CN102416470B - Quantitative feeding device for full-automatic magnetic powder molding press - Google Patents

Quantitative feeding device for full-automatic magnetic powder molding press Download PDF

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CN102416470B
CN102416470B CN 201110411405 CN201110411405A CN102416470B CN 102416470 B CN102416470 B CN 102416470B CN 201110411405 CN201110411405 CN 201110411405 CN 201110411405 A CN201110411405 A CN 201110411405A CN 102416470 B CN102416470 B CN 102416470B
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cylinder
feed
powder
connected
port
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CN 201110411405
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CN102416470A (en
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吕振
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上海平野磁气有限公司
上海笠原电装有限公司
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Abstract

本发明涉及一种全自动磁粉粉末成型压机的定量供料装置。 The present invention relates to a fully automated quantitative magnetic powder molding press feed device. 它由波纹管、料筒、振荡锤、接管、粉碎装置和称重加料装置构成;称重加料装置中压力传感器固定在托板上,托板后部装有气缸固定架用来固定连接导向气缸定点,秤料斗前侧支点与支架1相接,后侧支点与连接器相接,连接器与气缸拉杆连接,气缸初始收缩使得秤料斗坐落在压力传感器上称重,气缸延伸使得料斗翻转送料,磁粉通过接料管到送料盒内胆,送料盒内胆浮动固定在送料盒架里,送料盒架下接送料板,送料板的加料口对准料盒内胆下料口,在送料盒架前部装有振荡器2,后部连接送料油缸。 It bellows, cylinder, oscillating weight, taken over, the weighing and comminution device constituting feeding device; feeding means weighing the pressure sensor is fixed to the pallet, the pallet with the rear cylinder bracket is fixedly connected to the guide cylinder point, the front side of the weighing hopper fulcrum contact with the bracket 1, the rear pivot engaged with the connector, the connector is connected to the cylinder rod, so that the initial shrinkage cylinder weighing hopper weighing sensors located on the pressure cylinder extends such that the inverted hopper feeding magnetic powder through the access tube to the feed cassette liner, feeding the cartridge liner floating fixed feed cassette holder, the pick-feed plate bottom feed cassette holder, the feed plate feed port aligned with the cartridge discharge port under the liner, the feed oscillator cartridge holder 2 with the front portion, a rear cylinder connected to the feed. 它主要被用作磁性材料的粉末成型制作,实现自动称重加料装置。 It is mainly used as a molding material made of powder, weighing automatic feeding device.

Description

全自动磁粉粉末成型压机的定量供料装置 Quantitative magnetic powder molding press automatic feeding device

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及稀土磁粉粉末加工设备,特别是一种全自动磁粉粉末成型压机的定量供料装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a rare earth magnetic powder powder processing equipment, in particular a fully automatic quantitative magnetic powder molding press feed device.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 全自动磁粉粉末成型压机主要被用作磁性材料的粉末成型制作,要实现自动精密成型制造,必须解决三个问题:系统精度,定量给料,压制方式,其中最为难题的就是定量给料。 [0002] Automatic magnetic powder is mainly used as the powder molding press molding made of a magnetic material, to achieve automatic manufacturing precision molding, three issues must be addressed: system accuracy, dosing, pressing manner, the most difficult problem is the quantitative feed. 磁粉材料的黏度很大,再加上粉末颗粒的目数高(从日本进口的铷铁硼磁粉可细小到颗粒直径仅3 μ m),往往会结成块状,不利于进行成型加工。 Viscosity large magnetic material, the powder particles together with a high mesh number (imported from Japan neodymium iron boron magnet powder to the fine particle diameter may be only 3 μ m), tend to form a block, it is not conducive to forming. 以往磁粉压机都是人工加料,不能实现自动方式。 The conventional magnetic powder is press artificial feeding, automatic mode can not be achieved. 德国进口的所谓自动粉末成型压机也不能生产大面积或较厚形状的磁块,因为采用的是体积法,不能定量精准,且磁粉成块,没有粉碎均匀,易成品内部有空隙。 German imports called automatic powder molding press can not produce large or thick magnet block shape, because the use of volume method, accuracy can not be quantified, and the magnetic powder into blocks, pulverizing not uniform, easily finished internal voids.

[0003] 中国发明专利申请公开说明书(CN101486096A)公开了一种稀土磁粉粉末自动成型油压机,它由送喂料系统、成型压制系统、取料系统和电气控制系统所组成,送喂料系统、成型压制系统、取料系统机体框架之间呈品字形连接,外壳用透明有机玻璃材料密封,内部相互贯通,并装有氧含量检测器,使稀土磁粉加工操作过程能处于完全密闭惰性保护气体环境中进行;送喂料自动供粉、成型压制系统模具组件中磁(场)取向线圈、自动模具润滑、余料移除和低氧浓度完全自动化的PLC控制系统。 [0003] Chinese Patent Application Laid-Open Specification (CN101486096A) discloses a rare earth magnetic powder molding powder automatic hydraulic press, sending it by a feed system, consisting of compression molding system, dispensing system and electric control system, feeding system feeding, forming was connected to a triangle, the housing is sealed with a transparent material plexiglass, interconnected interior and containing an oxygen content in the detector, so that rare earth magnetic powder during the machining operation can be completely sealed in an inert gas atmosphere between the protective body frame compression system, reclaiming system performed; the PLC control system for automatically feeding the feed powder, press molding mold assembly in a magnetic system (field) oriented coils, the automatic mold lubrication, low oxygen concentration and removal of excess material fully automated. 保证了稀土磁粉粉末磁性轴高度单轴取向及在压制整个生产过程的全自动化、高准确性、可靠性和产品的高品质。 Rare earth magnetic powder ensures magnetic powder axis being highly oriented uniaxially pressing and high quality of the entire production process fully automated, with high accuracy, reliability and product in. 但是,该文献也仅仅是非常简单地介绍了装置的结构,对于必须解决三个问题:系统精度,定量给料,压制方式,文中未做精确和严谨的阐述。 However, this document is only very briefly describes the structure of the apparatus for three issues must be addressed: system accuracy, dosing, pressing manner, without making accurate and rigorous herein set forth. 发明内容 SUMMARY

[0004] 本发明的目的在于提供一种全自动磁粉粉末成型压机的定量供料装置,它主要被用作磁性材料的粉末成型制作,实现自动精密成型制造,解决系统精度,定量给料,压制方式等三个主要问题。 [0004] The object of the present invention is to provide a fully automated quantitative magnetic powder molding press feeding device, which is mainly used as the powder-molded material production, automatic manufacturing precision molding, solution system accuracy, dosing, three main issues suppression methods.

[0005] 为实现上述目的,本发明是这样实现的。 [0005] To achieve the above object, the present invention is achieved.

[0006] 一种全自动磁粉粉末成型压机的定量供料装置,其特征在于:它由波纹管、料筒、振荡锤、接管、粉碎装置和称重加料装置构成;其中:料筒下口接波纹管,管口下连接碎粉装置,再通过接管对准称重加料装置的秤料斗接料口,振荡锤对向料筒下侧;所述的定量供料装置中的称重加料装置由送料油缸、连接块、气缸固定架、托板、导向气缸、压力传感器(实例采用电子天平)、连接器、秤料斗、支架1、固定螺栓、接料管、送料盒内胆、振荡器2、送料盒架和送料板构成;所述的压力传感器固定在托板上,托板后部装有气缸固定架用来固定连接导向气缸定点,秤料斗前侧支点与支架I相接,后侧支点与连接器相接,连接器与气缸拉杆连接,气缸初始收缩使得秤料斗坐落在压力传感器上秤重,气缸延伸使得料斗翻转送料,磁粉通过接料管到送料盒内胆, [0006] A magnetic powder molding press automatic dosing device, characterized in that: it consists of a bellows, cylinder, oscillating weight, taken over, the weighing and comminution device configured charging device; wherein: the cartridge case mouth then the bellows, the nozzle means connected flour, then takeover by aligning the weighing scales of the charging device connected to a hopper discharge port, oscillations of the hammer toward the cylinder; the quantitative feeding apparatus weighing feed means a feed cylinder, the connecting block, the cylinder holder, pallets, guide cylinder, a pressure sensor (an example of using the electronic balance), connectors, weighing hoppers, a bracket fixing bolt, then feed tube, feeding the cartridge interior, oscillator 2 , the cartridge holder and feeding the feed plates; said pressure sensor is fixed to the pallet, the pallet is equipped with a rear cylinder connected to the guide cylinder holder for fixing the fixed-point, the fulcrum and the front side of hopper scales stand I phase, after fulcrum and the contact-side connector, the connector is connected to the cylinder rod, so that the initial shrinkage cylinder weighing hopper weighing sensors located on the pressure cylinder extends such that the inverting feed hopper, then through a feed tube into the magnetic powder feed box liner, 料盒内胆浮动固定在送料盒架里,送料盒架下接送料板,送料板的加料口对准料盒内胆下料口,在送料盒架前部装有振荡器2,后部连接送料油缸。 Floating liner secured to the cartridge feed cassette holder, the pick-feed plate feeding the cartridge holder, the feed plate aligned with the cartridge charging port at the liner spout, equipped with an oscillator unit 2 before feeding the cartridge holder, the rear connector feeding fuel tank.

[0007] 所述的全自动磁粉粉末成型压机的定量供料装置,其特征在于:所述的碎粉装置由振荡器1、粉盒、落料管、下蝶阀、上蝶阀、过渡储料管、传感器、松粉器、气缸1、气缸2、垂直运动碎粉钉耙和水平运动碎粉钉耙构成;所述的上蝶阀下接过渡储料管,再接下蝶阀,下蝶阀上装配松粉器,蝶阀下口通过落料管对接粉盒,在粉盒内有垂直运动碎粉钉耙和水平运动碎粉钉耙各一个,两钉耙各自连接气缸I和气缸2,两个气缸安装在粉盒顶盖上,粉盒底部与振荡器I连接,传感器埋入过渡储料管内靠近顶部位置。 [0007] the magnetic powder molding press automatic dosing device, wherein: said flour by an oscillator means 1, the container, feed tube, the valve, butterfly valve, the transition material storage tubes, sensors, loose powder, a cylinder 1, a cylinder 2, a vertical movement and horizontal movement of the flour flour rake rake configuration; then the transition material storage tube, and then take over valve, a lower valve assembly loose powder in said upper valve , a valve opening through the drop tube abutting the container, vertical movement and horizontal movement flour flour rake each rake in a container, each connected to two rake cylinder I and the cylinder 2, two cylinders mounted on the top of the container cover, the bottom of the container is connected to the oscillator I, the position sensor is embedded near the top of the storage material within the transition duct.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0008] 图1-1、1_2是本发明的整体结构示意图。 [0008] FIG 1-1,1_2 is the whole schematic structure of the present invention.

[0009] 图2-1、2_2是本发明中机架的结构示意图。 [0009] FIG 2-1,2_2 schematic view of the present invention is a rack.

[0010] 图3是本发明中模架的结构示意图。 [0010] FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the mold structure of the present invention.

[0011] 图4-1是本发明中定量供料装置的结构示意图。 [0011] FIG. 4-1 is a schematic view of the present invention, dosing apparatus.

[0012] 图4-2是本发明定量供料装置中粉碎装置的结构示意图。 [0012] FIG. 4-2 is a schematic structural diagram of apparatus of the present invention quantitative pulverized feed means.

[0013] 图4-3是本发明定量供料装置中一种称重加料装置的结构示意图。 [0013] FIG. 4-3 is a schematic structural diagram of apparatus of the present invention quantitative of one feed weigh feeder apparatus.

[0014] 图4-4是本发明定量供料装置中另一种称重加料装置的结构示意图。 [0014] FIG. 4-4 is a quantitative feeding apparatus of the present invention in a schematic view of another structure of the charging device weighing.

[0015] 图5-1是本发明中线圈的结构示意图。 [0015] FIG. 5-1 is a schematic view of the present invention the coil.

[0016] 图5-2是图5的AA方向剖视图。 [0016] FIG. 5-2 is a sectional view AA direction in Fig.

[0017] 图6是本发明中包封的结构示意图。 [0017] FIG. 6 is a structural diagram of the present invention is encapsulated.

[0018] 图7-1是本发明控制系统中电控回路的结构图。 [0018] FIG. 7-1 is a control system of the present invention, the structure of the electrical control circuit of FIG.

[0019] 图7-2是本发明控制系统中液压回路的结构图。 [0019] FIG. 7-2 is a control system of the present invention is a configuration diagram of a hydraulic circuit.

[0020] 图7-3是本发明控制系统中气动回路的结构图。 [0020] FIG. 7-3 is a control system of the present invention is a configuration diagram of the pneumatic circuit.

[0021] 图8是本发明全自动磁粉粉末成型压机的运行进程示意图。 [0021] FIG. 8 is a schematic view of a process running automatic magnetic powder molding press of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0022] 请参阅上述附图,它公开了一种全自动磁粉粉末成型压机。 [0022] See above reference, which discloses a magnetic automatic powder molding press. 如图所示:它由机架 As shown: It consists of a rack

2、模架3、定量供料装置4、线圈5、包封6和控制系统7组成。 2, mold 3, dosing means 4, a coil 5, 6 and control system 7 encapsulated composition.

[0023] 如图2-1、2_2所示,机架2是四柱结构:四根立柱204上顶垫块208立于下底板203与上顶板209中间,用四套螺栓副210穿过立柱把它们连接并固定在钢构件焊接成的底座201上;上顶板209、下底板203间两侧装有导磁板206 ;在下底板203上吊装下油缸202和下磁栅尺216,在上顶板209上安装上油缸212和上磁栅尺211 ;上油缸212推杆连接上压头213,下油缸202推杆连接下压头215 ;在两导磁板206中间对称位置固定有线圈极头207 ;背部支架217采用铝合金型材搭建,与上顶板209、下底板203固定;压机上顶板209、下底板203间侧后面连接表箱支架205,在对边侧前面连接电控箱支架214。 [0023] FIG 2-1,2_2 shown, the frame 2 is a four-column configuration: four columns on a top spacer 204 208 stand on the top plate 203 and lower plate 209 center, with four sets of bolts 210 passing through the sub-column to are connected and fixed to the steel members welded to the base 201; the top plate 209, bottom plate 203 with both the magnetic plate 206; the lifting cylinder 202 on the lower plate 203 and the lower magnetic scale 216, 209 in the top plate mounted on the cylinder 212 and the magnetic scale 211; 212 on the push rod connected to the cylinder head 213, the cylinder 202 connected to the plunger head 215; 206 in the intermediate position of two symmetrical magnetic plate fixed to the head coil electrode 207; back bracket 217 using aluminum alloy structures, and the top plate 209, lower plate 203 is fixed; top plate 209 on the press, the bottom plate 203 connected to the rear side of the meter box bracket 205 on the front side of the electrical control box connected to the bracket 214.

[0024] 机架2对设备整体精度影响在于上顶板209与下底板203间的平行度保证,本发明不仅要求对上顶板209、下底板2`03实行超精磨加工保证平行度,并在立柱204设计上加入垫块208,在装配过程中通过修正垫块的高度来达到四柱等高。 [0024] Effects of the frame 2 on the overall accuracy of the device in that the top plate 209 and lower plate 203 to ensure the parallelism of, the requirements of the present invention is not only the top plate 209, lower plate 2`03 implementation of ultra-fine grinding process guarantee parallelism, and Add 208 column spacer 204 design, the assembly process is achieved by modifying the contour poster pad height.

[0025] 如图3所示,模架3是双动的四导柱结构:底模板303、中模板312、上模板310通过四套导柱轴承副A 307连接在一起,导柱顶部用固定套309两两连接,上模板310下部装接阳模固定块308,中模板312与下模板301通过四套导柱轴承副B 313穿过底模板303连接在一起,底模板303与一对模架座302相连接,在中模板312两轴承副间的位置固定两块等高块311,导板支架304从后侧与中模板312连接,导板305安装在导板支架及等高块上,导板两边各安装一套直线导轨副306。 [0025] As shown, the four pillar structure is a double-acting mold 3 to 3: end of template 303, the template 312, the template 310 is connected through the four sets of bearings guide post A 307 together with a fixed guide column top connected two by two sets 309, 310 attached to the lower portion of the template mold fixing block 308, the template 312 and lower template 301 of bearings B by four sets of guide posts 313 are connected together through a bottom mold plate 303, the bottom mold plate 303 and the pair of mold holder stay 302 is connected to the contour in a fixed position two between the template 312 two bearing sub-block 311, the guide bracket 304 is connected from the rear side of the template 312, the guide plate 305 mounted on the guide bracket and the high block, the guide plate on both sides each installation of a linear guide 306.

[0026] 如图4-1所示,定量供料装置4是由料筒402下口接波纹管401,管口下连接碎粉装置4a,再通过接管404对准称重加料装置4b的秤料斗接料口,振荡锤403对向料筒下侧。 [0026] As illustrated, the dosing device 4-14 is connected to the bellows 401 by the cylinder 402, the connection means 4a flour lower nozzle, and then taken over by the alignment of the weighing scale 404 of the charging device 4b material receiving hopper mouth, oscillating weight 403 pairs to a cylinder side.

[0027] 如图4-2所示,定量供料装置4中的碎粉装置4a由振荡器I 4a01、粉盒4a02、落料管4a03、下蝶阀4a04、上蝶阀4a05、过渡储料管4a06、传感器4a07、松粉器4a08、气缸I4a09、气缸2 4al0、垂直运动碎粉钉耙4all和水平运动碎粉钉耙4al2构成;所述的上蝶阀4a05下接过渡储料管4a06,再接下蝶阀4a04,下蝶阀上装配松粉器4a08,蝶阀下口通过落料管4a03对接粉盒4a02,在粉盒内有垂直运动碎粉钉耙4all和水平运动碎粉钉耙4al2各一个,两钉耙各自连接气缸I 4a09和气缸2 4al0,两个气缸安装在粉盒顶盖上,粉盒底部与振荡器I 4a01连接,传感器4a07埋入过渡储料管内靠近顶部位置。 [0027] As illustrated, the dosing device 4-2 4a by the oscillator means 4 Powder I 4a01, 4a02 container, feed tube 4a03, 4a04 the butterfly, the butterfly 4a05, 4a06 transition reservoir tube sensor 4a07, loose powder feeder 4a08, cylinder I4a09, cylinder 2 4al0, vertical movement and horizontal movement 4all flour rake rake 4al2 constituting flour; the butterfly valve connected to the lower transition reservoir tube 4a05 4a06, 4a04 then took valve , loose powder feeder assembly 4a08, the valve port through the feed tube abutting the container 4a03 4a02, vertical movement of the container within the rake 4all flour and flour horizontal movement 4al2 each a rake, rake two cylinders are each connected to the lower valve I 4a09 and the cylinder 2 4al0, two cylinders mounted on the container lid, the bottom of the container is connected to the oscillator I 4a01, 4a07 sensor embedded near the top position of the transition within the material reservoir tube.

[0028] 由于稀土磁粉的颗粒细小(有的仅3 μ m),黏度高,容易结块,对烧结磁块制作的成型加工非常不利,因此,目前广泛的还在使用人工加料方式。 [0028] Since the rare earth magnetic powder of fine particles (only some 3 μ m), high viscosity, easy to agglomerate, the sintered magnet block molding produced very negative, and therefore, it is still widely used artificial feeding mode. 要实现自动生产稀土磁块,首先要解决磁粉加料问题,也就是先要使得磁粉在注入模腔时不被粘结。 To implement the automatic production of rare earth magnet block, the magnetic powder is first fed to solve the problem, such that the first to the magnetic powder is not bonded when injected into the cavity. 本发明装置正是从这两方面入手。 Apparatus of the present invention is to start from two aspects.

[0029] 首先,磁粉在大容量料筒储存时因重力的作用就已被紧压粘连,要通过管道输送时,就要对料筒进行捶打。 [0029] First, the magnetic powder in large-capacity storage cartridge by gravity had been pressed adhesion to, it must be hammered through the barrel of the pipeline. 由于磁粉是成团、块状进入输送管道,不易流动,因此,本专利运用弹拨方式设计了松粉器。 Since the magnetic powder is agglomerated, bulk into the delivery conduit, easy flow, therefore, the present embodiment is designed Patent Application picking loose powder feeder. 松粉器与蝶阀合页安装在一起,随着蝶阀的开闭而搅动管道内的磁粉,使其松落。 Loose powder hinge mounted together with the valve, along with the opening and closing of the butterfly valve in the conduit and magnetic agitation, so that loosening.

[0030] 其次,单单松落的磁粉也仅仅从大块或团状变成小的块、团状,要达到精确秤量和压制必须处理成碎粉状,于是,本发明对此采取击碎、爬犁、震松三结合的方式来解决。 [0030] Next, only loosening of the magnetic powder is only from bulk into small blocks or slug, slug, to achieve precise weighing must be processed into pieces and pressed powder, then, the present invention is to take this break, sledge, shake loose three-pronged approach to solve. 本发明装置把粉盒置于振荡器上,在粉盒内装有垂直运动和水平运动的钉耙各一,垂直钉耙钉头成多排、多行式,水平钉耙成梳状式,均通过连接的气缸驱动进行高速运动。 The apparatus of the present invention, the container is placed on a shaker, the contents in the container with a rake vertical and horizontal movement of each of a vertical stud to the rake rows, multi-line, into a horizontal rake comb type, are connected by a cylinder drive for high-speed movement. 粉块进入粉盒时,受到震动而碎裂,同时在振荡驱动下先跑到垂直作用的钉耙下,受到反复击打,而后又受到水平钉耙的梳理作用。 When the powder container into the block, broken by vibration, while the oscillating drive action of the first run perpendicular to the rake, by repeated blows, and then subjected to combing action Dingpa level. 这样就能够把粘结的磁粉还原成粉状,并受到振动的推力作用移向称料斗。 This makes it possible to restore bonded magnetic powder into a powder, and subject to vibration thrust towards the said hopper.

[0031] 如图4-3所示,定量供料装置4中的称重加料装置4b(推送式)由送料油缸4bl01、连接块4bl02、气缸固定架4bl03、托板4bl04、导向气缸4bl05、压力传感器4bl06、连接器4bl07、秤料斗4bl08、支架14bl09、固定螺栓4bll0、接料管4blll、送料盒内胆4bll2、振荡器2 4bll3、送料盒架4bll4和送料板4bll5构成;所述的压力传感器4bl06固定在托板4bl04上,托板后部装有气缸固定架4bl03用来固定连接导向气缸4bl05定点,秤料斗4bl08前侧支点与支架I 4bl09相接,后侧支点与连接器4bl07相接,连接器与气缸拉杆连接,气缸初始收缩使得秤料斗4bl08坐落在压力传感器上秤重,气缸延伸使得料斗翻转送料,磁粉通过接料管406到送料盒内胆4b 112,送料盒内胆浮动固定在送料盒架4b 114里,送料盒架下接送料板4b 115,送料板的加料口对准料盒内胆下料口,在送料盒架前部装有振荡器2 4bll3,后部连接送料油 [0031] shown in Figure 4-3, the weighing dosing device feeding means 4 4b (push type) from the feed cylinder 4bl01, connecting block 4bl02, the cylinder holder 4bl03, pallets 4bl04, the guide cylinder 4bl05, pressure sensor 4bl06, connector 4bl07, weighing hopper 4bl08, bracket 14bl09, fixing bolts 4bll0, splice tube 4blll, feed cartridge liner 4bll2, oscillator 2 4bll3, feeding the cartridge holder 4bll4 and feed plate 4bll5 configuration; the pressure sensor 4bl06 fixed on the pallet 4bl04, the pallet with the rear cylinder bracket is fixedly connected to the guide cylinder 4bl03 4bl05 point, weighing hopper 4bl08 front pivot bracket I 4bl09 contact, rear pivot in contact with the connector 4bl07 , connected with the cylinder rod connected to the cylinder initial shrinkage that the scale hopper 4bl08 located on the pressure sensor weighing, the cylinders extend such that the hopper flip feed, the magnetic powder through the access tube 406 to feed the cartridge liner 4b 112, feed cartridge liner floating fixed in feeding the cartridge holder 4b 114 where the feed cassette holder, pick feed plate 4b 115, the feed plate feed port aligned with the cartridge discharge port lower liner, portion provided with an oscillator 2 4bll3 before feeding cassette holder, the rear connector feed oil 4bl01。 4bl01.

[0032] 图4-4所示,它是一种旋转式称重加料装置,与推送式的区别仅在翻转送料部分,其他部分一致。 [0032] FIG. 4-4, which is a rotary weigh feeder means, and differ only in the push-type inverting feeding part, consistent with the other parts. 两个支架2 4b206对称固定在托板前部的两侧上,转轴4b205穿过支架,支架一侧外的转轴上连接旋转气缸4b201,两个曲臂4b202沿秤料斗2 4b204旁与转轴连接,秤料斗的两边的挂钩嵌入曲臂中,上覆盖压条4b203防脱落。 Two brackets 2 4b206 symmetrically fixed on both sides of the front portion of the pallet, through the bracket 4b205 shaft, the outer shaft on the side of the connector holder rotating cylinder 4b201, 4b202 crank along two scales connected to the hopper next to the rotary shaft 2 4b204, scales embedded in both sides of the hopper hook crank arm, the upper bead 4b203 off preventing cover.

[0033] 从碎粉装置送入的磁粉经过称量,达到要求的重量后,通过气缸推动料斗,把粉料送到送料盒,而后油缸推动料盒组件走向模具,并使送料板在阴模口位置作往复运动,同时振荡器工作,使存储的粉料倾倒干净。 After [0033] from the flour into the apparatus after the magnetic powder was weighed, to reach the required weight, pushed by the air cylinder hopper to the powder feed box and then push the cartridge assembly towards the cylinder mold, and the female mold feed plate port position reciprocates oscillator while the powder storage pouring clean.

[0034] 如图5-1-、5_2所示,所述的线圈5由接线板501、接线桩头502、电缆线503、绝缘板504、线圈505、盖板506、密封圈507、螺钉508和壳体509构成;所述的壳体509内衬绝缘板504,盤式线圈505间串接形成线圈组后套在壳体中轴上,线圈组通过电缆线503连接到接线板501的接线桩头502上,壳体上缘槽内埋设密封圈507,盖板506通过螺钉508与 [0034] FIG 5-1-, 5_2 shown, the coil 5 by the wiring board 501, wiring trailer coupling 502, the cable 503, the insulating plate 504, a coil 505, the cover plate 506, seal 507, screw 508 and a housing 509 configured; said liner housing 509 insulating plate 504, a coil 505 connected in series between the disc after the coil stack wiring formed in the shaft housing, the coil set is connected to the terminal plate 501 through the cable 503 the pile head 502, upper housing edge seal groove 507 is embedded, and the cover plate 506 by screws 508

壳体连接。 Housing. [0035] 如图6所示,所述的包封是用于密封压机的板金构件,它由前封板601、门把手602、前窗603、左封板604、后封板605、侧窗606、集成接口盒607、右封板608构成;前封板601中间嵌装前窗603,后包封605两侧面中间各嵌装有侧窗606,前窗603通过门把手602与前封板601连接、侧窗606通过门把手602与后包封605连接,并在两侧安排有集成接口盒607,左封板604与右封板608对称。 [0035] shown in Figure 6, the enveloping member is a sheet metal press for sealing, sealing it from the front plate 601, handle 602, the front window 603, a left sealing plate 604, back sealing plate 605, side window 606, the integrated interface box 607, seal plate 608 constituting the right; an intermediate sealing plate 601 is fitted before the front window 603, the intermediate back encapsulant 605 is fitted on both side surfaces of each of the side window 606, front window 603 and front sealing door handle 602 plate 601 is connected, through the side window 606 is connected with the door handle 602 back encapsulant 605, and an integrated interface box 607 arranged at both sides, the sealing plate 604 and the right left seal plate 608 symmetrically. 该包封的作用是确保加工环境的密闭状态,加工中,整个压机窗体内经充氮气后达到无氧状态。 Action to ensure that the enclosure is hermetically sealed processing environment, the processing of the entire press within the window reached after filling nitrogen oxygen.

[0036] 本发明中的控制系统由电控回路(见图7-1)、液压回路(见图7-2)和气动回路(见图7-3)三部分组成。 [0036] The control system of the present invention by the electronic control circuit (see FIG. 7-1), a hydraulic circuit (see FIG. 7-2) and a pneumatic circuit (see FIG. 7-3) consists of three parts.

[0037] 如图7-1所示,电控回路主要由触摸式控制屏707,PLC工控器703 (如三菱FX2N-32MT),固态继电器驱动模块701,固态继电器驱动模块702,A/D转换模块704,如三菱FX2N-12AD, D/A转换模块705 (如三菱FX2N-2DA)和通讯模块706 (如三菱FX1N-232-BD)组成。 [0037] As shown, the electrical control circuit is mainly composed of a touch control panel 707, PLC 703 IPC (e.g., Mitsubishi FX2N-32MT), solid state relay driving module 7-1701, solid state relay driving module 702, A / D converter module 704, such as Mitsubishi FX2N-12AD, D / A conversion module 705 (e.g., Mitsubishi FX2N-2DA) and a communications module 706 (e.g., Mitsubishi FX1N-232-BD) composition. 触摸式控制屏707显示作业状态和测量数据,起到系统指令发布作用,其与PLC工控器703以通讯方式连接,PLC工控器703内驻编制有特定的控制程序,接受触摸式控制屏707传来的指令和从端口Y8至Y15与Y31反馈的外部信号,通过驱动模块701和驱动模块702来控制液压回路和气动回路的工作元件,指使系统按照设定的程序运行。 Touch-control panel 707 displays the job status and measurement data, the system plays the role of instruction issue, with industrial PLC 703 is connected in communication, in the preparation of the PLC 703 has a particular industrial control program accepts touch-control panel 707 pass to command signals from an external port and Y8 to Y15 and Y31 feedback by driving module 701 and the drive module 702 to control the working elements of the hydraulic circuit and pneumatic circuit, directs system operation in accordance with the procedures set.

[0038] 如图7-2,液压回路的油站L21 (即105)上压管路接入总压力表P1,其测量数据传输到A/D模块704的CH7端口;通过流量计V并行分出三条支路,分别控制上油缸Lll (BP212)、下油缸L12 (即202)、送料油缸L13 (即4bl01)部分,流量计的测量数据传输到A/D模块704的CH4端口。 [0038] FIG. 7-2, the hydraulic circuit of the petrol station L21 (i.e., 105) the total gauge pressure of the access line P1, transmission of measurement data to the A / D module 704 CH7 ports; parallel V points by a flow meter the three legs, each control cylinder Lll (BP212), the cylinder L12 (i.e., 202), the feed cylinder L13 (i.e. 4bl01) portion, the measurement data is transmitted to the flowmeter a / D module 704 of port CH4. 在上油缸Lll (即212)液压控制部分:上压管路通过比例阀SOL Cl到双向电磁阀SOL Y1-Y2的P端,其T端接回流管路,A端管接单向阀L14,再三通分接平衡阀SOL C2和单向阀L15,而后两个器件再过三通用管路归并连到上油缸Lll (即212)A端,并在此管路上接入压力表P2,其测量数据传输到A/D模块704的CH8端口;上油缸Lll (BP212)B端管接单向阀L16,在此管路上接入压力表P3,再接入双向电磁阀SOL Y1-Y2的B端,P3测量数据传输到A/D模块704的CH9端口。 Lll on the cylinder (i.e., 212) of the hydraulic control section: the proportional valve pressure line through the two-way solenoid valve SOL Cl SOL P Y1-Y2 end, which termination return line T, A one-way valve connected to the pipe L14 side, then the three-way tap counterbalance valve and a check valve SOL C2 L15, and then another three two devices connected to the common line merge Lll cylinder (i.e., 212) A side, and the access road on the tube pressure gauge P2, which measures data transmitted to the a / D port 704 CH8; B end cylinder Lll (BP212) pipe joint check valve L16, the access road on the tube pressure gauge P3, then the access SOL Y1-Y2 of the two-way solenoid valve B-side , P3 measurement data to the a / D port 704 CH9. 在下油缸L12 (即202)液压控制部分:上压管路连接到双向电磁阀SOL Y3-Y4的P端,其T端通过比例阀SOL C3接回流管路,A端管接单向阀L17,再管路连通到下油缸L12 (即202)A端,并在此管路上接入压力表P4,其测量数据传输到A/D模块704的CHlO端口;下油缸L12 (即202)B端管接单向阀L18,在此管路上接入压力表P5,再接入双向电磁阀SOL Y3-Y4的B端,P5测量数据传输到A/D模块704的CHll端口。 L12 lower cylinder (i.e., 202) of the hydraulic control section: the pressure line is connected to the P-side two-way solenoid valve SOL Y3-Y4, the end T by a proportional valve connected to the return line SOL C3, A one-way valve connected to the pipe L17 side, and then communicated to the cylinder line L12 (i.e., 202) a side, and the access road on the tube pressure gauge P4, the measurement data to the a / D CHlO port 704; the cylinder L12 (i.e., 202) B-end tube L18 connected check valve, this pressure gauge P5 pipeline access, then access to the B-side two-way solenoid valve SOL Y3-Y4, the transmission of measurement data P5 to the a / D module 704 CHll port. 送料油缸L13 (即4bl01)液压控制部分:上压管路连接到节流阀SOL C4,再管接到双向电磁阀SOL Y5-Y6的P端,在此管路上接入压力表P6,双向电磁阀SOL Y5-Y6的A端和B端分别与送料油缸L13 (即4b 10DA端和B端管接,其T端接回流管路,P6测量数据传输到A/D模块704的CH12端口。回流管路接入油站L21 (即105),温度监测器Pt测量油站L21 (即105)内的油温,其测量数据传输到A/D模块704的CH3端口。 L13 feed cylinder (i.e. 4bl01) hydraulic control portion: a pressure line is connected to the throttle valve SOL C4, then the pipe P to the end of a two-way solenoid valve SOL Y5-Y6 in this pipeline access gauge P6, two-way solenoid a end and B end valve SOL Y5-Y6, respectively, L13 with the feed cylinder (i.e. 4b 10DA pipe joint ends a and B, which return line T termination, P6 measurement data to the a / D port 704 CH12 reflux petrol stations access line L21 (i.e., 105), measuring the oil temperature monitor stations L21 Pt (i.e., 105) in the oil, which transmit the measurement data to the a / D port 704 of CH3.

[0039] 如图7-3所示,气动回路采用的是氮气气源,由压机外部供应。 [0039] As shown in Figure 7-3, the pneumatic circuit used is nitrogen source gas, supplied by an external press. 进入压机管口后分三路,一路的通过比例阀SOL SI到达料筒;另一路经过球阀LI到压机舱体,并放置氧含量检测仪OTC监测舱体空气含氧量,其测量数据传输到A/D模块704的CH2端口;还有一路经过滤清器L2、比例阀SOL S2和油水分离器L3分成六路,①路通过电磁阀SOL Tl连到振荡捶L4 (即403),②路通过电磁阀SOL T2连到气缸I L5 (即4a09)和气缸2 L6 (即4al0),③路通过电磁阀SOL T3连到导向气缸L7(即4bl05),④路通过电磁阀SOL T4连到振荡器2L8 (即4bll3),⑤路通过电磁阀SOL T5连到上蝶阀L9 (即4a04),⑥路通过电磁阀SOL T6连到下蝶阀LlO (即4a05);在进气总管上接有压力表P7,其测量数据传输到A/D模块704的CHl端口。 After entering the press orifice in three columns, all the way through the cartridge reaches the proportional valve SOL SI; LI other way through the ball valve to press the pods and placed to monitor the oxygen content detector OTC cabin air oxygen, which measurement data the a / D module 704 of port CH2; and all the way through the filter L2, proportional valve SOL S2 L3 and water separator into six-way, ① passage through the solenoid valve SOL Tl is connected to the oscillating hammer L4 (i.e. 403), ② Road through the solenoid valve SOL T2 is connected to the cylinder I L5 (i.e., 4a09) and the cylinder 2 L6 (i.e. 4al0), ③ passage through the solenoid valve SOL is connected to the guide cylinder L7 (i.e. 4bl05) T3, ④ passage through the solenoid valve SOL is connected to the oscillator T4 is 2L8 (i.e. 4bll3), ⑤ path through T5 is connected to the solenoid valve SOL L9 (i.e. 4a04), ⑥ passage through the solenoid valve SOL T6 is connected to the lower valve LLO (i.e., 4a05); connected on the intake manifold pressure gauges P7, the measurement data to the a / D port 704 of the CHl.

[0040] 请进一步结合参阅图1-1、1-2,如图所示:磁粉压机的整体结合方式从机架2起,模架座302在下底板203上;下模板301与下磁栅尺216连接;上模板310与上压头213和上磁栅尺211连接;称重加料装置4b的送料板4bll5与直线导轨副306连接;碎粉装置4a固定于背部支架217中部;振荡锤403和料筒404安装在机架2的背部支架217顶部;线圈5套在线圈极头207上,上顶板209与下底板203的背面连接后包封605,前面连接前封板601,两侧连接左、右封板604、608 ;操控箱110固定于电控箱112的转动支架111上;电控箱112与机架2上的电控箱支架214连接,表盘箱102与机架2上的表箱支架205连接;油站105固定在机架2后面底部;上控制集成组件103安装在上顶板209边后侧;下控制集成组件109在机架2底部中间位置固定;上集成块118固定在上顶板209边后侧;下集成块116固定在下底板203边后侧;上、下 [0040] Please further refer to FIGS. 1-1, 1-2 in conjunction, as shown in FIG: magnetic press entirety manner starting from the chassis 2, the lower plate 302 on mold base 203; the lower magnetic grid template 301 scale 216 is connected; template 310 and upper ram 213 and the magnetic scale 211 is connected; weigh feeder means 4bll5 feed plate 4b is connected with the linear guides 306; flour means 4a fixed to the back of the middle bracket 217; oscillating weight 403 and a cartridge holder 404 mounted on the back 217 of the top frame 2; 5 sets of coil on a coil poles 207, top plate 209 and lower plate 203 is connected to the back of the enclosure 605, is connected in front of the front closure plate 601, connected to both sides left and right seal plate 604, 608; 110 control box is fixed to the rotating bracket 111 on the electrical control box 112; 112 electrical control box 214 is connected to the frame bracket on the electric control box 2, dial box 102 and the frame 2 table tank bracket 205 is connected; PFS 105 is fixed at the bottom rear of the rack 2; control of the integrated assembly 103 is mounted on the rear side of the top plate 209; control of the integrated assembly 109 fixed to the bottom frame 2 at an intermediate position; manifold 118 is fixed on the rear edge of the top plate 209; rear side of the manifold 116 fixed to the lower base plate 203; upper, lower 成块118、116间连接油管117 ;油站105通过软油管 Into blocks 118, 116 is connected between the tubing 117; petrol station through the soft tubing 105

I 114连接到下控制集成组件109,从下控制集成组件109连出软油管I 114到下油缸202,连出软油管2 115到下集成块116 ;从上集成块118连出软油管3到上油缸212 ;气动集成组件箱108安装在机架背部支架217后侧;气动集成组件的气路连到后包封605上的集成接口盒607,再连到碎粉装置4a和称重送料装置4b ;电控箱112连出控制电缆106到油站105、气动集成组件箱108、上控制集成组件103、下控制集成组件109 ;从上油缸212、下油缸202、油站105和定量供料装置4内的送料油缸4bl01各接出测量油管101到表盘箱102内相应的表盘;操控箱110的控制线缆107连接到电控箱112。 I 114 is connected to the control of the integrated assembly 109, under control of the integrated assembly from the soft tubing 109 connected to the lower cylinder I 114 202, even a soft pipe to the manifold 1,162,115; from the manifold 118 is connected to a flexible tubing 3 a cylinder 212; an integrated pneumatic assembly 217 mounted to the rear tank 108 back of the rack holder; integrated pneumatic manifold assembly connected to the integrated interface box on a back encapsulant 605 607, and then attached to the weighing devices 4a and flour feed device 4B; electrical control box 112 is connected a control cable 106 into the service station 105, the pneumatic integration component tank 108, the control of the integrated assembly 103, under control of the integrated assembly 109; from the cylinder 212, the cylinder 202, gas stations 105 and dosing feeding means 4 4bl01 cylinder in each of the measurement pipe 101 connected to respective dial 102. dial box; control box 110 controls a cable 107 connected to the electrical control box 112.

[0041] 如图8所示,本发明全自动磁粉粉末成型压机的运行进程包括如下步骤,以下分别进行描述。 [0041] As shown, a process running automatic magnetic powder of the invention comprises the steps of molding press 8, will be described hereinafter.

[0042] 1、准备:启动时检查磁粉压机的外围设备连接,手动打开LI球阀和接通压机电源,打开外围氮气供应装置和冷却供水装置,而后在触摸屏上进行各项工作参数设定后点击启动,指令信号使PLC 703的Y22端口高电平输出,通过驱动模块702打开OCT含氧量测试仪,PLC 703的Y6端口高电平输出,通过驱动模块701控制S0L_S1打开,向料筒402供气,PLC 703的Y7端口高电平输出,通过驱动模块701控制S0L_S2打开,氮气通过空气过滤器L2和油水分离器L3向气动回路供气,同时PLC 703的Y23端口高电平输出,通过驱动模块702启动油站L21 (即105)工作,系统加到设定压力。 [0042] 1. Preparation: Check the magnetic peripherals press, LI manual opening and closing the ball valve when starting the power compressor, the nitrogen supply opening peripheral device and a cooling water supply apparatus, then set the parameters for the work on the touch screen click start command signal PLC Y22 high output port 703, opening the tester by oxygen OCT drive module 702, PLC Y6 output port 703 high, the control module 701 by driving S0L_S1 open, the cartridge supply 402, PLC Y7 output port 703 high, the drive control module 701 S0L_S2 opened by nitrogen gas through the air filter and water separator L2 L3 supply gas to the pneumatic circuit, Y23 while the PLC 703 outputs a high level port, the working oil by the driving start module 702 L21 stations (i.e., 105), the set pressure is added to the system. 此时,氮气供气压力P7、压机舱体氧含量OCT、油液温度Pt、系统流量V、系统油压Pl参数分别采集到A/D模块704的CH1、CH2、CH3、CH4和CH7端口,再送入PLC 703,系统控制程序以此判定压机运行环境的条件,以保证正常工作。 At this time, the nitrogen gas pressure P7, the OCT press cabin oxygen content, fluid temperature Pt, system flow V, Pl hydraulic system parameters are collected CH1 A / D module 704, CH2, CH3, CH4 and CH7 port, and then into the PLC 703, the system control program in order to determine the condition of the press operating environment, in order to ensure the normal operation.

[0043] 2、振动下料:压机符合正常运行条件后,PLC 703的Y4端口高电平输出,通过驱动模块701控制S0L_T5打开,上蝶阀4a05开启;同时,PLC的YO端口高电平输出,通过驱动模块701控制S0L_T1打开,振荡锤403启动,使得料筒402外壁受到冲击后,储存的粉料跌落到过渡储料管4a06内;过渡储料管4a06内的粉料量达到要求时,传感器4a07发出信号4a07/S到PLC的Y8端口,而后PLC 703的Y4端口低电平输出,通过驱动模块701控制S0L_T5复位,上蝶阀4a05关闭;接着PLC 703的Y5端口高电平输出,通过驱动模块701控制S0L_T6打开,下蝶阀4a04开启,带动松粉器4a08搅动,迫使存储粉料通过落料管4a03跌落到粉盒4a02内。 [0043] 2, the vibration cutting: After the press meet normal operating conditions, PLC Y4 high output ports 703, 701 by the drive control module S0L_T5 opened, the valve opening 4a05; Meanwhile, PLC of the high-level output port YO after driving by the control module 701 S0L_T1 open, start oscillating weight 403, the cartridge 402 such that the outer wall impact, stored material powder dropped into the reservoir tube transition 4a06; 4a06 amount of powder material in the material reservoir tube reaches the transition requirements, sensor signals 4a07 4a07 / S Y8 port to the PLC, then PLC Y4 low output ports 703, 701 by the drive control module S0L_T5 reset, closing the valve 4a05; Y5 PLC then high output port 703, driven by S0L_T6 control module 701 opens, 4a04 open, loose powder feeder driven 4a08 agitation force falls into the powder storage container 4a02 4a03 the drop tube through the butterfly valve. 上蝶阀4a05状态信号L9/S送到PLC 703的Yll端口,下蝶阀4a05状态信号L10/S送到PLC 703的Y12端口,程序控制两阀互锁,即上开下闭,下开上闭。 4a05 butterfly valve status signal L9 / S to the PLC Yll port 703, the valve 4a05 state signal L10 / S to the PLC Y12 port 703, program control two valves interlocked, i.e., closing the upper opening, a lower opening and closing.

[0044] 3、粉碎材料:下蝶阀4a05延时关闭后,PLC 703的Y26端口高电平输出,通过驱动模块702控制振荡器I 4a01启动,PLC 703的Yl端口输出周期性信号,通过驱动模块701控制S0L_T2作间隙开闭,使得气缸I 4a09和气缸2 4al0交替进行伸缩运动,此时,粉料受到振荡器I 4a01上下和推进力的作用经过气缸I 4a09的垂直挤压和气缸2 4al0的水平梳理,回复原超细颗粒状态后送向秤重装置4b。 [0044] 3, the pulverized material: 4a05 after the valve closing delay, PLC Y26 output port 703 high, the control module 702 by driving the oscillator start I 4a01, PLC Yl periodic signal output port 703, through the drive module S0L_T2 701 for controlling opening and closing of the gap, so that the cylinder and the cylinder 2 4al0 I 4a09 alternately expand and contract, at this time, I 4A01 powder by the oscillator and the vertical thrust force acting through the cylinder I and the cylinder 4a09 vertical extrusion of the 2 4al0 level carding, return the original state of ultrafine particles to the weighing evacuation means 4b.

[0045] 4、称料:本发明以推送式秤重装置4bl为例说明工作进程。 [0045] 4, said material: In the present invention, a push-type weighing apparatus 4bl an example of work processes. 粉碎后的粉料送入秤料斗4bl08的过程中,,PLC 703的Y27端口高电平输出,启动压力传感器4bl06 (实例采用电子秤)进行秤重,秤量数据由压力传感器4bl06的RS232端口送到232通讯模块后传递到PLC 703的通讯数据接收端D端口,当程序判定到秤粉量达到设定值时,PLC 703的Yl和Y26端口低电平输出,停止振荡器I 4a01、气缸I 4a09和气缸2 4al0的工作,完成粉料秤重。 The pulverized into powder during weighing hopper ,, PLC Y27 4bl08 the output port 703 high, the pressure sensor starts 4bl06 (Examples using electronic scales) is weighed, the weighing data to the RS232 port of the pressure sensor 4bl06 after the communication module 232 is transmitted to the PLC 703 receives the D data communication port side, when the program determines the amount of powder to the scale reaches a predetermined value, the PLC 703 Yl and Y26 output port low, the oscillator stops I 4a01, cylinder I 4a09 and operating cylinder 2 4al0 complete powder weighing.

[0046] 5、加料:手动调节节流阀SOL C4,使得P6的压力符合规定要求(此项设定在设备调试中已完成,工作中无需再调节,P6的压力测量值通过A/D模块704的CH12端口转换传送给PLC 703);PLC 703的Y25端口输出高电平信号,通过驱动模块702控制S0L_C3开启,PLC 703的Y19端口输出高电平信号,通过驱动模块702控制S0L_Y4开启,下油缸L12(即202)带动下磁栅尺L20 (即216)开始上升,并推动模具上升,下磁栅尺L20 (即216)的测量值送到A/D模块704的CH6,当到达装料位置时,PLC 703的Y19、Y25端口输出低电平信号,下油缸L12 (即202)停止;完成粉料秤重后,PLC 703的Y2端口输出高电平信号,通过驱动模块701控制S0L_T3开启,导向气缸4bl05从L7/S1位置推动秤料斗翻转到达L7/S2位置,粉料通过接料管406到送料盒内胆4bll2里,延时后,PLC 703的Y2端口输出低电平信号,导向气缸4bl05复位到L7/S1位置;随即,PLC 70 [0046] 5, feed: manually adjustable throttle valve SOL C4, that meet the requirements of the pressure P6 (This setting is completed in the debugging apparatus, without reconditioning work, P6 pressure measurement values ​​by A / D module CH12 conversion transmission port 704 to the PLC 703); PLC Y25 port 703 outputs a high level signal, the control module 702 by driving S0L_C3 open, PLC Y19 port 703 outputs a high level signal, the control module 702 is turned on by the drive S0L_Y4, the L12 cylinder (i.e., 202) driven by magnetic scale L20 (i.e., 216) begins to rise, pushing the mold and increase the magnetic scale L20 (i.e., 216) to the measured value of a / D CH6 module 704, and when the charge reaches position, PLC Y19, Y25 port outputs a low level signal, the cylinder L12 (i.e., 202) stopped 703; finished powder weighing, PLC Y2 port 703 outputs a high level signal, the control module 701 by driving the opening S0L_T3 after pushing the guide cylinder 4bl05 inverted from the scale hopper / S1 reaches a position L7 L7 / S2 position, then the powder through the feed tube 406 to the cassette interior 4bll2, the delay, PLC Y2 output port 703 of the low level signal, the guide 4bl05 cylinder is reset to L7 / S1 position; immediately, PLC 70 3的Y20端口输出高电平信号,通过驱动模块702控制电磁阀S0L_Y5动作,送料油缸L13 (即4bl01)从起点L13/S1位置出发作推送运动;当加料口到达模具口位置时,PLC 703的Y3端口输出高电平信号,通过驱动模块701控制S0L_T4开启,振荡器2 L8 (即4bll3)工作,敲击送料盒架4bll4,使得料盒内的粉料倒入膜腔内,同时,传感器L13/S3到位信号传送到PLC 703的CH15端口,程序指令Y20端口输出低电平信号,电磁阀S0L_Y5复位,Y21端口输出高电平信号,通过驱动模块702控制电磁阀SOL_Y6动作,送料油缸L13 (即4bl01)回退,当到达传感器L13/S2位置时,到位信号传送到PLC 703的Y14端口,程序指令Y20端口输出高电平信号,电磁阀SOL_Y5动作,Y21端口输出低电平信号,电磁阀SOL_Y6复位,送料油缸又前行,如此送料油缸L13(即4bl01)在L13/S2与L13/S3位置间来回多次后,退回到初始的L13/S1位置,PLC 703的Y3、Y20、Y2 Y20 output port 3 of the high level signal, the control module 702 by driving the solenoid operation S0L_Y5, L13 feeding cylinder (i.e. 4bl01) from / S1 L13 starting position for starting a push movement; when the feed opening to the mold opening position, PLC 703 is Y3 port output a high level signal, the control module 701 through the drive opening S0L_T4 oscillator 2 L8 (i.e. 4bll3) work, tapping feed cassette holder 4bll4, so that the powder material is poured into the film cartridge chamber, at the same time, the sensor L13 transmission / S3 CH15-position signal to the port, the port program instructions Y20 low signal is output, the solenoid valve S0L_Y5 reset, the port Y21 of the PLC 703 outputs a high level signal, the control operation of the solenoid valve SOL_Y6, L13 feed cylinder 702 by a drive module (i.e. 4bl01) fallback, when it reaches L13 / S2 position sensor signal is transmitted to the bit 703 of the port PLC Y14, Y20 program instructions that port output a high level signal, the operation of the solenoid valve SOL_Y5, Y21 port outputs a low level signal, the solenoid valve SOL_Y6 reset, and forward feed cylinder, the feed cylinder so L13 (i.e. 4bl01) between the L13 / S2 and L13 / S3 position back and forth several times to return to the initial / S1 positions L13, PLC Y3 703 of, Y20, Y2 1端口均保持输出低电平,送料部分的工作器件全部复位,等待下一次指令。 An output port are kept low, the working portion of the device feeding all reset, waiting for the next instruction.

[0047] 6、上缸下行:完成加料后,PLC 703的Υ24端口输出高电平信号,通过驱动模块702控制S0L_C1开启,PLC 703的Y16端口输出高电平信号,通过驱动模块702控制S0L_Yl开启,上油缸Lll (即212)带动上磁栅尺L19 (即211)开始下行;上油缸Lll (即212)的B端压力P3测量值传送到A/D模块704的CH9端,A端压力P2测量值传送到A/D模块704的CH8端,数据通过PLC 703处理判定后,经D/A模块705的CHl端来调节比例阀S0L_Cl,控制流量以控制上油缸Lll (即212) A、B两端所需的压力,以控制上油缸Lll (即212)的下降速度;回路中的液控阀L14、L16相互感应驱动,平衡阀S0L_C2已经手动调试,与液控阀L15产生下降时的背压,不致上油缸Lll (即212)急速下降。 [0047] 6, the downstream cylinder: After completion of the addition, PLC Υ24 port 703 outputs a high level signal, the control module 702 is turned on by the drive S0L_C1, PLC Y16 port 703 outputs a high level signal, the control module 702 is turned on by the drive S0L_Yl , the cylinder Lll (i.e., 212) driven by the magnetic scale of L19 (i.e., 211) starts a downlink; upper cylinder Lll (i.e., 212) of the B-end pressure P3 measured values ​​to CH9 end of a / D module 704, a side pressure P2 measured values ​​to CH8 end of a / D module 704, the data is determined by the PLC 703 process, the CHl end D / a module 705 to adjust the proportional valve S0L_Cl, controls the flow to the control cylinder Lll (i.e., 212) a, B both ends of the pressure required to control the rate of decline Lll cylinder (i.e., 212); a circuit pilot valve L14, L16 mutual induction driven, balance has been manually debug S0L_C2 back when the pilot valve generates a falling L15 pressure, without the cylinder Lll (i.e., 212) the rapid decline.

[0048] 7、浮动压制:上磁栅尺L1 9(即211)测量运行的距离值传送到A/D模块704的CH5端,当上油缸Lll (即212)下行到合模位置时,PLC 703的Y25端口输出高电平信号,通过驱动模块702控制S0L_C3开启,,PLC 703的Y19端口输出高电平信号,通过驱动模块702控制S0L_Y4开启,下油缸L12 (即202)带动下磁栅尺L20 (即216)开始上行;下油缸L12(即202)的B端压力P4测量值传送到A/D模块704的CHlO端,A端压力P5测量值传送到A/D模块704的CHll端,数据通过PLC 703处理判定后,经D/A模块705的CH2端来调节比例阀S0L_C3以控制流量,通过调节下油缸L12 (即202)上升时B两端的背压力来控制速度;回路中的液控阀L17、L18相互感应驱动;当下油缸L12 (即202)上升到合模位置时,PLC 703经D/A模块705的CHl端来调节比例阀S0L_C1,并经D/A模块705的CH2端来调节比例阀S0L_C3,使得P3、P5保持适当的压力,对模腔内的材料进行浮动压制 [0048] 7, the floating pressing: the magnetic scale distance values ​​L1 9 (i.e., 211) the measurement operation is transferred to CH5 end of A / D module 704, when the cylinder Lll (i.e., 212) down to the clamping position, PLC Y25 port 703 outputs a high level signal, the control module 702 by driving S0L_C3 ,, Y19 port opening the PLC 703 outputs a high level signal, the control module 702 is turned on by the drive S0L_Y4, the cylinder L12 (i.e., 202) driven by the magnetic scale L20 (i.e., 216) starts up; the cylinder L12 (i.e., 202) of the B-side pressure P4 measured values ​​to CHlO end of a / D module 704, a end pressure P5 measured values ​​to CHll end of a / D module 704, after data is determined by the PLC 703 process, the D / CH2 terminal a module 705 to adjust the proportional valve S0L_C3 to control the flow, by regulating the cylinder L12 (i.e., 202) the back pressure across the B rising to control speed; loop liquid control valve L17, L18 mutual induction drive; when the lower cylinder L12 (i.e., 202) rises to a clamping position, CHl end PLC 703 via D / a module 705 to adjust the proportional valve S0L_C1, and the D / a modules CH2 ends 705 adjusting the proportional valve S0L_C3, so P3, P5 to maintain an appropriate pressure of the cavity to suppress the floating material .

[0049] 8、磁化保压:浮动压制时,指令信号使PLC 703的Y28端口高电平输出,通过驱动模块702控制直流磁场电源对线圈5供电,线圈5产生磁场对模腔内的磁粉进行取向,保持一段时间后,PLC 703的Y28端口转换为低电平,直流磁场电源停止向线圈供电,磁化结束。 [0049] 8, magnetization holding pressure: when the floating press, PLC Y28 command signal output port 703 high, the control module 702 by driving the DC magnetic field power source to generate a magnetic field in the cavity of the magnetic powder supply coil 5, the coil 5 orientation, after a period of time, PLC Y28 port 703 is converted to a low level, a DC magnetic field power supply to the coil is stopped, the end of the magnetization.

[0050] 9、退磁脱模:完成磁化一段时间后,PLC 703的Y29端口高电平输出,直流磁场电源向线圈5供电,对模腔内的磁粉进行退磁,退磁结束后,Y29端口恢复低电平,直流磁场电源停止向线圈供电;随即,PLC 703的Y16端口输出低电平信号,关闭S0L_Y1,Y17端口输出高电平信号,通过驱动模块702控制S0L_Y2开启,上油缸Lll (即212)上升,退回到初始位置;同时,PLC 703的Y19端口输出低电平信号,关闭S0L_Y4,PLC 703的Y18端口输出高电平信号,通过驱动模块702控制S0L_Y3开启,下油缸L12 (即202下降到初始位置。 [0050] 9, the demagnetization release: After completion of a period of the magnetization, the PLC Y29 output port 703 high, the DC magnetic field power supply, the cavity of the magnetic powder demagnetization coil power supply 5, and after the excitation, low recovery port Y29 level DC magnetic field power supply to the coil is stopped; immediately, PLC Y16 port 703 outputs a low level signal, closing S0L_Y1, Y17 port outputs a high level signal, the control by the driving module 702 S0L_Y2 open, the cylinder Lll (i.e., 212) rises, returning to the initial position; Meanwhile, PLC Y19 port 703 outputs a low level signal, closing S0L_Y4, PLC Y18 port 703 outputs a high level signal, the control module 702 by driving S0L_Y3 open, the cylinder L12 (i.e. down to 202 initial position.

[0051] 10、自动取料:自动取料装置为非本发明的系统外围装置,以实现整套生产工艺的自动化,受到本装置的联动控制;完成磁粉材料的压制成型后,由PLC 703的Y30端口发出高电平信号启动自动取料装置工作,完成自动取料,摆放,堆码及推送等一系列后续进程。 [0051] 10, the automatic reclaiming: automatic removal device of the present invention a peripheral device other than the system in order to achieve complete automation of the production process, by means of this control linkage; magnet powder material is pressed after completion of molding, the PLC 703 is Y30 port emits a high signal to start the automatic removal device, and completed automatically reclaimer, place, stacking a series of follow-up process and push the like.

[0052] 安全:PLC 703的Y31端口连接急停按钮,当系统故障或发生意外时,按下急停按钮后,PLC703的内驻安全程序启动,迅速使系统内的所有工作部件停留在即发状态,控制转入手动状态,可执行人工逐步解除,调试或系统复位等。 [0052] Security: PLC Y31 port emergency stop button 703, when a system failure or accident, press the emergency stop button, PLC703 the safety program in the start quickly all operating components within the system stays imminent delivery status , control passes to the manual mode, perform artificial gradually lifted, debugging system reset or the like.

[0053] 另外,实现全自动磁粉粉末成型不仅需要压机,还需外围配置氮气供应装置,冷却水供应装置、直流磁场电源和自动取料装置。 [0053] Further, to achieve not only automatic magnetic powder molding press, a nitrogen gas supply means need to configure the peripheral, cooling water supply device, a DC magnetic field power supply and the automatic removal device.

[0054] 综上所述仅为本发明的较佳实施例而已,并非用来限定本发明的实施范围。 [0054] As described above it is only preferred embodiments of the present invention only, not intended to limit the scope of embodiments of the present invention. 即凡依本发明申请专利范围的内容所作的等效变化与修饰,都应为本发明的技术范畴。 I.e. all such modifications and equivalent applications under this invention, the scope of the patent made by the technical scope of the present invention should be.

Claims (1)

1. 一种全自动磁粉粉末成型压机的定量供料装置,其特征在于:它由波纹管(401)、料筒(402)、振荡锤(403)、接管(404)、碎粉装置(4a)和称重加料装置(4b)构成;其中:料筒(402)下口接波纹管(401),波纹管管口下连接碎粉装置(4a),再通过接管(404)对准称重加料装置(4b)的秤料斗接料口,振荡锤(403)对向料筒(402)下侧;所述的定量供料装置(4)中的称重加料装置(4b)由送料油缸(4bl01)、连接块(4bl02)、气缸固定架(4bl03)、托板(4bl04)、导向气缸(4bl05)、压力传感器(4bl06)、连接器(4bl07)、秤料斗(4bl08)、支架(4bl09)、固定螺栓(4bll0)、接料管(4blll)、送料盒内胆(4bll2)、振荡器2 (4bll3)、送料盒架(4bll4)和送料板(4bll5)构成;所述的压力传感器(4bl06)固定在托板(4bl04)上,托板后部装有气缸固定架(4bl03)用来固定连接导向气缸(4bl05)定点,秤料斗(4b A quantitative magnetic powder molding press automatic feeding device, characterized in that: it consists of a bellows (401), the cartridge (402), oscillating weight (403), nozzle (404), means Powder ( 4a) and weigh feeder means (4b) configured; wherein: the cartridge (402) connected to the mouth of the bellows (401), connecting means Powder (4a) at the mouth of bellows, and then through the nozzle (404) aligned with said feed hopper weight scale means (4b) connected to the discharge port, oscillating weight (403) of the cartridge (402) lower side; the dosing means weigh feeder means (4b) (. 4) in the feeding cylinder (4bl01), the connection block (4bl02), a cylinder holder (4bl03), the pallet (4bl04), guide cylinder (4bl05), a pressure sensor (4bl06), the connector (4bl07), weighing hoppers (4bl08), the bracket (4bl09 ), fixing bolts (4bll0), then tube (4blll), feeding the cartridge interior (4bll2), oscillator 2 (4bll3), feeding the cartridge holder (4bll4) and feed plate (4bll5) configuration; a pressure sensor according to ( 4bl06) fixed to the pallet (4bl04), a rear pallet with a cylinder holder (4bl03) is fixedly connected to the guide cylinder (4bl05) point, weighing hopper (4b l08)前侧支点与支架(4bl09)相接,后侧支点与连接器(4bl07)相接,连接器与气缸拉杆连接,气缸初始收缩使得秤料斗(4bl08)坐落在压力传感器上秤重,气缸延伸使得秤料斗翻转送料,磁粉通过接料管(4b 111)到送料盒内胆(4b 112 ),送料盒内胆浮动固定在送料盒架(4b 114 )里,送料盒架下接送料板(4b115 ),送料板的加料口对准送料盒内胆下料口,在送料盒架前部装有振荡器2 (4bll3),后部连接送料油缸(4bl01); 所述的碎粉装置(4a)由振荡器I (4a01)、粉盒(4a02)、落料管(4a03)、下蝶阀(4a04)、上蝶阀(4a05 )、过渡储料管(4a06 )、传感器(4a07 )、松粉器(4a08 )、气缸I (4a09 )、气缸2(4al0 )、垂直运动碎粉钉耙(4al I)和水平运动碎粉钉耙(4al2 )构成;所述的上蝶阀(4a05 )下接过渡储料管(4a06),再接下蝶阀(4a04),下蝶阀上装配松粉器(4a08),下蝶阀下口通过落料管 L08) and the front pivot bracket (4bl09) in contact, with the rear pivot connector (4bl07) in contact, with the cylinder rod connected to the connector, so that contraction of the cylinder initial weighing hopper (4bl08) a pressure sensor located in the weighing cylinder extends such that the scale hopper flip feed, the magnetic powder through the access pipe (4b 111) to feed the cartridge interior (4b 112), the feed box liner floating fixed feed cassette holder (4b 114), the shuttle feeding the feed cassette holder plate (4b115), the feed charging port plate is aligned under the feed spout liner cartridge, the cartridge holder before the feed section provided with an oscillator 2 (4bll3), connected to the rear feeding cylinder (4bl01); said apparatus Powder (4a) by the oscillator I (4a01), the container (4a02), feed tube (4a03), the valve (4a04), the valve (4a05), the transition material reservoir tube (4a06), the sensor (4a07), pine powder feeder (4a08), the cylinders I (4a09), the cylinder 2 (4al0), vertical movement powder rake (4al I) and horizontal motion flour rake (4al2) configuration; the butterfly valve connected to said reservoir at the transition (4a05) tube (4a06), then took valve (4a04), loose powder feeder assembly (4a08) on the lower valve, the valve opening through the drop tube 4a03)对接粉盒(4a02),在粉盒内有垂直运动碎粉钉耙(4alI)和水平运动碎粉钉耙(4al2)各一个,两钉耙各自连接气缸I (4a09)和气缸2 (4al0),两个气缸安装在粉盒顶盖上,粉盒底部与振荡器I (4a01)连接,传感器(4a07)埋入过渡储料管内靠近顶部位置; 该装置的振动下料操作过程是:压机符合正常运行条件后,PLC(703)的Y4端口高电平输出,通过驱动模块( 701)控制上蝶阀(4a05)开启;同时,PLC (703)Y0端口高电平输出,通过驱动模块(701)控制振荡锤(403)启动,使得料筒(402)外壁受到冲击后,储存的粉料跌落到过渡储料管(4a06 )内;过渡储料管(4a06 )内的粉料量达到要求时,传感器(4a07 )发出信号到PLC (703)的Y8端口,而后PLC (703)的Y4端口低电平输出,通过驱动模块(701)控制上蝶阀(4a05)关闭;接着PLC (703)的Y5端口高电平输出,通过驱动模块(701)控制下蝶阀(4a04 ) 4a03) abutting the container (4a02), vertical motion Powder rake (4alI) and horizontal motion flour rake (4al2) each in a container, two cylinders connected to each rake I (4a09) and a cylinder 2 (4al0), two cylinders mounted on the container lid, the bottom of the container and the oscillator I (4a01) connected to the sensor (4a07) is embedded near the top position of the transition within the material reservoir tube; material during vibration of the operation of the device is: in line with the press after normal operating conditions, PLC (703) of the high-level output port Y4, by the driving control module (701) on the butterfly valve (4a05) on; Meanwhile, PLC (703) Y0 level output port, through the drive module (701) control oscillating weight (403) to start, so that the cartridge (402) of the outer wall after the impact, the powder storage reservoir drops to feed the transition tube (4a06) within; the amount of powder material in the material reservoir tube transition (4a06) reaches requirements, sensor (4a07) sends a signal to the PLC (703) of the port Y8, then PLC (703) low output Y4 of the port, through the control valve drive module (701) (4a05) closed; Next PLC (703) of the port Y5 high output, the control valve (4a04) by the drive module (701) 启,带动松粉器(4a08 )搅动,迫使存储粉料通过落料管(4a03 )跌落到粉盒(4a02)内;上蝶阀(4a05)状态信号送到PLC (703)的Yll端口,下蝶阀(4a04)状态信号送到PLC (703)的Y12端口,程序控制两阀互锁,即上开下闭,下开上闭。 Kai, loose powder feeder driven (4a08) agitation, forcing the powder through the feed tube store (4a03) drops to the container (4a02) inside; butterfly valve (4a05) status signal to the PLC (703) of Yll port, the valve (4a04) status signal to the PLC (703) a port Y12, program control two valves interlocked, i.e., closing the upper opening, a lower opening and closing.
CN 201110411405 2011-12-12 2011-12-12 Quantitative feeding device for full-automatic magnetic powder molding press CN102416470B (en)

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