CN102493547A - Automatic dredging system for underground storage-capacity-regulating pipe culvert - Google Patents

Automatic dredging system for underground storage-capacity-regulating pipe culvert Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102493547A
CN102493547A CN2011103937582A CN201110393758A CN102493547A CN 102493547 A CN102493547 A CN 102493547A CN 2011103937582 A CN2011103937582 A CN 2011103937582A CN 201110393758 A CN201110393758 A CN 201110393758A CN 102493547 A CN102493547 A CN 102493547A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
regulating
storing
pipe culvert
automatic desilting
automatic
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2011103937582A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
贾仁勇
张善发
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Shanghai Urban Construction Design Research Institute Co ltd
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Shanghai Urban Construction Design Research Institute Co ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Priority to CN2011103937582A priority Critical patent/CN102493547A/en
Publication of CN102493547A publication Critical patent/CN102493547A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic dredging system for a storage-capacity-regulating pipe culvert. The system comprises a dredging device, wherein the dredging device can slide in the storage-capacity-regulating pipe culvert, wherein the tail end of the storage-capacity-regulating pipe culvert is provided with a silting discharging pool and a sewage pump; the automatic dredging system comprises an aeration system which comprises an exhaust pipe arranged at the bottom of the storage-capacity-regulating pipe culvert; and a plurality of aeration holes are formed on the lower side of the exhaust pipe. The automatic dredging system disclosed by the invention comprises a dropping water energy storage device. The automatic dredging system disclosed by the invention has the beneficial effects of simple structure, energy conservation, high automaticity, good dredging effects and the like.

Description

The automatic desilting system of the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing
Technical field
The present invention relates to environmental protection technical field, relate in particular to a kind of automatic desilting system that is used for the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing of city flood control.
Background technology
Owing to the planning of China's city flood control drainage system and the hysteresis of construction, cause the problem of China's big and medium-sized cities ubiquity waterlogging in rainy season.When the waterlogging phenomenon that causes when heavy showers in short-term took place, surface flow carried a large amount of pollutants and gets into urban water-body, causes water quality to receive severe contamination, brings enormous economic loss and serious ecological disruption to the city.
For solving city waterlogging problem, usual thinking is enlarging or newly-built drainage pipeline networks and rainwater treatment plant station.But, receiving the restriction of many-sided factors such as engineering land used, road, building and underground utilities, the enforcement difficulty of enlarging or newly-built pipe network and rainwater treatment plant is very big.Big to China's present big and medium-sized cities size of population, land used quantity is few, building and characteristics such as street and pipeline layout complicacy; Through efficiently utilizing the deep layer underground space, adopt to have that the capacity of regulating and storing can promote, the pipe culvert technology of regulating and storing little to ambient influnence, that characteristics such as can disperse and focus on becomes the good selection that big and medium-sized cities solve city flood control and rainy day pollution of area source.
The underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing of deep layer generally is built in the bottom of City Building and underground rail traffic, and the dark scope of 20-50 rice roughly locates below ground level.The particulate pollutant that rainwater or rain sewage carry can deposit during regulating and storing in the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing, and reduces the volume of effectively regulating and storing of the pipe culvert of regulating and storing, and causes the pipe culvert of regulating and storing to silt up.These effects limit applying of the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing of deep layer.
Therefore, those skilled in the art automatic desilting system of being devoted to develop a kind of underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing is to address the above problem.
Summary of the invention
Because the above-mentioned defective of prior art, technical problem to be solved by this invention provides a kind of automatic desilting system of the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing, with the alluvial sediment in the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing of automatic cleaning.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose, the invention provides a kind of automatic desilting system of the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing, comprise the Accrete clearing device that is arranged on slip in the said pipe culvert of regulating and storing, the end of the said pipe culvert of regulating and storing is provided with row silt pond and dredge pump; Said automatic desilting system also comprises an aerating system; Said aerating system comprises the extract duct that is arranged on the said pipe culvert bottom of regulating and storing, and said extract duct downside offers a plurality of solarization air caps.
Preferably, said extract duct be communicated with source of the gas and through said solarization air cap in the said pipe culvert of regulating and storing exhaust so that the deposit in the said pipe culvert of regulating and storing be suspended in the said pipe culvert of regulating and storing.
The present invention makes alluvial suspend at the sediment of the pipe culvert bottom of regulating and storing through addition aerating system in the automatic desilting system, has promoted the effect of automatic desilting.
Preferably, said Accrete clearing device comprise can the sliding assembly of the said pipe culvert intrinsic displacement of regulating and storing and with the fixing shelves mud parts of said sliding assembly.Said sliding assembly comprises and is arranged on the inboard guide rail of the said pipe culvert of regulating and storing and the slipping part of slippage on said guide rail.
The present invention is deposited in the sediment of pipe culvert bottom of regulating and storing, the effect of further having promoted automatic desilting through outer force urges outside waterpower through the sliding assembly of band shelves mud parts is set in the automatic desilting system.
Preferably, the power source of said automatic desilting system is from a drop energy storage equipment.
The present invention is through having set up the drop energy storage equipment in the automatic desilting system; Both realized energy dissipating effect to the sewage that becomes a mandarin; Reduced the sewage that becomes a mandarin to the erosion damage of the pipe culvert of regulating and storing, the kinetic energy that utilizes the sewage that becomes a mandarin freely to fall generation again is converted into electric energy, for the sliding assembly in the Accrete clearing device provides power; Also, improved the automaticity of whole desilting system for aerating system provides source of the gas.
Preferably, said drop energy storage equipment comprises at least one turbine that is arranged in the drop shaft.Said turbine is arranged on the bottom of said drop shaft.
Preferably, the clutch end of said turbine links to each other with the power intake of an air compressor, and said air compressor is communicated with compressed air storage tank.Said compressed air storage tank is provided with two-way outlet, and a way outlet is communicated with said extract duct, and another way outlet connection one utilizes the generator of compressed air generating.
The present invention makes compressed air storage tank both for generator provides the energy through in compressed air storage tank two-way outlet being set, and again for aerating system provides compressed gas source, has simplified the structure of whole system.
Preferably, said slipping part with or the power source of said dredge pump from said generator.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
The automatic desilting system of the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing of the present invention because the said structure design through Accrete clearing device and aerating system are set, has been promoted the dredging effect of system, has beneficial effects such as simple in structure, that dredging effect is good.
Especially; The automatic desilting system of the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing of the present invention also is provided with the drop energy storage equipment; Reduced the erosion damage of sewage that become a mandarin to the pipe culvert of regulating and storing; Be converted into compressed air through the significant amount of energy that produces in the process that sewage is become a mandarin simultaneously and store, have excellent energy and transform and efficiency of energy utilization.Regulating and storing between the pipe culvert drainage period, the automatic desilting system provides aeration performance that deposit is suspended.In the draining latter stage of the pipe culvert of regulating and storing, it is that Accrete clearing device provides power that the compressed air of storage is converted into electric energy, has realized the automatic desilting of the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing, and the original restrictive factor of pipe culvert in practical application is converted into favorable factor with regulating and storing.
Automatic desilting of the present invention system, drop energy storage equipment and Accrete clearing device etc. can be realized operation automatically through automatic control system, need not that the personal management operates and the workman under well operations, further promoted the automaticity of system.
Below will combine accompanying drawing that the technique effect of design of the present invention, concrete structure and generation is described further, to understand the object of the invention, characteristic and effect fully.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure sketch map of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is an A-A part section structural representation among Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the overall structure sketch map of further embodiment of this invention.
Fig. 4 is a B-B cross-sectional view among Fig. 3.
The specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:
The pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing that is positioned at deep under ground as shown in Figure 1, the sewage that becomes a mandarin is flowed in the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing by the C place, through regulating and storing, is discharged by the D place again, gets into sewage network.In this process, deposit can be deposited at the bottom of the pipe of the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing.
The automatic desilting system of the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing of the present invention is used for the cleaning to deposit, mainly comprises the Accrete clearing device 2, the aerating system that are arranged on slip in the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing, is arranged on the pipe culvert 1 terminal row that regulates and stores become silted up pond 31 and dredge pump 32.
Accrete clearing device 2 comprises and can reach the fender of fixing with sliding assembly 21 22 at the sliding assembly 21 of pipe culvert 1 intrinsic displacement of regulating and storing.
Particularly, in the present embodiment, sliding assembly 21 comprises that two branches are located at the guide rail 211 on the two side in the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing, and the roller 212 of slippage on guide rail 211.Guide rail 211 is connected to end by the initiating terminal of the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing, and is the mobile guiding that provides of roller 212.Roller 212 externally can move along guide rail 211 under the power drive.Fender 22 is fixed on the armshaft of roller 212, can move along guide rail 211 with roller 212.
Obviously, in different specific embodiments, the implementation of sliding assembly is not limited to said structure.For example, sliding assembly can be made up of guide rail and slide block.Fender can be fixed on the slide block, or is structure as a whole with slide block.Again for example, guide rail can only be arranged one, is arranged on the middle part of the pipe culvert of regulating and storing.
As shown in Figure 2, aerating system comprises the source of the gas (not shown), and is arranged on the extract duct 41 of pipe culvert 1 bottom of regulating and storing.Extract duct 41 downsides offer a plurality of solarization air caps, and Open Side Down for solarization air cap, and are in a certain angle with the bottom of extract duct 41, for example are left and right 45 ° of settings, stopped up by deposit avoiding.Extract duct 41 is communicated with source of the gas, is regulating and storing between pipe culvert 1 drainage period through a plurality of solarization air cap discharges compressed air, so that the deposit in the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing is suspended in the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing.
Below explanation application of the present invention:
Regulate and store pipe culvert 1 under special weather conditions such as heavy rain, flood, store the rain sewage that exceeds the urban drainage pipe network normal discharge, in this process, the dirt in the rain sewage, silt etc. are deposited in the bottom of the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing, and only depend on flow dynamic to be difficult to thorough desilting.
After situations such as rainfall becomes a mandarin finish, after urban drainage pipe network has vacant capacity, open the drainage system of the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing.At this moment; Start Accrete clearing device 2; Sliding assembly 21 drives fender 22 and in the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing, moves decontamination; Alluvial is pushed in the pollution discharge pond 31 at the deposit of pipe culvert 1 bottom of regulating and storing, and deposit is suspended in the rain sewage to be pumped together to promote by dredge pump 32 and gets into urban drainage pipe network, and then is transferred to the Wastewater Treatment Plant station and handles.
Be to guarantee dredging effect, can make Accrete clearing device 2 supply with the sufficient condition lower edge pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing through the automatic control system setting and carry out repeatedly coming and going, to remove deposit fully at electric energy.After desilting finished, Accrete clearing device 2 stopped at the initiating terminal of the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing, and prepared to carry out the desilting work of next time.
Especially, the present invention has set up aerating system, in the process of desilting, opens aerating system, and a plurality of solarization air cap discharges compressed air through extract duct 41 are promoted sedimental suspension effect to rain sewage, finally strengthened dredging effect.
Embodiment 2:
Like Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4, present embodiment is the further optimization to embodiment 1, on the basis of Accrete clearing device and aerating system, has set up a drop energy storage equipment.The drop energy storage equipment mainly comprises the one-level turbine 52 (in different embodiment, according to different parameters such as the drop and the flows that becomes a mandarin, multistage turbine can be set to satisfy the energy dissipating demand) that is arranged on drop shaft 51 bottoms.Turbine 52 mainly comprises drive link 521 and impeller 522, is used to eliminate the potential energy that rain sewage produces from highly freely falling greatly, and this potential energy is converted into kinetic energy.
The clutch end of turbine 52 links to each other with the power intake power of an air compressor 54 through one group of change-speed gearing 53, and air compressor 54 is communicated with compressed air storage tank 55.Through said structure, air compressor 54 is converted into compressed air with the energy of turbine 52 transmission, and is stored in the compressed air cylinder 55, also non retern valve can be set in the connecting line of air compressor 54 and compressed air cylinder 55.
Compressed air storage tank 55 is provided with two-way outlet.Wherein, a way outlet is communicated with extract duct 41, for aerating system provides source of the gas.Another way outlet connection one utilizes the generator 56 of compressed air generating.Generator 56 can be equipped with ammeter metering generated energy, is equipped with systems stabilisation so that stable supply of electric power to be provided.This generator 56 is converted into electric energy with compressed-air actuated energy in the draining of the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing latter stage, for sliding assembly 21 power is provided through line system 57, also can for dredge pump 32 power be provided simultaneously.
Urban drainage pipe network collected rain sewage in the heavy showers phase gets into drop shaft 51 after holding back pumping plant and holding back, current are gone into head piece C place from the drop of drop shaft 51 and freely fallen entering drop shaft 51.The purpose that the C place adopts drop to go into head piece mainly is to make the potential energy of the current that become a mandarin not because of the friction of drop shaft 51 produces excessive loss, thereby this potential energy farthest is converted into kinetic energy.
The current that get into drop shaft 51 reach turbine 52 places after freely falling; The current that fall at a high speed are low at the dirty prompt drop of obstruction of the impeller 522 of turbine 52; Impeller 522 is rotation at a high speed under the promotion of dynamic energy of water flow, and the kinetic energy that produces upwards is transferred to change-speed gearing 53 places through transmitting device.This place's device has been realized the energy dissipating of current and the transmission of energy; Current are through behind the turbine 52; Low speed landing gets into the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing, and the current of having avoided falling from eminence have reduced the erosion damage to pipe culvert 1 bottom of regulating and storing to the severe impact of pipe culvert 1 bottom of regulating and storing.
Change-speed gearing 53 rotation at a high speed under impeller 522 drives drives air compressor 54 work simultaneously, stores sending in the compressed air storage tank 55 after the inhaled air compression.This place has realized dynamic energy of water flow is converted into the technical purpose of compressed-air actuated interior ability.
For ease of maintenance, equipment such as the change-speed gearing 53 in the drop energy storage equipment, air compressor 54, compressed air storage tank 55, generator 56 can be arranged on the face of land near drop shaft 51 places.
The below method of operating and the application of explanation automatic desilting of the present invention system:
Automatic desilting of the present invention system adopts drop shaft accumulation of energy realize the regulating and storing energy dissipating that becomes a mandarin of pipe culvert, and converts accumulation of energy into electric energy, for removing the alluvial sediment during regulating and storing energy is provided, and its groundwork step is:
When rain sewage gets into drop shaft 51, drives impeller machine 52 rotation at a high speed, turbine 52 is converted into compressed air through 54 work of change-speed gearing 53 drive air compressors with kinetic energy, and compressed air is stored in the compressed air storage tank 55.
In the drainage procedure of pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing, start compressed air storage tank 55 through stack 41 exhaust in the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing, the part deposit is suspended discharge the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing with current.
Before storage rain sewage in the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing is raised end; Stop compressed air being provided to stack 41; Then discharge compressed air by compressed air storage tank 55, and make generator 56 work through compressed-air actuated driving, produce stable electric current; Transmission through line system 57; The sliding assembly 21 that driving is positioned at the Accrete clearing device 2 of the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing moves from the pipe culvert 1 initiating terminal terminad of regulating and storing along track 211, and the mud that the dashboard 22 of Accrete clearing device 2 will be deposited on pipe culvert 1 bottom of regulating and storing is passed the terminal row of pipe culvert that regulates and stores and become silted up in the pond 31, promotes through will the regulate and store rain sewage of the band deposit in the pipe culvert 1 of dredge pump 32; Get into urban drainage pipe network, and then be transferred to the Wastewater Treatment Plant station and handle.
In the day-to-day operation process of pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing, mainly take the mode of compressed air through many extract ducts 41 aerations of pipe culvert 1 bottom of regulating and storing, the suspension again that deposits deposit is removed.Because aeration mode can not be cleared up the deposit in the pipe culvert 1 of regulating and storing fully, therefore can take Accrete clearing device to carry out a desilting at interval in 3-6 month.
The automatic operating of the pipe culvert system that can guarantee to regulate and store is installed and used to the structure of whole automatic desilting system, need not staff on duty and artificial well operations down.
On the whole, the present invention is because said structure design, and a large amount of kinetic energy that the pipe culvert of regulating and storing is become a mandarin in the process store conversion, are used for the desilting power consumption of the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing of deep layer, have practiced thrift the energy, have improved the automaticity of system.
More than describe preferred embodiment of the present invention in detail.Should be appreciated that those of ordinary skill in the art need not creative work and just can design according to the present invention make many modifications and variation.Therefore, all technician in the art all should be in the determined protection domain by claims under this invention's idea on the basis of existing technology through the available technical scheme of logical analysis, reasoning, or a limited experiment.

Claims (10)

1. the automatic desilting system of the underground pipe culvert of regulating and storing comprises the Accrete clearing device that is arranged on slip in the said pipe culvert of regulating and storing, and the end of the said pipe culvert of regulating and storing is provided with row silt pond and dredge pump; It is characterized in that: said automatic desilting system also comprises an aerating system; Said aerating system comprises the extract duct that is arranged on the said pipe culvert bottom of regulating and storing, and said extract duct downside offers a plurality of solarization air caps.
2. automatic desilting as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that: said extract duct be communicated with source of the gas and through said solarization air cap in the said pipe culvert of regulating and storing exhaust so that the deposit in the said pipe culvert of regulating and storing be suspended in the said pipe culvert of regulating and storing.
3. automatic desilting as claimed in claim 1 system is characterized in that: said Accrete clearing device comprise can the sliding assembly of the said pipe culvert intrinsic displacement of regulating and storing and with the fixing shelves mud parts of said sliding assembly.
4. automatic desilting as claimed in claim 3 system is characterized in that: said sliding assembly comprises and is arranged on the inboard guide rail of the said pipe culvert of regulating and storing and the slipping part of slippage on said guide rail.
5. like the arbitrary described automatic desilting of claim 1 to 4 system, it is characterized in that: the power source of said automatic desilting system is from a drop energy storage equipment.
6. automatic desilting as claimed in claim 5 system, it is characterized in that: said drop energy storage equipment comprises at least one turbine that is arranged in the drop shaft.
7. automatic desilting as claimed in claim 6 system, it is characterized in that: said turbine is arranged on the bottom of said drop shaft.
8. automatic desilting as claimed in claim 6 system, it is characterized in that: the clutch end of said turbine links to each other with the power intake of an air compressor, and said air compressor is communicated with compressed air storage tank.
9. automatic desilting as claimed in claim 8 system, it is characterized in that: said compressed air storage tank is provided with two-way outlet, a way outlet is communicated with said extract duct, another way outlet connect one utilize the compressed air generating generator.
10. automatic desilting as claimed in claim 9 system is characterized in that: said slipping part with or the power source of said dredge pump from said generator.
CN2011103937582A 2011-12-01 2011-12-01 Automatic dredging system for underground storage-capacity-regulating pipe culvert Pending CN102493547A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102720266A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-10-10 上海市城市建设设计研究总院 Siphon type dredging device for water storage and drainage tunnel
CN109183971A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-01-11 中铁贵州工程有限公司 A kind of storage pond and its Accrete clearing device
CN111608251A (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-01 中铁二院工程集团有限责任公司 Automatic sewage-discharging deep tunnel vertical shaft

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3916471A (en) * 1974-06-10 1975-11-04 Raymond Lee Organization Inc Culvert cleaning tool
JP2001276879A (en) * 2000-03-31 2001-10-09 Nishihara Environ Sanit Res Corp Air diffuser type stirring device for aeration tank
KR100674358B1 (en) * 2006-10-14 2007-01-30 주식회사 삼안 Structure for sorting sludge sewerage box
CN201212030Y (en) * 2008-03-20 2009-03-25 呼延钊 Feces harmful matter removal processing pool
CN201843122U (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-05-25 同济大学 Tail water complementary energy processing device of hydroelectric power station
CN202324179U (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-07-11 上海市城市建设设计研究总院 Automatic dredging system of underground regulation pipe culvert

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3916471A (en) * 1974-06-10 1975-11-04 Raymond Lee Organization Inc Culvert cleaning tool
JP2001276879A (en) * 2000-03-31 2001-10-09 Nishihara Environ Sanit Res Corp Air diffuser type stirring device for aeration tank
KR100674358B1 (en) * 2006-10-14 2007-01-30 주식회사 삼안 Structure for sorting sludge sewerage box
CN201212030Y (en) * 2008-03-20 2009-03-25 呼延钊 Feces harmful matter removal processing pool
CN201843122U (en) * 2010-06-08 2011-05-25 同济大学 Tail water complementary energy processing device of hydroelectric power station
CN202324179U (en) * 2011-12-01 2012-07-11 上海市城市建设设计研究总院 Automatic dredging system of underground regulation pipe culvert

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102720266A (en) * 2012-06-18 2012-10-10 上海市城市建设设计研究总院 Siphon type dredging device for water storage and drainage tunnel
CN109183971A (en) * 2018-09-05 2019-01-11 中铁贵州工程有限公司 A kind of storage pond and its Accrete clearing device
CN111608251A (en) * 2020-06-04 2020-09-01 中铁二院工程集团有限责任公司 Automatic sewage-discharging deep tunnel vertical shaft

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