CN101915301A - Five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device and gear-shifting control method - Google Patents

Five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device and gear-shifting control method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101915301A
CN101915301A CN2010102783281A CN201010278328A CN101915301A CN 101915301 A CN101915301 A CN 101915301A CN 2010102783281 A CN2010102783281 A CN 2010102783281A CN 201010278328 A CN201010278328 A CN 201010278328A CN 101915301 A CN101915301 A CN 101915301A
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gear
gas valve
electromagnetic gas
rod
cylinder
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CN101915301B (en
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陈鹏
朱利民
邓群
徐卫东
刘立红
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Xiangtan Electric Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Xiangtan Electric Manufacturing Co Ltd
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Abstract

The invention relates to a five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device and a gear-shifting control method. The pneumatic device comprises an electromagnetic air valve I, an electromagnetic air valve II, an electromagnetic air valve III, an electromagnetic air valve IV, an electromagnetic air valve V, an electromagnetic air valve VI, a gear-shifting cylinder and a gear-selecting cylinder, wherein the six electromagnetic air valves are two-site three-way electromagnetic air valves; the gear-shifting cylinder and the gear-selecting cylinder are vertically installed mutually; the end part of a gear-shifting cylinder piston rod is provided with a transverse sliding sleeve; one end of a connecting rod is arranged in a sliding sleeve hole of the transverse sliding sleeve, and the other end of the connecting rod is connected with a gear-shifting operating rod on a gear box; the end part of a gear-selecting cylinder piston rod is provided with a longitudinal sliding sleeve, and the middle part of the connecting rod is arranged in the sliding sleeve hole of the longitudinal sliding sleeve; and the invention also provides a gear-shifting control method of the five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device. The five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device of the invention has simple structure and high working reliability.

Description

A kind of five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device and gear-shifting control method
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device and gear-shifting control method.
Background technique
Existing five-gear automobile gearbox Automatic Shift Control method mainly contains two kinds of hydraulic control method and motor control methods.When adopting hydraulic control method, the hydraulic control device complex structure, turbidity test require also high; When adopting motor control method, functional reliability is not good enough.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of simple in structure, five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device that reliability is high and gear-shifting control method.
The objective of the invention is to be achieved through the following technical solutions:
The present invention's five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device comprises the electromagnetic gas valve I, the electromagnetic gas valve II, the electromagnetic gas valve III, the electromagnetic gas valve IV, the electromagnetic gas valve V, the electromagnetic gas valve VI, gear shifting cylinder and gear selecting cylinder, 6 electromagnetic gas valves are 23 energising magnetism valves, electromagnetic gas valve I wherein, the electromagnetic gas valve III, the electromagnetic gas valve IV, the electromagnetic gas valve VI is an open type, the electromagnetic gas valve II, the electromagnetic gas valve V is a normal pass type, the gear selecting cylinder, gear shifting cylinder all is that level piston stroke in back is 1/2 2 grades of pistons, 3 point location compounding of cyclinders of prime piston stroke, described gear shifting cylinder, the orthogonal installation of gear selecting cylinder, the gear shifting cylinder piston rod end is provided with horizontal sliding sleeve, connecting rod one end places in the sliding sleeving hole of horizontal sliding sleeve, the connecting rod the other end is connected with declutch shift lever on the gearbox, gear selecting cylinder piston boom end is provided with vertical sliding sleeve, the connecting rod middle part places in the sliding sleeving hole of vertical sliding sleeve, the suction port of 6 electromagnetic gas valves is connected with the pressurized air supplying tube, electromagnetic gas valve I relief opening, electromagnetic gas valve II relief opening and electromagnetic gas valve III relief opening by pipeline respectively with the nose air intake of gear selecting cylinder, middle suction port, back suction port connects (tailpiece of the piston rod of gear selecting cylinder is a front end), electromagnetic gas valve IV relief opening, electromagnetic gas valve V relief opening, electromagnetic gas valve VI relief opening by pipeline respectively with the right suction port of gear shifting cylinder, middle suction port, left side suction port connects.
When the gear shifting cylinder piston rod is made fore and aft motion, drive declutch shift lever by connecting rod and do longitudinal oscillation together, simultaneously, the corresponding slip done at the connecting rod middle part in the sliding sleeving hole of vertical sliding sleeve; When elected gear air cylinder piston rod is made fore and aft motion, promote declutch shift lever by connecting rod and do teeter.
By 6 switching electricity condition and orders that electromagnetic gas valve is specific, make it can satisfy required " king " font movement locus of five-gear automobile declutch shift lever, stable position is in required neutral gear, forward gears, reverse gear position.
The gear-shifting control method of the present invention's five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device is:
Gear comprises 3 neutral gears: neutral gear N1, neutral gear N2, neutral gear N3,5 forward gearss: 1 grade of forward gears, 2 grades of forward gearss, 3 grades of forward gearss, 4 grades of forward gearss, 5 grades of forward gearss, reverse gear R.
Because electromagnetic gas valve I, electromagnetic gas valve III, electromagnetic gas valve IV, electromagnetic gas valve VI are open type, electromagnetic gas valve II, electromagnetic gas valve V are normal pass type, pressurized air enters the gear selecting cylinder by electromagnetic gas valve I, electromagnetic gas valve III, the gear selecting cylinder piston is positioned at the cylinder middle part, pressurized air enters gear shifting cylinder by electromagnetic gas valve IV, electromagnetic gas valve VI, the gear shifting cylinder piston is positioned at the cylinder middle part, at this moment, 6 electromagnetic gas valves all cut off the power supply, declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N2 position under the effect of connecting rod;
When declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N2 position, with electromagnetic gas valve I, electromagnetic gas valve II coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear selecting cylinder ante-chamber loses air pressure, and pressurized air is by gear selecting cylinder lumen, the secondary piston of gear selecting cylinder is pushed into forward terminal, vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end promotes connecting rod, and connecting rod one end slides in the horizontal sliding sleeve of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end, and the other end places neutral gear N1 position with the gearbox gear-shift operating handle;
When declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N1 position, with electromagnetic gas valve I, electromagnetic gas valve II, electromagnetic gas valve VI coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear shifting cylinder chamber, a left side and lumen lose air pressure, and pressurized air is pushed into left end point by the right chamber of gear shifting cylinder with left and right two pistons, the horizontal sliding sleeve pulling connecting rod of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end in the connecting rod middle part, the connecting rod the other end places reverse gear R position with declutch shift lever;
When declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N1 position, with electromagnetic gas valve I, electromagnetic gas valve II, electromagnetic gas valve IV, electromagnetic gas valve V coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, the right chamber of gear shifting cylinder loses air pressure, and pressurized air is pushed into right endpoint by the gear shifting cylinder lumen with right piston, and the horizontal sliding sleeve of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end promotes connecting rod, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end in the connecting rod middle part, the connecting rod the other end places forward gears 1 gear to put declutch shift lever;
When declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N2 position, with electromagnetic gas valve VI coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, chamber, a gear shifting cylinder left side loses air pressure, and pressurized air is pushed into left end point by the right chamber of gear shifting cylinder with left and right two pistons, the horizontal sliding sleeve pulling connecting rod of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end in the connecting rod middle part, the connecting rod the other end places forward gears 2 gears to put declutch shift lever;
When declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N2, with electromagnetic gas valve IV, electromagnetic gas valve V coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, the right chamber of gear shifting cylinder loses air pressure, and pressurized air is pushed into right endpoint by the gear shifting cylinder lumen with right piston, and the horizontal sliding sleeve of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end promotes connecting rod, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end in the connecting rod middle part, the connecting rod the other end places forward gears 3 gears to put the gearbox gear-shift operating handle;
When declutch shift lever is operated in the N2 position, with electromagnetic gas valve III coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear selecting cylinder back cavity loses air pressure, and pressurized air is by gear selecting cylinder ante-chamber, former and later two pistons are pushed into aft terminal, vertical sliding sleeve pulling connecting rod of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end, connecting rod one end slides in the horizontal sliding sleeve in gear shifting cylinder piston rod end, and the connecting rod the other end places neutral gear N3 position with declutch shift lever;
When declutch shift lever is operated in the N3 position, with the electromagnetic gas valve III, electromagnetic gas valve VI coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear selecting cylinder back cavity loses air pressure, pressurized air is by gear selecting cylinder ante-chamber, before it, latter two piston is pushed into aft terminal, chamber, a gear shifting cylinder left side loses air pressure, pressurized air passes through the right chamber of gear shifting cylinder with a left side, right two pistons are pushed into left end point, the horizontal sliding sleeve pulling connecting rod of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end in the connecting rod middle part, and the connecting rod the other end places forward gears 4 gears to put the gearbox gear-shift operating handle;
When declutch shift lever is operated in the N3 position, with the electromagnetic gas valve III, the electromagnetic gas valve IV, electromagnetic gas valve V coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear selecting cylinder back cavity loses air pressure, pressurized air is by gear selecting cylinder ante-chamber, before inciting somebody to action, latter two piston is pushed into aft terminal, the right chamber of gear shifting cylinder loses air pressure, pressurized air is pushed into right endpoint by the gear shifting cylinder lumen with right piston, the horizontal sliding sleeve of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end promotes connecting rod, slides in the vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end in the connecting rod middle part, and the connecting rod the other end places forward gears 5 gears to put declutch shift lever.
Therefore:
(1) if declutch shift lever is put electromagnetic gas valve I, electromagnetic gas valve II, electromagnetic gas valve VI coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts at reverse gear R gear;
(2) if declutch shift lever is put electromagnetic gas valve I, electromagnetic gas valve II, electromagnetic gas valve IV, electromagnetic gas valve V coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts at forward gears 1 gear;
(3) if declutch shift lever is put electromagnetic gas valve VI coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts at forward gears 2 gears;
(4) if declutch shift lever is put electromagnetic gas valve IV, electromagnetic gas valve V coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts at forward gears 3 gears;
(5) if declutch shift lever is put electromagnetic gas valve III, electromagnetic gas valve VI coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts at forward gears 4 gears;
(6) if declutch shift lever is put electromagnetic gas valve III, electromagnetic gas valve IV, electromagnetic gas valve V coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts at forward gears 5 gears.
Use the present invention's five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device and controlling method, can be stable be positioned at 9 required positions of five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting, be applicable to the electric-controlled mechanical automatic transmission case, especially increase the occasion of motor-driven gear-shifting actuating mechanism in manual transmission.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a Pneumatic actuator example structure schematic representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is " king's word " gear schematic representation.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with drawings and Examples.
With reference to accompanying drawing, 5 grades of gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic devices of the present invention comprise electromagnetic gas valve I 6-1, electromagnetic gas valve II 6-2, electromagnetic gas valve III 6-3, electromagnetic gas valve IV 6-4, electromagnetic gas valve V 6-5, electromagnetic gas valve VI 6-6, gear shifting cylinder 7 and gear selecting cylinder 10,6 electromagnetic gas valves are 23 energising magnetism valves, electromagnetic gas valve I 6-1 wherein, electromagnetic gas valve III 6-3, electromagnetic gas valve IV 6-4, electromagnetic gas valve VI 6-6 is an open type, electromagnetic gas valve II 6-2, electromagnetic gas valve V 6-5 is a normal pass type, gear selecting cylinder 10, gear shifting cylinder 7 all is that level piston stroke in back is 1/2 2 grades of pistons, 3 point location compounding of cyclinders of prime piston stroke, described gear shifting cylinder 7, the 10 orthogonal installations of gear selecting cylinder, gear shifting cylinder 7 piston rod ends are provided with horizontal sliding sleeve 8, connecting rod 9 one ends place in the sliding sleeving hole of horizontal sliding sleeve 8, connecting rod 9 the other ends are connected with declutch shift lever 13 on the gearbox 12, gear selecting cylinder 10 piston rod ends are provided with vertical sliding sleeve 11, connecting rod 9 middle parts place in the sliding sleeving hole of vertical sliding sleeve 11, the suction port of 6 electromagnetic gas valves is connected with the pressurized air supplying tube, electromagnetic gas valve I 6-1 relief opening, electromagnetic gas valve II 6-2 relief opening and electromagnetic gas valve III 6-3 relief opening by pipeline respectively with the nose air intake of gear selecting cylinder 10, middle suction port, back suction port connects (tailpiece of the piston rod is a front end).Electromagnetic gas valve IV 6-4 relief opening, electromagnetic gas valve V 6-5 relief opening, electromagnetic gas valve VI 6-6 relief opening are connected with the right suction port of gear shifting cylinder 7, middle suction port, left suction port respectively by pipeline.
When gear shifting cylinder 7 piston rods are made fore and aft motion, drive declutch shift lever 13 by connecting rod 9 and do longitudinal oscillation together, simultaneously, the corresponding slip done at connecting rod 9 middle parts in the sliding sleeving hole of vertical sliding sleeve 11.When elected gear air cylinder 10 piston rods are made fore and aft motion, promote gearbox gear-shift operating handle 13 by connecting rod 9 and do teeter.
The present invention's five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting controlling method is:
Gear comprises 3 neutral gears: neutral gear N1, neutral gear N2, neutral gear N3,5 forward gearss: 2 grades of forward gearss, 4 grades of forward gearss, 1 grade of forward gears, 3 grades of forward gearss, 5 grades of forward gearss, reverse gear R.
Because electromagnetic gas valve I 6-1, electromagnetic gas valve III 6-3, electromagnetic gas valve IV 6-4, electromagnetic gas valve VI 6-6 are open type, electromagnetic gas valve II 6-2, electromagnetic gas valve V 6-5 are normal pass type, pressurized air enters gear selecting cylinder 10 by electromagnetic gas valve I 6-1, electromagnetic gas valve III 6-3, gear selecting cylinder 10 pistons are positioned at the cylinder middle part, pressurized air enters gear shifting cylinder 7 by electromagnetic gas valve IV 6-4, electromagnetic gas valve VI 6-6, gear shifting cylinder 7 pistons are positioned at the cylinder middle part, at this moment, 6 electromagnetic gas valves all cut off the power supply, declutch shift lever 13 is operated in neutral gear N2 position under the effect of connecting rod 9;
When declutch shift lever 13 is operated in neutral gear N2 position, with electromagnetic gas valve I 6-1, electromagnetic gas valve II 6-2 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear selecting cylinder 10 ante-chambers lose air pressure, pressurized air is by gear selecting cylinder 10 lumens, the secondary piston of gear selecting cylinder 10 is pushed into forward terminal, vertical sliding sleeve 11 of gear selecting cylinder 10 piston rod ends promotes connecting rod 9, connecting rod 9 one ends slide in the horizontal sliding sleeve 8 of gear shifting cylinder 7 piston rod ends, and the other end places neutral gear N1 position with gearbox gear-shift operating handle 13;
When declutch shift lever 13 is operated in neutral gear N1 position, with electromagnetic gas valve I 6-1, electromagnetic gas valve II 6-2, electromagnetic gas valve VI 6-6 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear shifting cylinder 7 left chambeies and lumen lose air pressure, pressurized air is pushed into left end point by gear shifting cylinder 7 right chambeies with left and right two pistons, the horizontal sliding sleeve pulling connecting rod 9 of gear shifting cylinder 7 piston rod ends, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve 11 in gear selecting cylinder 10 piston rod ends in connecting rod 9 middle parts, connecting rod 9 the other ends place reverse gear R position with declutch shift lever 13;
When declutch shift lever 13 is operated in neutral gear N1 position, with electromagnetic gas valve I 6-1, electromagnetic gas valve II 6-2, electromagnetic gas valve IV 6-4, electromagnetic gas valve V 6-5 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear shifting cylinder 7 right chambeies lose air pressure, pressurized air is pushed into right endpoint by gear shifting cylinder 7 lumens with right piston, the horizontal sliding sleeve 8 of gear shifting cylinder 7 piston rod ends promotes connecting rod 9, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve 11 in gear selecting cylinder 10 piston rod ends in connecting rod 9 middle parts, connecting rod 9 the other ends place forward gears 1 gear to put declutch shift lever 13;
When declutch shift lever 13 is operated in neutral gear N2 position, with electromagnetic gas valve VI 6-6 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear shifting cylinder 7 left chambeies lose air pressure, and pressurized air is pushed into left end point by gear shifting cylinder 7 right chambeies with left and right two pistons, the horizontal sliding sleeve 8 pulling connecting rods 9 of gear shifting cylinder 7 piston rod ends, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve 11 in gear selecting cylinder 10 piston rod ends in connecting rod 9 middle parts, connecting rod 9 the other ends place forward gears 2 gears to put declutch shift lever 13;
When declutch shift lever 13 is operated in neutral gear N2, with electromagnetic gas valve IV 6-4, electromagnetic gas valve V 6-5 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear shifting cylinder 7 right chambeies lose air pressure, and pressurized air is pushed into right endpoint by gear shifting cylinder 7 lumens with right piston, and the horizontal sliding sleeve 8 of gear shifting cylinder 7 piston rod ends promotes connecting rod 9, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve 11 in gear selecting cylinder 10 piston rod ends in connecting rod 9 middle parts, connecting rod 9 the other ends place forward gears 3 gears to put gearbox gear-shift operating handle 13;
When declutch shift lever 13 is operated in the N2 position, with electromagnetic gas valve III 6-3 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear selecting cylinder 10 back cavities lose air pressure, and pressurized air is by gear selecting cylinder 10 ante-chambers, former and later two pistons are pushed into aft terminal, vertical sliding sleeve 11 pulling connecting rods 9 of gear selecting cylinder 10 piston rod ends, connecting rod 9 one ends slide in the horizontal sliding sleeve 8 in gear shifting cylinder piston rod end, and connecting rod 9 the other ends place neutral gear N3 position with declutch shift lever 13;
When declutch shift lever 13 is operated in the N3 position, with electromagnetic gas valve III 6-3, electromagnetic gas valve VI 6-6 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear selecting cylinder 10 back cavities lose air pressure, pressurized air is by gear selecting cylinder 10 ante-chambers, before it, latter two piston is pushed into aft terminal, gear shifting cylinder 7 left chambeies lose air pressure, pressurized air passes through gear shifting cylinder 7 right chambeies with a left side, right two pistons are pushed into left end point, the horizontal sliding sleeve 8 pulling connecting rods 9 of gear shifting cylinder 7 piston rod ends, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve 11 in gear selecting cylinder 10 piston rod ends in connecting rod 9 middle parts, and connecting rod 9 the other ends place forward gears 4 gears to put gearbox gear-shift operating handle 13;
When declutch shift lever 13 is operated in the N3 position, with electromagnetic gas valve III 6-3, electromagnetic gas valve IV 6-4, electromagnetic gas valve V 6-5 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear selecting cylinder 10 back cavities lose air pressure, pressurized air is by gear selecting cylinder 10 ante-chambers, before inciting somebody to action, latter two piston is pushed into aft terminal, gear shifting cylinder 7 right chambeies lose air pressure, pressurized air is pushed into right endpoint by gear shifting cylinder 7 lumens with right piston, the horizontal sliding sleeve 8 of gear shifting cylinder 7 piston rod ends promotes connecting rod 9, slides in the vertical sliding sleeve 11 in gear selecting cylinder 10 piston rod ends in connecting rod 9 middle parts, and connecting rod 9 the other ends place forward gears 5 gears to put declutch shift lever 13.
Therefore:
(1) if declutch shift lever 13 in reverse gear R position, electromagnetic gas valve I 6-1, electromagnetic gas valve II 6-2, electromagnetic gas valve VI 6-6 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts;
(2) if declutch shift lever 13 is put electromagnetic gas valve I 6-1, electromagnetic gas valve II 6-2, electromagnetic gas valve IV 6-4, electromagnetic gas valve V 6-5 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts at forward gears 1 gear;
(3) if declutch shift lever 13 is put electromagnetic gas valve VI 6-6 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts at forward gears 2 gears;
(4) if declutch shift lever 13 is put electromagnetic gas valve IV 6-4, electromagnetic gas valve V 6-5 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts at forward gears 3 gears;
(5) if declutch shift lever 13 is put electromagnetic gas valve III 6-3, electromagnetic gas valve VI 6-6 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts at forward gears 4 gears;
(6) if declutch shift lever 13 is put electromagnetic gas valve III 6-3, electromagnetic gas valve IV 6-4, electromagnetic gas valve V 6-5 coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts at forward gears 5 gears.
Use the present invention, can be stable be positioned at 9 required positions of five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting, the compounding of cyclinder sealing of 2 grades of piston 3 point locations is easier to ensure, is applicable to the electric-controlled mechanical automatic transmission case, especially increases the occasion of motor-driven gear-shifting actuating mechanism in manual transmission.

Claims (2)

1. five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device, it is characterized in that, comprise the electromagnetic gas valve I, the electromagnetic gas valve II, the electromagnetic gas valve III, the electromagnetic gas valve IV, the electromagnetic gas valve V, the electromagnetic gas valve VI, gear shifting cylinder and gear selecting cylinder, 6 electromagnetic gas valves are 23 energising magnetism valves, electromagnetic gas valve I wherein, the electromagnetic gas valve III, the electromagnetic gas valve IV, the electromagnetic gas valve VI is an open type, the electromagnetic gas valve II, the electromagnetic gas valve V is a normal pass type, the gear selecting cylinder, gear shifting cylinder all is that level piston stroke in back is 1/2 2 grades of pistons, 3 point location compounding of cyclinders of prime piston stroke, described gear shifting cylinder, the orthogonal installation of gear selecting cylinder, the gear shifting cylinder piston rod end is provided with horizontal sliding sleeve, connecting rod one end places in the sliding sleeving hole of horizontal sliding sleeve, the connecting rod the other end is connected with declutch shift lever on the gearbox, gear selecting cylinder piston boom end is provided with vertical sliding sleeve, the connecting rod middle part places in the sliding sleeving hole of vertical sliding sleeve, the suction port of 6 electromagnetic gas valves is connected with the pressurized air supplying tube, electromagnetic gas valve I relief opening, electromagnetic gas valve II relief opening and electromagnetic gas valve III relief opening by pipeline respectively with the nose air intake of gear selecting cylinder, middle suction port, back suction port connects, electromagnetic gas valve IV relief opening, electromagnetic gas valve V relief opening, electromagnetic gas valve VI relief opening by pipeline respectively with the right suction port of gear shifting cylinder, middle suction port, left side suction port connects.
2. the gear-shifting control method of a five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: when declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N2 position, 6 electromagnetic gas valves all cut off the power supply, the electromagnetic gas valve I, the electromagnetic gas valve III, the electromagnetic gas valve IV, the electromagnetic gas valve VI is an open type, the electromagnetic gas valve II, the electromagnetic gas valve V is a normal pass type, pressurized air is by the electromagnetic gas valve I, the electromagnetic gas valve III enters the gear selecting cylinder, the gear selecting cylinder piston is positioned at the cylinder middle part, pressurized air is by the electromagnetic gas valve IV, the electromagnetic gas valve VI enters gear shifting cylinder, the gear shifting cylinder piston is positioned at the cylinder middle part, declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N2 position under the effect of connecting rod;
When declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N2 position, with electromagnetic gas valve I, electromagnetic gas valve II coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear selecting cylinder ante-chamber loses air pressure, and pressurized air is by gear selecting cylinder lumen, the secondary piston of gear selecting cylinder is pushed into forward terminal, vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end promotes connecting rod, and connecting rod one end slides in the horizontal sliding sleeve of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end, and the other end places neutral gear N1 position with the gearbox gear-shift operating handle;
When declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N1 position, with electromagnetic gas valve I, electromagnetic gas valve II, electromagnetic gas valve VI coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear shifting cylinder chamber, a left side and lumen lose air pressure, and pressurized air is pushed into left end point by the right chamber of gear shifting cylinder with left and right two pistons, the horizontal sliding sleeve pulling connecting rod of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end in the connecting rod middle part, the connecting rod the other end places reverse gear R position with declutch shift lever;
When declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N1 position, with electromagnetic gas valve I, electromagnetic gas valve II, electromagnetic gas valve IV, electromagnetic gas valve V coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, the right chamber of gear shifting cylinder loses air pressure, and pressurized air is pushed into right endpoint by the gear shifting cylinder lumen with right piston, and the horizontal sliding sleeve of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end promotes connecting rod, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end in the connecting rod middle part, the connecting rod the other end places forward gears 1 gear to put declutch shift lever;
When declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N2 position, with electromagnetic gas valve VI coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, chamber, a gear shifting cylinder left side loses air pressure, and pressurized air is pushed into left end point by the right chamber of gear shifting cylinder with left and right two pistons, the horizontal sliding sleeve pulling connecting rod of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end in the connecting rod middle part, the connecting rod the other end places forward gears 2 gears to put declutch shift lever;
When declutch shift lever is operated in neutral gear N2, with electromagnetic gas valve IV, electromagnetic gas valve V coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, the right chamber of gear shifting cylinder loses air pressure, and pressurized air is pushed into right endpoint by the gear shifting cylinder lumen with right piston, and the horizontal sliding sleeve of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end promotes connecting rod, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end in the connecting rod middle part, the connecting rod the other end places forward gears 3 gears to put the gearbox gear-shift operating handle;
When declutch shift lever is operated in the N2 position, with electromagnetic gas valve III coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear selecting cylinder back cavity loses air pressure, and pressurized air is by gear selecting cylinder ante-chamber, former and later two pistons are pushed into aft terminal, vertical sliding sleeve pulling connecting rod of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end, connecting rod one end slides in the horizontal sliding sleeve in gear shifting cylinder piston rod end, and the connecting rod the other end places neutral gear N3 position with declutch shift lever;
When declutch shift lever is operated in the N3 position, with the electromagnetic gas valve III, electromagnetic gas valve VI coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear selecting cylinder back cavity loses air pressure, pressurized air is by gear selecting cylinder ante-chamber, before it, latter two piston is pushed into aft terminal, chamber, a gear shifting cylinder left side loses air pressure, pressurized air passes through the right chamber of gear shifting cylinder with a left side, right two pistons are pushed into left end point, the horizontal sliding sleeve pulling connecting rod of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end, slide in the vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end in the connecting rod middle part, and the connecting rod the other end places forward gears 4 gears to put the gearbox gear-shift operating handle;
When declutch shift lever is operated in the N3 position, with the electromagnetic gas valve III, the electromagnetic gas valve IV, electromagnetic gas valve V coil electricity, all the other electromagnetic gas valve coil blackouts, at this moment, gear selecting cylinder back cavity loses air pressure, pressurized air is by gear selecting cylinder ante-chamber, before inciting somebody to action, latter two piston is pushed into aft terminal, the right chamber of gear shifting cylinder loses air pressure, pressurized air is pushed into right endpoint by the gear shifting cylinder lumen with right piston, the horizontal sliding sleeve of gear shifting cylinder piston rod end promotes connecting rod, slides in the vertical sliding sleeve of gear selecting cylinder piston boom end in the connecting rod middle part, and the connecting rod the other end places forward gears 5 gears to put declutch shift lever.
CN 201010278328 2010-09-10 2010-09-10 Five-gear automobile gear-box gear-shifting pneumatic device and gear-shifting control method Active CN101915301B (en)

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CN103671869A (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-03-26 邢台威力汽车零部件有限公司 Semi-automatic power-assisted speed change device of automobile
CN104847889A (en) * 2014-06-24 2015-08-19 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Electrically-controlled pneumatic gear shifting control method and system of vehicle
CN102537325B (en) * 2010-12-18 2016-12-14 陕西国力信息技术有限公司 There is the motor vehicles compressed-air shifting method of Electronic control
CN106395661A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-02-15 宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司 One-click gear shifting system and method of drilling winch

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CN102537325B (en) * 2010-12-18 2016-12-14 陕西国力信息技术有限公司 There is the motor vehicles compressed-air shifting method of Electronic control
CN102537325A (en) * 2010-12-18 2012-07-04 陕西国力信息技术有限公司 Pneumatic gear shifting method for motor vehicle with electric control function
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CN104847889A (en) * 2014-06-24 2015-08-19 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Electrically-controlled pneumatic gear shifting control method and system of vehicle
CN104847889B (en) * 2014-06-24 2017-07-11 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 The ecp shift control method and system of a kind of vehicle
CN106395661A (en) * 2016-11-09 2017-02-15 宝鸡石油机械有限责任公司 One-click gear shifting system and method of drilling winch

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