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CN102828838B - The method and machinery apparatus and the power saving control - Google Patents

The method and machinery apparatus and the power saving control Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102828838B
CN102828838B CN201210327131.1A CN201210327131A CN102828838B CN 102828838 B CN102828838 B CN 102828838B CN 201210327131 A CN201210327131 A CN 201210327131A CN 102828838 B CN102828838 B CN 102828838B
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signal
operation
controller
engine
input
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CN201210327131.1A
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CN102828838A (en
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李胜华
曾少林
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三一重工股份有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种工程机械、节能控制装置及方法。 The present invention discloses a construction machine, the power saving control apparatus and method. 其中,节能控制装置包括控制器和转速传感器;其中,转速传感器安装在该工程机械的发动机上,用于获取该发动机的转速信号;控制器与转速传感器相连接,用于接收转速信号;控制器还与该工程机械的操作手柄和动作开关相连接,用于获取操作手柄信号和动作开关信号;控制器还用于根据转速信号、操作手柄信号和动作开关信号判断该工程机械是否满足发动机熄火条件,并在满足熄火条件时发出熄火信号。 Wherein the energy control means includes a controller and a speed sensor; wherein a rotational speed sensor mounted on the construction machine engine, for obtaining the rotational speed signal of the engine; and a controller and a rotational speed sensor is connected to receive the speed signal; and a controller also with the construction machine operating handle and the operation switch are connected, for obtaining the operation lever signal and the operation switch signal; and a controller is further configured to engine stall condition determining whether the construction machine satisfies a rotational speed signal, an operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal and send stall signal when satisfied flameout condition. 本装置根据转速信号、操作手柄信号和动作开关信号判断起重机的工作情况,并在满足条件时自动控制发动机熄火,不仅节约了能源,而且也避免了非作业人员进入操纵室后可能产生的误动作,提高了安全性。 This device will work according to the speed signal, an operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal determining crane, and automatically controls the engine stall when the condition is satisfied, not only saves energy, but also to avoid the erroneous operation of non-workers enter the cab may be generated improved security.

Description

工程机械及其节能控制装置和方法 Apparatus and method for construction machinery and energy control

技术领域 FIELD

[0001]本发明涉及工程机械领域,特别涉及一种工程机械、节能控制装置及方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a construction machine, and more particularly relates to a construction machine, the power saving control apparatus and method.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002]随着工业技术的迅速发展,能源短缺和环境污染问题也日趋严重。 [0002] With the rapid development of industrial technology, energy shortages and environmental pollution problems are becoming increasingly serious. 工程机械一般采用发动机做功来驱动液压系统,作业过程中,一般由作业人员操控各种动作,由于施工作业的间歇性、作业人员操作习惯等问题,工程机械可能长时间处于非作业状态,而此时发动机仍处于工作状态,仍在消耗燃油。 Construction Machinery generally use the engine work to drive a hydraulic system, job, general control of various operations by the operator, since the intermittent construction work, the worker operating habits and so on, construction machinery may be a long time in a non-operating state, and this when the engine is still in working condition, still in fuel consumption. 虽然此时发动机做功较小,但此时起重机不做任何动作,燃油消耗全部用来做无用功,不但浪费燃油,而且发动机有害气体等排放物也会污染环境,不符合节能环保的要求。 At a time when the engine work less, but this time the crane without any action, fuel consumption all used to do useful work, not only a waste of fuel, and the engine of harmful gas emissions will pollute the environment, does not meet the energy requirements of environmental protection. 另外,作业人员也可能在情况紧急时忘记熄火,发动机长时间未熄火时,若非作业人员进入操纵室后可能产生误动作,存在安全隐患。 Further, the worker may forget to turn off at the time of emergency, when the engine for a long time does not stall, a malfunction may occur after, if not the worker enters the control room, there are security risks.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003]有鉴于此,本发明提出一种工程机械、节能控制装置及方法,以解决现有工程机械不能自动熄火造成的浪费能源、污染环境及存在较大的安全隐患的问题。 [0003] Accordingly, the present invention provides a construction machine, the power saving control apparatus and method to solve the waste of energy existing machinery not automatically turn off caused by environmental pollution and there is a big safety hazard issues.

[0004] —个方面,本发明提供了一种工程机械用节能控制装置,包括控制器和转速传感器;其中,转速传感器安装在该工程机械的发动机上,用于获取该发动机的转速信号;控制器与转速传感器相连接,用于接收转速信号;控制器还与该工程机械的操作手柄和动作开关相连接,用于获取操作手柄信号和动作开关信号;控制器还用于根据转速信号、操作手柄信号和动作开关信号判断该工程机械是否满足发动机熄火条件,并在满足熄火条件时发出媳火信号。 [0004] - aspect, the present invention provides a construction machine with energy control means includes a controller and a speed sensor; wherein a rotational speed sensor mounted on the construction machine engine, for obtaining the rotational speed signal of the engine; control with the speed sensor is connected to receive the speed signal; controller further operating handle and the operation switch connected to the construction machine, for obtaining the operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal; controller is further configured in accordance with the speed signal, the operation handle signals and operation of the switching signal determining the working machine meets the engine stall condition with the daughter fire signal when satisfied flameout condition.

[0005]进一步地,上述控制装置中,熄火条件为:操作手柄信号和动作开关信号均为零,并且,转速信号不为零,以及该状态持续了第一设定时间。 [0005] Further, the control device, flame conditions: control lever signal and the operation of the switching signal is zero, and the rotational speed signal is not zero, and the state continues for a first predetermined time.

[0006] 进一步地,上述控制装置还包括输入输出单元;其中,控制器还与输入输出单元相连接,控制器还用于在该工程机械满足熄火确认条件时向输入输出单元发送熄火确认信号,并根据输入输出单元的信息反馈情况确定是否发出熄火信号;熄火确认条件为:操作手柄信号和动作开关信号均为零,并且,转速信号不为零,以及该状态保持了第一设定时间。 [0006] Further, the control means further comprises input-output unit; wherein the controller is further connected to the input-output unit, the controller is further configured to send to the input-output unit flameout confirmation condition of the working machine meet flame confirmation signal, and determining based on information feedback input-output unit whether to issue the flame signal; flameout confirmed conditions: control lever signal and the operation of the switching signal is zero, and the rotational speed signal is not zero, and the state of holding the first set time.

[0007]进一步地,上述控制装置中,控制器发出熄火信号的条件为:在第二设定时间内,控制器接收到输入输出单元发送的确认熄火的反馈信号;或者,在大于第二设定时间时,控制器未接收到输入输出单元发送的任何反馈信号;控制器不发出熄火信号的条件为:在第二设定时间内,控制器接收到输入输出单元发送的不熄火的反馈信号。 Conditions [0007] Furthermore, the control device, the controller sends stall signal is: in the second set time, the controller receives a feedback signal to confirm the input and output unit transmits a stall; or greater than the second set when the predetermined time, the controller does not receive any feedback signal input-output unit transmitted; condition controller does not issue stall signal is: in the second set time, the controller receiving the feedback signal does not stall input and output units transmitted .

[0008] 进一步地,上述控制装置中,输入输出单元为显示屏。 [0008] Further, the control means, the input-output unit is a display screen.

[0009]进一步地,上述控制装置中,控制器与输入输出单元之间连接有开关。 [0009] Further, the control device is connected to a switch between the controller and the input-output unit.

[0010]本装置根据转速信号、操作手柄信号和动作开关信号判断起重机的工作情况,并在满足条件时自动控制发动机熄火,不仅节约了能源,而且也避免了非作业人员进入操纵室后可能产生的误动作,提高了安全性。 [0010] The present apparatus in accordance with the work rotational speed signal, an operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal determining crane, and automatically controls the engine stall when the condition is satisfied, not only saves energy, but also to avoid possible after the non-operating personnel to enter the cab malfunction, improves security. [0011 ]另一方面,本发明还提供了一种工程机械,其上设置有上述任一种节能控制装置。 [0011] In another aspect, the present invention also provides a construction machine, which is provided with any of the above energy-saving control means.

[0012] 进一步地,上述工程机械中,工程机械为起重机。 [0012] Further, the above-described construction machinery, construction machinery as crane.

[0013]由于节能控制装置具有上述效果,所以具有该节能控制装置的工程机械也具有相应的技术效果。 [0013] Since the energy control device having the above effect, it is a construction machine including the power saving control apparatus also has corresponding technical effects.

[0014]又一方面,本发明还提供了一种节能控制方法,用于工程机械,包括:转速获取步骤,获取所述工程机械的发动机转速;操作信号获取步骤,获取所述工程机械的操作手柄信号和动作开关信号;判断步骤,根据所述发动机转速、操作手柄信号和动作开关信号判断该工程机械是否满足熄火条件;熄火控制步骤,若满足熄火条件,则控制该工程机械的发动机熄火;若不满足熄火条件,则对发动机不做任何操作。 [0014] In yet another aspect, the present invention also provides an energy-saving control method for construction machine, comprising: rotation speed acquisition step of acquiring an engine speed of the construction machine; an operation signal acquisition step of acquiring operation of the construction machine handle signals and operation of the switching signal; determining step, based on the engine speed, an operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal determining the working machine meets the flameout condition; stop control step, when the stall condition is satisfied, the construction machine engine control flameout; if not satisfied flameout condition, the engine does nothing.

[0015]进一步地,上述控制方法中,所述判断步骤具体为:若所述发动机转速大于零,且所述操作手柄信号和所述动作开关信号均等于零,以及,该状态持续了第一设定时间,则判断该发动机满足熄火条件。 [0015] Further, the above-described control method, the determination step is specifically: if the engine speed is greater than zero, and the operating handle signal and the operation of the switching signal is equal to zero, and the state continues for a first set given time, it is judged that the engine satisfies stall condition.

[0016]进一步地,上述控制方法中,所述判断步骤包括:第一子步骤,若发动机转速大于零,且所述操作手柄信号和所述动作开关信号均等于零,并且,该状态持续了第一设定时间,则向输入输出单元发送是否熄火的确认信号;第二子步骤,若在第二设定时间内,接收到输入输出单元反馈的确定熄火的信号,或者,在大于第二设定时间内,没有接收到输入输出单元反馈的任何信号,则判断该发动机满足熄火条件;若在第二设定时间内,接收到输入输出单元反馈的不熄火信号,则判断该发动机不满足熄火条件。 [0016] Further, the above-described control method, the determination step comprises: a first sub-step, when the engine speed is greater than zero, and the operating handle signal and the operation of the switching signal is equal to zero, and the state continues for a first a set time, is sent to the input-output unit acknowledgment signal is extinguished; a second sub-step, if the second set time, the received signal determination input output feedback stall, or greater than the second set in a given time, it does not receive any signal input-output unit feedback is judged that the engine satisfies stall condition; if the second set time, receives not turn off the signal input-output unit feedback is judged that the engine does not satisfy the stall condition.

[0017]该方法根据转速信号、操作手柄信号和动作开关信号判断起重机的工作情况,并在满足条件时自动控制发动机熄火,不仅节约了能源,而且也避免了非作业人员进入操纵室后可能产生的误动作,提高了安全性。 [0017] The method in accordance with the work rotational speed signal, an operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal determining crane, and automatically controls the engine stall when the condition is satisfied, not only saves energy, but also to avoid possible after the non-operating personnel to enter the cab malfunction, improves security.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0018]构成本发明的一部分的附图用来提供对本发明的进一步理解,本发明的示意性实施例及其说明用于解释本发明,并不构成对本发明的不当限定。 [0018] The accompanying drawings which form a part hereof used to provide further understanding of the invention, illustrative of the present invention, examples are used to explain the present invention without unduly limiting the present invention. 在附图中: In the drawings:

[0019]图1为本发明节能控制装置实施例的第一结构框图; [0019] FIG 1 power saving control means a first block diagram showing an embodiment of the present invention;

[0020]图2为本发明节能控制装置实施例的第二结构框图; [0020] FIG. 2 saving control means a second block diagram showing an embodiment of the present invention;

[0021 ]图3为本发明节能控制装置实施例的第三结构框图; [0021] FIG. 3 energy control device of the third block diagram showing an embodiment of the present invention;

[0022]图4为本发明节能控制方法第一优选实施例的结构框图; [0022] FIG. 4 of the present invention the power saving control method of the first preferred block diagram showing an example of embodiment;

[0023]图5为本发明节能控制方法第二优选实施例的结构框图。 A block diagram of the second preferred embodiment of the energy saving control method of [0023] FIG. 5 of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0024]需要说明的是,在不冲突的情况下,本发明中的实施例及实施例中的特征可以相互组合。 [0024] Incidentally, in the case of no conflict, the embodiments and the features of the embodiments of the present invention may be combined with each other. 下面将参考附图并结合实施例来详细说明本发明。 Below with reference to accompanying drawings and embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail.

[0025]控制装置实施例: [0025] The control device Example:

[0026]参见图1,图中示出了本发明节能控制装置的优选实施例。 [0026] Referring to Figure 1, there is shown a preferred energy-saving control apparatus according to embodiments of the invention. 该控制装置可以用于工程机械,下面以起重机为例,对其做进一步说明。 The control means may be used in construction machinery, below to the crane, for example, so further explanation. 如图所示,该装置包括控制器100和转速传感器400。 As shown, the apparatus includes a controller 100 and a speed sensor 400.

[0027]结合相关技术可知,起重机上一般设置有操作手柄200、动作开关300和发动机700。 [0027] The binding of the related art can be seen, an operating handle 200 is generally disposed on the crane, operation switch 300 and the engine 700. 其中,操作手柄200—般布置在操纵室座椅两侧,通过操纵操作手柄200可以控制起重臂进行起吊等动作。 Wherein the operating handle 200- like arranged in the control room of the seat sides, by operating the operating handle 200 can control the lifting arm lifting the like operation. 动作开关300—般布置在操纵室的操纵台上,通过操纵动作开关300可以控制工程机械进行一些辅助作业,比如副臂与主臂的连接等。 Operation switch 300 as disposed in the control console control room can be controlled machinery by manipulating the operation switch 300 for ancillary operations, such as connecting the sub-arm and the main arm and the like.

[0028]如图1所示,本实施例中,转速传感器400安装在该工程机械的发动机700上,用于获取发动机700的转速信号。 [0028] 1, in this embodiment, rotation speed sensor 400 is mounted on the engine 700 of the construction machine, for acquiring the speed signal of the engine 700. 控制器100与转速传感器400相连接,用于接收发动机700的转速信号。 The controller 100 and the speed sensor 400 is connected to a speed signal receive the engine 700. 控制器100还与该工程机械的操作手柄200和动作开关300相连接,用于获取操作手柄200和动作开关300的操作信号;控制器100还用于根据转速信号、操作手柄信号和动作开关信号判断该工程机械是否满足发动机熄火条件,并在满足熄火条件时发出熄火信号。 The controller 100 is also connected to the engineered at the handle 200 and the operation switch 300, for obtaining the operation lever operation signal 200 and the operation of the switch 300; a controller 100 is also used to switch signals in accordance with the rotational speed signal, an operation lever signal and the operation Analyzing the working machine meets the engine stall condition with the flame signal is satisfied flameout condition.

[0029]本实施例可以根据转速信号、操作手柄信号和动作开关信号判断起重机的工作情况,并在满足条件时自动控制发动机熄火,不仅节约了能源,而且也避免了非作业人员进入操纵室后可能产生的误动作,提高了安全性。 [0029] This embodiment can work according to the speed signal, an operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal determining crane, and automatically controls the engine stall when the condition is satisfied, not only saves energy, but also to avoid the non-operating personnel to enter the cab malfunction may arise, improves security.

[0030]优选地,上述实施例中,熄火条件为:操作手柄信号、动作开关信号均为零,并且,转速信号不为零,并且,该状态持续了第一设定时间。 [0030] Preferably, the above-described embodiments, the flame conditions are: operation lever signal, the operation of the switching signal is zero, and the rotational speed signal is not zero, and the state continues for a first predetermined time.

[0031]通过以上分析容易理解,当操作手柄200和动作开关300同时处于复位状态,即不动作时,操作手柄200和动作开关300的操作信号同时为零;此时,操作人员没有操控起重机进行作业。 [0031] readily understood from the above analysis, when the operating handle 200 and the operation switch 300 while in the reset state, i.e., does not operate, the operating handle 200 and the operation of the switching operation signal 300 simultaneously zero; At this time, the operator is not manipulating crane operation. 若此时控制器100接收到发动机700转速不为零的信息,即发动机700处于工作状态;并且,转速不为零而操作手柄200和动作开关300同时为零的状态持续了第一设定时间,则控制器100会发出发动机熄火信号。 If at this time the controller 100 receives information on the engine 700 speed is not zero, i.e., the engine 700 is in operation; and, the rotational speed does not continue the first set time to zero and the operation lever 200 and the operation switch 300 while being zero , the controller 100 will issue an engine stall signal.

[0032]具体操作时,参见图2,可以通过熄火执行机构600控制发动机700熄火。 When the [0032] specific operation, refer to FIG. 2, it can turn off by 600 controls the engine stall the actuator 700. 具体地,熄火执行机构600—般布置在起重机上车操纵室电气控制箱内,控制器100与熄火执行机构600相连接,当熄火执行机构600接收到熄火信号时,其线圈接通,触点闭合,控制发动机700熄火。 Specifically, misfire actuator 600 generally disposed on a lift truck cab electrical control box, the controller 100 and the misfire actuator 600 is connected, when misfire actuator 600 receives the stall signal, which coil turns, contact closed, the control engine 700 to stall. 控制器100也可以向起重机的总线发送总线熄火数据包,发动机700接收到该总线熄火数据包后自动熄火。 Automatically turn off when the controller 100 may be, the engine 700 receives the bus stalled packet to the bus transmits a bus stall packet crane. 此外,控制器100还可以发送熄火信号直接作用于发动机模块熄火输入点,以关闭发动机700 ο本领域人应当理解,控制器100控制发动机700熄火的实现方式多样,本发明对其不做任何限定。 Further, the controller 100 may also transmit stall signals are directly applied to the module stall input point of the engine to shut down the engine 700 o in the art it shall be understood that the controller 100 controls the engine 700 stall achieve diverse, according to the present invention without applying defined .

[0033]具体操作时,可以根据实际情况确定第一设定时间,本发明对其不做限定。 [0033] Specific operation, may determine a first set time according to the actual situation, the present invention thereof is not limited.

[0034]本实施例在起重机处于非作业状态并满足熄火条件时,控制发动机自动熄火,与现有技术相比,不仅节约了能源,同时,也减少了有害气体的排放和对环境的污染。 [0034] The present embodiment when the crane is in a non-working state and satisfies flameout condition, the control automatic engine flameout, compared with the prior art, not only saves energy, but also reduces the harmful gas emissions and environmental pollution. 此外,也避免了非作业人员进入操纵室后可能产生的误动作,提高了安全性。 In addition, to avoid the erroneous operation of non-workers enter the cab may be generated, improving the security.

[0035]优选地,参见图3,还可以对本实施例作进一步改进,增设了输入输出单元500。 [0035] Preferably, referring to FIG. 3, may also be present embodiment is further improved, the addition of the input-output unit 500. 控制器100还与输入输出单元500相连接,控制器100还用于在起重机满足熄火确认条件时向输入输出单元500发送熄火确认信号,并根据输入输出单元500的信息反馈情况确定是否发出熄火信号。 The controller 100 is also 500 is connected to the input-output unit, the controller 100 is also configured to, when the flame recognition conditions crane fulfill transmission stalling acknowledgment signal to the input-output unit 500, and determines whether to issue a stall signal based on information feedback input-output unit 500 . 其中,熄火确认条件为:操作手柄信号和动作开关信号均为零,并且,转速信号不为零,以及该状态持续了第一设定时间。 Wherein the flame confirm conditions: control lever signal and the operation of the switching signal is zero, and the rotational speed signal is not zero, and the state continues for a first predetermined time.

[0036]该实施例中,在起重机满足发动机熄火确认条件时,控制器100向输入输出单元500发送熄火确认信息,输入输出单元500接收并显示该熄火确认信息。 [0036] In this embodiment, a crane satisfied engine stall recognition conditions, the controller 100 transmits flame acknowledgment information to the input-output unit 500, an input output unit 500 receives and displays the flameout confirmation message. 具体操作时,输入输出单元500可以选择触摸屏或其他具有该功能的显示屏,一般布置在驾驶室中的仪表台上,以便于操作人员及时了解该信息并作出反馈。 The specific operation, the input-output unit 500 may select a touch screen or other has the function of the display, the general layout of the cab dashboard, so that operators keep abreast of the information and provide feedback. 控制器100再根据输入输出单元500的信息反馈情况确定该工程机械是否满足熄火条件,进而确定是否发出熄火信号。 The controller 100 then determines based on the information feedback input-output unit 500 of the working machine meets the flameout condition, and thus determine whether a stall signal.

[0037]其中,控制器100发出熄火信号的条件为:在第二设定时间内,控制器100接收到输入输出单元500发送的确认熄火的反馈信息;或者,在大于第二设定时间时,控制器100未接收到输入输出单元500发送的任何反馈信息。 Alternatively, when greater than a second predetermined time; within the second set time, the controller 100 receives the feedback information checking input and output unit transmits 500 misfire: [0037] wherein the conditions subject to stall signal controller 100 is , the controller 100 does not receive any feedback information input-output unit transmits 500. 控制器100不发出熄火信号的条件为:在第二设定时间内,控制器100接收到输入输出单元500发送的不媳火的反馈信息。 100 without issuing stall signal controller: within the second set time, the controller 100 receives the feedback information is not daughter fire O unit transmitted 500.

[0038]可以看出,在第二设定时间内,如果操作人员发出同意熄火的反馈信息,控制器100会发出熄火信号;如果操作人员发出不同意熄火的反馈信息,控制器100不会发出熄火信号。 [0038] As can be seen, within the second set time, if the operator issued feedback consent stall, the controller 100 will issue a stall signal; if the operator issued disagree stall feedback information, the controller 100 does not issue flameout signal. 此时,控制器100会将之前的检测信息清零,重新检测满足发送熄火确认信息的条件。 At this time, before 100 will control the detection information is cleared, again detecting a transmitter to turn off confirmation condition information.

[0039]另外,如果操作人员在大于第二设定时间时,仍没有发出反馈信息,控制器100也会发出熄火信号。 [0039] Further, if the operator greater than a second predetermined time, is still not issued feedback information, the controller 100 will issue stall signal. 具体操作时,可以在控制器100内设置延时模块,控制器100在第二设定时间内未接收到输入输出单元的反馈信号时,控制器100再延时第三设定时间后发出熄火信号。 The specific actions that can be the controller 100 within the set time delay module, the controller 100 in the second set time within does not receive the input and output units of the feedback signal, the controller 100 again delay the third set time after the issue of the flame signal.

[0040]具体操作时,可以根据实际情况确定第二设定时间和第三设定时间,本发明对其不做限定。 [0040] Specific operation, it may determine that the second set time, and the third set time according to the actual situation, the present invention thereof is not limited.

[0041] 具体操作时,也可以在控制器100和输入输出单元500之间设置开关,通过操作开关决定是否启用该输入输出单元500。 [0041] Specific operation, may be provided a switch between the controller 100 and the input output unit 500, by operating the switch determines whether to enable the input-output unit 500.

[0042]通过以上实施例,可以看出,本发明具有如下优势: [0042] By the above embodiments, it can be seen, the present invention has the following advantages:

[0043] I)本发明在起重机不作业时,自动关闭发动机,不仅减少了燃油消耗,节约了资源;同时,也减少了尾气排放和噪声污染,符合环保要求; [0043] I) of the present invention, when the crane is not operating, shut down the engine, not only reduces fuel consumption, saves resources; while also reducing exhaust emissions and noise pollution, environmental compliance;

[0044] 2)在操作人员长时间不在操纵室的情况下,避免了其他人员误操作造成的安全隐患; [0044] 2) In the case where the operator prolonged absence actuating chamber, avoiding safety hazards others misoperation;

[0045] 3)该控制装置结构简单,易于实现。 Simple [0045] 3) The control unit structure, easy to implement.

[0046] 工程机械实施例: Mechanical Embodiment [0046] Engineering Example:

[0047]本发明还提供了一种工程机械,以起重机为例,其上设置有上述任一种节能控制装置。 [0047] The present invention also provides a construction machine, to a crane, for example, on which any of the above energy-saving control means. 其中,节能控制装置的具体实施过程参照上述说明即可,本发明在此不再赘述。 Wherein, the specific implementation of the power saving control means with reference to the above description to the present invention are not repeated here.

[0048]由于节能控制装置具有上述效果,所以具有该节能控制装置的工程机械也具有相应的技术效果。 [0048] Since the energy control device having the above effect, it is a construction machine including the power saving control apparatus also has corresponding technical effects.

[0049]控制方法实施例 Example [0049] Control Method

[0050] 第一实施例: [0050] First Embodiment:

[0051]参见图4,图中示出了本发明节能控制方法的优选实施例。 [0051] Referring to Figure 4, there is shown a preferred energy-saving control method according to embodiments of the invention. 从图中可以看出,该方法包括:转速获取步骤SI,获取该工程机械的发动机转速;操作信号获取步骤S2,获取该工程机械的操作手柄信号和动作开关信号;判断步骤S3,根据发动机转速、操作手柄信号和动作开关信号判断该工程机械是否满足熄火条件;熄火控制步骤S4,若满足熄火条件,则控制该工程机械的发动机熄火;若不满足熄火条件,则对发动机不做任何操作。 As can be seen from the figure, the method comprising: rotation speed acquisition step of the SI, acquires the engine rotational speed of the construction machine; an operation signal obtaining step S2, the acquiring operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal of the working machine; determining step S3, the engine speed operating handle signal and the operation of the switching signal determining the working machine meets the flameout condition; stop control step S4, if the stall condition is satisfied, the construction machine engine control flameout; not satisfied flameout condition, the engine does nothing.

[0052]本实施例可以根据转速信号、操作手柄信号和动作开关信号判断起重机的工作情况,并在满足条件时自动控制发动机熄火,不仅节约了能源,而且也避免了非作业人员进入操纵室后可能产生的误动作,提高了安全性。 [0052] The present embodiment may work according to the speed signal, an operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal determining crane, and automatically controls the engine stall when the condition is satisfied, not only saves energy, but also to avoid the non-operating personnel to enter the cab malfunction may arise, improves security.

[0053]优选地,判断步骤S3进一步包括:若发动机转速大于零,且操作手柄信号和动作开关信号均等于零,以及,该状态持续了第一设定时间,则判断该发动机满足熄火条件。 [0053] Preferably, the determining step S3 further comprising: when the engine speed is greater than zero, and the operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal is equal to zero, and the state continues for a first predetermined time, it is judged that the engine satisfies stall condition.

[0054] 一般而言,当操作手柄和动作开关处于复位状态,即不动作时,操作手柄和动作开关的操作信号均为零;此时,操作人员没有操控起重机进行作业。 [0054] In general, when the operating handle and the actuation of the switch in the reset state, i.e. does not move the operating handle and the operation of the switch operation signals are zero; At this time, the operator is not manipulating crane operation. 若此时发动机转速不为零,即发动机处于工作状态;并且,同时满足上述条件这一状态持续了第一设定时间,则控制发动机熄火。 When then the engine speed is not zero, i.e. the engine is in operation; and, at the same time satisfy the above conditions this state continues for a first predetermined time, the control engine stall.

[0055]需要说明的是:本实施例中,先获取的发动机转速信号,后获取的操作手柄信号和动作开关信号,实际上,具体实施时,也可以先获取操作手柄信号,再获取动作开关信号和转速信号,本发明对三种信号的获取先后顺序不做任何限定。 [0055] It should be noted that: an engine speed signal in the present embodiment, the first acquisition, the acquired operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal, in fact, the specific embodiments, may be to acquire operating handle signal reacquisition operation switch signal and the speed signal, the present invention is to obtain the sequence of three signals is not limited in any way.

[0056]该方法在起重机不作业时,自动关闭发动机,不仅减少了燃油消耗,节约了资源;同时,也减少了尾气排放和噪声污染,符合环保要求。 [0056] The method when the crane is not operating, shut down the engine, not only reduces fuel consumption, saves resources; while also reducing exhaust emissions and noise pollution, meet environmental requirements. 另外,在操作人员长时间不在操纵室的情况下,避免了其他人员误操作造成的安全患。 In addition, in the case of an operator for a long time not control room, avoiding the security risk of other persons caused by misuse.

[0057] 第二实施例: [0057] Second Example:

[0058]参见图5,图中还示出了本发明节能控制方法的第二优选实施例。 [0058] Referring to Figure 5, it is also shown a second preferred energy saving control method according to embodiments of the invention.

[0059]如图所示,本实施例中的判断步骤进一步包括:第一子步骤,若发动机转速大于零,且操作手柄信号和动作开关信号均等于零,并且,该状态持续了第一设定时间,则向输入输出单元发送是否熄火的确认信号;第二子步骤,若在第二设定时间内,接收到输入输出单元反馈的确定熄火的信号,或者,在大于第二设定时间内,没有接收到输入输出单元反馈的任何信号,则判断该发动机满足熄火条件;若在第二设定时间内,接收到输入输出单元反馈的不熄火信号,则判断该发动机不满足熄火条件。 [0059] As shown, determination steps in further comprising the present embodiment: a first substep, when the engine speed is greater than zero, and the operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal is equal to zero, and the state continues for a first set time, is sent to the input-output unit acknowledgment signal is extinguished; a second sub-step, if the second set time, the received signal determination input output feedback stall, or greater than the second set time , does not receive any signal input-output unit feedback is judged that the engine satisfies stall condition; if the second set time, receives not turn off the signal input-output unit feedback is judged that the engine does not satisfy the stall condition.

[0060]相对于第一实施例,本实施例增加了熄火条件确认步骤。 [0060] with respect to the first embodiment, the present embodiment increases the stall condition confirmation step. 具体地,在工程机械已满足:发动机转速大于零,且操作手柄信号和动作开关信号均等于零,以及,该状态持续了第一设定时间时,为安全起见,还要向输入输出单元发送熄火确认信息。 In particular, in the construction machine has been met: the engine speed is greater than zero, and the operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signal is equal to zero, and the state continues for a first predetermined time, for safety reasons, but also to send flame to the input-output unit confirmation. 并根据输入输出单元的信息反馈情况确认是否熄火。 And confirms whether flameout The information feedback input-output unit. 本实施例的其他部分与第一实施例相同,兹不赘述。 Other parts of this embodiment and the first embodiment, and hereby not described herein.

[0061 ]下面结合图5对本实施例作进一步说明: [0061] below with reference to FIG. 5 of the present embodiment will be further described:

[0062]当控制器检测到发动机转速不为零,并且,操作手柄和动作开关均无操作信号,则控制器开始计时。 [0062] When the controller detects that the engine speed is not zero, and the operating handle and the operation switch are no operation signal, the controller starts. 若计时过程中发动机转速发生变化,或检测到操作手柄或动作开关的动作信号,则计时归零。 If the engine speed timing operation is changed, or the detected operation signal for operating the handle or operation switch, the time to zero. 若计时过程没有中断,当累计计时时间达到第一设定值时,控制器会控制操纵室的输入输出单元显示“熄火提示界面”,此时操作人员若不在操纵室,当该显示达到第二设定时间,而控制器没有接收到任何反馈信息时,控制器会自动控制发动机熄火。 If the timer process is not interrupted, when the accumulated timer time reaches the first set value, the controller controls the input-output unit control room display "flameout prompt interface", then the operator if the control room, when the display reaches the second when setting the time, and the controller does not receive any feedback information, the controller automatically controls the engine stall. 若此时操作人员在操纵室内,并且,操作人员在第二设定时间内通过显示屏选择熄灭发动机,则控制器控制发动机熄火;若操作人员在第二设定时间内通过显示屏选择不熄灭发动机时,控制器不控制发动机熄火,并将累计时间清零,重新检测熄火条件。 If at this time the operator in the control room, and the operator within the second set time to select the engine off, the controller controls the engine stall by a display screen; if the operator selected through the display in a second time period does not go out the engine, the controller does not control the engine stall, and the accumulation time is cleared, again detecting misfire condition.

[0063] 综上可知,该方法不仅可以节省不必要的燃油消耗,节约资源,而且,还可以减少有害气体的排放和对环境的噪声污染。 [0063] To sum up, this method can not only save unnecessary fuel consumption, conservation of resources, but can also reduce emissions and noise pollution harmful gases on the environment. 另外,该方法不仅适用于工程机械,也适用于具有间歇性工作特点的其他械设备,适用范围广。 In addition, this method not only for construction machinery, but also for other mechanical devices with intermittent work features a wide range of applications.

[0064]由于该控制方法与上述控制装置原理相似,所以相关之处可以相互参照。 [0064] Since the control method is similar to the above-described control principle of the device, so the relevant place can refer to each other.

[0065]以上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并不用以限制本发明,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内,所作的任何修改、等同替换、改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0065] The foregoing is only the present invention, preferred embodiments only, not intended to limit the present invention, any modifications within the spirit and principle of the present invention, the, equivalent substitutions, improvements should be included in the within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1.一种工程机械用节能控制装置,其特征在于,包括控制器(100)和转速传感器(400);其中, 所述转速传感器(400)安装在该工程机械的发动机上,用于获取该发动机的转速信号; 所述控制器(100)与所述转速传感器(400)相连接,用于接收所述转速信号; 所述控制器(100)还与该工程机械的操作手柄(200)和动作开关(300)相连接,用于获取操作手柄(200)信号和动作开关(300)信号; 所述控制器(100)还用于根据所述转速信号、所述操作手柄信号和所述动作开关信号判断该工程机械是否满足发动机熄火条件,并在满足熄火条件时发出熄火信号; 所述熄火条件为:所述操作手柄信号和所述动作开关信号均为零,并且,所述转速信号不为零,以及该状态持续了第一设定时间; 所述工程机械用节能控制装置还包括输入输出单元(500);其中, 所述控制器(100)还与所述输入输出单元(500) 1. A construction machine with energy control means, characterized by comprising a controller (100) and a rotational speed sensor (400); wherein said speed sensor (400) mounted on the construction machine engine, for obtaining the speed signal of the engine; the controller (100) and the rotational speed sensor (400) connected to receive said speed signal; and the controller (100) is also mechanically with the project operation handle (200) and operation switch (300) is connected, for acquiring operating handle (200) signal and an operation switch (300) signals; said controller (100) further according to the rotation speed, the control lever signal and the operation the switching signal determining the working machine meets the engine stall condition, and to meet the issue stalling signal when the flameout condition; the flameout condition is: the operating handle signal and the operation of the switching signal is zero, and the rotational speed signal is not is zero, and the state continues for a first predetermined time; the construction machine by the power saving control means further comprises an input output unit (500); wherein the controller (100) further to the input-output unit (500) 相连接,所述控制器(100)还用于在该工程机械满足熄火确认条件时向所述输入输出单元(500)发送熄火确认信号,并根据所述输入输出单元(500)的信息反馈情况确定是否发出熄火信号; 所述熄火确认条件为:所述操作手柄信号和所述动作开关信号均为零,并且,所述转速信号不为零,以及该状态保持了第一设定时间; 所述控制器(100)发出熄火信号的条件为:在第二设定时间内,所述控制器(100)接收到所述输入输出单元(500)发送的确认熄火的反馈信号;或者,在大于第二设定时间时,所述控制器(100)未接收到所述输入输出单元(500)发送的任何反馈信号; 所述控制器(100)不发出熄火信号的条件为:在第二设定时间内,所述控制器(100)接收到所述输入输出单元(500)发送的不熄火的反馈信号。 Is connected to the controller (100) is further configured to input-output unit (500) to the flameout confirmation condition of the working machine meet transmission flameout acknowledgment signal, and the information feedback according to the input-output unit (500) determine whether to issue a flameout signal; the flame confirmation conditions: the operating handle signal and the operation of the switching signal is zero, and the speed signal is not zero, and the state remains the first set time; the conditions said controller (100) emitted flame signal is: in the second set time, the controller (100) receives the input-output unit (500) acknowledgment sent misfire feedback signal; alternatively, greater than when the second set time, the controller (100) does not receive said input any feedback signal output unit (500) transmitted; condition of the controller (100) is not sent stall signal is: in the second set within a given time, the controller (100) receiving the feedback signal does not stall the transmission of the input-output unit (500).
2.根据权利要求1所述的工程机械用节能控制装置,其特征在于,所述输入输出单元(5OO)为显示屏。 The construction machine according to claim 1 energy control device, wherein the input-output unit (5OO) a display screen.
3.根据权利要求1所述的工程机械用节能控制装置,其特征在于,所述控制器(100)与所述输入输出单元(500)之间连接有开关。 The construction machine according to claim 1 energy control device, wherein a switching between said controller (100) and the input-output unit (500) is connected.
4.一种工程机械,其特征在于,其上设置有权利要求1至3中任一项所述的节能控制装置。 4. A construction machine, wherein, on which claim the power saving control device according to any one of claims 1 to 3.
5.一种节能控制方法,用于工程机械,其特征在于,包括: 转速获取步骤,获取所述工程机械的发动机转速; 操作信号获取步骤,获取所述工程机械的操作手柄信号和动作开关信号; 判断步骤,根据所述发动机转速、操作手柄信号和动作开关信号判断该工程机械是否满足熄火条件; 熄火控制步骤,若满足熄火条件,则控制该工程机械的发动机熄火;若不满足熄火条件,则对发动机不做任何操作; 所述判断步骤具体为: 若所述发动机转速大于零,且所述操作手柄信号和所述动作开关信号均等于零,以及,该状态持续了第一设定时间,则判断该发动机满足熄火条件; 所述判断步骤包括: 第一子步骤,若发动机转速大于零,且所述操作手柄信号和所述动作开关信号均等于零,并且,该状态持续了第一设定时间,则向输入输出单元发送是否熄火的确认信号 An energy saving control method for construction machine comprising: rotation speed acquisition step of acquiring an engine speed of the construction machine; an operation signal acquisition step of acquiring operation lever signal and the operation of the switching signals of the construction machine ; determination step, according to the engine speed signal and the operating handle of the operation of the switching signal determining flameout condition satisfies a construction machine; stop control step, when the stall condition is satisfied, the construction machine engine stall control; flameout condition not satisfied, the engine does nothing; the determination in step is specifically: if the engine speed is greater than zero, and the operating handle signal and the operation of the switching signal is equal to zero, and the state continues for a first predetermined time, the engine stall is determined to meet the condition; said determining step comprises: a first sub-step, when the engine speed is greater than zero, and the operating handle of the operation of the switching signal and a signal equal to zero, and the state continues for a first set time, transmits an acknowledgment signal is extinguished to the input-output unit 第二子步骤,若在第二设定时间内,接收到输入输出单元反馈的确定熄火的信号,或者,在大于第二设定时间内,没有接收到输入输出单元反馈的任何信号,则判断该发动机满足熄火条件;若在第二设定时间内,接收到输入输出单元反馈的不熄火信号,则判断该发动机不满足熄火条件。 A second sub-step, if the second set time, the received signal determination input output feedback stall, or, in a greater than a second predetermined time, does not receive any signal input-output unit feedback is determined the engine meets stall condition; if the second set time, receives not turn off the signal input-output unit feedback is judged that the engine does not satisfy the stall condition.
CN201210327131.1A 2012-09-06 2012-09-06 The method and machinery apparatus and the power saving control CN102828838B (en)

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