CN102291754A - Positioning and speed measuring method and system for mobile terminal based on mobile communication system - Google Patents

Positioning and speed measuring method and system for mobile terminal based on mobile communication system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102291754A
CN102291754A CN201010624806XA CN201010624806A CN102291754A CN 102291754 A CN102291754 A CN 102291754A CN 201010624806X A CN201010624806X A CN 201010624806XA CN 201010624806 A CN201010624806 A CN 201010624806A CN 102291754 A CN102291754 A CN 102291754A
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base station
portable terminal
speed
location
tests
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吴东辉
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Priority to CN201610500435.1A priority Critical patent/CN106211060A/en
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W4/00Services specially adapted for wireless communication networks; Facilities therefor
    • H04W4/02Services making use of location information
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L51/00User-to-user messaging in packet-switching networks, transmitted according to store-and-forward or real-time protocols, e.g. e-mail
    • H04L51/04Real-time or near real-time messaging, e.g. instant messaging [IM]
    • H04L51/046Interoperability with other network applications or services
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network arrangements or protocols for supporting network services or applications
    • H04L67/50Network services
    • H04L67/52Network services specially adapted for the location of the user terminal

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  • Computer Networks & Wireless Communication (AREA)
  • Signal Processing (AREA)
  • Mobile Radio Communication Systems (AREA)

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of wireless positioning and network communication, in particular to a positioning and speed measuring method and a system for a mobile terminal (mobile phone) and a mobile terminal carrier based on a wireless communication system. The system consists of a wireless communication system, a positioning and speed measuring service platform, an application service system, a mobile terminal and the like, wherein the positioning and speed measuring service platform comprises a positioning system, the positioning system comprises algorithm modules in various positioning methods, the positioning speed measuring service platform is connected with an electronic map, the electronic map is a vector map, the positioning and speed measuring platform provides positioning data to the electronic map, the position and the speed of a mobile phone and a mobile phone group can be determined, and the system can be applied to traffic road condition monitoring, overspeed monitoring, real-time traffic road condition personnel service, personnel exercise amount monitoring, personnel attendance, cargo monitoring, population distribution statistics and the like. The system can be divided into a secrete part and a public part, and the secrete part can be used for police and national safety departments.

Description

Based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed
Technical field
The present invention relates to wireless location and network communications technology field, particularly relate to portable terminal (mobile phone) and the location of carrier and the method and system that tests the speed based on wireless telecommunication system, system by wireless telecommunication system, locate, test the speed service platform, application service system, portable terminal etc. form, location, the service platform that tests the speed comprise navigation system, and navigation system contains the algoritic module of various localization methods; The positioning-speed-measuring service platform links to each other with electronic chart, electronic chart is the vector quantization map, location, the service platform that tests the speed provide locator data to electronic chart, mobile phone and mobile phone group's position and speed can be determined, traffic monitoring, hypervelocity monitoring, real-time traffic individual service, the monitoring of individual sports amount, personnel's work attendance, cargo monitoring, population distribution statistics etc. can be applied to.System can be divided into maintain secrecy part and open part, and secret part can be used for public security and state security department.
Background technology
GSM (time division multiple access adopts time slot to distinguish the user) and CDMA (code division multiple access adopts different orthogonal codes to distinguish the user) are generally adopted in mobile communication, and what 3G network adopted is CDMA technology.Mobile communication system is generally by network exchange subsystem (NSS), base station sub-system (BSS), four most of compositions such as operation maintenance center (OMC) and travelling carriage (MS).Existing mobile terminal positioning method based on wireless telecommunication system is the pilot signal that portable terminal receives different base station broadcasting at present, and send each pilot signal phase difference data to the positioning service platform, calculate the position of portable terminal according to phase data and known base station geographic position by the positioning service platform, and then the position data of portable terminal sent it back portable terminal, portable terminal just can be determined the position of oneself on the one hand, and the positioning service platform also can be determined the position of portable terminal on the other hand.In order to improve locating accuracy, service provider adopts the triangulo operation location, and it is to utilize mobile phone to receive different base station to issue a signal to the time difference that reaches this mobile phone, calculates this user place longitude and latitude by algorithm software.Its general principles is: mobile phone is measured the down-bound pilot frequency signal of different base station, obtain TOA (the Time of Arrival of different base station descending pilot frequency, due in), according to this measurement result and in conjunction with the coordinate of base station, generally adopt the triangle formula algorithm for estimating, just can calculate the position of mobile phone.Actual location-estimation algorithm need be considered the situation of location, many base stations (more than 3 or 3), and this algorithm is comparative maturity, and error may diminish to 10~20 meters.Generally speaking, the number of base stations of moving table measuring is many more, and certainty of measurement is high more.Use as commerce, as Google cell phone map, the social platform pattra of mobile phone ( Http:// www.bedo.cn) etc., user's mobile terminal number is not also known by service provider, has just reported the base station signal information of user present position to service provider by the terminal software that is installed in the portable terminal.
Above-mentioned location is that portable terminal utilizes the base station down pilot signal to realize, pilot signal is the Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum Signal that the base station is launched non-modulated continuously, it makes mobile phone can obtain the forward direction CDMA channel time limit, the correlation demodulation phase reference is provided, and for each base station provides signal strength signal intensity relatively, mobile phone can determine when and switch, pilot signal takes place always, portable terminal could be determined own residing network like this, so the location utilizes the base station initiatively to realize at portable terminal, as long as the positioning service platform cooperates, move the positioning software in the portable terminal simultaneously, portable terminal can be determined the position of oneself always, a problem is proposed here, be that portable terminal does not move any positioning software, the base station is the positive location portable terminal how, and this is one of the present invention's problem that need solve.Under the normal condition, portable terminal is not to signal to the mobile base station always, has only start, shutdown, seeking network successfully registers, authentication, conversation, data service, network switches, just transmit under the situations such as error correction and the base station contact, under the normal ideal case, just receive the synchronized broadcasting signal of sending the base station always, general want a few minutes to tens minute ability and the base station initiatively get in touch once, so the base station is not the exact position that can both determine portable terminal always, but can determine that always portable terminal is in the scope that range position or certain sector of certain service area cover, it is a kind of location technology based on CELLID, it is the most basic a kind of localization method, in addition, under the situation that portable terminal does not transmit, the accurate position of portable terminal can't be determined in the base station, and one of them task of the present invention is the accurate position that portable terminal is determined in the requirement base station.CDMA uses sign indicating number to divide technology such as spread spectrum, power control, voice activation, is characterized in always online, so the system of CDMA standard can more initiatively transmit and the base station contact.
At present a lot of mobile phones all are built-in with the function of GPS now, can accurately locate, and can allow you see the position at own place on cell phone map.GPS has its advantage, for example accurate positioning, and sensitivity is high; But the shortcoming that it is also arranged simultaneously for example can only be in outdoor application, relatively power consumption, and be not that each mobile phone all has the GPS function.Because general website or positioning service merchant can't obtain the geographical latitude and longitude information in mobile operator base station, so the invention provides a kind of embedded in mobile phone GSP that utilizes, obtain the method for the geographical latitude and longitude information in mobile operator base station in conjunction with the portable terminal terminal software of website or positioning service merchant exploitation automatically.
Overspeed of vehicle monitoring at present is general adopts that radio radar velocity measurement, ultrasonic wave test the speed, laser velocimeter, buried induction test the speed etc., every a segment distance one cover speed measuring device will be set on highway, and will be equipped with corresponding communication system, invests huge.A task of the present invention is that to utilize the entrained portable terminal of passengers inside the car be mobile phone, or portable terminal utilizes the location, base station, or base station positive location portable terminal, by location, the service platform that tests the speed over-speed vehicles is monitored.
Present existing amount of exercise monitoring instrument is commonly called as treadmill, adopts acceleration transducer, can write down carrier's walking movement situation, thereby calculates the motion caloric value, instructs healthy Lifestyle.The present invention utilizes the mobile phone location, tests the speed, can calculate carrier's calorie that moves, can be extensively practical, provide a kind of profit or service mode for mobile operator, health service mechanism, mobile terminal software service provider (as Google cell phone map, mobile QQ, UCWEB etc.).
The present invention is based on mobile communcations system, by the location, service platform tests the speed, set up mobile terminal locations based on the tense spatial database of (promptly having time marking), adopt database schema language inquiry mode, pass through COMPREHENSIVE CALCULATING, form the inquiry of motion of mobile terminals track, can be used for the police criminal detection system.
The present invention proposes motion of mobile terminals group's notion, based on mobile communcations system, by the location, service platform tests the speed, set up the motion of mobile terminals group based on the tense spatial database of (promptly having time marking), adopt database schema language inquiry mode, by COMPREHENSIVE CALCULATING, form real-time traffic information, public service is provided.
The present invention location, the service platform that tests the speed connect different systems and can form application systems such as personnel's work attendance, cargo monitoring, population distribution statistics.
The communications protocol that the present invention adopts is not got rid of other wireless protocols of employing, except that adopting GSM, CDMA, also just like agreements such as point-to-point, IEEE802.11, IEEE802.11a, IEEE802.11b, IEEE802.11g, IEEE802.11n, in wide area network or local area network (LAN).
Summary of the invention
The present invention relates to portable terminal (mobile phone) and the location of carrier and the method and system that tests the speed based on mobile communcations system, system is made up of wireless telecommunication system, positioning-speed-measuring service platform, application service system, portable terminal etc., the positioning-speed-measuring service platform comprises navigation system, and navigation system contains the algoritic module of various localization methods; The positioning-speed-measuring service platform links to each other with electronic chart, electronic chart is the vector quantization map, the positioning-speed-measuring service platform provides locator data to electronic chart, mobile phone and mobile phone group's position and speed can be determined, traffic monitoring, hypervelocity monitoring, real-time traffic individual service, the monitoring of individual sports amount, personnel's work attendance, cargo monitoring, population distribution statistics etc. can be applied to.System can be divided into maintain secrecy part and open part, and secret part can be used for public security and state security department.
Can be divided into based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system and to utilize portable terminal location, base station and base station localisation of mobile terminals, it is a. base station localisation of mobile terminals, further be the position that portable terminal is initiatively determined in the base station, promptly the base station receives and analyzes the position of definite portable terminal that transmits of portable terminal; B. portable terminal utilizes the location, base station, it is the position that portable terminal reception and analysis signal of base station oneself are determined oneself, maybe the base station information that receives is sent to the positioning service platform, by the analytical calculation of positioning service platform, the positioning service platform can be determined the position of portable terminal on the one hand, returns the position that the locator data that calculates is informed portable terminal by the positioning service platform on the other hand.
The notion of following portable terminal is: travelling carriage (MS) is portable (mobile phone) or Vehicle mounted station, also can be furnished with terminal equipment (te) or terminal adapter (ta).Travelling carriage is a physical equipment, and it also must comprise subscriber identification module (SIM), and SIM card and hardware device are formed travelling carriage together.Portable terminal is a mobile phone generally speaking, further is the location of portable terminal and carrier thereof, the method and system that tests the speed.Following indication number can be the service registry that provides of mobile terminal number or code or website service merchant number as the case may be, or the interim identification number that distributes in website or IP number, as phone number, mobile phone IMSI identification code, QQ number, instant messaging number of registration etc., they be can be related can be not related yet.
The location of portable terminal:
Method one, a. base station localisation of mobile terminals: choose 3 base stations at least, arrive the used time of base station, and impose the calculating of special algorithm, realize location to portable terminal by the signal of measuring the portable terminal emission.In this algorithm, it is the center of circle that portable terminal is positioned at the base station, and the electric wave transmission range between portable terminal and the base station is on the circle of radius, and the intersection point of three circles is the position at portable terminal place.B. utilize portable terminal location, base station: portable terminal will receive the signal of 3 base station at least, arrive the used time of portable terminal by the signal of measuring base station, and impose the calculating of special algorithm, realize the location voluntarily of portable terminal, or by portable terminal the signal of the base station that measures is arrived the used time of portable terminal and send the positioning service platform to, calculate the position of portable terminal and positioning result can be sent back portable terminal by the positioning service platform, equally in this algorithm, it is the center of circle that portable terminal is positioned at the base station, electric wave transmission range between portable terminal and the base station is on the circle of radius, and the intersection point of three circles is the position at portable terminal place.Essentially when the prerequisite of this method is all relevant base stations basic want consistent, adopt the gps satellite time service at present, but since satellite-signal arrive each base station and can strictness not arrive simultaneously, so error is still arranged during the base of each base station.
Method two, choose 3 base stations at least, the longitude and latitude of base station is determined, t when choosing a base station and being the standard base, base station s1, the s2 of other 2 base stations during respectively apart from the standard base, then can be expressed as t+s1/c and t+s2/c during the standard base of two other base station, c is the light velocity, the light velocity is that constant (light velocity can not should be the speed of light source and change, be light velocity principle of invariance), arrive 3 base stations from the signal of portable terminal and can produce different phase differences, according to phase difference can unique definite portable terminal position (longitude and latitude).Base station when base t is the generation standard during standard sends to the base station that other participates in the location by electromagnetic wave signal, the base station that participates in the location can be above 3, the selection that participates in the base station is several base stations that cause the error minimum according to geographical choice of location, it can be dynamic selecting the base station, can cause several base stations of error minimum according to the localizing objects Dynamic Selection, as adopt least squares method to ask its mean value, go to calculate the position of target.
Method three, choose 3 base stations at least, arrive base station signal strength by the signal of measuring the portable terminal emission, or portable terminal is measured the signal strength signal intensity of the signal arrival portable terminal of base station, and impose the calculating of special algorithm, realize the location or the portable terminal of portable terminal are utilized the location, base station.In this algorithm, it is the center of circle that portable terminal is positioned at the base station, and the electric wave transmission range between portable terminal and the base station is on the circle of radius, and the intersection point of three circles is the position at portable terminal place.Theoretical Calculation is that (differential form) derives from four equations of maxwell's Theory of Electromagnetic Field:
▿ × E → = ∂ B → ∂ t
▿ × B → = μ 0 J → + μ 0 ϵ 0 ∂ E → ∂ t
▿ · E → = ρ ϵ 0
▿ · B → = 0
Can obtain: R=Φ (E), be that distance R between portable terminal and the base station is the function of electromagnetic field intensity E, 2 gardens can be drawn in 2 base stations in theory, 2 intersection points are arranged, a portable terminal intersection point therein, under the perfect condition, must be with the garden that the 3rd base station is the garden heart by one of them intersection point in other 2 gardens, this point is exactly the position of portable terminal.Under the actual conditions, the relation of R and E is subjected to air humidity, temperature, solar radiation, disturb, influences such as the signal to noise ratio of signal, substantial measurement errors can be very big, the scheme that solves is to adopt relative field strength intensity to calculate, or introduce the 4th base station, field intensity with the 4th base station of above-mentioned preceding 3 base station measurements, since the 4th base station geographic position be determine (with the distance of other 3 base stations be known), can obtain a corrected parameter σ by calculating, this correction factor participates in function calculation just can solve error problem, be that (E, σ), obtaining of corrected parameter σ is ongoing to R=Φ.Further again, choose more base station, obtain correction factor with the mathematical Return Law.For the accurate location in a certain zone, also can one calibration point be set in this position, zone, transmit by calibration point and obtain corrected parameter σ.Adopt existing computation model:
L=(4 ∏ R/ λ) 2L is a radio wave loss, and the sending and receiving antenna distance is R, and λ is a wavelength, and the free-space communication range equation can be expressed as (empirical equation): establishing transmitting power is P T, transmitter antenna gain (dBi) is G T, operating frequency is P for the f. received power R, receiving antenna gain is G R, the sending and receiving antenna distance is R, electric wave is propagated the radio wave loss L in the way when no environment disturbs so 0Following formula is arranged: L 0(dB)=10Lg (P T/ P R)=32.45+20Lgf (MHz)+20LgR (km)-G T(dB)-G R(dB).
Based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: comprise the steps: that the A1. portable terminal determines the current base station of own institute authentication, and measure this base station field intensity E1; A2. portable terminal is measured the 2nd base station field intensity E2; A3. portable terminal is measured the 3rd base station field intensity E3; A4. portable terminal is measured n base station field intensity En; A5. portable terminal is sent to the positioning service platform with the base station field intensity data E1~En and the corresponding base station code of all measurements; A6. the positioning service platform calculates the position of portable terminal according to field intensity data and base station geographic position; A7. locator data output.
Based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: comprise the steps: that the B1. portable terminal determines the current base station of own institute authentication, and measure this base station field intensity E1; B2. portable terminal is measured the 2nd base station field intensity E2; B3. portable terminal is measured the 3rd base station field intensity E3; B4. portable terminal is measured n base station field intensity En; B5. portable terminal built in base station geographical position longitude and latitude database directly calculates oneself position according to the base station field intensity data E1~En of all measurements; B6. locator data output.
Based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: comprise the steps: that C1. base station 1 measures the signal strength E1 of portable terminal emission; C2. the signal strength E2 of portable terminal emission is measured in base station 2; C3. the signal strength E3 of portable terminal emission is measured in base station 3; C4. base station n measures the signal strength En of portable terminal emission; C5. the positioning service platform calculates the position of portable terminal according to field intensity signal E1~En of 1~base station, base station n measurement; C6. locator data output.
The another embodiment of measure signal intensity localization method of the present invention is: the base station location latitude and longitude information that includes each base station oneself in the broadcast channel signal of base station, these information can be modulated in broadcast singal or the pilot signal, portable terminal receives and demodulates the base station location latitude and longitude information of all received base stations, in conjunction with each base station signal strength, by calculating the location of realizing portable terminal.
The location of described portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed is characterized in that: the base station location latitude and longitude information that includes each base station oneself in the broadcast singal of base station or in the pilot signal.
The location of aforesaid portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: portable terminal demodulates the base station location latitude and longitude information of each base station oneself that comprises in the broadcast singal of base station, calculates the position longitude and latitude of portable terminal in conjunction with the field strength meter of each base station.
Broadcast channel (BCH) comprises: BCCH channel of broadcast control, frequency correction channel FCCH, synchronous channel SCH.Constantly monitor peripheral cell after portable terminal networks, have the BCCH that from its BA (BCCH Allocation) tabulation, read 6 adjacent areas the strongest in 5 minutes at least, read the BSIC sign indicating number of these 6 adjacent areas at least 30 seconds.
Method three, this is the method for a kind of base station localisation of mobile terminals, choose suitable base station array intelligent antenna is installed, or phased antenna (can be controlled the electromagnetic wave phase place, realize the narrow beam lobe), or the radar antenna of rotatable scanning, measure the base station and send angle between the portable terminal of signal by this antenna, further determine line between the two, portable terminal and two base stations can obtain two lines like this, and its intersection point is the position of portable terminal to be measured.This antenna is 2 at least, or more than 2, is that signal (maximum) angle that the survey portable terminal of fixed position by the base station and measurement is sent is come compute location more than 2 or 2.Adopt this antenna can just be used for the signal of mobile terminal receive, separate with existing communication system antenna so that take measurement of an angle.
Based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: have at least 2 rotation sweep antennas to link to each other with the communication system base station subsystem, communication system is connected with location, the service platform that tests the speed.
The location of aforesaid portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the service platform of locating, test the speed comprises navigation system, and navigation system contains the computing module of angle ranging localization method.
Method four, be a kind of based on the overlapping localization method of existing several base station cells coverings, the sub-district covers generally circular the covering and the sector covering, majority is that the sector covers at present, the setting angle of antenna for base station is determined, its zone that transmits and receives is also determined, portable terminal must just can receive signal of base station in sector of base station, in like manner, the signal of portable terminal emission also has only the base station that covers it just can receive, several base stations will produce an overlapping region like this, and this overlapping region is exactly the region of portable terminal, and the base station that participation is measured is many more, the overlapping areas area is more little, and the location is just accurate more.Angle of base station antenna determine to have three kinds of method: a. to install the time accurately measure, and all angle of base station antenna collected form the aerial angle database, so that participate in calculating during the location; B. measure mutually by the base station and form the aerial angle database, for example choose a certain base station as measured base station, all the other base stations are measured this base station simultaneously and are obtained one group of data, measured successively base station is changed, obtain n group data, just can solve the angle-data of each antenna for base station by equation with many unknowns, thereby form the aerial angle database; C. set a certain definite place transmit (demarcation signal launch point), relevant base station measurement demarcation signal, the place is determined owing to transmit, each base station location is also determined, by calculating the angle-data that to determine each antenna for base station, by setting the angle-data that a plurality of demarcation signal launch points can accurately obtain each antenna for base station, thereby form the aerial angle database.In like manner also can set a certain definite place and receive base station signal (demarcation signal acceptance point), measure the demarcation signal of different base station, because receiving the place of demarcation signal determines, each base station location is also determined, by calculating the angle-data that to determine each antenna for base station, by setting the angle-data that a plurality of demarcation signal acceptance points can accurately obtain each antenna for base station, thereby form the aerial angle database.D. rely on GPS to obtain the aerial angle database or obtain corrected parameter: at present a lot of mobile phones all have GPS, concurrent software is installed in mobile phone, read current longitude and latitude, read the base station code simultaneously, be sent to the positioning service platform, repeat this process, obtain the correspondence table of one group of longitude and latitude and base station code set in different places, can solve the aerial angle of each base station by equation with many unknowns, thereby form the aerial angle database.
As a kind of embodiment, the aerial angle information and the base station location latitude and longitude information that in the broadcast singal of each base station, include each base station oneself, for example aerial angle information and base station location latitude and longitude information are modulated in the broadcast singal, portable terminal can utilize these information directly to calculate the position of oneself like this.
Covering overlapping localization method based on existing several base station cells can be that portable terminal is complied with and utilized the position of standing firm, and also can be base station positive location portable terminal.
Based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: comprise the steps: that the A1. portable terminal determines the current sector or the garden at own place, and read base station code 1; A2. portable terminal is determined second sector or the garden at own place, and reads base station code 2; A3. portable terminal is determined the n sector or the garden at own place, and reads base station code n; A4. portable terminal is sent to the positioning service platform with the base station code that all read; A5. the positioning service platform calculates position, overlapping region, sector according to sector of base station and campus database; A6. locator data output.
Based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: comprise the steps: that the B1. portable terminal determines the current sector or the garden at own place, and read base station code 1; B2. portable terminal is determined second sector or the garden at own place, and reads base station code 2; B3. portable terminal is determined the n sector or the garden at own place, and reads base station code n; B4. portable terminal built in base station aerial angle database directly calculates oneself position according to the base station code of all measurements; B5. locator data output.
Based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: comprise the steps: that C1. base station 1 determines the current sector or the garden at portable terminal place; C2. base station 2 determines that portable terminal is in its sector or garden; C3. base station n determines that portable terminal is in its sector or garden; C4. the positioning service platform calculates position, overlapping region, sector according to sector and the garden cover data of 1~base station, base station n; C5. locator data output.
Based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the aerial angle information and the base station location latitude and longitude information that include each base station oneself in the broadcast singal of base station.
More than four kinds of modes to select the base station can be dynamic, its mean value is asked as adopting least squares method in several base stations that can cause the error minimum according to the localizing objects Dynamic Selection, goes to calculate the position of target.Error is the function of base station location (longitude and latitude), base station number, can Theoretical Calculation come out, and can get a constant when simply implementing.In error theory, remove the low discrete data of confidence level.
During base station positive location portable terminal, prerequisite is that portable terminal must transmit, under situations such as start, shutdown, the successfully registration of searching network, authentication, conversation, note, data service, network switching, error correction, take place, the present invention proposes mobile phone group's notion, such as on same car, it is big probability event that the mobile phone of different people transmits, and the mobile phone that different people is used may adhere to different telecom operators separately, and it is useful being based upon on the basis of different telecom operators data sharing enforcement of the present invention.By the movement locus that measures several mobile phone unanimities of a period of time, it is a mobile phone group that these mobile phones are collected.For concrete Monitoring and Positioning target, as certain number, can send by the base station and force answer signal, when replying, mobile phone just can determine the position of this number in real time, because the pressure answer signal is not the broadcast singal at all numbers of sub-district, so can consume system resources.
Method five, online locate mode based on portable terminal, portable terminal receives the pilot signal of each base station, and demodulate each signal of base station and postpone, it is phase difference, also demodulate simultaneously the code information (determining base station location) of each base station, in portable terminal, install and move a terminal software, terminal software can be designed as code information that 2 kinds of pattern: a. utilize signal of base station to postpone (phase difference) and base station and calculate the position of oneself voluntarily in terminal software, and with literal, electronic chart, sound etc. are presented on the portable terminal, and positional information is sent to the base station, and (carrier can be GPRS, 3G etc.), send to service platform by the base station.B. portable terminal receives the pilot signal of several base stations, and demodulate the code information that signal of base station postpones (phase difference) and base station, and the code information of signal delay (phase difference) and base station sent to base station (carrier can be GPRS, 3G etc.), send to service platform by the base station, in service platform, calculate the position (longitude and latitude) of portable terminal, and with the longitude and latitude data to electronic chart, on the electronic chart of platform, show, and can pass through GPRS, 3G etc. and give portable terminal the echo-plex of mobile terminal locations sectional drawing.
In method five, pattern b, one order (upload command) is set in the operating system of portable terminal, automatically the code information that each signal of base station is postponed (phase difference) and base station at set intervals sends to the base station, send to service platform by the base station, in service platform, calculate the position (longitude and latitude) of portable terminal, and the longitude and latitude data are sent to electronic chart, on the electronic chart of platform, show.Like this terminal software can be installed, all portable terminals all are in monitored state, and as optional mode, the order that is provided with in the operating system of portable terminal (upload command) can be opened or be closed by base station or service platform control.A special applications of this system is as electronic bracelet, is used for convict's management and paroles monitoring.This system also can be applied to the monitoring that goods moves.Certainly locator data is not limited to adopt signal delay (phase difference) method to calculate, portable terminal is general at any time in the information that receives from each base station, collect all available base station informations (generally can read base station BS IC sign indicating number and other information of 6 adjacent areas), these information can be used for locating,, signal strength signal intensity poor or the like (different localization methods needs different information) as base station code, pilot phase, the upload command that is provided with in the operating system by portable terminal, every the regular hour, these information are sent to the base station, and send to service platform by the base station.It is characterized in that: portable terminal is sent to the base station every the regular hour base station information that it is collected.
Method six, based on the online locate mode of portable terminal and website, instant communicating system.At present to be installed in operations such as client software in the portable terminal is surfed the Net, read, chat by operation be commonplace to portable terminal, such as UCWEB, QQ, MSN, SKYPE etc., the solution of the present invention is to increase in client software or the connection finder, finder includes the base station information data collection module, the base station signal information that finder will can be used to locate sends service provider's server to, sends the location again to, service platform tests the speed.Localization method realized by said method one~method four or other any feasible modes, that is to say that the base station signal information that can be used to locate and the method for employing are corresponding, also can mix use, known and any form the unknown.What particularly point out is that the many more easy more tracks that obtain the crowd activity of the people of use help carrying out the monitoring of Traffic monitoring service or overspeed of vehicle.
Based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the client software that is installed in the portable terminal loads or the connection finder, finder includes the base station information data collection module, the server that signal that finder can be used to the base station to locate and information send the service provider to, service provider's server is connected with the positioning service platform.
The location of described portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: service provider's server is an instant communication server.
The location of described portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: service provider's server is a Website server.
For above-mentioned all localization methods, localization method and system based on the portable terminal and the carrier thereof of mobile communcations system is characterized in that: the base station location latitude and longitude information that includes each base station oneself in the broadcast singal of base station or in the pilot signal.
Above localization method can be chosen one or more and use simultaneously and COMPREHENSIVE CALCULATING.Localization method can be known and any way the unknown, and technical characterictic of the present invention and method can be based upon on existing and unknown any localization method.
Testing the speed of portable terminal:
Method one, Doppler effect.The aggregate velocity of portable terminal is calculated in the frequency displacement that transmits by a plurality of base station measurement portable terminals.
Method two, on the basis of portable terminal location, in a period of time, choose 2 anchor points, calculate the air line distance of 2 anchor points, be average speed with air line distance divided by time of generation.That is: anchor point 1:(x1+ Δ x), (y1+ Δ y) anchor point 2:(x2+ Δ x), (y2+ Δ y) distance=sqrt ((x1-x2) 2+ (y1-y2) 2), wherein Δ x, Δ y are errors, owing to be in same environment, are systematic errors, are 0 after subtracting each other, speed=distance/time.
The judgement of method three, maximum speed.Lagrange's theorem: go up continuously if f (x) satisfies at [a, b], in that (a can lead in b), then in that (there is ∈ in a in b) at least, makes f ' (∈)=[f (b)-f (a)]/(b-a).Choose 2 anchor points, obtain average speed divided by the time of taking place with their air line distance, if average speed greater than speed limit (speed restriction), the speed that any then must be arranged in this section distance is greater than speed restriction.
Based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: have one the location, service platform tests the speed, foundation is with the database of mobile terminal number (or code) and position longitude and latitude and association in time, database connection mode calculation procedure.
Traffic flow monitoring service system based on above-mentioned technology: based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: have one the location, service platform tests the speed, foundation is with the database of mobile terminal number (or code) and position longitude and latitude and association in time, the formation portable terminal of a plurality of mobile terminal numbers (or code) certain hour section motion track unanimity is trooped, the traffics such as representative is unimpeded, traffic congestion, hypervelocity, pedestrian of trooping with single mobile terminal number (or code) or portable terminal.The portable terminal code refers to: the interim identification number that distributes in mobile terminal number or service registry number or website or IP number.
The location of described portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed is characterized in that: portable terminal location, measurement data source utilize the base station locate mode for base station localisation of mobile terminals mode or portable terminal.
The location of described portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the service platform of locating, test the speed links to each other with Website server, the base station information data that can be used to locate by Website server send the location to, service platform tests the speed.
The location of described portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the service platform of locating, test the speed links to each other with instant communication server, the base station information data that can be used to locate by instant communication server send the location to, service platform tests the speed.
The location of described portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the service platform of locating, test the speed links to each other with wireless access servers such as CMNET or CMWAP, the base station information data that can be used to locate by wireless access servers such as CMNET or CMWAP send the location to, service platform tests the speed.
Overspeed of vehicle monitoring system based on above-mentioned technology: based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: a location is arranged, service platform tests the speed, foundation is with mobile terminal number and the database of position longitude and latitude and association in time thereof, with portable terminal representative hypervelocity, the location, the service platform that tests the speed links to each other with mobile communcations system, mobile communication system is extracted this mobile terminal number (or code) to a pseudo-VLR register in the access register (VLR) of its system, the base stations in mobile communication system controller connects a micropower transmitter, the micropower transmitter extracts the number in the VLR register and constantly sends to these numbers forces answer signal, receive that until mobile communication system this portable terminal replys, delete the number of this portable terminal in the pseudo-VLR register subsequently.
Human motion amount monitoring system based on above-mentioned technology: based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the client software that is installed in the portable terminal loads or the connection finder, finder includes the base station information data collection module, the base station signal information that finder will can be used to locate sends service provider's server to, service provider's server is connected with location, the service platform that tests the speed, and the service platform of locating, test the speed is connected with the motion calculation system.
The location of aforesaid portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: service provider's server is a Website server.
The location of aforesaid portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: service provider's server is an instant communication server.
The location of aforesaid portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: service provider's server is the health and fitness site server.
The location of aforesaid portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: service provider's server is wireless access servers such as CMNET or CMWAP.
Certainly, scheme is not got rid of the situation that locator data is directed to the built-in GPS of portable terminal, the location of described portable terminal based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed is characterized in that: the built-in GSP module of portable terminal, location, measurement data are directed to GSP.
Personnel's attendance checking system based on above-mentioned technology: based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the service platform of locating, test the speed is connected with personnel's attendance checking system.
Population distribution investigating system based on above-mentioned technology: based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the service platform of locating, test the speed is connected with the population distribution investigating system.
Personnel monitoring system based on above-mentioned technology: based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the service platform of locating, test the speed is connected with personnel monitoring system.
Freight transportation supervisory control system based on above-mentioned technology: based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the service platform of locating, test the speed is connected with the freight transportation supervisory control system.
Medical monitoring system based on above-mentioned technology: based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the service platform of locating, test the speed is connected with medical monitoring system.
The communications protocol that the present invention adopts is not got rid of other wireless protocols of employing, except that adopting GSM, CDMA, also just like agreements such as point-to-point, IEEE802.11, IEEE802.11a, IEEE802.11b, IEEE802.11g, IEEE802.11n, in wide area network or local area network (LAN).
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is overlapping localization method principle schematic for base station cell of the present invention covers.
Fig. 2 is overlapping localization method flow chart for base station cell of the present invention covers.
Fig. 3 is a Doppler effect measuring principle schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 4 judges mathematical principle figure for the present invention exceeds the speed limit.
Fig. 5 is connected block diagram for the present invention location, the service platform that tests the speed with mobile communcations system.
Fig. 6 adopts the system block diagram of rotation sweep Antenna Positioning method for the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the present invention location, the service platform mode computation that tests the speed block diagram.
Fig. 8 is the portable terminal of the present invention decision flowchart of trooping.
Fig. 9 connects the online locate mode block diagram in website for the present invention is based on portable terminal.
Figure 10 connects the online locate mode block diagram of instant communication server for the present invention is based on portable terminal.
Figure 11 connects the online locate mode block diagram of wireless access server for the present invention is based on portable terminal.
Figure 12 is overspeed of vehicle monitoring locking system block diagram of the present invention.
Figure 13 is the motion calculation system block diagram of human body amount of exercise of the present invention monitoring.
Figure 14 is the human motion amount monitoring system block diagram that the present invention is based on the Map Services website.
Figure 15 is the human motion amount monitoring system block diagram that the present invention is based on instant communication server.
Figure 16 is the human motion amount monitoring system block diagram that the present invention is based on the health service website.
Figure 17 is the human motion amount monitoring system block diagram that the present invention is based on the wireless access server.
Figure 18 is the human motion amount monitoring system block diagram that the present invention is based on WEB or WAP site.
Figure 19 is the human motion amount monitoring system block diagram that the present invention is based on portable terminal itself.
Figure 20 the invention provides a kind of data correction system block diagram based on the GPS location.
Figure 21 the invention provides a kind of method of obtaining base station location and base station information automatically based on the GPS location.
Figure 22 is installed in terminal software structure chart in the portable terminal for the present invention.
Figure 23 is installed in terminal browser structure figure in the portable terminal for the present invention.
Figure 24 increases the functional structure chart of base station information data reception module for server end of the present invention.
Figure 25 is for the present invention connects the location, the application mode block diagram of the service platform that tests the speed.
Embodiment
The present invention is further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
Fig. 1 is overlapping localization method principle schematic for base station cell of the present invention covers.The fan-shaped covering of the general employing of mobile communication system base station antenna at present, for simplicity, choose BS1, BS2, four base stations of BS3, BS4, four sectors of general emission, each base station, visible 101 zones are four base station section overlapping areas among the figure, portable terminal 102 falls into this zone, position that can localisation of mobile terminals, the base station number that participates in measurement in theory is many more, and the overlapping region area is also more little, and it is also accurate more to locate.Fig. 2 is overlapping localization method flow chart for base station cell of the present invention covers.At first will set up garden, sector data storehouse, first method is directly to obtain the antenna for base station setting angle to form database; Second method is to measure mutually by the base station, separates equation with many unknowns and obtains the aerial angle database; The third method is to set emission or receive calibration point to obtain the aerial angle database; The 4th kind of method is to start the built-in GPS of portable terminal, read current longitude and latitude, read the base station code simultaneously, repeat this process in different places, obtain the correspondence table of one group of longitude and latitude and base station code set, can solve the aerial angle of each base station by equation with many unknowns, thereby form the aerial angle database.Position fixing process branch base station positive location portable terminal and portable terminal utilize two modes in location, base station, base station positive location portable terminal: at first the current base station of portable terminal institute authentication is determined in the base station, then extract current base station garden or sector data, in like manner, extract the garden or the sector data of all base stations that receive the portable terminal signal, in the positioning service platform, carry out COMPREHENSIVE CALCULATING, determine the longitude and latitude of portable terminal, on electronic chart, show and record.Utilize portable terminal location, base station: at first portable terminal is determined the current base station of own institute authentication and is extracted the current base station code, in like manner, extract the base station code that all can receive, form received base station code set, two paths are arranged this time, a. portable terminal sends to the base station to the base station code set, then the base station sends this base station code set to the positioning service platform again, the positioning service platform calculates the longitude and latitude of portable terminal according to garden, sector data storehouse, shows, sends it back operations such as portable terminal on the platform electronic chart.B. at portable terminal built in base station aerial angle database, calculate the position of oneself, and pass through map, literal, voice output by mobile terminal self.
Base station cell of the present invention covers overlapping localization method another embodiment: the aerial angle information and the base station location latitude and longitude information that include each base station oneself in the broadcast singal of base station, these information can be modulated in the broadcast singal or pilot signal of base station, portable terminal receives and demodulates the aerial angle information and the corresponding base station location latitude and longitude information of all received base stations, by computing module, realize the location voluntarily of portable terminal.
Fig. 3 is a Doppler effect measuring principle schematic diagram of the present invention.Choose BS1, BS2, three base stations of BS3, the electromagnetic wave of mobile terminal MS emission produces Δ f1, Δ f2, Δ f3 frequency drift respectively with respect to three base stations, can calculate component velocity v1, the v2 of portable terminal, and v1 and v2 can calculate sum velocity v.
Fig. 4 judges mathematical principle figure for the present invention exceeds the speed limit.Choose BS1, BS2, three base stations of BS3, mobile terminal MS and carrier thereof move along a-b-c-d, and the actual motion distance between a, the b is S, and be t running time, and the air line distance between a, the b is S 0Average speed v=S/t between a, the b, v 0Be defined as space rate, i.e. v 0=S 0Must there be the instantaneous velocity of any to equal v between/t a, the b 0If space rate v 0Then can judge the carrier hypervelocity of mobile terminal MS greater than speed limit.
Fig. 5 is connected block diagram for the present invention location, the service platform that tests the speed with mobile communcations system.The chief component of mobile communication system can be divided into travelling carriage, base station sub-system and network subsystem.Base station sub-system (abbreviation base station BS) is made up of base transceiver station (BTS) and base station controller (BSC); Network subsystem is made up of mobile switching centre (MSC) and operation maintenance center (OMC) and original place location register (HLR), Visited Location Registor (VLR), AUC (AUC) and equipment identity register (EIR) etc.Travelling carriage (MS) is portable (mobile phone) or Vehicle mounted station, also can be furnished with terminal equipment (te) or terminal adapter (ta).The present invention location, the service platform that tests the speed are connected with mobile communcations system, location, the service platform that tests the speed are responsible for obtaining of locator data, the computational analysis of locator data, formation is based on the tense spatial database of (promptly having time marking), data base querying adopts the pattern language mode, and data output service is provided, as importing vector quantization map etc.
Fig. 6 adopts the system block diagram of rotation sweep Antenna Positioning method for the present invention.In existing mobile communcations system, at least choose two suitable base stations in selected service area rotation sweep antenna 1 and 2 is installed, this antenna is a directional receiving antenna, vertical gain is smooth, and horizontal gain is narrow, is existing technology and product, the mode of rotation can be come back rotation, also can be 360 degree rotations, the antenna rotating part has the device of record antenna rotational angle, and with angle-data send the location to, service platform tests the speed.System work process is: a certain portable terminal transmits and is received by two rotation sweep antennas respectively, and write down the angle-data of two antennas respectively, mobile communcations system is also determined the identification number or the number of this portable terminal simultaneously, and the identification number of this portable terminal or number and two aerial angles be complementary, form number and aerial angle data set, send into the location, service platform tests the speed, the location, test the speed service platform by the angle between the portable terminal of base station and transmission signal, further determine line between the two, portable terminal and two base stations can obtain two lines like this, and its intersection point is the position of portable terminal to be measured.This antenna is two at least, or more than two, is to consider error and optimization computation more than two.Different mobile terminal identification number or number are complementary with the aerial angle data of correspondence respectively, form the data set collection, send into location, the service platform that tests the speed processing.The rotation sweep antenna just is used for the signal of mobile terminal receive so that take measurement of an angle, and does not participate in communication, separates with existing communication system antenna, does not influence existing communication system.
Fig. 7 is the present invention location, the service platform mode computation that tests the speed block diagram.The locator data source can be the data of existing any way, base station localisation of mobile terminals and portable terminal utilize location, base station dual mode, at first form based on the tense spatial database of (promptly having time marking), promptly with mobile terminal identification number or number, the database of position (longitude and latitude) data structure, database forms movement locus based on tense, data base querying adopts the pattern language mode, for example: the output result can be consistent or close mobile terminal identification of a period of time track number or number collection, can be the mobile terminal identification number or the number collection in a certain zone in a period of time, can be to be the mobile terminal identification number of condition or number or the like with speed, and data output service is provided, as importing vector quantization map etc.
Fig. 8 is the portable terminal of the present invention decision flowchart of trooping.Carrying out mode computation by location, the service platform that tests the speed obtains portable terminal and troops, be the portable terminal group (comprising one number) of t1-t2 time period motion track unanimity, if one number speed 〉=road speed can judge that its carrier is vehicle (containing car); If 2 number collection, speed 〉=road speed can be judged to be vehicle (containing car); If 3-5 number collection, speed 〉=road speed can be judged to be vehicle (containing car); If 5 above number collection, speed 〉=road speed can be judged to be public transit vehicle; After obtaining above data, if speed≤pedestrian's speed is judged to be traffic congestion, if speed 〉=Maximum speed limit is judged to be hypervelocity.Error is considered: at first carry out the measurement of a period of time, mate with existing map road after being judged to be vehicle, and be as the criterion with existing map road, introduce error parameter, with error parameter correction traffic conditions.
Fig. 9 connects the online locate mode block diagram in website for the present invention is based on portable terminal.Website server links to each other with location, the service platform that tests the speed.Mobile terminal accessing website at first generally is based on the agreement of http, and web or wap mode can cooperate the html language encode by dynamic languages such as asp, asp.net, php.Special proposition can be at the integrated control of browser (ActiveX), portable terminal is collected all available base station informations (generally can read base station BS IC sign indicating number and other information of 6 adjacent areas), these information can be used for locating, as the base station code, pilot phase is poor, signal strength signal intensity or the like (different localization methods needs different information), by browser these information are sent to Website server, Website server has corresponding receiver module, and these information are sent to the location, service platform tests the speed, by corresponding calculated output locator data, can on electronic chart, show, or pass through the access links restoring to normal position result data of portable terminal, send the longitude and latitude literal, location sectional drawing etc.The website mode can be WEB, also can be WAP, as mobile dream network, UCWEB etc.
Figure 10 connects the online locate mode block diagram of instant communication server for the present invention is based on portable terminal.Existing communicator has QQ, MSN etc., speech communication has Skype etc., they do not have positioning function, feature of the present invention is: instant communication server and location, the service platform that tests the speed links to each other, terminal software is installed in the portable terminal, it is client software, client software in two sub-sections, a part is former instant communication client software, realize original instant communication function, another part is the locating module that connects or be carried in former instant communication client software, one of function of locating module is to collect all available base station informations (generally can read base station BS IC sign indicating number and other information of 6 adjacent areas), these information can be used for locating, as the base station code, pilot phase is poor, signal strength signal intensity or the like (different localization methods needs different information), by locating module software these information are sent to instant communication server, again these information are sent to the location, service platform or directly be sent to the location tests the speed, service platform tests the speed, by corresponding calculated output locator data, can on electronic chart, show, or pass through the online link restoring to normal position result data of portable terminal, send the longitude and latitude literal, location sectional drawing etc.What particularly point out is, instant communication user is many more favourable more for Traffic monitoring, first-elected QQ software, and QQ user can know or allow the good friend know oneself position on the one hand, can show traffic on the other hand, and data are exported and be can be used for other public service etc.
Figure 11 connects the online locate mode block diagram of wireless access server for the present invention is based on portable terminal.Wireless access such as CMNET or CMWAP server links to each other with location, the service platform that tests the speed.Principle is same: Fig. 9 connects the online locate mode block diagram in website for the present invention is based on portable terminal.Different is: wireless access servers such as CMNET or CMWAP are natural monopolization access waies, can obtain portable terminal group locator data more by this way.
Figure 12 is overspeed of vehicle monitoring locking system block diagram of the present invention.For portable terminal carrier hypervelocity (vehicle), system can not determine over-speed vehicles physically, so finally will lock over-speed vehicles.One location is arranged, service platform tests the speed, link to each other with mobile communcations system, represent over-speed vehicles with mobile terminal number or code, mobile communication system is extracted this mobile terminal number or the pseudo-VLR register of code in access register (VLR), the base stations in mobile communication system controller connects a micropower transmitter, the micropower transmitter transmits synchronous with the sub-district, place, the micropower transmitter extracts the number in the pseudo-VLR register and constantly sends to these numbers forces answer signal, receive that until mobile communication system this portable terminal replys, delete the number or the code of this portable terminal in the pseudo-VLR register subsequently.The micropower transmitter links to each other with directional antenna, and be installed in the vehicle monitoring point, as charge station, there is the terminal equipment that links to each other with location, the service platform that tests the speed the monitoring point, terminal equipment carries out data by wired or wireless mode with location, the service platform that tests the speed and is connected, or the WEB mode connects, and forces to reply in case mobile communication system is received this portable terminal, notify the monitoring point terminal equipment immediately, realize the locking of over-speed vehicles.
Figure 13 is the motion calculation system block diagram of human body amount of exercise of the present invention monitoring.The locator data source can be the data of existing any way, base station localisation of mobile terminals and portable terminal utilize location, base station dual mode, in location, the service platform that tests the speed, have based on the tense spatial database of (promptly having time marking), promptly with the database of mobile terminal identification number or number, position (longitude and latitude) data structure, database forms movement locus based on tense, calculates according to track then.Or directly in the motion calculation system, calculate and record, for a certain mobile terminal number or code, the steps include: 1, t1-t2 time period portable terminal speed=0, be judged as no motion state, if speed ≠ 0 enters and judges 2; If 2 speed 〉=road speed are judged to be state or non-walking state by bus, if speed≤pedestrian's speed is judged to be walking; 3. walking speed is carried out classification, be convenient to calculate different amounts of exercise; 4. the amount of exercise computing module calculates the calorie in each classification stage; 5. write down t1-t2 time period amount of exercise caloric value; 6. data output.The application of data output: form in real time, classification forms such as day, month, year, can send datagram by SMS platform and accuse or be sent to the health monitoring service system, or be sent to the health service website, comprise WEB and WAP site.Road speed described here refers to a speed numerical value greater than the highest walking speed, and pedestrian's speed refers to a speed numerical value of the fastest pedestrian's speed.Consider position error, can be complementary that mating automatically as walking area, park etc. is walking with existing electronic chart.
Figure 14 is the human motion amount monitoring system block diagram that the present invention is based on the Map Services website.Existing Map Services merchant have google, pattra ( Http:// www.bedo.cn) etc., the course of work is: start the client software that is installed in portable terminal, software function is to collect the base station information (location information) that receives, and these information are sent to the map web site server, the map web site server includes the location Calculation system or is connected with the positioning service platform, for this process of portable terminal is running background, simultaneously the function interface of the front stage operation positioning service of portable terminal.Feature of the present invention is: navigation system is connected with the motion calculation system, and motion computation result is back to portable terminal, and with literal or chart or sound demonstration output.
Figure 15 is the human motion amount monitoring system block diagram that the present invention is based on instant communication server.Existing communicator has QQ, MSN etc., speech communication has Skype etc., they do not have positioning function, and feature of the present invention is: instant communication server links to each other with location, the service platform that tests the speed, and the service platform of locating, test the speed comprises or connect the motion calculation system.Described system also comprises: terminal software is installed in the portable terminal, terminal software in two sub-sections, a part is the client software of original instant communication function, another part is the locating module that connects or be carried in client software, one of function of locating module is to collect all available base station informations (generally can read base station BS IC sign indicating number and other information of 6 adjacent areas), these information can be used for locating, as the base station code, pilot phase is poor, signal strength signal intensity or the like (different localization methods needs different information), by locating module software these information are sent to instant communication server, again these information are sent to the location, service platform or directly be sent to the location tests the speed, service platform tests the speed, go out the amount of exercise caloric value by the motion calculation system-computed, return portable terminal by the online link of portable terminal and show.A useful effect is to remind instant messaging user fitness campaign, realizes value-added service.
Figure 16 is the human motion amount monitoring system block diagram that the present invention is based on the health service website.The health and fitness site server links to each other with location, the service platform that tests the speed, and the service platform of locating, test the speed comprises or connect the motion calculation system.The terminal software that is installed in the portable terminal is a browser, and browser generally is based on the agreement of http, and web or wap mode can cooperate the html language to encode by dynamic languages such as asp, asp.net, php.Special proposition can be at the integrated control of browser (ActiveX), control functionality is to collect all available base station informations (generally can read base station BS IC sign indicating number and other information of 6 adjacent areas), these information can be used for locating, as the base station code, pilot phase is poor, signal strength signal intensity or the like (different localization methods needs different information), by browser these information are sent to the health and fitness site server, the health and fitness site server end has corresponding receiver module, and these information are sent to the location, service platform tests the speed, the location, the service platform that tests the speed comprises or connects the motion calculation system, go out the amount of exercise caloric value by the motion calculation system-computed, and on browser of mobile terminal, show.
Figure 17 is the human motion amount monitoring system block diagram that the present invention is based on the wireless access server.Wireless access such as CMNET or CMWAP server links to each other with location, the service platform that tests the speed, and the service platform of locating, test the speed comprises or connect the motion calculation system.Terminal software is installed in the portable terminal, terminal software comprises locating module software, the function of locating module is to collect all available base station informations (generally can read base station BS IC sign indicating number and other information of 6 adjacent areas), these information can be used for locating, as the base station code, pilot phase is poor, signal strength signal intensity or the like (different localization methods needs different information), these information datas are sent to wireless access servers such as CMNET or CMWAP by locating module software, wireless access such as CMNET or CMWAP server end has corresponding information data receiver module, again these information datas are sent to the location, service platform tests the speed, and go out the amount of exercise caloric value by the motion calculation system-computed, show at portable terminal, or send by SMS platform and to report to portable terminal, because wireless access servers such as CMNET or CMWAP are connected with mobile communcations system, like this can be by the expense system charge of mobile communcations system, for example send note report advising charges system charge simultaneously, or set up the form of similar set meal.
Figure 18 is the human motion amount monitoring system block diagram that the present invention is based on WEB or WAP site.WEB or WAP site link to each other with location, the service platform that tests the speed, and the service platform of locating, test the speed comprises or connect the motion calculation system.The terminal software that is installed in the portable terminal is a browser, and browser generally is based on the agreement of http, and web or wap mode can cooperate the html language to encode by dynamic languages such as asp, asp.net, php.Special proposition can be at the integrated control of browser (ActiveX), control functionality is to collect all available base station informations (generally can read base station BS IC sign indicating number and other information of 6 adjacent areas), these information can be used for locating, as the base station code, pilot phase is poor, signal strength signal intensity or the like (different localization methods needs different information), by browser these information are sent to WEB or WAP site, WEB or WAP site server end have corresponding receiver module, and these information are sent to the location, service platform tests the speed, the location, the service platform that tests the speed comprises or connects the motion calculation system, go out the amount of exercise caloric value by the motion calculation system-computed, and on browser of mobile terminal, show.Simultaneously, WEB or WAP site link to each other with the health service website, provide professional service by the health service website, that is to say by WEB or WAP site purpose only in order to obtain the amount of exercise data.
Figure 19 is the human motion amount monitoring system block diagram that the present invention is based on portable terminal itself.This scheme is the online service that can break away from server, fully at the portable terminal internal operation, terminal software is installed in the portable terminal, terminal software comprises locator data collection module software and location, speed measuring module software and motion calculation system, locator data collection module software is responsible for collecting all available base station informations (generally can read base station BS IC sign indicating number and other information of 6 adjacent areas), these information can be used for locating, as the base station code, pilot phase is poor, signal strength signal intensity or the like (different localization methods needs different information), the location, speed measuring module software is responsible for utilizing these locator data calculating locations, speed goes out amount of exercise caloric value and demonstration by the motion calculation system-computed then.In this programme, location numerical value is not essential, so can only get variable quantity, sets up a kind of each base station signal strength and changes the computing system relevant with movement velocity, or each base station pilot signals amount of delay computing system relevant with movement velocity, be that motion of mobile terminals speed is the function of each base station signal strength variable quantity or each base station pilot signals time-delay variable quantity, that is: V=f (Δ E1, Δ E2, Δ En), V is a portable terminal speed, and E1~En is each signal of base station intensity, or
Figure BSA00000418873100171
Figure BSA00000418873100181
Figure BSA00000418873100182
Be that pilot signal phase is poor.Certainly, scheme is not got rid of the situation that locator data is directed to the built-in GPS of portable terminal.
Figure 20 the invention provides a kind of data correction system block diagram based on the GPS location.Because portable terminal utilizes the location, base station to have certain error, can utilize the built-in GPS of existing portable terminal to implement to revise, terminal software is installed in the portable terminal, terminal software comprises locator data collection module software and the GPS locating module software of collecting base station information, locator data collection module software is responsible for collecting all available base station informations (generally can read base station BS IC sign indicating number and other information of 6 adjacent areas), these information can be used for locating, as the base station code, pilot phase is poor, signal strength signal intensity or the like (different localization method needs different information), and these data are sent to the location, service platform tests the speed; Simultaneously, operation portable terminal built-in GPS module is implemented GPS and is accurately located, and the accurate locator data of GPS be sent to the location, the service platform that tests the speed, the data that obtain by two approach enter the data correction system like this, obtain revised location database.In the said process, terminal software can also comprise client functionality software, as MSN, browser etc., can finish data correction automatically by the user like this.
Figure 21 the invention provides a kind of method of obtaining base station location and base station information automatically based on the GPS location.It is generally relatively more difficult that the positioning service merchant will obtain mobile communication base station information, a kind of method of obtaining base station location and base station information automatically based on the GPS location is provided here, terminal software is installed in the portable terminal, terminal software comprises locator data collection module software and the client functionality software of collecting base station information, as MSN, browser etc., the GPS locating module software in addition of operation simultaneously, locator data collection module software is responsible for collecting all available base station informations (generally can read base station BS IC sign indicating number and other information of 6 adjacent areas), these information can be used for locating, as the base station code, pilot phase is poor, signal strength signal intensity or the like (different localization method needs different information), and these data are sent to the location by portable terminal, service platform tests the speed; Simultaneously, the built-in GPS module of operation portable terminal, implementing GPS accurately locatees, and by portable terminal the accurate locator data of GPS be sent to the location, service platform tests the speed, the data formation data that obtain by two approach are right like this, it is the longitude and latitude that the corresponding GPS of several base station information data measures, repeat this process in different places, obtain one group of data to collection, measuring longitude and latitude with GPS is known accurate data, by separating equation with many unknowns, can obtain the geographical position longitude and latitude of base station, thereby form base station geographic position longitude and latitude database.Adopt this method, the terminal software user is many more to help setting up base station geographic position longitude and latitude database more, first-elected QQ software, in the QQ client software, load or connect locator data collect delivery module software, and operation GPS module software, the QQ software kit that can encapsulate the collection of a collection locator data, delivery module, GPS module during concrete enforcement is downloaded for the user, and, so just form a data collection system voluntarily with encouragement user uses such as certain incentives such as accelerated promotions.
Figure 22 is installed in terminal software structure chart in the portable terminal for the present invention.Terminal software comprises locating module 2201, client functionality software 2204, and GPS locating module 2205, the GPS locating module is optional, and this module is used to have the portable terminal of built-in GPS.Locating module, client functionality software, GPS module are connected and are packaged into a software kit.Locating module comprises base station information data collection module 2202 and base station information data transmitting module 2203, the base station information data collection module is responsible for collecting all available base station informations (generally can read base station BS IC sign indicating number and other information of 6 adjacent areas), these information can be used for locating,, signal strength signal intensity poor or the like (different localization methods needs different information), base station information data transmitting module as base station code, pilot phase be responsible for and these data be sent to server or location, service platform tests the speed.Client functionality software has different software according to different service functions, as MSN such as QQ, MSN etc., functionalization browser such as UCWEB etc.
Figure 23 is installed in terminal browser structure figure in the portable terminal for the present invention.The terminal software that is installed in the portable terminal is a browser, and browser generally is based on the agreement of http, and web or wap mode can cooperate the html language to encode by dynamic languages such as asp, asp.net, php.Browser connects the base station information data collection module by control (ActiveX), if the built-in GPS of portable terminal arranged then also connect the GSP locating module, base station information data collection module function is to collect all available base station informations (generally can read base station BS IC sign indicating number and other information of 6 adjacent areas), these information can be used for locating, as the base station code, pilot phase is poor, signal strength signal intensity or the like (different localization methods needs different information), by browser these information are sent to WEB or WAP site, WEB or WAP site server have corresponding receiver module, and these information are sent to the location, service platform tests the speed.
Figure 24 increases the functional structure chart of base station information data reception module for server end of the present invention.The base station information data that portable terminal is collected the base station information data collection module by GPRS or 3G or other possible mode send to server end, server end is connected on the network, different service content providers adopts different function servers, the function of server is corresponding to service content, the base station information data reception module is connected with function server, be responsible for demodulating the base station information data that portable terminal is sent here, then send into the location again, service platform tests the speed, according to different services, by the location, the service platform dateout tests the speed.
Figure 25 is for the present invention connects the location, the application mode block diagram of the service platform that tests the speed.Based on the solution that the present invention proposes, the service platform of locating, test the speed can be connected in traffic velocity-measuring system, traffic Monitoring and Service System, freight transportation supervisory control system, personnel's attendance checking system, medical monitoring system, personnel monitoring system, population distribution investigation and statistics system, motion monitoring and health services system.
Above business service system programming language can be existing any language form, also can adopt cloud computing, system's place physical location can be in any place any server, connected mode can be wired, as cable, optical cable, telephone wire etc., or wireless mode, as, can be point-to-point, 2G, 3G etc., communications protocol can be IEEE802.11, IEEE802.11a, IEEE802.11b, IEEE802.11g, IEEE802.11n etc., in wide area network or local area network (LAN).

Claims (10)

1. one kind based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: have one the location, service platform tests the speed, foundation is with mobile terminal number or code and the database of position longitude and latitude and association in time thereof, database connection mode calculation procedure.
2. the location of a kind of portable terminal based on mobile communcations system as claimed in claim 1, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: have one the location, service platform tests the speed, foundation is with mobile terminal number or code and the database of position longitude and latitude and association in time thereof, the formation portable terminal of a plurality of mobile terminal numbers or code certain hour section motion track unanimity is trooped, the traffics such as representative is unimpeded, traffic congestion, hypervelocity, pedestrian of trooping with single mobile terminal number or code or portable terminal.
3. the location of a kind of portable terminal based on mobile communcations system as claimed in claim 1, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the service platform of locating, test the speed is connected with the motion calculation system.
4. the location of a kind of portable terminal based on mobile communcations system as claimed in claim 1, the method and system that tests the speed is characterized in that: locate, test the speed service platform and traffic velocity-measuring system or traffic Monitoring and Service System or freight transportation supervisory control system or personnel's attendance checking system or medical monitoring system or personnel monitoring system or population distribution investigating system or health services system are connected.
5. one kind based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, and it is characterized in that: the base station location latitude and longitude information that includes each base station oneself in the broadcast singal of base station or in the pilot signal.
6. one kind based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, and it is characterized in that: have at least 2 rotation sweep antennas to link to each other with the communication system base station subsystem, communication system is connected with location, the service platform that tests the speed.
7. one kind based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, and it is characterized in that: comprise the steps: that the A1. portable terminal determines the current base station of own institute authentication, and measure this base station field intensity E1; A2. portable terminal is measured the 2nd base station field intensity E2; A3. portable terminal is measured the 3rd base station field intensity E3; A4. portable terminal is measured n base station field intensity En; A5. portable terminal is sent to the positioning service platform with the base station field intensity data E1~En and the corresponding base station code of all measurements; A6. the positioning service platform calculates the position of portable terminal according to field intensity data and base station geographic position; A7. locator data output; Perhaps: the B1. portable terminal is determined the current base station of own institute authentication, and measures this base station field intensity E1; B2. portable terminal is measured the 2nd base station field intensity E2; B3. portable terminal is measured the 3rd base station field intensity E3; B4. portable terminal is measured n base station field intensity En; B5. portable terminal built in base station geographical position longitude and latitude database directly calculates oneself position according to the base station field intensity data E1~En of all measurements; B6. locator data output; Or: the signal strength E1 of portable terminal emission is measured in C1. base station 1; C2. the signal strength E2 of portable terminal emission is measured in base station 2; C3. the signal strength E3 of portable terminal emission is measured in base station 3; C4. base station n measures the signal strength En of portable terminal emission; C5. the positioning service platform calculates the position of portable terminal according to field intensity signal E1~En of 1~base station, base station n measurement; C6. locator data output.
8. one kind based on the location of the portable terminal of mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, and it is characterized in that: comprise the steps: that the A1. portable terminal determines the current sector or the garden at own place, and read base station code 1; A2. portable terminal is determined second sector or the garden at own place, and reads base station code 2; A3. portable terminal is determined the n sector or the garden at own place, and reads base station code n; A4. portable terminal is sent to the positioning service platform with the base station code that all read; A5. the positioning service platform calculates position, overlapping region, sector according to sector of base station and campus database; A6. locator data output; Perhaps: the B1. portable terminal is determined the current sector or the garden at own place, and reads base station code 1; B2. portable terminal is determined second sector or the garden at own place, and reads base station code 2; B3. portable terminal is determined the n sector or the garden at own place, and reads base station code n; B4. portable terminal built in base station aerial angle database directly calculates oneself position according to the base station code of all measurements; B5. locator data output; Or: the current sector or the garden at portable terminal place determined in C1. base station 1; C2. base station 2 determines that portable terminal is in its sector or garden; C3. base station n determines that portable terminal is in its sector or garden; C4. the positioning service platform calculates position, overlapping region, sector according to sector and the garden cover data of 1~base station, base station n; C5. locator data output.
9. as the location of claim 7 or 8 described a kind of portable terminals based on mobile communcations system, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the base station information data obtain the employing following steps: terminal software is installed in the portable terminal, terminal software comprises locator data collection module software and the client functionality software of collecting base station information, as MSN, browser etc., the GPS locating module software in addition of operation simultaneously, locator data collection module software is responsible for collecting all available base station informations, and these data are sent to the location by portable terminal, service platform tests the speed, simultaneously, the built-in GPS module of operation portable terminal, implementing GPS accurately locatees, and the accurate locator data of GPS is sent to the location by portable terminal, service platform tests the speed, the data formation data that obtain by two approach are right like this, it is the longitude and latitude that the corresponding GPS of several base station information data measures, repeat this process in different places, obtain one group of data to collection, measuring longitude and latitude with GPS is known accurate data, by separating equation with many unknowns, geographical position longitude and latitude or the out of Memory such as the sector of base station be can obtain, thereby base station geographic position longitude and latitude database or out of Memory database such as sector data storehouse formed.
10. the location of a kind of portable terminal based on mobile communcations system as claimed in claim 9, the method and system that tests the speed, it is characterized in that: the data correction based on the mobile terminal positioning method of mobile communcations system adopts following steps: terminal software is installed in the portable terminal, terminal software comprises locator data collection module software and the GPS locating module software of collecting base station information, locator data collection module software is responsible for collecting all available base station informations, and these data are sent to the location by portable terminal, service platform tests the speed, simultaneously, the built-in GPS module of operation portable terminal, implementing GPS accurately locatees, and the accurate locator data of GPS is sent to the location, service platform tests the speed, the data that obtain by two approach enter the data correction system like this, obtain revised location database.
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