CN102721108A - Household-based heat metering system and method in monotube direct flow type heating mode - Google Patents

Household-based heat metering system and method in monotube direct flow type heating mode Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102721108A
CN102721108A CN2012102199133A CN201210219913A CN102721108A CN 102721108 A CN102721108 A CN 102721108A CN 2012102199133 A CN2012102199133 A CN 2012102199133A CN 201210219913 A CN201210219913 A CN 201210219913A CN 102721108 A CN102721108 A CN 102721108A
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temperature
user
heat
opening time
total
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CN102721108B (en
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赵岩
李海清
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Beijing Hailin Automatic Control Technology Co.,Ltd.
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BEIJING HAILIN ENERGY TECHNOLOGY Inc
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Abstract

The invention discloses a household-based heat metering system in a monotube direct flow type heating mode. The household-based heat metering system comprises a wireless temperature controller, a metering controller, on-off valves, a heat meter, a data collector and a monitor terminal, wherein the wireless temperature controller is used for obtaining a temperature set by a user, collecting a user indoor actual temperature and sending control signals to the metering controller according to the set temperature and the actual temperature; the metering controller is used for controlling on-off of all the on-off valves according to received control signals, accumulating total opening time of the on-off valves in set time and sending the total opening time to the data collector; and the on-off valves are used for cutting off or connecting fluid in cooling fins. The heat meter is used for calculating total heat consumed in a building and sending the total heat to the data collector; the data collector is used for sending the received total opening time and the total heat to the monitor terminal; and the monitor terminal is used for calculating heating quantity of each user according to the received opening time and the total heat. The invention further discloses a household-based heat metering method in a monotube direct flow type heating mode.

Description

A kind of household heat metering system of single-pipe system heating system and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the heat metering technical field, relate in particular to a kind of household heat metering system and method for single-pipe system heating system.
Background technology
The existing heating mode in China's overwhelming majority area is central heating at present; Single-pipe system central heating mode wherein; Characteristics such as, easy construction simple in structure because of it, cost are low; Become the principal mode of China's tradition multilayer and high rise building heating, the single-pipe system central heating system refers to that thermal source and heat dissipation equipment are provided with respectively, is supplied with the heating system of heat to each room or each building through the pipeline following current by thermal source.The operation principle of single-pipe system central heating system is following: before system works, with being full of cold water in the system, in boiler, form heating agent after the heating earlier; Heating agent is under mechanical cycles pressure and the acting in conjunction of gravity circulating pressure; Following current is from top to bottom given the user heat behind radiator, in the pipe hot water through cooling after pump flows back to boiler is reheated; Back and forth constantly, form a circulation system.Consider from user's angle; Because deviation and the characteristics of single-pipe system heating system itself of building on design selection; Make the user indoor temperature in the whole building unbalanced phenomena can occur, and can have the too high or too low extreme case of some indoor temperature.
Most ofly in China tradition residential building adopt the one-pipe central heating of registering one's residence; Adopt each user's of stream warm therapy metering heating amount now in the technology; This method is to be the household heat metering system of user's heat energy distribution foundation with discharge coefficient and temperature coefficient; But; Adopt each user's of stream warm therapy metering heating amount, need flow sensor and temperature sensor be installed at every household, thus existing heat measuring system to the transformation in building exist the transformation cycle long, difficulty of construction is big and characteristics such as improvement cost height.
Summary of the invention
In view of this, main purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of household heat metering system and method for single-pipe system heating system, in order to building is being transformed the purpose that realizes metering user heating amount under the less situation.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose; The household heat metering system of a kind of single-pipe system heating system that the present invention proposes; Comprise: be installed on the on-off valve on indoor each fin of minimum temperature user,, be installed on the wireless temperature controller of the indoor desired location of user with the measurement controller that said on-off valve lead is connected; Be installed on the data acquisition unit of a building desired location, the calorimeter and the monitor terminal that are connected with said data acquisition unit lead;
Said wireless temperature controller is used to obtain user's design temperature and gathers in real time the indoor actual temperature of user, sends a control signal to said measurement controller according to the comparative result of said design temperature and said actual temperature;
Said measurement controller is after being used to receive the control signal of said wireless temperature controller transmission, according to the break-make of said all on-off valves of control signal control; The said on-off valve of accumulative total total opening time in setting-up time, and said total opening time is sent to data acquisition unit;
Said on-off valve is used for blocking or connecting the fluid of said fin;
Said calorimeter is used to measure a building total amount of heat that is consumed, and said total amount of heat is sent to data acquisition unit;
Said data acquisition unit is used to receive total opening time that said measurement controller sends, and receives the total amount of heat that said calorimeter sends, and said total opening time and said total amount of heat are sent to monitor terminal;
Said monitor terminal is after being used to receive total opening time and total amount of heat of said data acquisition unit transmission, according to said total opening time and each user's of said total amount of heat calculating heating amount.
Preferably, in said system, said measurement controller also is used for said total opening time is sent to said wireless temperature controller, so that said total opening time is presented at said wireless temperature controller.
Preferably, in said system, said wireless temperature controller comprises:
Acquiring unit is used to obtain user's design temperature;
Collecting unit is used for gathering in real time the indoor actual temperature of user;
Transmitting element is used for during more than or equal to said user's design temperature, sending cut-off signals to said measurement controller in said actual temperature; During less than said user's design temperature, send start signal to said measurement controller in said actual temperature;
Receiving element is used to receive the data that said metering temperature controller sends, and said data are said on-off valve total opening time in setting-up time.
Preferably, in said system, said measurement controller comprises:
Control module is used for behind the cut-off signals that receives said transmitting element transmission, and all on-off valves are closed in control; After the start signal that receives said transmitting element transmission, all on-off valves are opened in control;
Metering units is used for the said on-off valve of accumulative total total opening time in setting-up time, and said total opening time is sent to data acquisition unit.
Preferably, in said system, said monitor terminal also is used for first data that comprise the temperature setting range are sent to said data acquisition unit;
Said data acquisition unit also is used to receive first data that said monitor terminal sends, and said first data is sent to said measurement controller;
Said measurement controller also is used to receive first data that said data acquisition unit sends, and said first data is sent to said wireless temperature controller;
Said wireless temperature controller, also with receiving first data that said measurement controller sends, and according to second data that comprise the temperature setting range of said first Data Update self storage.
Preferably, in said system, said monitor terminal also is used for generating and shows the metering form, comprises in the said metering form that the heating amount of each household reaches and the corresponding heating cost of said heating amount.
Preferably, in said system, realize transfer of data through the wireless radiofrequency network between said wireless temperature controller and the said measurement controller.
A kind of branch family heat measuring method of single-pipe system heating system comprises:
Obtain user's design temperature and gather the indoor actual temperature of user in real time;
According to the break-make of all on-off valves of the comparative result of said design temperature and said actual temperature control, said on-off valve is installed on each indoor fin of minimum temperature user;
The said on-off valve of accumulative total total opening time in setting-up time, and measure the total amount of heat of a whole building consumption;
According to said total opening time and each user's of said total amount of heat calculating heating amount.
Preferably, in said method, the break-make that said comparative result according to said design temperature and said actual temperature is controlled all on-off valves comprises:
If said actual temperature is more than or equal to said user's design temperature, then all indoor on-off valves of user are turn-offed in control;
If said actual temperature is less than said user's design temperature, then all indoor on-off valves of user are opened in control.
Preferably; In said method; Also comprise after the said heating amount of calculating each user according to said total opening time and said total amount of heat: generate and also show the metering form, comprise the heating amount and and the corresponding heating cost of said heating amount of each household in the said metering form.
It is thus clear that; The household heat metering system of single-pipe system heating system of the present invention and method; After comparing the indoor actual temperature of user's design temperature and user, transmit control signal; In order to the break-make of all indoor on-off valves of control minimum temperature user, and the opening time of real-time accumulated on-off valve and a whole building employed total amount of heat, thereby can consume the heating amount that total amount of heat is calculated each household according to the unlatching total time and the Lou Dong of on-off valve.This system only need transform the minimum temperature user is indoor, and does not need all users in whole unit or the whole building are transformed, and just can realize the metering to all user heating amounts, has short, advantage such as improvement cost is low of transformation cycle; In addition, because current heating systems is constantly for user's heat supply, and native system played energy-conservation effect to a certain extent through the control heat supply of the break-make discontinuity of control on-off valve.Pay under the prerequisite of creative work, can also obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Description of drawings is in order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the invention or technical scheme of the prior art; To do to introduce simply to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or the description of the Prior Art below; Obviously, the accompanying drawing in describing below is some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills; Under the prerequisite of not paying creative work, can also obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of the household heat metering system of single-pipe system heating system of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of concrete structure block diagram of the household heat metering system of single-pipe system heating system of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic flow sheet of the branch family heat measuring method of single-pipe system heating system of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of concrete realization flow figure of the branch family heat measuring method of single-pipe system heating system of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
For the purpose, technical scheme and the advantage that make the embodiment of the invention clearer; To combine the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the invention below; Technical scheme in the embodiment of the invention is carried out clear, intactly description; Obviously, described embodiment is the present invention's part embodiment, rather than whole embodiment.Based on the embodiment among the present invention, those of ordinary skills are not making the every other embodiment that is obtained under the creative work prerequisite, all belong to the scope of the present invention's protection.
Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of the household heat metering system of single-pipe system heating system of the present invention; This system comprises: be installed on the on-off valve 11 on indoor each fin of minimum temperature user; The measurement controller 12 that is connected with the on-off valve lead; Be installed on the wireless temperature controller 13 of the indoor desired location of user, be installed on the data acquisition unit 14 of a building desired location, the calorimeter 15 and the monitor terminal 16 that are connected with the data acquisition unit lead;
Wireless temperature controller 13 is used to obtain user's design temperature and gathers in real time the indoor actual temperature of user, sends a control signal to said measurement controller 12 according to the comparative result of said design temperature and said actual temperature;
Measurement controller 12 is after being used to receive the control signal of wireless temperature controller 13 transmissions, according to the break-make of said all on-off valves 11 of control signal control; The said on-off valve 11 of accumulative total total opening time in setting-up time, and said total opening time is sent to data acquisition unit 14;
On-off valve 11 is used for blocking or connecting the fluid of said fin;
Calorimeter 15 is used to measure a building total amount of heat that is consumed, and said total amount of heat is sent to data acquisition unit 14;
Data acquisition unit 14 is used to receive total opening time that measurement controller 12 sends, and after receiving the total amount of heat of calorimeter 15 transmissions, said total opening time and said total amount of heat is sent to monitor terminal 16;
Monitor terminal 16 is after being used to receive total opening time and total amount of heat of data acquisition unit 14 transmissions, according to said total opening time and each user's of said total amount of heat calculating heating amount.
In practical application; For the pipeline of minimum temperature user heat supply possibly be a unit or the heat supply of whole building of Lou Dongzhong simultaneously; Because the single-pipe system heating system exists from top to bottom or different heating systems from bottom to top; So minimum temperature user possibly be or a several users in a unit or the building lowermost layer, also possibly be unit or building one or several user in top.
Minimum temperature user in the single tube heat supply can utilize wireless temperature controller design temperature and show this design temperature, and this design temperature is not arbitrarily to set, and can only in the temperature range of wireless temperature controller self storage, set; In addition; Wireless temperature controller can be gathered the indoor actual temperature of user in real time, after comparing indoor actual temperature and design temperature, opens or turn-off control signal according to comparative result to the measurement controller transmission; Measurement controller receives the break-make of all on-off valves of control after the control signal; If all indoor on-off valves of minimum user are controlled shutoff, then ducted thermal source not only stops the heat supply for the minimum temperature user, and stops to be all the user's heat supplies in building or the unit; Vice versa; If all indoor on-off valves of minimum user are controlled unlatching, then ducted thermal source not only continues as minimum temperature user heat supply, and continues as all the user's heat supplies in building or the unit.In native system, the temperature degree of accuracy of wireless temperature controller is 0.5 ℃, and time accuracy is 0.01%, inner metering least unit second; On-off valve is installed in the water inlet direction of fin water inlet or the water outlet direction of delivery port.
The measurement controller meeting total opening time of real-time accumulated on-off valve in the setting-up time section; And will this total opening time send to data acquisition unit; Data acquisition unit will receive total opening time of on-off valve that measurement controller sends and a building total amount of heat that in the setting-up time section, is consumed of calorimeter transmission sends to monitor terminal; Because ductwork pressure is constant relatively in the same area, user heating pipeline bore immobilizes, and monitor terminal can be according to each user's of computes heating amount:
q i = t i · F i Q Σ i = 1 n ( t i · Σ i = 1 n F i )
Wherein, q iIt is i user's heating amount; t iIt is the opening time of i the indoor on-off valve of user; F iIt is i user's heating of house area; Q is a building total amount of heat that is consumed.
Above-mentioned monitor terminal 16 also is used for generating and shows the metering form, comprises in this metering form that the heating amount of each household reaches and the corresponding heating cost of said heating amount.In addition, the System Software Requirement in the monitor terminal can be according to the demand of reality configuration series of parameters, like the charge principle, way of paying etc., require simultaneously simple to operate, friendly interface, it is visual and understandable to generate form.
In addition, monitor terminal 16 also is used for first data that comprise the temperature setting range are sent to data acquisition unit 14; Data acquisition unit 14 also is used to receive first data that monitor terminal 16 sends, and first data is sent to measurement controller 12; Measurement controller 12 also is used to receive first data that data acquisition unit 14 sends, and first data is sent to wireless temperature controller 13; Wireless temperature controller 13, also with receiving first data that measurement controller 12 sends, and according to second data that comprise the temperature setting range of first Data Update self storage.
That is to say; Monitor terminal can reset the indoor temperature setting range of minimum temperature user according to a weather and a building heating position; And utilize new temperature setting range to upgrade the temperature setting range of the current storage of measurement controller; Promptly upgrade temperature bound parameter, after the user had upgraded the temperature setting range, the user can only set indoor temperature in this new scope.Need to prove that other user's room temperature must be higher than minimum temperature user's room temperature, so after defining minimum temperature user room temperature, also define maximum temperature user's room temperature simultaneously.
Above-mentioned measurement controller 12; Also be used for the user is sent to wireless temperature controller 13 indoor total opening time of all on-off valves; So that this total opening time is presented in the display window of wireless temperature controller 13, the user just can be known the opening time of on-off valve through the display digit on the measurement controller like this.Realize transfer of data through the wireless radiofrequency network between wireless temperature controller 13 and the measurement controller 12.
Referring to a kind of concrete structure block diagram of the household heat metering system of single-pipe system heating system shown in Figure 2, above-mentioned wireless temperature controller 13 comprises: acquiring unit 131 is used to obtain user's design temperature; Collecting unit 132 is used for gathering in real time the indoor actual temperature of user; Transmitting element 133 is used for during more than or equal to said user's design temperature, sending cut-off signals to said measurement controller 12 in said actual temperature; During less than said user's design temperature, send start signal to said measurement controller 12 in said actual temperature; Receiving element 134 is used to receive the data that said metering temperature controller 12 sends, and said data are said on-off valve total opening time in setting-up time.
Above-mentioned measurement controller 12 comprises: control module 121, be used for behind the cut-off signals that receives above-mentioned transmitting element 133 transmissions, and all on-off valves are closed in control; After the start signal that receives above-mentioned transmitting element 133 transmissions, all on-off valves are opened in control; Metering units 122 is used for accumulative total on-off valve 11 total opening time in setting-up time, and said total opening time is sent to data acquisition unit 14.
The household heat metering system of single-pipe system heating system of the present invention; Through relatively transmitting control signal behind user's design temperature and the user's indoor actual temperature; Break-make in order to all indoor on-off valves of control minimum temperature user; And the opening time of real-time accumulated on-off valve and a whole building employed total amount of heat, thereby the heating amount that can open total time and Lou Dong consumption total amount of heat calculating each household according to on-off valve.This system only need transform the minimum temperature user is indoor, and does not need all users in whole unit or the whole building are transformed, and just can realize the metering to all user heating amounts, has short, advantage such as improvement cost is low of transformation cycle; In addition, because current heating systems is constantly for user's heat supply, and native system played energy-conservation effect to a certain extent through the control heat supply of the break-make discontinuity of control on-off valve.
Referring to shown in Figure 2, the branch family heat measuring method of single-pipe system heating system of the present invention may further comprise the steps:
101: obtain user's design temperature and gather the indoor actual temperature of minimum temperature user in real time;
In the present embodiment, above-mentioned user's design temperature can only be set in a certain bound scope.
102: according to the break-make of all on-off valves of comparative result control of the indoor actual temperature of user's design temperature and user, said on-off valve is installed on each indoor fin of minimum temperature user;
103: the said on-off valve of accumulative total total opening time in setting-up time, and measure the total amount of heat of a whole building consumption;
104: according to said total opening time and each user's of said total amount of heat calculating heating amount.
Referring to shown in Figure 3, realize that a kind of concrete implementation procedure of branch family heat measuring method of single-pipe system heating system of the present invention is following:
201: obtain user's design temperature and gather the indoor actual temperature of user in real time;
202: whether judge said actual temperature less than said user's design temperature, if then execution in step 204, if not, then execution in step 203;
203: all indoor on-off valves of user, execution in step 205 are turn-offed in control;
204: all indoor on-off valves of user are opened in control;
205: the said on-off valve of accumulative total total opening time in setting-up time, and measure the total amount of heat of a whole building consumption;
206: according to total opening time and each user's of total amount of heat calculating heating amount.
207: generate and show and measure form, comprise the heating amount and the heating cost corresponding of each household in the said metering form with the heating amount of each household.
The branch family heat measuring method of single-pipe system heating system of the present invention utilizes the break-make of the comparative result control on-off valve of user's design temperature and minimum temperature user indoor actual temperature; And the unlatching total time of real-time accumulated on-off valve and Lou Dong consume total amount of heat, each household fixedly on the basis of area of heat-supply service according to on-off valve opening time and Lou Dong consumption total amount of heat calculating each household heating amount and heating cost.
Need to prove; In this article; Relational terms such as first and second grades only is used for an entity or operation are made a distinction with another entity or operation, and not necessarily requires or hint relation or the order that has any this reality between these entities or the operation.And; Term " comprises ", " comprising " or its any other variant are intended to contain comprising of nonexcludability; Thereby make and comprise that process, method, article or the equipment of a series of key elements not only comprise those key elements; But also comprise other key elements of clearly not listing, or also be included as this process, method, article or equipment intrinsic key element.Under the situation that do not having much more more restrictions, the key element that limits by statement " comprising ... ", and be not precluded within process, method, article or the equipment that comprises said key element and also have other identical element.
The above is merely preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not to be used to limit protection scope of the present invention.All any modifications of within spirit of the present invention and principle, being done, be equal to replacement, improvement etc., all be included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the household heat metering system of a single-pipe system heating system; It is characterized in that; Comprise: be installed on the on-off valve on indoor each fin of minimum temperature user,, be installed on the wireless temperature controller of the indoor desired location of user with the measurement controller that said on-off valve lead is connected; Be installed on the data acquisition unit of a building desired location, the calorimeter and the monitor terminal that are connected with said data acquisition unit lead;
Said wireless temperature controller is used to obtain user's design temperature and gathers in real time the indoor actual temperature of user, sends a control signal to said measurement controller according to the comparative result of said design temperature and said actual temperature;
Said measurement controller is after being used to receive the control signal of said wireless temperature controller transmission, according to the break-make of said all on-off valves of control signal control; The said on-off valve of accumulative total total opening time in setting-up time, and said total opening time is sent to data acquisition unit;
Said on-off valve is used for blocking or connecting the fluid of said fin;
Said calorimeter is used to measure a building total amount of heat that is consumed, and said total amount of heat is sent to data acquisition unit;
Said data acquisition unit is used to receive total opening time that said measurement controller sends, and receives the total amount of heat that said calorimeter sends, and said total opening time and said total amount of heat are sent to monitor terminal;
Said monitor terminal is after being used to receive total opening time and total amount of heat of said data acquisition unit transmission, according to said total opening time and each user's of said total amount of heat calculating heating amount.
2. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that,
Said measurement controller also is used for said total opening time is sent to said wireless temperature controller, so that said total opening time is presented at said wireless temperature controller.
3. system according to claim 2 is characterized in that, said wireless temperature controller comprises:
Acquiring unit is used to obtain user's design temperature;
Collecting unit is used for gathering in real time the indoor actual temperature of user;
Transmitting element is used for during more than or equal to said user's design temperature, sending cut-off signals to said measurement controller in said actual temperature; During less than said user's design temperature, send start signal to said measurement controller in said actual temperature;
Receiving element is used to receive the data that said metering temperature controller sends, and said data are said on-off valve total opening time in setting-up time.
4. system according to claim 3 is characterized in that, said measurement controller comprises:
Control module is used for behind the cut-off signals that receives said transmitting element transmission, and all on-off valves are closed in control; After the start signal that receives said transmitting element transmission, all on-off valves are opened in control;
Metering units is used for the said on-off valve of accumulative total total opening time in setting-up time, and said total opening time is sent to data acquisition unit.
5. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said monitor terminal also is used for first data that comprise the temperature setting range are sent to said data acquisition unit;
Said data acquisition unit also is used to receive first data that said monitor terminal sends, and said first data is sent to said measurement controller;
Said measurement controller also is used to receive first data that said data acquisition unit sends, and said first data is sent to said wireless temperature controller;
Said wireless temperature controller, also with receiving first data that said measurement controller sends, and according to second data that comprise the temperature setting range of said first Data Update self storage.
6. system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said monitor terminal also is used for generating and shows the metering form, comprises in the said metering form that the heating amount of each household reaches and the corresponding heating cost of said heating amount.
7. according to each described system of claim 1 to 6, it is characterized in that, realize transfer of data through the wireless radiofrequency network between said wireless temperature controller and the said measurement controller.
8. the branch family heat measuring method of a single-pipe system heating system is characterized in that, comprising:
Obtain user's design temperature and gather the indoor actual temperature of user in real time;
According to the break-make of all on-off valves of the comparative result of said design temperature and said actual temperature control, said on-off valve is installed on each indoor fin of minimum temperature user;
The said on-off valve of accumulative total total opening time in setting-up time, and measure the total amount of heat of a whole building consumption;
According to said total opening time and each user's of said total amount of heat calculating heating amount.
9. method according to claim 8 is characterized in that, the break-make that said comparative result according to said design temperature and said actual temperature is controlled all on-off valves comprises:
If said actual temperature is more than or equal to said user's design temperature, then all indoor on-off valves of user are turn-offed in control;
If said actual temperature is less than said user's design temperature, then all indoor on-off valves of user are opened in control.
10. method according to claim 8; It is characterized in that; Also comprise after the said heating amount of calculating each user according to said total opening time and said total amount of heat: generate and also show the metering form, comprise the heating amount and and the corresponding heating cost of said heating amount of each household in the said metering form.
CN201210219913.3A 2012-06-27 2012-06-27 Household-based heat metering system and method in monotube direct flow type heating mode Active CN102721108B (en)

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CN103900265A (en) * 2012-12-27 2014-07-02 海尔集团公司 Solar water heater and method for measuring amount of saved energy of solar water heater
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CN103900265A (en) * 2012-12-27 2014-07-02 海尔集团公司 Solar water heater and method for measuring amount of saved energy of solar water heater
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CN103148537A (en) * 2013-03-07 2013-06-12 北京海林节能设备股份有限公司 Concentrated heating system and method
CN103148537B (en) * 2013-03-07 2015-11-18 北京海林节能设备股份有限公司 A kind of central heating system and method
CN110070673A (en) * 2018-01-24 2019-07-30 豪星工业有限公司 Intelligent drinking-water system
CN109631152A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-04-16 烟台清泉实业有限公司 Household heating room temperature regulating valve prosecutor method, apparatus and system

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