CN102273769B - Sport shoe and outsole thereof - Google Patents

Sport shoe and outsole thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102273769B
CN102273769B CN 201110256471 CN201110256471A CN102273769B CN 102273769 B CN102273769 B CN 102273769B CN 201110256471 CN201110256471 CN 201110256471 CN 201110256471 A CN201110256471 A CN 201110256471A CN 102273769 B CN102273769 B CN 102273769B
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outsole
right
left
sports shoe
forefoot portion
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CN 201110256471
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CN102273769A (en )
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吴荣照
吴荣光
熊益清
陈红春
张升
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吴荣照
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Abstract

本发明公开了一种运动鞋及其大底,运动鞋大底包括一体成型的前脚掌部和后脚跟部,所述前脚掌部的底面上设有多条左右水平设置的凹槽,相邻的所述凹槽之间形成凸棱,所述凸棱内设有若干个密闭腔室。 The present invention discloses an outsole and a sports shoe, sports shoe outsole includes a forefoot portion and a heel portion integrally formed, the bottom surface of the forefoot portion is provided with a groove disposed around a plurality of horizontally adjacent ribs formed between the grooves, said ribs are equipped with a plurality of the sealed chambers. 本发明,模仿了火箭的分级推进设计,在大底前脚掌部的底面上的多条凹槽可以使大底的前脚掌部随脚部前脚掌部保持自然弯曲,不再受鞋底对脚掌部的束缚,从而大大提高了运动鞋的舒适性;同时,当人体穿着具有这种结构的运动鞋运动时,在落地缓冲阶段,密闭腔室以形变形式储存能量,在离地蹬伸阶段,将储存的能量分成四级逐级释放,回归足部,减少了能量损耗,提高了能量回归的利用效率,让穿着者更加自然舒适,更加快速地运动。 The present invention mimics the rocket propulsion hierarchical design, the recess in the bottom surface of a plurality of outsole forefoot portion can forefoot portion of the outsole forefoot portion with the leg held natural curvature, no longer subject to the sole of the foot portion bound, thus greatly improving the comfort of athletic footwear; Meanwhile, when a human body having such a structure sneakers movement, landing in the buffer stage, a closed chamber to store energy in the form of a deformation in kicking-off stage, stored energy is divided into four progressively released, return the foot to reduce energy loss and improve the utilization efficiency of energy return, so that the wearer a more natural and comfortable, faster movement.

Description

运动鞋及其大底 Sports shoes and outsole

技术领域 FIELD

[0001 ] 本发明涉及鞋,具体涉及运动鞋及其大底。 [0001] The present invention relates to footwear, and particularly relates to a sports shoe outsole.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 体育运动,对人的身体健康和心理调节有十分有益的作用,因此被很多人推崇。 [0002] sports, the human body and mental health have a very useful role in regulation, so it is respected a lot of people. 足作为下肢的末端环节,主要是通过直接(裸足)或间接(鞋)与外界接触,并发生与外界的相互作用力,从而改变人体的运动状态。 As part of the foot end of the lower limbs, mainly through direct contact (bare feet) or indirectly (shoes) with the outside world, and the interaction with the external forces, thereby changing the state of motion of the human body. 根据裸足足底动态压力测试,人体在脚蹬离地面的过程中,前脚掌部是主要的受力和发力部位,第一跖骨至第五跖骨区受到地面的冲击力最大,很容易导致人体前脚掌产生运动疲劳和损伤,因此,如何缓解前脚掌部的运动不适,充分利用脚蹬地时产生的冲击能量,减少运动过程中能量的损耗是运动鞋核心技术研究的重要一环。 The bare substrate full dynamic pressure test, in the course of the pedal body from the ground, the front sole portion and the force is the main force portion, the first metatarsal to the fifth metatarsal area of ​​the ground by the maximum impact force, it can easily lead to the body generating forefoot motion injuries and fatigue, therefore, how to alleviate discomfort motion forefoot portion, full use of the impact energy generated when the pedal, reducing the loss of energy during exercise is an important part of the core technology of sports shoes.

[0003] 对脚蹬地时产生的冲击能量进行有效利用又称为能量回归,运动鞋的能量回归概念始于20世纪70年代末,到80年代已被众多品牌广泛利用。 [0003] of the impact energy generated when the pedal to the effective use of energy, also known as regression, sports shoes concept of energy return began in the late 1970s to the 1980s has been widely used many brands of the 20th century. 运动鞋能量回归的原理是:在人体脚部落地缓冲阶段,鞋底会产生弹性形变以储存能量,脚部离地时,该能量会部分地回归给人体。 Sports shoes energy return principle is: a buffer stage human foot landing, the sole will be elastically deformed to store energy when the foot off the ground, which may be partially return the energy to the human body. 为了减少运动过程中能量的损耗,让运动员能够做到更快、更高、更强,运动鞋的鞋底必须要有足够的能量回归。 In order to reduce the loss of energy during exercise, athletes can achieve faster, higher, stronger, soles of sports shoes must have sufficient energy return. 现有技术中,实现并提高能量回归效率的一般作法是改变鞋底结构以及材料的弹性特征,如Adidas的悬空中底以及Nike的全掌及分掌气囊中底等技术。 General practice in the prior art, and to achieve improvement in energy efficiency is to alter the return sole structure and the elastic characteristics of the material, such as a midsole and a Nike Adidas dangling of the end points in the whole palm and palm airbag technology.

[0004] 同时,近年来耐克公司推出了NIKE FREE系列,提倡将人们的双脚从传统运动鞋的束缚中解放出来,用双脚去控制鞋,让脚跟、拇指、跖骨区受力分布均匀,最大限度地摸拟赤足运动的感觉,领略运动时最真实的感受。 [0004] Meanwhile, in recent years, Nike has launched a NIKE FREE series, will promote people's feet liberation from the shackles of traditional athletic shoes out, use your feet to control the shoes, let the heel, thumb, metatarsal stress distribution area, simulation barefoot to maximize the feeling of movement, when the taste of the sport's most realistic feel.

[0005] 然而,上述悬空中底或气囊中底技术,能量回归的效率不高,并且不能保证足部在运动时能够自由、不受束缚。 [0005] However, the above-described vacant midsole or midsole airbag technology, energy return efficiency is not high, and can not guarantee the foot in motion freely, unfettered.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0006] 本发明所要解决的技术问题是解决现有运动鞋能量回归的效率不高,并且不能保证足部在运动时能够自由、不受束缚的问题。 [0006] The present invention is to solve the conventional technical problem is sports shoes energy return efficiency is not high, and can not guarantee the foot in motion freely, unfettered problem.

[0007] 为了解决上述技术问题,本发明所采用的技术方案是提供一种运动鞋大底,包括一体成型的前脚掌部和后脚跟部,所述前脚掌部的底面上设有多条左右水平设置的凹槽,相邻的所述凹槽之间形成凸棱,所述凸棱内设有若干个密闭腔室。 [0007] To solve the above technical problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is to provide a sports shoe outsole, comprising a forefoot portion and a heel portion integrally formed, the bottom surface of the forefoot portion is provided with a plurality of right and left horizontally disposed grooves, ribs are formed between the adjacent grooves, said ribs are equipped with a plurality of the sealed chambers.

[0008] 在上述方案中,所述凸棱的顶面上开有若干凹坑,且大底的顶面紧贴中底使所述凹坑形成所述密闭腔室。 [0008] In the above embodiment, the top surface of the ribs provided with a number of pits, and the top surface of the outsole in close contact with the bottom of the pit forming a sealed chamber.

[0009] 在上述方案中,所述凹槽为五条,沿大底的前后方向依次排列。 [0009] In the above embodiment, the five grooves are sequentially arranged along the longitudinal direction of the outsole.

[0010] 在上述方案中,每条所述凸棱内分别设有四个密闭腔室,且四个所述密闭腔室沿左右方向并排设置。 [0010] In the above embodiment, each of the four ribs are provided within the sealed chamber, and the four sealed chambers arranged side by side in the left-right direction.

[0011] 在上述方案中,所述前脚掌部的顶面呈波浪状,且且波峰和波谷分别与所述凹槽和所述凸棱相对。 [0011] In the above embodiment, the top surface of the front sole portion wavy, and peaks and valleys, respectively, and the groove and the opposing ribs.

[0012] 在上述方案中,每条所述凸棱的左、右两端形成左、右支撑块,所述左支撑块的左侧面向右上方倾斜,所述右支撑块的右侧面向左上方倾斜。 [0012] In the above embodiment, each of the ribs of the left and right ends are formed right and left support block, left side of the left support face inclined upper right block, right side of the upper left and right oriented support block inclines.

[0013] 在上述方案中,所述左支撑块的左侧面以及所述右支撑块的右侧面上分别设有凹陷部。 [0013] In the above embodiment, the left side of the left and right side surface of the support block of the right support block is provided with recessed portions respectively.

[0014] 在上述方案中,所述凹陷部呈球面状。 [0014] In the above embodiment, the recess a spherical shape.

[0015] 本发明还提供了一种包含有上述运动鞋大底的运动鞋。 [0015] The present invention further provides a sports shoe comprising said motion outsole.

[0016] 本发明,模仿了火箭的分级推进设计,在大底前脚掌部的底面上设有多条左右水平设置的凹槽,相邻的凹槽之间形成凸棱,凸棱内分别设有若干个密闭腔室。 [0016] The present invention mimics the rocket propulsion hierarchical design, provided with a groove disposed around a plurality of levels of the bottom surface of the outsole forefoot portion, ribs are formed between adjacent grooves, the inner ribs are provided there are several closed chambers. 多条凹槽可以使大底的前脚掌部随人体脚部前脚掌部保持自然弯曲,不再受鞋底对脚掌部的束缚,从而大大提高了运动鞋的舒适性;同时,当人体穿着具有这种结构的运动鞋运动时,在落地缓冲阶段,密闭腔室以形变形式储存能量,在离地蹬伸阶段,将储存的能量分成四级自后向前逐级释放,回归足部,减少了能量损耗,提高了能量回归的利用效率,让穿着者更加自然舒适,更加快速地运动。 Multiple grooves that allows the forefoot part outsole with forefoot holding human foot natural bent, soles of feet bound no longer part of the, thus greatly improving the comfort of sports shoes; at the same time, when the body has to wear it when sports shoes sports such structure, the buffer in the landing stage, the sealed chamber in the form of a deformation energy stored in the energy phase of kicking off the ground, will be stored into the four progressively released from the front, back foot, reduced energy loss and improve the utilization efficiency of energy return, so that the wearer a more natural and comfortable, faster movement.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0017] 图1为本发明中运动鞋大底脚掌部的底面示意图; [0017] Figure 1 is a schematic view of the invention in sports shoe outsole bottom surface of the sole portion;

[0018] 图2为本发明中运动鞋大底脚掌部的顶面示意图; [0018] FIG. 2 is a top surface of the sports shoe outsole portion of the sole schematic invention;

[0019] 图3为本发明中运动鞋大底局部立体结构示意图。 [0019] FIG. 3 is a schematic partial perspective view sports shoe outsole structure of the invention.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0020] 本发明提供了一种运动鞋大底,包括一体成型的前脚掌部和后脚跟部,所述前脚掌部的底面上设有多条左右水平设置的凹槽,相邻的所述凹槽之间形成凸棱,所述凸棱内设有若干个密闭腔室。 [0020] The present invention provides a sports shoe outsole forefoot portion and a heel portion comprising an integrally formed, the bottom surface of the forefoot portion is provided with a groove disposed around a plurality of horizontally adjacent said ribs formed between the grooves, said ribs are equipped with a plurality of the sealed chambers. 多条凹槽可以使大底的前脚掌部随人体脚部的前脚掌部保持自然弯曲,不再受鞋底对脚掌部的束缚,从而大大提高了运动鞋的舒适性,同时,每条凸棱内的密闭腔室在前脚掌部离开地面时,自后向前依次释放能量,实现了能量回归的分级供给,对前脚掌部进行分级推进,提高了能量回归的利用效率。 A plurality of grooves may cause a forefoot portion of the outsole forefoot portion with the leg portion of the body to maintain the natural bending of the sole portion of the shoe sole no longer bound by, thus greatly improving the comfort of the sports shoes, at the same time, each of the ribs when the sealed chamber within the front foot portion leaves the ground, since the forward energy release in turn, achieve a rating of supplied energy return, to promote the forefoot portion grading, improves the efficiency of energy return.

[0021] 下面结合说明书附图和具体实施方式对本发明作出详细的说明。 [0021] The following is a detailed description of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and specific embodiments.

[0022] 本发明提供的运动鞋大底,包括一体成型的前脚掌部和后脚跟部,如图1所示,前脚掌部的底面上设有多条沿左右方向分别水平设置的凹槽1,本具体实施例中,凹槽I的数量为五条,宽度为2-3毫米。 [0022] The sports shoe outsole provided herein, includes a forefoot portion and a heel portion formed integrally, as shown, the bottom surface of the forefoot portion 1 is provided with a plurality of grooves in the left-right direction are disposed horizontally 1 , the specific embodiment of the present embodiment, the number of grooves is I 105, a width of 2-3 mm. 这五条凹槽I自前向后依次排列。 Sequentially arranged from front rearward I which five grooves. 众所周知,人体在运动过程中,前脚掌部离地时的最佳受力状态为自然弯曲状态,即赤足运动的状态,但是,现有的运动鞋,前脚掌部被紧紧地束缚在鞋腔内与平直的鞋底紧贴,失去了可以进行自由弯曲的活动性,因此,舒适性较差。 Is well known, the human body movement, forefoot portion from the optimum state when the force for bending natural state, i.e., barefoot motion state, however, the conventional sports shoes, forefoot portion of the shoe is tightly bound in the chamber within and close to flat soles, lost mobility can be freely bent, so comfort is poor. 本发明,由于在运动鞋大底前脚掌部的底面上设有自前向后依次排列的五条水平设置的凹槽1,这样,在人体脚部离地的过程中,这五条凹槽I可以使大底的前脚掌部随人体脚部的前脚掌部保持自然弯曲,不再受鞋底对脚掌部束缚,从而大大提高了运动鞋的舒适性。 The present invention, since the bottom surface of the sports shoe outsole forefoot portion is provided with a recess arranged in the front-to-back order of a five horizontally arranged, so that, in the process of the human foot from the ground, which can make five grooves I forefoot part outsole with forefoot part of maintaining the natural human foot bent, soles of the feet are no longer bound by the Ministry, thus greatly improving the comfort of sneakers.

[0023] 相邻的凹槽I之间形成凸棱2,凸棱2共四条,在每条凸棱2的顶面上都开有若干个凹坑3,本实施例中凹坑3的形状为条形,数量为四个,沿左右方向并排设置(如图2所示),并且大底的顶面紧贴中底,从而使凹坑分别形成密闭腔室。 [0023] The ribs 2, a total of four ribs 2 formed between adjacent grooves I, dimples are provided with a number 3 on the top face of each of the ribs 2, the shape of Example 3 of the present embodiment pit a stripe, four in number, arranged side by side in the lateral direction (FIG. 2), and close to the top surface of the outsole in the end, the pits are formed so that the tight chamber. 本发明中,密闭腔室也可以是独立的腔室,也可以是气囊,但是,本实施例提供的利用大底顶面与中底紧贴从而使凹坑形成密闭腔室的技术方案则大大简化了生产工艺。 In the present invention, the sealed chamber may also be a separate chamber, the airbag may be, however, the present embodiment provides a bottom with a large top and bottom in close contact so that pits are formed aspect tight chamber is greatly It simplifies the production process. 密闭腔室主要用于储存和释放能量。 Tight chamber is mainly used to store and release energy. 当人体脚落地时,密闭腔室在压力作用下收缩产生形变,将运动动能转换成弹性势能;当人体脚离地时,密闭腔室恢复形变,将能量释放回归给人体。 When the human foot landing, the sealed chamber shrinkage deformation under pressure, to convert kinetic energy into elastic potential energy movement; feet off the ground when the body, the closed chamber to restore the deformation, to release energy to return to the body. 本实施例中,凸棱2自后向前共设有四条,因此,通过凹槽I将密闭腔室储存的能量自后向前分为四级,从鞋底与地面最先抬起的那条凸棱开始逐级将部分弹性势能以动能的形式回输给人体,充分提高了能量回归的利用效率,使穿着者更快地向前移动。 In this embodiment, since the ribs 2 after a total of four forward, therefore, through the groove I the energy stored in the sealed chamber is divided into four forward since, first lifted from the ground with the sole piece ribs will start progressively part of the elastic potential energy to kinetic energy in the form returned to the human body, to fully enhance the utilization efficiency of energy return, so that the wearer to move forward faster.

[0024] 如图3所示,鞋底前脚掌部的顶面呈波浪状,且波峰和波谷分别与凹槽I和凸棱2一一相对,这种设计使得凹槽I的顶壁厚度增加,提高了大底的强度,同时,也提高了大底与中底的粘合面积,使密闭腔室的密封性能更好。 [0024] As shown in FIG. 3, the top surface of the sole forefoot portion of the wavy crests and troughs respectively and I and recess relative eleven ribs 2, such a design such that the top wall thickness is increased groove I, outsole improved strength, but also increased the bonding area of ​​the midsole and the outsole, the sealing performance better tight chamber.

[0025] 另外,每条凸棱2的左、右两端分别形成左、右支撑块4、5,左、右支撑块4、5的宽度分别为6-8毫米,左支撑块4的左侧面向右上方倾斜,右支撑块5的右侧面向左上方倾斜,并且左支撑块4的左侧面以及右支撑块5的右侧面上设有凹陷部6,该凹陷部6呈球面状,这样的结构具有比较大的弹性空间,在人体脚部接触地面受压时,具有更强的支撑强度和缓震作用,能够提高鞋子的舒适性。 [0025] Further, each of the ribs 2 of the left and right ends are formed right and left support blocks 4, 5, left, and right width of the support blocks 4, 5 are 6-8 mm, 4 left left support block inclined to the right side, the right side of the right support block 5 facing obliquely upper left, the left and the right side surface of the left side surface of the supporting block 4 and the support block 5 is provided with a right recess 6, the recess portion of the spherical shape 6 such a structure has a relatively large flexible space, the human foot touch the ground when under pressure, have a stronger strength of support and cushioning effect, can enhance the comfort of the shoes.

[0026] 虽然本实施例中,凹槽I的数量为五条,但是,基于本领域技术人员的常识,凹槽I的数量也可以适当地增加和减少,当增加凹槽I的数量时,可以获得更好的自然弯曲度,但是这样,也会降低大底的强度,因此,实验证明,本实施例中设定的五条凹槽在满足实现前脚掌部自然弯曲的基础上,双能很好地满足大底的强度要求。 [0026] Although the present embodiment, the number of grooves I is five, however, based on the knowledge of the skilled person, the number of grooves I may be appropriately increased and decreased, the groove when the number I may be better natural curvature, but this will reduce the strength of the outsole, thus proved, the present embodiment five grooves set in the embodiment satisfies the forefoot portion of the natural curved achieved on the basis of well-bis outsole meet strength requirements.

[0027] 本发明还提供了一种具有上述运动鞋大底的运动鞋。 [0027] The present invention further provides a sports shoe having an outsole said motion.

[0028] 本发明借鉴了火箭的分级推进设计原理,当人们穿着具有这种结构的运动鞋运动时,在落地缓冲阶段,密闭腔室以形变形式储存能量,在离地蹬伸阶段,将储存的能量分成四级自后向前逐级释放,回归足部,减少了能量损耗,让穿着者更加自然舒适,更加快速地运动。 [0028] The present invention draws rocket propulsion hierarchical design principle, when people wearing sneakers motion having such a structure, the landing stage of the buffer, the sealed chamber to store energy in the form of a deformation in kicking-off phase, the stored after four energy into forward step by step since the release and return of the foot, reducing energy loss, so that the wearer a more natural and comfortable, faster movement.

[0029] 本发明还借鉴了当下“模拟赤足运动”鞋的设计元素,根据人体工程学原理,在足部前掌跖骨区域沿运动前进方向设置多条水平凹槽,让大底的前脚掌部能够实现自然弯曲,免受鞋子的束缚,自由舒适地运动。 [0029] The present invention also draws current "barefoot motion simulation" shoe design elements, ergonomically, a plurality of horizontal grooves provided in the forward direction in the forefoot metatarsal area of ​​the foot, so that the outsole forefoot portion It can achieve a natural bent, from the shackles of shoes, free and comfortable movement.

[0030] 本发明不局限于上述最佳实施方式,任何人应该得知在本发明的启示下作出的结构变化,凡是与本发明具有相同或相近的技术方案,均落入本发明的保护范围之内。 [0030] The present invention is not limited to the preferred embodiments, and any structural changes that should be made in light of the present invention, the present invention all have the same or similar technical solutions, all fall within the scope of the present invention within.

Claims (7)

  1. 1.运动鞋大底,包括一体成型的前脚掌部和后脚跟部,其特征在于,所述前脚掌部的底面上设有多条左右水平设置的凹槽,相邻的所述凹槽之间形成凸棱,所述凸棱内设有若干个密闭腔室,每条所述凸棱的左、右两端形成左、右支撑块,所述左支撑块的左侧面向右上方倾斜,所述右支撑块的右侧面向左上方倾斜,所述左支撑块的左侧面以及所述右支撑块的右侧面上分别设有凹陷部。 1. sports shoe outsole, comprising a forefoot portion and a heel portion integrally formed, characterized in that a bottom surface of the recess around the forefoot portion of the plurality of horizontally disposed, the groove of the adjacent formed between the ribs, the ribs are equipped with a plurality of closed chambers, each of said ribs to the left and right ends are formed right and left support block, left side of the left support block for oblique upper right, right side of the right support for the inclined upper left block, left side block of the left and right supporting surface of the support block are provided with a right recess portion.
  2. 2.如权利要求1所述的运动鞋大底,其特征在于,所述凸棱的顶面上开有若干凹坑,且大底的顶面紧贴中底使所述凹坑形成所述密闭腔室。 2. The sports shoe outsole according to claim 1, wherein said rib top surface provided with a number of pits, and the outsole top surface against the bottom of the pit formation tight chamber.
  3. 3.如权利要求1所述的运动鞋大底,其特征在于,所述凹槽为五条,沿大底的前后方向依次排列。 Sports shoe outsole according to claim 1, wherein said grooves are five sequentially arranged along the longitudinal direction of the outsole.
  4. 4.如权利要求1所述的运动鞋大底,其特征在于,每条所述凸棱内分别设有四个密闭腔室,且四个所述密闭腔室沿左右方向并排设置。 4. A sports shoe outsole according to claim 1, wherein each of the inner ribs are provided four sealed chambers, and the four sealed chambers arranged side by side in the left-right direction.
  5. 5.如权利要求1所述的运动鞋大底,其特征在于,所述前脚掌部的顶面呈波浪状,且波峰和波谷分别与所述凹槽和所述凸棱一一相对。 The sports shoe outsole according to claim 1, characterized in that the top surface of the forefoot portion of the wavy crests and troughs respectively, and the groove and the rib to one opposition.
  6. 6.如权利要求1所述的运动鞋大底,其特征在于,所述凹陷部呈球面状。 The sports shoe outsole as claimed in claim 1, wherein said recessed portion a spherical shape.
  7. 7.运动鞋,包括如权利要求1至6项任一项所述的运动鞋大底。 7. A sports shoe comprising any 1-6 as claims shoes outsole.
CN 201110256471 2011-09-01 2011-09-01 Sport shoe and outsole thereof CN102273769B (en)

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CN104273782A (en) * 2014-05-23 2015-01-14 茂泰(福建)鞋材有限公司 Waterproof and breathable shoes

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CN2405452Y (en) * 1999-09-10 2000-11-15 李金中 Ventilated damp-removed massage sole of shoe
FR2919155B1 (en) * 2007-07-25 2009-10-16 Bernard Favraud "Outsole for footwear and method and mold for manufacturing said sole"
CN101961158B (en) * 2009-07-21 2017-04-12 锐步国际有限公司 Shoes and its manufacturing method

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