CN102032981B - Fluid migration researching device - Google Patents

Fluid migration researching device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102032981B
CN102032981B CN2010105976002A CN201010597600A CN102032981B CN 102032981 B CN102032981 B CN 102032981B CN 2010105976002 A CN2010105976002 A CN 2010105976002A CN 201010597600 A CN201010597600 A CN 201010597600A CN 102032981 B CN102032981 B CN 102032981B
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China
Prior art keywords
fluid
pipe
migration rule
fluid migration
streaming
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CN2010105976002A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102032981A (en
Inventor
冯博
张遂安
宋宏志
王欢
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China University of Petroleum Beijing CUPB
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China University of Petroleum Beijing CUPB
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Abstract

The invention discloses a fluid attribute parameter detecting device comprising a power system, a pipe flow system, a supporting system and a data collecting system, wherein the power system is used for supplying fluid and power to be detected; an input hole and an output hole of the pipe flow system are connected with the power system, and the fluid is subjected to parameter detection after flowing through the pipe flow system; the supporting system is positioned under the pipe flow system and is used for supporting the pipe flow system and regulating the multi-angle transformation of the supported pipe flow system; and the data collecting system is used for detecting the fluid in the pipe flow system and collecting and arranging attribute parameter detecting data. The fluid migration researching device provided by the invention is capable of detecting multiphase fluid attribute parameters with solids and realizing multi-angle fluid migration research and fluid migration research under the condition of coupling a horizontal pipe and a vertical pipe.

Description

Fluid migration rule research device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of pick-up unit, particularly a kind of fluid migration rule research device.
Background technology
In technical fields such as laboratory and commercial Application; Usually need study the migration rule of certain fluid; Just the property parameters of convection cell detects, so that it brings into play bigger usefulness in production application, above-mentioned property parameters is conventional parameters such as the flow, pressure of the fluid that the technician knows; When general convection cell detects, all be that the property parameters such as flow, pressure and granularity number percent of convection cell detect and data aggregation.
Fluid comprises monophasic fluid and heterogeneous fluid again; Measurement for the property parameters of the heterogeneous fluid that contains solid usually is the comparison difficulty; For the polyphasic flow migration rule that contains solid certain research is arranged both at home and abroad at present; But also lack systematic research, for example the heterogeneous fluid migration rule that contains coal dust is not just also had systematic research and corresponding attribute parameters pick-up unit, mainly there is the technological deficiency of following several respects in existing fluid properties parameter detection device:
1, present most of heterogeneous fluid pick-up unit only has research to horizontal heterogeneous fluid, and few to the research of multi-angle fluid migration rule, corresponding experimental provision is the ten minutes imperfection also.
2, all be that the migration rule of convection cell in horizontal tube studied in the prior art, and for the situation of horizontal tube and VERTICAL TUBE coupling, the corresponding research device of Shang Weiyou.
These above-mentioned technological deficiencies; Just caused migration rule research field at heterogeneous fluid; Particularly, also there is technological gap to a certain extent, can't makes the technician further understand and grasp the characteristic of fluid the research of the migration rule of the heterogeneous fluid that contains solid; So that it is in optimal state in actual production or in using, the usefulness that performance is maximum.
Because above-mentioned situation, this programme designer is by the technical experience of association area and abundant relevant professional knowledge for many years, and constantly research and development improve, and through a large amount of practical proofs, have proposed the technical scheme of fluid migration rule research device of the present invention.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of fluid migration rule research device; Can the heterogeneous fluid property parameters that contain solid be detected, and can realize that rule research of multi-angle fluid migration and horizontal tube and VERTICAL TUBE lotus root closes the fluid migration rule research under the situation.
To achieve these goals, the invention provides a kind of fluid migration rule research device, comprising: power system provides fluid to be detected and power; The pipe streaming system, the input port of said pipe streaming system and delivery outlet all are connected with said power system, fluid the go forward side by side line parameter detection of said pipe streaming system of flowing through; Support system is positioned at said pipe streaming system below, is used to support said pipe streaming system, and can regulates the multi-angle conversion of the said pipe streaming system that is carried; Data acquisition system (DAS) is used for the fluid of said pipe streaming system is detected, and accomplishes collection and arrangement that property parameters detects data.
Above-mentioned fluid migration rule research device, wherein, said pipe streaming system comprises horizontal pipeline section and vertical pipeline section, connects with flexible pipe between said horizontal pipeline section and the vertical pipeline section, comprises one section observation section in the said horizontal pipeline section.
Above-mentioned fluid migration rule research device, wherein, said observation section is straight tube or wave pipe, said observation section can be replaced by the body of the different coefficient of friction resistances.
Above-mentioned fluid migration rule research device, wherein, said observation section is a transparent material with vertical pipeline section.
Above-mentioned fluid migration rule research device, wherein, said support system comprises: pedestal, said pedestal are provided with position, hole bar straight up, and position, said hole bar is provided with a plurality of pilot holes, and said a plurality of pilot holes vertically form a line; Carriage, said pipe streaming system is established in holder, and said carriage is located on the said pedestal of bottom through a rotating shaft; Said carriage can be rotated on said pedestal; One end of said carriage is provided with keeper, and said keeper can be positioned in the said pilot hole, makes said carriage realize the multi-angle location.
Above-mentioned fluid migration rule research device, wherein, this end that said carriage is provided with keeper is connected with an adjusting drive unit, and said adjusting drive unit is used to drive said carriage and rotates around said rotating shaft.
Above-mentioned fluid migration rule research device; Wherein, Said power system includes test tank, multiphase flow pump and aerator; Said multiphase flow pump one end connects said test tank, and the other end connects said pipe streaming system, between said multiphase flow pump and said pipe streaming system, said aerator is set.
Above-mentioned fluid migration rule research device, wherein, said data acquisition system (DAS) comprises: accurate differential manometer, the two ends of said accurate differential manometer are connected to the two ends of said observation section, are used to detect the pressure reduction at said observation section two ends; Mass flowmeter is arranged between the delivery outlet and said power system of said pipe streaming system, and said mass flowmeter is used to the parameters such as fluid flow, separate phase flow rate and granule density of the system of measuring.
Above-mentioned fluid migration rule research device, wherein, said data acquisition system (DAS) also comprises two tensimeters, is arranged at the two ends of said observation section respectively, measures the pressure at said observation section two ends and compares with numerical value that said accurate differential manometer records.
Above-mentioned fluid migration rule research device, wherein, said horizontal pipeline section is that straight tube, endless tube or straight tube and endless tube are combined.
From the above, fluid migration rule research device of the present invention has following advantage and characteristics:
1, fluid migration rule research device of the present invention has been filled up the migration rule research field at heterogeneous fluid; Particularly to the technological gap of the migration rule research of the heterogeneous fluid that contains solid; Make the technician can understand and grasp the characteristic of heterogeneous fluid; So that it is in optimal state in actual production or in using, the usefulness that performance is maximum.
2, the support system of fluid migration rule research device of the present invention can realize that the multi-angle of square tube streaming system changes; Particularly the multi-angle of horizontal pipeline section is regulated; Make the multi-angle fluid migration rule research of heterogeneous fluid be achieved, thereby make data acquisition more comprehensive.
3, the pipe streaming system of fluid migration rule research device of the present invention is provided with horizontal pipeline section and vertical pipeline section, can realize that the heterogeneous fluid that horizontal tube and VERTICAL TUBE lotus root are closed under the situation moves rule research.
4, fluid migration rule research device of the present invention can carry out comprehensive and accurate detection to the coal dust migration rule of coal-seam gas multi-branched horizontal well; The situation of simulation actual formation horizontal well different angles and horizontal segment and vertical section coupling; Thereby obtain to contain the polyphasic flow property parameters of coal dust, the exploitation of actual coal-seam gas is had important directive significance.
Description of drawings
Following accompanying drawing only is intended to the present invention is done schematic illustration and explanation, not delimit the scope of the invention
Fig. 1 is a fluid migration rule research device system architecture synoptic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 looks synoptic diagram for fluid migration rule research device master of the present invention;
Fig. 3 overlooks (pipe streaming system) synoptic diagram for fluid migration rule research device of the present invention.
The main element label declaration:
100 fluid migration rule research devices
1 power system
11 test tanks
12 multiphase flow pumps
13 aerators
2 pipe streaming systems
21 horizontal pipeline sections
211 observation sections
22 vertical pipeline sections
23 flexible pipes
3 support systems
31 carriages
311 keepers
32 rotating shafts
33 pedestals
Position, 34 hole bar
341 pilot holes
35 regulate drive unit
4 data acquisition system (DAS)s
41 tensimeters
42 accurate differential manometers
43 mass flowmeters
44 data acquisition units
45 computing machines
Embodiment
To understand in order technical characterictic of the present invention, purpose and effect being had more clearly, contrast description of drawings embodiment of the present invention, but it to be merely preferred embodiment at present, be not used for limiting essential scope of the present invention.In addition; At first statement here, fluid migration rule research device of the present invention is applicable to the parameter detecting of various fluids, comprises single-phase and heterogeneous fluid or the like; Be to be that example describes in the present embodiment with the heterogeneous fluid that contains coal dust; Utilize fluid migration rule research device of the present invention to detect coal dust migration rule, think that proposing the optimization production parameter in the future provides the basis, but not only for scheduling the coal dust heterogeneous fluid.
Please refer to Fig. 1; Be fluid migration rule research device system architecture synoptic diagram of the present invention; As shown in the figure; Fluid migration rule research device 100 of the present invention mainly comprises power system 1, pipe streaming system 2, support system 3 and data acquisition system (DAS) 4, and wherein power system 1 is used to whole research device power and medium to be detected are provided, for example the coal dust heterogeneous fluid in the present embodiment; The input port and the delivery outlet of pipe streaming system 2 are connected with power system 1, and it comprises horizontal pipeline section 21 and vertical pipeline section 22, and horizontal pipeline section 21 is connected with vertical pipeline section 22, detected medium horizontal pipeline section 21 and the vertical pipeline section 22 line parameter detection of going forward side by side of flowing through; Support system 3 is mainly used in stay pipe streaming system 2, and the multi-angle of the pipe streaming system that can realize being carried is regulated conversion; Data acquisition system (DAS) 4 comprises data detection device, is mainly used in the fluid in the pipe streaming system is detected, and accomplishes collection and the arrangement that property parameters detects data.
Power system 1 can include test tank 11, multiphase flow pump 12, and also can comprise an aerator 13, and test tank 1 be used to pack into coal dust and other working fluid wherein can mix coal dust and other working fluids and stir; Multiphase flow pump 12 1 ends are connected in test tank 11, other end connecting pipe streaming system 2, be mainly used in the heterogeneous fluid that is mixed with coal dust be passed into the pipe streaming system 2 in; Between multiphase flow pump 12 and pipe streaming system 2, also can be provided with an aerator 13; Aerator 13 is used for charging into air-flow to heterogeneous fluid, can realize the generator of micron order bubble, can realize that gas evenly injects; Maximum near actual conditions, to satisfy the needs of measuring.Concrete structure about power system 1 and test tank 11, multiphase flow pump 12, aerator 13 is comparatively common in the prior art, just repeats no more at this.
Under request in person combine Fig. 1 referring to figs. 2 and 3, wherein Fig. 2 looks synoptic diagram for fluid migration rule research device master of the present invention, Fig. 3 overlooks (pipe streaming system) synoptic diagram for fluid migration rule research device of the present invention; As shown in the figure; The output terminal of power system 1 connects is that pipe streaming system 2, pipe streaming system 2 include horizontal pipeline section 21 and vertical pipeline section 22, and horizontal pipeline section 21 is horizontally disposed with; Vertically pipeline section 22 vertically is provided with, and connects with flexible pipe 23 between horizontal pipeline section 21 and the vertical pipeline section.Horizontal pipeline section 21 is preferably straight tube, but considers the problem that takes up room, and also can adopt the combined form of endless tube or straight tube and endless tube.In horizontal pipeline section 21, comprise one section observation section 211;, heterogeneous fluid carries out the detection of property parameters when flowing through observation section 211; Observation section 211 can be straight tube or wave pipe according to the detection demand, to detect the property parameters of heterogeneous fluid under difference pipe stream shape respectively, in addition; Observation section 211 is also replaceable to be the corrugated tube of the different coefficient of friction resistances, to adapt to whole device flows the property parameters under the shape at the difference pipe to heterogeneous fluid detection.Observation section 211 can be selected transparent material for use, so that the technician can directly monitor the state of fluid with eyes or by observation instrument, and obtains corresponding information.In addition, vertically pipeline section also can be selected transparent material for use, to have usefulness same as described above.Through this kind structural design of pipe streaming system 2, make heterogeneous fluid can be implemented under the situation of VERTICAL TUBE and horizontal tube coupling and move, one side follow-up detection.
Support system 3 is located at pipe streaming system 2 belows; Be used for stay pipe streaming system 2; And the multi-angle adjusting conversion of the horizontal pipeline section of realization pipe streaming system, support system comprises a carriage 31, the below of pipe streaming system 2 is located in holder; Carriage 31 belows are located on the pedestal 33 of bottom through a rotating shaft 32, make carriage 31 on pedestal 33, to rotate.Pedestal 31 is provided with position, hole bar 34 straight up; Position, hole bar 34 is provided with a plurality of pilot holes 341 and vertically forms a line, and has certain spacing between every two adjacent pilot holes 341, and the quantity that is provided with of this spacing and pilot hole 341 is all decided by actual conditions; Spacing between per two pilot holes can be different; Each spacing has been represented a different angle, is from horizontal level in the present embodiment, and each hole is the angle of 3 degree.One end of carriage 31 is provided with keeper 311; Keeper 311 can be positioned in the pilot hole 341, thereby the location that makes carriage 31 realize multi-angle just makes the horizontal pipeline section 21 of the pipe streaming system of establishing that holds in the palm on the carriage 31 realize multi-angle adjustment location; And; Owing to be to connect between horizontal pipeline section 21 and the vertical pipeline section 22, so in horizontal pipeline section 21 multi-angle conversion, vertically pipeline section still can keep vertical state with flexible pipe 23.This end that is provided with keeper 311 at carriage 31 also can be connected with an adjusting drive unit 35; This drive unit 35 is mainly used in driven bracket 31 and 32 rotates around the shaft; When entire equipment is bigger; The quality of carriage 31 maybe be very big, needs to rely on adjusting drive unit 35 to activate, thereby realize the adjusting of multi-angle.
Please refer to Fig. 1 again, data acquisition system (DAS) 4 belongs to detection and data aggregation finishing part, and it comprises two tensimeters 41 of pick-up unit, is arranged at the two ends of observation section 211 respectively, so that measure the pressure at observation section 211 two ends; One accurate differential manometer 42, the two ends of this precision differential manometer 42 are connected to the two ends of observation section 211, are used to detect the pressure reduction at observation section 211 two ends, and can compare with above-mentioned two tensimeters, 41 measured force value; One mass flowmeter 43 is arranged between the delivery outlet and test tank 11 of pipe streaming system 2, and the heterogeneous fluid mass flowmeter 43 of flowing through just is back in the test tank 11 of power system 1 by managing streaming system 2; In this process; Mass flowmeter 43 measures the parameters such as fluid flow, separate phase flow rate and granule density of system, at the measuring system population parameter simultaneously, goes back scalable mass flowmeter 43; Make it show phase-splitting mass rate and granule density; Principle of work about mass flowmeter 43 and accurate differential manometer 42 is used with concrete, has been prior art, repeats no more at this.What be worth proposition is; When needing other parameters of test fluid; Can adopt other conventional surveying instruments, be arranged at the appropriate location of pipe streaming system etc., realize measuring; The personnel that are familiar with measuring technique can confirm surveying instrument and measure the position according to the knowledge of oneself easily, so related content also repeats no more at this; One data acquisition unit 44 connects accurate differential manometer 42 and mass flowmeter 43 respectively; Be used for image data; And the data that will gather gained are sent into a computing machine 45 and are handled; The pattern of utilizing data acquisition unit and computing machine that measurement data is collected and handled is comparatively common, repeats no more at this.
Below in conjunction with above-mentioned each figure of reference, the heterogeneous fluid that contains coal dust with detection is an example, the simple application and the principle of work of fluid migration rule research device of the present invention is described: at first; According to the above-mentioned research device that assembles; Comprise power system 1, pipe streaming system 2, support system 3 and data acquisition system (DAS) 4, and control valve is set, for example in the front and back of pick-up unit at the position of necessity; And at the input and output side of managing streaming system 2; With flowing of control fluid, the installing control valve is a technology well known to those skilled in the art, no longer specifies at this.Install after the research device, each control valve is opened, in test tank 11, add the capacity clear water, open multiphase flow pump 12 and circulate in advance, check the sealing of whole apparatus system, confirm to close multiphase flow pump under the good situation of system sealing.Adding requires coal dust in right amount in test tank 11, stirs, and opens the multiphase flow pump circulation 1-2 minute, writes down pulverized coal particle concentration etc. through mass flowmeter 43; Close pump afterwards, left standstill 5 minutes, treat that coal dust leaves standstill to finish; The test tank medium changed do clear water, turn on pump keeps pumping rate constant again; Regulate the amount of pumping into of aerator 13, the record case of observer computer 45, record detects the gained data.The angle of bracket, the angle of conversion levels pipeline section 21 repeats above-mentioned experiment, the measurement data of recording level pipeline section when different angles.Observation section 211 is replaced with the corrugated tube of straight tube, wave pipe and the different coefficient of friction resistances, repeated experiments, the data of record different conditions.At last, the various data that measure are sent into computing machine put in order, and simulate the migration rule of institute's fluid measured.
What be worth proposition is; Detection to different fluid; The technician can measure flow process according to the intrinsic character design of fluid itself; Because of the technician should quite understand the characteristic of institute's fluid measured,, but all be applicable to fluid migration rule research device of the present invention so the step that measures that is designed can be because of the different differences to some extent of fluid.
From the above mentioned; Fluid migration rule research device of the present invention only for due to the mensuration that contains the coal dust heterogeneous fluid, not can be used for other conventional liquid fixed double phase flow solid Study on settling rule of formation sand, the research of biphase gas and liquid flow fluidised form visual analyzing; Non-Newtonian fluid rheology characteristic research; The research of horizontal well oil gas water multiphase flowing law, flow through oil reservoir and the research of wellbore tubular stream coupling rule, horizontal well sand control Primary Study and biphase gas and liquid flow liquid holdup and the research of drooping characteristic rule or the like.In addition, this device also can be used as horizontal well and produces fluid flowing law demonstration lesson device.
The above is merely the schematic embodiment of the present invention, is not in order to limit scope of the present invention.Any those skilled in the art, equivalent variations of under the prerequisite that does not break away from design of the present invention and principle, having done and modification all should belong to the scope that the present invention protects.

Claims (10)

1. a fluid migration rule research device is characterized in that, said fluid migration rule research device comprises:
Power system provides fluid to be detected and power;
The pipe streaming system, the input port of said pipe streaming system and delivery outlet all are connected with said power system, fluid the go forward side by side line parameter detection of said pipe streaming system of flowing through;
Support system is positioned at said pipe streaming system below, is used to support said pipe streaming system, and the angle that can regulate the said pipe streaming system that is carried, realizes the multi-angle conversion;
Data acquisition system (DAS) is used for the fluid of said pipe streaming system is detected, and accomplishes collection and arrangement that property parameters detects data.
2. fluid migration rule research device according to claim 1 is characterized in that, said pipe streaming system comprises horizontal pipeline section and vertical pipeline section, connects with flexible pipe between said horizontal pipeline section and the vertical pipeline section, comprises one section observation section in the said horizontal pipeline section.
3. fluid migration rule research device according to claim 2 is characterized in that, said observation section is straight tube or wave pipe, and said observation section can be replaced by the body of the different coefficient of friction resistances.
4. fluid migration rule research device according to claim 2 is characterized in that, said observation section and said vertical pipeline section are transparent material.
5. fluid migration rule research device according to claim 1 is characterized in that said support system comprises:
Pedestal, said pedestal are provided with position, hole bar straight up, and position, said hole bar is provided with a plurality of pilot holes, and said a plurality of pilot holes vertically form a line;
Carriage, said pipe streaming system is established in holder, and said carriage is located on the said pedestal of bottom through a rotating shaft; Said carriage can be rotated on said pedestal; One end of said carriage is provided with keeper, and said keeper can be positioned in the said pilot hole, makes said carriage realize the multi-angle location.
6. fluid migration rule research device according to claim 5 is characterized in that, this end that said carriage is provided with keeper is connected with an adjusting drive unit, and said adjusting drive unit is used to drive said carriage and rotates around said rotating shaft.
7. fluid migration rule research device according to claim 1; It is characterized in that; Said power system includes test tank, multiphase flow pump and aerator; Said multiphase flow pump one end connects said test tank, and the other end connects said pipe streaming system, between said multiphase flow pump and said pipe streaming system, said aerator is set.
8. fluid migration rule research device according to claim 2 is characterized in that said data acquisition system (DAS) comprises:
Accurate differential manometer, the two ends of said accurate differential manometer are connected to the two ends of said observation section, are used to detect the pressure reduction at said observation section two ends;
Mass flowmeter is arranged between the delivery outlet and said power system of said pipe streaming system, and said mass flowmeter is used to fluid flow, separate phase flow rate and the granule density of the system of measuring.
9. fluid migration rule research device according to claim 8; It is characterized in that; Said data acquisition system (DAS) also comprises two tensimeters, is arranged at the two ends of said observation section respectively, measures the pressure at said observation section two ends and compares with numerical value that said accurate differential manometer records.
10. fluid migration rule research device according to claim 2 is characterized in that, said horizontal pipeline section is that straight tube, endless tube or straight tube and endless tube are combined.
CN2010105976002A 2010-12-20 2010-12-20 Fluid migration researching device Expired - Fee Related CN102032981B (en)

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CN103940579B (en) * 2014-03-11 2016-05-04 哈尔滨工程大学 A kind of experiment and image automated collection systems for swaying condition bubble behavioral study
CN104483242A (en) * 2014-12-17 2015-04-01 东北石油大学 Device for measuring viscosity resistance coefficient and inertial resistance coefficient of oil and water migration in soil
CN104990687B (en) * 2015-07-17 2017-08-25 中国矿业大学 Study the Visualization method of dust migration rule in comprehensive pick face tunnel
CN111122110B (en) * 2018-11-01 2022-05-03 中国石油化工股份有限公司 Angle-adjustable self-adaptive flow control water device two-phase flow testing method and system

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