CN102729158B - Organic bond accumulative grinding material and method for preparing abrasive cloth by organic bond accumulative grinding material - Google Patents

Organic bond accumulative grinding material and method for preparing abrasive cloth by organic bond accumulative grinding material Download PDF

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CN102729158B
CN102729158B CN 201210240753 CN201210240753A CN102729158B CN 102729158 B CN102729158 B CN 102729158B CN 201210240753 CN201210240753 CN 201210240753 CN 201210240753 A CN201210240753 A CN 201210240753A CN 102729158 B CN102729158 B CN 102729158B
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abrasive
material
deposited
binding agent
grinding
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CN 201210240753
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CN102729158A (en
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牛文龙
孔德夫
麻金凤
李元元
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嵩山特材集团有限公司
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种有机结合剂堆积磨料及采用堆积磨料制造砂布的方法,本发明的方法以有机高分子为结合剂、以磨料单颗粒群为主体,包含活性吸热材料、无机吸热材料、惰性助磨材料、润滑材料为一体、采用低温固化、得到近似等积形堆积磨料单元;为砂布、砂带制造提供组织均匀的“冷堆积磨料”;同时又公开了两种将堆积磨料制成堆积磨料砂布的方法,其中一种为滑差滚压摊平机,用来将堆积磨料均匀平摊在基体表面上;从而提高砂带的磨削效率和提高磨具的使用寿命、同时提高工件的表面质量。 The present invention discloses an organic binding agent and abrasive bulk stacking method for producing an abrasive polishing pad, the method of the present invention in the organic polymer is a binder to abrasive particle group as a single body, comprising an active heat-absorbing material, inorganic endothermic material inert grinding aid material, a lubricating material as a whole, using low-temperature curing, and the like to give an approximate volume of abrasive-shaped stacking unit; provide a uniform tissue "cold bulk abrasive" as abrasive cloth, abrasive belt manufacturing; while stacking the two discloses abrasive system the method of stacking into an abrasive polishing pad, wherein one of the slip roller flattening machine, used to deposited uniformly flat on the abrasive surface of the substrate; thereby increasing the grinding efficiency and improve the life of the abrasive belt, while increasing surface quality.

Description

一种有机结合剂堆积磨料及采用堆积磨料制造砂布的方法 An organic binding agent and deposited abrasive polishing pad method of producing an abrasive bulk

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及磨料技术领域中砂带的制备方法,具体说是涉及一种有机结合剂堆积磨料及采用堆积磨料制造砂布的方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a method for preparing an abrasive belt art, in particular, it relates to an organic binding agent and abrasive bulk stacking method for producing an abrasive polishing cloth.

技术背景 technical background

[0002] 传统的磨料作为磨削和抛光物,多被作为单颗粒使用。 [0002] As a conventional abrasive grinding and polishing was used as a single multi-particles.

[0003] 现有技术的砂带制备方法是:用粘结剂将磨料粘结在基体上;基体是布、纸或复合基体等,磨料是各粒度号的单粒磨料,在制成砂带时是单层植砂,其寿命一般很短;砂带随单层磨料的消耗而整个砂带报废。 Belt Preparation Method [0003] The prior art is: abrasive bonded with an adhesive on the substrate; the substrate is cloth, paper and the like, or composite matrix, the abrasive particle size of each abrasive grain is a single number, the belt is made when planting a single layer of sand, which is generally short life; monolayer abrasive belt with the consumption of the entire belt scrapped.

[0004] 传统砂带由于是单层磨粒磨削,磨粒在磨削初始状态、中间状态及临终状态形状及磨削力明显不一致,因此工件表面质量也有很大差异,在使用过程中容易使工件表面烧伤。 [0004] Since the conventional monolayer abrasive grinding belt, the grinding grains in the initial state, intermediate state, and the shape and the state of dying apparent inconsistency grinding force, the surface quality of the workpiece are quite different, the process is easy to use burn the workpiece surface.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的正是针对上述现有技术中所存在的不足之处而提供一种有机结合剂堆积磨料及采用堆积磨料制造砂布的方法,本发明以有机高分子为结合剂、以磨料单颗粒群为主体,包含活性吸热材料、无机吸热材料、惰性助磨材料、润滑材料为一体、采用低温固化、得到近似等积形堆积磨料单元;为砂带制造提供组织均匀的“冷堆积磨料”,从而提高砂带的磨削效率和提高磨具的使用寿命、同时提高工件的表面质量。 [0005] It is the object of the present invention for the above-described shortcomings of the prior art is present to provide an organic binding agent and abrasive bulk stacking method for producing an abrasive polishing pad, the present invention is an organic polymer binding agent, to the abrasive particle group as a single body, comprising an active heat-absorbing material, inorganic endothermic materials, inert grinding aid material, a lubricating material as a whole, using low-temperature curing, and the like to give an approximate volume of abrasive-shaped stacking unit; to provide a uniform tissue manufactured belt " abrasive cold accumulation ", thereby improving the grinding efficiency and improve the life of the abrasive belt, while improving the surface quality of the workpiece.

[0006] 本发明的目的可通过下述技术措施来实现: [0006] The object of the present invention can be achieved by the following technical measures:

[0007] 本发明的有机结合剂堆积磨料的材料组成及制备步骤如下: [0007] The organic binding agent of the present invention and accumulation of the abrasive material composition preparation steps are as follows:

[0008] A、按重量比取:粒径为16微米~350微米的磨料单颗粒群50~85%、有机高分子结合剂7~35%、润湿剂5~25%、活性吸热材料I~30%、作为无机吸热材料的三水合氧化铝1~10%、惰性助磨材料2~35%、以及润滑材料0-5%、添加剂0~8%、感静电材料0-5% ;且上述原料的重量百分比之和为百分之百; [0008] A, a weight ratio taken: a particle size of 16 microns to 350 microns single abrasive particles for 50 to 85%, an organic polymer binding agent, 7 to 35%, a wetting agent, 5 to 25%, active endothermic material I ~ 30%, as alumina trihydrate inorganic endothermic material is 1 to 10%, an inert material grinding aid 2 to 35%, and lubricants 0-5%, 0-8% additives, sensing static material 0-5% ; and the weight percentages of the raw material, and one hundred percent;

[0009] B、采用下述a、b或c中的任意一种方法进行制备: [0009] B, using the following a, b or c is any method be prepared:

[0010] a、将A步骤所取材料中的粉体部分混匀,放入制粒机;之后将A步骤所取材料中的液体部分分步加入制粒,制成近似等积形的堆积磨料,在100°c以下干燥,筛分取得粒径在0.15^3.35mm,常用粒径在0.3^1mm的近似等积形的颗粒,将所得产品在最高温度125°C ~185°C以下完全固化,再进行筛分,粒径控制在所需要范围;即得到有机结合剂堆积磨料体; [0010] a, the step portion A taken powder material mixing, into a granulator; liquid portion after the step taken in step A was added granulated material, shaped product made approximately equal accumulation abrasives, dried at 100 ° c or less, in the particle size sieving to obtain 0.15 ^ 3.35mm, the product used in the form of particles of diameter 0.3 1mm ^ approximately equal, the resulting product at a maximum temperature of 125 ° C ~ 185 ° C or less completely cured, then sieved particle size range required in the control; i.e., to give an organic binder deposited abrasive bodies;

[0011] b、将A步骤所取材料中的粉体部分混匀,放入混料设备;之后将A步骤所取材料中的液体部分加入混料,制成半湿润料,放入制粒机制成近似等积形的堆积磨料,在100°c以下干燥,筛分取得粒径在0.15^3.35_,常用粒径在0.3^1mm的近似等积形的颗粒,将所得产品在温度125°C ~185°C以下完全固化,再进行筛分,粒径控制在所需要范围;即得到有机结合剂堆积磨料体;[0012] C、将A步骤所取材料中的粉体部分混匀,放入混料设备;之后将A步骤所取材料中的液体部分加入混料,制成半湿润料,放入模具压制成片状结构,在100°C以下干燥;将所得产品破碎、筛分,将所需堆积磨料颗粒粒径控制在0.15^3.35mm,常用粒径在0.3^1mm的近似等积形的颗粒,将所得产品在最高温度125°C ~185°C以下完全固化,再进行筛分,粒径控制在所需要范围;即得到有机结合剂堆积磨料体 [0011] b, the steps taken part A powder material mixing, into the mixing device; A liquid portion after the step taken in the material mixing was added, made humid material, into the granulation mechanism in an approximately equal area of ​​the deposited abrasive shape, dried at 100 ° c or less, in the particle size sieving to obtain 0.15 ^ 3.35_, shaped product used in the particle diameter of the particles is approximately 0.3 1mm ^ like, and the resulting product at a temperature of 125 ° or less C ~ 185 ° C is completely cured, and then sieved particle size range required in the control; i.e., to give an organic binder deposited abrasive bodies; [0012] C, the step a portion of the powder material mixed taken, into the mixing device; a liquid portion after the step taken in the material mixing was added, made humid material, pressed into a sheet structure into the mold, dried at below 100 ° C; the resulting product crushing, screening , the accumulation of the required particle size control in the abrasive 0.15 ^ 3.35mm, the product used in the form of particles of diameter 0.3 1mm ^ approximately equal, the resulting product is fully cured at a maximum temperature of 125 ° C ~ 185 ° C or less, then sieving, the particle size range required in the control; i.e., to give an organic binder deposited abrasive bodies

[0013] 本发明中所述的磨料单颗粒取自棕刚玉、白刚玉、铬刚玉、碳化硅或锆刚玉中的任意一种或两种以上混合物。 [0013] In the present invention, the single abrasive particles from corundum, white corundum, chromium corundum, silicon carbide or any one or two or more of a mixture of zirconium corundum.

[0014] 本发明所述有机高分子结合剂取自酚醛树脂、脲醛树脂中的任意一种;且所述有机高分子结合剂为液体或粉状的任意一种或混合物。 [0014] The present invention is an organic polymer binding agent from phenolic resins, urea-formaldehyde resin in any one; and the organic polymer binding agent is a liquid or powder or any mixture thereof.

[0015] 本发明所述润湿剂取自丁酮类、丁醇类或水中的任意一种或混合物。 [0015] The present invention is a wetting agent from the ketone-based, alcohol-based or water or any mixture thereof.

[0016] 本发明所述活性吸热材料是含氟的金属盐:取自冰晶石、氟硼酸钾或氟硼酸钠中的任意一种或混合物;所述活性吸热材料的吸热原理如下:含氟硼酸盐遇热熔化,促使磨粒容易脱落,以防止砂带的堵塞,而且它析出氟,有利于钢材的磨削,特别适应于磨削时不用冷却液的干磨砂带;同时放出结合水,起冷却、吸热作用。 [0016] The present invention is a fluorine-containing active metal endothermic material: from cryolite, potassium fluoroborate, or any one or a mixture of sodium borofluoride; endothermic material absorbing the active principle is as follows: the fluorine-containing hot melt borate case, cause abrasive grains easily fall off, to prevent clogging of the belt, and it precipitated fluoro conducive steel grinding without coolant dry abrasive tape is particularly adapted for grinding; and release bound water from cooling heat absorbing action.

[0017] 本发明所述无机吸热材料为三水合氧化铝,分子式为Al (0H)3;所述无机吸热材料的吸热机理如下:三水合氧化铝加热脱水开始温度、最大吸热峰,同时起到防静电作用。 [0017] The present invention inorganic endothermic material is alumina trihydrate, the formula Al (0H) 3; the inorganic endothermic material absorbing mechanism is as follows: alumina trihydrate starts dehydration temperature heating, a maximum endothermic peak , also play a role in anti-static.

[0018] 本发明所述惰性助磨材料取自碳酸钙、硫酸钙、硅灰石或滑石粉中的任意一种或混合物。 [0018] The present invention is an inert grinding aid material from calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate, wollastonite, or any one or a mixture of talc.

[0019] 本发明所述润滑材料取自石墨、滑石粉、硬脂酸镁、石膏粉等的金属盐中的任意一种或混合物。 The invention is lubricating material [0019] The present from graphite, talc, magnesium stearate, gypsum powder of metal salts of any one or a mixture.

[0020] 本发明所述添加剂取自偶联剂、颜料、染料、固化剂或增塑剂的任意一种或混合物;偶联剂取自KH550,KH560中的任意一种;颜料取自金属的氧化物、硫化物、硫酸盐、铬酸盐、钥酸盐等无机盐及炭黑,酞青颜料等有机颜料;染料取自耐高温染料;固化剂取自氯化铵、氯化锌、硝酸铵、硫酸铵的任意一种;增塑剂取自陶土、矸石、磷酸二氢铝、木质素磺酸钙中的任意一种。 [0020] The additive of the present invention taken coupling agent, a pigment, a dye, a plasticizer, a curing agent or any one or mixtures thereof; from coupling of KH550, KH560 any one of; metal pigments from oxides, sulfides, sulfates, chromates, carbon black and inorganic salts such as keys, organic pigments such as phthalocyanine pigments; dyes from high temperature dye; curing agent derived from ammonium, chloride, nitrate any one of ammonium sulfate; the plasticizer is from clay, gangue, aluminum dihydrogen phosphate, any one of calcium lignosulfonate.

[0021] 本发明所述感静电材料取自石墨、云母、铁粉或铜粉的任意一种或混合物;其可使磨粒可以通过静电方式植砂。 [0021] The present invention is an electrostatic sensing material from graphite, mica, iron or copper or any one mixture thereof; which abrasive particles can be electrostatically plant sand.

[0022] 本发明所述的堆积磨料砂布的制备步骤如下: [0022] The abrasive polishing pad bulk preparation steps of the present invention are as follows:

[0023] a、将以下材料制成底胶,涂布在经处理后的基材上;所述底胶取自下述两种底胶中的任意一种,其中一种是由下述重量比的原料制备而成:作为结合剂的酚醛树脂55~75%,作为助磨材料的碳酸钙25~45%,作为添加剂的表面活性剂0.1~θ.5% ;一种是由下述重量比的原料制备而成:环氧树脂37飞7%、固化剂19~29%、稀释剂14~44% ;所述表面活性剂取自吐温-20,所述固化剂取自聚酰胺650,所述稀释剂取自甲苯、丁醇;且上述原料的重量百分比之和为百分之百; [0023] a, the following materials were prepared primer coating on a substrate after processed; obtained from the primer of any one of the following two kinds of primer, one of which is represented by the following weight preparation of raw material ratio from: phenol resin as binder 55 to 75%, as a grinding aid material is calcium carbonate 25 to 45%, a surfactant of 0.1 ~ θ.5% additive; one is represented by the following weight prepared from the starting material ratio: 7% fly epoxy resin 37, curing agent 19 to 29%, 14 to 44% diluent; from the surfactant Tween-20, polyamide 650 from the curing agent the diluent from toluene, butanol; and the weight percentages of the raw material, and one hundred percent;

[0024] b、采用静电植砂机将堆积磨料均匀植在基体材料表面;或采用重力植砂后再经滑差滚压摊平机将堆积磨料均匀平摊在基体表面上; [0024] b, the electrostatic planting sand deposited uniformly implanted in the abrasive surface of the substrate; gravity or sand after planting by slip roller flattening machine uniformly deposited flat on the abrasive surface of the substrate;

[0025] C、经过植砂后,经过一次干燥后,再涂覆一层由结合剂、助磨材料、添加剂混合制成复胶,其中所述复胶是由下述重量比的原料制备而成:作为结合剂的酚醛树脂55、0%,作为助磨材料的碳酸钙10-45%,作为添加剂的表面活性剂0.1~0.5%,氧化铁f 8%,其中所述表面活性剂取自吐温-20,且上述原料的重量百分比之和为百分之百;经二次干燥后收卷,然后再经固化、揉曲成为规则堆积磨料涂附磨具产品;其中一次干燥温度在65 °C〜105 °C,时间控制在30mirT90min ; 二次干燥温度在65 °C〜95 V,时间控制在120min〜180mino [0025] C, the sand after planting, after once dried, coated with a mixture of binding agent, grinding aid material, additives to the size coat, wherein said size coat is prepared from the following raw material weight ratio to: phenolic resin binder 55,0%, as a grinding aid material is calcium carbonate 10-45%, as a surfactant additive is 0.1 to 0.5%, iron f 8%, wherein said surfactant is taken from Tween-20, and the weight percentages of the raw material and the hundred percent; after winding the secondary drying, and then cured, pliability rules become deposited abrasive coated abrasive product; wherein the primary drying temperature at 65 ° C~ 105 ° C, time control 30mirT90min; secondary drying at a temperature of 65 ° C~95 V, time control 120min~180mino

[0026] 本发明的有益效果如下: [0026] Advantageous effects of the present invention are as follows:

[0027] 本发明的磨料堆积体,内部包含有能够吸收磨削热的降温材料,实现了“冷堆积磨料”,使用不同的材料配比,结合磨削压力的调整,以达到磨削时工件不烧伤;由于冷堆积磨料生产的砂布、砂带产品在有效磨削面厚度上的磨粒数量比单层颗粒多数倍乃至数十倍,因此大大提高涂附磨具的使用寿命、提高磨削效率、同时提高工件的表面质量和磨削效果的前后一致性。 [0027] The abrasive of the present invention stacked body, comprising an internal grinding material capable of absorbing heat of cooling to achieve a "cold accumulation abrasives", the ratio of the use of different materials, in conjunction with the adjustment of the grinding pressure, grinding the workpiece in order to achieve not burn; number of abrasive grains due to the production of cold accumulation emery cloth, abrasive belt grinding surface active product at the thickness even several times more than a monolayer of particles, thus greatly improving the service life of coated abrasives, improved grinding efficiency, while improving the consistency and quality of the surface of the workpiece grinding effect. 该发明将为涂附磨具提供高品质的有机结合剂磨料堆积体,同时该产品不排除应用于砂轮、油石、抛光磨块等其他磨具。 The invention will provide high-quality coated abrasives organic binding agent abrasive stacked body, while the product does not exclude applied to other abrasive grinding wheel, Whetstone, polishing grinding block like.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0028] 图1:近似球型等积形堆积磨料颗粒。 [0028] FIG. 1: approximately spherical shaped product deposited abrasive particles and the like.

[0029] 图中:101、基础磨料;102、活性吸热材料;103、惰性助磨材料;104、润滑材料;105、添加材料;106、有机结合剂。 [0029] FIG: 101, based abrasive; 102, active endothermic material; 103, the inert material grinding aid; 104, lubricating materials; 105, additional material; 106, organic binding agent.

[0030] 图2:近等积形堆积磨料颗粒。 [0030] Figure 2: Near-shaped product deposited abrasive grains.

[0031] 图中:201、基础磨料;202、活性吸热材料;203、惰性助磨材料;204、润滑材料;205、添加材料;206、有机结合剂。 [0031] FIG: 201, based abrasive; 202, active endothermic material; 203, the inert material grinding aid; 204, lubricating materials; 205, additional material; 206, organic binding agent.

[0032] 图3是砂布生产设备流程图。 [0032] FIG. 3 is a flowchart of the polishing pad equipment.

[0033] 图中:301、放布卷;302、一次涂胶;303、静电植砂;304、抗静电输送带;305、砂箱A ; 306、收砂装置;307、砂箱B ;308、重力植砂装置;309、滑差滚压摊平装置;310、一次干燥;311、复胶;312、二次干燥;313、收卷。 [0033] FIG: 301, put the cloth roll; 302, a glue; 303, electrostatic planting sand; 304, anti-static conveyor; 305, flask A; 306, sand receiving means; 307, flask B; 308 , gravity sand-planting means; 309, slip smoothing rolling means; 310, once dried; 311, a size coat; 312, secondary drying; 313, winding.

[0034] 图4是图3中滑差滚压摊平机工作原理及结构图。 [0034] FIG. 4 is a diagram of the slip roller flattening machine working principle and structure of FIG.

[0035] 图中:401、电机;402、皮带轮;403、皮带;404、规则堆积磨料;405、上过底胶的基体;406、被动皮带轮;407、齿轮I ;408、辊筒;409、齿轮2 ;410、轴承座;411、支架;412、平整过后的堆积磨料砂布。 [0035] FIG: 401, motor; 402, pulleys; 403, belt; 404, rules deposited abrasive; 405, a matrix as the bottom gum; 406, driven pulley; 407, gear I; 408, roller; 409, gear 2; 410, bearing housing; 411, holder; 412, after the stacked flat abrasive polishing pad.

[0036] 图5是经重力植砂的近似球形堆积磨料砂布示意图。 [0036] FIG. 5 is a schematic view of an abrasive polishing pad approximated spherical gravity plant sand accumulation.

[0037] 图中:501、基体;502、基体过渡层;503、堆积磨料;504、底胶;505复胶。 [0037] FIG: 501, a substrate; 502, transition matrix; 503, deposited abrasive; 504, primer; 505 the size coat.

[0038] 图6是经静电植砂的等积形堆积磨料砂布示意图。 [0038] FIG. 6 is a schematic view of an abrasive polishing pad-shaped product by other electrostatic implantation sand accumulation.

[0039] 图中:601、基体;602、基体过渡层;603、堆积磨料;604、底胶;605、复胶。 [0039] FIG: 601, a substrate; 602, transition matrix; 603, deposited abrasive; 604, primer; 605, size coat.

[0040] 图7:125 μ m单层磨料与堆积磨料磨削比较。 [0040] Figure 7: Comparison of single-layered abrasive grinding abrasive and the stack 125 μ m.

[0041] 其中磨削压力为35N,工件材质:45#钢,磨料为:棕刚玉,砂带磨削剩余厚度见表 [0041] wherein the grinding pressure of 35N, the workpiece material: 45 # steel, the abrasive is: corundum, belt grinding table remaining thickness

O O

[0042] 磨削方式:将砂布制成规格为50*2100mm的环形砂带,进行磨削试验。 [0042] Grinding mode: the emery cloth having a size of 50 * 2100mm endless abrasive belt, grinding tests.

[0043] 图8:46.2 μ m单层磨料与堆积磨料磨削比较。 [0043] FIG 8: Comparison of single-layered abrasive grinding abrasive and the stack 46.2 μ m.

[0044] 磨削方式:将砂布制成规格为50*2100mm的环形砂带,进行磨削试验;其中磨削压力为28N,工件材质:不锈钢304,磨料为:棕刚玉,砂带磨削剩余厚度见表一。 [0044] Grinding mode: the emery cloth having a size of 50 * 2100mm endless abrasive belt, grinding test; wherein the grinding pressure of 28N, the workpiece material: stainless steel 304, the abrasive is: corundum, residual grinding belt The thickness of a table.

[0045] 图9:200 μ m单层磨料与堆积磨料磨削比较。 [0045] Fig 9: Comparison of single-layered abrasive grinding abrasive and the stack 200 μ m. [0046] 磨削方式:将砂布制成规格为50*2100mm的环形砂带,进行磨削试验。 [0046] Grinding mode: the emery cloth having a size of 50 * 2100mm endless abrasive belt, grinding tests. 其中磨削压力为28N,工件材质:不锈钢304,磨料为:棕刚玉,砂带磨削剩余厚度见表一。 Wherein the grinding pressure of 28N, the workpiece material: stainless steel 304, the abrasive is: corundum, belt grinding table a residual thickness.

[0047] 图10:58 μ m堆积磨料砂布与单层磨料砂布累计磨削量比较。 [0047] FIG 10:58 μ m deposited abrasive polishing pad compared to the total amount of the layered abrasive grinding abrasive cloth.

[0048] 磨削方式:将砂布制成直径为IOOmm的圆盘砂,用气动工具磨削,相同磨削条件得到。 [0048] Grinding manner: a disk having a diameter of sand IOOmm of emery cloth, pneumatic grinding tool, grinding the same condition. 工件材质:不锈钢304,磨料为:棕刚玉。 Workpiece material: stainless steel 304, the abrasive is: corundum.

[0049] 图11:58 μ m堆积与单层砂布累计磨削量之比值。 [0049] FIG 11:58 μ m single bulk polishing pad integrated with a ratio of the amount of grinding.

[0050] 磨削方式:将砂布制成直径为IOOmm的圆盘砂,用气动工具磨削,相同磨削条件得到。 [0050] Grinding manner: a disk having a diameter of sand IOOmm of emery cloth, pneumatic grinding tool, grinding the same condition. 工件材质:不锈钢304,磨料为:棕刚玉。 Workpiece material: stainless steel 304, the abrasive is: corundum.

[0051] 图12:46.2 μ m单层、碳化硅堆积、棕刚玉堆积三种砂布磨不锈钢累计磨削量。 [0051] FIG. 12: 46.2 μ m single, bulk silicon carbide, corundum abrasive cloth stacking three kinds of stainless steel mill grinding amount accumulated.

[0052] 磨削方式:将砂布制成直径为IOOmm的圆盘砂,用气动工具磨削,相同磨削条件得到。 [0052] Grinding manner: a disk having a diameter of sand IOOmm of emery cloth, pneumatic grinding tool, grinding the same condition. 工件材质:不锈钢304,单层磨料为:棕刚玉。 Workpiece material: stainless steel 304, a single layer of abrasive: corundum.

[0053] 具体实施方式[0054] 本发明以下将结合实施例作进一步描述: [0053] DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0054] The present invention will be further described in conjunction with embodiments:

[0055] 本发明的有机结合剂堆积磨料的材料组成及制备步骤如下: [0055] The organic binding agent of the present invention and accumulation of the abrasive material composition preparation steps are as follows:

[0056] 实施例1: [0056] Example 1:

[0057] 采用a步骤制备有机结合剂堆积磨料体:将IOKg平均粒径为:35 μ m的棕刚玉与加入粉状酚醛树脂2.5Kg、硅灰石0.3Kg、冰晶石0.2Kg、铝氧化物0.25Kg、石墨0.5Kg、颜料氧化铁红0.04Kg、陶土0.25Kg混合15分钟,然后放入制粒机,加入0.2Kg正丁醇及适量水,制成直径为0.5^0.6mm的球形、或等积形;经85°C干燥6小时,120°C干燥4小时,185°C固化4小时,再进行筛分,即可得到有机堆积磨料体(参见图1)。 [0057] The step of preparing a stacked organic binding agent abrasive bodies: the IOKg average particle diameter: 35 μ m corundum and powdered phenolic resin was added 2.5Kg, wollastonite 0.3Kg, cryolite 0.2Kg, aluminum oxide 0.25Kg, 0.5Kg graphite, red iron oxide pigment 0.04kg, 0.25Kg kaolin mixed for 15 minutes, then placed in a granulator, adding 0.2Kg of n-butanol and the amount of water, having a diameter of 0.5 ^ 0.6mm spherical, or authalic shaped; 85 ° C was dried for 6 hours, 120 ° C dried for 4 hours, 185 ° C cured for 4 hours, and sieved, to obtain an organic bulk abrasive bodies (see FIG. 1).

[0058] 实施例2: [0058] Example 2:

[0059] 采用a步骤制备有机结合剂堆积磨料体:将5Kg平均粒径为:35 μ m的棕刚玉与5Kg平均粒径为:35 μ m的碳化硅,加入粉状酚醛树脂2.5Kg、碳酸钙0.5Kg、冰晶石0.15Kg、铝氧化物0.2Kg、云母粉0.5Kg、陶土0.25Kg混合15分钟,然后放入制粒机,加入0.2Kg正丁醇及适量水,制成直径为0.5^0.6mm的球形、或等积形;经85°C干燥6小时,120°C干燥4小时,185°C固化4小时,再进行筛分,即可得到有机堆积磨料体(参见图1)。 [0059] The step of preparing a stacked organic binding agent abrasive bodies: 5Kg the average particle diameter: 35 μ m corundum with an average particle diameter 5Kg: 35 μ m of silicon carbide, powdery phenolic resin was added 2.5Kg, carbonate calcium 0.5Kg, 0.15kg cryolite, aluminum oxide 0.2Kg, 0.5Kg mica, clay 0.25Kg mixed for 15 minutes, then placed in a granulator, adding 0.2Kg of n-butanol and the amount of water, having a diameter of 0.5 ^ 0.6mm spherical or other shaped product; 85 ° C was dried for 6 hours, 120 ° C dried for 4 hours, 185 ° C cured for 4 hours, and sieved, to obtain an organic bulk abrasive bodies (see FIG. 1).

[0060] 实施例3: [0060] Example 3:

[0061] 采用a步骤制备有机结合剂堆积磨料体:将IOKg平均粒径为:46.2 μ m的碳化硅,加入粉状酚醛树脂2.5Kg、硅灰石0.2Kg、冰晶石0.15Kg、铝氧化物0.2Kg、铁粉0.5Kg、陶土0.25Kg混合15分钟,然后放入制粒机,加入0.2Kg乙醇、0.1Kg偶联剂KH550的混合液,再加适量水,制成直径为0.5^0.6mm的球形、或等积形;经85°C干燥6小时,120°C干燥4小时,185°C固化4小时,再进行筛分,即可得到有机堆积磨料体(参见图1)。 [0061] The step of preparing a stacked organic binding agent abrasive bodies: the IOKg average particle diameter: 46.2 μ m silicon carbide, powdery phenolic resin was added 2.5Kg, 0.2Kg wollastonite, 0.15kg cryolite, aluminum oxide 0.2Kg, 0.5Kg iron, 0.25Kg kaolin mixed for 15 minutes, then placed in a granulator, adding 0.2Kg ethanol, a mixture of 0.1Kg KH550 coupling agent, plus the amount of water, having a diameter of 0.5 ^ 0.6mm spherical or other shaped product; dried over 85 ° C 6 hours and at 120 ° C 4 hours, 185 ° C cured for 4 hours, and sieved, to obtain an organic bulk abrasive bodies (see FIG. 1).

[0062] 实施例4: [0062] Example 4:

[0063] 采用a步骤制备有机结合剂堆积磨料体:将IOKg平均粒径为:58 μ m的棕刚玉,加入粉状酚醛树脂2.5Kg、硅灰石0.2Kg、冰晶石0.15Kg、铝氧化物0.2Kg、铁粉0.5Kg、石墨0.2Kg、陶土0.25Kg混合15分钟,然后放入制粒机,加入0.2Kg乙醇、0.1Kg,再加适量水,制成直径为0.5^0.6mm的球形、或等积形;经85°C干燥6小时,120°C干燥4小时,185°C固化4小时,再进行筛分,即可得到有机堆积磨料体(参见图1)。 [0063] The step of preparing a stacked organic binding agent abrasive bodies: the IOKg average particle diameter: 58 μ m corundum, powdery phenolic resin was added 2.5Kg, 0.2Kg wollastonite, 0.15kg cryolite, aluminum oxide 0.2Kg, 0.5Kg iron, graphite 0.2Kg, 0.25Kg kaolin mixed for 15 minutes, then placed in a granulator, adding 0.2Kg ethanol, 0.1Kg, plus the amount of water, having a diameter of 0.5 ^ 0.6mm spherical, or other shaped product; dried over 85 ° C 6 hours and at 120 ° C 4 hours, 185 ° C cured for 4 hours, and sieved, to obtain an organic bulk abrasive bodies (see FIG. 1).

[0064] 实施例5:[0065] 采用a步骤制备有机结合剂堆积磨料体:将IOKg平均粒径为:46.2 μ m的棕刚玉与加入粉状脲醛树脂2.5Kg、硅灰石0.3Kg、冰晶石0.2Kg、铝氧化物0.25Kg、石墨0.5Kg、陶土0.25Kg混合15分钟,然后放入制粒机,加入浓度为1.25%的氯化铵溶液适量,制成直径为0.5~0.6mm的球形、或等积形;经85 °C干燥6小时,120 V干燥4小时,185 °C固化4小时,再进行筛分,即可得到有机堆积磨料体(参见图1)。 [0064] Example 5: [0065] The step of preparing a stacked organic binding agent abrasive bodies: the IOKg average particle diameter: 46.2 μ m corundum and powdered urea-formaldehyde resin was added 2.5Kg, wollastonite 0.3Kg, ice 0.2Kg stone, aluminum oxide 0.25Kg, 0.5Kg graphite, clay 0.25Kg mixed for 15 minutes, then placed in a granulator, an appropriate amount of ammonium chloride solution was added at a concentration of 1.25%, a spherical shape having a diameter of 0.5 ~ 0.6mm or other shaped product; dried over 85 ° C 6 hours and dried for 4 hours 120 V, 185 ° C cured for 4 hours, and sieved, to obtain an organic bulk abrasive bodies (see FIG. 1).

[0066] 实施例6: [0066] Example 6:

[0067] 采用a步骤制备有机结合剂堆积磨料体:将IOKg平均粒径为:125 μ m的棕刚玉,加入粉状酚醛树脂2.0Kg、硅灰石0.2Kg、冰晶石0.3Kg、铝氧化物0.25Kg、陶土0.25Kg、铁粉 [0067] The step of preparing a stacked organic binding agent abrasive bodies: the IOKg average particle diameter: 125 μ m corundum, powdery phenolic resin was added 2.0Kg, wollastonite 0.2Kg, 0.3Kg cryolite, aluminum oxide 0.25Kg, clay 0.25Kg, iron

0.3Kg、硬脂酸镁0.02Kg、酞青兰0.02Kg混合15分钟,然后放入制粒机,加入0.2Kg正丁醇及适量水,制成直径为0.7^0.85mm的球形、或等积形;经85°C干燥6小时,120°C干燥4小时,185°C固化4小时,再进行筛分,即可得到有机堆积磨料体(参见图1)。 0.3kg, 0.02 kg of magnesium stearate, 0.02 kg phthalocyanine blue mixed for 15 minutes, then placed in a granulator, adding 0.2Kg of n-butanol and the amount of water, having a diameter of 0.7 ^ 0.85mm spherical, or the like product shape; dried 85 ° C 6 hours, 120 ° C dried for 4 hours, 185 ° C cured for 4 hours, and sieved, to obtain an organic bulk abrasive bodies (see FIG. 1). 将其制成砂布,在做成规格为50*2100_的环形砂带,进行磨削试验。 Emery cloth to be made, is made in the specification of the annular belt 50 * 2100_, grinding tests. 得到图7的磨削结果,从图可知,在初始的3 2分钟内堆积磨料砂带的磨削量比单层砂带磨削量稍微少一些,但堆积磨料砂带的剩余厚度很多(单层磨料剩余厚度为0.14mm ;堆积磨料砂带磨料剩余厚度为0.72mm),其寿命理论应为单层的约5倍。 Grinding results obtained in FIG. 7, can be seen from the figure, in an initial amount of belt grinding monolayer deposited abrasive belt grinding ratio of 2 minutes 3 slightly less, but the remaining thickness of the deposited abrasive belt lot (single the abrasive layer remaining thickness of 0.14mm; bulk abrasive belt abrasive remaining thickness of 0.72mm), which is the theoretical life should be about 5 times monolayers.

[0068] 实施例7: [0068] Example 7:

[0069] 采用a步骤制备有机结合剂堆积磨料体:将IOKg中值粒径d50为46.2 μ m的棕刚玉与1.2Kg的粉状酚醛树脂、碳酸钙2Kg、氟硼酸钾0.15Kg、氯化铵0.02Kg放入粉体混料机中预混15分钟,然后放入制粒机,加入适量比重为1.05的木质素磺酸钙溶液,制成直径为 [0069] The step of preparing a stacked organic binding agent abrasive bodies: The median diameter d50 of the IOKg corundum 46.2 μ m and 1.2Kg of pulverulent phenolic resin, 2Kg calcium carbonate, 0.15kg potassium fluoroborate, ammonium chloride 0.02Kg into premixed powder mixer for 15 minutes and then placed in a granulator, adding an appropriate amount of calcium lignosulfonate solution specific gravity of 1.05, having a diameter of

0.7~0.85mm的球形、或等积形;经85 °C干燥6小时,120 V干燥4小时,185 °C固化4小时,再进行筛分,即可得到有机堆积磨料体(参见图1)。 0.7 ~ 0.85mm spherical or other shaped product; dried over 85 ° C 6 hours and dried for 4 hours 120 V, 185 ° C cured for 4 hours, and sieved, to obtain an organic bulk abrasive bodies (see FIG. 1) . 将其制成砂布,在做成规格为50*2100mm的环形砂带,进行磨削试验。 Emery cloth to be made, is made in the specification of the endless belt 50 * 2100mm, grinding tests. 得到图8的磨削结果,从图可知,在初始的12分钟内单层磨料砂带的寿命已经终结,但堆积磨料砂带的磨削量比接近于恒定在一定的数值,其工件表面质量始终保持一致,其磨削30分钟是的剩余厚度为:0.73mm,其寿命理论应为单层的十余倍。 Grinding results obtained in FIG. 8, seen from FIG, has ended in an initial monolayer of abrasive belt life of 12 minutes, but the accumulation of abrasive belt grinding ratio nearly constant at a certain value, the surface quality thereof always consistent, which is the remaining 30 minutes of grinding thickness: 0.73mm, which is ten times the life to be theoretical monolayer.

[0070] 实施例8: [0070] Example 8:

[0071] 采用b步骤制备有机结合剂堆积磨料体:将IOKg平均粒径为200 μ m的棕刚玉与 [0071] Step b was prepared using an organic binder deposited abrasive bodies: IOKg the average particle diameter of 200 μ m and corundum

0.4Kg的液体酚醛树脂放入常规单锅逆流混料机中预混10分钟,加入粉状树脂lKg、硅灰石 0.4Kg of liquid phenolic resin into a conventional counter-current single pot premixed blender for 10 minutes, powdered resin LKG, wollastonite

0.3Kg、冰晶石1.2Kg、铝氧化物0.5Kg、石墨0.5Kg的混合物,混合5分钟,放置2个小时后过20号筛网,然后放入制粒机,加入适量水,制成直径为0.7~0.85mm的球形、或等积形;见图1。 The mixture 0.3kg, cryolite 1.2Kg, 0.5Kg aluminum oxide, graphite 0.5Kg of mixed for 5 minutes, allowed to stand 2 hours through a No. 20 screen, then placed in a granulator, adding an appropriate amount of water, having a diameter of 0.7 ~ 0.85mm spherical or other shaped product; Figure 1. 再经85°C干燥6小时,120°C干燥4小时,185°C固化4小时,再进行筛分,即可得到有机堆积磨料体(参见图1)。 And then dried 85 ° C 6 hours, 120 ° C dried for 4 hours, 185 ° C cured for 4 hours, and sieved, to obtain an organic bulk abrasive bodies (see FIG. 1). 将其制成砂布,在做成规格为50*2100mm的环形砂带,进行磨削试验。 Emery cloth to be made, is made in the specification of the endless belt 50 * 2100mm, grinding tests. 得到图9的磨削结果,从图可知,在初始的28分钟内堆积磨料砂带的磨削量比单层砂带磨削量稍微少一些,但很快就进入稳定磨削状态,堆积磨料砂带的剩余厚度很多(单层磨料剩余厚度为0.28mm ;堆积磨料砂带磨料剩余厚度为0.69mm),其寿命理论应为单层的约3倍,因此会得到寿命很长的砂带,这除了对砂带制造有一定的要求外,主要取决于堆积磨料体。 Grinding results obtained in FIG. 9, the figure shows, the amount of grinding belt grinding monolayer deposited abrasive belt than in the initial 28 minutes slightly less, but quickly into a stable ground state, deposited abrasive many of the remaining tape thickness (remaining thickness of 0.28 mm layered abrasive; abrasive belt abrasive remaining bulk thickness of 0.69 mm), its life theoretical monolayer should be about three times, and therefore will be very long belt life, this is in addition to certain requirements outer belt manufacture, depending on the accumulation of abrasive bodies.

[0072] 实施例9: [0072] Example 9:

[0073] 采用b步骤制备有机结合剂堆积磨料体:将IOKg平均粒径为125 μ m的棕刚玉与0.6Kg的液体酚醛树脂放入常规单锅逆流混料机中预混10分钟,加入粉状树脂1.0Kg、碳酸钙2Kg、氟硼酸钾0.15Kg的混合物、铝氧化物0.5Kg混合5分钟;放置12个小时后过20号筛网,然后放入制粒机,加入比重为1.05的磷酸二氢铝溶液1.60Kg,制成直径为0.7~0.85mm的球形、或等积形;见图1。 [0073] Step b was prepared using an organic binder deposited abrasive bodies: IOKg the average particle diameter of 125 μ m and corundum 0.6Kg liquid phenolic resin into the premix in a conventional single pot countercurrent mixer for 10 minutes, powder 1.0Kg shaped resin mixture, calcium carbonate 2Kg, 0.15Kg of potassium fluoroborate, 0.5Kg aluminum oxide mixed for 5 min; after standing 12 hours through a No. 20 sieve, and then into the granulator, a specific gravity of phosphoric acid was added 1.05 solution of aluminum dihydrogen 1.60kg, spherical having a diameter of 0.7 ~ 0.85mm, or other shaped product; Figure 1. 再经85°C干燥6小时,120°C干燥4小时,185°C固化4小时,再进行筛分,即可得到有机堆积磨料体(参见图1)。 And then dried 85 ° C 6 hours, 120 ° C dried for 4 hours, 185 ° C cured for 4 hours, and sieved, to obtain an organic bulk abrasive bodies (see FIG. 1).

[0074] 实施例10: [0074] Example 10:

[0075] 采用c步骤制备有机结合剂堆积磨料体:将IOKg中值粒径d50为46.2 μ m的棕刚玉与碳酸钙2Kg、氟硼酸钾0.15Kg、石膏粉0.lKg、液体酚醛树脂IKg放入单锅混料机中混合15分钟,每次将725g料放入模具压制成直径为200mm,厚度为IOmm大片状;或经对辊将物料挤压呈片状,经85°C干燥4小时之后,再破碎、筛分,将所需堆积磨料颗粒粒径控制在 [0075] The step of preparing the organic binding agent c deposited abrasive bodies: the IOKg median diameter d50 of 46.2 μ m corundum calcium carbonate 2Kg, potassium fluoroborate 0.15Kg, terra alba 0.lKg, discharge liquid phenolic resin IKg into a single pot mixer are mixed for 15 minutes each time 725g feed compressed into a mold having a diameter of 200mm, a thickness of a large sheet IOmm; pair of rollers or by pressing the material in sheet form, was dried 85 ° C over 4 after hours, then crushed and sieved to the desired particle size of the abrasive particles deposited in the control

0.7~0.85mm ;然后120°C干燥4小时,在185°C固化4小时之后、再破碎、筛分,粒径控制在所需0.7~0.85mm范围内;即得到有机结合剂的有机堆积磨料体(冷堆积磨料)。 0.7 ~ 0.85mm; 120 ° C and then dried for 4 hours at 185 ° C after curing for 4 hours, crushing, screening, the desired particle size controlled in the range 0.7 ~ 0.85mm; the organic binding agent to obtain an organic bulk abrasive body (cold deposited abrasive). 见图2。 See Figure 2.

[0076] 本发明所述的堆积磨料砂布的制备步骤如下: [0076] The abrasive polishing pad bulk preparation steps of the present invention are as follows:

[0077] a、将以下材料制成底胶,涂布在经处理后的基材上;所述底胶取自下述两种底胶中的任意一种, 其中一种是由下述重量比的原料制备而成:作为结合剂的酚醛树脂55~75%,作为助磨材料的碳酸钙25~45%,作为添加剂的表面活性剂0.1-0.5% ;一种是由下述重量比的原料制备而成:环氧树脂37飞7%、固化剂19~29%、稀释剂14~44% ;所述表面活性剂取自吐温-20,所述固化剂取自聚酰胺650,所述稀释剂取自甲苯、丁醇; [0077] a, the following materials were prepared primer coating on a substrate after processed; obtained from the primer of any one of the following two kinds of primer, one of which is represented by the following weight preparation of raw material ratio from: phenol resin as binder 55 to 75%, as a grinding aid material is calcium carbonate 25 to 45%, as a surfactant additive of 0.1-0.5%; one is represented by the following weight ratio preparation of raw material from: 7% fly epoxy resin 37, curing agent 19 to 29%, 14 to 44% diluent; from the surfactant Tween-20, polyamide 650 from the curing agent, the said diluent from toluene, butanol;

[0078] b、采用静电植砂机将堆积磨料均匀植在基体材料表面;或采用重力植砂后再经滑差滚压摊平机将堆积磨料均匀平摊在基体表面上; [0078] b, the electrostatic planting sand deposited uniformly implanted in the abrasive surface of the substrate; gravity or sand after planting by slip roller flattening machine uniformly deposited flat on the abrasive surface of the substrate;

[0079] C、经过植砂后,经过一次干燥后,再涂覆一层由结合剂、助磨材料、添加剂混合制成复胶,其中所述复胶是由下述重量比的原料制备而成:作为结合剂的酚醛树脂55、0%,作为助磨材料的碳酸钙10-45%,作为添加剂的表面活性剂0.1-0.5%,氧化铁广8%,其中所述表面活性剂取自吐温-20 ;经二次干燥后收卷,然后再经固化、揉曲成为规则堆积磨料涂附磨具产品;其中一次干燥温度在65°C~105°C,时间控制在30mirT90min ;二次干燥温度在650C ~95°C,时间控制在120mirTl80min。 [0079] C, the sand after planting, after once dried, coated with a mixture of binding agent, grinding aid material, additives to the size coat, wherein said size coat is prepared from the following raw material weight ratio to: phenolic resin binder 55,0%, as a grinding aid material is calcium carbonate 10-45%, as a surfactant additive is 0.1-0.5%, 8% iron oxide wide, wherein said surfactant is taken from Tween-20; second drying after winding, and then cured, pliability rules become deposited abrasive coated abrasive product; wherein the primary drying temperature at 65 ° C ~ 105 ° C, time control 30mirT90min; secondary drying temperature 650C ~ 95 ° C, time control 120mirTl80min.

[0080] 实施例11:重力植砂法生产堆积磨料砂布 [0080] Example 11: Production of gravity plant sand deposited abrasive polishing pad

[0081 ] 将结合剂为酚醛树脂60%,助磨材料为碳酸钙39.8%,添加剂为表面活性剂0.2%混合后,制成底胶,经底胶机(见图3中302)涂布在经处理后的基材(见图3中301)上,经重力植砂机(见图3中308),将实施例9中堆积磨料植在基体上,再经滑差滚压摊平机(见图3309)将堆积磨料均匀平摊在基体表面上,经过一次干燥炉(见图3中310)、一次干燥温度在700C 15分钟、80°C 30分钟、95°C 30分钟、105°C 15分钟;再将结合剂酚醛树脂70%,助磨材料为碳酸钙22.8%,添加剂为表面活性剂0.2%,氧化铁7%等混合后,制成复胶,经复胶机(见图3中311)复胶、再进二次干燥炉(见图3中312)、二次干燥温度在75°C 15分钟、80°C 45分钟、90°C 45分钟、95°C 45分钟,完全干燥后收卷(见图3中313);然后再经最高温度120°C固化、揉曲成为规则堆积磨料砂布。 [0081] The binding agent is a phenolic resin, 60% calcium carbonate grinding aid material is 39.8%, 0.2% additive after mixing a surfactant, a primer made by the end of the melter (302 in Figure 3) was applied in It was treated substrate (see FIG. 3 301), on a gravity sand-planting machine (see FIG. 3 308), Example 9, planted in the abrasive deposited on the substrate, and then the slip roller flattening machine ( Figure 3309) abrasive will be uniformly deposited flat on the substrate surface after a drying furnace (Figure 3 310), a drying temperature of 700C 15 minutes, 80 ° C 30 minutes, 95 ° C 30 minutes, 105 ° C 15 minutes; then 70% phenolic resin binder, grinding aid material is 22.8% calcium carbonate, a surfactant additive is 0.2%, 7% iron oxide and the like after mixing, a size coat is made by complex melter (see FIG. 3 311) a size coat, and then into the secondary drying furnace (see FIG. 3 312), the secondary drying temperature at 75 ° C 15 minutes, 80 ° C 45 minutes, 90 ° C 45 minutes, 95 ° C 45 min completely after drying winding (see FIG. 3, 313); and then by curing a maximum temperature of 120 ° C, pliability rules become deposited abrasive polishing pad.

[0082] 实施例12:静电植砂法生产堆积磨料砂布 [0082] Example 12: Production of electrostatic implantation sand deposited abrasive polishing pad

[0083] 将结合剂为酚醛树脂60%,助磨材料为碳酸钙39.8%,添加剂为表面活性剂0.2%混合后,制成底胶,经底胶机(见图3中302)涂布在经处理后的基材(见图3中301)上,经静电植砂后(见图3中30 3 ),经行走路线A(见图3 A),将实施例4中的等积磨料植在基体上;进入一次干燥炉,经过一次干燥炉(见图3中310)、一次干燥温度在70°C 15分钟、80°C 30分钟、95°C 30分钟、105°C 15分钟;再将结合剂酚醛树脂70%,助磨材料为碳酸钙22.8%,添加剂为表面活性剂0.2%,氧化铁7%等混合后,经复胶机(见图3中311)复胶、再进二次干燥炉(见图3中312)、二次干燥温度在75°C 15分钟、80°C 45分钟、90°C 45分钟、95°C 45分钟,完全干燥后收卷(见图3中313);然后再经最高温度120°C固化、揉曲成为规则堆积磨料砂布。 [0083] The binding agent is a phenolic resin, 60% calcium carbonate grinding aid material is 39.8%, 0.2% additive after mixing a surfactant, a primer made by the end of the melter (302 in Figure 3) was applied in was treated substrate (see FIG. 3 301), the sand after electrostatic implantation (see FIG. 3 303), via routes a (see FIG. 3 a), an abrasive product of the plant and the like in the Example 4 on a substrate; enters a drying furnace, through a drying oven (see FIG. 3 310), the primary drying temperature at 70 ° C 15 minutes, 80 ° C 30 minutes, 95 ° C 30 minutes, 105 ° C 15 min; then the 70% phenolic resin binder, grinding aid material is 22.8% calcium carbonate, a surfactant additive is 0.2%, 7% iron oxide and the like after mixing, the multiplexed melter (see FIG. 3 311) a size coat, and then into two secondary drying furnace (see FIG. 3 312), the secondary drying temperature at 75 ° C 15 minutes, 80 ° C 45 minutes, 90 ° C 45 minutes, 95 ° C 45 minutes after complete drying winding (see FIG. 3 313); and then by curing a maximum temperature of 120 ° C, pliability rules become deposited abrasive polishing pad.

[0084] 制成的砂布分布制成规格为50*2100mm的环形砂带和直径为IOOmm的圆盘砂进行磨削试验。 [0084] The polishing pad made of a distribution having a size of 50 * 2100mm and diameter of the annular belt grinding disc test was IOOmm sand. 制成规格为50*2100mm的环形砂带得到图7至图9的磨削结果;磨削条件:砂带线速度:39米/秒;磨削方式:接触轮;磨削压力:37N、34N、28N,磨削时间:见各图。 Having a size of 50 * 2100mm endless belt grinding results obtained in FIG. 7 to FIG. 9; grinding conditions: Belt speed: 39 m / sec; Grinding mode: a contact wheel; grinding pressure: 37N, 34N , 28N, grinding times: see the figures. 制成直径为IOOmm的圆盘砂得到图10至图12的磨削结果;磨削条件:用气动工具磨削,0.62Mp的气压,相同磨削条件得到。 IOOmm a disk having a diameter of grinding sand to obtain results shown in FIG. 10 to FIG. 12; grinding conditions: air tool grinding pressure, grinding the same conditions 0.62Mp obtained.

[0085] 从砂布的剩余磨削层的情况来看,堆积磨料砂布的寿命很长,这除了对砂带制造有一定的要求外,主要取决于参加磨削磨料颗粒的数量。 [0085] From the remaining layer of grinding abrasive cloth of view, accumulation of the abrasive polishing pad life is very long, it has certain requirements in addition to manufacturing the outer belt, depending on the number of participants of grinding abrasive particles.

[0086] 磨削情况汇总详见下表: [0086] Summary of the grinding table below:

[0087]表一 [0087] Table I

[0088] [0088]

Figure CN102729158BD00111

Claims (10)

1.一种有机结合剂堆积磨料,其特征在于:所述堆积磨料的材料组成及制备步骤如下: A、按重量比取:粒径为16微米~350微米的磨料单颗粒群50-85%、有机高分子结合剂7~35%、润湿剂5~25%、活性吸热材料I~30%、作为无机吸热材料的三水合氧化铝1~10%、惰性助磨材料2~35%、以及润滑材料0-5%、添加剂0~8%、感静电材料0-5% ;且上述原料的重量百分比之和为百分之百; B、采用下述a、b或c中的任意一种方法进行制备: a、将A步骤所取材料中的粉体部分混匀,放入制粒机;之后将A步骤所取材料中的液体部分分步加入制粒,制成近似等积形的堆积磨料,在100°C以下干燥,筛分取得粒径在0.15^3.35mm的近似等积形的颗粒,将所得产品在最高温度185°C以下完全固化,再进行筛分,得到所需粒径堆积磨料; b、将A步骤所取材料中的粉体部分混匀,放入混料设备;之后将A步骤所取材料 An organic binding agent is deposited abrasive, wherein: said deposited abrasive material composition and preparation steps are as follows: A, take the weight ratio: a particle size of 16 microns to 350 microns single abrasive particles for 50-85% , organic polymer 7 to 35% binding agent, a wetting agent, 5 to 25%, active endothermic material I ~ 30%, as alumina trihydrate inorganic endothermic material is 1 to 10%, an inert material grinding aid 2 to 35 %, and lubricants 0-5%, 0-8% additives, electrostatic sensing material 0-5%; and a weight percentage of the raw material and the hundred percent; B, using any one of the following a, b or c preparation methods: a, a part of the powder material in step taken mixing, into a granulator; a step after the liquid material taken stepwise addition of the granulation section, shaped product made approximately equal accumulation of abrasive, drying and sieving to obtain particles of a particle size in the shaped product of approximately 0.15 ^ 3.35mm and the like, and the resulting product at a maximum temperature of 185 ° C or less completely cured below 100 ° C, and then sieved to obtain the desired tablets diameter deposited abrasive; B, the powder a step portion taken mixed material, into the mixing device; material a taken after step 的液体部分加入混料,制成半湿润料,放入制粒机制成近似等积形的堆积磨料,在100°C以下干燥,筛分取得粒径在0.15^3.35mm的近似等积形的颗粒,将所得产品在最高温度185°C以下完全固化,再进行筛分,得到所需粒径堆积磨料; C、将A步骤所取材料中的粉体部分混匀,放入混料设备;之后将A步骤所取材料中的液体部分加入混料,制成半湿润料,放入模具压制成片状结构,在100°C以下干燥;将所得产品破碎、筛分,将所需堆积磨料颗粒粒径控制在0.15^3.35mm的近似等积形的颗粒,将所得产品在最高温度185°C以下完全固化,再进行筛分,得到所需粒径堆积磨料。 Mixing the liquid portion was added, made humid material, pelletized into an approximately shaped like stacked abrasive product, dried at below 100 ° C, sieved to obtain particle size of approximately 0.15 ^ 3.35mm shaped like product particles, the resulting product is completely cured at a maximum temperature 185 ° C or less, then sieved to obtain the desired particle size of the abrasive bulk; C, the part a powder material in step taken mixed, into mixing equipment; a liquid portion after the step taken in the material mixing was added, made humid material, pressed into a sheet structure into the mold, dried at below 100 ° C; the resulting product crushing, screening, the desired bulk abrasive controlling the particle size of the product particles 0.15 ^ 3.35mm shaped approximately like, the resulting product at a maximum temperature of 185 ° C or less completely cured, and then sieved to obtain the desired particle size of the abrasive bulk.
2.根据权利要求1所述的有机结合剂堆积磨料,其特征在于:所述的磨料单颗粒取自棕刚玉、白刚玉、铬刚玉、碳化硅或锆刚玉中的任意一种或两种以上混合物。 The organic binding agent is deposited abrasive according to claim 1, wherein: the abrasive particles from a single corundum, white corundum, chromium corundum, silicon carbide or corundum in any one or two or more mixture.
3.根据权利要求1所述的有机结合剂堆积磨料,其特征在于:所述有机高分子结合剂取自酚醛树脂、脲醛树脂中的任意一种;且所述有机高分子结合剂为液体或粉状的任意一种或混合物。 The organic binding agent according to claim 1 deposited abrasive, characterized in that: said organic polymer binder taken from any one of a phenol resin, a urea-formaldehyde resin; and the binding agent is a liquid organic polymer or one or a mixture of any powdered.
4.根据权利要求1所述的有机结合剂堆积磨料,其特征在于:所述润湿剂取自丁酮类、丁醇类或水中的任意一种或混合物。 According to claim 1, said organic binding agent is deposited abrasive, wherein: said wetting agent from the class-butanone, water, or butanols or any mixture thereof.
5.根据权利要求1所述的有机结合剂堆积磨料,其特征在于:所述活性吸热材料是含氟的金属盐:取自冰晶石、四氟硼酸钾或氟硼酸钠中的任意一种或混合物。 According to claim 1, said organic binding agent is deposited abrasive, wherein: said active material is a fluorine-containing heat absorbing metal: from cryolite, either potassium borate or sodium fluoroborate in tetrafluoroboric or mixtures thereof.
6.根据权利要求1所述的有机结合剂堆积磨料,其特征在于:所述惰性助磨材料取自碳酸钙、硫酸钙、硅灰石或滑石粉中的任意一种或混合物。 According to claim 1, said organic binding agent is deposited abrasive, characterized in that: said inert grinding aid material from calcium carbonate, calcium sulfate, wollastonite, or any one or a mixture of talc.
7.根据权利要求1所述的有机结合剂堆积磨料,其特征在于:所述润滑材料取自石墨或滑石粉中的任意一种或混合物。 According to claim 1, said organic binding agent is deposited abrasive, characterized in that: said lubricating material taken from graphite or talc in any one or a mixture.
8.根据权利要求1所述的有机结合剂堆积磨料,其特征在于:所述添加剂取自偶联剂、颜料、染料或增塑剂的任意一种或混合物;偶联剂取自KH550,KH560中的任意一种;增塑剂取自陶土、矸石、磷酸二氢铝、木质素磺酸钙中的任意一种。 8. The combination of claim 1, said deposited abrasive agent, wherein: said additive is derived from any one or a mixture of coupling agents, pigments, dyes or plasticizers; coupling from KH550, KH560 any one of; plasticizer from clay, gangue, aluminum dihydrogen phosphate, any one of calcium lignosulfonate.
9.根据权利要求1所述的有机结合剂堆积磨料,其特征在于:所述感静电材料取自石墨、云母、铁粉或铜粉的任意一种或混合物;可使所制堆积磨料群能通过静电方式植砂。 According to claim 1, said organic binding agent is deposited abrasive, characterized in that: said electrostatic sense any material from graphite, mica, iron or copper or a mixture thereof; allows stacking abrasive group can prepared electrostatically plant sand.
10.一种采用权利要求1所述堆积磨料生产堆积磨料砂布的方法,其特征在于:所述方法的制备步骤如下:a、将以下材料制成底胶,涂布在经处理后的基材上;所述底胶取自下述两种底胶中的任意一种,其中一种是由下述重量比的原料制备而成:作为结合剂的酚醛树脂55~75%,作为助磨材料的碳酸钙25~45%,作为添加剂的表面活性剂0.1-0.5% ;一种是由下述重量比的原料制备而成:环氧树脂37-57%、固化剂19~29%、稀释剂14~44% ;所述表面活性剂取自吐温-20,所述固化剂取自聚酰胺650,所述稀释剂取自甲苯、丁醇;且上述原料的重量百分比之和为百分之百; b、采用静电植砂机将堆积磨料均匀植在基体材料表面;或采用重力植砂后再经滑差滚压摊平机将堆积磨料均匀平摊在基体表面上; C、经过植砂后,经过一次干燥后,再涂覆一层由结合剂、助磨材料、添加剂混合制成复 Stacking abrasive abrasive polishing pad method of producing the bulk 10. A use as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the step of preparing said method are as follows: a, the primer formed, the treated coated substrate in the following materials ; said primer is taken from any one of the following two primer, one of which is prepared from the following raw material weight ratio from: phenol resin as binder 55 to 75%, as a grinding aid material calcium carbonate 25 to 45%, as a surfactant additive is 0.1-0.5%; one is prepared from the following raw material from weight ratio: 37-57% epoxy resin, curing agent, 19 to 29%, diluent 14 to 44%; from the surfactant Tween-20, polyamide 650 from the curing agent, the diluent from toluene, butanol; and the sum of the percentages by weight of the raw material, and one hundred percent; B , the electrostatic planting sand deposited uniformly implant the abrasive surface of the base material; gravity or sand after planting by slip roller flattening machine uniformly deposited flat on the abrasive surface of the substrate; C, the sand after planting, after after primary drying, and then coated with a mixture of binding agent, grinding aid material, additives to the complex 胶,其中所述复胶是由下述重量比的原料制备而成:作为结合剂的酚醛树脂55、0%,作为助磨材料的碳酸钙10-45%,作为添加剂的表面活性剂0.1-0.5%和氧化铁1-8%,其中所述表面活性剂取自吐温-20,且上述原料的重量百分比之和为百分之百;经二次干燥后收卷,然后再经固化、揉曲成为规则堆积磨料涂附磨具产品;其中一次干燥温度在65°C ~105°C,时间控制在30min-90min ;二次干燥温度在65°C~95°C,时间控制在120min-l80min。 Gum, wherein the ratio of the size coat is prepared from the following ingredients by weight: phenol resin as binder 55,0%, as a grinding aid material is calcium carbonate 10-45%, of a surfactant additive 0.1 1-8% iron oxide and 0.5%, wherein said surfactant is Tween-20 is taken, and the weight percentages of the raw material and the hundred percent; after winding the secondary drying, and then cured, became pliability rule deposited abrasive coated abrasive product; wherein the primary drying temperature at 65 ° C ~ 105 ° C, time control 30min-90min; secondary drying at a temperature of 65 ° C ~ 95 ° C, time control 120min-l80min.
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