CN102110542A - Keyboard with back-lighted ultra-durable keys - Google Patents

Keyboard with back-lighted ultra-durable keys Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102110542A
CN102110542A CN2010106232451A CN201010623245A CN102110542A CN 102110542 A CN102110542 A CN 102110542A CN 2010106232451 A CN2010106232451 A CN 2010106232451A CN 201010623245 A CN201010623245 A CN 201010623245A CN 102110542 A CN102110542 A CN 102110542A
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China
Prior art keywords
layer
key
light
top
intermediate layer
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CN2010106232451A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102110542B (en
Inventor
埃里克·徐
埃里克·苏
巴普蒂斯特·梅尔米诺德
彼得·马
耶罗·陈
莱纳斯·简
阿龙·李
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罗技欧洲公司
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Priority to US12/647,543 priority Critical patent/US8870477B2/en
Priority to US12/647,543 priority
Application filed by 罗技欧洲公司 filed Critical 罗技欧洲公司
Publication of CN102110542A publication Critical patent/CN102110542A/en
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Publication of CN102110542B publication Critical patent/CN102110542B/en

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Abstract

The application case refers to a keyboard with back-lighted ultra-durable keys. A key for a keyboard includes a keycap having a top surface configured to be contacted for pressing the key down, and having a bottom. The keycap is substantially transparent. An intermediate layer is coupled to the bottom of the keycap. The intermediate layer is translucent and includes a top and a bottom. The top of the intermediate layer faces the bottom of the keycap. A character layer is positioned between the bottom of the keycap and the top of the intermediate layer. A resilient member is coupled to the bottom of the intermediate layer. The resilient member is translucent and is configured to direct light through the intermediate layer, through the character layer, and out from the keycap. The character layer is configured to be lighted for viewing through the keycap.

Description

具有背照式超耐用键的键盘 A keyboard having a back-illuminated ultra-durable bond

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及用于计算机系统的外围装置。 [0001] The present invention relates to a peripheral device for a computer system. 更特定来说,本发明涉及一种具有背照式超耐用键的键盘。 More particularly, the present invention relates to a keyboard having a backside illuminated ultra-durable bond.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 计算机的使用充斥各处,且在全世界范围内正变得越来越普遍。 [0002] the use of computers flooded everywhere and all over the world are becoming more common. 众多的计算机连同其伴随外围装置用于多用户环境中,例如网吧、学校、学院等。 Many computer peripheral devices along with its companion for multi-user environments, such as Internet cafes, schools, colleges and so on. 尤其是在多用户环境(其中计算机及伴随外围装置由并不拥有其的用户使用)中,外围装置(例如键盘及鼠标)的使用可相当频繁且对所述装置是粗暴的。 Especially in a multiuser environment (computer and associated peripheral devices which are not owned by the user thereof), a peripheral device (e.g., keyboard and mouse) can be quite frequent and rough to the device. 因此,外围装置且特定来说例如键盘的输入装置经受显著的磨损。 Accordingly, and in particular peripheral devices such as a keyboard input device is subjected to significant wear. 特定“重”用户会使磨损加剧,例如可非常快地损坏例如键盘的外围装置的游戏玩家。 Special "heavy" users will wear increased, for example, can damage the peripheral devices such as game players keyboard very quickly.

[0003] 对键盘的损坏的具体实例包含:⑴在非常短的时间之后(例如,仅几个周),键印字经常部分地或全部地被擦除;(ii)灰尘或其它外来材料(例如,食物颗粒、烟灰、液体等等)进入键盘中的键之间,从而经常导致功能故障;及(iii)在短时间之后(例如,仅几个周),键开关被破坏。 Specific examples [0003] damage to the keyboard comprising: ⑴ after a very short time (e.g., only a few weeks), the key marking often partially or totally erased; (ii) dirt or other foreign material (e.g. , food particles, soot, liquid, etc.) between the key into the keypad, thereby frequently resulting in malfunctions; and (iii) after a short time (e.g., only a few weeks), the key switch is destroyed.

[0004] 鉴于前文所论述的键盘局限性,需要新的键盘及类似装置,其中所述键盘的键为背照式、耐用的,且键印字不会随着粗暴且延长的使用而被擦除。 [0004] In view of the limitations discussed keyboard, a new keyboard and the like, wherein the keys of the keyboard is back-illuminated, durable, and will not bond with gross printing and prolonged use is erased .

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明涉及用于计算机系统的外围装置。 [0005] The present invention relates to a peripheral device for a computer system. 更特定来说,本发明涉及一种具有背照式超耐用键的键盘。 More particularly, the present invention relates to a keyboard having a backside illuminated ultra-durable bond.

[0006] 根据本发明的一个实施例,一种用于键盘的键包含键帽,所述键帽具有配置为经接触以用于向下按压所述键的顶部表面且具有底部。 [0006] According to an embodiment of the present invention a keyboard comprising keys for the key cap to the key cap through the contact having a configuration for pressing down the top surface of the key and having a bottom. 所述键帽为大致透明的。 The key top is substantially transparent. 中间层耦合到所述键帽的所述底部。 The intermediate layer is coupled to the bottom of the keycap. 所述中间层为半透明的且包含顶部及底部。 The intermediate layer is translucent and comprises a top and a bottom. 所述中间层的所述顶部面向所述键帽的所述底部。 The top of the intermediate layer facing the bottom of the keycap. 字符层定位于所述键帽的所述底部与所述中间层的所述顶部之间。 The character layer positioned between the top of the bottom of the keycap and the intermediate layer. 弹性部件耦合到所述中间层的所述底部。 An elastic member coupled to said bottom of said intermediate layer. 所述弹性部件为半透明的且经配置以引导光穿过所述中间层、穿过所述字符层且从所述键帽向外引导所述光。 The elastic member is translucent and is configured to direct light through the intermediate layer, the character layer through the key top and guiding the light from the outside. 所述字符层配置为经照亮以用于通过所述键帽来观看。 The character layer was configured to be illuminated for the view through the key cap.

[0007] 根据所述键的一个具体实施例,所述弹性部件耦合到具有漫射元件的光导。 [0007] According to one particular embodiment of the key, the resilient member is coupled to the light guide has a diffusing element. 所述漫射元件以光学方式耦合到所述弹性部件且经配置以将光从所述光导引导到所述弹性部件中。 The diffusing element optically coupled to the resilient member and configured to direct light from the light guide into the resilient member. 所述漫射元件包含透镜或粗糙表面。 The diffusing element comprises a lens or a rough surface. 所述光导以光学方式耦合到经配置以将光发送到所述光导中的光产生装置。 The light guide optically coupled to the light configured to transmit light to the light guide generating means. 所述光产生装置可包含一组发光二极管。 The generating means may comprise a set of light emitting diodes.

[0008] 根据所述键的另一具体实施例,所述键帽的所述底部包含对应于所述字符层的中心部分及一组侧部分,且所述键帽的所述侧部分包含经配置以将所述中间层以机械方式耦合到所述键帽的一组突出部。 [0008] According to another particular embodiment of the key, the bottom of the key cap layer comprising a character corresponding to the central portion and a set of side portion and the side portion of the key top by comprising a projection arranged to set the intermediate layer is mechanically coupled to the key cap. 所述字符层可位于所述中间层的所述顶部上或位于所述键帽的所述底部上。 The character layer may be located on top of the intermediate layer or located on the bottom of the keycap. 所述字符层包含涂料层,所述涂料层中形成有字符。 The character layer comprises a coating layer, the coating layer is formed characters. 所述字符可以是通过激光蚀刻形成的。 The character may be formed by laser etching. 根据一个实施例,所述字符层包含第一涂料层及第二涂料层,且所述第一涂料层与所述第二涂料层具有对比色彩。 According to one embodiment, the character layer comprises a first coating layer and a second paint layer, and the first coating layer and the second coating layer have contrasting colors.

[0009] 根据所述键的另一具体实施例,所述中间层包含光分散材料。 [0009] According to another particular embodiment of the key, said intermediate layer comprising a light-dispersing material. 所述光分散材料可包含氧化钛、纳米粒子或气泡。 The light dispersing material may contain titanium oxide, nano particles or air bubbles. 所述中间层的所述顶部可为粗糙的以分散从所述顶部散发的光。 The top of the intermediate layer may be roughened to disperse the light emitted from the top.

[0010] 根据一个实施例,一种用于键盘的键包含键帽及耦合到所述键帽的中间层。 [0010] According to one embodiment, a keyboard comprises a key for the intermediate layer and the keycap is coupled to the key cap. 字符层定位于所述键帽与所述中间层之间。 The character layer positioned between the keycap and the intermediate layer. 弹性部件耦合到所述中间层且经配置以在所述弹性部件变形的情况下推动所述中间层。 An elastic member coupled to the intermediate layer and the intermediate layer is to push in case of deformation of the elastic member is configured. 所述弹性部件经配置以引导光穿过所述中间层、穿过所述字符层且从所述键帽向外引导所述光。 The elastic member is configured to direct light through the intermediate layer, the character layer through the key top and guiding the light from the outside. 所述字符层配置为经照亮以用于通过所述键帽来观看。 The character layer was configured to be illuminated for the view through the key cap.

[0011] 根据一个实施例,一种键盘包含多个键。 [0011] According to one embodiment, a keyboard comprises a plurality of keys. 每一键包含:i)键帽;ii)中间层,其耦合到所述键帽;iii)字符层,其定位于所述键帽与所述中间层之间;及iv)弹性部件,其耦合到所述中间层且经配置以在所述弹性部件变形的情况下推动所述中间层。 Each key comprising: i) keycap; ii) an intermediate layer, coupled to said key top; iii) the character layer, which is positioned between the keycap and the intermediate layer; and iv) an elastic member, which coupled to the intermediate layer and the intermediate layer is to push in case of deformation of the elastic member is configured. 所述键盘进一步包含具有多个漫射元件的光导。 The keypad further comprises a light guide having a plurality of diffusion elements. 所述多个漫射元件分别以光学方式耦合到多个弹性部件。 The plurality of diffusion elements are optically coupled to the plurality of elastic members. 所述漫射元件经配置以进行以下操作:i)将光从所述光导引导到所述弹性部件中,ii)引导所述光穿过所述中间层,iii)引导所述光穿过所述字符层及iV)从所述键帽向外引导所述光。 The diffusing elements are configured to perform the following operations of: i) light from the light guide to the elastic member, ii) directing the light through the intermediate layer, iii) directing the light through the said character layer and the iV) guiding said light from said key top outwardly. 所述字符层配置为经照亮以用于通过所述键帽来观看。 The character layer was configured to be illuminated for the view through the key cap.

[0012] 根据一个实施例,一种用于键盘的键包含顶部板,其为大致透明的且配置为经接触以用于向下按压所述键。 [0012] According to one embodiment, a key for a keyboard comprising a top plate, which is substantially transparent and is configured for contacting by pressing the down key. 中间层耦合到所述顶部板的底部。 The intermediate layer is coupled to the bottom of the top plate. 所述中间层为半透明的且包含顶部及底部。 The intermediate layer is translucent and comprises a top and a bottom. 所述中间层的所述顶部面向所述顶部板的所述底部。 The top of the intermediate layer facing the bottom of the top plate. 所述键的侧部分环绕所述顶部板的侧部分及所述中间层的侧部分的至少一部分。 Side portion of the bond surrounding the side portion of the intermediate layer and the side portion of the top plate at least a portion. 字符层定位于所述顶部板的所述底部与所述中间层的所述顶部之间。 The character layer is positioned between said top plate and said bottom of said top of said intermediate layer. 弹性部件耦合到所述中间层的所述底部。 An elastic member coupled to said bottom of said intermediate layer. 所述弹性部件为半透明的且经配置以引导光穿过所述中间层、穿过所述字符层且从所述顶部板向外引导所述光。 The elastic member is translucent and is configured to direct light through the intermediate layer, the character layer and through the plate from the top of the light guide outwardly. 所述字符层配置为经照亮以用于通过所述键帽来观看。 The character layer was configured to be illuminated for the view through the key cap. 根据一个具体实施例,所述顶部板包含安置于所述字符层上方的透明层及安置于所述字符层下方的半透明涂料层。 According to a particular embodiment, the top panel comprises a transparent layer disposed over the layer of the character and the character layer disposed under the translucent coating layers. 所述顶部板可包含安置于所述字符层与所述中间层之间的胶层,且所述胶层可经配置以将所述顶部板耦合到所述中间层。 The top plate may comprise a character layer disposed between the intermediate layer and the adhesive layer and the adhesive layer may be coupled to the top panel to the intermediate layer is configured. 或者,所述顶部板经配置而以机械方式耦合到中间板。 Alternatively, the top plate configured to be mechanically coupled to the intermediate plate.

[0013] 根据一个实施例,一种键盘包含多个键,其中每一键包含耦合到其的字符层。 [0013] According to one embodiment, a keyboard comprises a plurality of keys, wherein each key contains the thereto coupled to the character layer. 光导安置于所述键下方。 The light guide is disposed below the key. 所述光导经配置以将光引导到所述键中且引导所述光穿过所述字符层以照亮所述字符层以用于由用户来观看。 The light guide configured to guide the light to the keys and guiding the light passing through said layer to illuminate the characters for the character layer be viewed by the user. 所述光导包含面向所述键的顶部表面及背对所述键的底部表而。 The light guide comprising a top surface facing the bottom of the table facing away from the key and the key being. 多个环结构安置于所述底部表面上且从所述底部表面延伸。 A plurality of ring structures disposed on the bottom surface and extending from the bottom surface. 每一环结构安置于所述键中的一者下面。 Each ring structure disposed in one of the following keys. 根据一个具体实施例,所述多个环结构与所述光导整体形成。 According to a particular embodiment, the whole of the plurality of ring structures formed with the light guide. 根据替代实施例,所述多个环结构为涂料层。 According to an alternative embodiment, the ring structure is a plurality of coating layers. 每一环结构可具有曲线形的表面,且所述曲线可为抛物线。 Each ring structure may have a curved surface and the curve may be a parabola.

[0014] 所述环结构中的每一者经配置以将光从所述光导的底部向上引导到所述光导的本体中且穿过所述光导的所述顶部表面向外引导所述光以照射所述键。 [0014] The top surface of each of the ring structure is configured to direct light from the bottom up to the light guide body of the light guide and through the light guide guiding the light to the outside irradiating the key. 若干多个表面特征可安置于所述底部表面上且从所述底部表面延伸。 Several plurality of surface features may be disposed on the bottom surface and extending from the bottom surface. 所述环特征中的每一者环绕所述若干多个表面特征中的一者。 Wherein each of the ring surrounding the plurality of the plurality of surface features of one. 所述表面特征中的每一者具有曲线形表面,所述曲线形表面可为抛物线。 The features of each surface having a curved surface, the curved surface may be a parabola.

[0015] 结合以下文本及附图更详细地描述本发明的这些及其它实施例。 [0015] and the following text in conjunction with these and other embodiments of the present invention will be described in more detail with the accompanying drawings. 附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0016] 图1是根据本发明的一个实施例的键的简化示意图; [0016] FIG. 1 is a simplified schematic diagram of the key according to one embodiment of the present invention;

[0017] 图2A是下表面上不具有任何涂料的键帽的下表面的简化视图; [0017] Figure 2A is a simplified view does not have any lower keycap surface coating on the lower surface;

[0018] 图2B是下表面上形成有第一涂料层的下表面的简化视图; [0018] FIG. 2B is a simplified view of a first coating layer is formed on the lower surface of the lower surface;

[0019] 图2C是其中第一涂料层中形成(例如,通过激光蚀刻)有字符(例如,字符“A”) 的下表面的简化视图; [0019] FIG. 2C is a simplified view in which (e.g., by laser etching) with a character (e.g., character "A") is formed in the lower surface of the first coating layer;

[0020] 图2D到图2F是在键帽的下表面a上形成第一涂料层110及第二涂料层110的时序顺序的事件; [0020] FIGS. 2D to 2F are timing event sequence of a first coating layer 110 and the second coating layer 110 is formed on the lower surface of a key top;

[0021] 图3是根据本发明的另一实施例的键的分解视图; [0021] FIG. 3 is an exploded view of the key according to another embodiment of the present invention;

[0022] 图4是根据本发明的另一实施例的键的简化示意图; [0022] FIG. 4 is a simplified schematic diagram of the key according to another embodiment of the present invention;

[0023] 图5是根据本发明的另一实施例的键的简化横截面图; [0023] FIG. 5 is a simplified cross-sectional view of the key according to another embodiment of the present invention;

[0024] 图6是根据本发明的一个实施例的顶部板的另一详细示意图; [0024] FIG. 6 is a detailed schematic diagram of another embodiment of a top plate in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention;

[0025] 图7是根据本发明的另一实施例的键盘的一部分的简化横截面图; [0025] FIG. 7 is a simplified cross-sectional view of a portion of a keyboard according to another embodiment of the present invention;

[0026] 图8是根据本发明的一个实施例的可安置于键下方的多个表面特征的透视图;且 [0026] FIG. 8 is a perspective view of a plurality of surface features below the key may be disposed in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention; and

[0027] 图9是光导的一部分的扩展视图且显示若干个键位置的表面特征。 [0027] FIG. 9 is an expanded view of a portion of the light guide and the display surface wherein a plurality of key position.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0028] 本发明提供一种用于计算机系统的外围装置。 [0028] The present invention provides a peripheral device for a computer system. 更特定来说,本发明提供一种具有超耐用键的键盘。 More particularly, the present invention provides a keyboard having an ultra-durable bond.

[0029] 本发明的一个方面涉及使键盘的键上的印字保持而不磨掉。 [0029] One aspect of the invention relates to a print key on the keyboard without holding worn. 所述键上的印字包含字符、符号及提供关于键在由用户按压时执行的功能的信息的文本。 Printing on said key includes characters, symbols, and text providing information about the function keys executed when pressed by the user. 在一个实施例中,此通过以下方式来实现:不使用户的手指直接触摸常规键盘上的印字而是在印字与键的由用户的手指接触的部分之间具有保护覆盖物。 In one embodiment, this is achieved by the following ways: without making the user's finger directly touches the keyboard, but printing on a conventional protective covering having a contact portion between the printing by the user's finger and the key. 所述保护覆盖物可以是透明的或半透明的,使得用户可通过所述保护覆盖物看见键上的印字。 The protective cover may be transparent or translucent so that a user can see through the protective covering on the printing key. 根据一个实施例,所述印字为背照式使得印字中的字符在低光环境中可为可见的。 According to one embodiment, the printing such that a back-illuminated printing characters in a low light environment may be visible.

[0030] 图1是根据本发明的一个实施例的键100的简化示意图。 [0030] FIG. 1 is a simplified schematic diagram of the key 100 in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. 键100可经配置以用于与键盘或类似装置一起使用。 Key 100 may be used with a keyboard or the like for the device is configured. 键100包含键帽105,其中用户的手指无法直接触摸字符层110,使得所述字符层中的印刷字符将不会随着与用户的手指的重复接触而被擦除。 Key 100 comprises a key cap 105, where the user's finger can not directly touch the character layer 110, such that the character of the character printed layer will not be repeated contact with the user's finger is erased. 更具体来说,键100包含键帽105、字符层110、中间层115、弹性部件120、漫射层125、光导130及经配置以将光发送到所述光导中的光源135(例如,一组发光二极管)。 More specifically, the key 100 comprises a key cap 105, the character layer 110, intermediate layer 115, an elastic member 120, diffusion layer 125, the light guide 130 and configured to transmit light to the light guide source 135 (e.g., a group of light-emitting diodes). 本文中所提及的一组包含一个或一个以上元件。 A group comprising one or more elements and referred to herein.

[0031] 键帽105形成所述键的上部部分且可为透明的或大致半透明的。 [0031] Cap 105 is formed an upper portion of the key and may be transparent or substantially translucent. 键帽105可由塑料或类似材料等形成。 Cap 105 may be formed of plastic or similar material. 根据一个实施例,字符层110可安置于所述键帽的“下”表面10¾ 上。 The upper surface of 10¾ "lower" one embodiment, the character layer 110 may be disposed on the key caps. 字符层110可包含至少第一涂料层及第二涂料层。 The character layer 110 may comprise at least a first layer and a second coating layer coating. 所述第一涂料层可以是可喷涂、印刷(例如,移印)等到键105的下表面10¾上的嘿色涂料层。 The first coating layer may be spraying, printing (e.g., pad) until the lower surface of the key 105 of 10¾ Hey colored paint layer. 根据一个实施例,所述第一涂料层可经蚀刻(例如通过激光)以在所述第一涂料层中形成字符。 According to one embodiment, the first coating layer (e.g., a laser) to form a character in the first coating layer is etched. 所述字符可以是通常存在于键盘的键上的任何字符。 The character may be any character typically present in the keys on the keyboard. 所属领域的技术人员将理解,所述光导可在键盘上的若干个键下方延伸且将光提供到所述键。 Those skilled in the art will appreciate that, the light guide may extend beneath a plurality of keys on the keyboard and providing light to the key.

[0032] 图2A到图2C是在键帽105上形成第一涂料层1 IOa及在所述第一涂料层中形成字符IlOb的时序顺序的事件。 [0032] FIGS. 2A to 2C are formed in the first coating layer IOa 1 is formed on the key top 105 and the sequence of events in the sequence of characters IlOb the first coating layer. 更具体来说,图2A是在下表面105a上不具有涂料的键帽105 的简化仰视图。 More specifically, FIG. 2A having no coating on the lower surface 105a of a simplified bottom view of the key top 105. 图2B是在下表面105a上形成有第一涂料层IlOa的键帽105的简化仰视图。 2B is a first paint layer IlOa the keycaps 105a formed on the lower surface of the bottom 105 of the simplified. 图2C是其中第一涂料层中形成有字符IlOb(例如,字符“A”)的键帽105的简化仰视图。 FIG 2C is a character IlOb (e.g., character "A") wherein the key cap is formed first coating layer 105 of a simplified bottom view of FIG. 可通过激光蚀刻或类似技术来形成所述字符。 The characters may be formed by laser etching or the like. 根据一个具体实施例,所述第二涂料层是形成于所述第一涂料层上方的白色涂料层。 According to a particular embodiment, the second coating layer is formed on a first layer of white paint over the paint layer. 可在于所述第一涂料层中蚀刻所述字符之后在所述第一涂料层上方喷涂所述第二涂料层。 After that the first coating layer may be etched in the character of the second spray coating layer over the first coating layer.

[0033] 图2D到图2F是在键帽105的下表面105a上形成第一涂料层1 IOa及第二涂料层IlOc的时序顺序的事件。 [0033] FIGS. 2D to 2F are timing sequentially forming a first coating layer and the second coating layer 1 IOa IlOc 105a on the lower surface of the key top 105 events. 图2D到图2F中的每一者包含所述键帽的俯视图及仰视图。 Figure 2D to a top view and a bottom view of FIG. 2F each containing the key cap. 图2D到图2F中的每一者中的键帽的顶部图像(朝向页面的顶部)是所述键帽的仰视图,且图2D到图2F中的每一者中的底部图像(朝向页面的底部)是所述键帽的俯视图。 Figure 2D image to the top of each of the key top in FIG. 2F (toward the top of the page) is a bottom view of the key top, and bottom of FIG. 2D to each of the image in FIG. 2F (toward the page bottom) is a plan view of the key cap. 更具体来说,图2D显示形成于键帽的下表面上的第一涂料层110a。 More specifically, Figure 2D shows the first coating layer 110a is formed on the lower surface of the keycaps. 图2E显示形成于第一涂料层中的字符110b。 Figure 2E shows the character 110b is formed on the first coating layer. 图2F显示形成于第一涂料层IlOA上方的第二涂料层110c。 FIG. 2F show a second coating layer 110c formed on the top of the first paint layer IlOA. 至少在形成于所述第一涂料层中的字符上方形成所述第二涂料层。 At least above the characters formed on the first coating layer forming the second coating layer.

[0034] 再次参考图1,中间层115可耦合到所述键帽以将所述字符层包封于所述键帽的下表面105a与所述中间层的“上”表面115a之间。 [0034] Referring again to FIG 1, the intermediate layer 115 may be coupled to the "on" to the surface of the encapsulating keycap 105a and the lower surface of the intermediate layer, the character layer between the keycap 115a. 叫通过胶、超声波焊接或类似技术来接合键帽105与中间层115。 Called the keycap 105 bonded to the intermediate layer 115 by gluing, ultrasonic welding or the like. 根据一个具体实施例,键帽105包含安置于键帽105的侧105b 上的一组连接片145。 According to a particular embodiment, the keycap set 105 comprises a connecting plate 145 disposed on the side of the key top 105 in 105b. 连接片145在形状上可为大体矩形,且可经配置以将中间层115以机械方式耦合到键帽105。 In the connecting piece 145 may be generally rectangular in shape, and the intermediate layer 115 may be mechanically coupled to the key cap 105 is configured.

[0035] 根据替代实施例,可将所述第二涂料层(例如,白色涂料层)喷涂到中间层115的上表面115a上。 [0035] According to alternative embodiments, the second coating layer may be (e.g., white paint layer) is sprayed onto the upper surface of the intermediate layer 115 115a. 根据另一替代实施例,可在所述第二涂料层上方将第一涂料层(例如,嘿色涂料层)喷涂到中间层115的上表面115a上。 According to another alternative embodiment, the coating may be over the second layer of the first coating layer (e.g., a color paint layer hey) sprayed onto the surface of the intermediate layer 115 115a. 此后。 Thereafter. 可蚀刻所述第一涂料层以在所述第一涂料层中形成字符。 The first coating layer may be etched to form a character in the first coating layer. 根据此实施例,整个字符层110可形成于所述中间层的上表面上。 According to this embodiment, the entire character layer 110 may be formed on the upper surface of the intermediate layer.

[0036] 根据另一替代实施例,字符层110包含直接喷涂到中间层的上表面上的第一涂料层。 [0036] According to another alternative embodiment, the character layer 110 comprises a first paint layer is sprayed directly on to the upper surface of the intermediate layer. 可蚀刻所述第一涂料层以在所述涂料层中形成字符。 The first coating layer may be etched to form a character in the coating layer. 所述第一涂料层的色彩可与所述中间层的顶部的色彩形成对比。 The color of the first coating layer may be formed on top of the contrast and color of the intermediate layer.

[0037] 根据一个实施例,弹性部件120由橡胶或类似材料形成且为大致半透明的。 [0037] According to one embodiment, the resilient member 120 formed of rubber or a similar material and is substantially translucent. 所述弹性部件的上部部分耦合到中间层115的下表面115b,且所述弹性部件的下部部分在漫射层125处耦合到光导130。 An upper portion of the elastic member 115b is coupled to the lower surface of the intermediate layer 115, and the lower part of the elastic member 130 is coupled to the light guide 125 at the diffusion layer. 所述弹性部件经配置以在向下按压所述键帽的情况下变形使得所述帽可向下移动。 The elastic member is configured to deform in a case where the key top is pressed downward so that the cap may move downward. 所述弹性部件可经配置以在按压所述键帽之后回弹从而向上往回推动所述键帽。 The resilient member may be configured to spring back after pressing the key top so as to push the keycap back upwardly.

[0038] 漫射层125经配置以将光从所述光导向上引导到所述弹性部件中。 [0038] The diffusing layer 125 is configured to direct light from the light guide into the resilient member. 漫射层125可包含透镜、所述光导的粗糙(经砂磨、经点蚀等)表面或类似物。 Diffusion layer 125 may comprise a lens, the light guide is roughened (by sanding, by pitting, etc.) or the like surface. 所述弹性部件为半透明的且经配置以将光从所述漫射层向上引导到所述中间层中,所述中间层也为半透明的。 The elastic member is translucent and is configured to direct light upwardly from the diffusion layer to the intermediate layer, the intermediate layer is also translucent. 所述中间层经配置以将从所述弹性部件接收的光向上引导穿过上表面115a。 The intermediate layer is configured to receive from the elastic light guiding member upwardly through the upper surface 115a. 根据一个实施例, 上表面115a可以是粗糙表面以增强光在所述上表面处的分散。 According to one embodiment, the upper surface 115a may be a roughened surface to enhance dispersion of light on the surface. 根据其中第二涂料层(例如,白色涂料层)是形成于所述中间层的上表面115a上的具体实施例,所述第二涂料层还可经配置以分散来自所述中间层的光。 The second coating wherein the layers (e.g., white paint layer) is formed on the upper surface 115a on the particular intermediate layer embodiment, the second coating layer may also be configured to disperse light from the intermediate layer. 来自所述中间层的光的分散用于大致均勻地照射形成于所述第一涂料层中的字符。 Light from the dispersion for the intermediate layer is substantially uniformly irradiating the coating layer formed on the first characters.

[0039] 根据另一实施例,所述中间层可包含光分散材料(未显示)。 [0039] According to another embodiment, the intermediate layer may contain a light dispersing material (not shown). 所述中间层可由塑料或类似材料形成且可包含所述光分散材料。 The intermediate layer may be formed of plastic or similar material and may comprise the light dispersing material. 所述光分散材料可包含氧化钛、微粒物质(例如,纳米粒子)、气泡(例如,微气泡)或类似物。 The light dispersing material may contain titanium oxide, particulate matter (e.g., nanoparticles), bubbles (e.g., microbubbles), or the like. 所述光分散材料经配置以在所述中间层中散射光,使得穿过上表面11¾而射出所述中间层的光大致均勻地照射形成于所述第一涂料层中的字符。 The light dispersing material is configured to scatter light in the intermediate layer, so that the light emitted through the upper surface of the irradiation light 11¾ substantially uniformly formed on the intermediate layer a first coating layer characters. 从所述第一涂料层向外传递穿过所述键帽的光形成所述字符的图像,其可由观看键的用户看见。 A first coating layer from the light transmission outwardly through the key top forming an image of the character, which the user may see the view button. 由于所述键帽为大致透明的,因此所述光穿过所述字符且从所述键帽向外传递。 Since the key top is substantially transparent so that light passing through the transfer of the character and outwardly from the key cap. 借此,所述字符可以是在低光环境(例如黑暗的房间)中可见的经照亮字符。 Whereby, the character may be visible in low light (e.g., a dark room) through the illuminated characters.

[0040] 图3是根据本发明的另一实施例的键300的分解视图。 [0040] FIG. 3 is an exploded view of a key 300 according to another embodiment of the present invention. 图3大体为键300的顶部透视图。 FIG 3 is a top perspective view of the key is substantially 300. 使用上文针对图1所使用的相同编号方案来识别图3中的相同或大致相同的元件。 Using the same numbering scheme described above for FIG. 1 was used to identify the same or substantially the same as FIG. 3 elements. 键300类似于上文所描述的键100,但与键100的不同在于键300包含剪刀式支架305, 其可安装到板310且耦合到中间层115。 Key 300 is similar to key 100 described above, but different in that the key 100 of the key 300 comprises a scissors bracket 305 which may be mounted to the plate 310 and 115 is coupled to the intermediate layer. 板310可以是在整个键盘中延伸的延伸板的一部分。 Plate 310 may be part of the extension plate extending over the entire keyboard. 板310可以是金属且可包含用以耦合到所述剪刀式支架的底座的各种结构(例如,钩结构)310a。 310 may be a metal plate and may comprise a variety of configurations (e.g., a hook structure) 310a to couple to the base of the scissors stent. 光导130(图3中未显示)及漫射层125 (图3中未显示)可安置于板310下方。 The light guide 130 (not shown in FIG. 3) and the diffusion layer 125 (not shown in FIG. 3) may be disposed below the plate 310. 根据一个实施例,弹性部件120在所述漫射层处耦合到所述光导且经配置以延伸穿过所述剪刀式支架从而接触中间层115。 According to one embodiment, the resilient member 120 coupled to the diffusion layer at the light guide and configured to extend through the bracket so as to contact the scissors-type intermediate layer 115. 中间层115可在下表面11¾上包含各种安装结构115c以耦合到所述剪刀式支架。 The intermediate layer 115 may include various mounting structures 115c to the lower surface of 11¾ scissors coupled to the bracket. 中间层115还可在下表面11¾上包含结构115d (例如,星形结构)以将所述弹性部件耦合到所述中间层。 The intermediate layer 115 may also include structures 115d (e.g., star-shaped structure) to an upper surface of the lower 11¾ resilient member is coupled to the intermediate layer. 所述星形结构可装配于形成于所述弹性部件的顶部处的开口120a中。 The star structures may be fitted in the opening 120a formed at the top of the elastic member. 注意,图3中将中间层115显示为看穿的,使得可从所述中间层的俯视图看到安装结构115c。 Note that, in the intermediate layer 115 of FIG. 3 is a see-through display such that the mounting structure 115c can be seen from the plan view of the intermediate layer. 剪刀式支架305经配置以耦合到中间板从而在按压及释放所述键帽时大致垂直地上下导引键帽105及中间层115。 Scissors bracket 305 configured to be coupled to the intermediate plate so as to substantially vertically upper and lower guide 105 and the intermediate layer 115 keycap while pressing and releasing the key top. 除了所述弹性部件以外,所述剪刀式支架也可对所述中间板及键帽提供弹簧力以在按压及释放所述键帽之后推动所述中间板及键帽。 In addition to the elastic member other than the scissor bracket may also provide a spring force to the intermediate plate and the intermediate plate to push the key top and the key top after the pressing and releasing the key top. 在其它方面,键300的功能性大致类似于上文所描述的键100。 In other aspects, the functionality of the key 300 is substantially similar to key 100 described above.

[0041] 图4是根据本发明的另一实施例的键400的分解视图。 [0041] FIG. 4 is an exploded view of the key 400 in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention. 使用上文针对图1及图3 所使用的相同编号方案来识别图4中的相同或大致相同的元件。 Using the same numbering scheme described above for FIG. 1 and FIG. 3 FIG used to identify the same or substantially the same elements 4. 键400类似于上文所描述的键300,但与键300的不同在于键400包含安置于中间层115上的彩色膜405。 Key 400 is similar to key 300 described above, but different in that the key 300 comprises a key 400 disposed on the intermediate layer 115 is a colored film 405. 所述彩色膜可为半透明的且可以是不同于形成中间层的塑料(或类似材料)的色彩。 The colored film may be translucent and may be different than the plastic forming the intermediate layer (or the like) in color. 所述彩色膜可安装于所述中间层的上表面11¾上。 The color of the film may be mounted on the upper surface of the intermediate layer 11¾. 在光向上传递且穿过所述中间层及所述彩色膜时,所述中间层经配置以用第一色彩(例如,白色)照射第一字符(例如,“F3”),且所述彩色膜经配置以用第二色彩(例如,橙色)照射第二字符(例如,矩形区域)。 When the light is transmitted upwardly and through the intermediate layer and the color film, the intermediate layer is configured to use a first color (e.g., white) irradiating a first character (e.g., "F3"), and the color membrane configured to use a second color (e.g., orange) irradiating the second character (e.g., a rectangular region). 尽管图4中所显示的键400包含一个彩色膜405,但所述键可包含一个以上彩色膜,使得可用所述彩色膜的那些色彩照射所述键的字符。 Although the key 400 shown in FIG 4 comprises a colored film 405, but the key may comprise one or more colored film, so that the character of the color film can be used as those of the key illumination color. 在其它方面,键400的功能性大致类似于上文所描述的键100。 In other aspects, the functionality of the key 400 is substantially similar to key 100 described above.

[0042] 图5是根据本发明的另一实施例的键500的简化横截面图。 [0042] FIG. 5 is a simplified cross-sectional view of the key 500 in accordance with another embodiment of the present invention. 键500大致类似于上文所描述的键,只不过键500包含耦合到中间层115的顶部板505以及耦合到所述顶部板及所述中间层两者的侧部分510。 Button 500 is substantially similar to the key described above, except that the key 500 is coupled to the intermediate layer 115 comprising a top plate 505 and coupled to the side plate and the top layer of both the intermediate portion 510. 侧部分510可通过夹子或如上文所描述的类似物以机械方式耦合到所述中间层。 Like side portion 510 may be as described above or by clips mechanically coupled to the intermediate layer. 键500的侧部分510形成所述键的侧的外部部分。 Side of the key portion 500 of the key portion 510 is formed in the outer side. 侧部分510环绕所述顶部板的侧及所述中间层的侧的至少一部分。 Surrounding the side portion 510 side of the top plate and the side of the intermediate layer at least a part. 根据一个实施例,侧部分510包含相对于所述键的顶部横向延伸的搁板515。 According to one embodiment, the side portion 510 includes a top shelf 515 of the key extending laterally with respect to. 搁板515耦合到所述顶部板及中间层115两者。 The shelf 515 is coupled to both the top panel and the intermediate layer 115.

10侧部分510可如图5中所显示的那样大致垂直于所述顶部板而向下延伸或者可倾斜。 10 side portion 510 as shown may be substantially perpendicular to the top panel 5 shown or may be inclined downwardly extend.

[0043] 图6是根据本发明的一个实施例的顶部板505的另一详细示意图。 [0043] FIG. 6 is a detailed schematic diagram of another embodiment of the top plate 505 in accordance with one embodiment of the present invention. 顶部板505包含透明层520、字符层110、半透明涂料层525及胶层530。 Top panel 505 includes a transparent layer 520, the character layer 110, the coating layer 525 and the translucent adhesive layer 530. 透明层520可以是塑料型膜(例如,聚合物膜)。 The transparent layer 520 may be a plastic film (e.g., polymeric film). 所述透明层可以是约1毫米厚或小于1毫米厚。 The transparent layer may be about 1 mm thick or less than 1 mm thick. 所述透明层可通过所述胶层胶合到所述中间层。 The transparent layer may be glued to the intermediate layer through the adhesive layer. 字符层110可具有上文所描述的特征中的每一者。 Layer 110 may have the character of each of the features described above in. 举例来说,字符层110可印刷(例如,移印)到透明层520上。 For example, the layer 110 is a printable character (e.g., printing) onto the transparent layer 520. 所述字符可以是具有白色背景的黑色字符或由大致黑色印字环绕的白色字符。 The character may be a black character having a white background surrounded by a substantially black or white printing characters. 根据替代实施例,所述字符层可以是涂料层且所述字符可蚀刻(例如,激光蚀刻)到所述涂料层中。 According to an alternative embodiment, the character layer may be a paint layer may be etched and the character (e.g., laser etched) to the coating layer.

[0044] 根据一个实施例,所述半透明涂料层可以是白色涂料层或类似层。 [0044] According to one embodiment, the coating layer may be a translucent white paint layer or the like. 所述半透明涂料层可比所述字符的宽度及高度宽或比所述字符的背景的宽度及高度宽。 The translucent coating layer width and height than the width and height of the character or the background wider than the width of the character. 所述胶层可为大致透明的。 The adhesive layer may be substantially transparent. 根据一个实施例,来自光导130的光经配置以行进穿过漫射层125、穿过弹性部件120、穿过中间层115、穿过形成于字符层110中的字符且向外穿过其中所述字符可由用户看见的透明层520。 According to one embodiment, the light from the light guide 130 is configured to travel through the diffusion layer 125, through the elastic member 120, through the intermediate layer 115, the character through the character layer 110 is formed and outwardly therein through said transparent layer 520 may be the character the user sees.

[0045] 图7是根据本发明的另一实施例的键盘700的一部分的简化横截面图。 [0045] FIG. 7 is a simplified cross-sectional view of a portion of the keyboard 700 according to another embodiment of the present invention. 键盘700 包含多个键,图7中显示所述多个键中的一个键705。 Keyboard 700 includes a plurality of keys, displaying a plurality of keys in a key 705 in FIG. 7. 键盘700中所包含的键中的每一者可以类似于键705的方式配置。 Each key in the keyboard 700 may be included in a manner similar to key 705 is disposed. 键705可以是上文所描述的键实施例中的任一者。 Key 705 may be any one of the embodiments described above keys embodiment. 根据一个实施例,光导130在底部表面710及侧表面715上包有反射器720。 According to one embodiment, the light guide 130 on a bottom surface 710 and side surfaces 715 with a reflector 720 packet. 反射器720可以是白色膜(例如,白色塑料、白色涂料等)、金属膜或类似膜。 The reflector 720 may be a white film (e.g., white plastic, white paint, etc.), a metal film or the like film. 所述反射器经配置以将从所述光导的底部表面及侧表面逃逸的光引导回到所述光导的本体中。 The reflector is configured to guide the light from the bottom and side surfaces of the light directed back to escape the light guide body.

[0046] 根据一个实施例,光导130包含从所述光导的底部向外延伸的多个表面特征725。 [0046] According to one embodiment, the light guide 130 comprises a plurality of surface features extending from a bottom of the light guide 725 outwardly. 图8是可安置于键705下方的多个表面特征725的透视图。 FIG 8 is a perspective view of a plurality of surface features 705 may be disposed below the key 725. 注意,图8显示所述光导的仰视图。 Note that, FIG. 8 shows a bottom view of the light guide. 图9是光导的一部分的扩展视图且显示若干个键位置的表面特征725。 FIG 9 is an extended view of a portion of the light guide, and wherein a plurality of display surface 725 of the key position.

[0047] 所述表面特征经配置以穿过所述光导的顶部表面730向外引导光且穿过所述键向外引导所述光以照亮形成于所述键的字符层中的字符。 The [0047] surface features are configured to pass through the top surface of the light guide and light guide 730 outwardly through the button outwardly guiding said light to illuminate the character layer is formed on the key characters. 所述表面特征可经配置以向上反射光且使所反射的光聚焦。 The surface features may be configured to reflect light upward and focusing the reflected light. 根据一个实施例,从所述表面特征聚焦的光以给定角度射到波导的顶部表面上,所述给定角度可小于在所述顶部表面处发生全内反射的临界角。 According to one embodiment, the surface features from the focused light incident at a given angle on the top surface of the waveguide, it may be less than the given angle of total internal reflection occurs at the critical angle at the top surface.

[0048] 所述表面特征中的每一者可具有如图8中所显示的曲线形表面或可以是大致平坦的。 [0048] Each of the surface features may have a curved surface shown in Figure 8 or may be substantially planar. 举例来说,每一表面特征可具有抛物线形状或类似形状。 For example, each of the surface features may have a parabolic shape or the like. 所述表面特征可为圆柱形。 The surface features may be cylindrical. 根据一个实施例,所述多个表面特征与所述光导整体形成。 According to one embodiment, the entirety of the plurality of surface features formed in the light guide. 根据替代实施例,所述表面特征形成于所述底部表面上且可喷涂或印刷于所述底部表面上。 According to an alternative embodiment, the surface features formed on the bottom surface and may be printed or sprayed on the bottom surface. 或者,所述表面特征可为所述光导的底部表面的粗糙区段。 Alternatively, the rough surface section of the light guide may be characterized as a bottom surface. 所述光导的环绕所述粗糙区段的部分与所述粗糙区段相比可为相对平滑的。 The light guide portion surrounds the roughened portion of the roughened section may be relatively smooth compared. 图9是具有若干多个表面特征725的光导的图像,其中每一多个表面特征接近于一键的位置。 Figure 9 is an image having a plurality of surface features a plurality of light guide 725, wherein each of the plurality of surface features of a position close to a key. 根据图9中所显示的光导的具体实施例,所述表面特征喷涂或印刷到光导的底部表面上且可为大致平坦的。 According to a particular embodiment of the light guide shown in FIG. 9, the surface features sprayed or printed onto the bottom surface of the light guide and may be substantially planar.

[0049] 根据另一实施例,光导130包含环特征735。 [0049] According to another embodiment, the light guide 130 comprises a ring feature 735. 环特征735从所述光导的底部延伸。 Ring feature 735 extending from a bottom of the light guide. 所述环特征可与所述光导整体形成或可通过喷涂、印刷或类似方法施加到所述光导的底部表面。 Wherein said ring may be integrally formed with the light guide, or may be applied to the bottom surface of the light guide by spraying, printing or the like. 环特征735经配置以将光从所述光导的底部向上引导到光导本体中且穿过所述光导的顶部表面730向外引导所述光以照射键。 Ring feature 735 is configured to direct light from the bottom of the light guide up to the light guide body and through the top surface of the light guide 730 guides the light to irradiate outwardly key. 所述环特征可具有圆形表面。 The feature may have a circular ring surface. 根据一个实施例, 所述圆形表面可为抛物线(在所述环特征的横截面图中)。 According to one embodiment, the surface may be a parabolic circular (in cross-sectional view of the ring feature). 或者,如果所述环特征(及/或表面特征)是喷涂的或印刷的,那么环特征(及/或表面特征)可为大致二维的。 Alternatively, if the ring feature (and / or surface features) is sprayed or printed, characterized in that the ring (and / or surface features) may be substantially two-dimensional. 根据一个实施例,与多个表面特征725相比,所述环特征经配置以在键的侧处提供额外照射。 According to one embodiment, a plurality of surface features compared to 725, wherein said loop is configured to provide additional illumination at the side of the key. 通过在键的侧处提供额外照射,可大致均勻地照射形成于字符层中的任何字符。 By providing additional illumination at the side of the bond, may be substantially uniformly irradiated to the character layer is formed any of the characters. 所述环特征可为如所显示的大致正方形或者可具有其它有利形状,例如矩形、圆形或类似形状。 Wherein said ring may be substantially square as shown or may have other advantageous shapes, such as rectangular, circular or the like shape. 尽管将所述环特征显示为具有曲线形轮廓,但所述环特征可具有其它轮廓,例如矩形或类似轮廓。 Although the ring feature is shown as having a curved profile, but wherein the ring may have other profiles, such as rectangular or the like contour. [0050] 尽管已图解说明及描述了本发明的特定实施例及应用,但应理解,本发明并不限于本文所揭示的精确构造及组件。 [0050] Although illustrated and described particular embodiments and applications of the present invention, it is to be understood that the present invention is not limited to the precise configuration and components disclosed herein. 在不背离如以上权利要求书所界定的本发明精神及范围的前提下,可在本文所揭示的本发明方法及设备的布置、操作及细节上做出各种其它修改、 改变及变化形式,所属领域的技术人员将明了这些修改、改变及变化形式。 Without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the following claims are under the premise, that various other modifications may be made in the arrangement, operation and details of the methods and apparatus of the present invention disclosed herein, changes and variations, those skilled in the art will appreciate that such modifications, changes and variations.

Claims (50)

1. 一种用于键盘的键,其包括:键帽,其具有配置为经接触以用于向下按压所述键的顶部表面且具有底部,其中所述键帽为大致透明的;中间层,其耦合到所述键帽的所述底部,其中所述中间层为半透明的且包含顶部及底部,且其中所述中间层的所述顶部面向所述键帽的所述底部;字符层,其定位于所述键帽的所述底部与所述中间层的所述顶部之间;及弹性部件,其耦合到所述中间层的所述底部,其中:所述弹性部件为半透明的且经配置以引导光穿过所述中间层、穿过所述字符层且从所述键帽向外引导所述光,且所述字符层配置为经照亮以用于通过所述键帽来观看。 A key for a keyboard, comprising: a keycap having a top surface configured for contacting by pressing down of the key and having a bottom, wherein the key top is substantially transparent; intermediate layer , coupled to said bottom of said keycap, wherein said intermediate layer is translucent and comprises a top and a bottom, wherein said bottom and said top of said intermediate layer facing the keycap; character layer , which is positioned between the top and the bottom of the key top of the intermediate layer; and an elastic member, coupled to said bottom of said intermediate layer, wherein: the elastic member is a translucent and configured to direct light through the intermediate layer, the character layer through the key top and guiding the light from the outside, and by the character layer is configured to illuminate the key top for by to watch.
2.根据权利要求1所述的键,其中:所述弹性部件耦合到具有漫射元件的光导,且所述漫射元件以光学方式耦合到所述弹性部件且经配置以将光从所述光导引导到所述弹性部件中。 2. The key according to claim 1, wherein: said resilient member is coupled to the light guide has a diffusing element and the diffusing element optically coupled to the resilient member and configured to direct light from the the light guide to guide the resilient member.
3.根据权利要求2所述的键,其中所述漫射元件包含透镜。 3. The key according to claim 2, wherein said diffusing element comprises a lens.
4.根据权利要求2所述的键,其中所述漫射元件包含粗糙表面。 4. The key according to claim 2, wherein said diffusing member comprises a roughened surface.
5.根据权利要求2所述的键,其中所述光导以光学方式耦合到经配置以将光发送到所述光导中的光产生装置。 The key according to claim 2, wherein the light guide optically coupled to the generating means is configured to transmit light to the light in the light guide.
6.根据权利要求5所述的键,其中所述光产生装置包含一组发光二极管。 6. The key according to claim 5, wherein said light generating means comprises a set of light emitting diodes.
7.根据权利要求1所述的键,其中:所述键帽的所述底部包含对应于所述字符层的中心部分及一组侧部分,且所述键帽的所述侧部分包含经配置以将所述中间层以机械方式耦合到所述键帽的一组突出部。 7. The key according to claim 1, wherein: said base of said key top comprises a layer corresponding to the character set of the central portion and a side portion and side portion of the key cap configured comprising in the intermediate layer is mechanically coupled to a set of projections of the key cap.
8.根据权利要求1所述的键,其中所述字符层位于所述中间层的所述顶部上。 8. The key according to claim 1, wherein said character layer is on top of the intermediate layer.
9.根据权利要求1所述的键,其中所述字符层位于所述键帽的所述底部上。 9. The key according to claim 1, wherein said character layer is located on the bottom of the keycap.
10.根据权利要求1所述的键,其中所述字符层包含涂料层,所述涂料层中形成有字符。 10. The key according to claim 1, wherein said coating layer comprises a layer of characters, the characters in the coating layer is formed.
11.根据权利要求1所述的键,其中所述字符是通过激光蚀刻形成的。 11. The key according to claim 1, wherein said characters are formed by laser etching.
12.根据权利要求1所述的键,其中:所述字符层包含第一涂料层及第二涂料层,且所述第一涂料层与所述第二涂料层具有对比色彩。 12. The key according to claim 1, wherein: said character comprises a first layer and a second coating layer of the coating layer, and the first coating layer and the second coating layer have contrasting colors.
13.根据权利要求1所述的键,其中所述中间层包含光分散材料。 13. The key according to claim 1, wherein said intermediate layer comprises a light-dispersing material.
14.根据权利要求1所述的键,其中所述光分散材料为氧化钛、纳米粒子或气泡。 14. A key according to claim 1, wherein said light dispersing material is titanium oxide, nano-particles or air bubbles.
15.根据权利要求1所述的键,其中所述中间层的所述顶部为粗糙的以分散从所述顶部散发的光。 15. A key according to claim 1, wherein said top of said intermediate layer is roughened to disperse emanating from the top of the light.
16. 一种用于键盘的键,其包括: 键帽;中间层,其耦合到所述键帽; 字符层,其定位于所述键帽与所述中间层之间;及弹性部件,其耦合所述中间层且经配置以在所述弹性部件变形的情况下推动所述中间层,其中所述弹性部件经配置以引导光穿过所述中间层、穿过所述字符层且从所述键帽向外引导所述光,且所述字符层配置为经照亮以用于通过所述键帽来观看。 16. A key for a keyboard, comprising: a keycap; intermediate layer, coupled to said keycap; character layer, which is positioned between the keycap and the intermediate layer; and an elastic member coupling the intermediate layer and configured to push the intermediate layer in a case where the elastic deformable member, wherein the elastic member is configured to direct light through the intermediate layer, and through the layer from the character outwardly guiding the light of said keycap, and by the character layer is configured to be illuminated for the view through the key cap.
17.根据权利要求16所述的键,其中:所述弹性部件耦合到具有漫射元件的光导,且所述漫射元件以光学方式耦合到所述弹性部件且经配置以将光从所述光导引导到所述弹性部件中。 17. The key according to claim 16, wherein: said resilient member is coupled to the light guide has a diffusing element and the diffusing element optically coupled to the resilient member and configured to direct light from the the light guide to guide the resilient member.
18.根据权利要求17所述的键,其中所述漫射元件包含透镜。 18. The key according to claim 17, wherein said diffusing element comprises a lens.
19.根据权利要求17所述的键,其中所述漫射元件包含粗糙表面。 19. The key according to claim 17, wherein said diffusing member comprises a roughened surface.
20.根据权利要求17所述的键,其中所述光导以光学方式耦合到经配置以将光发送到所述光导中的光产生装置。 20. The key according to claim 17, wherein the light guide optically coupled to the generating means is configured to transmit light to the light in the light guide.
21.根据权利要求20所述的键,其中所述光产生装置包含一组发光二极管。 21. The key according to claim 20, wherein said light generating means comprises a set of light emitting diodes.
22.根据权利要求16所述的键,其中:所述键帽的底部包含对应于所述字符层的中心部分及一组侧部分,且所述键帽的所述侧部分包含经配置以将所述中间层以机械方式耦合到所述键帽的一组突出部。 22. The key according to claim 16, wherein: the base comprises a key cap layer corresponding to the character set of the central portion and a side portion and side portion of the key cap configured to contain said intermediate layer is mechanically coupled to a set of projections of the key cap.
23.根据权利要求16所述的键,其中所述字符层位于所述中间层的顶部表面上。 23. A key according to claim 16, wherein said character layer is located on the top surface of the intermediate layer.
24.根据权利要求16所述的键,其中所述字符层位于所述键帽的底部表面上。 24. A key according to claim 16, wherein said character layer located on the bottom surface of the key caps.
25.根据权利要求16所述的键,其中所述字符层包含涂料层,所述涂料层中形成有字符。 25. A key according to claim 16, wherein said coating layer comprises a layer of characters, the characters in the coating layer is formed.
26.根据权利要求16所述的键,其中所述字符是通过激光蚀刻形成的。 26. The key according to claim 16, wherein said characters are formed by laser etching.
27.根据权利要求16所述的键,其中:所述字符层包含第一涂料层及第二涂料层,且所述第一涂料层与所述第二涂料层具有对比色彩。 27. The key according to claim 16, wherein: said character comprises a first layer and a second coating layer of the coating layer, and the first coating layer and the second coating layer have contrasting colors.
28.根据权利要求16所述的键,其中所述中间层包含光分散材料。 28. The key according to claim 16, wherein said intermediate layer comprises a light-dispersing material.
29.根据权利要求16所述的键,其中所述光分散材料为氧化钛、纳米粒子或气泡。 29. The key according to claim 16, wherein said light dispersing material is titanium oxide, nano-particles or air bubbles.
30.根据权利要求16所述的键,其中所述中间层的顶部为粗糙的以分散从所述顶部散发的光。 30. The key according to claim 16, wherein the top of the intermediate layer is roughened to disperse emanating from the top of the light.
31. 一种键盘,其包括: 多个键,其中每一键包含: 键帽;中间层,其耦合到所述键帽;字符层,其定位于所述键帽与所述中间层之间;及弹性部件,其耦合到所述中间层且经配置以在所述弹性部件变形的情况下推动所述中间层;及光导,其具有多个漫射元件,所述多个漫射元件分别以光学方式耦合到所述多个弹性部件且经配置以进行以下操作:i)将光从所述光导引导到所述弹性部件中,ii)引导所述光穿过所述中间层,iii)引导所述光穿过所述字符层,及iv)从所述键帽向外引导所述光, 其中所述字符层配置为经照亮以用于通过所述键帽来观看。 31. A keyboard, comprising: a plurality of keys, wherein each key comprises: a keycap; intermediate layer, coupled to said keycap; character layer positioned between said intermediate layer and said keycap ; and an elastic member coupled to the intermediate layer and configured to push the intermediate layer in the case of deformation of the elastic member; and a light guide having a plurality of diffusing elements, each of said plurality of diffusion elements optically coupled to the plurality of elastic members and configured to perform the following operations of: i) light from the light guide to the elastic member, ii) directing the light through the intermediate layer, iii) directing the light through the character layer, and iv) guiding said light from said key top outwardly, wherein said character layer is configured to be over illuminated for viewing by the key cap.
32.根据权利要求31所述的键盘,其中所述漫射元件中的每一者包含透镜。 32. A keyboard according to claim 31, wherein each of the diffusing element comprises a lens.
33.根据权利要求31所述的键盘,其中所述漫射元件中的每一者包含粗糙表面。 33. A keyboard according to claim 31, wherein each of the diffusion member comprises a roughened surface.
34.根据权利要求31所述的键盘,其中所述光导以光学方式耦合到经配置以将光发送到所述光导中的光产生装置。 34. A keyboard according to claim 31, wherein the light guide optically coupled to the generating means is configured to transmit light to the light in the light guide.
35. 一种用于键盘的键,其包括:顶部板,其为大致透明的且配置为经接触以用于向下按压所述键;中间层,其耦合到所述顶部板的底部,其中所述中间层为半透明的且包含顶部及底部, 且其中所述中间层的所述顶部面向所述顶部板的所述底部;侧部分,其环绕所述顶部板的侧部分及所述中间层的侧部分的至少一部分;字符层,其定位于所述顶部板的所述底部与所述中间层的所述顶部之间;及弹性部件,其耦合到所述中间层的所述底部,其中:所述弹性部件为半透明的且经配置以引导光穿过所述中间层、穿过所述字符层且从所述顶部板向外引导所述光,且所述字符层配置为经照亮以用于通过所述顶部板来观看。 35. A key for a keyboard, comprising: a top plate, which is substantially transparent and is configured for contacting by pressing the down key; intermediate layer, coupled to the bottom of the top plate, wherein the intermediate layer is translucent and comprises a top and a bottom, wherein said bottom and said top of said intermediate layer facing the top plate; side portion, which surrounds the side of the top plate portion and the intermediate at least a portion of the side portion of the layer; the character layer positioned on said bottom of said top plate and said intermediate between the top layer; and an elastic member, coupled to said bottom of said intermediate layer, wherein: the translucent member is resilient and is configured to direct light through the intermediate layer, the character layer and through the plate from the top of the light guide outwardly and through the character layer is configured to It is illuminated for viewing by the top panel.
36.根据权利要求35所述的键,其中所述顶部板包含安置于所述字符层上方的透明层及安置于所述字符层下方的半透明涂料层。 36. The key according to claim 35, wherein the top panel comprises a character layer disposed over the transparent layer and the translucent coating layer disposed below the character layer.
37.根据权利要求35所述的键,其中所述顶部板包含安置于所述字符层与所述中间层之间的胶层,且其中所述胶层经配置以将所述顶部板耦合到所述中间层。 37. The key according to claim 35, wherein the top panel comprises a subbing layer disposed between said layer and the intermediate layer of characters, and wherein the adhesive layer is configured to be coupled to the top panel the intermediate layer.
38.根据权利要求35所述的键,其中所述顶部板经配置而以机械方式耦合到中间板。 38. A key according to claim 35, wherein said top plate is configured to be mechanically coupled to the intermediate plate.
39.根据权利要求35所述的键,其中:所述弹性部件耦合到具有漫射元件的光导,且所述漫射元件以光学方式耦合到所述弹性部件且经配置以将光从所述光导引导到所述弹性部件中。 39. A key according to claim 35, wherein: said resilient member is coupled to the light guide has a diffusing element and the diffusing element optically coupled to the resilient member and configured to direct light from the the light guide to guide the resilient member.
40.根据权利要求39所述的键,其中所述漫射元件包含透镜。 40. The key according to claim 39, wherein said diffusing element comprises a lens.
41.根据权利要求39所述的键,其中所述漫射元件包含粗糙表面。 41. The key according to claim 39, wherein said diffusing member comprises a roughened surface.
42. 一种键盘,其包括多个键,其中每一键包含耦合到其的字符层;光导,其安置于所述键下方且经配置以将光引导到所述键中且引导所述光穿过所述字符层以照亮所述字符层以用于由用户来观看,其中所述光导包含面向所述键的顶部表面及背对所述键的底部表面;及多个环结构,其安置于所述底部表面上且从所述底部表面延伸,其中每一环结构安置于所述键中的一者下面。 42. A keyboard comprising a plurality of keys, wherein each key comprises a layer which is coupled to the character; a light guide, which is disposed below the key and configured to direct light to the keys and guiding the light through the layer to illuminate the characters for the character layer be viewed by the user, wherein the light guide comprises a surface facing said top and bottom surfaces of the key facing away from the key; and a plurality of ring structures, which disposed on the bottom surface and extending from said bottom surface, wherein each of said ring structures disposed in one of the following keys.
43.根据权利要求42所述的键盘,其中所述多个环结构与所述光导整体形成。 43. A keyboard according to claim 42, wherein said plurality of ring structures formed integrally with the light guide.
44.根据权利要求42所述的键盘,其中所述多个环结构为涂料层。 44. The keyboard according to claim 42, wherein said plurality of ring structure is a layer of paint.
45.根据权利要求42所述的键盘,其中每一环结构具有曲线形的表面。 45. The keyboard according to claim 42, wherein each ring structure having a curved surface.
46.根据权利要求45所述的键盘,其中所述曲线为抛物线。 46. ​​A keyboard according to claim 45, wherein the curve is a parabola.
47.根据权利要求42所述的键盘,其中所述环结构中的每一者经配置以将光从所述光导的底部向上引导到所述光导的本体中,且穿过所述光导的所述顶部表面向外引导所述光以照射所述键。 47. A keyboard according to claim 42, wherein each of the ring structure is configured to direct light from the bottom up to the light guide of the light guide body, the light guide and through the outwardly guiding said top surface of said light to illuminate the key.
48.根据权利要求42所述的键盘,其进一步包括安置于所述底部表面上且从所述底部表面延伸的多个表面特征,其中所述环特征中的每一者环绕所述多个表面特征中的一者。 48. The keypad of claim 42, further comprising disposed on a bottom surface and said plurality of surface features extending from the bottom surface, wherein each of said ring surrounding said plurality of features of surface characteristics of one.
49.根据权利要求42所述的键盘,其中所述表面特征中的每一者具有曲线形表面。 49. A keyboard according to claim 42, wherein each of the surface features has a curved surface.
50.根据权利要求42所述的键盘,其中所述曲线形表面为抛物线。 50. The keyboard according to claim 42, wherein said curvilinear surface is parabolic.
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