A1 (en) * 2004-01-21 2005-07-21 Klingensmith Marshall A. Compliant fill tube assembly, fill tube therefor and method of use
DE102004008382A1 (en) * 2004-02-20 2005-09-08 Refratechnik Holding Gmbh Metal-encased replacement nozzle used in closure system of steel casting ladle, comprises refractory of specified composition surrounded by cast iron jacket
KR20070103144A (en) * 2006-04-18 2007-10-23 주식회사 포스코 Apparatus for blocking outflow of melting steel
KR20100001293A (en) * 2008-06-26 2010-01-06 현대제철 주식회사 Apparatus for emergent cutting of tundish nozzle
CN102189233A (en) * 2010-03-19 2011-09-21 维苏维尤斯集团有限公司 Inner nozzle for transferring molten metal contained in a vessel, system for clamping said nozzle and casting device
CN203253917U (en) * 2011-06-28 2013-10-30 维苏威集团有限公司 Pouring gate chopping device, tundish comprising device and water nozzle suitable for device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106450152A (en) * 2016-11-11 2017-02-22 大同新成新材料股份有限公司 Preparation method of lithium battery high-energy-density negative electrode material composite graphite sheet
CN106450152B (en) * 2016-11-11 2019-05-31 大同新成新材料股份有限公司 A kind of preparation method of lithium battery high-energy density negative electrode material composite stone ink sheet

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
RU2013141491A (en) 2015-08-10
AU2012278280A1 (en) 2013-08-15
CL2013002793A1 (en) 2014-01-17
CA2825676A1 (en) 2013-01-03
US20140103080A1 (en) 2014-04-17
KR20140023966A (en) 2014-02-27
MX2013011193A (en) 2014-04-14
BR112013022157A2 (en) 2019-09-24
AR086749A1 (en) 2014-01-22
JP2014518157A (en) 2014-07-28
CN203253917U (en) 2013-10-30
WO2013000566A1 (en) 2013-01-03
ZA201306442B (en) 2014-10-29
EP2726235A1 (en) 2014-05-07

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203253917U (en) Pouring gate chopping device, tundish comprising device and water nozzle suitable for device
USRE45093E1 (en) Submerged entry nozzle with installable parts
CA2951607C (en) Thin slab nozzle for distributing high mass flow rates
EP3065898B1 (en) Nozzle and casting installation
US5716538A (en) Discharge nozzle for continuous casting
KR102271199B1 (en) A sleeve for high pressure rheocasting
JP2575609B2 (en) Furnace valve operation method and furnace valve
KR100707128B1 (en) Strip casting apparatus
JPH05500187A (en) Direct casting method of dandish and strip
CN1191137C (en) Method and device for slab continuous casting using two pouring openings
JPH03110048A (en) Tundish stopper
EP2111316B1 (en) A submerged entry nozzle
EP2382062B1 (en) Submerged entry nozzle
EP0424440A1 (en) Low-head feeding system for thin section casting
CN201333506Y (en) Back-bending dummy bar head
CN211161910U (en) FTSC thin slab continuous casting high flux immersion nozzle
KR100513592B1 (en) Sliding gate for preventing the melted ingot steel from bias flow in continuous casting
TW201302346A (en) Chop gate
ZA200004013B (en) Ingot mould with multiple angles for loadedcontinuous casting of metallurgical product.
CN110666148A (en) FTSC thin slab continuous casting high flux immersion nozzle
JPH11188462A (en) Tundish nozzle exchanging device
KR20020025603A (en) Apparatus for plugging ingot steel outlet of ladle
JPS6289552A (en) Horizontal and continuous casting machine
JPS63130250A (en) Tilting type continuous metal casting plant
JPS61195755A (en) Horizontal rotation type continuous casting device

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20130102