CN102638075A - Direct-current electric energy transfer device - Google Patents

Direct-current electric energy transfer device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102638075A
CN102638075A CN2012100966817A CN201210096681A CN102638075A CN 102638075 A CN102638075 A CN 102638075A CN 2012100966817 A CN2012100966817 A CN 2012100966817A CN 201210096681 A CN201210096681 A CN 201210096681A CN 102638075 A CN102638075 A CN 102638075A
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China
Prior art keywords
unloading
electric energy
direct current
electrically
unit
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Pending
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CN2012100966817A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
董金元
杜研
姚东伟
刘子源
刘泓侠
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JILIN JIANGJI MINKE INDUSTRIAL CO LTD
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JILIN JIANGJI MINKE INDUSTRIAL CO LTD
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Priority to CN2012100966817A priority Critical patent/CN102638075A/en
Publication of CN102638075A publication Critical patent/CN102638075A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention relates to a direct-current electric energy transfer device. The direct-current electric energy transfer device is characterized in that a direct-current electric energy transfer source is respectively electrically connected with an electric energy transfer control unit, a direct-current electric energy transfer unit and a voltage/unloading capacity measurement unit, a direct-current electric energy unloading source is respectively electrically connected with a direct-current electric energy unloading unit and a voltage tracking control unit, and an electric energy transfer control unit is respectively electrically connected with the direct-current electric energy transfer unit and the voltage/unloading capacity measurement unit; the direct-current electric energy transfer unit is respectively electrically connected with the voltage tracking control unit and the direct-current electric energy unloading unit; a microprocessor is respectively electrically connected with the voltage/unloading capacity measurement unit, the direct-current electric energy unloading unit, the electric energy unloading current control unit and a data process and terminal display alarming system; and the electric energy unloading current control unit is electrically connected with the direct-current electric energy unloading unit. The direct-current electric energy transfer device disclosed by the invention can meet requirements of different types and voltages of storage batteries on electric energy quasi-complementation and exchange, has the advantages of good universality, wide application range, reliable performance, convenience in use and full recovery of electric energy.

Description

The direct current energy translator
Technical field
The present invention relates to the electric energy transfer device, is a kind of direct current energy translator.
Background technology
Present storage battery is of a great variety, and so, the charger that adapts is also of a great variety, and various storage batterys all need supporting particular charger just can charge.During charge in batteries; Need the dump energy of storage battery be bled off; With NI-G, Ni-MH battery is example: need to insert storage battery with special resistors usually dump energy is bled off, wait to reach when stopping discharge voltage and charge, like this; Could guarantee again the useful life of storage batteries, bleed off dump energy during charge in batteries and certainly will cause a large amount of waste of electric energy.Because storage battery is of a great variety, prior art must use the particular charger that matches just can charge, and its versatility is poor, uses, carries and take care of all inconvenient and the cost height.Up to now, Shang Weijian can make mutual quasi-complement of the dump energy between storage battery and the storage battery and exchange, and versatility is good, is applicable to the reported in literature and the practical application of the direct current energy translator of various charge in batteries.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is to overcome the deficiency of prior art, a kind of storage battery electric energy quasi-complement and exchange needs that can satisfy variety classes, different voltages are provided, versatility is good; Applied widely; Dependable performance, easy to use, fully reclaim the direct current energy translator of electric energy.
The objective of the invention is to realize: a kind of direct current energy translator by following technical scheme; It comprises that direct current energy shifts source 29, direct current energy unloading source 30; It is characterized in that: comprise that also described direct current energy transfer source 29 connects anti-protected location 26 with electric energy transfer control unit 20, direct current energy buanch unit 21, voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit 25 and electric energy transfer source and unloading source polarity respectively and is electrically connected; Described direct current energy unloading source 30 connects anti-protected location 26 with direct current energy unloading unit 23, voltage-tracing control unit 24, voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit 25 and electric energy transfer source and unloading source polarity respectively and is electrically connected, and electric energy transfer control unit 20 is electrically connected with direct current energy buanch unit 21 and voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit 25 respectively; Direct current energy buanch unit 21 is electrically connected with voltage-tracing control unit 24 and direct current energy unloading unit 23 respectively; Microprocessor 27 connects anti-protected location 26, voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit 25, direct current energy unloading unit 23, electric energy unloading current control unit 22 and data processing with electric energy transfer source and unloading source polarity respectively and terminal display alarm system 28 is electrically connected; Electric energy unloading current control unit 22 is electrically connected with direct current energy unloading unit 23.
Said electric energy transfer control unit 20 comprises comparator U13A, and triode Q11 and resistance R 32-R35, R64, R65, R83, R84, R49 are electrically connected.
Said direct current energy buanch unit 21 comprises that boost translator 1, electric energy step-down translator 2, transfer switch 3 and the step-down transfer switch 4 that boost of electric energy is electrically connected; The said electric energy translator 1 that boosts comprises that model is the MC33063 chip U9 that boosts, and expands stream pipe QW2, rectifying tube DW3; Inductance L 1, resistance R 81, R54 and capacitor C 53 are electrically connected, and said electric energy step-down translator 2 comprises that model is XL4005 step-down chip U2; Diode D4, inductance L 2, resistance R 54, R55, R56 and capacitor C54, C56 are electrically connected; The said transfer switch 3 that boosts comprises triode Q6, resistance R 51, R21, R72, and switching tube QW1 and triode Q6 are electrically connected; Said step-down transfer switch 4 comprises triode Q4, Q5, Q7, and resistance R 22, R52, R73, R52 and switching tube Q12 are electrically connected.
Described direct current energy unloading unit 23 comprises thyratron Q2, and optocoupler U11 and diode D3, resistance R 19, R0 are electrically connected.
Described electric energy unloading current control unit 22 comprises triode Q8, comparator U12A, and current sampling resistor R80//R88, amplifier Q10, Q13, resistance R 58, R48, R27, R86, R60, R61, R62, R59 and capacitor C 58 are electrically connected.
Described voltage/unloading cubic content measurement control unit 25 comprises that appearance inspection switching circuit 25-1 and cubic content measurement control circuit 25-2 are electrically connected: described appearance inspection switching circuit 25-1 comprises that pipe Q3 is flowed in triode Q9, expansion and resistance resistance R 57, RF1 are electrically connected; Described cubic content measurement control circuit 25-2 comprises resistance R 28, R40, R38, R43, R30, R31, R44, R39, R46, R45, R47; Emitter follower U8A, emitter follower U8D, U8C, voltage-stabiliser tube D6, D7, D8 and filter capacitor C40, C46, C48, C47, C44, C48 are electrically connected.
Described voltage-tracing control unit 24 comprises comparator U7, and resistance R 36, R37, R87, R66, R67 and capacitor C 45 are electrically connected.
Described electric energy transfer source and electric energy unloading source polarity connect anti-protected location 26 and comprise triode QB1, QB2, QB3, QB4, and the bright LED1 of diode DB1, DB2 and alarm lamp, LED2 are electrically connected.
Said microprocessor 27 be have the dot matrix display driver, measure to judge and controlled function, model is the C8051F120 single-chip microcomputer.
Direct current energy translator of the present invention can satisfy the storage battery electric energy quasi-complement and the exchange needs of variety classes, different voltages, and versatility is good, and is applied widely, and dependable performance is easy to use, fully reclaims electric energy.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a direct current energy translator circuit block diagram;
Fig. 2 is electric energy transfer control unit 20 circuit theory diagrams;
Fig. 3 is direct current energy buanch unit 21 circuit theory diagrams;
Fig. 4 is the chip U9 pin function sketch map that boosts of MC33063 for model in direct current energy buanch unit 21 circuit;
Fig. 5 is the appearance inspection switching circuit 25-1 and direct current energy unloading source 30 circuit theory diagrams of electric energy unloading current control unit 22, direct current energy unloading unit 23, voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit 25;
Fig. 6 is the cubic content measurement control circuit 25-2 circuit theory diagrams of voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit 25;
Fig. 7 is voltage-tracing control unit 24 circuit theory diagrams;
Fig. 8 connects anti-protected location 26 circuit theory diagrams for electric energy transfer source and unloading source polarity;
Fig. 9 is microprocessor 27 circuit theory diagrams;
Figure 10 is direct current energy translator display floater 31 sketch mapes;
Figure 11 is a direct current energy translator operation logic sketch map.
Among the figure: the 1 electric energy translator that boosts, 2 electric energy step-down translators, 3 transfer switchs that boost, 4 step-down transfer switchs; 20 electric energy transfer control units, 21 direct current energy buanch units, 22 electric energy unloading current control units, 23 direct current energy unloading unit; 24 voltage-tracing control units, 25 voltages/unloading cubic content measurement unit, 25-1 hold inspection switching circuit, 25-2 cubic content measurement control circuit; 26 electric energy transfer sources and unloading source polarity connect anti-protected location, 27 microprocessors, 28 data processing and terminal display alarm system; 29 direct current energies shift source, 30 direct current energy unloading sources, 31 direct current energy translator display floaters.
Embodiment
Utilize accompanying drawing and embodiment that the present invention is described further below.
With reference to Fig. 1-10; The direct current energy translator comprises that direct current energy shifts source 29, direct current energy unloading source 30; Described direct current energy transfer source 29 connects anti-protected location 26 with electric energy transfer control unit 20, direct current energy buanch unit 21, voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit 25 and electric energy transfer source and unloading source polarity respectively and is electrically connected; Described direct current energy unloading source 30 connects anti-protected location 26 with direct current energy unloading unit 23, voltage-tracing control unit 24, voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit 25 and electric energy transfer source and unloading source polarity respectively and is electrically connected, and electric energy transfer control unit 20 is electrically connected with direct current energy buanch unit 21 and voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit 25 respectively; Direct current energy buanch unit 21 is electrically connected with voltage-tracing control unit 24 and direct current energy unloading unit 23 respectively; Microprocessor 27 connects anti-protected location 26, voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit 25, direct current energy unloading unit 23, electric energy unloading current control unit 22 and data processing with electric energy transfer source and unloading source polarity respectively and terminal display alarm system 28 is electrically connected; Electric energy unloading current control unit 22 is electrically connected with direct current energy unloading unit 23.
During the work of direct current energy translator: earlier direct current energy is shifted source 29 (being transferred the battery or the battery pack of electric energy) and be connected with instrument respectively with direct current energy unloading source 30 (by the battery of unloading electric energy or battery pack).Connect operating switch, the voltage in direct current energy transfer source 29 is delivered to the VIN end of electric energy transfer control unit 20, also is electrically connected with the VIN of direct current energy buanch unit 21 simultaneously.The 20 main effects of electric energy transfer control unit are sizes that the identification direct current energy shifts source 29 voltages and direct current energy unloading source 30 voltage magnitudes.
With reference to Fig. 2, Fig. 3 and Fig. 5, said electric energy transfer control unit 20 comprises comparator U13A, and triode Q11 and resistance R 32-R35, R64, R65, R83, R84, R49 are electrically connected.The VF end of electric energy transfer control unit 20 is electrically connected with the VF end of the appearance inspection circuit 25-1 of voltage/unloading cubic content measurement control unit 25, when the VF terminal voltage is higher than the VIN terminal voltage, and 1 pin of comparator U13A and A end output high level.When the VF terminal voltage is lower than the VIN terminal voltage; 1 pin of comparator U13A and A end output low level, when 1 pin of comparator U13A is high level, driving triode Q11 conducting B end through resistance R 68 is the B end of low level and the step-down transfer switch 4 of delivering to direct current energy buanch unit 21.Another road A end of electric energy transfer control unit 20 is electrically connected with the A end of the transfer switch 3 that boosts of direct current energy buanch unit 21.When the VF end relatively just changed with the generation of VIN terminal voltage, A end, B end high-low level also alternate realization electric energy transfer control signal went to control electric energy transfer.
With reference to Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 and Fig. 7; Said direct current energy buanch unit 21 comprises electric energy transfer stepup transformer 1, electric energy transfer reducing transformer 2, boost transfer switch 3 and 4 electrical connections of step-down transfer switch, and direct current energy buanch unit 21 is electrically connected with the VIN+ end that direct current energy shifts source 29 through the VIN end of its transfer switch 3 that boosts; The said electric energy translator 1 that boosts comprises the chip U9 that boosts, and expands stream pipe QW2, rectifying tube DW3, and inductance L 1, resistance R 81, R54 and capacitor C 53 are electrically connected; The transfer switch 3 that boosts comprises triode Q6, and resistance R 51, R21, R72 and switching tube QW1 are electrically connected; Said electric energy step-down translator 2 comprises step-down chip U2, diode D4, and inductance L 2, resistance R 54-R56 and capacitor C54, C56 are electrically connected; Said step-down transfer switch 4 comprises triode Q4, Q5, Q7, and resistance R 22, R50, R73, R52 and switching tube Q12 are electrically connected; When the A of the transfer switch 3 that boosts end for the B end of high level, step-down transfer switch 4 during for low level, electric energy transfer stepup transformer 1 work VSC end has output; When the A of the transfer switch 3 that boosts end was held to high level for low level, step-down transfer switch B, the same VSC end of electric energy transfer reducing transformer 2 work had output.The VSC end that the VSC end of direct current energy buanch unit 21 is had continuously export to direct current energy unloading unit 23 and the VSC of voltage-tracing control unit 24 hold.
With reference to Fig. 4, the boost model of chip U9 of said electric energy transfer booster circuit 1 is MC33063, has the function of voltage-type DC/DC converter, and its technical performance is:
1) operating voltage range: 2.5V---40V;
2) output switching current>=1.5A;
3) output voltage range: 1.25V---40V;
4) has current limit function;
5) switch work highest frequency is 150KHZ;
6) boost conversion efficient: >=90%.
Electric energy transfer stepup transformer output voltage is determined by control end ADJ voltage signal: VOUT=1.23V (1+R53/R54).
With reference to Fig. 3, the model of the step-down chip U2 of electric energy transfer reducing transformer 2 is XL4005, has the function of voltage-type DC/DC converter, and its technical performance is:
1) operating voltage range: 3.5V---32V;
2) output switching current>=5A;
3) output voltage range: 5V---26V;
4) has current limit function;
5) switch work highest frequency is 350KHZ;
6) step-down conversion efficiency: >=85%.
Electric energy transfer reducing transformer output voltage is determined by control end ADJ voltage signal: VOUT=0.8 (1+R55/R56).
With reference to Fig. 5 and Fig. 9, the appearance of electric energy unloading current control unit 22, direct current energy unloading unit 23, voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit 25 inspection switching circuit 25-1 and direct current energy unloading source 30 are electrically connected.Direct current energy unloading unit 23 comprises thyratron Q2, optocoupler U11, diode D3 and resistance R 19, R0.When optocoupler U11 has the forward triggering signal, make thyratron Q2 conducting, deliver to VE+end realization direct current energy unloading in direct current energy unloading source 30 from the signal of the VSC of direct current energy buanch unit 21 end through thyratron Q2, diode D3 by the VF end output of the appearance inspection circuit 25-1 of voltage/unloading cubic content measurement control unit 25.When optocoupler U11 did not have the forward triggering signal, thyratron Q2 was by stopping the electric energy unloading; The operating state of optocoupler U11 receives 22 controls of electric energy unloading current control unit.Electric energy unloading current control unit 22 comprises the control of control of the electric energy unloading magnitude of current and electric energy unloading current control mode.The comparator U12A of electric energy unloading magnitude of current control, current sampling resistor R80//R88, Iadj reference current signal, amplifier Q10, Q13 and resistance R 48 from microprocessor CPU, R27, R86, R60, R61, R62, R59 and capacitor C 58 are electrically connected., electric energy unloading electric current I FG produces the voltage of direct ratio electric current when flowing through R80//R88 at the R80//R88 two ends; It is sampling voltage; This voltage is added to the 2 pin end of oppisite phase of comparator U12A; The 3 pin in-phase ends that are added to comparator U12A from the Iadj reference current signal voltage (can be artificially controlled) of microprocessor CPU compare; When sampling voltage during greater than Iadj reference current signal voltage, 1 pin of comparator U12A output high level makes amplifier Q10, Q13 conducting, otherwise amplifier Q10, Q13 end; Collector electrode output high level and deliver to the input of direct current energy unloading unit 23 optocoupler U11 through resistance R 59 when amplifier Q13 conducting, it is controlled that control unloading electric current I FG stablizes IFG.The control of electric energy unloading current control mode is made up of triode Q8 and resistance R 58, and triode Q8 collector electrode is received the output of the resistance R 59 of electric energy unloading magnitude of current control.When being added to triode Q8 base stage through resistance R 58 from the P1.1 of microprocessor CPU end pulse signal, the triode Q8 work of pulse, the pulsation operating frequency holds pulse frequency identical with P1.1.Because triode Q8 makes optocoupler U11, thyratron Q2 in the direct current energy unloading unit 23 also follow the unloading of pulsation work realization pulsed power for pulse state work.When the P1.1 of microprocessor CPU end pulse-free signal was low level, direct current energy unloading unit 23 was to be in constant current electric energy unloading state.So P1.1 end is an electric energy unloading current system control end, promptly realizes constant current, pulse, pulse, stop function such as transfer.
With reference to Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 9, voltage/unloading cubic content measurement control unit 25 comprises holding examines switching circuit 25-1 and cubic content measurement control circuit 25-2 two parts.Hold inspection switching circuit 25-1 and comprise that triode Q9, thyratron Q3 and resistance R 57, resistance R F1 are electrically connected; Triode Q9, Q3 conducting resistance RF1//VF discharge when the P1.0 of resistance R 57 end is high level; This moment, the P1.1 end was high level; The microprocessor CPU timer picks up counting and gathers the VF voltage and the VFG magnitude of current, behind 60S, stops timing, and the collection of voltage, the magnitude of current handles through microprocessor CPU and storage data is realized electric energy unloading capacity check function.Circuit can also be realized current activation unloading function when the P1.0 end is held alternation with P1.1.The cubic content measurement control circuit 25-2 of voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit 25 comprises resistance R 28, R40, R38, R43, R30, R31, R44, R39, R46, R45, R47; Emitter follower U8A, emitter follower U8D, U8C, voltage-stabiliser tube D6, D7, D8 and filter capacitor C40, C46, C48, C47, C44, C48 are electrically connected.The VIN+ end in sampling voltage VIN end and direct current energy transfer source 29 is electrically connected, and amplifies through resistance R 43 through the U8A emitter follower through resistance R 28, R40, R38 dividing potential drop and delivers to the AIN0.0 end detection of microprocessor CPU and the magnitude of voltage of judgement VIN end.Sampling voltage VF end amplifies through resistance R 46 through the U8D emitter follower through resistance R 30, R31, R44 dividing potential drop delivers to the AIN0.2 end detection of microprocessor CPU and the magnitude of voltage of judgement VF.Current sampling voltage VFG end amplifies through resistance R 47 through emitter follower U8C through resistance R 45 delivers to the AIN0.3 end detection of microprocessor CPU and the current value of judgement VFG end.
Voltage-stabiliser tube D6, D7, D8 in VIN, VF, VFG end sample circuit are emitter follower amplifier in mouth protection voltage-stabiliser tubes, and C40, C46, C48, C47, C44, C48 are the filter capacitors in the circuit.
With reference to Fig. 3, Fig. 5, Fig. 6 and Fig. 7; In circuit, be provided with voltage-tracing control unit 24 in order to improve electric energy transfer efficient; VSC is from the output voltage of direct current energy buanch unit 21 in voltage-tracing control unit 24 circuit; Be added to the 3rd pin in-phase end of comparator U7 through resistance R 36, R37, R87 dividing potential drop, the DCJZ end is held with sampling voltage VF from voltage/unloading cubic content measurement control unit 25 and is connected, and this signal is added to the 4th pin end of oppisite phase of comparator U7 through resistance R 67.Two voltage signals are delivered to Adj end control transfer output voltage by the output of 1 pin and are realized voltage-tracing after relatively amplifying.
With reference to Fig. 8; Electric energy transfer source and unloading source polarity reverse connecting protection unit 26 comprise that triode QB1, QB2, QB3, QB4, diode DB1, DB2 form the differential amplifier of both-end input; VIN terminates to the VIN+ utmost point that direct current energy shifts source 29; VF terminates to the VF+ utmost point in direct current energy unloading source 30, as long as shift source 29 or there is a termination inverse time in direct current energy unloading source 30 when direct current energy, diode DB1, DB2 are with conducting; The amplifier work that triode QB1, QB2 and QB4, QB3 constitute; The AIN0.5 that BV output high level is delivered to microprocessor 27 sends into the P1.2 end of the step-down transfer switch 4 of direct current energy buanch unit 21 at the P1.2 of CPU end output high level, makes triode Q4, Q5 conducting simultaneously and closes triode Q6, Q7 simultaneously, has also just closed the input power supply; The P1.2 of microprocessor CPU end drives alarm equipment alarm simultaneously, and the bright LED1 of alarm lamp, LED2 reach defencive function.It is bright that the electric energy transfer source connects anti-red colored lamp, and it is bright that electric energy unloading source connects anti-green light.
With reference to Fig. 9, microprocessor 27, promptly microprocessor CPU adopts C8051F120 chip microcontroller dot matrix display driver, measures and judges and controlled function.Native system is selected the data processing and control core of SOC single-chip microcomputer C8051F120 as the direct current energy translator for use.C8051F120 is fully-integrated mixed-signal system level MCU chip, has 56 digital I/O pins.Main internal resource has 12 ADC of 8 passages, 12 DAC of 2 passages, the RAM of 8KB; The FLASH of 128KB, and hard-wired SPI, SMBus/12C and two UART serial line interfaces also have clock oscillator in addition; WatchDog Timer, VIN monitor, temperature sensor etc.The analog-and digital-peripheral hardware of all of C8051F120 all can be by IDE software enable/disable and configuration.C8051F120 can be in the voltage low-power consumption work of 2.7-3.6V, and serviceability temperature can satisfy under-40 ℃ of-+85 ℃ of conditions works., the dot matrix of demonstration is 320*240, blue film Gao Liang, LED-backlit, plate are loaded with pressure, band RA8835 control chip.
With reference to Figure 10,31 pairs of direct current energy translators of direct current energy translator display floater state intuitively shows.Direct current energy translator data processing and terminal display alarm system 28 adopt software data processing: electric energy transfer magnitude of voltage, electric energy unloading magnitude of voltage, electric energy unloading current value, electric energy unloading time, electric energy unloading capability value and electric energy unloading curve.Other will not show when showing the unloading curve.System is furnished with 5.7 cun liquid crystal display displays of LCM3202401 type.
With reference to Figure 11, the method for operation of direct current energy translator operation logic is: after the transfer source is connected, be the control system power supply.Get into to select the page through display screen, through " on " D score keypress function button can select " parameter setting " project or begin test.Get into selected interface by " affirmation " button.Be provided with in the parameter interface; Through " on " the D score button selects projects such as " shifting the source final voltage ", " unloading source final voltage ", " unloading time ", " unloading mode ", " unloading electric current ", get into selected interface by " affirmation " button and be provided with.After completion is set, return previous menu by the preservation of " affirmation " button.Do not preserve and directly return previous menu by " cancellation " button.After beginning test, the direct current energy translator charges to the unloading source by the parameter that sets.After the unloading time arrives or presses " cancellation " button, stop to shift and returning.

Claims (9)

1. direct current energy translator; It comprises that direct current energy shifts source (29), direct current energy unloading source (30); It is characterized in that: comprise that also described direct current energy transfer source (29) connects anti-protected location (26) with electric energy transfer control unit (20), direct current energy buanch unit (21), voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit (25) and electric energy transfer source and unloading source polarity respectively and is electrically connected; Described direct current energy unloading source (30) connects anti-protected location (26) with direct current energy unloading unit (23), voltage-tracing control unit (24), voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit (25) and electric energy transfer source and unloading source polarity respectively and is electrically connected, and electric energy transfer control unit (20) is electrically connected with direct current energy buanch unit (21) and voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit (25) respectively; Direct current energy buanch unit (21) is electrically connected with voltage-tracing control unit (24) and direct current energy unloading unit (23) respectively; Microprocessor (27) connects anti-protected location (26), voltage/unloading cubic content measurement unit (25), direct current energy unloading unit (23), electric energy unloading current control unit (22) and data processing with electric energy transfer source and unloading source polarity respectively and terminal display alarm system (28) is electrically connected; Electric energy unloading current control unit (22) is electrically connected with direct current energy unloading unit (23).
2. direct current energy translator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said electric energy transfer control unit (20) comprises comparator U13A, and triode Q11 and resistance R 32-R35, R64, R65, R83, R84, R49 are electrically connected.
3. direct current energy translator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said direct current energy buanch unit (21) comprises that boost translator (1), electric energy step-down translator (2), the transfer switch that boosts (3) and step-down transfer switch (4) of electric energy is electrically connected; The said electric energy translator (1) that boosts comprises that model is the MC33063 chip U9 that boosts, and expands stream pipe QW2, rectifying tube DW3; Inductance L 1, resistance R 81, R54 and capacitor C 53 are electrically connected, and said electric energy step-down translator (2) comprises that model is XL4005 step-down chip U2; Diode D4, inductance L 2, resistance R 54, R55, R56 and capacitor C54, C56 are electrically connected; The said transfer switch that boosts (3) comprises triode Q6, resistance R 51, R21, R72, and switching tube QW1 and triode Q6 are electrically connected; Said step-down transfer switch (4) comprises triode Q4, Q5, Q7, and resistance R 22, R52, R73, R52 and switching tube Q12 are electrically connected.
4. direct current energy translator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described direct current energy unloading unit (23) comprises thyratron Q2, and optocoupler U11, diode D3 and resistance R 19, R0 are electrically connected.
5. direct current energy translator according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described electric energy unloading current control unit (22) comprises triode Q8; Comparator U12A; Current sampling resistor R80//R88, amplifier Q10, Q13, resistance R 58, R48, R27, R86, R60, R61, R62, R59 and capacitor C 58 are electrically connected.
6. direct current energy translator according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described voltage/unloading cubic content measurement control unit (25) comprises that appearance prosecution system switch (25-1) and cubic content measurement control circuit (25-2) are electrically connected: described appearance prosecution system switch (25-1) comprises triode Q9, expands stream pipe Q3 and resistance R F1 electrical connection; Described cubic content measurement control circuit (25-2) comprises resistance R 28, R40, R38, R43, R30, R31, R44, R39, R46, R45, R47; Emitter follower U8A, U8D, U8C, voltage-stabiliser tube D6, D7, D8 and filter capacitor C40, C46, C48, C47, C44, C48 are electrically connected.
7. direct current energy translator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described voltage-tracing control unit (24) comprises comparator U7, and resistance R 36, R37, R87, R66, R67 and capacitor C 45 are electrically connected.
8. direct current energy translator according to claim 1; It is characterized in that: described electric energy transfer source and electric energy unloading source polarity connect anti-protected location (26) and comprise triode QB1, QB2, QB3, QB4, and the bright LED1 of diode DB1, DB2 and alarm lamp, LED2 are electrically connected.
9. direct current energy translator according to claim 1 is characterized in that: said microprocessor (27) be have the dot matrix display driver, measure to judge and controlled function, model is the C8051F120 single-chip microcomputer.
CN2012100966817A 2012-04-05 2012-04-05 Direct-current electric energy transfer device Pending CN102638075A (en)

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CN202564980U (en) * 2012-04-05 2012-11-28 吉林市江机民科实业有限公司 Direct-current electric energy transfer device

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Application publication date: 20120815