CN102334410A - Straw harvesting method and straw harvesting machine - Google Patents

Straw harvesting method and straw harvesting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102334410A
CN102334410A CN2010102365416A CN201010236541A CN102334410A CN 102334410 A CN102334410 A CN 102334410A CN 2010102365416 A CN2010102365416 A CN 2010102365416A CN 201010236541 A CN201010236541 A CN 201010236541A CN 102334410 A CN102334410 A CN 102334410A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
stalk
pick
roller
gap bridge
input roller
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Application number
CN2010102365416A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102334410B (en
Inventor
董世平
刘天舒
邱灶杨
王锋德
燕晓辉
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Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences
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Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences
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Priority to CN 201010236541 priority Critical patent/CN102334410B/en
Publication of CN102334410A publication Critical patent/CN102334410A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102334410B publication Critical patent/CN102334410B/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a straw harvesting method and a straw harvesting machine used for harvesting straws which are pulled down on the ground. The straw harvesting machine comprises an engine, a chopper, a thrower, a storing box, a picking and transporting platform and a gap bridge transportation device, wherein the picking and transporting platform is used for picking up the straws which are pulled down on the ground; and the gap bridge transportation device is used for transporting the picked straws; the picking and transporting platform is connected with the inlet of the gap bridge transportation device by virtue of the gap bridge transportation device; the outlet of the chopper is connected with the storing box through the thrower; and a hydraulic turnover device is installed on the storing box; the engine is respectively in power connection with the picking and transporting platform, the gap bridge transportation device, the chopper, the thrower and the hydraulic turnover device. Through the straw harvesting method and the straw harvesting machine, the straws which are pulled down on the ground are harvested, thereby meeting the requirement of deep tillage and sowing.

Description

Stalk harvesting method and stalk reaping machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to crops harvesting method and crops harvest machinery, specifically, relate to a kind of stalk harvesting method and stalk reaping machine.
Background technology
Agricultural crop straw more and more obtains paying attention to as a kind of renewable resources, is widely used in direct combustion power generation, and industries such as plate are made in papermaking.
Existing straw harvesting machine; Just like the patent No. is the disclosed self-propelled cotton stalk combine-harvester of Chinese utility model patent of " ZL200820078925.8 "; It comprises engine, header, conveying gap bridge, feeding unit, shredding mechanism, throwing device, the cotton stalk case that is installed on the self-propelled chassis; Header connects feeding unit through carrying to pass a bridge, and the outlet of feeding unit connects the inlet of shredding mechanism, and the outlet of shredding mechanism connects the cotton stalk case through throwing device; On the cotton stalk box body hydraulic pressure turn-over device is installed, engine is connected with hydraulic pressure turn-over device power with header, conveying gap bridge, feeding unit, shredding mechanism, throwing device respectively.The discharging of sending, case of the grain header compact conformation of this kind structure, harvesting, conveying, chopping, the throwing that can once accomplish cotton stalk, still; The grain header of this kind structure mainly is the root cutting of accomplishing cotton stalk station, field stalk, feeding, chopping; Throwing such as send at function, only is applicable to that cotton stalk root stubble stays on the ground, ploughs deeply the zone of sowing; Fell for uprooping on the ground stalk, the cutting machine of this kind structure is powerless.In addition,, the reclamation of wasteland of soil be can influence, particularly,, the fertility and the reclamation of wasteland of soil more can be influenced if stay in the soil for the root of the hard crop such as cotton, stunted brushwood because the root of the stalk of cutting is also stayed in the soil.
Therefore, need that design is a kind of can not stay root in the soil to satisfy when stalk is handled pulling out method and the device that the stalk that falls on the ground is gathered in the crops, fell on ground, carry out the demand of subsequent treatment occasion then but stalk uprooped.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is can not satisfy the defective handled of stalk that is poured on ground to pulling out to existing stalk reaping machine, and a kind of stalk harvesting method is provided, and gathers in the crops pulling out the stalk that is poured on ground realizing.
To achieve these goals, stalk harvesting method of the present invention is used to gather in the crops and pulls out the stalk that is poured on ground, comprises being used for picking up step with what pull out that the straw field pickup that is poured on ground gets up; The stalk that is used for picking up is delivered to the supplying step of a chopper; Be used for the stalks cutting that transports is become the chopping step of fines; This fines is thrown the throwing of sending into a material storing box send the fines step.
Above-mentioned stalk harvesting method wherein, is picked up in the step at this, also has the stalk of picking up is stirred the step of collection at a concentrated position.
Above-mentioned stalk harvesting method wherein, in this supplying step, also has the step that the stalk of chaotic is organized into closely knit continuously material piece.
Further; The present invention provides a kind of stalk reaping machine of realizing above-mentioned harvesting method; This stalk reaping machine is used to gather in the crops and pulls out the stalk that is poured on ground, comprises engine, chopper, throwing device and material storing box, also comprises picking up transport platform with what this pulled out that the straw field pickup that is poured on ground gets up; And the gap bridge conveying plant carried of the stalk that will pick up; Wherein, This picks up transport platform connects this chopper through this bridge conveying plant inlet; The outlet of this chopper connects this material storing box through this throwing device; On this material storing box hydraulic pressure turn-over device is installed, this engine is picked up transport platform, this gap bridge conveying plant, this chopper, this throwing device and this hydraulic pressure turn-over device power with this respectively and is connected.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, this gap bridge conveying plant is arranged on this and picks up the oblique back upper place of transport platform, and fabric width that should the gap bridge conveying plant is picked up the fabric width of transport platform less than this.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, this is picked up transport platform and comprises again and pick up frame; Be installed in this and pick up the pick-up roller parts on the frame, these pick-up roller parts comprise that pick-up roller picks up the tooth group with being arranged on the excircle of this pick-up roller; Be arranged on the screw feeder parts of the oblique back upper place of these pick-up roller parts, these screw feeder parts comprise screw feeder tube and the blade that is arranged on the excircle of this screw feeder tube; Be hinged on this and pick up the eccentric swage on the frame, this eccentric swage comprises many group compressing rods, has the gap that supplies stalk to pass through between the periphery of this compressing rod and this pick-up roller; And drive these pick-up roller parts and screw feeder parts respectively around the power transmission component of separately axle center rotation.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, this is picked up transport platform and also includes the backgauge guard, and this material retaining net cover is arranged on the oblique upper of these screw feeder parts, and to pick up frame hinged with this.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine; Wherein, This blade comprises the dextrorotation blade that is arranged on this screw feeder tube left end and the left-handed blade that is arranged on this screw feeder tube right-hand member, and the phase angle difference of this dextrorotation blade and this left-handed blade is 180 °, and the middle part of this screw feeder tube also is provided with the material of dialling on band inclined-plane and manages.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, this is picked up the tooth group and comprises a plurality of teeth of picking up on the excircle that is evenly distributed on this pick-up roller, and this picks up tooth group axially equidistantly being provided with at interval along this pick-up roller.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, what this picked up tooth is shaped as right angled triangle or right-angled trapezium, and when picking up tooth and be right angled triangle, wherein a right-angle side is arranged to the arc corresponding with the outer rim of this pick-up roller, and hypotenuse is set to working edge; When picking up tooth and be right-angled trapezium, the arc corresponding with the outer rim of this pick-up roller is arranged in the bottom, and hypotenuse is set to working edge.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine; Wherein, The two ends of this screw feeder tube also are connected with governor motion respectively; This governor motion comprises regulates side plate and adjusting screw(rod), has slotted hole on this adjusting side plate, and this adjusting screw(rod) one end links to each other with this adjusting side plate, the other end is arranged on the mount pad that is welded on this frame.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, these many group compressing rods are set in qually spaced on the axle, and these two ends are located in this and pick up on the hinged support arm of frame, and the medium position of this support arm is provided with stage clip.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine; Wherein, This eccentric swage also comprises an angle adjusting mechanism, this angle adjusting mechanism comprise again on the end that is fixedly connected on this fanning strip be fixed on the holder on should the support arm of fanning strip one side, have arc-shaped slot on this fanning strip; Have two through holes on this holder, two fixed connecting pieces pass this arc-shaped slot and these two through holes and are installed on this holder this fanning strip is adjustable.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, this every group of compressing rod comprises first depression bar and second depression bar again, and this first depression bar is type linearly, and this second depression bar has arc crotch portion and line part, the end welding of this line part and this first depression bar.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, this gap bridge conveying plant correspondence is positioned at the oblique back upper place at this screw feeder tube middle part, and comprises the gap bridge frame, and it is along being provided with first group of installing hole, second group of installing hole and the 3rd group of installing hole on the throughput direction of stalk in order; First order input roller is arranged on this gap bridge frame corresponding to this first group of installing hole is unsteady; Second level input roller be arranged on this gap bridge frame corresponding to this second group of installing hole is unsteady, and this second level input roller links to each other with this first order input roller; The transition power transmission shaft is arranged on this gap bridge frame, and is connected with this second level input roller; Third level input roller is arranged on this gap bridge frame corresponding to the 3rd group of installing hole; And power transmission mechanism, it drives this first order input roller, second level input roller, transition power transmission shaft, third level input roller and rotates around axle center separately respectively.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, this gap bridge frame integral body is enclosed the cavity structure that arrival end is big, the port of export is little, and the working portion of this first order input roller, second level input roller, transition power transmission shaft and third level input roller all is installed in this cavity.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, this first group of installing hole, second group of installing hole are arc-shaped slot.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine; Wherein, Link to each other through rocker between this first order input roller, this second level input roller and this transition power transmission shaft three, an end of this rocker is set in that rotate in the axle center around this transition power transmission shaft on this transition power transmission shaft, the middle part is set on this second level input roller, the other end is set on this first order input roller.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, this rocker comprises pivoted arm, swing arm and contiguous block, an end of this pivoted arm is set on this transition power transmission shaft around the axle center of this transition power transmission shaft and rotates, the middle part is set on this second level input roller, the other end has connecting hole; One end of this swing arm is set on this first order input roller, the other end also has connecting hole; This contiguous block one end is connected the connecting hole position of this pivoted arm, the connecting hole position that the other end is connected this swing arm.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, this swing arm is set on the end of this first order input roller and is linked with extension spring.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine; Wherein, This first order input roller, second level input roller, third level input roller all comprise drum shaft, bored roll and former; The inwall of this bored roll and the outer rim of this former are connected, and the inner edge of this former and this drum shaft are connected, and also are provided with axial tooth plate on the excircle of this bored roll.
Above-mentioned stalk reaping machine, wherein, the right ends of the drum shaft of this third level input roller also is provided with the pivoted housing that is connected with this chopper, and the drum shaft of this third level input roller is driven around this pivoted housing by a drive unit and rotates.
Beneficial functional of the present invention is, has realized gathering in the crops pulling out the stalk that is poured on ground, can satisfy the demand of ploughing deeply sowing; And stalk reaping machine compact conformation can be accomplished successively continuously and pick up, carries, shreds, throws and send, case and from discharging, and results efficient is high, leaks and picks up rate with soil-containing rate is low, can satisfy the needs that the different regions stalk is gathered in the crops.
Describe the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment, but not as to qualification of the present invention.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of stalk reaping machine of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the end view of picking up transport platform and gap bridge conveying plant among Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the vertical view of picking up transport platform of Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the end view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the structure chart of the pick-up roller parts among Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the A-A cutaway view among Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the structure chart of the screw feeder parts among Fig. 4;
Fig. 9 A is the structure chart of the eccentric swage among Fig. 4;
Fig. 9 B is the end view of Fig. 9 A;
Fig. 9 C is the I portion enlarged drawing among Fig. 9 B;
Figure 10 is the structure chart of the backgauge guard among Fig. 4;
Figure 11 is the end view of the gap bridge conveying plant of Fig. 1;
Figure 12 is the expanded view of the gap bridge conveying plant among Figure 11;
Figure 13 is a gap bridge frame side view;
Figure 14 is a gap bridge frame plan (removing upper cover plate);
Figure 15 is the structure chart of first order input roller;
Figure 16 is the structure chart of second level input roller;
Figure 17 is the structure chart of transition power transmission shaft;
Figure 18 is the structure chart of third level input roller.
Wherein, Reference numeral
100-picks up transport platform
110-picks up frame
The 111-limiting plate
The 112-mount pad
The 113-hole
The 114-concave plate
120-pick-up roller parts
The 121-turning cylinder
The 122-pick-up roller
The 123-power transmission shaft
The 124-bearing block
125-connects wheel hub
126-picks up tooth
130-screw feeder parts
The 131-adjusting screw(rod)
132-regulates side plate
The 133-turning cylinder
134-dextrorotation blade
135-screw feeder tube
136-dials the material pipe
The left-handed blade of 137-
The 138-power transmission shaft
The 139-bearing block
1310-connects wheel hub
The 140-eccentric swage
The 141-long bolt
142-stage clip locking nut
The 143-guide pin bushing
The 144-stage clip
The 145-jointed shaft
The 146-support arm
The 147-compressing rod
1471-first depression bar
1472-second depression bar
14721-arc crotch portion
The 14722-line part
The 148-fanning strip
The 149-holder
1410-stage clip mount pad
The 1411-fixed connecting piece
The 150-power transmission component
151-total output input sprocket
The 152-output shaft
The 153-power shaft
154-screw feeder drive sprocket
The 1541-breaker bolt
155-pick-up roller drive sprocket
The 1551-breaker bolt
160-backgauge guard
The 161-supporting cantilever
162-guard frame
The 163-steel wire
The 164-pivoting support
The 170-protective cover
200-gap bridge conveying plant
210-gap bridge frame
The 211-base plate
The 212-side plate
The 213-side plate
The 2131-arc-shaped slot
The 2132-arc-shaped slot
2133-straight line slotted eye
2134-power transmission shaft installing hole
The 2315-positioning seat
The 214-upper cover plate
215-side wall support part
220-first order input roller
The 221-bored roll
The 222-drum shaft
The 223-former
The 224-bearing block
The axial tooth plate of 227-
230-second level input roller
The 231-bored roll
The 232-drum shaft
The 233-former
The 234-bearing block
The axial tooth plate of 227-
240-transition power transmission shaft
The 241-power transmission shaft
The 242-bearing block
250-third level input roller
The 251-bored roll
The 252-drum shaft
The 253-former
The 254-bearing block
The 255-pivoted housing
256-connects wheel hub
The axial tooth plate of 227-
The 260-power transmission mechanism
261,262,263,264,265,266-sprocket wheel
267,268-regulating wheel
The 270-rocker
The 271-pivoted arm
The 272-swing arm
The 273-contiguous block
280-pretensioned mechanism
281-extension spring pull bar
282-extension spring bearing
The 283-extension spring
The 290-adpting flange
The last connection of 291-crossbeam
292-connects crossbeam down
The 293-side connects crossbeam
The 300-chopper
The 400-throwing device
The 500-material storing box
The 600-engine
The 700-running gear
The 800-driver's cabin
The 900-chassis
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment technical scheme of the present invention being carried out detailed description, further understanding the object of the invention, scheme and effect, but is not the restriction as accompanying claims protection domain of the present invention.
Stalk harvesting method of the present invention mainly is to be used to gather in the crops pull out the stalk that is poured on ground, and especially for the stalk of results like cotton and stunted brushwood and so on crop, it comprises that picking up step, supplying step, chopping step and throwing send the fines step.Wherein, pick up step be used for pull out be poured on ground straw field pickup, pick up in the step at this, also have the stalk of picking up stirred the step of collection at a concentrated position; Supplying step is to be used for being delivered to chopper with picking up and stir the stalk of collection at concentrated position, in this supplying step, also has the step that the stalk of chaotic is organized into closely knit continuously material piece; The chopping step is used for the stalks cutting that transports is become fines; Throwing send the fines step to be used for a material storing box is sent in the fines throwing of chopping.
Stalk reaping machine of the present invention is mainly used in the stalk of results like cotton and stunted brushwood and so on crop, because the stalk stem of such crop is short hard, therefore, such crop also cries hard crown type of crop usually.Stalk reaping machine of the present invention and the patent No. are that the general structure of the disclosed self-propelled cotton stalk combine-harvester of Chinese utility model patent of " ZL200820078925.8 " is identical; Different is that it has adopted brand-new straw field pickup transport platform and gap bridge conveying plant.
Like Fig. 1; Stalk reaping machine of the present invention comprises the engine 600 that is installed on the chassis 900, picks up transport platform 100, gap bridge conveying plant 200, chopper 300, throwing device 400, material storing box 500, driver's cabin 800, and complete machine is operation forward under the drive of running gear 700.Wherein, pick up transport platform 100 be used for pull out be poured on ground straw field pickup; Gap bridge conveying plant 200 is used for the stalk of picking up is carried; Chopper 300 is used for the stalks cutting that transports is become fines; Throwing device 400 is used for material storing box 500 is sent in the fines throwing.Pick up transport platform 100 connects chopper 300 through gap bridge conveying plant 200 inlet; The outlet of chopper 300 connects material storing box 500 through throwing device 400; The hydraulic pressure turn-over device (not shown) is installed on the material storing box 500, engine 600 respectively with pick up transport platform 100, gap bridge conveying plant 200, this chopper 300, throwing device 400 and be connected with hydraulic pressure turn-over device power.
Like Fig. 2 and shown in Figure 3; Gap bridge conveying plant 200 is arranged on the oblique back upper place of picking up transport platform 100; Wherein, the fabric width of gap bridge conveying plant 200 is less than the fabric width of picking up transport platform 100, and the fabric width of the gap bridge conveying plant 200 that here provides is approximately picks up 1/3rd of transport platform 100 fabric widths.
Consult Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, pick up screw feeder parts 130 that transport platform 100 mainly comprises the oblique back upper place of picking up frame 110, be installed in the pick-up roller parts 120 picked up on the frame 110, be arranged on pick-up roller parts 120, be hinged on eccentric swage 140 and the power transmission component 150 picked up on the frame 110.Wherein, What power transmission component 150 adopted is common chain drive, and power transmits via output shaft 152, power shaft 153 from total output input sprocket 151, and a part of power drives the rotation of screw feeder parts through screw feeder drive sprocket 154; Another part power drives the rotation of pick-up roller parts through pick-up roller drive sprocket 155; Whole power transmission component 150 is arranged in the protective cover 170, because this power transmission mode is comparatively common, gives unnecessary details with regard to seldom doing at this.In addition, pick up the also non-key protection point of the present invention of frame 110, also seldom do at this and give unnecessary details.
In conjunction with consulting 6, pick-up roller parts 120 comprise picks up the tooth group on pick-up roller 122 and the excircle that is arranged on pick-up roller 122.One end of pick-up roller 122 is provided with turning cylinder 121, the other end is provided with power transmission shaft 123; The bearing block 124 that turning cylinder 121 and power transmission shaft 123 hold through tape spool respectively is installed in to be picked up on the frame 110, also companys of being equipped with wheel hub 125 and pick-up roller drive sprocket 155 on the power transmission shaft 123.This connects the outside that wheel hub 125 is positioned at bearing block 124, and is connected through breaker bolt 1551 with pick-up roller drive sprocket 155.The effect of breaker bolt 1551 is in order to prevent the overload and the various impact of moment load.Adopt key to be connected between chain wheel hub 125 and the power transmission shaft 123, wheel hub 125 and pick-up roller drive sprocket 155 are all through Overheating Treatment, and like this, even breaker bolt 1551 quilts are cut off, its installing hole still has enough constantization of intensity maintenance aperture.Through such setting; When power is imported via pick-up roller drive sprocket 155; Pick-up roller 122 will be around the axle center rotation of self; Thereby be arranged on picking up the tooth group and just can provoke pulling out the stalk that is poured on ground on the pick-up roller excircle, and combine complete machine velocity function forward, stalk will be picked up successively.
Combine again to consult Fig. 7, pick up the tooth group and form by a plurality of teeth 126 of picking up on the excircle that is evenly distributed on pick-up roller 122, and, pick up tooth group axially equidistantly being provided with at interval along pick-up roller 122.Each shape of picking up tooth 126 can be right angled triangle; Also can be right-angled trapezium (only provided among Fig. 5 and be the example of right angled triangle); When picking up tooth 126 for right angled triangle, wherein a right-angle side is arranged to the arc corresponding with the outer rim of pick-up roller 122, and hypotenuse is set to working edge; When picking up tooth 126 for right-angled trapezium, the arc corresponding with the outer rim of pick-up roller 122 is arranged in the bottom, and hypotenuse is set to working edge.
Consult Fig. 8, screw feeder parts 130 comprise the blade on screw feeder tube 135 and the excircle that is arranged on this screw feeder tube.
One end of screw feeder tube 135 is provided with turning cylinder 133, the other end is provided with power transmission shaft 138, and the bearing block 1139 that turning cylinder 133 and power transmission shaft 138 hold through tape spool respectively is installed in to be picked up on the frame 110.And turning cylinder 133 also is connected with governor motion respectively with power transmission shaft 138, and the height that this governor motion is used to regulate screw feeder tube 135 (promptly; Regulate the axle center and the horizontal relatively angle of pick-up roller axial connecting line of screw feeder tube; This angle is also named the angle of inclination), to reach optimal conveying effect, this governor motion comprises adjusting screw(rod) 131 and regulates side plate 132; Turning cylinder 133 is installed in power transmission shaft 138 and regulates on the side plate 132; Adjusting screw(rod) 131 1 ends are arranged on to be regulated on the side plate 132, and the other end is arranged at and is welded on (see figure 5) on the mount pad of picking up on the frame 110 112, owing to pick up the external diameter of the aperture in the hole 113 that is used to wear turning cylinder 133 and power transmission shaft 138 on the frame 110 greater than turning cylinder 133 and power transmission shaft 138; And a plurality of installing holes 1321 of regulating on the side plate 132 are all strip hole; Therefore, when regulating adjusting screw(rod) 131, just can regulate the height of screw feeder tube.
Blade comprises dextrorotation blade 134 that is arranged on screw feeder tube 135 left ends and the left-handed blade 137 that is arranged on screw feeder tube 135 right-hand members; This dextrorotation blade 134 is 180 ° with the phase angle difference of this left-handed blade 137; In order to increase the grasp force of blade, all be provided with smooth circle-arc tooth on dextrorotation blade 134 and the left-handed blade 137 to stalk.
The middle part of screw feeder tube 135 also is provided with the material of dialling on band inclined-plane and manages 136, and this group material pipe 136 circumferencial direction equal intervals at the screw feeder tube interlace and are spaced.
The also company's of being equipped with wheel hub 1310 and screw feeder drive sprocket 154 on the power transmission shaft 138.This screw feeder drive sprocket 154 with connect the outside that wheel hub 1310 is positioned at bearing block 139, and screw feeder drive sprocket 154 is connected through breaker bolt 1541 with company wheel hub 1310.The effect of breaker bolt 1541 is in order to prevent the overload and the various impact of moment load.Adopt key to be connected between chain wheel hub 1310 and the power transmission shaft 138, wheel hub 1310 and screw feeder drive sprocket 154 are all through Overheating Treatment, and like this, even breaker bolt 1541 quilts are cut off, its installing hole still has enough constantization of intensity maintenance aperture.
Screw feeder parts 130 are through the said structure setting; When power is imported via screw feeder drive sprocket 154; Screw feeder tube 135 will be around the axle center rotation of self; From the stalk that the pick-up roller component feed is come, will be focused on the middle part of screw feeder tube 135, pull over away from the discharging opening of picking up transport platform by the material pipe 136 dialled on band inclined-plane then.
Consult Fig. 9 A to Fig. 9 C, eccentric swage 140 comprises support arm 146 and compressing rod 147.Compressing rod 147 is many groups, and these many group compressing rods 147 equidistantly are welded on the same axis to constitute the compressing rod assembly, and these two ends are arranged on the support arm 146.Support arm 146 is two; Correspond respectively to the left and right sides of picking up frame 110, the upper end of these two support arms 146 respectively through jointed shaft 145 with to pick up frame 110 hinged, the middle part of each support arm 146 is provided with stage clip 144; These stage clip 144 windings are on long bolt 141; These long bolt 141 1 ends are arranged on the guide pin bushing 143, the other end is arranged on the stage clip mount pad 1410, and this stage clip mount pad 1410 is arranged on to be picked up on the frame 110, through such setting; After overcoming the pressure of stage clip, support arm 146 can be around rotating with the pin joint of picking up frame 110.
Eccentric swage 140 also includes angle adjusting mechanism; This angle adjusting mechanism comprise on the end that is fixedly connected on this fanning strip 148 be fixed on the holder 149 on should the support arm 146 of fanning strip 148 1 sides; Has arc-shaped slot 1481 on the fanning strip 148; Have two through holes on the holder 149, two fixed connecting pieces 1411 pass two through holes on arc-shaped slot 1481 and the holder 149 with fanning strip 148 adjustable being installed on the holder 149, like this; Can reach the purpose of the relative angle of regulating compressing rod assembly and support arm through the installation site of adjustment fanning strip 148 relative fixed seats 149.
Every group of compressing rod 147 comprises first depression bar 1471 and second depression bar 1472 again, and this first depression bar 1471 is type linearly, and this second depression bar 1472 has arc crotch portion 14721 and line part 14722, and this line part 14722 welds with the end of this first depression bar 1471.
Eccentric swage 140 is when cooperating 120 work of pick-up roller parts; Every group of compressing rod 147 correspondences are picked up (see figure 4) between the tooth group at per two groups, and, have the gap that supplies stalk to pass through between the periphery of compressing rod 147 and pick-up roller 122; The relative angle of corresponding compressing rod assembly in this gap and support arm; Therefore, the installation site of fanning strip 148 relative fixed seats 149 is adjusted in adjustment, can reach the purpose in gap between the periphery of adjusting compressing rod 147 and pick-up roller 122.
The setting of the eccentric swage through said structure can be controlled the inlet amount of picking up of pick-up roller parts.
Also have,,, be provided with backgauge guard 160 at the oblique upper of screw feeder parts 130 in order to adjust the conveying space of screw feeder parts 130.Shown in figure 10, backgauge guard 160 is welded by steel wire 163 and guard frame 162, and through two pivoting supports 164 with to pick up frame 110 hinged, two supporting cantilever 161 ride over (see figure 5) on two supporting walls 146 of eccentric swage 140 respectively.This backgauge guard also plays and prevents that material from splashing, and is convenient to effects such as the operator observes except the conveying space effect of playing adjustment screw feeder parts.
Further consult Fig. 5, the lower end of picking up frame 110 is provided with limiting plate 111, and the top of this limiting plate has a plurality of installing holes or has slotted hole; Through this a plurality of installing holes or slotted hole, limiting plate 111 adjustable being installed on are picked up frame 110, through such setting; The whole height of picking up transport platform 100 can be adjusted by the base area block feature, is put lowly excessively thereby can prevent to pick up transport platform, inserts in the soil and cause picking up tooth; Instantaneous extra increase load, and damage machine.
The above-mentioned transport platform of picking up is applicable to and pulls out the straw field pickup that is poured on ground, no matter is even windrow or becomes rickle, all can realize picking up along the still contrary stubble of stubble.Before beginning to pick up operation, be adjusted to the optimum distance of picking up to limiting plate 111, be sent to power then and pick up on the transport platform, pick up transport platform and under the promotion of a running gear, just can carry out work.Its concrete course of work is:
Dependence is picked up tooth 126 and is provoked pulling out the stalk that is poured on ground, and under the rotation and complete machine speed double action forward of pick-up roller 122, stalk is picked up successively, for excessive stacking stalk, then picks up inlet amount by eccentric swage 140 controls.By the stalk picked up under the conveying effect of screw feeder parts 130, left end dextrorotation blade 134, the left-handed blade 137 of right-hand member makes stalk concentrate from screw feeder tube 135 two ends to screw feeder tube middle part.Smooth circle-arc tooth on the helical blade has increased the grasp force of blade to stalk, makes helical feed more smooth.And, through regulating the adjusting side plate 132 at screw feeder parts two ends, the distance of the following intaglio plate 114 of the frame bottom of just can the adjusting vane external diameter disembarking.Focused on the stalk at screw feeder tube 135 middle parts, pulled over away from the discharging opening of picking up transport platform at last, to get into gap bridge conveying plant 200 by the material pipe 136 dialled on band inclined-plane.
Like Figure 11 and shown in Figure 12; Gap bridge conveying plant 200; Be arranged on the oblique back upper place of picking up transport platform 100; Being used for dialling material pipe 136 stalk that comes of pulling over carries; Comprise gap bridge frame 210, be installed in first order input roller 220, second level input roller 230, transition power transmission shaft 240 and third level input roller 250 on the gap bridge frame 210, and drive the power transmission mechanism 260 that this first order input roller 220, second level input roller 230, transition power transmission shaft 240 and third level input roller 250 rotate around axle center separately respectively.In the present embodiment, power transmission mechanism 260 is common chain drive.
In conjunction with consulting Figure 13, Figure 14; Gap bridge frame 210 comprises base plate 211, is separately positioned on the side plate 212,213 of base plate 211 right ends and the upper cover plate 214 that is arranged on side plate 212,213 upper ends, and base plate 211, side plate 212,213 and upper cover plate 214 interconnect the composition cavity structure that arrival end is big, the port of export is little.Along the throughput direction of stalk, side plate 212,213 diminishes gradually, and middle gradual change is excessively smooth, so that no dead angle in the cavity.
For the input roller group is installed, correspondence is provided with a plurality of installing holes on the side plate 212,213, because biside plate has symmetrical structure, therefore, below only one of them side plate is described in detail.
On the side plate 213 along the throughput direction of stalk; Be provided with first installing hole 2131, second installing hole 2132, power transmission shaft installing hole 214 and the 3rd installing hole 2133 in order; Wherein, this first installing hole 2131 is used to install first order input roller 220, the second installing holes 2132 and is used to install second level input roller 230; Power transmission shaft installing hole 214 is used to install transition power transmission shaft 240, the three installing holes 2133 and is used to install third level input roller 250.Preferably, first installing hole 2131 is an arc-shaped slot, is arranged on the gap bridge frame 210 with convenient first order input roller 210 is floated corresponding to first group of installing hole (the first symmetrical installing hole is formed first group of installing hole on two side plates); Second installing hole 2132 also is an arc-shaped slot, is arranged on the gap bridge frame 210 with convenient second level input roller 220 is floated corresponding to second group of installing hole (the second symmetrical installing hole is formed second group of installing hole on two side plates); The 3rd installing hole 2133 is the straight line slotted eye, with convenient third level input roller 250 is fixedly installed on the gap bridge frame 210 corresponding to the 3rd group of installing hole (the 3rd symmetrical installing hole on two side plates is formed the 3rd group of installing hole).And biside plate can also link to each other through side wall support part 215, to increase the rigidity of whole frame.
Consult Figure 15, first order input roller 220 comprises drum shaft 222, bored roll 221 and former 223.The outer rim of the inwall of bored roll 221 and former 223 is connected, and the inner edge of former 223 and drum shaft 222 are connected, to constitute the cylinder soldering member.The two ends of drum shaft 222 are installed in first installing hole, 2131 positions on the side plate 212,213 through bearing block 224; And; On one end of drum shaft 222 sprocket wheel 264 is installed also; When rotating under the drive of sprocket wheel 264 at chain-drive mechanism, rotate driving in the bearing of drum shaft 222 in bearing block 224.In order to increase extracting carrying capacity to material, evenly weld 8 axial tooth plates 227 on the excircle of bored roll, certainly, the axial tooth lath number here is not limited to 8.
Consult Figure 16, second level input roller 230 comprises drum shaft 232, bored roll 231 and former 233.The outer rim of the inwall of bored roll 231 and former 233 is connected, and the inner edge of former 233 and drum shaft 232 are connected, to constitute the cylinder soldering member.The two ends of drum shaft 232 are installed in second installing hole, 2132 positions of side plate 212,213 through bearing block 234; And; Also be separately installed with sprocket wheel 265,266 on the two ends of drum shaft 232, when sprocket wheel 265,266 rotations, rotate driving in the bearing of drum shaft 232 in bearing block 234.In order to increase extracting carrying capacity to material, evenly weld 8 axial tooth plates 237 on the excircle of bored roll 231, certainly, the axial tooth lath number here is not limited to 8.
Consult Figure 17, transition power transmission shaft 240 comprises power transmission shaft 241 and bearing block 242, and the two ends of power transmission shaft 241 are installed in power transmission shaft installing hole 2134 positions of side plate 212,213 through bearing block 242, and the two ends of power transmission shaft 241 also are respectively arranged with sprocket wheel 263.
Consult Figure 18, third level input roller 250 comprises drum shaft 252, bored roll 251 and former 253.The outer rim of the inwall of bored roll 251 and former 253 is connected, and the inner edge of former 253 and drum shaft 252 are connected, to constitute the cylinder soldering member.The two ends of drum shaft 252 are installed in the 3rd installing hole 2133 positions on the side plate 212,213 through bearing block 254.And the right ends of drum shaft 252 also is provided with and is used for the pivoted housing 255 that is connected with the chopper 300 of stalk reaping machine, and like this, drum shaft 252 drives the cover 255 that rotates by a drive unit (not shown) and rotates.The right ends of drum shaft 252 also is respectively arranged with sprocket wheel 261,262, in order to prevent the overload and the various impact of moment load, breaker bolt 2621 is installed on the sprocket wheel 262, to protect drum shaft 252 not receive excessive load and to be out of shape.Breaker bolt 2621 is mounted between chain wheel hub 256 and the sprocket wheel 262, chain wheel hub 256 and drum shaft 252 adopt keys to be connected and with sprocket wheel 262 be through breaker bolt 2621 transmission moments of torsion.Chain wheel hub 256 and sprocket wheel 262 are all through Overheating Treatment, even breaker bolt 2621 is cut off, its installing hole has enough intensity to keep constantization of aperture.
Further consult Figure 11 and combine Figure 12, link to each other through rocker 270 between first order input roller 220, second level input roller 230 and transition power transmission shaft 240 threes.This rocker 270 comprises pivoted arm 271, swing arm 272 and contiguous block 273, and an end of pivoted arm 271 is set on the power transmission shaft 241 of transition power transmission shaft 240 on the drum shaft 232 that rotate in the axle center, the middle part is set in second level input roller 230 of this power transmission shaft, the other end of pivoted arm 271 has connecting hole; One end of swing arm 272 is set on the drum shaft 222 of first order input roller 220, the other end of swing arm 272 also has connecting hole; Connecting hole position, the other end that contiguous block 273 1 ends are connected pivoted arm 271 is connected the connecting hole position of swing arm 272, is rigidly connected into as a whole to guarantee first order input roller 220 and second level input roller 230.Certainly, the rocker structure here is not limited thereto.
Transition power transmission shaft 240 is power transmission shafts that between the second level and the 3rd utmost point input roller, increase, and effect is to change power transfer path; And it provides a pivoting support for rocker 270, can strengthen the rigidity of whole gap bridge frame 210.In conjunction with consulting Fig. 8, the bearing block 242 of transition power transmission shaft 240 is connected fixing with sidewall 212,213, and an end of pivoted arm 271 is installed in bearing block 242 outsides; Thereby; Pivoted arm 271 can be walked around this power transmission shaft 241 and rotate, and sprocket wheel 263 is installed in the outside of pivoted arm 271.
First order input roller 220 and second level input roller 230 are respectively by the swing arm 272 that is arranged on sidewall 212,213 both sides, pivoted arm 271 axial location.Through such setting; First order input roller 220, second level input roller 230 can rotate around middle transition axle 240; Forwarding extreme lower position to then is by positioning seat 2135 (also having positioning seat on the sidewall 212, the just not shown) restriction that is welded on the sidewall 213, also has; Owing to offered arc-shaped slot 2131,2132 on the sidewall, first order input roller 220, second level input roller 230 can be done pendular movement.
Further; Swing arm 272 is set on the end of first order input roller 220 and is connected with pretensioned mechanism 280; This pretensioned mechanism 280 comprises extension spring pull bar 281, extension spring bearing 282 and extension spring 283; Be welded with an extension spring hangers in the swing arm 272, extension spring bearing 282 is welded on the sidewall 212,213, and extension spring 283 is arranged between extension spring hangers and the extension spring bearing 282 through extension spring pull bar 281; Applying certain pretension for first order input roller 220, second level input roller 230, more stable during whole like this device busy.
Also have; In order gap bridge conveying plant 200 to be connected to the oblique back upper place of picking up transport platform 100; On this gap bridge frame 210 corresponding to the input port end of stalk (promptly; Corresponding to the direction of rod for stiring materials 136) with the material dial-out; Also be provided with around the integral body of this gap bridge frame one circle be the shape of the mouth as one speaks adpting flange 290 (through this adpting flange with gap bridge conveying plant 200 with pick up transport platform 100 and dock); Adpting flange 290 comprises with going up of being fixedly connected of upper cover plate 214 and is connected crossbeam 291, is connected crossbeam 292 with base plate 211 the following of fixed connection, and is connected crossbeam 293 with the side of side plate 212,213 fixed connections respectively, connection crossbeam 291 on this, connects crossbeam 292 down and is connected crossbeam 293 with side and is all the weldment that is made up of angle steel, channel-section steel and reinforcement.
Above-mentioned power transmission mechanism 260 also comprises being arranged on sprocket wheel 263, the regulating wheel between 266 267 except that comprising sprocket wheel 261,262,263,264,265,266 and chain, and is arranged on sprocket wheel 264, the regulating wheel between 265 268.
The gap bridge conveying plant is when work; Because frame is cavity structure, and all cylinders (be first order input roller, second level input roller, and the working portion of third level input roller) all are installed in this cavity, from the unordered mixed and disorderly material of charging aperture input; All be squeezed in the gap of cylinder and base plate; Form continuously closely knit material piece and carry in order, after carrying through three grades of input roller relay-types, continuous the seeing off of material piece from third level input roller.Wherein first order input roller, second level input roller are in unsteady duty, under the pulling force of himself gravity and extension spring, play the effect of compacting material, self-regulation inlet amount.According to the charging situation of material, shred length etc., can regulate the pretension of extension spring.
The structure of chopper 300, throwing device 400 roughly is same as the patent No. and is disclosed structure in " ZL200820078925.8 ", just seldom does at this and gives unnecessary details.
Stalk reaping machine of the present invention can pull out the unordered stalk that is poured on ground to the field and can't harm and pick up; Stalk after picking up is carried smoothness through not producing shearing, the phenomenon that fractures in the bridge conveying plant course of conveying, does not have and twines, and in the gap bridge conveying plant, can form the material piece of continuous compacting; There is self adaptation to regulate to inlet amount, is difficult for blocked portion; Whole no feeding dead angle, the Stability Analysis of Structures of carrying; Also have whole machine using modular designs and assembling, dismounting, replacing, easy to maintenance.
To sum up; Stalk of the present invention results function is poured on shakedown stalk into strips or in heaps and accomplishes and pick up, carry, shred, throw and send, case and from discharging, results efficient is high pulling out, and economic benefit is obvious; Wide to the stalk row spacing adaptability, can satisfy the needs that the different regions stalk is gathered in the crops.

Claims (10)

1. a stalk harvesting method is used to gather in the crops and pulls out the stalk that is poured on ground, it is characterized in that, comprises
Be used for to pull out that the straw field pickup that is poured on ground gets up picks up step;
The stalk that is used for picking up is delivered to the supplying step of a chopper;
Be used for the stalks cutting that transports is become the chopping step of fines;
This fines is thrown the throwing of sending into a material storing box send the fines step.
2. stalk harvesting method according to claim 1 is characterized in that, picks up in the step at this, also has the stalk of picking up is stirred the step of collection at a concentrated position.
3. stalk harvesting method according to claim 1 and 2 is characterized in that, in this supplying step, also has the step that the stalk of chaotic is organized into closely knit continuously material piece.
4. a stalk reaping machine is used to gather in the crops and pulls out the stalk that is poured on ground, comprises engine, chopper, throwing device and material storing box, it is characterized in that, also comprises
Pick up transport platform with what this pulled out that the straw field pickup that is poured on ground gets up; And
The gap bridge conveying plant that the stalk of picking up is carried;
Wherein, This picks up transport platform connects this chopper through this bridge conveying plant inlet; The outlet of this chopper connects this material storing box through this throwing device; On this material storing box hydraulic pressure turn-over device is installed, this engine is picked up transport platform, this gap bridge conveying plant, this chopper, this throwing device and this hydraulic pressure turn-over device power with this respectively and is connected.
5. stalk reaping machine according to claim 4 is characterized in that, this gap bridge conveying plant is arranged on this and picks up the oblique back upper place of transport platform, and fabric width that should the gap bridge conveying plant is picked up the fabric width of transport platform less than this.
6. stalk reaping machine according to claim 5 is characterized in that this is picked up transport platform and comprises again
Pick up frame;
Be installed in this and pick up the pick-up roller parts on the frame, these pick-up roller parts comprise that pick-up roller picks up the tooth group with being arranged on the excircle of this pick-up roller;
Be arranged on the screw feeder parts of the oblique back upper place of these pick-up roller parts, these screw feeder parts comprise screw feeder tube and the blade that is arranged on the excircle of this screw feeder tube;
Be hinged on this and pick up the eccentric swage on the frame, this eccentric swage comprises many group compressing rods, has the gap that supplies stalk to pass through between the periphery of this compressing rod and this pick-up roller; And
Drive the power transmission component that these pick-up roller parts and screw feeder parts rotate around axle center separately respectively.
7. stalk reaping machine according to claim 6 is characterized in that this is picked up transport platform and also includes the backgauge guard, and this material retaining net cover is arranged on the oblique upper of these screw feeder parts, and to pick up frame hinged with this.
8. stalk reaping machine according to claim 6; It is characterized in that; This blade comprises dextrorotation blade that is arranged on this screw feeder tube left end and the left-handed blade that is arranged on this screw feeder tube right-hand member; And this dextrorotation blade is 180 ° with the phase angle difference of this left-handed blade, and the middle part of this screw feeder tube also is provided with the material of dialling on band inclined-plane and manages.
9. stalk reaping machine according to claim 6 is characterized in that, this gap bridge conveying plant correspondence is positioned at the oblique back upper place at this screw feeder tube middle part, and comprises
The gap bridge frame, it is along being provided with first group of installing hole, second group of installing hole and the 3rd group of installing hole on the throughput direction of stalk in order;
First order input roller is arranged on this gap bridge frame corresponding to this first group of installing hole is unsteady;
Second level input roller be arranged on this gap bridge frame corresponding to this second group of installing hole is unsteady, and this second level input roller links to each other with this first order input roller;
The transition power transmission shaft is arranged on this gap bridge frame, and is connected with this second level input roller;
Third level input roller is arranged on this gap bridge frame corresponding to the 3rd group of installing hole; And
Power transmission mechanism, it drives this first order input roller, second level input roller, transition power transmission shaft, third level input roller and rotates around axle center separately respectively.
10. stalk reaping machine according to claim 9; It is characterized in that; This gap bridge frame integral body is enclosed the cavity structure that arrival end is big, the port of export is little, and the working portion of this first order input roller, second level input roller, transition power transmission shaft and third level input roller all is installed in this cavity.
CN 201010236541 2010-07-22 2010-07-22 Straw harvesting method and straw harvesting machine Active CN102334410B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103168574A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-06-26 明·明德巴特 Cotton stalk pulling bundler
CN105191565A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-30 江苏大学 Self-walking wheel type picking and bundling device
CN106852221A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-06-16 贵州大学 A kind of cigarette stalk pulls out stalk crusher
CN106856810A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-06-20 贵州大学 A kind of cigarette stalk pulls out stalk crusher stalk pulling machine structure and its method of work
CN107980355A (en) * 2018-01-11 2018-05-04 德州鲁发机械有限公司 Stalk automatically cleaning baler
CN111837583A (en) * 2020-08-18 2020-10-30 山东理工大学 Double-shaking loss-reducing laying gathering device for separation potato harvester
CN114651591A (en) * 2021-04-29 2022-06-24 成都宇亨智能科技有限公司 Harvesting and separating device

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CN101416581A (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-04-29 洛阳四达农机有限公司 Movable straw field pickup chopper
CN101502211A (en) * 2009-03-26 2009-08-12 张丽苹 Harvester for picking and chopping cotton stalks
CN101720599A (en) * 2008-10-27 2010-06-09 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Self-propelled plant haulm-pickup combined harvester

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2800729Y (en) * 2005-04-06 2006-08-02 柳州市汉森机械制造有限公司 Sugarcane combine
CN201185574Y (en) * 2008-02-02 2009-01-28 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Self-propelled cotton stalk combine-harvester
CN101416581A (en) * 2008-05-15 2009-04-29 洛阳四达农机有限公司 Movable straw field pickup chopper
CN101720599A (en) * 2008-10-27 2010-06-09 中国农业机械化科学研究院 Self-propelled plant haulm-pickup combined harvester
CN101502211A (en) * 2009-03-26 2009-08-12 张丽苹 Harvester for picking and chopping cotton stalks

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103168574A (en) * 2012-11-21 2013-06-26 明·明德巴特 Cotton stalk pulling bundler
CN105191565A (en) * 2015-10-13 2015-12-30 江苏大学 Self-walking wheel type picking and bundling device
CN106852221A (en) * 2017-01-11 2017-06-16 贵州大学 A kind of cigarette stalk pulls out stalk crusher
CN106856810A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-06-20 贵州大学 A kind of cigarette stalk pulls out stalk crusher stalk pulling machine structure and its method of work
CN107980355A (en) * 2018-01-11 2018-05-04 德州鲁发机械有限公司 Stalk automatically cleaning baler
CN111837583A (en) * 2020-08-18 2020-10-30 山东理工大学 Double-shaking loss-reducing laying gathering device for separation potato harvester
CN114651591A (en) * 2021-04-29 2022-06-24 成都宇亨智能科技有限公司 Harvesting and separating device

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