CN101901542A - System and method for providing traffic notifications to mobile devices - Google Patents

System and method for providing traffic notifications to mobile devices Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101901542A
CN101901542A CN2009102532755A CN200910253275A CN101901542A CN 101901542 A CN101901542 A CN 101901542A CN 2009102532755 A CN2009102532755 A CN 2009102532755A CN 200910253275 A CN200910253275 A CN 200910253275A CN 101901542 A CN101901542 A CN 101901542A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
described
mobile device
traffic
warning
example
Prior art date
Application number
CN2009102532755A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101901542B (en
Inventor
克里斯托弗·R·沃莫尔德
阿尔坎杰洛·洛伯托
雷蒙德·雷迪
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捷讯研究有限公司
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Publication date
Priority to EP08171506.2 priority Critical
Priority to EP08171506A priority patent/EP2196971B1/en
Priority to EP081715062 priority
Application filed by 捷讯研究有限公司 filed Critical 捷讯研究有限公司
Publication of CN101901542A publication Critical patent/CN101901542A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN101901542B publication Critical patent/CN101901542B/en

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/01Detecting movement of traffic to be counted or controlled
    • G08G1/0104Measuring and analyzing of parameters relative to traffic conditions
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/09Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions
    • G08G1/0962Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions having an indicator mounted inside the vehicle, e.g. giving voice messages
    • G08G1/0967Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits
    • G08G1/096708Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits where the received information might be used to generate an automatic action on the vehicle control
    • G08G1/096716Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits where the received information might be used to generate an automatic action on the vehicle control where the received information does not generate an automatic action on the vehicle control
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/09Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions
    • G08G1/0962Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions having an indicator mounted inside the vehicle, e.g. giving voice messages
    • G08G1/0967Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits
    • G08G1/096733Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits where a selection of the information might take place
    • G08G1/096741Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits where a selection of the information might take place where the source of the transmitted information selects which information to transmit to each vehicle
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/09Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions
    • G08G1/0962Arrangements for giving variable traffic instructions having an indicator mounted inside the vehicle, e.g. giving voice messages
    • G08G1/0967Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits
    • G08G1/096766Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits where the system is characterised by the origin of the information transmission
    • G08G1/096775Systems involving transmission of highway information, e.g. weather, speed limits where the system is characterised by the origin of the information transmission where the origin of the information is a central station
    • GPHYSICS
    • G08SIGNALLING
    • G08GTRAFFIC CONTROL SYSTEMS
    • G08G1/00Traffic control systems for road vehicles
    • G08G1/20Monitoring the location of vehicles belonging to a group, e.g. fleet of vehicles, countable or determined number of vehicles
    • G08G1/207Monitoring the location of vehicles belonging to a group, e.g. fleet of vehicles, countable or determined number of vehicles with respect to certain areas, e.g. forbidden or allowed areas with possible alerting when inside or outside boundaries

Abstract

A system and method for providing traffic notifications to mobile devices is provided. The system obtains device data from a plurality of mobile devices within a similar area, gathered using, e.g., a GPS system. According to the speed that the mobile devices are travelling and the location of the similar area, traffic events can be identified and other mobile devices notified to provide dynamic updates as traffic situations change. Follow up notifications can be provided to update the user regarding the progress of traffic congestion, detours can be suggested, and various alerts provided. The mobile device may be connected to or part of a vehicle and leverage the notification system to provide different types of alerts and to notify users using various mechanisms.

Description

The system and method for traffic notifications is provided to mobile device

Technical field

Following content relates in general to the location-based service (LBS) that is used for mobile device, is specifically related to be used for providing to mobile device the system and method for traffic notifications.

Background technology

The peak period magnitude of traffic flow, road construction, vehicle collision and roadside emergency condition only are to cause the variety of event of traffic jam and some examples in the situation.Because the character of this incident is difficult to predict traffic jam.Although radio broadcasting, TV and online news sources can provide the transport information of using various technology (as highway camera, hotline traffic prompting, satellite image and path sensor) to collect, these information always not current or accurate fully.

Because a variety of causes, out-of-date or coarse transport information can make troubles.For example, owing to indication exist the traffic returns of traffic problems (this problem is from alleviating at that time) select may be more inconvenient alternative traffic route.This can cause computing machine to select the route of suboptimum, and this route may excessive fuel consumption, it is late to cause and cause obstruction on the bypass.On the contrary, because traffic returns is based on the information that is not current, so traffic returns may indicate commuter's route unobstructed, and in fact simultaneous events has caused traffic congestion.

Summary of the invention

A kind of method, computer-readable medium and reporting system that is used to provide traffic notifications can be provided.Reporting system can be configured to comprise computer-readable medium, and described computer-readable medium can comprise the computer executable instructions that is used for carrying out following operation: each of a plurality of mobile devices in the bottleneck area obtains velocity survey; Use described velocity survey to identify the interior traffic events of described bottleneck area; And under the situation that has identified traffic events, send notice at least one mobile device, so that the warning relevant with described traffic events to be provided near described bottleneck area.

The method, computer-readable medium and the mobile device that also provide a kind of configuration to be used to provide traffic notifications.Described mobile device can be configured to comprise computer-readable medium, described computer-readable medium comprises the computer executable instructions that is used to carry out following operation: from traffic notifications system reception notification, described notice comprises the warning relevant with traffic events, described traffic events is identified by the velocity survey of each acquisition a plurality of mobile devices of described reporting system use in bottleneck area, and described traffic events is associated with described bottleneck area; And use the output mechanism of described mobile device that described warning is provided.

Description of drawings

Referring now to accompanying drawing, will only embodiment be described by way of example, in the accompanying drawing:

Fig. 1 has illustrated to provide to mobile device according to the data that obtain from a plurality of other mobile devices the synoptic diagram of example embodiment of the traffic notifications system of traffic notifications.

Fig. 2 has illustrated data item is pushed to from host computer system the system diagram of the environment of mobile device.

Fig. 3 is the synoptic diagram of mobile device and display screen thereof.

Fig. 4 is the synoptic diagram of another mobile device and display screen thereof.

Fig. 5 is the block diagram of the example embodiment of mobile device.

Fig. 6 is the block diagram of example embodiment of communication subsystem component of the mobile device of Fig. 5.

Fig. 7 is the screenshot capture of the exemplary main screen curtain of mobile device demonstration.

Fig. 8 has illustrated example software in other software application shown in Fig. 5 and the assembly to use and the block diagram of assembly.

Fig. 9 shows the synoptic diagram of the example arrangement of the embodiment of Fig. 1 when using wireless router shown in Figure 2 to realize.

Figure 10 is the process flow diagram that is used to prepare and provide to mobile device the exemplary operations of traffic notifications of having illustrated that the traffic notifications system carries out.

Figure 11 has illustrated to provide according to the notice that receives among the embodiment screenshot capture of the user interface (UI) of email alert.

Figure 12 has illustrated to provide according to the notice that receives among the embodiment screenshot capture of the UI of simple message service (SMS).

Figure 13 has illustrated to provide according to the notice that receives among the embodiment screenshot capture of the UI of interactive map warning.

Figure 14 shows the diagram synoptic diagram of the example arrangement of another system shown in Figure 9.

Figure 15 be illustrated to be implemented among the embodiment select in the menu that visits by map application traffic more new option with the screenshot capture of the UI that initiates to participate in the traffic notifications system.

Figure 16 has illustrated initiation to participate in the process flow diagram of the exemplary operations of traffic notifications system.

Figure 17 a has illustrated the screenshot capture of example follow-up email notice of email notification shown in Figure 11.

Figure 17 b has illustrated the screenshot capture of another example follow-up email notice of the email notification shown in Figure 11 and the 17a, and the indication traffic jam solves.

Figure 18 has illustrated to inquire about according to the oil level that is detected the process flow diagram of the exemplary operations of position, refuelling station.

Figure 19 has illustrated the process flow diagram of the alternative notice preparation routine of the notice preparation routine of example among Figure 10.

Embodiment

Can recognize that simply clear in order to illustrate, under situation about seeing fit, reference number can repeat between accompanying drawing, to indicate correspondence or similar element.In addition, many details have been set forth so that the thorough to the embodiments described herein to be provided.Yet, one of ordinary skill in the art will appreciate that do not have these details also can realize the embodiments described herein.In other examples, do not describe known method, process and assembly in detail, in order to avoid make the embodiments described herein emphasis indeterminate.In addition, description should not be considered to the scope of the embodiments described herein is limited.

Can recognize, can be used to produce to the data that may be subjected to providing and the dynamic notice of other mobile devices of determined traffic problems influence according to described a plurality of mobile devices with the data of the position of a plurality of mobile devices and velocity correlation.

Forward Fig. 1 now to, Fig. 1 shows the example traffic zone, and this traffic zone comprises hereinafter referred to as the traffic of bottleneck area 2 " problem ".Bottleneck area 2 comprises " left margin " traffic track 4 (that is, with respect to the page) and " right margin " traffic track 6.Can see the public domain of the traffic jam that bottleneck area 2 expression is caused by any one or a plurality of traffic events.Also show another traffic zone among Fig. 1, in this example, this another traffic zone is represented upstream 8, and upstream 8 is meant following any road: this road is approaching, expectation is connected to, leads to or be exactly the upstream portion that comprises the same link of bottleneck area 2.In this example, therefore, upstream 8 is carried traffic to bottleneck area 2, feasible at least one mobile device 100 that can determine near bottleneck area 2.

In the example depicted in fig. 1, at particular point in time, bottleneck area 2 comprises 3 vehicles of advancing along left margin 4, that is, and and vehicle 10B, 10C and 10D; And comprise the single car 10E that advances along right margin 6.For present discussion, stop up and only appear at the left margin track, and vehicle 10E just moves in the track, boundary on the right with normal speed.At identical time point, upstream 8 comprises the single car 10A that advances to bottleneck area 2 along left margin 4.Each vehicle 10A-10E comprises corresponding data communications equipment, and hereinafter referred to as mobile device 100A-100E, these mobile devices are advanced with the corresponding vehicle 10A-10E at its current place.To explain that as following mobile device 100 can be any suitable device that can communicate via wireless network 200.Mobile device 100 utilizes this ability to provide device data 78 via wireless network 200 to dynamic traffic reporting system 80.Device data 78 comprises and the position of vehicle 10 and the information of velocity correlation, and this information is that measure or obtained by (or from) another source by the mobile device that is positioned at vehicle 10 and advances with vehicle 10 10.For example, the mobile device 100B among the vehicle 10B can utilize the GPS function to come the speed of measuring vehicle 10B and current location, preparation machine data 78, and device data 78 is sent to dynamic traffic reporting system 80 (being designated hereinafter simply as " reporting system 80 ").

To explain also that as following reporting system 80 uses dynamically determines traffic from the device data 78 of a plurality of mobile devices 100,, notify 84 with what prepare to send to the mobile device 100 that expection is advanced to bottleneck area 2 as the development of bottleneck area 2.

For at least one environment that helps reader understanding's reporting system 80 to realize therein, a kind of example system is described now, this example system comprise wireless network 200 and can be implemented in mobile device 100 and reporting system 80 between other assemblies of communication.

As mentioned above, data communications equipment is commonly referred to " mobile device ".The example of the mobile device that is suitable for comprises: pager, cell phone, cellular smart phone, portable game and amusement equipment, wireless organizer, personal digital assistant, computing machine, laptop computer, handheld wireless communication device, have notebook of wireless capability or the like.

A kind of example mobile device is to have the high-level data communication capacity bi-directional communication device of (comprising the ability of communicating by letter with other mobile devices or computer system by the network at transceiver station).Mobile device also can have the ability that allows voice communication.Function according to mobile device provides can be called mobile device data messaging equipment, bidirection pager, the cell phone with data messaging ability, wireless internet appliance or data communications equipment (being with or without telephone capability).

Mobile device can be to be used for the pushed information of form of ownership is routed to the mobile device that the system of mobile device uses continuously from host computer system in configuration.An example of this system is described now.

Referring now to Fig. 2, example system figure is provided, show via wireless router 26 being redirected of the user data item of mobile device 100 (as message A or C) from incorporated business's computer system (host computer system) 250 to the user.Wireless router 26 provides the wireless connections function, because wireless router 26 both had been used for most wireless network 200 complicacy of abstract, has realized again for supporting to communicate by letter with mobile device 100 and the feature of necessity for mobile device 100 propelling datas.Although not shown, a plurality of mobile devices can be visited the data from host computer system 250.In this example, the message A among Fig. 2 represents to be sent to from for example host computer system 250 interior desk-top computers the inside story of the server computer (generally speaking can comprise database server, Calendar server, e-mail server or voice-mail server) of any number company's network 260 (for example LAN).

Message C among Fig. 2 represents the external message from the sender who is not connected directly to host computer system 250 (as user's mobile device 100, certain other user's mobile device (not shown) or be connected to Any user public or private network 224 (for example the Internet)).Message C can be Email, voice mail, calendar information, database update, page refreshment or even can represent command messages from user's mobile device 100 to host computer system 250.Except typical communication link, host computer system 250 can also comprise with incorporated business computer network system, one or more wireless mobility agent, TCP/IP and being connected, the set of data storage (for example, the data storage that is used for Email can be existing mail server, as Microsoft Server or Lotus Server) hardware and software that is associated, these all within corporate firewall and afterwards.

According to the requirement of each wireless network 200 that is using, mobile device 100 can be used for communicating by letter in wireless network 200 via Radio Link.As schematic example at the operation of wireless router shown in Figure 2 26, consider data item A, this data item A is encapsulated among the package B of the outside (the data item A after the encapsulation is called as " data item (A) " now) again and the application service from host computer system 250 provides device (ASP) to be sent to mobile device 100.Be computer program in ASP, similar with wireless mobility agent, this computer program moves on any computing machine under the environment of ASP, and the data item of being asked is sent to mobile device 100 from data storage.By network 224 and the fire wall by protection wireless router 26, come being that the data item (A) of destination is carried out route with the mobile device.

Although more than described the host computer system of in incorporated business's network environment, using 250, but, this is an a kind of embodiment of host services, this host services provides based on the message that pushes for hand-held wireless device, this hand-held wireless device can be when data arrive host computer system at the mobile device place to user's real-time informing with preferably present data.

By wireless router 26 (being sometimes referred to as " repeater ") is provided, host computer system 250 and wireless network 200 had a plurality of significant advantage.Generally speaking, host computer system 250 operation host services, this host services is considered to be in any computer program that moves on one or more computer systems.Host services is considered on host computer system 250 operation, and host computer system 250 can be supported the host services of any number.Host services can or can not know this information to be sent to channel the situation of mobile device 100.For example, Email or messaging program 138 (see figure 5)s may receive and handle Email, and the program that is associated simultaneously (for example wireless mobility agent of Email) is also at the mailbox of supervisory user and with identical e-mail forward or push to wireless device 100.Host services also can be modified to ready message and exchange these information via wireless router 26 and mobile device 100, as the customer relationship management software.In the 3rd example, public visit can be arranged to a plurality of host services.For example, mobility agent can provide with the wireless access protocol (WAP) of a plurality of databases and be connected.

As mentioned above, mobile device 100 can be the hand-held double-direction radio paging computing machine as example among Fig. 3-8, palmtop computer with wireless capability, mobile phone with data messaging ability, PDA with function of cellular phone, laptop computer with wireless capability, automatic vending machine with the OEM radio modem that is associated, cardiac monitoring system with wireless capability, perhaps alternatively, mobile device 100 can be the mobile data communication device that can connect the other types that send and receive message via network, for example portable game device.Although for to operate under two-way communication mode, the particular aspects of this system can be used for " one and 1/2nd " or answer page environment with this exemplary system, or even use with unidirectional paging system.In this limited data messaging environment, wireless router 26 still can abstract mobile device 100 and wireless network 200, the server system based on web to standard provides Push Service, and the host services in the permission host computer system 250 arrives the mobile device 100 in many cities.

When being set up to the communication link of wireless router 26, the host computer system 250 that illustrates here has many methods.For the technician of data communication field, host computer system 250 can use as TCP/IP, X.25, frame relay, ISDN, ATM perhaps the connection protocol of many other agreements and so on set up point-to-point connection.By this connection, there is multiple tunnel processing method to can be used for encapsulation and transmission data, some of them comprise: HTTP/HTML, HTTP/XML, HTTP/ special use, FTP, SMTP or certain other exclusive data exchange agreements.This class host computer system 250 that can adopt wireless router 26 to carry out propelling movement can comprise: on-the-spot service application, E-mail service, stock quote service, bank service, stock exchange service, field sales application, advertisement information and many other guides.Wireless router 26 makes the abstract of this wireless network 200 become possibility, and wireless router 26 is realized this route and push function.The data item that this user who is exchanged by main frame selects can comprise: email message, calendar event, notice of meeting, address entry, the diary clauses and subclauses, the individual reminds, alarm clock, alarm, stock quotation, press release, the bank account transaction, on-the-spot service is upgraded, stock exchange, the heart monitor message, the automatic vending machine inventory level, the parking charge reading of data, gps data etc., but can comprise alternatively transfer to host computer system 250 or the message of host computer system 250 by any other type of using intelligent agent and obtaining, as the data that receive after the search of initiating database or website or bulletin board in host computer system 250.

Wireless router 26 provides multiple service, becomes possibility so that create based on the host services that pushes.These networks can comprise: (1) CDMA insert (CDMA) network, (2) group's special mobile or global system for mobile communications (GSM) and general packet radio service (GPRS) and (3) third generation on the horizon (3G) and the 4th generation (4G) network, as EDGE, UMTS and HSDPA, LTE, Wi-Max etc.Some older examples of data-centered network include but not limited to: (1) Mobitex radio net (" Mobitex ") and (2) DataTAC radio net (" DataTAC ").

For host computer system 250 provides Push Service, wireless router 26 can be realized the function of one group of definition for effectively.Can recognize, can select many different hardware configuration, yet the many features in the identical or similar characteristic set may appear in the different configurations at wireless router 26.

With reference to Fig. 3 and 4, figure 3 illustrates the embodiment of mobile device 100a, figure 4 illustrates another embodiment of mobile device 100b.Can recognize that label " 100 " is following to refer to any mobile device 100, comprise embodiment 100a and 100b, more than list or those unlisted embodiment.Can also recognize that at other total between Fig. 3 and 4 general featuress, numbering convention that can type of service is as display 12, positioning equipment 14, cancellation or exit button 16, video camera button 17 and menu or OptionButton 24.

Mobile device 100a shown in Figure 3 comprises display 12a and cursor or view positioning equipment 14 (being shown trace ball 14a in the present embodiment).Positioning equipment 14 can be used as another input link, not only can rotate to provide to primary processor 102 (see figure 5)s and select input, can also be pressed to provide another to select input to processor 102 along common direction towards shell.Trace ball 14a allow to select the multi-direction location of cursor 18 (see figure 7)s, makes to select cursor 18 can move up, move down and if desired and/or allow then can move to any diagonal.As shown in Figure 3, trace ball 14a is positioned at the front of the shell of mobile device 100a in this example, so that the user can handle trace ball 14a when one hand is held mobile device 100a.Trace ball 14a can be used as another input link (except direction and align member) and select input to provide to processor 102, and preferably the edge is pressed towards the direction of the shell of mobile device 100b, so that this selection input to be provided.

Display 12 can comprise selects cursor 18, and described selection cursor 18 common descriptions will receive next input or selection wherein.Selection cursor 18 can comprise replacing of frame, icon or make the user can discern any characteristics combination of current selected icon or project.Mobile device 100a among Fig. 3 also comprises quick botton 15 able to programme, is used to activate selected application, for example calendar or counter.In addition, mobile device 100a comprises and withdrawing from or cancel button 16a, video camera button 17a, menu or OptionButton 24a and keyboard 20.Along when the direction of shell is pressed, video camera button 17 can activate the photo capture function when preferably.Menu or OptionButton 24 load menu or option list on display 12a when being pressed.In this example, withdraw from or cancel button 16a, menu selector button 24a and keyboard 20 are arranged in the front of mobile device shell, and quick botton 15 and video camera button 17a are arranged in the side of shell.This button is placed and is made the user can operate these buttons when one hand is held mobile device 100.In the present embodiment, keyboard 20 is standard qwerty keyboards.

Mobile device 100b shown in Figure 4 comprises display 12b and positioning equipment 14 (being trace ball 14b in the present embodiment).Mobile device 100b also comprises menu or OptionButton 24b, cancellation or exit button 16b and video camera button 17b.Mobile device 100b shown in Figure 4 comprises the qwerty keyboard 22 of simplification.In the present embodiment, keyboard 22, positioning equipment 14b, exit button 16b and menu button 24b are arranged in the front of mobile device shell.The qwerty keyboard of simplifying 22 comprises a plurality of multifunction push keys and corresponding mark, comprises and the button that is associated with the corresponding alphabetic character of QWERTY array of alphabetical A to Z and overlapping numeric phone keys layout.

Can recognize, for mobile device 100, can adopt multiple one or more location or cursor/view location mechanism, as touch pad, locating wheel, operating rod button, mouse, touch-screen, one group of directionkeys, handwriting pad, accelerometer (be used for sensing mobile device 100 towards and/or motion or the like) no matter or current other known or unknown mechanism.Similarly, can use any modification of keyboard 20,22.Can also recognize that the mobile device 100 shown in Fig. 3 and 4 only is used for illustrative purpose, various other mobile devices 100 are equally applicable to following example.For example, other mobile devices 100 can only comprise and similar trace ball 14b shown in Figure 4, exit button 16b and menu or OptionButton 24, and the full keyboard of any kind or QWERTY keyboard.Also can on the mobile device shell, arrange other buttons, as " replying " or " ignoring " button of the coloud coding that will use in the telephone communication.In another example, display 12 itself can be a touch-sensitive, so itself also provides input mechanism except display capabilities is provided.In addition, the shell of mobile device 100 should not be limited to the straight plate configuration shown in Fig. 3 and 4, and other dispose as renovate or " flip phone " configuration also is suitable for.

Now, for the structure that helps reader understanding's mobile device 100 with and how to communicate with wireless network 200, with reference to Fig. 5 to 8.

At first, wherein show the block diagram of the example embodiment of mobile device 100 with reference to Fig. 5.Mobile device 100 comprises a plurality of assemblies, as the primary processor 102 of the integrated operation of controlling mobile equipment 100.Come the executive communication function by communication subsystem 104, comprise data and voice communication.Communication subsystem 104 receives message and sends message to wireless network 200 from wireless network 200.In this example embodiment of mobile device 100, come configuration communication subsystem 104 according to global system for mobile communications of using in the worldwide (GSM) and general packet radio service (GPRS) standard.Same other communicate configuration that are suitable for are 3G and 4G network, as EDGE, UMTS and HSDPA, LTE, Wi-Max etc.New standard still in definition, still believes that they will have the behavior similar to network behavior described herein, and those skilled in the art are further appreciated that the embodiments described herein can use any other suitable standard of following exploitation.Communication subsystem 104 is represented one or more different radio frequencies (RF) channel with the Radio Link that wireless network 200 connects, and the definition agreement that these channels are stipulated according to the communication at GSM/GPRS is operated.

Primary processor 102 is also mutual with other subsystems, as random-access memory (ram) 106, flash memories 108, display 110, auxiliary I/O (I/O) subsystem 112, FPDP 114, keyboard 116, loudspeaker 118, microphone 120, GPS receiver 121, short haul connection 122 and other equipment subsystems 124.

Some subsystems of mobile device 100 are carried out the function relevant with communication, and other subsystems can provide the function on " resident " or the equipment.As example, display 110 and keyboard 116 not only can be used for the relevant function of communicating by letter (as input of text messages with by network 200 transmission) but also can be used for device-resident functions (as counter or task list).

After required network registry or activation were finished, mobile device 100 can send and receiving communication signals by wireless network 200.Network insertion is associated with the subscriber or the user of mobile device 100.In order to identify the subscriber, mobile device 100 can use subscriber's modular assembly or " smart card " 126, as subscriber identity module (SIM), removable user identity module (RUIM) and global subscriber identity module (USIM).In the example shown, SIM/RUIM/USIM 126 will insert SIM/RUIM/USIM interface 128 to communicate with network.Do not have assembly 126, mobile device 100 can not complete operation be used for communicating by letter with wireless network 200.In case SIM/RUIM/USIM 126 is inserted SIM/RUIM/USIM interface 128, and SIM/RUIM/USIM 126 just is coupled to primary processor 102.

Mobile device 100 is battery powered apparatus, comprises the battery interface 132 that is used to hold one or more rechargeable batteries 130.In at least some embodiment, battery 130 can be the intelligent battery with embedded microprocessor.Battery interface 132 is coupled to the regulator (not shown), and regulator helps battery 130 to provide power supply V+ to mobile device 100.Although current technology is used battery, WeiLai Technology can provide power supply to mobile device 100 as micro fuel cell.

Mobile device 100 also comprises following operating system in greater detail 134 and component software 136 to 146.Operating system 134 and the component software 136 to 146 carried out by primary processor 102 are typically stored in the permanent storage (as flash memories 108), and alternatively, this storer can be ROM (read-only memory) (ROM) or similar memory element (not shown).A part (as specific device applications or its part) that one skilled in the art will recognize that operating system 134 and component software 136 to 146 can be loaded on the volatile memory as RAM 106 temporarily.As known to the skilled person, can also comprise other component softwares.

The subclass of the software application 136 of control basic device operations (comprising data and voice communications applications) can be installed on the mobile device 100 during mobile device 100 is made.Software application can comprise messages application 138, device state module 140, personal information manager (PIM) 142, link block 144 and IT policy module 146.Messages application 138 can be any suitable software program that allows user's transmission of mobile device 100 and receive electronic information, and wherein message is typically stored in the flash memories 108 of mobile device 100.Device state module 140 provides persistence, and promptly device state module 140 is guaranteed important device data is stored in the permanent storage (as flash memories 108), make when mobile device 100 close or during power down data can not lose.PIM 142 comprises the function that is used for organization and management user's interest data item, such as but not limited to: Email, text message, instant message, contact person, calendar event, voice mail, and PIM 142 can be mutual with wireless network 200.Link block 144 has realized that mobile device 100 communicates required communication protocol with any host computer system 250 (as business system) that radio infrastructure and mobile device 100 are authorized to be connected with its interface.IT policy module 146 receives the IT policy data that the IT strategy is encoded, and can be responsible for the rule of tissue and protection as " maximum password number of attempt is set " IT strategy and so on.

The software application of other types or assembly 139 also can be installed on the mobile device 100.These software application 139 can be that the third party of preassembled application (that is, different with messages application 138) or interpolation after making mobile device 100 uses.The example that the third party uses comprises recreation, counter, utility routine or the like.

By in wireless network 200, auxiliary I/O subsystem 112, FPDP 114, short-range communication subsystem 122 or any other suitable device subsystem 124 at least one, additional application 139 can be loaded on mobile device 100.

FPDP 114 can be to realize any suitable port of mobile device 100 and another data communications between computing devices.FPDP 114 can be the serial or parallel port.In some instances, FPDP 114 can be a USB port, the power lead that USB port comprises the data line that is used for the data transmission and can provide charging current to charge with the battery 130 to mobile device 100.

For voice communication, export the signal that receives to loudspeaker 118, and produce the signal that is used to transmit by microphone 120.Although voice or audio signal output are mainly finished by loudspeaker 118, display 110 also can be used to provide accessory information, as calling party's sign, duration or other information relevant with audio call of audio call.

Referring now to Fig. 6, show the example block diagram of communication subsystem component 104.Communication subsystem 104 comprises receiver 150, transmitter 152 and the assembly that is associated, as one or more embedded or inside antenna element 154 and 156, local oscillator (LO) 158 and the processing modules such as digital signal processor (DSP) 160.The particular design of communication subsystem 104 depends on the communication network 200 that mobile device 100 will therewith be operated.Therefore, should be appreciated that the design shown in Fig. 6 is only as an example.

Antenna 154 is inputed to receiver 150 by the signal that wireless network 200 receives, and receiver 150 can be carried out common receiver function, selects and extremely numeral (A/D) conversion of simulation as signal amplification, down coversion, filtering, channel.The A/D conversion of received signal allows more complicated communication function, as the demodulation sign indicating number that will carry out in DSP 160.In a similar way, 160 pairs of signals that will send of DSP are handled, and comprise modulation and coding.Signal after these DSP are handled inputs to transmitter 152, to carry out numeral to simulating (D/A) conversion, up-conversion, filtering, amplification and transmitting on wireless network 200 via antenna 156.DSP 160 is process communication signals not only, and Receiver And Transmitter control also is provided.For example, can come to be applied in the receiver control 150 and transmitter 152 adaptively the gain of signal of communication by the automatic gaining controling algorithm of in DSP 160, realizing.

The agreement that is associated that mobile device 100 can comprise one or more different channels (different typically RF channels) and use between mobile device 100 and wireless network 200 with Radio Link between the wireless network 200.Typically, because the limited battery electric power of the restriction of total bandwidth and mobile device 100, the RF channel is a kind of limited resources that must save.

When mobile device 100 can be operated fully, typically, only when wireless network 200 sends, just connect or open transmitter 152 when transmitter 152, otherwise close transmitter 152 to economize on resources.Similarly, receiver 150 can periodically cut out with saving power, received signal or information (if existence) during it needs at the appointed time section.

Forward Fig. 7 now to, mobile device 100 can show main screen 40, and main screen 40 can be the portable screen when mobile device 100 powers up, or can be from other screen access.Generally speaking, main screen 40 comprises state region 44 and theme background 46, and theme background 46 provides figure ground for display 12.Theme background 46 on figure ground according to predetermined arrangement display icon series 42.In some themes, the number of the icon 42 shown in main screen 40 can limit on the main screen 40 is not to damage theme background 46, especially for aesthetic former thereby select under the situation of background 46.Theme background 46 shown in Fig. 7 provides the grid of icon.Can recognize that preferably, a plurality of themes can be used for the user to be selected, and can use any suitable layout.Typically, one or more in the icon series 42 are files 52, and file 52 itself can be organized the application of any number within it.

In the present embodiment, state region 44 comprises that date shows 48.Except figure ground and icon series 42, theme background 46 also comprises status bar 50.Status bar 50 provides information based on the position of selecting cursor 18 to the user, for example by showing the title of the current icon that highlights 53.

By using positioning equipment 14 to highlight respective icon 53 and providing suitable user's input, can initiate (open or check) application such as map program 60 (also seeing Fig. 8) from display 12 to mobile device 100.For example, can initiate map program 60 in the following manner: running fix equipment 14 makes choice box 18 highlight icon 53 as shown in Figure 7, and for example provides the selection input by pushing trace ball 14b.

Fig. 8 shows other software application that can store and use with mobile device 100 and the example of assembly 139 on mobile device 100.Only show example among Fig. 8, and these examples should not be considered to exhaustive.In this example, show that GPS (GPS) uses 54, explorer 56, simple message service (SMS) 58, map program 60 and profile use 62, the various features that can provide by mobile device 100 with signal.In this example, GPS uses 54 and comprises traffic module 55, and 55 expressions of traffic module are used for providing to reporting system 80 other set of any subroutine, subroutine, function or the computer executable instructions of this data 78 when using GPS to use 54 acquisition device datas 78.Also show messages application 138 among Fig. 8, below for the clear e-mail applications 138 that is referred to as.Can recognize that various application can independent operation, perhaps can utilize the feature of other application.For example, GPS application 54 can use map program 60 to user's display direction.

Forward Fig. 9 now to, show the example implementation of reporting system 80, wherein, above-mentioned wireless router 26 is as the main frame of reporting system 80.In this example, wireless router 26 is responsible for from carrying out route with the message of going to mobile device 100A-100E, therefore can obtain the device data 78 that provides by a plurality of this mobile devices 100, to prepare notifying 84 at these a plurality of mobile devices 100 and other mobile devices.Consistent with Fig. 1, the implementation of example has been illustrated from mobile device 100B to 100E each to obtain device data 78 and provides to mobile device 100A to notify 84 among Fig. 9.Can recognize, device data 78 with notify 84 can comprise the independent and different packet that uses independent agreement to send, perhaps can utilize existing communication means, as Email, SMS etc.

The reporting system 80 that resides in wireless router 26 places is in this example stored the data relevant with traffic in traffic database 82.(what perhaps will send notifies 84 copy to 84 the copy notified that this data relevant with traffic can comprise any device data 78 of obtaining from each mobile device 100, sent, identical notify 84 so that reuse) and based on the transmission of obtaining exercise notice 84 of device data 78 any other information that may need, below will explain a plurality of examples of this information.Can recognize that traffic database 82 can be represented any storer, data-carrier store or storage medium, and can or can be not within wireless router 26.For example, traffic database 82 can be safeguarded by the third party, perhaps is configured to the integrated package of reporting system 80.Therefore, configuration shown in Figure 9 only is used for illustrative purpose, and according to principle described herein, its modification is suitable equally.Reporting system 80 also can be visited third party source 83, to obtain the additional data relevant with traffic events and other location-based information.For example, the police or ambulance paramedic's scheduler of the third party source 83 more details that can represent to provide relevant with traffic hazard.Third party source 83 can also provide the information as position of refuelling station, trailer etc. and so on, to use in each embodiment of following example.According to specific embodiment, can there be 83 pairs of reporting systems 80 in third party source of arbitrary number to use.

Fig. 9 has also illustrated in the example arrangement of the position of mobile device 100A.Notify 84 users to mobile device 100A to provide warning except originally using at mobile device 100A on one's body, Fig. 9 has also illustrated otherwise to use notice.In this example, provide the copy 84 ' of notice by equipment interface 86 to another system 85, making to provide warning to the user by exporting mechanism 88.For example, vehicle 10A is shown comprises that another system 85, this system 85 can represent car entertainment or navigational system, vehicle-mounted Engine Control System and the various system that is realized by instrument panel.In this manner, mobile device can be shared to notifying the visit of information included in 84, multiple alert type to be provided and to coordinate with other subsystems with the other system that is in same position with mobile device 100A.

Configuration shown in Figure 9 also can make the mobile device 100 with GPS receiver 121 can utilize by vehicle 10 for example to connect by onboard navigation system, On-Board Diagnostics (OBD) (OBD) or both have position and the velocity information that obtains concurrently.Therefore, mobile device 100 also can be the communication link between vehicle 10 and the reporting system 80, to adapt to multiple environment and configuration.In addition, mobile device 100 itself can be integrated into vehicle 10 (not shown), for example has under the situation of GPS receiver and wireless connectivity at vehicle.Therefore, can recognize that principle described herein can be applied to any type of mobile device 100, comprise that wherein mobile device 100 is embodiment of the subsystem of vehicle 10.

Forward Figure 10 now to, an example shown in Figure 10 has illustrated use to prepare to notify 84 from the device data 78 of a plurality of mobile devices 100.200, reporting system 80 obtain from N mobile device 100 (for example equipment 1,2 ..., device data 78 N) is stored in data 78 in the traffic database 82 then.In the example shown in Fig. 1 and 9, obtain device data 78 from mobile device 100A, 100B, 100C, 100D and 100E.202, device data 78 is organized in the zone that is derived from based on device data 78 then, and upgrades traffic database.For example, the device data 78 from mobile device 100B-100E can be grouped into a zone, and will be grouped into another zone from the device data 78 of mobile device 100A.

Can come storage device data 78 according to corresponding mobile device 100, perhaps can instead come storage device data 78 according to current region.In either case, should add timestamp, make and can between the snapshot of data, follow the tracks of the motion of mobile device device data 78, and make this mobile device 100 previous notice and make progress known.In addition, can follow the tracks of the motion of mobile device 100 from zone to another zone.In this manner, along with mobile device 100 moves to more gradually near bottleneck area 2, can amendment advice, more intelligently mobile device 100 is redirected.For example, there is 5km mobile device far away 100 to compare, has 20km mobile device far away 100 may receive difference and so not urgent alarm, perhaps be given difference suggestion at alternative route apart from bottleneck area 2 with distance bottleneck area 2.Therefore, the combination of position of following the tracks of in time and velocity information can allow reporting system 80 to provide with respect to the position of bottleneck area 2 according to mobile device and notify 84 cascade.

Then, 204, Fen Zu device data 78 can be used for coming exercise notice to prepare routine at each zone when appropriate like this.206, routine 204 is determined the speed of each mobile device 100, and under given position, the situation of time or the like in one day according to the criterion of predetermined (or user definition) " normally " (with respect to the abnormal conditions of representing traffic jam) of whether determining this speed.Can use the existence of determining traffic jam as the criterion of " whether speed is less than X km/h ", therefore, the selection speed of a motor vehicle also can use this device data 78 to determine traffic jam less than the device data 78 of the vehicle 10 of threshold X.For example, in Fig. 1, shown in snapshot in, vehicle 10B, 10C and 10D advance with relatively low speed, and vehicle 10E advances with higher relatively or " normally " speed.In this example, in step 206, will select the device data 78 of vehicle 10B, 10C and 10D, and ignore the device data 78 of equipment 10E.Other criterions (as the information that rule of thumb derives) can be used for determining what has constituted " normally " traffic.For example, in one day, the traffic of peak period may be experienced the traffic flow different with other times on the same routes on the particular course.

208, reporting system 80 can determine whether the mobile device 100 of predetermined number has satisfied the criterion of using in step 206 (for example according to threshold value A shown in Figure 10) then.In other words, reporting system 80 can use repeatedly to measure confirms that traffic jam exists, to avoid false positives, for example a vehicle keeping to the side to stop, roll away from highway or situation about turning under.By the vehicle data 78 of visiting a plurality of mobile devices 100, reporting system 80 can distinguish traffic jam and abnormal conditions better, and correspondingly prepares dynamically to notify 84.

In one embodiment, then, satisfy in the step 206 velocity survey of criterion at 208 pairs and write down and compare with threshold value A, threshold value A can be A=2 for example.In this example, if 3 or more mobile devices 100 are advanced the bottleneck area 2 that identified then for example shown in Figure 1 below the predetermined speed threshold value.Then, can send to the mobile device 100 of any number or all connections and notify 84, perhaps, as shown in figure 10,210, reporting system 80 also can determine to bottleneck area 2 advance or predetermined adjacent domain at bottleneck area 2 in one group of one or more upstreams mobile device 100.In this example, to form bottleneck area 2 and definite mobile device 100A current just in upstream 8 or upstream distinguish 8 when advancing detecting mobile device 100B, 100C and 100D, and reporting system 80 can be designated mobile device 100A the candidate of reception notification 84 then.

Then, can prepare to notify 84 and send it to candidate's mobile device 100 212 214.In 212, to notifying 84 preparation can comprise the substep (not shown) of determining to notify 84 communication form based on the information in the traffic database 82, and can determine the appropriate content of particular type warning similarly.For example, mobile device 100A can select available option to receive aural alert rather than visual alert, therefore can correspondingly prepare to notify 84.

Can be continuous, semicontinuous, periodically or according to the external event device data 78 of specific quantity (as receive) carry out routine shown in Figure 10 204.In addition, 208,, then can make that reporting system 80 can dynamically be made a response to the environment that changes when receiving new device data 78 periodically with reference to traffic database 82 if determine not have enough velocity surveys to identify bottleneck area 2.For example, first mobile device 100 with wireless capability may enter traffic congestion, and this can not trigger the detection to bottleneck area, still, when other mobile device 100 enters this zone, then can trigger traffic congestion.With reference to the device data 78 of input, can detect traffic congestion by continuously or periodically quickly.This also makes reporting system 80 can be avoided alleviating after the several seconds in for example traffic jam and does not influence trigger notice 84 under the situation of other mobile devices 100.Figure 10 has also illustrated reporting system 80 can be suitable for covering a plurality of zones and can use any suitable logic to determine which mobile device 100 (if any) should reception notification 84.For example, current mobile device 100C in bottleneck area 2 provides device data 78, this device data 78 makes it possible to warning is offered the user of mobile device 100A but also may receive another notifies 84 (not shown), this another notify the user of 84 warning mobile device 100C more to have traffic jam in the downstream, this traffic jam is to use to be determined from the device data 78 of other mobile devices.In this manner, shared device data 78 effectively between all mobile devices 100 that connect via wireless network 200, wireless router 26 and reporting system 80, reporting system 80 can at first be organized and explain device data 78, thinks that each mobile device user provides dynamic and significant warning.Therefore, mobile device 100 can be used to the information that provides relevant with traffic jam with acquisition.

For example, reporting system 80 also can be carried out different routines 204 to zones of different, to consider different situations.For example, may known particular roadway during peak period, have the situation that obvious speed reduces, therefore can use different threshold values at the different time in a day.In this example, in the 100kph zone, the speed that for example detects 40kph can not be considered to obstruction and be considered to normal amount.Forward Figure 19 to, show the modification of routine 204.In this modification, at the specific region, reporting system 80 is in the time of 205 at first definite collecting device data 78.In this example, if between X and Y, then use first set of criteria to select to be considered to not the mobile device of " normally " (for example moving slower) correlation time than expection 206 '.On the other hand, outside this scope, use second set of criteria, second set of criteria can be criterion commonly used or certain other set of criteria shown in Figure 10.This allows to reduce threshold value during the fixed time of reporting system 80 in one day, to consider information known or that rule of thumb derive.For example: " highway 6 typical cases are slower between 7 o'clock to 9 o'clock early ".

As mentioned above, notify 84 can take various forms, and can be sent to each mobile device 100 via various media.Figure 11 has illustrated example electronic mail to warn 220.In the example depicted in fig. 11, email alert 220 is the conventional electrical email messages that received in due form and handled by mobile device 100.Email alert 220 comprises that with message identifier be subject line 221 relevant with the traffic warning and the main body of warning 220, and in this example, main body comprises: concisely alarm 222, introduce the character of warning; Then be more details 224 about traffic jam; It then is the prompting 226 that is used to walk around traffic jam.Can recognize that contained content of each part of the main body of email alert 220 (222,224,226) and character are optionally, if comprise, then can present each part with any desired sequence (for example according to User Preferences).For example, can provide user option to specify warning how to construct and should comprise which content.Similarly, in order to minimize related amount of reading, the message (not shown) that can prepare to merge, this message can provide alarm, blocking position concisely and detour.For example: " you sail traffic jam into along highway 6, use Detour Rd as alternative ".

In the embodiment shown in fig. 11, can comprise that simple and clear alarm 222 determines that to allow " first " vehicle 10 is sailing traffic jam into.When appropriate, can use e-mail applications 138 to visit, open and check email alert 220, and look back other details.Further details 224 can provide the required details of any grade, and in email message, can recognize, can easily adapt to the details of this grade.In the example shown, various terrestrial references identify bottleneck area 2 and whether traffic jam is serious according to (as between the specified link): " highway 6 is very slow between Upper Rd and Lower Rd ".Prompting 226 can advise that alternative route is to avoid bottleneck area 2.In this example, show that " we walk to the north of the Upper Rd along Bypass Rd in suggestion, and transfer to detouring in following prompting 226 westwards on Junction Rd." in this manner, if chance, then the user not only can utilize mobile device 100 to obtain the traffic jam warning, can also obtain avoiding the useful information of bottleneck area 2.

As shown in figure 11, email alert 220 can also be included in the link 227 of map program 60.This makes the user can visit the visual representation that detours of suggestion in the prompting 226 easily, perhaps checks the zone of bottleneck area 2 at least so that scrutinize and further consider.

Figure 12 has illustrated the alternative example of warning, that is, and and SMS warning 230.SMS warning 230 can comprise the some or all of information of being carried by email alert 220.SMS warning 230 comprises sender's mark 231, sender's mark 231 is designated the traffic notifications service with the sender of SMS warning 230, the traffic notifications service can be at reporting system 80 and the SMS client of creating, and is used for transmitting SMS warning 230 to each mobile device 100.SMS warning 230 also comprises sender and message details 232, and can comprise one or more in the part shown in Figure 11 222,224,226.In this example, concisely alarm 222 and further details 224 be visible, and can check prompting 226 by message is navigated.Can recognize, for example long or when surpassing the restriction of single message in the details of warning, can send the part of SMS warning 220, and can stop other parts up to being requested.Alternatively, SMS warning 230 can be sent with simple and clear alarm 222 and link or call back mechanism (not shown), this link or call back mechanism are provided for making the user can ask further details, as with the potential relevant prompting 226 of detouring.Therefore, SMS warning 230 can be suitable for using in the varying environment with different constraints.

Figure 13 has illustrated to notify alternative another example of the 84 traffic warnings that provide, is map warning 240 in this example.As shown in figure 13, can use map program 60 to show the map 242 in the zone that comprises bottleneck area 248, wherein alarm figure or icon 246 and be used to highlight the obstruction zone.Map 242 also can provide desired path 244 and alternative route 250, to be shown in detouring of advising in the prompting 226.Map warning 240 also can comprise pop-up window 252, and pop-up window 252 comprises the part 222,224 and 226 of example.Although pop-up window 252 is shown the insertion item of map 242, but can recognize, also can provide the private part of display 12 for pop-up window 252, perhaps can visit pop-up window 252, perhaps can pop-up window 252 be omitted by selecting suitable user option by highlighting link (not shown), access menus (not shown).Therefore, Figure 13 has illustrated use to notify the information that provides in 84 that the alternatives of the visual representation of warning is provided.

Various other alert types also are possible, and can be suitable for application specific requirement, User Preferences or both have concurrently.For example, notify and 84 can be provided on any current screen/pop-up window of going beyond one's commission of interior demonstration.This pop-up window can be given to the link 227 of map program, to realize alarm fast and to visit possibilities other and more details.In another embodiment, warning may comprise from reporting system 80 and wherein to tell auditory warning over the radio to the user to 10 groups of calls of crying of mobile device.Similarly, notify 84 can be included in the auditory warning of playing to the user when receiving of having recorded.Therefore can recognize, according to environment, available output mechanism and User Preferences, can send in any suitable manner, processing and display notification 84 and the alarm and the information that are comprised.

As mentioned above,, can send and notify 84 cascade, receive additional information about the progress of traffic jam or from third party source 83 for example further to upgrade to the user by following the tracks of mobile device position in time.Figure 17 a shows the follow-up warning 220a of email alert shown in Figure 11 220.In follow-up warning 220a, it is to upgrade and may provide more specifically details to help the user to be familiar with warning to indicate this warning that the theme 221a that upgraded can be provided.The message 270 that in follow-up warning 220a, comprises renewal, in this example, message 270 provides the 83 further details that obtain from the third party source, and this further details has been explained character and (if available) state that stops up.Can also provide the map link 227a of renewal, to allow to be used for starting and loading map program 60.Can recognize that according to the character of the message of upgrading 270, the scope of bottleneck area 2 and detouring 250 may change, and provides the map link 227a of renewal to make the user can confirm any change.When mobile device 100 still near but still during no show bottleneck area 2, subsequent notification 200a is particularly useful.This permission provides more details under possible situation.

Figure 17 b has illustrated another follow-up warning 220b, follow-up warning 220b to indicate traffic jam to solve in the subject line 221b of another renewal.For example, if mobile device 100 is still near bottleneck area 2 when bottleneck area 2 is being removed, reporting system 80 can provide feedback immediately and timely, so that this mobile device 100 can be avoided taking to detour.Detailed message 272 is provided, this message interpretation news more, and in certain embodiments, can also come customized messages 272 according to previous warning 220,220a.For example, shown in Figure 17 b, message 272 indications do not need to take detouring of previous suggestion.Therefore, the device data 78 that can be used for reporting system 80 makes it possible to use this available information to prepare intelligence and notifies 84.Situation equally provides the map link 227b of renewal as described above, solving user's route, thereby remove the reference of detouring etc.

In order to adapt to the various alternative warning of example here, notify 84 data that can be configured to carry various forms and amount.For example, can also enclose the General Notifications 84 that comprise part 222,224,226 that in email alert 220, transmit, or these General Notifications 84 comprise map warning 240 instruction of map warning 240 (or be used to create), to realize dual warning or the selection between the difference warning.Notify 84 can also provide instruction with the imitation aural alert, as specific tone, bell sound or voice warning.Therefore, notify and 84 can take any form, use any data structure, on any medium, send, as long as be applicable to the application-specific of specific mobile device 100 or reporting system 80.For example, if adopt with the network of video game device, then situation about adopting than the network with mobile phone may need different alert types.

Forward Figure 14 now to, the example of another system 85 shown in Fig. 9 is provided.In this example, the in-vehicle navigation system 85 ' with display 88 ' is configured to and mobile device 100A interface 86 ', to show warning as shown in Figure 11-13 and 17a-17b (220,220a, 220b, 230,240).Mobile device 100A can use any available communication link (as USB, infrared, bluetooth, user's support or go into docking station etc.) to come and navigational system 85 ' interface 86 '.Figure 14 has illustrated mobile device 100A can be used for reception notification 84, notifies 84 to be converted or to handle (if desired) for navigational system 85 ' use then, and the copy 84 ' of notice (form with any appropriate) is forwarded to navigational system 85 '.Can recognize that in such an embodiment, navigational system 85 ' may need to be used to detect the notice of input as the software of driver and so on, and should comprise the software application that realizes user interactivity.Although it is not shown among Figure 14, but mobile device 100A also can be connected with OBD or other cars in connecting interface 86 ', to obtain to be used for being included in the information of device data 78, therefore interface 86 ' can provide a kind of mode, makes the subsystem of vehicle can participate in providing information to prepare notifying 84 to reporting system 80.

If be connected to other subsystems in the vehicle 10, then mobile device 10 also may be able to influence reporting system 80 and to the visit in third party source 83, to notify 84 to combine and provide additional to the user and warn individually or with relevant with traffic.Go to Figure 18 now, show the example of the signal notification routines relevant with detected oil level in the vehicle 10.400, vehicle subsystem or mobile device 100 (or its user) detect the oiling incident by it with 86 (or the visual observation) that are connected of vehicle 10.The oiling incident can be triggered by various criterions.For example, use 54 if stroke has been programmed into GPS, then mobile device 100 can be determined: under the given distance and the situation of institute's allowance to the destination, vehicle 10 need refuel once before the destination at least.In another example, the oil level that mobile device 100 can detect vehicle simply especially low (or being low to moderate hazard level) for example is lower than predetermined threshold, and therefore needs to refuel.When detecting the oiling incident, mobile device 100 can be opened its GPS application 54 and use traffic module 55 to collect other device datas then 402.Then, 404 according to specified criteria (as according to the departing from of route of user) and other information ((diesel oil can be used as the fuel oil type?), preferred rest station, preferred gasoline brand or the like) send the inquiry relevant with optimum refuelling station.

Reporting system 80 receives this inquiry 406 then, and combines to determine refuelling station in the adjacent domain of the route of being programmed or the refuelling station that satisfies User Preferences on 408 local ground or with third party source 83.If be suitable for, 410, reporting system 80 can determine whether to exist the related announcement relevant with traffic with reference to traffic database 82 simultaneously.Prepare notice 412 then.As mentioned above, the notice of preparing at 412 places can comprise with fuel station information notify 84, perhaps can be only relevant independent notice with the refuelling station.

414, if be suitable for, reporting system 80 can correspondingly come customised notification 84 with reference to User Preferences.For example, when registration traffic module 55, can to the user offer an opportunity with select they wish the refuelling station apart from their route have many near, they have a preference for which company or the like.This User Preferences can be applied to any variation on the process shown in Figure 180.Can recognize, User Preferences can be incorporated into arbitrary embodiment described herein so that the user can specify when want reception notification 84, they will receive (for example Email, SMS, the sense of hearing or by other system 85 etc.) or the like with which kind of form.

Then,, will notify 84 to be sent to mobile device 100 416, and at 418 reception notifications.What in this example, mobile device 100 can use reception notifies 84 to warn the stop position that user's oil level is lower and suggestion is optimum.Can use map program 60 to show the position of refuelling station, the route to the refuelling station can be provided, aural alert can also be provided.Oiling event detection shown in Figure 18 and notification routines only are used for illustrative purpose, can recognize, similarly principle can be applied to provide other notices, for example service station, trailer, parking area (according to User Preferences) or the like.

Figure 15 has illustrated another embodiment, and wherein the GPS receiver 121 of mobile device is current opens but the vehicle 10 at mobile device 100 current places enters traffic jam, and the triggering with time correlation is set, and perhaps the user initiates this process.In these cases, can make the request of warning based on the traffic of current region, simultaneously, mobile device 100 can begin the infonnation collection process that reporting system 80 is carried out is contributed.In Figure 15, current the demonstration and map 242 like the map class shown in Figure 13, and show desired path 244 in this example, this route may be user's other appointments constantly at certain.Can notice that in this example, map program 60 is used for display direction, need not use 54 at that time current location information is provided via GPS.

Receiving suitable input, as when detecting the selection of menu button 24, can display menu 63, menu 63 has been listed option available in map program 60 264.In option shown in Figure 15 264, can select more new option 266 of traffic.By detecting the selection to option 266, map program 60 can be instructed GPS to use 54 and be opened and beginning transmitting apparatus data 78 and reception notification 84.This will make the user can obtain as shown in figure 13 map warning 240 when entering bottleneck area 2, and map warning 240 identified bottleneck area, identified and detoured etc.This also provides optional equipment data 78, and based on these optional equipment data 78, reporting system 80 can be made about needing determining of specific notification in this specific region.Correspondingly, Figure 15 illustrated, in each embodiment, communicating by letter between mobile device 100 and the reporting system 80 can be automatically or by Client-initiated.

Figure 16 has illustrated to be used to carry out the exemplary operations set of the embodiment of Figure 15.300, when detecting traffic jam, perhaps any other of wishing to begin reception notification 84 the user constantly, the map program 60 in this example provides 302 and has started menus 263 and select more 266 ability of new option of traffic.304, map program 60 can detect the more selection of new option 266 of traffic then, and opens GPS receiver 121 306 then, and this moment, it can obtain the device data 78 of mobile device 100.

Can notice, as shown in figure 16, in case opened GPS receiver 121, if reporting system 80 is configured to detect via wireless router 26 existence of mobile device 100, then mobile device 100 can be used in 324 reception notifications 84 immediately and provide warning 326 to the user, will experience this warning 328 users.When opening GPS receiver 121, can be in 308 preparation machine data 78 to be sent to reporting system 80 310.Then, reporting system 80 can compare notice recently and other information in this device data 78 and the traffic database 82 in 312 receiving equipment data 78 and 314.316, also use new device data 78 to upgrade traffic database 82, contribute with generation to notice.

Reporting system 80 determines whether to have the related announcement 84 relevant with the current region of mobile device 318, if do not find related announcement, then process finishes 320.If can find related announcement 84, then can send it to mobile device 100 322 then, this notice is received 324, provides warning 326 to the user, and in 328 these warnings of experience.

Therefore can see, can be used to produce with the data 78 of the position of a plurality of mobile devices and velocity correlation and dynamically notify 84 at other mobile devices 100 that may be subjected to the data 78 determined traffic problems influences that a plurality of mobile devices 84 provide.

Although below be described with reference to certain specific embodiments,, described in claims, the various modifications of these embodiment be will be apparent to those skilled in the art.

Claims (15)

  1. One kind provide traffic notifications, with computer implemented method, said method comprising the steps of:
    -a plurality of mobile devices in bottleneck area each obtains velocity survey;
    -use described velocity survey to identify the interior traffic events of described bottleneck area; And
    -under the situation that has identified traffic events, send notice at least one mobile device, so that the warning relevant with described traffic events to be provided near described bottleneck area.
  2. 2. method according to claim 1, wherein, described traffic events indication traffic jam, and described traffic jam is to identify by determining that the mobile device of predetermined number is being advanced with the speed that is lower than predetermined threshold at least.
  3. 3. method according to claim 1 and 2, further comprising the steps of: the positional information that obtains the described mobile device of interior described mobile device of described bottleneck area and approaching described bottleneck area; And use described positional information to determine which mobile device is near described bottleneck area.
  4. 4. according to each described method in the claim 1 to 3, also comprise: prepare to be used to send the message of described notice, described message is email message, Short Message Service " SMS " message, auditory message, call or the instruction that is used for providing in the map program described warning.
  5. 5. method according to claim 4, wherein, described warning comprises each in the following project: simple and clear alarm; Or concisely alarm and the further details relevant with described simple and clear alarm; Perhaps be used to walk around the prompting of described bottleneck area.
  6. 6. according to each described method in the claim 1 to 5, wherein, the mobile device of approaching described bottleneck area is to determine with respect to the position of described bottleneck area according to described mobile device.
  7. 7. according to each described method in the claim 1 to 6, wherein, the mobile device of approaching described bottleneck area is to determine according to the continuity between upstream and the described bottleneck area.
  8. 8. computer-readable medium, comprise that by the executable computer executable instructions of the processor of computing system described computer executable instructions is used for making described computing system to provide traffic notifications by the step of the described method of arbitrary claim before carrying out.
  9. 9. a reporting system comprises: processor; Be used for communication subsystem with a plurality of mobile device communications; And computer-readable medium according to claim 8.
  10. One kind be used for providing at the mobile device place traffic warning, with computer implemented method, said method comprising the steps of:
    -from traffic notifications system reception notification, described notice comprises the warning relevant with traffic events, described traffic events is to be identified by the velocity survey of using each acquisition a plurality of mobile devices in bottleneck area by described reporting system, and described traffic events is associated with described bottleneck area; And
    -use the output mechanism of described mobile device that described warning is provided.
  11. 11. method according to claim 10, described warning are to use email message, SMS message, auditory message, call or are used for providing the instruction of described warning to provide in the map program; And alternatively, described warning is by showing that in described map program described bottleneck area provides.
  12. 12. according to claim 10 or 11 described methods, also comprise: the copy to another system provides described notice provides described warning with the output mechanism of using described another system.
  13. 13., also comprise:, whether be subjected to the influence of described bottleneck area so that described reporting system can be determined described mobile device to described reporting system transmission speed and positional information according to each described method in the claim 10 to 12.
  14. 14. computer-readable medium, comprise that by the executable computer executable instructions of the processor of mobile device described computer executable instructions is used for requiring the step in 10 to 13 each described methods to come to provide traffic to warn at described mobile device place by enforcement of rights.
  15. 15. a mobile device comprises: display; Processor; One or more input mechanisms; Communication subsystem; And computer-readable medium according to claim 14.
CN2009102532755A 2008-12-12 2009-12-11 System and method for providing traffic notifications to mobile devices CN101901542B (en)

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CN101901542B (en) 2013-10-16
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EP2306424B1 (en) 2014-04-30
EP2196971A1 (en) 2010-06-16

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