CN102159100A - Method for preparing fuel element for smoking article - Google Patents

Method for preparing fuel element for smoking article Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102159100A
CN102159100A CN2009801371773A CN200980137177A CN102159100A CN 102159100 A CN102159100 A CN 102159100A CN 2009801371773 A CN2009801371773 A CN 2009801371773A CN 200980137177 A CN200980137177 A CN 200980137177A CN 102159100 A CN102159100 A CN 102159100A
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China
Prior art keywords
fuel element
metal
nitrate
catalyst precursor
material
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CN2009801371773A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
C·K·巴纳基
S·B·西尔斯
S·K·派克
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R.J.雷诺兹烟草公司
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Priority to US12/233,192 priority Critical patent/US8469035B2/en
Priority to US12/233,192 priority
Application filed by R.J.雷诺兹烟草公司 filed Critical R.J.雷诺兹烟草公司
Priority to PCT/US2009/057259 priority patent/WO2010033665A1/en
Publication of CN102159100A publication Critical patent/CN102159100A/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24FSMOKERS' REQUISITES; MATCH BOXES
    • A24F47/00Smokers' requisites not provided for elsewhere, e.g. devices to assist in stopping or limiting smoking
    • A24F47/002Simulated smoking devices, e.g. imitation cigarettes
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/10Chemical features of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/16Chemical features of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes of tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/165Chemical features of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes of tobacco substitutes comprising as heat source a carbon fuel or an oxidized or thermally degraded carbonaceous fuel, e.g. carbohydrates, cellulosic material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B15/00Chemical features or treatment of tobacco; Tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/18Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes
    • A24B15/28Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by chemical substances
    • A24B15/287Treatment of tobacco products or tobacco substitutes by chemical substances by inorganic substances only
    • A24B15/288Catalysts or catalytic material, e.g. included in the wrapping material

Abstract

The invention provides a method for making a fuel element (40) for a smoking article (10) comprising forming a combustible carbonaceous material into a fuel element adapted for use in a smoking article; incorporating a metal-containing catalyst precursor into the fuel element or onto the surface thereof to form a treated fuel element, the incorporating step occurring before, during, or after said forming step; and optionally heating or irradiating the treated fuel element at a temperature and for a time sufficient to convert the catalyst precursor to a catalytic metal compound. Examples of metal-containing catalyst precursors include iron nitrate, copper nitrate, cerium nitrate, cerium ammonium nitrate, manganese nitrate, magnesium nitrate, and zinc nitrate. Fuel elements treated according to the invention, and smoking articles including such fuel elements, are also provided.

Description

用于制备吸烟物品的燃料元件的方法 A method for making a fuel element of the smoking article

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及诸如吸烟物品(例如卷烟)的烟草制品。 [0001] The present invention relates to smoking articles such as (e.g., cigarettes) tobacco products. 背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 诸如卷烟之类的普通吸烟物品具有大致圆柱形的杆状结构并包括由纸质包裹物裹起来的诸如切碎的烟草(例如,切丝填料形式)的可吸烟材料装料、卷或柱状物,由此形成所谓的“可吸烟杆”、“烟草杆”或“卷烟杆”。 [0002] Popular smoking articles such as cigarettes or the like having a generally cylindrical configuration and comprises a rod-like wrapped up by a paper wrapper, such as shredded tobacco (e.g., in cut filler form) charge of smokable material, the volume or pillars, thereby forming a so-called "smokable rod", "tobacco rod" or "tobacco rod." 一般地,卷烟具有圆柱形滤嘴元件,该滤嘴元件以端部对端部的关系与烟草杆对准。 Generally, a cigarette has a cylindrical filter element, which filter element aligned in an end relationship with the tobacco rod end portion. 较佳地,滤嘴元件包括由被称为“滤棒成型纸”的纸质材料所包围的增塑的醋酸纤维素束。 Preferably, the filter element comprises plasticized cellulose acetate tow by a paper material known as "plug wrap" surrounded by the. 某些滤嘴元件可包括多元醇。 Certain filter elements can include a polyol. 例如,参见英国专利说明书755,475。 For example, see British Patent Specification 755,475. 某些卷烟包括具有多段的滤嘴元件,且那些段中的一段可以包括活性炭颗粒。 Some cigarette comprising a filter element having multiple segments, and those segments of the section may include activated carbon particles. 例如,参见授予Blakeley等人的美国专利5,360,023和授予Veluz的6,537,186。 For example, see granted Blakeley, et al., US Patent 5,360,023 and 6,537,186 granted to the Veluz. 较佳地,滤嘴元件通过使用包围的被称为“接装纸”的包裹材料附连至烟草杆的一端。 Preferably, the wrapping material known as "tipping paper" surrounded by using a filter element attached to the end of the tobacco rod. 为了用周围空气来稀释吸入的主烟流,还希望对接装材料和滤棒成型纸进行穿孔。 To mainstream smoke with ambient air to provide dilution of drawn, it is desirable docking paper tipping material and plug wrap is perforated. Davis等人所著(版本)的“烟草生产、化学和技术”(Tobacco Production, Chemistry and Technology) (1999)中对卷烟及其各种部件进行了描述。 Davis et al (versions) "Tobacco Production, Chemistry and Technology" (Tobacco Production, Chemistry and Technology) (1999) of cigarettes and the various components are described. 吸烟者通过点燃卷烟的一端并燃烧烟草杆来使用卷烟。 Cigarette smoker by lighting one end thereof and burning the tobacco rod to use cigarettes. 然后,吸烟者通过在卷烟的相对端(例如,滤嘴端)上吸气来将主烟流吸入他/她的嘴中。 Then, at the opposite end of the cigarette by the smoker (e.g., the filter end) of the intake to the mainstream smoke into his / her mouth.

[0003] 经年来,人们提出了改变烟草主烟流成分的各种方法。 [0003] over the years, various methods have been proposed to change the tobacco mainstream smoke components. 在授予Bereman的PCT申请公布第W002/37990号中,建议了可以将金属颗粒和/或含碳颗粒包含到卷烟的可吸烟材料内,以试图减少由卷烟产生的烟雾中某些化合物的量。 Bereman granted within PCT Application Publication No. W002 / 37990, proposed metal particles and / or carbonaceous particles can be incorporated into the smokable material of the cigarette, in an attempt to reduce the amount of certain compounds from cigarette smoke. 在授予Nestor等人的美国专利申请公布第2005/0066986号中,建议了烟草杆可以包含与诸如甘油的浮质形成材料组合的烟草填料。 In U.S. Patent No. Nestor et al Application Publication No. 2005/0066986, the proposed tobacco rod can comprise tobacco filler formed floating material such as glycerol in combination.

[0004] 授予Srnfer等人的美国专利第6,874,508号提出了一种具有纸包裹的烟草杆的卷烟,该烟草杆具有用添加剂处理过(诸如碳酸氢钾、氯化钠或磷酸钾)的端部。 [0004] Srnfer U.S. Patent No. 6,874,508, et al proposes a cigarette having a paper wrapped tobacco rod, the tobacco rod having a treated (such as potassium bicarbonate, sodium or potassium phosphate additive ) ends.

[0005] 有人提出了各种烟草替代材料,且这些材料的例子的大致清单可见于授予Rainer 等人的美国专利第4,079,742号和授予White等人的第4,771,795号。 [0005] It was suggested that a variety of tobacco substitute materials, and generally a list of examples of these materials can be found in US Patent Rainer et al., No. 4,079,742 to White et al., And No. 4,771,795. 在授予Banerjee 等人的美国专利申请公布第2007/0215168号的背景技术部分中还阐释了参考文献所描述的烟草替代物。 In U.S. Patent to Banerjee et al Application Publication No. 2007/0215168 it is also explained in the background section tobacco substitutes references described.

[0006] 许多参考文献提出了产生香气、可见浮质或香气和可见浮质的混合物类型或改变的形式或构造的各种吸烟物品。 [0006] Numerous references made to produce fragrance, showing various types of smoking articles, or mixture of aerosol and flavor changes, and visible aerosol form or configuration. 例如,参见下面在授予Banerjee等人的美国专利申请2007/0215168的背景技术部分的那些参考文献。 For example, see the following in U.S. Patent Application to Banerjee et al., Those references in the background section 2007/0215168. 此外,这种吸烟物品的某些类型已由RJ雷诺兹烟草公司(RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company)以商标名“普勒米尔”和“艾里普斯”(“Premier” and “Eclipse”)以及由菲利普莫里斯有限公司(Philip Morris Inc.) 以商标名“阿可得”(“Accord”)在市场上销售。 In addition, certain types of such a smoking article by the RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company (RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company) under the brand name "Doppler Mir" and "Airy Phillips" ( "Premier" and "Eclipse") and by Philip Morris Limited (Philip Morris Inc.) under the brand name "Ah available" ( "Accord") sold on the market. 最近,建议了那些类型卷烟的含碳燃料元件可以包括金属和金属氧化物的超细颗粒。 Recently, we proposed that the type of carbonaceous fuel element cigarette may include ultrafine particles of metal and metal oxide. 例如,参见授予Banerjee等人的美国专利申请公布第2005/027439号,该专利申请以参见的方式纳入本文。 For example, see US Patent granted to Banerjee et al Application Publication No. 2005/027439, which patent application is incorporated herein by reference. [0007] 采用烟草替代材料的吸烟物品和采用除(燃烧)烟草切丝填料之外的热源来产生烟草香气或有烟草香气的可见浮质的吸烟物品,都没有得到商业上的广泛成功。 [0007] The smoking articles employ tobacco substitute materials, and smoking articles other (combustion) heat source other than tobacco cut filler to produce tobacco aroma or a tobacco-visible aerosol aroma, have not been widely commercial success. 然而,极其需要提供一种吸烟物品,该吸烟物品表明为吸烟者提供传统卷烟吸烟所具有的许多益处和优点,同时减少不完全燃烧和高温热解产物产生的能力。 However, highly desirable to provide a smoking article, the smoking article indicates that provide many benefits and advantages of conventional cigarette smoking for smokers having, while reducing the capacity of incomplete combustion and pyrolysis products generated.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0008] 本发明提供一种用于制备可燃含碳燃料元件的方法,该燃料元件包含催化金属化合物并可以适于在吸烟物品中使用。 [0008] The present invention provides a method of preparing a combustible carbonaceous fuel element, the fuel element comprises a catalytic metal compound and may be adapted for use in a smoking article. 催化金属化合物可以在使用包括催化剂处理过的燃料元件的吸烟物品过程中减少主烟流的某些气相成分。 Catalytic metal compound can reduce certain gas-phase constituents in mainstream smoke during smoking article comprising the use of a catalyst treated fuel element. 在本发明中,将能够加热分解成催化金属化合物的含金属催化剂前驱体添加到燃料元件中,而非直接用催化金属化合物处理燃料元件。 In the present invention, it can be heated to decompose the metal-containing catalytic metal catalyst precursor compound is added to the fuel element, rather than directly with the catalytic metal compound to treat the fuel element. 对燃料元件作热处理时,由于热分解形成催化金属化合物。 When the fuel element for heat treatment, since the thermal decomposition of the catalytic metal compound is formed. 前驱体化合物可以在高温热解/燃烧燃料过程中(即在使用吸烟物品时)转化成活性催化剂。 Precursor compound may be pyrolyzed in a high temperature / fuel combustion process (i.e., during use of the smoking article) is converted into an active catalyst. 或者,已处理燃料可以进行加热预处理以便于转化。 Alternatively, the fuel may be treated in order to pre-heat conversion.

[0009] 许多催化金属化合物,尤其是金属和金属氧化物不溶于水(和许多其它普通溶剂),且因此较难处理成均勻涂至燃料元件。 [0009] Many catalytic metal compounds, especially metal and metal oxide insoluble in water (and many other common solvents), and therefore difficult to handle the fuel element to form a homogeneous coating. 与此相反,许多前驱体化合物具有在水及其它普通溶剂中的高溶性,且因此可以更容易地包含到燃料中。 In contrast, many of the precursor compounds have water and other highly soluble in common solvents, and can be more readily incorporated into the fuel. 此外,催化剂前驱体不太可能会由于环境暴露而失效。 In addition, the catalyst precursor is unlikely to be due to environmental exposure and failure.

[0010] 在一实施例中,本发明的方法包括使包括可燃含碳纤维材料的化合物形成适于在吸烟物品中使用的燃料元件;将含金属的催化剂前驱体包含到燃料元件中或其表面上以形成已处理的燃料元件,包含步骤发生在所述形成步骤之前、之时或之后;以及有选择地以足够将催化剂前驱体转化成催化金属化合物的温度和时间加热已处理的燃料元件。 [0010] In one embodiment, the method comprises reacting a compound of the present invention comprises a combustible carbonaceous fuel element is formed of a fibrous material suitable for use in a smoking article; metal-containing catalyst precursor into the fuel element comprises on a surface thereof after the fuel element to form processed, step occurs before the forming step, or to include; and sufficient to selectively convert the catalyst precursor to a catalytic metal compound the temperature and time of heating the treated fuel element. 在已处理的燃料在包含到吸烟物品中之前不进行加热处理的情况下,在使用吸烟物品时,催化剂前驱体的热分解可以在燃烧燃料元件过程中发生。 In the case where the fuel has been processed into a smoking article comprising before heat treatment is not performed, when using the smoking article, the thermal decomposition of the catalyst precursor may occur during the combustion of the fuel element.

[0011] 包含步骤可以通过以下方式来实现:用可以是以水溶液形式的催化剂前驱体来涂覆已形成的燃料元件(例如挤压过的燃料元件杆),或通过在形成之前将催化剂前驱体混合到燃料元件化合物中(诸如通过用含碳纤维材料、粘合剂和任何可选择的组分(像石墨、 氧化铝、烟草粉末和盐)来混合催化剂前驱体)。 [0011] comprising the step may be achieved by: using a fuel element may be a (e.g. extruded fuel rod member) in the form of an aqueous solution of the catalyst precursor to the formed coating, or by forming the catalyst precursor prior to mixing the fuel element compound (such as by using carbon fiber containing material, a binder and any optional components (such as graphite, alumina, tobacco powder and salt) mixing the catalyst precursor).

[0012] 在某些实施例中,包含步骤包括在形成步骤之前用填充材料或石墨(或两者的组合)来混合含金属的催化剂前驱体,以形成涂覆的填充材料已涂覆的石墨。 [0012] In certain embodiments, comprising the step of forming comprises the step of filling material prior to or graphite (or a combination of both) mixing a metal-containing catalyst precursor, to form a coated filler coated graphite . 此后,这种已处理材料(即涂覆的填充材料或涂覆的石墨)可以在形成步骤之前与含碳纤维材料和粘合剂组合来产生燃料元件化合物。 Thereafter, the treated material (i.e., the filler material or coated graphite coated) fibrous carbonaceous material and a binder may be combined with the compound to produce a fuel element before the forming step. 可选择地,可以煅烧已处理材料以在用燃料元件化合物的剩余部分来混合已处理材料之前或之后将催化剂前驱体转化成催化金属化合物。 Alternatively, the processed material to be calcined with the remaining portion of the fuel element compound mixed prior to or after the material has been processed convert the catalyst precursor to a catalytic metal compound.

[0013] 可选择的加热步骤将典型地涉及以前驱体化合物的分解温度并在惰性气氛中(例如氮气气氛)加热已处理燃料元件;较佳地加热确保完全分解的一段时间。 [0013] Alternatively the heating step typically involves the decomposition temperature of the precursor compound in an inert gas atmosphere (e.g. nitrogen atmosphere) heating the treated fuel element; preferably the heating period of time to ensure complete decomposition. 燃料元件的热处理导致催化剂前驱体转化成活性催化金属化合物,诸如金属(包括碱金属,碱土金属, IIIB、IVB、VB、VIB、VIIB、VIIIB、IB和IIB族中的过渡金属,IIIA族元素,IVA族元素,镧系元素或锕系元素)的各种氧化物。 Heat treatment of the fuel element results convert the catalyst precursor into the active catalytic metal compound, such as a metal (including alkali metal, alkaline earth metal, IIIB, IVB, VB, VIB, VIIB, VIIIB, IB and IIB of a transition metal, IIIA group elements, group IVA elements, lanthanide or actinide) of various oxides. 最终催化金属化合物将典型地催化氧化反应(诸如一氧化碳反应)以形成二氧化碳。 The final catalytic metal compound will typically be catalytic oxidation reaction (such as carbon monoxide) to form carbon dioxide.

[0014] 含金属的催化剂前驱体较佳地是能够热分解成催化金属化合物的有机金属化合物或金属盐的形式。 [0014] The metal-containing catalyst precursor is preferably capable of thermal decomposition to a catalytic metal compound in the form of an organic metal compound or metal salt. 示例性金属盐包括柠檬酸盐、硝酸盐、亚硝酸铵、硫酸盐、氰酸盐、氢化物、氨化物、硫醇盐、碳酸盐和商化物。 Exemplary salts include citrate, nitrate, nitrite, sulfates, cyanates, hydrides, amides, thiolates, carbonates and supplier thereof. 在某些实施例中,含金属的催化剂前驱体是硝酸铁、 硝酸铜、硝酸铈、硝酸铵铈、硝酸锰、硝酸镁、硝酸锌或其组合。 In certain embodiments, the metal-containing catalyst precursor is iron nitrate, copper nitrate, cerium nitrate, cerium ammonium nitrate, manganese nitrate, magnesium nitrate, zinc nitrate, or combinations thereof. 用催化剂前驱体处理燃料元件可以与用第二催化金属(诸如VIIIB族金属化合物(例如钯、钼或铑及其卤化物或硝酸物))处理相结合。 The fuel element is treated with the catalyst precursor may be combined with a second catalytic metal (such as a Group VIIIB metal compound (e.g. palladium, rhodium, and molybdenum, or a halide or nitrate thereof)) process.

[0015] 在另一实施例中,本发明提供一种用于制备吸烟物品的燃料元件的方法,该方法包括混合含碳材料、粘合剂、氧化铝或石墨和金属盐形式的含金属催化剂前驱体以形成燃料元件混合物;以及使燃料元件混合物形成适于在吸烟物品中使用的可燃燃料元件杆。 [0015] In another embodiment, the present invention provides a method of preparing a fuel element for a smoking article, the method comprising mixing a carbonaceous material, a binder, alumina or graphite, and metal salts of metal-containing catalyst precursor to form a fuel element mixture; and a mixture of the fuel element rod adapted to form a combustible fuel element for use in a smoking article. 在另一实施例中,已处理杆进行热处理(例如在惰性气氛中,并且在足够使催化剂前驱体转化成催化金属化合物(诸如金属氧化物)的时间和温度条件下)。 (E.g., in an inert atmosphere, and sufficient to convert the catalyst precursor to a catalytic metal compound (such as a metal oxide) under conditions of time and temperature) In another embodiment, the heat treated rod. 加热步骤可以涉及例如使杆在至少200°C的温度及惰性气氛中加热。 The heating step may involve, for example, the rod was heated at a temperature of at least to 200 ° C and an inert atmosphere. 可选择地,燃料元件化合物还可包括VIIIB族金属化合物,诸如钯、钼或铑及其商化物或硝酸物。 Alternatively, the fuel element may further comprise a compound of a Group VIIIB metal compound, such as palladium, rhodium, and molybdenum, or nitrate thereof, or supplier thereof.

[0016] 根据上述方法中的任一种方法,所得的已处理燃料元件可包含到吸烟物品中。 [0016] A method according to any of the above methods, the resulting treated fuel element may be incorporated into a smoking article. 例如,燃料元件可以是具有适于引入吸烟物品中的尺寸的杆的形式,该吸烟物品具有与诸如卷烟的传统吸烟物品关联的总体尺寸。 For example, the fuel element may be incorporated in the form of rods adapted to the size of the smoking article, the smoking article has an overall dimensions associated with conventional smoking articles such as cigarettes are.

[0017] 另一方面,本发明提供一种用于根据前述方法制备的吸烟物品的燃料元件,诸如包括可燃含碳材料和含金属催化剂前驱体的燃料元件。 [0017] another aspect, the present invention provides a fuel element for a smoking article prepared according to the aforementioned method, such as a carbonaceous material comprising a combustible fuel element and a metal-containing catalyst precursor. 例如,催化剂前驱体可以覆盖层的形式存在,该覆盖层叠置于燃料元件表面的至少一部分上或分散在燃料元件内的整个含碳材料上。 For example, the catalyst precursor may be present in the form of a cover layer, covering the laminated surface of the fuel element disposed on at least a portion of, or dispersed throughout the carbonaceous material within the fuel element. 在另一实施例中,含金属催化剂前驱体通过石墨或填充材料(或两者)的颗粒来载带在燃料元件内。 In another embodiment, the metal-containing catalyst precursor particles by graphite or filler material (or both) to the carrier tape within the fuel element.

[0018] 此外,本发明包括吸烟物品,其包括:点燃端;嘴端;浮质形成系统,该浮质形成系统包括浮质形成段和发热段,所述发热段包括燃料元件,各段物理上分开并处于热交换关系中,其中燃料元件包括与由含金属催化剂前驱体热分解产生的催化金属化合物或含金属催化剂前驱体紧密接触的可燃含碳材料。 [0018] Further, the present invention includes a smoking article comprising: a lighting end; mouth end; aerosol forming system, the aerosol-forming system comprising a heating aerosol-generating segment and a segment, said heat generation segment including a fuel element, each of the segments of the physical on separate and in a heat exchange relationship, wherein the fuel element comprises a metal-containing catalyst precursor thermal decomposition of the catalytic metal compound or a combustible carbonaceous metal-containing catalyst precursor material in close contact. 浮质形成段可包括甘油、丙二醇或其组合。 Aerosol-generating segment may include glycerin, propylene glycol or a combination thereof.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019] 总地描述本发明后,现参考不必按比例绘制的附图,其中: [0019] After the description of the present invention generally, reference is now drawings are not necessarily drawn to scale, wherein:

[0020] 图1是表示本发明的第一吸烟物品的纵向剖视图; [0020] FIG. 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a smoking article of the present invention, the first representation;

[0021] 图2是表示本发明的第二吸烟物品的纵向剖视图;以及 [0021] FIG. 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the smoking article of the present invention, the second representation; and

[0022] 图3表示燃料元件在热处理过程中重量损失图。 [0022] FIG. 3 represents the fuel element weight loss during the heat treatment of FIG.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0023] 现将在下文中更详细地描述本发明。 [0023] The present invention will now be described in more detail below. 然而,本发明可具体实施成许多不同形式,而不应理解成对这里所述的实施例进行限制;相反,提供这些实施例使得本发明将是详尽和完整的,且将对于本领域的技术人员来说完全传递本发明的范围。 However, the present invention may be embodied in many different forms and should not be understood that the embodiments herein pair limiting embodiment; rather, these embodiments are provided so that this disclosure will be thorough and complete, and will be apparent to those skilled art person fully convey the scope of the invention. 在整个附图中用相同的附图标记表示相同的部件。 Throughout the drawings by the same reference numerals denote the same parts. 如本说明书和权利要求书中所采用的,单数形式“一”、“一个” 和“所述”包括复数含义,除非文中另有清楚表示。 As used in the specification book and the appended claims, the singular forms "a", "an" and "the" include plural referents unless the context clearly indicates otherwise.

[0024] 本发明提供一种制备可燃燃料元件(文中也被称为热源)的方法,这样燃料元件包括包含到其中或其上的催化金属化合物。 [0024] The present invention provides a method of preparing a combustible fuel element (hereinafter also referred to as heat source), such that the fuel element comprises a catalytic metal compound containing therein or thereon. 催化金属化合物的存在可以减少在使用包含燃料元件的吸烟物品时产生的主烟流的某些气态成分的浓度。 The presence of catalytic metal compound can reduce the concentration of certain gaseous components of mainstream smoke generated during use of the smoking article comprising a fuel element. 如本文所使用的那样,“催化金属化合物”指的是含金属化合物,其可以直接与由吸烟物品产生的主烟流的一个或多个气相成分反应或可以催化涉及主烟流的气相成分的反应或两者均可,这样气相成分的浓度得以减少。 As used herein, "catalytic metal compound" refers to a metal-containing compound, one or more gas-phase constituents of mainstream smoke which may be produced by a smoking article or may flow directly catalyze reactions involving gas-phase constituents of mainstream smoke the reaction may or both, so that the concentration of the gas phase component is reduced. 例如,某些催化金属化合物可以在有氧气时催化CO氧化成(X)2以减少主烟流中CO 水平(即氧化催化剂)。 For example, some of the catalytic metal compound may be oxygen when the catalytic oxidation of CO (X) 2 to reduce the level of CO in the mainstream smoke (i.e., an oxidation catalyst). 在授予Baner jee等人的美国专利申请2007/0215168中描述包括用氧化铈微粒处理的燃料元件的吸烟物品,该专利申请通过引用全文纳入本文。 It includes fuel elements with smoking article cerium oxide microparticles in U.S. Patent No. Baner jee et al application 2007/0215168, which patent application is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. 氧化铈微粒减少在使用包含已处理燃料元件的吸烟物品时所放出的一氧化碳量。 Cerium oxide microparticle reduced amount of carbon monoxide during the smoking article containing the treated fuel element emitted. 在授予McCormick的美国专利第6,503,475中、授予McCormick的第6,503,475中和授予Li等人的第7,011,096 中、和授予Billiet等人的美国专利申请公布第2002/0167118号中、授予^dav等人的第2002/017¾¾号中、授予Lee等人的第2002/0194958号中、授予Lilly Jr.等人的第2002/014453号中、授予Bereman等人的第2003/0000538号中和授予Banerjee等人的第2005/0274390号中描述了附加的催化金属化合物,这些专利和专利申请通过引用全文纳入本文。 In McCormick awarded US Patent 6,503,475, the McCormick awarded US Patent Application No. 6,503,475 granted to Li et al and 7,011,096 in the first, and granted Billiet et al published the first 2002 No. / 0167118, the grant ^ No. dav et al on 2002 / 017¾¾, grant No. 2002/0194958 Lee et al., awarded the No. 2002/014453 Lilly Jr. et al., granted Bereman, who first No. 2003/0000538 and No. 2005/0274390 to Banerjee et al., described in additional catalytic metal compounds, these patents and patent applications are herein incorporated by reference in its entirety.

[0025] 催化金属化合物的金属成分的例子包括但不限于碱金属、碱土金属、IIIB、IVB, VB, VIB VIIB、VIIIB、IB和IIB族中的过渡金属、IIIA族元素、IVA族元素、镧系和锕系元素。 [0025] Examples of the metal component of the catalytic metal compounds include, but are not limited to, alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, IIIB, IVB, VB, VIB VIIB, VIIIB, IB and IIB of a transition metal, IIIA group elements, IVA elements, lanthanum and actinide elements. 特定示例性的金属元素包括Ti、Zr、Hf、V、Nb、Ta、Cr、Mo、W、Mn、Re、Fe、Co、Ni、Ru、Rh、 Pd、Os、Ir、Pt、Cu、Ag、Au、Zn、Y、Ce、Na、K、Cs、Mg、Ca、B、Al、Si、Ge 和Sn。 Certain exemplary metal elements include Ti, Zr, Hf, V, Nb, Ta, Cr, Mo, W, Mn, Re, Fe, Co, Ni, Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt, Cu, Ag , Au, Zn, Y, Ce, Na, K, Cs, Mg, Ca, B, Al, Si, Ge and Sn. 催化金属化合物可用于以下多种固体颗粒形式中,包括沉淀金属颗粒、金属氧化物颗粒(例如氧化铁、氧化铜、氧化锌和氧化铈)以及被支承的催化剂颗粒,其中催化金属化合物在多孔支承材料内分散。 Catalytic metal compound can be used more or less solid particles, the metal particles comprising precipitated metal oxide particles (e.g., iron oxide, copper oxide, zinc oxide and cerium oxide) and the catalyst particles to be supported, a porous support wherein the catalytic metal compound in dispersed within the material. 可以使用催化金属化合物的组合物(诸如钯催化剂与氧化铈的组合)。 The composition may be used in a catalytic metal compound (such as a palladium catalyst in combination with cerium oxide). 催化金属化合物的颗粒大小可变化,但典型地在约1纳米至1微米之间。 The particle size of the catalytic metal compound can vary, but typically between about 1 nanometer to 1 micrometer.

[0026] 包含到燃料元件中的催化金属化合物的量可变化。 [0026] The amount of the catalytic metal compound incorporated into the fuel element can vary. 例如,典型地涂覆至或包含到代表性燃料元件中的催化金属化合物的量的范围可从约0. 1毫克至约80毫克。 For example, typically applied to or incorporated into a range of catalytic amount of a metal compound representative fuel element can range from about 0.1 mg to about 80 mg. 一般,这种量至少为约1毫克,且经常是至少约5毫克。 Generally, such an amount of at least about 1 mg, and often at least about 5 milligrams. 典型地,这种量不超过约50毫克,且经常不超过约25毫克。 Typically, such an amount of no more than about 50 mg, and frequently does not exceed about 25 mg. 通常,这种量可以从约5毫克到约20毫克。 In general, such amount may be from about 5 mg to about 20 mg.

[0027] 在本发明的方法中,用催化金属化合物前驱体(下文称为催化剂前驱体)来处理燃料元件,该前驱体是热分解以形成催化金属化合物的任何前驱体化合物。 [0027] In the method of the present invention, the catalytic metal precursor compound (hereinafter referred to as catalyst precursor) used to treat the fuel element, the precursor is thermally decomposed to form any precursor compound of a catalytic metal compound. 示例性的催化剂前驱体包括金属盐(例如金属柠檬酸盐、氢化物、硫醇盐、氨化物、硝酸盐、硝酸铵、碳酸盐、氰酸盐、硫酸盐、溴化物、氯化物以及其氢氧化物)和包括粘连至有机基的金属原子的金属有机化合物(例如金属醇盐、β-二酮酸盐、羧酸盐和草酸盐)。 Exemplary catalyst precursors include metal salts (e.g., metal citrates, hydrides, thiolates, amides, nitrates, ammonium nitrate, carbonates, cyanates, sulfates, bromides, chlorides and their hydroxide) and an organic group including adhesion to metal organic compound of a metal atom (e.g. a metal alkoxide, [beta] diketonates, carboxylates and oxalates). 授予Gedevanishvili 等人的美国专利申请第2007/0251658号公开了可用于本发明的多种催化剂前驱体,该专利申请通过引用全文纳入本文。 U.S. Patent Application No. 2007/0251658 granted Gedevanishvili et al discloses a catalyst precursor of the present invention can be used in a variety, which patent application is incorporated herein by reference in its entirety. 可使用的示例性金属盐包括硝酸铁、硝酸铜、硝酸铈、硝酸铵铈、硝酸锰、硝酸镁、硝酸锌以及其氢氧化物。 Exemplary metal salts may be used include iron nitrate, copper nitrate, cerium nitrate, cerium ammonium nitrate, manganese nitrate, magnesium nitrate, zinc nitrate and a hydroxide. 多种催化剂前驱体的组合或催化剂前驱体与催化金属化合物的组合可用于处理燃料元件。 Combinations of catalysts or catalyst precursors in combination with a catalytic metal precursor compounds may be used to treat the fuel element. 在使用多种催化剂前驱体和/或催化金属化合物的情况下,组合的各种成分可一起或分开加至燃料元件。 In the case of using a variety of catalyst precursors and / or catalytic metal compound, various combinations of components may be added together or separately to the fuel element.

[0028] 如同催化金属化合物,催化剂前驱体可以是可选择地支承在颗粒基质上的固定颗粒材料的形式。 Form [0028] As a catalytic metal compound, the catalyst precursor can be optionally supported on a particulate substrate fixing particulate material. 示例性基质包括活性炭、氧化铝、氧化铜和氧化钛。 Exemplary substrates include activated carbon, aluminum oxide, copper oxide and titanium oxide. 例如,所期望的支承基质可以用催化剂前驱体颗粒的悬浮液来均勻地涂覆并在炉中烘干。 For example, the desired support matrix may be uniformly coated with a suspension of particles of the catalyst precursor and dried in an oven. 催化剂前驱体加载到基质上的量可变化,但将典型地是从约0. 2%至约10. 0% (在涂覆基质的总体干重的基础上)。 The amount loaded onto the catalyst precursor on the substrate may vary, but will typically be from about 0.2% to about 10.0% (overall dry weight of the coated substrate base).

7[0029] 用催化剂前驱体处理燃料元件后,燃料元件可直接用于吸烟物品中。 7 [0029] After treatment with the catalyst precursor of the fuel element, the fuel element in the smoking article can be used directly. 前驱体转化成催化剂发生在使用吸烟物品时。 The catalyst precursor is converted into occur when using the smoking article. 一旦点燃,燃料元件的温度典型地升至高于800°C。 Once ignited, the fuel element temperature is typically raised to above 800 ° C. 由燃料产生的部分热量用于影响前驱体转化成催化剂化合物。 Part of the heat generated by the fuel used to affect catalyst precursor is converted into the compound.

[0030] 或者,已处理燃料元件进行热处理以使催化剂前驱体热分解并形成所期望的催化金属化合物,或以合适波长、密度和持续时间进行微波辐射以使催化剂前驱体转化成催化金属化合物。 [0030] Alternatively, the treated fuel element for heat treatment to the precursor thermal decomposition of the catalyst and form the desired catalytic metal compound, or a suitable wavelength, density and duration of the microwave radiation to convert the catalyst precursor to a catalytic metal compound. 热处理步骤可在一定温度下进行一定时间,该温度和时间足够使催化剂前驱体转化成所期望的催化金属化合物。 The heat treatment step may be performed at a certain time at a certain temperature, the temperature and time sufficient to convert the catalyst precursor into the desired catalytic metal compound. 在某些实施例中,处理步骤导致转化至少约50%的催化剂前驱体分子,典型地至少约75 %,更多情况下是至少约90 %,且绝大多数情况下是前驱体分子的至少约99%。 In certain embodiments, the processing step results in conversion of at least about 50% of the catalyst precursor molecules, typically at least about 75%, more often at least about 90%, and in most cases is a precursor molecule at least about 99%. 热处理步骤可以在任何市场上有的、能够控制加热速率、终温、停留时间和气氛的熔炉中实现。 Some heat treatment step may be possible to control the heating rate in any market, the final temperature, furnace atmosphere and residence time to achieve. 热处理过的燃料元件可直接用于吸烟物品中或储存以供将来使用。 The fuel element can be directly heat-treated for a smoking article or stored for future use.

[0031] 热处理步骤的温度可变化。 [0031] The temperature of the heat treatment step can vary. 处理温度主要取决于前驱体分解的温度。 The treatment temperature depends on the decomposition temperature of the precursor. 一般较佳的是低分解温度的前驱体。 Generally preferred that the low decomposition temperature of the precursor. 温度典型地在约100°c与约600°C之间,更多情况下在约150°C和约450°C之间,且绝大多数情况下在约200°C与约400°C之间。 Between the temperature is typically between about 100 ° c and about 600 ° C, more often between approximately 150 ° C and about 450 ° C, and in most cases at about 200 ° C and about 400 ° C . 温度典型地大于约100°C,经常大于约150°C,且通常大于约20(TC。温度典型地低于约550°C,经常低于约50(TC,且通常低于约450°C。 Temperature is typically greater than about 100 ° C, usually greater than about 150 ° C, and typically greater than about 20 (TC. Temperature is typically below about 550 ° C, often less than about 50 (TC, and usually less than about 450 ° C .

[0032] 热处理步骤的长度可变化,但典型地在约0. 25小时和约8小时之间,更多情况下在约0. 5小时和约6小时之间,且绝大多数情况下在约1小时和约5小时之间。 [0032] The length of the heat treatment step can vary, but between about 8 hours and about 0.25 hours, between about 6 hours and about 0.5 hours, and in most cases more often typically between about 1 hour and about 5 hours. 热处理步骤典型地持续至少约1小时,更多情况下至少约1. 5小时,且绝大多数情况下至少约2小时。 A heat treatment step typically lasts for at least about 1 hour, at least about 1.5 hours more often, at least about 2 hours and in most cases.

[0033] 热处理步骤典型地发生在惰性气氛下,这意味着基本上没有可与燃料元件中碳反应的氧气的气氛或顶部空间。 [0033] The heat treatment step typically occurs under an inert atmosphere, which means that substantially no oxygen may react with carbon in the fuel element in the atmosphere or head space. 可以使用诸如氮气、氩气和氦气的气体。 It may be used such as nitrogen gas, argon, and helium.

[0034] 催化剂前驱体可以固体颗粒材料的形式或包括溶剂的悬浮液或溶液的形式涂覆至燃料元件。 [0034] The catalyst precursor may be in the form of solid or particulate material in the form of a suspension or solution comprising a solvent applied to the fuel element. 可用的溶剂包括水(例如去离子水)、戊烷、正己烷、环己胺、二甲苯、矿油精、 醇类(例如甲醇、乙醇、丙醇、异丙醇和丁醇)以及其混合物。 Useful solvents include water (e.g., deionized water), pentane, hexane, cyclohexane, xylene, mineral spirits, alcohols (e.g. methanol, ethanol, propanol, isopropanol, and butanol) and mixtures thereof. 诸如醋酸、硝酸和某些有机化合物的稳定剂可加至催化剂前驱体悬浮液或溶液。 Such as acetic acid, nitric acid, and certain organic compounds, stabilizers may be added to the catalyst precursor suspension or solution. 将催化剂前驱体作为悬浮液或溶液涂覆至燃料元件可以是有利的,这是因为催化剂前驱体在水(或其它普通溶剂)中相比催化剂化合物溶解度更高。 The catalyst precursor suspension or as a coating solution to the fuel element may be advantageous, because the catalyst precursor compound catalyst higher solubility in water (or other common solvents) compared. 相比直接用催化剂化合物处理的燃料元件来说,前驱体的高溶解度导致活性催化剂位置倾向于更均勻地分布在前驱体处理过的燃料元件内的整个燃料元件中。 The fuel element is directly compared with the treated catalyst compound, the high solubility of the active catalyst precursor results in a position inclined to be more evenly distributed across the fuel element in the precursor treated fuel element.

[0035] 用催化剂前驱体处理燃料元件可以通过使燃料元件以多种方式在使燃料元件成形为其最终形状(例如杆形)之前、之时或之后紧密接触催化剂前驱体颗粒来实现。 [0035] The processing of the fuel element with the catalyst precursor can be achieved by a variety of ways in the fuel element of the fuel element shaped catalyst precursor particles are in intimate contact its final shape (e.g. rod-shaped) prior to, during or after. 催化剂前驱体颗粒被涂覆至或包含到燃料元件中。 The catalyst precursor particles are applied to or incorporated into the fuel element. 可以通过喷射、共挤或涂覆燃料元件来涂到颗粒。 It may be applied to the particles by spraying, coating or coextrusion of the fuel element. 颗粒可与燃料元件成分混合,这样颗粒随机地或基本上均勻地分布在燃料元件内或与将包含到燃料元件中的组分混合。 Particles may be mixed with the fuel element composition, such particles randomly or substantially uniformly distributed within or mixed with the fuel element comprising fuel element to the component. 例如,在将已处理石墨或填充材料包含到燃料元件成分中之前,颗粒可与颗粒石墨或颗粒非燃烧的填充材料(例如氧化铝或碳酸钙)或其混合物混合。 For example, when the treated filler material comprises graphite or before the fuel element composition, the particulate filler material particles may be mixed with graphite or non-combustible particles (e.g., alumina, or calcium carbonate) or mixtures thereof. 颗粒还可以涂覆到或包含到包围燃料元件的隔热组件的隔热材料内或在吸烟物品内的其它地方(例如在热源下游区域中)。 Particles may also be coated onto or incorporated into the heat insulating material surrounding the fuel element assembly or elsewhere in the smoking article (e.g., a heat source in the downstream region). 例如,制造过程中,就在与燃料接触前,催化剂前驱体颗粒可涂覆至隔热材料的玻璃纤维垫片。 For example, during manufacture, just prior to contact with the fuel, the catalyst precursor particles may be applied to the glass fiber mat of insulation material.

[0036] 加到燃料元件的催化剂前驱体的量将至少部分地取决于燃料元件中催化金属化合物所期望的量。 [0036] The amount of catalyst precursor is added to the fuel element is at least in part, on the catalytic metal compound in the fuel element a desired amount. 典型地涂覆至或包含到代表性燃料元件中的催化剂前驱体的量的范围可从约1毫克变化至约200毫克。 Typically applied to or incorporated into a range of the amount of catalyst precursor representative fuel element can be from about 200 milligrams to about 1 milligram changes. 一般来说,这种量至少约为5毫克,且经常是至少约10毫克。 Generally, such an amount of at least about 5 mg, and often at least about 10 mg. 典型地,这种量不超过约100毫克,且经常不超过约50毫克。 Typically, such an amount of no more than about 100 mg, and frequently does not exceed about 50 mg. 通常,这种量可以从约5 毫克到约20毫克。 In general, such amount may be from about 5 mg to about 20 mg.

[0037] 关于使用催化剂前驱体和/或催化金属化合物的组合,一种示例性组合是诸如硝酸铈的催化剂前驱体与VIIIB族催化金属化合物(诸如钯、钼、铑、其卤化物(例如氯化钯或氯化钼)或其硝酸盐(例如硝酸钯或硝酸钼))的组合。 [0037] For the use of the catalyst precursor composition and / or a catalytic metal compound, such as an exemplary combination of cerium nitrate catalyst precursor and a Group VIIIB catalytic metal compound (such as palladium, molybdenum, rhodium, their halides (e.g., chloride palladium or a combination of molybdenum chloride) or a nitrate (e.g., molybdenum, palladium nitrate or nitric acid)) of. 两种成分可以被分开涂覆至或包含到燃料元件中。 The two components can be separately applied to or incorporated into the fuel element. 或者,两种成分可以一起加到燃料元件,诸如通过在混合燃料元件组分时和在将燃料元件挤压成其最终形状之前添加两种成分。 Alternatively, the two components can be added to the fuel element together, such as by mixing of the fuel element in the fuel component and the added element pressed into its final shape before the two components. 一般来说,催化金属化合物(例如VIIIB族金属或金属卤化物)的量对催化剂前驱体的量之间的比率在约1 : 2至约1 : 10000(在重量基础上)。 In general, the ratio between the amount of catalytic metal compound (e.g., a Group VIIIB metal or metal halide) of the catalyst precursor is from about 1: 2 to about 1: 10,000 (on a weight basis). 每种燃料元件的催化金属化合物的量典型地在约Iyg至约IOOmg,更多情况下在约10 μ g至约10mg,绝大多数情况下在约50 μ g至约lmg。 A catalytic amount of the metal compound of each of the fuel element is typically from about to about Iyg IOOmg, more often g to about 10mg, in most cases about 50 μ g to about lmg to about 10 μ.

[0038] 在一实施例中,燃料元件浸涂有催化剂前驱体颗粒的悬浮液。 [0038] In one embodiment, the fuel element was dip coated with a suspension of catalyst precursor particles. 可以实现浸涂以对燃料元件提供均勻的表面涂覆。 Dip may be implemented to provide a uniform coating on the surface of the fuel element. 在另一实施例中,形成的燃料元件可以用干粉末颗粒处理表面或用悬浮液或溶液喷涂表面。 In another embodiment, the fuel element may be formed by treating the surface of particles of a dry powder or a suspension or solution sprayed surface. 或者,催化剂前驱体颗粒可以在压出物离开挤压模具后即刻与燃料元件压出物接触。 Alternatively, the catalyst precursor particles can instantly extrudate was in contact with the fuel element after the extrudate exits the extrusion die. 此外,催化剂前驱体颗粒可以干粉末形式或以溶液或悬浮液形式直接在同其它挤压组分混合的含碳材料中直接混合。 Further, the catalyst precursor particles may be in dry powder form or in solution or suspension directly mixed directly in the carbonaceous material mixed with the other components of the extrusion.

[0039] 燃料元件可设置成通过在至少一个纵向通道或周界凹槽中集中颗粒成分来与催化剂前驱体颗粒紧密接触,通道或凹槽至少部分地延伸通过燃料元件的长度或沿其延伸。 [0039] The fuel element may be arranged to concentrate the particles by at least one longitudinal channel or groove in the perimeter of the ingredients in intimate contact with the catalyst precursor particles, channels or grooves extending at least partially extending along the length of the fuel element by or. 例如,燃料元件可包括内核/外壳结构,由此外壳包括围绕含碳材料内核的含碳材料,且内核包括催化剂前驱体。 For example, the fuel element may comprise a core / shell structure, whereby the housing surrounding the carbonaceous material comprises a carbonaceous material core, and the core comprising a catalyst precursor. 或者,例如燃料元件可包括包含催化剂前驱体的一个或多个纵向延伸的周界凹槽。 Alternatively, the fuel element may comprise, for example, comprising a catalyst precursor or perimeter of the plurality of longitudinally extending grooves.

[0040] 在与剩余组分混合以形成燃料元件成分之前,将被混合以形成燃料元件的一种或多种组分可以用催化剂前驱体颗粒作预处理。 [0040] Prior to mixing with the remaining components to form a fuel element components to be mixed to form one or more components of the fuel element can be used to pretreat the catalyst precursor particles. 在一实施例中,通过例如用包括催化剂前驱体的液体悬浮液或溶液涂覆颗粒填充物或石墨材料或通过使固体催化剂前驱体颗粒与颗粒填料或石墨材料混合,石墨或非燃烧的填充材料(例如粘土材料或碳酸钙)或其组合物可以较佳地以颗粒形式用催化剂前驱体处理。 In one embodiment, for example, by using a liquid suspension or solution comprises a particulate filler or coating a graphite material or catalyst precursor by bringing the solid catalyst precursor particles with a particulate filler or graphite material is mixed, the filler material or graphite Burning (e.g., calcium carbonate or clay material) or a combination thereof may preferably be in particulate form is treated with the catalyst precursor. 在使预处理的材料与燃料元件化合物的剩余组分混合之前或之后,或甚至在形成燃料元件之后,可以煅烧已处理的填料或石墨材料以将催化剂前驱体如上所述转化成催化金属化合物。 The components prior to mixing the remaining material with a fuel element or compound pretreated, after, or even after the formation of the fuel element, may be calcined filler or a graphite material treated to convert the catalyst precursor to a catalytic metal compound as described above. 或者,在燃料元件制造过程中不进行煅烧步骤,而可以在燃烧燃料元件过程中转化成催化金属化合物。 Alternatively, the calcination step is not performed in the manufacturing process of the fuel element, and the catalytic metal compound can be converted to the fuel element during combustion. 用催化剂前驱体预处理诸如石墨或填料的燃料元件构成组分也可以选择性地通过同时用VIIIB族金属化合物作预处理来实现。 Pretreatment with a filler such as graphite or the fuel elements constituting the catalyst precursor components can also be simultaneously selectively pass a Group VIIIB metal compound as a pretreatment to achieve.

[0041] 典型地,在本发明中处理的燃料元件包括诸如研磨碳粉的可燃含碳材料。 [0041] Typically, the fuel element in the process of the present invention include a combustible carbonaceous material such as milled toner. 较佳的含碳材料主要由碳构成,典型地具有大于约60%的碳含量,一般大于约70%,经常大于约80%,且通常大于约90% (在干重的基础上)。 Preferred carbonaceous material mainly composed of carbon, typically having a carbon content of greater than about 60%, generally greater than about 70%, usually greater than about 80%, and typically greater than about 90% (on dry weight basis). 燃料元件可包含除上述类型的可燃含碳材料外的成分。 The fuel element may contain components other than the above-described type of combustible carbonaceous material. 示例性的附加组分包括诸如粉末状烟草或烟草提取物的烟草成分;增香剂; 诸如氯化钠、氯化钾和碳酸钠的盐;诸如碳酸钙、碳酸钠的非燃烧填料;诸如膨润土、玻璃丝或氧化铝的粘土;热稳定石墨纤维;诸如铵盐的铵源;和/或诸如瓜尔胶、藻酸铵和藻酸盐的粘合剂。 Exemplary additional components include tobacco components, such as a powdered extract of tobacco or tobacco; flavoring agents; such as sodium chloride, sodium carbonate and potassium salts; non-burning fillers such as calcium carbonate, sodium carbonate; such as bentonite , clay, glass fiber or alumina; thermally stable graphite fibers; ammonium source such as ammonium salt; and / or binders such as guar gum, algin and alginate. 代表性燃料元件具有约12毫米的长度和约4. 2毫米的总体外直径。 Representative fuel element having an overall outer diameter of about 12 mm in length and about 4.2 mm. 代表性燃料元件可以使用磨碎或粉末含碳材料挤压或化合,并具有大于约0. 5g/cm3的密度,经常大于约0. 7g/cm3的密度,且通常大于约1/cm3的密度(在干重的基础上)。 Representative fuel element can be used ground or powdered carbonaceous material extrusion or compounding, and greater than about 0. 5g / cm3 density, often greater than a density of about 0. 7g / cm3, and a density typically greater than about 1 / cm3 of (on a dry weight basis).

[0042] 例如,参见授予Riggs等人的美国专利第5,551,451号所阐述的燃料元件成分的类型、配方和设计,该专利的全部内容以参见的方式纳入本文。 Type, formulation and design of the fuel element composition of U.S. Patent No. 5,551,451 [0042] For example, Riggs et al. See U. forth, the entire disclosure of which is incorporated herein by reference.

[0043] 包含到燃料元件中的可燃含碳材料的量可设在燃料元件重量的至少约50%,经常至少约60%,且通常至少约70% (在干重基础上)。 [0043] the amount of the fuel element comprises a combustible carbonaceous material in the fuel element may be provided at least about 50% by weight, often at least about 60%, and typically at least about 70% (on a dry weight basis). 在一些实施例中,燃料元件可包含高达约15重量%,经常高达约10重量%的粘合剂;高达15重量%,经常高达约10重量%的诸如烟草粉末、盐等的添加剂;高达20重量%,经常高达约15重量%的诸如石墨或氧化铝的组分;以及至少高达50重量%,经常高达约65重量%的高碳含量的含碳材料。 In some embodiments, the fuel element may contain up to about 15 wt%, often up to about 10 wt% binder; up to 15 wt%, often up to about 10% by weight such as tobacco powder, salt and other additives percent; up to 20 wt%, often up to about 15 weight components such as graphite or alumina%; and up to at least 50 wt%, often up to about 65 wt% of the high carbon content of the carbonaceous material. 然而,在一些实施例中,燃料元件可以没有在授予Riggs等人的美国专利申请第5,178,167号中阐释的钠的量;和/或在授予Riggs等人的美国专利申请第5,551,451号中阐释的石墨和/ 或碳酸钙的量。 No. 5,178,167 illustrates the amount of U.S. Patent Application sodium However, in some embodiments, the fuel element may not have issued to Riggs et al; and / or issued to Riggs et al., U.S. Patent Application No. 5, No. 551,451 illustrates the amount of graphite and / or calcium carbonate. 在一些实施例中,燃料元件包含诸如石墨或氧化铝的组分的约10至约20 重量份数,以及可燃含碳材料的约60至约75重量份数。 In some embodiments, the fuel element comprising from about 10 to about 20 parts by weight of graphite or alumina component, and from about 60 to about 75 parts by weight of the combustible carbonaceous material, such as. 例如,代表性燃料元件可以具有约66. 5%含碳材料,约18. 5%石墨,约5%烟草部分,约10%瓜尔胶和约碳酸钠(在干重基石出上)。 For example, representative fuel element may have a carbonaceous material of about 66.5%, about 18.5% graphite, about 5% of the tobacco portion, about 10% guar gum and from about sodium carbonate (dry weight on the cornerstone).

[0044] 如上所述,催化剂前驱体颗粒可以干粉末形式或以溶液或悬浮液形式在挤压前在同其它燃料元件组分混合的碳中直接混合。 [0044] As described above, the catalyst precursor particles may be in dry powder form or in solution or suspension in a mixed directly mixed with other carbon fuel element components prior to extrusion. 参见授予Banerjee等人的美国专利申请第2005/0274390号和授予Banerjee等人的美国专利申请第2007/0215168号中描述的成分和技术,在此以参见的方式引入上述两个专利申请全部内容。 Referring to Banerjee et al., U.S. Patent Application No. 2005/0274390 to Banerjee et al., And U.S. Patent Application No. 2007/0215168 components and techniques described, herein incorporated by reference in its entirety above two patent applications.

[0045] 燃料元件可具有或没有纵向延伸的周界表面凹槽;且这种燃料元件可具有或没有至少一个位于中间、纵向延伸的空气通道。 [0045] The fuel element may be with or without peripheral surface a longitudinally extending groove; and such fuel elements may or may not have at least one intermediate air channel extending longitudinally. 某些燃料元件可具有大致管形的形状;具有相对较大直径的中央通道且没有周界延伸的凹槽。 Some of the fuel element may have a generally tubular shape; having a relatively large diameter central passage and without grooves extending perimeter. 例如,那些燃料元件并不具有在授予Clearman等人的美国专利申请第4,989,619中所阐释类型的形式或构造。 For example, those of the fuel element does not have form or configuration explained issued to Clearman et al., U.S. Patent Application No. 4,989,619 of the type. 某些燃料元件具有纵向延伸的周界凹槽,且凹槽可具有半圆形、三角形或矩形的截面形状,或者这样燃料元件的总横截面形状可在性质上一般称为“雪片”。 Some of the fuel element has a perimeter longitudinally extending groove, and the groove may have a semicircular cross-sectional shape of the overall sectional shape is triangular or rectangular, or may be such that the fuel element is generally referred to as "snow" in nature. 某些其它燃料元件可具有不包括凹槽而可选择地包括中央通道的表面。 Some other fuel elements may have a surface but does not include a recess optionally includes a central passage. 其它燃料元件还可具有不包括凹槽的表面,且燃料元件基本上是实心的(例如不具有任何中央通道),如例如圆柱形的燃料元件。 Other fuel elements may have a surface not including the recess, and the fuel element is substantially solid (e.g., does not have any central channel), as for example cylindrical fuel element.

[0046] 在授予Banerjee等人的美国专利申请第4,714,082号;授予Clearman等人的第4,756,318 号;授予Clearman 等人的第4,881,556 号;授予Clearman 等人的第4,989,619 号;授予Farrier等人的第5,020,M8号;授予Clearman等人的第5,027,837号;授予Banerjee 等人的5,067,499 号;授予Clearman 等人的5,099,861 号;授予Banerjee 等人的5,105, 831号;授予White等人的5,129,409号;授予Best等人的5,148,821号;授予Clearman等人的5,156,170号;授予Riggs等人的5,178,167号;授予Shannon等人的5,211,684 号;授予Clearman 等人的5,247,947 号;授予Clearman 等人的5,345,955 号;授予Barnes等人的5,469,871号;授予Riggs等人的5,551,451号;授予Meiring等人的5,560,376 号;授予Meiring 等人的5,706,834 号;授予Meiring 等人的5,727,571 号中阐释合适的燃料元件和其代表性成分、设计和构造以及 [0046] In the application to Banerjee et al., U.S. Patent No. 4,714,082; grant Clearman et al No. 4,756,318; grant Clearman et al No. 4,881,556; grant Clearman et al No. 4,989,619; grant of 5,020 Farrier et al., No. M8; grant Clearman et al., No. 5,027,837; No. 5,067,499 to Banerjee et al; grant Clearman, etc. No human 5,099,861; 5,105, 831 to Banerjee et al; to White et al. No. 5,129,409; No. 5,148,821 granted to Best et al; grant Clearman et al. No. 5,156,170; grant Riggs et al No. 5,178,167; granted Shannon et al. No. 5,211,684; No. 5,247,947 granted to Clearman et al; grant Clearman et al 5, No. 345,955; awarded Barnes et al. No. 5,469,871; No. 5,551,451 granted to Riggs et al; grant Meiring et al No. 5,560,376; 5,706 grant Meiring et al., 834; grant et al Meiring No. 5,727,571 illustrates a suitable fuel element and its representative composition, design and construction and 生那些燃料元件及其成分的方式和方法;这些专利的全部内容以参见的方式纳入本文。 Health ways and those components and fuel element; the entire contents of these patents are incorporated herein by reference. 示例性含碳燃料元件包括包含在由RJ雷诺兹烟草公司(RJReynolds Tobacco Company)以“普勒米尔”和“艾里普斯”(“I^emier”和“Eclipse”)为商标名在市场上销售的那些卷烟内的那些燃料元件。 Exemplary carbonaceous fuel element comprising on a contained in RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company (RJReynolds Tobacco Company) to "Doppler Mill" and "Airy Phillips" ( "I ^ emier" and "the Eclipse") for the market under the trade name those fuel elements within those cigarettes sold. [0047] 燃料元件可通过诸如压缩、压紧或挤压技术来形成所期望的形状。 [0047] The fuel element can be obtained by such as compression, compaction or extrusion techniques to form a desired shape. 例如,湿面团状的糊状物可以使用单螺杆或双螺杆挤压机(诸如具有不锈钢筒和螺杆的挤压机)、由高耐磨损和耐腐蚀的陶瓷材料制成的内轴套和陶瓷模具来挤压。 For example, the wet dough-like paste can be used single-screw or twin-screw extruder (such as a stainless steel screw extruder and a barrel), the inner sleeve made of a ceramic material having high resistance to wear and corrosion and pressing the ceramic mold. 挤压装置的示例性类型包括那些如ICMA 圣吉奥(ICMA San Giorgio)模型No. 70-16D 或焊接工程师(Welding Engineers) 模型No. 70-16LD可用的那些类型。 Exemplary types of extrusion devices include those types such as ICMA Sheng Jiao (ICMA San Giorgio) Welding Engineers Model No. 70-16D or (Welding Engineers) Model No. 70-16LD available. 对于包含相对高水平的含碳材料的已挤压燃料元件,可以通过增加已挤压混合物内的湿润水平来略微降低燃料元件的密度,从而降低挤压机内的模具压力,或在挤压混合物内包含相对低密度的材料。 For the relatively high level of carbonaceous material comprising the extruded fuel element, it may be extruded by increasing the moisture level in the mixture to slightly reduce the density of the fuel element, thereby reducing the die pressure within the extruder, extrusion of the mixture or the material comprising a relatively low density.

[0048] 根据本发明方法制备的燃料元件可用于多种吸烟物品,诸如在授予Crooks等人的美国专利申请第2007/021516号或授予Baner je等人的美国第2007/0215168号中所阐释的任何吸烟物品,本文以引用方式包含这些文献。 [0048] The fuel element prepared by the method of the present invention can be used in a variety of smoking articles, such as in U.S. Patent No. Crooks et al., U.S. Application Nos. 2007/0215168 No. 2007/021516 or grant Baner je et al in the illustrated any smoking article, included herein by reference these documents. 参照图1,图中示出卷烟形式的代表性吸烟物品10。 Referring to Figure 1, there is shown a representative form of a cigarette smoking article 10. 吸烟物品10具有杆形的形状,并包括点燃端14和嘴端18。 The smoking article 10 has a rod shape, and includes a lit end 14 and a mouth end 18. 对于各种附图, 各种包裹材料的厚度和各种吸烟物品及吸烟物品部件的外包装被夸大。 For the various figures, the thickness and kinds of packaging smoking articles and smoking article wrapping material of various components is exaggerated. 最佳地,包裹材料和外包装部件被紧裹在吸烟物品及吸烟物品部件周围以提供紧密配合并提供美观悦目的外观。 Most preferably, the wrapping material and the outer member are tightly wrap around the smoking articles and smoking article components to provide a tight fit and to provide an aesthetically pleasing appearance.

[0049] 在点燃端14处布置纵向延伸、大体为圆柱形的可吸烟点燃端部段22,该段包括可吸烟材料26。 [0049] 14 are arranged at longitudinally extending, generally cylindrical smokable lighting end segment 22, the segment 26 includes a lighting end smokable material. 代表性可吸烟材料沈可以是取自植物的材料(例如切丝填料形式的烟草材料)。 Representative heavy smoking material may be a plant material (e.g., tobacco material in cut filler form) taken. 示例性圆柱可吸烟点燃端部段22包括包裹或设置在纸质包裹材料30内并由纸质包裹材料30包围的可吸烟材料沈(例如烟草切丝填料)的装料或卷。 Exemplary smoking cylinder 22 includes a charge or roll of paper wrapped or disposed within a paper wrapping material 30 by wrapping material surrounding the smokable material 30 sink (e.g., tobacco cut filler) lighting end segment portion. 这样,通过包裹材料30 来提供圆柱形可吸烟点燃端部段22的纵向延伸的外表面。 Thus, the wrapping material 30 is provided by a cylindrical outer surface of the smoking longitudinally extending end section 22 of the ignition. 较佳地,段22的两端敞开成暴露出可吸烟材料26。 Preferably, the end sections 22 open to expose the smokable material 26. 可吸烟点燃端部段22可以构造成可吸烟材料沈和包裹材料30都沿端部段22的整个长度延伸。 Smokable lighting end segment 22 may be configured to sink the smokable material and wrapping material 30 is the entire length of the end section 22 extends along

[0050] 纵向延伸、大体圆柱形的发热段35位于可吸烟点燃端部段22下游。 [0050] The longitudinally extending, generally cylindrical section 35 is located downstream of the heat generating portion smokable lighting end segment 22. 发热段35 包括热源或燃料元件40,该热源或燃料元件典型地具有大体圆柱形的形状、由隔热物42包围,该隔热物由包裹材料45同轴围绕。 The heat generating section 35 includes a heat source or fuel element 40, the heat source or fuel element typically has a generally cylindrical shape, surrounded by thermal insulation 42, which is surrounded by insulating material 45 coaxially wrapping material. 在一些实施例中,每个热源段35包括单件燃料元件40,且仅一个燃料元件包含到每个热源段中。 In some embodiments, each heat source segment 35 comprises a single piece of the fuel element 40, and only one fuel element comprises a heat source into each segment.

[0051] 隔热物42的代表性层可以包括玻璃丝或玻璃纤维。 [0051] The insulation layer 42 may typically comprise glass fibers or glass filaments. 隔热物42可用作帮助维持热源40在吸烟物品10内牢固在位的护套。 The insulation 42 may be used to help maintain the heat source 40 in smoking article within the sheath 10 firmly in place. 隔热物42可设置为包括无纺玻璃丝的内层或垫47、再造烟纸48的中间层和无纺玻璃丝49的外层的多层部件。 The insulation 42 may be configured to include an inner layer of glass filaments or a nonwoven mat 47, the cigarette paper recycling the intermediate layer 48 and nonwoven glass fiber member 49 of outer multilayered. 较佳地,发热段35的两端敞开成将热源40和隔热物42暴露于相邻段。 Preferably, the heat generation segment 35 is open at both ends 40 and into the heat insulating material 42 is exposed to the adjacent segments. 热源40和围绕热源的隔热物42可以构造成两种材料的长度是共同延伸的(即隔热护套42的端部与热源40的相应端部平齐,且尤其在发热段的下游端处)。 40 around the heat source and heat insulation 42 may be configured to a length of the two materials are coextensive (i.e., the respective ends of the insulated sheath 42 of the end portion 40 is flush with the heat source, and in particular the downstream end of the heating section Office). 可选择地,尽管未必是较佳地,隔热物42可略微延伸超出热源40 的一端或两端(例如超出约0.5毫米至约2毫米)。 Optionally, though preferably, the insulation material 42 may not necessarily extend slightly beyond one or both ends of the heat source 40 (e.g., beyond about 0.5 millimeters to about 2 millimeters). 此外,在使用吸烟物品10过程中,在可吸烟点燃端部段22燃烧时产生的烟可以在由吸烟者在嘴端18上吸出时容易地经过发热段35。 Further, the smoking article 10 using the process of generation of smoke when the smokable lighting end segment 22 can easily burn through during heat generation segment 35 aspirated by a smoker on the mouthpiece end 18.

[0052] 发热段35与可吸烟点燃端部段22的下游端相邻,这样那些段以端部对端部的关系轴向对准,较佳地彼此毗邻。 [0052] The heat generation segment 35 and the downstream end of the smokable lighting end segment 22 of the adjacent segments so that the end portion of the end portion aligned axial relationship, preferably adjacent to each other. 发热段35与可吸烟点燃端部段22的紧密接近提供合适的热交换关系(例如,这样燃烧可吸烟点燃端部段22内的可吸烟材料的动作用于点燃发热段35的热源)。 Heat generation segment 35 and the close proximity of the smokable lighting end segment 22 provides a suitable heat exchange relationship (heating operation of a heat source section 35, for example, so that combustion smokable lighting end segment 22 of smokable material for igniting). 当横向于吸烟物品的纵向轴线观察时,可吸烟段和发热段22、35的外横截面形状和尺寸可以基本上彼此相同(例如两者都呈现有圆柱形的形状,每段都有基本上相同的直径)。 When viewed in the longitudinal axis of the smoking article transversely, smoking section and the heat generating section and an outer cross-sectional shape may be substantially identical to each other dimensions 22, 35 (e.g., both exhibiting a cylindrical shape, each has substantially the same diameter).

[0053] 发热段35的横截面形状和尺寸在燃烧前可以变化。 Cross-sectional shape and size [0053] The heating section 35 can vary before combustion. 较佳地,热源40的横截面面积占那段35的总横截面面积的约10%至约35%,经常约15%至25% ;而外部或包围区域(包括隔热物42和相关的外包裹材料)的横截面面积占那段35的总横截面面积的约65% 至约90%,经常是约75%至约85%。 Preferably, the cross-sectional area of ​​the heat source 40 is about 10% to about 35% of the total cross-sectional area of ​​the period 35, often from about 15 to 25%; while the outer or surrounding the area (including the insulating material 42 and the associated an outer wrapping material) of the cross-sectional area comprises about 65% to about 90% of the total cross-sectional area of ​​the period 35, often about 75% to about 85%. 例如,对于具有约M毫米至约沈毫米外缘的圆柱形卷烟来说,代表性热源40具有带有约2. 5毫米至约5毫米、经常是约3毫米至约4. 5毫米外直径的大体圆形横截面。 For example, for a cylindrical cigarette having about M mm to about mm outer edge of the sink, the heat source 40 typically has a diameter of about 2.5 mm with about 5 mm, often about 3 mm to about 4.5 mm outer a generally circular cross section.

[0054] 纵向延伸、圆柱形浮质形成段51位于发热段35的下游。 [0054] The longitudinally extending section 51 is located downstream of the heating section 35 is formed of a cylindrical aerosol. 浮质形成段51包括又用作浮质形成剂或材料(未示出)的载体的基质材料阳。 Aerosol-generating segment 51 comprising forming agents and as aerosol or material (not shown) of the male carrier matrix material. 例如,浮质形成段51可具有包括加工助剂、增香剂和甘油的再造烟草材料。 For example, aerosol-generating segment 51 may have a reconstituted tobacco materials include processing aids, flavoring agents and glycerol.

[0055] 基质材料55的代表性包裹材料58可具有导热特性,且可具有金属或金属箔(例如铝)管或具有由纸构成的外表面和由金属箔构成的内表面的层叠材料的形式。 [0055] The matrix material 55 representative of the wrapping material 58 may have a thermal conductivity properties, and may have the form of a metal or metal foil (e.g. aluminum) or a tube having an outer surface and made of a paper laminate inner surface made of metal foil .

[0056] 例如,金属箔可以将发热段35中热量传导至浮质形成段51,以使包含在其内的浮质形成成分得以挥发。 [0056] For example, the metal foil may be of heat to the heating section 35 of the aerosol-generating segment 51, so that the aerosol contained therein forming component is volatilized.

[0057] 基质材料55可由切丝填料形式的香且可口的烟草混合物提供。 [0057] fragrant and palatable mixture 55 of tobacco cut filler form may provide the matrix material. 那些烟草又可以用浮质形成材料和/或至少一种增香剂处理。 Those tobacco materials and may be formed and / or treated with at least one flavoring agent aerosol. 基质材料可由切丝填料形式的已加工烟草(例如使用模铸薄片或制纸类型工艺来制造的再造烟草)来提供。 The matrix material can be processed in the form of cut filler tobacco (e.g., using a sheet molding process or paper-type reconstituted tobacco manufactured) is provided. 那些烟草又可以用浮质形成材料和/或至少一种增香剂处理或加工成包括浮质形成材料和/或至少一种增香剂。 But also those tobacco aerosol forming material and / or at least one flavoring agent treated or machined to include an aerosol forming material and / or at least one flavoring agent.

[0058] 浮质形成段51和发热段35可以构造成彼此热交换关系。 [0058] The aerosol-generating segment 51 and segment 35 may be configured to heat the heat exchange relationship with each other. 热交换关系使足够的热量从热源供给到浮质形成区域,从而为了浮质形成而挥发浮质形成材料。 Heat exchange relationship so that sufficient heat is supplied from the heat source to the aerosol forming region, is formed so as to volatilize the aerosol-aerosol-forming material. 在一些实施例中, 热交换关系通过将这些段定位成紧邻彼此来实现。 In some embodiments, the heat exchange relationship by these segments are positioned next to each other is achieved. 热交换关系还可以通过使导热材料从热源40附近延伸到由浮质形成段51所占的区域或其周围来实现。 Heat exchange relationship can also be achieved by making heat conductive material extending from the vicinity of the heat source 40 to 51 or around the area formed by the segments occupied by aerosol.

[0059] 对于较佳的吸烟物品,浮质形成段51的两端敞开成暴露其基质材料55。 [0059] For preferred smoking article, the aerosol-forming end sections 51 which open into the matrix material 55 is exposed. 在使用吸烟物品过程中,由燃烧可吸烟点燃端部段22产生的浮质成分可以在嘴端18上吸烟过程中容易地穿过浮质形成段51。 In the smoking article during use by burning the smokable lighting end segment aerosol component 22 can be generated on the mouth end 18 during smoking easily pass through the aerosol-generating segment 51.

[0060] 发热段35和浮质形成段51共同形成浮质形成系统60。 [0060] The heat generation segment 35 and the aerosol-generating segment 51 together form an aerosol forming system 60. 浮质形成段51与发热段35的下游端相邻,这样那些段51,35以端部对端部的关系轴向对准。 Aerosol-generating segment 51 and the downstream end of the heat generation segment 35 adjacent to the end portions 51,35 so that end section of the aligned axial relationship. 即那些段物理上彼此分离。 I.e. those segments physically separated from each other. 那些段可以彼此毗邻或处于略微间隔开的关系中。 Those segments can be adjacent or slightly spaced in relation to each other. 当横向于吸烟物品10的纵向轴线观察时,那些段的外横截面的形状和尺寸可以基本上彼此相同。 When observed transversely to the longitudinal axis of the smoking article 10, the outer cross-sectional shape and dimensions of those segments may be substantially identical to each other. 那些部件的物理结构使得在使用吸烟物品10过程中激活热源(例如燃烧)的整个时间内,热量从热源40传递至相邻的基质材料55 (例如,通过包括传导和对流的热交换的方法)。 The physical structure of those components such that the smoking article 10 using the process of activating a heat source (e.g., combustion) of the entire time, the heat from the heat source 40 is transmitted to the adjacent matrix material 55 (e.g., by a process comprising heat exchange conduction and convection) .

[0061] 浮质形成系统60和点燃端部段22的部件彼此连接,且使用外包材料64固定在位。 [0061] aerosol forming system 60 and the components of the starting end segment 22 connected to each other and fixed in place using the laminate film 64. 例如,纸质包裹材料或层叠纸型材料包围发热段35、浮质形成段51的外部纵向延伸面的至少一部分和与发热段相邻的点燃端部段22的至少一部分中的每个部分。 For example, a paper wrapping material or a laminated paper-type material surrounding the heating section 35, and a heat generation segment adjacent at least a portion of each section 51 of the outer segment extending longitudinally at least a portion of the surface of the lighting end segment 22 forming the aerosol. 外包材料64 的内表面使用合适的粘合剂固定至发热段35的外部包裹材料45的外表面、浮质形成段51 的外部包裹材料58的外表面和点燃端部段22的外部包裹材料30的外表面。 The inner surface of the laminate film using a suitable adhesive 64 secured to an outer surface of the heat generating section 35 of the outer wrapping material 45, the outer wrapping material aerosol-forming section 51 of the outer surface 58 and an outer wrapping material 22 of the lighting end segment 30 outer surface.

[0062] 吸烟物品10还包括合适的嘴件(诸如例如定位在吸烟物品的嘴端18处的滤嘴元件65)。 [0062] The smoking article 10 further comprises a suitable mouthpiece (e.g., such as the smoking article is positioned at the mouth end of the filter element 18 at 65). 滤嘴元件65较佳地具有传统型卷烟滤嘴元件的形状。 The filter element 65 preferably has the shape of conventional cigarette filter element. 滤嘴元件65定位在卷烟杆与浮质形成段51的一端相邻的一端处,这样滤嘴元件与浮质形成段51以端部对端部的关系轴向对准,从而彼此毗邻。 One end of the filter element 65 is positioned at one end of the segment 51 is formed cigarette rod adjacent to the aerosol, so that the filter element and aerosol-generating segment 51 to the end portion of the axial end portion aligned relation to each other adjacent. 较佳地,当横向于吸烟物品51的纵向轴线观察时,那些段51, 65的总体横截面的形状和尺寸基本上彼此相同。 Preferably, when viewed transversely to the longitudinal axis of the smoking article 51, the shape and dimensions of those segments of the overall cross-section 51, 65 are substantially identical to each other. 滤嘴元件65包括过滤材料70 (例如塑性化的醋酸纤维素束),该过滤材料沿其纵向延伸的外表面用包围的滤棒成型纸材料72外包。 65 comprises a filter element 70 (e.g., plasticized cellulose acetate tow) of a filter material, the plug wrap material of the outer surface of the filter material extending longitudinally along its outer 72 with enclosed. 滤嘴元件65的两端敞开成使浮质可以穿过滤嘴元件。 Both ends of the filter element 65 is open so that the aerosol may pass through the filter element.

[0063] 浮质形成系统60使用接装材料78附连于滤嘴元件65。 [0063] aerosol forming system 60 using tipping material 78 is attached to the filter element 65. 接装材料78包围滤嘴元件65和浮质形成系统60的相邻区域的整个长度。 Tipping material 78 surrounds the filter element 65 and the entire length of the aerosol-forming system 60 of the adjacent region. 接装材料78的内表面可以使用合适的粘合剂固定至滤棒成型纸72的外表面和卷烟杆外包装的外表面或浮质形成系统60的外部包裹材料64。 Outer wrapping material inner surface of the tipping material 78 may be secured using a suitable adhesive to the outer surface of the plug wrap and cigarette rod 72 of the outer surface of the outer aerosol forming system 60 or 64. 这样,任何未由外包装覆盖的浮质形成系统的区域由接装材料覆盖,且不容易看见。 Thus, any region is not formed by the outer cover of the aerosol system covered by the tipping material, it is not easily visible. 外包材料64可以在浮质形成段的整个长度上延伸,或如图1中所示,从那段的点燃末端略微凹陷(例如离开那段端部的足够距离,这样接装材料叠在未由外包装覆盖的卷烟杆的区域上)。 Extend the entire length of laminate 64 may be formed in the segments on the aerosol, or as shown in FIG. 1, the period from the ignition tip slightly recessed (e.g., a sufficient distance away from that part of the end portion, so that the tipping material is stacked not by the region of the cigarette rod of the outer cover). 这样,提供呈现具有单层外包装的美观悦目的卷烟。 Thus, there is provided a cigarette having a single layer overwrap presenting an aesthetically pleasing. 此外,提供有美观悦目的过滤卷烟,该卷烟具有接装至呈现具有单层外包装的卷烟杆的滤嘴元件。 Further, there is provided an aesthetically pleasing filtered cigarettes, the cigarette having a filter tipping to the presentation element having a single layer overwrap a cigarette rod.

[0064] 吸烟物品可包括空气稀释装置,诸如一系列穿孔81,每个穿孔延伸穿过过滤件接装材料78和滤棒成型纸材料72。 [0064] The smoking article may include an air dilution means, such as a series of perforations 81, each perforation extending through the filter element tipping material 78 and plug wrap material 72.

[0065] 用于制造可吸烟点燃端部段22的可吸烟材料沈的量可变化。 The amount of [0065] for the manufacture of the smokable lighting end segment 22 of smokable material can vary sink. 典型地,主要由烟草切丝填料制造的可吸烟点燃端部段22包括至少约为20mg,一般至少约为50mg,经常至少约为75mg,通常至少约为IOOmg的烟草材料(在干重基础上)。 Typically, tobacco cut filler is mainly produced by the smokable lighting end segment 22 comprises at least about 20mg, typically at least about 50mg, often at least about 75mg, typically at least about IOOmg tobacco material (dry weight basis ). 典型地,主要由烟草切丝填料制造的可吸烟点燃端部段包括达约400mg,一般达约350mg,经常达约300mg,且通常达约为250mg的烟草材料(在干重基础上)。 Typically, tobacco cut filler mainly manufactured smokable lighting end segment comprises up to about 400mg, typically up to about 350mg, often up to about 300mg, and typically about 250mg of tobacco material (dry weight basis). 主要由烟草切丝填料制造的某些可吸烟点燃端部段可包括少于约85毫克,经常少于约60毫克,且甚至少于30毫克的烟草材料(在干重基础上)。 Tobacco cut filler manufactured mainly by certain smokable lighting end segment may comprise less than about 85 mg, often less than about 60 milligrams, and even less than 30 milligrams of tobacco material (dry weight basis). 可吸烟点燃端部段内的可吸烟材料的包装密度典型地小于燃料元件的密度。 Packing density within the smokable lighting end segment of smokable material is typically less than the density of the fuel element. 当可吸烟材料具有切丝填料的形式时,可吸烟点燃端部段内的可吸烟材料的包装密度小于约400mg/cm3,且一般小于约350mg/cm3 ;而可吸烟点燃端部段内的烟草材料的包装密度可超过约lOOmg/cm3,经常超过约150mg/cm3,且通常超过约200mg/cm3。 When the packing density of the smokable material has the form of cut filler, the smokable lighting end segment of smokable material is less than about 400mg / cm3, and generally less than about 350mg / cm3; and smoking tobacco in the lit end segment packing density of the material may be greater than about lOOmg / cm3, often exceed about 150mg / cm3, and generally more than about 200mg / cm3. 较佳地,可吸烟点燃端部段22整个由可吸烟材料构成,且并不包括含碳燃料元件成分。 Preferably, the smokable lighting end segment 22 is composed of smokable material throughout and does not include a carbonaceous fuel element composition.

[0066] 用于浮质形成段51中的基质材料55和浮质形成剂的组合量可变化。 [0066] The aerosol-generating segment 51 for the combined amount of the matrix material 55 and aerosol forming agents can vary. 通常使用材料以在包装密度小于约400mg/cm3,且通常小于约350mg/cm3时填充浮质形成段51的合适段(例如在其包裹材料58内的区域);而浮质形成段51的包装密度一般超过约lOOmg/cm3,且经常超过约150mg/cm3。 Typically a material less than about 400mg / cm3 in packing density, and typically less than about 350mg cm3 time / filling aerosol form suitable period (e.g., region within which wrapping material 58) of 51; and the aerosol package section 51 is formed density is typically greater than about lOOmg / cm3, and often exceed about 150mg / cm3.

[0067] 在使用过程中,吸烟者以与传统吸烟物品被点燃相似的方法用火柴或点烟器点燃吸烟物品10的点燃端14。 [0067] In use, the smoker as a conventional smoking article is lit smoking article similar manner to ignite with a match or cigarette lighter ignition end 14 10. 这样,可吸烟点燃端部段22的可吸烟材料沈开始燃烧。 Thus, the smokable material is smokable lighting end segment 22 begins to burn sink. 吸烟物品10的嘴端18放置在吸烟者的嘴唇上。 The mouth end 18 of the smoking article 10 is placed on the lips of the smoker. 由燃烧可吸烟材料沈所产生的热分解产物(例如烟草烟雾成分)通过吸烟物品10、通过滤嘴元件65吸入吸烟者的嘴中。 By combustion of the smokable material produced sink thermal decomposition products (e.g., components of tobacco smoke) 10, a suction nozzle through the filter element by the smoker smoking article 65. S卩,当吸烟时, 吸烟物品产生可见的主浮质流,其类似于燃烧烟草切丝填料的传统卷烟产生的主烟流。 S Jie, when smoked, the smoking article yields visible mainstream aerosol that is similar to the mainstream smoke combustion of tobacco cut filler produced by conventional cigarettes. 可吸烟材料26和可吸烟点燃端部段的外部包裹材料30燃尽,基本上如燃烧传统烟草的卷烟的情况那样。 Smokable material 26 and the smokable lighting end segment of the outer wrapping material 30 burn, burn substantially as a conventional cigarette tobacco as a case. 随着所得热煤经过点燃端下游时所产生的灰和烧焦材料可轻弹去或从卷烟移除,基本上以从燃烧传统类型烟草的卷烟中移除由已燃烧烟草切丝填料产生的灰的方式。 Ash and charred materials as coal passes the resultant heat generated by the lit end downstream to flick or may be removed from the cigarette, essentially in order to remove the burned tobacco cut filler from the traditional type of tobacco burning cigarette produced gray way.

[0068] 燃烧可吸烟点燃端部段22引起发热段35的热源40被加热,该热源可位于可吸烟点燃端部段22的下游。 [0068] combustion smokable lighting end segment 22 to cause the heat source 40 of the heating section 35 is heated, the heat source may be located downstream from the smokable lighting end segment 22. 因此,点燃或以其他方式激活热源40 (例如开始燃烧),由此产生热量。 Thus, ignite or otherwise activate the heat source 40 (e.g., start of combustion), thereby generating heat. 燃烧浮质形成系统60内的热源40,且由于那两个区域或段之间的热交换关系,提供热量以使浮质形成段51内的浮质形成材料挥发。 Combustion aerosol formation source 40 within the system 60, and since the heat exchange relationship between the two regions or segments that provide heat to the aerosol within the aerosol-forming section 51 formed of nonvolatile material. 较佳地,浮质形成段51的成分不经历任何大程度的热分解(例如燃烧或碳化)。 Preferably, the aerosol-forming component section 51 does not undergo any significant degree of thermal decomposition (e.g. burning or carbonization). 挥发成分夹带在通过浮质形成区域51所吸出的空气中。 Volatile components entrained in the region 51 to form an air aspirated by aerosol. 这样形成的浮质通过滤嘴元件65吸入吸烟者的嘴中。 Such aerosol filter element is formed by a suction nozzle 65 of the smoker.

[0069] 在使用的某些时间段中,在浮质形成段51内形成的浮质连同由于点燃段22内的可吸烟材料的热分解而形成的浮质(即烟雾)通过滤嘴元件65吸入吸烟者的嘴中。 [0069] In certain period of use, the aerosol formed in the aerosol-generating segment 51 due to thermal decomposition of the aerosol together with the inner section 22 lit smokable material is formed (i.e., smoke) inhaled through the filter element 65 smoker's mouth. 这样, 由吸烟物品10所产生的主浮质流包括由烟草切丝填料的热分解产生的烟草烟雾和挥发的浮质形成材料。 Thus, the mainstream aerosol generated by the smoking article 10 includes a tobacco cut filler tobacco smoke and thermal decomposition of the volatile aerosol forming material generated. 对于早期抽吸(即在点燃时或刚点燃后),多数主浮质流由可吸烟点燃端部段22的热分解产生,且因此包含可吸烟材料沈的热分解产物。 For early suction (i.e., at the time immediately after the ignition or ignition), most of the mainstream aerosol from the smokable lighting end segment 22 of the thermal decomposition, and thus a material comprising a heat sink smoking decomposition products. 对于后期抽吸(即在已消耗可吸烟点燃端部段且浮质形成系统的热源被点燃后),所提供的多数主浮质流由浮质形成系统60产生。 For post suction (i.e., after the system has been consumed source smokable lighting end segment and the aerosol forming lit), most of the mainstream aerosol provided flow generating system 60 is formed by the aerosol. 吸烟者可以吸所期望抽吸数的吸烟物品。 Smokers can smoke a smoking article desired number of suction. 然而,当消耗了可吸烟材料沈且热源40熄灭时,停止使用吸烟物品(即完成吸烟体验)。 However, when the smokable material is consumed and the heat sink 40 is off, discontinue use of the smoking article (i.e., completion of the smoking experience).

[0070] 典型地,可通过提供“两段式”(two-up)点燃端部段、在“两段式”段的每端处对准热源并包裹已对准的部件以提供“两段式”组合段来制造点燃端部段。 [0070] Typically, by providing a lighting end segment "two-stage" (two-up), the heat source is aligned at each end of the segment "two-stage" and wrap member have been aligned to provide a "two formula "combined segment end section to manufacture ignition. 然后,“两段式”组合段垂直于其纵向轴线被切成两半以提供两个组合段。 Then, "two-stage" combination section perpendicular to its longitudinal axis is cut in half to provide two combined segments. 或者,两段可对准和包裹以提供组合段。 Alternatively, the two sections may be aligned to provide compositions and wrapped segments.

[0071] 典型地,可通过以下方式来提供嘴端部段:将浮质形成段连接至“两段式”滤嘴元件段的每端以提供“两段式”组合段;且再细分“两段式”组合段以提供两个组合嘴端部段。 [0071] Typically, the mouth end segment is provided by: the aerosol-generating segment is connected to the "two-stage" filter element segment at each end to provide a "two-stage" composition segment; and subdividing combined segment "two-stage" to provide two combined mouth end segments. 或者,那个组合段可通过以下方式来提供:将滤嘴元件段连接至“两段式”浮质形成段的每端来提供“两段式”组合段;且再细分“两段式”组合段以提供两个组合嘴端部段。 Alternatively, the segment can be provided by a combination of the following ways: the filter element segment are connected to the "two-stage" aerosol of each end section to provide a "two-stage" forming composition segment; and subdividing "two-stage" combined segment to provide two combined mouth end segments.

[0072] 参照图2,图中示出卷烟形式的第二代表性吸烟物品10。 [0072] Referring to Figure 2, there is shown a representative form of a cigarette smoking article 10 the second. 卷烟10包括位于点燃端14处的发热段35、位于嘴端18处的过滤段65、与发热段相邻的浮质形成段51和与滤嘴元件65相邻的含烟草段155。 The cigarette 10 includes a heat generation segment at the lighting end 1435, located at the mouth end filter segment 1 865, segment 51 and an adjacent filter element 65 containing the tobacco section 155 and the heating section is formed adjacent to the aerosol. 如需要,含烟草段可以是组合以形成单件的多部件段。 If desired, the tobacco-containing segments may be combined to form a multi-section member in one piece. 吸烟物品10的各种段的成分、形式、结构和尺寸一般可类似于在由RJ雷诺兹烟草公司(RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company)以“艾里普斯”(“Eclipse”)为商标名在市场上销售的那些卷烟内包含的那些。 Composition, form, structure and size of the various segments of the smoking article 10 is generally similar in by RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company (RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company) to "Allison Phillips" ( "Eclipse") is the brand name market within those contained in cigarette sales of those. 含烟草段巧5具有烟草和/或烟草香味形成材料(例如烟草切丝填料、加工过的烟草切丝填料、烟草材料带、集拢起来的再造烟草材料卷等)。 5 having a tobacco-containing segment coincidence tobacco and / or tobacco flavor-forming material (e.g., tobacco cut filler, processed tobacco cut filler, tobacco strip of material bunching together reconstituted tobacco material, volume, etc.). 那段可具有包围的包裹物159 (诸如纸质包裹材料)。 During that may have enclosed wrap 159 (such as a paper wrapping material).

[0073] 热源段35使用包裹材料161附连并固定于浮质形成段51,该包裹材料包围热源段长度的至少一部分(例如段直接与浮质形成段相邻的那部分)以及浮质形成段长度的至少一部分(例如段直接与发热段相邻的那部分)。 (That part of e.g. segment is formed directly with the aerosol adjacent segments) [0073] The heat generation segment 35 using a wrapping material 161 is attached and fixed to the aerosol-generating segment 51, the wrapping material surrounding the source length of at least part of the aerosol-generating segment length at least a portion (e.g., segment immediately adjacent that portion of the heat generating section). 如希望,包裹材料可以包围浮质形成段和发热段中一段或两段的整个长度。 If desired, the wrapping material may surround the aerosol-forming section of or the entire length of the heat generation segment and the two segments. 最佳地,用于将发热段组合到浮质形成段的包裹材料161是纸和金属箔的叠层(即可用于将热量从发热段导至浮质形成段的材料)。 Optimally, the composition for heat generation segment to the aerosol-generating segment is a paper wrapping material 161 and a metal foil laminate (a material used to form the heat from the heating section to the guide section of the aerosol).

[0074] 组合的发热段35和浮质形成段51使用包裹材料64附连并固定于含烟草段155, 该包裹材料包围发热段35长度的至少一部分(例如段直接与浮质形成段相邻的那部分)、 浮质形成段51以及含烟草段段155长度的至少一部分(例如段直接与滤嘴元件相邻的那部分)。 Fever paragraph [0074] The combination 35 is formed and the aerosol least a portion of segment 51 using a wrapping material 64 is attached and fixed to the tobacco-containing segment 155, the wrapping material surrounding the 35 length of the heating section (e.g., section forming section directly adjacent to the aerosol that part), the aerosol-generating segment 51, and at least a portion of the length of the paragraph 155 containing tobacco (e.g. segment directly adjacent to that part of the filter element). 如希望,包裹材料可以包围含烟草段和发热段中一段或两段的整个长度。 If desired, the wrapping material can surround the entire length of the tobacco-containing segment and one or two sections of the heat generating section. 使用单种外包材料来组合三种段可提供卷烟杆。 Use of a single laminate a combination of three sections to provide cigarette rod.

[0075] 滤嘴元件65使用接装材料78以参考图1前面所述的一般方法附连于如此形成的卷烟杆。 [0075] The filter element 65 using tipping material 78 to the general procedure described previously with reference to FIG 1 is attached to the cigarette rod so formed. 吸烟物品有选择地可以通过在嘴端部区域18附近设置合适的穿孔81来进行空气稀释。 The smoking article may be selectively provided by appropriate perforation 81 in the vicinity of the mouth end region 18 to the air dilution.

[0076] 前述部件可通过提供两个发热段并在“两段式”浮质形成段的每端处对准那些段来组合。 [0076] The foregoing components can be combined and aligned with those segments by providing two sections at each end of the heat generating "two-stage" of the aerosol-generating segment. 示例性的“两段式”浮质形成段可具有约40毫米至45毫米,较佳是约21毫米的长度。 Exemplary "two-stage" aerosol-generating segment may have from about 40 to 45 mm, preferably from about 21 mm in length. 三段通过使用接装类型的装置(诸如MAX S可用的装置)来组合。 By a combination of three segments (available devices, such as a MAX S) using tipping device type. 然后,那些段可以被存储、烘干、再排序或直接用于其它制造步骤中。 Then, those segments may be stored, dried, and then used directly for sequencing or other manufacturing steps. 通过使用合适的切分刀使“两段式”段垂直于其纵向轴向被切成两半以提供两个组合段。 By using a suitable slicing knife so that the "two-stage" section perpendicular to its longitudinal axis is cut in half to provide two combined segments. 这些段可彼此间隔地展开,且“两段式” 含烟草段可定位在那两个组合段之间。 These segments may be spaced from each other to expand, and the "two-stage" tobacco-containing segments may be positioned between the two segments in combination. 使用接装类型的装置(诸如MAX S可用装置)来组合所得三个对准的段。 Using tipping type of apparatus (MAX S can be used, such as a device) obtained from a combination of three sections are aligned. 例如具有约90毫米宽度的接装纸可用于将那些段组合在一起。 For example, tipping paper having a width of about 90 mm can be used to combine those segments. 所得的“两段式”卷烟杆段垂直于其纵向轴线被切成两半以提供两个卷烟杆。 The resulting "two-stage" cigarette rod section perpendicular to its longitudinal axis is cut in half to provide two cigarette rod. 那些杆可被收集或转动并收集在合适的贮罐中。 Those rods can be rotated and collected or collected in a suitable storage tank. 单个卷烟杆可被送到接装类型装置(诸如MAX S可用的装置)的漏斗中。 It may be sent to a single cigarette rod type tipping apparatus (MAX S available means, such as a) a funnel.

[0077] 可吸烟点燃端部段、发热段、浮质形成段、含烟草段、嘴端部件和上述各种部件可使用传统类型的卷烟及卷烟部件制造技术和设备或适当修改的卷烟和卷烟部件制造设备来制造。 [0077] smokable lighting end segment may, heat generation segment, aerosol-generating segment, tobacco-containing segment, the mouth end member and said member may be used various conventional types of cigarette and cigarette component manufacturing techniques and equipment or appropriately modified cigarettes and cigarette member manufacturing apparatus to manufacture. 即,使用对于在卷烟及卷烟部件设计和制造领域以及卷烟部件组装领域的技术人员已知的传统类型技术,各种部件部分和片可被加工并组装成卷烟。 That is, for use in cigarettes and cigarette design and manufacture of components and assembling in the art field of cigarette member of a conventional type known techniques, the various component parts and pieces can be processed and assembled into cigarettes. 例如参见在授予Baker 等人的美国专利第5,052,413号;授予Baker等人的美国专利第5,088,507号;授予White 等人的美国专利第5,105,838号;授予Barnes等人的美国专利第5,469,871号;授予Riggs 等人的美国专利第5,551,451号;授予Nestor等人的美国专利申请公布第2005/0066986 号中所述类型的部件构造、部件材料、组装方法和组装技术,在此以参见的方式引入上述专利和专利申请的全部内容。 See, for example, US patent issued to Baker et al., No. 5,052,413; US Patent Baker et al., No. 5,088,507; to White et al., US Patent No. 5,105,838; awarded Barnes et al., U.S. Patent No. 5,469,871 first; Riggs et al., U.S. Patent No. 5,551,451; grant Nestor et al U.S. Patent application publication No. 2005/0066986 type structure member, component material a method of assembling and assembly techniques, herein incorporated by reference in its entirety the above patents and patent applications.

[0078] 可使用以德国汉堡的虹霓机器制造股份公司(Haimi Maschinenbau AG)的“莫菲” 或“麦林”(Mulfi)或(Merlin)品牌名有的类型的组合设备来实现多段部件的制造;或如亨利希布哈特公司(Heinrich Burghart GmbH)的LKF-Ol实验多滤嘴制备机。 [0078] In using the machine Hauni of Hamburg ag (Haimi Maschinenbau AG) of "Murphy" or "Magnum" (Mulfi) or (Merlin) Brand name some types of compositions by multistage device member manufacture; or as Chibougamau Henry Hart (Heinrich Burghart GmbH) LKF-Ol experiment plurality of filter preparation machine. 各种段的组合或卷烟部件还可以通过使用传统类型或适当修改的装置(诸如Haimi Maschinenbau AG.(虹霓机器制造股份公司)的LabMAX,MAX, MAX S or MAX 80捆扎装置)来实现。 Or various combinations of the cigarette member segment can also be (LabMAX, MAX, MAX S or MAX 80 such as a bundling apparatus Haimi Maschinenbau AG. (Hauni Manufacturing Machine Co., Ltd.)) of a conventional type, or by using a device appropriately modified to achieve. 艮口, 杆、段和组合段可通过使用适当修改并布置的接装装置被输送(例如使用盘子、料斗、轮子等)、对准、接装或其他方式连接、再细分、转动、传递、分开并收集(例如使用盘子、带、料斗等)。 Gen mouth, rods, segments and combinations of segments can be arranged and tipping apparatus is conveyed by the use of appropriately modified (e.g., using a plate, a hopper, a wheel, etc.), alignment tipping or otherwise connected, subdivided, rotation, transfer , separated and collected (e.g., using trays, belts, hoppers, etc.). 例如参见在授予Erdmarm等人的美国专利第3,308,600号;授予Reuland等人的第4,280,187号;授予Heitmann等人的第4,281,670号;授予Vos等人的第6,229,115号;授予Read等人的美国专利申请公布第2005/0194014号中所述类型的装置和组合技术。 For example see U.S. Pat. No. 3,308,600 issued to Erdmarm et al; Grant et al Reuland No. 4,280,187; No. 4,281,670 granted to Heitmann et al; Vos et al., Granted on No. 6,229,115; Read et al U.S. Patent application publication No. 2005/0194014 in the types of devices and combinations of techniques.

[0079] 本发明的吸烟物品中用于可吸烟材料、绝热材料、浮质形成材料、增香剂、包装材料、嘴端件(例如滤嘴元件)、滤棒成型纸和接装材料的材料类型和构造可变化。 [0079] The smoking article of the present invention, a smokable material, a heat insulating material, aerosol forming material, flavoring agents, packaging materials, the mouth end piece (e.g. filter elements), the plug wrap and tipping material types and configurations may vary. 这种吸烟物品的实施例在授予Crooks等人的美国专利2007/0215167中和授予Baneriee等人的美国专利2007/0215168中进行阐释。 U.S. Pat. Examples of such smoking articles in U.S. Patent No. 2007/0215167 to Crooks et al., And granted the Baneriee et al 2007/0215168 elucidated.

[0080] 对于根据本发明被空气稀释或通气的卷烟,空气稀释或通气的量或程度可变化。 [0080] may vary according to the amount or degree of dilution of the present invention is diluted with air or ventilation of the cigarette, air or ventilation. 经常地,用于空气稀释卷烟的空气稀释量大于约10 %,一般大于约20 %,通常大于约30 %, 且有时大于约40%。 Frequently, the air dilution for an air diluted cigarette is greater than about 10%, generally greater than about 20%, typically greater than about 30%, and sometimes greater than about 40%. 在一些实施例中,空气稀释卷烟的空气稀释量上限低于约80%,且通常低于约70%。 In some embodiments, the upper limit of the amount of air dilution for an air diluted cigarette is less than about 80%, and usually less than about 70%. 如在此所用,术语“空气稀释”是指通过空气稀释装置吸入的空气体积对通过卷烟吸入并从卷烟嘴端部分流出的空气和浮质的总体积之比(表达为百分比)。 As used herein, the term "air dilution" refers to intake of air through the air dilution means to the volume sucked through the cigarette and exiting the mouth end of the cigarette and the air portion of the total aerosol volume (expressed as a percentage). 较高的空气稀释水平可用于减小浮质形成材料进入主浮质流内的转移效率。 High air dilution levels can be used to reduce the aerosol-forming material enters the transfer efficiency in the mainstream aerosol.

[0081] 在一些实施例中,根据本发明的卷烟呈现出所期望的吸阻。 [0081] In some embodiments, the cigarette according to the present invention exhibit desirable resistance to draw. 例如,示例性的卷烟在17. 5cc/sec (立方厘米/秒)气流下呈现约50毫米至约200毫米水柱压降之间的压降。 For example, an exemplary cigarette exhibits a pressure drop between the pressure drop of water from about 50 mm to about 200 mm in the stream 17. 5cc / sec (cm / sec). 较佳的卷烟在17. 5cc/sec气流下呈现约60mm至约180mm水柱压降之间的压降值,且在一些实施例中,显现约70mm至约150mm水柱压降之间的压降值。 Preferred cigarettes exhibit at 17. 5cc / sec air flow pressure drop between about 60mm to about 180mm of water column pressure drop, and in some embodiments, the apparent voltage drop between the water column pressure drop of about 70mm to about 150mm . 使用菲尔特罗纳器械和自动化有限公司(Filtrona Instruments and Automation Ltd.)出品的菲尔特罗纳卷烟测试台(Filtrona Cigarette Test Station) (CTS 系列)来测量卷烟的压降值。 Furth Rhone using instruments and Automation Limited (Filtrona Instruments and Automation Ltd.) produced Furth Rhône cigarette test rig to measure the pressure drop values ​​of cigarettes (Filtrona Cigarette Test Station) (CTS Series).

[0082] 根据本发明的卷烟的较佳的实施例在吸烟时产生可接受的抽吸数。 [0082] produce an acceptable number of suction during smoking cigarettes according to preferred embodiments of the present invention. 当在FTC吸烟条件下机械地吸烟时,这种卷烟通常提供多于约6次/根的抽吸,且一般多余约8次/根的抽吸。 When mechanically smoked under FTC smoking conditions, such cigarettes typically provide more than about 6 times / root suction, and typically from about 8 times excess / root suction. 当在FTC吸烟条件下机械地吸烟时,这种卷烟通常提供少于约15次/根的抽吸,且一般少于约12次/根抽吸。 When mechanically smoked under FTC smoking conditions, such cigarettes typically provide less than about 15 / root suction, and generally less than about 12 Ci / root suction. FTC吸烟条件由通过58秒的阴燃分开的两个第二持续时间的35毫升的抽吸构成。 FTC smoking conditions of 58 seconds through a separate 35 ml smoldering suction constituting two second duration.

[0083] 根据本发明的卷烟在吸烟时产生主浮质流。 [0083] The mainstream aerosol produced during smoking of cigarettes according to the present invention. 每根卷烟产生的主浮质流的量可变化。 Amount of the main aerosol flow generated per cigarette can vary. 当在FTC吸烟条件下吸烟时,根据一实施例的卷烟产生FTC “焦油”量,该量通常至少为约1毫克,经常是至少约3毫克,且通常是至少约5毫克。 When smoked under FTC smoking conditions, the amount of generated FTC "tar" cigarettes according to one embodiment, the amount is usually at least about 1 mg, often at least about 3 mg, and typically at least about 5 milligrams. 当在FTC吸烟条件下吸烟时, 示例性的卷烟产生FTC “焦油”量,该量通常不超过约20毫克,经常不超过约15毫克,且通常不超过约12毫克。 When smoked under FTC smoking conditions, an exemplary cigarette generation amount FTC "tar", the amount is usually not more than about 20 mg, often does not exceed about 15 mg, and usually not more than about 12 milligrams.

[0084] 较佳的卷烟呈现出FTC “焦油”产量对FTC尼古丁产量的小于约30,且经常小于约25的比率。 [0084] Preferred cigarettes exhibit FTC "tar" to FTC nicotine production yield is less than about 30, and often less than a ratio of about 25. 较佳的卷烟呈现出FTC"焦油”产量对FTC尼古丁产量的大于约5的比率。 Preferred cigarettes exhibit a ratio of FTC "tar" to FTC nicotine production yield of greater than about 5. 卷烟(例如卷烟包括没有位于中心或内部、纵向延伸的空气通道的含碳燃料元件)呈现FTC — 氧化碳产量对FTC “焦油”产量的小于约1,经常小于约0. 8,且通常小于约0. 6的比率。 Cigarettes (e.g., a cigarette comprises a centrally located or is not inside, the carbonaceous fuel element is a longitudinally extending air passage) exhibit FTC - carbon monoxide yield of FTC "tar" yield is less than about 1, often less than about 0.8, and typically less than about ratio of 0.6. 在Pillsbury 等人,J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem.(化学分析协会官方期刊),52,458-462 (1969) 中阐释确定FTC “焦油”与FTC尼古丁的技术。 In Pillsbury et al., J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. (Official Journal of the Chemical Society), the 52,458-462 (1969) FTC "tar" and FTC nicotine technical interpretation OK. 在Horton等人,J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. (化学分析协会官方期刊),57,1-7 (1974)中阐释确定FTC—氧化碳的技术。 In Horton et al., J. Assoc. Off. Anal. Chem. (Official Journal of the Chemical Society), 57,1-7 (1974) explain determine FTC- carbon dioxide technology.

[0085] 根据本发明的卷烟所产生的浮质是包括诸如蒸汽、气体、悬浮颗粒等的含空气的成分的那些浮质。 [0085] are those comprising an aerosol composition containing air such as vapors, gases, suspended particles and the like in accordance with the present invention the cigarette aerosol produced. 浮质成分可通过以下方式产生:燃烧某种形式的烟草(且可选择地燃烧其它成分以产生热);由加热烟草和炭化烟草(或其它引起烟草受某种形式阴燃)引起的烟草热分解;以及挥发浮质形成剂。 The aerosol composition can be produced by the following manner: the combustion of tobacco of some form (and optionally other ingredients to produce hot combustion); manufactured by heating the tobacco and charring tobacco (or other caused by some form of tobacco smoldering) due to heat tobacco dec; and volatilized aerosol forming agents. 这样,浮质可含有挥发性的成分、燃烧产物(例如,二氧化碳和水)、不完全燃烧产物以及高温热解的产物。 Thus, the aerosol may contain volatile components, combustion products (e.g., carbon dioxide and water), incomplete combustion products and the products of pyrolysis. 也可通过燃烧某种形式烟草(和可选的是燃烧以产生热量的其它成分)所产生的、施加在处于与燃烧的烟草和燃烧的其它成分保持热交换关系的基质上的热量作用来产生浮质成分。 Also it is produced by the combustion of tobacco in some form (and optionally combusted to generate heat is the other ingredients) generated, is kept in the heat of the heat exchange relationship with the combustion of tobacco combustion and other ingredients to produce a matrix applied aerosol composition. 由于发热段施加在浮质形成段上的作用,浮质成分还可通过浮质形成系统来产生。 Since the action of heat applied to segment a segment formed in the aerosol, the aerosol composition may also be produced by the aerosol-forming system. 在一些实施例中,浮质形成段的成分具有这样的总体组成并定位在吸烟物品内,这样在正常使用情况下使这些成分往往不经受很大程度热解(例如,由于燃烧、阴燃或高温热解)。 In some embodiments, the aerosol-generating segment component having such an overall composition and positioned within the smoking article, so that these components under normal use is often not subjected to pyrolysis a large extent (e.g., due to the combustion, or smoldering pyrolysis).

[0086] 根据本发明的吸烟物品为分送、销售和使用可进行包装。 [0086] The smoking article of the present invention is a distribution, sale and use can be packaged. 卷烟可以用于由RJ雷诺兹烟草公司(RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company)以“普勒米尔”和“艾里普斯”("Premier"and "Eclipse")为商标名在市场上销售的那些卷烟的方式进行包装。 Cigarettes can be used for those cigarettes trade names marketed by RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company (RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company) to "Doppler Mir" and "Airy Phillips" ( "Premier" and "Eclipse") on the way to market packaging. 卷烟还可以用于由RJ雷诺兹烟草公司(RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company)以“骆驼黑杰克金”(Camel Blackjack Gin)为商标名在市场上销售的那些卷烟的方式进行包装。 Cigarettes can also be used by the RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company (RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company) to "Camel Black Jack Gold" (Camel Blackjack Gin) for those brand name cigarettes sold in the market the way for packaging. 卷烟还可以用于由RJ雷诺兹烟草公司(RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company)以“萨勒姆达克流银标签”(Salem Dark Currents Silver Label)为商标名在市场上销售的那些卷烟的方式进行包装。 Cigarettes can also be used to "Dark flow Salem silver label" (Salem Dark Currents Silver Label) packaged as a cigarette brand name in a way those marketed by the RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company (RJ Reynolds Tobacco Company). 还参见在授予Focke等人的美国专利第4,715,497号;授予Focke等人的第4,294,353号;授予Bouchard等人的第4,534,463号;授予Alien等人的第4,852,734 号;授予Burrows等人的5,139,140号;以及授予Keaveney等人的第5,938,018号;英国专利第1,042,000号;授予Marx的德国专利申请第10238906 ;以及授予!^agg等人的美国专利申请公布2004/0217023 ;授予Henson等人的第2004/0256253号和授予Mitten的第2005/0150786号中所阐释的包装类型。 See also awarded in US Patent No. 4,715,497 Focke and others first; first awarded Alien et al; grant Focke et al., No. 4,294,353; awarded the Bouchard et al., No. 4,534,463 No. 4,852,734; grant Burrows et al. No. 5,139,140; and grant Keaveney, et al. No. 5,938,018; British Patent No. 1,042,000; German Patent application granting of Marx 10,238,906; and grant ^ agg et al., US Patent application publication 2004/0217023;! grant Henson et al. No. 2004/0256253 and No. 2005/0150786 package type awarded in the Mitten explained.

[0087] 本发明的另一方面,烟草材料用文中所述类型的含金属催化剂前驱体来处理。 [0087] Another aspect of the present invention, tobacco material using the catalyst precursor of the type described metal-containing processed. 此后,烟草材料可以有选择地在进行文中所述的热/辐射处理后包含到吸烟物品中以使前驱体转化成所希望的催化剂。 Thereafter, the tobacco material may be selectively performed in the thermal paper / post radiation treatment into a smoking article comprising the precursor to be converted into the desired catalyst. 如果烟草未预处理以转化前驱体,转化将在使用吸烟物品时燃烧烟草过程中发生。 If the tobacco is not pretreated to convert the precursor, the conversion process is the combustion of tobacco smoking article during use occurs.

[0088] 已处理烟草材料然后可以包含到吸烟物品的任何类型中(包括传统卷烟或文中所述的吸烟物品类型)。 [0088] The processed tobacco material then can be incorporated into any type of smoking articles (including smoking conventional cigarettes or article types described in the text). 催化剂前驱体可以使用文中所述的任何技术(诸如喷涂、浸涂、混合等)涂至烟草。 The catalyst precursor can use any technique (such as spraying, dipping, mixing, etc.) described herein coating to the tobacco.

[0089] 烟草材料可以对制造吸烟物品(诸如卷烟)传统的形式和方式来使用,催化剂前驱体涂至该烟草材料。 [0089] The tobacco material may be used for making a smoking article (such as a cigarette) a conventional manner and form, the catalyst precursor is coated onto the tobacco material. 那些材料可包括弄碎的烟草片(例如叶片和/或梗)和/或那些材料可以是已处理形式的烟草材料。 Those materials may comprise comminuted tobacco sheet (e.g., leaves and / or stem) and / or those materials can be processed in the form of tobacco material. 例如,那些材料通常用于切丝填料形式(例如,切成约1/10英寸至1/60英寸或约1/20英寸至约1/35英寸的宽度和约1/8英寸至约3英寸、通常是约1/4英寸至约1英寸的长度的烟草填料碎片或串)。 For example, those materials usually used in the form of cut filler (e.g., cut into about 1/10 inch to about 1/60 inch or 1/20 inch to about 1/35 inch width of about 1/8 inch to about 3 inches, typically about 1/4 inch to about 1 inch of the length of the tobacco filler pieces or string). 或者,尽管较不佳,但那些材料(诸如已加工烟草材料)可用作纵向延伸的串或用作形成所期望构造的片,或用作形成所期望形状的压缩或挤压件。 Alternatively, although less preferred, those materials (such as processed tobacco material) can be used as longitudinally extending strings or sheet is formed of the desired configuration, or as compressed or extruded pieces formed in a desired shape.

[0090] 烟草材料可包括如下各种类型的烟草或可从它们得到:烟熏烟草、白肋烟、东方烟草、马里兰烟草、深色烟草、深色烤烟草和黄花烟草以及其它稀有或特殊烟草,或其混合物。 [0090] The tobacco material may include the following types of tobacco, or they may be obtained from: smoked tobacco, burley tobacco, oriental tobacco, Maryland tobacco, dark tobacco, dark roasted tobacco and Rustica tobacco, and other rare or specialty tobacco or mixtures thereof. Davis等人(编)的文章“烟草生产、化学和技术(Tobacco Production, Chemistry and Technology) "(1999)中说明了各种类型的烟草、种植实践、收获实践和烤熟实践。 Davis et al (eds) article "Tobacco Production, Chemistry and Technology (Tobacco Production, Chemistry and Technology)" (1999) describes different types of tobacco, growing practices, harvesting practices and grilled practice. 例如,可参见授予Lawson等人的美国专利申请公布第2004/0084056号。 See for example issued to Lawson et al, US Patent Application Publication No. 2004/0084056. 在一些实施例中,烟草材料是已经过合适的烤制和陈化的材料。 In some embodiments, a tobacco material has been baked and aging suitable material.

[0091] 烟草可以所谓的“混合”形式使用。 [0091] tobacco can be so-called "hybrid" form. 例如,通常称之为“美式混合物”的某种流行的烟草混合物包括烟熏烟草、白肋烟和东方烟草的混合物。 For example, commonly referred to as the "American blend" includes a mixture of certain popular tobacco smoke tobacco, burley tobacco and Oriental tobacco mixture. 这种混合物在许多情况下包含具有已加工形式的烟草材料,诸如已加工的烟草梗(例如,切丝-滚压烟梗、切丝-滚压-膨胀烟梗或切丝-疏松烟梗)、体积膨胀过烟草(例如,疏松烟草,诸如干冰膨胀烟草(DIET),较佳地以切丝填料形式)。 This mixture comprising tobacco material having a processed form of, in many cases, such as processed tobacco stems (e.g., cut - rolled stems, cut - Rolling - expanded stems or cut - loose tobacco stems) , volume expansion through the tobacco (e.g., loose tobacco, such as DIET (the DIET), preferably in cut filler form). 烟草材料还可以具有再造烟草的形式(例如使用模铸薄片型或制纸型工艺来制造的再造烟草)。 The tobacco material may also have the form of reconstituted tobacco (for example made of molded sheet or paper-type reconstituted tobacco manufacturing processes). 烟草再造工艺通常转化烟草的一般可以消费成商业上可用形式的部分。 Tobacco transformation of tobacco recycling process typically can be consumed as part of the generally commercially available form. 例如,烟草梗、可回收烟片和烟草灰可用于制造密度相当均勻的加工过的再造烟草。 For example, tobacco stems, recyclable pieces and tobacco smoke ash can be used for manufacturing reconstituted tobacco density is quite uniform processed. 用于制造特定卷烟品牌的烟草混合物内每种类型烟草的精确量可变化,这种量是设计选择的方式问题,其取决于期望的诸如感觉特征的因素。 The precise amount of the factors for each type of tobacco within a tobacco blend may vary manufacture of a particular cigarette brand, the amount of design choice question mode, depending on the desired characteristics such as a feeling. 例如,可参见Tobacco Encyclopedia ( ) ; Voges ( H ) p. 44-45 (1984) ;Browne, The Designof Cigarettes (卷烟的设计),第三版,p43 (1990);以及Tobacco Production, Chemistry and Technology(烟草的生产、化学与技术),Davis等人(编)p. 346(1999)。 See, e.g., Tobacco Encyclopedia ();. Voges (H) p 44-45 (1984); Browne, The Designof Cigarettes (cigarette design), Third Edition, p43 (1990); and Tobacco Production, Chemistry and Technology ( tobacco production, chemistry and technology), Davis et al (eds) p. 346 (1999). 各种代表性烟草类型、烟草已加工类型、烟草混合物类型、卷烟成分和组分以及烟草杆构造也在授予Lawson等人的美国专利第4,836,224号;授予Perfetti等人的第4,924,883号;授予Perfetti等人的第4,924,888号;授予Brown等人的第5,056,537号;授予Brinkley等人的第5,159,942号;授予Gentry的第5,220,930号;授予Blakley等人第5,360,023号;授予Young等人的第5,715,844号;以及授予Dominguez等人的第6,730,832号;授予Shafer 等人的美国专利申请第2002/0000235号;授予Li等人的第2003/0075193号;授予Li等人的第2003/0131859号;授予Lawson等人的第2004/0084056号;授予Perfetti等人的第2004/0255965号;以及授予Nestor等人的第2005/0066986号;授予Bereman的PCT申请公布第W002/37990 号;以及Bombick 等人,Fund. Appl. Toxicol.,39,p. 11-17(1997)中作阐释;本文以引用方式包含这些文献。 Various representative tobacco types, processed types of tobacco, tobacco blend types, cigarette components and ingredients, and tobacco rod configurations are granted U.S. Pat. No. 4,836,224 Lawson et al; grant of 4 Perfetti et al., No. 924,883; grant Perfetti, et al. No. 4,924,888; awarded to Brown et al No. 5,056,537; grant Brinkley et al., No. 5,159,942; granted Gentry 5th, No. 220,930; awarded Blakley et al. No. 5,360,023; issued to Young, et al., No. 5,715,844; and grant Dominguez et al., No. 6,730,832; grant Shafer et al US Patent application No. 2002/0000235; Li et al., granted No. 2003/0075193; Li et al., granted No. 2003/0131859; issued to Lawson et al. No. 2004/0084056; 2004/0255965 second grant Perfetti et al. number; Nestor et al., and granted No. 2005/0066986; PCT publication granted Bereman of W002 / 37990 No;.. and Bombick et al., Fund Appl Toxicol, 39, p 11-17 (1997) for the. Explanation; herein by reference in these documents contain.

[0092] 实验 [0092] Experiment

[0093] 本发明通过下述说明本发明但不解释为对本发明的限制的例子更详细地进行阐释。 [0093] The present invention is illustrated by the following, but the present invention is not to be construed as limiting of the present invention is elucidated in more detail with examples.

[0094] 实例1 [0094] Example 1

[0095] 仔细地移除“艾里普斯”(ECLIPSE)品牌卷烟的燃料元件,而不干扰周围的玻璃纤维垫片。 [0095] Carefully remove the "Airy Phillips" fuel element (the ECLIPSE) brand cigarettes, without interfering with the surrounding glass fiber mat. “艾里普斯”(ECLIPSE)燃料元件涂覆有硝酸铈六水化合物的水溶液(50%w/w)并整晚在110°C烘干。 "Airy Phillips" (the ECLIPSE) of the fuel element is coated with an aqueous solution of cerium nitrate hexahydrate (50% w / w) and dried overnight at 110 ° C. 控制批的燃料元件只用水处理。 Batch control fuel elements only water.

[0096] 已处理燃料元件在可编程的巴恩斯图德赛默飞世尔(Barnstead THERM0LYNE)62700熔炉中在氮气压力下进行热处理。 [0096] processed fuel element was heated under nitrogen pressure in a programmable 巴恩斯图德赛默 Fisher (Barnstead THERM0LYNE) 62700 furnace. 燃料元件以5°C每分钟的斜坡速率加热至400°C并保持四个小时。 The fuel element was heated in 5 ° C per minute ramp rate to 400 ° C and held four hours. 通过使用耐驰机械仪器有限公司(Netzsch Instruments, Inc.)的模型STA409PC分析仪的热解重量分析(TGA)来确定硝酸铈六水化合物完全转化成氧化铈的最低温度。 By using thermogravimetric NETZSCH Instruments Machinery Co., Ltd. (Netzsch Instruments, Inc.) analyzer model STA409PC analysis (TGA) to determine the cerium nitrate hexahydrate complete conversion to the lowest temperature of the cerium oxide.

[0097] 热转移发生在图3中可见的四个不同的阶段中。 [0097] The heat transfer occurs in four distinct phases can be seen in FIG. 3. 晶化的水的损失9%重量) 发生在57°C和200°C之间。 Crystallization of 9% by weight of water loss) occurs between 57 ° C and 200 ° C. 硝酸铈分解成氧化铈(35. 3%重量损失)发生在200°C和378°C 之间。 Cerium nitrate decomposed into cerium oxide (35.3% wt loss) occurs between 200 ° C and 378 ° C. 晶化的水的损失是永久的,且氧化铈不会重新得到水。 Loss of water of crystallization is permanent, and is not re-obtained aqueous cerium oxide. 可以相信处理产生氮气完全 It is believed that processing to produce nitrogen completely

转化至氧气。 Transformed into oxygen.

[0098] 燃料在环境条件下平衡并重新插入与“艾里普斯”(ECLIPSE)卷烟的构造类似的卷烟中。 [0098] The fuel equilibrated at ambient conditions and re-inserted configuration (the ECLIPSE) cigarettes "Airy Phillips" similar cigarette. 在50/30/2吸烟条件(即通过观秒分开的两个第二持续时间的50毫升抽吸)下吸卷烟;且主烟流中的CO通过使用罗斯蒙特公司(Rosemoimt Inc.)的NGA 2000的非分散红外光谱(NDIR)。 In 50/30/2 smoking conditions (i.e., via a separate 50 ml View second suction two second duration) under cigarette smoking; and CO in the mainstream smoke by using a Rosemount (Rosemoimt Inc.) of the NGA 2000 non-dispersive infrared (NDIR). 用硝酸铈处理燃料,随后对燃料热处理,导致与控制相比减少53%的主CO流。 Treated fuel with cerium nitrate, and then thermal treatment of the fuel, resulting in a 53% reduction compared to the control of the main flow of CO.

[0099]实例 2 [0099] Example 2

[0100] 通过使用下述催化剂前驱体重复实例1的燃料元件处理工艺:硝酸铈、硝酸铜、硝酸钾和与钯组合的硝酸铈。 [0100] Use of a catalyst precursor by repeating Example 1 Process of fuel elements: cerium nitrate, copper nitrate, cerium nitrate and potassium nitrate, and palladium in combination. 已处理燃料在吸烟物品燃烧前不进行热处理。 Treated fuel is not subjected to heat treatment prior to combustion smoking article. 在50/30/2吸烟条件下吸所产生的卷烟;且通过NWR测量主烟流中的C0。 Under cigarette smoking conditions suction 50/30/2 generated; NWR and by measuring the C0 main stream smoke. 用硝酸铈、硝酸铜、硝酸钾或硝酸铈/氯化钯处理燃料导致与未处理控制相比CO分别减少73. 8 %,27. 2 %,16. 3 %或84. 7%。 Cerium nitrate, copper nitrate, cerium nitrate or potassium nitrate / palladium chloride treatment compared to the control untreated fuel results in decreased 73.8% CO, 27.2%, 16.3% or 84.7%. [0101]实例 3 [0101] Example 3

[0102] 约15克硝酸铈(III)六水化合物(AlfaAesar)或硝酸铜(II)半五水化合物(Alfa Aesar)溶解在7毫升的水中。 [0102] about 15 grams of cerium (III) nitrate hexahydrate (AlfaAesar) or copper (II) nitrate pentahydrate half (Alfa Aesar) was dissolved in 7 ml of water. 接下来,18克的石墨粉(卓越石墨有限公司(Superior Graphite he.))浸渍有金属硝酸盐溶液中的一种溶液并整夜在空气中干燥。 Subsequently, 18 g of graphite (Graphite Co. superior (Superior Graphite he.)) Impregnated with one solution of a metal nitrate solution and dried in air overnight. 已处理石墨在可编程的巴恩斯图德赛默飞世尔(Barnstead THERM0LYNE)62700熔炉中于氮气压力下在300°C煅烧一个小时。 Graphite treated calcined one hour at 300 ° C under nitrogen pressure in a programmable 巴恩斯图德赛默 Fisher (Barnstead THERM0LYNE) 62700 furnace. 斜坡速率设在5°C/分钟。 Ramp rate is set at 5 ° C / min. 煅烧导致金属硝酸盐分解成金属氧化物。 Calcined lead metal nitrates decompose to a metal oxide.

[0103] 涂覆有金属氧化物的石墨在捣臼中研磨并与72克碾磨的BKO炭粉(巴那比和苏克里夫(Barnaby和Suttcliffe))以及10克瓜尔胶结合。 [0103] coated with a metal oxide and graphite, and 10 grams of guar gum in combination with 72 grams of milled BKO carbon powder (Burnaby bar and Suk Reeve (Barnaby and Suttcliffe)) pound ground in a mortar. 在Sigma叶片式混合机(Teledyne)中进行约4小时的进一步混合。 Further mixing for about 4 hours in a Sigma blade mixer (a Teledyne) in. 然后,将加水以将粉末转化成可塑性面团。 Then, water was added to the plasticity of the powder is converted into a dough. 加入足够的水以确保可塑性混合物足够硬以在挤压后保持其形状。 Enough water is added to ensure the plasticity of the mixture was stiff enough to hold its shape after extrusion. 在此阶段,面团的水分含量通常是42至43% (w/w) 0面团整夜在密封的容器中在室温下陈化。 At this stage, the moisture content of the dough is usually 42 to 43% (w / w) 0 dough overnight aging in a sealed container at room temperature.

[0104] 为挤压,可塑性混合物加载到一次投料压出机的筒中。 [0104] The extrusion, plasticity mixture was loaded onto the first feeding of the extruder barrel. 筒的一端装配有挤压模具以使压出物成形。 One end of the barrel is equipped with an extrusion die such that the extrudate formed. 阴挤压模具有锥形表面以便于塑料质量的平滑流动。 Female extrusion die has a tapered surface for the smooth flow of the plastic mass. 模具具有五个或七个槽并且直径为4. 2毫米。 A mold having five or seven slots and a diameter of 4.2 mm. 可选择的钢钉确保通过压出物的中央通道。 Alternatively the central passage through the nail to ensure that the extrudate. 使用3000磅的模具压力来挤压。 3000 lbs pressure using a mold to squeeze. 湿杆在良好通气的盘上放约一个小时。 Good wet rods placed on ventilated disc about an hour. 然后,小心地将半干的杆切成12毫米长,同时保持压出物的形状和轴向孔的完整性。 Then, the semi carefully cut into 12 mm long rods, while maintaining the integrity of the extrudate shapes of the axial hole thereof. 燃料杆整夜在室温下进行干燥。 The fuel rod was dried at room temperature overnight.

[0105] 仔细地移除“艾里普斯”(ECLIPSE)品牌卷烟的燃料元件,而不干扰周围的玻璃纤维垫片。 [0105] Carefully remove the "Airy Phillips" fuel element (the ECLIPSE) brand cigarettes, without interfering with the surrounding glass fiber mat. 测试燃料重新插入卷烟中并在60/30/2吸烟条件下吸。 Test fuels and reinserted into the cigarette under 60/30/2 smoking conditions suction. 主烟流中的一氧化碳如上所述通过NWR测量。 Mainstream smoke of carbon monoxide as described above by measuring NWR. 硝酸铈或硝酸铜包含到燃料中对比未处理过程分别减少38%和46% 的主CO流。 Copper nitrate or cerium nitrate to the fuel comprising an untreated comparison process were 38% and 46% reduction of CO main stream.

[0106] 实{列4 [0106] Real {4 column

[0107] 约18克的石墨用硝酸铜(II)半五水化合物处理并如实例3中所述进行煅烧。 [0107] and about 18 grams of graphite with copper (II) nitrate pentahydrate semi-processed and the calcining as described in Example 3. 约8克的已处理石墨与10克碳酸钙(AlfaAesar)、10克瓜尔胶和72克研磨过的BKO碳混合。 About 8 grams of graphite treated with 10 g of calcium carbonate (AlfaAesar), 10 g of guar gum gum and 72 grams of milled BKO carbon mixture. 在Sigma叶片式混合机(Teledyne)中进行约1小时的进一步混合。 Further mixed for about one hour in the Sigma blade mixer (a Teledyne) in. 然后加水来将粉末转化成可塑性面团。 Water is then added to the plasticity of the powder is converted into a dough. 加入足够的水以确保塑料混合物足够硬,从而如上所述在挤压后保持其形状。 Enough water is added to ensure that the mixture is sufficiently hard plastic, such as described above to maintain its shape after extrusion. 在此阶段,面团的水分含量通常是42至43% (w/w) 0面团整夜在密封的容器中在室温下陈化。 At this stage, the moisture content of the dough is usually 42 to 43% (w / w) 0 dough overnight aging in a sealed container at room temperature. 挤压燃料杆、切成12毫米长片并如上所述插入“艾里普斯”(ECLIPSE)品牌卷烟中。 Extruded fuel rod, cut into 12 mm long pieces and into the "Airy Phillips" (the ECLIPSE) brand cigarette described above. 如上所述通过NWR来测量一氧化碳。 As noted above carbon monoxide is measured by NWR. 包含硝酸铜处理的石墨和碳酸钙对比未处理控制导致减少38%的CO。 Graphite containing copper nitrate and calcium carbonate contrast untreated control process results in a reduction of 38% CO.

[0108] 得益于以上描述中所教授的内容,本发明相关的技术领域内的技术人员将会想到对本发明的许多修改和其它实施例。 [0108] content as taught benefit described above, the skilled person in the art to which this invention pertains will come to mind many modifications and other embodiments of the present invention embodiment. 因此,应该理解到,本发明不局限于所揭示的具体实施例,各种修改和其它的实施例都将包含到附后权利要求书的范围之内。 Thus, it should be understood that the invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed embodiments, various modifications and other embodiments are included within the appended claims scope. 尽管这里采用专门的术语,但它们的使用只是一般和描述的含义而并无限制的目的。 Although specific terms are employed herein, they are used in a generic and descriptive sense only and the purpose of limitation.

Claims (31)

1. 一种用于制备吸烟物品的燃料元件的方法,包括:使包括可燃含碳材料的组合物形成适于在吸烟物品中使用的燃料元件;以及使含金属的催化剂前驱体包含到所述燃料元件中或所述燃料元件的表面上以形成已处理的燃料元件,所述包含步骤发生在所述形成步骤之前、之时或之后。 1. A method of preparing a fuel element for a smoking article comprising: the composition comprises a combustible carbonaceous material forming a fuel element adapted for use in a smoking article; and a catalyst comprising metal-containing precursor to the or upper surface of the fuel element in the fuel element to form a treated fuel element, comprising the step occurs before the forming step or after.
2.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述包含步骤包括使所述含金属的催化剂前驱体与所述含碳材料及粘合剂组合以在所述形成步骤之前产生燃料元件组合物。 2. The method according to claim 1, wherein said step comprises comprising the catalyst precursor material and a binder with the metal-containing composition to produce said carbonaceous fuel element prior to the forming step combination.
3.如权利要求2所述的方法,其特征在于,所述燃料元件组合物还包括选自石墨、铝、 烟草粉末、盐的一个或多个附加的成分。 The method according to claim 2, wherein said fuel element further comprises a composition selected from graphite, aluminum, tobacco dust, or a salt of a plurality of additional ingredients.
4.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述包含步骤包括在所述形成步骤之后用所述催化剂前驱体涂覆所述燃料元件的所述表面的至少一部分。 4. The method according to claim 1, wherein, said comprising the step of forming comprises the step of, after at least a portion of the surface of the catalyst precursor coating the fuel element.
5.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,所述包含步骤包括在所述形成步骤之前用填充材料或石墨或两者的组合来混合所述含金属的催化剂前驱体以形成涂覆的填充材料或涂覆的石墨。 5. The method according to claim 1, wherein, said comprising the step of prior to said forming step comprises a combination of a filler material or graphite or a mixture of both the metal-containing catalyst precursor to form a coated filler material or coated graphite.
6.如权利要求5所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括以下步骤:使所述涂覆的填充材料或所述涂覆的石墨或两者的组合与所述含碳材料及粘合剂组合以在所述形成步骤之前产生燃料元件组合物。 6. The method according to claim 5, characterized in that, further comprising the step of: coating the filler material or coated graphite or both in combination with the carbonaceous material and a binder combined to produce a fuel element composition prior to said forming step.
7.如权利要求5所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括煅烧所述涂覆的填充材料或涂覆的石墨或两者的组合以使所述催化剂前驱体转化成催化金属化合物。 7. The method according to claim 5, wherein the composition further comprises calcining the coated filler material or coated graphite or both, so that the catalyst precursor be converted into a catalytic metal compound.
8.如权利要求5所述的方法,其特征在于,所述包含步骤包括使所述含金属的催化剂前驱体与碳酸钙组合以在所述形成步骤之前形成涂覆的碳酸钙材料。 8. The method according to claim 5, wherein said step comprises comprising the metal-containing catalyst precursor in combination with calcium carbonate to form a coating prior to the step of forming said calcium carbonate material.
9.如权利要求1至8中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,所述含金属的催化剂前驱体是能够热分解成催化金属化合物的金属盐或有机金属化合物的形式。 9. The method according to claim 8, characterized in that the metal-containing catalyst precursor can be thermally decomposed to form a catalytic metal compound or an organometallic compound of a metal salt.
10.如权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述含金属的催化剂前驱体是选自以下金属盐的形式:柠檬酸盐、硝酸盐、硝酸铵、硫酸盐、氰酸盐、氢化物、氨化物、硫醇盐、碳酸盐、 卤化物。 Citrate, nitrate, ammonium nitrate, sulfate, cyanate, hydride: 10. The method according to claim 9, wherein said metal-containing catalyst precursor is in the form of a metal salt selected from thereof, amides, thiolates, carbonates, halides.
11.如权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述金属选自以下:碱金属,碱土金属, IIIB、IVB、VB、VIB、VIIB、VIIIB、IB和IIB族中的过渡金属,IIIA族元素,IVA族元素,镧系元素,锏系元素。 11. The method according to claim 9, wherein the metal is selected from the following: alkali metal, alkaline earth metal, IIIB, IVB, VB, VIB, VIIB, VIIIB, IB and IIB transition metals, IIIA elements, IVA elements, lanthanides, mace series element.
12.如权利要求9所述的方法,其特征在于,所述含金属的催化剂前驱体选自以下:硝酸铁、硝酸铜、硝酸铈、硝酸铵铈、硝酸锰、硝酸镁、硝酸锌及其组合。 12. The method according to claim 9, wherein said metal-containing catalyst precursor is selected from: iron nitrate, copper nitrate, cerium nitrate, cerium ammonium nitrate, manganese nitrate, magnesium nitrate, zinc nitrate, and combination.
13.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括在惰性气氛下以足够使所述催化剂前驱体转化成催化金属化合物的温度和时间加热或照射所述已处理的燃料元件。 13. The method according to claim 1, characterized in further comprising inert atmosphere sufficient to cause the catalyst precursor is converted into the temperature and time of heating or catalytic metal compound of the irradiated fuel element has been processed.
14.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括将VIIIB族催化金属化合物包含到所述燃料元件中或所述燃料元件的所述表面上,所述包含步骤发生在所述形成步骤之前、 之时或之后。 14. The method according to claim 1, characterized by further comprising a Group VIIIB catalytic metal compound incorporated into the fuel element in or on the surface of the fuel element, comprising said forming step occurs in the before step, when or after.
15.如权利要求1所述的方法,其特征在于,包括以下步骤:混合所述含碳材料、粘合剂、铝或石墨和金属盐形式的所述含金属的催化剂前驱体以形成燃料元件混合物;使所述燃料元件混合物形成适于在吸烟物品中使用的可燃燃料元件杆;以及有选择地在惰性气氛下以足够使所述催化剂前驱体转化成氧化物形式的催化金属化合物的温度和时间加热所述燃料元件杆。 15. The method according to claim 1, characterized by comprising the steps of: mixing the catalyst precursor of the carbonaceous material, a binder, and graphite, aluminum or metal containing metal salt to form a fuel element mixture; said fuel element mixture forms a combustible fuel element rod adapted for use in a smoking article; and for the selective conversion of the precursor to the oxide form at a temperature and under an inert atmosphere at a sufficient catalytic metal compound the catalyst the time of the heating element of the fuel rod.
16.如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于,所述催化剂前驱体是硝酸铈。 16. The method according to claim 15, wherein said catalyst precursor is cerium nitrate.
17.如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于,所述形成步骤包括将所述燃料元件混合物挤压成杆形。 17. The method according to claim 15, wherein said forming step includes the fuel mixture is extruded into a rod-shaped element.
18.如权利要求15所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括将VIIIB族催化金属化合物混合入所述燃料元件混合物。 18. The method according to claim 15, characterized by further comprising a Group VIIIB catalytic metal compound into the fuel element mixture.
19.如权利要求1至18中任一项所述的方法,其特征在于,还包括将所述燃料元件包含到吸烟物品中。 19. The method according to claim 18, characterized in that, further comprising a fuel element incorporated into a smoking article.
20. 一种燃料元件,所述燃料元件是适于包含到吸烟物品中的形式,所述燃料元件包括可燃含碳材料和含金属的催化剂前驱体。 20. A fuel element, the fuel element is adapted to form a smoking article comprising, the fuel element comprises a combustible carbonaceous material and a metal-containing catalyst precursor.
21.如权利要求20所述的燃料元件,其特征在于,所述催化剂前驱体以叠在所述燃料元件的表面的至少一部分上的覆盖层的形式存在。 21. The fuel element according to claim 20, wherein the catalyst precursor is present in the form of a cover layer laminated on at least part of the surface of the fuel element.
22.如权利要求20所述的燃料元件,其特征在于,所述催化剂前驱体分散在所述燃料元件内的整个含碳材料中。 22. The fuel element according to claim 20, wherein the carbonaceous material throughout the catalyst precursor is dispersed within the fuel element.
23.如权利要求20所述的燃料元件,其特征在于,所述含金属的催化剂前驱体是能够热分解成催化金属化合物的有机金属化合物或金属盐的形式。 23. The fuel element according to claim 20, wherein said metal-containing catalyst precursor capable of thermal decomposition to a catalytic metal compound in the form of an organic metal compound or metal salt.
24.如权利要求20所述的燃料元件,其特征在于,所述含金属的催化剂前驱体中的金属选自以下:碱金属,碱土金属,IIIB、IVB、VB、VIB、VIIB、VIIIB、IB和IIB族中的过渡金属,IIIA族元素,IVA族元素,镧系元素,锕系元素。 24. The fuel element according to claim 20, wherein said metal-containing catalyst precursor is a metal selected from the following: alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, IIIB, IVB, VB, VIB, VIIB, VIIIB, IB and IIB transition metal, IIIA group elements, IVA elements, lanthanides, actinides.
25.如权利要求20所述的燃料元件,其特征在于,所述含金属的催化剂前驱体选自以下:硝酸铁、硝酸铜、硝酸铈、硝酸铵铈、硝酸锰、硝酸镁、硝酸锌及其组合。 25. The fuel element according to claim 20, wherein said metal-containing catalyst precursor is selected from: iron nitrate, copper nitrate, cerium nitrate, cerium ammonium nitrate, manganese nitrate, magnesium nitrate, zinc nitrate and a combination thereof.
26.如权利要求20所述的燃料元件,其特征在于,还包括VIIIB族催化金属化合物。 26. A fuel element according to claim 20, characterized by further comprising a Group VIIIB catalytic metal compound.
27.如权利要求20所述的燃料元件,其特征在于,所述含金属的催化剂前驱体通过石墨或填充材料颗粒被载带在所述燃料元件内。 27. The fuel element according to claim 20, wherein said metal-containing catalyst precursor by particles of graphite or filler material in said carrier tape fuel element.
28. 一种吸烟物品包括:点燃端;嘴端;浮质形成系统,所述浮质形成系统包括浮质形成段和发热段,所述发热段包括燃料元件,各段物理上分开并处于热交换关系中,其中所述燃料元件包括与由含金属的催化剂前驱体热分解所产生的催化金属化合物或含金属的催化剂前驱体紧密接触的可燃含碳材料。 28. A smoking article comprising: a lighting end; mouth end; aerosol forming system, comprising the aerosol forming system aerosol-generating segment and a heat generation segment, said heat generation segment including a fuel element, a physically separate segments and in the heat exchange relationship, wherein the fuel element comprises a combustible carbonaceous material in intimate contact with a catalytic metal precursor compound from the thermal decomposition of the resulting metal-containing catalyst or metal-containing catalyst precursor.
29.如权利要求观所述的吸烟物品,其特征在于,所述浮质形成段包括甘油、丙二醇或其组合。 Concept 29. The smoking article of claim, wherein the aerosol-generating segment include glycerin, propylene glycol or a combination thereof.
30.如权利要求观所述的吸烟物品,其特征在于,所述含金属的催化剂前驱体中的金属选自以下:碱金属,碱土金属,IIIB、IVB, VB, VIB VIIB、VIIIB、IB和IIB族中的过渡金属,IIIA族元素,IVA族元素,镧系元素,锕系元素。 Concept 30. The smoking article of claim, wherein said metal-containing catalyst precursor is a metal selected from the following: alkali metals, alkaline earth metals, IIIB, IVB, VB, VIB VIIB, VIIIB, IB, and group IIB transition metals, IIIA group elements, IVA elements, lanthanides, actinides.
31.如权利要求观所述的燃料元件,其特征在于,所述含金属的催化剂前驱体选自以下:硝酸铁、硝酸铜、硝酸铈、硝酸铵铈、硝酸锰、硝酸镁、硝酸锌及其组合。 Concept 31. The fuel element according to claim, wherein said metal-containing catalyst precursor is selected from: iron nitrate, copper nitrate, cerium nitrate, cerium ammonium nitrate, manganese nitrate, magnesium nitrate, zinc nitrate and a combination thereof.
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