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CN102389653A - Downhole oil-water-solids separation - Google Patents

Downhole oil-water-solids separation Download PDF


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CN102389653A CN 201110185878 CN201110185878A CN102389653A CN 102389653 A CN102389653 A CN 102389653A CN 201110185878 CN201110185878 CN 201110185878 CN 201110185878 A CN201110185878 A CN 201110185878A CN 102389653 A CN102389653 A CN 102389653A
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CN 201110185878
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    • B67B7/00Hand- or power-operated devices for opening closed containers
    • B67B7/92Hand- or power-operated devices for opening closed containers by breaking, e.g. for ampoules
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/34Arrangements for separating materials produced by the well
    • E21B43/38Arrangements for separating materials produced by the well in the well
    • Y10T225/00Severing by tearing or breaking
    • Y10T225/30Breaking or tearing apparatus
    • Y10T225/371Movable breaking tool


A technique facilitates separating fluids and solids and handling the separated solids downhole. A separator system is provided with a separator having a well fluid inlet, an oil stream passage, a water stream passage, and a solids passage. The separator operates to separate well fluid into substantially oil, water, and solids components and those components are directed to the corresponding passages. A flow restrictor may be used in cooperation with the separator to facilitate separation of the well fluid components.


井下油-水-固体的分离 Downhole Oil - separating solids - water

[0001] 本申请基于并要求2010年6月30日提交的美国临时申请No. =61/359,875的优先权,该临时申请通过引用包括在此。 [0001] This application claims the United States June 30, 2010 Provisional Application No. = No. 61 / 359,875, which provisional application by reference herein.

技术领域 FIELD

[0002] 本发明涉及一种井下装置、一种在井下分离流体和固体的方法以及一种配备井下流体和固体分离系统的方法。 [0002] The present invention relates to a downhole apparatus for separating downhole fluids and solids and a method and a downhole fluid separation system equipped with the solid.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 油井生产可涉及泵送包含部分油和部分水、即作为油/水混合物的井流体。 [0003] production well may involve the pumping section comprising a portion of oil and water, i.e., the well fluid as the oil / water mixture. 当油井的油衰竭时,具有更大百分比的水,且随后被生产到地面。 When oil wells failure, with a greater percentage of water, and subsequently produced to the surface. “生产”的水有时可达到生产出的总的井流体体积的80%以上,从而产生严重的操作问题。 "Production" water sometimes more than 80% of the total production of the well fluid volume, causing serious operational problems. 例如,生产出的水可能需要处理和/或再注入地下储层中,以处置水和帮助保持储层压力。 For example, the water produced may need to process and / or re-injected into a subterranean reservoir, to handle and to help maintain reservoir pressure water. 生产出的水的处理和处置花费 Produced water treatment and disposal of spent

很1¾。 It 1¾.

[0004] 一种应对这些问题的方式是,通过采用井下装置分离油和水,并将分理出的水再次注入,从而减少了生产到地面的不希望的水。 [0004] The way to deal with these problems is by using a downhole device for separating oil and water, and the aqueous fraction re-injected sort, thus reducing the production of unwanted water to the ground. 降低生产到地面的水可使得降低所需的功率,降低液压损失和简化地面设备。 Reduce production to the water surface can be reduced so that the power required to reduce hydraulic losses and to simplify ground equipment. 而且,许多与水处理有关的成本可减少或省去。 Moreover, many of the costs associated with water treatment can be reduced or eliminated.

[0005] 然而,成功地在井下分离油和水、然后再注入水是相当棘手的,且是一种具有许多影响这种操作的效率和可行性的变量和因素的敏感过程。 [0005] However, the successful downhole separation of oil and water, and then poured into water is very difficult, and is a sensitive process variable having a plurality of factors and the efficiency and feasibility of such operations. 例如,各个井的油/水比率可不同,且可随着井的寿命而明显地变化。 For example, the oil / water ratio of each well may be different, with the life of the well and may vary significantly. 所需的注入压力也可随着井的寿命而变化。 Desired injection pressure may vary with the life of the well. 例如,分离出的水所需的注入压力往往随着时间而增大。 For example, the separated water injection pressure is often required increases with time.

[0006] 当井流体包括有时混合在井流体中的固体、例如沙和其他颗粒时,会出现另外的问题。 [0006] When the well fluid may comprise mixing well fluid in a solid, for example, sand and other particles, will further problems. 固体往往比油重,且从水析出。 Solid often than heavy oil, and precipitated from water. 然而,水流中的固体的存在可产生复杂的井下状况, 例如阻塞。 However, the presence of solids in water may produce complex downhole conditions, such as obstructive. 在一些应用场合中,固体与被再次注入的水流分离且往往阻塞再次注入的位置。 In some applications, the solid was separated and re-injected water is often injected into the blocking position again. 井流体/水中的固体比例也可随着时间变化,这在井下处理固体时会产生更大的困难。 Well fluid / solids ratio of water may vary with time, which leads to greater difficulty in handling the solid underground.


[0007] 总体而言,井下油-水-固体分离的多个方面提供了一种用于在井下分离流体和固体和处理已被分离出的固体的系统和方法。 [0007] In general, a downhole oil - water - more aspects of the solids separation system and method is provided for separating solids and fluid handling and solids have been separated downhole. 该技术方案利用具有分离器的分离系统,所述分离器具有井流体入口、油流输出通道、水流输出通道和固体输出通道。 The technical solution using a separation system having a separator, said separator having a well fluid inlet oil flow output channel, output channel water and solids output channel. 分离器用于将井流体大致分离成油、水和固体组分,且这些组分被引导到相应的通道。 A separator for substantially separating the well fluid into oil, water and solid components, and these components are directed to the appropriate channel. 限流器可与分离器配合使用,以便于分离井流体组分。 Flow restrictor may be used with the separator in order to separate the well fluid components.


[0008] 下面,将参看附图描述井下油-水-固体分离的某些实施例,其中,相同的附图标记表示相同的元件,附图包括: [0008] Next, will be described with reference to the accompanying drawings downhole oil - water - solid separation certain embodiments, wherein like reference numerals denote like elements, in which:

[0009] 图1是根据一个实施例的使用与分离系统协作的潜入式电力泵送系统的井系统的前视图; [0009] FIG. 1 is a submersible pumping system to a power system using a separate embodiment of a well system cooperating front view of the embodiment;

[0010] 图2是根据一个实施例的分离系统的一个示例的剖视图; [0010] FIG. 2 is a cross-sectional view of one exemplary embodiment of a separation system according to the embodiment;

[0011] 图3是井系统的一部分的剖视图,示出了根据一个实施例的限流器的一个示例; [0011] FIG. 3 is a sectional view of a portion of the well system, illustrating one example of a flow restrictor in accordance with an embodiment;

[0012] 图4是与图3类似的剖视图,但示出了从根据所述实施例的井系统的所述部分移除的限流器; [0012] FIG. 4 is a cross-sectional view similar to Figure 3, but showing the flow restrictor removed from the portion of a well system according to the embodiment;

[0013] 图5是与根据一个可选的实施例的分离系统组合的井系统的一个可选示例的前视图; [0013] FIG. 5 is a front view of an alternative example of a well system alternative separation system according to an embodiment of the composition;

[0014] 图6是根据实施例的可用于井系统的方向改变装置的一个示例的剖视图; [0014] FIG. 6 is a cross-sectional view of one example of the direction changing means may be used in accordance with an embodiment of the well system;

[0015] 图7是根据一个实施例的与用于井系统中的限流器组合的方向改变装置的剖视图; [0015] FIG. 7 is a sectional view of one embodiment of apparatus for changing the direction of the well system in a combined flow restrictor;

[0016] 图8是根据一个实施例的可应用于井系统的限流器系统的一个示例的剖视图; [0016] FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of one example of the flow restrictor system well system according to one embodiment may be applied;

[0017] 图9是根据实施例的包括一个传感器或多个传感器的限流器系统的剖视图;以及 [0017] FIG. 9 is a sectional view of a sensor embodiment comprises a flow restrictor or a plurality of sensors according to the system; and

[0018] 图10是根据一个实施例的分离系统的另一示例的剖视图,其中,井流体被分成三种组分,所述三种组分主要包括油、水和固体。 [0018] FIG. 10 is a sectional view showing another example of a separation system according to an embodiment, wherein the well fluid is separated into three components, including the three components of oil, water and solids.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0019] 在下面的描述中,给出了众多细节,以便理解本发明。 [0019] In the following description, numerous details are given for understanding the present invention. 然而,本领域的技术人员可以理解,本发明也可在不具备这些细节的情况下实施,且可对所描述的实施例进行众多变化或修改。 However, those skilled in the art will appreciate, may be practiced without these details of the present invention and that numerous variations or modifications may be made to the described embodiments.

[0020] 在说明书和权利要求书中,术语“向上,,和“向下,,、“上,,和“下,,、“向上地,,和“向下地”、“上游”和“下游”、“上方”和“下方”以及其他表示给定点或给定元件上方或下方的相对位置的类似术语在该说明书中用于更清楚地描述本发明的一些实施例。然而,对于用于斜井或水平井中的设备和方法来说,如果合适,这种术语可指从左向右、从右向左或其他关系。 [0020] In the specification, the specification and claims the terms "up,, and" down ",, and the" lower ,,, ,,, ",, and upwardly," downwardly "," upstream "and" downstream "," above "and" below "and the other represents a given point or like terms given above or below the relative position of elements used to more clearly describe some embodiments of the invention in this specification. However, for a swash wells or horizontal wells apparatus and method, if appropriate, such terms may refer to a left to right, right to left, or other relationships.

[0021] 在此描述的实施例通常涉及机械采油系统,例如,与油气井相关的机械采油系统。 [0021] Example embodiments described herein relate generally to artificial lift systems, e.g., oil and gas wells and associated artificial lift system. 所述实施例包括用于分离井流体组分,例如油、水和固体的系统和方法。 The embodiment comprises, for example, a system and method for separating a well fluid components oil, water and solids. 例如,一个实施例涉及井下油/水/固体分离以及涉及管控用于操控井流体组分分离的背压。 For example, one embodiment relates to downhole oil / water / solids separation and to control for manipulating the well fluid backpressure fractionation. 一种控制油和水的分离的方式例如通过调节施加给油流和/或水流的背压进行。 Separation of oil and water in a controlled manner and to such oil flow or back pressure / flow by adjusting applied. 背压可通过调节限流控制,以实现对退出井流体组分分离器的油流和/或水流的期望节流。 Back pressure may be controlled by adjusting the flow restrictor to achieve the desired expansion of the well fluid component exits the separator oil flow and / or flow. 除了井流体组分分离以外,在此描述的实施例涉及被设计用于向输出流提供期望节流、即背压的设备。 In addition to the well fluid fractionation, embodiments described herein relate to the desired throttle is designed to provide the output stream, i.e., the back pressure device. 节流幅度可根据井流体的油/水/固体含量在完全关闭(没有流动)到宽开口(充分流动)之间变化。 Throttling the oil well fluid according to the amplitude / water / solids content is fully closed (no flow) to the opening width (full flow) vary.

[0022] 控制背压和相关流动可与注水区相对于生产区(生产区的井上或井下方向的注水区)的方位高度地相关。 [0022] The back pressure control and flow associated with injection zone with respect to the orientation of the production zone (uphole or downhole injection zone of the production zone) is highly relevant. 这两个方位之间的一些差别涉及井上注入(injecting uphole) 和井下注入(injecting downhole),在所述井上注入中,装置可以单一操作节流和通到油管环空,在所述井下注入中,装置可能需要对流动“在线”节流,即,需要从油管接收注入流, 对该流进行节流,然后将该流返回到向着注水区行进的另一油管。 Some differences between these two orientations relates Inoue injection (injecting uphole) and the downhole injection (injecting downhole), the uphole injection, the throttling means may be a single operation through the tubing and annulus in the downhole injection , flow devices may require "online" throttling, i.e., needs to receive from the injection pipe flow, the flow is throttled and the flow returns to the other tubing traveling towards the injection zone. 在一些应用中,限流器的节流通道/或开口的直径可在大约0. 125英寸到1. 0英寸的范围内。 In some applications, the throttling passage / or diameter of the opening of the flow restrictor may be in the range of about 0.125 inches to 1.0 inches of.

[0023] 总体上请参看图1,井系统20被示为部署在井眼22中。 [0023] Referring generally to Figure 1, a well system 20 is shown deployed in the wellbore 22. 在该实施例中,井系统20包括潜入式电力泵送系统对,所述潜入式电力泵送系统M具有潜入式马达26和由潜入式马达沈驱动的潜入式泵28。 In this embodiment, well system 20 comprises a submersible pumping system power, the power submersible pumping system having a submersible motor M by a submersible motor 26 and sink 28 is driven submersible pump. 潜入式电力泵送系统M可包括多种其他构件、例如泵开口或进入口30和马达保护器32。 M Power submersible pumping system may include various other components, such as a pump or inlet port opening 30 and a motor protector 32. 附加性地,示出的井系统20还包括被设计成用于分离井流体组分的分离器34,例如离心分离器或旋流分离器。 Additionally, the well system 20 shown also includes a separator designed for separating a well fluid components 34, such as a centrifugal separator or a cyclone separator. 例如,分离器34可被设计成用于分离流体组分、例如油和水,流体和固体组分、例如水和颗粒,或其他组分组合、例如油、水和固体。 For example, separator 34 can be designed to separate fluid components, such as oil and, fluid and solid components, such as water and granules, other components, or a combination of water, such as oil, water and solids. 分离器34可在多种位置、例如在示出的潜入式泵观上方的位置连接到井系统20中。 Separator 34 may be at a variety of locations, such as the well system 20 is connected to a position above the submersible pump concept illustrated. 然而, 分离器34还可定位在潜入式泵观的上游,以限制固体流过泵观。 However, the separator 34 may also be positioned upstream of the submersible pump concept, to restrict solids flow through the pump concept.

[0024] 在示出的示例中,井系统20放置在油气井的井下,例如井的套管36内。 [0024] In the example shown, the well system 20 is placed downhole in oil and gas wells, for example, in the well casing 36. 当放置在井下期望位置处时,潜入式马达26可供给动力,以驱动潜入式泵观和分离器34。 When placed at a desired downhole position, submersible motor 26 may be powered to drive the submersible pump 34 and the separator concept. 在该实施例的操作过程中,井流体通过开口30被吸入泵观中且被泵送到分离器34中。 During operation of this embodiment, well fluid sucked into the pump through the opening 30 and is pumped to the concept of the separator 34. 分离器34加速并沿圆形路径驱动井流体混合物,从而,利用离心力将密度较大的物质、例如水和固体定位到更远的径向位置,以及将密度较小的流体、例如油定位到与转动中心更接近的位置。 Separator 34 to accelerate the fluid mixture and drives the well along a circular path, so that, by centrifugal force denser substances, such as water and solid positioning farther radial position, and the less dense fluid, such as oil targeting and a position closer to the center of rotation. 在该示例中,油流和水流从分离器34排出并沿着不同的路径单独地行进到方向改变装置38, 所述方向改变装置改变水流的方向,并将水流注入周围地层中,同时例如通过油管40将油流向井上引导到地面收集位置。 In this example, the oil and water streams 34 and discharged separately to travel along different path direction changing means 38, the direction changing means to change the direction of water flow, and the flow of water injected into the surrounding formation from the separator, at the same time by e.g. the pipe 40 guiding the oil to flow uphole to the surface collection location. 分离器34可被设计成用于分离油、水和固体(参看图10), 在这种情况下,井流体的固体组分被方向改变装置38引导到期望位置。 Separator 34 may be designed for separation of oil, water and solids (see FIG. 10), in this case, the solid component of the well fluid in the direction of the device 38 is changed to a desired location. 应当指出,分离器34也可在具有或没有方向改变装置38的情况下用于多种位置。 It should be noted that, in the separator 34 may be used with or without a plurality of direction changing means 38 the position of the case. 例如,分离器34可用于分离油、水和固体组分,然后再将固体与油流组合以给送到期望的地面收集位置,从而,避免堵塞注水区。 For example, separator 34 can be used to separate oil, water and solid components, then the solid composition to the oil stream fed to the desired position of the collection surface, thus avoiding clogging of injection zone.

[0025] 关于水流、油流和/或固体流,从分离器34的输出是指分别大致具有水、油和固体的浓度的流。 [0025] For water, oil flow and / or solids flows, the output 34 from the separator means each having a substantially water flow, the concentration of oil and solids. 换言之,相应的流可包含一部分其他井流体组分,不可能是纯的而仅包含水、 油或固体。 In other words, the stream may comprise a portion of the respective other component of the well fluid, it is impossible and only containing pure water, an oil or a solid. 根据特定的应用场合,井系统20可包括其他各种构件,例如封隔器42和44。 Depending on the particular application, the well system 20 may include various other components, such as the packer 42, and 44.

[0026] 图2示出了分离器34的一个示例的剖视图,在这种情况下,所述分离器是离心式分离器。 [0026] FIG. 2 shows a sectional view of an example of the separator 34, in this case, the separator is a centrifugal separator. 井流体混合物被驱动通过分离器34的井流体入口45并进入分离器部分或分离器34的腔室46、例如旋流腔室中。 Well fluid mixture is driven through the well fluid separator 34 and the inlet 45 into the separator or separator portion of the chamber 4634, such as the cyclone chamber. 井流体的组分通过分流器48分离,所述分流器48限定出用于从分离器部分46运送已被分离的井流体组分的管道或通道。 Separation of components of the well fluid through the shunt 48, the flow diverter 48 defines a passage for the pipe or has been separated from the conveying portion 46 of the separator well fluid components. 例如,通道可包括充当分离器腔室46的出口的油通道或管道50和水通道或管道52。 For example, the channel may include a passage or pipe serving as an oil separator chamber 50 and outlet 46 of the conduit 52 or the water passage. 分流器48还可从井流体分离出另外的组分,例如固体,所述固体沿着单独的固体通道或管道传送。 Splitter 48 is separated from the well fluid may be an additional component, such as a solid, the solid along a separate channel or conduit conveying solid. 如图所示,油通道50 相对于水通道52在径向方向上偏内设置。 As shown, the oil passage 50 with respect to the water passage 52 is provided within the bias in the radial direction. 背压可选择性地施加给油流、水流和/或固体流, 以影响分离过程。 Back pressure selectively applied to the flow of oil, water and / or solids flows, in order to influence the separation process. 例如,当分流具有高百分比的油的井流体时,通过水通道52作用于水流的背压可改善分离结果。 For example, when the shunt well fluid having a high percentage of oil by water passage 52 acting on the backpressure flow separation results can be improved. 对于具有较高百分比的水的井流体,通过油通道50作用于油流的较高的背压可类似地改善油和水的分离。 For the well fluid having a higher percentage of water, a higher back pressure acting through the oil passage 50 on the oil flow can similarly improve the separation of oil and water. 总体上,相同的背压原理适用于旋流或离心式分离器。 In general, the same principles apply to the back pressure cyclone or centrifugal separator. [0027] 总体上参看图3,示出了另一类型的分离系统M的剖视图,所述分离系统具有分离器34,该分离器用于将井流体组分分成例如流过油通道50和水通道52的流。 [0027] Referring generally to FIG 3, shows a cross-sectional view of another type of separation system M, a separation system having a separator 34 which separates the well fluid components for example, into the water passage 50 and the oil flowing through the passage stream 52. 应当指出, 分离器34也可设计成分离出固体组分,所述固体组分然后沿着单独的管道输送,这将在下面进行更详细的描述。 It should be noted that the separator 34 may also be designed to separate the solid component, said solid component and, as will be described in more detail in the following along a single pipeline. 在图3中,箭头56示出了表示油流的路径,箭头58示出了表示水流的路径。 In Figure 3, arrow 56 shows the path of the oil flow represented by arrow 58 shows the path represented by the water flow. 在该示例中,限流器60、例如节流构件定位在水通道52中。 In this example, the flow restrictor 60, for example, the throttle member 52 is positioned in the water passage. 然而,替代性地,限流器60也可放置在油通道50中,或另外的限流器60可放置在油通道50中而使得在水通道和油通道中均具有限流器。 However, alternatively, flow restrictor 60 may also be placed in the oil passage 50, or other flow restrictor 60 may be placed in the oil passage 50 so that the water passage and the oil passage has a flow restrictor. 在该实施例中,水流58向井上流入限流器60中。 In this embodiment, the flow restrictor 58 into the flow uphole to 60.

[0028] 限流器60可以从多种不同类型的限流器中选择,其中一个示例具有节流孔件62, 所述节流孔件具有通流节流孔或通道64。 [0028] The flow restrictor 60 may be selected from a variety of different types of flow restrictors, one example of a member orifice 62, the orifice member having an orifice or flow passage 64. 节流孔64的尺寸可以变化,且限流器60和节流孔件62的结构使得能够调节水流58中的背压。 The size of the orifice 64 may be varied, and the flow restrictor member 60 and the orifice 62 of the structure 58 makes it possible to regulate the flow of back pressure. 例如,限流器60可以是可移除的限流器,以便能被更换为具有不同的节流性能的其他限流器60,例如具有尺寸不同的通流节流孔64 的不同的节流孔件62,从而,能够调节背压。 For example, the flow restrictor 60 may be removable flow restrictor, to be replaced with another flow restrictor 60 having a throttle different properties, for example different sizes of the different through-flow orifice 64 of the throttle hole member 62, whereby the back pressure can be adjusted. 在其他实施例中,节流孔件62可移除,且可更换为具有尺寸不同的节流孔64的其他节流孔件62。 In other embodiments, the orifice member 62 may be removed and may be replaced with another orifice having a different orifice size of 64 62. 限流器60和/或节流孔件62可借助于工具66更换,所述工具可下放到井下,以放置和/或移除限流器60或节流孔件62。 Flow restrictor 60 and / or orifice 62 by means of the replacement tool 66, the tool may be lowered into the underground, to place and / or removed or the flow restrictor 60 orifice member 62. 作为示例,用于更换装置的工具可以包括在电缆、钢丝(slick line)、连续油管或其他合适的传送装置68上运行的工具。 As an example, the tool may comprise means for exchanging the tool run on a cable, wire (slick line), coiled tubing, or other suitable transfer means 68. 在一些应用场合下,钢丝可以是用于改变节流特性的最经济的传送装置。 In some applications, the wire may be the most economical means of transmission for changing the throttle characteristic. 在图3中示出的示例中,油管道50可被定位或构造成防止由传送装置68下放的工具意外地进入油通道50中。 In the example shown in FIG. 3, the oil pipe 50 may be positioned or configured to prevent the tool decentralization transfer means 68 in the accidental entry of the oil passage 50. 例如,油通道50可具有倾斜部分70,以防止工具66进入管道中,或管道的尺寸可被选择成使工具66不能进入通道中。 For example, the oil passage 50 may have an inclined portion 70 to prevent the size of the tool 66 into the pipe or conduit may be selected such that tool 66 can not enter the passage.

[0029] 在一些应用场合下,限流器60包括节流孔件62,所述节流孔件62具有尺寸可变的节流孔64,使得不需更换限流器60来改变节流孔64的尺寸。 [0029] In some applications, device 60 comprises a flow restrictor orifice member 62, 62 having a variable size orifice of the orifice member 64, so that the need to replace the flow restrictor 60 to vary the orifice 64 size. 作为示例,节流孔的尺寸可在地面以机械方式调节,或通过经由传送装置68例如电缆、钢丝、连续油管下放的工具66进行。 As an example, the size of the orifice can be mechanically adjusted on the ground, or cable, wire, coiled tubing decentralized tool 66 via the transfer means 68, for example. 在其他应用中,节流孔件62可具有可调节的节流孔64,所述可调节的节流孔64可通过液压管路经由引到井下的液压调节或通过电机调节,所述电机通过从地面或从井下控制器发送的电信号控制。 In other applications, the orifice member 62 may have an adjustable orifice 64, the adjustable orifice 64 may be introduced via a hydraulic line downhole through hydraulic adjustment or adjustment by a motor, said motor by electric signals transmitted from the ground or from a downhole controller.

[0030] 如图3进一步所示,止回阀72位于油通道50和/或水通道52中。 [0030] As further illustrated in FIG. 3, the check valve 72 is located in the oil passage 50 and / or 52 in the water passage. 止回阀72可用于防止流体通过油通道50和水通道52移回分离器34中。 A check valve for preventing fluid 72 may be moved back to the separator 34 through the oil passage 50 and the water passage 52. 利用止回阀72阻止该可能的回流防止损坏分离器34。 The check valve 72 prevents the backflow preventing possible damage to the separator 34.

[0031] 再次参看图1,封隔器42、44可用于沿着井系统20隔离井眼的多个区域。 [0031] Referring again to Figure 1, the packer 42, 44 may be a plurality of isolation regions 20 along the well borehole system. 作为示例,封隔器42和44被示为将水要再次注入到与方向改变装置38接近的地层中的区域与井流体从下封隔器44下方的地层抽吸的区域隔离。 As an example, the packer 42, and 44 are shown to be injected into the water again with the direction change region and the well fluid 38 near the formation zone of the formation isolation from below lower packer 44 drawn. 封隔器结构有效地将泵进入口30与再次注入的流体隔离。 Packer structure effectively isolate the pump inlet port 30 and re-injected fluid. 可选地,在水再次在封隔器42上方或封隔器44下方注入时,封隔器44可位于潜入式泵观下方,从而,充分地将生产出井流体的区域与水注入的地层的区域隔离。 Alternatively, when water is reinjected below the above the packer 42 or packer 44, packer 44 may be located below submersible pump concept, thus, sufficiently to produce a region of the well fluid and the water injection formation regional isolation. 可使用多种封隔器结构,只要它们被定位成在生产出的流体与注入的流体之间产生隔离即可。 Packer can use a variety of structures as long as they can be positioned to create the isolation between the produced fluid injected fluid.

[0032] 井系统20也可被构造成能够向井下注入增产处理流体。 [0032] Well system 20 may also be configured to be implanted stimulation treatment fluid downhole. 例如,在图4示出的实施例中,分离系统M与图3的分离系统类似,但限流器60已被移除。 For example, in the embodiment shown in FIG. 4, a separation system similar to the separation system M of FIG. 3, the flow restrictor 60 has been removed. 在图4的结构中,增产处理流体可沿着油管40向下泵送到油通道50和水通道52中。 In the configuration of FIG. 4, the stimulation fluid can be fed downwardly along the tubing 40 of the pump 50 and the oil passage 52 in the water passage. 限流器60可被更换为防止处理流体沿着再次注入的水的路径流动的流动装置。 Flow restrictor 60 may be replaced to prevent flow of process fluid flow device along the path of the water re-injection. 作为示例,箭头74示出了表示增产处理流体的路径。 As an example, arrow 74 shows a representation of stimulation fluid path. 止回阀72防止增产流体行进到分离器34中,以避免对分离器造成有害作用。 The check valve 72 prevents the stimulation fluid travels into the separator 34 in order to avoid harmful effects on the separator.

[0033] 总体上参看图5,示出了一种替代性结构,以显示将水流再次注入到位于生产区78下方的期望注水区76。 Referring to the general [0033] On FIG. 5, there is shown an alternative construction, again to show the flow of water is injected into the production zone is located below the injection zone 78 of the desired 76. 潜入式马达沈、泵观和分离器34可以与参看图1描述的方式类似的方式连接,且方向改变装置38连接到分离器34的井上方向。 Shen submerged motor, and the pump concept may be connected to the separator 34 described with reference to the embodiment of FIG. 1 in a similar manner, and the direction changing means 38 is connected to the separator 34 uphole direction. 方向改变装置38连接到管道80,所述管道80向井下延伸,以引导被改变方向的流体通过下封隔器82。 Direction changing means 38 is connected to the conduit 80, the conduit 80 extends downhole to change the direction guided by the fluid 82 through the lower packer. 下封隔器82将生产区78与位于封隔器82下方的注水区76分离开。 Lower packer 82 away from the production zone 78 located below the packer 82 the injection zone 76 min. 在该实施例中,水流行进通过管道80和尾管组件84。 In this embodiment, the water travels through a pipe 80 and tail pipe assembly 84. 尾管组件84延伸通过下封隔器82进入注水区76中,以便能够再次注入水组分。 A tail pipe assembly 84 extends through the lower packer 82 into the injection zone 76 in order to be able to inject the water component again.

[0034] 图6示出了方向改变装置38的一个实施例的更详细的剖视图。 [0034] FIG. 6 shows a more detailed cross-sectional view of the direction of an embodiment of a device 38 changes. 类似地,图7示出了与定位在限流器容纳腔86中的限流器60组合的方向改变装置38的一个实施例的更详细的剖视图。 Similarly, FIG. 7 shows the direction of flow restrictor positioned in the receiving chamber 86 of the flow restrictor 60 in combination a more detailed cross-sectional view of an embodiment of a device 38 changes. 限流器容纳腔86被构造成接收限流器60。 Flow restrictor receiving chamber 86 is configured to receive the flow restrictor 60. 在该特殊的示例中,水通道52基于离心式油/水分离径向上位于油通道50的外侧。 In this particular example, the water passage 52 based on the centrifugal oil / water separator is located radially outward of the oil passage 50. 油通道50从井下方向改变装置38延伸通过方向改变装置并向井上延伸经过方向改变装置,直到它与油管40、例如生产油管/连续油管连接。 Changing oil passage 50 extending from the downhole device 38 extends through the direction changing means, and tubing 40 until it is, for example, production tubing / coiled tubing and connected by means uphole direction change. 水通道52从方向改变装置38下方延伸到方向改变装置38中。 Water passage 52 from the direction changing means 38 extends downward into the direction changing means 38. 水通道52会合到水通道88中,所述水通道88使水通道52与限流器容纳腔86连接。 Water passage 52 joined to the water passage 88, the water passage 52 and the water passage 88 so that the flow restrictor 86 connected to the receiving chamber. 在示出的实施例中,水通道88沿与水通道52大致垂直的方向延伸,从而,水流流经急转弯,例如90°转弯。 In the illustrated embodiment, the water channel 88 along the water passage 52 extending in a direction substantially perpendicular to, water flow through a sharp turn, for example, 90 ° turn. 然而,转弯的角度可变化,且在一些应用中,它可以转弯较小,例如45°,或转弯更大,例如135°。 However, the turn angle may vary, and in some applications, it may turn small, for example 45 °, more or turns, for example, 135 °. 注入通道90连接在限流器容纳腔86与合适的通道、例如管道80之间,以便将井流体的水组分引导到期望的注水区76。 Receiving the injection passage 90 connecting chamber 86 with a suitable flow restrictor passage, for example, between the duct 80 so as to guide the water component of the well fluid to the desired injection zone 76.

[0035] 另外参看图8,示出了限流器60的一个实施例。 [0035] Further reference to Figure 8, there is shown a flow restrictor 60 of the embodiment. 在该实施例中,限流器60包括本体92,所述本体中限定出上内腔室94和下内腔室96。 In this embodiment, the flow restrictor 60 includes a body 92, the upper body defines an inner chamber 94 and a lower interior chamber 96. 上内腔室94和下内腔室96由限流件、例如限流节流孔件62分隔,所述限流节流孔件具有流动通道/节流孔64,借此,流体流动被节流。 Upper and lower inner chamber 94 inner chamber 96 by the current limiting element, e.g. restrictor orifice partition member 62, the restrictor orifice member having a flow passage / orifice 64, whereby the fluid flow section is flow. 节流孔件62和限流器本体92可以是同一部件或装配在一起的两个不同的部件。 Orifice member body 62 and the flow restrictor 92 may be two parts of the same or different members are assembled together. 整个限流器60和/或限流器节流孔件62可根据井流体分离应用场合是固定的或是可移除的。 Entire flow restrictor 60 and / or the restrictor orifice member 62 according to the well fluid separation applications are fixed or removable.

[0036] 在示出的实施例中,节流孔件62的节流孔64的直径比上内腔室94或下内腔室96 的直径小,但节流孔64的直径也可与上内腔室94或下内腔室96的直径基本上相同。 [0036] In the illustrated embodiment, the diameter of the orifice 64 of the orifice member 62 is smaller than the diameter of the upper or the lower inner chamber 94 inner chamber 96, but also the diameter of the orifice 64 with the substantially the same as the diameter of the inner chamber 94 or lower chamber 96 of the lumen. 另外, 一个或多个通道98位于限流器的本体92中,且将上内腔室94与限流器60外部的区域液压连通。 Additionally, one or more channels 98 of the flow restrictor body 92, and the region outside the inner cavity 60 of the hydraulic chamber 94 in communication with the flow restrictor. 另一通道100位于限流器60的井下端上,且提供了能通过下内腔室96与节流孔件62的底部连通的流动路径。 Another channel 100 is located on the downhole end of flow restrictor 60, and provides the flow path through the inner chamber 96 and the bottom 62 of the orifice member communication.

[0037] 当限流器60定位在限流器容纳腔86内时,通道98可使流体从水通道88通过通道98进入上内腔室94中。 [0037] When the flow restrictor 60 is positioned within the receiving chamber 86 at the flow restrictor 98 allows fluid passage from the water passage 88 through the passage 98 into the upper interior chamber 94. 流体然后流过节流孔件62的节流孔64并流入到下内腔室96 中。 The fluid then flows through the throttle orifice 64 of the orifice member 62 and into the inner chamber 96. 流体、例如水从下内腔室96流过通道100并流出限流器60,以用于再次注入到期望的区、例如注水区76中。 Fluid such as water flows from the inner chamber through the passage and out of flow restrictor 96 100 60, for re-injected to a desired area, for example in the injection zone 76. 多个密封件102、例如0形圈密封件可绕着本体92安装,以与限流器容纳腔96的内表面形成密封。 A plurality of seals 102, such as 0-ring seal 92 may be mounted around the body, the inner surface of the receiving chamber 96 to form a seal with the flow restrictor. 在多种应用场合中,限流器60可以移除。 In various applications, the flow restrictor 60 may be removed. 附加性地替代性地,节流孔件62可被构造成是可更换的或可调节的,以便能够调节流动通道64的尺寸。 Alternatively, additionally the orifice member 62 may be configured to be replaceable or adjustable to be able to adjust the size of the flow passage 64. 应当指出,限流器60可具有许多内部结构,所述内部结构能够使对流体的期望限流/节流便于分离井流体组分。 It should be noted that the flow restrictor 60 may have a number of internal structure, the internal structure enables a desired fluid flow restrictor / orifice facilitate separation of the well fluid components.

[0038] 当可移除时,限流器60可包括连接件104,所述连接件104被设计成便于与工具66接合,以便放入限流器容纳腔86中和从限流器容纳腔86取出。 [0038] When removable, the flow restrictor 60 may include a connector 104, the connector 104 is designed to facilitate engagement with a tool 66, so that the flow restrictor into the receiving chamber 86 from the receiving chamber and flow restrictor 86 out. 如较前所述,工具66可连接到多种传送装置68、例如电缆、钢丝或连续油管。 As compared with the former, a plurality of transfer tool 66 may be connected to devices 68, such as a cable, wire or coiled tubing.

[0039] 在许多应用中,应用的分离技术和所选的限流器取决于与井流体相关的参数/特性,例如井流体容纳物。 [0039] In many applications, the application and separation techniques selected depends on the flow restrictor associated with the well fluid parameters / features, such as well fluid contents. 例如,井流体的容纳物可用于确定分离、生产和再次注入各种井流体组分的合适技术。 For example, the receiving well fluid can be used to determine the separation, a variety of production and injection well fluid components suitable technique again. 在一些应用中,传感器106可定位在井下,以确定所选的井流体的参数,例如井流体中的油/水/固体比例,如图9所示。 In some applications, the sensor 106 may be positioned downhole well fluid to determine parameters selected, for example, the well fluid of the oil / water / solids ratio, as shown in FIG. 来自传感器106的数据可以多种方式向井上传输,例如经过电线传输电信号,通过光纤传输光信号,经由无线传输技术传输无线电信号、声信号,以及其他合适的数据传输技术。 Data from the sensor 106 may be, for example, via wire transmission uphole to transmit electrical signals in various ways, through the optical fiber transmission signal via a wireless transmission technology to transmit radio signals, acoustic signals, and other suitable data transmission techniques. 替代性地,信号可传输到井下处理器108。 Alternatively, the signal may be transmitted to a downhole processor 108. 井下处理器108可用于向例如与可调节的节流孔件62连接的马达提供指令,以设定某一节流孔尺寸或执行其他井下功能。 A downhole processor 108 for providing instructions to the motor may be connected, for example an adjustable orifice member 62 to a set orifice size or perform other functions downhole. 根据应用场合,传感器106可位于分离器34的井流体进入口的下游、分离器34内、方向改变装置38内、限流器60内、分离器34外且井流体进入口30 的井下位置、分离器34外且井流体进入口30的井上位置、分离器34外且与井流体进入口30相同的高度处、井流体进入口30的下游、分离器的上游以及其他合适的位置。 Depending on the application, the sensor 106 may be located in the separator well fluid 34 downstream of the inlet port, within the separator 34, direction changing means 38, the flow restrictor 60, the separator 34 outside and well fluid into the downhole position of the mouth 30, separator 34 and the outer position of the well fluid entering the well mouth 30, an outer separator 34 and the well fluid entering port 30 at the same height, the well fluid entering the downstream port 30, upstream of the separator, and other suitable location.

[0040] 再次参看图9,示出了限流器60的一个示例,所述限流器具有位于上内腔室94中的传感器106。 [0040] Referring again to FIG 9, shows an example of the flow restrictor 60, the flow restrictor positioned on the internal chamber 94 having the sensor 106. 在一个替代性的实施例中,传感器106可位于下内腔室96中;或多个传感器可位于上内腔室中、下内腔室中和/或其他期望位置处。 In an alternative embodiment, the sensor 106 may be located in the inner chamber 96; or more sensors may be located on the inner chamber, the inner chamber at a lower and / or other desired location. 根据期望采集的有关井流体的信息,传感器106可被设计成用于感测多种参数、例如温度、流率、压力、粘度、油/水比例或其他期望参数。 The information about the desired well fluid collected, sensor 106 may be designed to sense a variety of parameters, such as temperature, flow rate, pressure, viscosity, oil / water ratio, or other desired parameters. 附加性地,一个传感器或多个传感器106可与遥测拾取装置110协作使用, 所述遥测拾取装置110集成在井系统20的方向改变装置38或另一合适的构件中。 Additionally, one sensor or sensors 106 may be used in cooperation telemetry pickup apparatus 110, the pickup apparatus 110 integrated telemetry changing means 38 or another suitable member in the direction of the well system 20. 传感器106能够经由合适的遥测系统、例如电接触或“短传”遥测系统与井下处理器108或另一合适的数据收集系统通信。 Sensor 106 via a suitable telemetry system can be, for example, an electrical contact or "short pass" and the downhole telemetry system processor 108 or another suitable data collection system in communication. 如前所述,从传感器106获得的信息也可用于调节节流孔64的尺寸。 As described above, the information obtained from the sensors 106 may also be used for adjusting the size of the orifice 64. 例如,节流孔件62可包括调节机构111,所述调节机构可以机械、液压、电或其他方式调节。 For example, the orifice member 62 may include an adjustment mechanism 111, the adjustment mechanism may be mechanical, hydraulic, electrical, or otherwise adjusted. 在一个示例中,工具可在合适的传送装置68上下放,以便以机械方式致动调节机构111,从而改变节流孔64的尺寸。 In one example, a suitable tool can be down on the conveyor 68, so as to be mechanically actuated adjustment mechanism 111 to vary the size of the orifice 64.

[0041] 总体上参看图10,示出了分离器34和分离系统讨的另一实施例。 Referring to the general [0041] On FIG. 10, there is shown a further separators and separation systems discussed in Example 34. 在该实施例中, 分离器34被设计用于将井流体分离成另外的组分。 In this embodiment, the separator 34 is designed for separating a well fluid into additional components. 例如,分离器34可被设计成将井流体分离成油、水和固体,例如颗粒,以提供有益的分离和生产结果。 For example, separator 34 may be designed to the well fluid is separated into oil, water and solids, such as granules, to provide beneficial results of separation and production. 井下流体分离技术的长期的成功应用中的一个因素是保持向注水区、例如区76的注入率。 Factors that a successful application of downhole fluid separation in the injection zone is maintained, for example, injection rate region 76. 在生产操作中,注入率的降低可由在油和水分离之后被载送到注水区、例如区76的固体、例如颗粒引起。 In production operations, the injection rate may be reduced after separation of oil and water is carried to the injection zone, such as region 76 of a solid, for example, to cause the particles. 注水区的沙面上的固体的集聚可降低注入率。 The solid surface of the injection zone of the sand gathering injection rate can be reduced. 尽可能接近地将注入系数与实际一样长地保持为初始注入系数可有益于井下流体分离系统的连续操作。 Injected as closely as possible as long as the actual coefficient holding continuous operation can be beneficial for the initial injection coefficient downhole fluid separation system. 生产可通过独自地限制在注水区处沉积的固体量或与注水区增产干预措施相结合而得到改善。 Production can be improved by limiting the amount of solids alone deposited at the injection zone or injection zone stimulation interventions combined.

[0042] 图10中示出的分离器34的实施例被设计成用于提供另外的固体排放流。 In [0042] FIG. 10 illustrates an embodiment of the separator 34 is designed to provide additional solids discharge stream. 该流可用于将固体引导离开注水区76。 The solids stream may be used to guide the water away from region 76. 在一些应用场合中,固体排放流可与井流体的已被生产出的油组分再次组合,以便留下基本上没有固体的注入水流。 In some applications, it may be combined solids discharge stream has again been produced well fluid oil component, so as to leave substantially no solids injection water stream.

[0043] 如上面对分离器34的描述,油组分、水组分和固体组分的分离可通过转动动态分离器、例如旋流分离器或离心分离器,利用转动产生的力根据密度分离原理实现。 [0043] described above for the separator 34, an oil component, separating the water component and the solid component can be rotated by a dynamic separator, for example a cyclone or a centrifugal separator, the force generated by the rotation of separation according to the density realization of the principle. 当井流体转动时,较重的相/组分被分离到外转动半径处。 When the rotation of the well fluid, the heavier phase / components are separated at the outer radius of rotation. 例如,较重的固体可被分离到径向外侧区域,而较轻的水被分离到中间区域,且更轻的油被分离到较接近转动中心的区域。 For example, the heavier solids can be separated to a radially outer region, while the lighter are separated into the intermediate water region, and the lighter the oil is separated into the area closer to the center of rotation. 该径向中心处的油组分(可能具有一些残留的水和/或固体)作为生产流被排放。 Oil component (may have some residual water and / or solids) at the radial center of the stream is discharged as production.

[0044] 请再次参看图10所示的实施例,分离器34包括固体通道112,具有高的固体浓度的固体流通过所述固体通道排放。 Please Referring again to FIG. 10 [0044] Example embodiments, separator 34 includes a solid passage 112, having a high concentration of solids solids solids flow through the discharge passage. 如图所示,固体通道/排放口112相对于水通道52和油通道50位于径向偏外的位置。 As shown, the solids passage / discharge port 112 with respect to a position located radially outside partial water passage 52 and the oil passage 50. 当流进入分流器48时,通道50、52和112充当分离器区域46的出口。 When the stream enters the diverter 48, 50, 52 and 112 act as a channel region of the outlet 46 of the separator. 在该示例中,固体是最重的组分,旋流/离心分离将固体(具有作为载送流体的一些水)分离到分离器部分46的最外的半径处。 In this example, the heaviest components are solids, cyclone / centrifugation and the solid (having a fluid carrying some water) separator to the separator at the outermost radius of the portion 46. 如前所述,油最轻,且被分离到转动中心,以产生油流。 As described above, the lightest oil, and are separated into the center of rotation, to produce the oil flow. 大部分水被分离到油组分与固体组分之间的中间位置处,且基本上没有固体。 Most of the water is separated at an intermediate position between the oil component and the solid component, and substantially no solids. 基本上没有固体的该水流可经由上述技术排放到期望的注水区,例如注水区76。 Substantially no solids stream may be discharged via the techniques described above to the desired injection zone, e.g. injection zone 76. 在注水区76处再次注入水流避免阻塞注水区76的可能性,从而避免损坏注水区。 76 the possibility of injection at injection zone 76 again to avoid blocking flow injection zone, so as to avoid damage to the injection zone. 井流体的最外的组分是含有最高比例的固体的固体组分,且该固体组分可行进到再组合区域114,并与例如油管40中的作为生产流的油流再次组合。 The outermost component of the well fluid containing solid component of highest proportion of solids, and the solid component may proceed to re-combination region 114, and re-combined with, for example, as oil flow in the production tubing 40 flows.

[0045] 在操作中,井流体混合物通过泵送系统M的潜入式泵28或另一合适的泵被驱动到分离器;34的分离器腔室46、例如旋流/离心腔室中。 [0045] In operation, the fluid mixture through the well pumping system M of submersible pump 28 or another suitable pump is driven to a separator; separating chamber 34 of 46, for example, cyclone / centrifugal chamber. 井流体通过井流体入口116流入分离器34的分离器部分46中。 Well fluid through the well fluid inlet 116 flows into the separator 34, the separator 46 portion. 在分离器部分46内,井流体的组分被分离成油、水和固体组分,所述油、水和固体组分分别主要包括油、水和固体。 In the splitter section 46, the components of the well fluid is separated into oil, water and solid components, the oil, water and solid components, respectively, include oil, water and solids. 主要为油、水和固体的流然后通过分流器48分成组分流,且相应的组分流通过相应的油通道50、水通道52和固体通道112行进。 The main stream of oil, water and solids and then divided into groups shunted through the shunt 48, and the respective component stream through respective oil passage 50, the water passage 52 and passage 112 travels solid. 井流体组分可通过分流器48的相应的油流出口118、水流出口120和固体出口122被引导到下游的合适的流动路径。 Well fluid components by a respective oil flow diverter 48, outlet 118, outlet 120 and solids outlet stream 122 is directed to the appropriate downstream of the flow path. 水通道52相对于油通道50径向偏外设置,固体通道112 相对于水通道52径向偏外设置。 Water passage 52 with respect to the oil passage 50 disposed radially outer partial, relative to the solids passage 112 biased radially outer water passage 52 is provided. 作为示例,油通道50、水通道52和固体通道112可以为同心管道的形式,所述同心管道将相应的井流体组分引导到下游的期望位置。 As an example, the oil passage 50, passage 52 and the water passage 112 may be solid in the form of concentric pipes, the respective well pipe concentric fluid components to a desired location downstream. 例如,组分流可被引导到合适的方向改变装置38和/或通过合适的限流器60。 For example, the shunt can be set to the proper direction changing means 38 and / or by a suitable flow restrictor 60.

[0046] 如上面对各种井系统实施例的描述,井流体组分的分离,例如油、水和固体组分的分离可通过操控作用于各种井流体组分流上的背压得到改善。 [0046] The above description of various embodiments of the well system, the well separated fluid components, for example separation of oil, water and solid components may be manipulated by a variety of well fluid acting on the backpressure component stream is improved. 在许多应用场合中,期望的背压可通过提供设置在油/固体流和/或水流中的可移除的限流器、可移除的节流孔件和/ 或可调节的节流孔实现。 In many applications, by providing a desired back pressure in an oil / solid stream and / or a removable flow restrictor in the flow, the orifice member can be removable and / or adjustable orifice provided achieve. 然而,对于井流体组分流的各种组合,背压可利用多种装置产生, 以实现期望的生产结果。 However, for various combinations of well fluid component streams, a variety of means may be utilized to generate back pressure, to achieve a desired production result. 限流器例如可设置在油/固体流、油组分流、水组分流和/或固体组分流中。 Flow restrictor may be provided, for example, in an oil / solid stream, the oil component stream, the water component stream and / or the solid component stream.

[0047] 尽管上面仅已详细地描述了本发明的一些实施例,但本领域的技术人员将容易理解,在未实质上脱离本发明的教导的情况下,可以进行许多修改。 [0047] Although only a few embodiments have been described embodiments of the present invention in detail, those skilled in the art will readily appreciate, without substantially departing from the teachings of the present invention, many modifications may be made. 因此,这种修改也被包括在权利要求书限定的本发明的范围内。 Accordingly, such modifications are also included within the scope of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (20)

  1. 1.一种井下装置,包括:分离系统,所述分离系统具有:分离器,所述分离器包括井流体入口、油流通道、水流通道和固体通道;以及定位于水流通道、油流通道或固体通道中的至少一个通道中的可移除的限流器,以便于分离井流体组分。 1. A downhole apparatus comprising: a separation system, said separation system comprising: a separator, said separator comprising an inlet well fluid, an oil flow passage, the flow passage and the solids channel; and positioned in the water channel, an oil flow channel or solid channels at least one channel of the removable flow restrictor, in order to separate the well fluid components.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的井下装置,其特征在于,可移除的限流器具有固定的节流孔件, 所述固定的节流孔件具有流动通道,所述流动通道的尺寸通过更换限流器改变。 2. A downhole device according to claim 1, characterized in that the removable flow restrictor orifice has a fixed member, said fixed orifice member having a flow passage, through the flow channel size replace the flow restrictor change.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的井下装置,其特征在于,可移除的限流器具有可移除的节流孔件,所述可移除的节流孔件具有流动通道,所述流动通道的尺寸通过更换可移除的节流孔件改变。 3. A downhole device according to claim 1, characterized in that the removable flow restrictor orifice having a removable member, the removable orifice member having a flow passage, the flow the dimensions of the channels varied by replacing a removable orifice member.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的井下装置,其特征在于,所述井下装置还包括具有潜入式泵的泵送系统,其中,水流通道在比潜入式泵更偏向井下的位置处通到井眼中。 4. A downhole device according to claim 1, characterized in that said apparatus further comprises a downhole submersible pump having a pumping system, wherein the flow passage at a position more inclined than the downhole submersible pump into the wellbore via .
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的井下装置,其特征在于,可移除的限流器可通过由传送装置向井下传送的井下工具移除。 5. A downhole device according to claim 1, characterized in that the removable flow restrictor may be removed by a downhole tool to a downhole transmitted by the transmitting means.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的井下装置,其特征在于,所述分离器是旋流分离器。 The downhole apparatus as claimed in claim 1, wherein said separator is a cyclone separator.
  7. 7.如权利要求1所述的井下装置,其特征在于,所述分离器是离心分离器。 7. A downhole device according to claim 1, wherein said separator is a centrifugal separator.
  8. 8.如权利要求1所述的井下装置,其特征在于,分离系统还包括感测流动流体的参数的传感器。 8. A downhole device according to claim 1, wherein the separation system further includes a sensor for sensing flow parameters of the fluid.
  9. 9.如权利要求8所述的井下装置,其特征在于,所述传感器位于井流体入口的下游。 9. A downhole device according to claim 8, wherein said sensor is located downstream of well fluid inlet.
  10. 10.如权利要求8所述的井下装置,其特征在于,所述传感器位于分离器内。 10. A downhole device according to claim 8, wherein said sensor is located within the separator.
  11. 11.如权利要求8所述的井下装置,其特征在于,所述传感器位于分离器的上游。 11. A downhole device according to claim 8, wherein said sensor is located upstream of the separator.
  12. 12.如权利要求1所述的井下装置,其特征在于,可移除的限流器具有节流孔件,所述节流孔件具有可选择性地变化的节流孔。 12. A downhole device according to claim 1, characterized in that the removable flow restrictor member having an orifice, said orifice member having an orifice selectively changed.
  13. 13. 一种在井下分离流体和固体的方法,所述方法包括:将分离系统放入井下,所述分离系统包括分离器,所述分离器具有井流体入口、油流输出通道、水流输出通道和固体输出通道,所述分离系统还包括位于油流输出通道或水流输出通道中的限流器容纳腔;确定井下井流体的参数;基于确定的参数选择限流程度,并选择相应的限流器;以及将选择的限流器放置在所述限流器容纳腔中。 13. A method of separating solids and fluid downhole, the method comprising: separating downhole system into the separation system comprises a separator, said separator having a well fluid inlet oil flow output channel, output channel flow and solid output channel, said separation system further comprises an oil output stream flow channel or output channel flow restrictor receiving chamber; determining a downhole well fluid parameters; selecting process parameter limits determined based on, and select the corresponding flow restrictor ; and a flow restrictor placed in the selected flow restrictor receiving chamber.
  14. 14.如权利要求13所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:通过在分离器处于井下时从分离器移除限流器、然后在分离器保持在井下时将具有不同的节流孔的不同的限流器放入分离器中来改变限流。 14. The method according to claim 13, characterized in that, said method further comprising: when the separator is at a downhole flow restrictor removed from the separator and then held in a downhole separator having different sections different flow restrictor orifice into the separator to vary the flow restrictor.
  15. 15.如权利要求13所述的方法,其特征在于,所述确定步骤包括:利用分离系统内的井下传感器进行确定。 15. The method according to claim 13, wherein said determining step comprises: using a downhole sensor in the separation system is determined.
  16. 16.如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括将传感器定位在限流器内。 16. The method according to claim 15, wherein said method further comprises positioning the sensor within the flow restrictor.
  17. 17. —种配备井下流体和固体分离系统的方法,所述方法包括:构造具有与流体入口连通的分离部分的分离器,所述分离部分也与分流器连通,所述分流器具有油流通道、相对于油流通道径向偏外定位的水流通道和相对于水流通道径向偏外定位的固体通道;以及定位与分离器配合使用的限流器,以便能够选择性地操控水和油的分离。 17. - Method species with downhole fluids and solids separation system, said method comprising: a separator having a separating section configured to communicate with the fluid inlet, the separating portion is also in communication with the splitter, the splitter having an oil flow passage with respect to the oil flow passage located radially outer partial flow channels and radially with respect to the flow passage positioned outside the solid partial channel; and locating the separator with the use of a flow restrictor, to be able to selectively manipulate the water and oil separation.
  18. 18.如权利要求17所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:将分离器往井下部署在井眼中;以及分离油、水和固体,以便分别通过油流通道、水流通道和固体通道排放。 18. The method according to claim 17, wherein said method further comprises: the separator to be deployed downhole wellbore; and separating the oil, water and solids to flow through the oil passage, respectively, and solids flow channel channel emissions.
  19. 19.如权利要求18所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:使用井下泵送系统将分离出的油泵送到地面位置处。 19. The method according to claim 18, wherein said method further comprises: using a downhole pumping system to pump the separated at a surface location.
  20. 20.如权利要求19所述的方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:在井下泵送系统上方将分离出的固体再次返回地注入到分离出的油中;以及将分离出的固体输送到地面位置。 20. The method according to claim 19, characterized in that, said method further comprising: a downhole pumping system over the separated solid was returned again injected into the separated oil; and the separated solids are passed to the ground position.
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