CN101938153A - Charging system and method - Google Patents

Charging system and method Download PDF

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CN101938153A
CN101938153A CN201010278988XA CN201010278988A CN101938153A CN 101938153 A CN101938153 A CN 101938153A CN 201010278988X A CN201010278988X A CN 201010278988XA CN 201010278988 A CN201010278988 A CN 201010278988A CN 101938153 A CN101938153 A CN 101938153A
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power
field
charging
signal
module
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CN201010278988XA
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CN101938153B (en
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丘子彬
何衍雄
张景新
邓先泉
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深圳市五洲龙汽车有限公司
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Abstract

The invention relates to a charging system which comprises a filed energy sending device and a field energy receiving device, wherein the field energy sending device sends power to the field energy receiving device through filed energy; the field energy receiving device receives and adjusts charging output power according to the sent power. In addition, the invention also relates to a charging method. The charging system and the charging method send power to the field energy receiving device through filed energy by using the field energy receiving device, the field energy receiving device adjusts the output power to supply power to electric equipment according to the transmitted power, and the adopted separated charging method improves the safety of charging.

Description

充电系统及方法 The charging system and method

【技术领域】 TECHNICAL FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及充电器领域,特别涉及一种充电系统及方法。 [0001] The present invention relates to a battery charger, and in particular, to a system and method for charging. 【背景技术】 【Background technique】

[0002] 充电系统作为一种为移动用电设备提供充电储备的工具,广泛的应用于各种场合,极大的方便了用户。 [0002] As a charging system for providing charging power storage devices for mobile tool, widely used in various occasions, greatly facilitate the users. 随着电动车的普及,充电系统的作用越来越大。 With the popularity of electric cars, the role of the charging system is growing.

[0003] 传统的充电系统为用电设备充电时,主要是直接通过电源线进行充电,充电不安全,容易发生事故。 [0003] When the conventional charging system charging electrical equipment, is directly charged by the main power supply line, the charging unsafe, prone to accidents.

【发明内容】 [SUMMARY]

[0004] 基于此,有必要提供一种安全性较好的充电系统。 [0004] Based on this, it is necessary to provide a better security charging system.

[0005] 此外,还有必要提供一种安全性较好的充电方法。 [0005] In addition, there is a need to provide a better security charging method.

[0006] 一种充电系统,包括: [0006] A charging system, comprising:

[0007] 场能发送装置,通过场能发送功率到所述场能接收装置; [0007] The field energy transmission means, power can be transmitted through a field to the field energy receiving means;

[0008] 场能接收装置,接收并根据所述发送功率调整其对外进行充电的输出功率。 [0008] The field energy receiving means for receiving the external charging and adjust its output power according to the transmission power.

[0009] 优选地,所述场能发送装置还用于检测是否有负载加载,若有,则生成检测信号, 并根据所述检测信号初始化场能发送装置的输出功率,再接收场能接收装置发送的充电信息,且根据充电信息调整场能发送装置的输出功率,并通过场能发送所述调整后的输出功率。 [0009] Preferably, the power transmission device further field for detecting whether a load is loaded, and if so, generates a detection signal and a detection signal in accordance with output power of the initializing field energy transmission device, reception device end followed by charging information is transmitted, and transmitting the output power of the field can be adjusted by adjusting the charging information field energy transmission output means, and in accordance with.

[0010] 优选地,所述场能发送装置包括: [0010] Preferably, the field energy transmitting apparatus comprising:

[0011] 整流抗干扰回路,用于将交流电转化为直流电并进行抗干扰处理; [0011] interference rectifying circuit for converting alternating current into direct current and anti-jamming process;

[0012] 第一检测模块,用于检测是否有负载加载,若有,则生成检测信号,并发送检测信号到第一处理模块; [0012] The first detection means for detecting whether a load is loaded, and if so, generates a detection signal, and sends a detection signal to the first processing module;

[0013] 信号接收模块,用于接收所述场能接收装置发送的充电信息,并发送到第一处理模块; [0013] The signal receiving module for receiving charge information transmitted from the field device can receive, and sent to a first processing module;

[0014] 第一处理模块,用于根据检测信号生成初始化输出功率信号,并根据充电信息生成功率调整控制信号,且发送所述初始化输出功率信号和功率调整控制信号; [0014] a first processing module for generating the initialization signal according to the detected output power signal, and generates a power control signal is adjusted according to the charging information, and transmitting the initialization power signal and a power output adjustment control signal;

[0015] 功率发送模块,用于根据初始化输出功率信号初始化场能发送装置的输出功率, 并根据功率调整控制信号调整所述场能发送装置的输出功率并通过场能发送所述调整后的输出功率。 [0015] The power transmission module, the output power according to the initialization output power signal transmitting apparatus initializing field energy, and can be transmitted and outputs the adjustment by the field according to the output power of the power adjustment control signal adjusts the field energy transmission device power.

[0016] 优选地,所述场能发送装置还包括: [0016] Preferably, the field energy transmission device further comprises:

[0017] 第一显示模块,用于显示所述场能发送装置的电压和电流; [0017] The first display module for displaying the field voltage and current of the power transmission device;

[0018] 第一报警模块,用于所述场能发送装置和/或场能接收装置发生故障时发出报警信号; An alarm signal when the [0018] first alarm module, means for transmitting said field energy and / or failure means can receive field;

[0019] 所述第一检测模块还用于检测所述场能发送装置的电压和电流并发送到第一显示模块。 [0019] The first detecting module is further configured to detect a voltage and a current field energy transmitted to the transmitting apparatus of the first display module. [0020] 优选地,所述场能接收装置用于从初始化场能发送装置的输出功率获取启动功率,根据所述启动功率获取能量,检测电参数,并根据电参数生成充电信息,发送所述充电信息到所述场能发送装置,并根据所述场能发送装置调整的输出功率,调整其对外进行充电的输出功率。 [0020] Preferably, the means for receiving field energy output from the power transmitting apparatus can initializing field acquisition enable power, energy acquired according to the start power, electrical parameter is detected, and generates charge information according to the electrical parameters, the transmission charging can send information to the field devices, and a power transmission device according to an output of said field adjusting, adjusting the output power of external charging.

[0021] 优选地,所述场能接收装置包括: [0021] Preferably, the field energy receiving apparatus comprising:

[0022] 第二检测模块,用于检测场能接收装置中的电参数,且将该电参数发送到第二处理模块; [0022] The second detection means for detecting electrical parameters of the field device can be received, and transmits the electrical parameter to a second processing module;

[0023] 第二处理模块,接收并处理所述电参数,生成充电信息,且将所述充电信息发送到所述信号接收模块; [0023] The second processing module receives and processes the electrical parameters and generate the charging information, and send the charging information to the signal receiving module;

[0024] 功率接收模块,用于从初始化场能发送装置的输出功率获取启动功率,为第二检测模块和第二处理模块提供能量,且还根据所述功率发送模块发送的调整后的所述场能发送装置的输出功率,调整所述场能接收装置的对外进行充电输出功率。 [0024] The power receiving module, for initializing the output power from the field energy acquisition enable power transmission means, to provide energy for the second detecting module and a second processing module and said further adjusting the power according to the transmitted transmission module output field energy transmission device, adjusting the output power of the external charging apparatus receiving field energy.

[0025] 优选地,所述场能接收装置还包括: [0025] Preferably, the apparatus further comprises a receiving field energy:

[0026] 第二显示模块,用于显示所述场能接收装置的充电状态信息; [0026] The second display module for displaying the charging state information field of said receive apparatus;

[0027] 第二报警模块,用于当场能接收装置发生故障时发出报警信号,并将该报警信号发送到所述第二处理模块; [0027] The second alarm module, means for receiving the spot can be a warning signal when a fault occurs, and transmits the alarm signal to the second processing module;

[0028] 所述第二处理模块还用于接收并发送该报警信号到所述信号接收模块;所述第一处理模块接收所述信号接收模块发送的报警信号,并根据该报警信号生成停机信号。 [0028] The second processing module is further configured to receive and transmit the alarm signal to the signal receiver module; alarm signal the first processing module receives the signal sent by the receiving module, and generating an alarm signal based on the stop signal .

[0029] 一种充电方法,包括以下步骤: [0029] A charging method, comprising the steps of:

[0030] 提供一场能发送装置,通过场能发送功率; [0030] to provide a power transmission apparatus, power can be transmitted through the field;

[0031] 提供一场能接收装置,接收并根据所述功率调整其对外进行充电的输出功率。 [0031] capable of providing a receiving means for receiving the external charging and adjust its output power according to the power.

[0032] 优选地,具体包括以下步骤: [0032] Preferably, comprises the steps of:

[0033] 检测是否有负载加载,若有,则生成检测信号,并发送检测信号; If [0033] A load detected load, and if so, generates a detection signal, and sends a detection signal;

[0034] 接收检测信号,并根据检测信号初始化场能发送装置的输出功率; [0034] receives a detection signal, and outputs a power transmission device according to the initializing field detection signal;

[0035] 从初始化场能发送装置的输出功率获取场能接收装置的启动功率,根据所述启动功率获取能量,检测电参数,并对电参数处理生成充电信息,且发送该充电信息; [0035] The output power from the power transmission device initializing field acquisition field can receive the starting power apparatus according to the starting power gain energy, electrical parameter is detected, and the electrical parameters of the process of generating the charging information, and send the charging information;

[0036] 接收充电信息,并根据充电信息调整场能发送装置的输出功率且通过场能发送功率,接收并根据调整后的场能发送装置的输出功率,调整场能接收装置的对外进行充电的输出功率。 In foreign [0036] receives the charging information, the output power and the charging information to adjust the field energy transmission device and can transmit power through the field, receiving and based on the output power of field energy transmission device after the adjustment, the adjustment field energy receiving means for charging Output Power.

[0037] 优选地,所述方法还包括:显示场能发送装置和场能接收装置的充电状态信息的步骤;还包括当发生故障时,生成报警信号,并根据报警信号生成停机信号的步骤。 [0037] Preferably, the method further comprising: the step of displaying the charging state information and the field device can receive apparatus can send a field; further comprises when a failure occurs, generates an alarm signal, and the step of generating a stop signal according to the alarm signal.

[0038] 上述充电系统及充电方法,采用场能接收装置通过场能发送功率到场能接收装置,场能接收装置根据传递的功率调整其输出功率为用电设备供电,采用的隔离式充电方法,提高了充电的安全性。 [0038] The charging system and a charging method using the reception device can receive field by the field device can transmit power to the scene, a field receiving apparatus can adjust its output power of the power supply of the electrical power transfer apparatus according to the isolation method of charging employed, improve the security of charge.

[0039] 另外,采用场能发送装置检测有负载加载时,生成检测信号,场能发送装置并根据检测信号初始化场能发送装置的输出功率,场能接收装置从初始化场能发送装置的输出功率获取启动功率,根据启动功率获取能量进行检测电参数,并根据电参数生成充电信息,场能发送装置根据充电信息调整输出功率,场能接收装置再根据调整后的场能发送装置的输出功率,调整自身的输出功率,根据调整的场能接收装置的功率对用电设备进行充电,这样采用的是一种隔离式的充电方式,极大的提高了充电的安全性,且该充电方式通过场能传动实现,实现了无电源线连接充电。 When [0039] Further, the use of field energy transmitting device detects a load is loaded, generates a detection signal, the field energy transmission device and output device detection signal initializing field can be sent according to the field to receive the output power of the device from the initializing field energy transmission device acquisition enable power, extracting energy detected electrical parameter according to the starting power, and generates charge information according to the electrical parameters field energy transmission device for charging information to adjust the output power, field reception device according to another output field energy transmission device after adjusted, adjusts its output power according to the power reception device field can be adjusted to the charge electrical equipment, used in such an isolated charging method greatly improves the safety of the charging, and the charging mode through the field You can achieve transmission, achieved without connecting the charging power cable.

[0040] 采用第一显示模块显示场能发送装置的电压、电流,可让工作人员掌握充电时场能发送装置的状况,采用第一报警模块实现了场能发送装置的故障报警;采用第二显示模块显示场能接收装置的电压、电流及充电用电量,让用户了解充电状况;采用第二报警模块在场能接收装置发生故障时发出报警信号,并将该报警信号发送到场能发送装置进行控制停机,保证安全。 [0040] The display module displays a first field device can send a voltage, current, allowing the staff can ascertain the situation when the charging field of the transmitting apparatus using a first fault alarm module implements field energy transmission device alarm; with a second display module to display the voltage, current and charging electricity energy field receiving apparatus, allowing users to understand the charge status; a second alarm signal when the presence of the alarm module using power reception device fails, an alarm signal is transmitted and the transmission means can be present a controlled shutdown to ensure safety.

【附图说明】 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0041] 图1为一个实施例中充电系统的结构示意图; [0041] FIG. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a charging system according to an embodiment;

[0042] 图2为一个实施例中场能发送装置的结构示意图; [0042] FIG. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a power transmission apparatus embodiment midfield;

[0043] 图3为一个实施例中场能接收装置的结构示意图; [0043] FIG. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a receiving device capable of midfield embodiment;

[0044] 图4为一个实施例中充电方法的流程图。 [0044] FIG 4 is a flowchart of a charging method embodiment.

【具体实施方式】 【Detailed ways】

[0045] 如图1所示,在一个实施例中,一种充电系统,包括场能发送装置10和场能接收装置20。 [0045] Figure 1, in one embodiment, a charging system, comprising a transmitting apparatus 10 and the field energy field energy receiving means 20. 场能发送装置10与场能接收装置20之间通过电磁场能传递能量,即场能发送装置10发送电磁场能功率,场能接收装置20接收电磁场能功率并根据传递的功率调整自身的输出功率为用电设备供电。 Field energy transmission device 10 is capable of receiving and transmitting energy field through the electromagnetic field between the means 20, i.e., field energy transmission device 10 transmits power of the electromagnetic field energy, the field device 20 receives an electromagnetic field capable of receiving power and can adjust its output power according to the power transfer power electrical equipment. 其中, among them,

[0046] 场能发送装置10,接收检测信号,并根据检测信号初始化场能发送装置10的输出功率,再接收场能接收装置20发送的充电信息,且根据充电信息调整场能发送装置10的输出功率。 [0046] The field energy transmission device 10, receives a detection signal, and a detection signal output initializing field energy transmission device 10, followed by ending the charging information can be transmitted from the receiving apparatus 20, and adjusting the charging information field energy transmission device 10 Output Power. 当有负载加载时,场能发送装置10检测到负载加载,将初始化场能发送装置10的输出功率,即增大场能发送装置10的输出功率,来保证场能接收装置20获取充足的启动功率,进行正常工作。 When a load is loaded, the field energy transmission device 10 detects a load load, the initializing field energy transmission output power of the device 10, i.e., transmission output power can increase the field of apparatus 10, to ensure sufficient starting power reception device 20 acquires field power, normal work. 其中,场能发送装置10设置在地下、马路边等场能站。 Wherein the field energy transmission device 10 is provided in the ground, like the roadside station field energy.

[0047] 如图2所示,一个实施例中,场能发送装置10包括整流抗干扰回路100、第一检测模块110、信号接收模块120、第一处理模块130、功率发送模块140、第一显示模块150和第一报警模块160。 [0047] As shown in FIG. 2, one embodiment embodiment, the power transmission device 10 comprises a field interference rectifying circuit 100, a first detecting module 110, a signal receiving module 120, a first processing module 130, the power transmission module 140, a first a first display module 150 and the alarm module 160. 其中, among them,

[0048] 整流抗干扰回路100用于将交流电转化为直流电,并进行抗干扰处理,为场能发送装置10的各部分提供合适、稳定的直流电。 [0048] The rectifying circuit 100 for interference alternating current into direct current, and anti-jamming, a field portion 10 of each transmission device can provide suitable, stable DC.

[0049] 第一检测模块110检测是否有负载加载,若有,则生成检测信号并发送到第一处理模块130,若没有,则继续进行检测。 If [0049] The first detecting module 110 detects a load is loaded, and if so, generates a detection signal is sent to a first processing module 130, if not, the detection is continued. 当有负载加载在场能接收装置20两端时,场能接收装置20有电流生成,该电流引起场能发送装置10中的电流变化,场能发送装置10的第一检测模块110检测到该电流变化生成检测信号,并将该检测信号发送到场能发送装置10的第一处理模块130,场能发送装置10的第一处理模块130根据检测信号生成初始化输出功率信号。 When a load receiving means 20 can be loaded at both ends of the field, a field receiving apparatus 20 can generate a current, the current change causes the field current in the power transmission device 10, a first power transmission device field detection module 110 detects the current 10 variation detection signal is generated, and this detection signal is sent to the scene of the first transmission device 10 of the processing module 130, the field 130 can transmit the output power detection signal generation initialization signal processing module 10 according to the first device.

[0050] 信号接收模块120用于接收场能接收装置20发送的充电信息,并将该充电信息发送到第一处理模块130。 [0050] 120 for receiving a field signal receiving apparatus capable of receiving module 20 transmits the charge information, and transmits the charging information to the first processing module 130. 本实施例中,检测信号为电流检测信号。 Embodiment, the detection signal is a current detection signal according to the present embodiment. 充电信息可为场能接收装置的电流和/或电压。 Charge information current and / or voltage may be capable of receiving field device.

[0051] 第一处理模块130用于根据检测信号生成初始化输出功率信号,并根据充电信息生成功率调整控制信号,且发送初始化输出功率信号和功率调整控制信号到功率发送模块140。 [0051] The first processing module 130 generates a detection signal according to the output power of the initialization signal, and the charging power adjustment information generation control signal and the output power of the transmission signal and the initialization control signal to the power adjustment module 140 of the power transmission.

[0052] 功率发送模块140用于根据初始化输出功率信号初始化场能发送装置的输出功率,还根据功率调整控制信号调整场能发送装置10的输出功率,并通过场能发送该调整后的输出功率。 [0052] The power of the transmission output power module 140 according to the initialization output power signal field can be sent initializing apparatus, further according to the power adjustment control signal to adjust the output power of the field energy transmission device 10, and to the transmission output power is adjusted by the field .

[0053] 第一显示模块150用于显示场能发送装置10和场能接收装置20的电流、电压、用电量信息中的一种或两种以上的充电状态信息。 [0053] The first display module 150 for displaying a field energy transmission device 10 and the field devices can receive a current, the voltage 20, the above information with power information of one or both of the state of charge.

[0054] 第一报警模块160用于场能发送装置10和/或场能接收装置20发生故障时发出报警信号。 [0054] The alarm module 160 of the first transmission device 10 for a field alarm signal and / or field when the receiving apparatus 20 can malfunction. 即,该故障可为在场能发送装置10发生的,也可为在场能接收装置20发生的。 That is, the presence of the fault may be a power transmission device 10 occurs, can also be present in the receiving apparatus 20 occurs.

[0055] 场能发送装置10还包括脉宽调节器用于改变场能发送装置10的直流电输出波形脉宽。 [0055] The field energy transmission device 10 further comprises a pulse width modulator for varying the field energy transmission device 10 of the DC pulse output waveform.

[0056] 场能接收装置20,从初始化场能发送装置10的输出功率获取启动功率,根据该启动功率获取能量,检测场能接收装置10的电参数,并根据该电参数生成充电信息,发送该充电信息到场能发送装置10,并根据场能发送装置10调整的输出功率,相应调整场能接收装置20的对外进行充电的输出功率。 [0056] The field energy receiving apparatus 20, from the initializing field energy transmission means output power of 10 acquisition enable power, extracting energy based on the starting power, the detection field energy receiving device electrical parameters 10, and generates charge information according to the electrical parameters, transmission the charge information transmitting means 10 can be present, based on the output power and the field energy transmission device 10 to adjust, adjusted for field 20 can receive the external charging power output apparatus. 另外,场能接收装置20设置在用电设备上,如安装在电动车上,调整场能接收装置20的输出功率为电动车的电池进行充电。 Further, the field means 20 is provided to receive the electrical equipment, as installed in the electric vehicle, power adjustment field 20 can receive the output of the means for charging electric vehicle batteries. 此外,场能接收装置20上也可自身安装电源供电直接工作,不需要从场能发送装置10中获取启动功率,进行启动工作。 Further, field devices may also be able to receive their own power supply mounted directly on the work 20 is not required from the field energy transmission device 10 starts power acquires, for start-up operation.

[0057] 如图3所示,在一个实施例中,场能接收装置20包括第二检测模块200、第二处理模块210、功率接收模块220、第二显示模块230和第二报警模块240。 [0057] As shown in FIG 3, in one embodiment, the apparatus 20 can receive field detection module 200 includes a second, a second processing module 210, a power receiving module 220, a second display module 230 and the second alarm module 240. 其中, among them,

[0058] 第二检测模块200,用于在有负载加载充电时,检测场能接收装置20中的电参数, 且将该电参数发送到第二处理模块210。 [0058] The second detecting module 200 for loading a load during charging, the receiving apparatus can detect an electrical parameter field 20, and the electrical parameters of the transmission to the second processing module 210. 本实施例中,电参数包括场能接收装置20中的电流和/或电压等。 In this embodiment, the electrical parameter comprises a field 20, and the like to receive current and / or voltage devices.

[0059] 第二处理模块210,接收该电参数,并对该电参数进行编码处理,生成充电信息,且将充电信息发送到信号接收模块120。 [0059] The second processing module 210, receives the electrical parameters and the electrical parameters of the coding process, generating charge information and charging information is transmitted to the signal receiving module 120.

[0060] 功率接收模块220,用于从初始化场能发送装置10的输出功率获取场能接收装置20的启动功率,为第二检测模块200和第二处理模块210提供能量,且还根据功率发送模块140发送的调整后的场能发送装置10的输出功率,调整场能接收装置20的对外进行充电的输出功率。 [0060] The power receiving module 220, a power output 10 from the initializing field energy field energy transmission device acquires the starting power reception device 20, the second detection module 200 and processing module 210 provides a second energy, and also according to the transmission power output field energy transmission device 10 the adjusted transmission module 140, the adjustment for field 20 can receive the external charging power output apparatus.

[0061] 第二显示模块230,用于显示场能接收装置20的充电状态信息。 [0061] The second display module 230 for displaying a field energy receiving means 20 of the charging state information. 该场能接收装置20的充电信息状态包括场能接收装置20的电压、电流及充电用电量。 The field energy receiving means 20 comprises a charging state of the information receiving apparatus capable field voltage, and the charging current of electricity 20.

[0062] 第二报警模块240,用于场能接收装置20发生故障(该故障可为过流、过压、过热、 漏电等)时发出报警信号,并将该报警信号发送到所述第二处理模块210。 [0062] The second alarm module 240, means for receiving field energy failure alarm signal (which may be a fault overcurrent, overvoltage, overheating, leakage, etc.) occurs 20, and transmits the alarm signal to the second processing module 210. 第二处理模块210接收且发送该报警信号到信号接收模块120 ;第一处理模块130接收信号接收模块120 发送的报警信号,并根据该报警信号生成停机信号。 The second processing module 210 receives and transmits the alarm signal to the signal receiving module 120; a first alarm signal transmission processing module 130 receives the signal receiving module 120, and an alarm signal is generated according to the stop signal.

[0063] 另外,该充电系统还包括短路保护模块和过流过压保护模块等,分别起到短路保护、过流过压保护。 [0063] Further, the charging system further includes a short-circuit protection and over-current protection modules and other modules, respectively, play a short circuit protection, over-current protection.

[0064] 上述充电系统的具体工作过程是:整流抗干扰回路100为场能发送装置10提供直流电,场能发送装置10的第一检测模块110检测是否有负载加载,若有,则第一检测模块110生成检测信号并发送,场能发送装置10的第一处理模块130接收并根据检测信号生成初始化输出功率信号,功率发送模块140根据初始化输出功率信号初始化场能发送装置10 的输出功率,场能接收装置20的功率接收模块220根据该初始化的场能发送装置10的输出功率,获取场能接收装置20的启动功率,由该启动功率提供能量,第二检测模块200检测电参数,第二处理模块210对电参数进行编码处理生成充电信息,并发送该充电信息,信号接收模块120接收该充电信息并解码再发送到第一处理模块130,第一处理模块130根据解码后的充电信息生成功率调整控制信号,功率发送模块140根据该功率调整控制 Specific working process [0064] The charging system are: the rectifying circuit 100 is a field interference power transmission device 10 provides DC power transmission device is a first field 110 detecting a load detection module 10 is loaded, and if so, the first detected module 110 generates and sends a detection signal, a first field energy transmission device 130 receives the processing module 10 generates the initialization signal according to the detected output power signal, the power transmission module 140 according to the initialization signal of the output power of the output power can be transmitted initializing field device 10, field a power receiving module 20 can receive from the field device 220 can transmit the initialization power output apparatus 10 acquires field 20 can start the power reception device, powered by the starting power, the second detecting module 200 detects an electrical parameter, a second electrical parameter processing module 210 performs encoding processing to generate charge information, and transmits the charge information, the signal receiving module 120 receives the charging information and then sent to a first decoding processing module 130, a first processing module 130 in accordance with the decoded information generation charging a power adjustment control signal, the power transmission module 140 according to the power adjustment control 信号调整场能发送装置10的输出功率并通过场能发送,功率接收模块220根据该调整后的场能发送装置10的输出功率,调整场能接收装置20的输出功率,从而为用电设备充电。 Signal transmission apparatus can adjust the output power of the field 10 and can be transmitted through a field, the power receiving module 220 can transmit the output power of the field device 10 according to the adjusted, the adjustment can receive the output power of the field device 20, thereby charging the electrical equipment .

[0065] 本实施例中,对用电设备进行充电,采用的方式是:开始对用电设备充电时,以恒流限压的方式充电,当电压升到限压值时,保持电压恒定,电流开始下降,检测场能接收装置20的电流值,并发送该电流值到场能发送装置10,场能发送装置10根据该电流值同步调整输出功率。 [0065] In this embodiment, the electricity charge the device, methods used are: electrical equipment when to start charging, constant current charging pressure limiting manner, when the voltage rises the pressure limiting value, the voltage remains constant, current begins to decrease, the receiving apparatus can detect the field current value 20, and transmits the current scene power transmission device 10, the synchronization adjustment field 10 can be transmitted based on the current value of the power output apparatus. 这样一直到场能接收装置20的电流小到某一值时,经过一定时间后,充电完成,场能接收装置20的第二处理模块210自动关机,直到下次重启。 Such has been the scene of the power reception device 20 when the current is small to a certain value, after a predetermined time, the charging is completed, a second field processing module capable of receiving apparatus 210 is automatically shut down 20, until the next reboot.

[0066] 上述充电系统,用电设备在充电的时候可以随时离开,充电系统将自动关机。 [0066] The charging system, electrical equipment can be left at any time at the time of charging, the charging system will automatically shut down. 此外,该充电系统特适用于需充电的车辆,能灵活的安装于场站、马路边等场所。 In addition, the charging system for charging for an Laid suitable vehicle, can be attached to a flexible station side of the road and other places.

[0067] 如图4所示,一种充电方法,包括以下步骤:提供一场能发送装置通过场能发送功率;提供一场能接收装置,接收并根据发送的功率调整其对外进行充电的输出功率。 [0067] As shown in FIG 4 A charging method, comprising the steps of: providing a power transmission device capable of transmitting through the field; capable of providing a receiving means for receiving the external charging and adjust its output based on the power transmitted power. 具体包括以下步骤: It includes the following steps:

[0068] 步骤S10,检测是否有负载加载,若有,执行步骤S20,若没有,则继续检测。 [0068] Step S10, the detecting whether a load is loaded, if so, performing step S20, the if not, continue detection.

[0069] 步骤S20,生成检测信号,并发送该检测信号; [0069] step S20, the detection signal is generated, and transmitting the detection signal;

[0070] 步骤S30,接收检测信号,并根据检测信号初始化场能发送装置的输出功率。 [0070] step S30, receives a detection signal, and outputs a power transmission device according to a detection signal initializing fields.

[0071] 步骤S40,从初始化场能发送装置的输出功率获取场能接收装置的启动功率,根据所述启动功率获取能量检测电参数,并对电参数处理生成充电信息,且发送该充电信息。 [0071] step S40, the output power from the initialization field energy field transmission apparatus can receive the starting power acquiring means, according to the start power extracting energy electrical parameter is detected, and the electrical parameters of the process of generating the charging information, and transmits the charge information. 其中,电参数包括电压和/或电流等。 Wherein the electrical parameter comprises a voltage and the like and / or current. 充电信息为对电参数经过编码处理得到,可为电压和/ 或电流等。 The charging information obtained through the encoding process on the electrical parameters, voltage and / or current.

[0072] 步骤S50,接收充电信息,并根据充电信息调整场能发送装置的输出功率且通过场能发送该输出功率,根据调整后的场能发送装置的输出功率,调整场能接收装置的对外进行充电的输出功率。 [0072] step S50, the received charge information, and and capable of transmitting the power output by the field based on the output power of the charging information adjustment field energy transmission device, based on the output power of field energy transmission device after the adjustment, the adjustment field can receive the external apparatus charging output power. 接收充电信息后,先解码,再根据解码后的充电信息调整场能发送装置的输出功率。 After receiving the charging information is decoded first, and then can send the charging power output apparatus in accordance with the decoded information field adjustment.

[0073] 在一个实施例中,上述充电方法还包括步骤:显示场能发送装置和场能接收装置的充电状态信息。 [0073] In one embodiment, the charging method further comprising the step of: displaying the field energy transmission device and a field device capable of receiving the charging state information. 其中,充电状态信息包括场能发送装置10和场能接收装置20的电压、电流、充电用电量中的一种或两种以上。 Wherein the charging state information transmitting apparatus comprising a voltage field energy, a current 10 and field device 20 can receive, in a quantity of charge or more.

[0074] 在一个实施例中,上述充电方法还包括步骤:当发生故障时,生成报警信号,并根据报警信号生成停机信号。 [0074] In one embodiment, the charging method further comprising the step of: when a fault occurs, generates an alarm signal, and generates a stop signal according to the alarm signal. 该故障为场能发送装置10发生的故障和/或场能接收装置20 发生的故障。 The fault is a fault field energy and / or field 10 can occur transmitting means 20 receives the failure occurrence means.

[0075] 上述充电系统及充电方法,采用场能接收装置10通过场能传递功率到场能接收装置20,场能接收装置20根据传递的功率调整其输出功率为用电设备供电,采用的隔离式充电方法,提高了充电的安全性。 [0075] The charging system and a charging method using a field device 10 can receive power can be transmitted by the field device 20 can receive the scene, a field receiving apparatus 20 can adjust its output transmission power is the electrical power supply equipment, using isolated according charging methods to improve the security of charge. [0076] 另外,采用场能发送装置10检测有负载加载时,生成检测信号,并根据检测信号初始化场能发送装置10的输出功率,场能接收装置20从初始化场能发送装置10的输出功率获取启动功率,根据启动功率获取能量,检测电参数,并根据电参数生成充电信息,场能发送装置10根据充电信息调整输出功率,场能接收装置20再根据调整后的场能发送装置10的输出功率,调整自身的输出功率,根据调整的场能接收装置20的功率对用电设备进行充电,这样采用的是一种隔离式的充电方式,极大的提高了充电的安全性,且该充电方式通过场能传动实现,实现了无电源线连接充电。 When [0076] Further, the use of field energy transmission device 10 detects a load is loaded, generates a detection signal, and a detection signal initializing field energy output power of the transmission device 10, the field energy receiving apparatus 20 from the initializing field output 10 of the power transmission apparatus acquisition enable power, obtained according to the starting power energy, electrical parameter is detected, and generates charge information according to the electrical parameters field energy transmission device 10 according to the charging information to adjust the output power, field energy receiving apparatus 20 and then from the field to the adjusted power transmission device 10 output power, adjust its output power can be adjusted according to the received power field 20 of the apparatus for charging electrical equipment, used in such an isolated charging method greatly improves the safety of the charging, and the charging achieved by the field energy transmission, achieved without connecting the charging power cable.

[0077] 另外,采用第一显示模块150显示场能发送装置10和场能接收装置20的电压、电流、充电用电量,可让工作人员掌握充电时场能发送装置10的状况,采用第一报警模块160 实现了场能发送装置10和/或场能接收装置20的故障报警;采用第二显示模块230显示场能接收装置20的电压、电流及充电用电量,让用户了解充电状况;采用第二报警模块240 在场能接收装置20发生故障时发出报警信号,并将该报警信号发送到场能发送装置10进行控制停机,保证安全。 [0077] Further, using the first display module 150 displays the field energy transmission device 10 and the field device can receive a voltage, current, charge electricity 20 can equip staff status field energy transmission device 10 during charging, using the first an alarm module 160 implements field device 10 can transmit and / or receive field device fault alarm 20; using the second display module 230 displays the field energy receiving device voltage, charging current, and power consumption of 20 to let users know the charge condition ; using a second alarm module 240 can receive the presence of means 20 send an alarm signal when a fault occurs, an alarm signal is transmitted to the scene and the transmission device 10 can be controlled shutdown to ensure safety.

[0078] 以上所述实施例仅表达了本发明的几种实施方式,其描述较为具体和详细,但并不能因此而理解为对本发明专利范围的限制。 [0078] Expression of the above-described embodiments are only several embodiments of the present invention, and detailed description thereof is more specific, but can not therefore be understood as limiting the scope of the present invention. 应当指出的是,对于本领域的普通技术人员来说,在不脱离本发明构思的前提下,还可以做出若干变形和改进,这些都属于本发明的保护范围。 It should be noted that those of ordinary skill in the art, without departing from the spirit of the present invention, can make various changes and modifications, which fall within the protection scope of the present invention. 因此,本发明专利的保护范围应以所附权利要求为准。 Therefore, the protection scope of the present invention should be subject to the appended claims.

Claims (10)

  1. 一种充电系统,其特征在于,包括:场能发送装置,通过场能发送功率到所述场能接收装置;场能接收装置,接收并根据所述发送功率调整其对外进行充电的输出功率。 A charging system, characterized by comprising: field energy transmission device, can be transmitted by the field energy field to the power receiving apparatus; field energy receiving means for receiving the external charging and adjust its output power according to the transmission power.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的充电系统,其特征在于,所述场能发送装置还用于检测是否有负载加载,若有,则生成检测信号,并根据所述检测信号初始化场能发送装置的输出功率,再接收场能接收装置发送的充电信息,且根据充电信息调整场能发送装置的输出功率, 并通过场能发送所述调整后的输出功率。 The charging system according to claim 1, wherein said power transmission device further field for detecting whether a load is loaded, and if so, generates a detection signal, and the power transmission device in accordance with the detection signal initializing field output power, followed by end to receive the charging information sending apparatus, and the output power of the transmission apparatus can adjust the charging information field, and the field can be transmitted through the power output adjusted.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的充电系统,其特征在于,所述场能发送装置包括: 整流抗干扰回路,用于将交流电转化为直流电并进行抗干扰处理;第一检测模块,用于检测是否有负载加载,若有,则生成检测信号,并发送检测信号到第一处理模块;信号接收模块,用于接收所述场能接收装置发送的充电信息,并发送到第一处理模块;第一处理模块,用于根据检测信号生成初始化输出功率信号,并根据充电信息生成功率调整控制信号,且发送所述初始化输出功率信号和功率调整控制信号;功率发送模块,用于根据初始化输出功率信号初始化场能发送装置的输出功率,并根据功率调整控制信号调整所述场能发送装置的输出功率并通过场能发送所述调整后的输出功率。 3. The charging system according to claim 2, wherein the field energy transmission device comprising: a rectifying circuit interference, for alternating current into direct current and anti-jamming process; a first detecting module for detecting if a load is loaded, and if so, generates a detection signal, and sends a detection signal to the first processing module; signal receiving module for receiving charge information transmitted from the field device can receive, and sent to a first processing module; the first a processing module for generating the initialization signal according to the detection output signal, and the charging power adjustment information generation control signal and transmitting the initialization power signal and a power output adjustment control signal; a power transmitting module configured to output power signal according to the initialization initializing field power output apparatus can transmit, and the control signal adjusting the output power of the power transmission device according to the field power adjustment field energy and by the transmission output power after the adjustment.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的充电系统,其特征在于,所述场能发送装置还包括: 第一显示模块,用于显示所述场能发送装置的电压和电流;第一报警模块,用于所述场能发送装置和/或场能接收装置发生故障时发出报警信号;所述第一检测模块还用于检测所述场能发送装置的电压和电流并发送到第一显示模块。 4. The charging system according to claim 3, wherein said power transmission device further comprises a field: a first display means for displaying the current and voltage field energy transmission means; a first alarm module, with field energy transmitted to the alarm signaling means and / or failure means can receive field; the first detection module is further configured to detect the voltage and current field energy transmission means and transmitted to the first display module.
  5. 5.根据权利要求3或4所述的充电系统,其特征在于,所述场能接收装置用于从初始化场能发送装置的输出功率获取启动功率,根据所述启动功率获取能量,检测电参数,并根据电参数生成充电信息,发送所述充电信息到所述场能发送装置,并根据所述场能发送装置调整的输出功率,调整其对外进行充电的输出功率。 The charging system according to claim 3 or claim 4, wherein said field device to receive the output power from the power transmission device for initializing field acquisition enable power, the starting power is detected electrical parameter obtaining energy, in accordance with and generating an electrical charging parameter information, transmitting the charging information can be sent to the field device, and a power transmission device according to an output of said field adjusting, adjusting the output power of external charging.
  6. 6.根据权利要求5所述的充电系统,其特征在于,所述场能接收装置包括:第二检测模块,用于检测场能接收装置中的电参数,且将该电参数发送到第二处理模块;第二处理模块,接收并处理所述电参数,生成充电信息,且将所述充电信息发送到所述信号接收模块;功率接收模块,用于从初始化场能发送装置的输出功率获取启动功率,为第二检测模块和第二处理模块提供能量,且还根据所述功率发送模块发送的调整后的所述场能发送装置的输出功率,调整所述场能接收装置的对外进行充电输出功率。 The charging system of claim 5, wherein the field energy receiving means comprises: a second detecting module for detecting a parameter field energy reception apparatus, and sends the parameters to the second electrically the processing module; a second processing module receives and processes the electrical parameters and generate the charging information, and send the charging information to the signal receiving module; a power receiving module, configured to obtain power output from initializing field energy transmission device starting power, providing a second energy detection module and a second processing module, and further based on an output power can be transmitted to the field device after adjusting the power transmitted by the transmission module, the external adjustment means for receiving the energy field charging Output Power.
  7. 7.根据权利要求6所述的充电系统,其特征在于,所述场能接收装置还包括: 第二显示模块,用于显示所述场能接收装置的充电状态信息;第二报警模块,用于当场能接收装置发生故障时发出报警信号,并将该报警信号发送到所述第二处理模块;所述第二处理模块还用于接收并发送该报警信号到所述信号接收模块;所述第一处理模块接收所述信号接收模块发送的报警信号,并根据该报警信号生成停机信号。 The charging system according to claim 6, wherein said receiving means further field energy comprising: a second display module, for displaying a charging state of the field device is capable of receiving information; a second alarm module, with means at the spot to receive a warning signal when a fault occurs, and transmits the alarm signal to the second processing module; the second processing module is further configured to receive an alarm signal and transmitting the signal to the receiving module; a the first processing module receives the signal transmitted by the alarm signal receiving module, and generates a stop signal according to the alarm signal.
  8. 8. 一种充电方法,包括以下步骤: 提供一场能发送装置,通过场能发送功率;提供一场能接收装置,接收并根据所述功率调整其对外进行充电的输出功率。 A charging method, comprising the steps of: providing a power transmission device, the power can be transmitted through the field; capable of providing a receiving means for receiving the external charging and adjust its output power according to the power.
  9. 9.根据权利要求8所述的充电方法,其特征在于,具体包括以下步骤: 检测是否有负载加载,若有,则生成检测信号,并发送检测信号;接收检测信号,并根据检测信号初始化场能发送装置的输出功率; 从初始化场能发送装置的输出功率获取场能接收装置的启动功率,根据所述启动功率获取能量,检测电参数,并对电参数处理生成充电信息,且发送该充电信息;接收充电信息,并根据充电信息调整场能发送装置的输出功率且通过场能发送功率, 接收并根据调整后的场能发送装置的输出功率,调整场能接收装置的对外进行充电的输出功率。 9. The charging method according to claim 8, characterized in that comprises the steps of: detecting whether a load is loaded, and if so, generates a detection signal, and sends a detection signal; receives the detection signal and initializing the field in accordance with a detection signal power transmission means can output; the output power from the initialization field energy field transmission device acquires the starting power apparatus can receive, based on the starting power gain energy, electrical parameter is detected, and the electrical parameters of the process of generating the charging information, and send the charging information; receiving charge information, the output power and the charging information to adjust the field energy transmission device and can transmit power through the field, receiving and based on the output power of field energy transmission device after the adjustment, the adjustment field reception device external charging output power.
  10. 10.根据权利要求9所述的充电方法,其特征在于,所述方法还包括:显示场能发送装置和场能接收装置的充电状态信息的步骤;还包括当发生故障时,生成报警信号,并根据报警信号生成停机信号的步骤。 10. The charging method according to claim 9, wherein said method further comprises: the step of displaying the charging state field energy transmission device and the information field energy receiving means; further comprises when a failure occurs, generates an alarm signal, and the step of generating a stop signal according to the alarm signal.
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