CN102513581B - Device and method for drilling sheets - Google Patents

Device and method for drilling sheets Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102513581B
CN102513581B CN 201110400549 CN201110400549A CN102513581B CN 102513581 B CN102513581 B CN 102513581B CN 201110400549 CN201110400549 CN 201110400549 CN 201110400549 A CN201110400549 A CN 201110400549A CN 102513581 B CN102513581 B CN 102513581B
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Prior art keywords
pattern
guiding
hole
processed
basic
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CN 201110400549
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CN102513581A (en
Inventor
杨艳群
冯孝忠
杨建华
程浩
董世康
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CRRC Tangshan Co Ltd
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Tangshan Railway Vehicle Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention provides a device and a method for drilling sheets, wherein the device for drilling sheets comprises a foundation profile, a sheet locating device and a profile clamping device; foundation die holes, of which the shapes are the same as that of holes to be processed, are arranged on the foundation profile; the sheet locating device is used for locating clamping sheets; and the profile clamping device is used for clamping foundation profile at the position of holes to be processed on sheet. The device and the method for the drilling sheets provided in the invention fix the foundation profile at the position of holes to be processed by the foundation profile; a manual processing tool can be adopted and the foundation die holes on the foundation profile are taken as guide; and holes are processed on the sheet. Compared with the prior art, the processing table position in the numerical control centre is not occupied; and the method and device have short processing time and higher whole work efficiency, do no occupy the numerical processing center, and reduce processing cost.

Description

Plate drilling equipment and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to the Sheet Metal Processing technology, relate in particular to a kind of plate drilling equipment and method.
Background technology
At present, use the material of large scale plate, substantially all adopt the large-sized aluminium alloy plate as the material of making body construction such as EMUs as device housings such as the vehicles through regular meeting.
In the process of large scale plate, need on the large scale plate, process various holes, the main numerical-control processing method that adopts is processed, by positioning tool plate is positioned clamping, then by the numerical control machining center centering, numerical control programming is carried out in shape, size and position according to the hole, the hole on the machining large-sized plate, and concrete grammar is as follows:
Analyze the processing drawing of plate, design or select for use and help the positioning tool processing and clamp;
Analyze the processing drawing of plate, carry out numerical control programming; Need to consider the collision in cutter compensation situation, the process in the programming process and cross the situation of cutting.
The plate handling to positioning tool, is clamped the plate location, call numerical control program then and simulate processing; In this process, numerical control program is adjusted, after the affirmation numerical control program is errorless fully, is called numerical control program again and carry out physical treatment.
The method of existing plate boring owing to adopt numerical control machining center processing, takies the machine table position of numerical control machining center, and is long to the time of the location clamp operation of plate, and the time of machining hole is short, and the time distribution of this boring procedure causes whole work efficiency low; And the time that takies numerical control machining center is long, the processing cost height.
Summary of the invention
The invention provides a kind of plate drilling equipment and method, in order to solve plate boring method inefficiency of the prior art, technological deficiency that processing cost is high.
The invention provides a kind of plate drilling equipment, comprise basic pattern, plate positioner and pattern clamping device; Have the basic nib identical with hole shape to be processed on the described basic pattern, described plate positioner is used for the location and clamps plate, and described pattern clamping device is used for described basic pattern is clamped in the position in hole to be processed on the plate.
Aforesaid plate drilling equipment, described plate drilling equipment also comprise the first guiding pattern and at least one second guiding pattern;
Have the first guiding nib identical on the described first guiding pattern with a part of shape in hole to be processed; Have the second guiding nib identical on described at least one second guiding pattern with the remainder shape in hole to be processed;
Described first guiding pattern and described basic pattern are superimposed, are used for the part of machining hole;
Described at least one second guiding pattern and described basic pattern are superimposed, are used for the remainder of machining hole.
Aforesaid plate drilling equipment, the pin-and-hole that has the position correspondence on described first guiding pattern and the described basic pattern is used to locate described first guiding pattern and the basic pattern;
The pin-and-hole that has the position correspondence on described at least one second guiding pattern and the described basic pattern is used to locate described second guiding pattern and the basic pattern.
The present invention also provides a kind of plate boring method, comprising:
Determine the position dimension of hole to be processed on plate, the plate location is clamped by the plate positioner;
Basic pattern is placed on the hole to be processed, basic pattern is clamped in the position in hole to be processed by the pattern clamping device;
Use machining tool, be rotated machining as guiding with the basic nib on the basic pattern.
The present invention is also a kind of plate boring method in addition, comprising:
Step 102 is determined the position dimension of hole to be processed on plate, by the plate positioner plate location is clamped;
Step 202 is joined first guiding pattern and the basic pattern superimposed, inserts corresponding pin-and-hole on the first guiding pattern and the basic pattern by pin, with the first guiding pattern and basic pattern location aligning;
Step 302 places the first guiding pattern and basic pattern on the hole to be processed, the first guiding pattern and basic pattern is clamped in the position in hole to be processed by the pattern clamping device;
Step 402 is used machining tool, is rotated machining with the first guiding nib on the first guiding pattern as guiding, processes the part in hole to be processed, takes off the first guiding pattern;
Step 502 is joined second guiding pattern and the basic pattern superimposed, inserts corresponding pin-and-hole on the second guiding pattern and the basic pattern by pin, with the second guiding pattern and basic pattern location aligning;
Step 602 places the second guiding pattern and basic pattern on the hole to be processed, the second guiding pattern and basic pattern is clamped in the position in hole to be processed by the pattern clamping device;
Step 702 is used machining tool, is rotated machining with the second guiding nib on the second guiding pattern as guiding, processes the remainder in hole to be processed;
When the second guiding pattern is during more than one, repeating step 502-step 702 is until processing complete hole to be processed.
Plate drilling equipment provided by the invention and method, basic pattern is fixed on the position in hole to be processed by the pattern clamping device, can adopt manual machining tool is guiding with the basic nib on the basic pattern, machining hole on plate, compared with prior art, need not take the machine table position of numer centre, process time is short, whole work efficiency is higher.And do not take numerical control machining center, can cut down finished cost.
Description of drawings
The structural representation of the plate drilling equipment that Fig. 1 provides for first embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 for second embodiment of the invention provide first the guiding pattern structural representation;
Fig. 3 for second embodiment of the invention provide second the guiding pattern structural representation;
The flow chart of the plate boring method that Fig. 4 provides for third embodiment of the invention;
The flow chart of the plate boring method that Fig. 5 provides for fourth embodiment of the invention.
The specific embodiment
With reference to figure 1, the structural representation of the plate boring method that Fig. 1 provides for first embodiment of the invention.
As shown in Figure 1, the plate drilling equipment that provides of present embodiment comprises basic pattern 1, plate positioner and pattern clamping device; Have the basic nib 11 identical with hole shape to be processed on the pattern 1 of basis, the plate positioner is used for the location and clamps plate, and the pattern clamping device is used for basic pattern 1 is clamped in the position in hole to be processed on the plate.
Particularly, the plate positioner can design according to the size of plate size and the version of tool stand, and in addition, the plate positioner can be selected existing positioning fixture for use according to actual conditions.Equally, the pattern clamping device can be according to the structure and the size of pattern 1, and the shape in hole to be processed and position design, and also can select existing positioning fixture for use according to actual conditions.The main body of basis pattern 1 is a platy structure.
If the shape in hole to be processed is fairly simple, as hole to be processed is the hole of simple shape such as slotted hole or inclined hole, then only use basic pattern 1 can finish the processing in hole as the processing template, process the basic nib 11 identical on the pattern 1 of basis with hole shape to be processed, consider mismachining tolerance, the size of basis nib 11 and the size in hole to be processed are complementary, and satisfy the precision in hole to be processed.
During boring, by the plate positioner with the plate clamping and positioning on workbench, by the pattern clamping device basic pattern 1 is clamped on the plate, guarantee that basic nib 11 is corresponding with the position in hole to be processed, at last,, under the guiding of basic nib 11, on plate, process and the identical hole of basic nib 11 shapes by manual boring bar tool.
The plate drilling equipment that first embodiment of the invention provides, basic pattern 1 is fixed on the position in hole to be processed by the pattern clamping device, can adopt manual machining tool is guiding with the basic nib on the basic pattern 1 11, machining hole on plate, compared with prior art, need not take the machine table position of numer centre, process time is short, whole work efficiency is higher.And do not take numerical control machining center, can cut down finished cost.
The structural representation of the first guiding pattern that provides for second embodiment of the invention referring to figs. 2 and 3, Fig. 2; Fig. 3 for second embodiment of the invention provide second the guiding pattern structural representation;
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the plate drilling equipment that second embodiment of the invention provides is on the basis of first embodiment of the invention, the plate drilling equipment has been done further improvement, and in the present embodiment, the plate drilling equipment also comprises the first guiding pattern 2 and the second guiding pattern 3.
Have the basic nib 11 identical on the pattern 1 of basis with the shape in hole to be processed; Have the first guiding nib 21 identical on the first guiding pattern 2 with a part of shape in hole to be processed; Have the second guiding nib 31 identical on the second guiding pattern 3 with the remainder shape in hole to be processed.
The first guiding pattern 2 and basic pattern 1 are superimposed, are used for the part of machining hole; The second guiding pattern 3 and basic pattern 1 are superimposed, are used for the remainder of machining hole.
Particularly, the pin-and-hole that has the position correspondence on the first guiding pattern 2 and the basic pattern 1, be used to locate first guiding pattern 2 and the basic pattern 1, the counterpart of the basic nib 11 on the first guiding nib 21 and the basic pattern 1 on the guiding pattern 2 of winning is overlapped.Particularly, have on the basic pattern 1 on first pin-and-hole 12, the first guiding patterns 2 and have second pin-and-hole 22 corresponding, pass second pin-and-hole 22 and first pin-and-hole 12 is aimed at the first guiding pattern 2 and basic pattern 1 location by shop bolt with first pin-and-hole, 12 positions.
The pin-and-hole that has the position correspondence on second guiding pattern 3 and the basic pattern 1 is used to locate second guiding pattern 2 and the basic pattern 1, makes the counterpart of the basic nib 11 on the first guiding nib 31 and the basic pattern 1 on the second guiding pattern 3 overlap.Particularly, second guiding have on the pattern 3 with basic pattern 1 on the 3rd corresponding pin-and-hole 32 of first pin-and-hole, 12 positions, pass the 3rd pin-and-hole 32 and first pin-and-hole 12 is aimed at the second guiding pattern 3 and basic pattern 1 location by shop bolt.Certainly, also can offer the pin-and-hole of other position correspondences on the second guiding pattern 3 and the basic pattern 1.
The plate drilling equipment that second embodiment of the invention provides, the processing in hole that can the commensurate structure relative complex, can by two first the guiding patterns 2 and second the guiding pattern 3 respectively with basic pattern 1 superimposed use, process the different piece of portalling respectively, finish the integral body processing in hole at last, be beneficial to the machining accuracy that improves the hole.
Need to prove, in second embodiment of the invention, the quantity of guiding pattern also can be three or four, can be according to the complexity in hole, the process in hole is resolved into multi-section to be finished, and then design a plurality of guiding patterns and basic pattern is used respectively, so that the machining accuracy in baroque hole to be provided.
With reference to figure 4, the flow chart of the plate boring method that Fig. 4 provides for third embodiment of the invention.
As shown in Figure 4, the plate boring method that present embodiment provides, the plate drilling equipment that adopts first embodiment of the invention to provide is implemented plate boring, and this plate boring method comprises:
Step 101 is determined the position dimension of hole to be processed on plate, by the plate positioner plate location is clamped;
Step 201 places basic pattern on the hole to be processed, basic pattern is clamped in the position in hole to be processed by the pattern clamping device.
Step 301 is used machining tool, is rotated machining with the basic nib on the basic pattern as guiding.
The plate boring method that third embodiment of the invention provides, basic pattern is fixed on the position in hole to be processed by the pattern clamping device, can adopt manual machining tool is guiding with the basic nib on the basic pattern 1, machining hole on plate, compared with prior art, need not take the machine table position of numer centre, process time is short, whole work efficiency is higher.And do not take numerical control machining center, can cut down finished cost.
With reference to figure 5, the flow chart of the plate boring method that Fig. 5 provides for fourth embodiment of the invention.
As shown in Figure 5, the plate boring method that present embodiment provides, the plate drilling equipment that adopts second embodiment of the invention to provide is implemented plate boring, and this plate boring method comprises:
Step 102 is determined the position dimension of hole to be processed on plate, by the plate positioner plate location is clamped;
Step 202 is joined first guiding pattern and the basic pattern superimposed, inserts corresponding pin-and-hole on the first guiding pattern and the basic pattern by pin, with the first guiding pattern and basic pattern location aligning;
Step 302 places the first guiding pattern and basic pattern on the hole to be processed, the first guiding pattern and basic pattern is clamped in the position in hole to be processed by the pattern clamping device;
Step 402 is used machining tool, is rotated machining with the nib on the first guiding pattern as guiding, processes the part in hole to be processed, takes off the first guiding pattern;
Step 502 is joined second guiding pattern and the basic pattern superimposed, inserts corresponding pin-and-hole on the second guiding pattern and the basic pattern by pin, with the second guiding pattern and basic pattern location aligning;
Step 602 places the second guiding pattern and basic pattern on the hole to be processed, the second guiding pattern and basic pattern is clamped in the position in hole to be processed by the pattern clamping device;
Step 702 is used machining tool, is rotated machining with the nib on the second guiding pattern as guiding, processes the remainder in hole to be processed.
When the second guiding pattern is during more than one, repeating step 502-step 702 is until processing complete hole to be processed.
The plate drilling equipment that fourth embodiment of the invention provides, the processing in hole that can the commensurate structure relative complex, can by two first the guiding patterns and second the guiding pattern respectively with the superimposed use of basic pattern, process the different piece of portalling respectively, finish the integral body processing in hole at last, be beneficial to the machining accuracy that improves the hole.
It should be noted that at last: above embodiment only in order to technical scheme of the present invention to be described, is not intended to limit; Although with reference to previous embodiment the present invention is had been described in detail, those of ordinary skill in the art is to be understood that: it still can be made amendment to the technical scheme that aforementioned each embodiment put down in writing, and perhaps part technical characterictic wherein is equal to replacement; And these modifications or replacement do not make the essence of appropriate technical solution break away from the scope of various embodiments of the present invention technical scheme.

Claims (3)

1. a plate drilling equipment is characterized in that, comprises basic pattern, plate positioner and pattern clamping device; Have the basic nib identical with hole shape to be processed on the described basic pattern, described plate positioner is used for the location and clamps plate, and described pattern clamping device is used for described basic pattern is clamped in the position in hole to be processed on the plate;
Described plate drilling equipment also comprises the first guiding pattern and at least one second guiding pattern;
Have the first guiding nib identical on the described first guiding pattern with a part of shape in hole to be processed; Have the second guiding nib identical on described at least one second guiding pattern with the remainder shape in hole to be processed;
Described first guiding pattern and described basic pattern are superimposed, are used for the part of machining hole;
Described at least one second guiding pattern and described basic pattern are superimposed, are used for the remainder of machining hole.
2. plate drilling equipment according to claim 1 is characterized in that, the pin-and-hole that has the position correspondence on described first guiding pattern and the described basic pattern is used to locate described first guiding pattern and the basic pattern;
The pin-and-hole that has the position correspondence on described at least one second guiding pattern and the described basic pattern is used to locate described second guiding pattern and the basic pattern.
3. a plate boring method is characterized in that, uses the described plate drilling equipment of claim 2, and described boring method comprises:
Step 102 is determined the position dimension of hole to be processed on plate, by the plate positioner plate location is clamped;
Step 202 is joined first guiding pattern and the basic pattern superimposed, inserts corresponding pin-and-hole on the first guiding pattern and the basic pattern by pin, with the first guiding pattern and basic pattern location aligning;
Step 302 places the first guiding pattern and basic pattern on the hole to be processed, the first guiding pattern and basic pattern is clamped in the position in hole to be processed by the pattern clamping device;
Step 402 is used machining tool, is rotated machining with the first guiding nib on the first guiding pattern as guiding, processes the part in hole to be processed, takes off the first guiding pattern;
Step 502 is joined second guiding pattern and the basic pattern superimposed, inserts corresponding pin-and-hole on the second guiding pattern and the basic pattern by pin, with the second guiding pattern and basic pattern location aligning;
Step 602 places the second guiding pattern and basic pattern on the hole to be processed, the second guiding pattern and basic pattern is clamped in the position in hole to be processed by the pattern clamping device;
Step 702 is used machining tool, is rotated machining with the second guiding nib on the second guiding pattern as guiding, processes the remainder in hole to be processed;
When the second guiding pattern is during more than one, repeating step 502-step 702 is until processing complete hole to be processed.
CN 201110400549 2011-12-06 2011-12-06 Device and method for drilling sheets Active CN102513581B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110400549 CN102513581B (en) 2011-12-06 2011-12-06 Device and method for drilling sheets

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110400549 CN102513581B (en) 2011-12-06 2011-12-06 Device and method for drilling sheets

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CN102513581B true CN102513581B (en) 2013-07-31

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Families Citing this family (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
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CN102921985B (en) * 2012-10-31 2014-12-31 西安航空动力股份有限公司 Method for processing deep minipore with large gradient on difficult-to-process material
JP2017036513A (en) * 2013-12-27 2017-02-16 村田機械株式会社 Fiber discharge device and spinning machine
CN104384550A (en) * 2014-09-28 2015-03-04 偃师市恒昌机械模具厂 Method for drilling irregularly-shaped part
CN104552617A (en) * 2014-12-29 2015-04-29 合肥蓝氏特种玻璃有限责任公司 Working table of glass perforating machine
CN109927105B (en) * 2018-12-10 2021-01-05 江苏创曦复合材料科技有限公司 Control method of CT medical bed board assembly hole opening device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5318394A (en) * 1992-07-30 1994-06-07 The Boeing Company Template for controlling operation of a drill on a contoured workpiece
US6394713B1 (en) * 2001-03-05 2002-05-28 Phillip E. Yates, Sr. Drill guide apparatus
CN201423462Y (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-03-17 武汉市人防工程专用设备厂 Door-hole processing device of protecting door for people's air defense
CN201659311U (en) * 2010-04-20 2010-12-01 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Drilling mold of H-shaped steel wing edge plate
CN201677064U (en) * 2010-05-04 2010-12-22 沈机集团昆明机床股份有限公司 Drilling template
CN201997764U (en) * 2011-04-17 2011-10-05 漳州市昌龙汽车附件有限公司 Drilling mould for crossbeam of passenger car

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5318394A (en) * 1992-07-30 1994-06-07 The Boeing Company Template for controlling operation of a drill on a contoured workpiece
US6394713B1 (en) * 2001-03-05 2002-05-28 Phillip E. Yates, Sr. Drill guide apparatus
CN201423462Y (en) * 2009-03-27 2010-03-17 武汉市人防工程专用设备厂 Door-hole processing device of protecting door for people's air defense
CN201659311U (en) * 2010-04-20 2010-12-01 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Drilling mold of H-shaped steel wing edge plate
CN201677064U (en) * 2010-05-04 2010-12-22 沈机集团昆明机床股份有限公司 Drilling template
CN201997764U (en) * 2011-04-17 2011-10-05 漳州市昌龙汽车附件有限公司 Drilling mould for crossbeam of passenger car

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Address after: 063035 Hebei province Fengrun District Tangshan City Road No. 3 factory

Patentee after: CRRC TANGSHAN CO., LTD.

Address before: 063035 Hebei province Fengrun District Tangshan City Road No. 3 factory

Patentee before: Tangshan Railway Carriage Co., Ltd.

C56 Change in the name or address of the patentee