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CN102551897A - Disposal handheld dental device - Google Patents

Disposal handheld dental device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102551897A
CN102551897A CN 201010606527 CN201010606527A CN102551897A CN 102551897 A CN102551897 A CN 102551897A CN 201010606527 CN201010606527 CN 201010606527 CN 201010606527 A CN201010606527 A CN 201010606527A CN 102551897 A CN102551897 A CN 102551897A
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dental
body
main
device
tool
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CN 201010606527
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Chinese (zh)
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吴铭远
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吴铭远
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Abstract

The invention discloses a disposal handlheld dental device. The disposal handheld dental device comprises a main body, a counter weight and at least a tool, wherein the counter weight is arranged in the main body, a part of the tool is arranged in the main body, and a part of the tool is exposed outside; the exposed part of the tool comprises a practical tool used by a dental doctor during treatment; and a threaded main body cover matches a thread on the main body so that the main body cover can be locked into the main body and is fixed by the counter weight. The disposal handheld dental device further comprises a use indicator for indicating whether the dental device is used or not; therefore, a patient can easily judge whether the dental device is already used on other patients or not.

Description

抛弃式手持牙科器具 Disposable hand-held dental instruments

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明有关一种牙科设备,特别是关于一种可在使用后直接抛弃的手持牙科器具,以避免病患间的交叉感染,并可消除对消毒程序的需求。 [0001] The present invention relates to a dental device, particularly to a directly disposable hand-held dental appliance after use to avoid cross infection among patients and may eliminate the need for sterilization process.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 牙科医师会利用各种手持器具来达到对病患牙齿的维护手续与矫正牙齿问题。 [0002] dentist will use a variety of hand-held instruments to achieve and maintain procedures to correct dental problems of patients teeth.

[0003] 参阅图1,其为先前技术的牙科器具的示意图,此传统的牙科器具100包含有一实心金属本体110,其具有一金属工具120位于此实心金属本体110的末端。 [0003] Referring to Figure 1, which is a schematic view of a dental appliance prior art, this conventional dental appliance 100 includes a solid metal body 110 having a tool 120 at the end of this metal a solid metal body 110.

[0004] 由于传统的牙科器具100由全金属制造,所以此牙科器具100具有一相对的重量, 此重量提供一种平衡并使器具使用上更为舒适。 [0004] Since 100 manufactured by the conventional all-metal dental appliance, so this dental appliance 100 having a relative weight, the weight of this instrument to provide a balanced and more comfortable to use.

[0005] 然而,每次使用完牙科器具100之后,必须在该牙科器具100使用于另一病患之前加以消毒,以避免污染及可能的传染,或病患间的细菌传播。 [0005] However, after each use the dental appliance 100, must be sterilized before use of the dental appliance 100 to another patient, to avoid contamination and possible infection or the spread of bacteria among patients. 例如,如果病患A带有一病毒, 而牙科器具使用于病患A之后,没有经过消毒就使用于病患B,有可能造成病患B就会受到病毒感染。 For example, if after a patient A with a virus, and dental instruments used in patient A, has not been disinfected for use in patients with B, B may cause the patient will be infected. 因此,传统牙科器具的使用就存在一个对并患有负面影响的潜在危险。 Therefore, the use of traditional dental appliance there is a potential risk of suffering from the negative effects of and.

[0006] 另外,由于传统的牙科器具采用实心金属制成,使此牙科工具在生产和购买价格上则相对昂贵。 [0006] Further, since the conventional dental appliance made of solid metal, so that the dental tool of this production is relatively expensive and the purchase price. 再者,还有一些附加的成本考量,包含消毒程序、消毒用设备以及完成消毒程序所需消耗的牙科专业人力时间。 Furthermore, there are some additional cost considerations including disinfection procedures, dental professional manpower and time to complete disinfection equipment sterilization procedures required for consumption.

[0007] 因此,有需要提出一种可抛弃的改良的手持牙科器具,以便消除对消毒程序的需求。 [0007] Therefore, there is a need for a disposable hand-held dental instruments improved, in order to eliminate the need for sterilization procedures.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 为达到本发明中所述的优点并克服先前技术的缺点,本发明提供一种手持牙科器具,其具有价格相对便宜,并可于使用后直接抛弃,以消除消毒程序以及避免病患间的相互感染。 [0008] To achieve the advantages of the present invention overcomes the disadvantages of the prior art and the present invention provides a hand-held dental instrument having a relatively cheap, and can be directly used in the disposable to eliminate the sterilization process and avoid patients infection among each other.

[0009] 本发明的手持牙科器具包含有一主体(main body)、一牙科工具(dental implement)及一配重物(weight)。 [0009] The dental hand instrument according to the present invention comprises a body (main body), a dental instrument (dental implement) and a counterweight (weight).

[0010] 此主体包含一延展性材料,例如,塑胶材质;此主体被模制为一适当形状以作为此牙科器具的本体,提供牙科医师在使用时握持。 [0010] This body comprises a ductile material, e.g., plastic material; this body is molded into a suitable shape for this dental appliance as a bulk, there is provided a grip dentist during use.

[0011] 此配重物设置于主体内,并提供此手持牙科器具能具有一相对重量;此相对重量可使本发明的手持牙科器具的触感与传统牙科器具相似。 [0011] This counterweight is provided in the main body, and can provide a hand held dental implement having a relative weight; wt hand held dental appliance can touch and the present invention is similar to conventional dental appliance. 因此,牙科医师可以轻易使用本发明的手持牙科器具来取代传统的牙科器具,而不需要改变他们的技术。 Therefore, dentists can easily use hand-held dental device of the present invention is to replace the traditional dental appliance, without the need to change their technology.

[0012] 上述牙科工具的一部份模制设置于该主体内,其余部份则暴露或延伸到主体外面。 [0012] a part of the molding of said dental tool is disposed in the body, the rest of the body is exposed to the outside, or extend. 此牙科工具包含有,例如,弯钩(hook)、口腔镜(mirror)、刮刀(scrape)、填塞器(packer)、卷曲物(curl)、锉刀(file)、扁平端(flattened end)、切刃(pick)或是镘刀(trowel)ο This comprises a dental tool, for example, a hook (Hook), a dental mirror (Mirror), scraper (scraping without), obturator (Packer), curl (curl), File (File), a flat end (flattened end), cut Blade (Pick) or trowel (trowel) ο

[0013] 由于此主体包含有价格低廉的材质,使得此手持牙科器具的成本较低,并可容许牙科器具在每次使用后可直接抛弃。 [0013] Because the body comprises a material of low price, such that this low-cost hand-held dental appliance, and may allow the dental appliance may be directly discarded after each use.

[0014] 本发明的手持牙科器具更包含有一使用指示器,用以指示此手持牙科器具之前是否已经被使用过。 [0014] The dental hand tool of the present invention further comprises a usage indicator for indicating whether or not this has been used before the hand-held dental instrument. 当此使用指示器碰到唾液或血液时,使用指示器将会改变颜色或溶解,所以病患可以轻易地以视觉判断此牙科器具在之前是否有被使用过,因此,可避免病患间的感染发生。 When this indicator is encountered using saliva or blood, the use of the indicator will change color or dissolved, so that patients can easily be visually determined whether before the dental appliance has been used, therefore, may avoid inter-patient infection.

[0015] 本发明更包含有一模制主体(molded main body)及一主体盖(main body cap)。 [0015] The present invention further includes a molded body (molded main body) and a cap body (main body cap). 此模制主体包含一中空腔室及一带螺纹主体端,主体盖则包含有盖螺纹,其与此带螺纹主体端相配合。 This molded body comprises a hollow chamber and a threaded end of the body, the body cover includes a threaded cap which mate with the threaded body to this end. 一配重物插入此中空腔室中,且主体盖锁入主体中,以固定此配重物。 A counterweight of which is inserted in the hollow chamber, the body and the lid lock into the body in order to anchor the counterweight. 在使用此牙科器具之后,可以旋开此主体盖并将配重物移出,然后可以将具工具的主体与主体盖抛弃,而此配重物则可保留再次使用。 After using this dental appliance, you can unscrew the cap and with this body weight is removed, then the tool body and the body of the tool cover abandoned, and this counterweight can be reserved for use again. 由于此配重物可以再次使用,故可降低牙科工具的成本。 Since this counterweight can be used again, it can reduce the cost of the dental tool.

[0016] 本发明更包含有一模制主体及一带螺纹配重物(threaded weight),此模造主体包含有一中空腔室及一带螺纹主体端。 [0016] The present invention further includes a molded body and a threaded counterweight (threaded weight), this mode is made hollow body comprises a chamber body and a threaded end. 此带螺纹配重物包含有一配重盖及配重物螺纹,使其与带螺纹主体端相配合;此带螺纹配重物插入中空腔室内,且配重物螺纹锁入至此主体的带螺纹主体端中,以固定带螺纹配重物。 This threaded counterweight comprises a counterweight and counterweight cover thread, it cooperates with the threaded end of the body; this threaded interior cavity is inserted into the counterweight, and the counterweight is locked into the screw threaded body point body ends, a threaded fixed counterweight. 在使用此牙科器具之后,此带螺纹配重物会被旋开并移出,然后配有工具的主体将会被抛弃,而带螺纹配重物则可供再次使用。 After using this dental appliance, this threaded counterweight is unscrewed and removed, and then with a body of the tool will be abandoned, and threaded counterweight is available again.

[0017] 一种抛弃式手持牙科器具,包括:一主体;一配重物,其位于该主体内;以及至少一工具,其一部份设置于该主体内,并留下该工具的另一部份暴露在外。 [0017] A disposable dental hand tool, comprising: a main body; a counterweight, which is located within the body; and at least one tool, one part disposed in the body, and leaving the other of the tool most exposed.

[0018] 一种抛弃式手持牙科器具,包括:一主体;一配重物,其位于该主体内;至少一工具,其一部份设置于该主体内,并留下该工具的另一部份暴露在外;以及一使用指示器,用以指示该抛弃式手持牙科器具已经被使用过。 [0018] A disposable dental hand tool, comprising: a main body; a counterweight, which is located within the body; at least one tool, one part disposed in the body, and leaving the other portion of the tool parts exposed; and a use indicator, to indicate that the hand-held disposable dental appliance has been used.

[0019] 一种抛弃式手持牙科器具,包括:一主体;一配重物,其位于该主体内;至少一工具,其一部份设置于该主体内,并留下该工具的另一部份暴露在外;以及一使用指示器,用以指示该抛弃式手持牙科器具已经被使用过,该使用指示器包含一水溶性材料或混合物, 使其接触到唾液或血液时会改变颜色。 [0019] A disposable dental hand tool, comprising: a main body; a counterweight, which is located within the body; at least one tool, one part disposed in the body, and leaving the other portion of the tool parts exposed; and a use indicator, to indicate that the hand-held disposable dental appliance has been used, the usage indicator comprises a water-soluble material or a mixture, it will change color upon contact with saliva or blood.

[0020] 本发明达到的有益技术效果在于:价格相对便宜,并可于使用后直接抛弃,以消除消毒程序以及避免病患间的相互感染。 [0020] The present invention is achieved in that the beneficial technical effects: relatively cheap, and can be directly used in the disposable to eliminate the sterilization process and to avoid cross contamination between patients.

[0021] 底下藉由具体实施例配合所附的图式详加说明,当更容易了解本发明的目的、技术内容、特点及其所达成的功效。 FIG formula elaborate by specific embodiments with the accompanying [0021] Under embodiment, when the object of the present invention easier to understand, the technical contents, features, and effects achieved.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0022] 图1为先前技术的牙科器具的示意图; [0022] FIG. 1 is a prior art schematic view of a dental appliance;

[0023] 图2A为根据本发明一实施例的具有单一工具及分离式配重物的手持牙科器具的剖视图; [0023] 2A is a cross-sectional view of a dental appliance having a hand-held single tool and the counterweight is a separate embodiment of the present invention, Fig;

[0024] 图2B及图2C为根据本发明一实施例的具有二工具及一分离式配重物的手持牙科器具的剖视图; [0024] FIGS. 2B and 2C is a cross-sectional view of a two hand tools and a separate counterweight dental appliance in accordance with an embodiment of FIG embodiment of the invention;

[0025] 图2D为图2C的手持牙科器具的有斜角工具的侧视图; [0025] FIG 2D is a side view of a handheld tool angle dental appliance of FIG. 2C;

[0026] 图3A为根据本发明一实施例的具有单一配重工具的手持牙科器具的剖视图; [0026] 3A is a cross-sectional view of a hand-held dental appliance single counterweight tool according to an embodiment FIG embodiment of the present invention;

[0027] 图;3B为根据本发明一实施例的具有双端配重工具的手持牙科器具的剖视图;[0028] 图3C为根据本发明一实施例的具有单一配重工具与口腔镜的手持牙科器具的剖视图; [0027] FIG.; 3B is a cross-sectional view of a hand-held dental implement double-ended counterweight tool according to an embodiment of the present invention; [0028] FIG 3C is a handset having a single counterweight tools and dental mirror according to an embodiment of the present invention a cross-sectional view of a dental appliance;

[0029] 图4A〜图4D为根据本发明实施例的额外工具的示意图; [0029] FIG 4A~ 4D are additional embodiments of the tool according to the present invention; and FIG.

[0030] 图5A为根据本发明一实施例的具有使用指示器的单端手持牙科器具的示意图; [0030] FIG 5A is a schematic diagram of a handheld dental appliance has a single-ended using a pointer according to an embodiment of the present invention;

[0031] 图5B为根据本发明一实施例的具有使用指示器的双端手持牙科器具的示意图 [0031] FIG 5B is a schematic diagram of a handheld dental implement having a double-ended using a pointer according to an embodiment of the present invention

[0032] 图6A为根据本发明一实施例的具有带螺纹主体与主体盖的牙科器具示意图; [0032] FIG 6A is a schematic view of a threaded body and the lid body having a dental appliance in an embodiment of the present invention;

[0033] 图6B为根据本发明一实施例的具有带螺纹主体与带螺纹配重体的牙科器具示意图。 [0033] FIG 6B is a schematic view of a threaded body and having a dental instrument with a threaded body weight to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0034] 附图标记说明 [0034] REFERENCE NUMERALS

[0035] 200-手持牙科器具;210-主体;210a_主体的一部份;210b_带螺纹主体端; 210c-主体盖;210d-盖螺纹;210e-中空腔室;220-配重物;230-(第一)工具;230a_工具的一部份;230b-配重物;230c-工具的一部份;230d-第二工具;231-第二工具;231a_工具的丨部份;232-第二工具;250-使用指示器。 [0035] 200- handheld dental appliance; 210- body; 210a_ body part; 210b_ threaded body end; 210c- body cover; 210d- threaded cap; 210e- hollow chamber; counterweight 220; 230- (first) tool; 230a_ tool part; 230b- counterweight; 230c- part of a tool; 230d- second tool; 231- second tool; 231a_ Shu tool part; 232- second tool; 250 using a pointer.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0036] 本发明的实施例及所参照的随附图式将在以下作详细说明。 [0036] Examples and with reference to the accompanying drawings of the present invention will be described in detail below. 图式所使用的元件符号与实施例所使用的元件符号相同。 Reference numerals used in the drawings and the reference numerals used in the same embodiment.

[0037] 请参阅图2A,其根据本发明一实施例的具有单一工具及分离式配重物的手持牙科器具的剖视图。 [0037] Please refer to FIGS. 2A, which is a sectional view of a single tool and a separate counterweight handheld dental appliance in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention.

[0038] 如图2A所示,本发明的手持牙科器具200包括一主体210、一工具230及一配重物220。 [0038] As shown in FIG. 2A, the dental hand tool 200 of the invention comprises a body 210, a tool 230 and a counterweight 220.

[0039] 此主体210包含有一延展性材料(malleable material),例如,塑胶材质,且此主体被模制为一特定形状以形成一本体,提供给牙科医师在使用时握持。 [0039] This body 210 includes a ductile material (malleable material), for example, of plastic material, and this body is molded to a particular shape to form a main body, a grip is provided to the dental practitioner during use.

[0040] 上述工具230的一部份230a模制设于主体210内,工具230的剩余部份则延伸到主体210外面。 [0040] a part of the tool 230 provided in the main body 230a within the mold 210, the remaining portion 230 of the tool extends outside the body 210. 此剩余部份包含有实际工具,可提供牙科医师于治疗程序中使用。 This remaining portion includes the actual tool, the dental practitioner may be provided for use in the treatment program. 在图2A 所绘制的实施例中,此工具为一钩状刮刀(hooked scraper)。 In the embodiment drawn in FIG. 2A, the tool is a hook blade (hooked scraper). 在本发明的其他实施例中,此工具包含有钩状刮刀、口腔镜、填塞器、卷曲物、锉刀、扁平端、切刃、镘刀或是其他可以供牙科医师使用的工具。 In other embodiments of the present invention, the tool includes a blade with a hook, a dental mirror, obturator, curl, rasp, flat end cutting edge, trowel or other tools can be used for the dental practitioner.

[0041] 此配重物220模制于手持牙科器具200的主体210内,在此实施例中,配重物220 与工具230为分离。 [0041] This counterweight 220 molded within body 210 holding a dental appliance 200, in this embodiment, the counterweight 220 and the tool 230 is separated. 配重物220提供此手持牙科器具200能具有一相对重量;如果没有此配重物220,手持牙科器具200会感觉太轻,且牙科医师则需要调整他们的技巧来使用此工具。 This provides a counterweight 220 handheld dental appliance 200 can have a relative weight; if this is not a counterweight 220, 200 hand-held dental instruments feel too light, and the dentist will need to adjust their skills to use this tool.

[0042] 由于此主体210包含有价格低廉的材质,使得此手持牙科器具200的成本较低,并可在每次使用后抛弃。 [0042] Because the body 210 comprises a material of low price, so that the hand held dental appliance 200 is low cost and can be discarded after each use. 因此,本发明的手持牙科器具可以较低廉的价钱生产及购买,并可消除消毒程序的需求以及保护病患健康。 Therefore, hand-held dental device of the present invention can be produced and purchased cheaper price, and can eliminate the need for sterilization procedures and the protection of patient health.

[0043] 请参阅图2B,其根据本发明一实施例的具有二工具及一分离式配重物的手持牙科器具的剖视图。 [0043] Please refer to Figure 2B, a cross-sectional view of a hand-held dental appliance in accordance with weights having two tools which an embodiment of the present invention and a separate.

[0044] 如图2B所示的实施例,此手持牙科工具200包含有第一工具230与第二工具231。 [0044] The embodiment illustrated in FIG. 2B, this dental hand tool 200 includes a first tool and a second tool 230 231. 第一工具230的一部份230a与第二工具231的一部份231a皆模制设于主体210内,并保 A first tool portion 230 is a portion 230a and 231a of the second molding tool 231 are provided in the main body 210, and Paul

6留第一工具230与第二工具231的剩余部份暴露或突出主体210外。 6 leaving the first tool 230 and the remaining portion 231 of the second tool body 210 is exposed or protruded outside.

[0045] 一配重物220配置于主体210内,以提供一相对重量给手持牙科器具200。 [0045] with a weight 220 disposed in the main body 210, to provide a hand-held dental appliance relative to 200 wt.

[0046] 在本实施例中的手持牙科器具包含有二工具230、231,所以牙科医师毋需再另外拾取分离的工具,故可增加此器具的价值。 [0046] The dental hand tool of the present embodiment includes two tools 230, 231, the dentist no longer have additional pick up separate tools, it can increase the value of this appliance.

[0047] 请参阅图2C,其根据本发明一实施例的具有二工具及一分离式配重物的手持牙科器具的剖视图;以及图2D,其为图2C的手持牙科器具的有斜角工具的侧视图。 [0047] Referring to FIG. 2C, there is a cross-sectional view of a two hand tools and a separate counterweight dental appliance in an embodiment of the present invention; and 2D, the beveled tool which FIG. 2C handheld dental appliance side view.

[0048] 在图2C所示的实施例,本发明的手持牙科器具200包含一第一工具230及一第二工具232,在本实施例中,第二工具232为一口腔镜,此口腔镜的边缘模制设于主体210的一部份210a,并留下多数的口腔镜暴露在外。 [0048] The embodiment illustrated in FIG. 2C, the dental hand tool 200 of the present invention comprises a first tool and a second tool 230 232, in the present embodiment, the tool 232 is a second mirror, this mirror oral the molded edge portion is provided on a main body 210a 210 and leave exposed most of the dental mirror.

[0049] 在本发明的一些实施例中,工具根据主体而具有一角度。 [0049] In some embodiments of the present invention, according to the tool body and having an angle. 例如,如图2D所示,口腔镜设置有一角度,以提供牙科医师更易于看到后面牙齿。 For example, shown in Figure 2D, it is provided with a mirror angle oral, dental practitioner to provide easier to see the back teeth.

[0050] 请参阅图3A,其根据本发明一实施例的具有单一配重工具的手持牙科器具的剖视图。 [0050] Please refer to Figure 3A, a sectional view of a dental appliance having a hand-held single tool counterweight to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0051] 在图3A所示的实施例中,手持牙科器具200包含有一主体210、一工具230及一配重物230b。 [0051] In the embodiment shown in FIG. 3A, the handheld dental appliance 200 includes a body 210, a tool 230 and a counterweight 230b. 在此实施例中,工具230附属于配重物230b或是包含相同材质以形成单一构件。 In this embodiment, the tool 230 is attached to a counterweight 230b comprise the same material or to form a single member. 此配重物230b及工具230的一部份230a皆模制设于主体210内,工具230剩余部份则暴露在外,并被医师使用作为实际工具,例如,一刮刀用来移除一病患牙齿上的齿菌斑。 210, tool 230 is exposed to the remaining portion of this tool counterweight 230b and 230a are molded part provided in the outer body 230, and is used as a practical tool for the physician, for example, a doctor blade is used to remove a patient plaque on the teeth.

[0052] 换言之,此单一配重工具的一部份230a、230b模制设于主体210内,并保留第一工具230露出在外。 [0052] In other words, this tool is a single weight part 230a, 230b disposed in the molding body 210, and keep the first tool 230 exposed to the outside.

[0053] 利用单一构件的工具与配重物,或是配重工具都可以简化手持牙科器具的制造。 [0053] with a single member with the counterweight means or counterweight holding tools can simplify the manufacturing of the dental appliance.

[0054] 请参阅图:3B,其根据本发明一实施例的具有双端配重工具的手持牙科器具的剖视图。 [0054] Referring to FIG: 3B, a cross-sectional view of a double-ended tool counterweight holding a dental appliance in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention.

[0055] 如图;3B所示的实施例中,此手持牙科器具200包含有一主体210、第一工具230、 第二工具230d以及一配重物230b。 [0055] FIG; the embodiment shown in Figure 3B, this hand-held dental appliance 200 includes a body 210, first tool 230, second tool 230d and a counterweight 230b.

[0056] 在此实施例中,第一工具230与第二工具230d附属于配重物230b或是形成一单一构件。 [0056] In this embodiment, the first tool and the second tool 230 is attached to a counterweight 230b 230d is formed or a single member. 例如,第一构件230、第二构件230d及配重物230b包含有相同材质,并被制造为一构件以形成双端配重工具。 For example, the first member 230, second member 230d and 230b includes a counterweight of the same material, and is produced as a member to form a double-ended tool weight.

[0057] 此第一工具230的一部份230a与第二工具230d的一部份230c以及配重物230b 被模制设于主体210内。 [0057] This first part of the tool 230 of the second tool part 230a and 230c and 230d of the counterweight 230b is disposed within the molded body 210. 换言之,双端配重工具的一部份230a、230b、230c模制设于主体210内,并留下第一工具230与第二工具230d暴露在外。 In other words, the double-end part of the counterweight means 230a, 230b, 230c disposed in the molding body 210, and leave the first tool and the second tool 230 exposed 230d.

[0058] 请参阅图3C,其根据本发明一实施例的具有单一配重工具与作为第二工具的口腔镜的手持牙科器具的剖视图。 [0058] Please refer to Figure 3C, a cross-sectional view of a dental appliance having a hand-held single tool weight and tool as a second embodiment of a dental mirror of the present invention.

[0059] 如图3C所示的实施例,其与图2C的实施例类似,其中,此手持牙科器具200包含 [0059] The embodiment illustrated in FIG. 3C, which is similar to the embodiment of FIG. 2C, wherein the hand held dental appliance comprising 200

有一第一工具230及一第二工具232。 A first tool and a second tool 230 232.

[0060] 然而,在图3C所示的实施例中,此手持牙科器具200包含第一工具230及一配重物230b,二者互相依附或是制造成单一构件而组成一配重工具。 [0060] However, in the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 3C, the hand held dental appliance 200 comprises a first counterweight means 230 and 230b, or both mutual dependence manufactured as a single member composed of a counterweight tool.

[0061] 请参阅图4A至图4D,其根据本发明实施例的额外工具的示意图。 [0061] Please refer to FIGS. 4A to 4D, the schematic diagram of the embodiment in which an additional embodiment of the tool according to the present invention.

[0062] 在本发明的该等实施例中,工具包含有一钩状刮刀、口腔镜、填塞器(如图4A所示)、卷曲物、锉刀(如图4B所示)、扁平端(如图4D所示)、切刃、镘刀(如图4C所示)或是其他可供牙科医师使用的工具。 [0062] In those embodiments of the present invention, the tool includes a hook-shaped blade, a dental mirror, obturator (FIG. 4A), curl, rasp (FIG. 4B), the flat side (FIG. FIG 4D), the cutting edge, trowel (FIG. 4C) or other tool for dental use physician.

[0063] 请参阅图5A,其根据本发明一实施例的具有使用指示器的单端手持牙科器具的示意图。 [0063] Please refer to FIGS. 5A, a schematic view of a dental appliance which has a hand-held single-ended using a pointer according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0064] 图5A所示的实施例类似于图2A及图3A的实施例,其中,配重物(图中未示)及工具230的一区段或一部份(图中未示)都模制于主体210内。 Embodiment illustrated in [0064] FIG 5A is similar to FIG. 2A and FIG. 3A embodiment, wherein the counterweight (not shown) and a section of the tool 230 or a portion (not shown) are molded in the main body 210.

[0065] 然而,在图5A所示的实施例中,本发明的手持牙科器具更包含有一使用指示器250附属于主体210,此使用指示器250作为一个感测器,用以侦测并指示此牙科器具是否被使用过。 [0065] However, in the embodiment shown in FIG. 5A, the handheld dental appliance of the present invention further includes a usage indicator 250 attached to the main body 210, this indicator is used as a sensor 250, for detecting and indicating whether the dental appliance is used. 如此,一病患可以很轻易的确认此牙科器具之前是否曾经被使用于其他病患上。 Thus, a patient can easily confirm ever been used on other patients before this dental appliance.

[0066] 当此牙科器具200的工具230进入病患嘴内时,此使用指示器250会与病患的牙龈、牙齿、嘴唇、脸颊、舌头或其他嘴部的其他部分,或是唾液、血液或齿菌斑等接触。 [0066] When the tool 200 of this dental appliance 230 into the patients mouth, the indicator 250 will be used with gums, other parts of the teeth, lips, cheeks, tongue, mouth, or other, patient or saliva, blood contacting plaque or the like. 使用在使用指示器250的材料的属性与特征将会导致此使用指示器有视觉上的变化。 Materials used in the indicator 250 will cause the attributes and characteristics using visual indicator changes. 例如,假如此使用指示器250原本为白色的,一旦当此使用指示器250进入一病患的嘴内时,会与嘴部的一区域、嘴内的唾液、嘴内的血液或齿菌斑接触,使得使用指示器250将会改变颜色。 For example, if the indicator 250 used originally white, once when using the pointer 250 enters within a patient's mouth, and will be a region of the mouth, the saliva in the mouth, the mouth or plaque in blood contacts, such that the use of the indicator 250 will change color.

[0067] 使用在制造使用指示器250的材料包含有一材料或化学混合物,其特征或属性可使得材料或化学混合物在碰到唾液、血液或齿菌斑时会改变其原来属性。 [0067] The use of materials containing the indicator 250 is a material or a chemical mixture, characterized in that the material or property in the face or chemical mixtures of saliva, blood or plaque changes its original properties.

[0068] 举例来说,一种石蕊材料或混合物利用一胶带粘附在此牙科器具的主体上并靠近工具处。 [0068] For example, one or a mixture of materials using a litmus tape was adhered to the main body of this dental appliance at and near the tool. 当水溶性石蕊混合物接触到唾液时,作为使用指示器的石蕊的颜色将会改变。 When the mixture was exposed to saliva-soluble litmus, used as the color of litmus indicator will change.

[0069] 又例如,一种易溶解材料可以用来作为使用指示器。 [0069] As another example, an easily dissolving the material used can be used as an indicator. 当此使用指示器接触到水分时,例如血液或唾液,此易溶解材料会开始溶解,一病患或是医师可以轻易的看到使用指示器的变质,并确认此牙科器具之前已经被使用过了。 When this indicator is exposed to water use, such as blood or saliva, easily dissolved this material will start to dissolve, a patient or the physician can easily see the deterioration indicator used, and has been used previously to confirm this dental appliance a.

[0070] 又例如,一种吸水性材料(absorbent material)也可用来作为使用指示器。 [0070] As another example, one kind of water-absorbent material (absorbent material) can also be used as an indicator. 当此使用指示器触碰到血液时,血液会被吸收到使用指示器内,并使得使用指示器的某一部份会被血液染色而转变为红色。 When this indicator when using touch the blood, the blood will be absorbed into the use of the indicator, and makes use of a portion of the indicator will be blood stained and to red.

[0071] 在本发明的一些实施例中,使用指示器可以延伸至工具的部份或全部暴露出的部份。 [0071] In some embodiments of the present invention, the indicator may be used to extend the tool part or all of the exposed part. 如此,当工具开始进入并接触病患嘴巴内时,此使用指示器将以视觉上的指示此使用指示器曾被使用过。 Thus, when the tool is entered in the patient and in contact with the mouth, this indicator will use visual indication on the use of this indicator has been used.

[0072] 图5B为根据本发明一实施例的具有使用指示器的双端手持牙科器具的示意图。 [0072] FIG 5B is a hand-held dental appliance having a double-ended using a pointer according to an embodiment of the present invention. FIG.

[0073] 如图5B所示的实施例,其类似于图5A的实施例,然而,在图5B所示的实施例包含有二工具230、231以及二使用指示器250,在此实施例中,只要是其中一个工具230、231被使用过,则使用指示器250将会指示此牙科器具200已经被使用过。 [0073] The embodiment shown in FIG. 5B, which is similar to the embodiment of FIG. 5A, however, in the embodiment shown in FIG. 5B includes two two tools 230, 231 and 250 using a pointer, in this embodiment as long as one of the tools 230, 231 are used, use the indicator 250 will indicate this dental appliance 200 has been used.

[0074] 请参阅图6A,其为根据本发明一实施例的具有带螺纹主体与主体盖的牙科器具示意图。 [0074] Please refer to FIGS. 6A, which is a schematic view of an embodiment of the present invention having a threaded body and the lid body dental appliance.

[0075] 如图6A所示的实施例中,本发明的抛弃式牙科器具200更包含有一模制主体(molded main body) 210 及一主体盖(main body cap) 210c。 The embodiment shown in FIG. 6A [0075], a disposable dental appliance 200 according to the present invention further includes a molded body (molded main body) 210, and a cover body (main body cap) 210c. 此模制主体210 包含一中空腔室210e及一带螺纹主体端210b,主体盖210c更包含有与带螺纹主体端210b相配合的盖螺纹210d。 This molded body comprises a hollow chamber 210 and a threaded body end 210e 210b, 210c cover the body further comprises a cap screw 210d 210b mate with the threaded end of the body. 一配重物220插入此中空腔室210e中,且主体盖210c锁入主体210中,以固定此配重物220。 Of which a counterweight 220 is inserted in the hollow chamber 210e, and the body 210c is locked into the cover body 210, a counterweight 220 to fix this. 在使用此牙科器具200之后,可以旋开此主体盖210c并将配重物220移出,然后可以将具有工具232的主体210与主体盖210c抛弃,而此配重物220则可保留再次使用。 After use the dental appliance 200, this can unscrew the cap body 210c and the counterweight 220 is removed, then the tool has a main body 210 and a cover 232 210c discarded, and this counterweight 220 can be retained for reuse. 由于配重物220可以回收使用,故可降低牙科工具200的成本。 Since the counterweight 220 can be recycled, it can reduce the cost of the dental tool 200. [0076] 参阅图6B,其为根据本发明一实施例的具有带螺纹主体与带螺纹配重体的牙科器具示意图。 [0076] Refer to Figure 6B, which is a schematic view of a dental appliance having a threaded body and the threaded body weight to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0077] 在图6B所示的实施例中,本发明的抛弃式牙科器具200更包含有一模制主体210 及一带螺纹配重物220,此模造主体210包含有一中空腔室210e及一带螺纹主体端210b。 [0077] In the embodiment illustrated in FIG. 6B, the disposable dental appliance 200 of the invention further includes a molded body 210 and a threaded counterweight 220, this mold made main body 210 includes a hollow chamber 210e and a threaded body end 210b. 此带螺纹配重物220包含有一配重盖220a及配重物螺纹220b,配重物螺纹220b与带螺纹主体端210b相配合。 This threaded counterweight 220 includes a counterweight and a counterweight screw cap 220a 220b, 220b counterweight threaded body and the threaded end 210b mate. 此带螺纹配重物220插入中空腔室2IOe内,且配重物螺纹220b锁入至此主体210的带螺纹主体端210b中,以固定带螺纹配重物220。 This threaded counterweight 220 is inserted into the hollow chamber 2IOe, counterweight and screw 220b is locked into the threaded body end point 210b of the body 210 in a fixed threaded counterweight 220. 在使用此牙科器具200 之后,此带螺纹配重物220会被旋开并移出,然后配有工具232的主体210将会被抛弃,而带螺纹配重物220则可留下并再次使用。 After use the dental appliance 200, this threaded counterweight 220 is unscrewed and removed, then the tool 232 with a body 210 will be abandoned, and the counterweight 220 can be threaded and used again left.

[0078] 在图6A及图6B所示的实施例中,所绘制的工具为口腔镜。 [0078] In the embodiment illustrated in FIGS. 6A and 6B, the tool is drawn dental mirror. 然而,也可采用其他实施例的其他工具。 However, other means may be employed other embodiments.

[0079] 以上对本发明的描述是说明性的,而非限制性的,本专业技术人员理解,在权利要求限定的精神与范围的内可对其进行许多修改、变化或等效,但是它们都将落入本发明的保护范围内。 [0079] The above is the description of the invention illustrative and not restrictive, those skilled in the art appreciated defined within the spirit and scope of the claims may be many modifications, variations, or equivalent, but they all It will fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (20)

  1. 1. 一种抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,包括:一主体;一配重物,其位于该主体内;以及至少一工具,其一部份设置于该主体内,并留下该工具的另一部份暴露在外。 A disposable dental hand tool, characterized by comprising: a main body; a counterweight, which is located within the body; and at least one tool, one part disposed in the body, and leaving the tool another part exposed.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,该主体包含一塑胶材质。 2. The disposable according to claim 1 hand-held dental instrument, wherein the body comprises a plastic material.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,该配重物及该工具为分离的构件。 Disposable according to claim 1 hand-held dental instrument, characterized in that the counterweight and the tool as a separate member.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,该配重物及该工具为一体成形的构件。 4. A disposable according to claim 1 hand-held dental instrument, characterized in that the counterweight and the tool member are integrally formed.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,更包括一主体盖,以固定该配重物,该主体盖包含有螺纹与该主体的螺纹相配合。 5. A disposable according to claim 1 hand-held dental instrument, wherein the body further comprises a cover, to secure the counterweight, the body comprising a threaded cap with mating threads of the body.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,该工具对该主体倾斜一个角度。 The disposable according to claim 1, hand-held dental instrument, wherein the tool is inclined at an angle to the body.
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,更包括一使用指示器,用以指示该抛弃式手持牙科器具已经被使用过。 7. The disposable handheld dental appliance according to claim 1, characterized in that, further comprising a usage indicator, to indicate that the hand-held disposable dental appliance has been used.
  8. 8.如权利要求7所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,该使用指示器包含一水溶性材料或混合物,使其接触到唾液或血液时会改变颜色。 The disposable according to claim 7, hand-held dental instrument, wherein the usage indicator comprises a water-soluble material or a mixture, it will change color upon contact with saliva or blood.
  9. 9.如权利要求7所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,该使用指示器包含一易溶解材料,使其接触到唾液或血液时会溶解。 9. The disposable according to claim 7 handheld dental instrument, wherein the usage indicator comprises a material easily dissolved, so that it will dissolve upon contact with saliva or blood.
  10. 10.如权利要求1所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,更包括一使用指示器设置于该主体上,以指示该抛弃式手持牙科器具已经被使用过。 10. The disposable according to claim 1 hand-held dental instrument, characterized in that, further comprising a usage indicator provided on the body to indicate that the hand-held disposable dental appliance has been used.
  11. 11.如权利要求1所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,该配重物包含有配重物螺纹,以便与该主体的螺纹相配合。 11. The disposable according to claim 1 hand-held dental instrument, characterized in that the counterweight comprises a counterweight threaded to mate with threads of the body.
  12. 12. 一种抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,包括:一主体;一配重物,其位于该主体内;至少一工具,其一部份设置于该主体内,并留下该工具的另一部份暴露在外;以及一使用指示器,用以指示该抛弃式手持牙科器具已经被使用过。 A disposable dental hand tool, characterized by comprising: a main body; a counterweight, which is located within the body; at least one tool, one part disposed in the body, and leaving the tool another exposed portion; and a use indicator, to indicate that the hand-held disposable dental appliance has been used.
  13. 13.如权利要求12所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,该使用指示器包含一水溶性材料或混合物,使其接触到唾液或血液时会改变颜色。 12 13. The disposable hand-held dental instrument as claimed in claim, wherein the usage indicator comprises a water-soluble material or a mixture, it will change color upon contact with saliva or blood.
  14. 14.如权利要求12所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,更包括一主体盖,以固定该配重物于该主体内,该主体盖包含有盖螺纹与该主体的螺纹相配合。 14. The disposable handheld dental appliance according to claim 12, wherein the body further comprises a cover, to fix the counterweight inside the body, the body cover comprises a threaded cap cooperating with the threaded body .
  15. 15.如权利要求12所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,该配重物包含有配重物螺纹,以便与该主体的螺纹相配合。 15. The disposable according to claim 12 hand-held dental instrument, characterized in that the counterweight comprises a counterweight threaded to mate with threads of the body.
  16. 16.如权利要求12所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,该配重物及该工具为分离的构件。 16. The disposable according to claim 12 hand-held dental instrument, characterized in that the counterweight and the tool as a separate member.
  17. 17.如权利要求12所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,该配重物及该工具为一体成形的构件。 17. The disposable according to claim 12 hand-held dental instrument, characterized in that the counterweight and the tool member are integrally formed.
  18. 18. 一种抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,包括:一主体;一配重物,其位于该主体内;至少一工具,其一部份设置于该主体内,并留下该工具的另一部份暴露在外;以及一使用指示器,用以指示该抛弃式手持牙科器具已经被使用过,该使用指示器包含一水溶性材料或混合物,使其接触到唾液或血液时会改变颜色。 18. A disposable dental hand tool, characterized by comprising: a main body; a counterweight, which is located within the body; at least one tool, one part disposed in the body, and leaving the tool another exposed portion; and a use indicator, to indicate that the hand-held disposable dental appliance has been used, the usage indicator comprises a water-soluble material or a mixture, it will change color when exposed to saliva or blood .
  19. 19.如权利要求18所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,更包括一主体盖,其包含有盖螺纹与该主体的螺纹相配合。 19. The disposable according to claim 18 hand-held dental instrument, characterized in that, further comprising a body cover, comprising a cover which mate with threads of the threaded body.
  20. 20.如权利要求18所述的抛弃式手持牙科器具,其特征在于,该配重物包含有配重物螺纹,以便与该主体的螺纹相配合。 20. The disposable according to claim 18 hand-held dental instrument, characterized in that the counterweight comprises a counterweight threaded to mate with threads of the body.
CN 201010606527 2010-12-27 2010-12-27 Disposal handheld dental device CN102551897A (en)

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US20030207229A1 (en) * 2002-05-01 2003-11-06 Chan Wong Dental or surgical illuminated mirror
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