CN102092427B - Multipurpose electric-control traction driving head - Google Patents

Multipurpose electric-control traction driving head Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102092427B
CN102092427B CN201010550855A CN201010550855A CN102092427B CN 102092427 B CN102092427 B CN 102092427B CN 201010550855 A CN201010550855 A CN 201010550855A CN 201010550855 A CN201010550855 A CN 201010550855A CN 102092427 B CN102092427 B CN 102092427B
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
control
electronic control
safety switch
fixed
traction drive
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201010550855A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102092427A (en
Inventor
林战
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HEFEI YIFA TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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HEFEI YIFA TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201010550855A priority Critical patent/CN102092427B/en
Publication of CN102092427A publication Critical patent/CN102092427A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102092427B publication Critical patent/CN102092427B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration or energy consumption
    • B60L3/0023Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train
    • B60L3/0084Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train relating to control modules
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L3/00Electric devices on electrically-propelled vehicles for safety purposes; Monitoring operating variables, e.g. speed, deceleration or energy consumption
    • B60L3/0023Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train
    • B60L3/0061Detecting, eliminating, remedying or compensating for drive train abnormalities, e.g. failures within the drive train relating to electrical machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/50Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells
    • B60L50/52Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells characterised by DC-motors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L50/00Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle
    • B60L50/50Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells
    • B60L50/60Electric propulsion with power supplied within the vehicle using propulsion power supplied by batteries or fuel cells using power supplied by batteries
    • B60L50/66Arrangements of batteries
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/36Vehicles designed to transport cargo, e.g. trucks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2200/00Type of vehicles
    • B60L2200/40Working vehicles
    • B60L2200/42Fork lift trucks
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60LPROPULSION OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; SUPPLYING ELECTRIC POWER FOR AUXILIARY EQUIPMENT OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRODYNAMIC BRAKE SYSTEMS FOR VEHICLES IN GENERAL; MAGNETIC SUSPENSION OR LEVITATION FOR VEHICLES; MONITORING OPERATING VARIABLES OF ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES; ELECTRIC SAFETY DEVICES FOR ELECTRICALLY-PROPELLED VEHICLES
    • B60L2250/00Driver interactions
    • B60L2250/16Driver interactions by display
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P90/00Enabling technologies with a potential contribution to greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions mitigation
    • Y02P90/60Electric or hybrid propulsion means for production processes
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage systems for electromobility, e.g. batteries

Abstract

The invention discloses a multipurpose electric-control traction driving head, comprising an electric driving unit, an operating and controlling system, a power transmitting and control signal outputting system, and a fixed device, wherein the electric driving unit, the operating and controlling system and the power transmitting and control signal outputting system are all connected to the fixed device, and the multipurpose electric-control traction driving head is rigidly connected with an outer vehicle body through the front end of the fixed device. The multipurpose electric-control traction driving head has the advantages that a driving system and a controlling system are integrated and are separated from a working vehicle body system to form relatively independent bodies. In addition, the electric-control traction driving head can be respectively connected with bodies of different operating vehicles such as a fork truck, a pallet truck, a flat carrier and the like to form full-electric goods loading and unloading machine products of different varieties and specification models. When a circuit or a machine is in fault, normal work can be recovered only by rapidly replacing the same electric-control traction driving head. Therefore, the utilization rate and participation rate of equipment are greatly improved.

Description

Many with electronic control traction drive head
[technical field]
The present invention relates to logistics handling and loading machinery, specifically relate to a kind of automatically controlled traction drive head.
[background technology]
Energy-saving and emission-reduction, protection environment are international public good consciousness and public criterion.In automobile, all kinds of engineering truck, all kinds of logistics loading-unload machine, all kinds of touristy coachs field, high speed development elec. vehicle energy-conservation, that reduce pollution has become industry trend.China attaches great importance to and is devoted to the adjusting work of product structure equally in this field.All kinds of battery-driven car products since two thousand keep high speed development always.Especially in the recent period international oil price rises violently, and the enterprise of production energy-conserving and environment-protective elec. vehicle is like rain the back spring bamboo, and is flourish.But; At present structures such as small-sized logistics loading-unload machine such as the electric stacker of China in the logistics loading-unload machine, electronic tray carriage, electric flatbed tricycle nearly all are integral design; Because technical parameters such as load capacity, lifting altitude, moving velocity, mode and climbable gradient are different; Various in style, causing a kind of specifications and models is exactly a kind of vehicle, a kind of general design.And small-sized logistics loading and unloading elec. vehicle is made up of drive system, handling labor system, control operation system, power supply and body system.Wherein drive system, handling labor system, control operation system and power supply are all substantially the same.
The present integral design of domestic small-sized logistics loading-unload machine, each vehicle or carry appearance diversified in specifications, body construction is also different, therefore causes product standard and type many, and the design effort amount is big, and the parts kind is many.Integral car body no doubt has its advantage, but structure is complicated, processing request is high, operational path is long, the time-consuming material that takes.When circuit or machinery break down, have to shelve the next door and wait for that the professional repairs, and influences the equipment attendance rate.
For avoid the complicated loaded down with trivial details duplication of labour (technical design) with raising product commonality, save material, simplify technological process and research and develop this product.
[summary of the invention]
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of electronic control traction drive of many usefulness head with commonality.
The present invention solves the problems of the technologies described above through following technical scheme: a kind of many with electronic control traction drive head; It is characterized in that: by electric drive unit, operation control system, power delivery and control signal output system; And anchor fitting is formed; Said electric drive unit, operation control system; And power delivery and control signal output system all be connected on the anchor fitting, and said many front ends that pass through said anchor fitting with electronic control traction drive head are connected with outer rigidity of vehicle body.
Said anchor fitting comprises support, connects base; Cable bearer and connection supporting seat; Said connection base is captiveed joint with electric drive unit, and said operation control system is fixed on the support, and said support is fixed on the electric drive unit; Said cable bearer is fixed on the said connection base; Said power delivery and control signal output system are fixed on the said cable bearer, and said connection supporting seat is fixed in the outer end of said connection base, said how the connection with outer rigidity of vehicle body through said connection supporting seat with electronic control traction drive head.
Said electric drive unit comprises that change speed gear box, the rotating shaft of drive wheel 、 rotation are held, electrical motor; On the output shaft of said change speed gear box drive wheel is housed; Drive wheel is positioned at the below of change speed gear box, and as the load-supporting wheel of the electronic control traction drive of many usefulness head, the rotation rotating shaft is held and is installed in the change speed gear box top; the outer ring that the rotation rotating shaft is held is fixed on the connection base of traction drive head; Electrical motor is positioned at swing bearing top, and the output shaft of electrical motor and change speed gear box input shaft are connected and are fixedly mounted on the inner ring of swing bearing, and said support is fixed on the electrical motor.
Said operation control system comprises rack-mount current colector, Electronic Control Assembly, gauge panel, control handle, rotating shaft, safety switch, safety switch control loop, magnet stopper, gas spring and case;
Electronic Control Assembly is installed in the top of support, and current colector is positioned at the below of Electronic Control Assembly, and current colector contacts with carbon brush, and case covers on the outside of whole traction drive head; Gauge panel is positioned at the top of case, and control handle exposes case, and said current colector is electrically connected to Electronic Control Assembly, behind power connection; The all working instruction of Electronic Control Assembly is by control handle control, and control handle and support are hinged through rotating shaft, on vertical surface, do 90 ° of circular motions around the shaft, and control handle and support have the arm of force; Also just become the steering direction dish, turned to about completion, safety switch is fixed on the support; Safety switch control loop and coaxial being fixed in the rotating shaft of rotating shaft rotate with control handle, synchronously when the traction drive head is not worked; The periphery compressing safety switch of safety switch control loop, said safety switch control loop is provided with breach, when the traction drive head is worked; Safety switch is contained in the breach, and safety switch is electrically connected Electronic Control Assembly, and magnet stopper is fixed on the rotor shaft of electrical motor and is connected electrically in Electronic Control Assembly; Magnet stopper receives the control of safety switch, and the cylinder barrel of gas spring is fixed on the bottom of control handle, and the piston rod of gas spring is fixed on the support;
When car load moves, when control handle when vertical surface rotates, control handle discharges safety switch through the safety switch control loop; Thereby open the control power supply, in case operator's hand leaves control handle, control handle resets under the effect of gas spring; The periphery compressing safety switch of safety switch control loop, the closed safe switch cuts off the control power supply; The control motor shuts down, and makes many with electronic control traction drive head stopping-down immediately.
Emergency power off switch, key switch and display instrument are arranged on the said gauge panel; Forward/backward/walking/acceleration handle, pumping plant play button, urgent reversing button and horn punch are arranged on the control handle, and emergency power off switch, key switch and display instrument, forward/backward/walking/acceleration handle, pumping plant play button, urgent reversing button, horn punch all are electrically connected to Electronic Control Assembly.
Said power delivery and control signal output system comprise carbon-brush holder, cable bearer, cable and battery socket; And control signal socket; Carbon-brush holder and cable all are fixed on the cable bearer; Cable and battery socket are fixed on the control signal socket and are connected base; Cable and battery socket and control signal socket are electrically connected to Electronic Control Assembly through cable, insert the battery feed that is installed in outer car body through this power delivery and control signal output system and are installed in the hydraulic power unit control signal on the outer car body with output.
Advantage of the present invention is: integrate drive system and control system, separate with the work body system, form relatively independent body.And electronic control traction drive head can be connected with different operating car bodies such as forklift, tray carriage and flat carriers respectively, is combined into the all-electric logistics loading-unload machine product of variety classes and specifications and models.When circuit or machinery break down, get final product normal operation as long as change identical electronic control traction drive head fast.Improve the capacity utilization rate and the attendance rate greatly.
[description of drawings]
Fig. 1 is the many front views with electronic control traction drive head of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the many upward views with electronic control traction drive head of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the A-A cutaway view of Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the B-B cutaway view of Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is the C-C cutaway view of Fig. 3.
Fig. 6 is for adopting the many forklift constructionals drawing with electronic control traction drive head of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is a forklift vehicle body side view shown in Figure 6.
Fig. 8 is a forklift car body back view shown in Figure 6.
Fig. 9 is for adopting the many tray carriage constructionals drawing with electronic control traction drive head of the present invention.
Figure 10 is a tray carriage car body back view shown in Figure 9.
Figure 11 is the D-D cutaway view of Figure 10.
Figure 12 is for adopting the many flat carrier constructionals drawing with electronic control traction drive head of the present invention.
Figure 13 is a flat carrier car body three-dimensional view shown in Figure 12.
[specific embodiment]
Combine embodiment that the present invention is done further description with reference to the accompanying drawings so that those skilled in the art can better understand the present invention and implementing, but the embodiment that lifts not conduct to qualification of the present invention.
Please consult Fig. 1 to Fig. 5 simultaneously; The present invention is many comprise with electronic control traction drive head connect that supporting seat 1, connection base 1 ', change speed gear box 2, drive wheel 3, rotation rotating shaft hold 4, electrical motor 5, support 6, current colector 7, carbon-brush holder 8, Electronic Control Assembly 9, gauge panel 10, control handle 11, rotating shaft 12, safety switch 13, safety switch control loop 13 ', magnet stopper 13 ", gas spring 14, cable bearer 15, cable and battery socket 16, control signal socket 17, and case 18.
Drive wheel 3 is housed on the output shaft of said change speed gear box 2, and drive wheel 3 is positioned at the below of change speed gear box 2, as the load-supporting wheel of the electronic control traction drive of many usefulness head.The rotation rotating shaft is held 4 and is installed in change speed gear box 2 top rotation rotating shafts and holds 4 outer ring and be fixed on the connection base 1 ' of traction drive head; The fixing said connection supporting seat 1 in outer end that connects base 1 '; 4 tops are held in electrical motor 5 Wei Yu rotation rotating shafts, and the output shaft of electrical motor 5 is connected with the input shaft of change speed gear box 2, and is fixedly mounted on the inner ring of swing bearing 4.Change speed gear box 2, drive wheel 3 、 rotation rotating shafts hold 4, electrical motor 5 is formed electric drive units.
Should many be rigidly connected through connecting supporting seat 1 and outer car body (not shown) screw thread, realize promptly that electronic control traction drive head did horizontal surface between the supporting seat 1 and rotate freely motion with being connected with electronic control traction drive head.
Support 6 is fixed on the electrical motor 5; Current colector 7, Electronic Control Assembly 9, gauge panel 10, control handle 11, rotating shaft 12, safety switch 13, safety switch control loop 13 ', magnet stopper 13 are installed on the support 6 ", gas spring 14 and case 18; formed operation control system of the present invention, this system is a core control part of the present invention.
Electronic Control Assembly 9 is installed in the top of support 6, and current colector 7 is positioned at the below of Electronic Control Assembly 9, and current colector 7 contacts with carbon brush, and case 18 covers on the outside of whole traction drive head, and gauge panel 10 is positioned at the top of case 18, and control handle 11 exposes case 18.Emergency power off switch 101, key switch 102 and display instrument 103 are arranged on the gauge panel 10; Forward/backward/walking/acceleration handle 110, pumping plant play button 112, urgent reversing button 114 and horn punch 116 are arranged on the control handle 11.Emergency power off switch 101, key switch 102 and display instrument 103, forward/backward/walking/acceleration handle 110, pumping plant play button 112, urgent reversing button 114, horn punch 116 and current colector 7 all are electrically connected to Electronic Control Assembly 9.Behind power connection, all working of Electronic Control Assembly 9 instruction is by control handle 11 controls, accomplishes and starts to walk, stops, quickening, slow down, advances, retreats, turns left, turns right, blows a whistle and operation such as braking.Whole locomotive body operation and handling labor are by control handle 11 controls.Satisfy all operations of all-electric handling machinery and safety protection function fully, guarantee normal operation of vehicle and safety.
Rotating shaft 12 is fixed on the control handle 11, and control handle 11 is hinged through rotating shaft 12 with support 6, can 12 on vertical surface, do 90 ° of circular motions around the shaft.Control handle 11 has certain arm of force with support 6, has also just become steering direction dish of the present invention, turns to function about completion.Safety switch 13 is fixed on the support 6; Safety switch control loop 13 ' and rotating shaft 12 coaxial being fixed in the rotating shaft 12, the periphery of safety switch control loop 13 ' compressing safety switch 13, said safety switch control loop 13 ' is provided with breach; Safety switch 13 is electrically connected Electronic Control Assembly 9; Magnet stopper 13 " be fixed on the rotor shaft of electrical motor 5 magnet stopper 13 " be connected electrically in Electronic Control Assembly 9, magnet stopper 13 simultaneously " receive the control of safety switch 13.When the traction drive head is not worked, safety switch control loop 13 ' compressing safety switch 13, the control power supply breaks off.
The cylinder barrel of gas spring 14 is fixed on the bottom of control handle 11, and the piston rod of gas spring 14 is fixed on the support 6.
When car load moved, when control handle 11 rotated, control handle 11 discharged safety switch 13 through the breach of safety switch control loop 13 '; Thereby open the control power supply, in case operator's hand leaves control handle 11, control handle 11 resets under the effect of gas spring 14; Safety switch control loop 13 ' compressing safety switch 13; Cut off the control power supply, control motor 5 shuts down, and makes many with electronic control traction drive head stopping-down immediately.
Cable bearer 15 is fixed on and connects base 1 '; Carbon-brush holder 8 and cable all are fixed on the cable bearer 15; Cable and battery socket 16 are fixed on control signal socket 17 and are connected base 1 '; Cable and battery socket 16 are electrically connected to Electronic Control Assembly 9 with control signal socket 17 through cable, have formed power delivery of the present invention and control signal output system.Power delivery and control signal output system are fixing non-rotary, insert the battery feed and the output that are installed in outer car body through current colector 7, carbon brush, carbon-brush holder 8, cable and battery socket 16 and control signal socket 17 and are installed in the hydraulic power unit control signal on the outer car body.Owing to adopt current colector-carbon brush structure, stopped power lead and control signal output line fully because of the phenomenon that often fractures with the frequent left rotation and right rotation of electric drive unit.
Electronic control traction drive head is with after outer car body is connected, and its drive wheel 3 also just becomes a load-supporting wheel of whole locomotive body, carries certain load, produces the friction force that is enough to drive the whole locomotive body motion with ground.
Following content will be described in detail this many three application implementation examples with electronic control traction drive head.
First application implementation example:
See also Fig. 6, for adopting the many electric stacker constructionals drawing of the present invention with electronic control traction drive head.How the present invention mixes the forklift car body with electronic control traction drive head is promptly formed electronic control forklift.Please consult Fig. 7 and Fig. 8 simultaneously, be the side and the back view of electric stacker car body.
This electric stacker car body 20 comprises vehicle frame 21, universal load-supporting wheel 22, battery pack 23, socket 24, hydraulic pumping plant 25, the door frame assembly 26 that hoists, goods shelf assembly 27, and to outside link plate 28.
Universal load-supporting wheel 22, battery pack 23, socket 24, hydraulic pumping plant 25, the door frame assembly 26 that hoists, outside link plate 28 is installed on the vehicle frame 21.Universal load-supporting wheel 22 is positioned at the bottom of vehicle frame 21; Battery pack 23 is fixed on the rear end of vehicle frame 21; Socket 24 is fixed on the side of vehicle frame, and battery pack 23 is connected to socket 24 through power lead, and hydraulic pumping plant 25 is fixedly mounted on the rear end lower of vehicle frame 21; Hydraulic pumping plant 25 is communicated with in the oil cylinder oil inlet on door frame assembly 26 both sides that hoist, and outside link plate 28 is fixed on the rearmost end of vehicle frame 21.What goods shelf assembly 27 can rise and fall up and down is installed on the door frame assembly 26 that hoists.Hydraulic pumping plant 25 receives the Control work of external control handle (figure does not show) and stops.
The outer mast of door frame assembly 26 of hoisting is fixed on the vehicle frame 21; Inner upright mounting can slide up and down and is installed in the outer mast; The right ends of said inner upright mounting is the hoist oil cylinder piston bar on door frame assembly 26 both sides of captive joint respectively, and inner upright mounting drives goods shelf 27 through chain.As an example, the both sides of this outer mast are welded a channel-section steel (figure does not show) respectively, and the both sides of inner upright mounting are equipped with 2 rollers (figure does not show) respectively, and this roller is contained in the channel-section steel respectively, thereby inner upright mounting can slide up and down.
During 25 work of hydraulic pumping plant; High pressure oil is transported to the oil cylinder oil inlet on door frame assembly 26 both sides that hoist; Force the oil cylinder piston bar to rise, the inner upright mounting rising that drives in the door frame assembly 26 that hoists hoists through chain drive goods shelf 27 again, and the goods that carry is raise.
To the external many connection supporting seats 1 of outside link plate 21 screw thread rigidity, be combined into all-electric forklift shown in Figure 6 with electronic control traction drive head.
Second application implementation example:
See also Fig. 9, for adopting the many electronic tray carriage constructionals drawing of the present invention with electronic control traction drive head.How the present invention mixes the tray carriage car body with electronic control traction drive head is promptly formed electronic tray carriage.Please consult Figure 10 and Figure 11 simultaneously, be the lateral plan and the back view of electronic tray carriage car body.
This electronic tray carriage car body 30 comprises vehicle frame 301; To outside link plate 302; Channel-section steel 303; Universal load-supporting wheel 304; Goods shelf assembly 305; Roller 306; Oil cylinder 307; Piston rod 308; First connecting rod seat 309; Primary shaft 310; Connecting rod 311; Second 312; The one or three connecting rod 313; Second connecting rod seat 314; Third axle 315; The 4th 316; Push rod 317; The 5th 318; The two or three connecting rod 319; The 6th 320; The 7th 321; Preceding BOGEY WHEEL assembly 322; Battery pack 323; Hydraulic pumping plant 324; Power line socket and cable 325.
Two channel-section steels 303 are welded on vehicle frame 301 both sides respectively, become a rigid body.Goods shelf assembly 305 both sides are equipped with two rollers 306 up and down respectively, and roller 306 is installed in respectively in the channel-section steel 303, can slide up and down, thereby goods shelf assembly 305 can slide up and down at vehicle frame 301.Universal load-supporting wheel 304 is installed in the bottom, rear end of vehicle frame 301, and battery pack 323, hydraulic pumping plant 324, power line socket and cable 25 are installed on the vehicle frame 301.
Oil cylinder 307 bottoms and vehicle frame 301 screw threads are rigidly connected, and oil cylinder piston bar 308 tops are threaded with goods shelf assembly 305.Hydraulic pumping plant 324 is communicated with the oil inlet of oil cylinder 307, when the 324 energising work of hydraulic pumping plant, high pressure oil is transported to oil cylinder 307 oil inlets, forces oil cylinder piston bar 308 to rise.This moment, goods shelf assembly 305 rose with piston rod 308, lifted the goods that will carry.
Parallel to the ground all the time in uphill process for plane on the pallet fork that guarantees goods shelf assembly 305, adopt connecting rod mechanism: first connecting rod seat 309 is fixed on the plane, bottom of vehicle frame 301, and first connecting rod seat 309 is hinged through primary shaft 310 with first connecting rod 311; First connecting rod 311 and the one or three connecting rod 313 first jiao is hinged through second 312; Second connecting rod seat 314 is fixed on the trailing flank bottom of goods shelf assembly 305, and second jiao of the one or three connecting rod 313 is hinged through third axle 315 and second connecting rod seat 314; The triangle of the one or three connecting rod 313 is hinged through an end of the 4th 316 and one push rod 317, and push rod 317 is parallel to the below that pallet fork is arranged on pallet fork; Hinged between first jiao of the other end of push rod 317 and one the 23 connecting rod 319 through the 5th 318; Second jiao of the two or three connecting rod 319 and crotch are hinged through the 6th 320 between the bottom foremost; The pallet fork of said goods shelf assembly 305 bottom foremost also is equipped with preceding BOGEY WHEEL assembly 322; Hinged between the triangle of the two or three connecting rod 319 and the preceding BOGEY WHEEL assembly 322 through the 7th 321; Wherein, the 6th 320 between the 5th 318 and the 7th 321.
When piston rod 308 rises; Goods shelf assembly 305 rises; The second connecting rod seat 314 that drive is fixed on the goods shelf assembly 305 rises; Second connecting rod seat 314 promotes connecting rods 311 through the one or three connecting rod 313 and rotates around primary shaft 310, connecting rod 311 and then to drive the one or three connecting rod 313 be that circular motion is done in the center of circle with primary shaft 310; It is that circular motion is done in the center of circle with second 312 that the one or three connecting rod 313 drives second connecting rod seat 314 simultaneously through third axle 315; It is that circular motion is done in the center of circle with the 4th 316 that the one or three connecting rod 313 drives push rod 317 through the 6th 316; It is that circular motion is done in the center of circle with the 6th 320 that push rod 317 drives the two or three connecting rod 319 simultaneously through the 5th 318; Because the 6th 320 is fixed on the goods shelf assembly 305; Forcing the two or three connecting rod 319 is that the center of circle downwards do circular motion with preceding BOGEY WHEEL assembly 322 with the 6th 320 through the 7th 321, thereby preceding BOGEY WHEEL assembly 322 is propped up goods shelf assembly 305 levels.
The purpose of design connecting rod 311 is to solve roller 306 to receive channel-section steel 303 constraints can only do perpendicular movement up and down, and the one or three connecting rod 313 is done circular motion and the interference that produces.This structure guarantees goods shelf assembly 305 up-and-down movement maintenance levels fully.Overcome the problem that other electronic tray carriage pallet forks can not the maintenance level when up-and-down movement.
Can the screw thread rigidity external many on the vehicle frame 301 with electronic control traction drive head connection supporting seat 1 to outside link plate 302, be combined into all-electric tray carriage shown in Figure 9.
The 3rd application implementation example:
See also Figure 12, for adopting the many flat carrier constructionals drawing of the present invention with electronic control traction drive head.How the present invention mixes the flat carrier car body with electronic control traction drive head is promptly formed driven plate transport trolley car.Please consult Figure 13 simultaneously, be the spatial structure view of driven plate transport trolley car body.
This driven plate transport trolley car body 40 comprises vehicle frame 401, preceding BOGEY WHEEL 402,403,4 bolts 404 of the universal auxiliary wheel in back, battery pack 405, and battery socket and cable 406.
Wherein the plane is made in vehicle frame 401 anterior upper surfaces, and as trucking department, preceding BOGEY WHEEL 402 has two; Be installed in the both sides of vehicle frame 401 anterior bottoms respectively; The universal auxiliary wheel 403 in back also has two, is installed in the both sides of bottom, vehicle frame 401 rear portion respectively, and battery pack 405 also is fixedly mounted on the vehicle frame 401; In the present embodiment; Battery pack 405 also is fixedly mounted on the top at vehicle frame 401 rear portions, and battery socket and cable 406 are installed on vehicle frame 401 aft end faces, and battery socket and cable 406 are electrically connected with battery pack 405.In addition, offer four screws (figure indicates) on vehicle frame 401 aft end faces, four screws are arranged in rectangular shape, in 4 bolt 404 these four screws of difference precession.Use this 4 bolts 404, be that with how supporting seat 1 screw threads that are connected with electronic control traction drive head are rigidly connected in order to make this driven plate transport trolley car body 40, thereby form all-electric flat carrier shown in figure 12.
Universal auxiliary wheel 403 and two preceding BOGEY WHEELs 402 are not on same horizontal surface after two; When the level of the upper surface of vehicle frame 401 front portions; The bottom face 5mm of BOGEY WHEEL 402 before the bottom face of the universal auxiliary wheel 403 in back exceeds; To guarantee that many drive wheels 3 with electronic control traction drive head contact with ground all the time, produce enough propulsive efforts.403 of the universal auxiliary wheels in back play the supplemental support effect.
Though more than described the specific embodiment of the present invention; But the technical personnel of being familiar with the present technique field is to be understood that; We described concrete embodiment is illustrative; Rather than being used for qualification to scope of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are in the modification and the variation of the equivalence of doing according to spirit of the present invention, all should be encompassed in the scope that claim of the present invention protects.

Claims (5)

  1. More than one kind with electronic control traction drive head, by electric drive unit, operation control system, power delivery and control signal output system, and anchor fitting is formed; Said electric drive unit, operation control system; And power delivery and control signal output system all be connected on the anchor fitting, and said manyly be connected with outer rigidity of vehicle body with the front end of electronic control traction drive head through said anchor fitting, it is characterized in that: said anchor fitting comprises support, connection base; Cable bearer and connection supporting seat; Said connection base is captiveed joint with electric drive unit, and said operation control system is fixed on the support, and said support is fixed on the electric drive unit; Said cable bearer is fixed on the said connection base; Said power delivery and control signal output system are fixed on the said cable bearer, and said connection supporting seat is fixed in the outer end of said connection base, said how the connection with outer rigidity of vehicle body through said connection supporting seat with electronic control traction drive head.
  2. 2. as claimed in claim 1 many with electronic control traction drive head; It is characterized in that: said electric drive unit comprises change speed gear box, drive wheel, swing bearing, electrical motor, on the output shaft of said change speed gear box drive wheel is housed, and drive wheel is positioned at the below of change speed gear box; Load-supporting wheel as the electronic control traction drive of many usefulness head; Swing bearing is installed in the change speed gear box top, and the outer ring of swing bearing is fixed on the connection base of traction drive head, and electrical motor is positioned at the swing bearing top; The output shaft of electrical motor and change speed gear box input shaft are connected and are fixedly mounted on the inner ring of swing bearing, and said support is fixed on the electrical motor.
  3. 3. as claimed in claim 2 many with electronic control traction drive head, it is characterized in that: said operation control system comprises rack-mount current colector, Electronic Control Assembly, gauge panel, control handle, rotating shaft, safety switch, safety switch control loop, magnet stopper, gas spring and case;
    Electronic Control Assembly is installed in the top of support, and current colector is positioned at the below of Electronic Control Assembly, and current colector contacts with carbon brush, and case covers on the outside of whole traction drive head; Gauge panel is positioned at the top of case, and control handle exposes case, and said current colector is electrically connected to Electronic Control Assembly; Behind power connection, the instruction of all working of Electronic Control Assembly is by control handle control, and control handle and support are hinged through rotating shaft; On vertical surface, do 90 ° of circular motions around the shaft, turn to about completion, safety switch is fixed on the support; Safety switch control loop and coaxial being fixed in the rotating shaft of rotating shaft rotate with control handle, synchronously when the traction drive head is not worked; The periphery compressing safety switch of safety switch control loop, said safety switch control loop is provided with breach, when the traction drive head is worked; Safety switch is contained in the breach, and safety switch is electrically connected Electronic Control Assembly, and magnet stopper is fixed on the rotor shaft of electrical motor and is connected electrically in Electronic Control Assembly; Magnet stopper receives the control of safety switch, and the cylinder barrel of gas spring is fixed on the bottom of control handle, and the piston rod of gas spring is fixed on the support;
    When car load moves, when control handle when vertical surface rotates, control handle discharges safety switch through the safety switch control loop; Thereby open the control power supply, in case operator's hand leaves control handle, control handle resets under the effect of gas spring; The periphery compressing safety switch of safety switch control loop, the closed safe switch cuts off the control power supply; The control motor shuts down, and makes many with electronic control traction drive head stopping-down immediately.
  4. 4. as claimed in claim 3 many with electronic control traction drive head; It is characterized in that: emergency power off switch, key switch and display instrument are arranged on the said gauge panel; Forward/backward/walking/acceleration handle, pumping plant play button, urgent reversing button and horn punch are arranged on the control handle, and emergency power off switch, key switch and display instrument, forward/backward/walking/acceleration handle, pumping plant play button, urgent reversing button, horn punch all are electrically connected to Electronic Control Assembly.
  5. 5. like claim 3 or 4 described many with electronic control traction drive head; It is characterized in that: said power delivery and control signal output system comprise carbon-brush holder, cable bearer, cable and battery socket; And control signal socket; Carbon-brush holder and cable all are fixed on the cable bearer; Cable and battery socket are fixed on the control signal socket and are connected base, and cable and battery socket and control signal socket are electrically connected to Electronic Control Assembly through cable, insert the battery feed that is installed in outer car body through this power delivery and control signal output system and are installed in the hydraulic power unit control signal on the outer car body with output.
CN201010550855A 2010-11-19 2010-11-19 Multipurpose electric-control traction driving head Expired - Fee Related CN102092427B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104909304A (en) * 2015-06-25 2015-09-16 浙江上加机械有限公司 Double-portal fork lift truck
WO2017107151A1 (en) * 2015-12-24 2017-06-29 赵宝俊 Electric vehicle for warehousing and transportation

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6269913B1 (en) * 1997-07-23 2001-08-07 Steinbock Boss GmbH Fördertechnik Roller position monitoring device for an industrial lift truck
CN2795178Y (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-07-12 机科发展科技股份有限公司 Laser guide antomatic transport vehicle
CN201245418Y (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-05-27 浙江诺力机械股份有限公司 Industrial vehicle running speed control device
CN201932249U (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-08-17 合肥易发科技有限公司 Electric control traction driving head with multiple uses

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6269913B1 (en) * 1997-07-23 2001-08-07 Steinbock Boss GmbH Fördertechnik Roller position monitoring device for an industrial lift truck
CN2795178Y (en) * 2005-05-24 2006-07-12 机科发展科技股份有限公司 Laser guide antomatic transport vehicle
CN201245418Y (en) * 2008-06-30 2009-05-27 浙江诺力机械股份有限公司 Industrial vehicle running speed control device
CN201932249U (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-08-17 合肥易发科技有限公司 Electric control traction driving head with multiple uses

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