CN101994468A - Climatic adaptation type adjustable window - Google Patents

Climatic adaptation type adjustable window Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101994468A
CN101994468A CN2009101944461A CN200910194446A CN101994468A CN 101994468 A CN101994468 A CN 101994468A CN 2009101944461 A CN2009101944461 A CN 2009101944461A CN 200910194446 A CN200910194446 A CN 200910194446A CN 101994468 A CN101994468 A CN 101994468A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
window
climatic
ventilation
adaptation type
cavity
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN2009101944461A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
范一飞
杨明
牛威
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
East China Architectural Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
Original Assignee
East China Architectural Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by East China Architectural Design and Research Institute Co Ltd filed Critical East China Architectural Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
Priority to CN2009101944461A priority Critical patent/CN101994468A/en
Publication of CN101994468A publication Critical patent/CN101994468A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a climatic adaptation type adjustable window and belongs to outer envelope structures for fixed buildings. The adjustable window is characterized by consisting of an openable outer window (1) and an openable inner window (2), wherein a ventilated cavity (3) is formed between the outer window (1) and the inner window (2); and a controllable ventilated louver (4) is arranged at optional two ends of opening ends of the ventilated cavity (3), and the other opening ends of the ventilated cavity (3) are sealed. The adjustable window overcomes the defect that the conventional window body cannot be properly adjusted according to different climatic characteristics in four seasons and local climatic environment change. Meanwhile, in order to overcome the defect of high building energy consumption brought by different using requirements on buildings, the invention provides a window body which can be automatically adjusted according to different climatic environments and can meet different using requirements on building functions so as to achieve the energy-saving effect.

Description

A kind of climatic adaptation type variable sector
Technical field
The invention belongs to a kind of forms of fixed buildings peripheral structure, especially the forms that adapt under different climatic environments and regulate at building improve indoor comfort degree, realize " energy-saving and emission-reduction ".
Background technology
The important building unit that forms exchange with external environment as building, development so far, formed comprise flat open, multilayer forms that push-and-pull, forms form such as folding and respective combination form.It mainly by opening sash, realizes natural ventilation; By in the forms or cover from sun is set, realize that sunshade and light regulates outward; By increasing the thickness of glass or the number of plies, improve thermal and insulating performance.
But have following problem: under different weather conditions, the form of can not adjustment initiatively windowing reaches rational ventilation effect; The state of change cover from sun that can not be initiatively, the demand of balance sunshade and indoor illumination intensity; Can not be effectively stable utilize solar energy, realize good heat insulating effect.Especially can not under the same period, good comprehensive coordinate above-mentioned instructions for use.In addition, for the setting of devices such as dustproof, mosquito-insect-proof and the contradiction of above factor and vision impression, influence architectural appearance and result of use often.
Summary of the invention
Can not make the adjustment that adapts according to different climate characteristics and mesoclimate environmental change that the four seasons change in order to overcome existing forms, simultaneously, also in order to overcome because of satisfying the lifting that the different functions of use of building require the building energy consumption that brings, the invention provides a kind of can be according to different climatic environments from main regulation, and can satisfy different building function instructions for uses, reach the forms form of energy-saving effect.
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the basic technical scheme of being taked is:
A kind of climatic adaptation type variable sector, it is characterized in that: constitute by openable exterior window and openable interior window, described exterior window and described in form the ventilation cavity between the window, be provided with controlled ventilating blind, other openend sealing in that any two ends of the openend of described ventilation cavity is elongated.
Based on above-mentioned major technique feature, in described ventilation cavity, be provided with adjustable sunshade leaded light thing, this is adjustable sunshade leaded light thing can play the existing general mode of sunshade and light guide effect for electrically driven curtain, common casement, sun-shading louver, bamboo curtain splint etc.Control mode can be manual or electronic mode and all can.
Based on above-mentioned major technique feature, in the described ventilation cavity, the inboard of pressing close to described controlled ventilating blind is provided with the ventilation screen pack, covers the described ventilation cavity openend that has controlled ventilating blind.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is: can make the adjustment that adapts, the function of similar human body respiration according to different climate characteristics and mesoclimate environmental change that the four seasons change.
Description of drawings
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples and application construction method.
Fig. 1 is a sectional drawing of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the working condition chart of the present invention under the weather conditions of spring and autumn and suitable natural ventilation.
Fig. 3 considers but working condition chart when still needing natural ventilation when running into bad climate condition such as heavy rain or from the security angle.
Fig. 4 is unfavorable for the working condition chart under the natural ventilation weather conditions summer of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the working condition chart that is unfavorable for winter under the natural ventilation weather conditions.
Fig. 6 is a kind of elliptic cross-section form of controlled ventilating blind.
Fig. 7 is a kind of fusiformis section form of controlled ventilating blind.
Fig. 8 is a kind of square ventilation perforated board section form of controlled ventilating blind.
Fig. 9 is the detail drawing of square ventilation perforated board.
In the working condition chart of Fig. 2 to Fig. 5, dotted arrow is represented sunlight, and banded arrow is represented air-flow.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1, exterior window 1 and interior window 2 can be opened respectively, form ventilation cavity 3 between exterior window 1 and the interior window 2, each elongatedly is provided with controlled ventilating blind any two ends of the openend of ventilation cavity 3, remaining openend sealing, closing form can adopt silica gel to embed near the body of wall or the method for other general envelope windows.Controlled ventilating blind can be arranged on any two ends of ventilation cavity 3, both can up and down or the left and right sides was parallel be oppositely arranged, and also can adjacently be provided with.Controlled ventilating blind can be taked multiple mode, as shown in Figure 1, the cross section of controlled ventilating blind 4 is the rectangle of two sideband tooth mouths, rotate realization unlatching or airtight by blinds, the top of Fig. 1 mesoclimate ecad variable sector is the closed condition of controlled ventilating blind 4, and the bottom is the rotation work state signal of controlled ventilating blind 4; As shown in Figure 6, the cross section of controlled ventilating blind 4 is oval, realizes unlatching or airtight by rotating; As shown in Figure 7, the cross section of controlled ventilating blind 4 is a fusiformis, realizes unlatching or airtight by rotating; As Fig. 8 and shown in Figure 9, the cross section of controlled ventilating blind 4 is square ventilation perforated board, this perforated board constitutes by interior perforated board 8 and cover plate 9 are compound, interior perforated board 8 surfaces have plurality of holes, hole in cover plate 9 is sealed on the perforated board can be by the unlatching quantity or the airtight interior perforated board 8 of hole on the perforated board in the area coverage control of the internal perforated board of control cover plate.
Exterior window can be provided with single or multiple lift glass, and interior window also can be provided with single or multiple lift glass.Figure 1 shows that exterior window 1 is provided with a kind of form that single-glass, interior window 2 are provided with double-layer glass.
In order to realize the sunshade regulatory function, can in cavity 3, be provided with and can regulate sunshade leaded light thing 5 based on such scheme, its dead area, angle etc. all can be adjusted.
For realizing improving IAQ (indoor air quality) in blocks dust, the isolated mosquito inlet chamber, prolong climatic adaptation type variable sector forms application life.Can adopt in such scheme: controlled ventilating blind inboard is provided with ventilation screen pack 6.
Corresponding Various Seasonal and different weather conditions, the existing opposite end up and down that is arranged on ventilation cavity 3 with controlled ventilating blind is an example, the working method of this climatic adaptation type variable sector is as follows:
As shown in Figure 2: under the weather conditions of spring and autumn and suitable natural ventilation, exterior window 1 and interior window 2 can be opened respectively.The opening angle of sash, opening direction, open area etc. can carry out manual adjustments for the perception of wind direction, wind-force, wind frequency etc. according to the user, also can regulate automatically by inductor is set.The direction of sunlight and air-flow is seen diagram.
As shown in Figure 3, if consider when running into or from the security equal angles but when still needing natural ventilation, can close exterior window 1, window 2 and controlled ventilating blind 4 in opening as bad climate conditions such as heavy rains.Be located at the ventilation screen pack 6 of blinds 4 cavity inboards, effective blocks dust in the isolated mosquito inlet chamber, improves IAQ (indoor air quality), prolongs climatic adaptation type variable sector forms application life.
In above-mentioned two duties, according to the variation of indoor function of use, the corresponding adjustment of sunshade leaded light thing 5 energy can local or all be opened and be introduced direct sunlights, also can be local or all block direct sunlight, also can the part having angle to flash back the sunlight increases illumination in the inlet chamber.The direction of sunlight and air-flow is seen diagram.
As shown in Figure 4, be unfavorable in summer under the weather conditions of natural ventilation, close exterior window 1 and interior window 2, open controlled ventilating blind 4.Controlled ventilating blind 4 opening angles can be according to outdoor and cavity 3 mesoclimate environment manual adjustments or adjusting automatically.Utilization forms the air channel in cavity 3, take away heat, and window 2 reduces indoor energy consumption towards the surface temperature at cavity place in reducing.Simultaneously, the corresponding interlock adjustment of sunshade leaded light thing 5 energy, the exterior window 1 in conjunction with closing can be used as the comprehensive sunshading measure.The direction of sunlight and air-flow is seen diagram.
As shown in Figure 5, be unfavorable in the winter time under the weather conditions of natural ventilation, close exterior window 1 and interior window 2, close controlled ventilating blind 4, open adjustable sunshade leaded light thing 5, strengthen as far as possible and show up day, in cavity 3, form the occluded air layer, improve the resistance of integral window body heat on the one hand, reducing indoor heat scatters and disappears by heat, utilize sunlight for the heating of occluded air layer on the one hand, form sustainable hot source point, reduce the indoor heating energy consumption to indoor heating.The direction of sunlight and air-flow is seen diagram.
More than a kind of scheme that the embodiment of the invention provided is introduced in detail, for one of ordinary skill in the art, according to the thought of the embodiment of the invention, part in specific embodiments and applications all can change.Signal is the form that window frame is an aluminium alloys among the figure, only is a kind of signal of mode, and the present invention can be used in any general window frame form, and the making of window frame belongs to current techique, does not belong in protection scope of the present invention.
In sum, this description should not be construed as limitation of the present invention, and all any changes of making according to design philosophy of the present invention are all within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. climatic adaptation type variable sector, it is characterized in that: constitute by openable exterior window (1) and openable interior window (2), form ventilation cavity (3) between described exterior window (1) and the described interior window (2), in the elongated controlled ventilating blind (4) that is provided with of any two ends of the openend of described ventilation cavity (3), other openend sealing.
2. a kind of climatic adaptation type variable sector according to claim 1 is characterized in that: be provided with adjustable sunshade leaded light thing (5) in the described ventilation cavity (3).
3. a kind of climatic adaptation type variable sector according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterized in that: in the described ventilation cavity (3), the inboard of pressing close to described controlled ventilating blind (4) is provided with ventilation screen pack (6), covers the described ventilation cavity openend that has controlled ventilating blind.
CN2009101944461A 2009-08-21 2009-08-21 Climatic adaptation type adjustable window Pending CN101994468A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101944461A CN101994468A (en) 2009-08-21 2009-08-21 Climatic adaptation type adjustable window

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2009101944461A CN101994468A (en) 2009-08-21 2009-08-21 Climatic adaptation type adjustable window

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN101994468A true CN101994468A (en) 2011-03-30

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102061872A (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-05-18 贴日丽 Ventilating window for semi-closed type resident house
CN102900330A (en) * 2011-08-22 2013-01-30 董秀斌 Low-carbon energy-saving environment-friendly window with noise reducing and temperature regulating function
CN103015867A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-04-03 于向阳 Compound soft energy-saving window body
CN106884608A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-06-23 杭州霏派遮阳科技有限公司 A kind of built-in installation code of shutter head track

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0368707A1 (en) * 1988-10-27 1990-05-16 Saint Gobain Vitrage International Heated multiglazed window
WO2003001017A1 (en) * 2001-06-21 2003-01-03 Vkr Holding A/S Window with ventilating aperture
US20040253917A1 (en) * 2003-06-12 2004-12-16 Lidartech Co., Ltd. Window having a ventilation equipment
CN1693785A (en) * 2004-05-09 2005-11-09 乐金电子(天津)电器有限公司 Window air conditioning device
CN1940248A (en) * 2005-09-28 2007-04-04 李江安 Energy-saving efficient sunshading method for window
CN101328781A (en) * 2008-06-20 2008-12-24 哈尔滨工业大学 Bidirectional ventilated energy-saving window
CN201474557U (en) * 2009-08-21 2010-05-19 华东建筑设计研究院有限公司 Breathing window

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
EP0368707A1 (en) * 1988-10-27 1990-05-16 Saint Gobain Vitrage International Heated multiglazed window
WO2003001017A1 (en) * 2001-06-21 2003-01-03 Vkr Holding A/S Window with ventilating aperture
US20040253917A1 (en) * 2003-06-12 2004-12-16 Lidartech Co., Ltd. Window having a ventilation equipment
CN1693785A (en) * 2004-05-09 2005-11-09 乐金电子(天津)电器有限公司 Window air conditioning device
CN1940248A (en) * 2005-09-28 2007-04-04 李江安 Energy-saving efficient sunshading method for window
CN101328781A (en) * 2008-06-20 2008-12-24 哈尔滨工业大学 Bidirectional ventilated energy-saving window
CN201474557U (en) * 2009-08-21 2010-05-19 华东建筑设计研究院有限公司 Breathing window

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102061872A (en) * 2010-11-23 2011-05-18 贴日丽 Ventilating window for semi-closed type resident house
CN102900330A (en) * 2011-08-22 2013-01-30 董秀斌 Low-carbon energy-saving environment-friendly window with noise reducing and temperature regulating function
CN103015867A (en) * 2012-11-28 2013-04-03 于向阳 Compound soft energy-saving window body
CN106884608A (en) * 2017-03-20 2017-06-23 杭州霏派遮阳科技有限公司 A kind of built-in installation code of shutter head track

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Application publication date: 20110330

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