CN102495771A - Terminal object classified backup and recovery methods based on cloud architecture - Google Patents

Terminal object classified backup and recovery methods based on cloud architecture Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102495771A
CN102495771A CN2011103048244A CN201110304824A CN102495771A CN 102495771 A CN102495771 A CN 102495771A CN 2011103048244 A CN2011103048244 A CN 2011103048244A CN 201110304824 A CN201110304824 A CN 201110304824A CN 102495771 A CN102495771 A CN 102495771A
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file
backup
terminal
core
operating system
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CN2011103048244A
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Chinese (zh)
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宋俊良
张庭
张治洲
耿兆贺
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奇智软件(北京)有限公司
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Priority to CN2011103048244A priority Critical patent/CN102495771A/en
Publication of CN102495771A publication Critical patent/CN102495771A/en
Priority claimed from PCT/CN2012/081984 external-priority patent/WO2013044794A1/en

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Abstract

The invention provides terminal object classified backup and recovery methods based on a cloud architecture. During backup, a user interface is arranged at a terminal, and different backup classes are provided according to a preset display policy and can be selected by a user, wherein the different backup classes comprise different backup objects; and according to the backup classes and the backup objects which are selected by the user, terminal files which correspond to the backup objects are backed up on a cloud server at the terminal according to the preset display policy. During recovery, according to recovery classes and recovery objects which are selected by the user, files which are backed up by the terminal or the user and correspond to the backup objects are determined on the cloud server; and according to a preset recovery policy, corresponding recovery is performed at the terminal by using the backup files. By the invention, classified backup and recovery methods are provided, and backup and recovery speeds are improved.

Description

一种基于云架构的终端对象分类备份及恢复方法 A terminal infrastructure objects in the cloud-based backup and recovery method of classification

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及计算机技术领域,尤其涉及一种基于云架构的终端对象分类备份及恢复方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to computer technology field, particularly to a terminal based on the classification of objects in the cloud infrastructure backup and recovery methods.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 随着计算机技术的发展,在各种计算机终端中安装的程序也越来越多。 [0002] With the development of computer technology, various computer terminal installed in more and more programs. 就个人计算机终端而言,一般来说,其中安装有操作系统程序和一些应用程序,这些程序相互配合工作,满足用户各种操作需求。 In terms of the personal computer terminal, generally, the operating system installed therein, and some application programs which cooperate with each other, to meet user needs various operations.

[0003] 但在终端运行一段时间后,由于病毒的破坏或自身垃圾文件的产生,很多程序会运行的越来越缓慢,甚至由于文件损坏造成无法正常开启或使用。 [0003] However, in the terminal running for some time, due to the destruction of the virus itself produces or junk files, the program will run much more slowly, or even because the file could not be opened properly or damage caused by use. 针对这种情况,出现了Ghost等系统备份还原工具,将整个分区的数据全部备份出来,在需要的时候再将备份数据还原到原分区。 In view of this situation, such as the emergence of Ghost system backup and restore tools to back up all data across partitions out when needed and then restore the backup data to the original partition.

[0004] 但现有的备份工具都没有提供分类备份的功能,用户无法将关注的部分单独进行备份;而且执行速度相当缓慢,由于其备份原理是逐扇区的将原数据克隆备份,恢复还原时将整个备份数据再原封不动的写回,因此,不仅要求较大的存储空间,而且非常耗时,如果运用于基于网络的存储备份,则其发送的数据量相当大。 [0004] However, the existing tools do not provide backup classified backup function, the user can not separate backup section of interest; and execution speed is rather slow, since it is the original principle of backup data sector by sector clone backup and restore restore when the entire backup data is then written back intact, therefore, it requires not only a large storage space, and time-consuming, if applied based on the amount of data storage backup network, it sends quite large.

[0005] 另一方面,目前的备份还原工具所执行的备份和还原操作都是比较机械刻板的, 就像照相一样,将原数据文件完全保持原样的复制出来,并还原回去,并没有考虑到程序自身的组成特点和运行特点,即便是备份前由于长期运行而导致存在的垃圾文件或有害文件,依然会忠实的将其备份保存,而这些造成程序运行障碍的垃圾文件或有害文件再还原回终端后,仍然会造成程序运行不畅。 [0005] On the other hand, the current backup and restore operations to perform backup and restore tools are relatively mechanically rigid, like photography, like the original data files remain completely intact copy of it, and restore back, and did not take into account the program's own composition characteristics and operation characteristics, even before the backup due to the long run lead to the presence of junk files or harmful files will still be faithful to the backup save it, and these cause the program to run obstacle junk files or harmful files and then restore back after the terminal, still cause poor running.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明所要解决的技术问题在于提供一种基于云架构的终端对象分类备份及恢复的方法,以克服现有技术不能提供分类备份以及备份及恢复的速度较慢且不能改善程序性能的问题。 [0006] The present invention solves the technical problem is to provide a method for terminal-based classification of objects in the cloud infrastructure backup and recovery to overcome the prior art does not provide a classification speed backup and backup and restore program is slow and does not improve performance problem.

[0007] 为解决上述技术问题,本发明一种基于云架构的终端对象分类备份方法,包括: [0007] To solve the above problems, an object of the present invention, the terminal classification cloud architecture based backup method, comprising:

[0008] 在终端侧提供一用户界面,以根据预设展示策略提供不同备份类别供用户选择, 其中不同备份类别包含不同备份对象; [0008] providing a user interface on the terminal side, in order to provide backup different categories according to a preset display policy for the user to select which different categories contain different backup backup objects;

[0009] 根据用户选定的备份类别及对象,在终端侧根据预设备份策略将所述备份对象所对应的终端文件在云端服务器进行备份。 [0009] The category selected by the user and the backup objects, the terminal according to a preset file backup policy in the backup target terminal side corresponding backup servers in the cloud.

[0010] 其中,所述云端数据库中预置一文件数据库,所述文件数据库中存储有不同终端文件及其唯一性特征信息; [0010] wherein said preset cloud database a database file, the file stored in the database file and the different terminal unique feature information;

[0011] 所述终端侧根据预设备份策略将所述备份对象所对应的终端文件的唯一性特征信息在云端服务器进行备份存储。 The [0011] Uniqueness of the terminal-side information terminal of the backup file corresponding to the backup object is stored in the cloud server according to the preset backup policy.

[0012] 其中,所述备份类别包括当前系统,该类别包含的备份对象包括操作系统的核心文件及已安装的应用程序;所述云端服务器中预置的文件数据库中存储有不同操作系统所包含的核心文件及其唯一性特征信息,并存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及安装文件; [0012] wherein said categories include the current backup system, the backup object classes included in the operating system kernel includes a file and the application is installed; the cloud server database files stored in different pre-operating system comprising its core document unique feature information, and stores various applications unique feature information and installation files;

[0013] 所述备份步骤,包括: [0013] The backup procedures, comprising:

[0014] 根据终端/用户的备份请求,获取终端侧当前操作系统的核心文件及当前已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息,并发送至云端服务器备份存储; [0014] The backup request terminal / user, the terminal side acquires the current operating system core files and unique feature information of the application currently installed, and the server transmits to the cloud backup storage;

[0015] 所述云端服务器根据所述文件数据库确定该执行备份的终端/用户与所述备份的唯一性特征信息所代表的操作系统核心文件之间的对应关系,及与所述备份的唯一性特征信息所代表应用程序安装文件之间的对应关系。 Uniqueness [0015] The first server determines that the execution of the file database backup correspondence between a terminal / user and the operating system core file of the backup unique feature information according to the representative, and the backup characteristic information representative of the correspondence between the application file to install.

[0016] 其中,所述文件数据库中进一步存储有不同操作系统的初始注册表文件;所述云端服务器根据所述文件数据库确定该执行备份的终端/用户与初始注册表文件之间的对应关系。 [0016] wherein said database further stores a file initial registry file different operating systems; the cloud server determines that the correspondence relationship between the performing backup terminal / user with the initial registry file according to the file database.

[0017] 其中,所述备份类别包括应用程序,该类别包含的备份对象包括终端已安装的应用程序;所述云端服务器中预置的文件数据库中存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及安装文件; [0017] wherein, said category includes the backup application, the backup objects included in this category comprises a terminal application installed; cloud database of the file server are stored in the preset feature information unique and different applications installed file;

[0018] 所述备份步骤,包括: [0018] The backup procedures, comprising:

[0019] 根据终端/用户的备份请求,获取终端侧当前已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息,并发送至云端服务器备份存储; [0019] The backup request terminal / user acquires a terminal-side application currently installed unique feature information, and sends it to the cloud storage server backup;

[0020] 所述云端服务器根据所述文件数据库确定该执行备份的终端/用户与所述备份的唯一性特征信息所代表的应用程序安装文件之间的对应关系。 [0020] The first server determines that the execution of the backup application terminal / user and unique information of the backup feature represents correspondence between the database file according to the file to install.

[0021] 其中,所述备份类别包括与应用程序有关的用户数据,该类别包含的备份对象包括该应用程序的用户数据文件; [0021] wherein said backup category includes user data associated with the application, the backup objects included in this category comprises a user data file of the application;

[0022] 所述备份步骤,包括: [0022] The backup procedures, comprising:

[0023] 根据终端/用户的备份请求,获取用户选定的应用程序的用户数据并发送至云端服务器备份存储。 [0023] The backup request terminal / user, obtain user data of the application selected by the user and sent to the cloud storage server backup.

[0024] 其中,所述备份步骤,进一步包括: [0024] wherein the backup procedure, further comprising:

[0025] 如果所述云端服务器在所述文件数据库中无法确定与所述终端侧发送的唯一性特征信息对应的该操作系统的核心文件,则由所述终端侧将与该唯一性特征信息对应的本地核心文件发送至云端服务器备份存储。 [0025] If the server can not determine the cloud unique characteristics of the transmission side terminal information corresponding to the operating system core files in the database file, by the terminal side corresponding to the unique feature information the local core server backup file is sent to the cloud storage.

[0026] 其中,所述备份步骤,进一步包括: [0026] wherein the backup procedure, further comprising:

[0027] 如果所述云端服务器在所述文件数据库中无法确定与所述终端侧发送的唯一性特征信息对应的应用程序安装文件,则由所述终端侧将与该唯一性特征信息对应的本地应用程序文件及对操作系统注册表的修改信息发送至云端服务器备份存储。 [0027] If the server can not determine the cloud unique feature information corresponding to the application program installation files sent by the terminal side of the database file, by the terminal side information corresponding to the unique characteristics of the local application files and modify the operating system registry information is sent to the cloud server backup storage.

[0028] 其中,所述备份步骤,进一步包括:将终端侧已安装的应用程序的用户数据发送至云端服务器备份存储。 [0028] wherein the backup procedure, further comprising: transmitting user data of the terminal-side application program installed to the cloud storage server backup.

[0029] 其中,所述终端侧根据一预置的规则表中记录的当前操作系统的核心文件名称, 获取当前操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息。 [0029] wherein, the terminal side according to the current operating system core file name of a preset rules recorded in the table, acquires unique feature information of the current operating system core file.

[0030] 其中,所述获取终端侧根据所述服务器侧文件数据库中存储的该操作系统的核心文件名称确定终端本地操作系统核心文件的名称,并据此获取本地操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息。 [0030] wherein the obtaining the terminal side determines the name of the local terminal in accordance with the operating system kernel file of the operating system of the server-side database file stored in the file name of the core, and accordingly obtain unique local file of the core operating system feature information.

[0031] 其中,本发明进一步包括: [0031] However, the present invention further comprises:

[0032] 由所述终端侧获取该操作系统的当前非核心文件,并发送至云端服务器备份存储。 [0032] acquired by the terminal side of the current non-core operating system files and sent to the cloud storage server backup.

[0033] 其中,本发明进一步包括: [0033] However, the present invention further comprises:

[0034] 由所述终端侧获取该操作系统的当前非核心文件及对应的唯一性特征信息,并发送至云端服务器存储。 [0034] acquired by the terminal side of the OS unique feature information of the current file and the corresponding non-core, and sent to the cloud storage server.

[0035] 其中,所述文件数据库中进一步存储有不同操作系统所包含的核心文件之间的相对位置关系信息。 [0035] wherein said database further stores a file relative positional relationship information between the core operating system files included.

[0036] 其中,所述终端侧将该操作系统的核心文件之间的相对位置关系信息发送至云端服务器存储。 [0036] wherein said terminal information relative positional relationship between the side of the core operating system files sent to the cloud storage server.

[0037] 其中,本发明进一步包括:所述终端侧将该操作系统的当前核心文件与非核心文件之间的相对位置关系发送至云端服务器存储。 [0037] However, the present invention further comprises: the terminal side of the current operating system core file transmission relative positional relationship between the document and the non-core to the cloud storage server.

[0038] 本发明进而提供一种基于云架构的终端对象分类恢复方法,包括: [0038] The present invention further provides a terminal object classification cloud architecture recovery methods including:

[0039] 在终端侧提供一用户界面,以根据预设展示策略提供不同的已备份类别供用户选择恢复,其中不同的已备份类别包含不同的已备份对象; [0039] providing a user interface on the terminal side, according to a preset display policy to provide a different category for user selection has been restored backup, backed up where different categories contain different objects backed up;

[0040] 根据用户选定的恢复类别及对象,在云端服务器确定该终端/用户已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件,并根据预设恢复策略,利用所述已备份文件在终端侧执行对应的恢复。 [0040] The category selected by the user and restore the object, determining the backup object file corresponding to the terminal / user has backed up in the cloud server, and restore default policy, the terminal side by using the backed up files perform the corresponding recovery.

[0041] 其中,所述云端数据库中预置一文件数据库,所述文件数据库中存储有不同终端文件及其唯一性特征信息; [0041] wherein said preset cloud database a database file, the file stored in the database file and the different terminal unique feature information;

[0042] 所述云端服务器根据终端/用户已备份的唯一性特征信息在文件数据库中确定该终端/用户已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件。 The [0042] determining the cloud server backup object file corresponding to the terminal / user has backed up file database according to the unique characteristics of the terminal / user has backed up information.

[0043] 其中,所述已备份类别包括当前系统,该类别包含的已备份对象包括操作系统的核心文件及已安装的应用程序;所述已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件包括该操作系统核心文件及已安装应用程序的唯一性特征信息; [0043] wherein said categories include the current system has been backed up, backup object has been included in this category include the operating system and core file of the installed application; the backup of the file corresponding to the object that have been backed up comprising OS core and unique characteristics of information application is installed;

[0044] 所述恢复步骤,包括: [0044] The recovery steps, comprising:

[0045] 将云端服务器侧已经备份的该终端的操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息与终端侧本地操作系统的文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配; [0045] The uniqueness of the current profile of the unique operating system core file of the terminal side of the server cloud characteristic information has been backed up with the local operating system of the terminal-side information matches;

[0046] 在终端侧将匹配不成功的当前唯一特征识信息对应的文件删除,并由云端服务器侧将匹配不成功的唯一性特征信息对应的文件发送至该终端侧对应存储; Currently, the only information corresponding to the identification feature file [0046] In the terminal side to remove the match is unsuccessful, the server side by matching the cloud unique feature unsuccessful file information corresponding to the terminal side is transmitted to the corresponding memory;

[0047] 由云端服务器根据所述已经备份的在终端侧已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息,使用预存的对应应用程序的安装文件在终端侧执行安装, [0047] The cloud server by the unique feature information of the application installed on the terminal side has been backed up, the use of pre-stored installation files corresponding to the application executed on the terminal side is mounted,

[0048] 其中,所述云端服务器中预置有一文件数据库,存储有不同操作系统所包含的核心文件及初始注册表文件,及所述核心文件的唯一性特征信息,并存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及安装文件。 [0048] wherein said first server has preset a file database, storing a different operating system core file and included in the initial registry file, and the core unique feature information file, and stores various applications The only feature information and installation files.

[0049] 其中,所述文件数据库中进一步存储有不同操作系统的初始注册表文件;在所述使用对应的安装文件在终端侧执行应用程序的安装步骤之前,进一步包括:由云端服务器将文件数据库中存储的与终端侧操作系统对应的初始注册表文件发送至终端侧对应存储。 [0049] wherein said database further stores a file initial registry files of different operating systems; the use of the corresponding installation file executed before the terminal-side application installation step, further comprising: a document database server cloud stored in the terminal side corresponding to the initial operating system registry files stored in correspondence to the terminal side. [0050] 其中,所述备份类别包括应用程序,该类别包含的备份对象包括终端已安装的应用程序;所述已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件或数据包括已安装应用程序的唯一性特征信息; [0050] wherein, said category includes the backup application, the backup objects included in this category comprises a terminal application installed; the already backed up to the backup file corresponding to the object or data include only application installed feature information;

[0051] 所述恢复步骤,包括: [0051] The recovery steps, comprising:

[0052] 由云端服务器根据所述已经备份的在终端侧已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息,使用预存的对应应用程序的安装文件在终端侧执行安装, [0052] The cloud server by the unique feature information of the application installed on the terminal side has been backed up, the use of pre-stored installation files corresponding to the application executed on the terminal side is mounted,

[0053] 所述云端服务器中预置一文件数据库,存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及安装文件。 [0053] The cloud server in a preset file database, storing a unique application of different feature information and the installation file.

[0054] 其中,所述备份类别包括与应用程序有关的用户数据,该类别包含的备份对象包括该应用程序的用户数据文件;所述已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件或数据包括该应用程序的用户数据文件; [0054] wherein said backup category includes user data associated with the application, the backup object classes contained in the data file includes a user application program; the already backed up to the backup file corresponding to the object or data include user data file of the application;

[0055] 所述恢复步骤,包括: [0055] The recovery steps, comprising:

[0056] 将已经备份的该应用程序的用户数据从云端服务器发送至终端侧对应存储。 [0056] The user data of the application program has been transmitted from the backup server to the terminal side corresponding to the cloud storage.

[0057] 其中,所述匹配步骤,包括:将云端服务器侧已经备份的所述操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息与该终端侧本地操作系统的全部文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 [0057] wherein the step of matching, comprising: a current unique features unique feature information of the operating system core file has been backed up on the server side of the cloud with all files of the local operating system of the terminal-side information match.

[0058] 其中,所述匹配步骤,包括:将云端服务器侧已经备份的所述操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息与该终端侧本地操作系统的核心文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 [0058] wherein the step of matching, comprising: a current unique features unique feature information of the operating system core file Cloud already backed up on the server side to the terminal side of the local operating system core file information match.

[0059] 其中,所述匹配步骤,包括: [0059] wherein the matching step comprises:

[0060] 云端服务器将所述已备份的操作系统核心文件的唯一性特征信息发送至终端侧; [0060] The cloud server operating system core files backed feature information unique to the terminal side;

[0061] 终端侧将接收到的已备份的操作系统核心文件的唯一性特征信息与本地操作系统对应的核心文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 Currently the only features unique feature information with the local operating system OS core of [0061] the terminal side has received the backup file corresponding to the core information match.

[0062] 其中,所述匹配步骤,包括: [0062] wherein the matching step comprises:

[0063] 由终端侧将本地操作系统的核心文件的当前唯一性特征信息发送至云端服务器; [0063] transmitted from the terminal side of this unique feature local operating system core file information to the cloud server;

[0064] 由所述云端服务器将收到的所述当前唯一性特征信息与存储的由该终端已经备份过的核心文件的唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 [0064] The cloud server by the unique characteristics of the current received by the terminal has been backed up core files unique feature information matches with the stored information.

[0065] 其中,本发明进一步包括: [0065] However, the present invention further comprises:

[0066] 由云端服务器将终端侧已备份的操作系统非核心文件发送至终端侧对应存储。 [0066] The operating system core file by the non-terminal side of the cloud server backed up to the terminal side corresponding to the storage.

[0067] 其中,所述匹配步骤,进一步包括:将云端服务器侧已备份的操作系统非核心文件的唯一性特征信息与该终端侧本地操作系统的文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 [0067] wherein said matching step, further comprising: a current unique features unique feature information of non-core operating system files have been backed up in the cloud server side to the terminal side of the local operating system file information match.

[0068] 其中,所述云端服务器将匹配不成功的唯一性特征信息对应的文件发送至终端侧对应存储的步骤,包括:所述终端侧根据已在云端服务器记录的所述核心文件之间的相对位置关系对核心文件进行存储。 The only feature information corresponding to the file [0068] wherein said unsuccessful matching the cloud server transmits to the storage step corresponding to the terminal side, comprising: between the terminal side according to the recorded file in the cloud server Core the relative positional relationship between the core files are stored.

[0069] 其中,所述终端侧根据已在云端服务器记录的所述非核心文件与核心文件之间的相对位置关系对非核心文件进行存储。 [0069] wherein, on the terminal side stores the file in accordance with the non-core relative positional relationship between the core and non-core files to the file server has been recorded in the cloud.

[0070] 其中,所述终端侧根据一预置规则表确定所述本地操作系统的核心文件的名称。 [0070] wherein the name of the local operating system core file of the terminal side is determined according to a preset rule table.

[0071] 其中,所述终端侧根据所述云端服务器中的文件数据库中记录的所述操作系统的核心文件名称确定所述本地对应操作系统核心文件名称。 [0071] wherein the terminal side determines that the local operating system core file name corresponding to the operating system to the cloud server files recorded in the database file name core. [0072] 其中,所述操作系统核心文件的唯一性特征信息包括该文件的签名。 [0072] wherein the unique feature of the operating system core file information includes signature of the file.

[0073] 其中,所述应用程序的唯一性特征信息包括该程序的名称及版本号。 [0073] wherein the unique feature information of the application including the name and version number of the program.

[0074] 应用本发明,由于提供了类别和对象的选项,用户可以仅对自己感兴趣或关注的部分进行备份和恢复,而且,本发明不需要传输实体文件,只需要传输文件的特征信息,因此,可极大的提高备份及恢复的速度,降低数据传输量,而且在恢复时由于是基于差异比较的恢复,特征信息在备份前后没有差异的文件则不需要恢复,有差异的才需要恢复,因此不仅恢复速度快,而且可以将终端侧有害的垃圾文件删除,提升程序性能。 [0074] application of the invention, by providing the option classes and objects, the user may be interested only in their own concerns or partial backup and recovery, and that the invention does not require transport entity files, you need to transfer files only feature information, Thus, can greatly improve the speed of backup and recovery, reducing the amount of data transmission, and the recovery due to the recovery is based on the comparison between the feature information there is no difference before and after the backup file recovery is not required, only the difference needs to be recovered Therefore not only recover faster, and you can delete unwanted side terminal junk files to improve program performance.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0075] 图1为根据本发明实施例所述的一种基于云架构的终端对象分类备份方法流程图。 [0075] FIG. 1 is a flowchart terminal object classification cloud infrastructure backup method according to one embodiment based on the embodiment of the present invention.

[0076] 图2为根据本发明实施例所述的对当前系统进行备份的流程示意图。 [0076] The embodiment according to FIG 2 is a schematic flow diagram of the current backup system according to the present invention.

[0077] 图3为根据本发明实施例所述的备份示意图。 [0077] FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the backup according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0078] 图4为根据本发明实施例所述的在终端侧获取欲备份的操作系统程序的核心文件的唯一性特征信息的流程图。 [0078] FIG 4 is a flowchart according to the embodiment of the operating system core file acquisition program to be backed up in the terminal side information unique feature of the embodiment of the present invention.

[0079] 图5为根据本发明实施例所述的备份应用程序的流程示意图。 [0079] FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the process according to the backup application of the embodiment of the present invention.

[0080] 图6为根据本发明实施例所述的一种基于云架构的终端对象分类恢复方法流程图。 [0080] FIG 6 is a flowchart of the terminal classification schema objects in the cloud-based recovery method according to an embodiment of the embodiment of the present invention.

[0081] 图7所示,为根据本发明实施例所述的当前系统恢复的流程示意图。 As shown in [0081] FIG 7, the system according to the current embodiment of the present invention to recover a schematic flow diagram. 具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0082] 下面结合附图,对本发明的实施例进行详细说明。 [0082] below with reference to the accompanying drawings, embodiments of the present invention will be described in detail.

[0083] 如图1所示,为根据本发明实施例所述的一种基于云架构的终端对象分类备份方法流程图,包括: [0083] As shown in FIG. 1, the terminal classification schema objects in the cloud to the flowchart as a backup method described in the embodiment according to the present invention, comprising:

[0084] 步骤101 :在终端侧提供一用户界面,以根据预设展示策略提供不同备份类别供用户选择,其中不同备份类别包含不同备份对象; [0084] Step 101: providing a user interface on the terminal side, in order to provide backup different categories according to a preset display policy for the user to select which different categories contain different backup backup objects;

[0085] 步骤102 :根据用户选定的备份类别及对象,在终端侧根据预设备份策略将所述备份对象所对应的终端文件在云端服务器进行备份。 [0085] Step 102: a user terminal according to the selected backup file types and objects, on the terminal side according to the preset backup policy backup object corresponding to the backup server in the cloud.

[0086] 其中,可以在所述云端数据库中预置一文件数据库,所述文件数据库中存储有不同终端文件及其唯一性特征信息;而所述终端侧可以根据预设备份策略将所述备份对象所对应的终端文件的唯一性特征信息在云端服务器进行备份存储。 [0086] wherein, may be preset in a database of the cloud database file, the file stored in the database file and the different terminal unique feature information; and the terminal side may be preset according to the backup policy backup Uniqueness of the terminal feature information corresponding to the object file stored in the backup server cloud.

[0087] 例如,所述备份类别可以是当前整个系统,该类别包含的备份对象包括操作系统的核心文件及已安装的应用程序;所述云端服务器中预置的文件数据库中存储有不同操作系统所包含的核心文件及初始注册表文件,及所述核心文件的唯一性特征信息,并存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及安装文件。 [0087] For example, the categories may be the entire current backup system, the backup object classes included in the operating system kernel includes a file and the application is installed; the cloud database file server stores preset different operating systems the only feature information included in the initial core files and registry file, and the core file, and stores various applications unique feature information and the installation file.

[0088] 如图2所示,为根据本发明实施例所述的对当前系统进行备份的流程示意图,包括: [0088] As shown in FIG. 2, a schematic flow chart of the current backup system will be described in the embodiment of the present invention, comprising:

[0089] 步骤201 :根据终端/用户的备份请求,获取终端侧当前操作系统的核心文件及当前已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息,并发送至云端服务器备份存储;[0090] 步骤202 :所述云端服务器根据所述文件数据库确定该执行备份的终端/用户与所述备份的唯一性特征信息所代表的操作系统核心文件之间的对应关系,及与备份的已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息所代表的应用程序安装文件之间的对应关系。 The only feature information based on the backup request of the terminal / user acquires a terminal-side current operating system core file and the currently installed applications and sent to the cloud server backup storage; [0090] Step 202: [0089] Step 201: the unique cloud server determines that the correspondence relationship between the performing backup terminal / user and the operating system core file unique feature information represents the backup and the backup database according to the file of the installed application correspondence between the feature information file of the application represented by the installation.

[0091] 所述操作系统核心文件的唯一性特征信息可以是该文件的签名信息或MD5值等可唯一区别的信息;所述应用程序的唯一性特征信息可以是该程序的名称及版本号或ID 号等可唯一区别的信息。 [0091] The unique feature of the operating system kernel file information may be information signature information file or the like MD5 value uniquely distinguishable; unique feature information of the application program may be the program name and version number or ID number and other information uniquely distinguishable.

[0092] 此外,所述文件数据库中进一步存储有不同操作系统的初始注册表文件;所述云端服务器根据所述文件数据库确定该执行备份的终端/用户与初始注册表文件之间的对应关系。 [0092] Furthermore, the document database further stores an initial registry file different operating systems; the cloud server determines that the correspondence relationship between the performing backup terminal / user with the initial registry file according to the file database.

[0093] 云端服务器的概念,目前已经得到了相当大的发展和运用,例如,对于病毒特征库的建立,可以设置于云端服务器,客户端只需要上传本地文件特征即可与云端服务器中的病毒特征进行比较,从而运用黑名单查杀病毒。 [0093] The concept of cloud server, and has been a considerable development and application, for example, for the establishment of the virus signature database, can be provided in the cloud server, the client only needs to upload local files to the virus characteristics and cloud servers Compare features, thereby killing the virus using a blacklist.

[0094] 同理,本发明的实施例在云端服务器中预置一文件数据库,存储有不同类别不同版本的操作程序的核心文件,及核心文件的唯一性特征信息,以及不同应用程序的安装文件。 [0094] Similarly, embodiments of the present invention, a preset file server in the cloud database stores different categories of different versions of an operating program core file, and core file unique feature information, and various applications of installation files .

[0095] 通过长期的积累,在云端服务器可以建立一个包含众多常用程序文件的庞大的文件数据库,例如一些常用的操作系统以及一些常用的应用程序都可以收录于其中。 [0095] Through long-term accumulation in the cloud server can establish a huge file database file contains a large number of frequently used programs, such as some common operating systems as well as some commonly used applications can be included in it.

[0096] 而通过实际分析,是可以获知各种操作程序其原始的核心文件的范围。 [0096] the actual analysis, a scope of the various operating procedures can be informed of its original core file. 所述核心文件可以是该操作程序在安装后于终端中释放的初始文件;或者是那些维持操作系统运行所必不可少的主文件;或者也可以是指那些同样的操作系统程序被安装于不同终端并运行一段时间后的仍保持同样内容的共性文件。 The core of the document file may be an initial release in the installation procedure after the terminal; or those that maintain the essential operating system master file; or may refer to those same operating system program is installed in a different common file contents remain the same after the terminal and running for some time.

[0097] 核心文件的范围选择,可以根据不同操作系统程序以及不同的备份要求而确定。 [0097] The selection of core document scope, may be determined in accordance with different operating systems and different backup program requirements. 显然,备份的核心文件的范围越大,则还原后的程序也越忠实于终端备份时的样态;而备份的核心文件的范围越小,则备份的数据量越小,还原后的程序越接近该操作系统程序在安装后的初始样态。 Obviously, the larger the range of the core of the backup file, the restore program after the more faithful to the terminal when the backup like state; the smaller range of core backup file, the backup of the smaller amount of data, the program after reduction the operating system program proximity like state after the initial installation. 但很明显,那些可能在程序运行一段时间后所产生的一些垃圾文件或被病毒等恶意程序所注入的一些有害文件不会被包含在核心文件内。 But obviously, some of those harmful junk files may file generated after the program running for some time or to viruses and other malicious programs injected will not be included in the core document.

[0098] 对运行于不同终端中的相同操作系统程序来说,其核心文件的内容大部分是相同的,受到破坏的文件毕竟是少数,因此,这就为复用云端文件数据库文件提供了基础。 [0098] running the same operating system programs of different terminals, the content of most of its core document is the same, damaged files are in the minority, therefore, which provides the foundation for the resumption of cloud file database file .

[0099] 由于运行于终端中的同一操作系统程序所包含的核心文件,如果没有被破坏,则其签名信息是与云端数据库中的该核心文件的签名信息是一致的。 [0099] Since the core file is run on the same operating system program in the terminal contained, if not destroyed, its signature information is signature information with the core cloud database file is consistent. 因此,将终端中该操作系统程序的该核心文件的签名信息保存于服务器侧,就可以起到将该核心文件备份于服务器侧相同的目的,因为具有相同签名信息的相同核心文件已经预存于数据库中了。 Thus, the signature information file of the terminal of the core of the operating system program stored in the server side, the core can play file backup server to the same side of the object, with the same core as the same signature information file has been stored in the database bingo. 只有对于那些签名信息不一致的核心文件,才需要由该终端侧实际上传至服务器中存储。 Only those core files are inconsistent signature information, it needs to actually transmitted to the server storage by the terminal side.

[0100] 如此,该终端只需要上传备份的操作系统程序的核心文件的唯一性特征信息就完成了备份操作系统的工作,云端服务器即可以根据该唯一性特征信息确定该终端备份的操作系统核心文件是哪些。 [0100] Thus, the only feature information core file of an operating system program of the terminal just need to upload the backup is complete working copy of the operating system, the cloud server which can determine the operating system kernel of the terminal backup based on the uniqueness of the feature information file what.

[0101] 如图3所示,在终端301中运行着欲备份的操作系统程序1,其包含有核心文件1、 核心文件2、核心文件3,以及垃圾文件4,对应的唯一性签名信息为文件签名1、文件签名2 及文件签名3,以及文件签名4。 [0101] 3, running an operating system program to be backed up in the terminal 301 1, which comprises a core file 1, file 2 core, 3 core files, junk files and 4, the corresponding unique signature information 1 file signature, the signature file and the file signatures 2 3, 4, and file signatures. 在服务器302中数据库记录了操作系统程序1的核心文件1、核心文件2及核心文件3,对应的唯一性签名信息为文件签名1、文件签名2及文件签名3。 In the database server 302 records the operating system core file 1 1, core 2 and core file document 3, a unique signature for the document information corresponding to a signature, the signature file signature file 2 and 3. 而在服务器侧备份的内容仅需要记录该终端或用户标识201及备份的操作系统程序1 的文件签名1、文件签名2及文件签名3。 In the content server side need only record a backup of the terminal or user identification program 201 operating system and a backup file signature 1, signature documents 2 and 3 signature file. 很明显,终端备份的数据内容很少,但足以在服务器侧确定该终端需要备份的程序数据。 Obviously, content data backup terminal is small, but the program data of the terminal is determined to be backed up on the server side is sufficient. 而且,由于备份的都是程序的核心文件,将一些可能的垃圾文件排除在外,这不仅减少了备份数据量,而且在恢复后可以还原一个干净的程序。 Moreover, since the core files are backed up program, some may exclude junk files, which not only reduces the amount of backup data, and recovery can be restored after a clean program.

[0102] 所述终端侧可以根据一个预置的规则表中记录的该欲备份的操作系统程序的核心文件名称,获取欲备份的操作系统程序的核心文件的唯一性特征信息。 [0102] The core of the terminal side may be the name of the file to be backed up operating system program a preset rule recorded in the table, acquiring the operating system core file backup program to be unique feature information. 这个规则表可以是终端侧自带的,例如在该操作系统程序执行安装时在终端侧记录的该程序所释放的初始文件;或通过扫描终端本地文件列表,根据程序名称及版本向服务器端索取,而服务器端则存储有众多常用程序的核心文件规则表。 The rules table can be built-in the terminal side, for example, when an initial file that is executing the operating system installed on the terminal side of the recording released; scanning terminal, or by a local file list, obtained from the server according to a program name and version while there are many common server-side program core files rule table storage. 可以通过该规则表灵活控制核心文件的范围大小。 The flexibility to control the core document by the rule table size range.

[0103] 此外,还可以直接利用本发明实施例所述的文件数据库确定核心文件,如图4所示,为根据本发明实施例所述的在终端侧获取欲备份的操作系统程序的核心文件的唯一性特征信息的流程图,包括: [0103] In addition, database files can be directly used in the embodiment of the present invention determines core document, shown in Figure 4, the operating system core file acquisition program to be backed up as an example of the embodiment of the present invention in a terminal side flowchart unique feature information, comprising:

[0104] 步骤401 :终端侧将当前操作系统的唯一性特征信息发送至云端服务器; [0104] Step 401: the terminal side transmits the unique characteristics of the current operating system to the cloud server information;

[0105] 步骤402 :所述云端服务器根据文件数据库记录的不同操作系统的唯一性特征信息确定该操作系统及其所对应包含的核心文件,并将核心文件的名称发送至该终端侧; [0105] Step 402: determining the cloud server operating system and the corresponding core file contains unique features according to the different operating system's file database records information, and transmits the file name of the core to the terminal side;

[0106] 步骤403 :所述终端侧根据所述核心文件的名称获取当前操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息。 [0106] Step 403: the terminal side acquires the current operating system core file according to file name unique to the core feature information.

[0107] 其中所述唯一性特征信息可以是该操作系统程序的名称及版本号或程序ID等可以唯一的确定该程序对象的信息。 [0107] wherein said unique characteristic information may be the name of the program and the operating system version number or other information may be the program ID of the program object uniquely determined.

[0108] 根据本发明的实施例,如果所述云端服务器在所述文件数据库中无法确定与所述终端侧发送的唯一性特征信息对应的核心文件,则说明终端侧该核心文件的签名信息与服务器侧数据库中的该核心文件的签名信息不一致,其有可能是已经被用户修改过的个性文件,这时可以由所述终端侧将与该唯一性特征信息对应的本地核心文件发送至云端服务器备份存储。 [0108] According to an embodiment of the present invention, if the server can not determine the cloud unique feature information corresponding to the core document sent by the terminal in the side-file database, then the signature information file to the terminal side of the core and the core signature information is inconsistent file server-side database, which may have already been modified user personalization file, then may be sent by the terminal side with the unique feature information corresponding to the local file to the cloud server core backup storage.

[0109] 此外,还可以定义一些该操作系统程序的非核心文件,例如一些静态配置的文件, 或记录用户数据的文件,由于这些文件尽管不影响程序的运行,但可能记录了用户的使用习惯,因此,也可以在备份时提取出来。 [0109] In addition, you can also define certain non-core documents of the operating system programs, such as some files statically configured, or recording of user data files, because these files while not affect the operation of the program, but it may record the user's habits therefore, it can be extracted at the time of the backup. 这样,可以由所述终端侧获取所述欲备份的程序的当前非核心文件,并发送至云端服务器备份存储。 Thus, the current can be acquired non-core program files to be backed up by the side of the terminal, and sent to the cloud storage server backup. 或者进一步获得非核心文件的唯一性特征信息一并备份存储。 Or obtain further non-core documents together with the unique feature information backup storage. 非核心文件的确定可以同样采取规则表的形式。 To determine the non-core documents can also take the form of a rule table.

[0110] 对于大部分的程序而言,其安装后释放的文件都会是在同一个目录路径下,也就是说其相对位置关系并不重要,但对于一些较为复杂的程序来说,例如操作系统程序,可能嵌套有多层目录的情况,这时可以将核心文件之间的相对位置关系信息保存于文件数据库中;也可以是由所述终端侧将所述欲备份程序的核心文件之间的相对位置关系信息发送至云端服务器存储。 [0110] For most of the program, install it after the release of the files are in the same directory path, which means that its relative position relationship is not important, but for some of the more complex procedures, for example operating system program may be nested multilayer directory, the time information of the relative positional relationship between the core files can be saved in document database; may be made between the terminal side of the core files to be backup program relative positional relationship information is sent to the cloud storage server.

[0111] 同样,对非核心文件来说,终端侧也可以将当前核心文件与非核心文件之间的相对位置关系发送至云端服务器存储。 [0111] Similarly, the non-core file, the terminal side may send the current relative positional relationship between the core and non-core document file to the cloud storage server.

[0112] 而对于终端侧的已安装应用程序,只需要备份该应用程序的唯一性特征信息,例如该应用程序的名称及版本号或ID号即可,由于在服务器侧文件数据库中存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及其安装文件,因此,通过获知终端侧备份的唯一性特征信息,即可确定对应的安装文件,以便恢复时使用。 [0112] feature information unique to the terminal-side application program is installed, only the backup application, such as the name and version number or ID number to the application, since the file is stored in the server-side database different unique characteristics and its installation file for the application, and therefore, by knowing the unique characteristics of the information terminal side of the backup, can determine a corresponding installation file for use during recovery.

[0113] 而如果所述云端服务器在所述文件数据库中无法确定与所述终端侧发送的唯一性特征信息对应的应用程序安装文件,则由所述终端侧将与该唯一性特征信息对应的本地应用程序文件及对操作系统注册表的修改信息发送至云端服务器备份存储。 [0113] If the server can not determine the cloud unique characteristics of the transmission side terminal information corresponding to the file in the application program installed in the database file, by the terminal side corresponding to the unique feature information native application file and modify the operating system registry information is sent to the cloud server backup storage.

[0114] 此外,还可以将终端侧已安装的应用程序的用户数据发送至云端服务器备份存储,以便恢复时可以将用户数据一并还原。 [0114] In addition, the user may also be a terminal-side application data sent to the cloud of installed server backup storage, user data can be restored when collectively to recover.

[0115] 根据本发明另一实施例,所述备份类别可以是应用程序,该类别包含的备份对象包括终端已安装的应用程序;所述云端服务器中预置的文件数据库中存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及安装文件。 [0115] According to another embodiment of the present invention, the backup application may be a category, the category includes the backup object includes terminal applications installed; the different applications of the cloud server database files stored in the preset the only feature information and installation files.

[0116] 如图5所示,为根据本发明实施例所述的备份应用程序的流程示意图,包括: [0116] FIG. 5, a schematic flow chart of the backup application in the embodiment of the present invention, comprising:

[0117] 步骤501 :根据终端/用户的备份请求,获取终端侧当前已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息,并发送至云端服务器备份存储; [0117] Step 501: The backup request terminal / user acquires the unique features of the application currently installed terminal-side information, and sends it to the cloud storage server backup;

[0118] 步骤502 :所述云端服务器根据所述文件数据库确定该执行备份的终端/用户与所述备份的唯一性特征信息所代表的应用程序安装文件之间的对应关系。 [0118] Step 502: determining the cloud server performs the backup of the correspondence between the terminal / user application installation file unique feature information represented by said backup database according to the file.

[0119] 根据本发明又一实施例,所述备份类别可以是与应用程序有关的用户数据,如浏览器的收藏夹设置,或邮件程序的用户收件夹等,该类别包含的备份对象包括该应用程序的用户数据文件,在备份时,可以根据终端/用户的备份请求,获取用户选定的应用程序的用户数据并发送至云端服务器备份存储。 [0119] According to still another embodiment of the backup object of the present invention, the backup user data category may be associated with the application, such as browser favorites settings, or user recipient mail program, folders, etc., included in this category comprises user data file of the application, at the time of backup, can backup request terminal / user acquires user data of the user selected applications and sent to the cloud storage server backup.

[0120] 如图6所示,为根据本发明实施例所述的一种基于云架构的终端对象分类恢复方法流程图,包括: [0120] As shown in FIG. 6, the terminal classification target cloud architecture based on a flow chart as a recovery method described in the embodiment according to the present invention, comprising:

[0121] 步骤601 :在终端侧提供一用户界面,以根据预设展示策略提供不同的已备份类别供用户选择恢复,其中不同的已备份类别包含不同的已备份对象; [0121] Step 601: providing a user interface on the terminal side, according to a preset display policy to provide different categories for the user to select backed up recovery, backed up where different categories contain different objects backed up;

[0122] 步骤602 :根据用户选定的恢复类别及对象,在云端服务器确定该终端/用户已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件,并根据预设恢复策略,利用所述已备份文件在终端侧执行对应的恢复。 [0122] Step 602: The user selected categories and recover objects in a cloud server to determine the target backup file corresponding to the terminal / user has backed up and restored according to a preset strategy, by using the backed up files the terminal performs the corresponding recovery side.

[0123] 其中,所述云端数据库中可以预置一文件数据库,所述文件数据库中存储有不同终端文件及其唯一性特征信息;所述云端服务器可以根据终端/用户已备份的唯一性特征信息在文件数据库中确定该终端/用户已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件。 [0123] wherein the cloud database may be preset in a database file, the database files are stored in different files, and a terminal unique feature information; the cloud server according to the unique characteristics of the information may be a terminal / user has backed up determining that the document database in the terminal / user has been backed up with the backup file corresponding to the object.

[0124] 根据本发明的实施例,所述已备份类别包括当前系统,该类别包含的已备份对象包括操作系统的核心文件及已安装的应用程序;所述已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件包括该操作系统核心文件及已安装应用程序的唯一性特征信息。 [0124] According to an embodiment of the present invention, the categories include the current system has been backed up, backup object has been included in this category include the operating system and core file of the installed application; the already backed up with the backup object the corresponding files include operating system core files and unique feature information of installed applications.

[0125] 如图7所示,为根据本发明实施例所述的当前系统恢复的流程示意图,包括: [0125] As shown in FIG. 7, a schematic flow chart of the system according to the current embodiment of the present invention, recovery, comprising:

[0126] 步骤701 :将云端服务器侧已经备份的该终端的操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息与终端侧本地操作系统的文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配; [0126] Step 701: the current document unique characteristics of unique operating system core file of the terminal side of the server cloud characteristic information has been backed up with the local operating system of the terminal-side information matches;

[0127] 步骤702 :在终端侧将匹配不成功的当前唯一特征识信息对应的文件删除,并由云端服务器侧将匹配不成功的唯一性特征信息对应的文件发送至该终端侧对应存储; [0127] Step 702: the terminal side of the current match is not information corresponding to the unique identification feature file deletion, by matching the cloud server side sends a unique feature information corresponding to unsuccessful file stored in correspondence to said terminal side;

[0128] 步骤703 :由云端服务器根据所述已经备份的在终端侧已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息,使用预存的对应应用程序的安装文件在终端侧执行安装, [0128] Step 703: the cloud server according to the unique characteristics of information about the application installed on the terminal side has been backed up, the use of pre-stored installation files corresponding to the application executed on the terminal side is mounted,

[0129] 其中,所述云端服务器中预置有一文件数据库,存储有不同操作系统所包含的核心文件及初始注册表文件,及所述核心文件的唯一性特征信息,并存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及安装文件。 [0129] wherein said first server has preset a file database, storing a different operating system core file and included in the initial registry file, and the core unique feature information file, and stores various applications The only feature information and installation files.

[0130] 所述文件数据库中进一步可以存储有不同操作系统的初始注册表文件;在所述使用对应的安装文件在终端侧执行应用程序的安装步骤之前,进一步包括:由云端服务器将文件数据库中存储的与终端侧操作系统对应的初始注册表文件发送至终端侧对应存储。 [0130] The file database further stores an initial registry file may be different operating systems; prior to the installation file using the corresponding side of the terminal mounting step of executing an application program, further comprising: a file server cloud database stored in the terminal side corresponding to the initial operating system registry files stored in correspondence to the terminal side.

[0131] 如果在备份时选定的核心文件中包含注册表文件,那么,由于注册表文件的个性化相当强,往往在运行一段时间后就会与最初的注册表文件产生差异,这样,在备份时由于终端侧注册表文件的唯一性特征信息与文件数据库中的核心文件的唯一性特征信息不一样,无法据此确定文件数据库中对应的核心文件,因此就会要求将终端侧注册表文件上传至服务器备份存储,并在恢复时将其再发送回终端侧。 [0131] If the selected core at the time of the backup file contains the registry file, then, due to the personalized registry file is quite strong, they tend to produce differences with the original registry file after running for some time, so that in when a backup file due to the unique characteristics of the core unique feature information and the terminal side of the document data file registry information is not the same, the file can not be determined accordingly in the database file corresponding to the core, so the terminal side will ask the registry file uploaded to the server backup storage, recovery and re-transmits it back to the terminal side.

[0132] 但由于在备份时该终端侧的注册表可能已经包含有垃圾数据,如果再将其原样恢复的话,并不能带来性能的改善,因此,可以在文件数据库中进一步存储该操作系统的初始的干净的注册表数据,在恢复时,可以将操作系统的文件恢复后再将该初始注册表数据发送至终端侧,取代其当前的注册表数据,这样,就可以为终端侧带来一个干净的注册表文件,并在此基础上安装应用程序。 [0132] However, since the side of the terminal when the backup registry may already contain garbage data, which was then restored if so, does not bring improvement in performance, and therefore, the operating system may further store in the database file the initial clean registry data, upon recovery, the operating system before the file can be restored to the original registry data transmitting terminal side, it substituted its current registry data, so that the terminal side can lead to a clean registry file, and install the application on this basis.

[0133] 更进一步的,可以在备份时选定的核心文件中就不包含注册表文件,而是在恢复时统一使用初始注册表,则可以更快速的进行备份和恢复,同时带来操作系统的性能恢复。 [0133] Further, the backup can be selected when the core file will not include the registry file, but the initial use unified registry, you can more quickly backup and restore in recovery, while offering an operating system performance recovery.

[0134] 云端服务器根据终端侧的用户登录信息就可以获知当前用户,也就可以获知该用户曾经备份过的数据。 [0134] The cloud server side user terminal can acquire the login information for the current user, it can be known that user data was backed up. 对于大部分终端/用户来说,在收到其恢复请求后,服务器就可以确定该用户备份过的唯一性特征信息。 For most devices / users, their recovery after receiving a request, the server can determine the unique feature information of the user backed up. 如图2所示,用户终端-终端侧备份的操作系统程序-终端侧核心文件及其签名信息-所备份的核心文件签名信息-云端文件数据库中记录的签名信息-数据库中的核心文件,这些对应关系都通过唯一性特征信息相互联系起来。 As shown, the user terminal 2 - the operating system program of the terminal side backup - the terminal side of the core and the signature information file - the core signature information file backup - Drive signature information file recorded in a database - the database file of the core, such correspondence between all information related to each other by a unique feature.

[0135] 在恢复时,可以将云端服务器侧已经备份的该操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息与该终端侧本地对应程序的全部文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 The only feature information of the core operating system files [0135] In the recovery, the cloud may be backed up on the server side currently matched with the unique characteristics of all files corresponding to the terminal-side local program information. 如此,终端侧不需要确定操作系统核心文件的范围,凡是与已经备份的签名信息不一致的本地程序文件全部可以删除,包括本地一些与该程序有关的垃圾文件以及因为文件受损或修改后导致签名信息变化的文件;而在服务器侧,可以成功匹配的已备份的签名信息代表在终端侧对应文件完好无损,而无法成功匹配的已备份签名信息表示终端侧原文件已经改变,这就需要利用文件数据库中的对应文件发送至终端侧存储。 Thus, the terminal side does not need to determine the scope of the core operating system files, all files have been backed up with local procedures inconsistent signature can delete all the information, including some local junk files associated with the program, and because the file is damaged or modification resulting in signature changes in the information document; the signature on behalf of and information on the server side, you can match the success that was backed up on the terminal side correspondence files intact, but can not match the success that has been copied signature information indicates that the terminal side of the original file has changed, which requires the use of file the corresponding file in the database to the terminal-side storage. 由于该已经改变的原文件已经因为无法成功匹配而被删除,因此,数据库中的对应文件就发送至终端侧取代了原文件。 Since the original file has been changed since matching can not be deleted successfully, thus the corresponding file database and transmits it to the terminal side replaces the original file. 由于可见, 本发明实施例的恢复方式是基于特征比对的,只有签名信息改变的文件才需要实际从服务器传送至终端,这就极大了的降低了数据传输量,而且也删除了终端侧在程序运行过程中产生的垃圾文件,改善了终端系统性能。 Because of that the rehabilitation embodiment of the present invention is an embodiment wherein the alignment, only the signature information file needs only changes from the server to the actual transfer terminal, which greatly reduces the amount of data transmission, but also deleted based on the terminal side junk files generated during program operation, improved end-system performance.

[0136] 在恢复时,还可以是将云端服务器侧已经备份的操作系统程序的核心文件的唯一性特征信息与该终端侧本地对应程序的核心文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 [0136] In the recovery, but also may be a unique feature of this unique feature information of the operating system program core file of the server side of the cloud has been backed up with the core side local file corresponding to the terminal to match the program information.

[0137] 而对于核心文件之间的唯一性特征信息匹配的步骤,可以是由终端侧执行,也可以是由服务器侧执行。 [0137] For the step of unique information matching between the core file, may be performed by the terminal side may be performed by the server. [0138] 例如,可以由云端服务器将所述已备份操作系统程序的核心文件的唯一性特征信息发送至终端侧;然后,终端侧将接收到的核心文件的唯一性特征信息与本地对应程序的核心文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 [0138] For example, a cloud server, the backed up operating system core file of the program feature information unique to the terminal side; Then, the terminal side will be unique feature information corresponding to the local program core file received currently the only feature match core document information.

[0139] 或者,由终端侧将欲恢复的操作系统程序的核心文件的当前唯一性特征信息发送至云端服务器;然后,由所述云端服务器将收到的所述当前唯一性特征信息与存储的由该终端已经备份过的该操作系统程序的核心文件的唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 Currently the only feature information sent [0139] Alternatively, the operating system program core file by a terminal to be restored to the side of the cloud server; then, by said cloud server will receive the current information stored the unique characteristics of core unique feature information file has been backed up by the terminal through the operating system program to match.

[0140] 只进行核心文件之间的匹配可以减少终端侧删除文件的范围,从而可以更精确的保留终端侧个性文件,或与非核心文件的还原互为补充。 [0140] only files matching between the core-side terminal can be reduced file deletion range, which can retain the terminal side more accurate individual files, or files with non-core restore complement.

[0141] 在服务器侧如果还备份有操作系统的非核心文件,则可以进一步由云端服务器将终端侧已备份的该操作系统程序的非核心文件发送至终端侧对应存储。 The non-core operating system program file [0141] If the server side is also the backup operating system in the non-core file, may be further terminal by the cloud server side backed up to the terminal side corresponding to the storage.

[0142] 如果云端服务器备份了非核心文件以及其对应的唯一性特征信息,则可以将云端服务器侧已备份的该操作系统程序的非核心文件的唯一性特征信息与该终端侧本地对应程序的文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配,如果匹配一致,则说明文件完好,不需要替换,如果匹配不一致,则可以将终端侧匹配不成功的非核心文件删除,并再将服务器侧备份的匹配不成功的非核心文件发送至终端侧对应存储。 The only feature information non-core file of the operating system program [0142] If the cloud server backup non-core files and unique feature information corresponding, may be a cloud server side has been backed up with the terminal-side local corresponding to the program currently the only feature information file match, if a match is consistent, then the document intact, without replacing, if a match is not, the terminal may be a non-core-side matching file delete unsuccessful, and then back up the server side does not match successful non-core files stored in correspondence to the terminal side.

[0143] 而对于程序文件在终端侧的存储路径,可以按照默认安装路径存储,也可以通过动态搜索技术获知该程序在终端侧的安装路径,实际上,一般只要终端侧有一个核心文件就可以获知该程序的安装路径。 [0143] For the path of the program file stored in the terminal side, can be installed by default storage path, may be informed of the program installed on the terminal side of the path by the motion search technique, in fact, generally as long as the terminal side can have a core file known installation path of the program.

[0144] 此外,所述终端侧还可以根据已在云端服务器记录的所述核心文件之间的相对位置关系对核心文件进行存储;或根据已在云端服务器记录的所述非核心文件与核心文件之间的相对位置关系对非核心文件进行存储。 [0144] In addition, the terminal side may also be stored in a file in accordance with the core relative positional relationship between the core files recorded in the cloud server; or based on said server record in the cloud and non-core core document file the relative positional relationship between the non-core files are stored.

[0145] 在某些特殊情况下,如果在所述终端本地没有找到所述对应程序,则说明操作系统可能已被更换,这时可以将在所述云端服务器中与已经备份的唯一性特征信息相对应的核心文件发送至该终端侧对应存储。 [0145] In some special cases, if the program corresponding to the terminal is not found locally, then the operating system may have been replaced, the case may have been backed up in the server in the cloud unique feature information corresponding to the file to the core corresponding to the terminal-side storage.

[0146] 此外,在恢复时,如果终端侧需要获知该程序的核心文件范围,同样是可以根据一预置规则表确定所述本地对应程序的核心文件的名称;或根据所述云端服务器中的文件数据库中记录的所述程序的核心文件名称确定所述本地对应的核心文件名称。 [0146] Further, in the recovery, if the terminal side needs to know the range of the program core file, the same name can be determined according to a preset rule table corresponding to the local program core file; or according to the cloud server the core program file of the file name recorded in the database to determine the name of the local file corresponding to the core.

[0147] 而对于应用程序的恢复来说,就是利用服务器侧文件数据库中的安装文件在终端侧本地执行覆盖安装,或者先将该应用程序的配置文件和用户数据在本地保存起来,然后再执行安装,安装后再将配置文件和用户数据对应还原。 [0147] For the recovery of the application, it is to install the file using the server-side database and file executed locally terminal side cover installation, or the first application and the user profile data saved locally, and then perform installation, installed after the user profile and the corresponding data reduction.

[0148] 根据本发明的另一实施例,所述备份类别可以包括应用程序,该类别包含的备份对象包括终端已安装的应用程序;所述已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件或数据包括已安装应用程序的唯一性特征信息。 Or the file has been backed up with the backup object corresponds; [0148] According to another embodiment of the present invention, the categories may include a backup application, the backup objects included in this category comprises a terminal application installed data information including a unique feature of the installed application.

[0149] 在恢复时,由云端服务器根据所述已经备份的在终端侧已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息,使用预存的对应应用程序的安装文件在终端侧执行安装,而在所述云端服务器中预置有文件数据库,存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及安装文件。 [0149] When restoring, by the first server according to the unique characteristics of the application installed in the terminal side information has been backed up, the install file pre-stored execution of a corresponding application installed in the terminal side, while in the cloud file server has preset a database storing different applications unique feature information and the installation file.

[0150] 根据本发明又一实施例,所述备份类别可以包括与应用程序有关的用户数据,该类别包含的备份对象包括该应用程序的用户数据文件;所述已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件或数据包括该应用程序的用户数据文件;[0151] 恢复时,可以将已经备份的该应用程序的用户数据从云端服务器发送至终端侧对应存储。 [0150] A further embodiment of the present invention, the backup data may include a user category associated with the application, the backup objects included in this category comprises a user data file according to the application; the backup objects to the backup has been or the file corresponding to the file data includes user data of the application; the user data of the application [0151] recovery can be backed up has been transmitted from the server to the terminal side corresponding to the cloud storage.

[0152] 由此可见,本发明由于在备份时提供了类别选项,其中不同类别还包括不同的备份对象,通过对类别和对象的选择,实现了仅对用户关注的部分进行备份和恢复,方便了用户对终端的管理。 [0152] Thus, since the present invention provides a category option during backup, which further comprises various different types of backup objects, and by selecting a category of the object, to achieve some attention only to the user for backup and recovery, easy the management of user terminals. 同时,本发明在备份时,仅需要备份当前系统的特征信息,而不用实际备份文件内容,因此,备份速度很快,传输的数据量大大减少;而恢复时是基于差异比较的恢复,即如果核心文件的特征信息没有变化,则不需要恢复该文件,只有特征信息发生变化的才需要从数据库中下载相应文件,因此,恢复的速度也很快,传输量很少。 Meanwhile, when the present invention is a backup, the backup is only necessary feature information of the system, without the actual contents of the backup file, therefore, the backup fast, the amount of data transmission is greatly reduced; the recovery is based on the comparison between the recovery, i.e., if the core feature information file has not changed, you do not need to restore the file, only feature information changes only need to download the appropriate file from the database, therefore, the speed of recovery soon, transfer small amounts. 此外,由于是基于差异比较的恢复,因此,与备份时的文件范围或内容存在差异的垃圾文件等有害文件都可以被清除,在恢复后提升了程序性能。 In addition, because the comparison is based on differences in recovery, so there is a difference with the scope or content of the file when the file backup garbage and other harmful files can be cleared, after the recovery improves program performance.

Claims (36)

1. 一种基于云架构的终端对象分类备份方法,其特征在于,包括:在终端侧提供一用户界面,以根据预设展示策略提供不同备份类别供用户选择,其中不同备份类别包含不同备份对象;根据用户选定的备份类别及对象,在终端侧根据预设备份策略将所述备份对象所对应的终端文件在云端服务器进行备份。 A terminal classification schema objects in the cloud-based backup method, wherein, comprising: providing a user interface on the terminal side, the backup objects to different categories with different backup policies according to a preset display for the user to select which categories contain different backup ; according to the user type and the selected backup objects, according to a preset terminal backup policy file backup terminal side of the object corresponding to the backup server in the cloud.
2.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述云端数据库中预置一文件数据库,所述文件数据库中存储有不同终端文件及其唯一性特征信息;所述终端侧根据预设备份策略将所述备份对象所对应的终端文件的唯一性特征信息在云端服务器进行备份存储。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said preset cloud database a database file, the file stored in the database file and the different terminal unique feature information; the terminal side according to the preset the unique feature of the backup policy information terminal of the backup file corresponding to the backup object is stored in the cloud server.
3.如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述备份类别包括当前系统,该类别包含的备份对象包括操作系统的核心文件及已安装的应用程序;所述云端服务器中预置的文件数据库中存储有不同操作系统所包含的核心文件及其唯一性特征信息,并存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及安装文件;所述备份步骤,包括:根据终端/用户的备份请求,获取终端侧当前操作系统的核心文件及当前已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息,并发送至云端服务器备份存储;所述云端服务器根据所述文件数据库确定该执行备份的终端/用户与所述备份的唯一性特征信息所代表的操作系统核心文件之间的对应关系,及与所述备份的唯一性特征信息所代表应用程序安装文件之间的对应关系。 3. The method according to claim 2, wherein said categories include the current backup system, the backup object classes included in the operating system kernel includes a file and the application is installed; preset in the cloud server file database stores core files and unique feature information included in the different operating systems, and unique feature information is stored and installation files for different applications; the backup step comprising: a backup request from the terminal / user based on, Get the unique characteristics of the information terminal side of the current operating system kernel and the file currently installed applications, and the server transmits to the backup storage cloud; the cloud server determines that the terminal performs the backup / file according to the user and the database correspondence between the unique operating system core file backup feature information represented by, and unique feature information represented by the backup application correspondence between the files are installed.
4.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述文件数据库中进一步存储有不同操作系统的初始注册表文件;所述云端服务器根据所述文件数据库确定该执行备份的终端/用户与初始注册表文件之间的对应关系。 4. The method according to claim 3, wherein said database further stores a file initial registry file different operating systems; cloud server determines that the execution of the backup terminal / user database according to the file the initial correspondence between the registry file.
5.如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述备份类别包括应用程序,该类别包含的备份对象包括终端已安装的应用程序;所述云端服务器中预置的文件数据库中存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及安装文件;所述备份步骤,包括:根据终端/用户的备份请求,获取终端侧当前已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息, 并发送至云端服务器备份存储;所述云端服务器根据所述文件数据库确定该执行备份的终端/用户与所述备份的唯一性特征信息所代表的应用程序安装文件之间的对应关系。 5. The method according to claim 2, wherein said categories include the backup application, the backup objects included in this category comprises a terminal application installed; cloud database of the file server are stored in the preset the only feature information and installation files for different applications; the backup step comprising: the backup request terminal / user acquires feature information unique to the terminal-side application currently installed, and the server transmits to the cloud backup storage; the cloud server determines that the execution of the backup application terminal / user and unique information of the backup feature represents correspondence between the database file according to the file to install.
6.如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述备份类别包括与应用程序有关的用户数据,该类别包含的备份对象包括该应用程序的用户数据文件;所述备份步骤,包括:根据终端/用户的备份请求,获取用户选定的应用程序的用户数据并发送至云端服务器备份存储。 6. The method according to claim 2, wherein said backup data categories comprising the user associated with the application, the backup objects included in this category comprises a user data file of the application; the backup step comprising: the backup request terminal / user, obtain user data of the application selected by the user and sent to the cloud storage server backup.
7.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述备份步骤,进一步包括:如果所述云端服务器在所述文件数据库中无法确定与所述终端侧发送的唯一性特征信息对应的该操作系统的核心文件,则由所述终端侧将与该唯一性特征信息对应的本地核心文件发送至云端服务器备份存储。 7. The method according to claim 3, wherein said step of backup, further comprising: if the server can not determine the cloud unique characteristics of the transmission side terminal information corresponding to the file in the database operating system core file, by the terminal side transmits the unique feature information corresponding to the local core cloud server file backup storage.
8.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述备份步骤,进一步包括:如果所述云端服务器在所述文件数据库中无法确定与所述终端侧发送的唯一性特征信息对应的应用程序安装文件,则由所述终端侧将与该唯一性特征信息对应的本地应用程序文件及对操作系统注册表的修改信息发送至云端服务器备份存储。 8. The method according to claim 3, wherein said step of backup, further comprising: if the server can not determine the cloud unique characteristics of the transmission side terminal information corresponding to the file in the application database installation file, by the terminal-side local application file with the unique feature information and the corresponding modifications to the operating system registry information is transmitted to the cloud storage server backup.
9.如权利要求3或6所述的方法,其特征在于,所述备份步骤,进一步包括:将终端侧已安装的应用程序的用户数据发送至云端服务器备份存储。 9. The method of claim 3 or claim 6, wherein said step of backup, further comprising: transmitting user data of the terminal-side application program installed to the cloud storage server backup.
10.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述终端侧根据一预置的规则表中记录的当前操作系统的核心文件名称,获取当前操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息。 10. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the terminal side according to the current operating system core file name of a preset rules recorded in the table, acquires unique feature information of the current operating system core file.
11.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述获取终端侧根据所述服务器侧文件数据库中存储的该操作系统的核心文件名称确定终端本地操作系统核心文件的名称,并据此获取本地操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息。 11. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the core acquires the file name of the operating system stored in said terminal side file server-side database and the local terminal determines the file name of the operating system kernel, and accordingly the only feature information acquiring desktop operating system core files.
12.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括:由所述终端侧获取该操作系统的当前非核心文件,并发送至云端服务器备份存储。 12. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that, further comprising: obtaining the current non-operating system core file by the terminal side, and sent to the cloud storage server backup.
13.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括:由所述终端侧获取该操作系统的当前非核心文件及对应的唯一性特征信息,并发送至云端服务器存储。 13. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that, further comprising: obtaining information of the current non-unique features and a corresponding core file of the operating system by the terminal side, and sent to the cloud storage server.
14.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述文件数据库中进一步存储有不同操作系统所包含的核心文件之间的相对位置关系信息。 14. The method according to claim 3, wherein said database further stores a file relative positional relationship between the core operating system files included in the information.
15.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述终端侧将该操作系统的核心文件之间的相对位置关系信息发送至云端服务器存储。 15. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the terminal relative positional relationship between the document side of the core operating system information to the cloud storage server.
16.如权利要求12或13所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括:所述终端侧将该操作系统的当前核心文件与非核心文件之间的相对位置关系发送至云端服务器存储。 16. The method of claim 12 or claim 13, characterized in that, further comprising: the terminal side of the current operating system core file transmission relative positional relationship between the document and the non-core to the cloud storage server.
17.如权利要求3所述的方法,其特征在于,所述操作系统核心文件的唯一性特征信息包括该文件的签名信息。 17. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that the unique features of the operating system core file information includes the signature information file.
18.如权利要求3或5所述的方法,其特征在于,所述应用程序的唯一性特征信息包括该程序的名称及版本号。 18. The method of claim 3 or claim 5, wherein the unique feature information of the application including the name and version number of the program.
19. 一种基于云架构的终端对象分类恢复方法,其特征在于,包括:在终端侧提供一用户界面,以根据预设展示策略提供不同的已备份类别供用户选择恢复,其中不同的已备份类别包含不同的已备份对象;根据用户选定的恢复类别及对象,在云端服务器确定该终端/用户已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件,并根据预设恢复策略,利用所述已备份文件在终端侧执行对应的恢复。 19. A terminal-based classification schema objects in the cloud recovery method, characterized by comprising: providing a user interface on the terminal side, the backed up to provide different categories for the user to select the recovery, wherein the different backed up according to a preset display policy category contains different objects backed up; recovery according to a user selected categories and objects in the cloud server determines that the terminal / user has backed up to the backup file corresponding to the object, according to a preset policy and restoration, using the already backup files corresponding to the implementation of recovery at the terminal side.
20.如权利要求19所述的方法,其特征在于,所述云端数据库中预置一文件数据库,所述文件数据库中存储有不同终端文件及其唯一性特征信息;所述云端服务器根据终端/用户已备份的唯一性特征信息在文件数据库中确定该终端/用户已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件。 20. The method according to claim 19, wherein said preset cloud database a database file, the file stored in the database file and the different terminal unique feature information; cloud server according to the terminal / the only feature information of the user terminal has determined that the backed up file in the database / user has backed up with the backup file corresponding to the object.
21.如权利要求20所述的方法,其特征在于,所述已备份类别包括当前系统,该类别包含的已备份对象包括操作系统的核心文件及已安装的应用程序;所述已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件包括该操作系统核心文件及已安装应用程序的唯一性特征信息;所述恢复步骤,包括:将云端服务器侧已经备份的该终端的操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息与终端侧本地操作系统的文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配;在终端侧将匹配不成功的当前唯一特征识信息对应的文件删除,并由云端服务器侧将匹配不成功的唯一性特征信息对应的文件发送至该终端侧对应存储;由云端服务器根据所述已经备份的在终端侧已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息,使用预存的对应应用程序的安装文件在终端侧执行安装,其中,所述云端服务器中预置有一文件数据库, The backed up; 21. The method according to claim 20, wherein said categories include the current system has been backed up, backup object has been included in this category include the operating system core files and applications installed the backup file corresponding to the object file including the operating system kernel and unique feature information of the installed application; said recovery step comprises: Uniqueness core file of the terminal operating system will be backed up on the server side cloud Uniqueness characterized in that the terminal side of the current match is not unique file identification information corresponding to the delete feature by matching the cloud server side unsuccessful; this unique feature of the profile information of the local operating system of the terminal-side information matches information corresponding to the file is sent to the terminal side of the corresponding memory; application unique feature information from the server based on the cloud side of the terminal has been installed backup, using pre-stored file corresponding to the application is installed on the terminal side to perform the installation, wherein said first server has preset a document database, 储有不同操作系统所包含的核心文件及初始注册表文件,及所述核心文件的唯一性特征信息,并存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及安装文件。 The reservoir has a unique feature information included in the operating system core files and the initial registry file, and the core file, and stores a unique feature information files and install different applications.
22.如权利要求21所述的方法,所述文件数据库中进一步存储有不同操作系统的初始注册表文件;在所述使用对应的安装文件在终端侧执行应用程序的安装步骤之前,进一步包括:由云端服务器将文件数据库中存储的与终端侧操作系统对应的初始注册表文件发送至终端侧对应存储。 22. The method of claim 21, wherein the database further stores a file different operating systems initial registry file; used in the corresponding installation file executed before the terminal-side application installation step, further comprising: Drive from the file stored in the database server with the terminal side corresponding to the initial operating system registry files stored in correspondence to the terminal side.
23.如权利要求20所述的方法,其特征在于,所述备份类别包括应用程序,该类别包含的备份对象包括终端已安装的应用程序;所述已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件或数据包括已安装应用程序的唯一性特征信息;所述恢复步骤,包括:由云端服务器根据所述已经备份的在终端侧已安装的应用程序的唯一性特征信息,使用预存的对应应用程序的安装文件在终端侧执行安装,所述云端服务器中预置一文件数据库,存储有不同应用程序的唯一性特征信息及安装文件。 23. The method according to claim 20, wherein said category comprises a backup application, the backup objects included in this category comprises a terminal application installed; the already backed up to the backup object corresponding file or data information including a unique feature of the installed application; said recovery step, comprising: a cloud server according to the unique characteristics of the application installed on the terminal side information has been backed up, using a corresponding application prestored the installation file executed on the terminal side is mounted, the cloud server a preset file database, storing a unique application of different feature information and the installation file.
24.如权利要求20所述的方法,其特征在于,所述备份类别包括与应用程序有关的用户数据,该类别包含的备份对象包括该应用程序的用户数据文件;所述已经备份的与所述备份对象相对应的文件或数据包括该应用程序的用户数据文件;所述恢复步骤,包括:将已经备份的该应用程序的用户数据从云端服务器发送至终端侧对应存储。 24. The method according to claim 20, wherein said backup data categories comprising the user associated with the application, the backup objects included in this category comprises a user data file of the application program; and have been backed up by the said backup files corresponding to the object or data include user data file of the application; said recovery step, comprising: the user data has been backed up to the application transmitted from the server to the terminal side corresponding to the cloud storage.
25.如权利要求21所述的方法,其特征在于,所述匹配步骤,包括:将云端服务器侧已经备份的所述操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息与该终端侧本地操作系统的全部文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 25. The method according to claim 21, wherein said matching step, comprising: a unique feature information of the operating system core file has been backed up to the cloud server side to the terminal side of all the local operating system currently the only feature match file information.
26.如权利要求21所述的方法,其特征在于,所述匹配步骤,包括:将云端服务器侧已经备份的所述操作系统的核心文件的唯一性特征信息与该终端侧本地操作系统的核心文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 26. The method according to claim 21, wherein said matching step, comprising: a unique feature information of the operating system core file has been backed up to the cloud server side to the terminal core side local operating system currently the only feature match file information.
27.如权利要求沈所述的方法,其特征在于,所述匹配步骤,包括:云端服务器将所述已备份的操作系统核心文件的唯一性特征信息发送至终端侧;终端侧将接收到的已备份的操作系统核心文件的唯一性特征信息与本地操作系统对应的核心文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 27. The method according to claim sink, wherein said matching step, comprising: a feature information unique operating system core file of the server cloud backed up to the terminal side; the terminal side received currently the only feature unique feature information with the local operating system core operating system files that have been backed up information corresponding core files match.
28.如权利要求沈所述的方法,其特征在于,所述匹配步骤,包括:由终端侧将本地操作系统的核心文件的当前唯一性特征信息发送至云端服务器;由所述云端服务器将收到的所述当前唯一性特征信息与存储的由该终端已经备份过的核心文件的唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 28. The method of claim Shen, wherein said matching step, comprising: a terminal side transmitting this unique feature local operating system core file information to the cloud server; receiving, by the server cloud current to the unique characteristics of the terminal has been backed up by the core files unique feature information matches with the stored information.
29.如权利要求21所述的方法,其特征在于,进一步包括:由云端服务器将终端侧已备份的操作系统非核心文件发送至终端侧对应存储。 29. The method according to claim 21, characterized in that, further comprising: transmitting an operating system core file by the non-terminal side of the cloud server backed up corresponds to the terminal side storage.
30.如权利要求21所述的方法,其特征在于,所述匹配步骤,进一步包括:将云端服务器侧已备份的操作系统非核心文件的唯一性特征信息与该终端侧本地操作系统的文件的当前唯一性特征信息进行匹配。 30. The method according to claim 21, wherein said matching step, further comprising: a feature information unique non-core operating system files cloud server-side files backed up with the terminal-side local operating system currently the only feature information matches.
31.如权利要求21所述的方法,其特征在于,所述云端服务器将匹配不成功的唯一性特征信息对应的文件发送至终端侧对应存储的步骤,包括:所述终端侧根据已在云端服务器记录的所述核心文件之间的相对位置关系对核心文件进行存储。 31. The method according to claim 21, wherein the step of matching the cloud server unsuccessful unique feature information corresponding to the terminal side corresponding to the file storage, comprising: the terminal side is already in the cloud according to the server records the relative positional relationship between the core of the core files stored in the file.
32.如权利要求四或30所述的方法,其特征在于,所述终端侧根据已在云端服务器记录的所述非核心文件与核心文件之间的相对位置关系对非核心文件进行存储。 32. The method of claim 30 or four claims, characterized in that the terminal-side non-core store files based on the relative positional relationship between the core and non-core files to the file server has been recorded in the cloud.
33.如权利要求沈所述的方法,其特征在于,所述终端侧根据一预置规则表确定所述本地操作系统的核心文件的名称。 33. The method according to claim sink, characterized in that the name of the local operating system side is determined according to a preset rule table core files to the terminal.
34.如权利要求沈所述的方法,其特征在于,所述终端侧根据所述云端服务器中的文件数据库中记录的所述操作系统的核心文件名称确定所述本地对应操作系统核心文件名称。 34. The method according to claim sink, wherein the terminal side determines that the local operating system core file name corresponding to the operating system to the cloud server files recorded in the database file name core.
35.如权利要求21所述的方法,其特征在于,所述操作系统核心文件的唯一性特征信息包括该文件的签名。 35. The method according to claim 21, wherein the unique features of the operating system core file information includes signature of the file.
36.如权利要求21或23所述的方法,其特征在于,所述应用程序的唯一性特征信息包括该程序的名称及版本号。 The method of claim 21 or 23 as claimed in claim 36., wherein the unique feature information of the application including the name and version number of the program.
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