CN102814657B - Shearing apparatus of metal sheet - Google Patents

Shearing apparatus of metal sheet Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102814657B
CN102814657B CN201210239553.3A CN201210239553A CN102814657B CN 102814657 B CN102814657 B CN 102814657B CN 201210239553 A CN201210239553 A CN 201210239553A CN 102814657 B CN102814657 B CN 102814657B
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China
Prior art keywords
sheet metal
uncoiling
oil cylinder
shearing
shear
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CN201210239553.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102814657A (en
Inventor
何孝明
陈晗山
汤昌东
刘先国
梅桂林
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ANHUI TRUCHUM ADVANCED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
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Anhui Jingcheng Copper Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201210239553.3A priority Critical patent/CN102814657B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a shearing apparatus of a metal sheet. The shearing apparatus of the metal sheet comprises a shearing mechanism and a metal sheet roll, and further comprises an uncoiling mechanism, a straightening mechanism, a hydraulic power system and an electrical control system, wherein the metal sheet roll is sleeved on a collapsible curling head of the uncoiling mechanism, the curled metal sheet penetrates between two rows of straightening rollers of the straightening mechanism and then is arranged below a shearing cutter in the shearing mechanism. According to the shearing apparatus of the metal sheet, the shearing operation of the metal sheet is simple, the processes of uncoiling, strengthening and shearing to the metal sheet can be finished at one time, the automatic production efficiency is high, required operation workers are less, the skill requirement of automatic production on the workers is low, the applicable personnel range is wide, the distance between a positioning staff gauge and the shearing cutter is adjustable, the shearing requirements of metal sheets in different lengths can be satisfied, and the production efficiency is greatly improved.

Description

A kind of sheet metal shear
Technical field
The present invention relates to sheet metal shearing technique field, especially relate to a kind of sheet metal shear.
Background technology
Sheet metal in process of production, part industry sheet metal used all has certain requirement to its thickness and length, in order to meet the supply of material requirement of this type of sheet metal product, size shearing need be carried out to the long paper sheet metal produced, need in shear history to align long paper sheet material and surface quality inspection prevents underproof product introduction market.
Shear more trifling complexity to long paper sheet metal at present, uncoiling, aligning, shearing divide multiple operation repeatedly to complete, and automation efficiency is low, and required operating personnel are many, and has higher requirement to the technical ability of operating personnel, and production efficiency is low, restriction production capacity.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of sheet metal shear, and its objective is that uncoiling, aligning, cutting operation once complete, automation efficiency is high.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of sheet metal shear, comprise cutting mechanism and sheet metal volume, also comprise uncoiling mechanism, straightening mechanism, hydraulic power system, electric control system, described sheet metal volume is enclosed within the harmomegathus crimp head of uncoiling mechanism, and the sheet metal after uncoiling is below the shear knife be located at after passing between two row's smoothing rolls of straightening mechanism cutting mechanism.
Also be provided with carrier roller mechanism between described straightening mechanism and cutting mechanism, described carrier roller mechanism comprises roller rack and is located at one group of carrying roller on roller rack.
Described uncoiling mechanism also comprises uncoiler base, reduction box, uncoiling motor, crimp head harmomegathus oil cylinder, harmomegathus crimp head and uncoiling motor are located on reduction box, uncoiler base is provided with the centering oil cylinder to harmomegathus crimp head adjustment centering, and centering oil cylinder is connected with the Hydraulic Station in hydraulic power system.
Described cutting mechanism also comprises shears support, the drop-down oil cylinder of shear knife, storing platform, floor push, storing platform on described shearing support is located at the below of shear knife, storing platform is provided with the Position Scale spacing to sheet metal length, the shear knife sheared on support controls the drop-down cylinder efficient of shear knife by floor push, and the drop-down oil cylinder of shear knife is connected with the Hydraulic Station in hydraulic power system.
Described reduction box is provided with the hold-down mechanism compressed the sheet metal in harmomegathus crimp head, the pinch roller oil cylinder that described hold-down mechanism comprises pinch roller and drives pinch roller to compress, and pinch roller oil cylinder is connected with Hydraulic Station in hydraulic power system.
Described reduction box is provided with electro hydraulicthruster uncoiling motor output shaft being increased to resistance.
Described Position Scale is removable adjustment on storing platform.
The present invention compared with prior art, have the following advantages: sheet metal shearing manipulation is simple, sheet metal uncoiling, aligning, cutting operation can once complete, automated production efficiency is high, and action required workman is few, and automated production requires low to craftsmanship, rated personnel's scope is wide, the spacing adjustable of Position Scale and shear knife, can meet different length sheet metal and shear requirement, significantly improve production efficiency.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below the content expressed by each width accompanying drawing of this description and the mark in figure are briefly described:
Fig. 1 is sheet metal shear organigram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is uncoiling of the present invention and straightening mechanism organigram.
Fig. 3 is cutting mechanism organigram of the present invention.
In figure: 1. skip car guide rail, 2. skip car base, 20. wheels, 21. guide rods, 22. material platform hoist cylinders, 23. material platforms, 3. uncoiler base, 30. harmomegathus crimp head, 31. reduction boxes, 32. uncoiling motors, 33. electro hydraulicthrusters, 34. centering oil cylinders, 35. crimp head harmomegathus oil cylinders, 4. sheet metal, 5. pinch roller oil cylinder, 50. pinch rollers, 6. smoothing roll, 60. down screw rods, 61. pressure motors, 62. base platform, 63. epicyclic gearboxes, 64. smoothing roll connecting rods, 65. aligning motors, 66. aligning reduction boxes, 67. aligning supports, 7. Hydraulic Station, 70. valve platforms, 8. roller rack, 80. carrying rollers, 9. shear support, 90. floor push, 91. storing platforms, 92. Position Scales, 93. shear knives, the drop-down oil cylinder of 94. shear knife.
Detailed description of the invention
Contrast accompanying drawing below, by the description to embodiment, the specific embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail.
As shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, a kind of sheet metal shear, this device comprises feed mechanism, uncoiling mechanism, straightening mechanism, cutting mechanism, hydraulic power system, electric control system, and once can complete uncoiling, aligning, cutting operation operation, automated production efficiency is high.
Feed mechanism comprises skip car guide rail 1, skip car base 2, wheel 20, material platform 23, wheel 20 is located at skip car base 2 bottom, material platform 23 is located at the top of skip car base 2, the material platform hoist cylinder 22 of guide rod 21 and the lifting of control material platform is provided with between material platform 23 and skip car base 2, wheel 20 is located at skip car guide rail 1, material platform 23 top is V-type opening, and be convenient to deposit sheet metal, sheet metal 4 material loading is simple to operation.
Uncoiling mechanism comprises uncoiler base 3, harmomegathus crimp head 30, reduction box 31, uncoiling motor 32, crimp head harmomegathus oil cylinder 35, reduction box 31 slides and is located on uncoiler base 3, and harmomegathus crimp head 30, uncoiling motor 32, crimp head harmomegathus oil cylinder 35 are located on reduction box 31.For the ease of the position of adjustment harmomegathus crimp head, and then to the sheet metal centering adjustment in harmomegathus crimp head, uncoiler base 3 is provided with the centering oil cylinder 34 harmomegathus crimp head 30 being adjusted to centering, and centering oil cylinder 34 is connected with the Hydraulic Station 7 in hydraulic power system.When shearing pause, in order to prevent harmomegathus crimp head from causing sheet metal surface to abrade because inertia continues uncoiling, reduction box 31 is provided with the electro hydraulicthruster 33 uncoiling motor 32 output shaft being increased to drag braking.For the ease of winding off process to sheet metal, prevent uncoiling sheet metal from unclamping, reduction box 31 is provided with the hold-down mechanism compressed the sheet metal in harmomegathus crimp head, the pinch roller oil cylinder 5 that described hold-down mechanism comprises pinch roller 50 and drives pinch roller 50 to compress, pinch roller oil cylinder 5 is connected with Hydraulic Station in hydraulic power system 7.
Straightening mechanism comprises smoothing roll 6, base platform 62, epicyclic gearbox 63, smoothing roll connecting rod 64, aligning motor 65, aligning reduction box 66, aligning support 67, two rows smoothing roll 6 is provided with in aligning support 67, aligning support 67 is also provided with on arrange smoothing roll and apply the pressure motor 61 of pressure and down screw rod 60, base platform 62 is located at aligning support 67 side, aligning motor 65, aligning reduction box 66, epicyclic gearbox 63 is located in base platform 62, aligning motor is connected on the power shaft of aligning reduction box, the aligning output shaft of reduction box is connected with two power shafts of epicyclic gearbox, 17 output shafts of epicyclic gearbox 63 are connected one by one with 17 smoothing rolls 6 in aligning support 67.
Preferably, between straightening mechanism and cutting mechanism, be also provided with carrier roller mechanism, one group of carrying roller 80 that described carrier roller mechanism comprises roller rack 8 and is located on roller rack 8.Further, the material of carrying roller 80 is nylon, and the height of carrying roller is 0.9m, is convenient to carry out product surface quality inspection in this section.
Cutting mechanism comprises shears support 9, floor push 90, storing platform 91, shear knife 93, the drop-down oil cylinder 94 of shear knife, the storing platform 91 sheared on support 9 is located at the below of shear knife 93, storing platform 91 is provided with the Position Scale 92 spacing to sheet metal 4 length, the shear knife 93 sheared on support 9 controls the drop-down oil cylinder 94 of shear knife by floor push 90 and works, and the drop-down oil cylinder 94 of shear knife is connected with the Hydraulic Station 7 in hydraulic power system.Preferably, shear requirement to meet different length sheet metal, described Position Scale 92 is in the removable adjustment of storing platform 91.
Hydraulic power system comprises Hydraulic Station 7, oil circuit, valve platform 70, for each oil cylinder in this device provides hydraulic power, by hydraulic pump concentrated setting in Hydraulic Station, by the by-pass valve control concentrated setting of its each oil cylinder in valve platform, structure is simple, takes up room little, is convenient to arrange.
Electric control system comprises uncoiling speed measuring instrument, ammeter, relay indicating light, press button, is convenient to Automated condtrol, enhances productivity.
In invention, first sheet metal volume is placed on the V-type material platform of feed mechanism, is alignd with the center of harmomegathus crimp head in the center that sheet metal is rolled up, open crimp head harmomegathus oil cylinder afterwards, sheet metal volume is fastened in harmomegathus crimp head; Aliging with the roll surface center of smoothing roll in the Ban Mian center of sheet metal by operation centering oil cylinder, ensures the depth of parallelism of sheet metal both sides in uncoiling straightening process; Manual feeding sheet metal enters in smoothing roll, and regulate uncoiling aligning speed, the sheet metal after aligning is smooth to be entered on carrying roller, and carrying roller carries out last inspection to sheet metal surface quality; Sheet metal enters into shear zone, after sheet metal front end arrives Position Scale, foot-propelled presses foot switch, the drop-down cylinder efficient of shear knife, shear knife is in the downward shearing work of drive of the drop-down oil cylinder of shear knife, sheet metal after shearing is placed on the end of storing platform, and the waste material shearing defective work is placed on recycling in trash receptacle.Sheet metal shearing manipulation is simple, and sheet metal uncoiling, aligning, cutting operation once complete, and automated production efficiency is high.
Above by reference to the accompanying drawings to invention has been exemplary description; obvious specific implementation of the present invention is not subject to the restrictions described above; as long as have employed the improvement of the various unsubstantialities that method of the present invention is conceived and technical scheme is carried out; or design of the present invention and technical scheme directly applied to other occasion, all within protection scope of the present invention without to improve.

Claims (5)

1. a sheet metal shear, comprise cutting mechanism and sheet metal volume, it is characterized in that: also comprise uncoiling mechanism, straightening mechanism, hydraulic power system, electric control system, described sheet metal volume is enclosed within the harmomegathus crimp head (30) of uncoiling mechanism, and the sheet metal (4) after uncoiling is from shear knife (93) below be located at after passing between two rows' smoothing roll (6) of straightening mechanism cutting mechanism, described cutting mechanism also comprises shears support (9), the drop-down oil cylinder of shear knife (94), storing platform (91), floor push (90), storing platform (91) on described shearing support (9) is located at the below of shear knife (93), storing platform (91) is provided with the Position Scale (92) spacing to sheet metal (4) length, the shear knife (93) sheared on support (9) controls the drop-down oil cylinder of shear knife (94) work by floor push (90), the drop-down oil cylinder of shear knife (94) is connected with the Hydraulic Station (7) in hydraulic power system, described uncoiling mechanism also comprises uncoiler base (3), reduction box (31), uncoiling motor (32), crimp head harmomegathus oil cylinder (35), harmomegathus crimp head (30) and uncoiling motor (32) are located on reduction box (31), uncoiler base (3) is provided with the centering oil cylinder (34) to harmomegathus crimp head (30) adjustment centering, and centering oil cylinder (34) is connected with the Hydraulic Station (7) in hydraulic power system.
2. sheet metal shear as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: be also provided with carrier roller mechanism between described straightening mechanism and cutting mechanism, described carrier roller mechanism comprises roller rack (8) and is located at one group of carrying roller (80) on roller rack (8).
3. sheet metal shear as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described reduction box (31) is provided with the hold-down mechanism compressed the sheet metal (4) in harmomegathus crimp head (30), the pinch roller oil cylinder (5) that described hold-down mechanism comprises pinch roller (50) and drives pinch roller (50) to compress, pinch roller oil cylinder (5) is connected with Hydraulic Station in hydraulic power system (7).
4. sheet metal shear as claimed in claim 3, is characterized in that: described reduction box (31) is provided with the electro hydraulicthruster (33) uncoiling motor (32) output shaft being increased to resistance.
5. sheet metal shear as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: described Position Scale (92) is in the upper removable adjustment of storing platform (91).
CN201210239553.3A 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Shearing apparatus of metal sheet Active CN102814657B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210239553.3A CN102814657B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Shearing apparatus of metal sheet

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210239553.3A CN102814657B (en) 2012-07-11 2012-07-11 Shearing apparatus of metal sheet

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CN102814657B true CN102814657B (en) 2015-04-08

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103100750A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-05-15 江苏熙友磁电科技有限公司 Roller shear device
CN103522062B (en) * 2013-10-28 2016-04-13 乌海市弘日电力环境技术有限责任公司 The full automatic production equipment of tube metal lagging casing

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3118334A (en) * 1964-01-21 Fig-ib
CN2200509Y (en) * 1994-06-07 1995-06-14 耿福新 Bending, cutting machine tool
CN201040325Y (en) * 2007-06-12 2008-03-26 上海掌龙锻压机床厂 Electric control electricity-saving type plate shearing machine
CN101439468A (en) * 2008-12-31 2009-05-27 中国重型机械研究院 Machine unit process for stretch bending, straightening and rewinding
CN101774127A (en) * 2010-01-22 2010-07-14 东莞市金铮自动冲压设备有限公司 Crosscut production line for metal sheet materials

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH0761586B2 (en) * 1993-03-08 1995-07-05 泰太郎 山本 Sheet metal processing machine

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3118334A (en) * 1964-01-21 Fig-ib
CN2200509Y (en) * 1994-06-07 1995-06-14 耿福新 Bending, cutting machine tool
CN201040325Y (en) * 2007-06-12 2008-03-26 上海掌龙锻压机床厂 Electric control electricity-saving type plate shearing machine
CN101439468A (en) * 2008-12-31 2009-05-27 中国重型机械研究院 Machine unit process for stretch bending, straightening and rewinding
CN101774127A (en) * 2010-01-22 2010-07-14 东莞市金铮自动冲压设备有限公司 Crosscut production line for metal sheet materials

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Address after: 241008 Anhui province Wuhu City Jiuhua economic and Technological Development Zone No. 8 North Road

Patentee after: ANHUI TRUCHUM ADVANCED MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Address before: 241008 Anhui province Wuhu City Jiuhua economic and Technological Development Zone No. 8 North Road

Patentee before: Anhui Jingcheng Copper Co., Ltd.