CN102702955B - A kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material and using method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material and using method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102702955B
CN102702955B CN201210129660.0A CN201210129660A CN102702955B CN 102702955 B CN102702955 B CN 102702955B CN 201210129660 A CN201210129660 A CN 201210129660A CN 102702955 B CN102702955 B CN 102702955B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
composite material
waterproof insulation
spray painting
type polyurethane
polyurethane composite
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201210129660.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN102702955A (en
Inventor
吴庆云
杨建军
吴明元
张建安
张少朋
江昆
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui University
Original Assignee
Anhui University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui University filed Critical Anhui University
Priority to CN201210129660.0A priority Critical patent/CN102702955B/en
Publication of CN102702955A publication Critical patent/CN102702955A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102702955B publication Critical patent/CN102702955B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material, it is made up of following raw material: polymer polyatomic alcohol, isocyanic ester, chainextender, fire retardant, catalyzer, whipping agent, foam stabilizer.Patent research of the present invention goes out the waterproof insulation fire retardant polyurethane composition material of excellent performance, adopt the mode of in-situ spraying again, A, B two kinds of raw materials are injected spray gun in proportion by volume pump respectively, under High Pressure in mixing section Homogeneous phase mixing, the rapid foaming and molding of atomization ejection, directly forms the continuous fine and close jointless foam of one deck on the surface of buildings.Both can play function of heat insulation, and also can play the effects such as sound insulation waterproof, there is good flame retardant resistance simultaneously.This novel waterproof insulation material, has superior performance, easy construction, the features such as construction costs is low, long service life.

Description

A kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material and using method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to the preparation field of architectural waterproof material, is exactly a kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material and using method thereof.
Background technology
Polyurethane rigid foam plastic is a kind of high molecular synthetic material of superior performance, has the features such as density is little, intensity is high, thermal conductivity is low, cementability is strong, easy construction.It both can be used as heat-insulating material, can be used as again structure load-bearing material, was widely used in the aspects such as building, traffic, petrochemical pipe, aviation.Along with the continuous expansion of polyurethane rigid foam plastic range of application, people also recognize gradually, and the flame retardant resistance improving hard polyurethane foam is very important.Along with promulgation and the enforcement of the national standards such as GB20286-2006 " public place fire-retardant product and assembly combustionproperty require and mark " and GB8624-2006 " material of construction combustionproperty and classification ", this has higher requirement to the flame retardant properties of polyurethane foamed material, makes the Study of flame retardancy about urethane particularly urgent.
Spraying polyurethane technology is abroad after low (or nothings) such as high solid coating, water-borne coatings, photo-cured coating, powder coating pollutes application techniques, and in order to conform, protection demand is developed, a kind of Novel solvent-free developed, free of contamination green construction technology.It inherits polyurethane reaction injection molding (RIM) impingement mix principle, but the limitation that RIM must use mould is breached, the feature of at a high speed reaction instantaneous solidification is expanded to a brand-new field, greatly expand the range of application of urethane.
In building engineering field, polyurethane foamed material is applied to roofing and wall engineering and carries out heat insulating and have good effect.Abroad the function of polyurethane foamed material expanded, in-situ spraying is constructed, and fast foaming is shaping, form continuous, fine and close, jointless foams, not only there is excellent heat preservation and insulation, there is good water resistance simultaneously, achieve waterproof and insulation integrated.And the investigation and application that China hard bubbles to spraying PU is relatively late, as new building material, it is just started in recent years to be applied in construction work that spraying PU hard bubbles.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide and a kind ofly not only have excellent heat preservation and insulation, have good water resistance, easy construction, construction costs is low simultaneously, the waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material of long service life and using method thereof.
Above-mentioned purpose is realized by following scheme:
A kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material, is characterized in that:
It is made up of the raw material of following weight parts:
Described a kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material, it is characterized in that: described polymer polyatomic alcohol is polyether glycol and the polyester polyol of molecular weight 500-2000, polyvalent alcohol be selected from polytetrahydrofuran polyol, polyoxypropylene polyol, polyoxyethylated polyols, polyethylene glycol adipate glycol, poly-adipate glycol-propylene glycol ester glycol, polybutylene glyool adipate, poly-carbonic acid hexylene glycol esterdiol one or more.
Described a kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material, it is characterized in that: fire retardant be selected from aluminium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, ammonium polyphosphate, boric acid, three (2-chloropropyl) phosphoric acid ester, three (2-chloroethyl) phosphoric acid ester, four (2-chloroethyl) ethylene phosphoric acid ester, three (1,3-bis-chloro isopropyl) phosphoric acid ester, methyl-phosphoric acid dimethyl ester one or more; Described chainextender is BDO, or a contracting propylene glycol, or 1,6-hexylene glycol, and catalyzer is one or more in stannous octoate, dibutyl tin laurate, triethylene diamine, trolamine, and whipping agent is water, and foam stabilizer is silicone oil.
Described a kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material and using method thereof, is characterized in that: isocyanic ester be selected from isophorone diisocyanate, tolylene diisocyanate, '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, hexamethylene diisocyanate one or more.
The using method of described waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material, is characterized in that comprising the following steps:
(1) polymer polyatomic alcohol is mixed by weight with chainextender, fire retardant, catalyzer, whipping agent, foam stabilizer, prepare component A, using isocyanic ester as B component;
(2) under High Pressure by A, B component Homogeneous phase mixing in mixing section by weight, then with low pressure form atomization ejection rapid foaming and molding, form the continuous fine and close jointless foam of one deck at building surface.
The using method of described waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material, it is characterized in that: step (2) adopts high pressure airless spray foaming machine to realize, method is: utilize high pressure airless spray foaming machine, component A, B component are injected spray gun by weight by volume pump respectively, under High Pressure in mixing section Homogeneous phase mixing, then with the rapid foaming and molding of low pressure form atomization ejection, the continuous fine and close jointless foam of one deck is formed at building surface.
The using method of described waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material, it is characterized in that: in the raw material of described waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material, also include modifying cinepazid emulsion 5-8 weight part, modifying cinepazid emulsion is added into the component A of raw material, described modifying cinepazid emulsion its be made up of the raw material of following weight parts: deionized water 80-110, phenylcarbinol 4-6, vinylbenzene 15-20, methyl methacrylate 7-9, acrylate 5-8, vinylformic acid 4-6, Sodium Persulfate 0.3-0.5, allyloxy hydroxypropyl azochlorosulfonate acid sodium 0.5-0.7.
The using method of described waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material, is characterized in that: the preparation method of described modifying cinepazid emulsion comprises the following steps:
After 70-80 part deionized water and whole allyloxy hydroxypropyl azochlorosulfonate acid sodiums, phenylcarbinol are mixed, high-speed stirring carries out warming-in-water to emulsification fully, 70-80 DEG C to be warmed up to, add vinylbenzene, phenylcarbinol, methyl methacrylate, acrylate and vinylformic acid by weight and with remaining the consoluet Sodium Persulfate of deionized water, then 85-90 DEG C is warming up to, after being incubated a hours, be cooled to room temperature, obtain modifying cinepazid emulsion.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is:
(1) waterproof insulation spary coating type flame retardant polyurethane premixed systems can realize high flame retardant, and low cigarette, low toxicity, non-corrosiveness gas produce, and meet environmental requirement;
(2) polyurethane combined material 100% solid content, not containing any volatile organic matter (VOC), environmentally friendly, construction safety in the environment of ventilation condition difference;
(3) in-situ spraying technique is adopted, fast setting, can spray mo(u)lding on arbitrary surface, inclined-plane and vertical surface, do not produce sagging phenomenon, not by envrionment temperature, humidity effect during construction;
(4) patent research of the present invention goes out the waterproof insulation fire retardant polyurethane composition material of excellent performance, adopt the mode of in-situ spraying again, A, B two kinds of raw materials are injected spray gun in proportion by volume pump respectively, under High Pressure in mixing section Homogeneous phase mixing, the rapid foaming and molding of atomization ejection, directly forms the continuous fine and close jointless foam of one deck on the surface of buildings.Both can play function of heat insulation, and also can play the effects such as sound insulation waterproof, there is good flame retardant resistance simultaneously.This novel waterproof insulation material, has superior performance, easy construction, the features such as construction costs is low, long service life.Widespread use will be obtained in waterproof insulation field.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the present invention is further described.Content involved in the present invention is not limited only to this four embodiments.These examples only list limited change with clearer explanation the present invention, can not form the restriction to flesh and blood of the present invention.
Embodiment 1
The waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material of the present embodiment comprises following raw materials according:
Concrete using method is as follows:
(1) will mix by each raw material except isocyanic ester, prepare component A; B component is isocyanate component,
(2) high pressure airless spray foaming machine is utilized, component A, B component are injected spray gun by weight by volume pump respectively, under High Pressure in mixing section Homogeneous phase mixing, then with the rapid foaming and molding of low pressure form atomization ejection, the continuous fine and close jointless foam of one deck is formed at building surface.
Embodiment 2 waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material of the present invention
This using method comprises following raw materials according:
Concrete using method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3 waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material of the present invention
This using method comprises following raw materials according:
Concrete using method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4 waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material of the present invention
Comprise following raw materials according:
Concrete using method is with embodiment 1.
Embodiment 5
The use of this premixed systems comprises following raw materials according:
Modifying cinepazid emulsion 5-8 weight part is also included in the raw material of described waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material, modifying cinepazid emulsion is added into the component A of raw material, described modifying cinepazid emulsion its be made up of the raw material of following weight parts: deionized water 80-110, phenylcarbinol 4-6, vinylbenzene 15-20, methyl methacrylate 7-9, acrylate 5-8, vinylformic acid 4-6, Sodium Persulfate 0.3-0.5, allyloxy hydroxypropyl azochlorosulfonate acid sodium 0.5-0.7.
The preparation method of described modifying cinepazid emulsion comprises the following steps:
After 70-80 part deionized water and whole allyloxy hydroxypropyl azochlorosulfonate acid sodiums, phenylcarbinol are mixed, high-speed stirring carries out warming-in-water to emulsification fully, 70-80 DEG C to be warmed up to, add vinylbenzene, phenylcarbinol, methyl methacrylate, acrylate and vinylformic acid by weight and with remaining the consoluet Sodium Persulfate of deionized water, then 85-90 DEG C is warming up to, after being incubated a hours, be cooled to room temperature, obtain modifying cinepazid emulsion.
Using method comprises the following steps:
(1) polymer polyatomic alcohol is mixed by weight with chainextender, fire retardant, catalyzer, whipping agent, foam stabilizer, modifying cinepazid emulsion, prepare component A, using isocyanic ester hexamethylene diisocyanate as B component;
(2) under High Pressure by A, B component Homogeneous phase mixing in mixing section by weight, then with low pressure form atomization ejection rapid foaming and molding, form the continuous fine and close jointless foam of one deck at building surface.
The technical performance index of goods

Claims (5)

1. a waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material, is characterized in that:
It is made up of the raw material of following weight parts:
(1) polymer polyatomic alcohol 100
(2) isocyanic ester 20 ~ 50
(3) chainextender 5 ~ 20
(4) fire retardant 10 ~ 40
(5) catalyzer 1 ~ 15
(6) whipping agent 3 ~ 15
(7) foam stabilizer 2 ~ 8
(8) modifying cinepazid emulsion 5 ~ 8;
The using method of described waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material, comprises the following steps:
(1) polymer polyatomic alcohol is mixed by weight with chainextender, fire retardant, catalyzer, whipping agent, foam stabilizer, modifying cinepazid emulsion, prepare component A, using isocyanic ester as B component;
(2) under High Pressure by A, B component Homogeneous phase mixing in mixing section by weight, then with low pressure form atomization ejection rapid foaming and molding, form the continuous fine and close jointless foam of one deck at building surface;
Described modifying cinepazid emulsion its be made up of the raw material of following weight parts: deionized water 80-110, phenylcarbinol 4-6, vinylbenzene 15-20, methyl methacrylate 7-9, acrylate 5-8, vinylformic acid 4-6, Sodium Persulfate 0.3-0.5, allyloxy hydroxypropyl azochlorosulfonate acid sodium 0.5-0.7;
The preparation method of described modifying cinepazid emulsion comprises the following steps:
After 70-80 part deionized water and whole allyloxy hydroxypropyl azochlorosulfonate acid sodiums, phenylcarbinol are mixed, high-speed stirring carries out warming-in-water to emulsification fully, 70-80 DEG C to be warmed up to, add vinylbenzene, phenylcarbinol, methyl methacrylate, acrylate and vinylformic acid by weight and with remaining the consoluet Sodium Persulfate of deionized water, then 85-90 DEG C is warming up to, be incubated after one hour, be cooled to room temperature, obtain modifying cinepazid emulsion.
2. a kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described polymer polyatomic alcohol be selected from polytetrahydrofuran polyol, polyoxypropylene polyol, polyoxyethylated polyols, polyethylene glycol adipate glycol, poly-adipate glycol-propylene glycol ester glycol, polybutylene glyool adipate, poly-carbonic acid hexylene glycol esterdiol one or more.
3. a kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: fire retardant be selected from aluminium hydroxide, magnesium hydroxide, ammonium polyphosphate, boric acid, three (2-chloropropyl) phosphoric acid ester, three (2-chloroethyl) phosphoric acid ester, four (2-chloroethyl) ethylene phosphoric acid ester, three (1,3-bis-chloro isopropyl) phosphoric acid ester, methyl-phosphoric acid dimethyl ester one or more; Described chainextender is BDO, or 1,6-hexylene glycol, and catalyzer is one or more in stannous octoate, dibutyl tin laurate, triethylene diamine, trolamine, and whipping agent is water, and foam stabilizer is silicone oil.
4. a kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material according to claim 1, is characterized in that: isocyanic ester be selected from isophorone diisocyanate, tolylene diisocyanate, '-diphenylmethane diisocyanate, hexamethylene diisocyanate one or more.
5. a kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: step (2) adopts high pressure airless spray foaming machine to realize, method is: utilize high pressure airless spray foaming machine, component A, B component are injected spray gun by weight by volume pump respectively, under High Pressure in mixing section Homogeneous phase mixing, then with the rapid foaming and molding of low pressure form atomization ejection, the continuous fine and close jointless foam of one deck is formed at building surface.
CN201210129660.0A 2012-04-27 2012-04-27 A kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material and using method thereof Active CN102702955B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210129660.0A CN102702955B (en) 2012-04-27 2012-04-27 A kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material and using method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210129660.0A CN102702955B (en) 2012-04-27 2012-04-27 A kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material and using method thereof

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102702955A CN102702955A (en) 2012-10-03
CN102702955B true CN102702955B (en) 2016-04-06

Family

ID=46896019

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210129660.0A Active CN102702955B (en) 2012-04-27 2012-04-27 A kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material and using method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102702955B (en)

Families Citing this family (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103012730B (en) * 2013-01-04 2015-02-11 航天材料及工艺研究所 Polyisocyanurate foam plastic for ultralow-temperature insulation and preparation method thereof
CN103570913B (en) * 2013-10-08 2016-01-20 东莞市雄林新材料科技股份有限公司 The functional foamed thin sheet of TPU
CN103755909A (en) * 2013-12-25 2014-04-30 广西超星太阳能科技有限公司 Waterproof, insulated and fire-retardant material for building
CN103724580A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-16 广西吉宽太阳能设备有限公司 Waterproof and fireproof modified polyurethane thermal insulation material for buildings
CN103739823A (en) * 2013-12-27 2014-04-23 广西吉顺能源科技有限公司 Polyurethane-modified waterproof, heat-insulated and fire-retardant material for buildings
CN104448968A (en) * 2014-12-09 2015-03-25 苏州明轩地坪涂料有限公司 Waterproof luminescent coating
CN104449316B (en) * 2014-12-09 2016-08-31 张和庆 A kind of heat preservation and soundproof coating
CN105153887A (en) * 2015-07-30 2015-12-16 安徽荣达阀门有限公司 Wear-resistant valve antifouling powdery paint and manufacturing method thereof
CN105199593A (en) * 2015-11-02 2015-12-30 淄博夸克医药技术有限公司 Modified polyurethane fireproof coating with wear resistance
CN105384902B (en) * 2015-12-17 2018-10-02 刘爱华 A kind of building heat preservation novel environment friendly flame retardant polyurethane material
CN106010205B (en) * 2016-07-14 2018-03-09 四川蜀羊防水材料有限公司 Environment-friendly type polyurethane waterproofing paint
CN106867392B (en) * 2017-01-18 2020-08-07 大禹伟业(北京)国际科技有限公司 Waterborne polyurethane waterproof coating and preparation and construction method thereof
CN109233593A (en) * 2018-08-03 2019-01-18 柏焕玉 A kind of preparation of polyurethane building atomising material sprayed coating and its application method
CN114106683B (en) * 2021-12-01 2022-07-08 安徽瑞联节能科技股份有限公司 Waterproof and heat-insulating integrated material and production process thereof
CN113980548A (en) * 2021-12-03 2022-01-28 佛山市惟欣科技有限公司 Multifunctional building coating and preparation process thereof

Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101319039A (en) * 2008-07-23 2008-12-10 福建省新达保温材料有限公司 B1-level spray coating type polyurethane modified polyisocyanurate foams

Family Cites Families (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO2007050000A1 (en) * 2005-10-26 2007-05-03 Industrial Property Of Scandinavia Ab Fire-resistant composition for coating, sealing and protection purposes

Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101319039A (en) * 2008-07-23 2008-12-10 福建省新达保温材料有限公司 B1-level spray coating type polyurethane modified polyisocyanurate foams

Non-Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
复合保温板用聚氨酯硬泡的阻燃性能研究;刘新民等;《聚氨酯工业》;20041231;第19卷(第2期);第17-20页 *
建筑用聚异氰脲酸酯泡沫的研制;吴一鸣等;《聚氨酯工业》;20011231;第16卷(第1期);第27-30页 *
扩连剂对阻燃高回弹聚氨酯泡沫性能的影响;孔壮等;《上海塑料》;20111231(第3期);第31-34页 *

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN102702955A (en) 2012-10-03

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102702955B (en) A kind of waterproof insulation spray painting type polyurethane composite material and using method thereof
CN108706953B (en) Homogeneous low thermally conductive inorganic heat-insulation board of one kind and preparation method thereof
CN104987484A (en) Inorganic material hybrid hard melamine polyurethane foam heat insulation material, preparation method thereof and combined polyether used therein
CN102585138B (en) Polyether polyol system for external wall spraying and preparation method
CN102167949B (en) HFC-365mfc/227-type environment-friendly polyurethane composite paint and preparation method thereof
CN103865025B (en) A kind of inherent flame retardant RPUF
CN105294989B (en) Bio-based polyurethane sprayed-on plastic foam and preparation method thereof
CN103131126B (en) Organic-inorganic composite fire retardation polymer foam material and preparation method thereof
CN104151517A (en) High-flame-retardant polyurethane modified polyisocyanurate hard foam thermal insulation material of external wall and preparation method of thermal insulation material
CN103183806A (en) High-flame-retardant hard polyurethane foam material and preparation method thereof
CN101508763B (en) Spray finishing polyurethane rigid foam raw material and foam produced thereof
CN103923290B (en) A kind of two component raw material of hard polyurethane foam and constructional method thereof being applicable to low temperature environment
CN104130368A (en) Flame-retardant polyurethane cast rigid foamed plastic sheet
CN104628979A (en) B1-grade flame-retardant polyurethane rigid foam used for continuous line production as well as preparation method and usage thereof
CN104847026B (en) Basalt fiber cloth enhanced polyurethane hard foam composite heat-insulating board and manufacturing method thereof
CN103739823A (en) Polyurethane-modified waterproof, heat-insulated and fire-retardant material for buildings
CN106117490A (en) A kind of building polyurethane foamed material
CN104927022A (en) Halogen-free inherent flame retardant type RPUF (Rigid Polyurethane Foam) and preparation method thereof
CN102153723A (en) Spray painting type polyurethane composite material
CN109535688A (en) A kind of polyurethane foam heat insulation material and preparation method thereof
CN105524245A (en) High-toughness flame-retardant hard polyurethane foam board
CN104119498B (en) Flame-retardant polyurethane spraying rigid foam plastic
CN105384902B (en) A kind of building heat preservation novel environment friendly flame retardant polyurethane material
CN102977310A (en) Flame-resistant spray coating polyurethane rigid foam material
CN106496515A (en) Spray coating type polyurethane thermal-insulating waterproof heat-insulation integrative material

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
C06 Publication
PB01 Publication
C10 Entry into substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant