CN102684967B - Intelligent household network control system - Google Patents

Intelligent household network control system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102684967B
CN102684967B CN201210187942.6A CN201210187942A CN102684967B CN 102684967 B CN102684967 B CN 102684967B CN 201210187942 A CN201210187942 A CN 201210187942A CN 102684967 B CN102684967 B CN 102684967B
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communicated
twisted pair
ethernet
gateway
switch
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CN102684967A (en
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陈梓平
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Guangdong intechu intelligent Catering Management Co.,Ltd.
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SHANTOU YIPULIAN TECHNOLOGY CO LTD
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Abstract

The invention provides the Intelligent household network control system in a kind of intelligent domestic system, include gateway, switch and intelligent terminal, described gateway and, to be connected by ethernet line between switch and intelligent terminal and by the 1st, 2,3,6 four line of ethernet twisted pair in order to transmit ethernet signal, and/or form RS485 bus by the 4th, 5,7,8 four line of ethernet twisted pair and communicate.The 485/IO packet of the ethernet data frame of transmission of media data and signal transmission/control data can non-interferingly be transmitted in Ethernet data line, take into account the transfer of data of different network type and the Appropriate application of bandwidth, and the equipment of heterogeneous networks can be intercomed mutually.

Description

Intelligent household network control system
Technical field
The present invention relates to network service control technology field, and particularly relate to a kind of Intelligent household network control system.
Background technology
Intelligent household network control system is the important component part of intelligent domestic system.If intelligent domestic system is compared to people, so Intelligent household network control system is exactly the nerve center of people.In order to intensively control the various types of intelligent terminals (so-called intelligent terminal comprises the control object of all intelligent domestic systems such as smart machine, intelligent appliance and/or intelligent facility) be distributed within the scope of larger space, need to utilize multiple technologies integrated management and the enforcements such as computer technology, the network communications technology, wiring technique, control technology.Except the requirement in this function aspects, also need there is certain efficiency and intelligent to the control of various intelligent terminal and action.These functions propose new requirement all to the Intelligent household network control system being connected each node with the requirement of aspect of performance.Intelligent household network control system sets up special communications protocol in inside, mutual for the mutual and intelligent terminal between intelligent terminal and external environment (comprising external network, external equipment facility or electrical equipment and people).
In the prior art, this is a control system integrating multiple lighting control mode, modern digital control technology and network technology, and whole system is made up of three parts usually: field control level equipment, transducer, with communication signal transmissions system.Such as, application number be 200610170518.5 Chinese patent application " under architecture of soft exchanging system, realize the system and method for Intelligent housing " and disclose a kind of architecture of soft exchanging system under realize the system and method for Intelligent housing, it is on the basis of traditional intelligent domestic system, by adopting soft exchange unit, make full use of NGN network and the H.248 high control of agreement and good topological relation descriptive power, realize residence gateway to the control of home appliance and monitoring, the function of the more multitask and the multiple home appliance of light realization association has cooperatively interacted.Such as application number is a kind of Intelligent home monitoring system operation method based on WIFI and http technology disclosed in the Chinese patent application of 201010122598.3 again, and this system comprises master controller and the remote operation terminal be connected with master controller by RS485 data/address bus, local operation terminal, power control part and regulation and control monitoring section.
Above-mentioned prior art all must use plurality of switches or adopt the auxiliary equipment such as extra WIFI equipment, the function of switch cannot customize, a large amount of sub-control systems must be designed and carry out a large amount of wirings again, but the situation for multiple or of the same race a fairly large number of intelligent terminal could be met.After general switch carries out cascade, cause the addressing difficulty of intelligent terminal.
Again such as, in Lighting Control Assembly, great majority adopt the topological structure of star and bus type, all light fixtures are directly connected with control centre, cause the difficulty of later stage increase number of devices larger, and adopt the lighting mains of multi-level star topology to need to increase multiple distributed control center, cause the increase of cost, and adopt the communication protocol of non-TCP/IP mode different to equipment addressing mode in existing communication protocol, the addressing of equipment is also comparatively complicated, and adopt the communication protocol of TCP/IP mode to be not suitable for the lower lighting control networks of data volume.
Summary of the invention
In view of the shortcoming of prior art, the invention provides a kind of Intelligent household network control system, this control system, include gateway, switch and intelligent terminal, it is characterized in that:
Described gateway is connected with described switch and is communicated by ethernet twisted pair, wherein communicated for transmitting ethernet signal by the 1st, 2,3,6 four line of ethernet twisted pair, and/or communicated by the 4th, 5,7,8 four line formation RS485 bus of ethernet twisted pair.
Preferably, described switch is connected with described intelligent terminal and is communicated by ethernet twisted pair, wherein communicated for transmitting ethernet signal by the 1st, 2,3,6 four line of ethernet twisted pair, and/or communicated by the 4th, 5,7,8 four line formation RS485 bus of ethernet twisted pair.
Preferably, this control system also includes the second switch, described switch is connected with described second switch and is communicated by ethernet twisted pair, wherein communicated for transmitting ethernet signal by the 1st, 2,3,6 four line of ethernet twisted pair, and/or communicated by the 4th, 5,7,8 four line formation RS485 bus of ethernet twisted pair.
Preferably, this control system also includes the second gateway, described gateway is connected with described second gateway and is communicated by ethernet twisted pair, wherein communicated for transmitting ethernet signal by the 1st, 2,3,6 four line of ethernet twisted pair, and/or communicated by the 4th, 5,7,8 four line formation RS485 bus of ethernet twisted pair.
Preferably, this control system also includes electric connector, and this electric connector comprises infrared socket, infrared plug, infrared communication module have power line and be connected to the holding wire of infrared transceiver device;
Described intelligent terminal is connected to described gateway by this electric connector;
Described electric connector, and to be communicated with described gateway by the holding wire being connected to infrared transceiver device for described intelligent terminal provides electric power by power line.
Preferably, when infrared socket connected by the infrared plug being connected to described intelligent terminal, described intelligent terminal sends fixed address first to described gateway;
A dynamic id address can be distributed to the infrared socket that this fixed address is corresponding after described gateway receives fixed address, and adopt this dynamic id address as the source address communicated and destination address.
Preferably, described fixed address comprises the one or more combination in the bar code of described intelligent terminal, batch code, sequence number.
Preferably, described infrared communication module is communicated with described gateway by RS485 bus.
The beneficial effect of the application is:
The invention provides a kind of Intelligent household network control system with cable multiplexing function, this system utilizes existing ethernet twisted pair parallel transmission ethernet signal and RS485 bus signals, and can not disturb each other, not only extend the function of existing ethernet twisted pair, and be convenient to minimum cost, fast by existing home network transformation, be upgraded to intelligent house network system.
There is networking convenient, be convenient to the advantage expanded.Utilize traditional ethernet twisted-pair feeder and RJ45 interface, just can realize the fast assembling of intelligent house network system, and according to practical application scene, gateway can be increased flexibly, middle cascade device, switch and intelligent terminal, in theory can infinite expanding and cascade.
There is networking mode flexible.In intelligent domestic system between each control appliance, switching equipment, intelligent terminal both by there being the ethernet twisted pair of cable multiplexing function to carry out networking, also wireless networking between switch and intelligent terminal can be realized by electrical connection, the mode networkings such as all right mixed ethernet twisted-pair feeder, RJ485 bus, electric connector, particularly for increase, to remove and position adjusts intelligent terminal frequently, infrared radio connects and communication mode meets this demand completely, and need not additionally connect up or reserved cable.
Switch adopts the mode of ID coding to address function device, and thus addressing system is simple especially, but can meet the control mode under various scene, such as, control individual equipment or control an equipment group.
Not only home gateway, Upper Switch can be controlled function device by the switch with ID function of exchange, and intelligent terminal also directly can access the switch with ID function of exchange and controls, even if therefore home gateway breaks down, the use of each function device can not be affected, and therefore makes control system have higher fault-tolerance and stability.
The switch self with ID function of exchange has memory function and port mapping function, therefore intelligent chip is comprised without the need to function device (light fixture), can be applied in network by general function equipment, this just substantially increases the range of application of intelligent home network.
By replacing IP address or private address exchanged form with ID exchanged form, can cascade easily be easy to expand.Can directly be installed in socket because the switch volume with ID function of exchange is little, therefore go in the first construction wiring of Smart Home, also can easily to the transformation of existing domestic environment, as the intelligent lighting controls only utilizing external socket just can realize lamp group equipment, provide cost savings preferably.
The invention solves 485 bus signals cannot through the technical barrier of Ethernet switch.Because current Ethernet switch does not support that 4 useless lines carry out the information transmission of 485 buses.Decrease wiring trouble, improve twisted-pair feeder utilance.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 shows the structured flowchart of the Intelligent household network control system in the application;
Fig. 2 shows the intelligent home network structure that the application is suitable for;
Fig. 3 is the electric connector that the application adopts.
Embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, Intelligent household network control system in intelligent domestic system comprises gateway, switch, intelligent terminal, described gateway and switch concatenation the information of carrying out upper layer information and switch forward, described switch is connected with described intelligent terminal, communicated with ethernet twisted pair by RS485 between intelligent terminal, and described switch uses 4,5,7,8 four lines of ethernet twisted pair to form RS485 bus, and the signal end of corresponding ethernet twisted pair 4,5,7,8 four lines in switch is connected with RS485 bus.Wherein, described intelligent terminal can be carry out equipment or the terminal of interactive controlling with the control centre of intelligent domestic system or user in any form.
Fig. 2 shows the concrete structure of intelligent home network disclosed by the invention, mainly comprises the digital home intelligent gateway of household internal.Gateway is by bus switch, and industry ethernet, various smart machine couples together by 485 buses.
Fig. 3 shows the communication structure of the electric connector that the application adopts.The holding wire of infrared socket adopts 485 buses, the advantages such as 485 buses have long transmission distance, and antijamming capability is strong.All holding wires, along with power supply cabling, avoid again the problem of cabling.At socket place, in order to good binding signal line, have employed infrared transmission mode, namely insert an infrared transceiver device socket one side, at plug one side also device infrared transceiver device.Utilize infrared transmission, holding wire have employed non-contacting connection, namely reliably, facilitates again, avoids the problem that intelligent electric appliance needs to rethink that holding wire connects.
Infrared socket data exchange process is as follows:
1), fixed address is sent: when the infrared socket of compound bus connected by the infrared plug of terminal household electrical appliances, first terminal household electrical appliances can send fixed address to gateway, CPU1 in Fig. 3 can send fixed address to socket CUP2 with the infrared communication protocol of agreement, socket is decoded after receiving infrared encoded signal, obtain fixed address and this fixed address is deposited, meanwhile, by fixed address notice message notifying gateway.
2), monthly dynamics id address: can distribute a dynamic id address to the socket that household electrical appliances are corresponding after gateway receives fixed address and be logical to its examination & verification, household electrical appliances itself then need not record dynamic id address.Gateway will notify corresponding socket the id address distributed, must using the destination address of the fixed address received as communication, destination address is delivered in dynamic id address, and when household electrical appliances send fixed address to gateway, associated socket all records the fixed address of household electrical appliances, so, gateway sends to socket CPU2 by address assignment message dynamic id, CUP2 can first mate fixed address data, if the match is successful, then dynamic id address is deposited, like this, later communication just adopts this dynamic id address as the source address communicated and destination address.
Owing to directly storing the address be assigned with without the need to equipment, this reduces the requirement realizing smart machine and control, conventional equipment can be applied in intelligent home network and go widely.
According to another embodiment, state on the basis of each embodiment before this invention, also comprise in described intelligent domestic system: infrared communication module, comprise infrared socket and infrared plug, its holding wire that there is power line and be connected to infrared transceiver device; Home intelligent equipment, is connected to digital home intelligent gateway by infrared communication module; Wherein infrared communication module is by power line for home intelligent equipment provides electric power, and is communicated with digital home intelligent gateway by the holding wire being connected to infrared transceiver device.
According to another embodiment, state on the basis of each embodiment before this invention, when the infrared socket of compound bus connected by the infrared plug of family's smart machine, first home intelligent equipment send fixed address to digital home intelligent gateway; A dynamic id address can be distributed to the infrared socket that this fixed address is corresponding after digital home intelligent gateway receives fixed address, and adopt this dynamic id address as the source address communicated and destination address.
According to another embodiment, state on the basis of each embodiment before this invention, this fixed address comprises the one or more combination in the sequence number of the bar code of home intelligent equipment, the batch code of home intelligent equipment, home intelligent equipment.
According to another embodiment, state on the basis of each embodiment before this invention, infrared communication module is communicated with digital intelligent gateway by RS485 bus.
According to another embodiment, state on the basis of each embodiment before this invention, described IP switch connects the equipment of two or more dissimilar interfaces.
According to another embodiment, state on the basis of each embodiment before this invention, can the multiple ID switch of cascade, to connect intelligent terminal and the information terminal of any amount.
According to another embodiment, state on the basis of each embodiment before this invention, ID switch adopts the mode of ID coding to address function device.
According to another embodiment, state on the basis of each embodiment before this invention, described ID switch self has memory cell and can carry out port mapping.
According to another embodiment, state on the basis of each embodiment before this invention, described ID switch has identical hardware configuration with described IP switch.
According to another embodiment, state on the basis of each embodiment before this invention, described intelligent domestic system uses ID exchanged form to replace IP address or private address exchanged form.
Compared with prior art, switch adopts the mode of ID coding to address function device, and thus addressing system is simple especially, but can meet the control mode under various scene, such as, control individual equipment or control an equipment group.
Not only home gateway, Upper Switch can be controlled function device by the switch with ID function of exchange, and intelligent terminal also directly can access this switch and controls, even if therefore home gateway breaks down, the use of each function device can not be affected, and therefore makes control system have higher fault-tolerance and robustness.
The switch self with ID function of exchange has memory function and port mapping function, therefore intelligent chip is comprised without the need to function device (light fixture), can be applied in network by general function equipment, this just substantially increases the range of application of intelligent home network.
By replacing IP address or private address exchanged form with ID exchanged form, can cascade easily be easy to expand.Can directly be installed in socket because the switch volume with ID function of exchange is little, therefore go in the first construction wiring of Smart Home, also can easily to the transformation of existing domestic environment, as the intelligent lighting controls only utilizing external socket just can realize lamp group equipment, provide cost savings preferably.
The method of the various embodiments described above all can be used alone, and also can use together in conjunction with each embodiment of aforementioned intelligent household network, infrared socket and/or address structure in the application.
Be understandable that, the application's claim is not limited to these specific open forms, but covers all alter mode, equivalents and the substitute mode that fall within the spirit and scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. an Intelligent household network control system, includes gateway, switch and intelligent terminal, it is characterized in that:
Described gateway is connected with described switch and is communicated by ethernet twisted pair, wherein communicated for transmitting ethernet signal by the 1st, 2,3,6 four line of ethernet twisted pair, and/or communicated by the 4th, 5,7,8 four line formation RS485 bus of ethernet twisted pair;
Also include electric connector, this electric connector comprises infrared socket, infrared plug, infrared communication module have power line and be connected to the holding wire of infrared transceiver device;
Described intelligent terminal is connected to described gateway by this electric connector;
Described electric connector, and to be communicated with described gateway by the holding wire being connected to infrared transceiver device for described intelligent terminal provides electric power by power line;
When infrared socket connected by the infrared plug being connected to described intelligent terminal, described intelligent terminal sends fixed address first to described gateway;
A dynamic id address can be distributed to the infrared socket that this fixed address is corresponding after described gateway receives fixed address, and adopt this dynamic id address as the source address communicated and destination address;
Described fixed address comprises the one or more combination in the bar code of described intelligent terminal, batch code, sequence number.
2. control system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described switch is connected with described intelligent terminal and is communicated by ethernet twisted pair, wherein communicated for transmitting ethernet signal by the 1st, 2,3,6 four line of ethernet twisted pair, and/or communicated by the 4th, 5,7,8 four line formation RS485 bus of ethernet twisted pair.
3. control system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: it also includes the second switch, described switch is connected with described second switch and is communicated by ethernet twisted pair, wherein communicated for transmitting ethernet signal by the 1st, 2,3,6 four line of ethernet twisted pair, and/or communicated by the 4th, 5,7,8 four line formation RS485 bus of ethernet twisted pair.
4. control system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: it also includes the second gateway, described gateway is connected with described second gateway and is communicated by ethernet twisted pair, wherein communicated for transmitting ethernet signal by the 1st, 2,3,6 four line of ethernet twisted pair, and/or communicated by the 4th, 5,7,8 four line formation RS485 bus of ethernet twisted pair.
5. control system as claimed in claim 4, is characterized in that: described infrared communication module is communicated with described gateway by RS485 bus.
CN201210187942.6A 2012-06-08 2012-06-08 Intelligent household network control system Active CN102684967B (en)

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CN102684013B (en) * 2012-06-08 2014-08-20 陈梓平 Electric connector capable of realizing address allocation of controlled equipment
TW201415424A (en) * 2012-10-01 2014-04-16 Quanta Comp Inc Remote control system and power supply connector remote control device
CN103713612B (en) * 2014-01-03 2017-01-25 左华亮 Intelligent home system solution facilitating personalized customization and expansion
CN104811357B (en) * 2014-01-26 2018-11-09 广东夏野日用电器有限公司 A kind of Internet of things system
CN104932276B (en) * 2015-05-27 2018-09-18 小米科技有限责任公司 The control method and device of home intelligent power supply
CN108427338A (en) * 2018-01-25 2018-08-21 南京派菲克物联科技有限公司 A kind of intelligent home control system device
CN110824943A (en) * 2019-11-21 2020-02-21 时拓(嘉兴)智能科技有限公司 Wireless intelligent home system based on LoRaWAN

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Effective date of registration: 20191120

Address after: 515041, No. 111, A building, No. 68, Songshan Road, Guangdong, Shantou

Patentee after: Guangdong Xiaye Daily Electrical Appliances Co., Ltd.

Address before: 515920, Shantou, Guangdong province Nan'ao County Town Village office building, 2 floor

Patentee before: Shantou Yipulian Technology Co.,Ltd.

TR01 Transfer of patent right
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20220304

Address after: 515041 No.111, 1st floor, building a, 68 Songshan Road, Shantou City, Guangdong Province

Patentee after: Guangdong intechu intelligent Catering Management Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 515041 No.111, 1st floor, building a, 68 Songshan Road, Shantou City, Guangdong Province

Patentee before: GUANGDONG XIAYE DAILY ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES Co.,Ltd.