CN102814220B - Low-energy consumption animal crushing machine - Google Patents

Low-energy consumption animal crushing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102814220B
CN102814220B CN201210336228.9A CN201210336228A CN102814220B CN 102814220 B CN102814220 B CN 102814220B CN 201210336228 A CN201210336228 A CN 201210336228A CN 102814220 B CN102814220 B CN 102814220B
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China
Prior art keywords
hopper
raceway
shaft
chain
cutter shaft
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CN201210336228.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102814220A (en
Inventor
徐向红
严峰
钱袁萍
王艳辉
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TAIKO (Baoding) Waste Resources Utilization Co.,Ltd.
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Shazhou Professional Institute of Technology
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Abstract

The invention discloses a low-energy consumption animal crushing machine, which comprises a feeding hole, a frame, a hob shaft, a balance wheel, a left fixed knife, a right fixed knife, a screw conveyer, a power transmission device and a feeding mechanism, wherein the feeding mechanism consists of a speed-reducing motor, a coupler, a chain wheel, a chain, a chain transmission shaft, a hopper and a bracket; an inner raceway and a front raceway are formed on an upright post of the bracket; two sides of the hopper are provided with a front roller and a rear roller; a covering cap which is automatically opened and closed on the feeding hole is connected with the hopper through a connecting rod; the screw conveyer is adjacent to the hob shaft and is positioned below the hob shaft; and a rotating axis of the screw conveyer is parallel to an axis of the hob shaft. By the adoption of single-stage crushing of a single hob shaft, the service efficiency is low, and the power supply conditions of a farm can be met; and moreover, the equipment is fully equipped, the feeding and crushing of large animal carcass and crushed material output can be automatically finished.

Description

A kind of animal breaking treatment machine of low energy consumption
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind for the treatment of facility of animal class solid waste, the disintegrating machine of particularly larger animal corpse being processed.
Background technology
At present, most of plant directly enters soil for the general employing of spoil very dead or that the cause of death is not clear and buries.In order to prevent the harm of disease carrying germ spoil to environment, must carry out harmless treatment and recycling to it, the corpse after chopping is carried out to fermentation reaction and produce biogas, the waste residue after fermentation is for the production of fertilizer.
Patent ZL201120213487.3 has proposed a kind of animal breaking treatment machine, for before the harmless treatment of larger animal corpse, it being cut apart to fragmentation, can meet above-mentioned requirements.But this equipment has the following disadvantages: 1) adopt two-stage breaker, and hobboing cutter size is larger, causes the power consumption of equipment large, uses power large; 2) lack supporting feed mechanism, use operation inconvenience; 3) dirt that spoil produces in fragmentation outwards splashes, and affects the health of operating environment, is therefore unfavorable for promoting the use of.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the problems referred to above a kind of animal breaking treatment machine of low energy consumption is provided, be applicable to the condition of power supply of plant, use operation easier.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: a kind of animal breaking treatment machine of low energy consumption, comprises charging aperture, frame, cutter shaft, stabilizer, left side stationary knife and right side stationary knife, conveying worm, actuating unit, feed mechanism; Described cutter shaft is by two bearing block accumbency at upper rack, and one end and decelerator join; Described stationary knife and hobboing cutter are staggered in cutter shaft both sides; Described feed mechanism is comprised of reducing motor, shaft coupling, sprocket wheel, chain, chain power transmission shaft, hopper, support etc., and is arranged on a side of frame; Described actuating unit is comprised of main motor, belt and belt wheel, decelerator, shaft coupling etc., and is arranged in frame; Described conveying worm and cutter shaft adjacent and be positioned at cutter shaft under, its rotation is parallel with the axis of cutter shaft.
On described cutter shaft, be provided with 10~14 hobboing cutter, hobboing cutter thickness 45~60mm, between adjacent hobboing cutter, spacing is 55~70mm, and circumferential one-tenth 21~30 degree angles along axle between adjacent hobboing cutter are in staggered distribution, and all hobboing cutters are asymmetric geometry in the shape of a spiral vertically.
The blade of described left side stationary knife and right side stationary knife all with relative installation of direction of rotation of hobboing cutter blade, stationary knife thickness 45~54mm, between adjacent stationary knife, spacing is 55~75mm.
The support of described feed mechanism adopts H shaped steel to be welded, and has interior raceway and front raceway on the column of support both sides, and front raceway upper end is arcuate groove.Hopper frame below hopper is welded by L-type angle steel, on the both sides installing plate of hopper, has front wheel and rear roller, and front wheel is fitted on front raceway, and internal trolley is fitted on interior raceway.Reducing motor and shaft coupling are arranged on the bottom of support, and are connected with chain power transmission shaft with the sprocket wheel that is arranged on column lower end.Driven sprocket is arranged on the top of column, and the chain being hung around on upper and lower sprocket wheel is connected in the installation shaft of internal trolley.
There is the lid with hinge charging aperture upper end, and lid is connected with hopper by connecting rod, and the two ends of connecting rod are with oscillating bearing.
The upper and lower travel switch of crossing has also been installed in the bracket upright post of feed mechanism, two lower limit travel switches are installed on the crossbeam of support, the top of arcuate groove is provided with upper limit travel switch.
Pulley cover and balance wheel cover are also installed in described frame.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: 1) this coordinative composition of equipments is complete, do not need manpower to approach operation, can automatically complete the output of material loading, fragmentation and the particle of larger animal corpse; 2) because hobboing cutter quality is large and become spiral arranged in dislocation along circumference, its inertia force producing can play the effect of flywheel, reduces energy consumption; 3) adopt the single-stage crushing of single cutter shaft, use power low, can adapt to the condition of power supply of plant; 4) charging aperture is furnished with the lid of automatic shutter, can effectively prevent that animal from producing dirt when broken and outwards splashing.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is shape assumption diagram of the present invention
Fig. 2 is the layout structure figure of transmission device and cutter shaft
Fig. 3 is feed mechanism structure chart
Fig. 4 is feed mechanism longitudinal sectional view
Fig. 5 is the shape assumption diagram of hopper when limit inferior position
Fig. 6 is the shape assumption diagram of hopper when limes superiors position
In figure: 1, reducing motor, 2, discharging opening, 3, frame, 4, bearing block, 5, balance wheel cover, 6, charging aperture, 7, connecting rod, 8, oscillating bearing, 9, lid, 10, left side stationary knife, 11, arcuate groove, 12, upper limit travel switch, 13, sprocket wheel, 14, chain, 15, decelerator, 16, pulley cover, 17, large belt wheel, 18, the upper travel switch of crossing, 19, belt, 20, small pulley, 21, interior raceway, 22, hopper, 23, the lower travel switch of crossing, 24, sprocket wheel, 25, lower limit travel switch, 26, chain power transmission shaft, 27, support, 28, shaft coupling, 29, shaft coupling, 30, stabilizer, 31, hobboing cutter, 32, right side stationary knife, 33, cutter shaft, 34, conveying worm, 35, main motor, 36, column, 37, side installing plate, 38, front wheel, 39, bolt, 40, internal trolley, 41, hopper frame, 42, crossbeam, 43, front raceway, 44, baffle plate
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further described.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, structure of the present invention comprises charging aperture 6, frame 3, cutter shaft 33, two stabilizers 30, left side stationary knife 10 and the parts such as right side stationary knife 32, conveying worm 34, actuating unit and feed mechanism.Described cutter shaft 33 supports and is arranged on frame 3 tops by two bearing blocks 4, and one end of axle joins by shaft coupling 29 and decelerator 15.Left side stationary knife 10 and right side stationary knife 32 are fixed on the top of frame 3, and are staggered in cutter shaft 33 both sides with hobboing cutter 31.Conveying worm 34 is adjacent with cutter shaft 33 and be positioned under cutter shaft 33, and its rotation is parallel with the axis of cutter shaft 33, for by outside the piece material output body after fragmentation.Actuating unit is comprised of main motor 35, large belt wheel 17 and small pulley 20, belt 19, decelerator 15, shaft coupling 29 etc., and is arranged in frame 3.Feed mechanism is comprised of reducing motor 1, shaft coupling 28, sprocket wheel 13 and 24, chain 14, chain power transmission shaft 26, hopper 22, support 27 etc.
There is the lid 9 with hinge charging aperture 6 upper ends, and lid 9 is connected with hopper 14 by connecting rod 7, and the two ends of connecting rod 7, with oscillating bearing 8, can compensate a small amount of lateral displacement deviation of hopper 22 in lifting process.
On cutter shaft 33, be provided with 10~14 hobboing cutter 31, circumferential one-tenth 21~30 degree angles along axle between adjacent hobboing cutter are in staggered distribution, all hobboing cutters are asymmetric geometry in the shape of a spiral vertically, can make larger animal corpse fall into when cutting and can place smoothly, is conducive to bring into play the cutting effect of hobboing cutter.
As shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, the support 27 of feed mechanism adopts H shaped steel to be welded, and on the column 36 of support both sides, with bolt 39, is connected with interior raceway 21 and front raceway 43, and there is arcuate groove 11 upper end of front raceway 43.Hopper 22 hopper frame 41 is below welded by L-type angle steel, for bearing the load of material in hopper.On the side installing plate 37 on hopper frame 41 both sides, be respectively equipped with front wheel 38 and internal trolley 40, front wheel 38 is along front raceway 43 liftings, and internal trolley 40 is along interior raceway 21 liftings.Reducing motor 1 and shaft coupling 28 are arranged on the bottom of support 27, and are connected with chain power transmission shaft 26 with the sprocket wheel 24 that is arranged on column 36 lower ends.Driven sprocket 13 is arranged on the top of column 36, by chain 14, is driven.Chain 14 is articulated in the installation shaft of internal trolley 40.
Reducing motor 1 is by shaft coupling 28 and chain power transmission shaft 26 drive sprockets 24,13, and then drive hopper frame 41 is along with chain 14 1 liftings.In order to control the extreme position of hopper lifting, two lower limit travel switches 25 are installed on the crossbeam 42 of support 27, the inner top side of column 36 and lower end were separately installed with travel switch 18 and descended travel switch 23, and the top of arcuate groove 11 is provided with upper limit travel switch 12.
In embodiment as depicted in figs. 1 and 2, the rotating speed of main motor 35 first slows down through belt 19, large belt wheel 17, small pulley 20, again by the slow-speed of revolution of the rear acquisition of decelerator 15 30r/min, the power output shaft of decelerator 15 is delivered to cutter shaft 33 by shaft coupling 29 by high pulling torque, cutter shaft 33 drives hobboing cutter 31 rotations, under the cooperation of left side stationary knife 10 and right side stationary knife 32, realize the cutting and crushing to material, piece material under cutting falls into the conveying worm 34 of below, finally by discharging opening 2 outputs, realize self-emptying.
Preferred stationary knife thickness 45~54mm, between adjacent stationary knife, spacing is 55~75mm, hobboing cutter thickness 45~60mm, between adjacent hobboing cutter, spacing is 55~70mm, thick and heavy hobboing cutter, along circumference curl arranged in dislocation, therefore can produce larger inertia force; Because all hobboing cutters are all arranged on 300 degree on axle, with in interior circumference range, be asymmetric geometry again, therefore can produce certain unbalanced moments when rotated, therefore stabilizer 30 need to be installed on cutter shaft 33 to offset unbalanced moments.Thick and heavy hobboing cutter 31 and stabilizer 30 play the effect of flywheel jointly, and required energy consumption in the time of can reducing equipment operation, realizes energy-conservation object.
For the dynamic components such as the stabilizer that prevents from exposing and belt pulley cause potential injury to operating personnel, at the correspondence position of equipment, be provided with balance wheel cover 5 and pulley cover 16.
In embodiment as shown in Figure 4 and Figure 6, start reducing motor 1 drive sprocket 13,24 and chain 14, promote hopper 22 and move up, and by being connected to connecting rod 7 on hopper 22, upwards open the lid 9 of charging aperture 6.When hopper 22 arrives the top of charging aperture 6, the front wheel 38 of hopper both sides changes the direction of motion under the guiding of arcuate groove 11, and internal trolley 40 still continues along interior raceway 21 to move upward, cause hopper 22 to overturn forward, the material in hopper is poured in charging aperture 6.When front wheel 38 touches the upper limit travel switch 12 on arcuate groove 11 tops, reducing motor brakes immediately, stops operating.
After material in hopper 22 empties, start reducing motor 1 reversion, by sprocket wheel 13,24 and chain 14, drive hoppers to move down, and by being connected to connecting rod 7 on hopper 22, close the lid 9 of charging aperture 6 downwards; Front wheel 38 when hopper both sides departs from after arcuate groove 11, and hopper 22 recovers level and continue to decline.When hopper 22 bottoms touch after lower limit travel switch 25, reducing motor stops operating.
If just in case upper limit travel switch 12 lost efficacy when work, internal trolley 40 will touch the upper travel switch 18 of crossing of installing in interior raceway 21 upper ends, can prevent that internal trolley 40 and upper sprocket wheel 13 from bumping against; If just in case lower limit travel switch 25 lost efficacy in when work, internal trolley 40 by touch in interior raceway 21 lower ends, install descended travel switch 23, can prevent internal trolley 40 and lower sprocket 24 collisions.
Whole process does not need manual operation above, completely by disintegrating machine by complete larger animal corpse automatic charging, be directly broken into output automatically after the piece material that size is less.
The above is for the present invention is described, but is not used for limiting the scope of the invention.Do not departing under the prerequisite of the technology of the present invention principle, the present invention can also do some modifications and variations, and these modifications and variations are also considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. the animal breaking treatment machine of a low energy consumption, comprise charging aperture, frame, cutter shaft, stabilizer, left side stationary knife and right side stationary knife, conveying worm, actuating unit and feed mechanism, described feed mechanism is by reducing motor, shaft coupling, sprocket wheel, chain, chain power transmission shaft, hopper and support form, on the column of described support, there are interior raceway and front raceway, there are front wheel and internal trolley in the both sides of described hopper, described front wheel is fitted on front raceway, described internal trolley is fitted on interior raceway, described conveying worm and cutter shaft are adjacent and be positioned under cutter shaft, its rotation is parallel with the axis of cutter shaft, it is characterized in that: there is the lid with hinge described charging aperture upper end, lid is connected with hopper by connecting rod, the two ends of connecting rod are with oscillating bearing, there is arcuate groove the upper end of described front raceway, described front wheel is done back and forth movement in front raceway and arcuate groove.
2. animal breaking treatment machine according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the upper and lower travel switch of crossing has been installed in the bracket upright post of described feed mechanism, two lower limit travel switches are installed on the crossbeam of support, and the top of arcuate groove is provided with upper limit travel switch.
3. animal breaking treatment machine according to claim 1, is characterized in that: pulley cover and balance wheel cover are also installed in described frame.
CN201210336228.9A 2012-09-13 2012-09-13 Low-energy consumption animal crushing machine Active CN102814220B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN102814220B true CN102814220B (en) 2014-12-03

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103191905A (en) * 2013-04-11 2013-07-10 秦立刚 Sealed slitting device of animal waste innocent treatment device
CN103464445B (en) * 2013-09-13 2016-01-13 浙江多宝田自动化设备有限公司 A kind of kindred for the full intelligent processor of the innoxious system of animal waste chops machine
CN111992308B (en) * 2020-08-21 2022-07-29 黄见梅 Fishery is fresh-keeping with portable big ice-cube breaker
CN112679243A (en) * 2020-12-16 2021-04-20 王淼林 Livestock destruction device for death of diseases in animal husbandry

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201483667U (en) * 2009-07-30 2010-05-26 王昌佑 Automatic high-efficiency plastic crusher
CN102259047A (en) * 2011-06-23 2011-11-30 张家港市裕和机械制造有限公司 animal crushing processor
CN202089529U (en) * 2011-03-24 2011-12-28 刘烈祥 Vertical elevator
CN202087343U (en) * 2011-05-19 2011-12-28 佛山市顺德区乐从镇盛昌油墨有限公司 Feeding device of hydraulic three-roller machine
CN202823536U (en) * 2012-09-13 2013-03-27 沙洲职业工学院 Low energy consumption animal breaking processor

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AUPR955101A0 (en) * 2001-12-11 2002-01-24 Medivac Technology Pty Limited Improved compact waste treatment apparatus
CN2905213Y (en) * 2006-04-30 2007-05-30 靳登超 Medical refuse breaking device
CN201337940Y (en) * 2008-12-24 2009-11-04 山东新华医用环保设备有限公司 Unloading machine linked by crusher

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201483667U (en) * 2009-07-30 2010-05-26 王昌佑 Automatic high-efficiency plastic crusher
CN202089529U (en) * 2011-03-24 2011-12-28 刘烈祥 Vertical elevator
CN202087343U (en) * 2011-05-19 2011-12-28 佛山市顺德区乐从镇盛昌油墨有限公司 Feeding device of hydraulic three-roller machine
CN102259047A (en) * 2011-06-23 2011-11-30 张家港市裕和机械制造有限公司 animal crushing processor
CN202823536U (en) * 2012-09-13 2013-03-27 沙洲职业工学院 Low energy consumption animal breaking processor

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CB02 Change of applicant information

Address after: Zhangjiagang City, Jiangsu province 215600 Fuxin Road No. 1

Applicant after: SHAZHOU PROFESSIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

Address before: 215600 science and technology new town, No. 8 middle Changxin Road, Jiangsu, Zhangjiagang

Applicant before: SHAZHOU PROFESSIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

CB03 Change of inventor or designer information

Inventor after: Xu Xianghong

Inventor after: Yan Feng

Inventor after: Qian Yuanping

Inventor after: Wang Yanhui

Inventor before: Xu Xianghong

Inventor before: Yan Feng

Inventor before: Lu Wei

COR Change of bibliographic data

Free format text: CORRECT: INVENTOR; FROM: XU XIANGHONG YAN FENG LU WEI TO: XU XIANGHONG YAN FENG QIAN YUANPING WANG YANHUI

TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20180803

Address after: 072550 Chen Shizhuang village, East Shidi Township, Xushui District, Baoding, Hebei

Patentee after: Baoding an you livestock science and Technology Service Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 215600 1 Fuxin Road, Zhangjiagang, Jiangsu

Patentee before: SHAZHOU PROFESSIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

CP03 Change of name, title or address

Address after: 072550 South of Chenzhuang Village, Dongshiduan Town, Xushui District, Baoding City, Hebei Province

Patentee after: TAIKO (Baoding) Waste Resources Utilization Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 072550 Chen Shizhuang village, East Shidi Township, Xushui District, Baoding, Hebei

Patentee before: Baoding an you livestock science and Technology Service Co.,Ltd.