CN102728227A - Uf water purifying assembly and water purifying machine using same - Google Patents

Uf water purifying assembly and water purifying machine using same Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102728227A
CN102728227A CN2011102062206A CN201110206220A CN102728227A CN 102728227 A CN102728227 A CN 102728227A CN 2011102062206 A CN2011102062206 A CN 2011102062206A CN 201110206220 A CN201110206220 A CN 201110206220A CN 102728227 A CN102728227 A CN 102728227A
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mentioned
filter
water
pipe
water purification
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CN2011102062206A
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Chinese (zh)
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郑辉东
庾石凤
金钟和
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D61/00Processes of separation using semi-permeable membranes, e.g. dialysis, osmosis or ultrafiltration; Apparatus, accessories or auxiliary operations specially adapted therefor
    • B01D61/14Ultrafiltration; Microfiltration
    • B01D61/22Controlling or regulating
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D61/00Processes of separation using semi-permeable membranes, e.g. dialysis, osmosis or ultrafiltration; Apparatus, accessories or auxiliary operations specially adapted therefor
    • B01D61/14Ultrafiltration; Microfiltration
    • B01D61/18Apparatus therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/44Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis
    • C02F1/444Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by dialysis, osmosis or reverse osmosis by ultrafiltration or microfiltration
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2201/00Apparatus for treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • C02F2201/002Construction details of the apparatus

Abstract

The invention relates to a UF water purifying assembly and a water purifying machine using the same. The UF water purifying assembly includes a flow adjuster and at least one filter. The flow adjuster controls the flow linear speed of the water passing the filter from 10cm/min to 17cm/min through adjusting the inner cross sectional area. The flow linear speed can be controlled within the above scope by the flow adjuster, and the scope can prevent the color change of the purified water, and can guarantee that more water can be supplied.

Description

UF water purification assembly and have the water purifier of this assembly
Technical field
The invention belongs to UF water purification assembly and have the water purifier technical field of this assembly, more detail is a kind of UF water purification assembly of the water generation metachromatism that prevents to purify and have the water purifier of this assembly.
Background technology
In general; The water purifier of employing UF (ultra filtration) filter can be with deposit and particulate matter removals such as the soil that contains in the water; But the tap water pressure on being connected water purifier is higher than when contained ion component is too high in other areas or the running water; Be stored at for a long time in the water tank through the running water that filters and just can turn to be yellow, then redden.
This phenomenon is because when adopting the UF filter, and not filtrable ion is by due to the foreign substances acidifying.
When the situation of water variable color promptly took place water purification, the user can produce discontented naturally to the quality of water purifier, causes manufacturing sale to be cut down.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem that the present invention solves is the deficiency that overcomes prior art, a kind of UF water purification assembly of the water variable color after can preventing to purify is provided and has the water purifier of this assembly.
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, the technical scheme that the present invention adopts is following:
A kind of UF water purification assembly comprises flow regulator and at least one filter, above-mentioned flow regulator through the elementary stream speed of regulating its internal cross-sectional area control and flowing through filter in 10cm/min ~ 17cm/min scope.
Above-mentioned filter comprises the deposition filter that connects successively, first carbon filter, back carbon filter and UF filter, and above-mentioned deposition filter, first carbon filter, back carbon filter and UF filter are equipped with water supply and flow the inflow portion that flows into, the discharge portion that supplies water the stream discharge.
Above-mentioned flow controller is arranged on the inflow portion of above-mentioned first carbon filter, or the discharge portion of above-mentioned UF filter.
Above-mentioned flow regulator comprises and is inserted in its inner wide cut metering needle, relies on above-mentioned wide cut metering needle to regulate the internal cross-sectional area of above-mentioned flow regulator.
Above-mentioned flow regulator possesses first pipe portion that moves the water to flow into and the second pipe portion that water is discharged.
In addition, in the UF water purification assembly in this invention, also can the first pipe portion and the second pipe portion be provided with on the contrary, promptly above-mentioned flow is transferred machine to possess and is made water first pipe portion that discharges and the second pipe portion that moves the water to flow into.
The above-mentioned first pipe portion comprises first pipe, be positioned on the length direction of above-mentioned first pipe and the pipeline of the elongated slot shape that forms at the medial surface of first pipe and be located at the wide cut metering needle on above-mentioned first pipe, makes water flows through pipeline.
Inside at above-mentioned all filters all disposes filter house, and the cross-sectional area of above-mentioned filter house is 3600 times ~ 4000 times of cross-sectional area of above-mentioned pipeline.
A kind of water purifier possesses aforesaid UF water purification assembly.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effect of technical scheme of the present invention is: UF water purification assembly of the present invention defines the minimum elementary stream speed of each filter interior through the ingenious design of flow regulator through experimental data.Under this speed, the water after the purification can be not as time goes by and variable color.Meanwhile, this flow velocity can not influence the supply of water yet, and water purifier of the present invention can offer the more water of user in the unit interval, therefore can not make troubles.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a UF water purification assembly pie graph among the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the flow regulator stereogram;
Fig. 3 is the flow regulator sectional view;
Fig. 4 is a wide cut adjuster front view;
Fig. 5 is the first pipe portion sectional view;
Fig. 6 is the sectional view of another structure of flow regulator.
The specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and embodiment UF water purification assembly of the present invention and the technical scheme that possesses the water purifier of this assembly are done further explanation.
Employed term or word can not only limit to the meaning in ordinary meaning or the dictionary in this specification and the application range; The inventor has used proper as far as possible term in line with the principle that the invention with oneself gets across; Be comparatively good embodiment in this invention shown in instance that writes down in this specification and the drawing, do not represent whole technological thought of the present invention.According to this point, please understand for similar instance or distortion invention.
In order to be beneficial to explanation, the part parts in the accompanying drawing are amplified or omission, in addition, each component sizes is not the actual size ratio in the accompanying drawing, for preventing manufacturing process's outflow, Therefore, omited detailed components ratio.
Embodiment 1
Fig. 1 is the UF water purification assembly pie graph of present embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, UF water purification assembly is by deposition filter 42, pressure valve 22; Elder generation's carbon filter 44, back carbon filter 46, UF filter 48; The flow regulator 30 that comprises the current that flow through above-mentioned all filters; And clean water tank 50 compositions, each filter all possesses the inflow portion of current inflow and the discharge portion that current are discharged, all configurating filtered portion of each filter interior.In addition, running water flows into the inflow portion of deposition filter 42 at first.
Deposition filter 42 is carried out mechanicalness and is filtered, and filters about soil, ash or slag etc. more than 5, thereby flows into other filter protection associated components afterwards.
The water that flows through deposition filter 42 flows into pressure valve 22 pressure-sensitive, makes stable water pressure.Hydraulic pressure is by 1kgf/cm 2~ 5 kgf/cm 2Range regulation is to 1kgf/cm 2~ 2.5 kgf/cm 2Scope.Pressure valve 22 can adopt solenoid valve etc.
The water that flows through pressure valve 22 flows into the inflow portion of first carbon filter.Elder generation's carbon filter 44 utilizes the suction type of active carbon to remove harmful materials such as chlorine, carcinogenic substance, synthetic detergent.Active carbon also produces a part of chemisorbed when mainly relying on physical adsorption way that pollutant is adsorbed.Elder generation's carbon filter 44 can adsorb more small polluter compared with deposition filter 42, and the taste of water is improved.
Back carbon filter 46 is after purifying, to remain in removals such as taste tasty in the water, color, improves the purity of water, back carbon filter 46 and first carbon filter 44 similar built-in active carbons.
The water that flows through back carbon filter 46 flows into the inflow portion of UF filter 48.UF filter 48 can use the hollow yams filter.The hollow yams filter is the filter that inside is furnished with hollow yams, and hollow yams is interior void and the hole that has thousands of up to a hundred nanometers size on its surface.Various foreign substances in the water all can not be passed through above-mentioned nano-pore, remove water behind the foreign matter and flow through the cavity of nano-pore in the middle of getting into and guide the other end into.
For braking reverse osmosis pressure type filter then needs apply sizable pressure to running water, but and only need just water purification of very little pressure when using the hollow yams filter, therefore not only energy savings can also alleviate the life-span that the pressure of miscellaneous part is prolonged water purifier.
The reason that the water variable color after the purification is mentioned in the front is the ion component that UF filter 48 fails to remove; Relatively find water in filter slowly specific filtration resistance filter fast and can remove more ion, for the water variable color after preventing to purify is necessary to reduce the speed that current flow through above-mentioned each filter.
Have only the speed of current through filter reduced and reduce water intermediate ion amount, but this makes user's obtainable water yield (being designated hereinafter simply as ' water purification amount ') in the unit interval use water purifier inconvenience very little.Under the non-discoloring situation of the water after the purification, maximize the water purification amount as far as possible, therefore be necessary to limit the minimum speed that current flow through filter interior.
Fig. 2 is the stereogram of flow regulator 30, and Fig. 3 is the sectional view of flow regulator, and Fig. 4 is the front view of wide cut metering needle 6, and Fig. 5 is the sectional view of the first pipe portion.
Fig. 2 ~ Fig. 5 is the explanation about flow regulator 30, and flow regulator 30 is devices of regulating the water velocity that flows through filter interior.Rely on the cross-sectional areas of regulating flow regulator 30 inside to regulate the water velocity that flows through UF water purifier filter.
Flow regulator 30 is provided with formerly the inflow portion of carbon filter 44 or the discharge portion of UF filter 48, and disposes the first pipe portion 10 and 20, the first pipe portions of the second pipe portion and be connected or straight connection with second pipe portion bending as shown in Figure 3.
At this; Flow regulator 30 is provided with the inflow portion of carbon filter 44 formerly and is meant that flow regulator 30 is arranged on the port that begins to flow into to the current of first carbon filter 44 from the rear end of pressure valve 22, and the discharge portion that flow regulator 30 is arranged on UF filter 48 refers to that port that flow regulator 30 discharges from UF filter 48 current is to the clean water tank 50.
The second pipe portion 10 comprise first pipe 4 of tubular shape and on above-mentioned first pipe, 4 length direction the inboard elongated slot shape that forms pipeline 2 and be located at the wide cut metering needle 6 on above-mentioned first pipe 4.
Wide cut metering needle 6 is to regulate the internal cross-sectional area that flow is transferred machine 30 with cylindrical shape, and the external diameter of wide cut metering needle 6 is equal to or less than the internal diameter of first pipe 4, and both can combine closely.Even wide cut metering needle 6 is stuck in first pipe 4, current also can flow through pipeline 2, with reference to Fig. 3, and Fig. 5.
When wide cut metering needle 6 external diameters during less than first pipe, 4 internal diameter, the role of pipeline can be served as in the space between the inner surface of the outer surface of wide cut metering needle 6 and first pipe 4.And when the external diameter of wide cut metering needle 6 equals the internal diameter of first pipe 4,, then can connect and form pipeline 2 at the length direction of wide cut metering needle itself, also can be along with the length direction formation pipeline 2 of the outer surface of wide cut metering needle 6.
One section and first UNICOM of pipe portion of the second pipe portion 20; The second pipe portion 20 comprise tubular shape second pipe 14, be inserted in the colas of second pipe in 14 and emit 16, be inserted in cola and emit the buckle 18 in 16, and prevent the O type circle 12 in second pipe 14 that is inserted in that leaks from the second pipe portion, 20 original positions.On buckle 18, insert flexible pipe and make it fixing more firm, buckle 18 is pressed towards the direction at O type circle 12 places, and pull flexible pipe and just can both be separated.
The first pipe portion 10 of flow regulator 30 is arranged on the discharge portion of UF filter 48, and the second pipe portion is connected with clean water tank 50 through pipeline, and at this moment, the water of pipeline 2 inflows through the first pipe portion 10 is through 20 discharges of the second pipe portion and be stored in clean water tank 50.
On the contrary, can the first pipe portion 10 of flow regulator 30 be arranged on clean water tank 50, the second pipe portions 20 can be connected with the discharge portion of UF filter 48 through pipeline.At this moment, clean water tank 50 is discharged and be stored in to the water that flows into through the second pipe portion 20 through the first pipe portion 10 that forms pipeline 2.
Fig. 6 is the another kind of structural section figure of flow regulator 30.
Flow regulator structure and Fig. 3 among Fig. 6 are similar; Difference only is; Flow regulator 30 among Fig. 3 is to insert the cross-sectional area that wide cut metering needle 6 is regulated pipeline 2 at first pipe 4; And flow regulator 30 shown in Figure 6 does not possess wide cut metering needle 6, through first pipe, 4 narrow diameter being regulated the cross-sectional area of pipeline 2.In addition other structures are identical with Fig. 3.Flow regulator 30 among Fig. 3 is compared the cross-sectional area that can regulate pipeline 2 according to water velocity with the flow regulator 30 among Fig. 6; Reduce because the advantage of the first pipe portion, the 10 damaged probabilities that cause of High-Pressure Water thereby have, the flow regulator 30 among Fig. 6 is compared with the flow regulator 30 among Fig. 3 has the advantage that reduces number of components.
UF water purification assembly can be with water heating or ice making or the refrigeration after purifying if be arranged on the water purifier.
The minimum line speed (V) of current through filter interior, the experimental data of the cross-sectional area through pipeline 2 and the ratio of filter house cross-sectional area is explained.Here the minimum line speed (V) of said current is meant that current pass through the minimum of a value of filter house cross-sectional area speed.
The minimum line speed (V) of current is closely related through the speed of filter interior with current; When current slowly pass through the inner hollow yams of carbon filter 44,46 and UF filter 48 time ion that is filtered increase, thereby make the water ions content through filter reduce.
The experiment proof can not fully be removed ion when the linear velocity of current surpasses 17cm/min, the water that is stored in 50 li of clean water tanks as time goes by still can flavescence.
When the linear velocity of current was lower than 10cm/min, though can prevent the variable color of purifying waste water, the water purification amount was very few, makes troubles to use.Therefore the minimum rate of accumulation speed of current should be at 10cm/min ~ 17cm/min.
When the internal diameter of the filter house of filter is 52mm, the about 2123mm of the cross-sectional area that current pass through 2, the water purification amount is 230ml/min ~ 370ml/min in minimum line speed (V) scope of above-mentioned current.
When the temperature of water is 22.3 ℃, along with the variation water purification amount of the area of pipeline 2 is as shown in table 1.
[table 1]
Figure 698330DEST_PATH_IMAGE002
Hydraulic pressure can be at 1kgf/cm 2~ 5kgf/cm 2In the scope, exactly, should be greater than 1.4kgf/cm 2Less than 4kgf/cm 2The cross-sectional area of the pipeline 2 that in the experimental data of table 1, is satisfied in water purification amount 230ml/min ~ 370ml/min scope is greater than 0.50 mm 2Less than 0.62 mm 2Exactly, should be at 0.54mm 2~ 0.58mm 2In the scope.
When the cross-sectional area of pipeline 2 was 0.54mm2 ~ 0.58mm2, the cross-sectional area of filter house was 3600 ~ 4000 times of pipeline 2 cross-sectional areas.
Difference according to the filter house cross-sectional area of the employed filter of water purifier; The cross-sectional area of pipeline 2 that satisfies the minimum line speed (V) of above-mentioned current also can be different, and the ratio between the cross-sectional area of the cross-sectional area of filter house and pipeline 2 can not change.When the change in size of filter, the smallest cross-section area of prorate pipeline 2 also can be known.
Though this invention is to explain with limited instance and diagram, the present invention is not limited only to this.Those of ordinary skill under the present invention in the technical field, in technological thought scope of the present invention, multiple modification and change to the present invention made all fall in protection scope of the present invention.
 
[symbol description]
2: 4: the first pipes of pipeline
6: 10: the first pipe portions of wide cut metering needle
12: 14: the second pipes of O-ring
16: cola emits 18: buckle
20: the second pipe portions 22: pressure valve
30: flow regulator 42: deposition filter
44: first carbon filter 46: the back carbon filter
48: UF filter 50: clean water tank

Claims (11)

1. a UF water purification assembly is characterized in that, comprises flow regulator and at least one filter, above-mentioned flow regulator through the elementary stream speed of regulating its internal cross-sectional area control and flowing through filter in 10cm/min ~ 17cm/min scope.
2. UF water purification assembly according to claim 1; Its characteristic exists; Above-mentioned filter comprises the deposition filter that connects successively, first carbon filter, back carbon filter and UF filter, and above-mentioned deposition filter, first carbon filter, back carbon filter and UF filter are equipped with water supply and flow the inflow portion that flows into, the discharge portion that supplies water the stream discharge.
3. UF water purification assembly according to claim 2, its characteristic exists, and above-mentioned flow regulator is arranged on the discharge portion of above-mentioned first carbon filter inflow portion or above-mentioned UF filter.
4. UF water purification assembly according to claim 1, its characteristic exists, and above-mentioned flow regulator is to comprise its inner wide cut metering needle that inserts, and relies on above-mentioned wide cut metering needle to regulate the inner cross-sectional area of above-mentioned flow regulator.
5. UF water purification assembly according to claim 1, its characteristic exists, and above-mentioned flow regulator is provided with first pipe portion of the stream inflow of supplying water and the second pipe portion that current are discharged.
6. UF water purification assembly according to claim 5; Its characteristic exists, and the above-mentioned first pipe portion comprises first pipe, be positioned on the length direction of above-mentioned first pipe and pipeline that the water supply of the elongated slot shape that forms at the medial surface of first pipe is flowed and be located at the wide cut metering needle on above-mentioned first pipe.
7. UF water purification assembly according to claim 5, its characteristic exists, and above-mentioned all filter interior all dispose filter house, and the cross-sectional area of above-mentioned filter house is 3600 ~ 4000 times of cross-sectional area of above-mentioned pipeline.
8. UF water purification assembly according to claim 1, its characteristic exists, and above-mentioned flow regulator is provided with first pipe portion of the stream discharge of supplying water and the second pipe portion that current flow into.
9. UF water purification assembly according to claim 8; Its characteristic exists, and the above-mentioned first pipe portion comprises first pipe, be positioned on the length direction of above-mentioned first pipe and pipeline that the water supply of the elongated slot shape that forms at the medial surface of first pipe is flowed and be located at the wide cut metering needle on above-mentioned first pipe.
10. UF water purification assembly according to claim 8, its characteristic exists, and above-mentioned all filters all dispose filter house, and the cross-sectional area of above-mentioned filter house is 3600 ~ 4000 times of cross-sectional area of above-mentioned pipeline.
11. water purifier that adopts the described UF water purification of claim 1-10 assembly.
CN2011102062206A 2011-03-30 2011-07-22 Uf water purifying assembly and water purifying machine using same Pending CN102728227A (en)

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KR1020110028800A KR20120110742A (en) 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Uf water purifying unit and water purifier having thereof
KR10-2011-0028800 2011-03-30

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2538152A1 (en) * 2013-12-16 2015-06-17 Miguel MARTÍN GARCÍA Atmospheric water condensation equipment for obtaining drinking water (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201578993U (en) * 2010-01-21 2010-09-15 肖伯贤 Novel water purifier
KR20100010550U (en) * 2009-04-17 2010-10-27 청호나이스 주식회사 Flow Control Apparatus of the water purifier

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20100010550U (en) * 2009-04-17 2010-10-27 청호나이스 주식회사 Flow Control Apparatus of the water purifier
CN201578993U (en) * 2010-01-21 2010-09-15 肖伯贤 Novel water purifier

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
ES2538152A1 (en) * 2013-12-16 2015-06-17 Miguel MARTÍN GARCÍA Atmospheric water condensation equipment for obtaining drinking water (Machine-translation by Google Translate, not legally binding)

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Application publication date: 20121017