CN102748942A - Wide-bodied energy-saving and environment-friendly tunnel kiln - Google Patents

Wide-bodied energy-saving and environment-friendly tunnel kiln Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102748942A
CN102748942A CN2012102611903A CN201210261190A CN102748942A CN 102748942 A CN102748942 A CN 102748942A CN 2012102611903 A CN2012102611903 A CN 2012102611903A CN 201210261190 A CN201210261190 A CN 201210261190A CN 102748942 A CN102748942 A CN 102748942A
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China
Prior art keywords
tunnel cave
madial
environment
burning till
kiln
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CN2012102611903A
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CN102748942B (en
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陈志翰
王培景
黄诗福
苏晨义
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Fujian Dehua Jiamei Artware Co., Ltd.
Fujian Jiamei Group Company
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Fujian Jiamei Group Co Ltd
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P40/00Technologies relating to the processing of minerals
    • Y02P40/60Production of ceramic materials or ceramic elements, e.g. substitution of clay or shale by alternative raw materials, e.g. ashes

Abstract

The invention relates to a wide-bodied energy-saving and environment-friendly tunnel kiln, comprising a tunnel kiln main body extending transversely; the tunnel kiln main body orderly comprises a preheating section, a warming and firing section, a quenching section, a slow cooling section and a rapid cooling section in the extending direction; an inner side wall of the warming and firing section is orderly provided with a plurality of burners in an extending direction; the tunnel kiln main body further is provided with a waste heat utilizing mechanism and a smoke exhaust mechanism. The tunnel kiln preheats ceramic bodies by utilizing hot air in the other stages of the tunnel kiln well so as to effectively increase heat utilization ratio of the tunnel kiln, and also reduce consumption of fuels greatly; simultaneously, the tunnel kiln stirs air in the kiln, strengthens low-temperature convection and also reduces temperature difference and overflow of air so as to enable air in workshops to be clean; the tunnel kiln is provided with modern advanced instruments, so that temperature of upper and lower layers in the tunnel kiln is uniform, large products can be fired, kinds adaptability of fired products is wide, products can be fired by open flames, and energy saving rate is high.

Description

A kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of tunnel cave, be meant a kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave that pottery burns till that is used for especially.
Background technology
Got into since 21 century, world's art ceramics product is accelerated to the paces of top grade development greatly, and owing to the raising of global energy anxiety and environmental consciousness, ceramic product also tends to the low energy consumption development simultaneously.Burning till is the critical process in the Production of Ceramics, and it is related to the aspects such as quality, class, yield rate and production cost of ceramic product, and the energy major part of consumption is used to burn till and baking operation, accounts for more than 80% of total energy consumption.At present, the energy utilization rate of China's ceramic industry is very big with external gap, and the energy utilization rate of developed country is generally up to more than 50%, and China only reaches about 28~35%; In Japan, the thermal efficiency that pottery adopts flaming to have saggar to burn till reaches 4.8~8.8%, and China is merely 2~8%.
Existing kiln main fuel is a 0# diesel oil, and its discharged flue gas still has certain pollution to surrounding environment, and kiln adopts shuttle kiln and car tunnel kiln more, and such kiln energy consumption is generally higher.The diesel oil ignition point is high, and low-temperature burning is prone to heavy carbon, makes porcelain produce defectives such as sootiness, pin hole; Sulfur dioxide in the diesel combustion product can influence the glossiness of Ceramic glaze.The fuel oil kiln generally is contained in ceramic body in the saggar, and muffle burns till, first heating saggar in the sintering process, and heating ceramic base substrate again, and the saggar amount of stored heat is big, has greatly wasted the energy.Car tunnel kiln is taken away great amount of heat energy because of kiln car accumulation of heat and heat radiation in sintering process, make the Beijing enamel energy consumption high.Therefore, the fuel oil tunnel cave can't satisfy the needs that high-grade art ceramics develops and builds a resource-conserving society, preserves the ecological environment.
In addition, along with the variation of fuel structure and the update of refractory material, the structure of industrial ceramics kiln and performance have all had very big improvement, but aspect Energy Saving Control, still relatively lag behind, and particularly core heat energy equipment and technology lags behind.The key of industrial ceramics saving energy in kiln is the linear scale control technology that solves fuel and air, makes its abundant completing combustion, will guarantee the linear controllability of air-fuel ratio in the continuous burning process simultaneously.Domestic industry ceramic kiln combustion control technology only rests on single-phase control fuel at present, and combustion air can't be implemented in the synchronous proportional adjusting of fuel, causes the waste of fuel.
At last, ceramic body is to get into tunnel cave at normal temperatures, and to differ nothing many for the also many and room temperature of the temperature of ceramic when the tunnel klining becomes the back kiln discharge, and temperature can reach 1200~1300 ℃ in the tunnel cave, and the temperature difference of the interior diverse location of tunnel cave can be bigger.Existing tunnel cave is begun all to be provided with firing equipment to the stage of burning till by kiln hood, so that ceramic body progressively heats up up to burning till, and very big of the fuel consumption in this stage; Tunnel cave promptly began progressively to lower the temperature after process heated up and burns till the stage; Ceramic and tunnel cave are interior along with decrease of temperature; Heat loses in dissipation, and existing tunnel cave capacity usage ratio is comparatively low, and the furnace air circulation is inhomogeneous; The temperature difference at the diverse location in same stage is bigger, and the product defect rate is higher.
Summary of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave; Inhomogeneous to overcome the furnace air circulation that existing tunnel cave exists; The temperature difference at the diverse location in same stage is bigger, and the product defect rate is higher, and energy utilization rate is low, production cost is than problems such as height.
The present invention adopts following technical scheme:
A kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave comprises that the tunnel cave main body of horizontal expansion, this tunnel cave main body comprise preheating section successively on bearing of trend, the section of burning till that heats up, quench zone, slow cooling section and cold section soon; The madial wall of the above-mentioned intensification section of burning till is arranged along bearing of trend and is provided with some burners; Above-mentioned tunnel cave main body also is equipped with UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN mechanism and flue gas output mechanism; Above-mentioned UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN mechanism comprises first hot gas inlet of being located at above-mentioned quench zone and above-mentioned slow cooling section intersection, some second hot gas inlets of being located at this slow cooling section madial wall, is communicated with the waste heat fan of this first hot gas inlet and second hot gas inlet and is located at above-mentioned preheating section madial wall and first heat outlet be communicated with this waste heat fan through pipeline through pipeline; Above-mentioned flue gas output mechanism comprises some flue gas discharge openings of being located at above-mentioned preheating section madial wall, the smoke exhaust fan that passes through all flue gas discharge openings of pipeline connection, and the smoke exhaust fan air outlet can be communicated to drying room.
More particularly, the above-mentioned intensification section of burning till comprises the heat up section and the section of burning till, and this section that heats up is connected with above-mentioned preheating section, and this section of burning till is connected with above-mentioned quench zone; The lower end of two madial walls of above-mentioned intensification section width is arranged respectively and is provided with some above-mentioned burners, and the burner of section two madial walls that heat up is interval-staggered successively; The top and bottom of two madial walls of the above-mentioned section of burning till width are arranged respectively and are provided with some above-mentioned burners; And the burner of the upper and lower end of the madial wall of the same side is interval-staggered successively, and the top and bottom of the section of burning till two madial walls are corresponding interval-staggered respectively.
The sensing of the above-mentioned burner of at least one of above-mentioned intensification section inlet is β with the angle that bearing of trend became of above-mentioned tunnel cave main body; The angular range of angle β is 25~65 °; The angle of angle β is preferably 40 °, and this other directed in orthogonal of burner of section that heats up is in the section madial wall that heats up; The directed in orthogonal of the burner of the above-mentioned section of burning till is arranged in this section of burning till madial wall ground.
Above-mentioned burner is equipped with gas supply mechanism, and this gas supply mechanism comprises the combustion gas house steward, connects the supply air line of combustion gas house steward and this burner, and this supply air line is equipped with the air-fuel ratio valve; Above-mentioned burner also is equipped with combustion fan, and this combustion fan connects this burner through combustion-supporting airduct.
Two madial walls of above-mentioned quench zone width are respectively equipped with some first pores, and this quench zone is equipped with the chilling blower fan, and the air inlet of this chilling blower fan and air outlet are respectively through the corresponding successively connection of pipeline above-mentioned fast cold section and this first pore.
The madial wall of above-mentioned slow cooling section width is buried heat exchange pipe underground; This heat exchange pipe one end is communicated with above-mentioned second hot gas inlet; The other end of heat exchange pipe is L type ground and points to above-mentioned quench zone along above-mentioned tunnel cave principal length direction and extend and extend upward, and this heat exchange pipe is through the above-mentioned waste heat fan of pipeline connection.
Two madial walls of above-mentioned fast cold section width are respectively equipped with some second pores, and this fast cold section is equipped with cooling blower, and the air inlet of this cooling blower is communicated with this second pore through pipeline.
Above-mentioned preheating section, the section of burning till that heats up, quench zone, slow cooling section and fast cold section temperature inductor that is respectively equipped with at least one, the above-mentioned section of burning till is provided with a temperature inductor between two the adjacent above-mentioned burners on the above-mentioned tunnel cave main body bearing of trend; The said temperature inductor is connected to the PID intelligent temperature control system, and this PID intelligent temperature control system also is connected with computer automatic control system; Above-mentioned tunnel cave main body also is equipped with oxygen concentration monitor and gas leakage monitoring device in flame-out sensing apparatus, kiln inner pressure monitoring device, the kiln, and oxygen concentration monitor and gas leakage monitoring device connect aforementioned calculation machine automatic control system respectively in this flame-out sensing apparatus, kiln inner pressure monitoring device, the kiln.
At last, above-mentioned tunnel cave main body top is that cross section is tetragonal light-weight refractory flat-tope structure.
Can know that by above-mentioned description compare with prior art, the present invention has following advantage: this tunnel cave returns partial fume to kiln hood through blower fan to structure of the present invention; Not only make full use of waste heat but also strengthened the chilling air quantity, strengthened the convection heat transfer' heat-transfer by convection effect, utilized the hot-air in other stage of tunnel cave to carry out preheating well for ceramic body; The hot utilization rate of tunnel cave has obtained effective raising; This tunnel cave has also reduced expending of fuel to a great extent, and it also plays the stirring furnace air simultaneously, has strengthened the convection action of low temperature; Reduced the excessive of the temperature difference and gas again, made workshop air clean; The advanced instrument and equipment of this tunnel cave configuration modernization makes that the temperature of the inner levels of tunnel cave is even, can burn till big part product, and the product category wide adaptability of the burning of holding also can burn till by flaming, and the energy conservation rate is high.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is tunnel cave structure and Temperature Distribution block diagram.
Fig. 2 is a tunnel cave inner sidewall structure sketch map.
Fig. 3 is that tunnel cave top structure and pipeline are according to sketch map.
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing of local 2-A among Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is the enlarged drawing of local 2-B among Fig. 2.
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing of local 2-C among Fig. 2.
Fig. 7 is the enlarged drawing of local 3-D among Fig. 3.
Fig. 8 is the enlarged drawing of local 3-E among Fig. 3.
Fig. 9 is the enlarged drawing of local 3-F among Fig. 3.
Figure 10 is that tunnel cave is along perpendicular sectional structure sketch map.
Figure 11 is that tunnel cave is along horizontal plane sectional structure sketch map.
Figure 12 is the enlarged drawing of local 10-G among Figure 10.
Figure 13 is the enlarged drawing of local 10-H among Figure 10.
Figure 14 is the enlarged drawing of local 10-I among Figure 10.
Figure 15 is the enlarged drawing of local 11-J among Figure 11.
Figure 16 is the enlarged drawing of local 11-K among Figure 11.
Figure 17 is the enlarged drawing of local 11-L among Figure 11.
Figure 18 is provided with the three TV structure sketch mapes of analysing and observe of flue gas output mechanism for preheating section.
Figure 19 is provided with the three TV structure sketch mapes of analysing and observe of UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN mechanism for preheating section.
Figure 20 analyses and observe three TV structure sketch mapes for the section of burning till.
Figure 21 is the gas supply mechanism structural representation.
The specific embodiment
The specific embodiment of the present invention is described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
A kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave comprises that the tunnel cave main body 1 of horizontal expansion, this tunnel cave main body 1 comprise preheating section 11 successively on bearing of trend, the section of burning till 12 that heats up, quench zone 13, slow cooling section 14 and cold section 15 soon.
It is the stages such as organic matter volatilization, constitution water discharge that intensification is burnt till, necessary well-ventilated, and oxygen is sufficient, generally requires little negative pressure, is beneficial to the volatilization fully and the discharge of organic abundant oxidation, constitution water like this, helps goods at the abundant sintering of high temperature.After the section of burning till 12 that heats up, goods have fully burnt till and have had certain liquid phase to exist quench zone 13 for ceramic, and also can make goods more light if rapid equably cooling not only can not be ftractureed this moment, and the productivity of kiln is improved.For waste heat that makes full use of goods and the uniformity that strengthens cooling, use heat resisting exhauster to extract from the hot blast of fast cold section 15 of kiln tail, not only make full use of waste heat but also strengthened chilling air quantity (the hot blast volume is big than the cold wind volume), strengthened the convection heat transfer' heat-transfer by convection effect.Slow cooling section 14: this section since goods in quartzy phase transition process in Volume Changes is arranged, and this moment ceramic in glassy phase all solidified, for avoid the cracking, this section cooling velocity is slower.In order to utilize the waste heat and the temperature difference that reduces this section, added a heat exchanger at the top of kiln, be heated to 550 ℃ to the secondary wind of natural gas with high pressure positive blower through heat exchanger, make sufficient combustion energy-conservation.
This tunnel cave has strengthened kiln body section width, has reduced kiln body section height, is beneficial to reduce the last lower leaf of gas in the kiln, reduces big part ceramic product owing to the temperature difference that the interior stratification of hot gas up and down of kiln produces causes distortion and cracking; In addition, this tunnel cave is a fuel with the natural gas of cleaning, can adopt flaming to burn till; Without saggar; The heat that fuel combustion is produced directly is used for the heating ceramic base substrate, reduces kiln furnitures proportion and weight as far as possible, to reduce the accumulation of heat of carrying employed kiln furnitures of ceramic body and saggar and to take away heat; Without saggar is an energy-conservation key factor of expanded letter fuel gas tunnel kiln, but needs corresponding increase to use easily-consumed products materials such as carborundum boron plate, pillar.
The madial wall of the above-mentioned intensification section of burning till 12 is arranged along bearing of trend and is provided with some burners 121, and it is " the two energy-saving burners that mix of natural gas " of the Chinese utility model patent announcement of " 201020101192 " that the present invention preferably adopts the patent No.; Above-mentioned tunnel cave main body 1 also is equipped with UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN mechanism 16 and flue gas output mechanism 17; Above-mentioned UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN mechanism 16 comprises first hot gas inlet 161 of being located at above-mentioned quench zone 13 and above-mentioned slow cooling section 14 intersections, some second hot gas inlets 162 of being located at these slow cooling section 14 madial walls, is communicated with the waste heat fan 163 of this first hot gas inlet, 161 and second hot gas inlet 162 and is located at above-mentioned preheating section 11 madial walls and first heat outlet 164 be communicated with this waste heat fan 163 through pipeline through pipeline; Above-mentioned flue gas output mechanism 17 comprises some flue gas discharge openings 171 of being located at above-mentioned preheating section 11 madial walls, the smoke exhaust fan 172 that passes through all flue gas discharge openings 171 of pipeline connection, and smoke exhaust fan 172 air outlets can be communicated to drying room; Use the mechanical smoke extraction mode,, therefore partial fume is returned kiln hood through blower fan because combustion of natural gas is fully clean; Both utilized the hot-air in other stage of tunnel cave to carry out preheating for ceramic body well, the hot utilization rate of tunnel cave has obtained effective raising, has also reduced expending of fuel to a great extent; It also plays the stirring furnace air simultaneously; Strengthened the convection action of low temperature, reduced the excessive of the temperature difference and gas again, made workshop air clean.Hot blast and tunnel cave that this tunnel cave extracts quench zone 13 and slow cooling section 14 carry out ceramic die, body drying at flue gas to the drying room of preheating section 11 discharges; Replacing original anthracite is dry heat energy; Improve the using residual heat from kiln furnace utilization rate, thus the purpose that reaches energy savings, reduces cost.
More particularly, the above-mentioned intensification section of burning till 12 comprises heat up section 12a and the section of burning till 12b, and this section 12a that heats up is connected with above-mentioned preheating section 11, and this section of burning till 12b is connected with above-mentioned quench zone 13; The lower end of two madial walls of above-mentioned intensification section 12a width is arranged respectively and is provided with some above-mentioned burners 121, and the burner 121 of section 12a two madial walls that heat up is interval-staggered successively; The top and bottom of two madial walls of the above-mentioned section of burning till 12b width are arranged respectively and are provided with some above-mentioned burners 121; And the burner 121 of the upper and lower end of the madial wall of the same side is interval-staggered successively, and the top and bottom of the section of burning till 12b two madial walls are corresponding interval-staggered respectively; The burning formula is that main burner up and down 121 is arranged at the bottom of this tunnel cave main body 1 employing, and let the combustion gas major part in kiln car, burn under the base substrate, thermal current is to revolving about causing; Adopt high combustion rate burner 121 simultaneously, gas high degree of agitation in the kiln, upper and lower temperature difference is little in the kiln, temperature atmosphere control is accurate; Goods are heated in sintering process evenly, thereby have accelerated the speed of burning till, and shorten firing period; Reduce energy consumption of unit product, play energy-saving and cost-reducing effect.
The sensing of the above-mentioned burner 121 of at least one of above-mentioned intensification section 12a inlet is β with the angle that bearing of trend became of above-mentioned tunnel cave main body 1; The angular range of angle β is 25~65 °; The angle of angle β is preferably 40 °, and this other directed in orthogonal of burner 121 of section 12a that heats up is in the section 12a madial wall that heats up; The directed in orthogonal of the burner 121 of the above-mentioned section of burning till 12b is arranged in this section of burning till 12b madial wall ground.
With reference to Figure 21, above-mentioned burner 121 is equipped with gas supply mechanism 18, and this gas supply mechanism 18 comprises combustion gas house steward 181, connects the supply air line 182 of combustion gas house steward 181 and this burner 121, and this supply air line 182 is equipped with air-fuel ratio valve 183; Above-mentioned burner 121 also is equipped with combustion fan 184, and this combustion fan 184 connects this burner 121 through combustion-supporting airduct.
Two madial walls of above-mentioned quench zone 13 widths are respectively equipped with some first pores 131; This quench zone 13 is equipped with chilling blower fan 132, and the air inlet of this chilling blower fan 132 and air outlet are respectively through the corresponding successively connection of pipeline above-mentioned fast cold section 15 and this first pore 131.Effect through utmost point air-cooler; Make and spray by first pore 131 with certain speed from fast cold section 15 air that extracts; Some first pores 131 are " worker " font at the tunnel cave madial wall and arrange; Forms the air curtain of one deck and tunnel cave cross section parallel arrangement by the air of first pore 131 ejection, the high temperature workpiece that burns till through the intensification section of burning till 12 passes through air curtain and can effectively reduce temperature.
The madial wall of above-mentioned slow cooling section 14 widths is buried heat exchange pipe 141 underground; These heat exchange pipe 141 1 ends are communicated with above-mentioned second hot gas inlet 162; The other end of heat exchange pipe 141 is L type ground and points to above-mentioned quench zone 13 along above-mentioned tunnel cave main body 1 length direction and extend and extend upward, and this heat exchange pipe 141 is through the above-mentioned waste heat fan 163 of pipeline connection.
Two madial walls of above-mentioned fast cold section 15 width are respectively equipped with some second pores 151; Should be equipped with cooling blower 152 for cold section 15 soon; The air inlet of this cooling blower 152 is communicated with this second pore 151 through pipeline; The position of the position of second pore 151 and first pore 131 is arranged similar, also is formed with an air curtain in this fast cold section 15.Be somebody's turn to do the temperature difference that fast cold section 15 interior temperature and normal temperature also have several Baidu, can be cold soon, but air quantity is big usually.Adopt the big air outlet that changes original second pore 151 to be little and many air outlet structure, make the mobile rapid and uniform of wind.
Above-mentioned preheating section 11, the section of burning till 12 that heats up, quench zone 13, slow cooling section 14 and cold section 15 temperature inductor 19 that is respectively equipped with at least one soon, the above-mentioned section of burning till 12b is provided with a temperature inductor 19 between two the adjacent above-mentioned burners 121 on above-mentioned tunnel cave main body 1 bearing of trend; Said temperature inductor 19 is connected to the PID intelligent temperature control system or is connected to " the kiln special intelligent temperature controller " that the patent No. is announced for the Chinese utility model patent of " 201020187913 ", and this PID intelligent temperature control system or this kiln special intelligent temperature controller also are connected with computer automatic control system; Above-mentioned tunnel cave main body 1 also is equipped with oxygen concentration monitor and gas leakage monitoring device in flame-out sensing apparatus, kiln inner pressure monitoring device, the kiln, and oxygen concentration monitor and gas leakage monitoring device connect aforementioned calculation machine automatic control system respectively in this flame-out sensing apparatus, kiln inner pressure monitoring device, the kiln; This tunnel cave adopts special-purpose equal proportion burner of natural gas (patent No. is " a kind of novel gas proportioning valve " that the Chinese utility model patent of " 201020187941 " is announced) and equal proportion control system; The powerful interior hot gas of kiln that stirs; Make natural gas burning more abundant, control the firing temperature that system can control kiln more accurately simultaneously, reduce the temperature difference and flue-gas temperature in the kiln; Make that the temperature difference up and down of same section is controlled in 3 ℃ in the kiln, improve efficiency of utilization; Adopt air-fuel ratio valve 183, realize that automatically the equal proportion of combustion process combustion air and natural gas is mixed.
At last, above-mentioned tunnel cave main body 1 top is that cross section is tetragonal light-weight refractory flat-tope structure, uses the flat-tope structure of lightweight, substitutes original heavy arch form structure, changes original heavy refractory material into lightweight refracrory, reduces the heat radiation of kiln body.
Above-mentionedly be merely the specific embodiment of the present invention, but design concept of the present invention is not limited thereto, allly utilizes this design that the present invention is carried out the change of unsubstantiality, all should belong to the behavior of invading protection domain of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave comprises the tunnel cave main body of horizontal expansion, and this tunnel cave main body comprises preheating section successively on bearing of trend, the section of burning till that heats up, quench zone, slow cooling section and cold section soon; The madial wall of the said intensification section of burning till is arranged along bearing of trend and is provided with some burners; It is characterized in that: said tunnel cave main body also is equipped with UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN mechanism and flue gas output mechanism; Said UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN mechanism comprises first hot gas inlet of being located at said quench zone and said slow cooling section intersection, some second hot gas inlets of being located at this slow cooling section madial wall, is communicated with the waste heat fan of this first hot gas inlet and second hot gas inlet and is located at said preheating section madial wall and first heat outlet be communicated with this waste heat fan through pipeline through pipeline; Said flue gas output mechanism comprises some flue gas discharge openings of being located at said preheating section madial wall, the smoke exhaust fan that passes through all flue gas discharge openings of pipeline connection.
2. a kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that: the said intensification section of burning till comprises the heat up section and the section of burning till, and this section that heats up is connected with said preheating section, and this section of burning till is connected with said quench zone; The lower end of two madial walls of the said section width that heats up is arranged respectively and is provided with some said burners, and the burner of section two madial walls that heat up is interval-staggered successively; The top and bottom of two madial walls of the said section of burning till width are arranged respectively and are provided with some said burners; And the burner of the upper and lower end of the madial wall of the same side is interval-staggered successively, and the top and bottom of the section of burning till two madial walls are corresponding interval-staggered respectively.
3. a kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave as claimed in claim 2; It is characterized in that: the sensing of the said burner of at least one of the said section inlet that heats up is β with the angle that bearing of trend became of said tunnel cave main body; The angular range of angle β is 25~65 °, and this other directed in orthogonal of burner of section that heats up is in the section madial wall that heats up; The directed in orthogonal of the burner of the said section of burning till is arranged in this section of burning till madial wall ground.
4. a kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave as claimed in claim 2; It is characterized in that: said burner is equipped with gas supply mechanism; This gas supply mechanism comprises the combustion gas house steward, connects the supply air line of combustion gas house steward and this burner, and this supply air line is equipped with the air-fuel ratio valve; Said burner also is equipped with combustion fan, and this combustion fan connects this burner through combustion-supporting airduct.
5. a kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave as claimed in claim 2; It is characterized in that: two madial walls of said quench zone width are respectively equipped with some first pores; This quench zone is equipped with the chilling blower fan, and the air inlet of this chilling blower fan and air outlet are respectively through the corresponding successively connection of pipeline said fast cold section and this first pore.
6. a kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave as claimed in claim 2; It is characterized in that: the madial wall of said slow cooling section width is buried heat exchange pipe underground; This heat exchange pipe one end is communicated with said second hot gas inlet; The other end of heat exchange pipe is L type ground and points to said quench zone along said tunnel cave principal length direction and extend and extend upward, and this heat exchange pipe is through the said waste heat fan of pipeline connection.
7. a kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave as claimed in claim 2; It is characterized in that: two madial walls of said fast cold section width are respectively equipped with some second pores; Be somebody's turn to do fast cold section and be equipped with cooling blower, the air inlet of this cooling blower is communicated with this second pore through pipeline.
8. a kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave as claimed in claim 2; It is characterized in that: said preheating section, the section of burning till that heats up, quench zone, slow cooling section and fast cold section temperature inductor that is respectively equipped with at least one, the said section of burning till is provided with a temperature inductor between two the adjacent said burners on the said tunnel cave main body bearing of trend; Said temperature inductor is connected to the PID intelligent temperature control system, and this PID intelligent temperature control system also is connected with computer automatic control system.
9. a kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave as claimed in claim 8; It is characterized in that: said tunnel cave main body also is equipped with oxygen concentration monitor and gas leakage monitoring device in flame-out sensing apparatus, kiln inner pressure monitoring device, the kiln, and oxygen concentration monitor and gas leakage monitoring device connect said computer automatic control system respectively in this flame-out sensing apparatus, kiln inner pressure monitoring device, the kiln.
10. a kind of expanded letter energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave as claimed in claim 2 is characterized in that: said tunnel cave main body top is that cross section is tetragonal light-weight refractory flat-tope structure.
CN201210261190.3A 2012-07-26 2012-07-26 Wide-bodied energy-saving and environment-friendly tunnel kiln Active CN102748942B (en)

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CN104279865A (en) * 2014-09-23 2015-01-14 大连理工大学 Tunnel kiln brick-making method
CN105202912A (en) * 2015-10-23 2015-12-30 青岛铸英特陶科技有限公司 Gas roller way kiln
CN105277002A (en) * 2015-11-14 2016-01-27 卢爱玲 Efficient heat energy utilization structure of firing zone on ceramic kiln
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CN103090676A (en) * 2013-01-10 2013-05-08 连云港金蔷薇化工有限公司 Coal pit body
CN103090676B (en) * 2013-01-10 2015-11-25 连云港金蔷薇化工有限公司 A kind of coal pit body
CN104279865B (en) * 2014-09-23 2016-04-06 大连理工大学 A kind of brick-making method of tunnel cave
CN104279865A (en) * 2014-09-23 2015-01-14 大连理工大学 Tunnel kiln brick-making method
CN105571315A (en) * 2014-10-15 2016-05-11 广东华信达节能环保有限公司 Novel energy-saving environment-friendly kiln
CN104266483A (en) * 2014-10-24 2015-01-07 彭红 Honeycomb ceramic tunnel kiln with no need for waste gas treatment device
CN105202912A (en) * 2015-10-23 2015-12-30 青岛铸英特陶科技有限公司 Gas roller way kiln
CN105277002A (en) * 2015-11-14 2016-01-27 卢爱玲 Efficient heat energy utilization structure of firing zone on ceramic kiln
CN105466210A (en) * 2015-12-04 2016-04-06 中国电子科技集团公司第四十八研究所 Atmosphere protection full-sealed roller kiln
CN105466210B (en) * 2015-12-04 2017-11-28 中国电子科技集团公司第四十八研究所 A kind of hermetically sealed roller kilns of atmosphere protection
CN107228570A (en) * 2016-03-23 2017-10-03 沈阳铝镁设计研究院有限公司 A kind of method of anode-baking furnace UTILIZATION OF VESIDUAL HEAT IN
CN106017072A (en) * 2016-07-06 2016-10-12 福建省德化同鑫陶瓷有限公司 Energy-saving hot wind circulation tunnel kiln and waste heat recycling method of tunnel kiln
CN106017072B (en) * 2016-07-06 2018-04-10 福建省德化同鑫陶瓷有限公司 Energy-saving type hot air circulates tunnel cave and residual heat of tunnel kiln reuse method
CN106091678A (en) * 2016-07-21 2016-11-09 济源市金峰耐火材料有限公司 Energy-conserving and environment-protective tunnel cave

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