CN102390096B  Online automatic measurement method for Mooney viscosity of rubber  Google Patents
Online automatic measurement method for Mooney viscosity of rubber Download PDFInfo
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 CN102390096B CN102390096B CN 201110251012 CN201110251012A CN102390096B CN 102390096 B CN102390096 B CN 102390096B CN 201110251012 CN201110251012 CN 201110251012 CN 201110251012 A CN201110251012 A CN 201110251012A CN 102390096 B CN102390096 B CN 102390096B
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 239000000463 materials Substances 0.000 description 9
 238000005516 engineering processes Methods 0.000 description 6
 239000000047 products Substances 0.000 description 6
 238000010057 rubber processing Methods 0.000 description 3
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 238000002156 mixing Methods 0.000 description 2
 238000004458 analytical methods Methods 0.000 description 1
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Abstract
Description
Technical field
The present invention relates to rubber tyre and make the quality method for realtime monitoring in field, particularly a kind of online automatic measuring method of Mooney viscosity of rubber.
Background technology
Rubber industry is one of important foundation industry of national economy.It not only provides daily life indispensable light industry rubber product such as daily, medical for people, and provides various rubber production equipment processed or rubber components to heavy industry such as digging, traffic, building, machinery, electronics and new industry.Along with improving constantly of production technology level, market oriented management style is had higher requirement to the quality of rubber product.
Compounding rubber is with rubber mixing machine rubber or plasticate rubber and compounding ingredient to be smelt the technology of rubber, is the most important production technology of rubber processing.Essence is compounding ingredient homodisperse process in rubber, and granular compounding ingredient is decentralized photo, and rubber is continuous phase.The quality of the rubber mass behind the adding compounding ingredient all has decisive influence to halffinished processing performance and end product quality.It is particularly important that this point seems in the production process of rubber tyre.So guaranteeing the quality of rubber is the basic demand in the rubber processing process.Rubber mixing process has stronger time variation, nonlinear, is typical industrial batch production process.Therefore, obtaining realtime, reliable rubber product qualitative data is to guarantee to produce successional key.Mooney viscosity is the important indicator of weighing rubber processing performance quality, but it has reflected manysided performances such as the viscosity characteristics processing characteristics of sizing material and calendering characteristic.
In the current domestic rubber tyre production process, the detection of Mooney viscosity of rubber relies on mainly that quality inspection personnel is manually sampled, sample preparation and use pertinent instruments to measure, and mainly passes through following steps:
1, sizing material by banburying, extrude, roll, open operation such as refining after, through interleaving agent, blower fan cooling, the relevant train number information of aircooled back lamination and record;
2, the rubber of folding need be parked certain hour (4～8 hours), makes its material characteristic stable, then by quality inspection personnel sampling censorship;
3, examining the chamber soon manually towards sample, prepare suitable sample;
4, adopt the Mooney viscosity instrument to measure Mooney viscosity and the record of sample.
As seen, the sizing material quality index that obtains thusMooney viscosity obviously lags behind actual production, makes the continuity of production process reduce greatly.Per car time rubber need be parked more than 4 hours at least, to be detectedly qualifiedly can carry out following process, only need 2～3 minutes and per car time sizing material is mixing, the restriction of technical merit, make the verification and measurement ratio of Mooney viscosity of rubber usually less than 20%, so the serious lag effect causes production efficiency significantly to reduce, and is seriously restricting the popularization and application of various advanced control technologys and the further raising of product quality, makes the manufacturer of rubber tyre be faced with huge economic risk.In addition because in the measuring process, cutparts, sampling, towards work such as samples by manually finishing, increased the uncertainty of measurement data, further affect the quality of rubber, processing characteristics also can not get assurance.And this detection method needs special staff, is equipped with many Mooney detecting instruments, has increased various manpowers, financial resources, material resources cost, has reduced enterprise's productivity effect.Therefore, hysteresis quality and uncertainty that Mooney viscosity value detects are seriously restricting the development of rubber mixing process for a long time, are the improved bottleneck problems of rubber tyre production technology.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of online automatic measuring method of Mooney viscosity of rubber, and this method can realize realtime measurement Mooney viscosity, and measurement result accurately and become the product low cost and other advantages sees hereinafter description for details:
A kind of online automatic measuring method of Mooney viscosity of rubber said method comprising the steps of:
(1) the finished composition rheological parameter input Mooney viscosity online prediction model that quality inspection system is obtained is exported Mooney viscosity value y automatically _{New}
(2) with described Mooney viscosity value y _{New}Feed back to described quality inspection system, described quality inspection system is judged described Mooney viscosity value y _{New}Whether in Mooney viscosity preset range value, if, continue to produce, upgrade described Mooney viscosity online prediction model; If not, give the alarm, check production procedure and proofreaied and correct by operating personnel, give up offlimits Mooney viscosity value y _{New}
(3) repeated execution of steps (1)step (2), when no longer including the input of described finished composition rheological parameter, flow process finishes.
Described Mooney viscosity online prediction model is specially:
1) at first gathers described finished composition rheological parameter, set up original sample collection X _{Old}, to described original sample collection X _{Old}Carry out the multinomial transformation and obtain X _{Extra}, form X _{New}=[X _{Old}X _{Extra}];
2) by offset minimum binary algorithm (PLS), extract X _{New}Latent variable u and the latent variable t of Y;
w＝X ^{T}×Y/(Y ^{T}×Y)；
w＝w/sqrt(w ^{T}×w)；
t＝X×w：
q＝Y ^{T}×t/(t ^{T}×t)；
u＝Y×q/(q ^{T}×q)；
Wherein, Y represents the Mooney viscosity value of normal range (NR), and w represents the weight of X, and q is the load vector of Y;
3) utilize Gaussian process to set up the regression relation of described latent variable u and described latent variable t;
4) calculated data matrix X _{New}Residual error E and the residual error F of Y, be back to the 2nd) step, extract second couple of latent variable u and t again;
5) repeating step 3) and step 4), less than convergency value, be convergence until the increment of prediction residual quadratic sum, obtain described Mooney viscosity online prediction model.
The online automatic measuring method of a kind of Mooney viscosity of rubber provided by the invention compared with prior art has following advantage:
Be that 100% rheological parameter is predicted Mooney viscosity according to verification and measurement ratio in the rubber mixing process, under the prerequisite that does not increase the sampling burden, reduce the rubber storage period to greatest extent, guarantee the continuity of producing to a certain extent; Utilize Mooney viscosity online prediction model to calculate the realtime estimate value of Mooney viscosity; Guarantee the reliability of model simultaneously, namely bring in constant renewal in Mooney viscosity online prediction model, rubber mixing process is monitored in real time, can reflect in real time and follow the tracks of production status, make Mooney viscosity online prediction model more can embody existing production feature.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of Mooney viscosity online measurement model provided by the invention;
Fig. 2 is the flow chart of the online automatic measuring method of a kind of Mooney viscosity of rubber provided by the invention.
The specific embodiment
For making the purpose, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention clearer, embodiment of the present invention is described further in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.
Every index that flow graph detects is the important component part of rubber quality system, and common detection time is shorter, only needs about 2 minutes, and need not park the back and detect.Investigation shows, exists between rheology index and the Mooney viscosity to be closely connected.So, estimate or predict that Mooney viscosity value is to solve the effective way that Mooney viscosity detects problem by rheological parameter.
Flow graph detects each parameter that obtains and has reflected that to a certain extent sizing material quality and processing characteristics are the important component parts of rubber quality system.Mainly comprise minimum torque, the highest moment of torsion and cure time parameter.The verification and measurement ratio of rheological parameter is 100%, only needs 2 minutes at every turn, and need not park the back and detect.Investigation shows, exists between rheology index and the Mooney viscosity to be closely connected.So adopt the method for datadriven, namely estimate by rheological parameter or predict that Mooney viscosity value is the effective way that solves Mooney viscosity detection problem.
Along with the development of computer technology and industrial automation, all obtained extensive use in a lot of fields based on the method for datadriven, comprise process industrial, commerce and financial circles etc.Usually, these methods, are analyzed and the extraction relevant information, to tackle the current or following decisionmaking needs by statistical means according to historical data.But, many times, though historical data is more, the information that comprises lacks relatively, and the development that this has also promoted statistical method to a certain extent impels people to seek more effective, more reliable mathematical tool and solves relevant issues.For many years, scientists has proposed many mathematical methods based on statistics, as PCA (Principal Component Analysis, principal component analysis), PLS (Partial Least Squares, partial least square), ANN (Artificial Neural Networks, artificial neural network), SVM (Support Vector Machine, SVMs) and GP (Gaussian Process, Gaussian process) etc.Wherein, early linear method such as PCA, PLS, convenient and reliable owing to it should be readily appreciated that, still be extensive use of so far.They are by extracting latent variable, and overcome the dimension that correlation between the variable reduces variable, improve computational efficiency, are not only applicable to the small sample data set, also are fit to the bigsample data collection.Yet these methods just have been not enough to the correlation between decryption information and the data when changing in the face of complex process.What many times, Fu Za industrial process showed is nonlinear stronger.Between the quality index or a certain particular demands index and various measurable variable as product, owing to influenced by complicated external environment, or the change of properties of itself, present complicated nonlinear relation.At this moment solve corresponding problem with regard to the reasonable nonlinear method of needs.
GP is a kind of new nonlinear algorithm that last decade cause science researcher proposes, and it is nonlinear, exhibits excellent on the small sample data set.Be a kind of machine learning algorithm of nuclear study of probability meaning, it adopts the method for iteration to optimize learning parameter.But GP also can meet difficulty when setting up Mathematical Modeling in some aspects.Such as, when the input variable dimension than higher the time, need more time to optimize parameter, significantly increased and assessed the cost.A kind of effective instrument is PCA, reduces the dimension of input variable.Use PLS perhaps more effective, because it has considered influencing each other between the input and output, and PCA does not consider this point.Because its prerequisite hypothesis of the method for many datadrivens is exactly the sample Gaussian distributed.In fact, for rubber mixing process, because various noise of instrument or measurement The noise, measurement result satisfies in GP distribution this point hypothesis.So, in conjunction with the advantage of PLS and GP, can obtain more effective Mathematical Modeling, come the data of description relation.
Because PLS is linear, in order to obtain better model accuracy, science researchers have developed some nonlinear PLS algorithms, as Kernel PLS (KPLS), Neural Network PLS (NNPLS), Generalized PLS (GPLS), wherein, GPLS be a kind of multinomial that adopts to the PLS method of input data transaction, definition original input data matrix is X, X=(x _{1}, x _{2}..., x _{l}) ^{T}, so new input variable is X _{New}=(x _{1}, x _{2}..., x _{l}..., x _{L+s}).Just: X _{New}=[X _{Old}X _{Extra}].
Wherein s=l+ (l1)+(l2)+...+1, X _{Old}Be original input variable X, X _{Extra}Be the transformation variable that adds, X _{Extra}Each variable be respectively x _{Ij}x _{Ik}, x _{Ij}x _{Ik}, x _{Im}, wherein (i=1,2..., n; J, k, m=1,2 ..., l).Other steps are identical with common PLS.
In recent years, Gaussian process has attracted many researchers' attention as a kind of effective modeling tool, and it not only can solve regression problem, also can solve classification problem, and many research work show that it is more effective under the part situation than ANN and SVM.It is a kind of probability nuclear learning machine based on bayesian theory.Generally, think that Gaussian process is the set of stochastic variable, the associating Gaussian distribution is obeyed in the combination of any limited stochastic variable.Gaussian process can be definite fully by a mean value function and a covariance function, generally speaking, gets 0 as its mean value function.
f(x)～GP(0，C)
Wherein C is N rank covariance matrixes, and following covariance function form has been proved to be in most of the cases and is suitable for and does well:
X wherein _{i}Be i variable, and when i=j δ _{Ij}=1, θ=log (v _{0}, v _{1}, w _{1}..., w _{d}, a _{0}, a _{1}) be the super parameter of model
For a new tested point, its output distributes and to remain Gauss, and its average and variance are respectively:
Wherein, k (x)=(C (x ^{*}, x _{1}) ..., C (x ^{*}, x _{n})) ^{T}, K _{Ij}=C (x _{i}, x _{j}).
In the above in several formulas * number the expression new samples.
By following likelihood function, use the method for maximum a posteriori estimation or Markov Chain Monte Carlo, can obtain the super parameter of optimum of model,
Describe the online automatic measuring method of a kind of Mooney viscosity of rubber that the embodiment of the invention provides below in detail by specific implementation process.
101: with the finished composition rheological parameter input Mooney viscosity online prediction model that quality inspection system obtains, export Mooney viscosity value y automatically _{New}
Wherein, this step is specially: after current train number mixing process finishes, quality inspection system is detected the finished composition rheological parameter information input Mooney viscosity online prediction model that obtains, export Mooney viscosity value y automatically _{New}
Wherein, the process of setting up of this Mooney viscosity online prediction model is: according to two main quality indexthe connecting each other between Mooney viscosity and the rheological parameter of rubber, set up Mooney viscosity online prediction model GPLSGP in conjunction with improved partial leastsquare regression method GPLS and Gaussian process GP according to rheological parameter, obtain final predicted value as the Mooney viscosity reference value.
The embodiment of the invention is based on Analysis on Mechanism and lot of experiment validation, set up Mooney viscosity online prediction model GPLSGP thus, utilize rheological parameter to dope Mooney viscosity value, model description is as follows: set up initial model according to existing historical creation data, the initial model sample number is 30.Produce just often, every acquisition one train number rubber rheological parameter and corresponding Mooney viscosity value then substitute the sample in the archetype, and total sample number is no less than 30 in the assurance model.
1) at first gathers the finished composition rheological parameter, set up original sample collection X _{Old}, to original sample collection X _{Old}Carry out the multinomial transformation and obtain X _{Extra}, form X _{New}=[X _{Old}X _{Extra}];
Wherein, original sample collection X _{Old}In the sample point number surpass 30 and upgrade original sample collection X _{Old}, raw sample data matrix X is obtained new data matrix X through transforming _{New}Thereby, guaranteeing the nonlinear of model, this is the GPLS condition.
2) by offset minimum binary algorithm (PLS), extract X _{New}Latent variable u and the latent variable t of Y;
w＝X ^{T}×Y/(Y ^{T}×Y)；
w＝w/sqrt(w ^{T}×w)；
t＝X×w；
q＝Y ^{T}×t/(t ^{T}×t)；
u＝Y×q/(q ^{T}×q)；
Wherein, Y represents the Mooney viscosity value of normal range (NR), is the historical experience data before the modeling, then substitutes with normal predicted value after the modeling, and w represents the weight of X, and q is the load vector of Y.
3) utilize Gaussian process to set up the regression relation of u and t;
4) calculated data matrix X _{New}Residual error E and the residual error F of Y, be back to the 2nd) step, extract second couple of latent variable u and t again;
5) repeating step 3) and step 4), the increment of prediction residual quadratic sum is convergence less than convergency value, obtains Mooney viscosity online prediction model.
So far, Mooney viscosity online prediction model is set up and is finished.
Wherein, with PRESS _{(k)}The prediction residual quadratic sum of representing n the sample in the k time extraction back, namely
If PRESS _{(k)}PRESS _{(k1)}＜ε, wherein, convergency value ε sets according to the needs in the practical application, and for example: convergency value is slightly larger than 0 positive number for generally getting, as 10 ^{6}
102: with Mooney viscosity value y _{New}Feed back to quality inspection system, quality inspection system is judged Mooney viscosity value y _{New}Whether in Mooney viscosity preset range value, if, continue to produce, upgrade Mooney viscosity online prediction model; If not, give the alarm, check production procedure and proofreaied and correct by operating personnel, and give up offlimits Mooney viscosity value y _{New}
Wherein, according to actual conditions, producing timing, needing to adjust rubber usually and extrude parameter, calendering parameter, sizing material proportioning etc.
Wherein, Mooney viscosity preset range value is set according to the needs in the practical application, and during specific implementation, the embodiment of the invention does not limit this.
103: repeated execution of steps 101102, when no longer including the input of finished composition rheological parameter, flow process finishes.
In sum, the embodiment of the invention provides a kind of online automatic measuring method of Mooney viscosity of rubber, the embodiment of the invention dopes Mooney viscosity value according to the rheological parameter with rubber, significantly reduce the hysteresis quality of measurement, realize the online detection of Mooney viscosity, in order to control the quality of elastomeric compound in real time, for the quality that further guarantees rubber lays the first stone, and the production of highquality rubber has also brought higher economic interests for manufacturer; Reduce the production cost of manufacturer: saved a large amount of expenses of buying and safeguarding the Mooney instrument; The cost of having avoided the required a large amount of manpower and materials of traditional measurement Mooney instrument method to consume, the cost that can reduce manufacturer greatly drops into, and improves factory's interests; This method has been considered the nonlinear relation between the variable fully, makes the Mooney viscosity online prediction model of setting up more can reflect the relation between the parameter, and prediction data more accurately and reliably.Simultaneously because the timely replacement of Mooney viscosity online prediction model, so it can reflect in real time and follow the tracks of production status, make Mooney viscosity online prediction model more can embody and have the production feature now.The proposition of this method is a successful Application of advanced control strategy, for huge contribution has been made in the development of the Based Intelligent Control of rubber production, improve production automation level, more the development of enterprise provides huge help, saves great amount of cost, creates more profit.
It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that accompanying drawing is the schematic diagram of a preferred embodiment, the invention described above embodiment sequence number does not represent the quality of embodiment just to description.
The above only is preferred embodiment of the present invention, and is in order to limit the present invention, within the spirit and principles in the present invention not all, any modification of doing, is equal to replacement, improvement etc., all should be included within protection scope of the present invention.
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