CN102085837A - Novel efficient energy-absorbing front and back buffer beams of automobile - Google Patents

Novel efficient energy-absorbing front and back buffer beams of automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102085837A
CN102085837A CN2009102542437A CN200910254243A CN102085837A CN 102085837 A CN102085837 A CN 102085837A CN 2009102542437 A CN2009102542437 A CN 2009102542437A CN 200910254243 A CN200910254243 A CN 200910254243A CN 102085837 A CN102085837 A CN 102085837A
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China
Prior art keywords
automobile
absorbing
effective energy
efficient energy
back buffer
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Pending
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CN2009102542437A
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Chinese (zh)
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柳正清
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Individual
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Individual
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Priority to CN2009102542437A priority Critical patent/CN102085837A/en
Publication of CN102085837A publication Critical patent/CN102085837A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses novel efficient energy-absorbing front and back buffer beams of an automobile. An efficient energy absorber is arranged in a cavity of the front buffer beam and/or the back buffer beam of the automobile, and the position for mounting the efficient energy absorber in the front and back buffer beams is required to correspond to center lines of front and back longitudinal beams of a car frame. For the novel efficient energy-absorbing front and back buffer beams, the original shape and structure of the automobile are not needed to be changed, the mounting is quite convenient, the volume is small, the weight is light, the manufacturing is simple, and the cost is low, so the novel efficient energy-absorbing front and back buffer beams are suitable for all types of automobiles in particular for light cars, and the matched delivery of new automobiles and the reconstruction of stock automobiles can be realized easily. The novel efficient energy-absorbing front and back buffer beams greatly improve the anti-collision performance of all automobiles, change rigid collision into flexible collision, and protect lives and properties of drivers and passengers in car accidents, so the novel efficient energy-absorbing front and back buffer beams are new inventions, new techniques and new products which can benefit the mankind, have very significant economic values, and deserve wide popularization and application.

Description

The forward and backward collision prevention girders of the automobile of new and effective energy-absorbing
Technical field:
The present invention relates to the automotive safety in the traffic safety technical field, because in the structure of any automobile, its head crumple zones and afterbody have all designed collision prevention girders or claimed bumper/spoiler, its effect is to improve the safety of automobile when meeting with collision.The present invention is specifically related to a kind of forward and backward collision prevention girders of automobile of new and effective energy-absorbing.
Background technology:
Communications and transportation is the lifeblood of national economy; and automobile is most important in the traffic and transport field; also be that people produce; the vehicle that are most widely used in the life; auto-industry still are mainstay of the national economy industry; automobile is being human being's production; life brings quick; convenient; in the time of benefit; accident and disaster have also been brought; every year is very surprising because of the number of traffic accident injures and deaths now; wherein because of the anti-collision of automobile ability; that is the prior art level of the huge energy that produces when absorbing auto against of automobile crumple zones and collision prevention girders is limit; the protective effect that adds safe automobile air bag and safety strap is not only limited; the restriction of having ready conditions again, thus the casualties that causes is occupied very big ratio.Therefore, how to significantly improve the anti-collision ability of automobile, rigid collision is become perfect flexible collision, thereby avoiding the injures and deaths of driver and conductor in automobile collision accident, is that automobile invents that global automotive field researcher over more than 100 year dreams of and the technical barrier that achieves a solution not yet so far.
Summary of the invention:
Technical matters to be solved by this invention is: the front that can bear of all automobiles and the ability of rear-end impact are very limited so far; so international and domestic all vehicle impact testing standards all can only speed limit at 50 kms/hour carry out with interior; greater than the Collision test of this speed, can't reach the standard-required of protection driver and conductor safety.For solving the problem that above-mentioned prior art exists, and provide a kind of automobile collision preventing beam that need not to change the new and effective energy-absorbing of original shape of automobile and structure, and can realize normalisation, industrialization.This collision prevention girders can greatly improve the automobile anti-collision performance, the standard that has Collision test now can be increased to the 80-120 km/hour, thereby avoid the injures and deaths of driver and conductor when automobile meets with at a high speed with time high speed front or rear-end impact, the loss of automobile simultaneously also obviously alleviates.The collision prevention girders of the new and effective energy-absorbing of this kind is applicable to all types of automobiles, and in light weight, volume is little, it is simple to manufacture and design and cost is low, it is also very convenient to install, and does not change automobile appearance fully.
The technical solution used in the present invention is: keeping on the original forward and backward collision prevention girders installation dimension of automobile and basic external form and the basic function basis of invariable, design again a kind of front anticollision beam of automobile and or the rear anti-crash beam, and face on the position of the forward and backward longeron line of centers of vehicle frame at the cavity place of beam, install new and effective energy absorber respectively, the forward and backward collision prevention girders that will install new and effective energy absorber then is installed in the same position of the original forward and backward collision prevention girders of automobile.
In the technique scheme, but the also effective energy-absorbing device of an energy-absorbing effect coupling of design and installation of the center in the collision prevention girders before and after the automobile.
In the technique scheme, has mounting hole on its base plate of effective energy-absorbing device, bolt is fixed on the effective energy-absorbing device on one side of automobile collision preventing beam internal cavity by mounting hole, and the effective energy-absorbing device is fixed on also can adopt riveted joint, welding or fixed form such as bonding on the side of automobile collision preventing beam internal cavity.
In the technique scheme, the effective energy-absorbing device can adopt following structure: between front end adapter plate and rear end adapter plate some energy-absorbing plates are installed, every energy-absorbing plate has the many places bending, bending part captive joint locating plate.
Economical increase fast, living standards of the people greatly improve, and automobile pollution is also day by day significantly increased, thing followed traffic accident and because of the number of traffic accident injures and deaths also can significantly increase becomes the universe's killer.Adhering to the Scientific Outlook on Development, making up that people-oriented, today of harmonious society how to realize automobile in collision or contain in the rear-end collision, avoiding or to significantly reduce driver and conductor's injures and deaths most important.And to solve the problem of automobile in impact resistant capability at a high speed and in time high-speed crash traffic accident, to solve simultaneously automobile collision preventing up-to-date technology new product standardization issue, that is do not change existing model and structure, and could realize industrialization, could wide popularization and application.Because automobile is a kind of high-tech product, model and structure design are that numerous scientific and technical personnel adopt high-tech means to carry out big quantity research, comparison, calculating, test to form, so the arbitrary partial shape on the change automobile, structure, all will pull one hair and move the whole body, influence the technical performance of automobile.So when development improves automobile impact resistance technical scheme, generally can not arbitrarily change the automobile original structure and could obtain widespread use.Also once there was the development of all kinds of automobile collision preventing products in past, was difficult to form standardization and industrialization because of the change that involves car shaped and structure eventually.The present invention is conceived to not change fully original shape of automobile and structure, and this has just paved road for the normalisation of new product, industrialization and extensive applicability, also is happy to be accepted by users.The present invention is under the overall dimensions of guaranteeing standardized front anticollision beam of automobile and rear anti-crash beam and automobile crumple zones and installation dimension unmodified prerequisite, utilize space existing and that when design, be out of shape slightly on its collision prevention girders again, the effective energy-absorbing apparatus of miniaturization that will have huge energy-absorbing effect is in this space, and allow its acting point, thereby do not change the automobile chassis frame girder work fully corresponding to automobile longitudinal girder.The present invention installs for gauge member; simple in structure; be easy to promotion and implementation; the automobile energy-absorbing crashworthiness is improved greatly; protected the security of the lives and property that in the auto against traffic accident, (contains and knock into the back) driver and conductor effectively; greatly improved vehicle safety performance, its Industry Promotion is used and will be promoted the well-being of mankind, and meaning is very great.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the car rear anti-crash girder construction scheme drawing of the embodiment of the invention 1 effective energy-absorbing;
Fig. 2 is the birds-eye view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the A-A section-drawing among Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is an effective energy-absorbing device front view among Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the lateral plan of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the cross-country car front anti-collision beam structural representation of the embodiment of the invention 2 effective energy-absorbings;
Fig. 7 is the birds-eye view of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the A-A section-drawing among Fig. 7;
Fig. 9 is an effective energy-absorbing device front view among Fig. 6;
Figure 10 is the lateral plan of Fig. 9;
Figure 11 is an effective energy-absorbing device embodiment schematic perspective view.
The specific embodiment:
The embodiment of the invention referring to Fig. 1~11, effective energy-absorbing device 3 is installed in front anticollision beam of automobile 1 and rear anti-crash beam 2, effective energy-absorbing device 3 is installed in the interior position of forward and backward collision prevention girders to be as the criterion corresponding to longeron termination before and after the vehicle frame, be that L1 among Fig. 1 is a vehicle frame floor side member width between centers, the L2 among Fig. 6 is a vehicle frame front side member width between centers.Effective energy-absorbing device 3 also can be installed in center 4 before and after automobile in the collision prevention girders, has mounting hole on effective energy-absorbing device 3 its base plates 5, and bolt is fixed on the effective energy-absorbing device on the automobile collision preventing beam by mounting hole.What mark among Fig. 1 and Fig. 66 is existing mounting hole on the former automobile collision preventing beam.
Referring to Figure 11, the effective energy-absorbing device of present embodiment comprises front end adapter plate 7 and rear end adapter plate 8, arrange between front end adapter plate and the rear end adapter plate some energy-absorbing plates 9 are installed, the a plurality of fragile cross section that every energy-absorbing plate is provided with and varies in size, arrange in regular turn by front and back, the fragile section of every energy-absorbing plate 9 has slight bending, fixes every the interspersed a slice connected positioning plate 10 of a bending on each energy-absorbing plate.

Claims (4)

1. the forward and backward collision prevention girders of the automobile of a new and effective energy-absorbing, have front anticollision beam of automobile and rear anti-crash beam, it is characterized in that: install new and effective energy absorber and fixing respectively in the cavity of forward and backward collision prevention girders on the position of chassis side rail line of centers, the forward and backward collision prevention girders that will install new and effective energy absorber then is installed in the same position of the original forward and backward collision prevention girders of automobile.
2. the forward and backward collision prevention girders of the automobile of new and effective energy-absorbing according to claim 1 is characterized in that: the effective energy-absorbing device that matches is also installed in the center in the front anticollision beam of automobile.
3. the forward and backward collision prevention girders of the automobile of new and effective energy-absorbing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: have mounting hole on its base plate of effective energy-absorbing device, bolt is fixed on the effective energy-absorbing device on the side in the automobile collision preventing beam cavity by mounting hole, and the effective energy-absorbing device is fixed on the side of automobile collision preventing beam internal cavity or adopts welding, riveted joint or bonding fixed form.
4. the forward and backward collision prevention girders of the automobile of effective energy-absorbing according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the effective energy-absorbing device adopts following structure: arrange between front end adapter plate and rear end adapter plate some energy-absorbing plates are installed, every energy-absorbing plate has the many places bending, bending part captive joint locating plate.
CN2009102542437A 2009-12-07 2009-12-07 Novel efficient energy-absorbing front and back buffer beams of automobile Pending CN102085837A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009102542437A CN102085837A (en) 2009-12-07 2009-12-07 Novel efficient energy-absorbing front and back buffer beams of automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009102542437A CN102085837A (en) 2009-12-07 2009-12-07 Novel efficient energy-absorbing front and back buffer beams of automobile

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102085837A true CN102085837A (en) 2011-06-08

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CN2009102542437A Pending CN102085837A (en) 2009-12-07 2009-12-07 Novel efficient energy-absorbing front and back buffer beams of automobile

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102582546A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-07-18 黄玉兰 Front safety girder and rear safety girder capable of realizing rigidity and flexibility combined efficient buffering energy absorption
CN106564196A (en) * 2015-10-10 2017-04-19 中国科学院宁波材料技术与工程研究所 Automatic glue joint riveting delivery device for anti-collision beam
WO2019007097A1 (en) * 2017-07-05 2019-01-10 湖南亿龙科技发展有限公司 Safety vehicle capable of significantly reducing number of primary and secondary injuries and deaths of occupants during head-on and rear-end collisions

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102582546A (en) * 2012-04-09 2012-07-18 黄玉兰 Front safety girder and rear safety girder capable of realizing rigidity and flexibility combined efficient buffering energy absorption
CN102582546B (en) * 2012-04-09 2014-07-16 黄玉兰 Front safety girder and rear safety girder capable of realizing rigidity and flexibility combined efficient buffering energy absorption
CN106564196A (en) * 2015-10-10 2017-04-19 中国科学院宁波材料技术与工程研究所 Automatic glue joint riveting delivery device for anti-collision beam
CN106564196B (en) * 2015-10-10 2018-12-18 中国科学院宁波材料技术与工程研究所 A kind of collision prevention girders are glued riveting conveying device automatically
WO2019007097A1 (en) * 2017-07-05 2019-01-10 湖南亿龙科技发展有限公司 Safety vehicle capable of significantly reducing number of primary and secondary injuries and deaths of occupants during head-on and rear-end collisions

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Application publication date: 20110608