CN101951325A - Network terminal configuration system based on automatic discovery and configuration method thereof - Google Patents

Network terminal configuration system based on automatic discovery and configuration method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101951325A
CN101951325A CN2010102813963A CN201010281396A CN101951325A CN 101951325 A CN101951325 A CN 101951325A CN 2010102813963 A CN2010102813963 A CN 2010102813963A CN 201010281396 A CN201010281396 A CN 201010281396A CN 101951325 A CN101951325 A CN 101951325A
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China
Prior art keywords
network
configuration
address
switch
termination device
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Pending
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CN2010102813963A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
欧阳棣
牛洋
李新志
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Taicang T&W Electronics Co Ltd
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Taicang T&W Electronics Co Ltd
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Priority to CN2010102813963A priority Critical patent/CN101951325A/en
Publication of CN101951325A publication Critical patent/CN101951325A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a network terminal configuration system based on automatic discovery, comprising a configuration server and at least one set of network terminal equipment. The system is characterized by also comprising a switch supporting multicast and a DHCP server; the configuration server is interconnected with the network terminal equipment through the switch; the switch and the network terminal equipment conform to an IGMP protocol and are responsible for sending down the configuration information sent down by the configuration server to the network terminal equipment in a multicast manner; and the DHCP server is responsible for dynamically configuring the IP addresses of the network terminal equipment and sending the address of the configuration server and the multicast address of the switch to the network terminal equipment. The system realizes the sending of batch configuration of the configuration information from the configuration server to a plurality of sets of the network terminal equipment, and in addition, the network organization can be realized simply, thereby greatly improving the work efficiency of network administrators.

Description

Network terminal configuration-system and collocation method thereof based on automatic discovery
Technical field
The invention belongs to the network management technology field, be specifically related to a kind of network terminal configuration-system and collocation method thereof, can realize that the batch configuration of terminal equipment issues based on automatic discovery.
Background technology
At present the network configuration management technology of using substantially all can only issuing with the form of clean culture, when using this system and method, server can only carry out point-to-point configuration distributing work to following terminal by some net management agreements, owing to issue and all need to construct configuration message at every turn, and at single target terminal sending configuration message, and received and carry out by terminal, this need carry out repeatedly configuration effort, influence the performance of server, also can take simultaneously, influence the normal use of network than the macroreticular bandwidth.In some centralized management environment, a lot of configurations is identical, when being connected to a plurality of terminal under the server, the action that server is made just changes the transmission that repeats that sends the destination and do not stop and moves, reduce the workload that will reduce server greatly if configuration that can these are identical sends number of times, also shorten the configuration of whole network system and optimize network transmission performance.In addition when a zero configuration or the terminal equipment different with existing network configuration be linked into have in the system time, if there is not manual intervention, server will can not issue fully and be configured in the terminal equipment, directly introducing equipment can not be managed.The present invention therefore.
Summary of the invention
It is a kind of that the object of the invention is to provide
In order to solve these problems of the prior art, technical scheme provided by the invention is:
A kind of network terminal configuration-system based on automatic discovery comprises configuration server and at least one group network terminal equipment, it is characterized in that described system also comprises switch, the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server of supporting multicast; Described configuration server is interconnected by switch and network-termination device, and described switch and network-termination device are followed the IGMP agreement, and the configuration information of being responsible for configuration server is issued is handed down to network-termination device by the multicast mode; Described Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server is responsible for the IP address of dynamic-configuration network-termination device, and the multicast address of configuration server address and switch is sent to network-termination device.
Preferably, described switch and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server are integrated, described switch is opened the DHCP function, follow the DHCP agreement between described switch and network-termination device and carry out communication, described switch is responsible for the multicast mode and is issued the IP address that configuration information is given network-termination device and dynamic-configuration network-termination device, and the configuration server address is sent to network-termination device.
Preferably, described Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server and switch are interconnected, obtain IP address, multicast address and configuration server address with the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server communication behind the network-termination device access network.
The present invention also provides a kind of network terminal collocation method based on automatic discovery, it is characterized in that said method comprising the steps of:
(1) network-termination device and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server communication send Address requests to Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server is responded terminal request, and sending configuration server address and multicast address simultaneously, network-termination device obtains configuration server address and multicast address automatically;
(2) network-termination device and switch communication, thus join in the multicast group of switch;
(3) configuration server is issued to configuration information the multicast group of switch;
(4) switch duplicates configuration information each network-termination device that is issued in the multicast group.
Preferably, before described method also is included in new network-termination device connecting system, the step of Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server preset configuration server address and multicast address in the legacy network terminal configuration system.
Preferably, described method comprises that also the configuration server communication of network-termination device and address acquisition authenticates after network-termination device obtains configuration server address and multicast address; After authentication was passed through, the switch communication of network-termination device and multicast address coupling sent multicast and joins request; After switch obtained multicast and joins request, switch joined step in the multicast group with network-termination device.
Preferably, described method comprises that also authentication was not by then finishing the step of layoutprocedure when the configuration server communication of network-termination device and address acquisition authenticated.
Preferably, configuration server uses multicast address to send configuration information with the form of clean culture to the multicast group of switch as destination address according to prerequisite in the described method.
Preferably, after network-termination device receives configuration message in the described method, will use execution, and according to realizing the implementation status return results, the result who returns is a unicast message.
The present invention is based on the configuration distributing method of automatic discovery, also provide a kind of system based on this method simultaneously, this system comprises: switch, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server and the configuration server of at least one terminal equipment, support multicast.
Operation principle of the present invention is when network-termination device is linked in the network system, can obtain server address and multicast address automatically, and join in the multicast group automatically; Server sends to switch with the configuration of this multicast group; Switch is with configuration distributing each network-termination device to multicast group.
Technical scheme of the present invention comprises with the lower part: A, terminal obtain server address and multicast address automatically; B, terminal join multicast group; C, server arrive switch with configuration distributing; D, switch are with configuration distributing each terminal in the multicast.
A partly comprises following two steps:
A1, terminal send Address requests to Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server
A2, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server are responded terminal request, and while send server address and multicast address
After inserting a new terminal equipment in the system, terminal equipment meeting execution in step A1 sends DHCP discovery request to Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server.After Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server receives DHCP discovery request, can respond terminal, and in the ACK message, server address and multicast address are sent to terminal by DHCP option 60 and DHCPoption 43, terminal is resolved according to prerequisite and is obtained server address and multicast address, as steps A 2.Terminal will send request to server by obtaining server address, and authenticate.
B partly comprises: each terminal is constructed multicast (IGMP) respectively and is added bag, and request package is sent to switch, and switch receives after IGMP adds bag, the terminal of correspondence is joined in the multicast group, and the record corresponding port.
C partly comprises: server will use multicast address configuration message to be sent to the switch that is attached thereto as destination address with the form of clean culture according to prerequisite.
D partly comprises: switch receives that server sends be the configuration message of destination address with the multicast address after, message is duplicated the back send to each terminal according to multicast group information corresponding in the switch, after terminal receives configuration message, will use execution, and according to realizing the implementation status return results, the result who returns is a unicast message.
Generally, the present invention is configured the step that issues and can followingly carries out:
At first, before new network-termination device connecting system, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server preset configuration server address and multicast address in the legacy network terminal configuration system
Secondly, behind the network-termination device connecting system,, and configuration server address and multicast address sent to network-termination device by the IP address of Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server dynamic-configuration network-termination device;
Once more, the configuration server communication of network-termination device and address acquisition authenticates; After authentication was passed through, the switch communication of network-termination device and multicast address coupling sent multicast and joins request; After switch acquisition multicast joined request, switch joined network-termination device in the multicast group;
At last, server sends configuration information with the form of clean culture to the multicast group of switch, and switch duplicates configuration information each network-termination device that sends to multicast group.
With respect to scheme of the prior art, advantage of the present invention is:
Switch and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server with multicast functionality be set between network-termination device and configuration server in the technical solution of the present invention, realized that configuration server issues to the batch configuration of the configuration information of a plurality of network-termination devices.Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server and switch are equipment conventional in the prior art, can adopt existing network protocol, and networking realizes simple.Configuration-system configuration file of the present invention is succinctly convenient, has increased network manager's operating efficiency greatly.
The present invention is issued to each terminal by the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server mode with relevant server info, thereby reduce artificial workload, server address and server that terminal uses Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server to provide authenticate, after authentication is passed through, to add automatically in the multicast group of Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server appointment, when server issues configuration, can be directly to multicast group for identical configuration is sent to switch with mode of unicast, exchange opportunity replicated setup information also sends to all terminals in the multicast group respectively, reduces the setup time of server and the resource occupation of network.
Description of drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples the present invention is further described:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the automatic configuration distributing system that finds;
Fig. 2 is the process chart of the automatic configuration distributing of finding.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment such scheme is described further.Should be understood that these embodiment are used to the present invention is described and are not limited to limit the scope of the invention.The implementation condition that adopts among the embodiment can be done further adjustment according to the condition of concrete producer, and not marked implementation condition is generally the condition in the normal experiment.
Embodiment as shown in Figure 1, should be based on the network terminal configuration-system of automatic discovery, the switch, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server and the n group network terminal equipment that comprise configuration server, support multicast, described configuration server is interconnected by switch and network-termination device, described switch and network-termination device are followed the IGMP agreement, and the configuration information of being responsible for configuration server is issued is handed down to network-termination device by the multicast mode; Described Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server is responsible for the IP address of dynamic-configuration network-termination device, and the multicast address of configuration server address and switch is sent to network-termination device.Described Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server and switch are interconnected, obtain IP address, multicast address and configuration server address with the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server communication behind the network-termination device access network.
Wherein, network-termination device is responsible for sending Address requests and is received and responds and receiving group group information; Switch is responsible for disposing multicast group and is transmitted configuration message; Configuration server is responsible for sending multicast address and configuration message with Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server and switch communication; Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server is responsible for IP and is distributed send server address and multicast address to give network-termination device.
Fig. 2 is the process chart that present embodiment is found configuration distributing automatically, and each step of contrast flow graph is described in detail below:
1. preset server address and multicast server address on the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server in network system;
2. terminal is linked in the network system and electrifying startup;
3. terminal sends Address requests to Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server, and behind the terminal address acquisition, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server sends to terminal by option 43 and option 60 with server address and multicast address in the ACK message;
4. terminal sends authentication request by the address of automatic acquisition to server, when authentification failure, will directly withdraw from flow process;
5. after authentication is passed through, terminal will be used the multicast address that obtains automatically to send multicast to switch and join request;
6. after switch obtains multicast request, terminal is joined in the corresponding multicast group;
7. server sends identical configuration information to multicast group, and configuration information is sent to switch with the form of clean culture;
8. switch duplicates configuration information each terminal that sends to multicast group.
Above-mentioned example only is explanation technical conceive of the present invention and characteristics, and its purpose is to allow the people who is familiar with this technology can understand content of the present invention and enforcement according to this, can not limit protection scope of the present invention with this.All equivalent transformations that spirit is done according to the present invention or modification all should be encompassed within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. the network terminal configuration-system based on automatic discovery comprises configuration server and at least one group network terminal equipment, it is characterized in that described system also comprises switch, the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server of supporting multicast; Described configuration server is interconnected by switch and network-termination device, and described switch and network-termination device are followed the IGMP agreement, and the configuration information of being responsible for configuration server is issued is handed down to network-termination device by the multicast mode; Described Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server is responsible for the IP address of dynamic-configuration network-termination device, and the multicast address of configuration server address and switch is sent to network-termination device.
2. the network terminal configuration-system based on automatic discovery according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described switch and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server are integrated, described switch is opened the DHCP function, follow the DHCP agreement between described switch and network-termination device and carry out communication, described switch is responsible for the multicast mode and is issued the IP address that configuration information is given network-termination device and dynamic-configuration network-termination device, and the configuration server address is sent to network-termination device.
3. the network terminal configuration-system based on automatic discovery according to claim 1, it is characterized in that described Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server and switch are interconnected, obtain IP address, multicast address and configuration server address with the Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server communication behind the network-termination device access network.
4. network terminal collocation method based on automatic discovery is characterized in that said method comprising the steps of:
(1) network-termination device and Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server communication send Address requests to Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server, Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server is responded terminal request, and sending configuration server address and multicast address simultaneously, network-termination device obtains configuration server address and multicast address automatically;
(2) network-termination device and switch communication, thus join in the multicast group of switch;
(3) configuration server is issued to configuration information the multicast group of switch;
(4) switch duplicates configuration information each network-termination device that is issued in the multicast group.
5. method according to claim 4, it is characterized in that described method also is included in new network-termination device connecting system before, the step of Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol server preset configuration server address and multicast address in the legacy network terminal configuration system.
6. method according to claim 4 is characterized in that described method comprises that also the configuration server communication of network-termination device and address acquisition authenticates after network-termination device obtains configuration server address and multicast address; After authentication was passed through, the switch communication of network-termination device and multicast address coupling sent multicast and joins request; After switch obtained multicast and joins request, switch joined step in the multicast group with network-termination device.
7. method according to claim 6 is characterized in that described method comprises that also authentication was not by then finishing the step of layoutprocedure when the configuration server communication of network-termination device and address acquisition authenticated.
8. method according to claim 6 is characterized in that configuration server in the described method uses multicast address to send configuration information with the form of clean culture to the multicast group of switch as destination address according to prerequisite.
9. method according to claim 6, it is characterized in that network-termination device receives configuration message in the described method after, will use execution, and according to realizing the implementation status return results, the result who returns is a unicast message.
CN2010102813963A 2010-09-14 2010-09-14 Network terminal configuration system based on automatic discovery and configuration method thereof Pending CN101951325A (en)

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Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104040985A (en) * 2012-11-16 2014-09-10 华为技术有限公司 Address reconfiguration method, server and client
CN104202192A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 上海斐讯数据通信技术有限公司 Method for configuring exchangers in batches
CN105071948A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-11-18 李雅妮 Automatic deployment method and device for access switcher
CN105490826A (en) * 2014-09-16 2016-04-13 钛马信息网络技术有限公司 Configuration management system and method based on automatic discovery
CN106412050A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-15 美的智慧家居科技有限公司 Device, client and server in internet of things, and communication methods thereof
CN107957889A (en) * 2016-10-17 2018-04-24 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 Processing method, device, client, server and the system of product configuration data
CN109150568A (en) * 2017-06-27 2019-01-04 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 A kind of network management, device, system, equipment and storage medium
CN110933192A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-03-27 日立楼宇技术(广州)有限公司 Local area network IP address allocation method, device, system and computer equipment
CN111586198A (en) * 2020-04-28 2020-08-25 江苏科瑞德智控自动化科技有限公司 Self-organized machine interconnection method
CN112351118A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-02-09 广东睿江云计算股份有限公司 Multicast method and system for physical machine
CN113194119A (en) * 2021-03-29 2021-07-30 新华三大数据技术有限公司 Configuration file acquisition method and device

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CN101335640A (en) * 2007-06-25 2008-12-31 华为技术有限公司 Method and apparatus for communication terminal to automatically acquiring configuration
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CN1848787A (en) * 2006-04-30 2006-10-18 西安交通大学 Automatic fast dispositioning method for aggregated server system node
CN101335640A (en) * 2007-06-25 2008-12-31 华为技术有限公司 Method and apparatus for communication terminal to automatically acquiring configuration
CN101605041A (en) * 2008-09-18 2009-12-16 华为技术有限公司 Multicast single frequency network resource allocation method, device and system

Cited By (17)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104040985B (en) * 2012-11-16 2016-12-28 华为技术有限公司 Address method for reconfiguration, server and client side
CN104040985A (en) * 2012-11-16 2014-09-10 华为技术有限公司 Address reconfiguration method, server and client
CN104202192A (en) * 2014-09-05 2014-12-10 上海斐讯数据通信技术有限公司 Method for configuring exchangers in batches
CN104202192B (en) * 2014-09-05 2018-04-06 上海斐讯数据通信技术有限公司 A kind of method of interchanger batch configuration
CN105490826B (en) * 2014-09-16 2018-10-19 钛马信息网络技术有限公司 Based on the configuration management system and method found automatically
CN105490826A (en) * 2014-09-16 2016-04-13 钛马信息网络技术有限公司 Configuration management system and method based on automatic discovery
CN105071948A (en) * 2015-07-06 2015-11-18 李雅妮 Automatic deployment method and device for access switcher
CN105071948B (en) * 2015-07-06 2018-04-17 北京云启志新科技股份有限公司 The automatic deployment method and device of a kind of access switch
CN106412050A (en) * 2016-09-26 2017-02-15 美的智慧家居科技有限公司 Device, client and server in internet of things, and communication methods thereof
CN107957889A (en) * 2016-10-17 2018-04-24 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 Processing method, device, client, server and the system of product configuration data
CN109150568A (en) * 2017-06-27 2019-01-04 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 A kind of network management, device, system, equipment and storage medium
CN109150568B (en) * 2017-06-27 2021-12-14 阿里巴巴集团控股有限公司 Network management method, device, system, equipment and storage medium
CN110933192A (en) * 2019-10-21 2020-03-27 日立楼宇技术(广州)有限公司 Local area network IP address allocation method, device, system and computer equipment
CN111586198A (en) * 2020-04-28 2020-08-25 江苏科瑞德智控自动化科技有限公司 Self-organized machine interconnection method
CN112351118A (en) * 2021-01-07 2021-02-09 广东睿江云计算股份有限公司 Multicast method and system for physical machine
CN113194119A (en) * 2021-03-29 2021-07-30 新华三大数据技术有限公司 Configuration file acquisition method and device
CN113194119B (en) * 2021-03-29 2022-05-27 新华三大数据技术有限公司 Configuration file acquisition method and device

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Application publication date: 20110119