CN102838816A - New macromolecule fiber composite material - Google Patents

New macromolecule fiber composite material Download PDF

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CN102838816A
CN102838816A CN2012103340025A CN201210334002A CN102838816A CN 102838816 A CN102838816 A CN 102838816A CN 2012103340025 A CN2012103340025 A CN 2012103340025A CN 201210334002 A CN201210334002 A CN 201210334002A CN 102838816 A CN102838816 A CN 102838816A
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parts
agent
composite material
fiber composite
polymer fiber
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CN102838816B (en
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严秀芹
陆绍荣
徐觉明
黄斌
罗崇禧
郭栋
卢李勤
谢超
田卓文
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桂林舒康建材有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a new macromolecule fiber composite material which is prepared by the following components in parts by weight, 40-100 parts of plant fiberfill, 60-100 parts of plastic base material, 3.5-5 parts of heat stabilizer, 1-2 parts of plasticizer, 1.6-2 parts of lubricating agent, 4-8 parts of modifying agent, 1-3 parts of compatilizer, 2-3 parts of coupling reagent, 1-5 parts of super dispersing agent, 1-4 parts of positive ion surface active agent, 1-1.8 parts of foaming agent, 1-5 parts of blowing promoter, 0.3-1.2 parts of antioxygen, 1-10 parts of cross-linking agent, 1-20 parts of nucleating agent, 0.8-1 part of viscosity reducer, 0.8-1 part of tackifier and 3.2-13.4 parts of other auxiliaries. The new composite material can not easily cause wet swelling and air shrinkage, and is low in expansibility and water absorbability, so that the prepared product has good stability.

Description

高分子纤维复合新材料 New polymer fiber composite material

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及以生物质来源的高分子材料及制品领域,具体涉及一种高分子纤维复合新材料。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of polymer materials and products derived from biomass, in particular to a new polymer fiber composite material.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 高分子纤维复合新材料是将植物纤维(包括木屑、剑麻粉、甘蔗渣、竹屑、麻杆、果壳等)与塑料进行共混挤出得到的一类复合材料,被广泛应用于民用建筑装饰、车船、国防等行业领域。 [0002] The new polymer fiber composite material is a plant fibers (including wood chips, powder sisal, bagasse, bamboo shavings, Stick, shell, etc.) with a plastics-based composite material obtained extruded blend is widely used in the field of civil construction decoration, travel, defense and other industries. 这类材料具有较好的加工性,同时具有有抗腐蚀、美观、大方等特点,但其不足之处是力学性能欠佳,但可以通过对植物纤维及塑料进行表面改性、添加不同的助剂来改善。 Such materials have better processability, but also has corrosion resistant, appearance, appearance, etc., but the downside is that the poor mechanical properties, but the plants, and plastic fiber surface modification, add different promoters agents to improve. 公开号为CN101921491A的发明专利,公开了一种木塑复合材料,按重量份数计,包括木粉100份,废塑料20〜80份,废橡胶5〜50份,高熔指热塑性树脂10〜60份,表面活性剂I〜12份,润滑剂2〜8份,交联剂O. I〜4份,抗氧剂O. I〜4份,加工助剂O. 05〜I. 5份;其中,所述木粉目数在10至325目,高熔指热塑性树脂的熔体流动速度在20g/10min以上,交联剂为过氧化物。 Publication No. CN101921491A patents, discloses a wood-plastic composite material, in parts by weight basis, comprising 100 parts of wood flour, 20 to 80 parts of waste plastics, waste rubber 5~50 parts, high melt index thermoplastic resin 10~ 60 parts, parts I~12 surfactants, lubricants 2~8 parts, O. I~4 parts of a crosslinking agent, an antioxidant O. I~4 parts, O. 05~I 5 parts of processing aids.; wherein the number of said wood meal of 10 to 325 mesh, a high melt index has a melt flow rate of the thermoplastic resin is 20g / 10min or more, the crosslinking agent is a peroxide. 该发明通过加入高熔指热塑性树脂、表面活性剂来改善复合物中木粉的分散性、流动性以及与塑胶的相容性,通过加入废橡胶以提高材料的力学性能(如拉伸强度、变曲强度、冲击强度等)。 The invention by the addition of high melt index thermoplastic resin, a surfactant to improve the dispersibility, fluidity and compatibility with plastic composite wood powder, by the addition of waste rubber to improve the mechanical properties (such as tensile strength, inflection strength, impact strength, etc.). 但橡胶基本上都是来源于石油,属易燃品,如果在建筑装饰材料上使用,存在安全隐患。 However, the rubber basically derived from petroleum, is flammable, if used on construction materials, there are security risks.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明要解决的技术问题是提供一种高分子纤维复合新材料,该材料具有较好的力学性能和较低的膨胀率。 [0003] The present invention is to solve the technical problem is to provide a new polymer fiber composite material which has good mechanical properties and a low expansion coefficient.

[0004] 本发明所述的高分子纤维复合新材料,按重量份计,它由下述组分制成: [0004] The composite polymer fiber according to the present invention, new materials, in parts by weight, which is made of the following components:

[0005] 植物纤维填料40〜100份; 塑料基材60〜100份; [0005] Plant 40~100 parts fibrous filler; 60~100 parts plastic substrate;

[0006] 热稳定剂3. 5〜5份; 增塑剂I〜2份; [0006] 3. 5~5 parts of a heat stabilizer; I~2 parts of a plasticizer;

[0007] 润滑剂I. 6〜2份; 改性剂4〜8份; [0007] I. 6~2 parts lubricant; 4 to 8 parts modifier;

[0008] 相容剂I〜3份; 偶联剂2〜3份; [0008] The compatibilizing agent I~3 parts; 2 to 3 parts of a coupling agent;

[0009] 超分散剂I〜5份; 阳离子表面活性剂I〜4份; [0009] Hyperdispersant I~5 parts; I~4 parts of a cationic surfactant;

[0010] 发泡剂I〜1.8份; 发泡助剂I〜5份; [0010] I~1.8 parts blowing agent; I~5 parts of foaming aid;

[0011] 抗氧剂O. 3〜I. 2份; 交联剂I〜10份; . [0011] O. 3~I 2 parts of antioxidant; I~10 parts of a crosslinking agent;

[0012] 成核剂I〜20份; 降粘剂O. 8〜I份; [0012] I~20 parts of a nucleating agent; O. 8~I parts of a viscosity reducing agent;

[0013] 增粘剂0.8〜I份; 其它助剂3. 2〜13. 4份; [0013] 0.8~I parts tackifier; Other auxiliaries 3. 4 parts of 2~13;

[0014]其中, [0014] wherein,

[0015] 所述的热稳定剂为有机锡稳定剂、钙锌稳定剂或铅盐复合稳定剂; [0015] The heat stabilizer is an organotin stabilizer, Ca-Zn composite stabilizer or a lead salt stabilizer;

[0016] 所述的改性剂为ACR-401、乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚物或氯化聚乙烯; [0016] The modifier is ACR-401, an ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer or chlorinated polyethylene;

[0017] 所述的阳离子表面活性剂为季铵盐型阳离子表面活性剂; [0017] The cationic surfactant is a quaternary ammonium salt type cationic surfactant;

[0018] 所述的发泡剂为碳酸氢钠与偶氮二甲酰胺或偶氮二异丁晴任意配比的组合;[0019] 所述的成核剂为选自碳酸钙晶须、纳米活性轻质碳酸钙、滑石粉、二氧化钛和硬脂酸钙中的一种或任意两种以上的组合; Blowing agent [0018] is the bicarbonate and azodicarbonamide or azobisisobutyronitrile clear any stoichiometric combination thereof; said nucleating agent [0019] is selected from calcium carbonate whiskers, nano active light calcium carbonate, talc, titanium dioxide and calcium stearate in any one or combination of two or more;

[0020] 所述的其它助剂按重量份计,其组成为氢氧化钠O. 5〜3份、尿素I〜5份、多聚甲醛I〜3份、甲酸O. 2〜I. 2份和三聚氰胺O. 5〜I. 2份。 Other additives [0020] the parts by weight of a composition of sodium O. 5~3 parts I~5 parts of urea, paraformaldehyde I~3 parts, formic O. 2~I. 2 parts and melamine O. 5~I. 2 parts.

[0021] 上述高分子纤维复合新材料中各组分的重量份优选为: [0021] The new polymer fiber composite material parts by weight of each component is preferably as follows:

[0022] 植物纤维填料50〜100份; 塑料基材60〜80份; [0022] Plant 50~100 parts fibrous filler; 60~80 parts plastic substrate;

[0023] 热稳定剂4〜5份; 增塑剂I〜2份; [0023] 4 to 5 parts of a heat stabilizer; I~2 parts of a plasticizer;

[0024] 润滑剂I. 8〜2份; 改性剂5〜7. 5份; [0024] I. 8~2 parts lubricant;. 5 ~ 7 5 parts modifier;

[0025] 相容剂I. 5〜3份; 偶联剂2〜3份; [0025] I. 5~3 parts compatibility agent; 2 to 3 parts of a coupling agent;

[0026] 超分散剂2〜4份; 阳离子表面活性剂I〜2份; [0026] 2 ~ 4 parts hyperdispersant; I~2 parts of a cationic surfactant;

[0027] 发泡剂I. 2〜I. 6份; 发泡助剂2〜5份; [0027] I. 2~I 6 parts of a foaming agent; 2 ~ 5 parts of foaming aid;

[0028] 抗氧剂O. 5〜I份; 交联剂I〜5份; [0028] O. 5~I parts of antioxidant; I~5 parts of a crosslinking agent;

[0029] 成核剂5〜13份; 降粘剂O. 8〜O. 9份; [0029] The nucleating agent 5~13 parts;. O. 8~O 9 parts of a viscosity reducing agent;

[0030] 增粘剂O. 8〜O. 9份; 其它助剂4. 7〜6. 7份。 . [0030] O. 8~O 9 parts of a thickener; Other auxiliaries 4. 7~6 7 parts.

[0031] 上述技术方案中: [0031] The technical solution:

[0032] 所述的植物纤维填料可以是木(竹)本材料如锯末、刨花、木屑、椰壳、竹屑或竹绒等进行粉碎后得到的细颗粒;也可以是草本材料如剑麻下脚料、木屑、果壳、麻杆、花生壳、板栗壳、甘蔗渣等进行粉碎后得到的细颗粒;还可以是上述选择中的任意两种以上的组合,此时它们之间的配比可以是任意配比。 [0032] The plant fibrous filler may be wood (bamboo) of this material such as sawdust, wood shavings, sawdust, coconut shells, bamboo or bamboo shavings velvet finely pulverized particles were obtained; herbaceous material may be such as sisal offal materials, sawdust, husk, Stick, peanut shells, chestnut shells, bagasse obtained after pulverizing fine particles; may also be the selection of any two or more combinations, then the ratio between them can arbitrary ratio. 所述植物纤维填料的粒度通常控制在80〜200目。 The plant fibrous filler particle size is typically controlled at 80~200 mesh.

[0033] 所述的塑料基材可以是热塑性塑料,如聚氯乙烯(PVC)、聚乙烯(PE)、聚丙烯(PP)、尼龙(PA)、聚苯乙烯(PS)或丙烯腈-丁二烯-苯乙烯共聚物(ABS)等;也可以是热固性塑料,如胺基树脂、酚醛树脂或环氧树脂等;还可以是上述选择中的任意两种以上的组合,此时它们之间的配比可以是任意配比。 [0033] The plastic substrate may be a thermoplastic, such as polyvinyl chloride (PVC), polyethylene (PE), polypropylene (PP), nylon (PA), polystyrene (PS) or acrylonitrile - butoxy diene - styrene copolymer (ABS) and the like; may be a thermosetting plastic, such as amino resin, epoxy resin, phenol resin, or the like; may be the selection of any two or more in combination, this time between them the ratio may be any ratio. 所述的塑料基材可以是新料或回收料,其粒度通常控制在20〜100目。 The plastic substrate may be virgin or recycled material, typically having a particle size in the 20-100 mesh control.

[0034] 所述的增塑剂为选自邻苯二甲酸二辛酯、邻苯二甲酸二丁酯和环氧大豆油中的一种或两种以上的组合;当增塑剂为上述任意两种以上的组合时,它们之间的配比可以是任意配比。 Plasticizer [0034] is selected from the phthalate, dioctyl phthalate, dibutyl phthalate, and one kind of epoxidized soybean oil in combination of two or more; and when any of the above plasticizer when a combination of two or more, the ratio between them may be arbitrary ratio.

[0035] 所述的润滑剂为选自硬脂酸、硬脂酸铅、硬脂酸钡、硬脂酸锌、石蜡、聚乙烯蜡和氧化聚乙烯腊中的一种或任意两种以上的组合;当润滑剂为上述任意两种以上的组合时,它们之间的配比可以是任意配比。 Lubricant [0035] is selected from the stearate, lead stearate, barium stearate, zinc stearate, paraffin wax, polyethylene wax, oxidized polyethylene wax, and one or two or more of any combinations thereof; when the lubricant is a combination of two or more of any of the above, the ratio between them may be arbitrary ratio.

[0036] 所述改性剂中的ACR-401是丙稀酸脂类高分子共聚物,具体可以采用淄博华星助剂有限公司、淄博海化化工有限公司、上虞市临江化工有限公司等公司生产的。 [0036] The ACR-401 modifier is a copolymer of acrylic polymer lipids, particularly additives Zibo Star Co., Zibo Chemical Co., Ltd. Shangyu Riverside Chemical Company and the like may be employed produced.

[0037] 所述的相容剂为聚乙烯内酯、马来酸酐、丙烯酸或聚甲基丙酸甲脂。 According to [0037] the compatibility agent is a lactone polyethylene, maleic anhydride, acrylic acid or polymethacrylic acid methyl ester.

[0038] 所述的偶联剂为选自硅烷偶联剂、钛酸酯偶联剂和铝酸酯偶联剂中的一种或任意两种以上的组合。 Said coupling agent [0038] is selected from a silane coupling agent, more than one of any two or titanate coupling agent and aluminate coupling agent in combination. 其中娃烧偶联剂可以是:T-氨基丙基二乙氧娃烧(KH550)、r_缩水甘油氧丙基三甲氧基硅烷(KH560)、三氟丙基三甲氧基硅烷(TF3)或十七氟癸基三甲氧基硅烷(TF17);钛酸酯偶联剂可以是钛酸酯偶联剂NDZ-102、钛酸酯偶联剂NDZ-201、钛酸酯偶联剂NDZ-210、钛酸酯偶联剂NDZ-331或钛酸酯偶联剂NDZ-401 ;铝酸酯偶联剂可以是铝酸酯偶联剂DL-441-A、铝酸酯偶联剂DL-481或铝酸酯偶联剂DL-427。 Wherein the coupling agent may be burned baby: T- burn baby aminopropyl diethoxy (KH550), r_ glycidoxypropyl trimethoxysilane (KH560), trifluoropropyl trimethoxy silane (TF3) or heptadecafluorodecyl trimethoxysilane (TF17); titanate coupling agent may be a titanate coupling agent NDZ-102, titanate coupling agent NDZ-201, NDZ-210 titanate coupling agent , NDZ-331 titanate coupling agent or a titanium coupling agent NDZ-401; aluminum coupling agent may be aluminum coupling agent DL-441-A, an aluminum coupling agent DL-481 or an aluminum coupling agent DL-427. 当偶联剂的选择为上述任意两种以上的组合时,它们之间的配比可以是任意配比。 When the coupling agent is selected to be a combination of two or more of any of the above, the ratio between them may be arbitrary ratio.

[0039] 所述的超分散剂又名超级分散剂,具体可以是牌号为NBZ-3、DA-50、WH-I或Η)_5超分散剂(国家超细粉末工程研究中心、上海华明超细新材料有限公司和华东理工大学技术化学物理研究所共同研制);也可以是CH系列超分散剂(上海三正高分子材料有限公司);优选使用超支化分散剂(桂林理工大学研制并生产)。 [0039] The dispersing agent also known as super super dispersant, may be specifically designation NBZ-3, DA-50, WH-I or Η) _5 hyperdispersant (National Engineering Research Center of Ultrafine Powder, Shanghai Hua Ming ultra-fine new materials Co., Ltd. Institute of chemical Physics and technology, East China University of technology jointly developed); can also be a series of ultra-CH dispersing agent (tri-polymer materials Shanghai Co., Ltd.); preferred to use hyperbranched dispersant (development and production of Guilin University of technology ).

[0040] 所述的阳离子表面活性剂为季铵盐型阳离子表面活性剂,具体可以是烷基三甲基铵盐、二烷基二甲基铵盐或者是烷基二甲基苄基铵盐等。 [0040] The cationic surfactant is a quaternary ammonium salt type cationic surfactant, particularly an alkyl trimethyl ammonium salt may be, dialkyl dimethyl ammonium salts or alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium salt Wait. 其中所述的烷基二甲基苄基铵盐通常是指月桂基硫酸烷基二甲基苄基铵或月桂基硫酸二癸基二甲基铵。 Wherein said alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium lauryl sulfate, generally refers to alkyl dimethyl benzyl ammonium lauryl sulfate or dimethyl didecyl dimethyl ammonium.

[0041] 所述的发泡助剂具体可以是为发泡调节剂ΖΒ530(山东华星塑料助剂生产)。 [0041] The foaming aid may be particularly foamed regulator ΖΒ530 (Shandong Star Plastics Additives Ltd.). [0042] 所述的抗氧剂可以是2,6_ 二叔丁基对甲酚或者是四[甲基_(3,5-二叔丁基-4-羟基苯基)丙酸酯]季戊四醇酯。 [0042] The antioxidant may be BHT 2,6_ or tetrakis [methyl _ (3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl) propionate] pentaerythritol .

[0043] 所述的交联剂可以是过氧化苯甲酰、过氧化二异丙苯或过氧化苯甲酸叔丁酯。 [0043] The crosslinking agent may be benzoyl peroxide, dicumyl peroxide or t-butyl perbenzoate peroxide.

[0044] 成核剂的加入也可进一步提高产品的力学性能,当成核剂的选择为碳酸钙晶须、纳米活性轻质碳酸钙、滑石粉、二氧化钛和硬脂酸钙中的任意两种以上的组合时,它们之间的配比可以是任意配比。 Was added [0044] The nucleating agent may further improve the mechanical properties of the product, as a nucleating agent is calcium carbonate whisker selected, any two active nano-calcium carbonate, talc, titanium dioxide and calcium stearate in the above when combined, the ratio between them may be arbitrary ratio.

[0045] 所述加工助剂中的多聚甲醛的聚合度为小于8,优选聚合度为2〜8的多聚甲醛,具体可以是低聚合度多聚甲醛(甲醛含量为77%〜93%的甲二醇缩聚物),为固体粉末状(山东寿光市旭东化工有限公司生产)。 [0045] The degree of polymerization of paraformaldehyde in the processing aid is less than 8, preferably a degree of polymerization of paraformaldehyde 2~8, in particular may be a low degree of paraformaldehyde (formaldehyde content 77% ~93% the methylene glycol polycondensate) as a solid powder (Shouguang Xudong Chemical Co., Ltd.).

[0046] 所述的降粘剂为降粘剂LJ-950。 The [0046] viscosity reducing agent is a reducing agent LJ-950.

[0047] 所述的增粘剂为聚苯乙烯树脂、单月桂酸酯聚氧乙烯化合物或环氧乙烷-环氧丙烷嵌段共聚物。 According to [0047] as a polystyrene resin tackifier, monolaurate polyoxyethylene compounds or ethylene oxide - propylene oxide block copolymers.

[0048] 本发明所述高分子纤维复合新材料的制备方法为: [0048] The preparation method of the present invention is a polymer fiber composite material is new:

[0049] 将植物纤维填料置于高速混合机中,加入其它助剂混合搅拌3〜6min (此时料温达到100°C〜120°c ),打开高速混合机上的料斗盖,让植物纤维填料中所含的水份散发,待物料温度降至45〜55°C时,再加入超分散剂和阳离子表面活性剂,混合搅拌I〜2min,待物料温度降至55〜65°C时,加入塑料基材和热稳定剂,混合搅拌I〜2min ;待物料温度降至65〜75°C时,加人润滑剂、改性剂、相容剂、偶联剂、抗氧剂、交联剂、降粘剂和增粘剂混合搅拌2〜4min,待物料温度降至75〜85°C时加入增塑剂混合搅拌2〜3min,待物料温度降至85〜95°C时加入发泡剂和发泡助剂混合搅拌2〜3min,待物料温度降至95〜105°C时加入成核剂,混合搅拌至物料温度达到120°C时停止高速混合,将物料排出,所得预混物料送入单螺杆或双螺杆造粒机进行造粒(加工温度为140〜170°C );最后将粒料送入 [0049] The plants are placed in a high speed mixer fibrous filler, other additives added mixing 3~6min (At this time the material temperature reached 100 ° C~120 ° c), the high-speed mixer hopper opening cover, so that the plant fibrous filler when distributing the water contained until the material temperature was reduced to 45~55 ° C, was added over a dispersant and a cationic surfactant, mixing I~2min, until batch temperature dropped to 55~65 ° C, was added a plastic substrate and a heat stabilizer, mixing I~2min; upon until batch temperature dropped 65~75 ° C, the addition of lubricants, modifiers, compatibilizers, coupling agents, antioxidants, crosslinking agents adding a blowing agent, the viscosity reducing agent and a tackifier were mixed and stirred 2~4min, mixing the plasticizer to be added when the batch temperature dropped to 75~85 ° C was stirred 2~3min, until batch temperature dropped to 85~95 ° C mixing and foaming aid 2~3min, nucleating agent to be added to the material temperature is lowered to 95~105 ° C, mixing until batch temperature reached a high speed mixing stops 120 ° C, the material is discharged, resulting premix feed material into a single or twin screw granulator for granulation (processing temperature is 140~170 ° C); and finally into pellets 螺杆或双螺杆挤出机(加工温度为150〜175°C )挤出各种高分子纤维复合新材料制品坯材,再经水冷定型、牵弓I、切割、下料,得到成品。 Screw or twin-screw extruder (processing temperature is 150~175 ° C) of various extruded polymer fiber composite material article new billet, and then water-cooling setting, pull bow I, cutting, cutting, to be finished.

[0050] 本发明所述高分子纤维复合新材料选用特殊配比的其它助剂对植物纤维填料进行改性,再通过超分散剂、阳离子表面活性剂与改性后的植物纤维填料表面上的极性基团发生锚锢作用,以降低植物纤维填料的表面极性,一方面,有利于植物纤维填料与塑料基材共混,解决两者界面间的相容性问题;另一方面,可提高植物纤维填料与塑料基材之间的亲和能力,形成密实的网状结构,使植物纤维填料在复合材料中的分散更均匀,流动性更好,从而能够很好地传递填料与树脂之间的应力,进而大大提高产品的力学性能。 [0050] The present invention is a new polymer fiber composite material is made of special additives ratio other modified plant fiber filler, and then through the ultra-dispersing agent, a cationic surfactant and the filler surface-modified plant fiber indium polar groups anchor effect occurs to reduce surface polarity of the plant fiber filler, on the one hand, facilitate plant fiber filler blended with the plastic substrate, to solve the compatibility problems between the two interfaces; the other hand, improve the ability of the affinity between the filler and plastic plant fiber substrate to form a dense network structure, a plant fibrous filler dispersed in the composite material is more uniform, better flow can be transferred well to resin filler between stress, thereby greatly improving the mechanical properties of the product. 同时,由于超分散剂的加入,使改性后的植物纤维填料中的极性羟基被相关助剂中的取代基所取代或被塑料基材所包覆,从而使所制得的复合材料不易发生湿胀和干缩,膨胀率及吸水性率低,因而所得制品具有较好的稳定性;而阳离子表面活性剂的加入还使得挤出制品的表面更光滑、更美观,且具有更好的抗腐蚀性。 Meanwhile, since the ultra-dispersing agent were added, so that the modified plant fiber filler after the plastic substrate or polar hydroxyl is substituted with a substituent associated auxiliaries coated, so that the composite material is not easily prepared swelling and shrinkage occurs, and the water-absorbing expansion coefficient is low, and thus the resultant article have good stability; and the addition of a cationic surfactant such that the surface of the extruded article is also smoother, more aesthetic, and better corrosion resistance.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0051] 下面以具体实施例对本发明作进一步说明,但本发明并不局限于这些实施例。 [0051] In the following specific examples further illustrate the invention, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.

[0052] 以下各实施例均采用下述方法进行加工: [0052] The following examples were processed by the following method:

[0053] 将植物纤维填料置于高速混合机中,加入其它助剂混合搅拌5min,然后打开高速混合机上的料斗盖,让植物纤维填料中所含的水份散发,待物料温度降至50°C时,加入超分散剂和阳离子表面活性剂,混合搅拌2min,待物料温度降至60°C时,加入塑料基材和热稳定剂,混合搅拌2min ;待物料温度降至70°C时,加入润滑剂、改性剂、相容剂、偶联剂、抗氧剂、交联剂、降粘剂和增粘剂混合搅拌3min,待物料温度降至80°C时加入增塑剂混合搅拌3min,待物料温度降至90°C时加入发泡剂和发泡助剂混合搅拌3min,待物料温度降至IOO0C时加入成核剂,混合搅拌至物料温度达到120°C时停止高速混合,将物料排出,所得预混物料送入单螺杆或双螺杆造粒机进行造粒(加工温度为140〜170°C );最后将粒料送入单螺杆或双螺杆挤出机(加工温度为150〜175°C )挤出各种高分子纤维 [0053] The plants are placed in a high speed mixer fibrous filler added other additives were mixed and stirred 5min, then turn on the high-speed mixer hopper lid, so that moisture contained in the plant fiber fillers distributed, the material temperature was reduced to be 50 ° when C, and super-dispersant and a cationic surfactant, mixing 2min, until the material temperature is lowered to 60 ° C, added to a plastic substrate and a heat stabilizer, mixing 2min; until when the material temperature was lowered to 70 ° C, when adding a lubricant was added mixing plasticizers, modifiers, compatibilizers, coupling agents, antioxidants, crosslinking agents, viscosity reducing agent and a tackifier mixing 3min, until the temperature dropped to 80 ° C the material was stirred 3min, the material to be added when the temperature was lowered to 90 ° C a foaming agent and a foaming aid mixing 3min, nucleating agent to be added to the material temperature is lowered to IOO0C, high speed mixing to a stop mixing when the material temperature reaches 120 ° C, discharging the material, the resulting premix materials into a single screw or twin screw granulator for granulation (processing temperature is 140~170 ° C); and finally the pellets were fed into a single-screw or twin-screw extruder (processing temperature 150~175 ° C) extruding various polymer fibers 合新材料制品坯材,再经水冷定型、牵引、切割、下料,得到成品。 New Material article blank, then by water-cooling setting, traction, cutting, cutting, to be finished.

[0054] 实施例I [0054] Example I

[0055] 根据下述表I中实施例I的配方称取各组分,按上述方法制成板材。 [0055] The components according to the formulation takes the following Table I in Example I, said sheet material made as described above.

[0056] 实施例2 [0056] Example 2

[0057] 根据下述表I中实施例2的配方称取各组分,按上述方法制成板材。 [0057] The components taken in accordance with the following Table I Formulation Example 2, said sheet material made as described above.

[0058] 实施例3 [0058] Example 3

[0059] 根据下述表I中实施例3的配方称取各组分,按上述方法制成板材。 [0059] The components taken in accordance with the following Table I Formulation Example 3 of said sheet material is made as described above.

[0060] 实施例4 [0060] Example 4

[0061] 根据下述表I中实施例4的配方称取各组分,按上述方法制成板材。 [0061] The components taken in accordance with the following Table I Formulation Example 4, said sheet material made as described above.

[0062] 实施例5 [0062] Example 5

[0063] 根据下述表I中实施例5的配方称取各组分,按上述方法制成板材。 [0063] The components taken in accordance with the following Table I Formulation Example 5, said sheet material made as described above.

[0064] 实施例6 [0064] Example 6

[0065] 根据下述表I中实施例6的配方称取各组分,按上述方法制成板材。 [0065] The components taken in accordance with the following Table I Example 6 Formulation of said sheet material is made as described above.

[0066]表 I : [0066] Table I:

Figure CN102838816AD00081
Figure CN102838816AD00091
Figure CN102838816AD00101

[0070] 对根据实施例I〜6制得的板材进行熔融指数、弯曲强度、拉伸强度、抗冲击强度、吸水率进行测试,结果如下述表2所示: [0070] According to the plate performs a melt index obtained in Example I~6 embodiment, bending strength, tensile strength, impact strength, water absorption test results are shown in the following Table 2:

[0071]表2: [0071] Table 2:

Figure CN102838816AD00102

Claims (9)

1.高分子纤维复合新材料,其特征在于:按重量份计,它由下述组分制成: 植物纤维填料40〜100份; 塑料基材60〜100份; 热稳定剂3. 5〜5份; 增塑剂I〜2份; 润滑剂I. 6〜2份; 改性剂4〜8份; 相容剂I〜3份; 偶联剂2〜3份; 超分散剂I〜5份; 阳离子表面活性剂I〜4份; 发泡剂I〜I. 8份; 发泡助剂I〜5份; 抗氧剂O. 3〜I. 2份; 交联剂I〜10份; 成核剂I〜20份; 降粘剂O. 8〜I份; 增粘剂O. 8〜I份; 其它助剂3. 2〜13. 4份; 其中, 所述的热稳定剂为有机锡稳定剂、钙锌稳定剂或铅盐复合稳定剂; 所述的改性剂为ACR-401、乙烯-醋酸乙烯共聚物或氯化聚乙烯; 所述的阳离子表面活性剂为季铵盐型阳离子表面活性剂; 所述的发泡剂为碳酸氢钠与偶氮二甲酰胺或偶氮二异丁晴的组合; 所述的成核剂为选自碳酸钙晶须、纳米活性轻质碳酸钙、滑石粉、二氧化钛和硬 1. The new polymer fiber composite material, characterized in that: in parts by weight, which is made of the following components: vegetable 40~100 parts fibrous filler; 60~100 parts plastic substrate; thermal stabilizers -5 to 3 5 parts; I~2 parts of a plasticizer; I. ​​6~2 parts lubricant; 4 to 8 parts modifier; I~3 parts compatibilizer; 2 to 3 parts of a coupling agent; hyperdispersant I~5 parts; cationic surfactants I~4 parts;. I~I 8 parts of a foaming agent; I~5 parts of foaming aid;. O. 3~I 2 parts of antioxidant; I~10 parts of a crosslinking agent; I~20 parts of a nucleating agent; O. 8~I parts reducing agent; a thickener O. 8~I parts; other auxiliaries 3. 4 2~13 parts; wherein said heat stabilizer is an organic tin stabilizer, Ca-Zn stabilizer or a lead salt compound stabilizer; said modifier is ACR-401, an ethylene - vinyl acetate copolymer or chlorinated polyethylene; said cationic surfactant is a quaternary ammonium salt cationic surfactant; said blowing agent is a combination of sodium bicarbonate and azodicarbonamide or azobisisobutyronitrile clear; said nucleating agent is selected from calcium carbonate whiskers, nano-light activity carbonate calcium, talc, titanium dioxide and hard 脂酸钙中的一种或任意两种以上的组合; 所述的其它助剂按重量份计,其组成为氢氧化钠O. 5〜3份、尿素I〜5份、多聚甲醛I〜3份、甲酸O. 2〜I. 2份和三聚氰胺O. 5〜I. 2份。 Calcium stearate in combination of any two or more; the parts by weight of other additives, consisting of sodium O. 5~3 parts I~5 parts of urea, paraformaldehyde I~ 3 parts of formic O. 2~I. 2 and parts of melamine O. 5~I. 2 parts.
2.根据权利要求I所述的高分子纤维复合新材料,其特征在于:各组分的重量份为: 植物纤维填料50〜100份; 塑料基材60〜80份; 热稳定剂4〜5份; 增塑剂I〜2份; 润滑剂I. 8〜2份; 改性剂5〜7. 5份; 相容剂I. 5〜3份; 偶联剂2〜3份; 超分散剂2〜4份; 阳离子表面活性剂I〜2份; 发泡剂I. 2〜I. 6份; 发泡助剂2〜5份; 抗氧剂O. 5〜I份; 交联剂I〜5份; 成核剂5〜13份; 降粘剂O. 8〜O. 9份; 增粘剂O. 8〜O. 9份; 其它助剂4. 7〜6. 7份。 2. The new polymer fiber composite material according to claim I, wherein: parts by weight of each component is: plant fiber filler 50~100 parts; 60~80 parts plastic substrate; heat stabilizer 4 to 5 parts; I~2 parts plasticizer; I. ​​8~2 parts of a lubricant;. 5 ~ 7 5 parts modifier; I. ​​5~3 parts compatibilizer; 2 to 3 parts of a coupling agent; hyperdispersant ~ 4 parts; cationic surfactants I~2 parts;. I. 2~I 6 parts of a foaming agent; 2 ~ 5 parts of foaming aid; O. 5~I parts of antioxidant; crosslinker I~ 5 parts; 5~13 parts of a nucleating agent;. O. 8~O 9 parts of a viscosity reducing agent; tackifier O. 8~O 9 parts; other auxiliaries 4. 7~6 7 parts.
3.据权利要求I或2所述的高分子纤维复合新材料,其特征在于:所述的增塑剂为选自邻苯二甲酸二辛酯、邻苯二甲酸二丁酯和环氧大豆油中的一种或两种以上的组合。 I new polymer fiber composite material of claim 2 or claim 3. According, wherein: said plasticizer is selected from dioctyl phthalate, dibutyl phthalate and epoxidized soybean oil or combination of two or more.
4.据权利要求I或2所述的高分子纤维复合新材料,其特征在于:所述的润滑剂为选自硬脂酸、硬脂酸铅、硬脂酸钡、硬脂酸锌、石蜡、聚乙烯蜡和氧化聚乙烯腊中的一种或任意两种以上的组合。 I new polymer fiber composite material according to claim 2 4. The data, wherein: said lubricant is selected from stearate, lead stearate, barium stearate, zinc stearate, paraffin wax , one or any two or more polyethylene waxes and oxidized polyethylene wax in combination.
5.据权利要求I或2所述的高分子纤维复合新材料,其特征在于:所述的相容剂为聚乙烯内酯、马来酸酐、丙烯酸或聚甲基丙酸甲脂。 I new polymer fiber composite material according to claim 5. According to the claim 2, wherein: said compatibilizing agent is a lactone polyethylene, maleic anhydride, acrylic acid or polymethacrylic acid methyl ester.
6.据权利要求I或2所述的高分子纤维复合新材料,其特征在于:所述的偶联剂为选自硅烷偶联剂、钛酸酯偶联剂和铝酸酯偶联剂中的一种或任意两种以上的组合。 I new polymer fiber composite material of claim 2 or claim 6. According, wherein: said coupling agent is selected from a silane coupling agent, a titanate coupling agent and aluminate coupling agent in two or more one or any combination.
7.据权利要求I或2所述的高分子纤维复合新材料,其特征在于:所述的交联剂过氧化苯甲酰、过氧化二异丙苯或过氧化苯甲酸叔丁酯。 I new polymer fiber composite material according to claim 2 7. The data, wherein: said crosslinking agent benzoyl peroxide, dicumyl peroxide or t-butyl perbenzoate peroxide.
8.据权利要求I或2所述的高分子纤维复合新材料,其特征在于:所述的降粘剂为降粘剂LJ-950。 I new polymer fiber composite material of claim 2 or 8, according to the preceding claims, characterized in that: said viscosity reducing agent is a reducing agent LJ-950.
9.根据权利要求I或2所述的高分子纤维复合新材料,其特征在于:所述的增粘剂为聚苯乙烯树脂、单月桂酸酯聚氧乙烯化合物或环氧乙烷-环氧丙烷嵌段共聚物。 9. The new I polymer fiber composite material according to claim 2, wherein: said tackifier resin is a polystyrene, monolaurate polyoxyethylene compounds or ethylene oxide - propylene oxide block copolymers.
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