CN102173717B - Production method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulation fire-proof plate - Google Patents

Production method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulation fire-proof plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102173717B
CN102173717B CN 201110001365 CN201110001365A CN102173717B CN 102173717 B CN102173717 B CN 102173717B CN 201110001365 CN201110001365 CN 201110001365 CN 201110001365 A CN201110001365 A CN 201110001365A CN 102173717 B CN102173717 B CN 102173717B
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China
Prior art keywords
fire
dry
asbestos
zeyssatite
light environment
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 201110001365
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102173717A (en
Inventor
张彩云
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张彩云
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Priority to CN 201110001365 priority Critical patent/CN102173717B/en
Publication of CN102173717A publication Critical patent/CN102173717A/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/24Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing alkyl, ammonium or metal silicates; containing silica sols
    • C04B28/26Silicates of the alkali metals
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/009After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone characterised by the material treated
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/5076Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials with masses bonded by inorganic cements

Abstract

The invention provides a production method of a high-strength light environment-friendly insulation fire-proof plate, belonging to the technical fields of building material production and application. The method comprises the following steps: based on diatomite serving as the base material of the fire-proof plate, adding hydrophobic expanded perlite, macrofiber asbestos and ore binder attapulgite with nano micropores and sodium silicate which are used as main raw materials; and mixing and stirring, carrying out injection molding, demoulding, conserving, coating cement, curing and shaping, so as to produce a finished product. The fire-proof plate is prepared from the following raw materials by weight percent: 20-30% of dry diatomite, 30-40% of 250 expanded perlite, 15-19% of 325-mesh attapulgite powder, 10-13% of asbestine, 10-11% of liquid sodium silicate and 1-2% of 425-numbered fire-resistant Portland cement. The production method has the advantages of saving the cost, reducing the consumption and improving the high value-added utilization of non-metal ore resources and being simple in process. The product is capable of preventing fire and preserving heat, has high strength and light weight, dose not generate toxic and harmful gases at high temperature, thereby being a high-quality cheap insulation fire-proofing material.

Description

A kind of working method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulating PLASTIC LAMINATED
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of working method of PLASTIC LAMINATED, particularly a kind of working method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulating PLASTIC LAMINATED.Belong to material of construction production and applied technical field.
Background technology
Existing external wall and heat insulating inner wall have mainly adopted following certain methods: EPS polyphenyl plate heat preserving material is earlier pasted in the metope tiling in (1), after smear grid cloth enhanced polymer cement mortar, carry out external-wall coating or binding face tile again; (2) directly build steel wire net rack EPS styrofoam in the progressive die plate, dismounting is plastered and is carried out external-wall coating or binding face tile again; (3) the thin insulation etc. of plastering of granular polystyrene rubber cement.These several kinds of ways all are to be the basis with the civil engineering; The on-the-spot assembly glued the technology that thermal insulation layer adds whole facing again; Large-area organic materials and inorganic metope body and mortar surface layer exist coefficient of dilatation poor; Not only stress can't discharge, and thermal insulation layer also bears the weight of 50 to 80 kilograms of mortar and face bricks and is easy to cause metope to produce the cracking infiltration and heaves to come off and cause potential safety hazard.The genus EPS styrofoam of the heat preserving and insulating material light weight that existing market is sold is the most general, but its most fatal shortcoming is inflammable,, the gas that discharges in the burning is poisonous to human body and environment, harmful.Fire retardant material heat-insulating properties such as pearlstone or vermiculite, asbestos, calcium silicate board are also bad, and quality is not light.In a word, existing lagging material is not prevented fires, and fire-retardant material is not incubated, and potential safety hazard is big.Therefore, novel fire prevention, lightweight, energy saving building material and the product of the eager call of building heat preservation engineering at present.
Summary of the invention
The objective of the invention is the deficiency to above-mentioned prior art, and a kind of high-performance light, environmental protection, insulated fire plate that can meeting the market requirement be provided.
For realizing above-mentioned purpose; The present invention adopts following technical proposals: a kind of working method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulating PLASTIC LAMINATED; This method is to utilize diatomaceous high porosity; Light weight; Advantage such as fire-retardant is as the base material of PLASTIC LAMINATED; The mineral binder attapulgite and the water glass (liquid adhesive) that add hydrophobic expansion pearlite, long stapled asbestos and have a nanometer micropore be main raw material, through mix stir, casting (adding glass cross to gain in strength at 1/2nd places of thickness of slab during casting), demoulding maintenance, coating cement (help gaining in strength at normal temperatures and shield the absorption of zeyssatite and attapulgite), health shaping to water vapor, final production goes out light weight, high-strength, insulation, fire-retardant fireproof heat insulating section bar.
Material chosen of the present invention (unit mass ratio): dry zeyssatite 20-30%; No. 250 pearlstone 30-40%; 325 order attapulgite 15-19%; Asbestos 10-13%; Liquid sodium silicate 10-11%; No. 425 fire-resistant silicate cement 1-2%.
The present invention realizes through following concrete process step:
The first step is mixed stirring with dry zeyssatite, No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlites, attapulgite, asbestos and liquid sodium silicates;
Second step will stir the back and inject pattern plate bolster;
The 3rd step starting material reach 1/2 o'clock of sheet frame height, spread glass cross, and then inject other 1/2 raw material;
The 4th step dry at normal temperatures health (7-10 days);
The 5th step demoulding coats grout;
Dry health is 48 hours under the 6th step normal temperature;
The 7th step shaping warehouse-in.
Adopt the high-strength light environment-friendly insulating PLASTIC LAMINATED that the present invention produced to compare with the like product of selling in the market; Because what the present invention adopted all is to have natural porous mineral material; The own light weight of material (material is through drying treatment); What adopt in the technology is the waterless operation method; And coat the suction and the at room temperature dry health that have completely cut off water vapour with cement and gain in strength, technology is simple, save cost, reduce the high value added utilization that consumes, improved non-metallic mineral resource.Product is not only prevented fires but also be incubated, and high-strength light weight does not at high temperature have toxic and harmful to produce, and whole process of production is under environmentally friendly state, to carry out, and does not have three wastes output, is inexpensive high-quality heat preservation fireproofing material.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a process flow diagram of the present invention.
Embodiment (with reference to Fig. 1)
Embodiment 1: get in dry zeyssatite 20%, No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlites 40%, 325 order attapulgites 19%, asbestos 10%, the liquid sodium silicate 10% restir jar and fully stir; Back injection pattern plate bolster stirs; Glass cross is gone in middle shop, dry 7 days of health, form removal; Coat the grout that contains No. 425 fire-resistant silicate cements 1%, dry health is 48 hours under the normal temperature.
Embodiment 2: get in dry zeyssatite 30%, No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlites 30%, 325 order attapulgites 15%, asbestos 13%, the liquid sodium silicate 11% restir jar and fully stir; Back injection pattern plate bolster stirs; Glass cross is gone in middle shop, dry 8 days of health, form removal; Coat the grout that contains No. 425 fire-resistant silicate cements 1%, dry health is 48 hours under the normal temperature.
Embodiment 3: get in dry zeyssatite 25%, No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlites 35%, 325 order attapulgites 17%, asbestos 11%, the liquid sodium silicate 10.5% restir jar and fully stir; Back injection pattern plate bolster stirs; Glass cross is gone in middle shop, dry 9 days of health, form removal; Coat the grout that contains No. 425 fire-resistant silicate cements 1.5%, dry health is 48 hours under the normal temperature.
Embodiment 4: get in dry zeyssatite 22%, No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlites 36%, 325 order attapulgites 18%, asbestos 12%, the liquid sodium silicate 10% restir jar and fully stir; Back injection pattern plate bolster stirs; Glass cross is gone in middle shop, dry 7 days of health, form removal; Coat the grout that contains No. 425 fire-resistant silicate cements 2%, dry health is 48 hours under the normal temperature.
Embodiment 5: get in dry zeyssatite 24%, No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlites 37%, 325 order attapulgites 16%, asbestos 11%, the liquid sodium silicate 11% restir jar and fully stir; Back injection pattern plate bolster stirs; Glass cross is gone in middle shop, dry 10 days of health, form removal; Coat the grout that contains No. 425 fire-resistant silicate cements 1%, dry health is 48 hours under the normal temperature.
Adopt the technical feature of the high-strength light environment-friendly insulating PLASTIC LAMINATED of the present invention's production:
Density/(kg/m 3)≤150;
Thermal conductivity/w/ (m.k)≤0.060;
Ultimate compression strength/MPa >=0.40;
Folding strength/MPa >=0.25;
Refractoriness/℃ >=1000.

Claims (7)

1. the working method of a high-strength light environment-friendly insulating PLASTIC LAMINATED; This method is to utilize the base material of zeyssatite as PLASTIC LAMINATED; The mineral binder attapulgite and the water glass that add hydrophobic expansion pearlite, long stapled asbestos and have a nanometer micropore are main raw material; Through mix stirring, casting, demoulding maintenance, coating cement and health shaping, the output finished product, material is prepared by quality % ratio in this method: dry zeyssatite 20-30%; No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlite 30-40%; 325 order attapulgite 15-19%; Asbestos 10-13%; Liquid sodium silicate 10-11%; No. 425 fire-resistant silicate cement 1-2%.
2. the working method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulating PLASTIC LAMINATED as claimed in claim 1, this method realizes through following concrete process step:
The first step is mixed stirring with dry zeyssatite, No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlites, attapulgite, asbestos and liquid sodium silicates;
Material after second step will stir injects pattern plate bolster;
The 3rd step starting material reach 1/2 o'clock of sheet frame height, spread glass cross, and then inject other 1/2 raw material;
The 4th dry at normal temperatures health 7-10 days step;
The 5th step demoulding coats grout;
Dry health is 48 hours under the 6th step normal temperature;
The 7th step shaping warehouse-in.
3. the working method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulating PLASTIC LAMINATED as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the concrete prescription of material: get dry zeyssatite 20%, No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlites 40%, 325 order attapulgites 19%, asbestos 10%, liquid sodium silicate 10% and No. 425 fire-resistant silicate cements 1%.
4. the working method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulating PLASTIC LAMINATED as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the concrete prescription of material: get dry zeyssatite 30%, No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlites 30%, 325 order attapulgites 15%, asbestos 13%, liquid sodium silicate 11% and No. 425 fire-resistant silicate cements 1%.
5. the working method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulating PLASTIC LAMINATED as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the concrete prescription of material: get dry zeyssatite 25%, No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlites 35%, 325 order attapulgites 17%, asbestos 11%, liquid sodium silicate 10.5% and No. 425 fire-resistant silicate cements 1.5%.
6. the working method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulating PLASTIC LAMINATED as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the concrete prescription of material: get dry zeyssatite 22%, No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlites 36%, 325 order attapulgites 18%, asbestos 12%, liquid sodium silicate 10% and No. 425 fire-resistant silicate cements 2%.
7. the working method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulating PLASTIC LAMINATED as claimed in claim 1 is characterized in that the concrete prescription of material: get dry zeyssatite 24%, No. 250 hydrophobic expansion pearlites 37%, 325 order attapulgites 16%, asbestos 11%, liquid sodium silicate 11% and No. 425 fire-resistant silicate cements 1%.
CN 201110001365 2011-01-05 2011-01-05 Production method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulation fire-proof plate Expired - Fee Related CN102173717B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110001365 CN102173717B (en) 2011-01-05 2011-01-05 Production method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulation fire-proof plate

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 201110001365 CN102173717B (en) 2011-01-05 2011-01-05 Production method of high-strength light environment-friendly insulation fire-proof plate

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CN102173717A CN102173717A (en) 2011-09-07
CN102173717B true CN102173717B (en) 2012-11-21

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Families Citing this family (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103030336B (en) * 2011-10-10 2014-02-12 太仓市兰燕甲板敷料涂料有限公司 Ultra-light primary deck covering and preparation method thereof
CN102491666B (en) * 2011-11-22 2013-01-02 青岛文创科技有限公司 Processing technology for improved thermal insulation plate
CN102887689B (en) * 2012-10-27 2014-03-26 盱眙县东强新型建材厂 Production method of unfired attapulgite construction waste haydite thermal-insulation board
CN103011725B (en) * 2012-12-24 2014-06-25 营口盼盼环保硅藻材料有限公司 Fireproof diatomite plate and fabrication method thereof
CN103936384A (en) * 2013-01-18 2014-07-23 杨宪动 Preparing method of inorganic fireproof heat insulation plate
CN109020323A (en) * 2018-08-27 2018-12-18 安吉孝丰飞乐建筑材料厂 A kind of light fire-proof construction material

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1438404A (en) * 1972-07-19 1976-06-09 Mitsubishi Petrochemical Co Gypsum plaster products
WO2004083599A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2004-09-30 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Well completion foamed spacer fluids and methods
CN1733647A (en) * 2005-08-12 2006-02-15 尹燕祥 Dry powder type wall heat-insulating material
CN1772679A (en) * 2004-11-10 2006-05-17 杜林海 Heat insulating sandwich specially for color steel and its production process
CN101081742A (en) * 2006-05-29 2007-12-05 山东鲁阳股份有限公司 Ceramic fiber building fireproof plate

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1438404A (en) * 1972-07-19 1976-06-09 Mitsubishi Petrochemical Co Gypsum plaster products
WO2004083599A1 (en) * 2003-03-21 2004-09-30 Halliburton Energy Services, Inc. Well completion foamed spacer fluids and methods
CN1772679A (en) * 2004-11-10 2006-05-17 杜林海 Heat insulating sandwich specially for color steel and its production process
CN1733647A (en) * 2005-08-12 2006-02-15 尹燕祥 Dry powder type wall heat-insulating material
CN101081742A (en) * 2006-05-29 2007-12-05 山东鲁阳股份有限公司 Ceramic fiber building fireproof plate

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Granted publication date: 20121121

Termination date: 20180105