CN1021123C - Hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace - Google Patents

Hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1021123C
CN1021123C CN 90106577 CN90106577A CN1021123C CN 1021123 C CN1021123 C CN 1021123C CN 90106577 CN90106577 CN 90106577 CN 90106577 A CN90106577 A CN 90106577A CN 1021123 C CN1021123 C CN 1021123C
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hanging
chamber
water
courage
combustion chamber
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN 90106577
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Chinese (zh)
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CN1058838A (en
Inventor
杨立儒
Original Assignee
杨立儒
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Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 杨立儒 filed Critical 杨立儒
Priority to CN 90106577 priority Critical patent/CN1021123C/en
Publication of CN1058838A publication Critical patent/CN1058838A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN1021123C publication Critical patent/CN1021123C/en
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention relates to a hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace. A hanging bladder 9 is arranged at the upper part of a burning chamber 2, and an inner cavity of the hanging bladder 9 is communicated with an outer water chamber 3 by a plurality of communicating pipes 15. A smoke channel 10 is formed at an interlayer between the hanging bladder 9 and the outer water chamber 3, and the smoke channel 10 is communicated with a chimney. The burning chamber 2 is divided into an upper burning chamber 21 and a lower burning chamber 22 by an arranged heated pipe 8. The present invention has the advantages of large heat-exchange surface, violent fire power, complete combustion of fuel, high thermal efficiency, fuel economy, and reduction of atmospheric pollution of the fume.

Description

Hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace
The present invention relates to a kind of hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace, belonging to has the water heater of heat-generating device class.
Present widely used exceedingly high formula water boiler, comprise cylindrical outer wall, combustion chamber, fire door, fire grate, ashcan, outer water chamber, flue, chimney, water inlet, discharge outlet, interface of the level gauge, hot water outlet, its flue is a cylindrical cavity, be located at the top, combustion chamber, outer water chamber then is enclosed within combustion chamber and flue periphery.The weak point of this structure is that solid-fuelled burning is abundant inadequately, thereby a large amount of black smoke pollution atmosphere of emerging, and heat exchange area is little, and black smoke has been taken away a large amount of heats, causes the thermal efficiency low, wastes energy.
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace device, heat exchange area is increased greatly, and burning can fully be burnt, improving the thermal efficiency, fuel savings, and reduce pollution to atmosphere.
The objective of the invention is to reach as follows: a kind of hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace, comprise outer wall, the combustion chamber, outer water chamber, fire grate, fire door, ashcan, chimney, the interface of the level gauge that on outer wall, is provided with, water inlet, hot water outlet, steam (vapor) outlet, discharge outlet, above the combustion chamber, also be provided with one and hang courage, hanging courage is a toot, hang gallbladder intracavity and outer water chamber by being connected some communicating pipes, communicating pipe also play support fixation and hang courage, the interlayer chamber of hanging between courage and the outer water chamber forms a flue, the flue top communicates with chimney, increased heat exchange area so greatly, the flue area reduces, it is many that the heat of being taken away by flue gas has been reduced, thereby can improve the thermal efficiency, energy savings.Arrange some heat pipes at the middle part, combustion chamber, the combustion chamber is divided into upper combustion chamber and lower combustion chamber, they are respectively equipped with upper furnace door and lower furnace door, and heat pipe communicates with outer water chamber, has both increased heat exchange area, plays the fire grate effect again.Coarse coal burns in upper combustion chamber during burning, burns broken or original cinder, coal dust drain to lower combustion chamber's burning, and the fuel gas that its burning generates and particulate rise to upper combustion chamber again and form second-time burning, thereby make fuel after-flame fully; From chimney emerge white cigarette rather than black smoke, both fuel savings reduced flue gas again to atmosphere pollution at last.
Purpose of the present invention can also following mode reach: the above-mentioned courage tapering that hangs is 1: (10-20).Flue preferably its sectional area reduces from bottom to top gradually, to improve the suction to flue gas.The communicating pipe of foregoing invention can be provided with 3~5 hanging courage top, is provided with 2-5 hanging the courage middle part, is provided with 3-5 to guarantee outer water chamber and the circulation of hanging water between the courage hanging the courage bottom, and hanging courage is that little bottom, top is big.
The present invention is as follows than the advantage of prior art:
1. both coal can be burnt, also faggot etc. can be burnt; Both can be used for boiling water, also can be used as burning in boiler steam.
2. hang courage and be located at the top, combustion chamber, directly contact the high-temperature region on flame top, and increased heat exchange area, so the thermal efficiency can improve 1-2 doubly, fuel savings.
3. double combustion chamber structure of the present invention increases heat exchange area, and makes fuel combustion abundant, and firepower manganese, black smoke become white cigarette, and energy savings reduces the pollution to atmosphere.
The accompanying drawing drawing is described as follows:
Fig. 1 is the structure cutaway view of an embodiment of the present invention.
The present invention will be described in further detail as follows in conjunction with the accompanying drawings: a kind of hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace, with reference to Fig. 1, comprise outer wall 1, combustion chamber 2, outer water chamber 3, fire grate 4, ashcan 5, fire door 6, chimney 7, outer wall is provided with interface of the level gauge 11, water inlet 12, hot water outlet 13, discharge outlet 14, steam (vapor) outlet 16, combustion chamber 2 is divided into upper combustion chamber 21 by heat pipe 8, lower combustion chamber 22, the lower furnace door 672 that fire door 6 is included as upper furnace door 61 that upper combustion chamber 21 establishes and establishes for lower combustion chamber 22, heat pipe 8 is arranged in a row, be connected with outer water chamber 3, be full of water in the pipe, leave the space between each heat pipe 8, can make little cinder, coal dust drains to lower combustion chamber's 22 burnings from upper combustion chamber 21.Above upper combustion chamber 21, be provided with taper shape and hang courage 9, it is fixing and be connected with outer water chamber 3 by communicating pipe 15 to hang courage 9, be provided with 4 communicating pipe 15 hanging courage 9 tops, establish 2 communicating pipe 15 at the middle part, 4 communicating pipe 15 is established in the bottom, and the tapering that hangs courage 9 is 1: 13, and the interlayer chamber of hanging between courage 9 and the outer water chamber 3 forms annular flue 10, its sectional area reduces from the bottom up gradually, to increase the suction to flue gas.Contrast test shows, burns 250 kilograms of boiling water, and old-fashioned exceedingly high stove burnt 13.2 kilograms in coal with 1 hour 20 minutes, the thermal efficiency is 22%, uses the utility model hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace, burns 265 kilograms of boiling water, with 40 minutes, burn 5.0 kilograms in coal, the thermal efficiency is 64%, economizes on coal 62%.

Claims (4)

1, a kind of hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace, comprise outer wall 1, combustion chamber 2, outer water chamber 3, fire grate 4, ashcan 5, fire door 6, chimney 7, outer wall 1 is provided with interface of the level gauge 11, water inlet 12, hot water outlet 13, discharge outlet 14, steam (vapor) outlet 16, it is characterized in that: above combustion chamber 2, be provided with one and hang courage 9, hanging courage 9 is a toot, its inner chamber is by being connected with outer water chamber 3 some communicating pipes 15, and the interlayer chamber of hanging between courage 9 and the outer water chamber 3 forms flue 10, and flue 10 communicates with chimney; 2 middle parts are being arranged heat pipe 8 combustion chamber 2 are being divided into upper combustion chamber 21 and lower combustion chamber 22 in the combustion chamber, and they are respectively equipped with upper furnace door 61 and lower furnace door 62, and heat pipe 8 is connected with outer water chamber 3.
2, by the described hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace of claim 1, it is characterized in that: the tapering that hangs courage 9 is 1: (10-20), hanging courage is that little bottom, top is big.
3, by claim 1 or 2 described hanging bladder energy-saving water furnaces, it is characterized in that: the sectional area of flue 10 reduces from the bottom up gradually.
4, by claim 1 or 2 described hanging bladder energy-saving water furnaces, it is characterized in that: be provided with 3-5 communicating pipe 15 on the top of hanging courage 9, be provided with 2~5 hanging the courage middle part, be provided with 3-5 hanging the courage bottom.
CN 90106577 1990-08-04 1990-08-04 Hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace Expired - Fee Related CN1021123C (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 90106577 CN1021123C (en) 1990-08-04 1990-08-04 Hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 90106577 CN1021123C (en) 1990-08-04 1990-08-04 Hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN1058838A CN1058838A (en) 1992-02-19
CN1021123C true CN1021123C (en) 1993-06-09

Family

ID=4880165

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN 90106577 Expired - Fee Related CN1021123C (en) 1990-08-04 1990-08-04 Hanging bladder energy-saving water furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN1021123C (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102967046A (en) * 2012-12-03 2013-03-13 李国栋 Double-pot boiler with high energy efficiency

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN1058838A (en) 1992-02-19

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