CN102483615B - Power switch device of zero power consumption during standby condition - Google Patents

Power switch device of zero power consumption during standby condition Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102483615B
CN102483615B CN2009801206530A CN200980120653A CN102483615B CN 102483615 B CN102483615 B CN 102483615B CN 2009801206530 A CN2009801206530 A CN 2009801206530A CN 200980120653 A CN200980120653 A CN 200980120653A CN 102483615 B CN102483615 B CN 102483615B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
switch
power
coil
latching relay
magnetic latching
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009801206530A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
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CN102483615A (en
Inventor
郑林全
Original Assignee
郑林全
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN200810067818.X priority Critical
Priority to CNA200810067818XA priority patent/CN101334644A/en
Priority to CN200810067889.X priority
Priority to CNA200810067889XA priority patent/CN101315549A/en
Priority to CN200810068380.7 priority
Priority to CNA2008100683807A priority patent/CN101382778A/en
Priority to CNA2008101418048A priority patent/CN101354985A/en
Priority to CN200810141804.8 priority
Priority to CNA2008102176008A priority patent/CN101409458A/en
Priority to CN200810217600.8 priority
Application filed by 郑林全 filed Critical 郑林全
Priority to PCT/CN2009/072209 priority patent/WO2009149655A1/en
Priority to CN2009801206530A priority patent/CN102483615B/en
Publication of CN102483615A publication Critical patent/CN102483615A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102483615B publication Critical patent/CN102483615B/en

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H47/00Circuit arrangements not adapted to a particular application of the relay and designed to obtain desired operating characteristics or to provide energising current
    • H01H47/22Circuit arrangements not adapted to a particular application of the relay and designed to obtain desired operating characteristics or to provide energising current for supplying energising current for relay coil
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02JCIRCUIT ARRANGEMENTS OR SYSTEMS FOR SUPPLYING OR DISTRIBUTING ELECTRIC POWER; SYSTEMS FOR STORING ELECTRIC ENERGY
    • H02J9/00Circuit arrangements for emergency or stand-by power supply, e.g. for emergency lighting
    • H02J9/005Circuit arrangements for emergency or stand-by power supply, e.g. for emergency lighting using a power saving mode
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y04INFORMATION OR COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES HAVING AN IMPACT ON OTHER TECHNOLOGY AREAS
    • Y04SSYSTEMS INTEGRATING TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO POWER NETWORK OPERATION, COMMUNICATION OR INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES FOR IMPROVING THE ELECTRICAL POWER GENERATION, TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION, MANAGEMENT OR USAGE, i.e. SMART GRIDS
    • Y04S20/00Management or operation of end-user stationary applications or the last stages of power distribution; Controlling, monitoring or operating thereof
    • Y04S20/20End-user application control systems

Abstract

There is a power switch device realizing zero power consumption during standby condition, it includes manual acting switch device (1), power input (7), magnetic latching relay (3), coil drive circuit and power output (8); the both ends of the coil of the magnetic latching relay (3) are connected to the coil drive circuit; the manual acting switch device (1) is used for switching the contact switch (32) off or closed so that the power input (7) and the power output (8) are disconnected or power connected; the coil driver circuit is used for generating the first pulse and driving the coil of the magnetic latching relay (3) to make the contact switch (32) off or closed when receiving the control signal so that the power input (7) and the power output (8) are disconnected or power connected. It will not generate power consumption during standby condition through adding magnetic latching relay (3) to the power switch.

Description

A kind of power switch device of Zero-power-consumption standby

The application require in to submit the application number of Patent Office of the People's Republic of China to be its denomination of invention of 200810067818.X on June 11st, 2008 for " a kind of solution of manual boot-strap and auto-shut-off zero power consumption standby after powering " Chinese patent application, submitting the application number of Patent Office of the People's Republic of China on June 20th, 2008 is that its denomination of invention of 200810067889.X is for " supporting manually, remote control, the solution of network zero power consumption standby after powering off " Chinese patent application, submitting the application number of Patent Office of the People's Republic of China on July 11st, 2008 is that 200810068380.7 its denominations of invention are for " supporting manually, remote control, the solution of network zero power consumption standby after powering off " Chinese patent application, submitting the application number of Patent Office of the People's Republic of China on September 5th, 2008 is that 200810141804.8 its denominations of invention are the Chinese patent application of " switch of hand-control electric-controlled combination and zero power consumption standby application scheme thereof ", and to submit the application number of Patent Office of the People's Republic of China on November 24th, 2008 be that 200810217600.8 its denominations of invention are the right of priority of the Chinese patent application of " but power supply adaptor of a kind of switching off AC power ", its full content is by reference in conjunction with in this application.

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of electrical equipment, relate in particular to a kind of power switch device of Zero-power-consumption standby.

Background technology

In the household electronic products such as present televisor, air-conditioning, user's great majority are to shut down by telepilot, and with the shutdown of this kind method, these electrical equipment generally can be in " standby " state.In this case, the power supply in machine, remote control reception and microprocessor portion still keep duty, and the power consumption after standby still maintains a higher level; In addition, the electrical equipment of being not only telepilot shutdown has power consumption in the time of standby, not with the electrical equipment of the manual boot-strap and auto-shut-off of remote control, and washing machine for example, disinfection cabinet etc. has stand-by power consumption equally after shutdown.

Household electrical appliance stand-by power consumption in the market is at 1w-15w, and even some is up to 30w.Therefore how realizing real standby zero-power-consumption, is the technical matters that needs to be resolved hurrily.

Summary of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, can not realize the shortcoming of zero-power for what exist in prior art under holding state, provides that a kind of circuit is simple, easy to implement, the power switch device of the Zero-power-consumption standby of energy-saving safe.

The embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of power switch device of Zero-power-consumption standby, comprises manual switchgroup, power input, magnetic latching relay, coil driver and power output end;

The described coil driver of coil two ends connection in described magnetic latching relay;

Contact switch in described magnetic latching relay is arranged between described power input and power output end;

Described manual switchgroup is used for switching and described contact switch is disconnected or closure, and described power input and described power output end are disconnected or electric connection;

Described coil driver, be used for when receiving control signal, produce the first pulse, the coil that drives in described coil magnetic latching relay disconnects described contact switch or closure, described power input and described power output end are disconnected or electric connection, and described the first pulse is just/negative pulse.

As another aspect of the present invention, described magnetic latching relay is the twin coil magnetic latching relay, and described coil driver comprises the first coil driver and the second coil driver, and described manual switchgroup is a pushbutton switch; The first coil in described pushbutton switch, the first coil driver and described twin coil magnetic latching relay is linked in sequence, and is connected between two input lines of described power input;

The second coil in described twin coil magnetic latching relay connects described the second coil driver;

Contact switch in described twin coil magnetic latching relay is arranged between described power input and power output end;

Wherein, when described pushbutton switch is pressed, First Line circle in described pushbutton switch, the first coil driver, twin coil magnetic latching relay forms the loop, produce the second pulse, driving described the first coil makes described contact switch closed, make described power input and power output end electric connection, described the second pulse is just/negative pulse;

When described the second coil driver receives control signal, produce the first pulse, the second coil that drives in described twin coil magnetic latching relay disconnects described contact switch or closure, and described power input and described power output end are disconnected or electric connection.

As one side more of the present invention, described pushbutton switch is two-way pushbutton switch; Wherein, when described two-way pushbutton switch one side is pressed, drive described the first coil and make described contact switch closed, make described power input and power output end electric connection; When the opposite side of described two-way pushbutton switch is pressed, drive described the first coil described contact switch is disconnected, described power input and power output end are disconnected.

As another aspect of the present invention, described manual switchgroup is the hand switch that is arranged on magnetic latching relay, and described coil driver is the second coil driver;

Wherein, when described hand switch was pressed, contact switch closure or disconnection in described coil magnetic latching relay made power input and power output end electric connection or disconnection;

When described the second coil driver receives control signal, produce the first pulse, the coil that drives in described coil magnetic latching relay disconnects described contact switch or closure, and described power input and described power output end are disconnected or electric connection.

Implement the power switch device of Zero-power-consumption standby provided by the invention, have following beneficial effect:

In an embodiment of the present invention, realize start or shutdown by hand switch; And increase magnetic latching relay in power switch, when using remote control (perhaps long-range etc. mode) start or shutdown, use the pulse signal of a moment, just can complete Auto Power On or shutdown; In this way, making power switch device of the present invention is zero at the power supply power consumption under holding state or off-mode, and the power supply power consumption under open state is little power consumption; Energy-saving safe is easy to control.

Description of drawings

In order to be illustrated more clearly in the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, the below will do to introduce simply to the accompanying drawing of required use in embodiment or description of the Prior Art, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skills, under the prerequisite of not paying creative work, can also obtain according to these accompanying drawings other accompanying drawing.

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of power switch device first embodiment of Zero-power-consumption standby in the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural representation of power switch device second embodiment of Zero-power-consumption standby in the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of power switch device the 3rd embodiment of Zero-power-consumption standby in the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the structural representation of power switch device the 4th embodiment of Zero-power-consumption standby in the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of power supply adaptor in the present invention;

Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of controlling with the supporting host side of power supply adaptor shown in Figure 6 in the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of another embodiment of power supply adaptor in the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of controlling with the supporting host side of power supply adaptor shown in Figure 7 in the present invention;

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of hand switch embodiment of the power switch device of Zero-power-consumption standby in the present invention.

Embodiment

The invention process provides the power switch device of Zero-power-consumption standby, by increase magnetic latching relay in power switch, can complete Auto Power On or shutdown, and can not produce power consumption under holding state or normal operating conditions.

Referring to Fig. 1, it is the structural representation of power switch device first embodiment of Zero-power-consumption standby in the present invention.

The power switch device of Zero-power-consumption standby shown in Figure 1 comprises manual switchgroup 1, power input, magnetic latching relay 3, coil driver and power output end;

The described coil driver of coil two ends connection in described magnetic latching relay 3;

Contact switch 32 in described magnetic latching relay 3 is arranged between described power input and power output end;

Described manual switchgroup 1 is used for switching described power input and described power output end disconnects or electric connection;

Described coil driver, be used for when receiving control signal, produce the first pulse, the coil that drives in described coil magnetic latching relay 3 makes described contact switch 32 disconnect (a and b disconnection, and c and d disconnection) or closed (a and b closure, and c and d closure), described power input and described power output end are disconnected or electric connection.

In the present embodiment, magnetic latching relay 3 is the twin coil magnetic latching relay, comprising the first coil 30 and the second coil 31; Described coil driver comprises the first coil driver 20 and the second coil driver 21, and described manual switchgroup 1 is a manual pushbutton switch; This hand push button switch, the first coil driver 20 are linked in sequence with the first coil 30 in described twin coil magnetic latching relay 3, and are connected between two input line P1 and P2 of described power input;

The second coil 31 in described twin coil magnetic latching relay 3 connects described the second coil driver 21;

Contact switch 32 in described twin coil magnetic latching relay 3 is arranged between described power input and power output end;

Wherein, when the hand push button switch is pressed, the first coil 30 in hand push button switch, the first coil driver 20, twin coil magnetic latching relay 3 forms the loop, produce the second pulse, drive described the first coil 30 and make described contact switch 32 closures, make described power input and power output end electric connection; When unclamping the hand push button switch, twin coil magnetic latching relay 3 enters and is kept closed, and the electric connection of power input and power output end keeps, the device power-up at this power switch device place, and this second pulse can be positive pulse or negative pulse;

When described the second coil driver 21 receives control signal, produce aforementioned the first pulse, the second coil 31 that drives in described twin coil magnetic latching relay 3 disconnects or closure described contact switch 32, described power input and described power output end are disconnected or electric connection, this first pulse can be positive pulse or negative pulse, particularly, can be to be disconnected by positive pulse contact-actuating switch, negative pulse contact-actuating switch is closed; Or closed by positive pulse contact-actuating switch, negative pulse contact-actuating switch disconnects; Hereinafter same therewith, no longer carry out detailed differentiation and explanation.

Concrete, when the second coil driver 21 receives a start control signal, produce a positive pulse (or negative pulse), the second coil 31 that drives in described twin coil magnetic latching relay 3 produces magnetic force, under the effect of this magnetic force, described contact switch 32 closures make the device power-up at this power switch device place; When the second coil driver 21 receives one when closing machine control signal, produce a negative pulse (or positive pulse), the second coil 31 that drives in described twin coil magnetic latching relay 3 produces magnetic force, under the effect of this magnetic force, described contact switch 32 disconnects, power input and described power output end are disconnected, and therefore power supply power consumption is zero under off-mode.

Need to prove, the electric current of described power input input can be alternating current or direct current; When the electric current of power input input was direct current, described the first coil driver 20 can be a current-limiting resistance; When the electric current of described power input input was alternating current, described the first coil drive current 20 can be rectifier.

Referring to Fig. 2, it is the structural representation of power switch device second embodiment of Zero-power-consumption standby in the present invention;

The present embodiment and the first embodiment difference be, in the present embodiment, manual switchgroup 1 is a two-way button switch K 1; When the side (as the left side) of this two-way pushbutton switch when pressing, the contact 1 of described two-way pushbutton switch is communicated with 2, the first coil 30 in the first coil driver, twin coil magnetic latching relay forms the loop, produce a pulse (as positive pulse), drive this first coil 30 and make the contact switch in this magnetic latching relay closed, make power input and power output end electric connection; When the opposite side (as the right side) of this two-way pushbutton switch when pressing, the contact 1 of described two-way pushbutton switch is communicated with 3, the first coil 30 in the first coil driver, twin coil magnetic latching relay forms the loop, produce the pulse (as negative pulse) of an other direction, drive this first coil 30 contact switch in this magnetic latching relay is disconnected, power input and power output end are disconnected; Above-mentionedly be only one and be understandable that for example, wherein direction, the pulse direction that produces pressed of switch and contact switch is disconnected or closure between can be other corresponding relation.

Referring to Fig. 3, it is the structural representation of power switch device the 3rd embodiment of Zero-power-consumption standby in the present invention.

The present embodiment and the first embodiment difference are, in the present embodiment, magnetic latching relay 3 is the unicoil magnetic latching relay, and is corresponding, this unicoil magnetic latching relay 3 adopts a coil driver to drive, and in Fig. 2 is namely the second coil driver 21; In the present embodiment, manual switchgroup 1 is for being arranged on the hand switch 1 on magnetic latching relay 3; Contact switch 32 in described unicoil magnetic latching relay 3 is arranged between described power input and power output end.

Wherein, when hand switch 1 was pressed, contact switch 32 closures or disconnection in described unicoil magnetic latching relay 3 made power input and power output end electric connection or disconnection;

When described the second coil driver 21 receives control signal, produce the first pulse, the coil 31 that drives in described unicoil magnetic latching relay 3 disconnects or closure described contact switch 32, and described power input and described power output end are disconnected or electric connection.

Referring to Fig. 4, be the structural representation of power switch device the 4th embodiment of Zero-power-consumption standby in the present invention.

This enforcement and above-mentioned two embodiment differences are, the power switch device in the present embodiment also comprises: master controller 4, back-up source 5 and network switching control circuit 60 or remote control receiver switch control circuit 61 or remote switch control circuit 62.

The below is that the embodiment of unicoil magnetic latching relay is example take the magnetic latching relay in power switch device, illustrate that power switch device comprises main control 4, the performance of back-up source 5 and network switching control circuit 60 or remote control receiver switch control circuit 61 or remote switch control circuit 62.

Master controller 4 in the present embodiment is used for receiving described control signal, and described control signal is sent to the second coil driver 31; Need to prove, described control signal is from the control signal 62 of network switching control circuit 60, teleswitch receiving circuit 61, remote switch control circuit, inductive receiving circuit (not shown) or governor circuit (not shown), and this governor circuit refers to be equipped with the governor circuit in the electrical equipment of this power switch device.

Need to prove, described network switching control circuit 60 is by network hardware interface, the network master controller, the compositions such as AC/DC transducer, it meets the IEEE802.3a/f standard, and Ethernet interface is provided, and realizes network switching machine function, but it does not support the not network power up function of charged, and supports shut-off function.

Need to prove, network switching control circuit 60 also needs the back-up source support to work, this back-up source can be that network provides, therefore the network master controller in described network switching control circuit 60 and master controller 4 and the second coil driver 31 the electric forming loop, because can be by the teleinstruction of network, master controller 4 is sent the second coil driver 31 is sent the pumping signal of switching on and shutting down, realize network switching machine function, as long as in network, back-up source is arranged, the network switching machine is not subjected to the restriction of time.

Described remote control receiver switch control circuit 61 is by remote-control receiving circuit, and primary power AC/DC transducer forms.Realize that by telepilot remote control is not more than the stand-by time cycling switch machine function of back-up source, over only supporting manually start after back-up source standby design time.

Need to prove, can also realize that power switch device is carried out long-range switching on and shutting down to be controlled, and repeats no more by other remote switch control circuit 62.

Power switch device of the present invention also comprises:

Back-up source 5, be used to the standby partial circuit in described network switching control circuit 60, remote control receiver switch control circuit 61 or remote switch control circuit 62 or inductive receiving circuit or governor circuit, and master controller and the second coil driver provide the work electric weight.Described back-up source 5 can provide the electric weight of working more than 24 hours for the on-off circuit standby.This be due to, be generally 24 hours according to human lives's habit cycle, so that as long as back-up source 5 stand-by times designs greater than 24 hours, just can be satisfied is automatically long-term, the remote control circulation is started shooting.

Be provided with first timer in described master controller 4, begin timing when described power switch device start, before the described first timing that pre-sets finishes, if when the operate to described power switch device place being detected, this first timer is resetted makes zero and restart timing; Otherwise control the second coil driver 21, described power input and described power output end are disconnected.Also be provided with second timer in described master controller 4, begin timing when described power input and the disconnection of described power output end, before the described second timing that pre-sets finishes, if when the start operation having been detected, this first timer is resetted make zero; Otherwise when the timing of the second preset value finishes, turn-off described back-up source 5.

Need to prove, the first default time-count cycle of above-mentioned first timer and the default time-count cycle of second timer can arrange or revise by input media (for example telechiric device).

Need to prove, described back-up source 5 can be arranged to back-up source and the outer back-up source of machine in machine, and in described machine, back-up source is large bulk capacitance, and the energy block of the outer back-up source of machine for discharging and recharging comprises the management of charging and discharging circuit in described energy block.

Magnetic latching relay in power switch device is that principle and the magnetic latching relay of the embodiment of twin coil magnetic latching relay is that the embodiment of twin coil magnetic latching relay is identical, does not repeat them here.

Be understandable that, above-mentioned master controller 4, back-up source 5 and network switching control circuit 60 or remote control receiver switch control circuit 61 or remote switch control circuit 62, back-up source 5 and first timer and second timer all can be applied in each embodiment of Fig. 1 to Fig. 3.

Adopt above-mentioned scheme, and guarantee the electric switch machine normal operation at power switch machine of the present invention place in the effective situation of back-up source 5, can to realize easily manual machine open/close, the timing machine open/close, automatic on/off, remote control machine open/close, network machine open/close, the induction machine open/close, and their machine open/close instruction level is identical, First come first served, and the power supply power consumption of standby after shutdown is zero.

Referring to Fig. 5, be the structural representation of a kind of embodiment of power supply adaptor in the present invention.

Power switch device in the present embodiment, its power input, hand switch 1, coil magnetic latching relay (two kinds of situations that comprise unicoil magnetic latching relay or twin coil magnetic latching relay) and power output end are arranged in power supply adaptor, described power supply adaptor is by the control signal of a physical connection reception from network switching control circuit or remote control receiver switch control circuit or remote switch control circuit, described control signal is just/undersuing, perhaps high/low level signal.

The below illustrates that take the unicoil magnetic latching relay as example power switch device provided by the invention is merely able to, and power input, hand switch 1, coil magnetic latching relay and power output end are arranged on the performance in power supply adaptor.

As shown in Figure 5, coil L adopts positive negative pulse stuffing drive closed and disconnect, and also can control closed and disconnect by hand switch 1.

Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of controlling with the supporting host side of power supply adaptor shown in Figure 5.Coil L in magnetic latching relay 3 shown in Fig. 5 directly is connected with the negative pole of the capacitor C 11 shown in Fig. 5 by control line K11.When button S11 is pressed, the input end 2 of rejection gate U11A obtains high level, the output terminal 1 of rejection gate U11A is with regard to the step-down level, so that the Q11 conducting, Q12 turn-offs, and the positive terminal of capacitor C 11 gets electric, because the electric capacity both end voltage can not be suddenlyd change, coil L in magnetic latching relay 3 obtains positive pulse, middle contact switch 32 closures of magnetic latching relay 3, and power supply adaptor wakes start up.After release button S11, due to C12 and R12 composition maintenance wait, signal is kept in the input end 3,4 of rejection gate U11A, 5 starts.If rejection gate U11A input end 3,4,5 not start is kept signal, the output terminal 1 of rejection gate U11A uprises level because of rejection gate U11A input end 2 step-down level, the Q12 conducting, Q11 turn-offs, the positive terminal of capacitor C 11 is discharged by Q12 conducting ground connection, coil L obtains negative pulse, magnetic latching relay 3 disconnection that resets, power supply adaptor shutdown.Need to prove, the effect of resistance R 11 is current limlitings, and the effect of diode D11 is isolation, and capacitor C 11 is back-up source energy storage, and the capacitance of capacitor C 11 is 0. 47F, and the product that can satisfy circulation start work in 50 hours need not manual start.

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the another kind of embodiment of power supply adaptor;

The end of coil L in unicoil magnetic latching relay 3 is connected with the negative pole of capacitor C 21, the collector of the negative pole of the positive pole of capacitor C 21 and diode D21, resistance R 21, triode G21 is connected, the positive pole of diode D21 is connected with main frame by control line K21, the negative pole of the base stage of triode G21 and resistance R 21, diode D22, power supply ground is connected, and the emitter of triode G21 is connected with the end of coil L and the positive pole of diode D22.

Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram of controlling with the supporting host side of power supply adaptor shown in Figure 7.

As shown in Figure 8, when button S21 is pressed, the input end 2 of rejection gate U22A just uprises level, the output terminal 1 output high level of rejection gate U22A makes the Q21 conducting, Q22 turn-offs, and control line K21 obtains high level, and coil L obtains positive pulse by capacitor C 21 negative terminals, diode D21, control line K21 and diode D22, power ground end, contact switch 32 closures in magnetic latching relay 3, power supply adaptor wakes start up.After release button S21, due to capacitor C 23 and resistance R 23 composition maintenance wait circuit, the input end 3,4,5 of rejection gate U21A has start to keep signal.If the input end 3,4 of rejection gate U21A, 5 not start is kept signal, the output terminal 1 of rejection gate U21A uprises level because of rejection gate U 21A input end 2 step-down level, the Q22 conducting, Q21 turn-offs, control line K21 is by Q22 conducting ground connection zero level, capacitor C 21 positive terminals are by the emitter of triode G21 collector, triode G21, and resistance R 21 provides bias current, triode G21 conducting for triode G21.Coil L in magnetic latching relay 3 obtains negative pulse, magnetic latching relay 3 disconnection that resets, power supply adaptor shutdown.The effect of resistance R 22 is current limlitings, the effect of diode D23 is isolation, and capacitor C 22 is back-up source energy storage, and the capacitance of capacitor C 22 is approximately 0.47F, the product that can satisfy circulation start work in 50 hours need not manual start, supports power supply adaptor Offhost power-off shutdown.

Referring to Fig. 9, be the structural representation of hand switch in power switch device of the present invention.

In above-mentioned all embodiment, described hand switch can be general pushbutton switch or two-way pushbutton switch, can be also a kind of hand switch of realizing switching function by gear assembly.

As shown in Figure 9, described hand switch 1 comprises the first gear 110 and second gear 111 of hand push rod 10, interlock mutually; The first push rod 120 and the second push rod 121 and the 3rd push rod 122; Wherein the first gear 110 and the second gear 111 are equipped with rotation axis, and this first gear 110 can rotate around it axle and rotate, and this second gear 111 can rotate around it axle and rotate.be equipped with between described the first push rod 120 and the first gear 110 between spring, described the second push rod 121 and the second gear 111 spring is housed, described hand push rod 10 is by a ratchet (not shown) and described the first gear 110 interlocks, and this ratchet is in the first gear 110 bottoms and can be around the rotation axis rotation of this first gear 110, when described hand push rod 10 is pressed, driving described ratchet rotates, thereby driving described the first gear 110 rotates, described the first gear 110 drives described the second gear 111 and rotates, its rotation direction is relative direction, described the first push rod 120 rotates with described the first gear 110, described the second push rod 121 rotates with described the second gear 111, the elastic force of described spring is much smaller than the switching resistance of coil magnetic latching relay contact switch, when the first push rod 120 or the second push rod 121 are encountered the 3rd push rod 122, the first push rod 120 or the second push rod 121 are slack, continue to rotate towards the direction of arrow with the first push rod 120 or the second push rod 121 at the first gear 110 and the second gear 111, forward the angle of setting to, when thrust surpasses described switching resistance, described the 3rd push rod 122 is being moved horizontally, thereby make described coil magnetic latching relay contact switch closure or disconnect, when described hand push rod 10 is released, reset under the effect of a back-moving spring 14, and described the first gear (or second gear) be subjected to a stop means institute against, when back-moving spring resetted, described the first push rod and described the second push rod were in outside described the 3rd push rod 122 sliding scales, so that when back-moving spring resetted, the 3rd push rod 122 can switch (slip) under the control such as control signal.

In embodiments of the present invention, realize start or shutdown by hand switch; And increase magnetic latching relay in power switch, when using remote control (or long-range etc. mode) start or shutdown, use the pulse signal of a moment, just can complete Auto Power On or shutdown; In this way, making power switch device of the present invention is zero at the power supply power consumption under holding state or off-mode, and the power supply power consumption under open state is little power consumption; Energy-saving safe is easy to control.

Through the above description of the embodiments, those skilled in the art can be well understood to the present invention and can realize by the mode that software adds essential hardware platform, can certainly all implement by hardware.Based on such understanding, technical scheme of the present invention is to can embodying with the form of software product in whole or in part that background technology contributes, this computer software product can be stored in storage medium, as ROM/RAM, magnetic disc, CD etc., comprise that some instructions are with so that a computer equipment (can be personal computer, server, the perhaps network equipment etc.) carry out the described method of some part of each embodiment of the present invention or embodiment.

Above disclosed is only a kind of preferred embodiment of the present invention, certainly can not limit with this interest field of the present invention, and the equivalent variations of therefore doing according to claim of the present invention still belongs to the scope that the present invention is contained.

Claims (13)

1. the power switch device of a Zero-power-consumption standby, is characterized in that, comprises manual switchgroup, power input, magnetic latching relay, coil driver and power output end;
The described coil driver of coil two ends connection in described magnetic latching relay;
Contact switch in described magnetic latching relay is arranged between described power input and power output end;
Described manual switchgroup is used for switching and described contact switch is disconnected or closure, and described power input and described power output end are disconnected or electric connection;
Described coil driver, be used for producing the first pulse when receiving control signal, the coil that drives in described magnetic latching relay disconnects described contact switch or closure, described power input and described power output end are disconnected or electric connection, and described the first pulse is just/negative pulse.
2. power switch device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described magnetic latching relay is the twin coil magnetic latching relay, and described coil driver comprises the first coil driver and the second coil driver, and described manual switchgroup is a pushbutton switch; The first coil in described pushbutton switch, the first coil driver and described twin coil magnetic latching relay is linked in sequence, and is connected between two input lines of described power input;
The second coil in described twin coil magnetic latching relay connects described the second coil driver;
Contact switch in described twin coil magnetic latching relay is arranged between described power input and power output end;
Wherein, when described pushbutton switch is pressed, First Line circle in described pushbutton switch, the first coil driver, twin coil magnetic latching relay forms the loop, produce the second pulse, driving described the first coil makes described contact switch closed, make described power input and power output end electric connection, described the second pulse is just/negative pulse;
When described the second coil driver receives control signal, produce the first pulse, the second coil that drives in described twin coil magnetic latching relay disconnects described contact switch or closure, and described power input and described power output end are disconnected or electric connection.
3. power switch device as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, described pushbutton switch is two-way pushbutton switch; Wherein, when described two-way pushbutton switch one side is pressed, drive described the first coil and make described contact switch closed, make described power input and power output end electric connection; When the opposite side of described two-way pushbutton switch is pressed, drive described the first coil described contact switch is disconnected, described power input and power output end are disconnected.
4. power switch device as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, described manual switchgroup is the hand switch that is arranged on magnetic latching relay, and described coil driver is the second coil driver;
Wherein, when described hand switch was pressed, contact switch closure or disconnection in described coil magnetic latching relay made power input and power output end electric connection or disconnection;
When described the second coil driver receives control signal, produce the first pulse, the coil that drives in described coil magnetic latching relay disconnects described contact switch or closure, and described power input and described power output end are disconnected or electric connection.
5. as the described power switch device of claim 2-4 any one, it is characterized in that, described control signal is the control signal from network switching control circuit, remote control receiver switch control circuit, remote switch control circuit, inductive receiving circuit or governor circuit.
6. power switch device as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, further comprises:
Master controller is used for receiving described control signal, and described control signal is sent to the second coil driver;
Back-up source, be used to the standby partial circuit in described network switching control circuit, remote control receiver switch control circuit or remote switch control circuit or inductive receiving circuit or governor circuit, and master controller and the second coil driver provide the work electric weight.
7. power switch device as claimed in claim 6, is characterized in that, described back-up source can provide the electric weight of working more than 24 hours for the on-off circuit standby.
8. power switch device as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, be provided with first timer in described master controller, begin timing when described power switch device start, before the timing of the first preset value finishes, if when the operate to described power switch device place being detected, make described first timer reset and restart timing; Otherwise control the second coil driver, described power input and described power output end are disconnected.
9. power switch device as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, be provided with second timer in described master controller, begin timing when described power input and the disconnection of described power output end, before the timing of the second preset value finishes, if when the start operation having been detected, described second timer is resetted; Otherwise when the timing of the second preset value finishes, turn-off described back-up source.
10. power switch device as claimed in claim 9, it is characterized in that, described back-up source is arranged to back-up source and the outer back-up source of machine in machine, in described machine, back-up source is large bulk capacitance, the energy block of the outer back-up source of machine for discharging and recharging comprises the management of charging and discharging circuit in described energy block.
11. power switch device as claimed in claim 4 is characterized in that, described hand switch comprises the first gear and the second gear, the first push rod and the second push rod and the 3rd push rod of hand push rod, interlock mutually; Described the first gear and the second gear are equipped with rotation axis, and ratchet is in the first gear bottom and can rotate around the rotation axis of described the first gear; Be equipped with between described the first push rod and the first gear between spring, described the second push rod and the second gear spring is housed; Described hand push rod is by a ratchet and described the first engaged gears; When described hand push rod is pressed, driving described ratchet and the first gear rotates, described the second gear of described the first gear driven rotates, its rotation direction is relative direction, described the first push rod rotates with described the first gear, described the second push rod rotates with described the second gear, the elastic force of described spring is much smaller than the switching resistance of described coil magnetic latching relay contact switch, when thrust surpasses described switching resistance, described the 3rd push rod is moved horizontally, thereby make described coil magnetic latching relay contact switch closure or disconnect; When described hand push rod is released, reset under the effect of a back-moving spring, and described the first gear or the second gear be subjected to a stop means institute against; When back-moving spring resetted, described the first push rod and described the second push rod were in outside described the 3rd push rod sliding scale.
12. as the described power switch device of claim 2-4 any one, it is characterized in that, described power switch device is arranged in power supply adaptor, described power supply adaptor receives described control signal by a physical connection, described control signal is just/undersuing, perhaps high/low level signal.
13. power switch device as claimed in claim 12, it is characterized in that, when the connected electrical equipment of described power supply adaptor disconnects, produce high/low level controling signal, make described the second coil driver produce the first pulse, the coil that drives in described coil magnetic latching relay disconnects described contact switch, and described power input and described power output end are disconnected.
CN2009801206530A 2008-06-11 2009-06-10 Power switch device of zero power consumption during standby condition CN102483615B (en)

Priority Applications (12)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN200810067818.X 2008-06-11
CNA200810067818XA CN101334644A (en) 2008-06-11 2008-06-11 Zero power consumption standby solving scheme after manual boot-strap and auto-shut-off
CN200810067889.X 2008-06-20
CNA200810067889XA CN101315549A (en) 2008-06-20 2008-06-20 Solution scheme for naught power consumption stand-by after manual, remote control and network power-off
CN200810068380.7 2008-07-11
CNA2008100683807A CN101382778A (en) 2008-07-11 2008-07-11 Resolving scheme for supporting zero power consumption standby after powering off by manual, remote control or network operation
CNA2008101418048A CN101354985A (en) 2008-09-05 2008-09-05 Hand-control electric-controlled combined switch and zero power consumption standby application scheme
CN200810141804.8 2008-09-05
CNA2008102176008A CN101409458A (en) 2008-11-24 2008-11-24 Power adapter capable of switching off AC power supply
CN200810217600.8 2008-11-24
CN2009801206530A CN102483615B (en) 2008-06-11 2009-06-10 Power switch device of zero power consumption during standby condition
PCT/CN2009/072209 WO2009149655A1 (en) 2008-06-11 2009-06-10 Power switch device of zero power consumption during standby condition

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CN2009801206530A CN102483615B (en) 2008-06-11 2009-06-10 Power switch device of zero power consumption during standby condition

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CN102483615A CN102483615A (en) 2012-05-30
CN102483615B true CN102483615B (en) 2013-11-06

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