CN102546735A - Cloud computing system, cloud computing method and cloud - Google Patents

Cloud computing system, cloud computing method and cloud Download PDF

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CN102546735A
CN102546735A CN 201110000518 CN201110000518A CN102546735A CN 102546735 A CN102546735 A CN 102546735A CN 201110000518 CN201110000518 CN 201110000518 CN 201110000518 A CN201110000518 A CN 201110000518A CN 102546735 A CN102546735 A CN 102546735A
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cloud
service
function
unit
resource
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CN 201110000518
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CN102546735B (en )
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胡捷
邵伟翔
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中兴通讯股份有限公司
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Abstract

The invention discloses a cloud computing system. A terminal and/or a door function unit build/builds a safety mechanism with cloud and send/sends cloud service request to the cloud. After the cloud receives the cloud service request, other cloud is accessed by the cloud itself and/or through a cloud interworking function, cloud computing resource is arranged, and cloud service is provided for the terminal and/or the door function unit. The invention further discloses a cloud computing method and the cloud. By means of the technical scheme, integration, virtualization and automation of the cloud computing system can be achieved, the cloud can coordinate uniformly and arrange the cloud computing resource automatically, efficiency is improved, and defect that the existing cloud computing system can not arrange the cloud computing resource automatically is overcome.

Description

一种云计算系统、方法及云 One kind of a cloud computing system, a method and a cloud

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及互联网通信技术,尤其涉及一种云计算系统、方法及云。 [0001] The present invention relates to Internet communication technology, particularly to a cloud computing system, a method and a cloud. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 云计算是一个提供便捷的通过互联网访问一个可定制的IT资源共享池能力的按使用量付费模式,所述IT资源包括网络,服务器,存储,应用,服务,所述IT资源能够快速部署,并且只要很少的管理工作或很少的与服务供应商的交互。 [0002] Cloud computing is to provide a convenient pay-per-use mode to access the Internet through a customizable IT resources shared pool capacity of the IT resources, including networks, servers, storage, applications, services, the IT resources can quickly deployment, and as long as minimal management effort or very little interaction with the service provider.

[0003] 云计算的主要特点包括: [0003] The main features of the cloud comprises:

[0004] 按需自助服务:消费者可以单方面部署资源,如服务器和网络存储资源时按需部署而不需要服务供应商进行人工交互; [0004] demand self-service: the consumer can unilaterally deploy resources as needed without the need for service providers to deploy human interaction network server and storage resources;

[0005] 通过互联网获取:资源可以通过互联网获取,并可以通过标准方式访问,以通过瘦客户端或富客户端推广使用,例如通过移动电话、笔记本电脑、PDA等推广使用; [0005] available through the Internet: Resources available through the Internet and can be accessed through a standard way to end by promoting the use of thin-client or rich client, for example through mobile phones, laptops, PDA, etc. to promote the use;

[0006] 独立于地点的资源池:供应商的资源被池化,以便以多用户租用模式被所有客户使用,同时不同的物理和虚拟资源可根据客户需求动态分配和重新分配,客户一般无法控制或知道资源的确切位置,所述资源包括存储、处理器、内存、网络带宽和虚拟机器; [0006] independent of the location of the resource pool: supplier's resources are pooled to be used in multi-user rental model for all customers, and different physical and virtual resources dynamically assigned and reassigned according to customer demand, customer generally has no control or know the exact location of the resource, the resource includes a memory, a processor, memory, network bandwidth, and virtual machines;

[0007] 快速伸缩:资源可以迅速和弹性地部署,以便快速扩展和快速释放,对客户来说, 可以获取的资源看起来似乎是无限的,并且可在任何时间购买任何数量的资源; [0007] rapid expansion: resources can be rapidly and flexibly deployed to rapid expansion and quick release, for customers, can get the resources seem limitless, and you can purchase any number of resources at any time;

[0008] 按使用付费:对资源的收费是基于计量的一次一付,或基于广告的收费模式,以促进资源的优化利用,比如计量存储、带宽和计算资源的消耗,按月根据用户实际使用收费, 在一个组织内的云可以在部门之间计算费用,但不一定使用时机货币。 [0008] Pay per use: charging for resources is based on a measurement of a pay or fee-based advertising model, in order to promote the optimal use of resources, such as metering storage, bandwidth and computing resource consumption on a monthly basis based on actual user charge cloud within an organization expenses can be calculated between departments, but not necessarily the opportunity to use the currency.

[0009] 基于云计算的上述特点,云计算软件通过着重于无国界、低耦合、模块化和语义互操作性的面向服务来充分利用云计算模式的优势。 [0009] Based on the above characteristics of the cloud, the cloud computing software focuses on borderless, low coupling, modularity, and semantic interoperability of services oriented to take advantage of the cloud model.

[0010] 目前,云计算的交付模式主要有: [0010] At present, cloud computing delivery models are:

[0011] 软件即服务(SaaS,Software As A Service):提供给客户的服务是服务商运行在云计算基础设施上的应用程序,可以在各种客户端设备上通过瘦客户端界面访问,比如浏览器;消费者不需要管理或控制底层的云计算基础设施,包括网络、服务器、操作系统、存储系统,甚至不需要管理或控制单个应用程序的功能,其中,可能的例外就是需要设置一些有限的客户可定制的配置设置。 [0011] software as a service (SaaS, Software As A Service): to provide service to the customer is the service provider applications running on a cloud computing infrastructure, can be accessed through a thin client interface on a variety of client devices, such as browser; consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure including network, servers, operating systems, storage systems, do not even need a single application to manage or control features, with the possible exception is the need to set some limited customers can customize configuration settings.

[0012] 平台即服务(PaaS,Platform As A Service):提供给消费者的是将客户用供应商提供的开发语言和工具(例如JaVa、python、.Net)创建的应用程序部署到云计算基础设施上去;消费者不需要管理或控制的底层的云基础设施,包括网络、服务器、操作系统、存储系统,但消费者能控制部署的应用程序,也可能控制应用的托管环境配置。 [0012] Platform as a Service (PaaS, Platform As A Service): to provide to the consumer is to deploy the application development languages ​​and tools (eg JaVa, python, .Net) customers with suppliers to create a cloud computing infrastructure facilities up; consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure including networks, servers, operating systems, storage systems, but consumers can control the application deployment is also possible to control the application hosting environment configurations.

[0013] 基础设施即服务(IaaS,Infrastructure As A Service):提供给消费者的是出租处理能力、存储、网络和其它基本的计算资源,消费者能够部署和运行任意软件,包括操作系统和应用程序,消费者不管理或控制的底层的云计算基础设施,但能控制操作系统、储存、部署的应用,也有可能选择网络组件,例如,防火墙、负载均衡器。 [0013] Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS, Infrastructure As A Service): to provide to the consumer is rent processing power, storage, networks and other fundamental computing resources, consumers can deploy and run arbitrary software, including operating systems and applications program, the consumer does not manage or control the underlying cloud infrastructure, but it can control the operating system, storage, deployed applications, it is also possible to select network components, such as firewalls, load balancers. CN 102546735 A[0014] 现有的云计算的部署模式包括:私有云、社区云、公共云和混合云;其中, CN 102546735 A [0014] Existing deployment of cloud computing model comprising: a private cloud, cloud community, public and hybrid cloud; wherein,

[0015] 私有云:云基础设施是被一个单一的组织拥有或租用,该基础设施完全由该组织 [0015] Private cloud: the cloud infrastructure is owned or leased by a single organization, the infrastructure entirely by the organization

管理; management;

[0016] 社区云:基础设施被一些组织共享,并为一个有共同关注点的社区服务,例如,任务、安全要求、政策和遵守的考虑; [0016] Community cloud: infrastructure is shared by several organizations, and community service have a common concern, such as mission, security requirements, policy, and compliance considerations;

[0017] 公共云:基础设施是被一个销售云计算服务的组织所拥有,该组织将云计算服务销售给一般大众或广泛的工业群体; [0017] Public cloud: infrastructure cloud computing is a marketing services organization owned by the organization will cloud computing services for sale to the general public or a wide range of industry groups;

[0018] 混合云:基础设施是由两种或两种以上的云(私有,社区或公共)组成,每种云仍然保持独立,但用标准的或专有的技术将它们组合起来,具有数据和应用程序的可移植性, 例如,可以用来处理突发负载。 [0018] Hybrid cloud: infrastructure consists of two or more clouds (private, community, or public), with each cloud remained independent, but with a standard or proprietary technologies combine them with data and portability of applications, for example, can be used to handle burst loads.

[0019] 尽管早期云计算展现了虚拟技术的巨大优点和市场运营上的成功,但是早期云计算仍然具有一些局限性,包括: [0019] Despite the early success of cloud computing show on the great advantage of virtual technology and market operations, but early cloud computing still has some limitations, including:

[0020] 云业务的提供缺乏品质保障和安全可控机制,而品质保障和安全可控机制对电信运营商至关重要;云业务的实现模型基于特定的私有协议,不符合电信运营商互联互通的要求;云业务的类型受限于若干特定的单云业务,即不是电信运营商的一切应用都能在共有云中有效实现。 [0020] provide cloud services lack quality assurance and security control mechanisms, and quality assurance and security control mechanisms for telecom operators is essential; implement cloud business model based on a particular proprietary protocol does not meet the telecom operators interconnection requirements; types of cloud services is limited by a number of specific single cloud business application that is not all telecom operators can effectively achieve a total cloud.

[0021] 目前,不同的厂商都推出自己的云,没有一个业界统一的云计算标准架构,因此云服务提供商在建设云计算系统时需要针对不同的厂商选择合适的方案,而如果云服务提供商选择多个厂商的设备,则会存在各设备互通兼容的问题。 [0021] Currently, various manufacturers have launched their own cloud, not a unified industry standard cloud computing architecture, cloud service providers need to select the appropriate option when building a cloud computing system for different manufacturers, and if the cloud service provider selection of equipment from multiple vendors, each compatible device interoperability problems will exist. 尤其对于电信运营商建设的云, 为了将原有的电信业务系统迁移到云上,更有必要提供统一标准的云计算体系架构。 Especially for building cloud telecom operators, in order to migrate existing telecommunications business systems to the cloud, the more necessary to provide a unified standard cloud computing architecture.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0022] 有鉴于此,本发明的主要目的在于提供一种云计算系统、方法及云,能够统一协调并自动化的编排云的云计算资源,提供统一标准的云计算体系架构。 [0022] In view of this, the main object of the present invention is to provide a cloud computing system, a method and a cloud, and harmonization can be automated layout cloud cloud computing resource, cloud computing architecture provides a unified standard.

[0023] 为达到上述目的,本发明的技术方案是这样实现的: [0023] To achieve the above object, the technical solution of the present invention is implemented as follows:

[0024] 本发明提供的一种云计算系统,该系统包括:终端和/或门户功能单元、云;其中, [0024] A cloud computing system according to the present invention provided, the system comprising: a terminal and / or portal functional units, the cloud; wherein,

[0025] 终端和/或门户功能单元,用于与云建立安全机制,向云发送云服务请求,实施对云的访问和/或对云的管理和监控; [0025] Terminal and / or portal functional unit for establishing security and cloud, cloud service request sent to the cloud, the cloud embodiment access and / or management and monitoring of the cloud;

[0026] 云,用于接受云服务请求后,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问其他云,编排云计算资源,向终端和/或门户功能单元提供云服务。 [0026] cloud, cloud after receiving a service request, in itself and / or other access interworking function cloud through the cloud, cloud computing resource scheduling, cloud service to the terminal and / or portal functional units.

[0027] 上述方案中,所述云,具体用于根据上下文信息选择最合适的模型、或模版、或脚本、或计划,调度自身和/或通过云互通功能访问的其他云的云计算资源,进行自动化按需部署与运行;或者,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问的其他云的服务组合运行的过程中, 动态选取最优服务质量OioS)的副本,实现服务组合的局部以及全局优化。 [0027] In the above embodiment, the cloud, the most suitable model for the specific context information selected in accordance with, or stencil, or script or program schedule itself and / or other clouds by cloud cloud access interworking function computing resource, automated on-demand deployment and operation; copy or, during and / or a combination of self-service access through the cloud interworking functions other cloud running, the dynamic select the best quality service OioS), to achieve local and global optimization services portfolio .

[0028] 上述方案中,所述云包括:云服务编排功能单元、云虚拟化资源功能单元、云互通功能单元;其中, [0028] In the above embodiment, the cloud comprising: a cloud service orchestration functional unit, functional unit resource virtualization cloud, cloud interworking function unit; wherein,

[0029] 云服务编排功能单元,用于根据云服务请求,编排云虚拟化资源功能单元提供的云计算资源,和/或通过云互通功能单元访问其他云,编排所述云计算资源; [0029] Cloud service orchestration functional unit, a service request for a cloud, cloud orchestration cloud computing resource virtualized resource function providing unit, and / or other access interworking function unit cloud through the cloud, the cloud computing resource scheduling;

[0030] 云虚拟化资源功能单元,用于提供云计算资源和/或云计算资源的管理和监控功能; [0030] Cloud virtualized resources function unit for providing a cloud of computing resources and / or cloud computing resource management and monitoring functions;

[0031] 云互通功能单元,用于提供互通接口和/或中介代理服务,实现与多个云服务提供商的云之间互通。 [0031] Cloud interworking function unit for providing interworking interface and / or intermediary proxy service, interworking between a cloud and the cloud plurality of service providers.

[0032] 上述方案中,所述云服务编排功能单元,包括:控制功能模块、配置功能模块、流量传输功能模块、记录功能模块,其中, [0032] In the above embodiment, the cloud service orchestration functional unit, comprising: a control module configured function modules, the flow transmission function module, a record module, wherein

[0033] 控制功能模块,用于根据云服务请求,对云虚拟化资源功能单元提供的所述云服务请求的相应云计算资源进行控制,和/或通过云互通功能单元访问其他云,对所述云服务请求的相应云计算资源进行控制; [0033] The control function module, a service request for a cloud, the cloud cloud corresponding to the service request functional unit resource virtualization cloud computing resources to provide control and / or access other cloud through the cloud interworking function unit, of the cloud said corresponding service request cloud computing resource control;

[0034] 配置功能模块,包含数据库和/或供应信息,用于云计算资源的编排或定制化; [0034] The configuration functional module, comprising a database and / or supply information used or the cloud computing resource scheduling customized;

[0035] 流量传输功能模块,用于支持终端和/或门户功能单元的安全访问,和/或实现网络监控; [0035] The flow transmission function module, configured to support secure access to the terminal and / or portal functional units, and / or network monitoring;

[0036] 记录功能模块,用于存储以下至少一种模块活动产生的记录:控制功能模块、配置功能模块、流量传输功能模块。 [0036] History module for storing at least a modular recording activities: control function module configured function modules, the flow transmission function module.

[0037] 上述方案中,所述云虚拟化资源功能单元提供的云计算资源包括以下至少一种: 虚拟资源、物理资源、基础软件资源。 [0037] In the above embodiment, the cloud computing resource virtualized cloud resource function providing unit comprises at least one of: a virtual resource, physical resources, software resources base.

[0038] 上述方案中,所述云互通功能单元包括:云服务发布接口、云服务消费接口、云服务处理模块、云服务适配模块;其中, [0038] In the above embodiment, the cloud interworking function unit comprising: a cloud service publishing interface, cloud service consumer interfaces, cloud service processing module, a cloud service adapting module; wherein,

[0039] 云服务发布接口,用于订阅至少一个云服务提供商提供的云计算服务和资源信息; [0039] cloud service publishing interface to subscribe to at least one cloud service cloud computing services and resources information provider;

[0040] 云服务消费接口,用于提供访问云服务提供商的消费接口; [0040] cloud service consuming interface for providing access to the cloud service provider's consumer interfaces;

[0041] 云服务处理模块,用于处理云服务请求; [0041] Cloud service processing module for processing a service request cloud;

[0042] 云服务适配模块,用于协议适配云服务提供商提供的云计算资源。 [0042] cloud service adapting module, protocol adaptation cloud for cloud service providers to offer computing resources.

[0043] 上述方案中,所述云进一步包括:云应用功能单元、云管理功能单元、云安全功能单元;其中, [0043] In the above embodiment, the cloud further comprising: an application function unit cloud, cloud management function unit, cloud security function unit; wherein,

[0044] 云应用功能单元,用于提供以下至少一种按需服务daaSJaaSjaaS、业务发布平台即服务(SDPaaS, SDP as a Service); [0044] Cloud application function unit for providing at least an on-demand service daaSJaaSjaaS, publishing service platform as a service (SDPaaS, SDP as a Service);

[0045] 云管理功能单元,用于对云进行管理; [0045] Cloud management unit for managing a cloud;

[0046] 云安全功能单元,用于提供云的安全机制。 [0046] cloud security function unit, for providing a cloud of security mechanisms.

[0047] 上述方案中,所述云互通功能单元为第三方服务中介。 [0047] In the above embodiment, the interworking function unit to a third party cloud service broker.

[0048] 上述方案中,所示云管理功能单元和/或云安全功能单元集成在云服务编排功能单元中或独立存在。 [0048] In the above embodiment, as shown in the cloud management function unit and / or the functional unit are integrated in the Smart cloud service orchestration functional unit or of independent existence.

[0049] 上述方案中,所述控制功能模块为云服务中介;和/或, [0049] In the above embodiment, the control function module as a cloud service broker; and / or,

[0050] 所述流量传输功能模块为云服务网关。 [0050] The flow transmission function module cloud service gateway.

[0051] 上述方案中,所述云服务编排功能单元由SDI^aaS实现。 [0051] In the above embodiment, the cloud service orchestration ^ aaS functional unit realized by SDI.

[0052] 本发明提供的一种云计算方法,该方法包括: [0052] A method of the present invention provide a cloud computing, the method comprising:

[0053] 终端和/或门户与云建立安全机制,向云发送云服务请求; [0053] The terminal and / or establish security gateway with the cloud, the cloud service request is sent to the cloud;

[0054] 云接受云服务请求后,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问其他云,编排云计算资源,向终端和/或门户提供云服务。 [0054] After receiving the cloud cloud service requests, in itself and / or access other cloud, cloud computing resource scheduling interworking function cloud, cloud to terminal and / or service portal.

[0055] 上述方案中,所述在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问其他云,编排云计算资源, [0055] In the above embodiment, the in itself and / or other access interworking function cloud through the cloud, cloud computing resource scheduling,

7为:所述云根据上下文信息选择最合适的模型、或模版、或脚本、或计划,调度自身和/或通过云互通功能访问的其他云的云计算资源,进行自动化按需部署与运行;或者,在自身和/ 或通过云互通功能访问的其他云的服务组合运行的过程中,动态选取最优QoS的副本,实现服务组合的局部以及全局优化。 7: The cloud model is the most appropriate choice based on the context information, or templates or scripts, or planning, scheduling itself and / or other cloud cloud cloud interworking functions accessed through the computational resources needed to automate the deployment and operation; Alternatively, the process and / or combinations of services accessible through the cloud itself interworking functions other cloud running, dynamically selected optimal QoS copies, to achieve local and global optimization services portfolio.

[0056] 上述方案中,所述云计算资源包括以下至少一种:虚拟资源、物理资源、基础软件资源。 [0056] In the above embodiment, the cloud computing resource comprises at least one of: a virtual resource, physical resources, software resources base.

[0057] 上述方案中,该方法进一步包括:云接受云服务请求后,所述云根据所述云服务请求提供以下至少一种按需服务JaaSJaaS、SaaS、SDI^aaS。 [0057] In the above embodiment, the method further comprising: after receiving the cloud service request cloud, the cloud-demand service to provide at least one of JaaSJaaS, SaaS, SDI ^ aaS cloud according to the service request.

[0058] 本发明提供的一种云,该云包括:云服务编排功能单元、云虚拟化资源功能单元、 云互通功能单元;其中, [0058] A cloud of the present invention provides, the cloud comprising: a cloud service orchestration functional unit, functional unit resource virtualization cloud, cloud interworking function unit; wherein,

[0059] 云服务编排功能单元,用于根据云服务请求,编排云虚拟化资源功能单元提供的云计算资源,和/或通过云互通功能单元访问其他云,编排所述云计算资源; [0059] Cloud service orchestration functional unit, a service request for a cloud, cloud orchestration cloud computing resource virtualized resource function providing unit, and / or other access interworking function unit cloud through the cloud, the cloud computing resource scheduling;

[0060] 云虚拟化资源功能单元,用于提供云计算资源和/或云计算资源的管理和监控功能; [0060] Cloud virtualized resources function unit for providing a cloud of computing resources and / or cloud computing resource management and monitoring functions;

[0061] 云互通功能单元,用于提供互通接口和/或中介代理服务,实现与多个云服务提供商的云之间互通。 [0061] Cloud interworking function unit for providing interworking interface and / or intermediary proxy service, interworking between a cloud and the cloud plurality of service providers.

[0062] 本发明提供的一种云计算系统、方法及云,云接受云服务请求后,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问其他云,编排云计算资源,向终端和/或门户提供云服务;如此,可以实现云计算系统的整合化、虚拟化和自动化,云能够统一协调并自动化地编排云计算资源,提高效率,解决现有云计算系统不能自动化编排云计算资源的不足,并通过云互通功能,可以高效的实现不同云之间的互通功能,解决现有不同云计算系统之间互通协商的效率低下的问题,为业界提供了统一标准的云计算体系架构。 [0062] A cloud computing system of the present invention provides, a method and a cloud, cloud service request after receiving the cloud, in itself and / or access other cloud, the cloud through the cloud arrangement interworking function computing resource, cloud to the terminal and / or portal service; so, you can achieve cloud computing system consolidation, virtualization and automation, cloud can automate the orchestration and harmonization cloud computing resources, improve efficiency, solve the problem of existing cloud computing system can not be automated orchestration of cloud computing resources, and through cloud interworking function, it can efficiently implement interworking functions between different cloud to solve interoperability problems inefficiencies consultations between the different existing cloud computing system provides a unified standard for the industry cloud computing architecture.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0063] 图1为本发明实现的一种云计算系统的结构示意图; Schematic structural diagram of the system [0063] FIG. 1. A cloud computing the present invention is implemented;

[0064] 图2为本发明将云服务编排功能单元由SDI^aaS实现时,云计算系统的结构示意图; [0064] FIG. 2 cloud service orchestration functional unit realized by the SDI when aaS cloud computing system structural diagram of the present invention ^;

[0065] 图3为本发明中云虚拟化资源功能单元包含云应用功能单元的服务、云管理功能单元和云安全功能单元集成在云服务编排功能单元中时,云计算系统的结构示意图; [0065] FIG. 3 virtualisation cloud service cloud resource function unit comprises an application function unit of the present invention, cloud management function unit and functional units are integrated Smart cloud service orchestration functional unit, the cloud computing system structural diagram;

[0066] 图4为本发明实现的一种云计算方法的流程示意图。 Cloud flow diagram of a method for [0066] FIG. 4 of the present invention is implemented.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0067] 本发明的基本思想是:云接受云服务请求后,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问其他云,编排云计算资源,向终端和/或门户提供云服务。 [0067] The basic idea of ​​the invention is: after receiving cloud cloud service requests, in itself and / or access other cloud, cloud computing resource scheduling interworking function cloud, cloud service to the terminal and / or portals.

[0068] 下面通过附图及具体实施例对本发明做进一步的详细说明。 [0068] By following drawings and specific embodiments described in detail further embodiment of the present invention.

[0069] 本发明实现一种云计算系统,如图1所示,该系统包括:终端和/或门户功能单元11、云12 ;其中, [0069] The present invention is to realize a cloud computing system, shown in FIG. 1, the system comprising: a terminal and / or portal functional units 11, 12 the cloud; wherein,

[0070] 终端和/或门户功能单元11,用于与云12建立安全机制,向云12发送云服务请求,实施对云12的访问和/或对云计算服务的管理和监控;[0071] 所述云服务请求可以包括如下内容之一:分配云计算资源、消费使用云服务、管理云12,如监控云计算资源、监控服务的服务级别许可(SLA)和性能等; [0070] Terminal and / or portal function unit 11, for establishing a security mechanism 12 and the cloud, the cloud service request transmitted 12 to the cloud, the cloud 12 of the embodiment of the access and / or cloud computing service management and monitoring; [0071] the cloud service request may include one of the following: cloud computing resource allocation, consumption using cloud services, cloud manager 12, such as cloud computing resource monitoring, the monitoring service licensed service level (SLA), and performance;

[0072] 所述向云12发送云服务请求,可以通过以下方式之一发送云服务请求:云原语、 可扩展消息处理现场协议(XMPP)、超文本传输协议(HTTP)、会话初始协议(SIP)、表象化状态转变(REST)、简单对象访问协议(SOAP)、基于XML的超文本置标语言版本5 (XHTML5)、 应用编程接口(API)、命令行(CLI)、简单网络管理协议(SNMP)、公共信息模型管理接口(CIM)、专用命令; [0072] The service request sent to the cloud cloud 12, may send a service request by one of the following ways cloud: cloud primitive, Extensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (the XMPP), Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), Session Initiation Protocol ( SIP), Representational state Transfer (REST), simple Object access protocol (SOAP), an XML-based Hyper text markup language version 5 (XHTML5), an application programming interface (API), a command line (CLI), SNMP (SNMP), common information model management Interface (CIM), a dedicated command;

[0073] 所述云服务请求可以单独发送,也可以结合在商业流程中;其中,商业流程可以基于云API抽象生命周期管理、策略以及SLA,并应用至云服务,所述商业流程可以使用抽象语言和流程如商业流程执行语言(BPEL)、商业流程模型符号(BPMN)来描述; [0073] The cloud service request may be sent alone, it may be incorporated in the business process; wherein, cloud-based business processes may abstract API lifecycle management strategy and the SLA, and applied to a cloud service, a business process may use the abstract language and processes of Business process execution language (BPEL), a business process model symbols (the BPMN) is described;

[0074] 云12,用于接受云服务请求后,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问其他云,编排云计算资源,向终端和/或门户功能单元11提供云服务; [0074] 12 cloud, cloud after receiving a service request, in itself and / or access other cloud, cloud computing resource scheduling interworking function cloud, cloud service to the terminal and / or a gateway function unit 11;

[0075] 所述云12在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问其他云,编排云服务请求的相应云计算资源,具体为:所述云12根据上下文信息选择最合适的模型、或模版、或脚本、或计划,调度自身和/或通过云互通功能访问的其他云的云计算资源,进行自动化按需部署与运行, 或者,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问的其他云的服务组合运行的过程中,动态选取最优服务质量(QoQ的副本,以实现服务组合的局部以及全局优化。其中,在服务组合的按需部署与运行中,需要根据资源利用情况以及SLA约束,在完全分散运行、分片运行等多种结构之间进行转换,从而避免单点性能“瓶颈”,实现服务组合任务的按需部署和高效运行;所述上下文信息至少包括以下一种或几种:网络状态、用户状态、服务状态、策略、SLA等; [0075] itself in the cloud 12 and / or access other cloud computing resource, cloud service request orchestration corresponding cloud through the cloud interworking functions, specifically: the cloud 12 the most appropriate model selected according to the context information, or stencil, or script, or planning, scheduling itself and / or other cloud cloud cloud interworking functions accessed through the computational resources needed to automate deployment and run, or run their own portfolio of services and / or other cloud access through the cloud interworking function process, the best quality of service dynamically selected (QoQ copies, to achieve local and global optimization service composition wherein, on-demand services deployment and operation of the combination, based on resource utilization needs and SLA constraints, the complete dispersion conversion operation between various structures, fragment operation, so as to avoid a single point performance of the "bottleneck" on demand services deployment and efficient operation of the combination of tasks; the context information comprises at least one or more of: network state The user status, service status, strategies, SLA and so on;

[0076] 所述云12包括:云服务编排功能单元121、云虚拟化资源功能单元122、云互通功能单元123;其中, [0076] The cloud 12 comprising: a cloud service orchestration functional unit 121, a cloud resource virtualization function unit 122, the cloud interworking function unit 123; wherein,

[0077] 云服务编排功能单元121,用于根据云服务请求,编排云虚拟化资源功能单元122 提供的云计算资源,和/或通过云互通功能单元123访问其他云,编排所述云计算资源; [0077] Cloud service orchestration functional unit 121, a service request for a cloud, cloud orchestration cloud computing resource virtualized resource function unit 122, and / or other cloud access interworking function unit 123 through the cloud, the cloud computing resource scheduling ;

[0078] 云虚拟化资源功能单元122,用于向云服务编排功能单元121提供接口,并提供云计算资源和/或云计算资源的管理和监控功能,以实现对云计算资源的统一协调和编排; [0078] Cloud virtualized resource function unit 122 to provide an interface to the cloud service orchestration functional unit 121, and provides cloud computing resources and / or managing and monitoring cloud computing resources, computing resources in order to achieve harmonization of cloud and choreography;

[0079] 所述云计算资源的管理和监控功能包括资源调度、资源档案、资源互通等功能; [0079] The cloud computing resource management and monitoring functions include resource scheduling, resource files, resource interworking function;

[0080] 进一步的,所述云计算资源的管理和监控功能还可以在云服务编排功能单元121 上,即所述云服务编排功能单元121,还用于云计算资源的管理和监控; [0080] Further, the cloud computing resource management and monitoring functions may also be in the cloud service orchestration functional unit 121, i.e., the cloud service orchestration functional unit 121 is further configured to manage a cloud computing resources and monitoring;

[0081] 云互通功能单元123,用于提供公共的、开放的、标准化的互通接口和/或中介代理服务,实现与多个云服务提供商的云之间互通; [0081] Cloud interworking function unit 123, for providing a common, open, standardized interworking interface and / or intermediary proxy service, interworking between a cloud and the cloud service providers plurality;

[0082] 所述云互通功能单元123 —般为第三方服务中介;所述第三方服务中介可以位于云内部,也可以位于云外部,由其他云服务提供商提供; [0082] The cloud interworking function unit 123 - as a third party service broker; the third party service broker may be located inside the cloud, may also be located outside the cloud, the cloud provided by other service providers;

[0083] 所述终端和/或门户功能单元11,包括云API功能模块111和云安全访问功能模块112 ;其中, [0083] The terminal and / or portal function unit 11, including functional module 111 and API cloud cloud security access module 112; wherein,

[0084] 云API功能模块111,用于于向云12发送云服务请求,实施对云12的访问和/或对云计算服务的管理和监控,如创建、删除、修改、配置云计算资源等; [0084] Cloud API function module 111 is configured to send a service request to the cloud cloud 12, 12 of the embodiment of the access to the cloud and / or cloud computing service management and monitoring, such as create, delete, modify, cloud computing resource configuration ;

[0085] 通过云API功能模块111可以控制云服务,不同种类的管理程序可以调用相同的API ;所述云API功能模块111的功能具体可以包括服务创建、服务定制、服务监控、SLA报告和顺从等功能; [0085] Cloud services may be controlled through the cloud API function module 111, various kinds of administrative program can call the same API; function of the cloud specific API function module 111 may include a service creation, service customization, service monitoring, reporting, and the SLA compliance and other functions;

[0086] 云安全访问功能模块112,用于与云12建立安全机制,具体可以包括VPN访问、鉴权和授权等功能; [0086] Cloud secure access module 112 for establishing security and cloud 12, may include a specific VPN access, authentication and authorization functions;

[0087] 所述云服务编排功能单元121,具体包括:控制功能模块、配置功能模块、流量传输功能模块、记录功能模块,其中, The [0087] Cloud service orchestration functional unit 121 comprises: a control functional module, the configuration functional module, the flow transmission function module, a record module, wherein

[0088] 控制功能模块,用于根据云服务请求,对云虚拟化资源功能单元122提供的所述云服务请求的相应云计算资源进行控制,包括创建、修改、定制、卸载、运行等操作;并当云虚拟化资源功能单元122中没有云服务请求的相应云计算资源时,通过云互通功能单元123访问其他云,对所述云服务请求的相应云计算资源进行控制; [0088] The control function module, a service request for a cloud, the cloud service cloud virtual resource function unit 122 requests the respective control cloud computing resource, including create, modify, customize, unloading, and other operations run; and when the cloud resource virtualization function unit 122 does not request a corresponding service cloud cloud computing resource, access to other cloud through the cloud interworking function unit 123, the corresponding control cloud computing resources of the cloud service request;

[0089] 所述控制功能模块对云虚拟化资源功能单元122提供的所述云服务请求的相应云计算资源进行控制,具体为:控制功能模块根据上下文信息选择最合适的模型、或模版、 或脚本、或计划,调度云虚拟化资源功能122进行自动化按需部署与运行;或者,在云虚拟化资源功能单元122提供的服务组合运行的过程中动态选取最优QoS的副本,以实现服务组合的局部以及全局优化。 [0089] The control function module respective virtualization cloud cloud computing resource request to the cloud service resource function unit 122 performs control, in particular: the most suitable control function module selected according to the context information model, or template, or script, or planning, scheduling cloud virtualization resource function 122 automated on-demand deployment and operation; or dynamically select the best QoS copies in the process of cloud virtualization portfolio service resource function unit 122 runs in order to achieve a combination of service local and global optimization. 其中,在服务组合的按需部署与运行中,需要根据资源利用情况以及SLA约束,在完全分散运行、分片运行等多种结构之间进行转换,从而避免单点性能“瓶颈”,实现服务组合任务的按需部署和高效运行;所述上下文信息至少包括以下一种或几种:网络状态、用户状态、服务状态、策略、SLA等; Wherein, on-demand services deployment and operation of the combination, based on resource utilization needs and SLA constraints, the structure for switching between multiple operating completely dispersed, fragmented operation, so as to avoid a single point performance "bottleneck", implement the service demand deployment task combination and efficient operation; the context information comprises at least one or more of: network status, user status, service status, policy, the SLA and the like;

[0090] 所述控制功能模块支持通知和请求响应机制,用于实现与云虚拟化资源功能单元122之间的能力和可用性信息的周期性交互; [0090] The control function module supports requests notification and response mechanism for realizing interactive capability cloud virtualization periodically and resource availability information between the functional units 122;

[0091] 进一步的,所述控制功能模块,还用于维护网络状态目录并更新可用性功能中的网络状态,并使用动态域名服务请求更新云名称服务器的域名记录,发送计费信息给记录功能块; [0091] Further, the control module is further for maintaining directory and network state updates the availability status of the network functions, and use dynamic domain name service request to update the domain name server cloud records, billing information sent to the recording function block ;

[0092] 进一步的,所述控制功能块还用于根据配置功能模块的策略来执行具体的操作。 [0092] Further, the control function is further configured to perform a specific operation according to the configuration functional module policy.

[0093] 所述控制功能块具体可以为云服务中介,所述云服务中介位于云的内部,提供能力注册、编排控制、服务监控、服务计费、域名记录管理等功能; [0093] The control function block may be a particular cloud service broker, said service broker cloud located inside the cloud, providing the ability to register, schedule control, service monitoring, service accounting, records management domain functions;

[0094] 配置功能模块,包含各种数据库和供应信息,用于云计算资源的协调或定制化; [0094] The configuration functional modules, including various databases and supplies information for the coordination of cloud computing resources or customized;

[0095] 所述各种数据库和供应信息,具体可以是:预定义服务模板、可视化的人工服务组合、面向大规模、动态环境的按需自动服务组合、实现大并发情况下的高效、可靠的组合应用运行等,其中,基于自动服务组合的多模式快速应用建模可以采用如WS-BEPL程序的生成以及流程建模的辅助工具等方法来实现; [0095] The provisioning information and various databases, particularly may be: predefined service template, a combination of visual manual service, for large-scale, on-demand service composition automatic dynamic environment, efficient and reliable in large concurrency run the like in combination, wherein a combination of services based on multi-mode automatic rapid application modeling may generate and process modeling as WS-BEPL program aids employ other methods to achieve;

[0096] 所述配置功能模块具体包括:云用户数据库,用于鉴权和授权用户;云名称服务器,用于提供域名服务;云策略服务器,用于存储各种策略和计划;云自动化配置服务器, 用于提供云资源的自动化配置;云软件服务器,用于存储各种操作系统/虚拟机镜像和中间件以及其他应用软件; [0096] The specific configuration of functional modules include: cloud user database for user authentication and authorization; the name of the cloud server to provide domain name services; cloud policy server for storing various strategies and plans; cloud automation server configuration automation for cloud resource allocation; cloud server software, used to store various operating systems / virtual machine images and other middleware and application software;

[0097] 所述自动化配置可以是:使用动态主机设置协议(DHCP)进行自动化IP地址配置、 使用自举协议(BOOTP)进行设备自启动配置、使用预启动执行环境(PXE)进行固件更新、和使用Linux Kickstart程序进行自配置启动等。 [0097] The automatic configuration may be: using the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) IP address configuration automation, bootstrap protocol (BOOTP) for device configuration from the start, using the Pre-Boot Execution Environment (PXE) firmware updates, and use self-configuring Linux Kickstart program started and so on.

[0098] 流量传输功能模块,用于支持终端和/或门户功能单元的安全访问,包括虚拟专用网(VPN)连接、各种形式隧道接入以及对用户和流量的控制,和/或用于实现端到端延迟、抖动和带宽等的网络监控,如QoS服务质量测量,以保证满足端到端延迟、抖动和带宽需求; [0098] Traffic transmission function module, for supporting a terminal and / or secure access gateway function unit, a virtual private network (VPN) connection, and control access to various forms of tunnel user traffic and include, and / or to-end delay, jitter and bandwidth of the network monitoring, such as the quality of service QoS measurements to ensure compliance end delay, jitter and bandwidth requirements;

[0099] 进一步的,所述流量传输功能模块,还用于根据可用性功能中的网络状态,选择最好或最合适的网元为终端和/或门户功能单元11提供接入; [0099] Further, the flow transmission function module is further configured to function in accordance with the availability status of the network, select the best or most appropriate network element providing access to the terminal and / or portal function unit 11;

[0100] 所述流量传输功能模块具体可以为云服务网关,提供网络监控、网络预留、服务计费等功能; [0100] The flow transmission function module may be specifically cloud services gateway that provides network monitoring, network reservation service billing and other functions;

[0101] 记录功能模块,用于存储以下至少一种模块活动产生的记录:控制功能模块、配置功能模块和流量传输功能模块以及其他网络实体,存储的记录日志可以用于客户审核、SLA 审计或合法监听等;其中,所述存储的记录日志包括:云计费功能的话单日志、用于SLA审计的云SLA顺从功能的日志、云合法监听功能的日志等,所述云计费功能的话单日志一般包括以下一项或多项:用户信息、资源信息、使用时间、使用方式等。 [0101] History module, recording module for storing at least one of the following activities: control function module configured function modules and flow transmission function module and other network entities, may be used to store logging client approval, auditing, or the SLA lawful interception and the like; wherein the stored log comprising: a single cloud charging function then logs for auditing SLA SLA compliance function log cloud, cloud lawful interception of logs, the charging function, then a single cloud log generally include one or more of the following: user information, resources, information, time, and other use.

[0102] 所述记录功能模块的具体功能可以包含云计费功能、云SLA顺从功能、云合法监听功能等; Specific Function [0102] The functional module can comprise recording billing cloud, cloud SLA compliance function, cloud lawful interception function;

[0103] 所述云虚拟化资源功能单元122提供的云计算资源包括以下至少一种:虚拟资源、物理资源、基础软件资源;其中, [0103] The cloud cloud computing resource virtualized resource function unit 122 comprises at least one of: a virtual resource, physical resources, software resources base; wherein,

[0104] 所述虚拟资源包括:虚拟计算资源,如虚拟机、操作系统、中间件;虚拟存储资源, 如虚拟存储局域网(V-SAN)、虚拟网络附属存储(V-NAQ ;虚拟网络资源,如VPN、虚拟防火墙(V-FW)、虚拟交换机(V-Switch)、虚拟路由器(V-Router)等; [0104] The virtual resources comprising: a virtual computing resources, such as virtual machines, operating systems, middleware; virtual storage resources, such as virtual storage area networks (V-SAN), virtual network attached storage (V-NAQ; virtual network resources, The VPN, virtual firewall (V-FW), virtual switch (V-switch), virtual router (V-router) and the like;

[0105] 所述物理资源包括计算资源、存储资源、网络资源等; The [0105] Physical resources include computing resources, storage resources, network resources, and the like;

[0106] 所述基础软件资源包括以下至少一种:分布式数据库,分布式文件系统,分布式计算框架,分布式缓存、分布式存储等。 The [0106] base software resource comprises at least one of: a distributed database, a distributed file system, distributed computing frameworks, distributed cache, distributed storage.

[0107] 所述云互通功能单元123,具体用于抽象不同云之间不兼容的能力和接口,提供公共的、开放的、标准化的互通接口和/或中介代理服务,解决不同云平台/云计算服务之间的不兼容问题;具体包括:云服务发布接口、云服务消费接口、云服务处理模块、云服务适配模块;其中, [0107] The cloud interworking function unit 123 is specifically configured to incompatibilities between different clouds abstract interfaces and capabilities, providing a common, open, standardized interworking interface and / or intermediary proxy service, internet address different cloud / cloud calculation of incompatibilities between services; including: a cloud service publishing interface, the cloud service consuming interface, the cloud service processing module, a cloud service adapting module; wherein,

[0108] 云服务发布接口,用于订阅至少一个云服务提供商提供的云计算服务和资源信息,包括:订阅私有云、社区云、公共云或混合云等云服务提供商发布支持的云计算服务和资源信息;所述私有云、社区云、公共云或混合云等云服务提供商可以向所述云互通功能单元123发布通知自身支持的云计算服务和资源信息; [0108] cloud service publishing interface to subscribe to at least one cloud service providers to offer cloud computing services and resources, including: Subscribe cloud private cloud, community cloud, public cloud or hybrid cloud and other cloud computing service providers to release support services and resource information; the private cloud, community cloud, public cloud or hybrid cloud and other cloud service providers can publish to the cloud interworking function unit 123 inform their support of cloud computing services and resource information;

[0109] 云服务消费接口,用于向终端和/或门户功能单元11提供访问云服务提供商的消费接口;通过云服务消费接口,终端和/或门户功能单元11可以访问私有云、社区云、公共云或混合云等云服务提供商的云计算服务和资源; [0109] cloud service consuming interface for providing access to the cloud service provider's consumer interfaces to the terminal and / or portal function unit 11; service consumer interface terminal and / or portal function unit 11 can access the private cloud, community cloud through the cloud , public cloud or hybrid cloud and other cloud service providers of computing services and resources;

[0110] 云服务处理模块,用于处理云服务请求; [0110] Cloud service processing module for processing a service request cloud;

[0111] 所述云服务处理模块处理云服务请求的基本工作模式是转化/翻译模式,还可以提供以下至少之一的服务功能模式:代理服务、安全服务、服务质量QoS/服务品质协议SLA 控制服务、屏蔽服务、置换服务、和合成服务等; [0111] The cloud service processing module cloud basic modes of operation processing the service request is the conversion / translation mode, also offers the following function modes at least one of: the proxy service, security service, quality of service QoS / SLA SLA Control service, shielding service, service replacement, service and synthetic;

[0112] 云服务适配模块,用于协议适配云服务提供商提供的云计算资源,包括API应用程序接口函数、参数、传输协议的适配等; [0112] Cloud service adaptation module for adaptation protocol cloud service provider cloud computing resource, including an application program interface API functions, parameters, adapted transfer protocol and the like;

[0113] 所述云12进一步包括:云应用功能单元124、云管理功能单元125、云安全功能单元126 ;其中, [0113] The cloud 12 further comprising: a cloud application function unit 124, cloud management function unit 125, cloud security function unit 126; wherein,

[0114] 云应用功能单元124,用于提供按需服务,至少包括以下一种:SaaS、PaaS, IaaS, SDI^aaS等;其中,所述IaaS还可以包括:分布式数据库,分布式文件系统,分布式计算框架, 分布式缓存、分布式存储等资源; [0114] Cloud application function unit 124, for providing on-demand services, comprising at least one of the following: SaaS, PaaS, IaaS, SDI ^ aaS the like; wherein the IaaS may further comprise: a distributed database, a distributed file system , distributed computing frameworks, distributed cache, distributed storage resources;

[0115] 所述SDI^aaS,包括业务创建环境能力、业务执行环境能力、业务发布支持能力、业务测试环境能力以及其他业务发布平台(SDP)能力; [0115] The SDI ^ aaS, including the ability to service creation environment, service execution environment capabilities to support service delivery capability, capacity, and other environmental testing business services delivery platform (SDP) capabilities;

[0116] 所述终端和/或门户功能单元11,进一步用于访问云应用功能单元124,直接使用云应用功能单元1¾提供的按需服务; [0116] The terminal and / or portal function unit 11, is further used to access the cloud application function unit 124, on-demand service cloud application directly 1¾ functional unit provided;

[0117] 所述云服务编排功能单元121,进一步用于对云应用功能单元IM提供的按需服务统一调度和编排; [0117] The cloud service orchestration functional unit 121, is further demand for cloud service provided by IM application function unit and unified arrangement;

[0118] 进一步的,所述云应用功能单元124,还用于访问云虚拟化资源功能单元122,调度使用云计算资源; [0118] Further, the cloud application function unit 124 is further configured to access the cloud virtualized resources function unit 122, the use of cloud computing resource scheduling;

[0119] 和/或,所述云应用功能单元124,还用于通过云管理功能单元125实现管理即服务; [0119] and / or the cloud application function unit 124, 125 is further configured to manage a service management function unit through the cloud;

[0120] 和/或,所述云应用功能单元124,还用于调用云安全功能单元126,实现按需服务的安全机制; [0120] and / or the cloud application function unit 124 is further configured to invoke cloud security function unit 126, a demand to achieve security and services;

[0121] 和/或,所述云应用功能单元124,还用于通过访问云互通功能单元123访问其他云服务提供商的云,实现云之间的互通服务。 [0121] and / or the cloud application function unit 124 is further configured to access other cloud by cloud service providers to access the cloud interworking function unit 123, the service interworking between clouds.

[0122] 云管理功能单元125,用于对整个云12进行管理,包括:性能管理、配置管理、容错管理、帐户管理、可用性功能管理等; [0122] Cloud management unit 125 for managing the entire cloud 12, comprising: performance management, configuration management, fault management, account management, availability management function;

[0123] 具体的,所述云管理功能单元125,为终端和/或门户功能单元11提供管理云12 的方法;为云服务编排功能单元121提供对整个云12的实施管理能力;为云应用功能单元124提供管理即服务;为云虚拟化资源功能单元122进行云计算资源管理; [0123] Specifically, the cloud management function unit 125, the terminal and / or portal function unit 11 provides a method of managing cloud 12; embodiment provides management capabilities for the entire cloud 12 cloud service orchestration function unit 121; cloud application function unit 124 provides a service management; cloud computing cloud resource management function unit 122 of virtualized resources;

[0124] 云安全功能单元126,用于提供整个云12的安全机制,具体可以包括鉴权、授权、 记账(AAA)、标识管理(IDM)、访问控制、策略等功能; [0124] Smart function unit 126, for providing the entire cloud security mechanism 12 may specifically include an authentication, authorization, accounting (the AAA), identity management (the IDM), access control, and other functions policy;

[0125] 具体的,所述云安全功能单元126,为终端和/或门户功能单元11提供各项安全机制,包括安全通道、鉴权、授权等,实现整体云安全访问;为云服务编排功能单元121提供云服务编排的安全机制;为云应用功能单元124的&iaS、PaaS、IaaS、SDPaaS等服务提供安全机制;为云虚拟化资源功能单元122提供各种资源的安全访问。 [0125] Specifically, the cloud security function unit 126, the terminal and / or portal function unit 11 provides the security, including security channel, authentication, authorization, etc., to achieve the overall cloud security access; cloud service orchestration function unit 121 provides security cloud service orchestration; provide security for the cloud application function unit 124 & iaS, PaaS, IaaS, SDPaaS and other services; secure access to cloud virtualization resource function unit 122 provides a variety of resources.

[0126] 进一步的,本系统中,当电信运营商部署云作为业务发布平台的解决方案时,如图2所示,可以直接将云服务编排功能单元121由SDI^aaS实现;或,如图3所示,云应用功能单元1¾提供的按需服务作为资源,包含在云虚拟化资源功能单元122中。 [0126] Further, the present system, when the carriers as a Cloud service delivery platform deployment solution, as shown, may be directly cloud service orchestration functional unit 121 implemented by the SDI ^ aaS 2; or, as shown in 3, on-demand service cloud application functional unit 1¾ supplied as a resource, cloud virtualized resources included in the function unit 122.

[0127] 进一步的,本系统中云管理功能单元125和/或云安全功能单元126,可以集成在云服务编排功能单元121中,也可以分别单独存在于云中,如图3所示,云管理功能单元125 和云安全功能单元1¾集成在云服务编排功能单元121中。 [0127] Further, the system management function unit cloud 125 and / or cloud security function unit 126, may be integrated in a cloud service orchestration functional unit 121, respectively, may be present alone in the cloud, shown in Figure 3, the cloud management unit 125 and 1¾ cloud security function unit is integrated in the cloud service orchestration functional unit 121.

[0128] 通过上述系统,能够实现云计算系统的整合化、虚拟化和自动化,具体表现在: [0128] Through the above system, a cloud computing system can achieve integration, virtualization and automation, in particular in:

[0129] 整合化,云服务编排功能单元成为资源虚拟化以后的数据交换平台,为物理资源提供逻辑服务,为应用需求提供动态业务部署; [0129] consolidation, cloud service orchestration functional units become part of the resource virtualized data exchange platform, providing logical services for the physical resources to provide dynamic service deployment to application requirements;

[0130] 虚拟化,云虚拟化资源功能单元提供虚拟资源,能够降低管理维护复杂度、提高设备利用率,同时也为自动实现资源协调和配置打下基础; [0130] virtualization, virtual cloud resources to provide virtual resource function unit, can reduce the complexity of management and maintenance, improve equipment utilization, but also to lay the coordination of resources and to automatically configure the base;

[0131] 自动化:在整合化、虚拟化基础上,底层资源和功能便可以有条件被云服务编排功能单元自动和动态地调用和管理,云服务编排功能单元通过最优化的计算和资源配置,自动完成相关物理资源的调度,最经济、最有效地完成功能提供任务,有限的资源可以最大化地提供服务,人的管理差错和漏洞将降为最低。 [0131] Automation: integration, virtualization, based on the underlying resources and functions can be conditionally cloud service orchestration functional unit automatically and dynamically invoke and management, cloud service orchestration functional unit by optimizing calculation and allocation of resources, automatically scheduling-related physical resources, most economical and most effective feature provides complete tasks with limited resources to maximize service delivery, human error and vulnerability management will be reduced to a minimum.

[0132] 基于上述系统,本发明还提供一种云计算方法,如图4所示,该方法包括以下几个步骤: [0132] Based on the above system, the present invention also provides a method for the cloud, shown in Figure 4, the method comprising the following steps:

[0133] 步骤101 :终端和/或门户与云建立安全机制,向云发送云服务请求,实施对云的访问和/或对云的管理和监控; [0133] Step 101: the terminal and / or portal and establish security cloud, cloud service request sent to the cloud, the cloud embodiment access and / or management and monitoring of the cloud;

[0134] 具体的,终端和/或门户与云建立安全机制,在通过所述安全机制后,向云发送云服务请求,实施对云的访问和/或对云的管理和监控,如创建、删除、修改、配置云计算资源寸。 [0134] Specifically, the terminal and / or establish security gateway with the cloud, after passing through the security mechanism, transmits a service request to the cloud cloud, cloud embodiment access and / or manage and monitor cloud, such as creating, delete, modify, configure cloud resources inch.

[0135] 步骤102 :云接受云服务请求后,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问其他云,编排云计算资源,向终端和/或门户提供云服务; [0135] Step 102: After receiving the cloud cloud service requests, in itself and / or access other cloud, cloud computing resource scheduling interworking function cloud, cloud service to the terminal and / or portal;

[0136] 本步骤中,所述在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问其他云,编排云服务请求的相应云计算资源,具体为:所述云根据上下文信息选择最合适的模型、或模版、或脚本、或计划,调度自身和/或通过云互通功能访问的其他云的云计算资源进行自动化按需部署与运行;或者,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问的其他云的服务组合运行的过程中动态选取最优QoS的副本,以实现服务组合的局部以及全局优化。 [0136] In this step, the in itself and / or other access interworking function cloud through the cloud, the cloud corresponding service request orchestration cloud computing resources, in particular: the optimal cloud model selected according to the context information, or stencil, or script, or planning, scheduling itself and / or other cloud cloud cloud interworking functions accessed through automated on-demand computing resources to deploy and run; or, in the service composition itself and / or other cloud access through the cloud interworking function to run the process of selecting the optimal dynamic QoS copy, to achieve local and global optimization services portfolio. 其中,在服务组合的按需部署与运行中,需要根据资源利用情况以及SLA约束,在完全分散运行、分片运行等多种结构之间进行转换,从而避免单点性能“瓶颈”,实现服务组合任务的按需部署和高效运行。 Wherein, on-demand services deployment and operation of the combination, based on resource utilization needs and SLA constraints, the structure for switching between multiple operating completely dispersed, fragmented operation, so as to avoid a single point performance "bottleneck", implement the service a combination of tasks on-demand deployment and efficient operation.

[0137] 所述云互通功能,一般为通过公共的、开放的、标准化的互通接口和/或中介代理服务,实现与多个云服务提供商的云之间互通,一般由第三方服务中介提供,所述第三方服务中介可以位于云内部,也可以位于云外部,由其他云服务提供商提供。 [0137] The cloud interworking function, usually through a common, open, standardized interworking interface and / or intermediary proxy service, interworking between a cloud and the cloud plurality of service providers, generally provided by a third party service mediation the third party may be located inside the cloud service broker can also be located outside the cloud, the cloud provided by other service providers.

[0138] 所述云计算资源包括以下至少一种:虚拟资源、物理资源、基础软件资源;其中, [0138] The cloud computing resource comprises at least one of: a virtual resource, physical resources, software resources base; wherein,

[0139] 所述虚拟资源包括虚拟计算资源,如虚拟机、操作系统、中间件;虚拟存储资源,如V-SAN、V-NAS ;虚拟网络资源,如VPN、V-Fff, V-Switch, V-Router 等; [0139] The virtual resource comprises a virtual computing resources, such as virtual machines, operating systems, middleware; virtual storage resources, such as V-SAN, V-NAS; virtual network resources, such as VPN, V-Fff, V-Switch, V-Router and the like;

[0140] 所述物理资源包括计算资源、存储资源、网络资源等; [0140] the physical resource comprises a computational resources, storage resources, network resources, and the like;

[0141] 所述基础软件资源包括以下至少一种:分布式数据库,分布式文件系统,分布式计算框架,分布式缓存、分布式存储等。 The [0141] base software resource comprises at least one of: a distributed database, a distributed file system, distributed computing frameworks, distributed cache, distributed storage.

[0142] 进一步的,所述云接受云服务请求后,云根据所述云服务请求提供按需服务,所述按需服务至少包括以下一种:&iaS、PaaS、IaaS, SDPaaS等。 [0142] Further, the cloud service request after receiving the cloud, the cloud according to the cloud-demand service to provide the service request, the on-demand service comprises at least one of the following: & iaS, PaaS, IaaS, SDPaaS like.

[0143] 基于上述系统,本发明还提供一种云,如图1所示的云12,该云12包括:云服务编排功能单元121、云虚拟化资源功能单元122、云互通功能单元123 ;其中, [0143] Based on the above system, the present invention also provides a cloud, the cloud 12 shown in FIG. 1, the cloud 12 comprising: a cloud service orchestration functional unit 121, a cloud resource virtualization function unit 122, the cloud interworking function unit 123; among them,

[0144] 云服务编排功能单元121,用于根据云服务请求,编排云虚拟化资源功能单元122 提供的云计算资源,和/或通过云互通功能单元123访问其他云,编排所述云计算资源; [0144] Cloud service orchestration functional unit 121, a service request for a cloud, cloud orchestration cloud computing resource virtualized resource function unit 122, and / or other cloud access interworking function unit 123 through the cloud, the cloud computing resource scheduling ;

[0145] 云虚拟化资源功能单元122,用于向云服务编排功能单元121提供接口,并提供云计算资源和/或云计算资源的管理和监控功能,以实现对云计算资源的统一协调和编排; [0145] Cloud virtualized resource function unit 122 to provide an interface to the cloud service orchestration functional unit 121, and provides cloud computing resources and / or managing and monitoring cloud computing resources, computing resources in order to achieve harmonization of cloud and choreography;

[0146] 所述云计算资源的管理和监控功能包括资源调度、资源档案、资源互通等功能;[0147] 进一步的,所述云计算资源的管理和监控功能还可以在云服务编排功能单元121 上,即所述云服务编排功能单元121,还用于云计算资源的管理和监控; [0146] The cloud computing resource management and monitoring functions include resource scheduling, resource files, resource interworking function; [0147] Further, the cloud computing resource management and monitoring functions can also function unit 121 cloud service orchestration , i.e. the cloud service orchestration functional unit 121 is further configured to cloud computing resource management and monitoring;

[0148] 云互通功能单元123,用于提供公共的、开放的、标准化的互通接口和/或中介代理服务,实现与多个云服务提供商的云之间互通; [0148] Cloud interworking function unit 123, for providing a common, open, standardized interworking interface and / or intermediary proxy service, interworking between a cloud and the cloud service providers plurality;

[0149] 所述云互通功能单元123 —般为第三方服务中介;所述第三方服务中介可以位于云内部,也可以位于云外部,由其他云服务提供商提供; [0149] The cloud interworking function unit 123 - as a third party service broker; the third party service broker may be located inside the cloud, may also be located outside the cloud, the cloud provided by other service providers;

[0150] 所述云服务编排功能单元121,具体包括:控制功能模块、配置功能模块、流量传输功能模块、记录功能模块,其中, [0150] The cloud service orchestration functional unit 121 comprises: a control functional module, the configuration functional module, the flow transmission function module, a record module, wherein

[0151] 控制功能模块,用于根据云服务请求,对云虚拟化资源功能单元122提供的所述云服务请求的相应云计算资源进行控制,包括创建、修改、定制、卸载、运行等操作;并当云虚拟化资源功能单元122中没有云服务请求的相应云计算资源时,通过云互通功能单元123访问其他云,对所述云服务请求的相应云计算资源进行控制; [0151] control function module, a service request for a cloud, the cloud service cloud virtual resource function unit 122 requests the respective control cloud computing resource, including create, modify, customize, unloading, and other operations run; and when the cloud resource virtualization function unit 122 does not request a corresponding service cloud cloud computing resource, access to other cloud through the cloud interworking function unit 123, the corresponding control cloud computing resources of the cloud service request;

[0152] 所述控制功能模块对云虚拟化资源功能单元122提供的所述云服务请求的相应云计算资源进行控制,具体为:控制功能模块根据上下文信息选择最合适的模型、或模版、 或脚本、或计划,调度云虚拟化资源功能122进行自动化按需部署与运行;或者,在云虚拟化资源功能单元122提供的服务组合运行的过程中动态选取最优QoS的副本,以实现服务组合的局部以及全局优化。 [0152] The control function module respective virtualization cloud cloud computing resource request to the cloud service resource function unit 122 performs control, in particular: the most suitable control function module selected according to the context information model, or template, or script, or planning, scheduling cloud virtualization resource function 122 automated on-demand deployment and operation; or dynamically select the best QoS copies in the process of cloud virtualization portfolio service resource function unit 122 runs in order to achieve a combination of service local and global optimization. 其中,在服务组合的按需部署与运行中,需要根据资源利用情况以及SLA约束,在完全分散运行、分片运行等多种结构之间进行转换,从而避免单点性能“瓶颈”,实现服务组合任务的按需部署和高效运行;所述上下文信息至少包括以下一种或几种:网络状态、用户状态、服务状态、策略、SLA等; Wherein, on-demand services deployment and operation of the combination, based on resource utilization needs and SLA constraints, the structure for switching between multiple operating completely dispersed, fragmented operation, so as to avoid a single point performance "bottleneck", implement the service demand deployment task combination and efficient operation; the context information comprises at least one or more of: network status, user status, service status, policy, the SLA and the like;

[0153] 所述控制功能模块支持通知和请求响应机制,用于实现与云虚拟化资源功能单元122之间的能力和可用性信息的周期性交互; [0153] The control function module supports requests notification and response mechanism for realizing interactive capability cloud virtualization periodically and resource availability information between the functional units 122;

[0154] 进一步的,所述控制功能模块,还用于维护网络状态目录并更新可用性功能中的网络状态,并使用动态域名服务请求更新云名称服务器的域名记录,发送计费信息给记录功能块; [0154] Further, the control module is further for maintaining directory and network state updates the availability status of the network functions, and use dynamic domain name service request to update the domain name server cloud records, billing information sent to the recording function block ;

[0155] 进一步的,所述控制功能块还用于根据配置功能模块的策略来执行具体的操作。 [0155] Further, the control function is further configured to perform a specific operation according to the configuration functional module policy.

[0156] 所述控制功能块具体可以为云服务中介,所述云服务中介位于云的内部,提供能力注册、编排控制、服务监控、服务计费、域名记录管理等功能; [0156] The control function block may be a particular cloud service broker, said service broker cloud located inside the cloud, providing the ability to register, schedule control, service monitoring, service accounting, records management domain functions;

[0157] 配置功能模块,包含各种数据库和供应信息,用于云计算资源的协调或定制化; [0157] configuration functional module, comprising various databases and supplies information for the coordination of cloud computing resources or customized;

[0158] 所述各种数据库和供应信息,具体可以是:预定义服务模板、可视化的人工服务组合、面向大规模、动态环境的按需自动服务组合、实现大并发情况下的高效、可靠的组合应用运行等,其中,基于自动服务组合的多模式快速应用建模可以采用如WS-BEPL程序的生成以及流程建模的辅助工具等方法来实现; [0158] The provisioning information and various databases, particularly may be: predefined service template, a combination of visual manual service, for large-scale, on-demand service composition automatic dynamic environment, efficient and reliable in large concurrency run the like in combination, wherein a combination of services based on multi-mode automatic rapid application modeling may generate and process modeling as WS-BEPL program aids employ other methods to achieve;

[0159] 所述配置功能模块具体包括:云用户数据库,用于鉴权和授权用户;云名称服务器,用于提供域名服务;云策略服务器,用于存储各种策略和计划;云自动化配置服务器, 用于提供云资源的自动化配置;云软件服务器,用于存储各种操作系统/虚拟机镜像和中间件以及其他应用软件; [0159] The specific configuration of functional modules include: cloud user database for user authentication and authorization; the name of the cloud server to provide domain name services; cloud policy server for storing various strategies and plans; cloud automation server configuration automation for cloud resource allocation; cloud server software, used to store various operating systems / virtual machine images and other middleware and application software;

[0160] 所述自动化配置可以是:使用DHCP进行自动化IP地址配置、使用BOOTP进行设备自启动配置、使用PXE进行固件更新、和使用Linux Kickstart程序进行自配置启动等。 [0160] The configuration may be automated: use DHCP for IP address configuration automated, self-starting apparatus for use BOOTP configuration, firmware update using PXE, and use Linux Kickstart configuration program from the start and the like.

14[0161] 流量传输功能模块,用于支持终端和/或门户功能单元的安全访问,包括VPN连接、各种形式隧道接入以及对用户和流量的控制,和/或用于实现端到端延迟、抖动和带宽等的网络监控,如QoS服务质量测量,以保证满足端到端延迟、抖动和带宽需求; 14 [0161] Traffic transmission function module, configured to support secure access to the terminal and / or portal functional units, including the VPN connection, and control access to various forms of the tunnel and the user traffic, and / or end to end delay, jitter and bandwidth of the network monitoring, such as the quality of service QoS measurements to ensure compliance end delay, jitter and bandwidth requirements;

[0162] 进一步的,所述流量传输功能模块,还用于根据可用性功能中的网络状态,选择最好或最合适的网元为终端和/或门户功能单元11提供接入; [0162] Further, the flow transmission function module is further configured to function in accordance with the availability status of the network, select the best or most appropriate network element providing access to the terminal and / or portal function unit 11;

[0163] 所述流量传输功能模块具体可以为云服务网关,提供网络监控、网络预留、服务计费等功能; [0163] The flow transmission function module may be specifically cloud services gateway that provides network monitoring, network reservation service billing and other functions;

[0164] 记录功能模块,用于存储以下至少一种模块活动产生的记录:控制功能模块、配置功能模块和流量传输功能模块以及其他网络实体,存储的记录日志可以用于客户审核、SLA 审计或合法监听等;其中,所述存储的记录日志包括:云计费功能的话单日志、用于SLA审计的云SLA顺从功能的日志、云合法监听功能的日志等,所述云计费功能的话单日志一般包括以下一项或多项:用户信息、资源信息、使用时间、使用方式等。 [0164] History module, recording module for storing at least one of the following activities: control function module configured function modules and flow transmission function module and other network entities, may be used to store logging client approval, auditing, or the SLA lawful interception and the like; wherein the stored log comprising: a single cloud charging function then logs for auditing SLA SLA compliance function log cloud, cloud lawful interception of logs, the charging function, then a single cloud log generally include one or more of the following: user information, resources, information, time, and other use.

[0165] 所述记录功能模块的具体功能可以包含云计费功能、云SLA顺从功能、云合法监听功能等; Specific Function [0165] The functional module can comprise recording billing cloud, cloud SLA compliance function, cloud lawful interception function;

[0166] 所述云虚拟化资源功能单元122提供的云计算资源包括以下至少一种:虚拟资源、物理资源、基础软件资源;其中, The [0166] Cloud cloud computing resource virtualized resource function unit 122 comprises at least one of: a virtual resource, physical resources, software resources base; wherein,

[0167] 所述虚拟资源包括:虚拟计算资源,如虚拟机、操作系统、中间件;虚拟存储资源, 如V-SAN、V-NAS ;虚拟网络资源,如VPN、V-Fff, V-Switch, V-Router 等; [0167] The virtual resources comprising: a virtual computing resources, such as virtual machines, operating systems, middleware; virtual storage resources, such as V-SAN, V-NAS; virtual network resources, such as VPN, V-Fff, V-Switch , V-Router and the like;

[0168] 所述物理资源包括计算资源、存储资源、网络资源等; [0168] the physical resource comprises a computational resources, storage resources, network resources, and the like;

[0169] 所述基础软件资源包括以下至少一种:分布式数据库,分布式文件系统,分布式计算框架,分布式缓存、分布式存储等。 [0169] The base software resource comprises at least one of: a distributed database, a distributed file system, distributed computing frameworks, distributed cache, distributed storage.

[0170] 所述云互通功能单元123,具体用于抽象不同云之间不兼容的能力和接口,提供公共的、开放的、标准化的互通接口和/或中介代理服务,解决不同云平台/云计算服务之间的不兼容问题;具体包括:云服务发布接口、云服务消费接口、云服务处理模块、云服务适配模块;其中, [0170] The cloud interworking function unit 123 is specifically configured to incompatibilities between different clouds abstract interfaces and capabilities, providing a common, open, standardized interworking interface and / or intermediary proxy service, internet address different cloud / cloud calculation of incompatibilities between services; including: a cloud service publishing interface, the cloud service consuming interface, the cloud service processing module, a cloud service adapting module; wherein,

[0171] 云服务发布接口,用于订阅至少一个云服务提供商提供的云计算服务和资源信息,包括:订阅私有云、社区云、公共云或混合云等云服务提供商发布支持的云计算服务和资源信息;所述私有云、社区云、公共云或混合云等云服务提供商可以向所述云互通功能单元123发布通知自身支持的云计算服务和资源信息; [0171] cloud service publishing interface to subscribe to at least one cloud service providers to offer cloud computing services and resources, including: Subscribe cloud private cloud, community cloud, public cloud or hybrid cloud and other cloud computing service providers to release support services and resource information; the private cloud, community cloud, public cloud or hybrid cloud and other cloud service providers can publish to the cloud interworking function unit 123 inform their support of cloud computing services and resource information;

[0172] 云服务消费接口,用于向终端和/或门户功能单元11提供访问云服务提供商的消费接口; [0172] Cloud service consumer interface for providing access to a cloud service provider interfaces to the consumer terminal and / or gateway function unit 11;

[0173] 云服务处理模块,用于处理云服务请求; [0173] Cloud service processing module for processing a service request cloud;

[0174] 所述云服务处理模块处理云服务请求的基本工作模式是转化/翻译模式,还可以提供以下至少之一的服务功能模式:代理服务、安全服务、服务质量QoS/服务品质协议SLA 控制服务、屏蔽服务、置换服务、和合成服务等; [0174] The cloud service processing module cloud basic modes of operation processing the service request is the conversion / translation mode, also offers the following function modes at least one of: the proxy service, security service, quality of service QoS / SLA SLA Control service, shielding service, service replacement, service and synthetic;

[0175] 云服务适配模块,用于协议适配云服务提供商提供的云计算资源,包括API应用程序接口函数、参数、传输协议的适配等; [0175] Cloud service adaptation module for adaptation protocol cloud service provider cloud computing resource, including an application program interface API functions, parameters, adapted transfer protocol and the like;

[0176] 所述云12进一步包括:云应用功能单元124、云管理功能单元125、云安全功能单元126 ;其中,[0177] 云应用功能单元124,用于提供按需服务,至少包括以下一种:SaaS、PaaS, IaaS, SDI^aaS等;其中,所述IaaS还可以包括:分布式数据库,分布式文件系统,分布式计算框架, 分布式缓存、分布式存储等资源; [0176] The cloud 12 further comprising: a cloud application function unit 124, cloud management function unit 125, cloud security function unit 126; wherein, [0177] Cloud application function unit 124, for providing on-demand services, comprising at least a species: SaaS, PaaS, IaaS, SDI ^ aaS the like; wherein the IaaS may further comprise: a distributed database, a distributed file system, distributed computing frameworks, distributed cache, distributed storage resources;

[0178] 所述SDI^aaS,包括业务创建环境能力、业务执行环境能力、业务发布支持能力、业务测试环境能力以及其他SDP能力; [0178] The SDI ^ aaS, including the ability to service creation environment, service execution environment capabilities to support service delivery capability, capacity and other operational test environment SDP capabilities;

[0179] 所述云服务编排功能单元121,进一步用于对云应用功能单元IM提供的按需服务统一调度和编排; [0179] The cloud service orchestration functional unit 121, is further demand for cloud service provided by IM application function unit and unified arrangement;

[0180] 进一步的,所述云应用功能单元124,还用于访问云虚拟化资源功能单元122,调度使用云计算资源; [0180] Further, the cloud application function unit 124 is further configured to access the cloud virtualized resources function unit 122, the use of cloud computing resource scheduling;

[0181] 和/或,所述云应用功能单元124,还用于通过云管理功能单元125实现管理即服务; [0181] and / or the cloud application function unit 124, 125 is further configured to manage a service management function unit through the cloud;

[0182] 和/或,所述云应用功能单元124,还用于调用云安全功能单元126,实现按需服务的安全机制; [0182] and / or the cloud application function unit 124 is further configured to invoke cloud security function unit 126, a demand to achieve security and services;

[0183] 和/或,所述云应用功能单元124,还用于通过访问云互通功能单元123访问其他云服务提供商的云,实现云之间的互通服务。 [0183] and / or the cloud application function unit 124 is further configured to access other cloud by cloud service providers to access the cloud interworking function unit 123, the service interworking between clouds.

[0184] 云管理功能单元125,用于对整个云12进行管理,包括:性能管理、配置管理、容错管理、帐户管理、可用性功能管理等; [0184] Cloud management unit 125 for managing the entire cloud 12, comprising: performance management, configuration management, fault management, account management, availability management function;

[0185] 具体的,所述云管理功能单元125,为终端和/或门户功能单元11提供管理云12 的方法;为云服务编排功能单元121提供对整个云12的实施管理能力;为云应用功能单元124提供管理即服务;为云虚拟化资源功能单元122进行云计算资源管理; [0185] Specifically, the cloud management function unit 125, the terminal and / or portal function unit 11 provides a method of managing cloud 12; embodiment provides management capabilities for the entire cloud 12 cloud service orchestration function unit 121; cloud application function unit 124 provides a service management; cloud computing cloud resource management function unit 122 of virtualized resources;

[0186] 云安全功能单元126,用于提供整个云12的安全机制,具体可以包括AAA、IDMdS 问控制、策略等功能; [0186] Smart function unit 126, for providing the overall security of the cloud 12, may specifically include AAA, IDMdS asked control strategy functions;

[0187] 具体的,所述云安全功能单元126,为终端和/或门户功能单元11提供各项安全机制,包括安全通道、鉴权、授权等,实现整体云安全访问;为云服务编排功能单元121提供云服务编排的安全机制;为云应用功能单元124的&iaS、PaaS、IaaS、SDPaaS等服务提供安全机制;为云虚拟化资源功能单元122提供各种资源的安全访问。 [0187] Specifically, the cloud security function unit 126, the terminal and / or portal function unit 11 provides the security, including security channel, authentication, authorization, etc., to achieve the overall cloud security access; cloud service orchestration function unit 121 provides security cloud service orchestration; provide security for the cloud application function unit 124 & iaS, PaaS, IaaS, SDPaaS and other services; secure access to cloud virtualization resource function unit 122 provides a variety of resources.

[0188] 进一步的,当电信运营商部署云作为业务发布平台的解决方案时,如图2所示,可以直接将云服务编排功能单元121由SDI^aaS实现;或,如图3所示,云应用功能单元IM提供的按需服务作为资源,包含在云虚拟化资源功能单元122中。 [0188] Further, when the carriers as a Cloud service delivery platform deployment solution shown in Figure 2, may be directly cloud service orchestration functional unit realized by the SDI 121 ^ aaS; or 3, on-demand cloud application services provided by functional units IM as a resource, contained in a virtualized cloud resource function unit 122.

[0189] 进一步的,所述云管理功能单元125和/或云安全功能单元126,可以集成在云服务编排功能单元121中,也可以分别单独存在于云中,如图3所示,云管理功能单元125和云安全功能单元126集成在云服务编排功能单元121中。 [0189] Further, the cloud management function unit 125 and / or cloud security function unit 126, may be integrated in a cloud service orchestration functional unit 121, respectively, may be present alone in the cloud, as shown in FIG cloud manager 3 cloud security function unit 125 and functional units 126 in a cloud service orchestration integrated functional unit 121.

[0190] 以上所述,仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非用于限定本发明的保护范围,凡在本发明的精神和原则之内所作的任何修改、等同替换和改进等,均应包含在本发明的保护范围之内。 [0190] The above are only preferred embodiments of the present invention but are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, any modifications within the spirit and principle of the present invention, equivalent replacements and improvements are It is included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (24)

  1. 1. 一种云计算系统,其特征在于,该系统包括:终端和/或门户功能单元、云;其中, 终端和/或门户功能单元,用于与云建立安全机制,向云发送云服务请求,实施对云的访问和/或对云的管理和监控;云,用于接受云服务请求后,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问其他云,编排云计算资源,向终端和/或门户功能单元提供云服务。 A cloud computing system, characterized in that the system comprising: a terminal and / or portal functional units, the cloud; wherein, a terminal and / or portal functional unit for establishing security and cloud, cloud service transmits a request to the cloud , the implementation of access to the cloud and / or cloud management and monitoring; cloud, cloud after receiving a service request, in itself and / or access other cloud, the cloud through the cloud arrangement interworking function computing resource to the terminal and / or portal functional unit to provide cloud services.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述云,具体用于根据上下文信息选择最合适的模型、或模版、或脚本、或计划,调度自身和/或通过云互通功能访问的其他云的云计算资源,进行自动化按需部署与运行;或者,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问的其他云的服务组合运行的过程中,动态选取最优服务质量OioS)的副本,实现服务组合的局部以及全局优化。 2. The system according to claim 1, wherein the cloud, the most suitable model for the specific context information selected in accordance with, or stencil, or script or program schedule itself and / or accessed through the cloud interworking function cloud computing resources, automated on-demand deployment and operation of other cloud; or, during and / or a combination of self-service access through the cloud interworking functions other cloud running, the dynamic select the best quality service OioS) copy, to achieve local and global optimization services portfolio.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1所述的系统,其特征在于,所述云包括:云服务编排功能单元、云虚拟化资源功能单元、云互通功能单元;其中,云服务编排功能单元,用于根据云服务请求,编排云虚拟化资源功能单元提供的云计算资源,和/或通过云互通功能单元访问其他云,编排所述云计算资源;云虚拟化资源功能单元,用于提供云计算资源和/或云计算资源的管理和监控功能; 云互通功能单元,用于提供互通接口和/或中介代理服务,实现与多个云服务提供商的云之间互通。 3. The system of claim 1, wherein said cloud comprising: a cloud service orchestration functional unit, functional unit resource virtualization cloud, cloud interworking function unit; wherein the cloud service orchestration functional unit, for a cloud service request, orchestration cloud cloud computing resource virtualized resource function providing unit, and / or other cloud computing resource access, the arrangement of the cloud through the cloud interworking function unit; cloud resource virtualization function unit for providing a cloud of computing resources and / or cloud computing resource management and monitoring functions; cloud interworking function unit for providing interworking interface and / or intermediary proxy service, implement the interconnection among the plurality of cloud and the cloud service providers.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的系统,其特征在于,所述云服务编排功能单元,包括:控制功能模块、配置功能模块、流量传输功能模块、记录功能模块,其中,控制功能模块,用于根据云服务请求,对云虚拟化资源功能单元提供的所述云服务请求的相应云计算资源进行控制,和/或通过云互通功能单元访问其他云,对所述云服务请求的相应云计算资源进行控制;配置功能模块,包含数据库和/或供应信息,用于云计算资源的编排或定制化; 流量传输功能模块,用于支持终端和/或门户功能单元的安全访问,和/或实现网络监控;记录功能模块,用于存储以下至少一种模块活动产生的记录:控制功能模块、配置功能模块、流量传输功能模块。 4. The system of claim 3, wherein the cloud service orchestration functional unit, comprising: a control module configured function modules, the flow transmission function module, a record module, wherein the control function module configured to the cloud service request, the corresponding cloud cloud cloud service request functional unit provides a virtual resource control computing resources, and / or accessed by other cloud cloud interworking function unit, corresponding to the cloud service cloud computing resource request control; configuration functional module, comprising a database and / or supply information used or the cloud computing resource scheduling customized; flow transmission function module, and to support the terminal / security access gateway functional unit and / or implement the network or monitoring; recording function module, at least one module for storing the generated activity: control function module configured function modules, the flow transmission function module.
  5. 5.根据权利要求3所述的系统,其特征在于,所述云虚拟化资源功能单元提供的云计算资源包括以下至少一种:虚拟资源、物理资源、基础软件资源。 5. The system according to claim 3, wherein the cloud computing resource virtualized cloud resource function providing unit comprises at least one of: a virtual resource, physical resources, software resources base.
  6. 6.根据权利要求3所述的系统,其特征在于,所述云互通功能单元包括:云服务发布接口、云服务消费接口、云服务处理模块、云服务适配模块;其中,云服务发布接口,用于订阅至少一个云服务提供商提供的云计算服务和资源信息; 云服务消费接口,用于提供访问云服务提供商的消费接口; 云服务处理模块,用于处理云服务请求;云服务适配模块,用于协议适配云服务提供商提供的云计算资源。 6. The system according to claim 3, characterized in that said cloud interworking function unit comprising: a cloud service publishing interface, cloud service consumer interfaces, cloud service processing module, a cloud service adapting module; wherein the cloud service publishing interface for at least subscribe to a cloud service provider cloud computing services and resource information; cloud services; cloud service consuming interface for providing access to the cloud service provider's consumer interfaces; cloud service processing module to process service requests cloud adapter module for cloud computing resource protocol adaptation cloud service provider.
  7. 7.根据权利要求3所述的系统,其特征在于,所述云进一步包括:云应用功能单元、云管理功能单元、云安全功能单元;其中,云应用功能单元,用于提供以下至少一种按需服务:基础设施即服务(IaaS)、平台即服务O^aaS)、软件即服务(Mas)、业务发布平台即服务(SDPaaS);云管理功能单元,用于对云进行管理; 云安全功能单元,用于提供云的安全机制。 7. The system according to claim 3, characterized in that said cloud further comprising: an application function unit cloud, cloud management function unit, cloud security function unit; wherein the cloud application function unit for providing at least one of on-demand services: infrastructure as a service (IaaS), platform as a service O ^ aaS), software as a service (Mas), service Delivery platform as a service (SDPaaS); cloud management unit for managing cloud; cloud security functional units, providing security for the cloud.
  8. 8.根据权利要求3所述的系统,其特征在于,所述云互通功能单元为第三方服务中介。 8. The system according to claim 3, characterized in that, the interworking function unit to a third party cloud service broker.
  9. 9.根据权利要求7所述的系统,其特征在于,所示云管理功能单元和/或云安全功能单元集成在云服务编排功能单元中或独立存在。 9. The system according to claim 7, characterized in that the management unit shown in the cloud and / or functional units are integrated Smart cloud service orchestration functional unit or of independent existence.
  10. 10.根据权利要求4所述的系统,其特征在于,所述控制功能模块为云服务中介;和/或,所述流量传输功能模块为云服务网关。 10. The system according to claim 4, wherein said control module is a cloud service broker; and / or the flow transmission function module is a cloud service gateway.
  11. 11.根据权利要求3或7所述的系统,其特征在于,所述云服务编排功能单元由SDI^aaS 实现。 11. The system of claim 3 or claim 7, characterized in that said cloud service orchestration functional unit realized by the SDI ^ aaS.
  12. 12. —种云计算方法,其特征在于,该方法包括:终端和/或门户与云建立安全机制,向云发送云服务请求;云接受云服务请求后,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问其他云,编排云计算资源,向终端和/或门户提供云服务。 12. - The method of computing cloud seeding, characterized in that, the method comprising: a terminal and / or portal and establish security cloud, cloud service request sent to the cloud; cloud service request after receiving the cloud, in itself and / or through the cloud interworking function access other cloud orchestration of cloud computing resources to provide to the terminal and / or portal cloud service.
  13. 13.根据权利要求12所述的方法,其特征在于,所述在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问其他云,编排云计算资源,为:所述云根据上下文信息选择最合适的模型、或模版、或脚本、 或计划,调度自身和/或通过云互通功能访问的其他云的云计算资源,进行自动化按需部署与运行;或者,在自身和/或通过云互通功能访问的其他云的服务组合运行的过程中,动态选取最优QoS的副本,实现服务组合的局部以及全局优化。 13. The method according to claim 12, wherein said at itself and / or other cloud computing resource access, choreography cloud through the cloud interworking function, as follows: the optimal cloud model selected according to the context information, or templates or scripts, or planning, scheduling itself and / or other cloud cloud cloud interworking functions accessed through the computational resources needed to automate the deployment and operation; or, in themselves and / or other cloud access through the cloud interworking service composition process is running, select the best dynamic QoS copy, to achieve local and global optimization services portfolio.
  14. 14.根据权利要求12所述的方法,其特征在于,所述云计算资源包括以下至少一种:虚拟资源、物理资源、基础软件资源。 14. The method according to claim 12, wherein the cloud computing resource comprises at least one of: a virtual resource, physical resources, software resources base.
  15. 15.根据权利要求12所述的方法,其特征在于,该方法进一步包括:云接受云服务请求后,所述云根据所述云服务请求提供以下至少一种按需服务:IaaS JaaSdaaS、SDI^aaS。 15. The method according to claim 12, wherein the method further comprises: after receiving cloud cloud service requests, to provide at least one of the cloud according to the cloud service demand service request: IaaS JaaSdaaS, SDI ^ aaS.
  16. 16. 一种云,其特征在于,该云包括:云服务编排功能单元、云虚拟化资源功能单元、云互通功能单元;其中,云服务编排功能单元,用于根据云服务请求,编排云虚拟化资源功能单元提供的云计算资源,和/或通过云互通功能单元访问其他云,编排所述云计算资源;云虚拟化资源功能单元,用于提供云计算资源和/或云计算资源的管理和监控功能; 云互通功能单元,用于提供互通接口和/或中介代理服务,实现与多个云服务提供商的云之间互通。 16. A cloud, wherein the cloud comprises: Cloud service orchestration functional unit, functional unit resource virtualization cloud, cloud interworking function unit; wherein the cloud service orchestration functional unit, according to a cloud service request, virtual cloud orchestration cloud computing resources provided by the resource function unit, and / or other cloud computing resource access, the arrangement of the cloud through the cloud interworking function unit; cloud virtual resource function unit for managing a cloud computing resources and / or cloud computing resources and monitoring; cloud interworking function unit for providing interworking interface and / or intermediary proxy service, interworking between a cloud and the cloud plurality of service providers.
  17. 17.根据权利要求16所述的云,其特征在于,所述云服务编排功能单元,包括:控制功能模块、配置功能模块、流量传输功能模块、记录功能模块,其中,控制功能模块,用于根据云服务请求,对云虚拟化资源功能单元提供的所述云服务请求的相应云计算资源进行控制,和/或通过云互通功能单元访问其他云,对所述云服务请求的相应云计算资源进行控制;配置功能模块,包含数据库和/或供应信息,用于云计算资源的编排或定制化; 流量传输功能模块,用于支持终端和/或门户功能单元的安全访问,和/或实现网络监控;记录功能模块,用于存储以下至少一种模块活动产生的记录:控制功能模块、配置功能模块、流量传输功能模块。 17. A cloud according to claim 16, wherein the cloud service orchestration functional unit, comprising: a control module configured function modules, the flow transmission function module, a record module, wherein the control function module configured to the cloud service request, the corresponding cloud cloud cloud service request functional unit provides a virtual resource control computing resources, and / or accessed by other cloud cloud interworking function unit, corresponding to the cloud service cloud computing resource request control; configuration functional module, comprising a database and / or supply information used or the cloud computing resource scheduling customized; flow transmission function module, and to support the terminal / security access gateway functional unit and / or implement the network or monitoring; recording function module, at least one module for storing the generated activity: control function module configured function modules, the flow transmission function module.
  18. 18.根据权利要求16所述的云,其特征在于,所述云虚拟化资源功能单元提供的云计算资源包括以下至少一种:虚拟资源、物理资源、基础软件资源。 18. A cloud according to claim 16, wherein the cloud computing resource virtualized cloud resource function providing unit comprises at least one of: a virtual resource, physical resources, software resources base.
  19. 19.根据权利要求16所述的云,其特征在于,所述云互通功能单元包括:云服务发布接口、云服务消费接口、云服务处理模块、云服务适配模块;其中,云服务发布接口,用于订阅至少一个云服务提供商提供的云计算服务和资源信息; 云服务消费接口,用于提供访问云服务提供商的消费接口; 云服务处理模块,用于处理云服务请求;云服务适配模块,用于协议适配云服务提供商提供的云计算资源。 19. A cloud according to claim 16, wherein said cloud interworking function unit comprising: a cloud service publishing interface, cloud service consumer interfaces, cloud service processing module, a cloud service adapting module; wherein the cloud service publishing interface for at least subscribe to a cloud service provider cloud computing services and resource information; cloud services; cloud service consuming interface for providing access to the cloud service provider's consumer interfaces; cloud service processing module to process service requests cloud adapter module for cloud computing resource protocol adaptation cloud service provider.
  20. 20.根据权利要求16所述的云,其特征在于,所述云进一步包括:云应用功能单元、云管理功能单元、云安全功能单元;其中,云应用功能单元,用于提供以下至少一种按需服务:IaaS、I^aS、SaaS、SDI3aaS ; 云管理功能单元,用于对云进行管理; 云安全功能单元,用于提供云的安全机制。 20. A cloud according to claim 16, wherein said cloud further comprising: an application function unit cloud, cloud management function unit, cloud security function unit; wherein the cloud application function unit for providing at least one of on-demand services: IaaS, I ^ aS, SaaS, SDI3aaS; cloud management unit for managing cloud; cloud security function unit for providing cloud security mechanisms.
  21. 21.根据权利要求16所述的云,其特征在于,所述云互通功能单元为第三方服务中介。 21. A cloud according to claim 16, wherein said interworking function unit to a third party cloud service broker.
  22. 22.根据权利要求20所述的云,其特征在于,所述云管理功能单元和/或云安全功能单元集成在云服务编排功能单元中或独立存在。 22. A cloud according to claim 20, wherein the cloud management function unit and / or the functional unit are integrated in the Smart cloud service orchestration functional unit or of independent existence.
  23. 23.根据权利要求17所述的云,其特征在于,所述控制功能模块为云服务中介;和/或,所述流量传输功能模块为云服务网关。 23. A cloud according to claim 17, wherein said control module is a cloud service broker; and / or the flow transmission function module is a cloud service gateway.
  24. 24.根据权利要求16或20所述的云,其特征在于,所述云服务编排功能单元由SDI^aaS 实现。 24. Cloud 16 or claim 20, wherein the cloud service orchestration functional unit realized by the SDI ^ aaS.
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