CN102301558A - The wireless power and communication near-field modification of the electronic device - Google Patents

The wireless power and communication near-field modification of the electronic device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102301558A
CN102301558A CN2009801463370A CN200980146337A CN102301558A CN 102301558 A CN102301558 A CN 102301558A CN 2009801463370 A CN2009801463370 A CN 2009801463370A CN 200980146337 A CN200980146337 A CN 200980146337A CN 102301558 A CN102301558 A CN 102301558A
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China
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electronic device
antenna
circuit
battery
configured
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CN2009801463370A
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Chinese (zh)
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史蒂夫·弗兰克兰
奈杰尔·P·库克
斯坦利·S·通丘
斯坦利·金西
欧内斯特·T·奥萨基
米莱斯·A·柯比
约翰·伊利安
马修·S·格罗布
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高通股份有限公司
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Priority to US15025709P priority Critical
Priority to US61/150,257 priority
Priority to US16338709P priority
Priority to US61/163,387 priority
Priority to US12/610,831 priority
Priority to US12/610,831 priority patent/US8810194B2/en
Application filed by 高通股份有限公司 filed Critical 高通股份有限公司
Priority to PCT/US2009/068579 priority patent/WO2010060118A2/en
Publication of CN102301558A publication Critical patent/CN102301558A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E60/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02E60/10Energy storage
    • Y02E60/12Battery technologies with an indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation

Abstract

示范性实施例是针对为无线电力传送及近场通信而改型现有电子装置。 Exemplary embodiments for power transfer and the near field wireless communications for retrofit existing electronic devices. 改型电路包括:天线,其用于从外部源接收信号;以及转换电路,其用于转换所述信号以供电子装置使用。 Retrofit circuit comprising: an antenna for receiving a signal from an external source; and a conversion circuit for converting said signal to an electronic device for use. 所述天线及所述转换电路经配置以对所述电子装置进行改型,其中所述电子装置最初并不包括所述天线或转换电路。 The antenna and the switching circuit is configured to be retrofitted to the electronic device, wherein the electronic device does not include the initial or antenna switching circuit. 所述天线及转换电路可经配置以接收并转换所述信号以产生用于所述电子装置的无线电力。 And said antenna switching circuit may be configured to receive and convert said signals to generate power for the wireless electronic device. 所述天线及所述转换电路也可经配置以使所述电子装置能够发送及接收近场通信数据。 The antenna and the switching circuit may also be configured to cause the electronic device capable of transmitting and receiving near-field communication data.

Description

改型电子装置中的无线电力及近场通信 The wireless power and communication near-field modification of the electronic device

[0001] 根据35U. SC § 119主张优先权 [0001] The 35U. SC § 119 filed

[0002] 本申请案根据35U. SC § 119(e)主张以下申请案的优先权: [0002] The present application (e) The following application claims the priority under 35U SC § 119.:

[0003] 2009年2月5日申请的标题为“无线电力电池组(WIRELESS POWER BATTERY PACK),,的第61/150,257号美国临时专利申请案,且所述临时专利申请案转让给本案受让人,并特此以引用的方式明确地并入本文中; [0003] The title February 5, 2009 filed "wireless power battery pack (WIRELESS POWER BATTERY PACK) ,, a No. 61 / 150,257 U.S. Provisional Patent application, and the provisional patent application assigned to the case assignee, and hereby expressly incorporated by reference herein;

[0004] 2009年3月25日申请的标题为“具有内建无线电力天线的电池组合件(BATTERY ASSEMBLY WITH BUILT IN WIRELESS POWER ANTENNA) ”的第61/163,387号美国临时专利申请案,且所述临时专利申请案转让给本案受让人,并特此以引用的方式明确地并入本文中; 以及 [0004] The title March 25, 2009 filed "having a battery assembly (BATTERY ASSEMBLY WITH BUILT IN WIRELESS POWER ANTENNA) of the built-in wireless power antenna" in No. 61 / 163,387 U.S. Provisional Patent application, and the provisional patent application assigned to the assignee hereof and hereby expressly incorporated by reference herein; and

[0005] 2008年11月20日申请的标题为“无线电力电池更换(WIRELESS POWER BATTERY REPLACEMENT),,的第61/116,608号美国临时专利申请案,且所述临时专利申请案转让给本案受让人,并特此以引用的方式明确地并入本文中。 [0005] The title November 20, 2008 to apply for the "wireless power battery replacement (WIRELESS POWER BATTERY REPLACEMENT) ,, the No. 61 / 116,608 US provisional patent application, and the provisional patent application assigned to the case assignee, and hereby expressly incorporated by reference herein.

技术领域 FIELD

[0006] 本发明大体上涉及无线充电,且更具体地说,涉及与无线电力充电器相关的装置、 系统及方法。 [0006] The present invention relates generally to wireless charging, and more specifically to devices, systems and methods associated with the wireless power charger.

背景技术 Background technique

[0007] 通常,例如无线通信装置(例如,手机)等每一电池供电装置需要其自己的充电器及电源,所述电源通常为AC电源插座。 [0007] Generally, a wireless communication device (e.g., mobile phones) and the like of each battery powered device requires its own charger and power source, which is typically an AC power outlet. 当许多装置需要充电(每一装置需要其自己的独立充电器)时,这变为使用不便的。 When many devices need charging (each device requires its own separate charger), it becomes inconvenient to use.

[0008] 正开发在发射器与耦合到待充电的电子装置的接收器之间使用空中或无线电力发射的方法。 [0008] The method of use of air or are being developed between the wireless power transmitter coupled to the electronic device to be charged the receiver transmission. 此些方法大体上分成两类。 Such methods generally fall into two categories. 一类是基于发射天线与待充电的装置上的接收天线之间的平面波辐射(也称为远场辐射)的耦合。 One is based on plane wave radiation coupled between the receive antenna on the transmit antenna means to be charged (also called far-field radiation). 接收天线收集辐射电力,并对辐射电力进行整流以用于为电池充电。 The receive antenna collects radiation power, and rectifies the radiation power for charging the battery. 天线一般具有谐振长度,以便改进耦合效率。 The antenna typically has a resonant length, so as to improve the coupling efficiency. 此方法遭受以下事实:电力耦合随天线之间的距离而迅速减少,使得超过合理距离(例如,小于1到2米) 的充电变得困难。 This approach suffers from the fact that: the power coupling between the antennas with distance rapidly reduced, so that the charge for more than a reasonable distance (e.g., less than 1 to 2 meters) becomes difficult. 另外,因为发射系统辐射平面波,所以无意的辐射在未经由滤波加以适当控制的情况下可能干扰其它系统。 Further, since the transmitting system radiates plane waves, unintentional radiation can interfere with other systems without the appropriately be controlled by the filtering.

[0009] 无线能量发射技术的其它方法是基于(例如)嵌入于“充电”装置、垫或表面中的发射天线与嵌入于待充电的主机电子装置中的接收天线(加上整流电路)之间的电感耦合。 [0009] Other methods of wireless energy transmission technique is based on the (e.g.) embedded in a "charge" transmitting antenna means or pad surface and a receiving antenna is embedded in the host electronic device to be charged (plus rectifier circuit) between inductive coupling. 此方法具有发射天线与接收天线之间的间距必须非常近(例如,在千分之几米内)的缺点。 This approach has the spacing between transmit and receive antennas must be very close (e.g., within a few meters per thousand) disadvantages. 虽然此方法确实具有在同一区域中同时为多个装置充电的能力,但是此区域通常非常小,且要求用户将装置准确地定位到特定区域。 Although this approach does have the same area as the ability to simultaneously charge a plurality of devices, but this area is typically very small, and requires the user to accurately locate the devices to a specific area.

[0010] 除增加了同时充电的便利之外,还可通过无线充电来解决所关注的环境及成本问题。 [0010] In addition to increased convenience while charging outside, but also to address environmental and cost issues of concern through wireless charging. 当前,许多电子装置被广泛地使用,所述装置由例如AA、AAA、D、C电池、9伏等格式的标准大小电池供电。 Currently, many electronic devices are widely used, the device is powered by a standard battery, for example, AA, AAA, D, C batteries, 9 volt format size. 这些电池可为一次电池或可再充电二次电池。 These cells may be a primary battery or a rechargeable secondary battery. 一次电池是一次性的且增加环境问题。 Once the battery is disposable and increased environmental problems. 可再充电二次电池可有助于解决所关注的环境问题,但可再充电二次电池仍可需要从装置移除以充电,这可包括将可再充电二次电池放置在可仅具有用于电池(通常,四个电池)的有限空间的充电器中。 Rechargeable secondary batteries can help solve environmental issues of concern, but rechargeable secondary batteries still need to be removed from the charging apparatus, which can comprise a rechargeable secondary battery is disposed may have only a in the limited space of the battery (typically, four batteries) charger. 由于无线电力充电的优点,可需要将由一次电池或二次电池供电的现有装置转换(即,改型)为无线的,为具备无线供电能力的装置以在无线充电场中为电池再充电或在无线充电场中操作。 Because of the advantages of the wireless power charging, it may be required by a conventional apparatus for converting a primary or secondary battery powered (i.e., modifications) is wireless, the wireless power supply for the apparatus is provided with the ability to recharge the battery in a wireless charging field or operate in a wireless charging field.

发明内容 SUMMARY

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0011] 图1说明无线电力传送系统的简化框图。 [0011] FIG 1 illustrates a simplified block diagram of a wireless power transfer system.

[0012] 图2说明无线电力传送系统的简化示意图。 [0012] FIG 2 illustrates a simplified diagram of a wireless power transfer system.

[0013] 图3A说明用于本发明的示范性实施例中的环形天线的示意图。 [0013] Figure 3A illustrates a schematic diagram of a loop antenna of an exemplary embodiment of the present invention is used.

[0014] 图;3B说明用于本发明的示范性实施例中的差动天线的替代实施例。 [0014] FIG.; 3B illustrates an embodiment of an alternative embodiment of a differential antenna for an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

[0015] 图4说明根据本发明示范性实施例的具有改型电路的电子装置。 [0015] Figure 4 illustrates an electronic device having a modified circuit according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

[0016] 图5说明根据本发明示范性实施例的具有用于无线电力的改型电路的电子装置。 [0016] Figure 5 illustrates a modified circuit for an electronic device having a wireless power according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

[0017] 图6A说明根据本发明示范性实施例的集成储存装置的横截面图。 [0017] FIG. 6A illustrates a cross-sectional view of an integrated storage device according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

[0018] 图6B说明根据本发明另一示范性实施例的集成储存装置的横截面图。 [0018] FIG 6B illustrates a cross-sectional view of an integrated storage device according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

[0019] 图6C说明根据本发明示范性实施例的集成储存装置的透视图。 [0019] Figure 6C illustrates a perspective view of an integrated storage device according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

[0020] 图7说明根据本发明又一示范性实施例的集成储存装置。 [0020] Figure 7 illustrates an integrated storage device according to still another exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0021] 词语“示范性”在本文中用以表示“充当实例、例子或说明”。 [0021] The word "exemplary" is used herein to mean "serving as an example, instance, or illustration." 本文中描述为“示范性”的任一实施例未必解释为比其它实施例优选或有利。 Any embodiment described herein as "exemplary" is not necessarily to be construed as an embodiment advantageous over other embodiments or preferred embodiments.

[0022] 下文结合附图而陈述的详细描述意在作为对本发明的示范性实施例的描述,且无意表示可实践本发明的仅有实施例。 [0022] The detailed description set forth below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings is intended as a description of exemplary embodiments of the present invention, and is not intended to represent the present invention can be practiced only embodiments. 贯穿此描述所使用的术语“示范性”表示“充当实例、 例子或说明”,且未必应解释为比其它示范性实施例优选或有利。 As used throughout this description, the term "exemplary" means "serving as an example, instance, or illustration," and should not necessarily be construed as preferred or advantageous over other exemplary. 所述详细描述出于提供对本发明的示范性实施例的透彻理解的目的而包括特定细节。 The detailed description of the purpose of providing a thorough understanding of exemplary embodiments of the present invention includes specific details. 所属领域的技术人员将认识到,可在无这些特定细节的情况下实践本发明的示范性实施例。 Those skilled in the art will recognize that the present invention may be practiced in an exemplary embodiment without these specific details. 在一些例子中,以框图形式来展示众所周知的结构及装置,以避免模糊本文中呈现的示范性实施例的新颖性。 In some instances, in block diagram form structures and devices well known, in order to avoid obscuring the presented herein exemplary embodiment of the novel.

[0023] 词语“无线电力,,在本文中用以表示在不使用物理电磁导体的情况下从发射器发射到接收器的与电场、磁场、电磁场或其它相关联的任何形式的能量。 [0023] The term "wireless power ,, herein to represent without the use of physical electromagnetic conductors transmitted from the transmitter to the energy receiver and the electric field, magnetic field, electromagnetic field or any other form associated.

[0024] 图1说明根据本发明的各种示范性实施例的无线发射或充电系统100。 [0024] FIG 1 illustrates a wireless embodiment in accordance with various exemplary embodiments of the present invention, the transmission or charging system 100. 将输入电力102提供到发射器104以供产生用于提供能量传送的辐射场106。 Input power 102 is provided to a transmitter 104 for generating a radiated field 106 for providing energy transfer. 接收器108耦合到辐射场106,且产生输出电力110以供由耦合到输出电力110的装置(未图示)储存或消耗。 The receiver 108 is coupled to the radiated field 106 and generates an output power 110 to the power supply device 110 (not shown) coupled to the output of the storage or consumption. 发射器104与接收器108两者隔开距离112。 Transmitter 104 and receiver 108 both spaced distance 112. 在一个示范性实施例中,根据相互谐振关系来配置发射器104与接收器108,且在接收器108的谐振频率与发射器104的谐振频率完全相同时,在接收器108位于辐射场106的“近场”中时,发射器104与接收器108之间的发射损耗为最小。 In one exemplary embodiment, be configured according to a mutual resonant relationship transmitter 104 and receiver 108, and when the resonant frequency of receiver 108 and the transmitter 104 is identical to the resonance frequency, the receiver 108 is located in the radiation field 106 when the "near-field", transmission losses between the transmitter 108 and the receiver 104 is minimized.

[0025] 发射器104进一步包括用于提供用于能量发射的装置的发射天线114,且接收器108进一步包括用于提供用于能量接收的装置的接收天线118。 [0025] Transmitter 104 further includes a transmit antenna device 114 for energy transmission and receiver 108 further includes a receive antenna apparatus 118 provides for energy reception. 根据应用及待与之相关联的装置来设计发射天线及接收天线的大小。 Application and means associated therewith to be designed according to the transmit and receive antennas size. 如所陈述,高效能量传送通过将发射天线的近场中的大部分能量耦合到接收天线而非以电磁波形式将大部分能量传播到远场而发生。 As stated, efficient energy transfer by coupling in the near field of the transmitting antenna to a receiving antenna rather most of the energy in an electromagnetic wave propagating most of the energy to the far field occurs. 当处于近场中时,可在发射天线114与接收天线118之间形成耦合模式。 When in the near-field, a coupling mode between the transmit antenna 114 and receive antenna 118. 天线114及118周围可发生近场耦合的区域在本文中称为耦合模式区。 114 and 118 around the area of ​​the antenna near-field coupling may occur is referred to herein as a coupling-mode region.

[0026] 图2展示无线电力传送系统的简化示意图。 [0026] FIG. 2 shows a simplified diagram of a wireless power transfer system. 发射器104包括振荡器122、功率放大器1¾及滤波器与匹配电路126。 The transmitter 104 includes an oscillator 122, a power amplifier and a filter and matching circuit 1¾ 126. 所述振荡器经配置以在所要频率下产生振荡器信号,可响应于调整信号123来调整所述所要频率。 The oscillator is configured to generate an oscillator signal at a desired frequency, in response to the adjustment signal 123 to adjust the desired frequency. 可通过功率放大器124响应于控制信号125而以一放大量来放大振荡器信号。 Through the power amplifier 124 in response to a control signal 125 to be amplified oscillator signal amplification amount. 可包括滤波器与匹配电路126以滤除谐波或其它非所要的频率,且使发射器104的阻抗与发射天线114匹配。 It may include a filter and matching circuit 126 to filter out harmonics or other frequencies to be undesirable, and the impedance of the transmitting antenna 114 of transmitter 104 to match. .

[0027] 接收器108可包括匹配电路132及整流器与切换电路134以产生DC电力输出,以对电池136(如图2所示)充电或对耦合到接收器的装置(未图示)供电。 [0027] The receiver 108 may include a matching circuit 132 and a rectifier and switching circuit 134 to generate a DC power output to the battery device 136 (FIG. 2) or charge coupled to the receiver (not shown) powered. 可包括匹配电路132以使接收器108的阻抗与接收天线118匹配。 May include a matching circuit 132 to enable the receiver 118 to match the impedance of the receive antenna 108. 如本文中所使用,术语“电池”可包括除自身蓄电池之外的项目,例如过电压保护电路。 As used herein, the term "battery" may include items other than the battery itself, for example over-voltage protection circuit.

[0028] 如图3A中所说明,示范性实施例中所使用的天线可配置为“环形”天线150,其在本文中也可称为“磁性”天线。 [0028] As shown in FIG. 3A, antennas used in exemplary embodiments may be configured as a "loop" antenna 150, which may also be referred to herein as a "magnetic" antenna. 环形天线可经配置以包括空气芯(air core)或物理芯(physical core)(例如,铁氧体芯)。 Loop antennas may be configured to include an air core (air core) or a physical core (physical core) (e.g., ferrite core). 空气芯环形天线可更好地容许放置于所述芯附近的外来物理装置。 Air core loop antennas may be more tolerable to extraneous physical devices placed in the vicinity of the core. 此外,空气芯环形天线允许其它组件放置于芯区域内。 Furthermore, an air core loop antenna allows the placement of other components within the core area. 另外,空气芯环可更易于使得能够将接收天线118(图2)放置于发射天线114(图2)的平面内,在所述平面处, 发射天线114(图2、的耦合模式区可更强大。 Furthermore, an air core loop may more readily enable placement of the receive antenna 118 (FIG. 2) is placed in the transmit antenna 114 (FIG. 2) in a plane, the plane, a transmit antenna 114 (FIG. 2, the coupled-mode region may be more powerful.

[0029] 如所陈述,发射器104与接收器108之间的高效能量传送在发射器104与接收器108之间的匹配或接近匹配的谐振期间发生。 [0029] As stated, the transmitter 104 and the receiver 108 between the efficient transfer of energy transferred during matched resonance between the transmitter 108 and the receiver 104 or closely match occurs. 然而,即使在发射器104与接收器108之间的谐振不匹配时,也可以较低效率传送能量。 However, even when the transmitter 104 and receiver 108 does not match the resonance between, it may be less efficient energy transfer. 能量传送通过将来自发射天线的近场的能量耦合到驻留于建立了近场的邻域中的接收天线而非将能量从发射天线传播到自由空间中而发生。 Energy transfer receiving antenna residing in the neighborhood of the near field rather than propagating the energy from the transmitting antenna into free space takes place by energy from the near field of the transmitting antenna is coupled to.

[0030] 环形或磁性天线的谐振频率是基于电感及电容。 [0030] The resonant frequency of the loop or magnetic antennas is based on the inductance and capacitance. 环形天线中的电感通常为由环产生的电感,而通常将电容添加到环形天线的电感以在所要谐振频率下产生谐振结构。 Inductive loop antenna is generally the inductance created by the loop, the capacitance is generally added to the inductance of the loop antenna to create a resonant structure at a desired resonant frequency. 作为非限制性实例,可将电容器152及电容器IM添加到所述天线,以形成产生谐振信号156的谐振电路。 By way of non-limiting example, capacitor 152 may be added to the IM antenna and a capacitor, to form a resonant circuit that generates resonant signal 156. 因此,对于较大直径的环形天线来说,诱发谐振所需的电容的大小随着环的直径或电感增加而减小。 Accordingly, for larger diameter loop antennas, the size of capacitance needed to induce resonance decreases as the diameter or inductance of the loop increases. 此外,随着环形天线或磁性天线的直径增加,近场的高效能量传送区域增加。 Furthermore, as the diameter of the loop or magnetic antenna increases, the efficient energy transfer area to increase the near-field. 当然,其它谐振电路是可能的。 Of course, other resonant circuits are possible. 作为另一非限制性实例,电容器可并行地放置于环形天线的两个端子之间。 As another non-limiting example, a capacitor may be placed in parallel between the two terminals of the loop antenna. 另外,所属领域的技术人员将认识到,对于发射天线,谐振信号156 可为到环形天线150的输入。 Further, those skilled in the art will recognize, may be an input for transmit antennas the resonant signal 156 to the loop antenna 150.

[0031] 图;3B说明用于本发明的示范性实施例中的差动天线250的替代实施例。 [0031] FIG.; 3B illustrate an alternative embodiment of a differential embodiment 250 of an antenna for an exemplary embodiment of the present invention. 天线250 可配置为差动线圈天线。 Antenna 250 may be configured as a differential coil antenna. 在差动天线配置中,天线250的中心连接到接地。 In the differential antenna configurations, the center antenna 250 is connected to ground. 天线250的每一端连接到接收器/发射器单元(未图示)中,而非如图3A中所示一端连接到接地。 Each end of the antenna 250 connected to the receiver / transmitter unit (not shown), rather than as shown in FIG. 3A end connected to ground. 可将电容器252、253、2M添加到天线250以形成产生差动谐振信号的谐振电路。 252,253,2M capacitor may be added to the antenna 250 to form a resonant circuit generates a differential resonance signal. 差动天线配置可用于通信为双向且需要到线圈中的发射时的情形中。 Differential antenna configurations may be used for bidirectional communication and the need to the case when the transmitting coil. 一个此类情形可针对近场通信(NFC) 系统。 Such a situation may (NFC) system for near field communication. [0032] 本发明的示范性实施例包括在处于彼此的近场中的两个天线之间耦合电力。 [0032] Exemplary embodiments of the present invention include coupling power between each other in the near field of the two antennas. 如所陈述,近场为天线周围其中电磁场存在但可能并不传播或辐射远离所述天线的区域。 As stated, the near-field around the antenna in which electromagnetic fields is present but may not propagate or radiate away from the antenna region. 近场通常限定于接近所述天线的物理体积的体积。 Generally limited to the near-field proximate to the volume of physical volume of the antenna. 在本发明的示范性实施例中,磁型天线(例如,单匝环形天线及多匝环形天线)用于发射(Tx)天线系统及接收(Rx)天线系统两者,因为与电型天线(例如,小型偶极天线)的电性近场相比,磁型天线的磁性近场振幅趋向于较高,从而允许所述对天线之间的潜在较高耦合。 A transmit (Tx) and receive both antenna systems (Rx) antenna system embodiment, a magnetic type antenna (e.g., a single turn loop antenna and multi-turn loop antenna) in an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, since the electrical antenna ( For example, a small dipole antenna) compared to the near-field electrical, magnetic type antennas magnetic near-field amplitudes tend to be higher, so as to allow for potentially higher coupling between the antenna pair. 然而,“电性”天线(例如,偶极及单极)或磁性天线与电性天线的组合也被预期为在本发明的范围内。 However, "power" of antennas (e.g., dipoles and monopoles) or a combination of magnetic and electric antennas is also contemplated as an antenna within the scope of the present invention.

[0033] Tx天线可在足够低的频率下且在天线大小足够大的情况下操作,以在显著大于由早先所提到的远场及电感方法所允许的距离的距离下实现到小型Rx天线的良好耦合(例如,> -4dB)。 [0033] Tx antenna and in the size of the antenna is sufficiently large operating at a low enough frequency to achieve the small Rx antenna at significantly larger than the far-field and inductive methods mentioned earlier allowed distance from good coupling (e.g.,> -4dB). 如果Tx天线的大小经正确设计,那么当将主机装置上的Rx天线放置于受驱动Tx环形天线的耦合模式区内(即,在近场中)时,可实现高耦合电平(例如,-IdB到-4dB)。 If the Tx antenna is sized correctly by the design, then when the Rx antenna on a host device is placed within a coupling-mode region of the driven Tx loop antenna (i.e., in the near field), the coupling can achieve a high level (e.g., - IdB to -4dB).

[0034] 将来可制造无线电力及/或NFC内建于电子装置中的电子装置。 [0034] The wireless power future may be manufactured and / or NFC built in the electronic device in an electronic device. 然而,许多电子装置被广泛使用,其使用常规一次性或可再充电电池,所述电池并不具备无线电力能力,且其并不具备NFC能力。 However, many electronic devices are widely used, using a conventional disposable or rechargeable battery, the battery does not have a wireless power capability, and which does not have the NFC capability. 本发明的实施例包括改型电子装置的实施例,所述电子装置最初未内建有无线电力技术或NFC,但这些传统电子装置随用户一起存在。 Embodiments of the present invention comprises a modified embodiment of the electronic device, the electronic device is not initially built wireless power or the NFC technology, these conventional electronic devices present together with the user. 此些实施例可包括定制电池组、定制替换外壳、改型标准电池组等。 Such embodiments may include custom battery, custom shell Alternatively, modified standard cell group and the like.

[0035] 如本文中所使用的“改型”表示修改具有现有电池及电池腔的现有电子装置以包括用于为现有电池充电或为安置在电子装置中作为现有电池的替换物的新电池充电的额外功能性,所述电池腔具有用于将现有电池固持在电子装置内的形状因子。 [0035] As used herein, "modification" means to modify the conventional electronic device having a battery and a battery chamber prior to include a rechargeable battery or an existing electronic device is disposed as an alternative conventional battery additional features of the new battery, the cell chamber has a shape factor for the conventional battery holder in the electronic device.

[0036] 图4说明根据本发明实施例的具有改型电路的电子装置400。 [0036] Figure 4 illustrates an electronic device having a modified circuit of the embodiment 400 of the present invention. 电子装置400可包括具有无线电力接收天线420及转换电路430的后外壳410。 The electronic device 400 may include a conversion circuit 430 and 420 of the rear housing 410 having a wireless power receiving antenna. 电子装置400可包括前外壳440,其包括电子装置400的内部电子电路(未图示),以及电池450。 The electronic device 400 may include a front housing 440, which includes an internal electronic circuit of the electronic device 400 (not shown), and a battery 450. 如图4中所示,后外壳410可从前外壳440移除。 As shown in FIG. 4, the rear housing 410 may be removed from the front of the housing 440. 在后外壳410从前外壳440移除且与前外壳440分开的情况下,电池450、天线420及转换电路430可暴露。 In the case 440 is removed after the front housing and the housing 410 is separated from the front housing 440, battery 450, antenna 420, and converter circuit 430 may be exposed. 天线420可与后外壳410放置在一起或与后外壳410 —体形成。 The antenna 420 may be placed with the rear housing 410 and rear housing 410 together or - form is formed. 天线420及转换电路430可独立于前外壳440而与后外壳410 —起制造。 Conversion circuit 430 and the antenna 420 may be independent of the front housing 440 and rear housing 410 and - from manufacturing. 因此,后外壳410可经配置以配合现有电子装置,且替换最初并不具备无线电力能力的电子装置的对应原始外壳部分。 Thus, the housing 410 may be configured to fit conventional electronic devices, and replacing corresponding original portion of the housing of the electronic device initially does not have a wireless power capabilities.

[0037] 天线420及转换电路430可经配置以接收及转换来自外部装置的信号且改型所述电子装置,其中所述电子装置最初并不包括天线420或转换电路430。 [0037] The conversion circuit 430 and the antenna 420 may be configured to receive and convert signals from an external device and modification of the electronic device, wherein said electronic device is not initially include an antenna switching circuit 420 or 430. 外部源可为无线电力发射器,且天线420及转换电路430可经进一步配置以接收及转换所述信号以产生用于电子装置400的无线电力。 An external source may be a wireless power transmitter, and the antenna 420, and converter circuit 430 may be further configured to receive and convert the wireless signals to generate power for an electronic device 400. 因此,转换电路430可包括例如匹配电路132及整流器电路134(图2)等无线电力接收电路。 Thus, the conversion circuit 430 may comprise, for example, matching circuit 132 and rectifier circuit 134 (FIG. 2), the wireless power receiver circuit. 天线420及转换电路430也可经配置以使电子装置能发送及接收NFC数据。 Conversion circuit 430 and the antenna 420 may also be configured to cause the electronic device to transmit and receive data NFC.

[0038] NFC的示范性通信机制及协议的细节可参见于2008年10月10日申请的标题为“无线电力环境中的信令充电(SIGNALING CHARGING IN WIRELESS POWER ENVIRONMENT)” 的第12/249,866号美国实用新型专利申请案中,所述实用新型专利申请案的内容以全文引用的方式并入本文中。 [0038] The title mechanism and protocol details an exemplary NFC communication can be found in filed October 10, 2008 for "charging signaling (SIGNALING CHARGING IN WIRELESS POWER ENVIRONMENT) wireless power environment" in / 249,866 No. 12 U.S. utility patent application, the contents of the utility model patent application is incorporated in its entirety by reference herein.

[0039] 天线420可为金属障碍物(例如,其它天线或接地平面)周围的净空选择路径,以便实现并改进在天线420周围产生磁场的性能。 [0039] Antenna 420 may be a metal obstruction (e.g., a ground plane antenna or other) clearance around the selected path, in order to achieve improved performance and to generate a magnetic field around the antenna 420. 在一个实施例中,可将转换电路430配置为离散组件,例如ASIC。 In one embodiment, conversion circuit 430 may be configured as discrete components, e.g. ASIC. 在操作中,可将电子装置400放置在发射天线(未图示)的射程内,且可在不需要将电池450从电子装置400中移除或不需要电子装置400连接到AC插座的情况下为电池450充电。 In operation, the electronic device 400 may be placed within the range of transmit antennas (not shown), and may be connected to the case where the AC outlet 450 without the need to remove the battery from the electronic device 400 or electronic device 400 does not require charging the battery 450.

[0040] 在操作中,后外壳410可经配置以连接到前外壳440,使得在转换电路430与电池450之间形成电连接。 [0040] In operation, the housing 410 may be configured to be connected to the front housing 440, so that an electrical connection between the converter circuit 430 and the battery 450. 转换电路430与电池450之间的电连接可经由转换电路430的触点触碰电池450的触点以建立电连接来实现。 Conversion circuit 430 is electrically connected between the battery 450 is connected via a contact to establish electrical conversion circuit 430 touch the contacts 450 of the battery is achieved. 替代示范性实施例(例如图5中所示)可包括从转换电路430延伸以建立与电池450的触点的电接触的连接器(例如,电缆)。 Alternative exemplary embodiments (such as shown in FIG. 5) may include an extension connector (e.g., cable) to establish electrical contact with the battery contacts 450 from the conversion circuit 430. 电池450 可为最初既定用以操作电子装置400的电池,然而,电池450可经定制以配合电子装置400 的现有电池的形状因子,连接到转换电路430,且(如果需要)允许天线420与转换电路430 间隔开。 Battery 450 may be a predetermined initial operation for the battery 400 to the electronic device, however, the battery 450 may be customized to fit the conventional battery form factor electronic device 400, connected to the converter circuit 430, and (if necessary) and allows the antenna 420 conversion circuit 430 spaced apart.

[0041] 在另一示范性实施例中,天线420及转换电路430可(例如)以套组形式与后外壳410分开制造。 [0041] In another exemplary embodiment, the antenna 420, and converter circuit 430 may be (e.g.) in the form of kits manufactured separately and the rear housing 410. 接着可将此套组经改型到最初制作为不具有无线电力充电或NFC能力的电子装置400中。 This kit may then be modified by initially made as to the electronic device without wireless power charging 400 or NFC capabilities. 包括天线420及转换电路430的套组可经配置以附接到电子装置400或与其合并(例如,与原始后外壳410合并)。 It includes an antenna 420, and converter circuit 430 may be configured to set the group attached to the electronic device 400 or combined therewith (e.g., combined with the original rear housing 410). 这些附接动作可由用户、电子装置400的提供商或与其相关的另一方来执行。 These attachment provider by a user operation, the electronic device 400 or other associated therewith performed.

[0042] 为确定电池是否为可再充电的,充电装置(即,经改型的天线420及转换电路430) 可经由无线充电NFC或其它短程通信(例如,Zigbee、蓝牙等)与电子装置400通信,以确定蓄电池适合再充电(即,非一次电池)。 And an electronic device [0042] To determine whether the battery is rechargeable, the charging device (i.e., modified by the antenna 420 and converting circuit 430) via the wireless charging NFC or other short-range communication (e.g., Zigbee, Bluetooth, etc.) 400 communications, to determine the appropriate recharging the battery (i.e., non-primary battery). 充电装置也可与电子装置400通信以确定电池技术(例如,镍镉、镍金属氢化物、锂离子等)以便应用适当的充电协议。 The charging device 400 may also communicate with the electronic device to determine a battery technology (e.g., nickel cadmium, nickel metal hydride, lithium ion, etc.) in order to apply the appropriate charging protocol.

[0043] 出于示范性目的,电子装置400可为如图4中所示的手机。 [0043] For exemplary purposes a mobile phone, the electronic device 400 may be as shown in FIG. 4. 然而,所属领域的技术人员将认识到,本发明的示范性实施例不限于此些电子装置。 However, those skilled in the art will recognize that the exemplary embodiments of the present invention is not limited to these electronic devices. 其它电子装置可包括个人数字助理、音频/视频装置、相机、电池供电的动力工具(power tool)、遥控器、计算机鼠标、 膝上型计算机及其它电池供电的电子装置。 Other electronic devices may include personal digital assistants, audio / video devices, cameras, battery-powered power tool (power tool), remote control, an electronic device for a computer mouse, laptop computers and other battery powered.

[0044] 图5说明根据本发明示范性实施例的具有用于无线电力的改型电路的电子装置500。 [0044] Figure 5 illustrates an exemplary embodiment of the present invention, an electronic device having a modified circuit 500 for wireless power. 电子装置500可包括具有无线电力接收天线520及无线电力接收电路530的后外壳510。 The electronic device 500 may include a rear housing 520 and a wireless power receiver 510 circuit 530 having a wireless power receiving antenna. 电子装置500可包括前外壳M0,其包括用于电子装置500的操作的内部电子电路(未图示)、电池(未图示)及屏蔽件550。 The electronic device 500 may include a front housing M0, comprising an electronic circuit for internal operation of the electronic device 500 (not shown), a battery (not shown) and the shield member 550. 如图5中所示,屏蔽件550覆盖电池。 As shown in FIG. 5, the shield member 550 covers the battery. 屏蔽件550 可经配置以使天线与可环绕电池的金属外罩隔离,这将在稍后较详细地论述。 The shield member 550 may be configured so that the antenna and the metal housing may surround the battery separator, which will be discussed later in more detail.

[0045] 如图5中所示,后外壳510可从前外壳540移除。 [0045] As shown, the housing 510 may be removed from the front housing 540 5. 在后外壳510从前外壳540移除并与前外壳540分开的情况下,屏蔽件550、无线电力接收天线520及无线电力接收电路530可暴露。 In the latter case the front housing 510 and the housing 540 and front housing 540 is removed separately, the shield member 550, the wireless power receiving antenna 520 and a wireless power receiver circuit 530 may be exposed. 无线电力接收天线520可与后外壳510放置在一起或与后外壳510 —体形成。 The wireless power receiving antenna 520 may be placed with the rear housing 510 together with the rear housing or 510-- formed body. 无线电力接收天线520及无线电力接收电路530可独立于前外壳540而与后外壳510 —起制造。 The wireless power receiving antenna 520 and a wireless power receiver circuit 530 may be independent of the front housing 540 and rear housing 510-- from manufacturing. 因此,后外壳510可经配置以配合现有电子装置,且替换最初并不具备无线电力能力的电子装置的原始后外壳。 Thus, the housing 510 may be configured to work with existing electronic device, and replaced after the first does not have the original of the electronic device housing of the wireless power capabilities.

[0046] 在操作中,后外壳510可经配置以连接到前外壳M0,使得无线电力接收电路520 与电池之间形成电连接。 [0046] In operation, the housing 510 may be configured to be connected to the front housing M0, so that an electrical connection between a wireless power receiver circuit 520 and a battery. 无线电力接收电路520与电池之间的电连接可通过无线电力接收电路520的触点与电池的触点形成电接触以建立电连接来实现。 Electrical contact between the battery contacts and the wireless power receiver circuit 520 is connected to the battery circuit 520 may receive power by wireless electrical contact to establish an electrical connection is achieved. 或者,如图5中所示,电子装置500可包括连接器560 (例如,电缆),连接器560从无线电力接收电路520延伸穿过屏蔽件550以建立与电池的触点的电连接以便在无线电力充电期间为电池充电。 Alternatively, as shown, the electronic device 500 may include a connector 560 (e.g., cable), the connector 560 from the wireless power receiver circuit 520 extends through the shield member 550 to establish a connection with the electrical contacts of the battery 5 so as during the wireless power charging the battery. [0047] 图6A说明根据本发明实施例的集成储存装置600的横截面图。 [0047] FIG. 6A illustrates an integrated storage device according to embodiments of the present invention, a cross-sectional view 600. 集成储存装置600 包括位于共用外壳罩610中的蓄电池620、天线630、屏蔽件640及其它电路650。 Integrated storage device 600 includes a common housing 620 of the battery cover 610, the antenna 630, the shield 640 and other circuitry 650.

[0048] 共用外壳罩610的形状及尺寸可设计为与结合电子装置使用的常规电池相同的形状因子。 [0048] The shape and size of a common outer housing 610 can be designed in conjunction with the conventional battery of an electronic device using the same form factor. 接着可将集成储存装置600代替原始电池插入到电子装置中,以使电子装置具备可用来自发射天线(未图示)的无线电力充电的电池(即,蓄电池620)。 Then the storage device 600 may be integrated in place of the original cell inserted into an electronic device, so that the electronic device includes a wireless power charging battery available from transmit antenna (not shown) (i.e., battery 620). 集成储存装置也可包括如上文所阐释的NFC能力。 Integrated storage device may also include an NFC capability as explained above.

[0049] 连接器660可经配置而以类似于原始电池将与电子装置接触的方式而与电子装置形成电接触,以便向电子装置提供电力。 [0049] The connector 660 may be configured in a manner similar to the original cell in contact with the electronic device and electrical contact with the electronic device, to provide power to the electronic device. 连接器660可为如图6A到图6C中所示的电缆, 或者为一组触点,其用以建立与普通电池将接触的触点的电连接以便为电子装置供电。 The connector 660 may cable shown in FIG. 6A to 6C as shown, or to a set of contacts for establishing electrical contact with the common contact connected to the battery to power the electronic device.

[0050] 天线630可经配置以接收无线电力及NFC,例如线圈天线。 [0050] The antenna 630 may be configured to receive wireless power and NFC, for example, a coil antenna. 换句话说,天线可经配置以接收无线电力发射、接收NFC发射,或所述两者的组合。 In other words, the antenna to receive the wireless power transmitter may be configured to receive NFC transmitter, or a combination of both. 当经配置以接收两者时,天线630可由无线电力系统及电子装置的原始电子件共享,这可为将无线电力及NFC两者集成于目前不具有此些能力的现有电子装置中的节省成本的方式。 When configured to receive both when the antenna 630 by the wireless power system the original electronic element and an electronic device sharing, which may be a wireless power and NFC both the integrated current conventional electronic device having no saving in the ability of such cost-effective manner.

[0051] 蓄电池620可配置为任何类型的电池蓄电池,例如锂离子电池。 [0051] Battery 620 may be configured as any type of secondary battery cells such as lithium-ion batteries. 因为集成储存装置620的共用外壳罩610 (还具有额外电路)可经配置以替换电子装置的现有电池,蓄电池620的物理区域可物理上小于集成储存装置600将在电子装置中替换的现有电池内的对应蓄电池。 Since the conventional common housing cover 610 of integrated storage device 620 (also having additional circuitry) may be configured to replace the conventional electronic device battery, the battery 620 may be a physical area on a physical storage device 600 is smaller than the integrated electronic device in replacement corresponding to the battery within the battery. 然而,蓄电池620可在电方面与先前电池的蓄电池相同或大于先前电池的蓄电池。 However, the battery 620 may be the same as the previous battery cell or the battery is greater than the previous battery in electrical terms.

[0052] 屏蔽件640可为位于蓄电池620与天线630之间的保护磁场成形材料。 [0052] The shield member 640 may be positioned between the magnetic field of the protection of the battery 620 and the antenna 630 forming material. 屏蔽件640可经配置以使天线与可环绕蓄电池620的金属外罩隔离。 The shield member 640 may be configured so that the antenna with a metal casing around a battery separator 620. 换句话说,屏蔽件640可具有使磁场局部化以减少蓄电池620对天线630的性能可能具有的破坏性影响的效应。 In other words, the shield member 640 may have a localized magnetic field in order to reduce the damaging effects of the battery performance of the antenna 620 pairs 630 may have effect. 屏蔽件可由铁氧体材料(例如,FLEXIELD,其可从日本东京的TDK公司购得)制造。 The shield member (e.g., FLEXIELD, which is commercially available from TDK Corporation, Tokyo, Japan) may be made from ferrite material.

[0053] 其它电路650可使集成储存装置600具备以下能力:将电子装置转换为具备无线电力能力,或具备NFC能力,或具备无线电力能力且具备NFC能力。 [0053] Other integrated circuit 650 enables storage device 600 includes the following capabilities: to convert the electronic device includes a wireless power capability, or the NFC capability, or the ability to have wireless power and NFC capability is provided. 此电路的实例包括如上文相对于图2而论述的匹配电路及整流器电路。 Examples include the circuit described above with respect to FIG. 2 and discussed in a matching circuit and a rectifier circuit. 如果过保护电路未内建于蓄电池620中, 那么其它电路650还可包括过电压保护电路。 If the protection circuit is not built in through the battery 620, the other circuitry 650 may further include an overvoltage protection circuit.

[0054] 另外,集成储存装置600可包括在相关联的电子装置在无线电力发射充电场的射程内时激活(例如,来自发光二极管的闪光或某音频指示)的指示器(例如,视觉或音频指示器)。 [0054] Further, the integrated storage device 600 may be included in an electronic device associated with the emission range of the charging field when activated (e.g., from a light emitting diode or a flash audio indication) indicator (e.g., visual or audio wireless power indicator). 集成储存装置600还可包括环绕组件的磁性上透明的封装材料,以实现磁场的额外稳固性。 Integrated storage device 600 further comprises a transparent magnetic material encapsulation around the assembly, to achieve additional stability of the magnetic field.

[0055] 在操作中,集成储存装置600可经配置以在处于由无线电力充电器的发射器产生的辐射场内时接收无线电力。 [0055] In operation, the integrated storage device 600 may receive wireless power when in the radiation field in generated by the wireless power transmitter is configured charger. 无线电力可储存在蓄电池620(例如,电池)中。 The wireless power stored in the battery 620 (e.g., a battery). 来自蓄电池620的所储存的电荷可接着用以为相关联的电子装置供电。 The stored charge from the battery 620 can then supply the electronic device associated with that. 或者,由集成无线储存装置600 所接收的电力可直接为电子装置供电,而不是将电力储存在蓄电池620中。 Alternatively, the integrated wireless storage device 600 received by the power supply directly to the electronic device, rather than electric power stored in the battery 620. 换句话说,一种用途可为对蓄电池620充电以用于为电子装置供电,且另一用途可为在电子装置处于发射天线的辐射场的射程内的情况下直接为电子装置供电。 In other words, a use may be charged to the battery 620 is used to power the electronic device, and the other uses may be directly powered electronic device within the range in the case of the electronic device in the radiation field of the transmitting antenna. 如先前所描述,无线充电包括将电力供应给待充电的电子装置中的接收天线的发射天线,电力接着可馈给将接收到的电力转换成DC电力的整流电路。 As previously described, comprises a transmit antenna wireless charging power is supplied to the receiving antenna of the electronic device to be charged in, and then the power may be fed to the received power into DC power rectifier circuit. DC电力可对电子装置的电池充电,或为同时发生的操作提供电力。 DC power may be charged to the battery of the electronic device, or to provide electricity to operate simultaneously. 一般来说,集成储存装置600可将接收天线630、蓄电池620(例如,电池)及其它电路650(例如,整流电路连同用于发信息通知充电发射天线的电路)组合到共用外壳罩610中, In general, the integrated storage device 600 may receive antenna 630, battery 620 (e.g., a battery), and other circuitry 650 (e.g., a rectifier circuit together with the antenna circuit transmits a notification message to a charging) were combined into a common housing cover 610,

10其替换电子装置的现有电池组。 10 replaces the conventional battery of the electronic device.

[0056] 替代地或另外,集成储存装置600可经配置以使电子装置能够经由天线630发送及接收NFC。 [0056] Alternatively or additionally, the integrated storage device 600 may be configured to enable an electronic device capable of transmitting and receiving antenna 630 via NFC. 通过使用集成储存装置600来替换现有电池组,电子装置可不需要软件修改。 By replacing the conventional battery pack 600 using an integrated storage device, the electronic device may not require software changes. 使用集成储存装置600可为有利的,因为许多电子装置具有允许电子装置仅用为特定电子装置定制的AC适配器来充电的定制软件。 Using the integrated storage device 600 may be advantageous, since many electronic devices with tailored to allow only a particular electronic device the electronic device AC adapter to charge the custom software. 在现有电池端子处直接充电可减轻这些软件兼容性问题,因为对于电子装置中的软件来说,电力可看起来好像电力是由常规电池提供一样。 In the conventional charging the battery terminals directly reduce these software compatibility problems because the software for the electronic device, the power appears to be the same as the power is provided by a conventional battery. 另外,因为集成储存装置600可经配置以符合电子装置的现有电池的大小及形状,所以可维持电子装置的原始工业设计。 Further, because the integrated storage device 600 may be configured to conform to the size and shape of the conventional battery of the electronic device, it is possible to maintain the original industrial design of the electronic device. 另外,集成储存装置600可允许用户通过用集成储存装置600替换现有电池组来简单地升级其当前电子装置。 Further, the integrated storage device 600 may allow a user by replacing the conventional battery with the integrated storage device 600 to simply upgrade their current electronic device.

[0057] 具有共用外壳罩610的集成储存装置600可能够在不同集成储存装置600上维持较恒定的谐振。 [0057] a common housing with an integrated storage device 600 of the cover 610 may be capable of maintaining a relatively constant resonant at different storage devices 600 integrated. 天线630、屏蔽件640及蓄电池620的相对位置及间距可在天线630的校正调谐中起显著作用。 Antenna 630, the shield 640 and the battery 620 from the relative position and spacing can be corrected in the tuning of the antenna 630 in a prominent role. 如果组件(例如蓄电池620、天线630、屏蔽件640等)松动,那么此些组件之间的各种间距可导致不同谐振频率。 If a component (e.g., a battery 620, an antenna 630, the shield 640, etc.) is loose, the distance between the various Such components may result in different resonance frequencies. 换句话说,提供集成储存装置600可允许无线电力或NFC通信的执行更加可靠且可重复。 In other words, there is provided an integrated storage device 600 may allow wireless or power NFC communication to perform more reliable and repeatable.

[0058] 图6B说明根据本发明另一示范性实施例的集成储存装置600的横截面图。 [0058] FIG 6B illustrates a cross-sectional view 600 according to another exemplary embodiment of the present invention is an integrated storage device of the embodiment. 集成储存装置600包括位于具有连接器660的共用外壳罩610中的蓄电池620、天线630、屏蔽件640及其它电路650,其各自如先前关于图6A所述那样配置。 Integrated storage device 600 includes a battery 620 having a common housing cover 610 of the connector 660, the antenna 630, the shield 640 and other circuits 650, each as previously arranged with respect to Figure 6A. 集成储存装置600额外地包括接收电路670,其可与其它电路650在不同的模块中。 Integrated storage device 600 additionally includes a receiving circuit 670, which may be different from the other circuit modules in the 650. 接收电路670可包括与无线电力及/或NFC转换有关的电路。 Receive circuitry 670 may include circuitry and the wireless power and / or NFC related to conversion. 此电路的实例可包括将由天线630接收的电力转换成DC电力的整流器、滤波器及调节器。 Examples of this circuit may include an antenna 630 by the received power into DC power rectifier, filter and regulator.

[0059] 图6C说明根据本发明示范性实施例的集成储存装置600的透视图。 [0059] Figure 6C illustrates a perspective view 600 according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention is an integrated storage device of the embodiment. 集成储存装置600包括位于具有连接器660的共用外壳罩610中的蓄电池620、天线630、屏蔽件640 及其它电路650,其如先前关于图6A所述那样配置。 Integrated storage device 600 includes a battery 620 having a common housing cover 610 of the connector 660, the antenna 630, the shield 640 and other circuitry 650, which as previously arranged with respect to Figure 6A. 用于无线电力转换、NFC或其组合的电路可包括于其它电路650中或包括于例如图6B中所示的另一模块670中。 A wireless power converter, NFC, or combinations thereof may be included in a circuit or other circuits 650 comprise, for example, another module 670 shown in FIG. 6B. 或者,用于NFC 及/或无线电力转换的电路可容纳于集成储存装置600外部,然而这样做可能要求天线630 的连接存在于集成储存装置600外部。 Alternatively, for NFC and / or wireless power converter integrated circuit may be housed in an external storage device 600, however, this may require that the antenna connector 630 located in the external storage device 600 integrated.

[0060] 图7说明根据本发明又一实施例的集成储存装置700。 [0060] Figure 7 illustrates an integrated storage device 700 according to yet another embodiment of the present invention. 集成储存装置700可配置为现有电池的形状及大小(即,适应相同形状因子),并具有与现有电池相同的电极连接。 Integrated storage device 700 may be configured to shape and size of the existing battery (i.e., adapt the same form factor), and the conventional battery having the same electrode. 举例来说,电子装置可由一次性电池(例如,AA电池701及702)供电。 For example, the electronic device may be a disposable battery (e.g., AA batteries 701 and 702) supply. 这些电池类型常可用于便携式电子物品(例如,手电筒或玩具)的电池隔室中。 These types of battery cell compartments often used in portable electronic object (e.g., a flashlight or toys) in. 在此示范性实施例中,改型电池701及702包括线圈天线705,其可放置在电池701、702的圆周中的一者或两者的边缘周围。 Embodiment, the battery 701 and the edge 702 comprises a modified coil antenna 705, which may be placed on the circumference of the battery 701, 702 in one or both around this exemplary embodiment. 另外,改型电池701及702的一部分可由包括整流器、滤波器、调节器及使装置能够接收无线电力、NFC或其组合所需的其它电路的电子电路710形成。 In addition, modifications may be made part of the battery 701 and 702 includes a rectifier, a filter, a regulator, and that the means capable of receiving wireless power, the NFC circuit or a desired combination of other electronic circuitry 710 is formed. 通过将相关联的电子装置或改型电池701、702单独地放置在发射天线的耦合模式区中,电池702的剩余部分中的蓄电池(大体展示为712、714、716)可被无线充电。 By associating the electronic device 701, 702 or the modified cells are placed individually in a coupling-mode region of the transmit antenna, the remaining portion of the battery 702 in the battery (generally shown as 712, 714) may be wirelessly charged.

[0061] 因此,集成储存装置700包括位于共用外壳中的蓄电池712、714、716、线圈天线705及相关联的电子电路710。 [0061] Thus, the integrated storage device 700 comprises a battery 712, 714 in a common housing, the coil antenna 705 and electronic circuitry 710 is associated. 集成储存装置700可用以通过允许对由新无线充电电池组合件替换的电池进行无线充电来改型电子装置,以根据无线电力接收而操作或具备NFC能力。 Integrated storage device 700 may be used to allow through a new radio replaced by a rechargeable battery assembly charging the battery retrofit wireless electronic device to receive the wireless power operated or an NFC capability. 因为电池的某区域可保留用于额外电子电路,所以可减少电池中的蓄电池所使用的物理空间。 Because a region of the cell may be reserved for additional electronic circuitry, it is possible to reduce the physical space of the battery used in a battery. 然而,电池的电性能可大体上类似于被替换的现有电池。 However, the electrical performance of the battery can be substantially similar to the conventional battery is replaced. 尽管图7中展示AA电池, 但这些示范性电池的形状及大小不应被视为限制性的。 Although shown in FIG. 7 AA batteries, but the shape and size of these exemplary battery should not be considered limiting. 集成储存装置可经配置以根据任何类型的电池(例如,AA、AAA、C电池、D电池、9伏、锂离子、镍镉及镍金属氢化物电池)来设计形状及大小。 Integrated storage device may be configured to any type of cell (e.g., AA, AAA, C batteries, D batteries, 9-volt, lithium ion, nickel cadmium and nickel metal hydride batteries) designed shape and size.

[0062] 在另一示范性实施例中,某些现有电子装置的外壳可能太厚,或提供太多内部屏蔽件,其可能不允许无线充电场穿透现有电子装置的外壳。 [0062] In another exemplary embodiment, the housing of some conventional electronic devices may be too thick, or too much to provide internal shield member, which may not allow the wireless charging field penetrating the housing of the conventional electronic device. 在此其它示范性实施例中,可将具备无线电力能力的电池(例如,图4到图7中的电池)从电子装置移除,并将其放置在无线电力场中(例如,充电垫上)。 In other exemplary embodiments, it may be provided with a battery power capability of a wireless (e.g., cell of FIG. 7 to FIG. 4) is removed from the electronic device, and place it in the wireless power field (e.g., charging pad) . 移除此电池可将电池从屏蔽区域移除,以允许无线耦合发生。 Remove this battery cell can be removed from the shield region, to allow the wireless coupling occurs. 一旦经由无线电力接收进行了充电,就可将具备无线电力能力的电池重新放置在电子装置中。 Upon reception via a wireless power charging, the battery can be provided with the ability to reposition the wireless power in an electronic device.

[0063] 在另一示范性实施例中,无线电力转换硬件可配置为在外部连接到电子装置(例如,在DC输入处连接到电子装置)的装置。 [0063] embodiment, the wireless power converter is a hardware device may be externally connected to the electronic device (e.g., the DC input is connected to the electronic device) is disposed in another exemplary embodiment.

[0064] 本文中所描述的方法适用于多种通信标准,例如⑶MA、WCDMA, OFDM,802. 11、GPS、 蓝牙、LGE等。 [0064] The methods described herein are applicable to a variety of communication standards such as ⑶MA, WCDMA, OFDM, 802. 11, GPS, Bluetooth, and so on LGE. 所属领域的技术人员将理解,可使用多种不同技术及技法中的任一者来表示信息及信号。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate that, using a variety of different technologies and techniques to represent any of a signal and the information. 举例来说,可通过电压、电流、电磁波、磁场或磁粒子、光场或光粒子,或其任何组合来表示可能贯穿此详细描述所提到的数据、指令、命令、信息、信号、位、符号及码片。 By way of example, it may be represented by voltages, currents, electromagnetic waves, magnetic fields or particles, optical fields or particles, or any combination thereof may be described in detail throughout this mentioned data, instructions, commands, information, signals, bits, symbols, and chips.

[0065] 所属领域的技术人员将了解,结合本文中所揭示的示范性实施例而描述的各种说明性逻辑块、模块、电路及算法步骤可实施为电子硬件、计算机软件或两者的组合。 [0065] Those skilled in the art will appreciate that the herein disclosed exemplary embodiments described in various illustrative logical blocks, modules, circuits, and algorithm steps in combination may be implemented as electronic hardware, computer software, or both for . 为了清楚地说明硬件与软件的这种可互换性,已在上文大体按其功能性而描述了各种说明性组件、块、模块、电路及步骤。 To clearly illustrate this hardware and software interchangeability, it has been above generally in terms of their functionality described various illustrative components, blocks, modules, circuits, and steps. 将此功能性实施为硬件还是软件取决于特定应用及强加于整个系统上的设计约束。 This functionality is implemented as hardware or software depends upon the particular application and design constraints imposed on the overall system. 所属领域的技术人员对于每一特定应用可以不同的方式实施所描述的功能性,但此些实施决策不应被解释为引起与本发明的示范性实施例的范围的偏离。 Functional ordinary skill in the art for each particular application may implement the described different ways, but such implementation decisions should not be interpreted as causing a departure from the scope of the exemplary embodiment of the present invention.

[0066] 可用经设计以执行本文中所描述的功能的通用处理器、数字信号处理器(DSP)、专用集成电路(ASIC)、现场可编程门阵列(FPGA)或其它可编程逻辑装置、离散门或晶体管逻辑、离散硬件组件,或其任何组合来实施或执行结合本文中所揭示的示范性实施例而描述的各种说明性逻辑块、模块及电路。 [0066] designed to perform the functions can be used herein as a general purpose processor, a digital signal processor (DSP), application specific integrated circuit (ASIC), a field programmable gate array (FPGA) or other programmable logic device, discrete the various illustrative logical blocks gate or transistor logic, discrete hardware components, or any combination thereof designed to perform as disclosed herein in conjunction with exemplary embodiments described in the exemplary embodiment, modules, and circuits. 通用处理器可为微处理器,但在替代方案中,处理器可为任何常规处理器、控制器、微控制器或状态机。 A general purpose processor may be a microprocessor, but in the alternative, the processor may be any conventional processor, controller, microcontroller, or state machine. 处理器还可实施为计算装置的组合,例如DSP与微处理器的组合、多个微处理器的组合、结合DSP核心的一个或一个以上微处理器, 或任何其它此类配置。 Processor may also be implemented as a combination of computing devices, e.g., a combination of a DSP and a microprocessor, a plurality of microprocessors, in conjunction with a DSP core, one or more microprocessors, or any other such configuration.

[0067] 结合本文中所揭示的示范性实施例而描述的方法或算法的步骤可直接包含于硬件中、由处理器执行的软件模块中或所述两者的组合中。 Steps of a method or algorithm described in [0067] incorporated herein disclosed exemplary embodiments described herein may be embodied directly in hardware, in a software module executed by a processor, or in a combination of the two. 软件模块可驻留在随机存取存储器(RAM)、快闪存储器、只读存储器(ROM)、电可编程ROM(EPROM)、电可擦除可编程ROM(EEPROM)、寄存器、硬盘、可装卸盘、CD-ROM或此项技术中已知的任何其它形式的存储媒体中。 A software module may reside in random access memory (RAM), flash memory, read only memory (ROM), electrically programmable ROM (EPROM), electrically erasable programmable ROM (EEPROM), registers, hard disk, a removable disk, CD-ROM, or any other art form of storage medium known in the. 示范性存储媒体耦合到处理器,使得处理器可从存储媒体读取信息,并将信息写入到存储媒体。 An exemplary storage medium is coupled to the processor such the processor can read information from the storage medium, and write information to, the storage medium. 在替代方案中,存储媒体可与处理器成一体式。 In the alternative, the storage medium may be integral to the processor. 处理器及存储媒体可驻留在ASIC中。 The processor and the storage medium may reside in an ASIC. ASIC可驻留在用户终端中。 The ASIC may reside in a user terminal. 在替代方案中,处理器及存储媒体可作为离散组件驻留在用户终端中。 In the alternative, the processor and the storage medium may reside as discrete components in a user terminal.

[0068] 在一个或一个以上示范性实施例中,所描述的功能可以硬件、软件、固件,或其任何组合来实施。 [0068] embodiments, the functions described may be implemented in hardware, software, firmware, or any combination thereof In one or more exemplary embodiments. 如果以软件来实施,那么所述功能可作为一个或一个以上指令或代码存储在计算机可读媒体上或经由计算机可读媒体而传输。 If implemented in software, the functions may be used as one or more instructions or code stored or transmitted via a computer readable medium on a computer-readable medium. 计算机可读媒体包括计算机存储媒体及通信媒体两者,通信媒体包括促进将计算机程序从一处传送到另一处的任何媒体。 Computer-readable media includes both computer storage media and communication media both facilitate communication medium comprising a computer program from one place to another in any medium. 存储媒体可为可由计算机存取的任何可用媒体。 A storage media may be any available media that is accessed by a computer. 作为实例而非限制,此计算机可读媒体可包含RAM、ROM、EEPROM、CD-ROM或其它光盘存储装置、磁盘存储装置或其它磁性存储装置,或可用以运载或存储呈指令或数据结构形式的所要程序代码且可通过计算机存取的任何其它媒体。 By way of example and not limitation, computer-readable media can comprise RAM, ROM, EEPROM, CD-ROM or other optical disk storage, magnetic disk storage or other magnetic storage devices, or be used to carry or store instructions or data structures in the form of the program code may be any other medium accessed by a computer. 而且,严格地说,可将任何连接均称为计算机可读媒体。 Further, strictly speaking, any connection may be termed a computer-readable medium. 举例来说,如果使用同轴电缆、 光纤电缆、双绞线、数字订户线(DSL),或例如红外线、无线电及微波等无线技术从网站、服务器或其它远程源传输软件,那么同轴电缆、光纤电缆、双绞线、DSL,或例如红外线、无线电及微波等无线技术包括在媒体的定义中。 For example, if using a coaxial cable, fiber optic cable, twisted pair, digital subscriber line (DSL), or such as infrared, radio, and microwave wireless technologies from a website, server, or other remote source, then the coaxial cable, fiber optic cable, twisted pair, DSL, or such as infrared, radio, and microwave wireless technologies included in the definition of medium. 在本文中使用时,磁盘及光盘包括压缩光盘(CD)、 激光光盘、光学光盘、数字多功能光盘(DVD)、软性磁盘及蓝光光盘,其中磁盘通常以磁性方式再现数据,而光盘使用激光以光学方式再现数据。 As used herein Disk and disc, includes compact disc (CD), laser disc, optical disc, digital versatile disc (DVD), floppy disk and blu-ray disc where disks usually reproduce data magnetically, while discs using a laser reproduce data optically. 上述各项的组合也应包括在计算机可读媒体的范围内。 Combinations of the above should also be included within the scope of computer-readable media.

[0069] 提供对所揭示示范性实施例的先前描述以使得所属领域的技术人员能够制作或使用本发明。 [0069] The previous description of the disclosed provide exemplary embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. 对这些示范性实施例的各种修改对于所属领域的技术人员来说将是显而易见的,且在不脱离本发明的精神或范围的情况下,本文所定义的一般原理可应用于其它实施例。 Various embodiments of modifications to these exemplary to those skilled in the art it will be apparent to, and without departing from the spirit or scope of the present invention, the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments. 因此,本发明无意限于本文所展示的实施例,而是应被赋予与本文所揭示的原理及新颖特征一致的最宽范围。 Accordingly, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein, but is to be consistent with the herein disclosed principles and novel features widest scope.

Claims (28)

1. 一种用于电子装置的电力电路,其包含:天线,其用于接收来自由发射天线产生的近场辐射的耦合模式区的信号;以及转换电路,其用于将所述信号转换成DC电力以供电子装置使用;其中所述天线及所述转换电路经配置以使用所述电子装置的电池隔室的现有连接及现有形状因子以电及机械方式耦合到所述电子装置。 1. A power circuit for an electronic device, comprising: a signal coupling-mode region of the antenna for receiving to the transmitting antenna consisting of near-field radiation generated; and a conversion circuit for converting the signal into DC power to an electronic device for use; wherein the antenna and the switching circuit is configured to use an existing connection of the battery compartment of the electronic device and a shape factor in a conventional electrically and mechanically coupled to the electronic device.
2.根据权利要求1所述的电力电路,其进一步包含电池,所述电池可操作地耦合到所述转换电路且经配置以由来自所述转换电路的所述DC电力充电。 The power circuit according to claim 1, further comprising a battery operably coupled to the converter circuit and to the charging by the DC power from the converter circuit is configured.
3.根据权利要求1所述的电力电路,其中所述天线及所述转换电路经进一步配置以发送及接收近场通信数据。 The power circuit according to claim 1, wherein said antenna and said switching circuit is further configured to communicate data transmitting and receiving near-field.
4.根据权利要求1所述的电力电路,其进一步包含替换外壳部分,所述替换外壳部分经配置以替换所述电子装置的对应外壳部分,且其中:所述天线及所述转换电路与所述替换外壳部分一体形成;且所述转换电路电耦合到所述电子装置的现有电池。 4. The power circuit according to claim 1, further comprising a housing portion Alternatively, the replacement housing portion configured to replace the corresponding housing portion of the electronic device, and wherein: said antenna and said switching circuit and the Alternatively said housing portion is integrally formed; and the conversion circuit is electrically coupled to the electronic device of the existing battery.
5.根据权利要求1所述的电力电路,其中所述天线及所述转换电路经配置以附接到所述电子装置的现有外壳部分,并可操作地耦合到所述电子装置的现有电池。 The power circuit according to claim 1, wherein the antenna and the conventional conversion circuit configured to be attached to existing housing part of the electronic device, and operatively coupled to the electronic device battery.
6.根据权利要求1所述的电力电路,其进一步包含可再充电蓄电池,所述可再充电蓄电池用于储存电荷以为所述电子装置供电,其中:所述可再充电蓄电池经配置以由所述DC电力充电;且所述蓄电池与所述天线及所述转换电路一起容纳在共用组合件中,所述共用组合件经配置以用于附接到所述电子装置。 The power circuit according to claim 1, further comprising a rechargeable battery, the rechargeable battery for storing the electric charge that the electronic power supply device, wherein: said rechargeable battery is configured to be the charging said DC power; and said battery with said receiving antenna and said switching circuit in a common assembly, the common assembly is configured for attachment to the electronic device.
7.根据权利要求6所述的电力电路,其进一步包含位于所述共用组合件内所述可再充电蓄电池与所述天线之间的屏蔽件,其中所述屏蔽件经配置以使所述天线与所述可再充电蓄电池电磁隔离。 The power circuit according to claim 6, further comprising in said common inner assembly of the rechargeable battery between the shield and the antenna, wherein the shield member is configured such that the antenna the rechargeable battery can be electromagnetically isolated.
8.根据权利要求7所述的电力电路,其中所述屏蔽件包含铁氧体材料。 8. The power circuit according to claim 7, wherein said shield member comprises a ferrite material.
9.根据权利要求6所述的电力电路,其中所述共用组合件经配置以替换所述电子装置的现有电池。 9. The power circuit according to claim 6, wherein said common conventional battery assembly is configured to replace the electronic device.
10.根据权利要求9所述的电力电路,其中所述共用组合件具有与所述现有电池大体上相同的形状因子及大体上相同的电触点位置。 10. The power circuit according to claim 9, wherein said common with the conventional assembly has substantially the same form factor of the battery and the electrical contacts is substantially the same position.
11.根据权利要求9所述的电力电路,其中所述共用组合件的形状经配置以配合在根据定制电池、AA、AAA、C电池、D电池及9伏电池中的至少一者而配置的所述电池隔室内。 11. In the custom battery, AA, AAA, C cells, D cells, and 9 volt battery is disposed at least one power circuit as claimed in claim 9, wherein the shape of the assembly is configured to fit the common the battery compartment.
12.根据权利要求9所述的电力电路,其中可再充电蓄电池包括锂离子、镍镉及镍金属氢化物中的至少一者的化学组合物。 12. The power circuit according to claim 9, wherein the rechargeable battery comprises a chemical composition of a lithium ion, nickel cadmium and nickel metal hydride is at least one.
13.根据权利要求1所述的电力电路,其中所述电子装置配置为手机、音频播放器、视频播放器、个人数字助理、计算机、相机、玩具、工具、遥控器及计算机鼠标中的至少一者。 13. The power circuit according to claim 1, wherein said electronic device is configured as a mobile phone, audio player, video player, at least one of a personal digital assistant, computer, camera, toys, tools, remote control and a computer mouse By.
14.根据权利要求1所述的电力电路,其中所述天线及所述转换电路容纳在共用组合件中,且所述共用组合件经配置以在外部附接到所述电子装置以将所述转换电路电连接到所述现有连接。 14. The power circuit according to claim 1, wherein said receiving antenna and said switching circuit in a common assembly, and the assembly is configured to share the externally attached to the electronic device to the conversion circuit electrically connected to the existing connection.
15. 一种用于改型电子装置的方法,所述方法包含:连接天线及转换电路以便以机械及电方式与电子装置耦合,其中所述电子装置最初缺乏所述天线及所述转换电路;接收来自由发射天线产生的近场辐射的耦合模式区的信号;以及将所述信号转换成DC电力以供所述电子装置使用。 15. A method for the modification of the electronic device, the method comprising: connecting the antenna switching circuit to mechanically and electrically coupled to the electronic device and manner, wherein the electronic device lacking the antenna and the first switching circuit; signal coupling-mode region of the near-field radiation received by the transmitting antenna consisting generated; and converting the signal into DC power for use by the electronic devices.
16.根据权利要求15所述的方法,其中接收及转换由所述电子装置使用的所述信号进一步包含:接收及转换去往所述电子装置的近场通信发射。 16. The method according to claim 15, wherein the receiving and converting said signal further comprises the use of the electronic device to: receive and convert the near-field communication electronic device destined for emission.
17.根据权利要求15所述中的方法,其进一步包含:将可再充电蓄电池连接到所述转换电路以用于在所述天线的无线电力耦合期间储存电荷;以及将所述可再充电蓄电池、所述转换电路及所述天线容纳在共用组合件中以替换所述电子装置的现有电池。 17. The method of claim 15, further comprising: a rechargeable battery is connected to said conversion circuit for storing a charge during a wireless power coupling of the antenna; and the rechargeable battery the conversion circuit and the antenna housed in a common assembly to replace the conventional battery of the electronic device.
18.根据权利要求15所述的方法,其中连接所述天线及所述转换电路以配合所述电子装置包括:将所述天线及所述转换电路容纳在共用组合件中以适应所述电子装置。 18. The method according to claim 15, wherein said connection switching circuit and the antenna to fit the electronic device comprising: the antenna and the switching circuit housed in a common assembly to accommodate the electronic device .
19.根据权利要求18所述的方法,其中将所述天线及所述转换电路容纳在共用组合件中以配合所述电子装置包括:将所述天线及所述转换电路与经配置以替换所述电子装置的对应外壳部分的替换外壳部分一体形成。 19. A method according to claim 18, wherein said receiving antenna and said switching circuit in a common assembly to fit the electronic device comprising: the antenna and the switching circuit and configured to replace the Alternatively the corresponding housing portion of the housing portion formed integrally of said electronic device.
20. 一种无线电力接收器,其包含:用于连接天线及转换电路以便以机械及电方式与电子装置耦合的装置,其中所述电子装置最初缺乏所述天线及所述转换电路;用于接收来自由发射天线产生的近场辐射的耦合模式区的信号的装置;以及用于将所述信号转换成DC电力以供所述电子装置使用的装置。 20. A wireless power receiver, comprising: in order to mechanically and electrically coupled to the electronic device apparatus, wherein said electronic device lacking the first antenna and the antenna switching circuit for connecting and switching circuit; for signal means coupled-mode region of the near-field radiation received by the transmitting antenna consisting generated; and means for converting said signal into DC power for use by the electronic device used.
21.根据权利要求20所述的无线电力接收器,其进一步包含用于将所述信号转换成用于所述电子装置的近场通信发射的装置。 21. The wireless power receiver as claimed in claim claim 20, further comprising means for converting said signal into a near field communication means for transmitting the electronic device.
22.根据权利要求20所述的无线电力接收器,其进一步包含:用于将可再充电蓄电池连接到所述转换电路以用于在所述天线的无线电力耦合期间储存电荷的装置;以及用于将所述可再充电蓄电池、所述转换电路及所述天线容纳在共用组合件中以替换所述电子装置的现有电池的装置。 22. The wireless power receiver according to claim 20, further comprising: means for connecting the rechargeable battery to the converter circuit means for storing charge during the wireless power coupling of the antenna; and with to said rechargeable battery means accommodated in the antenna circuit and the common assembly to replace the conventional electronic device converts the battery.
23.根据权利要求20所述的无线电力接收器,其中用于连接所述天线及所述转换电路以配合所述电子装置的所述装置包括:用于将所述天线及所述转换电路容纳在共用组合件中以适应所述电子装置的装置。 23. The wireless power receiver as claimed in claim claim 20, wherein for connecting said antenna and said switching circuit means to fit the said electronic device comprising: means for converting said antenna and said receiving circuit in a common assembly to accommodate the electronic device apparatus.
24.根据权利要求23所述的无线电力接收器,其中用于将所述天线及所述转换电路容纳在共用组合件中以配合所述电子装置的所述装置包括:用于将所述天线及所述转换电路与经配置以替换所述电子装置的对应外壳部分的替换外壳部分一体形成的装置。 24. The wireless power receiver as claimed in claim 23, wherein said antenna and said means for converting said circuit means housed in a common assembly to fit the electronic device comprises: means for the antenna and said circuit means is configured to replace the corresponding housing portion of the housing portion of the replacement electronic device formed integrally conversion.
25. 一种电子装置,其包含:改型电路,其用于添加最初并非为所述电子装置的部分的功能性,所述改型电路包含:天线,其用于接收来自由外部源产生的近场辐射的耦合模式区的信号;以及转换电路,其用于转换所述信号以供所述电子装置使用,其中所述天线及所述转换电路经配置以对最初缺乏无线电力接收能力的所述电子装置进行改型。 25. An electronic device, comprising: a modification circuit for adding not formed as a portion of the functionality of the electronic device, the modification circuit comprises: an antenna for receiving a free external source to generate the signal coupling-mode region of the near-field radiation; and a converting circuit for converting said signals to said electronic device for use, wherein the antenna and the circuit is configured to convert the initial absence of the wireless power receiving capability said electronic device is modified.
26.根据权利要求25所述的电子装置,其中所述外部源包含无线电力发射器。 26. The electronic device according to claim 25, wherein said external power source comprises a wireless transmitter.
27.根据权利要求沈所述的电子装置,其进一步包含可操作地耦合到所述转换电路及所述电子装置的改型可再充电电池,所述改型可再充电电池经配置以由所述转换电路充电,并将DC电力提供给所述电子装置。 27. The electronic device of claim sink, further comprising a modification which is operatively coupled to the converter circuit and the electronic device is a rechargeable battery, the rechargeable battery can be modified to be configured as a charging said converting circuit and DC power to the electronic device.
28.根据权利要求25所述的电子装置,其中所述天线及所述转换电路经配置以使所述电子装置能够发送及接收近场通信数据。 28. The electronic device according to claim 25, wherein said antenna and said switching circuit is configured to cause the electronic device capable of transmitting and receiving near-field communication data.
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